CN102493143A - Continuous pretreatment/overflow dyeing/after treatment mixed production method - Google Patents

Continuous pretreatment/overflow dyeing/after treatment mixed production method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102493143A
CN102493143A CN2011104125977A CN201110412597A CN102493143A CN 102493143 A CN102493143 A CN 102493143A CN 2011104125977 A CN2011104125977 A CN 2011104125977A CN 201110412597 A CN201110412597 A CN 201110412597A CN 102493143 A CN102493143 A CN 102493143A
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Prior art keywords
dyeing
treatment
machine
overflow dyeing
production method
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CN2011104125977A
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Chinese (zh)
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黄敏明
任建祥
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ZHEJIANG HANGMIN STOCK CO Ltd
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ZHEJIANG HANGMIN STOCK CO Ltd
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Priority to CN2011104125977A priority Critical patent/CN102493143A/en
Publication of CN102493143A publication Critical patent/CN102493143A/en
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Abstract

The invention provides a continuous pretreatment/overflow dyeing/after treatment mixed production method. Grey cloth is subjected to dyeing pretreatment such as desizing, mercerization and singeing and the like by continuous long vehicle equipment; power consumption is saved by more than 70 percent compared with that of an overflowing dyeing machine; steam is saved by more than 45 percent; and wastewater is reduced by more than 30 percent. A pretreatment step ensures that quality is table, color difference is avoided, and production efficiency is high, and specific fibers in the grey cloth can be subjected to special treatment such as mercerization and the like; cotton/wool/jute and most chemical fibers can be dyed by the overflow dyeing machine, and varieties have a wide application range, and meet the market trend of various fibers and varieties, small batches, and quick change; and by high-pressure brightening/high-pressure wet heat treatment in calendaring/full decatizing in wool spinning after treatment, wearability of fabric is improved, additional value of a product is improved, and a special process condition is provided for processing medium-and high-grade fabric.

