CN110090851A - A kind of manufacturing method quickly handling domestic waste and derivative with high temperature - Google Patents

A kind of manufacturing method quickly handling domestic waste and derivative with high temperature Download PDF

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CN110090851A
CN110090851A CN201910415728.3A CN201910415728A CN110090851A CN 110090851 A CN110090851 A CN 110090851A CN 201910415728 A CN201910415728 A CN 201910415728A CN 110090851 A CN110090851 A CN 110090851A
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domestic waste
temperature
fermentation
waste
parts
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李桓宇
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李桓宇
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste or contaminated solids into something useful or harmless
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/78Recycling of wood or furniture waste

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of manufacturing methods that domestic waste and derivative are quickly handled with high temperature, it is characterized in that using domestic waste, useless pure plant powder, kitchen garbage, quick lime, ferrous sulfate, magnesium sulfate, chlorine dioxide is uniformly mixed, using sealed hot fermentation equipment, temperature in Zymolysis Equipment is increased to 100 DEG C by oily conductance heat, it is kept for 2 hours, temperature is maintained at 60~80 DEG C, thermophilic heat resisting activity composite bacteria agent is added to ferment, fermentation machine stirring system is adjusted to intermittent agitating function, fermentation time of the house refuse in fermentation machine is 12 hours, it is effective to kill harmful microorganism worm's ovum weeds seed and pathogen in house refuse;Powder is made in clinker after everfermentation, aged crush and screen, and is packed with autoelectrinic weighing-packaging machine and organic matter products are made;To solve the processing problem of domestic waste, the comprehensive utilization of resources of house refuse is realized, to reduce the pollution to natural environment.

Description

A kind of manufacturing method quickly handling domestic waste and derivative with high temperature
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of manufacturing methods that domestic waste and derivative are quickly handled with high temperature, specifically it It is to be killed with domestic waste, useless plant, kitchen garbage using Full-automatic mechanized progress high temperature Rapid Fermentation, ageing, disinfection Manufactured garbage derivatived object powder after bacterium, drying, crushing, screening, as main material production soil remediation modifying agent, You Jifu Hefei material, belongs to waste process field.
The invention further relates to the manufacturing methods of the garbage derivatived object.
Background technique
The earth is home for the survival of mankind, and beautiful environment is provided for human survival;But with China city The planning of the fast development in town, urban construction gradually expands, and urban population increases year by year and living standards of the people increasingly improve, The yield of domestic waste is also just being increasing year by year;The domestic waste is people's daily life and process of consumption In generated rubbish, business activity place, government bodies, school, enterprise office and public place of entertainment caused by rubbish, city agriculture The rotten fruit and dish leaf dish root generated during trade market management, sanitationman are cleaning cell, street, square, highway process The hybrid solid waste of middle generation;Its is many kinds of, be mainly derived from resident life and consumption, urban construction and maintenance, The general rubbish of business activity, the afforestation in urban district and cultivation production, the market of farm produce, medical treatment and public place of entertainment etc. generation Rubbish and human and animal excreta, kitchen residue rubbish;Our this home is surrounded by domestic waste;By house refuse Caused environmental pollution is also increasingly severe, and generated house refuse amoun has reached every year for 660, China big and medium-sized cities at present 1.5 hundred million tons or more, and increased with the speed of 10% or so annual growth, the refuse landfill of many large- and-medium size cities is It fills up or will be filled with, it is difficult to for after the situation very severe of garbage-surrounded city;Many sanitary fills together, do not only take up Many soils, and some poisonous and hazardous substances can be generated, a burst of stink is issued, air, water source are polluted;Meanwhile it growing Raw mosquito, fly, cockroach, mouse, spread the disease, very harmful to people's health;Domestic waste has become countries in the world institute The common issue faced;China city meets with garbage-surrounded city pain, and the constituent of domestic waste is more complicated, In have many biological pollutants, the organic matter degenerated in house refuse also contains various harmful pathogenic microorganisms, also contains Insect pest of the plant, weeds seed, insect and insect ovum, be easy to cause biological pollution;House refuse with can also be produced in fecal sewage Raw more pathogenetic bacterias, virus, protozoan and metazoa, especially intestinal pathogenic organisms;Such as typical parasitic animal and plant There are amoeba histolytica, various nematodes, roundworm, hookworm, blood fluke, especially roundworm egg to deposit extensively in sewage and house refuse ?;Additionally there are fungal organism, pathogenic bacteria therein can be infected under certain condition causes disease in human body;Excrement pair The most dangerous contamination of human body is exactly biologic contamination, and untreated house refuse and fecal pollution can enter water body, causes water The biologic contamination of body, it is possible to which the eruption and prevalence to produce communicable diseases can simultaneously propagate a variety of diseases;70% disease reason is rubbish Rubbish excrement does not have harmless treatment to cause to the biologic contamination of water body;In short, domestic waste itself has certain life Physical property pollution brings harmful influence to environment and human health, and forms organic pollutant and foul smell and will become and influence city ring The big harm of the one of border health;Therefore, how bioconversion is carried out to house refuse, makes it stable and eliminates above-mentioned pathogenic Organism has a very important significance;Effective processing technique is all actively being found by governments at all levels and relevant department, at present I State mainly handles the processing method of house refuse using simple burying method, to reduce the dirt to natural environment Dye;But the comparison of ingredients of house refuse is complicated, moisture content is high, and processing difficulty is big, if unprocessed direct landfill, it will dirty Soil and groundwater source is contaminated, new secondary pollution is easy to produce, environment is caused to seriously endanger;Long-term landfill needs to occupy a large amount of Land resource, how processing disposition scientifically properly to be carried out to house refuse, reaches innoxious and recycling, it has also become One big research topic of scientific and technical personnel's extensive concern in China;Development of resources benefit is truly realized on the basis of preserving the ecological environment With with from the perspective of economic development, a kind of system quickly handling domestic waste and garbage derivatived object with high temperature of the invention Method is made, is to create a technical strategies for the processing disposition of house refuse, to improve Towns, promotes life State civilization construction level has established good advantageous basis.
Summary of the invention
There is provided that a kind of quickly to handle with high temperature city raw the purpose of the present invention is to solve the problems, such as above-mentioned The manufacturing method of rubbish living and garbage derivatived object also solves to solve domestic waste to the environment produced pollution The resource recycling of domestic waste, turns waste into wealth, and changes evil as benefit, realizes the resource benign cycle benefit of waste With.
The present invention also provides the manufacturing methods of the garbage derivatived object.
The purpose of the present invention is what is realized by following technical proposal;
A kind of manufacturing method quickly handling domestic waste and derivative with high temperature, it is characterised in that it is matched by following weight The raw material and method of ratio are made:
65~75 parts of domestic waste
Useless 26~38 parts of pure plant powder
15~25 parts of kitchen garbage
8~12 parts of quick lime powder
12~18 parts of ferrous sulfate
16~25 parts of magnesium sulfate
8~12 parts of chlorine dioxide
0.01~0.05 part of sludge fermentation special bacteria
0.02~0.06 part of agent of thermophilic heat resisting active bacteria composite flora
The domestic waste is generated rubbish in people's daily life and process of consumption, business activity place, political affairs Rubbish caused by mansion organ, school, enterprise's office and public place of entertainment is the rotten dish generated in the business process of the city market of farm produce, rotten Fruit and dish leaf dish root, the hybrid solid waste that sanitationman generates during cleaning cell, street, square, highway;Through Multilayer vibrating screen is crossed to carry out sorting to remove the residue after useless film, waste plastics, waste wood block, stone, cullet and bulk materials thin Powder and organic solid waste;
The useless pure plant powder is the leaf tree that urban landscaping worker generates in trimming urban afforestation, gardening process The waste residue and sawdust generated in branch and green grass, timber process, is made it after sorting, crushing, drying, milling, screening Partial size is the powder less than 5mm;
The kitchen garbage is that hotel, hotel, catering trade, government bodies, school, unit dining room generate during serving the meals Food residues, swill, the animal and plant fat and oil mixing with water waste that can not be eaten again;
The quick lime powder is that its grain is made after high-temperature calcination, broken, sorting, crushing, milling, screening in lime stone Diameter is the powder less than 0.02mm.
