WO2021120385A1 - 一种室内单臂吊运机 - Google Patents

一种室内单臂吊运机 Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2021120385A1
WO2021120385A1 PCT/CN2020/076183 CN2020076183W WO2021120385A1 WO 2021120385 A1 WO2021120385 A1 WO 2021120385A1 CN 2020076183 W CN2020076183 W CN 2020076183W WO 2021120385 A1 WO2021120385 A1 WO 2021120385A1
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WO
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Prior art keywords
sleeve
main
rod
rotating rod
jack
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PCT/CN2020/076183
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English (en)
French (fr)
Inventor
潘致利
Original Assignee
永州市金蚂蚁新能源机械有限公司
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Publication of WO2021120385A1 publication Critical patent/WO2021120385A1/zh

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C23/00Cranes comprising essentially a beam, boom, or triangular structure acting as a cantilever and mounted for translatory of swinging movements in vertical or horizontal planes or a combination of such movements, e.g. jib-cranes, derricks, tower cranes
    • B66C23/16Cranes comprising essentially a beam, boom, or triangular structure acting as a cantilever and mounted for translatory of swinging movements in vertical or horizontal planes or a combination of such movements, e.g. jib-cranes, derricks, tower cranes with jibs supported by columns, e.g. towers having their lower end mounted for slewing movements
    • B66C23/163Cranes comprising essentially a beam, boom, or triangular structure acting as a cantilever and mounted for translatory of swinging movements in vertical or horizontal planes or a combination of such movements, e.g. jib-cranes, derricks, tower cranes with jibs supported by columns, e.g. towers having their lower end mounted for slewing movements where only part of the column rotates, i.e. at least the bottom part is fixed
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C23/00Cranes comprising essentially a beam, boom, or triangular structure acting as a cantilever and mounted for translatory of swinging movements in vertical or horizontal planes or a combination of such movements, e.g. jib-cranes, derricks, tower cranes
    • B66C23/62Constructional features or details
    • B66C23/64Jibs
    • B66C23/70Jibs constructed of sections adapted to be assembled to form jibs or various lengths
    • B66C23/701Jibs constructed of sections adapted to be assembled to form jibs or various lengths telescopic
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C23/00Cranes comprising essentially a beam, boom, or triangular structure acting as a cantilever and mounted for translatory of swinging movements in vertical or horizontal planes or a combination of such movements, e.g. jib-cranes, derricks, tower cranes
    • B66C23/88Safety gear
    • B66C23/90Devices for indicating or limiting lifting moment

Definitions

  • the embodiment of the present invention relates to the technical field of hoisting machines, in particular to an indoor single-arm hoisting machine.
  • Hoisting machine is a kind of machine that can lift and change objects. It is divided into boom type hoisting machine, mobile hoisting machine, straight-forward hoisting machine, and full-angle type.
  • Indoor hoisting machine is small in size, light in weight, and easy to operate. Convenient and excellent in performance, it is a small machine with a wide range of applications. It has fast speed and stable operation and flexible operation, which reduces the labor intensity of the handlers and improves work efficiency.
  • the main features of the portable hoist are: easy to carry, hoist It's high, fast, easy to operate, safe and reliable. It is widely used in construction companies, decoration companies, installation companies, lifting companies, moving companies. It is also a new rich tool for laid-off workers and migrant workers with small investment and quick results. It is suitable for Start your own business.
  • the embodiment of the present invention provides an indoor single-arm hoist.
  • the jack nut is screwed on the jack screw by inserting the jacking pipe into the main base sleeve on the main base, and then the clamp and thrust are tightened.
  • the bearing and the rotating rod are sleeved on the main rod and tightened with a clamp, and then the top hat sleeve is sleeved on the top of the main rod and fixed, and then the hoisting rope is passed around the first pulley and the second pulley and passes through the limit.
  • the bit ring can be assembled. Compared with the prior art, the assembly can be completed without the use of tools, so as to achieve the purpose of rapid assembly, disassembly and adjustment.
