CN104612586B - Tunneling boring rapid drilling drill carriage for the big emptying aperture parallel cut blasting in tunnel - Google Patents

Tunneling boring rapid drilling drill carriage for the big emptying aperture parallel cut blasting in tunnel Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104612586B
CN104612586B CN201410641605.9A CN201410641605A CN104612586B CN 104612586 B CN104612586 B CN 104612586B CN 201410641605 A CN201410641605 A CN 201410641605A CN 104612586 B CN104612586 B CN 104612586B
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China
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drill
hydraulic
drilling
rock
motor
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CN104612586A (en
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鲍大力
赵建
宋立新
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Qingdao Dabang Drilling Machine Co.,Ltd.
Shandong University of Science and Technology
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QINGDAO DABANG RIG CO Ltd
Shandong University of Science and Technology
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B7/00Special methods or apparatus for drilling
    • E21B7/02Drilling rigs characterized by means for land transport with their own drive, e.g. skid mounting or wheel mounting
    • E21B7/027Drills for drilling shallow holes, e.g. for taking soil samples or for drilling postholes
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B15/00Supports for the drilling machine, e.g. derricks or masts
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B6/00Drives for drilling with combined rotary and percussive action
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B7/00Special methods or apparatus for drilling
    • E21B7/02Drilling rigs characterized by means for land transport with their own drive, e.g. skid mounting or wheel mounting

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of tunneling boring rapid drilling drill carriage for being exclusively used in the big emptying aperture parallel cut blasting in tunnel, it is made up of walking mechanism, vehicle frame, hydraulic system, electrical system and two sets of drilling equipments;Wherein first set drilling equipment is the device for boring common blast hole, and second set of drilling equipment is the device of the keyhole for more than drill diameter 100mm;When this drill carriage works, the head sprocket on crawler-type traveling chassis is driven to rotate by hydraulic motor through reductor, manipulate first and second set of drilling equipment after stabilized car body respectively and select hole position, the rock drilling operation of the emptying aperture of General Explosive hole and more than diameter 100mm after positioning, can be carried out simultaneously;This drill carriage is applied to the minimum 8m of drift section2, maximum section is 23m2;This drill carriage is designed using modular construction, convenient to disassembly, transport facility, and therefore, tunneling construction tunnel length is in more than 7m, you can using this drill carriage, is to improve tunneling development, and rapidly and efficiently driving modernization is strided forward.

Description

Tunneling boring rapid drilling drill carriage for the big emptying aperture parallel cut blasting in tunnel
Technical field
The present invention relates to blasting boreholes drill carriage, more particularly to coal mine roadway sinking and blasting drilling drill carriage.
Background technology
Drilling and blasting method remains the main method of coal mine roadway tunneling construction in for a long time.Main in coal mine roadway engineering Will be with 8-23m2In, based on small section tunnel.In tunneling construction based on the medium-length hole blasting of 2-3 rice, medium-length hole blasting Key is the selection of cutting method.Root is needed during burn cut it was found that the best cutting method of medium-length hole blasting is burn cut Leave the intensive emptying aperture of not powder charge to improve the explosion scope of freedom.As research worker is to Empty hole effect and rock-cracking mechanism Progress, occur in that the new method of big emptying aperture parallel cut blasting in recent years, becomes in improving, small section tunnel cyclic advance Major Technology.So-called big emptying aperture burn cut, is not filling in 13 more than diameter 100mm of drift section intermediate arrangement The straight eye emptying aperture of medicine, powder charge keyhole first form explosive funnel using hollow hole of centre as the scope of freedom, are that other powder charge holes form two The individual scope of freedom creates conditions.It has drilling less, powder charge is few, the high advantage of blasting efficiency.Due to current drilling drill carriage be according to The slim hole design of common diameter 32mm, so, during the large diameter borehole of brill more than 100mm, need individually using latent Drilling machine carries out gradation drilling, it is impossible to while carrying out operation, affects drilling construction speed, and calls two kinds of drill carriages or brill back and forth Machine is cumbersome.Due to there is presently no while the special drill carriage that macropore can bore aperture can be bored again, so, right both at home and abroad at present Major diameter emptying aperture burn cut practical application and few, the advantage of major diameter emptying aperture burn cut is played.
At present, adopt air hammer down-the-hole drill, air hammer is also known as pneumatic dth hammer or pneumatic down hole hammer more.Gas Dynamic impacter is directly connected with hard alloy columnar teeth drill bit to impact mode detritus, with compressed air as dynamic medium, using pressure The energy production repetitive shocks of contracting air.To there is presently no by air hammer be used for drill carriage example.