A kind of manufacturing method quickly handling domestic waste and derivative with high temperature, it is characterised in that described Domestic waste method for separating, be using a kind of method that Full-automatic mechanized Multilayer vibrating screen is sorted.
A kind of manufacturing method quickly handling domestic waste and derivative with high temperature, it is characterised in that described Domestic waste fermentation process be a kind of Full-automatic mechanized elevated-temperature seal formula Zymolysis Equipment, the high temperature in equipment comes Derived from the principle with electric oil, electricity heat oil ﹚ in ﹙ layers of oil removal layer is set in machine and is quickly sent out using a kind of high temperature of oily electric heat conduction heating The method of ferment.
A kind of manufacturing method quickly handling domestic waste and derivative with high temperature, it is characterised in that described Domestic waste fermenting microbe be sludge fermenting strain and thermophilic heat resisting active bacteria composite flora agent.
A kind of manufacturing method quickly handling domestic waste and derivative with high temperature, it is characterised in that described Domestic waste mixing using double-shaft mixing agitator carry out be uniformly mixed stirring.
A kind of manufacturing method quickly handling domestic waste and derivative with high temperature, it is characterised in that described Exhaust-gas treatment, be made of active carbon respiratory box and supercharging air blower;It is right using the specific surface area and adsorption function of active carbon Micro exhaust gas in water vapour carries out adsorption cleaning, reaches odorless colourless qualified discharge.
A kind of manufacturing method quickly handling domestic waste and derivative with high temperature, it is characterised in that described Product packaging, using full-automatic electronic measure weighing packaging machine system packed.
A kind of manufacturing method quickly handling domestic waste and derivative with high temperature, it is characterised in that it is pressed Following step carries out:
Take the domestic waste of 65~75 parts by weight, the useless pure plant powder of 26~38 parts by weight, 15~25 parts by weight kitchen Rubbish, the quick lime powder of 8~12 parts by weight, the ferrous sulfate of 12~18 parts by weight, the magnesium sulfate of 16~25 parts by weight, 8~ The chlorine dioxide of 12 parts by weight, is mixed evenly using double-shaft mixing agitator, in which: the moisture of mixture should control 45%~65%, hand grabs the agglomerating no water droplet of material, and hand unclamps material and dissipates, and carbon-nitrogen ratio is 25~30:1, and pH value is 6~8;With Belt conveyer is transported in sealed hot fermentation equipment, starts heating system, by oil, conductance heat will in Zymolysis Equipment it is warm Degree is increased to 80~100 DEG C, powers off after being kept for 2 hours, allows its temperature to be maintained between 60~80 DEG C, be added simultaneously in proportion The sludge fermenting strain of 0.01~0.05 parts by weight and the thermophilic heat resisting active bacteria compound bacteria of 0.02~0.06 parts by weight Group's agent is fermented, and stirring system matched in fermentation machine is adjusted to intermittent agitating function, while activating thermophilic heat resisting The activity of active bacteria complex microbial community accelerates urban life using the movable function of thermophilic heat resisting active bacteria composite flora The formation of the fast degradation and humus of organic matter in rubbish;Entire fermentation time of the house refuse in Zymolysis Equipment be 8~ 12 hours;Harmful microorganism, worm's ovum, weeds seed and the pathogenic bacteria in domestic waste are effectively killed;It is fermenting The water vapour generated in the process carries out adsorption treatment using active carbon respiratory box, utilizes the specific surface area and absorption function of active carbon Can, adsorption cleaning is carried out to the micro exhaust gas in water vapour, reaches odorless colourless qualified discharge;Urban life after everfermentation Garbage clinker, be transported to ground groove be aged, turn over be made after throwing, cooling, cooling, crushing, screening its partial size be less than Mixed powder is transported to dedicated storage silo by the mixed powder of 0.18mm, measures weighing-packaging machine system using full-automatic electronic System is made for a kind of stabilisation, decomposedization, innoxious organic matter products after being packed;The product can be used as organic composite The raw material of fertilizer, soil improvement renovation agent, bio-organic fertilizer;A new skill is created for the processing disposition of domestic waste Art route has also established a kind of good advantageous basis for the comprehensive utilization of resources of domestic waste.
A kind of manufacturing method quickly handling domestic waste and garbage derivatived object with high temperature of the invention is using one The Zymolysis Equipment of Full-automatic mechanized elevated-temperature seal formula is planted, the high temperature in equipment derives from the principle with electric oil, sets in machine Electricity heat oil ﹚ can be such that temperature quickly increases using a kind of method of high temperature Rapid Fermentation of the electric heat conduction heating of oil in ﹙ layers of oil removal layer To 80 DEG C~100 DEG C;Harmful microorganism, worm's ovum, the weeds seed in domestic waste are effectively killed using 100 DEG C of high temperature And pathogenic bacteria;Accelerate the fast prompt drop of organic substance in domestic waste using the movable function of thermophilic heat resisting composite flora The formation of solution and humus;Make fermentation time reduction of the entire domestic waste in Zymolysis Equipment 8~12 hours;It is sending out The water vapour generated during ferment carries out adsorption treatment using active carbon respiratory box, utilizes the specific surface area and absorption of active carbon Function carries out adsorption cleaning to the micro exhaust gas in water vapour, reaches odorless colourless qualified discharge;City after everfermentation is raw Garbage clinker living, be transported to ground groove be aged, turn over be made after throwing, cooling, cooling, crushing, screening its partial size be less than Mixed powder is transported to dedicated storage silo by the mixed powder of 0.18mm, measures weighing-packaging machine system using full-automatic electronic System is made for a kind of stabilisation, decomposedization, innoxious organic matter products after being packed;The product can be used as organic composite The raw material of fertilizer, soil improvement renovation agent, bio-organic fertilizer;A new skill is created for the processing disposition of domestic waste Art route has also established a kind of good advantageous basis for the comprehensive utilization of resources of domestic waste.
The present invention is to adhere to that recycling is preferential, selects safe and reliable, advanced environmental protection, land saving energy saving, economic and practical processing Technology of the technology as processing disposition domestic waste;Adhere to realizing under the premise of safety, ecological, environmental protective and economic benefit The processing disposition of domestic waste and comprehensive utilization of resources achieve the purpose that energy-saving and emission-reduction and develop a circular economy.