  • an indoor single-arm hoist including a main base, a motor and a hoisting mechanism are fixed on the top of the main base, and the hoisting mechanism is arranged in front of the motor side;
  • the lifting mechanism includes a main base sleeve, the main base sleeve is fixedly arranged on the top of the main base, the top of the main base sleeve is provided with a jacking pipe, the jacking pipe extends into the main base sleeve, the A jack screw is fixed at the top of the jacking pipe, and a jack nut is provided at the outer end of the jack screw, the jack nut and the jack screw are connected by threads, the top of the jack nut is fixed with a main rod, and the main rod outer end sleeve A rotating rod is provided, the bottom end of the rotating rod is provided with a thrust bearing, the bottom end of the thrust bearing is provided with a clamp, the thrust bearing and the clamp are both sleeved on the outer end of the main rod, and the rotating rod and The clamp is movably connected by a thrust bearing, the top of the main rod is provided with a top cap sleeve and extends into the inside of the
  • top end of the top hat sleeve is fixedly provided with a spring steel plate
  • the top of the spring steel plate is provided with a top plate main rubber block and two top plate auxiliary rubber blocks
  • the top plate main rubber block is arranged between the two top plate auxiliary rubber blocks.
  • the two top-plate auxiliary rubber blocks and the top-plate main rubber block are both fixedly connected to the spring steel plate through a plurality of anti-claw nuts.
  • both the top hat sleeve and the main base sleeve are provided with quick release safety pins, the quick release safety pins on the top hat sleeve penetrate the top hat sleeve and the main rod, and the main base sleeve
  • the quick-release safety pin on the upper part runs through the main base casing and the jacking pipe.
  • the outer end of the top pipe is fixedly provided with a handle, and the handle is arranged on the top of the casing of the main base.
  • two wear-resistant rubber sleeves are embedded on the inner wall of the rotating rod, and the two wear-resistant rubber sleeves are both sleeved on the outer end of the main rod.
  • the outer end of the adjustable boom sleeve is fixed with a travel switch
  • the outer end of the rotating rod is fixed with a first pulley
  • the other end of the adjustable boom sleeve is fixed with a second pulley, so
  • the hoisting rope goes around the first pulley and the second pulley, and the hoisting rope is arranged on the top of the tie rod sleeve.
  • the other end of the adjustable boom sleeve is provided with a limit ring through the movable hinge seat, the limit ring is arranged between the travel switch and the second pulley, and the limit ring is arranged on the outside of the hoist rope.
  • the adjusting screw and the rotating rod, one end of the adjustable boom sleeve and the rotating rod, and the other end of the adjustable boom sleeve and the tie rod sleeve are all hinged through a movable hinge seat.
  • the clamp is screwed with a clamp locking screw, and the clamp locking screw adopts a fine-tooth structure.
  • the jack nut is screwed on the jack screw by inserting the jacking pipe into the main base sleeve on the main base, and then the clamp, thrust bearing and rotating rod are sleeved on the main rod and the clamp is used.
  • the tightener is tightened, and then the top hat sleeve is sleeved on the top of the main pole and fixed, and then the sling is passed around the first pulley and the second pulley and through the limit ring to complete the assembly.
  • the assembly can be completed without the use of tools, achieving the purpose of quick assembly, unloading and adjustment;
  • the invention maintains strong friction with the ceiling through the force of the main rubber block of the top plate, the auxiliary rubber block of the top plate, the spring steel plate and the anti-claw nut, and the main rod and the rotating rod will not rotate synchronously to drive the jack
  • the nut rotates to prevent the problem of loosening and inverted rods, and compared with the prior art, the stability is improved.
  • FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of the overall structure provided by Embodiment 1 of the present invention.
  • FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of a three-dimensional structure of a spring steel plate provided by Embodiment 2 of the present invention.
  • FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of the structure of the rotating rod provided by Embodiment 1 of the present invention.
  • FIG. 4 is a partial enlarged view of A in FIG. 1 provided by Embodiment 1 of the present invention.
  • Fig. 5 is a partial enlarged view of B in Fig. 1 provided by Embodiment 1 of the present invention.
  • top plate main rubber block 1 top plate main rubber block, 2 top plate auxiliary rubber block, 3 suspension rope, 4 spring steel plate, 5 anti-claw nut, 6 wear-resistant rubber sleeve, 7 rotating rod, 8 top cap sleeve, 9 main rod, 10 adjustment Screw, 11 tie rod sleeve, 12 adjustable boom sleeve, 13 travel switch, 14 limit ring, 15 clamp locking screw, 16 thrust bearing, 17 clamp, 18 jack nut, 19 jack screw, 20 Handle, 21 jacking pipe, 22 motor, 23 main frame, 24 main frame sleeve, 25 quick release safety pin, 26 hook.
  • an indoor single-arm hoist in this embodiment includes a main base 23, and a motor 22 and a hoisting mechanism are fixed at the top of the main base 23.