Content of the invention
For solving the problems, such as that tunnel macropore parallel cut blasting tunneling boring rapid drilling, the present invention propose one kind and be exclusively used in tunnel The tunneling boring rapid drilling drill carriage of big emptying aperture parallel cut blasting.
A kind of tunneling boring rapid drilling drill carriage for the big emptying aperture parallel cut blasting in tunnel, it is characterised in that:
It is made up of walking mechanism, vehicle frame, hydraulic system, electrical system, two sets of drilling equipments;Wherein two sets drilling dresses In putting, first set drilling equipment is the device for boring common blast hole, and second set of drilling equipment is for drill diameter 100mm The device of above keyhole.
Described walking mechanism is the crawler-type traveling chassis of a width 1.0-1.2 rice, and it is completely only by two sets of left and right Vertical track frame, running motor, reductor, drive sprocket, caterpillar chain, track tension device are constituted;Often set track frame passes through One perpendicular flat key is fixed with vehicle frame, then is tightened together with vehicle frame with high-strength bolt;Reductor high-strength bolt and track frame Connection;Running motor drives caterpillar chain to realize walking by reductor and drive sprocket;Track tension device is by tensioning wheel group Constitute with tensioning hydro-cylinder, tensioning hydro-cylinder promotes tensioning wheel to adjust the tightness of crawler belt.
Described vehicle frame includes the main car frame and trailer frame two parts, main car frame and trailer frame bolt that steel plate is welded It is separately fixed on the front and back position of walking chassis;First and second set of drilling equipment is respectively arranged in the front both sides of main car frame, main Vehicle frame rear is disposed with driver's cabin, and all hydraulic controlled operation handles are installed in and drive on indoor control panel;On trailer frame Hydraulic system is installed, and power is provided to whole bench drill car;Hydraulic leg is provided with the corner of vehicle frame, will by hydraulic leg during drilling Drill carriage is supported on roadway floor.
Described first set drilling equipment, is by mechanical hand drill boom, rock drill track, propulsive mechanism and rail-mounted rock dill Composition;The construction of mechanical hand drill boom is, side is fixed with drill boom seat in front of the main car frame, and being provided with drill boom seat can oscilaltion Principal arm sleeve pipe, be hinged with drill boom lifting hydraulic cylinder between drill boom seat and principal arm sleeve pipe, the hydraulic cylinder is used for principal arm sleeve pipe Lower lifting;Leading portion in principal arm sleeve pipe is nested with mechanical arm, and rear end is nested with telescopic oil cylinder, telescopic oil cylinder control machinery arm Extension and retraction;The front end of mechanical arm is provided with drill boom facade rotary hydraulic motor, installs on drill boom facade rotary hydraulic motor There are drill boom Plane Rotation hydraulic pressure horse and runing rest, hydraulic motor chassis plane rotation to be rotated, is hinged with runing rest Compensation frame, is provided with drill boom oscillating motor between runing rest and compensation frame, drill boom oscillating motor is used for compensating the upper and lower of frame Swing;Balladeur train compensating cylinder is provided with compensation frame;Above-mentioned rock drill track installation compensation frame on, and with balladeur train compensating cylinder External part connection, balladeur train compensating cylinder promotes rock drill track to be held out against on drilling scar all the time, moves when preventing perforating;On The rail-mounted rock dill that states is fixed on rock drilling machine supporting plate, and rock drilling machine supporting plate is coordinated with rock drill track;Described propulsion Mechanism is a sprocket wheel link chain mechanism;Sprocket wheel link chain mechanism is to be provided with rock drill propulsion motor band in the rear end of rock drill track Dynamic gear reduction box, the output shaft of gear reduction box are provided with drive sprocket, and rail-mounted rock dill track rear end is provided with revolution chain Wheel, chain two ends is fixed on rock drilling machine supporting plate from after revolution sprocket wheel and drive sprocket winding respectively, rock drill propulsion motor During operating, chain affects the rotary impact device on rock drilling machine supporting plate to move reciprocatingly on guide rail, completes to drill and move back pricker and moves Make.
The preferably guide tracked hydraulic drill rig of above-mentioned rail-mounted rock dill.
For ensureing stability when drill boom works after rising, one-way hydraulic is installed on drill boom lifting hydraulic cylinder in-line Lock.
