CN100589689C - Block seedling fertilization and transplantation device - Google Patents

Block seedling fertilization and transplantation device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100589689C
CN100589689C CN200810062638A CN200810062638A CN100589689C CN 100589689 C CN100589689 C CN 100589689C CN 200810062638 A CN200810062638 A CN 200810062638A CN 200810062638 A CN200810062638 A CN 200810062638A CN 100589689 C CN100589689 C CN 100589689C
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fixed
seedling
pipe
wheel
trench digging
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN200810062638A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101305657A (en
Inventor
赵匀
武传宇
孙良
赵雄
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Zhejiang Sci Tech University ZSTU
Zhejiang University of Science and Technology ZUST
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Zhejiang Sci Tech University ZSTU
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Priority to CN200810062638A priority Critical patent/CN100589689C/en
Publication of CN101305657A publication Critical patent/CN101305657A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN100589689C publication Critical patent/CN100589689C/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The invention discloses a pot seedling fertilizing and transplanting device. A fertilizer delivery tube is fixed at the hollow point of the interior behind the cutting edge of a furrow opener, two wing-shaped soil filling plates are separated for a certain distance and fixed on the rear part of the furrow opener, the furrow opener, the fertilizer delivery tube and the soil filling plats are fixedinto a whole, a furrowing wheel driven via a transmission chain wheel is rotationally supported between the two soil filling plates, the rear part of the furrowing wheel is hung and fixed on the axleon a rack, a reversed conical body type seedling guiding tube hung and fixed on the rack is arranged at the rear upper part of the furrowing wheel, two soil closing plates hung and fixed on the rack are separated at a certain distance, closely approach to the ground and arranged at the rear lower part of the seedling guiding tube, a pair of press wheels which are arranged into a butterfly shape opposite to the working direction of the machine are arranged behind the soil closing plates, and the press wheels are rotationally supported on the axle hung and fixed on the rack. The pot seedling fertilizing and transplanting device integrates functions of furrowing, fertilizing, seedling dropping and moulding, can be suitable for the pot seedling transplanting of the field crops of various vegetables, cotton, corn, tobacco and beet, etc., and the pot seedling transplanting effect is good.

