CN103758522A - Temporary support method of tunneling working face and equipment thereof - Google Patents

Temporary support method of tunneling working face and equipment thereof Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN103758522A
CN103758522A CN201410032367.1A CN201410032367A CN103758522A CN 103758522 A CN103758522 A CN 103758522A CN 201410032367 A CN201410032367 A CN 201410032367A CN 103758522 A CN103758522 A CN 103758522A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
support
rail
hanging
jack
hydraulic
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201410032367.1A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN103758522B (en
Inventor
郑东风
周斌
翟明华
Original Assignee
郑东风
周斌
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 郑东风, 周斌 filed Critical 郑东风
Priority to CN201410032367.1A priority Critical patent/CN103758522B/en
Publication of CN103758522A publication Critical patent/CN103758522A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103758522B publication Critical patent/CN103758522B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The invention particularly relates to a temporary support method of a tunneling working face, and equipment thereof. The tunneling working face is divided into a temporary support area and a permanent support area; the temporary support area consists of a tunneling machine and a working area of the tunneling machine, and the area behind the temporary support area is the permanent support area; the temporary support area adopts self-telescopic tunnel hydraulic brackets and bracket moving auxiliary devices in match to achieve firstly support and secondly return; the permanent support and cutting of the tunneling machine can be performed simultaneously. As the tunneling working face is divided into the temporary support area and the permanent support area, simultaneous working of temporary support and permanent support and permanent support and cutting of the tunneling machine is achieved. As the temporary support area is supported and protected by using the temporary support area and a permanent support area; the problem that the surrounding rock is damaged by repeated support is effectively solved.