Second set of described drilling equipment is to be provided with major diameter blasting boreholes device on a crane;Major diameter explosion The structure of borer is to be provided with rotary impact device and propulsive mechanism on borer rail;Described rotary impact device is One drives the device that bore bit impact is realized in drilling rod rotation again, by rotator, hollow drill pipe, binding clasp and air hammer institute Composition;The construction of above-mentioned rotator is, including a gear reduction box and rotation motor, the driving gear of reduction box and rotation Transmission realized by motor, and the driven gear of reduction box is on a hollow axle, it is desirable to outside the internal diameter of hollow axle and hollow drill pipe Footpath matches;The hollow drill pipe is passed through from hollow axle, and hollow drill pipe and hollow axle is clamped together by binding clasp, from And make hollow axle drive drilling rod to rotate together;Described air hammer is arranged on hollow drill pipe front end, from hollow drill pipe rear end Supply to air hammer, the front end of air hammer is provided with the rotary impact type bore bit with diameter greater than more than 100mm;Rotation Percussion mechanism is to be provided with a borer supporting plate on borer rail with the mounting structure of borer rail, by the base of reduction box On borer supporting plate;Described propulsive mechanism is a sprocket wheel link chain mechanism;Sprocket wheel link chain mechanism is in rock drill rail The rear end in road is provided with the gear reduction box of rock drill propulsion motor drive, and the output shaft of gear reduction box is provided with drive sprocket, Rock drill track rear end is provided with revolution sprocket wheel, and chain two ends are fixed on rock drilling from after revolution sprocket wheel and drive sprocket winding respectively On machine supporting plate, when rock drill propulsion motor operates, chain affects the rotary impact device on rock drilling machine supporting plate to do on guide rail back and forth Motion, completes to drill and move back pricker action.
Described crane is to fix a four-column type balladeur train on vehicle frame, and four-column type balladeur train is by front stand and rear stand group Into, elevating mechanism is installed in four-column type balladeur train, borer rail is fixed on elevating mechanism, borer rail is made in elevating mechanism Move up and down in four-column type balladeur train with, so as to adjust the operation height of punchinging of major diameter blasting boreholes device.
Above-mentioned elevating mechanism is made up of the parallel four-bar linkage and lifting rail oil cylinder being fixed on vehicle frame, is led Between the tilting lifting arm and vehicle frame installed in parallel four-bar linkage of rail hoist cylinder, lifting rail oil cylinder makes parallel when flexible The lifting arm of quadric chain declines or rises.
Described hydraulic system is made up of hydraulic power unit, hydraulic valve piece and fluid pressure line;Fluid pressure line passes through hydraulic valve piece The connection all of hydraulic motor of drill carriage, hydraulic jack and hydraulic drill rig, so as to control walking, the support of drill carriage, and control the First, the positioning of two sets of drilling equipments and rock drilling action.
Above-mentioned hydraulic power unit includes electric cabinet, flame-proof motor, two duplex gear pumps, hydraulic oil cooler and oil Case;The electricity output termination flame-proof motor of electric cabinet, flame-proof motor drives two duplex gear pump operatings, so as to produce High-pressure hydraulic source, provides power for all of hydraulic motor of drill carriage, hydraulic jack and hydraulic drill rig;Hydraulic oil cooler adopts water Cold and air-cooled two ways, is adopted water-cooled when having water, is realized using electric fan air-cooled under anhydrous condition.
The stability of drill steel during in order to ensure to drill, the front end of described borer rail are additionally provided with foresight puncheon centralizing device.
The preferred hydraulic motor of all motors of first and second set of above-mentioned drilling equipment;In order to be adjusted according to different lithology Whole penetration rate, is provided with throttle grverning valve on the in-line of rock drill hydraulic motor and borer hydraulic motor.
For ensureing the rate of tension of chain, on the propulsive mechanism of above-mentioned first and second set of drilling equipment, chain tension is equipped with Device.
When this drill carriage works, power source is accessed the electric cabinet on drill carriage first, motor two ends drive two pairs after combined floodgate Connection gear pump, duplex gear pump are converted into hydraulic energy electric energy.Crawler type is driven by hydraulic motor through reductor when drill carriage is walked The head sprocket of walking chassis is rotated.During rock drilling, make the supporting leg supporting & stablizing on vehicle frame both sides live car body, then respectively manipulate first, Two sets of drilling equipments select hole position, and the rock drilling that can carry out the emptying aperture of General Explosive hole and more than diameter 100mm after positioning simultaneously is made Industry.
The positive effect of the present invention is as follows:
First, compared with the drill carriage of existing market, chassis is compact, and width only has 1.0-1.2 rice, can be with mechanization hoeing in tunnel Machine is supporting while operation, can easily fall back on drive hoeing machine rear portion appropriate location and park after the completion of drilling.Using all-hydraulic transmission, Compact conformation, driving force are big, it is possible to achieve stereoscopic and omnibearing drills, and does not stay dead angle;Two rock drills can be worked simultaneously;Hydraulic pressure System adds air cooling way using water-cooled, adapts to different water source situations.
2nd, high degree of automation, during operation, one main manipulator and a pair complete all drilled hole by helping manipulator, main , in manipulation office work, job safety, operation are comfortable for manipulator.