Description

Block seedling fertilization, transplantation device
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural machinery, especially relate to a kind of block seedling fertilization, transplantation device.
Background technology
The potted-seedling transplanting plantation has the compensating action of weather and the comprehensive benefit that crop growth is done sth. in advance, and can make full use of the photo-thermal resource, and its economic benefit and social benefit are all considerable.Therefore, transplant in the plantation of field crops such as being planted in vegetables and cotton, corn, tobacco, beet and be widely used.But transplant operation at present based on manually.Adopt artificial the transplanting, labour intensity is big, and operating efficiency is low, is difficult to realize the large tracts of land transplanting, thereby causes production scale little, and productivity effect is low.
When utilizing machinery to carry out potted-seedling transplanting, mainly be to rely on pot seedling gravity to fall into Tanaka, therefore, pot seedling is toppled over after falling into Tanaka's earth easily, has both influenced the row, column order of rice shoot, also influences the growth of rice shoot, and is unfavorable for the later stage field management.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of fertilising, transplantation device that potted-seedling transplanting is used to Tanaka.This device will ditch, apply fertilizer, fall function of seedling, ridging is integrated in one, and applicable to the potted-seedling transplanting of field crops such as various vegetables and cotton, corn, tobacco, beet, potted-seedling transplanting is effective.
In order to achieve the above object, the technical solution used in the present invention is:
Comprise plough, fertilizer delivering pipe, two aerofoil profiles banket plate, trench digging wheel, drive sprocket, lead seedling pipe, two and hold up native plate, two press wheels and frame; Fertilizer delivering pipe is fixed on the inner hollow place at plough blade rear, two aerofoil profiles plate that bankets separately is fixed on the rear portion of plough, plough, fertilizer delivering pipe and the two aerofoil profiles plate that bankets is fixed as one to hang and is fixed on the frame, the trench digging wheel that drive sprocket drive to rotate is supported on two aerofoil profiles rear portion between plate of banketing, suspension be fixed on the frame the axle on, suspension is fixed on the back upper place that the seedling pipe is arranged on the trench digging wheel of leading on the frame, pot seedling can drop down onto the groove that trench digging wheel leaves from leading the seedling pipe, the blade of trench digging wheel is the dome arc, two of being fixed on the frame of suspension hold up native plate separately to be arranged on the back lower place of leading the seedling pipe near ground, a pair of two press wheels arranging against the direction of machine travel " eight " font are set at the rear of holding up native plate, and the press wheel rotational support is on suspension is fixed on axle on the frame.
The lower edge of described trench digging wheel is lower than the pot seedling bottom, can make most of soil bottom of trench of dishing out, and wherein a part of soil acts on the alms bowl body.
The described seedling tube shape of leading is a part inverted cone formula.
The beneficial effect that the present invention has is:
(1) fertilizer delivering pipe places the inner hollow place of plough, two blocks of wing plates that banket separate the rear portion that a determining deviation is fixed on plough, plough, fertilizer delivering pipe and the plate three that bankets are fixed as one, both simplified the structure, and also made fertilizer delivering pipe because of being in little space of sealing, fertilizer is unlikely assembles at the fertilizer delivering pipe mouth, cause the mouth of pipe to stop up, it is irregular to apply fertilizer, and the plate that bankets scrapes Fei Gou both sides soil into groove, covers fertilizer.Avoid fertilizer to contact, the damage pot seedling with the pot seedling root.
(2) the trench digging wheel that is driven by drive sprocket is arranged on the front of leading the seedling pipe, and the seedling pipe of leading of reverse taper formula makes pot seedling slide along the plain line of leading the trend mouth of pipe vertex of a cone on the seedling pipe, just in time drops down onto trench digging and takes turns in the groove of leaving, and good embarking on journey property is arranged.(3) trench digging wheel lower edge is lower than pot seedling bottom H distance, and the wheel sheet is made the dome camber, and when trench digging, the wheel sheet is dialled rearward from the front with soil, and the pot seedling of leaving behind is active force backward, and makes part soil act on the alms bowl body, withstands pot seedling, prevents that it from leaning forward because of inertia.(4) being arranged on the native plate wheel of then will ditching of holding up of leading the seedling pipe back lower place drives to the soil on both sides and pushes pot seedling to, at a pair of rubber press wheel of arranging against the direction of machine travel " eight " font of holding up that native plate rear is provided with when pushing soil to pot seedling, again with the soil compaction of pot seedling both sides, make pot seedling that good orthostatic be arranged, be difficult for lodging.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a side-looking theory structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the A-A profile of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is a vertical view of the present invention.
Among the figure: 1, plough, 2, fertilizer delivering pipe, 3, the aerofoil profile plate that bankets, 4, the trench digging wheel, 5, sprocket wheel, 6, pot seedling, 7, lead the seedling pipe, 8, hold up native plate, 9, press wheel, 10, frame.
Embodiment
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
As Fig. 1, shown in Figure 3, fertilizer delivering pipe 2 is fixed on the inner hollow place at plough 1 blade rear, two aerofoil profiles plate 3 that bankets separately is fixed on the rear portion of plough 1 at a certain distance, plough 1 and fertilizer delivering pipe 2, the plate 3 that bankets is fixed as one, the trench digging that is driven by drive sprocket 5 is taken turns 4 rotational support and is fixed on the axle on the frame 10 in two aerofoil profiles, 3 rear suspension of plate of banketing, drive sprocket 5 is by being fixed on the drive sprocket transmission that is connected with the machine power transmission case on the frame, the reverse taper formula that suspension is fixed on the frame 10 is led the back upper place that seedling pipe 7 is arranged on trench digging wheel 4, and pot seedling 6 drops down onto trench digging wheel 4 grooves of leaving from leading seedling pipe 7.As shown in Figure 2, the blade of trench digging wheel 4 is the dome arc.Two of being fixed on the frame 10 of suspension hold up native plate 8 separately to be arranged on the back lower place of leading seedling pipe 7 near ground, a pair of two press wheels 9 arranging against the direction of machine travel " eight " font are set at the rear of holding up native plate 8, and press wheel 9 rotational support are on suspension is fixed on axle on the frame 10.
Operation principle of the present invention is as follows:
Behind plough 1 trench digging, fertilizer falls into bottom of trench along fertilizer delivering pipe 2, by the aerofoil profile plate that bankets ditch both sides soil is scraped into groove, covers fertilizer.The ratio that the trench digging of back is taken turns 4 linear velocities and machine forwarding speed is about 1.5: 1, and owing to the machine inertia forward that pot seedling 6 is formed that advances is swung to direction of advance, trench digging wheel 4 is thrown to the rear with soil except that the trench digging function, withstand pot seedling 6, prevents that it from leaning forward.Hold up 8 of native plates to push both sides soil to pot seedling 6, by rubber press wheel 9 compacting pot seedling both sides soil.Different vegetables or crops pot seedling, the trench digging degree of depth, width difference, corresponding each part dimension is different, thereby should applicable various vegetables of invention and field crop (for example: cotton, corn, tobacco, beet etc.).
This device can singly be organized use, also can organize use more, specifically can determine to hang the group number (being line number) of this device on frame according to complete machine working width size.