Description

A kind of temporary support for drivage face method and equipment thereof
 
Technical field
The present invention relates to laneway support method and the equipment thereof of the safe and efficient rapid construction of a kind of underground construction.
Background technology
Underground construction comprehensive mechanized driving construction technology, because it is safe and reliable, singly enter efficiency far above traditional big gun tunneling process, at present by wide popularization and application.A circulation of comprehensive mechanized driving construction technology main consuming time is tunneling machine cutting and roadway support.How to realize tunneling machine cutting and roadway support parallel operations, from eighties of last century the fifties so far, Mining At Home And Abroad circle has carried out a large amount of explorations, and has produced a lot of technology and equipment.Wherein main technology point relates to two aspects, i.e. the safe and reliable temporary lining of Rapid Implementation and the parallel operations of tunneling machine cutting and permanent support.
Temporary lining is to hurt sb.'s feelings for preventing after tunnel initating that country rock drops to cave in; for guaranteeing what permanent support operating personnel's safety was established; more shallow and Surrounding Rock Strength is high, self-supporting is reliable and stable after excavation, geological structure is simple etc. the applicable condition for mining depth; can not do temporary lining; directly carry out permanent support; roadway construction is generally wanted first near boring head, to implement temporary lining after roadway excavation, implements the permanent support in tunnel under the protection of temporary lining.
Existing digging laneway temporary support mode mainly contains 6 types:
1, traditional temporary lining mode has suspension ring to add steel pipe (or track, shaped steel) etc., by front altering steel pipe (or track, shaped steel) etc., adds and protects topping material temporary lining top board.
2, development machine rack joist protects top mode.
3, pick anchoring integral development machine.
4, front-back pull-push type or in pairs step type hydraulic pressure automatic shifting stand alternately.
5, the monorail crane timbering machine of Germany's development.
6, TBM tunnel construction development machine temporary lining form.
The subject matter that existing temporary lining exists:
While 1, altering before traditional temporary lining need artificial lapping, on connect topping material; labour intensity is large, and the lower operation in empty top is dangerous, and roof timbering power is not almost had; can only play limited protective effect to operating personnel, often occur that field operation personnel follow the line of least resistance, dislike trouble, do not use phenomenon.
2, development machine frame joist type temporary lining, lapping operation is still under sky top, and supporting area does not reach full section, frame strength and limited with development machine bonding strength, supporting power is very little, and while implementing temporary lining and permanent support, development machine just cannot parallel operations.
3, pick anchoring integral development machine.From sixties first generation anchor driving machine, be born and carried out so far twice change, third generation pick anchoring integral, although realized the parallel operations of pick anchor, but anchor pole unsupported back span is large, generally, more than 1.2-1.5 rice, supporting can not be immediately following meeting head on, so, be only applicable to that Bian is dark little, little, the preferably large Cross-Section Rectangular of wall rock condition is pressed in ore deposit or trapezoidal tunnel, therefore, never applied widely.As countries such as China overwhelming majority mining areas and Germany, Poland, open the Bian degree of depth darker, ore deposit is pressed large, the conditions such as country rock soft broken, anchor pole is intensive, even also need linked network, cable bolting, support work amount is large, and not only unsupported back span is from can not meet requirement, support time, much larger than the cut time, is also difficult to synchronize with cut.
4, front-back pull-push type or in pairs step type hydraulic pressure automatic shifting stand alternately, each circulation is supported once repeatedly to top board, destructible top board; be unfavorable for the supporting to top board; when roof condition is bad, supporting must be shut down, tunneling machine cutting and permanent support parallel operations can not be realized.
5, the monorail crane timbering machine of Germany's development.Can realize the mechanized operation of permanent support, avoid personnel to enter the operation of non-support district, but this device structure is too complicated, appearance and size is large, can only be applicable to large section roadway construction, and supporting and driving cut are at the same area, phase mutual interference, affects parallel operations efficiency.
6, TBM rock ripper has worn-out open type, two shield, single shield etc., and tunnel construction temporary lining form is and the integrated support pattern of full section cut development machine.This support pattern boring head is the integrated support to country rock, contraction, reach by shield total length, supports the supporting of top side, repeatedly support destructible country rock, large, the large section of the radius of curvature that is only applicable to turn round, the good tunnel construction of wall rock condition, chance tomography, zone of fracture are easily stuck.
Summary of the invention
The problem existing in order to solve prior art, the present invention has announced a kind of temporary support for drivage face method and equipment thereof.
The technical solution used in the present invention is as follows:
A kind of temporary support for drivage face method, driving face is divided into temporary lining district and permanent support district, development machine and operation area thereof are temporary lining district, it is permanent support district thereafter, temporary lining district adopts self extending alley hydraulic support to coordinate to realize with support migration servicing unit and first props up afterwards and return, the operation simultaneously of permanent support and tunneling machine cutting.