3rd, first set drilling equipment can lean out chassis operation, meet any position drilling of different excavated sections, on drill boom Be furnished with two can 360 ° rotation hydraulic motors, can on work surface random flexible bore angle, face can not only be beaten Driving hole, the bolthole of can also pinch plate, lateral wall, base plate;The design requirement of various blast holes can be completed, especially periphery hole Design of smooth blasting require, it is ensured that laneway molding standard, it is ensured that country rock is complete;Using hydraulic drill rig efficient drilling, rock is put down Equal 1 m/min of penetration rate, by 2 meters of hole depth, drill 60 calculating, can complete bore operation in 2 hours.
4th, second set of drilling equipment using impact put english turn bore mode, you can adapt to hard rock, be suitable for soft rock again, Can when tunnel blasting is tunneled drill diameter more than 100mm slotting emptying aperture, for example bore two diameter 108mm emptying aperture can produce one The slotting space of individual one meter in diameter, can save the keyhole of 8-10 common diameter;If by large diameter borehole depth down The depth of 300mm, pre-buried medicated bag at intensification can make the bottomless resistance avalanche of follow-up common borehole, reach blast hole utilization factor 100.Therefore, when the present invention solves brill quick-fried driving, slotting hardly possible, borehole make major diameter emptying aperture straight using low key issue The advantage of eye slotting is played.
5th, this drill carriage is applied to the minimum 8m of drift section2, maximum section is 23m2;This drill carriage is set using modular construction Meter, convenient to disassembly, transport facility, therefore, tunneling construction tunnel length is in more than 7m, you can using this drill carriage, is raising Tunneling development, rapidly and efficiently driving modernization are strided forward.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the car load front view of embodiment;
Fig. 2 is the top view of embodiment
Fig. 3 is the front view of second set of drilling equipment.
Marginal data, 1- crawler-type travelings chassis, 2- main car frames, 3- drill boom seats, 4- fluid pressure lines, 5- principal arm sleeve pipes, 5a- Drill boom lifting hydraulic cylinder, 5b- drill boom oscillating motors, 5c- balladeur train compensating cylinders, 5d- telescopic oil cylinders, 5e- mechanical arms, 6- drill booms Facade rotary hydraulic motor, 7- drill boom Plane Rotation hydraulic motors, 8- runing rests, 9- compensation framves, 10- rail-mounted rock dills, 10a- rock drilling machine supporting plates, 10b- sprocket wheel link chain mechanisms, 11- rock drill propulsion motors, 12- rock drill tracks, 13- cranes, 14- Second set of drilling equipment, 15- duplex gear pumps, 16- flame-proof motors, 17- electric fans, 18- electric cabinets, 19- fuel tanks, 20- hydraulic legs, 21- driver's cabins, 22- blasting-proof machine car lights, 23- trailer framves, 24- foresight puncheon centralizing devices, 25- hydraulic valve pieces, 26- are led Sprocket wheel turned one's head by rail hoist cylinder, 27- borer rails, 28- chains, 29-, and 30- impacts rotary bore bit, and 31- impacters, 32- are pressed from both sides Tight device, 33- reduction boxes, 34- drilling tool rotation motors, 35- hollow drill pipes, 36- reduction gear boxes, 36a- borer propulsion motors, 37- quadric chains, 38- leading blocks, 39- hollow axles, 40- borer supporting plates, 41- front stands, stand after 42-, 43- is actively Sprocket wheel.
Specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, tunneling boring rapid drilling drill carriage of the invention, by walking mechanism, vehicle frame, hydraulic system, two Set drilling equipment is constituted;First set drilling equipment in wherein two sets drilling equipments is used for boring common blast hole, second set Drilling equipment is used for the emptying aperture of more than drill diameter 100mm;
Described walking mechanism is a conventional crawler-type traveling chassis 1, designs width 1.0-1.2 rice, and it is by left and right Two sets of completely self-contained track frames, running motor, reductor, drive sprocket, caterpillar chain, track tension devices are constituted;Often cover Track frame is fixed with vehicle frame by a perpendicular flat key, then is tightened together with vehicle frame with high-strength bolt;The high-strength spiral shell of reductor Bolt is connected with track frame;Running motor drives caterpillar chain to realize walking by reductor and drive sprocket;Track tension device It is made up of tensioning wheel group and tensioning hydro-cylinder, tensioning hydro-cylinder promotes tensioning wheel to adjust the tightness of crawler belt, due to crawler type row Chassis 1 is walked for prior art, detailed construction in figure, is not drawn;
Described vehicle frame includes 23 two parts of main car frame 2 and trailer frame that steel plate is welded, main car frame 2 and trailer frame 23 It is separately fixed on the front and back position of walking chassis 1 with bolt;First set drilling dress is respectively arranged in the front both sides of main car frame 2 Put, two sets of drilling equipments, 2 rear of main car frame is disposed with driver's cabin 21, and driver's cabin 21 is provided with blasting-proof machine car light 22, all hydraulic controls Operation handle is installed on the control panel in driver's cabin 21;Hydraulic system is installed on trailer frame 23, is carried to whole bench drill car For power;Before the corner of vehicle frame is provided with, drill carriage is supported during drilling by hydraulic leg and rear hydraulic leg 20 by hydraulic leg On roadway floor;
Described first set drilling equipment, is by mechanical hand drill boom, rock drill track 12, propulsive mechanism and guide tracked rock drilling Machine 10 is constituted;The construction of mechanical hand drill boom is to be fixed with drill boom seat 3 in 2 front side of main car frame, and being provided with drill boom seat 3 can The principal arm sleeve pipe 5 of oscilaltion, is hinged with drill boom lifting hydraulic cylinder 5a, drill boom lifting hydraulic cylinder 5a between drill boom seat 3 and principal arm 5 Oscilaltion for principal arm sleeve pipe 5;Leading portion in principal arm sleeve pipe 5 is nested with mechanical arm 5e, and rear end is nested with telescopic oil cylinder The extension and retraction of 5d, telescopic oil cylinder 5d control machinery arm 5e;The front end of mechanical arm 5e is provided with drill boom facade rotating hydraulic horse Up to 6, drill boom Plane Rotation hydraulic motor 7 and runing rest 8 are installed on drill boom facade rotary hydraulic motor 6, drill boom plane is revolved Rotating hydraulic motor 7 is rotated 8 Plane Rotation of support, is hinged with compensation frame 9, runing rest 8 and compensation frame 9 on runing rest 8 Between be provided with drill boom oscillating motor 5b, drill boom oscillating motor 5b is used for compensating swinging up and down for frame 9;It is provided with compensation frame 9 Balladeur train compensating cylinder 5c;Above-mentioned rock drill track 12 is on compensation frame 9, and connects with the external part of balladeur train compensating cylinder 5c Connect, balladeur train compensating cylinder 8 promotes rock drill track 12 to be held out against on drilling scar all the time, prevent from moving during perforating;Above-mentioned leads Installed in being fixed on rock drilling machine supporting plate 10a, rock drilling machine supporting plate 10a is coordinated rail rock drill 10 with rock drill track 12;Described Propulsive mechanism be a sprocket wheel link chain mechanism 10b;Sprocket wheel link chain mechanism 10b is to be provided with chisel in the rear end of rock drill track 12 The gear reduction box that rock machine propulsion motor 22 drives, the output shaft of gear reduction box are provided with drive sprocket, rock drill track rear end Revolution sprocket wheel is provided with, chain two ends is fixed on rock drilling machine supporting plate 10a from after revolution sprocket wheel and drive sprocket winding respectively, is dug When rock machine propulsion motor 11 operates, chain affects the rotary impact device on rock drilling machine supporting plate 10a to move reciprocatingly on guide rail, Complete to drill and move back pricker action.
The preferably guide tracked hydraulic drill rig of above-mentioned rail-mounted rock dill 10.
For ensureing stability when drill boom works after rising, it is provided with drill boom raise-lower hydraulic oil cylinder 5a in-lines unidirectional Hydraulic lock.
For ensureing the stability of drill steel during drilling, foresight puncheon centralizing device 24 is additionally provided with 12 front end of rock drill track.
As shown in figure 3, second set of described drilling equipment is on a crane 13 to be provided with major diameter blasting boreholes Device 14;The structure of major diameter blasting boreholes device 14 is to be provided with rotary impact device and propulsive mechanism on borer rail 27;Institute The rotary impact device that states be one i.e. drive drilling rod rotation and realize bore bit impact device, by rotator, hollow drill pipe 35, Binding clasp 32 and air hammer 36 are constituted;The construction of above-mentioned rotator is, including a gear reduction box 33 and rotation With rotation motor 34, motor 34, the driving gear of reduction box 33 realize that transmission, the driven gear of reduction box 33 are arranged on a sky On heart axle 39, it is desirable to which 39 internal diameters of hollow axle are matched with 35 external diameter of hollow drill pipe;The hollow drill pipe 35 is from hollow axle 39 Pass through, and hollow drill pipe 35 and hollow axle 39 are clamped together by binding clasp 32, so that hollow axle 39 drives hollow drill pipe 35 rotate together;Described air hammer 36 is arranged on 35 front end of hollow drill pipe, from the rotary connector of 35 rear end of hollow drill pipe Supply to air hammer 36, the front end of air hammer 36 is provided with the rotary impact type bore bit with diameter greater than more than 100mm 30, with the impact acting of 18-20 frequencies;Rotary impact device is set on borer rail 27 with the mounting structure of borer rail 27 There is a borer supporting plate 40, by the floor installation of reduction box 33 on borer supporting plate 40;Described propulsive mechanism is one Sprocket wheel link chain mechanism;Sprocket wheel link chain mechanism is to be provided with the tooth of borer propulsion motor 36a drives in the front end of borer rail 27 Wheel reduction box 36, the output shaft of gear reduction box 36 are provided with drive sprocket 43, and rock drill track rear end is provided with revolution sprocket wheel 29, will Chain two ends are fixed on borer supporting plate 40 after winding from revolution sprocket wheel 29 and drive sprocket 43 respectively, borer propulsion motor When 36a operates, chain affects the rotary impact device on borer supporting plate 40 to move reciprocatingly on borer rail 27, completes Push ahead and exit action.
