WO2022111032A1 - 空气处理模块、空调室内机及空调器 - Google Patents

空气处理模块、空调室内机及空调器 Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2022111032A1
WO2022111032A1 PCT/CN2021/120836 CN2021120836W WO2022111032A1 WO 2022111032 A1 WO2022111032 A1 WO 2022111032A1 CN 2021120836 W CN2021120836 W CN 2021120836W WO 2022111032 A1 WO2022111032 A1 WO 2022111032A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
air
duct
air duct
exhaust
outlet
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/CN2021/120836
Other languages
English (en)
French (fr)
Inventor
李宝华
孙泽成
张卫东
Original Assignee
广东美的制冷设备有限公司
美的集团股份有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority claimed from CN202011366748.5A external-priority patent/CN114543169A/zh
Priority claimed from CN202022806125.7U external-priority patent/CN213713240U/zh
Application filed by 广东美的制冷设备有限公司, 美的集团股份有限公司 filed Critical 广东美的制冷设备有限公司
Publication of WO2022111032A1 publication Critical patent/WO2022111032A1/zh

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F1/00Room units for air-conditioning, e.g. separate or self-contained units or units receiving primary air from a central station
    • F24F1/0007Indoor units, e.g. fan coil units
    • F24F1/0011Indoor units, e.g. fan coil units characterised by air outlets
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F1/00Room units for air-conditioning, e.g. separate or self-contained units or units receiving primary air from a central station
    • F24F1/0007Indoor units, e.g. fan coil units
    • F24F1/0071Indoor units, e.g. fan coil units with means for purifying supplied air
    • F24F1/0073Indoor units, e.g. fan coil units with means for purifying supplied air characterised by the mounting or arrangement of filters
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/02Ducting arrangements

Definitions

  • the present application relates to the technical field of air conditioners, and in particular, to an air treatment module, an air conditioner indoor unit, and an air conditioner.
  • the internal circulation function and the air exhaust function of the air handling module are usually realized by two mutually independent air ducts, resulting in complicated internal structure of the air handling module and high production cost.
  • the main purpose of this application is to propose an air treatment module, which aims to solve the technical problem of how to simplify the internal structure of the air treatment module.
  • the air treatment module proposed by the present application includes: a casing, which is provided with a first air inlet, an air outlet, an air outlet, an inner circulation air duct and an air exhaust duct, and the inner circulation air duct communicates with the The first air inlet and the air outlet, and the exhaust air duct communicates with the inner circulation air duct and the air outlet; the fan is arranged in the inner circulation air duct, and the air inlet side of the fan corresponds to the air outlet. the first air inlet, the air outlet side of the fan corresponds to the air outlet and the exhaust air duct; the first air door is used to selectively connect the air outlet or the exhaust air duct to the inner circulation Air duct conducts.
  • the air handling module further includes a volute and an air duct case, an air inlet end of the volute is communicated with the first air inlet, and the fan is arranged in the volute;
  • a duct housing forms the exhaust air duct, the air duct housing is connected with the volute, the first damper is arranged between the air outlet and the air duct housing, and the first damper is connected to the volute.
  • An overflow gap is formed between the air duct housings, the overflow gap communicates with the volute and the exhaust air duct, and the first damper is used to selectively connect the air outlet or the overflow gap with the air outlet.
  • the internal circulation air duct is turned on.
  • the first damper overlaps the air duct shell.
  • the fan is set as a centrifugal fan
  • an air passage is formed between the volute and the inner wall of the casing, and the first air inlet and the air inlet end of the volute pass through the volute.
  • the air passage is connected.
  • the air duct shell is further formed with a fresh air duct separated from the exhaust air duct, and the fresh air duct communicates with the air passage and the exhaust port.
  • the air treatment module further includes a filter screen installed on the fresh air duct.
  • the air handling module further includes a second damper for opening or closing the fresh air duct.
  • the air handling module further includes a third damper for opening or closing the first air inlet.
  • the air treatment module further includes a purification component disposed at the first air inlet.
  • the housing is further provided with a second air inlet communicating with the inner circulation air duct, and the air handling module further includes a fourth damper for opening or closing the second air inlet.
