CN100431401C - Membrane cultivating method of plum blossom potting - Google Patents

Membrane cultivating method of plum blossom potting Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN100431401C
CN100431401C CNB2005100515935A CN200510051593A CN100431401C CN 100431401 C CN100431401 C CN 100431401C CN B2005100515935 A CNB2005100515935 A CN B2005100515935A CN 200510051593 A CN200510051593 A CN 200510051593A CN 100431401 C CN100431401 C CN 100431401C
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
soil
plum blossom
planting pit
plum
net
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CNB2005100515935A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN1830236A (en
Inventor
张孝岳
龙次平
黄国林
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Individual
Original Assignee
Individual
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Individual filed Critical Individual
Priority to CNB2005100515935A priority Critical patent/CN100431401C/en
Publication of CN1830236A publication Critical patent/CN1830236A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN100431401C publication Critical patent/CN100431401C/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Landscapes

  • Cultivation Receptacles Or Flower-Pots, Or Pots For Seedlings (AREA)
  • Cultivation Of Plants (AREA)

Abstract

The present invention provides a film cultivation method before plum blossoms are transplanted to pots. The present invention has the procedures: a lightproof thermal insulation film is used for covering the soil in the cultivation before plum blossoms are transplanted to pots; a planting pit is dug, and the shape and the size of the planting pit are set according to the shape and the size of the inner surface of a flower pot potted by a plum blossom plant; a shearing net-shaped object is positioned in the planting pit and covered the soil layer surface of the whole planting pit; prepared cured nutrient soil is filled in the planting pit on the net-shaped object; a plum blossom seedling is fixedly planted in nutrient soil. In this way, because of the coverage of the lightproof thermal insulation film and the net-shaped object, weeds can not grow in fields, and labor for weeding, etc. can be reduced. The present invention enables soil to hold water and fertilizer, soil temperature is raised, and soil is kept loosely. The present invention has the advantages of soil environment improvement, growth development of plum blossom plants promotion, flowering advancing, period shortening, no damage to root systems, easy survival and quick growth. Compared with the past, the whole production cost is lowered by 15%, and the present invention also has the advantages of obvious effect.