Described crane 13 is to fix a four-column type balladeur train on vehicle frame, is provided with elevator in four-column type balladeur train Structure, borer rail 27 are fixed on elevating mechanism, make borer rail 27 upper and lower in four-column type balladeur train under elevating mechanism effect Mobile, so as to adjust the operation height of punchinging of major diameter blasting boreholes device.
Above-mentioned elevating mechanism is by 26 groups of a parallel four-bar linkage 37 and lifting rail oil cylinder being fixed on vehicle frame Into, between the tilting lifting arm and frame panel installed in parallel four-bar linkage 37 of lifting rail oil cylinder 26, lifting rail oil Cylinder 26 makes the lifting arm of parallel four-bar linkage 37 decline or rise when stretching.
In order to adjust penetration rate, above-mentioned rock drill propulsion motor 11 and borer propulsion motor according to different lithology Throttle grverning valve is installed on 6a in-lines.
For ensureing the rate of tension of sprocket wheel link chain mechanism, it is equipped with the propulsive mechanism of above-mentioned first and second set of drilling equipment Chain tensioning device, is not drawn into as chain tensioning device belongs in prior art diagram.
Described hydraulic system is made up of hydraulic power unit, hydraulic valve piece 25 and fluid pressure line 4;Fluid pressure line 4 passes through hydraulic pressure The all of hydraulic motor of the connection drill carriage of valve member 25, hydraulic jack and hydraulic drill rig, so as to control walking, the support of drill carriage, and The positioning of first and second set of drilling equipment of control and rock drilling action.
Above-mentioned hydraulic power unit includes electric cabinet 18, flame-proof motor 16, two duplex gear pumps 15, hydraulic pressure oil cooling Device and fuel tank 19;The electrical input of electric cabinet 18 accesses cable, and outfan connects flame-proof motor 16, and flame-proof motor 16 drives Move two duplex gear pumps 15 to operate, so as to produce high-pressure hydraulic source, be all of hydraulic motor of drill carriage, hydraulic jack and hydraulic pressure Rig provides power;Hydraulic oil cooler is adopted water-cooled when having water, is adopted under anhydrous condition using water-cooled and air-cooled two ways Electric fan 17 is realized air-cooled.
When this drill carriage works, power source is accessed the electric cabinet 18 on drill carriage first, 16 two ends of motor drive two after combined floodgate Individual duplex gear pump 15, duplex gear pump 15 are converted into hydraulic energy electric energy.When drill carriage is walked, driven through reductor by hydraulic motor The head sprocket on dynamic crawler-type traveling chassis 1 is rotated.During rock drilling, 20 supporting & stablizing of supporting leg on vehicle frame both sides is first made to live car body, then Manipulate first and second set of drilling equipment respectively and select hole position, General Explosive hole and more than diameter 100mm after positioning, can be carried out simultaneously The rock drilling operation of emptying aperture.