  • the transport mechanism is arranged on the front side of the motor 22;
  • the lifting mechanism includes a main base sleeve 24, the main base sleeve 24 is fixedly arranged on the top of the main base 23, the top of the main base sleeve 24 is provided with a jack 21, and the jack 21 extends into the main base Inside the casing 24, a jack screw 19 is fixed at the top end of the jacking pipe 21, and a jack nut 18 is provided at the outer end of the jack screw 19. The jack nut 18 and the jack screw 19 are connected by threads.
  • the top end is fixedly provided with a main rod 9, the outer end of the main rod 9 is sleeved with a rotating rod 7, the bottom end of the rotating rod 7 is provided with a thrust bearing 16, the bottom end of the thrust bearing 16 is provided with a clamp 17, so The thrust bearing 16 and the clamper 17 are sleeved on the outer end of the main rod 9, the rotating rod 7 and the clamper 17 are movably connected by the thrust bearing 16, the top of the main rod 9 is provided with a cap sleeve 8 and Extending into the top hat sleeve 8, the outer end of the rotating rod 7 is provided with an adjusting screw 10, one end of the adjusting screw 10 is provided with a pull rod sleeve 11 and extends into the inside of the pull rod sleeve 11, the front end of the rotating rod 7 is provided There is an adjustable boom sleeve 12, one end of the adjustable boom sleeve 12 is set at the bottom of the adjusting screw 10, the other end of the adjustable boom sleeve 12
  • both the top hat sleeve 8 and the main base sleeve 24 are provided with quick release safety pins 25, and the quick release safety pins 25 on the top hat sleeve 8 penetrate the top hat sleeve 8 and the main rod 9 ,
  • the quick-release safety pin 25 on the main base sleeve 24 penetrates the main base sleeve 24 and the top tube 21.
  • the rotating rod 7 rotates at a certain angle with the main rod 9 as the center, and the top cap sleeve
  • the purpose of the quick-release safety pin 25 on the 8 is to prevent the main rod 9 and the rotating rod 7 from rotating synchronously to drive the jack nut 18 to rotate to prevent loosening and inverting the rod.
  • the main purpose of the quick-release safety pin 25 on the main frame sleeve 24 is to install When the frame is tightened with the jack nut 18, the jacking pipe 21 and the jack nut 18 are prevented from rotating together, so that the purpose of tightening the jack nut 18 is achieved.
  • the outer end of the top pipe 21 is fixedly provided with a handle 20, and the handle 20 is arranged on the top of the main casing sleeve 24.
  • two wear-resistant rubber sleeves 6 are inlaid on the inner wall of the rotating rod 7, and the two wear-resistant rubber sleeves 6 are both sleeved on the outer end of the main rod 9 to prevent the rotation of the rotating rod 7 from contacting the main rod 9 Friction to avoid damage to the main pole 9.
  • the outer end of the adjustable boom sleeve 12 is fixed with a travel switch 13
  • the outer end of the rotating rod 7 is fixed with a first pulley
  • the other end of the adjustable boom sleeve 12 is fixed with a first pulley.
  • the hoisting rope 3 goes around the first pulley and the second pulley, and the hoisting rope 3 is arranged on the top of the tie rod sleeve 11.
  • the other end of the adjustable boom sleeve 12 is provided with a limit ring 14 through a living hinge seat, the limit ring 14 is arranged between the travel switch 13 and the second pulley, and the limit ring 14 is arranged at The outside of the sling 3.
  • the adjusting screw 10 and the rotating rod 7, one end of the adjustable boom sleeve 12 and the rotating rod 7, and the other end of the adjustable boom sleeve 12 and the tie rod sleeve 11 are all hinged through a living hinge seat.
  • clamp 17 is connected with a clamp locking screw 15 through threads.
  • the clamp locking screw 15 adopts a fine-tooth structure, and the clamp 17 can be tightened and loosened by hand without tools to achieve The purpose of fast loading and unloading and adjustment.
