CN100425768C - Zero commuter station structure of bus and zero transferring fast public traffic system - Google Patents

Zero commuter station structure of bus and zero transferring fast public traffic system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100425768C
CN100425768C CNB2006100832484A CN200610083248A CN100425768C CN 100425768 C CN100425768 C CN 100425768C CN B2006100832484 A CNB2006100832484 A CN B2006100832484A CN 200610083248 A CN200610083248 A CN 200610083248A CN 100425768 C CN100425768 C CN 100425768C
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bus
road
public
transfer station
stop
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CN1834351A (en
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董国良
张桂淑
张亦周
董学义
董学健
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董国良
张桂淑
张亦周
董学义
董学健
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C1/00Design or layout of roads, e.g. for noise abatement, for gas absorption
    • E01C1/04Road crossings on different levels; Interconnections between roads on different levels

Abstract

The present invention belongs to the field of urban road building, which discloses an urban public transport system, particularly a zero transfer bus station structure, a zero transfer road system and a zero transfer fast public traffic system, wherein in the zero transfer bus station structure, bus stations are arranged on a crossroad of two roads, and the crossroad is arranged into an upper and a lower roads crossed mutually. Buses on an upper and a lower lines respectively stop at the stations on the upper and the lower roads. Pedestrain stairs or escalators for passenger to pass through are arranged between the bus stations of the upper and the lower roads. In the zero transfer road system of the present invention, all or part of the stations from a start point of a bus line to an ending point are arranged into zero transfer bus station structures. In the fast public traffic road system of the present invention, whole roads run by buses are all fast roads.