Claims (3)

1, a kind of block seedling fertilization, transplantation device is characterized in that: comprise plough (1), fertilizer delivering pipe (2), two aerofoil profiles banket plate (3), trench digging wheel (4), drive sprocket (5), lead seedling pipe (7), two and hold up native plate (8), two press wheels (9) and frame (10); Fertilizer delivering pipe (2) is fixed on the inner hollow place at plough (1) blade rear, two aerofoil profiles plate (3) that bankets separately is fixed on the rear portion of plough (1), plough (1), fertilizer delivering pipe (2) and the two aerofoil profiles plate (3) that bankets is fixed as one to hang and is fixed on the frame, the trench digging wheel (4) that drive sprocket (5) drive to rotate is supported on two aerofoil profiles rear portion between plate (3) of banketing, suspension be fixed on the frame (10) the axle on, suspension is fixed on the back upper place that seedling pipe (7) is arranged on trench digging wheel (4) of leading on the frame (10), pot seedling (6) can drop down onto the groove that trench digging wheel (4) leaves from leading seedling pipe (7), the blade of trench digging wheel (4) is the dome arc, two of being fixed on the frame (10) of suspension hold up native plate (8) separately to be arranged on the back lower place of leading seedling pipe (7) near ground, a pair of two press wheels (9) of arranging against the direction of machine travel " eight " font are set at the rear of holding up native plate (8), and press wheel (9) rotational support is on suspension is fixed on axle on the frame (10).
2, a kind of block seedling fertilization according to claim 1, transplantation device is characterized in that: the lower edge of described trench digging wheel (4) is lower than the pot seedling bottom, can make most of soil bottom of trench of dishing out, and fraction soil acts on the alms bowl body.
3, a kind of block seedling fertilization according to claim 1, transplantation device is characterized in that: the described seedling pipe (7) of leading is shaped as part inverted cone formula.
CN200810062638A 2008-06-27 2008-06-27 Block seedling fertilization and transplantation device Expired - Fee Related CN100589689C (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN200810062638A CN100589689C (en) 2008-06-27 2008-06-27 Block seedling fertilization and transplantation device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN200810062638A CN100589689C (en) 2008-06-27 2008-06-27 Block seedling fertilization and transplantation device

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101305657A CN101305657A (en) 2008-11-19
CN100589689C true CN100589689C (en) 2010-02-17

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CN200810062638A Expired - Fee Related CN100589689C (en) 2008-06-27 2008-06-27 Block seedling fertilization and transplantation device

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Families Citing this family (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101878691B (en) * 2010-06-25 2011-08-24 浙江理工大学 Multi-rod transplanting device of pot seedling transplanting machine
CN103535142A (en) * 2013-10-14 2014-01-29 中国农业科学院农业环境与可持续发展研究所 Automatic seedling-guiding no-tillage seeding transplanting machine
CN107371417A (en) * 2017-08-15 2017-11-24 惠民县新东方现代农业有限责任公司 A kind of pasture planter
CN107896590B (en) * 2017-12-14 2023-06-02 湖南农业大学 Device for longitudinally transplanting rape pot seedlings in grooves
CN107873195B (en) * 2017-12-14 2023-04-11 湖南农业大学 Electric rape pot seedling transplanting mechanism
CN109168494B (en) * 2018-09-28 2021-04-20 湖南农业大学 Circulating rape alms bowl seedling transplanting device
CN111535382A (en) * 2020-05-28 2020-08-14 淮阴工学院 Ditching and drainage-irrigation machine for farmland drainage and working method thereof
CN112136439B (en) * 2020-09-28 2021-09-21 宁夏煌甫谧艾益康产业有限公司 Seeding device for standardized planting of wormwood and using method thereof
CN112753321B (en) * 2020-12-31 2022-04-05 苏州工业园区景观绿化工程有限公司 Ditching machine for gardens and use method

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CN101305657A (en) 2008-11-19

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Granted publication date: 20100217

Termination date: 20120627