  • the present application also proposes an air conditioner indoor unit, including an air treatment module, the air treatment module includes: a housing provided with a first air inlet, an air outlet, an air outlet, an internal circulation air duct and an air exhaust air duct,
  • the inner circulation air duct communicates with the first air inlet and the air outlet, and the exhaust air duct communicates with the inner circulation air duct and the air outlet;
  • the fan is arranged in the inner circulation air duct,
  • the air inlet side of the fan corresponds to the first air inlet, and the air outlet side of the fan corresponds to the air outlet and the exhaust air duct;
  • the first air door is used to selectively connect the air outlet or the air outlet.
  • the exhaust air duct is communicated with the inner circulation air duct.
  • the present application also proposes an air conditioner, which includes an air conditioner outdoor unit and the above air conditioner indoor unit.
  • the air handling module of the present application forms a connected inner circulation air duct and an exhaust air duct in the housing, and selectively connects the inner circulation air duct with the air outlet or the exhaust air duct through the first damper, so that the inner circulation air can be
  • the fan in the duct and the inner circulation air duct can be used to realize both the inner circulation function and the exhaust air function, which simplifies the internal structure of the air conditioner indoor unit.
  • FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an embodiment of an indoor unit of an air conditioner of the present application.
  • FIG. 2 is a structural exploded view of an embodiment of an air treatment module of the application
  • FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of an embodiment of an air duct shell in the application.
  • FIG. 4 is a schematic cross-sectional view of an embodiment of an air treatment module of the present application.
  • FIG. 5 is a schematic cross-sectional view of another embodiment of an air treatment module of the present application.
  • FIG. 6 is a schematic cross-sectional view of yet another embodiment of an air treatment module of the present application.
  • FIG. 7 is a schematic cross-sectional view of still another embodiment of an air treatment module of the present application.
  • FIG. 8 is a schematic cross-sectional view of yet another embodiment of an air treatment module of the present application.
  • FIG. 9 is a schematic cross-sectional view of yet another embodiment of an air treatment module of the present application.
  • the present application proposes an air treatment module.
  • the air treatment module includes: a housing 10 , which is provided with a first air inlet 11 , an air outlet 12 , an air outlet 13 , an inner circulation air duct 14 and an air outlet.
  • Air duct 15, the inner circulation air duct 14 communicates with the first air inlet 11 and the air outlet 12, and the exhaust air duct 15 communicates with the inner circulation air duct 14 and the air outlet 13;
  • the fan 20 is arranged in the inner circulation air duct 14, the air inlet side of the fan 20 corresponds to the first air inlet 11, and the air outlet side of the fan 20 corresponds to the air outlet 12 and the exhaust air
  • the first air door 30 is used to selectively conduct the air outlet 12 or the exhaust air duct 15 with the inner circulation air duct 14 .
  • the first air inlet 11 and the air outlet 12 are connected to the room, and the air outlet 13 is connected to the outdoor air through the hole through the wall.
  • the indoor air After the indoor air enters the inner circulation air duct 14 from the first air inlet 11, it can be Blow out from the air outlet 12, or flow to the air exhaust duct 15 and then blow out from the air outlet 13.
  • the first air inlet 11 can be opened on the top of the casing 10
  • the air outlet 12 can be opened on the front panel of the casing 10
  • the air outlet 13 can be opened on the back plate of the casing 10 , so that the top of the air handling module can be formed.
  • Air flow path for air inlet, front air outlet, and back air exhaust Air flow path for air inlet, front air outlet, and back air exhaust.
  • the type of the fan 20 is not limited, as long as the air inlet side corresponds to the first air inlet 11 , and the air outlet side corresponds to the air outlet 12 and the exhaust air duct 15 .
  • the first damper 30 can be movably installed on the housing 10, and the movement of the first damper 30 is not limited, as long as the air outlet 12 or the exhaust air duct 15 and the inner circulation air duct 14 can be selectively connected. . That is to say, the first damper 30 will block the inner circulation air duct 14 and the exhaust air duct 15 while conducting the inner circulation air duct 14 with the air outlet 12 . When the channel 15 is turned on, the inner circulation air channel 14 and the air outlet 12 are blocked at the same time.
  • the internal circulation mode and the exhaust mode of the air conditioner indoor unit can be realized by controlling the switching conduction between the internal circulation air duct 14 and the air outlet 12 and the exhaust air duct 15 through the first damper 30 .
  • the first damper 30 conducts the inner circulation air duct 14 and the air outlet 12, and the air enters the inner circulation air duct 14 from the first air inlet 11, and flows to the air outlet 12 along the inner circulation air duct 14, so as to realize indoor air circulation.
  • Air flow circulates.