Description

Cultivation method on a kind of plum blossom before the basin
Technical field
The invention belongs to gardening subject, ornamental horticulture field, especially relate to a kind of innovative technology in ornamental plant cultivating technology field.Specifically, the invention provides the culture technique before the basin on a kind of potted plant plum blossom, pass through the application of black agricultural film and nethike embrane on the promptly potted plant plum blossom before the basin, reach the technical scheme that shortens the production cycle, reduces production costs.
Background technology
Plum (Prunus mume) belongs to a kind of sight flower arbor of rose family Prunus, is one of Chinese ten great tradition famous flowers (plum blossom, tree peony, chrysanthemum, Chinese cymbidium, narcissus, cuckoo, sweet osmanthus, Chinese rose, lotus, camellia), and occupies position first of it.Always be subjected to liking of compatriots, excellent cultivation history of a specified duration and deep cultural deposits are arranged.The plum blossom growth adaptability is strong, and the natural distribution region is wide, in 15 provinces of China (district) natural distribution of wild plum is arranged all, and its cultivated area is wider, and except that few several provinces and cities, each province and city almost spread all over the country.As long as sufficient sunlight is arranged in the plum blossom process of growth, ponding, air cleaner be not (to SO 2Responsive), just can satisfy its anniversary growth requirement.A kind of especially long-lived seeds of plum blossom, can survive a century even more than one thousand years naturally, and has a flower posterior lobe earlier, insult open characteristics of winter, be minority shape, god, look, the good rare flower of fragrant tool, have very high ornamental value and be worth, be widely used in that specialty views and admires that garden, afforestation, flower garden are beautified, potted flower bonsai production, fresh cut-flowers flower drying etc., even have higher medicinal and its cosmetic values with exploitation.
In Application and Development, the potted plant of plum blossom is an important channel, and it is easier than plum blossom bonsai production that it manufactures difficulty, and the production cycle is lower than the exploitation potted landscape with cost, is fit to large tracts of land production and popularizes, and the market demand is content with very little.
Present potted plant plum blossom mainly is to adopt outdoor cropping 1-2 before last basin, there is insulation in such mode, preserves moisture, protects fertile weak effect, nursery stock regularity, seedling strengthen, promote to grow all undesirable, before the last basin again lifting banket, this is unfavorable to root growth, delay surviving fast and grow of basin plum, prolonged the production cycle.Outdoor cropping, also easy growth of weeds need manually weed a garden, and also needs more labour to be basin on the plum blossom, and cost is wayward.
The managerial skills of prior art are had relatively high expectations, and its every basin potted flower production cost is also higher.Thereby the production technology of whole potted plant plum blossom has many improved places.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to overcome cost height in the prior art, shortcoming that management difficulty is big, provide a kind of and before basin, conveniently managed, save cost, helped plum blossom plant field growing; Be convenient to basin on the plum blossom plant transplantation with soil, be easy to survive, the method for growth fast.
According to technical scheme of the present invention, the cultivation method on the plum blossom of the present invention before the basin may further comprise the steps: play furrow wholely and dig planting pit by flowerpot shape and volume size; Whole furrow adopt the shading insulation film to cover, and adopt the shading insulation film to cover the soil in the cultivation on plum blossom before the basin, can use the black plastic film for agricultural use, also can use other can play the film of identical function; Scratch insulation film and cutting net and place planting pit to cover whole planting pit soil layer surface, described net can be the sunshade net, also can be can playing of other farm network permeable, airing function; Put into the nutrition soil of preparation slaking in the planting pit on net; Field planting plum blossom nursery stock is in planting pit in the nutrition soil.The plum blossom plant strain growth is to previous month of potted flower listing, and net is transplanted basin together with nutrition soil.
The present invention has controlled the growth of weeds, and has had insulation, moisture-keeping function owing to adopted the black agricultural film to cover, and this helps the microbial activities in seedling growth and the soil, can make the soil conservation permeability.Planting pit has adopted the net covering, and puts into the slaking nutrition soil for preparing, and is beneficial to the plum blossom plant strain growth; Because net has a large amount of mesh, and the nutrient in the soil can fully be exchanged, and can fully promote the growth of plum blossom seedling like this; On the plum blossom during basin as long as net is connected the soil zone seedling to be mentioned, put into the plum blossom basin, use be used to the to supplement the nutrients nutrient consumption of soil of liquid fertilizer a bit again, when so just having avoided lifting to the damage of the root of plum blossom.Accelerate the speed of last basin like this, and do not influenced the growth of plum blossom, finally reduced management cost, shortened the cycle.Later stage, we just can promote potted plant plum blossom early flowering by physico chemistry control methods such as rich water quality management, pruning, control water, temperature controls, or prolonged the plum blossom florescence.In addition, the plum blossom basin cephacoria of the application of the invention is planted technology, needn't use flowerpot as existing routine techniques, and a large amount of like this costs of having saved large quantities of cultivation plum blossoms bring remarkable economic efficiency.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the flow chart of cultivation method before the basin on the plum blossom shown in embodiment 1.
Embodiment
Following examples only are used to illustrate the preceding cultivation method of basin on the plum blossom of the present invention, but do not limit protection scope of the present invention.
Embodiment 1
With green plum as the stock material, grafting " beauty plum ".
(1) plays furrow and dig planting pit by flowerpot shape and volume size wholely.Meticulous whole ground accomplishes that soil block is little, and the furrow face is flat.Soil plough turn over rake broken after, play furrow for 1.1 meters by the bag ditch, 0.8 meter of furrow face width, furrow width 30cm, ditch depth 30-35cm can be by wide 30-35cm, dark 25-30cm digs planting pit, and holds the ring trench slightly darker than furrow ditch successfully.On the furrow face, dig planting pit by spacing 0.8m.
(2) whole furrow adopt the black agricultural film to cover, and cover the plastic sheeting for farm use requirement.The one, soil to be spread sufficient moisture before the overlay film, keep water content more than 15% in the upper soll layer 5cm thickness; The 2nd, film will balance, stretches, strain, and is close to the furrow face, and the furrow limit compresses with earth, and the furrow face is pressed the solid film of spade soil every 3-4 rice, prevents to let in air, and avoids strong wind to lift film, even is torn; The 3rd, with the parallel north and south furrow of wind direction to suitable mutually, guarantee that the full furrow of plastic sheeting for farm use are omnidistance to cover.
(3) scratch the plastic sheeting for farm use hole and insert the sunshade net in planting pit.Scratch fenestra with standing grain sickle or blade by the planting pit size, the cutting area is about the sunshade net that 60cm * 60cm can cover the planting pit size, and the sunshade net is inserted in the planting pit, and plastic sheeting for farm use and nethike embrane joining place are real with soil pressure.
(4) add in the planting pit on the nethike embrane through allocating the nutrition soil of slaking.According to of the requirement of plum blossom biological property to soil fertility and physicochemical property, needed before one month deployed nutrition soil and on the abundant slaking of heap, its nutrition soil is put into planting pit on the nethike embrane after inserting nethike embrane.
(5) cultivate plum blossom plant and science training pipe in good time.Select plum seedling fallen leaves soon, transplant plum seedling plant in planting pit nutrition soil.According to normal transplanting mode plant, trickle.Train the pipe maintenance according to the quick growing technology of potted plant plum blossom after the field planting.
(6) with basin on the plum blossom plant networking film transplantation with soil.In previous month of the plum blossom potted flower listing, the field film is planted the plum blossom plant to be connected omental band nutrition soil and is transplanted in the flowerpot of reservation shape and volume size, put into a small amount of sandy loam in being with between native plant and the flowerpot, tamp its slit, an amount of wet curing can go on the market after a period of time.
Because black agricultural membrane covers, not saturating sunlight makes the not living weeds in field to the face of land, reduces recruitments such as weeding like this; Plastic sheeting for farm use covers and can make soil water-retaining, protects fertilizer in addition, improves soil temperature, keeps loosing soil, improves soil environment, promotes plum blossom vine growth and development, early flowering, shortens growth cycle.Together with basin on the whole strain nutrition soil of sunshade guipure, do not hinder root system before the potted flower listing, be easy to survive and growth fast.The whole production cost reduces by 15% than in the past, effect is remarkable.
Embodiment 2
According to as embodiment 1 described method, with green plum as the stock material, grafting " Long Youmei ".
Embodiment 3
According to as embodiment 1 described method, with green plum as the stock material, grafting " multiple lobe is jumped branch ".

