CN101845952B - Movable three-arm top-assisting anchor rod and anchor cable construction drill carriage - Google Patents

Movable three-arm top-assisting anchor rod and anchor cable construction drill carriage Download PDF

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CN101845952B
CN101845952B CN 201010170138 CN201010170138A CN101845952B CN 101845952 B CN101845952 B CN 101845952B CN 201010170138 CN201010170138 CN 201010170138 CN 201010170138 A CN201010170138 A CN 201010170138A CN 101845952 B CN101845952 B CN 101845952B
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drill
square steel
anchor
construction
assisting
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CN101845952A (en
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闫振东
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闫振东
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Abstract

The invention relates to a movable three-arm top-assisting anchor rod and anchor cable construction drill carriage which comprises a caterpillar travelling part, an engine body platform, a base seat, drilling arm parts, hydraulic drill rig devices, an operating system, a pump station part and an electric motor, wherein the hydraulic drill rig devices are arranged on the tops of the drilling arm parts; the operating system, the pump station part, the electric motor and the like are installed at the rear on the engine body platform; the construction drill carriage is characterized in that the construction drill carriage is provided with three sets of independent drilling arm parts and hydraulic drill rig devices which are respectively arranged at the left, the middle and the right of the base and are installed on the base; the base is fixedly arranged on the engine body platform; and the drilling parts and the hydraulic drill rig devices which are arranged at the left and the right sides can slide outwards. The construction drill carriage lightens the labor intensity of constructors, reduces the number of the constructors, improves the advancing speed and the operation efficiency, creates safe operation environment, and has the functions of automatically moving, lifting, double platforms, synchronous construction of top-assisting anchor rod and anchor cable, ultrahigh laneway supporting and protecting, etc.