  • the air treatment module further includes a purification assembly 100 disposed at the first air inlet 11 .
  • the purification component 100 is used to purify the air flowing through the first air inlet 11, and specifically has one or more functions of removing formaldehyde, sterilization, dust removal, disinfection, and ozone removal.
  • the purification assembly 100 can improve the cleanliness of the air flow.
  • the first damper 30 conducts the inner circulation air duct 14 to the exhaust air duct 15 , and the air enters the inner circulation air duct 14 from the first air inlet 11 and flows along the inner circulation air duct 14 to the exhaust air duct 15 , and finally flows out of the exhaust port 13 to discharge the indoor dirty air to realize the renewal of the indoor air.
  • the purification assembly 100 will form resistance to the airflow passing through the first air inlet 11, and the airflow in the exhaust mode may not be purified.
  • the housing 10 also has There is a second air inlet 16 communicating with the inner circulation air duct 14 , and the air handling module further includes a fourth damper 90 for opening or closing the second air inlet 16 .
  • the fourth air door 90 can open the second air inlet 16. Since the second air outlet 12 is not provided with the purification component 100, the resistance is smaller, so the air flow can flow into the inner circulation air duct 14 more quickly, so as to improve the Exhaust efficiency.
  • the fourth damper 90 can close the second air inlet 16 so that all the air can flow through the purification assembly 100 to improve the cleanliness.
  • the air handling module of the present application forms a connected inner circulation air duct 14 and an exhaust air duct 15 in the housing 10 , and selectively connects the inner circulation air duct 14 with the air outlet 12 or the exhaust air duct through the first damper 30 . 15 is connected, so that the inner circulation air duct 14 and the fan 20 in the inner circulation air duct 14 can be used to realize both the inner circulation function and the exhaust air function, which simplifies the internal structure of the air conditioner indoor unit.
  • the air handling module further includes a volute 40 and an air duct casing 50 , the air inlet end of the volute 40 is communicated with the first air inlet 11 , and the fan 20 is installed in the
  • the air duct housing 50 forms the exhaust air duct 15, the air duct housing 50 is connected to the volute 40, and the first damper 30 is arranged between the air outlet 12 and the volute 40.
  • a flow gap 51 is formed between the air duct housings 50, and between the first damper 30 and the air duct housing 50, a flow gap 51 is formed, and the flow gap 51 communicates with the volute 40 and the exhaust air duct 15.
  • the first damper 30 is used to selectively connect the air outlet 12 or the flow gap 51 with the inner circulation air duct 14 .
  • the inner circulation air duct 14 is formed in the volute 40 , the air outlet end of the volute 40 is opposite to the air outlet 12 , and the air duct case 50 is located below the volute 40 and connected to the far side of the volute 40 .
  • the edge of the air outlet end of the air outlet 12 is formed at the bottom of the air duct case 50 and penetrates the air duct case 50 in the front-rear direction.
  • the first damper 30 is rotatably installed in the housing 10.
  • the first damper 30 When the first damper 30 conducts the overcurrent gap 51 and the inner circulation air duct 14, it will be blocked between the air outlet 12 and the inner circulation air duct 14, so that the inner circulation The airflow in the air duct 14 will flow toward the exhaust air duct 15 along the flow gap 51 .
  • the first air door 30 When the first air door 30 conducts the air outlet 12 and the inner circulation air duct 14, the first air door 30 moves to block between the inner circulation air duct 14 and the overflow gap 51, so that the airflow in the inner circulation air duct 14 will be directly Flow to the air outlet 12 .
  • the first damper 30 overlaps with the air duct shell 50 .
  • the first damper 30 blocks the flow gap 51 from the inner circulation air duct 14 , it will be overlapped with the top wall of the air duct shell 50 as a whole to avoid obstruction to the airflow to the air outlet 12 .
  • the edge of the air outlet end of the first damper 30 and the volute 40 may form a smooth transition, so that the airflow can flow along the first damper 30 more stably and smoothly.
  • the fan 20 is set as a centrifugal fan 20 , an air passage 41 is formed between the volute 40 and the inner wall of the casing 10 , and the first air inlet 11 is connected to the The air inlet end of the volute 40 is communicated through the air passage 41 .
  • the centrifugal fan 20 drives the air flow in the axial direction and the air outlet in the circumferential direction, and the air inlet ends of the volute 40 are located on the two side walls opposite to the two axial sides of the centrifugal fan 20; An air inlet 11 enters the air passage 41 , and then enters the volute 40 from the air passage 41 .