  • the specific implementation scenario is as follows: during assembly of the present invention, the top tube 21 is inserted into the main base sleeve 24 on the main base 23, and then the main base sleeve 24 and the jack 21 are locked by the quick-release safety pin 25, and the main rod
  • the jack nut 18 on 9 is screwed on the jack screw 19 to complete the assembly of the jacking pipe 21 and the main rod 9, and then the clamp 17, the thrust bearing 16 and the rotating rod 7 are sleeved on the main rod 9 and the rotating rod is moved 7 to the appropriate height, then tighten the clamp lock screw 15 on the clamp 17 to make the clamp 17 and the main rod 9 fasten, complete the assembly of the rotating rod 7 and the main rod 9, and then put the top cap sleeve 8 is set on the top of the main pole 9 and the top hat sleeve 8 is fixed to the main pole 9 with a quick-release safety pin 25, and then the hoisting rope 3 on the motor 22 is passed around the first pulley on the rotating pole 7 and
  • the assembly can be completed without the use of tools, achieving the purpose of quick assembly and disassembly and adjustment.
  • This embodiment specifically solves the existing disclosure
  • the deficiencies of the lifting machine require the use of tools for disassembly and assembly, which is time-consuming and labor-intensive, and the staff is labor-intensive.
  • the top of the top hat sleeve 8 is fixed with a spring steel plate 4, and the top of the spring steel plate 4 is provided with a top plate main rubber block 1 and Two top-plate auxiliary rubber blocks 2, the top-plate main rubber block 1 is arranged between the two top-plate auxiliary rubber blocks 2, and the two top-plate auxiliary rubber blocks 2 and the top-plate main rubber block 1 both pass through a plurality of anti-claw nuts 5 It is fixedly connected with the spring steel plate 4.
  • the specific implementation scenario is as follows: in actual use, the main rubber block 1 of the top plate and the auxiliary rubber block 2 of the top plate are in contact with the indoor ceiling, and at the same time, under the force of the spring steel plate 4, a force is always maintained on the main pole, making the present invention and the ceiling Maintain strong friction, and when jacking up the main rod 9, the main rod 9 squeezes the spring steel plate 4, and the spring steel plate 4 squeezes the top plate main rubber block 1 and the top plate auxiliary rubber block 2, so that the top plate main rubber block 1 and the top plate auxiliary The sharp screw head on the anti-claw nut 5 between the rubber blocks 2 is exposed and directly grips the ceiling, thereby improving the stability of the present invention.
  • This embodiment specifically solves the problem that the existing crane is prone to inverted rods. problem.
  • the top tube 21 is inserted into the main base sleeve 24 on the main base 23, and then the quick-release safety pin 25 is used to lock the main rod 9 Tighten the jack nut 18 on the jack screw 19, then set the clamp 17, the thrust bearing 16 and the rotating rod 7 on the main rod 9, move the rotating rod 7 to a suitable height, and then tighten the clamp to lock the screw 15
  • Make the clamp 17 and the main rod 9 fasten then set the top hat sleeve 8 on the top of the main rod 9 and fix it with the quick-release safety pin 25, and then pass the sling 3 on the motor 22 around the rotating rod
  • the first pulley on 7 and the second pulley on the adjustable boom sleeve 12 pass through the stop ring 14, thereby completing the assembly of the present invention.
  • the assembly can be completed without the use of tools to achieve the purpose of quick assembly and disassembly and adjustment. ;
  • the main rubber block 1 of the top plate and the auxiliary rubber block 2 of the top plate are in contact with the indoor ceiling. At the same time, under the force of the spring steel plate 4, the present invention maintains strong friction with the ceiling.