The purpose of the invention is to overcome existing urban garbage disposal Ji Shu ﹙ landfill, burning, anaerobic digestion, good Oxygen Fa Jiao ﹚ carries out the defect of processing disposition to domestic waste, in order to improve the processing disposal efficiency of domestic waste, more Good improvement domestic waste carries out a kind of of research invention and quickly handles disposition city with high temperature to harm caused by environment The new technology of city's house refuse;It selects a variety of good microorganism fungus kinds mixed, tamed with ferment, cultivated, bring back to life and be made A kind of microbial flora agent, for it is universal self-control culture a kind of special strain;As processing disposition domestic waste Rapid Fermentation microbial inoculum, be it is a kind of can high temperature resistant Rapid Fermentation, decomposed activation microbial inoculum;It is disposably quick suitable for hot fermentation Domestic waste is handled, with a kind of high temperature, quick-acting fermentation process during domestic waste is disposed in processing;Using Full-automatic mechanized controls the Zymolysis Equipment of elevated-temperature seal formula, and the high temperature in the equipment derives from former ﹙ layers of the reason with electric oil Interior electric heating oil method ﹚ using the electric heat conduction heating of oil a kind of high temperature fast fermentation method, can make temperature be quickly increased to 80 DEG C~ 100℃;Harmful microorganism, worm's ovum, weeds seed and the pathogen in domestic waste are effectively killed using 100 DEG C of high temperature Body;Make processing fermentation time reduction of the entire domestic waste in Zymolysis Equipment 8~12 hours;Handle Deal with Time Short, effect is good;Domestic waste disposably can be subjected to processing disposition and transform into a kind of stabilisation, decomposedization, nothing The organic matter products of evilization;Realizing country's processing disposition rate innoxious about domestic waste will reach to the year two thousand twenty bottom 100% pertinent regulations requirement;The comprehensive utilization of resources for improving domestic waste is horizontal, has reached domestic waste Minimizing, stabilisation, innoxious and recycling, so that domestic waste is not needed to send to refuse landfill again and is carried out at landfill Reason, realizes treatment principle of the State Council about crude waste " zero padding is buried ";Domestic waste can be saved in landfill process In need to occupy a large amount of land resource, be conducive to ecological environmental protection;The big and medium-sized cities for solving China meet with life The pain of garbage-surrounded city, additionally it is possible to save a large amount of vehicle transport strength and freight;The advantage of the technology is that safety can It leans on, environmental protection, saves ground, is energy saving, economic and practical, occupied ground is small, non-pollutant discharge, can set up life nearby in city suburbs Waste treatment and disposal manufacturing enterprise.
The innovation of the technology of the present invention is that the disposition speed of the processing to domestic waste is fast, and the time is short, and 8~12 is small When, effect is good;Securely and reliably, environmental protection, save ground, energy conservation, it is economic and practical, disposably can quickly handle disposition domestic waste And a kind of available organic matter products are transformed into, it realizes country's processing disposition rate innoxious about domestic waste and reaches To 100%, the target of crude waste " zero padding is buried " is realized;It is best as defined in urban garbage disposal disposition to meet country Possible technique " is for the various environmental problems generated in life, production process, to reduce pollutant emission, on the whole in fact Existing high level environmental protection, used compared with the technology in a certain period, level of economic development height and environmental management require phase Adapt to, be applied in public infrastructure and industrial department, suitable for different application condition it is one or more it is advanced, can The requirement of capable prevention and cure of pollution technique and technology ".
It is as follows with domestic other Prediction for Solid Waste Treatment Technology comparisons:
1, it is compared with traditional sanitary landfills processing technique:
Sanitary landfills needs to occupy a large amount of land resource, and foul smell is not easily controlled, and landfill leachate treatment difficulty is larger, life The waste stabilisation period is longer, and domestic rubbish disposal sustainability is poor, is easy to generate underground water, surface water and soil dirty Dye, environmental risk influence time are long;Sanitary filling field needs to carry out long term maintenance after filling up closing.
2, it is compared with incineration treatment technology:
Incineration of Household Refuse is more complicated, higher to operation operator quality and operation supervision level requirement, It is easy to produce a large amount of flue gas, dioxin and heavy metals emission in burning process, air is polluted, produces during the burning process Raw a large amount of waste residue and flying dust processing difficulty are larger, and construction scale, fund and operating cost are especially high, are not suitable with economic owe The processing of the house refuse of developed regions is disposed and application.
3, it is compared with traditional consumer garbage compost technology:
Traditional consumer garbage compost production mainly carries out zymotechnique using the method for heap body, is being fermentation heap body Shi Buneng It is made too small too short, too small to will affect fermentation, height is generally at 1~1.5 meter, and 2 meters of width or so, length is at 2~4 meters or more Heap body ferment effect is preferable;And punch and ventilate on heap top, finally the covering of heap body is touched with ground with plastic cloth, compost fermentation Auxiliary agent is oxygen-consuming microorganism, so should increase oxygen supply measure during the fermentation, accomplishes to mix thoroughly, duty is turned over, ventilating is advisable, otherwise It can be because anaerobic fermentation influences material fermentation effect;Generally after house refuse is accumulated 48 hours, it is primary that third day starts turning, Fermentation can be completed turning 3~5 times under normal circumstances, the completion that can ferment in summer normal one week or so needs multiple turning, heap body Temperature is not high, kills disease pest ovum, weeds seed and is not thorough, and winter needs 30 to 60 days, and effect is poor, and occupied ground is big, when compost Between it is long.
The present invention selects chlorine dioxide as disinfection, the deodorization, fungicide in urban garbage disposal disposition, titanium dioxide Chlorine be sodium chlorate and sulfuric acid and methanol effect or sodium chlorate and sulfur dioxide effect and made of product;It is to be with chlorate Raw material restores manufactured chlorine dioxide in sulfuric acid medium;Has the function of sterilization, bleaching, deodorization, disinfection, fresh-keeping;Effect machine Reason is mainly oxidation, and the electronic structure of Chlorine Dioxide Molecules is in undersaturated condition, and outer layer shares 19 electronics, is had strong Oxidation, mainly to the atomic radical (such as enzyme and sulfide containing sulfydryl, chloride) rich in electronics (or supplied for electronic) It is attacked, robs electronics by force, make the substance for losing activity and changing property, to reach deodorization, disinfection, sterilization Purpose;
1, bactericidal effect, chlorine dioxide have stronger absorption and penetration capacity to cell wall, release elemental oxygen and contain intracellular The oxydasis of sulfydryl plays bactericidal effect;
2, blanching effect, the bleaching of chlorine dioxide are to reach the mesh of decomposition pigment by releasing elemental oxygen and generation hypochlorite 's;Bleaching agent is made instead of chlorine, chlorate using it, thus effect is more comprehensively;
3, deodorization, the deodorization of chlorine dioxide are because it dehydration can occur with smell substance (such as H2S ,-SOH ,-NH2) instead So that smell substance rapid oxidation is converted into other substances, at the same kill microorganism without with fatty acid response;Safety effect, Chlorine dioxide can be by cyanide oxidation at carbon dioxide and nitrogen, it may be assumed that 2ClO2+2CN=2CO2+N2+2Cl is dense when cyanide Degree is 3.0mg/L, and the dosage of chlorine dioxide is 5.0mg/L, and the removal rate of cyanide is generally all 85% or more;Advantage, state Outer a large amount of experimental study shows that chlorine dioxide is safe and nontoxic disinfectant, and without " three cause " effect, (carcinogenic, teratogenesis, cause are prominent Become), while also chlorination not occurring with organic matter in disinfecting process and generating the organic chloride that can produce " three-induced effect " Or other toxic substances;But since chlorine dioxide has extremely strong oxidability, should be avoided at high concentrations (> 500ppm) makes With;When using concentration be lower than 100ppm or less when any influence will not be generated to human body, including Physiology and biochemistry in terms of influence; To skin also without any sensitization;Therefore, chlorine dioxide is also known as safe and nontoxic green disinfectant sterilization in the world Agent.