  • the number of the volutes 40 can be two, the fans 20 are installed in the two volutes 40, and the air duct housing 50 is connected with the two volutes 40 to form two exhaust air ducts 15 respectively, and the air flow is driven by the two fans 20.
  • Entering the inner circulation air duct 14 can not only improve the air outlet efficiency of the inner circulation mode, but also improve the air exhaust efficiency of the exhaust air mode.
  • the air duct shell 50 is further formed with a fresh air duct 52 separated from the exhaust air duct 15 , and the fresh air duct 52 communicates with the air passage 41 and the air passage 41 . the exhaust port 13 .
  • the exhaust air duct 15 and the fresh air duct 52 are both communicated with the exhaust port 13 , that is, the exhaust port 13 can be used to discharge indoor dirty air or to introduce outdoor fresh air.
  • the air handling module also has a fresh air mode. In the fresh air mode, the flow path of the air flow is the air outlet 13 - the fresh air duct 52 - the air passage 41 - the internal circulation air duct 14 - the air outlet 12.
  • the inner circulation air duct 14 is connected with the air outlet 12, and blocks the exhaust air duct 15 to avoid airflow disturbance.
  • an air passage cavity can be formed between the air duct shell 50 and the air outlet 13, and the air exhaust air passage 15 and the fresh air air passage 52 are both communicated with the air passage cavity. It flows to the air outlet 13 through the air cavity; in the fresh air mode, the air flow will flow from the air outlet 13 to the fresh air duct 52 through the air cavity.
  • the air handling module further includes a third damper 80 to open or close the first air inlet 11 ; in the fresh air mode, the third damper 80 closes the first air inlet 11 , so that the fan 20 operates It will only cause negative pressure to the fresh air outlet, so that more outdoor fresh air flows in from the fresh air duct 52, and the introduction efficiency of the fresh air is improved.
  • the air handling module further includes a second damper 70 for opening or closing the fresh air duct 52; in the internal circulation mode, the second damper 70 will close the fresh air duct 52, so that the operation of the fan 20 will only Negative pressure is created on the first air inlet 11 to improve the air outlet efficiency in the internal circulation mode.
  • the air treatment module further includes a filter screen 60 installed on the fresh air duct 52 .
  • the filter screen 60 is used to purify the fresh air flowing through the fresh air duct 52, and specifically has one or more functions of removing formaldehyde, sterilization, dust removal, disinfection, and ozone removal; Indoor fresh air cleanliness.
  • the fresh air mode and the exhaust mode are realized through two separate air ducts, so that in the exhaust mode, the air flow does not need to flow through the filter screen 60 to improve the exhaust efficiency.
  • the filter screen 60 can be arranged on the side of the second air door 70 away from the air outlet 13. Therefore, in the non-fresh air mode, the filter screen 60 will not be exposed to the air outlet 13 to prevent The effective working life of the filter screen 60 is prolonged.
  • the present application also proposes an air conditioner indoor unit.
  • the air conditioner indoor unit includes an indoor unit body and an air treatment module.
  • the specific structure of the air treatment module refers to the above-mentioned embodiment. Therefore, it has at least all the beneficial effects brought about by the technical solutions of the above embodiments, and will not be repeated here.
  • the air-conditioning indoor unit may be a wall-mounted air-conditioning indoor unit or a floor-standing air-conditioning indoor unit.
  • the present application also proposes an air conditioner, which includes an air conditioner outdoor unit and an air conditioner indoor unit.
  • the specific structure of the air conditioner indoor unit refers to the above-mentioned embodiments. Since the air conditioner adopts all the technical solutions of all the above-mentioned embodiments, at least All the beneficial effects brought by the technical solutions of the above embodiments are not repeated here.