Abstract

一种室内单臂吊运机,包括主机座(23),所述主机座(23)顶端固定设有电机(22)以及吊运机构,所述吊运机构包括主机座套管(24),所述主机座套管(24)顶部设有顶管(21),所述顶管(21)延伸入主机座套管(24)内部,所述顶管(21)顶端固定设有千斤螺杆(19),所述千斤螺杆(19)外端设有千斤螺母(18),所述千斤螺母(18)与千斤螺杆(19)通过螺纹相连接,所述千斤螺母(18)顶端固定设有主杆(9),所述主杆(9)外端套设有旋转杆(7),所述旋转杆(7)底端设有推力轴承(16),所述推力轴承(16)底端设有夹紧器(17),所述推力轴承(16)以及夹紧器(17)均套设在主杆(9)外端,所述可调吊臂套管(12)另一端与拉杆套管(11)相连接。该室内单臂吊运机不需要使用工具就可以完成组装,达到快速装卸、调整的目的。

Description

一种室内单臂吊运机 技术领域:
本发明实施例涉及吊运机技术领域,具体涉及一种室内单臂吊运机。
背景技术:
吊运机是一种可以吊运换物的机器,分为转臂型吊运机、移动式吊运机、直进型吊运机、全角型,室内吊运机体积小,重量轻,操作方便,性能优良,是一种应用极为广泛的小型机械,而且速度快运行稳,操作灵活,减轻了搬运工人的劳动强度,提高了工作效率,便携式吊运机的主要特点是:携带方便、吊的高、速度快、容易操作、安全可靠,它广泛应用于建筑公司、装潢公司、安装公司、吊运公司、搬家公司,同时也是下岗工人、农民工投资小、见效快的新型致富工具,适合自主创业。
现有公开的吊运机,其不足之处需要使用工具进行拆装,费时费力,并且工作人员劳动强度大。
发明内容:
为此,本发明实施例提供一种室内单臂吊运机,通过将顶管插入主机座上的主机座套管内部锁定,将千斤螺母旋紧在千斤螺杆上,然后将夹紧器、推力轴承以及旋转杆套设在主杆上并利用夹紧器固紧,然后再将顶帽套管套设在主杆顶端固定,然后将吊绳绕过第一滑轮以及第二滑轮并穿过限位圈,完成组装,与现有技术相比,不需要使用工具就可以完成组装,达到快速装卸、调整的目的。
为了实现上述目的,本发明实施例提供如下技术方案:一种室内单臂吊运机,包括主机座,所述主机座顶端固定设有电机以及吊运机构,所述吊运机构设在电机前侧;
所述吊运机构包括主机座套管,所述主机座套管固定设在主机座顶端,所述主机座套管顶部设有顶管,所述顶管延伸入主机座套管内部,所述顶管顶端固定设有千斤螺杆,所述千斤螺杆外端设有千斤螺母,所述千斤螺母与千斤螺杆通过螺纹相连接,所述千斤螺母顶端固定设有主杆,所述主杆外端套设有旋转杆,所述旋转杆底端设有推力轴承,所述推力轴承底端设有夹紧器,所述推力轴承以及夹紧器均套设在主杆外端,所述旋转杆与夹紧器通过推力轴承活动连接,所述主杆顶部设有顶帽套管并延伸入顶帽套管内部,所述旋转杆外端设有调节螺杆,所述调节螺杆一端设有拉杆套管并延伸入拉杆套管内部,所述旋转杆前端设有可调吊臂套管,所述可调吊臂套管一端设在调节螺杆底部,所述可调吊臂套管另一端与拉杆套管相连接,所述电机上设有吊绳,所述吊绳一端固定设有吊钩,所述吊钩设在可调吊臂套管底部。
进一步地,所述顶帽套管顶端固定设有弹簧钢板,所述弹簧钢板顶端设有顶板主橡胶块以及两个顶板副橡胶块,所述顶板主橡胶块设在两个顶板副橡胶块之间,两个所述顶板副橡胶块和顶板主橡胶块均通过多个反爪螺母与弹簧钢板固定连接。
进一步地,所述顶帽套管以及主机座套管上均设有快卸保险销,所述顶帽套管上的快卸保险销贯穿顶帽套管和主杆,所述主机座套管上的快卸保险销贯穿主机座套管和顶管。
进一步地,所述顶管外端固定设有提手,所述提手设在主机座套管顶部。
进一步地,所述旋转杆内壁上镶嵌有两个耐磨胶套,两个所述耐磨胶套均套设在主杆外端。
进一步地,所述可调吊臂套管外端固定设有行程开关,所述旋转杆外端固定设有第一滑轮,所述可调吊臂套管另一端固定设有第二滑轮,所述吊绳绕过第一滑轮以及第二滑轮,所 述吊绳设在拉杆套管顶部。
进一步地,所述可调吊臂套管另一端通过活动铰座设有限位圈,所述限位圈设在行程开关与第二滑轮之间,所述限位圈设在吊绳外侧。