Description

Continous mode pre-treatment/overflow dyeing/back arrangement mixes production method
Technical field
The present invention relates to dye-works's design, equipment for dyeing and finishing reorganization and dyeing and finishing technology flow scheme design; More specifically; The present invention relates to a kind of traditional framework that splits cotton/fiber crops/all kinds of woven fabric dyeing and finishing technology of silk/hair flow process; Maximize favourable factors and minimize unfavourable ones, be combined into the novel dyeing and finishing process flow process that adapts to energy-saving, emission-reducing, environment friendly requirement and less volume and more variety market new situations.
Background technology
Traditional dyeing and finishing cotton, the crudefiber crop woven fabric is processed, and adopts continuous knot dyeing long vehicle production line more.Be fit to more than the single product myriametre and even the production in enormous quantities of megameter.Steady quality, energy consumption are lower.But the following small lot batch manufacture of the thousands of rice of incompatibility, product is difficult to show characteristics such as feel, style; Batch (-type) overflow dyeing production line is adopted in traditional dyeing and finishing processing of silk, chemical fibre class woven fabric more.Adapt to multi-varieties and small-batch, but the cylinder difference is big, energy consumption is higher; Back arrangement in the dyeing and finishing of wool spinning class lining tradition has characteristic, and its process conditions can be given the weaving face fabric particular performances.Current piece market situation is fiber variation, variation wide in variety, and the grey cloth of order generally all has more than the myriametre, but order often has many looks number, and each look number has only last km even hundreds of rice.And this characteristic is the development trend of textile dyeing and finishing processing.The design gets the advantage of each section production equipment in the intercepting tradition dyeing and finishing technology flow process, evades deficiency, utilize moving back in the continuous knot dyeing long vehicle to boil to float/mercerising/equipment of grade of singing/wash is as the dyeing and finishing pre-treatment, stablizes grey cloth pre-treatment quality, reduction pre-treatment energy consumption; Utilize overflow dyeing machine dyeing, adapted breed is many, batch is little, change fast Market Situation; Dye after the typing, increase the postfinishing process that calendering, jar steaming etc. were used for traditional wool spinning in the past, high-grade easing characteristics such as the color and luster of lifting weaving face fabric, feel, style.This cover mixes pure spinning/blending/interwoven fabric product dyeing and finishing processing that production procedure is fit to multiple fiber very much, more adapts to the production and processing of less volume and more variety; And through strengthening back arrangement deep processing to adapt to medium-to-high grade lining product demand.Production practices through many dyeing and finishing lines prove that various product quality indicators all meet or exceed re-set target, and productivity effect and energy-saving and emission-reduction have all obtained preferably and to have embodied, and are that a cover is effectively energy-conservation, the dyeing and finishing production procedure of steady quality, meeting the market requirement.
From installation, after traditional handicraft production line installation was before confirmed, the installing long vehicle can only be handled conventional Cotton and Linen, and the installing overflow dyeing machine can only be handled silk chemical fibre series products, or the production capacity limitation is bigger, or the limitation of function is bigger.
See from production cost, use different machinery to carry out pre-treatment post processing dyeing, though device type is many, to the requirement raising of layout, product quality improves, and has satisfied the quality requirements of continuous development, and has adapted to the market demands of small lot.It is better to increase the uniformity that dyes after the continuous knot dyeing pre-treatment, reduces energy consumption, has also reduced the cost of dyeing; Increase after the wool spinning after the arrangement, special process conditions such as high pressure Gao Liang and HTHP decatize are provided, for wearability such as the outward appearance that improves lining and feel provide manufacturing process.
Summary of the invention
For adapting to the energy-saving, emission-reducing, environment friendly demand, adapt to the piece market multi-varieties and small-batch, the fiber variation; The diverse development trend of kind is utilized the hybrid technique production procedure of continuous knot dyeing long vehicle, overflow dyeing machine and back arrangement deep processing, reaches stabilized product quality; Improve added value; Satisfy customer requirement, and produce tangible effects of energy saving and emission reduction, promote the purpose of productivity effect.
The invention provides a kind of continous mode pre-treatment/overflow dyeing/back arrangement and mix production method; Traditional cotton Taro Aso is produced moving back in the continuous knot dyeing line to boil and floats/mercerising/singe/steam and wash isometric vehicle device as the dyeing and finishing pre-processing device; Remove slurry, impurity, mistake plush in the grey cloth; Or carry out cellulose causticization etc., and stablize grey cloth pre-treatment quality, reduce the pre-treatment energy consumption; Grey cloth is after pre-treatment, and is wide with the kind ecad, is fit to the HTHP overflow dyeing machine do dyeing processing that be pilot is produced; Dyeing back drying and shaping is utilized calendering/jar steaming/finished product in traditional wool spinning technology technology such as singe again, improves wearability such as the gloss, color and luster, feel of lining, well-pressed, style.
Its typical production flow process is: destarch boiling-off → pre-setting → singe → mercerising → dyeing → look base drying and shaping → after singe → calendering → jar steams.
Use the general sequence of machine to be: to move back the rinsing combination machine-setting machine-gassing frame-associating mercerizing range-overflow dyeing machine-setting machine-gassing frame-calender-jar steaming machine that boils.Wherein moving back and boiling rinsing combination machine-setting machine-gassing frame-associating mercerizing range is traditional continuous knot dyeing equipment; Overflow dyeing machine is traditional overflow dyeing machine; Gassing frame-calender-jar steaming machine is traditional wool spinning rear finishing equipment
The use of above-mentioned technology of the present invention and machinery equipment is conventional in this area, and characteristics of the present invention are the operation of utilizing each machinery equipment to be made up save the energy and reduce waste discharge, thereby reach the purpose that reduces cost.
The application compares with traditional handicraft, difference mainly be technological process; The change of this technological process must in plant design or be produced when equipment carries out the flow process reorganization and will be confirmed, otherwise in the middle of the production technology pattern that later stage production equipment has been finalized the design, just can't adjust.
Adopt continous mode long vehicle equipment that grey cloth is carried out that the destarch mercerising is singed and wait the pre-treatment of dyeing, power consumption than overflow machine economize more than 70%, steam is economized more than 45%, waste water reduces more than 30%.The pre-treatment steady quality does not have that cylinder is poor, production efficiency is high, can also carry out special treatments such as mercerising to the special fiber in the grey cloth; Employing overflow dyeing machine dyeing can be to the processing of dyeing of cotton/hair/silk/fiber crops and most chemical fibre, and the kind adaptation is wide, relatively meets multi-fibre, many kinds, small lot, market trend that variation is fast; Utilize that high pressure Gao Liang/high pressure during calendering in the arrangement/jar steams after the wool spinning is damp and hot to wait processing, promote the lining wearability, the raising added value of product provides special process conditions for processing medium-to-high grade lining.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment the present invention is described in further detail:
Embodiment 1 washs/the cotton poplin shirt fabric
T/C poplin cloth galatea is formed: 65 * 35, and openpore grammes per square metre 205g/m, door width of cloth 156cm.
This product tradition continuous knot dyeing technology is:
Singe → destarch boiling-off → pre-setting → mercerising → hot blast bottoming, bake (dying terylene) → colour developing (dying cotton) → look base typing → rubber blanket preshrunk of soaping.
Hybrid technique of the present invention is:
Destarch boiling-off → pre-setting → singe → mercerising → overflow dyeing (wash, cotton one bathe or two-bath dyeing) → look base typing → calendering → jar steaming.Wherein destarch boiling-off, pre-setting, singe, mercerising adopts traditional continuous knot dyeing equipment, overflow dyeing adopts traditional overflow dyeing machine, calendering, jar steams and to adopt traditional wool spinning rear finishing equipment.
The fabric quality of finished product lining obviously improves than traditional processing mode.Compare with traditional continuous knot dyeing product, cloth cover gloss is beautiful, and is soft flexible, and drapability is good, and the client is satisfied.And can be fit to the order of various batches.The processing charges of this product have improved more than 50% than the processing charges of traditional continuous knot dyeing technology production.
Embodiment 2 washs/glues suit facing material
T/R trousering cloth is formed: 65 * 35, and openpore grammes per square metre 285g/m, door width of cloth 156cm.
This product tradition overflow machine processing technology is:
(desizing refining → wash, cotton is bathed or the two-bath dyeing) → drying and shaping → look base of singing → pre-setting → overflow dyeing machine is singed → calendering → jar steaming.
Hybrid technique of the present invention is:
Continuously machine destarch boiling-off (adopting traditional continuous knot dyeing equipment) → pre-setting → singe → overflow dyeing (wash, cotton one bathe or two-bath dyeing) → oven dry → look base is singed → look base typing → calendering → jar steaming.
Compare with traditional processing mode, product quality is significantly improved, decrease machining cost.Show as mainly that cloth cover is bright and clean, gloss is beautiful, drapability is good, the cylinder difference is little.Customers' responsiveness is satisfied; The processing charges that the product processing charges are produced than traditional handicraft have improved 20%, energy consumption reduces by 20%, the economic benefit that has increased to company.
Embodiment 3 washs/cotton latitude elasticity fabric
Polyester-cotton blend latitude elasticity fabric is formed: 55 * 45, and openpore grammes per square metre 310g/m, door width of cloth 196cm.
This product tradition continuous knot dyeing technology is:
Flat steam destarch → pre-setting → singe → mercerising → hot blast bottoming, bake (dying terylene) → colour developing (dying cotton) → look base drying and shaping of soaping.
Hybrid technique of the present invention is:
Flat steamings → machine cylinder preshrunk → pre-setting → singe → mercerising → dyeing (wash, a cotton bath or a two-bath dyeing) → look base drying and shaping → jar steaming.Wherein flat steamings, the preshrunk of machine cylinder, pre-setting, singe, mercerising adopts traditional continuous knot dyeing equipment, traditional overflow dyeing machine is adopted in dyeing, jar steams the traditional wool spinning rear finishing equipment of employing.
The apparent in view raising of product that the fabric quality of finished product lining and continuous knot dyeing line are produced.It is beautiful, soft mainly to show as color and luster, and elasticity, drapability are good.Customers' responsiveness is satisfied.And can be fit to the order of various batches.The processing charges that the processing charges of this product are produced than continuous knot dyeing line are high more than 30%.
Above listed each embodiment enumerates of the present invention, those skilled in the art can understand the simple modification on basis of the present invention, done, replacement or with this area customary means combine all to belong to protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (2)