Abstract

一种空气处理模块、空调室内机及空调器,空气处理模块包括:壳体(10),设有第一进风口(11)、出风口(12)、排风口(13)、内循环风道(14)和排风风道(15),内循环风道(14)连通第一进风口(11)与出风口(12),排风风道(15)连通内循环风道(14)与排风口(13);风机(20),设于内循环风道(14),风机(20)的进风侧对应第一进风口(11),风机(20)的出风侧对应出风口(12)和排风风道(15);第一风门(30),用以选择性地将出风口(12)或排风风道(15)与内循环风道(14)导通,从而内循环风道(14)和内循环风道内的风机(20)既可用以实现内循环功能、又可用以实现排风功能,简化了空调室内机的内部结构。

Description

空气处理模块、空调室内机及空调器
本申请要求于2020年11月26日申请的、申请号为202011366748.5以及202022806125.7的中国专利申请的优先权,其全部内容通过引用结合在本申请中。
技术领域
本申请涉及空调技术领域,特别涉及一种空气处理模块、空调室内机及空调器。
背景技术
相关技术中,空气处理模块的内循环功能和排风功能通常通过两个相互独立的风道实现,导致空气处理模块的内部结构复杂,生产成本高。
技术问题
本申请的主要目的是提出一种空气处理模块,旨在解决如何简化空气处理模块内部结构的技术问题。
技术解决方案
为实现上述目的,本申请提出的空气处理模块包括:壳体,设有第一进风口、出风口、排风口、内循环风道和排风风道,所述内循环风道连通所述第一进风口与所述出风口,所述排风风道连通所述内循环风道与所述排风口;风机,设于所述内循环风道,所述风机的进风侧对应所述第一进风口,所述风机的出风侧对应所述出风口和所述排风风道;第一风门,用以选择性地将所述出风口或排风风道与所述内循环风道导通。
在一实施例中,所述空气处理模块还包括蜗壳和风道壳,所述蜗壳的进风端与所述第一进风口连通,所述风机设于所述蜗壳内;所述风道壳形成所述排风风道,所述风道壳与所述蜗壳连接,所述第一风门设于所述出风口与所述风道壳之间,所述第一风门与所述风道壳之间形成过流间隙,所述过流间隙连通所述蜗壳与所述排风风道,所述第一风门用以选择性地将所述出风口或过流间隙与所述内循环风道导通。
在一实施例中,所述出风口与所述内循环风道导通时,所述第一风门搭接于所述风道壳。
在一实施例中,所述风机设置为离心风机,所述蜗壳与所述壳体的内壁之间形成过风通道,所述第一进风口与所述蜗壳的进风端通过所述过风通道连通。
在一实施例中,所述风道壳还形成有与所述排风风道分隔的新风风道,所述新风风道连通所述过风通道与所述排风口。
在一实施例中,所述空气处理模块还包括安装于所述新风风道的滤网。
在一实施例中,所述空气处理模块还包括第二风门,用以打开或关闭所述新风风道。
在一实施例中,所述空气处理模块还包括第三风门,用以打开或关闭所述第一进风口。
在一实施例中,所述空气处理模块还包括设于所述第一进风口处的净化组件。
在一实施例中,所述壳体还开设有与所述内循环风道连通的第二进风口,所述空气处理模块还包括用以打开或关闭所述第二进风口的第四风门。
本申请还提出一种空调室内机,包括一种空气处理模块,该空气处理模块包括:壳体,设有第一进风口、出风口、排风口、内循环风道和排风风道,所述内循环风道连通所述第一进风口与所述出风口,所述排风风道连通所述内循环风道与所述排风口;风机,设于所述内循环风道,所述风机的进风侧对应所述第一进风口,所述风机的出风侧对应所述出风口和所述排风风道;第一风门,用以选择性地将所述出风口或排风风道与所述内循环风道导通。
本申请还提出一种空调器,包括空调室外机及如上所述的空调室内机。
有益效果
本申请空气处理模块在壳体内形成相连通的内循环风道和排风风道,并通过第一风门选择性地将内循环风道与出风口或排风风道连通,从而可内循环风道和内循环风道内的风机既可用以实现内循环功能、又可用以实现排风功能,简化了空调室内机的内部结构。
附图说明
为了更清楚地说明本申请实施例或现有技术中的技术方案,下面将对实施例或现有技术描述中所需要使用的附图作简单地介绍,显而易见地,下面描述中的附图仅仅是本申请的一些实施例,对于本领域普通技术人员来讲,在不付出创造性劳动的前提下,还可以根据这些附图示出的结构获得其他的附图。
图1为本申请空调室内机一实施例的结构示意图;