进一步地,所述调节螺杆与旋转杆、可调吊臂套管一端与旋转杆以及可调吊臂套管另一端与拉杆套管均通过活动铰座铰接。
进一步地,所述夹紧器上通过螺纹连接有夹紧器锁紧螺杆,所述夹紧器锁紧螺杆采用细牙结构。
本发明实施例具有如下优点:
1、本发明通过将顶管插入主机座上的主机座套管内部锁定,将千斤螺母旋紧在千斤螺杆上,然后将夹紧器、推力轴承以及旋转杆套设在主杆上并利用夹紧器固紧,然后再将顶帽套管套设在主杆顶端固定,然后将吊绳绕过第一滑轮以及第二滑轮并穿过限位圈,完成组装,与现有技术相比,不需要使用工具就可以完成组装,达到快速装卸、调整的目的;
2、本发明通过顶板主橡胶块、顶板副橡胶块、弹簧钢板和反爪螺母的作用力下,使得本发明与天花板保持强大的摩擦力,同时主杆与旋转杆不会同步旋转发生带动千斤螺母旋转,从而防止引发松动倒杆问题,与现有技术相比,提高了稳定性。
附图说明:
为了更清楚地说明本发明的实施方式或现有技术中的技术方案,下面将对实施方式或现有技术描述中所需要使用的附图作简单地介绍。显而易见地,下面描述中的附图仅仅是示例性的,对于本领域普通技术人员来讲,在不付出创造性劳动的前提下,还可以根据提供的附图引伸获得其它的实施附图。
本说明书所绘示的结构、比例、大小等,均仅用以配合说明书所揭示的内容,以供熟悉此技术的人士了解与阅读,并非用以限定本发明可实施的限定条件,故不具技术上的实质意义,任何结构的修饰、比例关系的改变或大小的调整,在不影响本发明所能产生的功效及所能达成的目的下,均应仍落在本发明所揭示的技术内容得能涵盖的范围内。
图1为本发明实施例1提供的整体结构示意图;
图2为本发明实施例2提供的弹簧钢板立体结构示意图;
图3为本发明实施例1提供的旋转杆结构示意图;
图4为本发明实施例1提供的图1中A的局部放大图;
图5为本发明实施例1提供的图1中B的局部放大图;
图中:1顶板主橡胶块、2顶板副橡胶块、3吊绳、4弹簧钢板、5反爪螺母、6耐磨胶套、7旋转杆、8顶帽套管、9主杆、10调节螺杆、11拉杆套管、12可调吊臂套管、13行程开关、14限位圈、15夹紧器锁紧螺杆、16推力轴承、17夹紧器、18千斤螺母、19千斤螺杆、20提手、21顶管、22电机、23主机座、24主机座套管、25快卸保险销、26吊钩。
具体实施方式:
以下由特定的具体实施例说明本发明的实施方式,熟悉此技术的人士可由本说明书所揭露的内容轻易地了解本发明的其他优点及功效,显然,所描述的实施例是本发明一部分实施例,而不是全部的实施例。基于本发明中的实施例,本领域普通技术人员在没有做出创造性劳动前提下所获得的所有其他实施例,都属于本发明保护的范围。
参照说明书附图1、3、4和图5,该实施例的一种室内单臂吊运机,包括主机座23,所述主机座23顶端固定设有电机22以及吊运机构,所述吊运机构设在电机22前侧;
所述吊运机构包括主机座套管24,所述主机座套管24固定设在主机座23顶端,所述主机座套管24顶部设有顶管21,所述顶管21延伸入主机座套管24内部,所述顶管21顶端固定设有千斤螺杆19,所述千斤螺杆19外端设有千斤螺母18,所述千斤螺母18与千斤螺杆19通过螺纹相连接,所述千斤螺母18顶端固定设有主杆9,所述主杆9外端套设有旋转杆7,所述旋转杆7底端设有推力轴承16,所述推力轴承16底端设有夹紧器17,所述推力轴承16以及夹紧器17均套设在主杆9外端,所述旋转杆7与夹紧器17通过推力轴承16活动连接,所述主杆9顶部设有顶帽套管8并延伸入顶帽套管8内部,所述旋转杆7外端设有调节螺杆10,所述调节螺杆10一端设有拉杆套管11并延伸入拉杆套管11内部,所述旋转杆7前端设有可调吊臂套管12,所述可调吊臂套管12一端设在调节螺杆10底部,所述可调吊臂套管12另一端与拉杆套管11相连接,所述电机22上设有吊绳3,所述吊绳3一端固定设有吊钩26,所述吊钩26设在可调吊臂套管12底部。