Description

A kind of bus No Transfer Station site structure and No Transfer Station fast public traffic system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of urban public transportation system, particularly a kind of structure of No Transfer Station bus website, a kind of approach system of No Transfer Station and bus No Transfer Station fast public traffic system belong to the urban road building field.
Background technology
Urban public transport is the main mode of transportation of go off daily.In order to reduce degree of dependence,, generally carry out the policy of public traffic in priority in the city in order to save the transportation and energy to greatest extent to the car traffic.At present, the following problem of urban mass-transit system ubiquity: transfer distance differs than far away or distance, and needs repeatedly transfer; The walking environment is relatively poor, time-consuming more during transfer; Road traffic blocks up, the bus low running speed; Exist many shared same stations of public bus network, also need the phenomenon of waiting in line when bus enters the station.In addition, the problems referred to above cause the bus zone operation number of turnover very low, and the public transit vehicle sum constantly increases, thereby makes the public transport investment strengthen rapidly, finally causes the raising of public transport fares.Urban mass-transit system is taken factors such as time-consuming, expensive, crowded at present, cause that public transport takes that rate is lower, public traffic in priority is difficult to generally implement, improved degree of dependence to car, this has caused further blocking up of urban traffic again, make public transport operation situation difficulty more, this has formed a kind of vicious circle.
Application number is terminal facilities and the technology that 200410087846.X, 200410017253.6 Chinese patent application disclose a kind of brand-new urban public transport respectively.Changing to shunt platform and central monitoring console of platform and vehicle by the passenger forms.The passenger passenger in the hall AT STATION changes on the platform, gets on or off the bus and changes to.Vehicle lifting and revolution by the platform of shunting on vehicle is shunt platform shunt.The central monitoring console is carried out comprehensive management to the operation of passenger station.The present invention can set up comparatively comfortable and the environment of riding efficiently for the passenger, and the problem that vehicle blocks up in the station can be resolved, and can be fully used in the space in the zone, station.Based on urban public transport station passenger transfer and the vehicle facility technology of shunting, can build up traffic and commerce, amusement, the public transport stop complex building of cultural one becomes key activities place, civic.This technical scheme needs certain floor space, has certain reference value for coach station or bus master station, but is not suitable for the bus stop that the passenger is numerous, platform is little up and down, city.
Summary of the invention
First purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of site structure and road junction structure of carrying out No Transfer Station between two public bus networks.
Second purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of approach system that all realizes No Transfer Station between the public bus network of city.
The 3rd purpose of the present invention is to provide on the omnidistance road of a kind of bus travel does not have traffic lights, the bus rapid transit approach system that need not pause at the crossing and wait for.
The definition of No Transfer Station: distance travelled very short when between two public bus networks, changing to, or the website of two public bus networks is in same geographical position (generally also adopting same name of station), and the transfer between the station of these two public bus networks is called No Transfer Station.
In order to realize first above-mentioned purpose, the technical solution used in the present invention is: a kind of No Transfer Station bus stop dot structure, described bus-stop is arranged on the crossing intersection part in two road, described crossing intersection part is set to cross one another upper and lower two-layer road, the public transit vehicle of upper and lower two-layer circuit is stopped on the platform of upper and lower two-layer road respectively, is provided with the People's Bank of China's stair or the escalator that pass through for the passenger between the public transport platform of upper and lower two-layer road.The passenger changes to by these People's Bank of China's stair or escalator upstream or downstream, can realize transfer.Like this, when transfer, do not need long distance to walk, realized No Transfer Station.
The structure of the upper and lower two-layer road of described intersection is that overpass bridge or underpass bridge or both combinations or upper strata are that viaduct or lower floor are the sunk type road.
The bus-stop is arranged between the motorway of two-way enforcement, and bus is in the lanes by road central authorities, and can not turn round because of other motor vehicle, parking etc. influences bus travels, and bus enters the station and stops the cruising that also can not influence other vehicle.
Preferred every public bus network is all along every road straight-line travelling, and the website of the bus of same circuit two way is in same geographical position, and like this, the passenger gets off and can change to, and need not long distance walking.
The approach system that between the public bus network of city, except that the minority website, all realizes No Transfer Station of the present invention, comprise No Transfer Station bus stop dot structure, described bus-stop is arranged on the crossing intersection part in two road, described crossing intersection part be set to cross one another on, following two-layer road, on, the public transit vehicle of two-layer circuit is respectively last down, stop on the platform of two-layer road down, on, be provided with People's Bank of China's stair or the escalator that passes through for the passenger down between the two-layer road, the website of city public bus network starting point between to terminal except that the minority website, all or majority be set to No Transfer Station bus stop dot structure.So just realized the No Transfer Station approach system in the whole city except that the minority website; The passenger can realize transfer at any website by these People's Bank of China's stair or escalator upstream or downstream.Like this, when transfer, do not need walking of long distance, realized No Transfer Station.
The invention still further relates to a kind of bus rapid transit approach system, comprise No Transfer Station bus stop dot structure, described bus-stop is arranged on the crossing intersection part in two road, described crossing intersection part be set to cross one another on, following two-layer road, on, the public transit vehicle of two-layer circuit is respectively last down, stop on the platform of two-layer road down, on, be provided with People's Bank of China's stair or the escalator that passes through for the passenger down between the two-layer road, the website of city public bus network starting point between to terminal all or majority be set to No Transfer Station bus stop dot structure, the omnidistance road of bus travel is the through street, and traffic lights are not set.The passenger at any website by these People's Bank of China's stair or escalator is up or can realize down changing to, like this, when transfer, do not need walking of long distance, realized No Transfer Station, and the public transit system in whole city is the bus rapid transit approach system that the intersection does not have traffic lights, need not in the intersection to pause and wait for.