The present invention selects kitchen garbage as the auxiliary organic substance of high temperature Rapid Fermentation processing disposition domestic waste Primary raw material, be because kitchen garbage itself contain nutrient for plants, protein, fat and humus, nutrient is main Including nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium three elements;Nitrogen can promote the growth of plant stem-leaf, and phosphorus can excite the breeding of plant root, hasting of maturity and increasing Add plant to the resistivity of pest and disease damage;Potassium can promote the growth vigor of plant, be the wooden limb of development, pulp, it is green to constitute leaf The important component of element;Life of the kitchen garbage also containing other various trace elements needed for plant growth, suitable for various crops It is long, test is researched and analysed, wherein being 2.68% containing total nitrogen content, full phosphorus amount is 1.86%, full potassium amount is 0.386%, organic matter is The microelements such as 48.9% and copper, zinc, calcium, magnesium, iron, nitrogen are the elements of protein, participate in plant inner chlorophyll It is formed, to improve photosynthetic intensity, to increase the intracorporal carbohydrate of plant, yield can be improved;Phosphorus is that plant is thin The important component of karyon, it is suitable for the differentiation and development of cell division and each organ-tissue of plant, and especially blossoming and bearing fruit has Important role, it is the indispensable a kind of element of physiological metabolism activity in plant;Phosphorus is to the disease resistance, anti-for improving plant Cold and drought-resistant ability has good effect;Potassium can accelerate plant to the assimilation process of carbon dioxide, can promote carbon hydrate The conversion of object, the synthesis of protein and cell division;Potassium can improve photosynthetic intensity, and Potassium status is sufficient in soil, plant Sugar, starch, cellulose and the fat formed in object etc. is more, and not only yield is high, but also product is high-quality;These nutrition member Element generates humus after being manured into soil after microorganism decomposition, can promote the formation of soil aggregate structure, and enhancing soil is protected Water fertilizer-preserving ability, can improve and fertilizing soil, be suitble to the growth of various crops.
During the useless pure plant powder of present invention selection is as high temperature Rapid Fermentation processing disposition urban house refuse fermentation Thermal energy carbon source raw material is supplied to microorganism fungus kind as food, and microorganism is made to obtain required energy in various physiological activities, So that body is can be carried out normal growth and breeding, keeps the continuity of life;Useless plant is that urban landscaping worker is trimming Gardening, during afforestation caused by leaf branch and green grass, the waste wood elected in domestic rubbish disposal assorting room The wastes such as the waste residue sawdust generated in material, timber process, it is manufactured after sorting, crushing, drying, milling, screening Powder, wherein containing containing various nutrient elements, especially crude fibres such as crude fibre, thick protein, carbohydrate, crude fat, ash content, phosphorus Measure the higher carbon source for being easy decomposed degradation generally 53% or more, can be used as in urban garbage disposal disposition fermentation process Thermal energy is supplied to microbial flora and eats, and is conducive to the absorption of microbial flora.
The present invention selects peasant movement to carry out fermenting agent of the sludge fermentation special bacteria as processing disposition domestic waste, should The biological agent that product system Taiwan high-tech biotechnology is developed, the non-pathogenic containing high concentration is beneficial to micro- Biology, and it is added to a variety of enzymes that can decompose various macromolecular substances;Microorganism in the product can be during the fermentation It generates digestive ferment and carrys out the organic matter in decomposing and fermenting house refuse;Add this concentrated product during the fermentation to supplement original bacteria Kind, and reinforce hair of the decomposition to generate humus, suitable for domestic waste to organic substance in domestic waste Ferment;Ingredient is compound beneficial bacteria, and character is pulvis, contains total viable count >=1.0 × 109cfu/g;The mechanism of action, under aerobic condition, Dissolved organic matter in fermentation materials penetrates the cell wall of microorganism and cell membrane is microorganism absorption;Solid and colloid are organic Substance is first attached to outside microbial body, is broken down into solable matter by microorganism secretion ectoenzyme, then penetrate into cell, micro- life Object makes a part of organic matter be oxidized to simple inorganic matter, and release energy, there is another part by own metabolism activity Machine object can be carried out body for energy needed for synthesized micro-organism own cells substance and the offer various physiological activities of microorganism Normal growth and breeding, keep the continuity of life;Microorganism in fermentation generated in decomposable process a large amount of heat come to Fermentation materials heating;This high temperature is required to fast decoupled, and be conducive to destroy the grass seeds of weeds, insect larva, Harmful bacteria, and the growth of certain diseases can be inhibited, in case these diseases generate the normal growth that harmful microorganism hinders plant; The addition of fermentative can be improved decomposition rate and efficiency, because these floras are by screening, domestication, cultivate simultaneously The highly enriched bacterium of improvement and fungal mix;These strains are chosen to preferably survive and breed, generate enzyme simultaneously, and decomposition has Machine waste, to accelerate the decomposition of organic matter in fermentation generating process;The standard concept of decomposing lignocellulose thallus is first Open the metabolism that fibre structure makes sugar can be used for different microorganisms;Microorganism utilizes cellulase, zytase, starch Enzyme, protease decompose the enzyme etc. of lignin from cellulose, hemicellulose, protein, starch and other carbohydrate to hair Sugar is discharged in ferment object;The growth of object bacteria during the fermentation strengthens, and can effectively inhibit varied bacteria growing, to prevent from producing It gives birth to stink and leads to harmful substance;
Fermenting characteristic: (1) itself generating certain heat, and high-temperature duration is long, is not required to external heat source, that is, can reach nothing Evilization;(2) make a variety of organic material decompositions for being difficult to degrade, fermentation materials is made to have the humification of higher degree, improve effective Nutrient;(3) product it is tasteless it is odorless, quality is loose, moisture content is low, bulk density is small, generate domestic waste during the fermentation Organic matter provide food for microorganism, and microorganism then maintains microorganism feeding while can generate nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium; It can be used as the raw material of organic fertilizer.