进一步地,所述顶帽套管8以及主机座套管24上均设有快卸保险销25,所述顶帽套管8上的快卸保险销25贯穿顶帽套管8和主杆9,所述主机座套管24上的快卸保险销25贯穿主机座套管24和顶管21,当吊重物后,旋转杆7以主杆9为圆心旋转一定的角度,顶帽套管8上的快卸保险销25的目的防止主杆9与旋转杆7同步旋转而带动千斤螺母18旋转,防止产生松动而倒杆,主机座套管24上的快卸保险销25主要目的是安装机架紧固千斤螺母18时,防止顶管21与千斤螺母18一起旋转,达到拧紧千斤螺母18的目的。
进一步地,所述顶管21外端固定设有提手20,所述提手20设在主机座套管24顶部。
进一步地,所述旋转杆7内壁上镶嵌有两个耐磨胶套6,两个所述耐磨胶套6均套设在主杆9外端,防止旋转杆7旋转时与主杆9的摩擦,避免损伤主杆9。
进一步地,所述可调吊臂套管12外端固定设有行程开关13,所述旋转杆7外端固定设有第一滑轮,所述可调吊臂套管12另一端固定设有第二滑轮,所述吊绳3绕过第一滑轮以及第二滑轮,所述吊绳3设在拉杆套管11顶部。
进一步地,所述可调吊臂套管12另一端通过活动铰座设有限位圈14,所述限位圈14设在行程开关13与第二滑轮之间,所述限位圈14设在吊绳3外侧。
进一步地,所述调节螺杆10与旋转杆7、可调吊臂套管12一端与旋转杆7以及可调吊臂套管12另一端与拉杆套管11均通过活动铰座铰接。
进一步地,所述夹紧器17上通过螺纹连接有夹紧器锁紧螺杆15,所述夹紧器锁紧螺杆15采用细牙结构,可以不用工具徒手拧紧和拧松夹紧器17,达到快速装卸、调整的目的。
实施场景具体为:本发明在组装时,将顶管21插入主机座23上的主机座套管24内部,然后利用快卸保险销25将主机座套管24与顶管21锁定,将主杆9上的千斤螺母18旋紧在千斤螺杆19上,完成顶管21与主杆9的组装,然后将夹紧器17、推力轴承16以及旋转杆7套设在主杆9上并移动旋转杆7至合适高度,然后拧紧夹紧器17上的夹紧器锁紧螺杆15使得夹紧器17与主杆9固紧,完成旋转杆7与主杆9的组装,然后再将顶帽套管8套设在主杆9顶端并使用快卸保险销25将顶帽套管8与主杆9固定,然后将电机22上的吊绳3绕过旋转杆7上的第一滑轮以及可调吊臂套管12上的第二滑轮并穿过限位圈14,从而完成本发明的组装,不需要使用工具就可以完成组装,达到快速装卸、调整的目的,该实施方式具体解决了现有公开的吊运机,其不足之处需要使用工具进行拆装,费时费力,并且工作人员劳动强度大的问题。
参照说明书附图1和2,该实施例的一种室内单臂吊运机,所述顶帽套管8顶端固定设 有弹簧钢板4,所述弹簧钢板4顶端设有顶板主橡胶块1以及两个顶板副橡胶块2,所述顶板主橡胶块1设在两个顶板副橡胶块2之间,两个所述顶板副橡胶块2和顶板主橡胶块1均通过多个反爪螺母5与弹簧钢板4固定连接。
实施场景具体为:实际使用时,顶板主橡胶块1与顶板副橡胶块2与室内天花板接触,同时在弹簧钢板4的作用力下,始终保持一个力度作用在主杆上,使得本发明与天花板保持强大的摩擦力,并且在顶升主杆9时,主杆9挤压弹簧钢板4,弹簧钢板4挤压顶板主橡胶块1和顶板副橡胶块2,使得顶板主橡胶块1和顶板副橡胶块2之间的反爪螺母5上的尖锐的螺杆头露出直接紧紧抠住天花板,进而提高了本发明的稳定性,该实施方式具体解决了现有的吊运机容易发生倒杆的问题。
工作原理:
参照说明书附图1、3、4和图5,本发明在组装时,将顶管21插入主机座23上的主机座套管24内部,然后利用快卸保险销25锁定,将主杆9上的千斤螺母18旋紧在千斤螺杆19上,然后将夹紧器17、推力轴承16以及旋转杆7套设在主杆9上并移动旋转杆7至合适高度,然后拧紧夹紧器锁紧螺杆15使得夹紧器17与主杆9固紧,然后再将顶帽套管8套设在主杆9顶端并使用快卸保险销25固定,然后将电机22上的吊绳3绕过旋转杆7上的第一滑轮以及可调吊臂套管12上的第二滑轮并穿过限位圈14,从而完成本发明的组装,不需要使用工具就可以完成组装,达到快速装卸、调整的目的;
参照说明书附图1和2,顶板主橡胶块1与顶板副橡胶块2与室内天花板接触,同时在弹簧钢板4的作用力下,使得本发明与天花板保持强大的摩擦力。