1. a continous mode pre-treatment/overflow dyeing/back arrangement mixes production method, and it is characterized in that: step is following according to sequencing: destarch boiling-off, pre-setting, singe, mercerising, dyeing, look base drying and shaping, after singe, calendering and jar steam.
2. continous mode pre-treatment/overflow dyeing according to claim 1/back arrangement mixes production method, it is characterized in that: use the general sequence of machine to be: to move back the rinsing combination machine-setting machine-gassing frame-associating mercerizing range-overflow dyeing machine-setting machine-gassing frame-calender-jar steaming machine that boils.
CN2011104125977A 2011-12-09 2011-12-09 Continuous pretreatment/overflow dyeing/after treatment mixed production method Pending CN102493143A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104074016A (en) * 2014-07-02 2014-10-01 浙江航民股份有限公司 Pre-treatment method for dyeing and finishing
CN104762781A (en) * 2015-04-13 2015-07-08 绍兴文理学院 Full-automatic cotton cloth printing technique
CN104762782A (en) * 2015-04-13 2015-07-08 绍兴文理学院 Full-automatic cotton cloth dying and shaping technique
CN104805614A (en) * 2015-03-23 2015-07-29 曹鸿雁 Constant-temperature constant-humidity energy-saving pad dyeing process
CN105648787A (en) * 2016-03-25 2016-06-08 太仓市锦达印染有限公司 High temperature and pressure dyeing process for cotton and linen fabrics