The present invention selects a variety of good microorganism fungus kinds mix, tame with ferment, cultivating, brings back to life flora is made Agent, as the high temperature Rapid Fermentation microbial inoculum of processing disposition domestic waste, it is that one kind being capable of Rapid Fermentation, decomposed activation bacterium Agent;For the compound flora agent of universal self-control culture, wherein containing there are many photosynthetic bacteria of specific function, fixed nitrogen Bacillus, Pseudomonas fluorescens, dissolving phosphor and dissolving potassium bacterium, colloid bacillus, bacillus subtilis, Bacillus acidi lactici, saccharomycete, high temperature resistant unwrapping wire The multiple-microorganisms such as bacterium;The microbial inoculum is through mixed fermentation and is combined with each other, mutually not antagonism, can mutually cooperate with, and is a kind of compound Type microbial fermentation strain;Living bacteria count is stablized more than 1,500,000,000/gram, and 2,000,000,000/gram or more are reached as high as;It is powerful, It is added in domestic waste organic materials, can be brought rapidly up, be deodorized, be dehydrated at 15 DEG C of room temperature or so, 7 days or so completely It is decomposed;It is full-featured, effect is good, not only have powerful decomposed effect to house refuse material, but also also breed during the fermentation A large amount of functional bacterias simultaneously generate a variety of special efficacy metabolites, and such as hormone, antibiotic, nutrient is become having from invalid state and slow state Imitate state and quick-acting states;So that house refuse is passed through humification, a large amount of humic acid is generated after fermentation process, and grow containing various plants Element, amino acid, enzyme, antibiotics, the functional materials that plant health can be promoted to grow, so that crop growth is stimulated, Improve crop disease-resistant, drought resisting, cold tolerance, after functional bacteria enters soil, can fixed nitrogen, phosphorus decomposing, potassium decomposing, increase soil support Divide, improvement soil texture, improve fertilizer efficiency utilization rate;Enable domestic waste quick composting and eliminate peculiar smell, through everfermentation Treated house refuse derivative, can be used as organic compound fertilizer, soil remediation modifying agent, medium soil, bio-organic fertilizer Raw material, nutrient is comprehensive, and contains various bioactivators, quality of agricultural product can be obviously improved and improve, to reach increasing The purpose of synergy is produced, derived from urban domestic garbage object value-added content of product is promoted.
The present invention carry out disinfection sterilization in processing disposal process using calcium lime powder to domestic waste, uses ferrous sulfate For reducing agent, magnesium sulfate is ferrous iron retention agent, and the organic substance in domestic waste can be enable sufficiently to decompose, reach fast The purpose of fast deodorization and disinfection sterilization.
A kind of manufacturing method quickly handling domestic waste and derivative with high temperature of the invention, it is characterised in that press Ratio adopts domestic waste, useless pure plant powder, kitchen garbage, quick lime powder, ferrous sulfate, magnesium sulfate, chlorine dioxide Be mixed evenly with double-shaft mixing agitator, in which: the moisture of mixture should be controlled 45%~65%, hand grab material at Group unclamps material and dissipates without water droplet, hand, and carbon-nitrogen ratio is 25~30:1, and pH value is 6~8;It is transported to using belt conveyer close In envelope formula hot fermentation equipment, start heating system, temperature in Zymolysis Equipment be increased to 80~100 DEG C by oil, conductance heat, It is powered off after being kept for 2 hours, its temperature is allowed to be maintained between 60~80 DEG C, sludge fermenting strain and thermophilic is added simultaneously in proportion Hot high temperature resistant active bacteria composite flora agent is fermented, and stirring system matched in Zymolysis Equipment is adjusted to intermittent stirring function Can, while the activity of thermophilic heat resisting complex microbial community is activated, the movable function using thermophilic heat resisting composite flora adds The formation of the fast degradation and humus of fast organic matters in municipal solid waste;Entire hair of the domestic waste in fermentation machine The ferment time is 8~12 hours, has effectively killed harmful microorganism, worm's ovum, weeds seed and the cause of disease in domestic waste Thallus;The water vapour generated during the fermentation carries out adsorption treatment using active carbon respiratory box, utilizes the specific surface of active carbon Long-pending and adsorption function carries out adsorption cleaning to the micro exhaust gas in water vapour, reaches odorless colourless qualified discharge;After everfermentation Domestic waste clinker, be transported to ground groove be aged, turn over throwing, cooling, cooling, crushing, screening after its partial size is made For the mixed powder less than 0.18mm, mixed powder is transported to dedicated storage silo, weighing packet is measured using full-automatic electronic Installation system is made for a kind of stabilisation, decomposedization, innoxious organic matter products after being packed;The product can be used as organic Compound fertilizer, soil remediation modifying agent, bio-organic fertilizer raw material;To solve, the processing of domestic waste is difficult, handles Problem at high cost, the resource recycling for realizing domestic waste utilize, to reduce the pollution to natural ecological environment.
According to the organic matter products of the derived from urban domestic garbage object of the technology of the present invention production, the related matter through national regulation It measures detection department to examine, all technical reaches People's Republic of China (PRC) standard GB 4284-2018 " agricultural sludge pollution Object controls standard " and NY525-2012 " organic fertilizer " standard requirements.
Product quality inspection through Institute of Analysis, Guangdong Prov. Inst. of Ecological Environment & Soil Science and the institute of agricultural sciences, Shenzhen Spot detection result is as follows:
The detection of house refuse derivative organic matter products: according to People's Republic of China's standard GB4284-2018, " agricultural sludge is dirty Contaminate object and control standard " and NY525-2012 " organic fertilizer " standard:
Name of product: house refuse derivative organic matter products
Testing result:
A) total nitrogen content are as follows: 3.33%;B) content of tatal phosphorus are as follows: 2.58%;
C) full potassium content are as follows: 0.63%;D) content of organic matter 42.6%;
E) moisture content: 15.6%;F) 6.8 pH;
G) Cu(copper) content are as follows: 626mg/kg;
H) Zn(zinc) content are as follows: 1001mg/kg;
I) living bacteria count (cfu) are as follows: 0.35 hundred million/g;
J) excrement colibacillus group number are as follows: 86/g(mL);
K) induced worm egg death rate are as follows: 98%.
Due to taking above-mentioned technical proposal the technology of the present invention to have the following advantages that and effect:
A) short to urban garbage disposal Deal with Time, effect is good;Domestic waste disposably can be manufactured as one kind Available organic matter products realize the principle that country reaches 100% about domestic waste harmless treatment disposition rate;
B) make domestic waste not need to send to refuse landfill progress landfill disposal again, a large amount of soil money can be saved Source is conducive to ecological environmental protection;
C) domestic waste can be saved and need a large amount of transport power and freight;
D) garbage derivatived produce product are using domestic waste, kitchen garbage, waste plant dregs as primary raw material, using sealed height Warm fermentation machine ferments with thermophilic heat resisting active bacteria composite flora agent, a kind of compound production of multielement composition of production Product can be used as the raw material of organic fertilizer, soil remediation modifying agent, medium soil, bio-organic fertilizer;
E) a technical strategies are created for the processing disposition of domestic waste, is also the recycling of domestic waste A kind of good advantageous basis has been established in comprehensive utilization;
F) it realizes domestic waste zero padding to bury, has effectively administered house refuse and given urban environmental hygiene bring two secondary rings The problem of border pollution, protects environment;
G) simple production process, three-waste free discharge meet the requirement spirit of national recycling economy and energy-saving and emission-reduction protection environment, and It is small investment, quick, at low cost, profitable, it is suitble at different levels do factory.
Specific embodiment
Embodiment 1
It is generated rubbish in people's daily life and process of consumption, business activity place, government's machine by domestic waste Rubbish caused by pass, school, enterprise's office and public place of entertainment, rotten dish, the rotten fruit generated in the business process of the city market of farm produce And dish leaf dish root, the hybrid solid waste that sanitationman generates during cleaning cell, street, square, highway;Through excessive Layer vibrating screen carries out sorting and removes the remaining fine powder material after useless film, waste plastics, waste wood block, stone, cullet and bulk materials And organic solid waste;
By useless plant, be leaf branch that urban landscaping worker generates in trimming urban afforestation, gardening process and green grass, The waste residue and sawdust generated in timber process, be made after sorting, crushing, drying, milling, screening its partial size be less than The powder of 5mm;
It is the food that hotel, hotel, catering trade, government bodies, school, unit dining room generate during serving the meals by kitchen garbage Object remnants, swill, the animal and plant fat and oil mixing with water waste that can not be eaten again;
By quick lime, be lime stone by high-temperature calcination, broken, sorting, crush, milling, be made after screening its partial size be less than The powder of 0.02mm.