虽然,上文中已经用一般性说明及具体实施例对本发明作了详尽的描述,但在本发明基 础上,可以对之作一些修改或改进,这对本领域技术人员而言是显而易见的。因此,在不偏离本发明精神的基础上所做的这些修改或改进,均属于本发明要求保护的范围。

Claims (9)

  1. 一种室内单臂吊运机,包括主机座(23),其特征在于:所述主机座(23)顶端固定设有电机(22)以及吊运机构,所述吊运机构设在电机(22)前侧;
    所述吊运机构包括主机座套管(24),所述主机座套管(24)固定设在主机座(23)顶端,所述主机座套管(24)顶部设有顶管(21),所述顶管(21)延伸入主机座套管(24)内部,所述顶管(21)顶端固定设有千斤螺杆(19),所述千斤螺杆(19)外端设有千斤螺母(18),所述千斤螺母(18)与千斤螺杆(19)通过螺纹相连接,所述千斤螺母(18)顶端固定设有主杆(9),所述主杆(9)外端套设有旋转杆(7),所述旋转杆(7)底端设有推力轴承(16),所述推力轴承(16)底端设有夹紧器(17),所述推力轴承(16)以及夹紧器(17)均套设在主杆(9)外端,所述旋转杆(7)与夹紧器(17)通过推力轴承(16)活动连接,所述主杆(9)顶部设有顶帽套管(8)并延伸入顶帽套管(8)内部,所述旋转杆(7)外端设有调节螺杆(10),所述调节螺杆(10)一端设有拉杆套管(11)并延伸入拉杆套管(11)内部,所述旋转杆(7)前端设有可调吊臂套管(12),所述可调吊臂套管(12)一端设在调节螺杆(10)底部,所述可调吊臂套管(12)另一端与拉杆套管(11)相连接,所述电机(22)上设有吊绳(3),所述吊绳(3)一端固定设有吊钩(26),所述吊钩(26)设在可调吊臂套管(12)底部。
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的一种室内单臂吊运机,其特征在于:所述顶帽套管(8)顶端固定设有弹簧钢板(4),所述弹簧钢板(4)顶端设有顶板主橡胶块(1)以及两个顶板副橡胶块(2),所述顶板主橡胶块(1)设在两个顶板副橡胶块(2)之间,两个所述顶板副橡胶块(2)和顶板主橡胶块(1)均通过多个反爪螺母(5)与弹簧钢板(4)固定连接。
  3. 根据权利要求1所述的一种室内单臂吊运机,其特征在于:所述顶帽套管(8)以及主机座套管(24)上均设有快卸保险销(25),所述顶帽套管(8)上的快卸保险销(25)贯穿顶帽套管(8)和主杆(9),所述主机座套管(24)上的快卸保险销(25)贯穿主机座套管(24)和顶管(21)。
  4. 根据权利要求1所述的一种室内单臂吊运机,其特征在于:所述顶管(21)外端固定设有提手(20),所述提手(20)设在主机座套管(24)顶部。
  5. 根据权利要求1所述的一种室内单臂吊运机,其特征在于:所述旋转杆(7)内壁上镶嵌有两个耐磨胶套(6),两个所述耐磨胶套(6)均套设在主杆(9)外端。
  6. 根据权利要求1所述的一种室内单臂吊运机,其特征在于:所述可调吊臂套管(12)外端固定设有行程开关(13),所述旋转杆(7)外端固定设有第一滑轮,所述可调吊臂套管(12)另一端固定设有第二滑轮,所述吊绳(3)绕过第一滑轮以及第二滑轮,所述吊绳(3)设在拉杆套管(11)顶部。
  7. 根据权利要求6所述的一种室内单臂吊运机,其特征在于:所述可调吊臂套管(12)另一端通过活动铰座设有限位圈(14),所述限位圈(14)设在行程开关(13)与第二滑轮之间,所述限位圈(14)设在吊绳(3)外侧。
  8. 根据权利要求1所述的一种室内单臂吊运机,其特征在于:所述调节螺杆(10)与旋转杆(7)、可调吊臂套管(12)一端与旋转杆(7)以及可调吊臂套管(12)另一端与拉杆套管(11)均通过活动铰座铰接。
  9. 根据权利要求1所述的一种室内单臂吊运机,其特征在于:所述夹紧器(17)上通过螺纹连接有夹紧器锁紧螺杆(15),所述夹紧器锁紧螺杆(15)采用细牙结构。
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