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1058439A (en) * 1990-07-25 1992-02-05 山东省泰安印染厂 Dyeing and finishing process for pure hemp and cotton-hemp interwoven fabric
CN1661144A (en) * 2004-02-25 2005-08-31 上海汉森织造手帕厂 Mixed spinning handkerchiefs of bamboo fiber and technique
CN101082155A (en) * 2007-07-10 2007-12-05 中国人民解放军总后勤部军需装备研究所 Dyeing and finishing method for core-spun single woven fabric
CN102168328A (en) * 2011-04-07 2011-08-31 上海水星家用纺织品股份有限公司 Method for spinning yarns for home textile by adopting air jet vortex spinning and method for weaving home textile shell fabric by using the yarns

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1058439A (en) * 1990-07-25 1992-02-05 山东省泰安印染厂 Dyeing and finishing process for pure hemp and cotton-hemp interwoven fabric
CN1661144A (en) * 2004-02-25 2005-08-31 上海汉森织造手帕厂 Mixed spinning handkerchiefs of bamboo fiber and technique
CN101082155A (en) * 2007-07-10 2007-12-05 中国人民解放军总后勤部军需装备研究所 Dyeing and finishing method for core-spun single woven fabric
CN102168328A (en) * 2011-04-07 2011-08-31 上海水星家用纺织品股份有限公司 Method for spinning yarns for home textile by adopting air jet vortex spinning and method for weaving home textile shell fabric by using the yarns

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
韩盛时: "麻棉交织物染整工艺的探讨", 《印染》 *

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104074016A (en) * 2014-07-02 2014-10-01 浙江航民股份有限公司 Pre-treatment method for dyeing and finishing
CN104805614A (en) * 2015-03-23 2015-07-29 曹鸿雁 Constant-temperature constant-humidity energy-saving pad dyeing process
CN104805614B (en) * 2015-03-23 2019-02-19 曹鸿雁 Constant temperature and humidity energy conservation knot dyeing technology
CN104762781A (en) * 2015-04-13 2015-07-08 绍兴文理学院 Full-automatic cotton cloth printing technique
CN104762782A (en) * 2015-04-13 2015-07-08 绍兴文理学院 Full-automatic cotton cloth dying and shaping technique
CN105648787A (en) * 2016-03-25 2016-06-08 太仓市锦达印染有限公司 High temperature and pressure dyeing process for cotton and linen fabrics

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Application publication date: 20120613