Claims (2)

1, the cultivation method before the basin on a kind of plum blossom is characterized in that may further comprise the steps:
1) plays furrow and dig planting pit by flowerpot shape and volume size wholely;
2) whole furrow adopt the shading insulation film to cover;
3) scratching insulation film and cutting net places planting pit to cover whole planting pit soil layer surface;
4) put into the nutrition soil of preparing slaking on the net in planting pit;
5) in the nutrition soil of field planting plum blossom nursery stock in planting pit.
2, the cultivation method before the basin on the plum blossom as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, adopts the black agricultural film to carry out the soil in the cultivation on plum blossom before the basin and covers.
CNB2005100515935A 2005-03-07 2005-03-07 Membrane cultivating method of plum blossom potting Expired - Fee Related CN100431401C (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2005100515935A CN100431401C (en) 2005-03-07 2005-03-07 Membrane cultivating method of plum blossom potting

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2005100515935A CN100431401C (en) 2005-03-07 2005-03-07 Membrane cultivating method of plum blossom potting

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN1830236A CN1830236A (en) 2006-09-13
CN100431401C true CN100431401C (en) 2008-11-12

Family

ID=36992859

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CNB2005100515935A Expired - Fee Related CN100431401C (en) 2005-03-07 2005-03-07 Membrane cultivating method of plum blossom potting

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN100431401C (en)

Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103081712A (en) * 2013-03-08 2013-05-08 林平 Technology for cultivating field-cultivation chrysanthemum seedlings with flower-pot covers and plastic mulches
CN104365463A (en) * 2014-11-19 2015-02-25 北京林业大学 Soilless culture method for plum blossom bonsai
CN105875267A (en) * 2016-05-28 2016-08-24 林晶 Thermal ditch with bias wires for seedling culture in winter

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
梅花生物学特性的研究. 王文宽.园艺学报,第16卷第1期. 1989
梅花生物学特性的研究. 王文宽.园艺学报,第16卷第1期. 1989 *

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN1830236A (en) 2006-09-13

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN102138408B (en) Tea light-medium plug seedling method
CN104584976A (en) Grape planting method
CN104145688A (en) Cultivation method of broccoli
CN111109002B (en) Method for managing young trees of sunshine rose grapes
CN101292627A (en) Industrial seedling raising method for vine hard branch single-bud cuttage
CN104604628A (en) Grape cultivating method suitable for mountain vineyards
CN104488637A (en) Carambola planting method
CN104322264A (en) Pollution-free cultivating method of chrysanthemum
CN105052526A (en) Koelreuteria paniculata seedling cultivating method
CN105265133A (en) Northern Chinese herbaceous peony plantation method
CN104737735A (en) Method for ecological afforestation of coastal saline-alkali areas and/or mud flat saline-alkali areas by means of original soil cultivation
CN104126470A (en) Vatica guangxiensis nutritious cup seedling culture method
CN104303784A (en) Planting method of picria fel-terrae
CN106561237A (en) Planting technology for Moringa oleifera Lam. in northeastern Sichuan
CN107567871B (en) A kind of modularization cultural method of heavy metal hyperaccumulative plant
CN101699957B (en) Cuttage propagation method of melastoma dode candrum lour
CN100431401C (en) Membrane cultivating method of plum blossom potting
CN105145234A (en) Kiwi fruit culturing method
CN104871788B (en) A kind of method for cultivating monkeyhead rhododendron leaf in basic soil area
CN103988659B (en) The film-covering planting method of Limonium sinense
CN104170604A (en) Planting technology for gynostemma pentaphyllum
CN103081712A (en) Technology for cultivating field-cultivation chrysanthemum seedlings with flower-pot covers and plastic mulches
CN203087042U (en) Combination of pot, chrysanthemum and film for chrysanthemum field seedling flower-pot cover cultivation
CN109699380A (en) A kind of diversiform-leaved poplar is nursed young plants in hothouses method
CN109937722B (en) Method for rapidly propagating Chinese lizardtail ground stems

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20081112

Termination date: 20100307