Description

Movable three-arm top-assisting anchor rod and anchor cable construction drill carriage
Technical field
The present invention relates to heading equipment under the coal mine, be applicable to large, medium and small moulded coal ore deposit, is to connect to adopt, connect pick, the required top-assisting anchor rod and anchor cable construction machinery in the various tunnels of comprehensive pick construction.
Background technology
At present, the major way of all kinds of coal mine roadway drivings is adopted, is connected pick, combines pick for connecting, support pattern is anchor pole, anchor cable, joist, anchor net combination supporting, adopt monomer rig or crawler-type lifting top and slope bolt and anchor construction drill for the top anchor shaft anchor cable construction, such as China Patent No. be: 200720102731.2 disclosed crawler-type lifting top and slope bolt and anchor construction drills have two drilling apparatus, an advance support, crawler type walking mechanism, advance support; Walking mechanism is by fluid motor-driven, rigging up platform on the frame of walking mechanism; The front portion of the below track unit of drilling machine platform is equipped with one and is pushed away the coal shovel plate; The advance support that a hydraulic oil cylinder type is housed foremost of platform, a side of advance support are equipped with a hydraulic drill rig that is used for the construction of anchor bar anchor cable; The top-assisting anchor rod and anchor cable construction hydraulic drill rig adopts two columns, and the slideway of move left and right part is contained on two columns, and hydraulic drill rig left or right rotation 30 degree; The hydraulic drill rig that is used for the construction of assisting anchor rod and anchor cable is loaded on drilling machine platform middle part one side, or the side of taking back, or the side that takes over, hydraulic drill rig is 90-degree rotation to the left or to the right, the slideway of before and after drilling machine platform is provided with, arranging, the column of hydraulic drill rig is seated on the slideway, and is moved forward and backward by the oil cylinder pushing rig whole that is contained on the drilling machine platform.
Adopt jackhammer for assisting anchor rod and anchor cable construction, there is following problem in this anchor shaft anchor cable construction method:
1, the tunnelling section is little: excavated section is generally at 15M 2About, when head-room surpasses 2 meters, must just can carry out top-assisting anchor rod and anchor cable construction by scaffolding.
2, non_mechanical operation, the company of employing adopts, connects the mine top anchor shaft anchor cable construction of tunneling process and substantially realized mechanization, adopting the mine top anchor shaft anchor cable construction of combining tunneling process still is monomer rig manual work, and all driving techniques of assisting anchor rod and anchor cable construction all adopt the jackhammer construction, the thrust of perforating derives from people's arm and arm, and worker's labour intensity is large.Because assisting anchor rod and anchor cable construction mainly relies on manpower, the construction quality of assisting anchor rod and anchor cable can not fundamentally be guaranteed.
3, speed of application is slow, and building and remove scaffold when the construction section surpasses 2 meters needs a large amount of time.
4, efficient is low: because perforating quantity is many, the constructor is also many, causes operating efficiency low.
5, safety factor is low: the constructor is staggered operation in the high-altitude, and the job safety environment is poor.
The deficiency and the problem that exist for crawler-type lifting top and slope bolt and anchor construction drill are as follows:
1, must two complete uses of crawler-type lifting top and slope bolt and anchor rig, what namely use is to be loaded on each of the left and right side of drilling machine platform for the hydraulic drill rig of the construction of assisting anchor rod and anchor cable, the direction of rotation of two hydraulic drill rigs is different.Construct in the both sides that are emitted on successively the tunnel before and after two crawler-type lifting top and slope bolt and anchor construction drills when tunnelling.
2, advance and retreat the machine time long, the back work amount is large.Because during tunneling construction, the two bench drill machines of need drive or withdraw from driving face successively into, add dragging of cable, the time is long, and the back work amount is large.
3, to the complex geological condition bad adaptability.Meet the complex geological conditions such as tomography, High gas area, high water aquifer, this drill carriage can not be finished the construction of Predicting Gas hole, drawing-off gas hole, geology detecting hole, vibrations borehole.
4, the construction of anchor bar anchor cable does not reach zero lag, and is unfavorable to the control of lane side.
5, the workload of top-assisting anchor rod and anchor cable construction is not mated, and the workload of crown drill is large, and the workload that side bores is little, affects support time, causes personnel's work holdup.
6, constructor's staggered operation in the high-altitude, the job safety environment is poor.
7, employment is many, and two bench drill cars need 8 of manninves.
Summary of the invention
Purpose of the present invention is exactly to solve the problem that above-mentioned coal mine underground tunneling roadway top-assisting anchor rod and anchor cable construction exists, a kind of constructor's of reducing labour intensity is provided and reduces the constructor, improve driving speed and operating efficiency, create the safety work environment, and have automatic moving, liftable, anchor bar anchor cable and construct simultaneously, possess the functions such as superelevation roadway support, adopt the full hydraulic system transmission, the movable three-arm top-assisting anchor rod and anchor cable construction drill carriage that explosion-proof performance and security performance are good.
Technical scheme of the present invention is to achieve these goals:
Movable three-arm top-assisting anchor rod and anchor cable construction drill carriage comprises track unit 1, body platform 2, pedestal 3, drill boom part 4, hydraulic drilling rig device 5, operating system 6, pump station part 7 and motor 8; Described hydraulic drilling rig device is loaded on the top of drill boom part; Described operating system, pump station part and motor etc. are installed in rear portion on the body platform; It is characterized in that: this construction drill carriage has three to overlap independently drill boom part and hydraulic drilling rig device, arranges with left, center, right on pedestal respectively, and be installed on the pedestal that pedestal is fixedly mounted on the body platform.
The bottom of described pedestal is arranged side by side with four fixed muffles 307, fixed muffle is fixedly mounted on the body platform, be fitted with four seamless square steel in the described fixed muffle, two square steel 301 in left side, 303, two square steel 302 in right side, 304, four square steel can be free to slide in sleeve, are fixed wtih the middle drill boom base 403 of drill boom part 4 at described fixed muffle; Wherein: in described square steel 301,302 and two push cylinder 305,306 that promote square steel left, to the right are housed between the fixed muffle; Two square steel 301 in described left side, 303 link to each other in the left side of fixed muffle, and are fixed with the left side drill boom base 401 of drill boom part above two square steel 301 in left side, 303; And two square steel 302 in described right side, 304 link to each other on the right side of fixed muffle, and two square steel 302 in right side, 304 top are fixed with the right side drill boom base 402 of drill boom part.
Movable three-arm top-assisting anchor rod and anchor cable construction drill carriage provided by the invention is compared with existing crawler-type lifting top and slope bolt and anchor construction drill technology, has outstanding substantive distinguishing features with remarkable technological progress to be:
1, the drill boom of movable three-arm top-assisting anchor rod and anchor cable construction drill carriage both sides can be distinguished the whole outwards distance of parallel 800mm, and unit integral body is more stable, and it is large to adapt to span length, and accommodation is wider, and is safer.
2, movable three-arm top-assisting anchor rod and anchor cable construction drill carriage three bench drill arms can be constructed simultaneously, have greatly shortened the activity duration, have improved supporting efficient.
3, two 180 ° of oscillating oil cylinders controls are adopted in the rotation of movable three-arm top-assisting anchor rod and anchor cable construction drill carriage rig, can realize the 180 ° of rotations in all around, use swing pinion control rig to swing safer, flexible, reliable than crawler-type lifting top and slope bolt and anchor construction drill.
4, movable three-arm top-assisting anchor rod and anchor cable construction drill carriage can utilize mechanical arm to meet head on to carry out perforating perpendicular to work plane, realize the mechanized construction in Predicting Gas hole, drawing-off gas hole, geology detecting hole, effectively reduced back work amount, service working time and ancillary staff.
5, movable three-arm top-assisting anchor rod and anchor cable construction drill carriage adopts unit three arm support process, article one, the tunnel only need be equipped with 1 bench drill car, outfit than crawler-type lifting top and slope bolt and anchor construction drill has reduced one, effectively reduce advance and retreat machine time in the Bracing Process and maintenance workload in the maintenance process, reduced the dynamo-electric cost of overhaul.
6, the personnel of determining a post are 4 people in the movable three-arm top-assisting anchor rod and anchor cable construction drill carriage Bracing Process, have reduced half than the personnel that determine a post 8 people of crawler-type lifting top and slope bolt and anchor construction drill, reach and increase efficiency by downsizing payrolls, the purpose of high-yield and high-efficiency.
7, anchor bar anchor cable can be constructed simultaneously, and anchor bar anchor cable can reach zero lag, and is highly beneficial to the soft seam driving, can effectively control wall caving, prevents the generation of roof accident, and safety factor is high.
8, be highly suitable for combining the pick single entry driving.During single entry driving, movable three-arm top-assisting anchor rod and anchor cable construction drill carriage is parked in a side in tunnel, and principle is not affect the fully-mechanized digging machine coal cutting; After the fully-mechanized digging machine coal cutting, move back fully-mechanized digging machine to permanent support, movable three-arm top-assisting anchor rod and anchor cable construction drill carriage enters under the empty top and carries out supporting.
9, the employing of movable three-arm top-assisting anchor rod and anchor cable construction drill carriage, can change and existing the company adopt, connect the two lanes of pick or three lane driving techniques, by connect adopt machine or high-power development machine and roof-bolter change the machine operation of alternately advancing and retreat into to falling Active workings, reduced influence time, improved driving speed.
10, environment protecting is good.Hydraulic anchor rod drill carriage adopts wet drilling, can effectively reduce dust to worker's harm, simultaneously remote-controlled operation drill carriage; can make the worker avoid the perforating trickle; effectively improve worker's operating environment, reduce anthraco-silicosis and rheumatismal generation, protection worker's physical and mental health.
In a word, movable three-arm top-assisting anchor rod and anchor cable construction drill carriage of the present invention has improved driving technology level under the coal mine, especially for realizing that large, medium and small colliery connects the top-assisting anchor rod and anchor cable construction mechanization of adopting, connecting pick, combine pick, complete technical equipment is provided, realize safety in production for large, medium and small colliery and created the most basic condition, greatly improve simultaneously resource recovery, drop into minimum and can obtain larger output, comprehensively, system, solved the serious problems that existing driving support equipment exists thoroughly.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the front view of movable three-arm top-assisting anchor rod and anchor cable construction drill carriage;
Fig. 2 is the top view of movable three-arm top-assisting anchor rod and anchor cable construction drill carriage;
Fig. 3 is the front view of movable three-arm top-assisting anchor rod and anchor cable construction drill carriage pedestal;