A temporary support for drivage face equipment, comprises the self extending alley hydraulic support and the support migration servicing unit that cooperatively interact; Self extending alley hydraulic support stretches by hydraulic system, realizes back temporary lining, and support migration servicing unit is transported to tunnel by self extending alley hydraulic support from permanent support district and meets head on; Under support migration servicing unit hydraulic system driving effect along roadway direction autonomous.
Described self extending alley hydraulic support comprises folding telescopic and the telescopic two kinds of forms of back timber;
Described folding telescopic self extending alley hydraulic support, comprise back timber, cantilevered corner beam, two scalable side supports, cantilevered corner beam jack, side stay jack I and side stay jack II, two described scalable sides support and are driven by side stay jack I, and two described scalable sides support and are connected with back timber by cantilevered corner beam; And be provided with coupled side stay jack II between back timber and the support of scalable side; Between described cantilevered corner beam and back timber, be provided with coupled cantilevered corner beam jack; According to cross-section shape of roadway folding telescopic self extending alley hydraulic support, be rectangle support or trapezoid support or arch support or arch trapezoid support or " people " word arch form support;
The telescopic self extending alley hydraulic support of described back timber, comprise that the flexible jack of telescopic top beam, back timber, two sides support, side stay jack III, two described sides support and are connected with telescopic top beam in the horizontal direction, and described telescopic top beam is driven by two flexible jack; Two described sides support and are driven by side stay jack III; According to the telescopic self extending alley hydraulic support of cross-section shape of roadway back timber, be rectangle support or trapezoid support or arch support or arch trapezoid support.
Described support migration servicing unit is that formula is carried in the holder of development machine frame, or under frame, certainly move hanger rail type, or formula is carried in mobile girder holder, or the supporting guide rail automatic moving type of falsework, or mobile gantry holder carries formula, the mobile gantry holder formula of carrying is that formula is carried in the holder of crawler travel gantry or formula is carried in trackless wheel walking gantry holder or a formula is carried in the holder of rail wheel gantry.
Under described, from moving hanger rail type support migration servicing unit, by number of tracks, be single track hanging, or double track hanging; By track form, be rack rail type, or steel rail type, or rack rails and rail hybrid; By track extension form, be collapsible, or telescopic, or folding retractable is hybrid; Wherein folding retractable is hybrid is folding after front stretching, or front folding rear telescopic;
Under described, from moving hanger rail type support migration servicing unit, comprise that guide groove, hanging beam, suspention chain, pole, hanger rail, hanging beam are from moving jack, the flexible jack of hanger rail, crane system; Guide groove is fixed on provisional chock for galleries, and hanging beam drives from moving jack through guide groove and by hanging beam, and hanger rail is suspended to and is fixed under hanging beam by chain sling, and the flexible jack of hanger rail is arranged on the two ends of hanger rail; Middle part at hanging beam and hanger rail arranges pole, and pole is fixed under hanging beam, with hinged between hanger rail; Crane system can move freely along track on hanger rail;
Described crane system comprises a crane;
Described suspention chain can be replaced with suspension rope; The flexible jack of described hanger rail can be replaced with folding jack.
Described hanging beam by basic hanging beam, draw beam, slipway beam is hinged forms, the length that hanging beam is every equals every support along the control top length on roadway direction, is hinged between hanging beam; Hanger rail is suspended under hanging beam by suspention chain or suspension rope;
Described hanger rail is comprised of stock rail, front stretching rail and rear expansion rail, and front stretching rail and rear expansion rail are set at the two ends of stock rail, by jack, drives front stretching rail and rear expansion rail to open or regain; The middle part of stock rail is provided with pole, and one end of pole is articulated with on hanging beam, and the other end is fixed on stock rail, the moment of flexure being produced with balance front stretching rail and rear expansion rail pipe-hanging hook;
Described front stretching rail and rear expansion rail can replace with front folding rail and rear folding rail.
Described draw beam is provided with hanging beam from moving jack; Slipway beam is provided with sliding rail, and carriage and hanging beam are connected from moving jack post alive, and carriage can move at hanging beam under moving jack driving on slideway track.From moving jack cylinder body section, be fixed on draw beam, which is provided with hydraulic pressure automatic fixer I; Described hanging beam is provided with hydraulic pressure automatic fixer II from carriage; Hydraulic pressure automatic fixer I and II are moved along roadway direction in order to prevent hanging beam and hanger rail, and are moved forward and retreat from the flexible drive hanging beam and the hanger rail that move jack by hanging beam.
Described hydraulic pressure automatic fixer I and II are hydraulic piston types, and hydraulic piston can stretch in the lifting hole(eyelet) under alley hydraulic support, in order to fix hanging beam and hanger rail along roadway direction, and move from the flexible drive hanging beam and the hanger rail that move jack by hanging beam.
Described crane is wheel type, or slide block guide rail formula, or gear rack rail type; The mode of traction of described crane is that multi-expansion jack group is towed or electronic or fluid motor-driven is towed; Whether electronic or hydraulic motor-driven is fixed on crane according to it is vehicular, or non-vehicle-mounted type; Vehicular is that vehicle mounted electric or hydraulic motor directly drive power transmission shaft wheel to move under hanger rail, or directly drives travelling gear to draw crane operation by conduction chain, or directly drives gearing friction wheel to move by rope traction crane; Non-vehicle-mounted type is electronic or hydraulic motor driven gear, gear driven chain traction crane, or electronic or hydraulic motor drive friction pulley, and friction pulley drives the operation of rope traction crane.
