CN100516465C - Integrated tunnelling and anchoring machine - Google Patents

Integrated tunnelling and anchoring machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100516465C
CN100516465C CNB200610046203XA CN200610046203A CN100516465C CN 100516465 C CN100516465 C CN 100516465C CN B200610046203X A CNB200610046203X A CN B200610046203XA CN 200610046203 A CN200610046203 A CN 200610046203A CN 100516465 C CN100516465 C CN 100516465C
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
machine
roof
bolter
tunneling
oil cylinder
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CNB200610046203XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101046152A (en
Inventor
顾天喜
梁坚毅
李恩龙
陈锷
李勇
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三一重型装备有限公司
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Priority to CNB200610046203XA priority Critical patent/CN100516465C/en
Publication of CN101046152A publication Critical patent/CN101046152A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN100516465C publication Critical patent/CN100516465C/en

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Abstract

The present invention relates to coal mine tunneling, exploiting and supporting machine, and is especially one integrated tunneling and anchoring machine with integrated functions as a tunneling machine and an anchoring machine. The tunneling and anchoring machine has the guard sheet in the cutting unit of the tunneling machine as operating platform and the cutting head as the main support of the anchoring machine to realize the integration of tunneling machine and anchoring machine. It completes the lane anchoring by means of the elevating and swinging of the cutting unit and telescoping of the cutting head. The tunneling and anchoring machine has its tunneling machine and anchoring machine connected by means of tracks. The present invention has the functions of back and forth telescoping, wagging, vertical height regulation, etc. During tunneling, the anchoring machine may be folded to reduce occupied space.