Fig. 4 is the top view of movable three-arm top-assisting anchor rod and anchor cable construction drill carriage pedestal;
Fig. 5 is drill boom part-structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 6 is the front view of hydraulic drilling rig device;
Fig. 7 is the top view of hydraulic drilling rig device.
The specific embodiment
Be elaborated below in conjunction with accompanying drawing:
Fig. 1, shown in Figure 2, movable three-arm top-assisting anchor rod and anchor cable construction drill carriage of the present invention.It comprises track unit 1, body platform 2, pedestal 3, drill boom part 4 and hydraulic drilling rig device 5, operating system 6, pump station part 7 and motor 8.This construction drill carriage has three to overlap independently drill boom part and hydraulic drilling rig device, arranges with left, center, right on pedestal 3 respectively, and be installed on the pedestal 3 that pedestal 3 is fixedly mounted on the body platform 2; Described hydraulic drilling rig device is loaded on the top of drill boom part.Described operating system, pump station part and motor etc. are installed in rear portion on the body platform 2.
Fig. 3, shown in Figure 4, the bottom of pedestal is arranged side by side with four fixed muffles 307, fixed muffle is fixedly mounted on the body platform, be fitted with four seamless square steel in the described fixed muffle, two square steel 301 in left side, 303, two square steel 302 in right side, 304, four square steel can be free to slide in sleeve, are fixed wtih the middle drill boom base 403 of drill boom part 4 at described fixed muffle; Wherein: in described square steel 301,302 and two push cylinder 305,306 that promote square steel left, to the right are housed between the fixed muffle; Two square steel 301 in described left side, 303 link to each other in the left side of fixed muffle, and are fixed with the left side drill boom base 401 of drill boom part above two square steel 301 in left side, 303; And two square steel 302 in described right side, 304 link to each other on the right side of fixed muffle, and two square steel 302 in right side, 304 top are fixed with the right side drill boom base 402 of drill boom part.Square steel can drive left side and the right side drill boom base 800mm that outwards slides under the promotion of push cylinder.
Shown in Figure 5, every cover drill boom partly comprises connecting rod 42, drill boom lower link 43, drill boom hoist cylinder 44, drill boom oscillating oil cylinder 45 on drill boom base 40, drill boom seat 41, the drill boom; Described drill boom seat is loaded on the drill boom base by axle; The lower end of connecting rod and drill boom lower link is hinged on the drill boom seat on the described drill boom; Described drill boom hoist cylinder is loaded on drill boom seat and the drill boom on connecting rod or the drill boom lower link; Described drill boom oscillating oil cylinder is loaded on drill boom base and the drill boom seat; Hydraulic drilling rig device is hinged on the upper end of connecting rod on the drill boom or drill boom lower link.
The rise and fall of this hydraulic drilling rig device are finished by the drill boom hoist cylinder, and swinging of connecting rod and drill boom lower link finished by the drill boom oscillating oil cylinder on this hydraulic drilling rig device, the drill boom.
As shown in Figure 6 and Figure 7, the hydraulic drilling rig device on this construction drill carriage has hydraulic drill rig 501 and revolution support; Described revolution support comprises that the sliding connection plate 504 of support 502,180 ° of left rotation and right rotation oil cylinders 503 and left rotation and right rotation oil cylinder, 180 ° of top rotary oil cylinders 505 stretch out oil cylinder 507 with junction plate 506, the rig of top rotary oil cylinder; Plug-in mounting left rotation and right rotation oil cylinder sliding connection plate in the described support, between support and the sliding connection plate rig is installed and stretches out oil cylinder, described left rotation and right rotation oil cylinder is installed on the cylinder body sliding connection plate, the piston of left rotation and right rotation oil cylinder is connected on the junction plate of top rotary oil cylinder, the cylinder body of top rotary oil cylinder is fixed on the rotary oil cylinder junction plate of top, and the piston of top rotary oil cylinder is connected with hydraulic drill rig; The left rotation and right rotation oil cylinder is mutually vertical with the axis of top rotary oil cylinder.It is forwards mobile that hydraulic drill rig part can make drill bit realize, left or right-hand, and the top rotate.
This hydraulic drill rig can be realized forwards, rotation left or right-hand, the top, hydraulic drill rig left or the rotation of right-hand, top finished by 180 ° of left rotation and right rotation oil cylinders 503 and 180 ° of top rotary oil cylinders 505, hydraulic drill rig stretching out forwards stretched out oil cylinder 507 by rig and finished, and hydraulic drill rig integral body can be passed forward 600mm.
The each several parts such as track unit, hydraulic operating system, drill boom part and hydraulic drilling rig device all are to use prior art in the movable three-arm top-assisting anchor rod and anchor cable construction drill carriage, as: track unit is the track unit that adopts engineering machinery, and drill boom part and hydraulic drilling rig device also are prior aries.The present invention mainly this construction drill carriage hydraulic drilling rig device is arranged and temporary support device improves, and cloth is set up has done optimum organization and integrated.
Movable three-arm top-assisting anchor rod and anchor cable construction drill carriage of the present invention partly is improved to:
(1), movable three-arm top-assisting anchor rod and anchor cable construction drill carriage three bench drill arms can construct simultaneously, have greatly shortened the activity duration, have improved supporting efficient.
(2) the drill boom floor installation of movable three-arm top-assisting anchor rod and anchor cable construction drill carriage both sides can be distinguished the whole outwards distance of parallel 800mm on the drawer type pedestal, and unit integral body is more stable, and it is large to adapt to span length, and accommodation is wider, and is safer.
(3), the hydraulic drill rig of the construction of anchor bar anchor cable can be finished the place ahead, a left side or construction right-hand, three orientation, top.