Take domestic waste 65kg, useless the pure plant powder 38kg, kitchen garbage 15kg, quick lime powder of above-mentioned preparation 8kg, ferrous sulfate 12kg, magnesium sulfate 16kg, chlorine dioxide 8kg, are mixed evenly using double-shaft mixing agitator, In: the moisture of mixture should be controlled 45%~65%, and hand grabs the agglomerating no water droplet of material, and hand unclamps material and dissipates, carbon-nitrogen ratio 25 ~30:1, pH value are 6~8;It is transported in sealed hot fermentation equipment with belt conveyer, starts heating system, pass through Temperature in Zymolysis Equipment is increased to 80~100 DEG C by oil, conductance heat, powers off after being kept for 2 hours, its temperature is allowed to be maintained at 60~80 Between DEG C, sludge fermenting strain 0.01kg and thermophilic heat resisting active bacteria composite flora agent 0.02kg is added simultaneously in proportion It ferments, stirring system matched in fermentation machine is adjusted to intermittent agitating function, while activating thermophilic heat resisting active The activity of bacterium complex microbial community accelerates domestic waste using the movable function of thermophilic heat resisting active bacteria composite flora The formation of the fast degradation and humus of middle organic matter;Entire fermentation time of the house refuse in Zymolysis Equipment is 8~12 small When;Harmful microorganism, worm's ovum, weeds seed and the pathogenic bacteria in domestic waste are effectively killed;In fermentation process The water vapour of middle generation carries out adsorption treatment using active carbon respiratory box, right using the specific surface area and adsorption function of active carbon Micro exhaust gas in water vapour carries out adsorption cleaning, reaches odorless colourless qualified discharge;Domestic waste after everfermentation Clinker is transported to ground groove and is aged, turns over that its partial size is made after throwing, cooling, cooling, crushing, screening is less than 0.18mm's Mixed powder is transported to dedicated storage silo by mixed powder, is measured weighing packaging machine system using full-automatic electronic and is wrapped A kind of stabilisation, decomposedization, innoxious organic matter products are made for after dress;Through detecting nitrogen content are as follows: 3.28%;Phosphorus content are as follows: 2.63%;Potassium content are as follows: 0.66%;Containing organic matter are as follows: 47.8%;Moisture content: 13.5%;PH:6.3;Living bacteria count (cfu) are as follows: 0.38 hundred million/g;Excrement colibacillus group number are as follows: 83/g(mL);Induced worm egg death rate are as follows: 97%;Reach People's Republic of China's mark Quasi- GB4284-2018 " agricultural sludge pollutant catabolic gene standard " and NY525-2012 " organic fertilizer " standard;For qualified products.
Embodiment 2
The domestic waste 75kg of the preparation of Example 1, useless pure plant powder 26kg, kitchen garbage 25kg, quick lime powder 12kg, ferrous sulfate 18kg, magnesium sulfate 25kg, chlorine dioxide 12kg, are mixed evenly using double-shaft mixing agitator, Wherein: the moisture of mixture should be controlled 45%~65%, and hand grabs the agglomerating no water droplet of material, and hand unclamps material and dissipates, and carbon-nitrogen ratio is 25~30:1, pH value are 6~8;It is transported in sealed hot fermentation equipment with belt conveyer, starts heating system, led to Cross oil, conductance heat and temperature in Zymolysis Equipment be increased to 80~100 DEG C, powered off after being kept for 2 hours, allow its temperature be maintained at 60~ Between 80 DEG C, sludge fermenting strain 0.05kg and thermophilic heat resisting active bacteria composite flora agent is added simultaneously in proportion 0.06kg ferments, and stirring system matched in fermentation machine is adjusted to intermittent agitating function, while activating thermophilic resistance to height The activity of warm active bacteria complex microbial community accelerates city raw using the movable function of thermophilic heat resisting active bacteria composite flora The formation of the fast degradation and humus of organic matter in rubbish living;Entire fermentation time of the house refuse in Zymolysis Equipment is 8 ~12 hours;Harmful microorganism, worm's ovum, weeds seed and the pathogenic bacteria in domestic waste are effectively killed;It is sending out The water vapour generated during ferment carries out adsorption treatment using active carbon respiratory box, utilizes the specific surface area and absorption of active carbon Function carries out adsorption cleaning to the micro exhaust gas in water vapour, reaches odorless colourless qualified discharge;City after everfermentation is raw Garbage clinker living, be transported to ground groove be aged, turn over be made after throwing, cooling, cooling, crushing, screening its partial size be less than Mixed powder is transported to dedicated storage silo by the mixed powder of 0.18mm, measures weighing-packaging machine system using full-automatic electronic System is made for a kind of stabilisation, decomposedization, innoxious organic matter products after being packed;Through detecting nitrogen content are as follows: 3.31%; Phosphorus content are as follows: 2.62%;Potassium content are as follows: 0.63%;Containing organic matter are as follows: 45.8%;Moisture content: 15.5%;PH:6.5;Living bacteria count (cfu) are as follows: 0.38 hundred million/g;Excrement colibacillus group number are as follows: 83/g(mL);Induced worm egg death rate are as follows: 98%;Reach the Chinese people Republicanism national standard GB4284-2018 " agricultural sludge pollutant catabolic gene standard " and NY525-2012 " organic fertilizer " standard;To close Lattice product.
Embodiment 3
The domestic waste 68kg of the preparation of Example 1, useless pure plant powder 28kg, kitchen garbage 18kg, quick lime powder 10kg, ferrous sulfate 14kg, magnesium sulfate 18kg, chlorine dioxide 10kg, are mixed evenly using double-shaft mixing agitator, Wherein: the moisture of mixture should be controlled 45%~65%, and hand grabs the agglomerating no water droplet of material, and hand unclamps material and dissipates, and carbon-nitrogen ratio is 25~30:1, pH value are 6~8;It is transported in sealed hot fermentation equipment with belt conveyer, starts heating system, led to Cross oil, conductance heat and temperature in Zymolysis Equipment be increased to 80~100 DEG C, powered off after being kept for 2 hours, allow its temperature be maintained at 60~ Between 80 DEG C, sludge fermenting strain 0.02kg and thermophilic heat resisting active bacteria composite flora agent is added simultaneously in proportion 0.03kg ferments, and stirring system matched in fermentation machine is adjusted to intermittent agitating function, while activating thermophilic resistance to height The activity of warm active bacteria complex microbial community accelerates city raw using the movable function of thermophilic heat resisting active bacteria composite flora The formation of the fast degradation and humus of organic matter in rubbish living;Entire fermentation time of the house refuse in Zymolysis Equipment is 8 ~12 hours;Harmful microorganism, worm's ovum, weeds seed and the pathogenic bacteria in domestic waste are effectively killed;It is sending out The water vapour generated during ferment carries out adsorption treatment using active carbon respiratory box, utilizes the specific surface area and absorption of active carbon Function carries out adsorption cleaning to the micro exhaust gas in water vapour, reaches odorless colourless qualified discharge;City after everfermentation is raw Garbage clinker living, be transported to ground groove be aged, turn over be made after throwing, cooling, cooling, crushing, screening its partial size be less than Mixed powder is transported to dedicated storage silo by the mixed powder of 0.18mm, measures weighing-packaging machine system using full-automatic electronic System is made for a kind of stabilisation, decomposedization, innoxious organic matter products after being packed;Through detecting nitrogen content are as follows: 3.28%; Phosphorus content are as follows: 2.65%;Potassium content are as follows: 0.68%;Containing organic matter are as follows: 46.8%;Moisture content: 13.8%;PH:6.5;Living bacteria count (cfu) are as follows: 0.36 hundred million/g;Excrement colibacillus group number are as follows: 85/g(mL);Induced worm egg death rate are as follows: 98%;Reach the Chinese people Republicanism national standard GB4284-2018 " agricultural sludge pollutant catabolic gene standard " and NY525-2012 " organic fertilizer " standard;To close Lattice product.