Claims (11)

1. a kind of tunneling boring rapid drilling drill carriage for the big emptying aperture parallel cut blasting in tunnel, it is characterised in that:
It is made up of walking mechanism, vehicle frame, hydraulic system, electrical system, two sets of drilling equipments;Wherein two sets drilling equipments In, first set drilling equipment is the device for boring common blast hole, second set of drilling equipment be for drill diameter 100mm with On keyhole device;
Described walking mechanism is the crawler-type traveling chassis of a width 1.0-1.2 rice, and it is completely self-contained by two sets of left and right Track frame, running motor, reductor, drive sprocket, caterpillar chain, track tension device are constituted;Often set track frame passes through one Perpendicular flat key is fixed with vehicle frame, then is tightened together with vehicle frame with high-strength bolt;Reductor high-strength bolt is connected with track frame; Running motor drives caterpillar chain to realize walking by reductor and drive sprocket;Track tension device is by tensioning wheel group and tensioning Oil cylinder is constituted, and tensioning hydro-cylinder promotes tensioning wheel to adjust the tightness of crawler belt;
Described vehicle frame includes that the main car frame and trailer frame two parts that steel plate is welded, main car frame and trailer frame are distinguished with bolt It is fixed on the front and back position of walking chassis;First and second set of drilling equipment, main car frame are respectively arranged in the front both sides of main car frame Rear is disposed with driver's cabin, and all hydraulic controlled operation handles are installed in and drive on indoor control panel;Install on trailer frame Hydraulic system, provides power to whole bench drill car;Hydraulic leg is provided with the corner of vehicle frame, passes through hydraulic leg during drilling by drill carriage It is supported on roadway floor;
Described first set drilling equipment, is by mechanical hand drill boom, rock drill track, propulsive mechanism and rail-mounted rock dill group Into;The construction of mechanical hand drill boom is, side is fixed with drill boom seat in front of the main car frame, and being provided with drill boom seat can oscilaltion Principal arm sleeve pipe, is hinged with drill boom lifting hydraulic cylinder between drill boom seat and principal arm sleeve pipe;Leading portion nesting in principal arm sleeve pipe is organic Tool arm, rear end are nested with telescopic oil cylinder, the extension and retraction of telescopic oil cylinder control machinery arm;The front end of mechanical arm is provided with drill boom Facade rotary hydraulic motor, is provided with drill boom Plane Rotation hydraulic pressure horse and runing rest, liquid on drill boom facade rotary hydraulic motor Pressure motor is rotated chassis plane rotation, is hinged with compensation frame, is provided with brill between runing rest and compensation frame on runing rest Arm swing hydraulic cylinder, drill boom oscillating motor are used for compensating swinging up and down for frame;Balladeur train compensating cylinder is provided with compensation frame;Above-mentioned Rock drill track installation on compensation frame, and be connected with the external part of balladeur train compensating cylinder, the promotion rock drilling of balladeur train compensating cylinder Machine track is held out against on drilling scar all the time, prevents from moving during perforating;Above-mentioned rail-mounted rock dill is fixed on rock drill On supporting plate, rock drilling machine supporting plate is coordinated with rock drill track;Described propulsive mechanism is a sprocket wheel link chain mechanism;Sprocket wheel chain making machine Structure is to be provided with the gear reduction box of rock drill propulsion motor drive, the output shaft of gear reduction box in the rear end of rock drill track Drive sprocket is provided with, rock drill track rear end is provided with revolution sprocket wheel, chain two ends are twined from revolution sprocket wheel and drive sprocket respectively It is fixed on after on rock drilling machine supporting plate, when rock drill propulsion motor operates, chain affects the rotary impact device on rock drilling machine supporting plate Move reciprocatingly on guide rail, complete to drill and move back pricker action;
Second set of described drilling equipment is to be provided with major diameter blasting boreholes device on a crane;Major diameter blasting boreholes The structure of device is to be provided with rotary impact device and propulsive mechanism on borer rail;Described rotary impact device is one Drilling rod rotation is driven to realize the device of bore bit impact again, by rotator, hollow drill pipe, binding clasp and air hammer institute group Into;The construction of above-mentioned rotator is, including a gear reduction box and rotation motor, the driving gear of reduction box and rotation horse Up to transmission is realized, the driven gear of reduction box is on a hollow axle, it is desirable to the internal diameter of hollow axle and hollow drill pipe external diameter Match;The hollow drill pipe is passed through from hollow axle, and hollow drill pipe and hollow axle is clamped together by binding clasp, so as to Hollow axle is made to drive drilling rod to rotate together;Described air hammer be arranged on hollow drill pipe front end, from hollow drill pipe rear end to Air hammer is supplied, and the front end of air hammer is provided with the rotary impact type bore bit with diameter greater than more than 100mm;Rotation punching The mounting structure that device is hit with borer rail is to be provided with a borer supporting plate on borer rail, and the base of reduction box is pacified It is mounted on borer supporting plate;Described propulsive mechanism is a sprocket wheel link chain mechanism;Sprocket wheel link chain mechanism is in rock drill track Rear end the gear reduction box of rock drill propulsion motor drive is installed, the output shaft of gear reduction box is provided with drive sprocket, digs Rock machine track rear end is provided with revolution sprocket wheel, and chain two ends are fixed on rock drill from after revolution sprocket wheel and drive sprocket winding respectively On supporting plate, when rock drill propulsion motor operates, chain affects the rotary impact device on rock drilling machine supporting plate to do reciprocal fortune on guide rail Dynamic, complete to drill and move back pricker action;
Described hydraulic system is made up of hydraulic power unit, hydraulic valve piece and fluid pressure line;Fluid pressure line is connected by hydraulic valve piece The all of hydraulic motor of drill carriage, hydraulic jack and hydraulic drill rig, so that control walking, the support of drill carriage, and control first and second The positioning of set drilling equipment and rock drilling action.
