CN100544845C - A kind of domestic garbage was harmlessly treated comprehensive utilization process - Google Patents

A kind of domestic garbage was harmlessly treated comprehensive utilization process Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100544845C
CN100544845C CNB2008100307866A CN200810030786A CN100544845C CN 100544845 C CN100544845 C CN 100544845C CN B2008100307866 A CNB2008100307866 A CN B2008100307866A CN 200810030786 A CN200810030786 A CN 200810030786A CN 100544845 C CN100544845 C CN 100544845C
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China
Prior art keywords
house refuse
waste
comprised
fermentation
plant
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CNB2008100307866A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101249499A (en
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钟伏桥
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钟伏桥
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Priority to CNB2008100307866A priority Critical patent/CN100544845C/en
Publication of CN101249499A publication Critical patent/CN101249499A/en
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Publication of CN100544845C publication Critical patent/CN100544845C/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

A kind of domestic garbage was harmlessly treated comprehensive utilization process.It mainly is to solve existing house refuse to carry out technical problems such as not environmental protection of processing mode.Its technical scheme main points are: at first by the raw material house refuse is carried out go-no-go, screening, recyclable old and useless article is comprised paper, plastics, the heavy metal go-no-go recycling of coming out, combustible is comprised that plant and waste and old clothing go-no-go come out to send burner combustion; Then, after remaining rubbish pulverizing, sieving, after classification adding activity bacterium stirs, be delivered to again and make fertilizer nutrition soil after the hot fermentation machine ferments.It can make house refuse from fermentation, decomposition, deodorizing, sterilization, purify, be concentrated to the discharging overall process and only need 18-30 hour, volume of waste is reduced about 30-70%, can produce all good high-quality fertilizer of color, smell, nutrient and auxotype organic substrate.Its energy-saving and environmental protection can be widely used in the processing of house refuse and utilization again.