图2为本申请空气处理模块一实施例的结构爆炸图;
图3为本申请中风道壳一实施例的结构示意图;
图4为本申请空气处理模块一实施例的剖面示意图;
图5为本申请空气处理模块另一实施例的剖面示意图;
图6为本申请空气处理模块又一实施例的剖面示意图;
图7为本申请空气处理模块再一实施例的剖面示意图;
图8为本申请空气处理模块再一实施例的剖面示意图;
图9为本申请空气处理模块再一实施例的剖面示意图。
附图标号说明:
标号 名称 标号 名称 标号 名称
10 壳体 11 第一进风口 12 出风口
13 排风口 14 内循环风道 15 排风风道
20 风机 30 第一风门 40 蜗壳
50 风道壳 51 过流间隙 41 过风通道
52 新风风道 60 滤网 70 第二风门
80 第三风门 16 第二进风口 90 第四风门
100 净化组件        
本申请目的的实现、功能特点及优点将结合实施例,参照附图做进一步说明。
本发明的实施方式
下面将结合本申请实施例中的附图,对本申请实施例中的技术方案进行清楚、完整地描述,显然,所描述的实施例仅仅是本申请的一部分实施例,而不是全部的实施例。基于本申请中的实施例,本领域普通技术人员在没有作出创造性劳动前提下所获得的所有其他实施例,都属于本申请保护的范围。
需要说明,若本申请实施例中有涉及方向性指示(诸如上、下、左、右、前、后……),则该方向性指示仅用于解释在某一特定姿态(如附图所示)下各部件之间的相对位置关系、运动情况等,如果该特定姿态发生改变时,则该方向性指示也相应地随之改变。
另外,若本申请实施例中有涉及“第一”、“第二”等的描述,则该“第一”、“第二”等的描述仅用于描述目的,而不能理解为指示或暗示其相对重要性或者隐含指明所指示的技术特征的数量。由此,限定有“第一”、“第二”的特征可以明示或者隐含地包括至少一个该特征。另外,全文中出现的“和/或”的含义为,包括三个并列的方案,以“A和/或B为例”,包括A方案,或B方案,或A和B同时满足的方案。另外,各个实施例之间的技术方案可以相互结合,但是必须是以本领域普通技术人员能够实现为基础,当技术方案的结合出现相互矛盾或无法实现时应当认为这种技术方案的结合不存在,也不在本申请要求的保护范围之内。
本申请提出一种空气处理模块。
在本申请实施例中,如图1至图9所示,该空气处理模块包括:壳体10,设有第一进风口11、出风口12、排风口13、内循环风道14和排风风道15,所述内循环风道14连通所述第一进风口11与所述出风口12,所述排风风道15连通所述内循环风道14与所述排风口13;风机20,设于所述内循环风道14,所述风机20的进风侧对应所述第一进风口11,所述风机20的出风侧对应所述出风口12和所述排风风道15;第一风门30,用以选择性地将所述出风口12或排风风道15与所述内循环风道14导通。
在本实施例中,第一进风口11和出风口12与室内连通,排风口13通过穿墙孔与室外空气连通,室内空气从第一进风口11进入内循环风道14后,可从出风口12吹出,也可流向排风风道15后从排风口13吹出。第一进风口11可开设于壳体10的顶部,出风口12可开设于壳体10的前面板,排风口13可开设于壳体10的背板,由此可使空气处理模块形成顶部进风,正面出风,背部排风的气流流路。风机20的种类不做限制,只需满足进风侧与第一进风口11对应,出风侧与出风口12和排风风道15对应即可。第一风门30可活动安装于壳体10,第一风门30的活动方式不做限制,只需满足可选择性地将出风口12或排风风道15与内循环风道14导通即可。也就是说,第一风门30在将内循环风道14与出风口12导通的同时会将内循环风道14与排风风道15阻断,在将内循环风道14与排风风道15导通的同时会将内循环风道14与出风口12阻断。由此,通过第一风门30控制内循环风道14与出风口12和排风风道15的切换导通,可实现空调室内机的内循环模式和排风模式。
在内循环模式,第一风门30将内循环风道14与出风口12导通,空气从第一进风口11进入内循环风道14,沿内循环风道14流向出风口12,以实现室内气流循环流动。具体地,所述空气处理模块还包括设于所述第一进风口11处的净化组件100。净化组件100用以净化流经第一进风口11的空气,具体具有除甲醛、杀菌、除尘、消毒、除臭氧等功能中的一种或多种。在内循环模式,净化组件100可提高出风气流的洁净度。