2. the tunneling boring rapid drilling drill carriage of the big emptying aperture parallel cut blasting in tunnel, its feature are used for as claimed in claim 1 It is, guide tracked hydraulic drill rig selected by the rail-mounted rock dill of described first set drilling equipment.
3. the tunneling boring rapid drilling drill carriage of the big emptying aperture parallel cut blasting in tunnel, its feature are used for as claimed in claim 1 It is, one-way hydraulic lock is installed on the in-line of the drill boom lifting hydraulic cylinder of described first set drilling equipment.
4. the tunneling boring rapid drilling drill carriage of the big emptying aperture parallel cut blasting in tunnel, its feature are used for as claimed in claim 1 Be, the crane of second set of drilling equipment is to fix a four-column type balladeur train on vehicle frame, four-column type balladeur train by front stand and Stand composition, is provided with elevating mechanism in four-column type balladeur train afterwards, and borer rail is fixed on elevating mechanism, is rising borer rail Move up and down in four-column type balladeur train under descending mechanism effect, so as to adjust the operation height of punchinging of major diameter blasting boreholes device.
5. the tunneling boring rapid drilling drill carriage of the big emptying aperture parallel cut blasting in tunnel, its feature are used for as claimed in claim 4 It is, above-mentioned elevating mechanism is made up of the parallel four-bar linkage and lifting rail oil cylinder that are fixed on vehicle frame, guide rail Between the tilting lifting arm and vehicle frame installed in parallel four-bar linkage of hoist cylinder, lifting rail oil cylinder makes parallel four when flexible The lifting arm of linkage declines or rises.
6. the tunneling boring rapid drilling drill carriage of the big emptying aperture parallel cut blasting in tunnel, its feature are used for as claimed in claim 1 It is, described hydraulic power unit includes electric cabinet, flame-proof motor, two duplex gear pumps, hydraulic oil cooler and fuel tanks; The electricity output termination flame-proof motor of electric cabinet, flame-proof motor drives two duplex gear pump operatings, so as to produce height Hydraulic fluid potential source, provides power for all of hydraulic motor of drill carriage, hydraulic jack and hydraulic drill rig;Hydraulic oil cooler adopts water-cooled With air-cooled two ways, water-cooled is adopted when having water, realized using electric fan air-cooled under anhydrous condition.
7. the tunneling boring rapid drilling drill carriage of the big emptying aperture parallel cut blasting in tunnel, its feature are used for as claimed in claim 1 It is, the front end of the borer rail of first set drilling equipment is additionally provided with foresight puncheon centralizing device.
8. the tunneling boring rapid drilling drill carriage of the big emptying aperture parallel cut blasting in tunnel, its feature are used for as claimed in claim 1 It is, all motors of first and second set of above-mentioned drilling equipment are hydraulic motor.
9. the tunneling boring rapid drilling drill carriage of the big emptying aperture parallel cut blasting in tunnel, its feature are used for as claimed in claim 7 Be, throttle grverning valve is separately installed with the in-line of rock drill hydraulic motor and borer hydraulic motor.
10. the tunneling boring rapid drilling drill carriage of the big emptying aperture parallel cut blasting in tunnel, its feature are used for as claimed in claim 1 It is, on the propulsive mechanism of first and second set of above-mentioned drilling equipment, is equipped with chain tensioning device.
11. a kind of utilize the arbitrary described tunneling boring quick drill for the big emptying aperture parallel cut blasting in tunnel of claim 1-9 The method that hole drill car carries out tunneling boring rapid drilling to the big emptying aperture parallel cut blasting in tunnel, it is characterised in that during work, first Power source accesses the electric cabinet on drill carriage, and after combined floodgate, motor two ends drive two duplex gear pumps, and duplex gear pump is electric energy It is converted into hydraulic energy;The head sprocket on crawler-type traveling chassis is driven to rotate by hydraulic motor through reductor when drill carriage is walked;Rock drilling When, make the supporting leg supporting & stablizing on vehicle frame both sides live car body, then manipulate first and second set of drilling equipment respectively and select hole position, positioning The rock drilling operation of the emptying aperture of General Explosive hole and diameter 100mm more than can be carried out afterwards simultaneously.
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CN106703690A (en) * 2017-01-05 2017-05-24 山东大学 Tunnel drilling-blasting construction, tunneling and risk elimination apparatus and method of using same
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