Description

Grubbing anchoring integrative grub-anchor winch
Technical field
The present invention relates to exploitation of coal mine roadway driving and supporting machine, be specially pick anchoring integral new architecture---anchor driving machine, realize development machine and the integrated effect of roof-bolter.
Background technology
At present, the support work after the development machine tunnelling is an arduous complexity and the extremely low work of efficient, and main cause is that the split type work of development machine and roof-bolter has caused a large amount of time wastes, and the effective time ratio is very little; Artificial beat anchor pole not only the labour is big, and efficient is also very low, so being starved of a kind of machine-mounted roof-bolter immediately can bolt support work behind the development machine driving, improves the operating efficiency of development machine, reduction operator's labour intensity.
China's utility model patent (application number CN92243425.5) discloses a kind of airborne flexible cantilever folding type hydraulic jumbolter, this rig is applicable under coal mine, the section that uses development machine carries out " roof bolting at random " as in rectangle or the trapezoidal tunnel.Two identical rigs are installed on the development machine panoramic table by boring anchor, can hole simultaneously.Hydraulic power is supplied with by development machine oil pump.During work, the rig cantilever stretches out.The hydraulic pressure fold mechanism puts down drilling cramp.The horizontal hunting oil cylinder makes drilling cramp determine the position, hole.Supporting mechanism makes drilling cramp withstand back.Propulsion plant on the drilling cramp promotes hydraulic motor and creeps into row boring.
Its weak point is:
1, jumbolter is installed in development machine panoramic table top, and not only unsupported back span is restricted, and does not beat low roadway bolt.
2, jumbolter does not have self whirligig, does not beat the angle anchor pole.
3, do not utilize tunneling machine cutting portion function, it is few to beat the anchor pole position.
4, the principal arm cantilever is oversize, and stability is bad, strength reliability is poor.
China's utility model patent (application number CN94242297.X) discloses the airborne anchor pole drill loader of a kind of driving, the drill loader central post is arranged in the development machine on the mainframe in the slew gear, principal arm is perpendicular to the column setting, and principal arm is by the oil cylinder swinging in the cross rest, and the principal arm front end is provided with propulsive mechanism.The utility model has replaced present domestic coal and has combined artificial boring of employing monomer anchor pole drill loader and skyhook in the pick, has reduced empty top, group's time, satisfies the supporting requirement of driving empty top zone, has ensured safety of workers, has improved mechanization degree.
Its weak point is:
1, jumbolter is installed on the development machine panoramic table, and the complete machine height is too high, influences the development machine service behaviour.
2, the principal arm cantilever is oversize, and stability is bad, strength reliability is poor.
3, on the complete machine be single anchor pole, inefficiency.
4, roof-bolter operating position height, it is little to be suitable for the tunnel scope.
China's utility model patent (application number CN95240096.0) discloses a kind of development machine airborne anchor rod drilling machine, Hydraulic Station, console, slide unit oil cylinder, column oscillating oil cylinder, principal arm, support arm oil cylinder etc. are contained on the slide unit, slide unit places on the long slideway, promote to do long distance motion by the slide unit oil cylinder, the principal arm front end is provided with drilling cramp, two jumbolters are symmetrically placed on the drilling cramp, column oil cylinder both sides.These facility have the location and rate of penetration fast, do not influence the development machine operate as normal, advantages such as independent hydraulically controlled source and operating system are arranged.
Its weak point is:
1, roof-bolter has independent hydraulically controlled station, operating desk etc., and causing has two Hydraulic Stations on the machine, and cost is big, and it is also big to take up room.
2, the principal arm cantilever is oversize, and stability is bad, strength reliability is poor.
3, the complete machine height is too high, and volume and quality are too big, complex structure, and operation is also inconvenient.
4, do not beat the angle anchor pole, it is little to be suitable for the tunnel scope.
China's utility model patent (application number CN02234476.4) discloses a kind of development machine airborne anchor rod drilling machine, comprise principal arm, column and drilling cramp, column is arranged in the telescopic oil cylinder of development machine, and its upper end vertically is hinged with principal arm, and drilling cramp is located at the front end of principal arm, described principal arm adopts carrier bar, and on principal arm, be provided with slew gear, make jumbolter when reaching pick, anchor synchronization job, realize comprehensive punching, Anchor Care function; This rig volume is little, and is in light weight, simple in structure, and duty safety is easy and simple to handle.
Its weak point is:
1, roof-bolter is installed on the development machine panoramic table, and the complete machine height is too high, influences the development machine performance.
2, the principal arm cantilever is oversize, and stability is bad, strength reliability is poor.
Non-support when 3, making the side anchor bar, failure rate is big during work.
4, the roof-bolter operating position is too high, can not be suitable for low roadway bolt operation.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of grubbing anchoring integrative grub-anchor winch, this anchor driving machine can increase substantially development machine and bolt support operating efficiency, greatly reduces operator's working strength.
Technical scheme of the present invention is:
A kind of grubbing anchoring integrative grub-anchor winch, utilize tunneling machine cutting portion backplate as the roof-bolter working platform, support as the roof-bolter master with cutterhead, realize roof-bolter and tunneling machine cutting integrally, utilize the Telescopic of lifting, swing and the cutterhead of cutting units, not only simplify the project organization of anchor driving machine, and greatly improved the rigidity of roof-bolter system.When development machine was worked, anchor pole mechanism can shrink folding, returned to the development machine rear body from the cutting units backplate, farthest reduced the bulk of anchor pole mechanism.