在排风模式,第一风门30将内循环风道14于排风风道15导通,空气从第一进风口11进入内循环风道14,沿内循环风道14流向排风风道15,最终流出排风口13,以将室内的污风排出,实现室内空气的更新。结合上述净化组件100的实施例,净化组件100会对流经第一进风口11的气流形成阻力,而排风模式的气流可以不用被净化,因此,在实际应用中,所述壳体10还开设有与所述内循环风道14连通的第二进风口16,所述空气处理模块还包括用以打开或关闭所述第二进风口16的第四风门90。在排风模式,第四风门90可打开第二进风口16,由于第二出风口12没有设置净化组件100,阻力更小,因此气流能更多更快地流入内循环风道14,以提高排风效率。而在内循环模式,第四风门90可关闭第二进风口16,以使气流能全部流经净化组件100,提高洁净度。
本申请空气处理模块在壳体10内形成相连通的内循环风道14和排风风道15,并通过第一风门30选择性地将内循环风道14与出风口12或排风风道15连通,从而可内循环风道14和内循环风道14内的风机20既可用以实现内循环功能、又可用以实现排风功能,简化了空调室内机的内部结构。
如图2至图5所示,所述空气处理模块还包括蜗壳40和风道壳50,所述蜗壳40的进风端与所述第一进风口11连通,所述风机20设于所述蜗壳40内;所述风道壳50形成所述排风风道15,所述风道壳50与所述蜗壳40连接,所述第一风门30设于所述出风口12与所述风道壳50之间,所述第一风门30与所述风道壳50之间形成过流间隙51,所述过流间隙51连通所述蜗壳40与所述排风风道15,所述第一风门30用以选择性地将所述出风口12或过流间隙51与所述内循环风道14导通。
在本实施例中,内循环风道14形成于蜗壳40内,蜗壳40的出风端与出风口12相对,风道壳50位于蜗壳40的下方、并连接于蜗壳40的远离出风口12的出风端边沿。排风风道15形成于风道壳50的底部并沿前后方向贯通风道壳50。第一风门30可转动安装于壳体10内,第一风门30将过流间隙51与内循环风道14导通时,会阻隔于出风口12与内循环风道14之间,从而内循环风道14内的气流会沿过流间隙51流向排风风道15。第一风门30将出风口12与内循环风道14导通时,第一风门30活动至阻隔于内循环风道14与过流间隙51之间,从而内循环风道14内的气流会直接流向出风口12。
如图4所示,所述出风口12与所述内循环风道14导通时,所述第一风门30搭接于所述风道壳50。在本实施例中,第一风门30将过流间隙51与内循环风道14阻断时,会整体搭接于风道壳50的顶壁,以避免对流向出风口12的气流造成阻碍。此时第一风门30与蜗壳40的出风端边沿可呈平整过渡,以使气流能更稳定流畅地沿第一风门30流动。
如图5至图7所示,所述风机20设置为离心风机20,所述蜗壳40与所述壳体10的内壁之间形成过风通道41,所述第一进风口11与所述蜗壳40的进风端通过所述过风通道41连通。在本实施例中,离心风机20对气流的驱动方式为轴向进风、周向出风,蜗壳40的进风端位于与离心风机20两轴侧相对的两侧壁;气流先从第一进风口11进入过风通道41,再从过风通道41进入蜗壳40。具体地,蜗壳40的数量可为两个,两蜗壳40内均设有风机20,风道壳50与两蜗壳40连接并分别形成两排风风道15,通过两风机20驱动气流进入内循环风道14,既可提高内循环模式的出风效率,又可提高排风模式的排风效率。
如图3、图7和图8所示,所述风道壳50还形成有与所述排风风道15分隔的新风风道52,所述新风风道52连通所述过风通道41与所述排风口13。在本实施例中,排风风道15与新风风道52均与排风口13连通,即排风口13即可用以排出室内污风,也可用以引进室外新风。空气处理模块还具有新风模式,在新风模式,气流的流动路径依次为排风口13-新风风道52-过风通道41-内循环风道14-出风口12,此时第一风门30将内循环风道14与出风口12导通,并将排风风道15阻断,以避免气流紊乱。具体地,风道壳50与排风口13之间可形成过风腔,排风风道15与新风风道52均与过风腔连通,在排风模式,气流会从排风风道15经过风腔流向排风口13;在新风模式,气流会从排风口13经过风腔流向新风风道52。