Claims (2)

1. a movable three-arm top-assisting anchor rod and anchor cable construction drill carriage comprises track unit (1), body platform (2), pedestal (3), drill boom part (4), hydraulic drilling rig device (5), operating system (6), pump station part (7) and motor (8); Described hydraulic drilling rig device is loaded on the top of drill boom part; Described operating system, pump station part and motor mounting be the rear portion on the body platform; It is characterized in that: this construction drill carriage has three cover drill boom part and hydraulic drilling rig devices, arranges with left, center, right on pedestal respectively, and be installed on the pedestal that pedestal is fixedly mounted on the body platform.
2. movable three-arm top-assisting anchor rod and anchor cable construction drill carriage according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the bottom of described pedestal is arranged side by side with four fixed muffles (307), fixed muffle is fixedly mounted on the body platform, each fixed muffle is fitted with a seamless square steel in described four fixed muffles, have four square steel, four square steel can be free to slide in sleeve, the left side of this movable three-arm top-assisting anchor rod and anchor cable construction drill carriage, respectively there are two square steel right both sides, namely the left side is respectively the first square steel (301), cubic steel (304), the right side is respectively the second square steel (302), third steel (303) is fixed wtih drill boom middle drill boom base (403) partly at described fixed muffle; Wherein: in described the first square steel (301), the second square steel (302) and two push cylinder (305,306) that promote square steel are housed between the fixed muffle; Two square steel in described left side link to each other in the left side of fixed muffle, and are fixed with the left side drill boom base (401) of drill boom part above two square steel in left side; And two square steel in described right side, continuous on the right side of fixed muffle, and the top of two square steel in right side is fixed with the right side drill boom base (402) of drill boom part.
CN 201010170138 2010-04-20 2010-04-20 Movable three-arm top-assisting anchor rod and anchor cable construction drill carriage Active CN101845952B (en)

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Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102287142B (en) * 2011-07-25 2013-03-06 山西天巨重工机械有限公司 Drill arm device capable of rotating 360 degrees
CN104612586B (en) * 2014-11-13 2017-03-15 山东科技大学 Tunneling boring rapid drilling drill carriage for the big emptying aperture parallel cut blasting in tunnel
CN105626108B (en) * 2015-12-24 2018-03-20 蒲长晏 A kind of side jumbolter and the side roofboltier comprising the rig
CN106593298B (en) * 2016-12-28 2018-11-13 南京科工煤炭科学技术研究有限公司 A kind of coal road side bottom anchoring drill carriage

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CN201031700Y (en) * 2007-06-12 2008-03-05 辽宁工程技术大学 Digging anchor rod drill integral unit
CN201047250Y (en) * 2007-01-05 2008-04-16 江阴长力科技有限公司 Pneumatic power supporting leg type accessory anchor bolt drilling machine
CN201635656U (en) * 2010-04-20 2010-11-17 闫振东 Side-propping anchor rod-anchor cable construction drill carriage with three movable arms

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
AUPR576501A0 (en) * 2001-06-18 2001-07-12 Russell Mineral Equipment Pty Ltd Rock bolting apparatus and method
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Patent Citations (4)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN200949419Y (en) * 2006-03-27 2007-09-19 南京华煤采掘机械有限公司 Pneumatic impact type rockbolt drilling machine
CN201047250Y (en) * 2007-01-05 2008-04-16 江阴长力科技有限公司 Pneumatic power supporting leg type accessory anchor bolt drilling machine
CN201031700Y (en) * 2007-06-12 2008-03-05 辽宁工程技术大学 Digging anchor rod drill integral unit
CN201635656U (en) * 2010-04-20 2010-11-17 闫振东 Side-propping anchor rod-anchor cable construction drill carriage with three movable arms

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