Described grubbing anchoring integrative grub-anchor winch, roof-bolter, support as the roof-bolter master with cutterhead as working platform with the cutting units backplate face of development machine, and the Telescopic that has made full use of lifting, swing and the cutterhead of cutting units is realized the requirement of anchor pole anchor dress.
Described grubbing anchoring integrative grub-anchor winch, anchor pole mechanism can shrink folding, and can return to the development machine rear body from the cutting units backplate reliably.
Can be connected by track between roof-bolter of the present invention and the development machine, described roof-bolter has the contraction fold mechanism, shrink fold mechanism and be provided with telescopic oil cylinder and vertical oil cylinder, telescopic oil cylinder one end is hinged with the slipping block that is installed on the track, the other end and roof-bolter are hinged, finish roof-bolter protract with after the contract variation of state; Vertical oil cylinder one end and roof-bolter are hinged, and the movable part of the other end and telescopic oil cylinder is hinged, and finishes the adjustment of roof-bolter vertical and horizontal state.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
1, the present invention is development machine and the integrated new architecture of roof-bolter, roof-bolter is installed on development machine top, support as the roof-bolter master with cutterhead, realize roof-bolter and tunneling machine cutting integrally, when the needs roof-bolter is worked, the track of cutting units is connected with the track of development machine body, roof-bolter is above the development machine rear body moves on to the cutting units backplate, be stretched to the work erectility by collapsed folded, finish the anchor dress work of roadway bolt, when development machine is worked, anchor pole mechanism can shrink folding, can return to the development machine rear body from the cutting units backplate reliably, farthest reduces the bulk of anchor pole mechanism, and the work to former machine can not produce any influence, has increased the function of former machine.
2, the present invention's Telescopic of making full use of lifting, swing and the cutterhead of cutting units is realized the requirement of anchor pole anchor dress, has not only simplified the project organization of anchor driving machine, and has greatly improved the rigidity of roof-bolter system.
When 3, roof-bolter of the present invention was worked, two-shipper can cooperatively interact, and function is used, and this all is greatly improved development machine and bolt support operating efficiency.
4, roof-bolter of the present invention is a full hydraulic drive, and automated wireless remote control control working programme shortens the adjustment time, increases work efficiency, and reduces operator's working strength greatly.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is structure chart of the present invention (a roof-bolter collapsed folded).
Fig. 2 is a roof-bolter working state schematic representation of the present invention.
Among the figure, 1 development machine; 2 panoramic tables; 3 roof-bolters; 4 tracks; 5 hydraulic jacks; 6 cutting units backplates; 7 cutting units; 8 cutterheads; 9 telescopic oil cylinders; 10 vertical oil cylinders; 11 oscillating oil cylinders; 12 rotary oil cylinders; 13 hoist cylinders; 14 slipping blocks.
The specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, the present invention is a grubbing anchoring integrative grub-anchor winch, and this anchor driving machine is development machine 1 and roof-bolter 3 one mounting structures, and roof-bolter 3 is installed on development machine 1 top, is connected by track 4 between roof-bolter 3 and the development machine 1.Cutting units 7 is exactly roof-bolter 3 devices with top among the figure, it does the stretching motion of lifting, swing and cutterhead 8 together in company with the cutting units 7 of development machine 1, add self hydraulic jack 5 holding function of (comprising: telescopic oil cylinder 9, vertical oil cylinder 10, oscillating oil cylinder 11, rotary oil cylinder 12, hoist cylinder 13), finish the anchor dress work of roadway bolt.
As shown in Figure 2, roof-bolter 3 can shrink folding, return to development machine 1 rear body, it shrinks fold mechanism and mainly is made up of two oil cylinders: telescopic oil cylinder 9 and vertical oil cylinder 10, telescopic oil cylinder 9 one ends are hinged with the slipping block 14 that is installed on the track 4, the other end and roof-bolter 3 is hinged, finish roof-bolter protract with after the contract variation of state; Vertical oil cylinder 10 1 ends and roof-bolter 3 are hinged, and the movable part of the other end and telescopic oil cylinder 9 is hinged, and finishes the adjustment of roof-bolter vertical and horizontal state.Oscillating oil cylinder 11 1 ends and roof-bolter 3 main supporting plates are hinged, and the other end and oil cylinder ear seat are hinged, and finish the adjustment of roof-bolter 3 main supporting plate linear states; Rotary oil cylinder 12 1 ends and roof-bolter 3 main supporting plates are hinged, and the other end and roof-bolter 3 are hinged, and finish the rotation of roof-bolter 3 lateral angles; Hoist cylinder 13 1 ends are hinged with the slipping block 14 that is installed on the track 4, and the standing part of the other end and telescopic oil cylinder 9 is hinged, and finishes the adjustment of roof-bolter height jacking condition.And the track 4 of cutting units 7 is connected with the track 4 of development machine 1 body, is that the adjustment of cutting units 7 angles by development machine 1 realizes.
The course of work of the present invention is as follows:
(1) after development machine 1 work was finished, cutterhead 8 was regained, and cutting units 7 is set level, for roof-bolter 3 work are got ready.
(2) roof-bolter 3 is moved on to above the cutting units 7 from development machine 1 rear body by the anchor pole mechanism that hydraulic motor drives on the slipping block 14, be stretched to the work erectility by collapsed folded, utilize the Telescopic of lifting, swing and cutterhead 8 of cutting units 7 and roof-bolter 3 self function, finish the anchor dress work of roadway bolt.
(3) after 3 stages of roof-bolter, work was finished, be contracted to folded state, return to development machine 1 rear body from cutting units backplate 6, development machine 1 is started working.