在实际应用中,所述空气处理模块还包括第三风门80,用以打开或关闭所述第一进风口11;在新风模式,第三风门80关闭第一进风口11,从而风机20的运行只会对新风口造成负压,以使更多的室外新风从新风风道52流入,提高新风的引进效率。相应地,所述空气处理模块还包括第二风门70,用以打开或关闭所述新风风道52;在内循环模式,第二风门70会关闭新风风道52,从而风机20的运行只会对第一进风口11造成负压,以提高内循环模式的出风效率。
如图8所示,所述空气处理模块还包括安装于所述新风风道52的滤网60。在本实施例中,滤网60用以净化流经新风风道52的新风,具体具有除甲醛、杀菌、除尘、消毒、除臭氧等功能中的一种或多种;滤网60可提高进入室内的新风洁净度。结合上述排风模式的实施例,将新风模式和排风模式通过两个分隔的风道实现,从而在排风模式,气流可不用流经滤网60,以提高排风效率。结合上述第二风门70的实施例,滤网60可设于第二风门70远离排风口13的一侧,由此,在非新风模式,滤网60不会暴露于排风口13,以延长滤网60的有效工作寿命。
本申请还提出一种空调室内机,该空调室内机包括室内机本体和一种空气处理模块,该空气处理模块的具体结构参照上述实施例,由于本空调室内机采用了上述所有实施例的全部技术方案,因此至少具有上述实施例的技术方案所带来的所有有益效果,在此不再一一赘述。其中,空调室内机可为壁挂式空调室内机或落地式空调室内机。
本申请还提出一种空调器,该空调器包括空调室外机和空调室内机,该空调室内机的具体结构参照上述实施例,由于本空调器采用了上述所有实施例的全部技术方案,因此至少具有上述实施例的技术方案所带来的所有有益效果,在此不再一一赘述。
以上所述仅为本申请的可选实施例,并非因此限制本申请的专利范围,凡是在本申请的发明构思下,利用本申请说明书及附图内容所作的等效结构变换,或直接/间接运用在其他相关的技术领域均包括在本申请的专利保护范围内。

Claims (12)

  1. 一种空气处理模块,其中,所述空气处理模块包括:
    壳体,设有第一进风口、出风口、排风口、内循环风道和排风风道,所述内循环风道连通所述第一进风口与所述出风口,所述排风风道连通所述内循环风道与所述排风口;
    风机,设于所述内循环风道,所述风机的进风侧对应所述第一进风口,所述风机的出风侧对应所述出风口和所述排风风道;
    第一风门,用以选择性地将所述出风口或排风风道与所述内循环风道导通。
  2. 如权利要求1所述的空气处理模块,其中,所述空气处理模块还包括蜗壳和风道壳,所述蜗壳的进风端与所述第一进风口连通,所述风机设于所述蜗壳内;所述风道壳形成所述排风风道,所述风道壳与所述蜗壳连接,所述第一风门设于所述出风口与所述风道壳之间,所述第一风门与所述风道壳之间形成过流间隙,所述过流间隙连通所述蜗壳与所述排风风道,所述第一风门用以选择性地将所述出风口或过流间隙与所述内循环风道导通。
  3. 如权利要求2所述的空气处理模块,其中,所述出风口与所述内循环风道导通时,所述第一风门搭接于所述风道壳。
  4. 如权利要求2所述的空气处理模块,其中,所述风机设置为离心风机,所述蜗壳与所述壳体的内壁之间形成过风通道,所述第一进风口与所述蜗壳的进风端通过所述过风通道连通。
  5. 如权利要求4所述的空气处理模块,其中,所述风道壳还形成有与所述排风风道分隔的新风风道,所述新风风道连通所述过风通道与所述排风口。
  6. 如权利要求5所述的空气处理模块,其中,所述空气处理模块还包括安装于所述新风风道的滤网。
  7. 如权利要求5所述的空气处理模块,其中,所述空气处理模块还包括第二风门,用以打开或关闭所述新风风道。
  8. 如权利要求1至7任一项所述的空气处理模块,其中,所述空气处理模块还包括第三风门,用以打开或关闭所述第一进风口。
  9. 如权利要求1至7任一项所述的空气处理模块,所述空气处理模块还包括设于所述第一进风口处的净化组件。
  10. 如权利要求9所述的空气处理模块,其中,所述壳体还开设有与所述内循环风道连通的第二进风口,所述空气处理模块还包括用以打开或关闭所述第二进风口的第四风门。
  11. 一种空调室内机,其中,所述空调室内机包括如权利要求1至10任一项所述的空气处理模块。
  12. 一种空调器,其中,所述空调器包括空调室外机及如权利要求11所述的空调室内机。
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