In above-mentioned bus rapid transit approach system, bus is in the lanes by road central authorities.
The present invention is arranged on the bus-stop on the upper and lower two-layer road of intersection in two road, when changing to, the passenger do not need walking of long distance, realized No Transfer Station, preferred public bus network is all along every road straight-line travelling among the present invention, do not turn, arrange to have four benefits like this: the one, no matter where go, just need at the most once to change to and can arrive to the city; The 2nd, bus is not turned and can be kept the fastest travel speed, can not constitute interference to travelling of other vehicle simultaneously; The 3rd, can take jumbo public transit vehicle; The 4th, be convenient to adopt track traffic.
The present invention preferably adopts bus by the lanes of road central authorities, and the bus of the two way all desk-top station of the moon between two-way is stopped.Adopt this month desk-top station that three benefits are arranged: one is that bus need not modified line to the roadside when stopping, and can not influence travelling of other vehicle; The 2nd, No Transfer Station site structure simple possible; The 3rd, be convenient to adopt track traffic.
Describe the present invention in detail below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments.
Description of drawings
The two-layer road schematic diagram in Fig. 1 No Transfer Station intersection
No Transfer Station site structure schematic diagram between Fig. 2 public bus network crosspoint levels is two-layer
Fig. 3 public bus network crosspoint overpass bridge schematic diagram
Fig. 4 public bus network crosspoint underpass bridge schematic diagram
Fig. 5 at most once changes to can trip purpose public transit system schematic diagram
The specific embodiment
Referring to accompanying drawing 1-3, a kind of No Transfer Station of the present invention bus stop dot structure, comprise bus-stop 3, this bus-stop 3 is arranged on the crossing intersection part in lower floor's motorway 1 and upper strata motor road 2 two road, described crossing intersection part is set to cross one another upper and lower two-layer road 20,10, the public transit vehicle 6 of upper and lower two-layer circuit is stopped on the platform 3 of upper and lower two-layer road 20,10 respectively, be provided with between the upper and lower two-layer road 20,10 pass through for the passenger, connect the People's Bank of China's stair or the escalator 4 of platform up and down.The passenger can realize transfer by these People's Bank of China's stair or escalator 4 upstream or downstream.Like this, when transfer, do not need long distance to walk, realized No Transfer Station.
Upper and lower two-layer road 20,10 structures of this intersection can also can be that the upper strata is that viaduct or lower floor are the double-decker of sunk type road for overpass bridge shown in Figure 3 or underpass bridge shown in Figure 4 or both combinations.
Among the present invention, preferred bus-stop 3 is arranged between the motorway 8,9 of two-way enforcement, bus 6 is in the lanes by road central authorities, and can not turn round because of other motor vehicle, parking etc. influences bus travels, and bus enters the station and stops the cruising that also can not influence other vehicle.
Among the present invention, preferred every public bus network is all along every road straight-line travelling, as shown in Figure 5.The website 4 of the bus of the same circuit of two way is in same geographical position on motorway 8,9 respectively, and like this, the passenger gets off and can change to, and need not long distance walking.Be provided with too for ground maneuver track 1.
Referring to accompanying drawing 5, the present invention also is provided at the approach system that all realizes No Transfer Station between the public bus network of city except that the minority website, comprise No Transfer Station bus stop dot structure, comprise bus-stop 3, this bus-stop 3 is arranged on the crossing intersection part in ground maneuver track 1 and bridge floor motor road 2 two road, described crossing intersection part be set to cross one another on, following two-layer road 20,10, on, the public transit vehicle 6 of two-layer circuit is respectively last down, following two-layer road 20, stop on 10 the platform 3, on, following two-layer road 20, be provided with between 10 and supply the passenger to pass through, connect the People's Bank of China's stair or the escalator 4 of platform up and down.The passenger can realize transfer by these People's Bank of China's stair or escalator 4 upstream or downstream, city public bus network starting point to terminal between most or whole websites except that the minority website all be set to No Transfer Station bus stop dot structure.So just realized the No Transfer Station approach system in the whole city except that the minority website; The passenger can realize transfer at any website by these People's Bank of China's stair or escalator upstream or downstream.Like this, when transfer, do not need walking of long distance, realized No Transfer Station.Every public bus network is all along every road straight-line travelling.
Preferred every public bus network is not turned all along every road straight-line travelling among the present invention.No matter where go to the city like this, just need at the most once to change to and to arrive; See Fig. 5, the passenger removes from the A point and sends out desire arrival C point, only needs ride-on vehicles along the walking of A-B line, to the other line car arrival of B point back transfer C point; Perhaps change at the D point along A-D-C.Equally, the passenger arrives the D point from the B point desire of setting out, and, perhaps changes at A place along B-A-D and can arrive the D point in the transfer of C place along D-C-D, if 2 points between A to B, B to C or A to D isoline then need not to change to.
The invention still further relates to a kind of bus rapid transit approach system, comprise No Transfer Station bus stop dot structure, described bus-stop is arranged on the crossing intersection part in two road, described crossing intersection part be set to cross one another on, following two-layer road, on, the public transit vehicle of two-layer circuit is respectively last down, stop on the platform of two-layer road down, on, be provided with People's Bank of China's stair or the escalator that passes through for the passenger down between the two-layer road, the website of city public bus network starting point between to terminal all or majority be set to No Transfer Station bus stop dot structure, the omnidistance road of bus travel is the through street, and traffic lights are not set.The passenger can realize transfer at any website by these People's Bank of China's stair or escalator upstream or downstream, like this, when transfer, do not need walking of long distance, realized No Transfer Station, and the public transit system in whole city, do not have traffic lights, need not in the intersection to pause and wait for as the intersection that Fig. 5 was, be real bus rapid transit approach system.