Embodiment 4
The domestic waste 72kg of the preparation of Example 1, useless pure plant powder 32kg, kitchen garbage 20kg, quick lime powder 9kg, ferrous sulfate 16kg, magnesium sulfate 20kg, chlorine dioxide 9kg, are mixed evenly using double-shaft mixing agitator, In: the moisture of mixture should be controlled 45%~65%, and hand grabs the agglomerating no water droplet of material, and hand unclamps material and dissipates, carbon-nitrogen ratio 25 ~30:1, pH value are 6~8;It is transported in sealed hot fermentation equipment with belt conveyer, starts heating system, pass through Temperature in Zymolysis Equipment is increased to 80~100 DEG C by oil, conductance heat, powers off after being kept for 2 hours, its temperature is allowed to be maintained at 60~80 Between DEG C, sludge fermenting strain 0.03kg and thermophilic heat resisting active bacteria composite flora agent 0.04kg is added simultaneously in proportion It ferments, stirring system matched in fermentation machine is adjusted to intermittent agitating function, while activating thermophilic heat resisting active The activity of bacterium complex microbial community accelerates domestic waste using the movable function of thermophilic heat resisting active bacteria composite flora The formation of the fast degradation and humus of middle organic matter;Entire fermentation time of the house refuse in Zymolysis Equipment is 8~12 small When;Harmful microorganism, worm's ovum, weeds seed and the pathogenic bacteria in domestic waste are effectively killed;In fermentation process The water vapour of middle generation carries out adsorption treatment using active carbon respiratory box, right using the specific surface area and adsorption function of active carbon Micro exhaust gas in water vapour carries out adsorption cleaning, reaches odorless colourless qualified discharge;Domestic waste after everfermentation Clinker is transported to ground groove and is aged, turns over that its partial size is made after throwing, cooling, cooling, crushing, screening is less than 0.18mm's Mixed powder is transported to dedicated storage silo by mixed powder, is measured weighing packaging machine system using full-automatic electronic and is wrapped A kind of stabilisation, decomposedization, innoxious organic matter products are made for after dress;Through detecting nitrogen content are as follows: 3.38%;Phosphorus content are as follows: 2.66%;Potassium content are as follows: 0.65%;Containing organic matter are as follows: 47.9%;Moisture content: 13.9%;PH:6.6;Living bacteria count (cfu) are as follows: 0.38 hundred million/g;Excrement colibacillus group number are as follows: 83/g(mL);Induced worm egg death rate are as follows: 97%;Reach People's Republic of China's mark Quasi- GB4284-2018 " agricultural sludge pollutant catabolic gene standard " and NY525-2012 " organic fertilizer " standard;For qualified products.
Embodiment 5
The domestic waste 73kg of the preparation of Example 1, useless pure plant powder 35kg, kitchen garbage 23kg, quick lime powder 11kg, ferrous sulfate 18kg, magnesium sulfate 23kg, chlorine dioxide 11kg, are mixed evenly using double-shaft mixing agitator, Wherein: the moisture of mixture should be controlled 45%~65%, and hand grabs the agglomerating no water droplet of material, and hand unclamps material and dissipates, and carbon-nitrogen ratio is 25~30:1, pH value are 6~8;It is transported in sealed hot fermentation equipment with belt conveyer, starts heating system, led to Cross oil, conductance heat and temperature in Zymolysis Equipment be increased to 80~100 DEG C, powered off after being kept for 2 hours, allow its temperature be maintained at 60~ Between 80 DEG C, sludge fermenting strain 0.04kg and thermophilic heat resisting active bacteria composite flora agent is added simultaneously in proportion 0.05kg ferments, and stirring system matched in fermentation machine is adjusted to intermittent agitating function, while activating thermophilic resistance to height The activity of warm active bacteria complex microbial community accelerates city raw using the movable function of thermophilic heat resisting active bacteria composite flora The formation of the fast degradation and humus of organic matter in rubbish living;Entire fermentation time of the house refuse in Zymolysis Equipment is 8 ~12 hours;Harmful microorganism, worm's ovum, weeds seed and the pathogenic bacteria in domestic waste are effectively killed;It is sending out The water vapour generated during ferment carries out adsorption treatment using active carbon respiratory box, utilizes the specific surface area and absorption of active carbon Function carries out adsorption cleaning to the micro exhaust gas in water vapour, reaches odorless colourless qualified discharge;City after everfermentation is raw Garbage clinker living, be transported to ground groove be aged, turn over be made after throwing, cooling, cooling, crushing, screening its partial size be less than Mixed powder is transported to dedicated storage silo by the mixed powder of 0.18mm, measures weighing-packaging machine system using full-automatic electronic System is made for a kind of stabilisation, decomposedization, innoxious organic matter products after being packed;Through detecting nitrogen content are as follows: 3.38%; Phosphorus content are as follows: 2.53%;Potassium content are as follows: 0.68%;Containing organic matter are as follows: 46.8%;Moisture content: 13.5%;PH:6.6;Living bacteria count (cfu) are as follows: 0.38 hundred million/g;Excrement colibacillus group number are as follows: 83/g(mL);Induced worm egg death rate are as follows: 97%;Reach the Chinese people Republicanism national standard GB4284-2018 " agricultural sludge pollutant catabolic gene standard " and NY525-2012 " organic fertilizer " standard;To close Lattice product.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of manufacturing method for quickly handling domestic waste and derivative with high temperature, it is characterised in that it is by following weight The raw material and method of proportion are made:
65~75 parts of domestic waste
Useless 26~38 parts of pure plant powder
15~25 parts of kitchen garbage
8~12 parts of quick lime powder
12~18 parts of ferrous sulfate
16~25 parts of magnesium sulfate
8~12 parts of chlorine dioxide
0.01~0.05 part of sludge fermentation special bacteria
0.02~0.06 part of agent of thermophilic heat resisting active bacteria composite flora
The domestic waste is generated rubbish in people's daily life and process of consumption, business activity place, political affairs Rubbish caused by mansion organ, school, enterprise's office and public place of entertainment is the rotten dish generated in the business process of the city market of farm produce, rotten Fruit and dish leaf dish root, the hybrid solid waste that sanitationman generates during cleaning cell, street, square, highway;Through Multilayer vibrating screen is crossed to carry out sorting to remove the residue after useless film, waste plastics, waste wood block, stone, cullet and bulk materials thin Powder and organic solid waste;
The useless pure plant powder is the leaf tree that urban landscaping worker generates in trimming urban afforestation, gardening process The waste residue and sawdust generated in branch and green grass, timber process, is made it after sorting, crushing, drying, milling, screening Partial size is the powder less than 5mm;
The kitchen garbage is the food that hotel, hotel, catering trade, government bodies, school, unit dining room generate during serving the meals Object remnants, swill, the animal and plant fat and oil mixing with water waste that can not be eaten again;
The quick lime powder is that its grain is made after high-temperature calcination, broken, sorting, crushing, milling, screening in lime stone Diameter is the powder less than 0.02mm;