The method of operating of described temporary support for drivage face equipment is as follows:
Step 1: tunneling machine cutting completes a step pitch;
Step 2: tunnel, rear end, temporary lining district self extending hydraulic support is adjusted to setting height;
Step 3: extend or set level rear expansion rail or folding rail;
Step 4: control hydraulic drive motor and drive crane to move to directly over falsework, stretch button and hang jack, complete falsework by button device for hoisting and buckle and hang, and shrink support and make support in suitable suspention height;
Step 5: reach crane, to temporary lining district front end, is controlled the jack on self extending hydraulic support, and it is landed on the ground; Adjust self extending hydraulic support height, receive button and hang jack, releases clamp, retreats crane, and packs up expansion rail or folding rail;
Step 6: control self extending hydraulic support and make itself and back close contact, complete the temporary lining of back;
Step 7: unclamp the hydraulic pressure automatic fixer I on carriage, stretch hanging beam from moving jack, after arriving desired location, make hydraulic pressure automatic fixer I aim at lifting hole(eyelet), the piston of hydraulic pressure automatic fixer is buckled in lifting hole(eyelet), complete the fixing of hydraulic pressure automatic fixer I; Unclamp the hydraulic pressure automatic fixer II on draw beam, contracting hanging beam moves jack certainly, and drives hanging beam and hanger rail motion, after arrival desired location, makes hydraulic pressure automatic fixer aim at lifting hole(eyelet), the piston of hydraulic pressure automatic fixer II is buckled in lifting hole(eyelet), complete the fixing of draw beam;
Step 7: development machine continues cut.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is as follows:
1. driving face is divided into temporary lining district (being generally development machine workspace, lower summary) and permanent support district; Operation when having realized temporary lining and permanent support, permanent support and tunneling machine cutting.
2. couple temporary lining district Bian carries out supporting with self extending alley hydraulic support, efficiently solves the destruction problem repeatedly supporting country rock.
3. self extending alley hydraulic support can be according to the given setting load of characteristics of surrounding rock, both setting load restriction surrouding rock deformation that can be enough, also setting load that can be suitable and working resistance discharge surrouding rock stress, can be adapted to wall rock condition and the cross-section shape of roadway of various applicable comprehensive tunneler techniques.
4. permanent support, in permanent support district, is conducive to anchor pole, anchor cable installation parallel operations, is conducive to improve workmanship.
5. can increase substantially tunnelling speed.
6. worker's operating environment is safe and reliable, and automaticity is high, and labour intensity is low, efficiency is high.
Accompanying drawing explanation
The telescopic self extending alley hydraulic support of Fig. 1 back timber;
The telescopic hydraulic support A-A of Fig. 2 back timber section;
Fig. 3 folding telescopic self extending alley hydraulic support;
Fig. 4 folding telescopic hydraulic support B-B section;
Fig. 5 is from moving hanger rail type support migration servicing unit;
Fig. 6 is from moving hanger rail type support migration servicing unit C-C sectional drawing;
Fig. 7 hydraulic pressure automatic fixer traction end sectional drawing;
Fig. 8 hydraulic pressure automatic fixer traction end sectional drawing;
Fig. 9 crane system plane rack composition
In figure: 1. telescopic top beam, 2. the flexible jack of back timber, 3. side supports, 4. side stay jack I, 5. back timber, 6. cantilevered corner beam, 7. scalable side supports, 8. cantilevered corner beam jack, 9. side stay jack II, 10. side stay jack III, 11. backs, 12. falseworks, 13. suspention chain or suspension ropes, 14. hanging beams, 15. folding jack, 16. hanger rails, 17. folding tracks, 18. poles, 19. draw beams, 20. hydraulic pressure automatic fixer I, 21. hydraulic pressure automatic fixer II, 22. crane wheels, 23. buttons hang jack, 24. vehicle frames, 25. hanging beams are from moving jack, 26. guide grooves, 27. lifting hole(eyelet)s, 28. carriages, 29. button device for hoisting, 30. hydraulic drive motors, 31 slipway beams.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, method and apparatus principle of the present invention is elaborated:
A kind of temporary support for drivage face method, driving face is divided into temporary lining district and permanent support district, development machine and operation area thereof are temporary lining district, it is permanent support district thereafter, temporary lining district adopts self extending alley hydraulic support to coordinate to realize with support migration servicing unit and first props up afterwards and return, the operation simultaneously of permanent support and tunneling machine cutting.
Described self extending alley hydraulic support has folding telescopic (Fig. 1) and two kinds of forms of back timber telescopic (Fig. 2), can be used for the operation area temporary lining of driving face development machine, also can be used for the upper and lower crossheading advance support of coal-face.
The telescopic self extending alley hydraulic support of described back timber is comprised of telescopic top beam 1, the flexible jack 2 of back timber, side support 3, side stay jack I4, according to the telescopic self extending alley hydraulic support of cross-section shape of roadway back timber, is rectangle support or trapezoid support or arch support or arch trapezoid support.
Described folding telescopic self extending alley hydraulic support is comprised of back timber 5, cantilevered corner beam 6, scalable side support 7, cantilevered corner beam jack 8, side stay jack II9 and side stay jack III10; According to cross-section shape of roadway folding telescopic self extending alley hydraulic support, be rectangle support or trapezoid support or arch support or arch trapezoid support or " people " word arch form support.