Description

A kind of domestic garbage was harmlessly treated comprehensive utilization process
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of treatment process of house refuse, especially a kind of technology of house refuse being carried out harmless treatment and comprehensive reutilization.
Background technology
At present, traditionally house refuse is generally just stacked in the stockyard for a long time, make natural decomposition, thereby produce stench, attract the fly worm and exist everywhere, fermentation need last 30-90 days, is subject to weather effect, causes the sewage crossing current, produces secondary pollution.And need taking up an area of very big stockyard, organic matter again can not effective recycling, causes the wasting of resources.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide that a kind of processing speed is fast, the domestic garbage was harmlessly treated comprehensive utilization process of energy-conserving and environment-protective.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is: at first by the raw material house refuse is carried out go-no-go, screening, recyclable old and useless article is comprised paper, plastics, the heavy metal go-no-go recycling of coming out, combustible is comprised that plant and waste and old clothing go-no-go come out to send burner combustion; Then, after remaining rubbish pulverizing, sieving, after classification adding activity bacterium stirs, be delivered to again and make fertilizer nutrition soil after the hot fermentation machine ferments.The combustibles such as plant, firewood and waste and old clothing that can utilize go-no-go to come out heat for the hot fermentation machine at the heat energy that the burner internal combustion produces.The hot fermentation machine preferably adopts the sealed fermenting groove.Described movable bacterium can be adopted and be comprised zymophyte, HB bacterium etc.
One of preferred implementation: the raw material house refuse is comprised that organic waste ight soil, residual body put into fermentation tank, add the damping of sepiolite clay breeze, heat to 80-95 ℃, sterilization three hours, be cooled to 60-75 ℃ then, add the HB bacterial classification and carried out aerobic fermentation 18-32 hour, can pack after the discharging cooling.
Two of preferred implementation: the raw material house refuse is comprised that organic waste ight soil, residual body put into fermentation tank, add plant straw powder or wood sawdust, heat to 80-95 ℃, sterilization three hours, be cooled to 6-75 ℃ then, add the HB bacterial classification and carried out aerobic fermentation 18-32 hour, can pack after the discharging cooling.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: it can ferment to house refuse, decomposition, deodorizing, sterilization, purification and concentrate, from going into to expect that the discharging overall process only needs 18-30 hour, volume of waste is reduced about 30-70%, can produce all good high-quality fertilizer of color, smell, nutrient and auxotype organic substrate.And can make the profitable strain in the fertilizer all be in activated state, can continue to produce useful biological agent after being manured into soil.During the fermentation, do not need traditional stockyard and stacking for a long time; Do not produce stench, be not subject to weather effect, can not produce for the second time and pollute.It can not only generate the high-quality active organic fertilizer fast, and can solve the pollution problem of plant, slaughterhouse, food market organic garbage of city fully.Its energy-saving and environmental protection can be widely used in the processing of house refuse and utilization again.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a process flow diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a crushing screening equipment connection diagram.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment 1, at first by the raw material house refuse is carried out go-no-go, screening, recyclable old and useless article comprised paper, plastics, the heavy metal go-no-go recycling of coming out, and combustible is comprised that plant and waste and old clothing go-no-go come out to send burner combustion; Then, to residue rubbish carry out more than 1 time or 2 times pulverizing, sieve after, after classification adding activity bacterium stirs, make fertilizer nutrition soil after being delivered to the fermentation of hot fermentation machine again.The combustibles such as plant, firewood and waste and old clothing that the present invention can utilize go-no-go to come out heat for the hot fermentation machine at the heat energy that the burner internal combustion produces, and have handled refuse again to make full use of resource.The hot fermentation machine preferably adopts the sealed fermenting groove, avoids surrounding air is produced pollution.Described movable bacterium can be adopted hot fermentation bacterium, HB bacterium etc.The present invention can be fermented completely, decomposition, deodorizing, sterilization, purification and concentrate, from going into to expect that the discharging overall process only needs 18-30 hour, volume of waste is reduced about 30-70%, produce all good high-quality fertilizer of color, smell, nutrient and auxotype organic substrate.Whole process all is to carry out in the sealed fermenting groove, and fermentation tank is controlled at optimum state with temperature, humidity and pH value, and injects fresh air, makes surrounding environment can not fill the air stench because of the anaerobism effect.Consult Fig. 1 and Fig. 2.
As be applied in the pig farm: can finish fermentation, decomposition, sterilization, purification and the concentrated overall process of organic wastes such as ight soil, animal corpse, placenta, eggshell in 24 hours, and traditional debirs pile fermentation need last 30-90 days, and need very big stockyard, and can not the fast processing animal residue.
Because of growth, the environment of an activation temperature of HB high-temperature group is 60-80 ℃, when reaching 80 ℃, temperature can not influence the capacity of decomposition of microorganism to organic matter, therefore help the high-temperature sterilization of discarded object is purified and concentrates fast, feces of livestock and poultry and organic waste volume are reduced about 30-70%.
Fermentation plant equipment of the present invention can make small and exquisite, and whole process can adopt Automatic Control, to save manpower.The product of producing is color, smell, nutrient all good high-quality fertilizer and organic substrate, and profitable strain all is in activated state in the fertilizer, can continue after being manured into soil to produce useful biological agent, and fertilizer efficiency is more lasting.
Embodiment 2, earlier the raw material house refuse is comprised that organic waste ight soil, residual body put into fermentation tank, if moisture is higher relatively, as moisture content near but can not be above 40% o'clock, need to add the damping of sepiolite clay breeze, heat to 80-95 ℃, as temperature being controlled at 90 ℃, sterilization three hours is cooled to 60-75 ℃ then, as about 70 ℃, add the HB bacterial classification and carried out aerobic fermentation 18-32 hour, as about 24 hours, can reach the purpose of complete fermentation, finish sweat, can pack after the discharging cooling.Consult Fig. 1 and Fig. 2.All the other are with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 3, earlier the raw material house refuse is comprised that organic waste ight soil, residual body put into fermentation tank, add plant straw powder or wood sawdust, heat to 80-95 ℃, sterilization three hours, be cooled to 6-75 ℃ then, add the HB bacterial classification and carried out aerobic fermentation 18-32 hour, can pack after the discharging cooling.Consult Fig. 1 and Fig. 2.All the other are with above-mentioned embodiment.
Embodiment 4, and the present invention also can finish sweat, after the discharging cooling, adds other nutrient and is mixed with composite fertilizer.Consult Fig. 1 and Fig. 2.All the other are with above-mentioned embodiment.