A kind of manufacturing method quickly handling domestic waste and derivative with high temperature, it is characterised in that in proportion will Domestic waste, useless pure plant powder, kitchen garbage, quick lime powder, ferrous sulfate, magnesium sulfate, chlorine dioxide, using twin shaft Mixing and blending machine is mixed evenly, in which: the moisture of mixture should be controlled 45%~65%, and it is agglomerating anhydrous that hand grabs material Drop, hand unclamp material and dissipate, and carbon-nitrogen ratio is 25~30:1, and pH value is 6~8;Sealed height is transported to using belt conveyer In warm Zymolysis Equipment, start heating system, temperature in Zymolysis Equipment is increased to 80~100 DEG C by oil, conductance heat, keeps 2 It is powered off after hour, its temperature is allowed to be maintained between 60~80 DEG C, sludge fermenting strain and thermophilic resistance to is added simultaneously in proportion High temperature active bacterium composite flora agent is fermented, and stirring system matched in Zymolysis Equipment is adjusted to intermittent agitating function, The activity for activating thermophilic heat resisting complex microbial community simultaneously accelerates city using the movable function of thermophilic heat resisting composite flora The formation of the fast degradation and humus of organic matter in city's house refuse;When fermentation of the entire domestic waste in fermentation machine Between be 8~12 hours, effectively killed harmful microorganism, worm's ovum, weeds seed and the pathogenic bacteria in domestic waste; The water vapour generated during the fermentation, using active carbon respiratory box carry out adsorption treatment, using active carbon specific surface area and Adsorption function carries out adsorption cleaning to the micro exhaust gas in water vapour, reaches odorless colourless qualified discharge;City after everfermentation City's house refuse clinker is transported to ground groove and is aged, turns over that its partial size is made after throwing, cooling, cooling, crushing, screening is small In the mixed powder of 0.18mm, mixed powder is transported to dedicated storage silo, weighing-packaging machine is measured using full-automatic electronic System is made for a kind of stabilisation, decomposedization, innoxious organic matter products after being packed;The product can be used as organic composite The raw material of fertilizer, soil remediation modifying agent, bio-organic fertilizer;To solve the processing of domestic waste hardly possible, processing cost High problem, the resource recycling for realizing domestic waste utilize, to reduce the pollution to natural ecological environment.
2. a kind of manufacturing method that domestic waste and derivative are quickly handled with high temperature according to claim 1, It is characterized in that the method for separating of the domestic waste, is sorted using a kind of Full-automatic mechanized Multilayer vibrating screen Method.
3. a kind of manufacturing method that domestic waste and derivative are quickly handled with high temperature according to claim 1, The fermentation process for being characterized in that the domestic waste is a kind of Zymolysis Equipment of Full-automatic mechanized elevated-temperature seal formula, if Standby interior high temperature derives from the principle with electric oil, and electricity heat oil ﹚ in ﹙ layers of oil removal layer is set in machine and utilizes the one of the electric heat conduction heating of oil The method of kind high temperature Rapid Fermentation.
4. a kind of manufacturing method that domestic waste and derivative are quickly handled with high temperature according to claim 1, The fermenting microbe for being characterized in that the domestic waste is that sludge fermenting strain and thermophilic heat resisting active bacteria are compound Flora agent.
5. a kind of manufacturing method that domestic waste and derivative are quickly handled with high temperature according to claim 1, It is characterized in that the mixing of the domestic waste carries out being uniformly mixed stirring using double-shaft mixing agitator.
6. a kind of manufacturing method that domestic waste and derivative are quickly handled with high temperature according to claim 1, It is characterized in that the exhaust-gas treatment, is made of active carbon respiratory box and supercharging air blower;Utilize the specific surface area of active carbon And adsorption function, adsorption cleaning is carried out to the micro exhaust gas in water vapour, reaches odorless colourless qualified discharge.
7. a kind of manufacturing method that domestic waste and derivative are quickly handled with high temperature according to claim 1, It is characterized in that the product packaging, weighing packaging machine system is measured using full-automatic electronic and is packed.
8. a kind of manufacturing method that domestic waste and derivative are quickly handled with high temperature according to claim 1, It is characterized in that it is carried out in the steps below:
Take the domestic waste of 65~75 parts by weight, the useless pure plant powder of 26~38 parts by weight, 15~25 parts by weight kitchen Rubbish, the quick lime powder of 8~12 parts by weight, the ferrous sulfate of 12~18 parts by weight, the magnesium sulfate of 16~25 parts by weight, 8~ The chlorine dioxide of 12 parts by weight, is mixed evenly using double-shaft mixing agitator, in which: the moisture of mixture should control 45%~65%, hand grabs the agglomerating no water droplet of material, and hand unclamps material and dissipates, and carbon-nitrogen ratio is 25~30:1, and pH value is 6~8;With Belt conveyer is transported in sealed hot fermentation equipment, starts heating system, by oil, conductance heat will in Zymolysis Equipment it is warm Degree is increased to 80~100 DEG C, powers off after being kept for 2 hours, allows its temperature to be maintained between 60~80 DEG C, be added simultaneously in proportion The sludge fermenting strain of 0.01~0.05 parts by weight and the thermophilic heat resisting active bacteria compound bacteria of 0.02~0.06 parts by weight Group's agent is fermented, and stirring system matched in fermentation machine is adjusted to intermittent agitating function, while activating thermophilic heat resisting The activity of active bacteria complex microbial community accelerates urban life using the movable function of thermophilic heat resisting active bacteria composite flora The formation of the fast degradation and humus of organic matter in rubbish;Entire fermentation time of the house refuse in Zymolysis Equipment be 8~ 12 hours;Harmful microorganism, worm's ovum, weeds seed and the pathogenic bacteria in domestic waste are effectively killed;It is fermenting The water vapour generated in the process carries out adsorption treatment using active carbon respiratory box, utilizes the specific surface area and absorption function of active carbon Can, adsorption cleaning is carried out to the micro exhaust gas in water vapour, reaches odorless colourless qualified discharge;Urban life after everfermentation Garbage clinker, be transported to ground groove be aged, turn over be made after throwing, cooling, cooling, crushing, screening its partial size be less than Mixed powder is transported to dedicated storage silo by the mixed powder of 0.18mm, measures weighing-packaging machine system using full-automatic electronic System is made for a kind of stabilisation, decomposedization, innoxious organic matter products after being packed;The product can be used as organic composite The raw material of fertilizer, soil improvement renovation agent, bio-organic fertilizer;A new skill is created for the processing disposition of domestic waste Art route has also established a kind of good advantageous basis for the comprehensive utilization of resources of domestic waste.
CN201910415728.3A 2019-05-18 2019-05-18 A kind of manufacturing method quickly handling domestic waste and derivative with high temperature Pending CN110090851A (en)

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CN111804726B (en) * 2020-06-29 2021-06-04 深圳市中桦农业科研发展有限公司 Soil remediation method, soil remediation organic mixture and processing system thereof
CN112474725A (en) * 2020-11-11 2021-03-12 张茜 Method for efficiently and microbially degrading kitchen waste

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