Described support migration servicing unit is that formula is carried in the holder of development machine frame, or under frame, certainly move hanger rail type, or formula is carried in mobile girder holder, or the supporting guide rail automatic moving type of falsework, or mobile gantry holder carries formula, the mobile gantry holder formula of carrying is that formula is carried in the holder of crawler travel gantry or formula is carried in trackless wheel walking gantry holder or a formula is carried in the holder of rail wheel gantry.
Described is single track hanging from moving hanger rail type support migration servicing unit by number of tracks, or double track hanging; By track form, be rack rail type, or steel rail type, or rack rails and rail hybrid; By track extension form, be collapsible, or telescopic, or folding retractable is hybrid; Wherein folding retractable is hybrid is folding after front stretching, or front folding rear telescopic.
Under described, from moving hanger rail type support migration servicing unit, by guide groove, 26(is fixed on support), hanging beam 14, suspention chain or suspension rope 13, pole 18, hanger rail 16, hanging beam from moving the flexible or folding jack 15 of jack 25, hanger rail, crane system forms.
Described hanging beam is comprised of the basic hanging beam of basic hanging beam 14, draw beam 19, slipway beam 31 and a connection function, and the length that hanging beam is every equals every support along the control top length on roadway direction, is hinged between hanging beam; Hanger rail is suspended under hanging beam by suspention chain or suspension rope 13; Hanger rail is comprised of stock rail, front stretching rail, rear expansion rail or front folding rail, rear folding rail, and stock rail two ends connect expansion rail or folding rail 17; The middle part of stock rail is provided with pole 18, and one end of pole is articulated with on hanging beam, and the other end is fixed on stock rail 18, the moment of flexure being produced with balance expansion rail or folding rail pipe-hanging hook.
Described draw beam 19 is provided with hanging beam from moving jack 25; Slipway beam is provided with sliding rail 32, and carriage 28 is connected from the post alive that moves jack 25 with hanging beam, and carriage 28 can move at hanging beam under moving jack 25 drivings on slideway track.From moving jack 25 cylinder body sections, be fixed on draw beam, which is provided with hydraulic pressure automatic fixer I 20; Described hanging beam is provided with hydraulic pressure automatic fixer II 21 from carriage 28; Hydraulic pressure automatic fixer I and II are moved along roadway direction in order to prevent hanging beam and hanger rail, and are moved forward and retreat from the flexible drive hanging beam and the hanger rail that move jack 25 by hanging beam.
Described hydraulic pressure automatic fixer I 20 and II 21 are hydraulic piston types, hydraulic piston can stretch in the lifting hole(eyelet) 27 under alley hydraulic support, in order to fix hanging beam 14 and hanger rail 16 along roadway direction, and move from the flexible drive hanging beam 14 and the hanger rail 16 that move jack 25 by hanging beam.
Described hydraulic fixing device I 20 and II 21 are hydraulic piston types, and hydraulic piston can stretch in the lifting hole(eyelet) 27 under alley hydraulic support, in order to prevent that hanging beam 14 and hanger rail 16 from gliding, and move forward from the flexible drive hanging beam and the hanger rail that move jack by hanging beam.
Described crane is wheel type, or slide block guide rail formula, or gear rack rail type; The mode of traction of described crane is that multi-expansion jack group is towed or electronic or fluid motor-driven is towed; Whether electronic or hydraulic motor-driven is fixed on crane according to it is vehicular, or non-vehicle-mounted type; Vehicular is that vehicle mounted electric or hydraulic motor directly drive power transmission shaft wheel to move under hanger rail, or directly drives travelling gear to draw crane operation by conduction chain, or directly drives gearing friction wheel to move by rope traction crane; Non-vehicle-mounted type is electronic or hydraulic motor driven gear, gear driven chain traction crane, or electronic or hydraulic motor drive friction pulley, and friction pulley drives the operation of rope traction crane.
Described crane bottom is provided with that wheel is provided with vehicle frame 24, wheel 22 or slide block, alley hydraulic support is buckled and hung jack 23 and buckle device for hoisting 29, and crane can move by hydraulic drive motor 30.
A kind of temporary support for drivage face method and equipment thereof, the steps include:
Step 1: tunneling machine cutting completes a step pitch;
Step 2: control rear end, temporary lining district self extending hydraulic support to setting height;
Step 3: extend or set level rear expansion rail or folding rail;
Step 4: control hydraulic drive motor and drive crane to move to directly over falsework 12, stretch button and hang jack, complete falsework 12 by button device for hoisting and buckle and hang, and shrink support and make support in suitable suspention highly;
Step 5: reach crane, to temporary lining district front end, is controlled the jack on self extending hydraulic support, and it is landed on the ground; Adjust self extending hydraulic support height, receive button and hang jack, releases clamp, retreats crane, and packs up expansion rail or folding rail;
Step 6: control self extending hydraulic support and make itself and back 11 close contacts, complete the temporary lining of back;
Step 7: unclamp the hydraulic pressure automatic fixer I on carriage, stretch hanging beam from moving jack, after arriving desired location, make hydraulic pressure automatic fixer I aim at lifting hole(eyelet), the piston of hydraulic pressure automatic fixer is buckled in lifting hole(eyelet), complete the fixing of hydraulic pressure automatic fixer I; Unclamp the hydraulic pressure automatic fixer II on draw beam, contracting hanging beam moves jack certainly, and drives hanging beam and hanger rail motion, after arrival desired location, makes hydraulic pressure automatic fixer aim at lifting hole(eyelet), the piston of hydraulic pressure automatic fixer II is buckled in lifting hole(eyelet), complete the fixing of draw beam;
Step 7: development machine continues cut;
Step 8: while entering next working cycles, repeating step one to seven.After the hydraulic support reach of rear end, temporary lining district, can carry out permanent support.