Claims (2)

1, grubbing anchoring integrative grub-anchor winch, it is characterized in that: tunneling machine cutting portion backplate is as the roof-bolter working platform, support as the roof-bolter master with cutterhead, realize roof-bolter and tunneling machine cutting integrally structure, utilize the Telescopic of lifting, swing and the cutterhead of cutting units to realize anchor pole anchor dress.
2, according to the described grubbing anchoring integrative grub-anchor winch of claim 1, it is characterized in that: be connected by track between roof-bolter and the development machine, described roof-bolter has the contraction fold mechanism, shrink fold mechanism and be provided with telescopic oil cylinder and vertical oil cylinder, telescopic oil cylinder one end is hinged with the slipping block that is installed on the track, and the other end and roof-bolter are hinged; Vertical oil cylinder one end and roof-bolter are hinged, and the movable part of the other end and telescopic oil cylinder is hinged.
CNB200610046203XA 2006-03-29 2006-03-29 Integrated tunnelling and anchoring machine CN100516465C (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB200610046203XA CN100516465C (en) 2006-03-29 2006-03-29 Integrated tunnelling and anchoring machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB200610046203XA CN100516465C (en) 2006-03-29 2006-03-29 Integrated tunnelling and anchoring machine

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101046152A CN101046152A (en) 2007-10-03
CN100516465C true CN100516465C (en) 2009-07-22

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Families Citing this family (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102121382B (en) * 2010-12-06 2013-11-06 李仕清 Composite rotary cutting mining machine
CN102094663B (en) * 2010-12-10 2013-05-22 李宝柱 Machine-mounted multifunctional cantilever supporting machine
CN102134968A (en) * 2011-02-21 2011-07-27 三一重型装备有限公司 Drilling system and drilling equipment
DE102011107697B4 (en) * 2011-07-13 2013-01-31 Eickhoff Bergbautechnik Gmbh Propulsion and mining machine
CN102434154A (en) * 2011-10-14 2012-05-02 沈阳矿山机械有限公司 Development machine-mounted anchor rod drilling rig
CN102364053B (en) * 2011-11-07 2013-09-18 石家庄中煤装备制造股份有限公司 Heading-anchoring machine
CN104912554B (en) * 2015-06-18 2017-01-11 北京华创矿安科技有限公司 Under-pressure self-moving excavation and support unit and under-pressure self-moving method
CN105804759B (en) * 2016-05-13 2017-04-05 山东科技大学 Cantilever coordinated type auxiliary device and its method of work and application
CN107806346B (en) * 2017-10-24 2019-08-16 三一重型装备有限公司 Multi-functional heading equipment

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
JMZ型机载锚杆钻机研制及其应用. 徐锁庚,刘斌坤,汪天祥,赵淑梅.建井技术,第20卷第4期. 1999
JMZ型机载锚杆钻机研制及其应用. 徐锁庚,刘斌坤,汪天祥,赵淑梅.建井技术,第20卷第4期. 1999 *

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