Claims (1)

1, a kind of domestic garbage was harmlessly treated comprehensive utilization process, it is characterized in that: at first by the raw material house refuse is carried out go-no-go, screening, recyclable old and useless article is comprised paper, plastics, the heavy metal go-no-go recycling of coming out, combustible is comprised that plant and waste and old clothing go-no-go come out to send burner combustion; Then, remaining rubbish is pulverized, after sieving, the raw material house refuse is comprised organic waste ight soil, residual body is put into fermentation tank, and adding sepiolite clay breeze, plant straw powder or wood sawdust damping, and utilize the plant that comprises that go-no-go comes out, the combustible of firewood and waste and old clothing heats for the hot fermentation machine at the heat energy that the burner internal combustion produces, heat to 80-95 ℃, sterilization three hours, be cooled to 60-75 ℃ then, adding activity bacterium stirs and makes fertilizer nutrition soil after laggard the acting charitably aerobe fermentation 18-32 hour, can pack after the discharging cooling; Described movable bacterium is adopted and comprises the HB bacterium, and described hot fermentation machine adopts the sealed fermenting groove.
CNB2008100307866A 2008-03-12 2008-03-12 A kind of domestic garbage was harmlessly treated comprehensive utilization process CN100544845C (en)

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CN101249499A CN101249499A (en) 2008-08-27
CN100544845C true CN100544845C (en) 2009-09-30

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Families Citing this family (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101830736A (en) * 2010-04-21 2010-09-15 陈起河 Method for preparing organic fertilizer by using plant household garbage
CN102335669A (en) * 2010-07-16 2012-02-01 湖南省一鼎环保有限公司 Processing method of garbage landfill
CN102399093B (en) * 2011-10-28 2013-12-04 天津百利阳光环保设备有限公司 Organic waste disposal machine
JP5965610B2 (en) * 2011-10-28 2016-08-10 株式会社 アメニティクリエイト Method for producing organic fertilizer with placenta
CN103386415A (en) * 2013-08-20 2013-11-13 黄文俊 Garbage sorting and recycling method
CN103588515B (en) * 2013-11-08 2015-04-15 天峨县平昌生态农业有限公司 Urban and rural waste treatment method
CN104150993A (en) * 2014-07-31 2014-11-19 杨健 Treatment method of organic matters in garbage aerobic fermentation system and household garbage
CN105057310B (en) * 2015-08-10 2017-04-05 河北润达环保科技有限公司 Domestic garbage resource is using the broken minimizing technology of glass in organic matter
CN105198618A (en) * 2015-10-12 2015-12-30 北京师范大学 Organic fertilizer colloidal particle capable of fertilizing and stabilizing soil prepared from municipal domestic refuse and preparation method thereof
CN105248268A (en) * 2015-11-19 2016-01-20 山东商道生物科技有限公司 Rice seedling raising matrix with soil conditioning function
CN105753541A (en) * 2016-04-22 2016-07-13 华伟 Process for preparing activated organic fertilizer from household garbage
CN107214172A (en) * 2017-01-18 2017-09-29 郴州万墨环保科技有限公司 A kind of process for innoxious treating of life garbage in urban area
CN108435754A (en) * 2018-03-05 2018-08-24 于继林 The technique that rural urbanization house refuse and agriculture and forestry organic waste material prepare biomass fuel
CN108543807A (en) * 2018-05-21 2018-09-18 阿尔法环能生物能源有限公司 A kind of method of house refuse obsolescence processing

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