Claims (10)

1. a temporary support for drivage face method, it is characterized in that: driving face is divided into temporary lining district and permanent support district, development machine and operation area thereof are temporary lining district, it is permanent support district thereafter, temporary lining district adopts self extending alley hydraulic support to coordinate to realize with support migration servicing unit and first props up afterwards and return, the operation simultaneously of permanent support and tunneling machine cutting.
2. a temporary support for drivage face equipment, is characterized in that, comprises the self extending alley hydraulic support and the support migration servicing unit that cooperatively interact; Self extending alley hydraulic support stretches by hydraulic system, realizes back temporary lining, and support migration servicing unit is transported to tunnel by self extending alley hydraulic support from permanent support district and meets head on; Under support migration servicing unit hydraulic system driving effect along roadway direction autonomous.
3. temporary support for drivage face equipment as claimed in claim 2, is characterized in that: described self extending alley hydraulic support comprises folding telescopic and the telescopic two kinds of forms of back timber;
Described folding telescopic self extending alley hydraulic support, comprise back timber, cantilevered corner beam, two scalable side supports, cantilevered corner beam jack, side stay jack I and side stay jack II, two described scalable sides support and are driven by side stay jack I, and two described scalable sides support and are connected with back timber by cantilevered corner beam; And be provided with coupled side stay jack II between back timber and the support of scalable side; Between described cantilevered corner beam and back timber, be provided with coupled cantilevered corner beam jack; According to cross-section shape of roadway folding telescopic self extending alley hydraulic support, be rectangle support or trapezoid support or arch support or arch trapezoid support or " people " word arch form support;
The telescopic self extending alley hydraulic support of described back timber, comprise that the flexible jack of telescopic top beam, back timber, two sides support, side stay jack III, two described sides support and are connected with telescopic top beam in the horizontal direction, and described telescopic top beam is driven by two flexible jack; Two described sides support and are driven by side stay jack III; According to the telescopic self extending alley hydraulic support of cross-section shape of roadway back timber, be rectangle support or trapezoid support or arch support or arch trapezoid support.
4. temporary support for drivage face equipment as claimed in claim 2, is characterized in that:
Described support migration servicing unit is that formula is carried in the holder of development machine frame, or under frame, certainly move hanger rail type, or formula is carried in mobile girder holder, or the supporting guide rail automatic moving type of falsework, or mobile gantry holder carries formula, the mobile gantry holder formula of carrying is that formula is carried in the holder of crawler travel gantry or formula is carried in trackless wheel walking gantry holder or a formula is carried in the holder of rail wheel gantry.
5. temporary support for drivage face equipment as claimed in claim 4, is characterized in that:
Under described, from moving hanger rail type support migration servicing unit, by number of tracks, be single track hanging, or double track hanging; By track form, be rack rail type, or steel rail type, or rack rails and rail hybrid; By track extension form, be collapsible, or telescopic, or folding retractable is hybrid; Wherein folding retractable is hybrid is folding after front stretching, or front folding rear telescopic;
Under described, from moving hanger rail type support migration servicing unit, comprise that guide groove, hanging beam, suspention chain, pole, hanger rail, hanging beam are from moving jack, the flexible jack of hanger rail, crane system; Guide groove is fixed on provisional chock for galleries, and hanging beam drives from moving jack through guide groove and by hanging beam, and hanger rail is suspended to and is fixed under hanging beam by chain sling, and the flexible jack of hanger rail is arranged on the two ends of hanger rail; Middle part at hanging beam and hanger rail arranges pole, and pole is fixed under hanging beam, with hinged between hanger rail; Crane system can move freely along track on hanger rail;
Described crane system comprises a crane;
Described suspention chain can be replaced with suspension rope; The flexible jack of described hanger rail can be replaced with folding jack.
6. temporary support for drivage face equipment as claimed in claim 5, it is characterized in that: described hanging beam by basic hanging beam, draw beam, slipway beam is hinged forms, the length that hanging beam is every equals every support along the control top length on roadway direction, is hinged between hanging beam; Hanger rail is suspended under hanging beam by suspention chain or suspension rope;
Described hanger rail is comprised of stock rail, front stretching rail and rear expansion rail, and front stretching rail and rear expansion rail are set at the two ends of stock rail, by jack, drives front stretching rail and rear expansion rail to open or regain; The middle part of stock rail is provided with pole, and one end of pole is articulated with on hanging beam, and the other end is fixed on stock rail, the moment of flexure being produced with balance front stretching rail and rear expansion rail pipe-hanging hook;
Described front stretching rail and rear expansion rail can replace with front folding rail and rear folding rail.
7. temporary support for drivage face equipment as claimed in claim 6, is characterized in that: described draw beam is provided with hanging beam from moving jack; Slipway beam is provided with sliding rail, and carriage and hanging beam are connected from moving jack post alive, and carriage moves under moving jack driving at hanging beam on slideway track; From moving jack cylinder body section, be fixed on draw beam, which is provided with hydraulic pressure automatic fixer I; Described hanging beam is provided with hydraulic pressure automatic fixer II from carriage; Hydraulic pressure automatic fixer I and II are moved along roadway direction in order to prevent hanging beam and hanger rail, and are moved forward and retreat from the flexible drive hanging beam and the hanger rail that move jack by hanging beam.
8. temporary support for drivage face equipment as claimed in claim 7, it is characterized in that: described hydraulic pressure automatic fixer I and II are hydraulic piston types, hydraulic piston stretches in the lifting hole(eyelet) under alley hydraulic support, in order to fix hanging beam and hanger rail along roadway direction, and move from the flexible drive hanging beam and the hanger rail that move jack by hanging beam.
9. temporary support for drivage face equipment as claimed in claim 5, is characterized in that: described crane comprises wheel type, slide block guide rail formula or gear rack rail type; The mode of traction of described crane comprises that multi-expansion jack group is towed, electrical motor driven is towed or fluid motor-driven is towed;
Towed vehicular or the non-vehicle-mounted type of comprising of described electrical motor driven; Described vehicular is that vehicle mounted electric motor directly drives power transmission shaft wheel to move under hanger rail; Or directly drive travelling gear to draw crane operation by conduction chain; Or directly drive gearing friction wheel to move by rope traction crane; Described non-vehicle-mounted type is electro-motor driven gear, gear driven chain traction crane; Or electro-motor drives friction pulley, friction pulley drives the operation of rope traction crane;
Described hydraulic motor-driven comprises vehicular or non-vehicle-mounted type; Described vehicular is that vehicle-mounted hydraulic motor directly drives power transmission shaft wheel to move under hanger rail; Or directly drive travelling gear to draw crane operation by conduction chain; Or directly drive gearing friction wheel to move by rope traction crane; Described non-vehicle-mounted type is hydraulic motor driven gear, gear driven chain traction crane; Or hydraulic motor drives friction pulley, friction pulley drives the operation of rope traction crane.
10. the method for operating of temporary support for drivage face equipment as claimed in claim 2, is characterized in that, as follows:
Step 1: tunneling machine cutting completes a step pitch;
Step 2: tunnel, rear end, temporary lining district self extending hydraulic support is adjusted to setting height;
Step 3: extend or set level rear expansion rail or folding rail;
Step 4: control hydraulic drive motor and drive crane to move to directly over falsework, stretch button and hang jack, complete falsework by button device for hoisting and buckle and hang, and shrink support and make support in suitable suspention height;
Step 5: reach crane, to temporary lining district front end, is controlled the jack on self extending hydraulic support, and it is landed on the ground; Adjust self extending hydraulic support height, receive button and hang jack, releases clamp, retreats crane, and packs up expansion rail or folding rail;
Step 6: control self extending hydraulic support and make itself and back close contact, complete the temporary lining of back;
Step 7: unclamp the hydraulic pressure automatic fixer I on carriage, stretch hanging beam from moving jack, after arriving desired location, make hydraulic pressure automatic fixer I aim at lifting hole(eyelet), the piston of hydraulic pressure automatic fixer is buckled in lifting hole(eyelet), complete the fixing of hydraulic pressure automatic fixer I; Unclamp the hydraulic pressure automatic fixer II on draw beam, contracting hanging beam moves jack certainly, and drives hanging beam and hanger rail motion, after arrival desired location, makes hydraulic pressure automatic fixer aim at lifting hole(eyelet), the piston of hydraulic pressure automatic fixer II is buckled in lifting hole(eyelet), complete the fixing of draw beam;
Step 7: development machine continues cut.
CN201410032367.1A 2014-01-23 2014-01-23 A kind of temporary support for drivage face method and equipment thereof Active CN103758522B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410032367.1A CN103758522B (en) 2014-01-23 2014-01-23 A kind of temporary support for drivage face method and equipment thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410032367.1A CN103758522B (en) 2014-01-23 2014-01-23 A kind of temporary support for drivage face method and equipment thereof