Claims (9)

1. No Transfer Station bus stop dot structure, described bus-stop is arranged on the crossing intersection part in two road, described crossing intersection part is set to cross one another upper and lower two-layer road, the public transit vehicle of upper and lower two-layer circuit is stopped on the platform of upper and lower two-layer road respectively, is provided with the People's Bank of China's stair or the escalator that pass through for the passenger between the public transport platform of upper and lower two-layer road.
2. No Transfer Station according to claim 1 bus stop dot structure, the structure of the upper and lower two-layer road of described intersection are that overpass bridge or underpass bridge or both combinations or upper strata are that viaduct or lower floor are the sunk type road.
3. No Transfer Station according to claim 1 and 2 bus stop dot structure, the bus-stop of every circuit is arranged between the motorway of two way.
4. No Transfer Station according to claim 3 bus stop dot structure, wherein the bus website of the two way of same circuit is in same position.
5. one kind is adopted any one approach systems No Transfer Station bus stop dot structure, all realize No Transfer Stations except that the minority website between the public bus network of city of claim 1-4, the website of city public bus network starting point between to terminal all or majority be set to No Transfer Station bus stop dot structure.
6. bus rapid transit approach system according to claim 5, wherein every public bus network is all along every road straight-line travelling.
7. bus rapid transit approach system according to claim 5, bus is in the lanes by road central authorities.
8. one kind is adopted any one the bus rapid transit approach system of No Transfer Station bus stop dot structure of claim 1-4, wherein, the website of city public bus network starting point between to terminal all or majority be set to No Transfer Station bus stop dot structure, the omnidistance road of bus travel is the through street.
9. bus rapid transit approach system according to claim 8, wherein every public bus network is all along every road straight-line travelling.
CNB2006100832484A 2006-05-31 2006-05-31 Zero commuter station structure of bus and zero transferring fast public traffic system Active CN100425768C (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2006100832484A CN100425768C (en) 2006-05-31 2006-05-31 Zero commuter station structure of bus and zero transferring fast public traffic system

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2006100832484A CN100425768C (en) 2006-05-31 2006-05-31 Zero commuter station structure of bus and zero transferring fast public traffic system
PCT/CN2007/001281 WO2007137477A1 (en) 2006-05-31 2007-04-18 Bus station structure with seamless transfer and rapid bus system using the same

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CN1834351A CN1834351A (en) 2006-09-20
CN100425768C true CN100425768C (en) 2008-10-15

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CN101392482B (en) * 2008-11-06 2012-10-03 上海市政工程设计研究总院 Arrangement method of public transit hub station under trestle
CN102002900B (en) * 2010-10-18 2013-01-09 邓继悦 Bus rapid transit system
RU2468138C1 (en) * 2011-07-25 2012-11-27 Виктор Анатольевич Шулякин Road interchange (versions)
CN102587234B (en) * 2012-03-01 2014-04-30 杭州市交通规划设计研究院 Double-deck viaduct bridge integrated with high-speed public traffic system
CN103898820B (en) * 2012-12-26 2017-04-19 北京大学 Quasi rail transit road system
CN103061221A (en) * 2013-01-14 2013-04-24 东南大学 On-street bus rapid transit with efficient transfer
CN103413433B (en) * 2013-07-26 2015-08-05 浙江工业大学 A kind of Public Transport Transfer method during traffic congestion based on flow information
CN103643607B (en) * 2013-12-05 2016-04-06 北京大学 Totally-enclosed full-overpass bus rapid transit approach system
CN104890740A (en) * 2015-06-11 2015-09-09 张宝宇 Movable road type bus and cross flyover and station formed thereby
CN106758610B (en) * 2016-12-21 2019-05-17 张博飞 City rail public transport stereo traffic system
CN109235293B (en) * 2018-10-11 2020-03-31 扬州大学 Sinking type bus station assembly
CN112530174A (en) * 2020-12-07 2021-03-19 定州康拓科技有限公司 High-efficient transfer system of thing networking suitable for highway

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CN1834351A (en) 2006-09-20

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