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103758522A true CN103758522A (en) 2014-04-30
CN103758522B CN103758522B (en) 2015-12-30

Family

ID=50525821

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201410032367.1A Active CN103758522B (en) 2014-01-23 2014-01-23 A kind of temporary support for drivage face method and equipment thereof

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN103758522B (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104564050A (en) * 2015-01-19 2015-04-29 郑东风 Process method and equipment for heading and anchoring parallel operation construction
CN108691545A (en) * 2018-03-30 2018-10-23 张卫东 A kind of continuous tunneling construction method of bolting with wire mesh adapting to Complex Roof shape
CN110374649A (en) * 2019-07-29 2019-10-25 山东科技大学 A kind of hanger rail type temporary support device and its traveling method
CN113250746A (en) * 2021-07-05 2021-08-13 北京科技大学 Folding type reinforcing device and layered stoping method

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3715716A1 (en) * 1987-05-12 1988-11-24 Gewerk Eisenhuette Westfalia Mobile support assembly with crawler unit, in particular for breaking edge support
CN2189645Y (en) * 1993-12-02 1995-02-15 中国矿业大学 Special hydraulic supporting rack for temporary supporting of digging head
CN102383818A (en) * 2011-11-22 2012-03-21 北京诚田恒业煤矿设备有限公司 Folding type suspended mobile hydraulic support equipment
CN202768027U (en) * 2012-09-20 2013-03-06 石家庄煤矿机械有限责任公司 Quick heading temporary shoring system matched and used with heading machine
CN103382844A (en) * 2013-07-15 2013-11-06 郑东风 Temporary support and permanent support parallel operation excavating technology and equipment for tracked hydraulic combined support
CN203796297U (en) * 2014-01-23 2014-08-27 郑东风 Temporary supporting device of driving working face

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3715716A1 (en) * 1987-05-12 1988-11-24 Gewerk Eisenhuette Westfalia Mobile support assembly with crawler unit, in particular for breaking edge support
CN2189645Y (en) * 1993-12-02 1995-02-15 中国矿业大学 Special hydraulic supporting rack for temporary supporting of digging head
CN102383818A (en) * 2011-11-22 2012-03-21 北京诚田恒业煤矿设备有限公司 Folding type suspended mobile hydraulic support equipment
CN202768027U (en) * 2012-09-20 2013-03-06 石家庄煤矿机械有限责任公司 Quick heading temporary shoring system matched and used with heading machine
CN103382844A (en) * 2013-07-15 2013-11-06 郑东风 Temporary support and permanent support parallel operation excavating technology and equipment for tracked hydraulic combined support
CN203796297U (en) * 2014-01-23 2014-08-27 郑东风 Temporary supporting device of driving working face

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104564050A (en) * 2015-01-19 2015-04-29 郑东风 Process method and equipment for heading and anchoring parallel operation construction
CN104564050B (en) * 2015-01-19 2017-01-11 郑东风 Equipment for heading and anchoring parallel operation construction
CN108691545A (en) * 2018-03-30 2018-10-23 张卫东 A kind of continuous tunneling construction method of bolting with wire mesh adapting to Complex Roof shape
CN108691545B (en) * 2018-03-30 2019-06-28 张卫东 A kind of continuous tunneling construction method of bolting with wire mesh adapting to Complex Roof shape
CN110374649A (en) * 2019-07-29 2019-10-25 山东科技大学 A kind of hanger rail type temporary support device and its traveling method
CN110374649B (en) * 2019-07-29 2020-10-16 山东科技大学 Hanger rail type temporary supporting device and walking method thereof
CN113250746A (en) * 2021-07-05 2021-08-13 北京科技大学 Folding type reinforcing device and layered stoping method
CN113250746B (en) * 2021-07-05 2021-10-15 北京科技大学 Folding type reinforcing device and layered stoping method

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN103758522B (en) 2015-12-30

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN102155219B (en) Comprehensive dredging machine
CN103670425B (en) Formula lifting migration rack mechanical hand is carried in an a kind of pick integral method and development machine holder
CN101832102B (en) Movable two-platform partitioned four-arm hanging wall anchor rod and anchor cable construction drill carriage
CN202023559U (en) Comprehensive dig-anchor machine
CN201747390U (en) Suspension type multifunctional tunnel operation machine
CN101832103B (en) Movable two-arm hanging wall anchor rod and anchor cable construction drill carriage
CN103758522B (en) A kind of temporary support for drivage face method and equipment thereof
CN103382844B (en) A kind of tracked hydraulic sectional shelf-unit temporary lining and permanent support parallel operations piercing technique and equipment
CN103452574B (en) Auxiliary bracket moving device of circular self-moving advance support
CN103485717A (en) Fully-hydraulic four-arm anchor rod/anchor cable drill carriage
CN106837392A (en) Tunnel gantry type multifunctional supporting chassis
CN203796302U (en) Circulation self-moving type forepoling auxiliary rack moving device
CN104279000A (en) Automatic bolt mesh laying and connection excavation temporary support device
CN203796297U (en) Temporary supporting device of driving working face
CN103397888B (en) Frame device for lifting and transporting tunneling head-on temporary bracket, and operation method
CN201826837U (en) Movable double-platform partitioned four-arm drill carriage for construction of hangwall anchor rods and anchor cables
CN205578001U (en) Advance support formula integral unit suitable for soft rock tunnelling
CN104712356B (en) A kind of hydraulic pressure supports tunnel sectional shelf-unit and construction method from moving circulation
CN202055821U (en) Two-arm top slope anchor rod and anchor rope construction drill wagon with movable lifting platform
CN201635656U (en) Side-propping anchor rod-anchor cable construction drill carriage with three movable arms
CN103628903B (en) Roadway full-fracture-surface anchoring-rod and anchoring-rope integrated parallel installation method and device
CN202745906U (en) Circulatory advancing forepoling
CN101845952A (en) Movable three-arm top-assisting anchor rod and anchor cable construction drill carriage
CN203097920U (en) Track-type fully hydraulic leading shoring equipment
CN204357469U (en) A kind of machine-carried type auxiliary stand lift transport device

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant