WO2020228575A1 - Cooling system and data center - Google Patents

Cooling system and data center Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2020228575A1
WO2020228575A1 PCT/CN2020/088892 CN2020088892W WO2020228575A1 WO 2020228575 A1 WO2020228575 A1 WO 2020228575A1 CN 2020088892 W CN2020088892 W CN 2020088892W WO 2020228575 A1 WO2020228575 A1 WO 2020228575A1
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Prior art keywords
cooling
cabinets
data center
row
air
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PCT/CN2020/088892
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
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王�锋
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阿里巴巴集团控股有限公司
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Priority to CN201910404835.6A priority Critical patent/CN111954430A/en
Priority to CN201910404835.6 priority
Application filed by 阿里巴巴集团控股有限公司 filed Critical 阿里巴巴集团控股有限公司
Publication of WO2020228575A1 publication Critical patent/WO2020228575A1/en

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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05KPRINTED CIRCUITS; CASINGS OR CONSTRUCTIONAL DETAILS OF ELECTRIC APPARATUS; MANUFACTURE OF ASSEMBLAGES OF ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
    • H05K7/00Constructional details common to different types of electric apparatus
    • H05K7/20Modifications to facilitate cooling, ventilating, or heating
    • H05K7/20709Modifications to facilitate cooling, ventilating, or heating for server racks or cabinets; for data centers, e.g. 19-inch computer racks
    • H05K7/20718Forced ventilation of a gaseous coolant
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05KPRINTED CIRCUITS; CASINGS OR CONSTRUCTIONAL DETAILS OF ELECTRIC APPARATUS; MANUFACTURE OF ASSEMBLAGES OF ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
    • H05K7/00Constructional details common to different types of electric apparatus
    • H05K7/20Modifications to facilitate cooling, ventilating, or heating

Abstract

The present description provides a cooling system and a data center. The cooling system is used for cooling devices. The cooling system comprises a plurality of cooling devices arranged in a row. Each cooling device comprises a first side close to the device, a second side opposite to the first side, and an air inlet that can be switched between the first side and the second side. The first sides of two adjacent cooling devices face opposite directions. The airflow distance is short, thus reducing the power and energy consumption of the cooling devices. The data center comprises a plurality of cabinets arranged in a first row and a plurality of cooling devices arranged in a second row. Each cabinet comprises a first air outlet. Each cooling device comprises a first air outlet close to the first side of the first air outlet, and comprises an air inlet communicated with the first air outlet. The air inlet of one of the cooling devices is disposed on the first side.

Description

冷却系统及数据中心Cooling system and data center
本申请要求2019年05月16日递交的申请号为201910404835.6、发明名称为“冷却系统及数据中心”的中国专利申请的优先权,其全部内容通过引用结合在本申请中。This application claims the priority of a Chinese patent application with an application number of 201910404835.6 and an invention title of "Cooling System and Data Center" filed on May 16, 2019, the entire content of which is incorporated into this application by reference.
技术领域Technical field
本说明书涉及计算机技术领域,尤其涉及一种冷却系统及数据中心。This manual relates to the field of computer technology, especially to a cooling system and data center.
背景技术Background technique
数据中心建设的高速增长导致机房内部各种设备越来越多,为保证数据中心提供恒温恒湿的制冷环境,冷却系统的能耗也越来越大,数据中心的用电量越来越大,不利于数据中心的发展,所以能耗问题已经成为数据中心建设最为关注的内容。The rapid growth of data center construction has led to more and more equipment in the computer room. To ensure that the data center provides a constant temperature and humidity cooling environment, the energy consumption of the cooling system is also increasing, and the power consumption of the data center is increasing. , Is not conducive to the development of data centers, so energy consumption has become the most concerned content of data center construction.
发明内容Summary of the invention
本说明书提出一种能耗较低的冷却系统及数据中心。This specification proposes a cooling system and data center with lower energy consumption.
本说明书实施例提供一种数据中心,包括位于第一排依次排列的多个机柜以及位于第二排依次排列的多个冷却设备,所述机柜包括第一出风口,所述冷却设备包括靠近所述第一出风口的第一侧,所述冷却设备包括与所述第一出风口连通的进风口,其中一个所述冷却设备的进风口设置于所述第一侧。The embodiment of this specification provides a data center, which includes a plurality of cabinets arranged in a first row and a plurality of cooling devices arranged in a second row. The cabinets include a first air outlet, and the cooling devices include On the first side of the first air outlet, the cooling device includes an air inlet communicating with the first air outlet, and one of the air inlets of the cooling device is arranged on the first side.
进一步地,相邻的两个所述冷却设备的第一侧朝向相反的方向。Further, the first sides of two adjacent cooling devices face in opposite directions.
进一步地,所有的所述冷却设备的进风口均设置于所述第一侧。Further, the air inlets of all the cooling devices are arranged on the first side.
进一步地,所述数据中心包括位于第三排依次排列的多个机柜,第一排中相邻的两个所述机柜的第一出风口连通至其中一个所述冷却设备的进风口,第三排中相邻的两个所述机柜的第一出风口连通至与所述冷却设备相邻的另一个冷却设备的进风口。Further, the data center includes a plurality of cabinets arranged in sequence in a third row, the first air outlets of two adjacent cabinets in the first row are connected to the air inlet of one of the cooling equipment, and the third The first air outlets of the two adjacent cabinets in the row are connected to the air inlet of another cooling device adjacent to the cooling device.
进一步地,所述机柜的功率均相同。Further, the powers of the cabinets are all the same.
进一步地,所述机柜的功率部分相同,第一排中相邻的两个机柜的功率之和等于第三排中相邻的两个机柜的功率之和。Further, the power of the cabinets is the same, and the sum of the power of two adjacent cabinets in the first row is equal to the sum of the power of two adjacent cabinets in the third row.
进一步地,所述数据中心包括位于第三排依次排列的多个机柜,第一排的其中一个机柜的第一出风口连通至第二排的其中一个冷却设备的进风口,第三排的其中一个机柜的第一出风口连通至与所述冷却设备相邻的另一个冷却设备的进风口。Further, the data center includes a plurality of cabinets arranged in sequence in the third row, the first air outlet of one of the cabinets in the first row is connected to the air inlet of one of the cooling devices in the second row, and the air inlet in the third row is The first air outlet of one cabinet is connected to the air inlet of another cooling device adjacent to the cooling device.
进一步地,所述机柜的数量与所述冷却设备的数量相同,所述冷却设备包括与所述 第一侧相对的第二侧,相邻的两个冷却设备的一个的进风口设置于其第一侧,另一个冷却设备的进风口设置于其第二侧。Further, the number of the cabinets is the same as the number of the cooling devices, the cooling device includes a second side opposite to the first side, and the air inlet of one of the two adjacent cooling devices is arranged on the first side thereof. On one side, the air inlet of another cooling device is arranged on the second side.
进一步地,所述冷却设备包括靠近地面的底部以及与所述底部相对的顶部,相邻的两个冷却设备中的一个包括位于所述顶部或所述第二侧的第二出风口,另一个冷却设备的进风口位于所述第二侧,另一个冷却设备还包括设置于所述顶部或所述第一侧的第二出风口,所述机柜产生的热风从所述第一出风口进入所述进风口,所述冷却设备产生的冷风从所述第二出风口排出。Further, the cooling device includes a bottom close to the ground and a top opposite to the bottom, one of the two adjacent cooling devices includes a second air outlet on the top or the second side, and the other The air inlet of the cooling device is located on the second side, and the other cooling device further includes a second air outlet provided on the top or the first side, and the hot air generated by the cabinet enters from the first air outlet. The air inlet, the cold air generated by the cooling device is discharged from the second air outlet.
进一步地,所述冷却设备包括靠近地面的底部、与所述底部相对的顶部以及位于所述顶部的第二出风口,所述机柜产生的热风从所述第一出风口进入所述进风口,所述冷却设备产生的冷风从所述第二出风口排出。Further, the cooling device includes a bottom close to the ground, a top opposite to the bottom, and a second air outlet at the top, and hot air generated by the cabinet enters the air inlet from the first air outlet, The cold air generated by the cooling device is discharged from the second air outlet.
进一步地,所述冷却设备包括壳体、位于所述壳体内的盘管、风机墙以及设置于所述风机墙上的多个风机,所述盘管靠近所述第一侧。Further, the cooling device includes a housing, a coil located in the housing, a fan wall, and a plurality of fans arranged on the fan wall, and the coil is close to the first side.
进一步地,所述壳体包括位于所述盘管的相对两侧的第一安装部与第二安装部,所述风机墙可拆卸地组装至所述第一安装部或所述第二安装部。Further, the housing includes a first mounting part and a second mounting part located on opposite sides of the coil, and the fan wall is detachably assembled to the first mounting part or the second mounting part .
进一步地,所述冷却设备包括位于所述盘管的下方的管路,所述管路可供水流过。Further, the cooling device includes a pipeline located below the coil, and the pipeline allows water to flow through.
本说明书实施例还提供一种冷却系统,其用于给设备降温,所述冷却系统包括排列成一排的多个冷却设备,所述冷却设备包括靠近所述设备的第一侧、与所述第一侧相对的第二侧、可在所述第一侧与所述第二侧之间调换的进风口,相邻的两个所述冷却设备的第一侧朝向相反的方向。The embodiment of this specification also provides a cooling system for cooling equipment. The cooling system includes a plurality of cooling equipment arranged in a row. The cooling equipment includes a first side close to the equipment and the first side. A second side opposite to one side and an air inlet that can be exchanged between the first side and the second side, and the first sides of two adjacent cooling devices face in opposite directions.
进一步地,所述冷却设备包括位于所述第一侧的第一安装部与第二安装部以及可拆卸地安装至所述一安装部或所述第二安装部的风机墙,所述风机墙安装至所述第一安装部时,所述进风口位于所述第一侧,所述风机墙安装至所述第二安装部时,所述进风口位于所述第二侧。Further, the cooling device includes a first mounting part and a second mounting part on the first side, and a fan wall detachably mounted to the one mounting part or the second mounting part, the fan wall When installed to the first installation part, the air inlet is located on the first side, and when the fan wall is installed to the second installation part, the air inlet is located on the second side.
进一步地,所述冷却设备包括壳体以及位于所述壳体内的盘管,所述风机墙位于所述壳体内,所述冷却设备还包括设置于所述风机墙上的多个风机,所述盘管靠近所述第一侧,所述第一安装部与所述第二安装部位于所述盘管的相对两侧。Further, the cooling device includes a housing and a coil located in the housing, the fan wall is located in the housing, and the cooling device further includes a plurality of fans arranged on the fan wall, the The coil is close to the first side, and the first mounting portion and the second mounting portion are located on opposite sides of the coil.
进一步地,所述冷却设备包括位于所述盘管的下方的管路,所述管路可供水流过。Further, the cooling device includes a pipeline located below the coil, and the pipeline allows water to flow through.
进一步地,所述冷却设备包括靠近地面的底部以及与所述底部相对的顶部,相邻的两个冷却设备中的一个包括位于所述顶部或所述第二侧的第二出风口以及位于所述第一侧的进风口,另一个冷却设备包括设置于所述顶部或所述第一侧的第二出风口以及设置 于所述第二侧的进风口,所述冷却设备产生的冷风从所述第二出风口排出。Further, the cooling device includes a bottom close to the ground and a top opposite to the bottom, and one of the two adjacent cooling devices includes a second air outlet located on the top or the second side and The air inlet on the first side, another cooling device includes a second air outlet provided on the top or the first side and an air inlet provided on the second side, the cold air generated by the cooling device is The second air outlet is exhausted.
由以上技术方案可见,本说明书冷却系统的进风口靠近所述设备,气流距离短,降低了所述冷却设备的功率,进一步降低了所述冷却系统的能耗。It can be seen from the above technical solutions that the air inlet of the cooling system in this specification is close to the equipment, and the airflow distance is short, which reduces the power of the cooling equipment and further reduces the energy consumption of the cooling system.
附图说明Description of the drawings
图1示出了本说明书第一示例性实施例的数据中心的顶部示意图;Fig. 1 shows a top schematic diagram of a data center of the first exemplary embodiment of this specification;
图2示出了图1所示的数据中心的冷却设备的立体示意图;FIG. 2 shows a three-dimensional schematic diagram of the cooling equipment of the data center shown in FIG. 1;
图3示出了本说明书第二示例性实施例的数据中心的顶部示意图;Fig. 3 shows a top schematic diagram of the data center of the second exemplary embodiment of the present specification;
图4示出了本说明书第三示例性实施例的数据中心的顶部示意图。Fig. 4 shows a top schematic diagram of the data center of the third exemplary embodiment of the present specification.
具体实施方式Detailed ways
这里将详细地对示例性实施例进行说明,其示例表示在附图中。下面的描述涉及附图时,除非另有表示,不同附图中的相同数字表示相同或相似的要素。以下示例性实施例中所描述的实施方式并不代表与本说明书相一致的所有实施方式。相反,它们仅是与如所附权利要求书中所详述的、本说明书的一些方面相一致的装置和方法的例子。Here, exemplary embodiments will be described in detail, and examples thereof are shown in the accompanying drawings. When the following description refers to the drawings, unless otherwise indicated, the same numbers in different drawings indicate the same or similar elements. The implementation manners described in the following exemplary embodiments do not represent all implementation manners consistent with this specification. Rather, they are merely examples of devices and methods consistent with some aspects of this specification as detailed in the appended claims.
在本说明书使用的术语是仅仅出于描述特定实施例的目的,而非旨在限制本说明书。在本说明书和所附权利要求书中所使用的单数形式的“一种”、“所述”和“该”也旨在包括多数形式,除非上下文清楚地表示其他含义。还应当理解,本文中使用的术语“和/或”是指并包含一个或多个相关联的列出项目的任何或所有可能组合。The terms used in this specification are only for the purpose of describing specific embodiments, and are not intended to limit the specification. The singular forms "a", "said" and "the" used in this specification and appended claims are also intended to include plural forms, unless the context clearly indicates other meanings. It should also be understood that the term "and/or" used herein refers to and includes any or all possible combinations of one or more associated listed items.
应当理解,尽管在本说明书可能采用术语第一、第二、第三等来描述各种信息,但这些信息不应限于这些术语。这些术语仅用来将同一类型的信息彼此区分开。例如,在不脱离本说明书范围的情况下,第一信息也可以被称为第二信息,类似地,第二信息也可以被称为第一信息。取决于语境,如在此所使用的词语“如果”可以被解释成为“在……时”或“当……时”或“响应于确定”。It should be understood that although the terms first, second, third, etc. may be used in this specification to describe various information, the information should not be limited to these terms. These terms are only used to distinguish the same type of information from each other. For example, without departing from the scope of this specification, the first information may also be referred to as second information, and similarly, the second information may also be referred to as first information. Depending on the context, the word "if" as used herein can be interpreted as "when" or "when" or "in response to determination".
参见图1至图2所示,本说明书第一示例性实施例的数据中心包括位于第一排依次排列的多个机柜1、位于第二排依次排列的冷却系统以及位于第三排依次排列的多个机柜1。第一排的机柜1的数量与第三排的机柜1的数量相同。所述机柜1包括第一出风口10。图中箭头方向表示气流的方向。在图示实施例中,所述冷却系统应用在数据中心,本申请并不局限于此,可根据实际需求把本申请冷却系统应用到不同的环境中,以给相关的设备进行降温。Referring to Figures 1 to 2, the data center of the first exemplary embodiment of this specification includes a plurality of cabinets arranged in the first row, a cooling system arranged in the second row, and a cooling system arranged in the third row. Multiple cabinets 1. The number of cabinets 1 in the first row is the same as the number of cabinets 1 in the third row. The cabinet 1 includes a first air outlet 10. The arrow direction in the figure indicates the direction of airflow. In the illustrated embodiment, the cooling system is applied in a data center. This application is not limited to this. The cooling system of this application can be applied to different environments according to actual needs to cool down related equipment.
所述冷却系统包括排成一列的多个冷却设备2。第一排的机柜1的数量与第二排的所述冷却设备2的数量相等且一一对齐设置。所述冷却设备2包括第一侧21以及与所述第一侧21相对的第二侧22。相邻的两个所述冷却设备2的第一侧21朝向相反的方向。所述冷却设备包括位于所述第一侧21的进风口23。所述第二侧22密封防止热空气从所述第二侧22进入所述冷却设备。所以,第一排中相邻的两个所述机柜1的第一出风口10连通至其中一个所述冷却设备2的进风口23,第三排中相邻的两个所述机柜1的第一出风口10连通至与所述冷却设备2相邻的另一个冷却设备2的进风口23,即第一排中相邻的两个所述机柜1产生的大部分的热风进入其中一个所述冷却设备2,第三排中相邻的两个所述机柜1产生的大部分的热风进入与上述冷却设备2相邻的另一个冷却设备2。在图示实施例中,所述机柜1的功率都为20KW,本申请并不局限于此。在另一实施例中,所述机柜1的功率可部分相同,其中一部分的功率为10KW,另一部分的功率为30KW,第一排中相邻的两个机柜1的功率之和等于第三排中相邻的两个机柜1的功率之和,即40KW。The cooling system includes a plurality of cooling devices 2 arranged in a row. The number of cabinets 1 in the first row is equal to the number of cooling devices 2 in the second row, and they are arranged one by one. The cooling device 2 includes a first side 21 and a second side 22 opposite to the first side 21. The first sides 21 of the two adjacent cooling devices 2 face opposite directions. The cooling device includes an air inlet 23 on the first side 21. The second side 22 is sealed to prevent hot air from entering the cooling device from the second side 22. Therefore, the first air outlets 10 of the two adjacent cabinets 1 in the first row are connected to the air inlet 23 of one of the cooling devices 2, and the first air outlets of the two adjacent cabinets 1 in the third row are connected. An air outlet 10 is connected to the air inlet 23 of another cooling device 2 adjacent to the cooling device 2, that is, most of the hot air generated by the two adjacent cabinets 1 in the first row enters one of the For the cooling device 2, most of the hot air generated by the two adjacent cabinets 1 in the third row enters another cooling device 2 adjacent to the aforementioned cooling device 2. In the illustrated embodiment, the power of the cabinet 1 is 20 kW, and the application is not limited to this. In another embodiment, the power of the cabinets 1 can be partly the same. One part of the power is 10KW, and the other part is 30KW. The sum of the power of two adjacent cabinets 1 in the first row is equal to the third row. The sum of the power of the two adjacent cabinets 1, namely 40KW.
所述冷却设备2还包括靠近地面的底部24、与所述底部24相对的顶部25以及位于所述顶部25的第二出风口26,所述机柜1产生的热风从所述第一出风口10进入所述进风口23,所述冷却设备2产生的冷风从所述第二出风口26排出。The cooling device 2 also includes a bottom 24 close to the ground, a top 25 opposite to the bottom 24, and a second air outlet 26 located at the top 25. The hot air generated by the cabinet 1 flows from the first air outlet 10. Entering the air inlet 23, the cold air generated by the cooling device 2 is discharged from the second air outlet 26.
在图示实施例中,所述冷却设备2包括壳体27、位于所述壳体27内的盘管28、风机墙29、设置于所述风机墙29上的多个风机291以及位于所述盘管28的下方的管路240。所述管路240可供水流过。所述盘管28靠近所述第一侧21。所述冷却设备2通风面积大,气流速度低,风机291的功耗小。所述壳体27包括位于所述盘管28的相对两侧的第一安装部271与第二安装部272。在图示实施例中,所述风机墙29可拆卸地组装至所述第二安装部272。所述风机墙29可从所述第二安装部272拆卸后组装至所述第一安装部271,通过更改所述风机墙29的位置可以更改进入所述冷却设备2的气流的方向,从而实现了冷却资源的灵活调度和充分利用,提高了所述冷却设备2的冷却效率。在图示实施例中,所述冷却设备利用循环的水进行制冷,本说明书并不局限于此,比如,还可通过氟利昂等进行制冷。In the illustrated embodiment, the cooling device 2 includes a housing 27, a coil 28 located in the housing 27, a fan wall 29, a plurality of fans 291 arranged on the fan wall 29, and The pipe 240 below the coil 28. The pipeline 240 can allow water to flow through. The coil 28 is close to the first side 21. The cooling device 2 has a large ventilation area, a low airflow velocity, and a low power consumption of the fan 291. The housing 27 includes a first mounting portion 271 and a second mounting portion 272 located on opposite sides of the coil 28. In the illustrated embodiment, the fan wall 29 is detachably assembled to the second mounting portion 272. The fan wall 29 can be disassembled from the second mounting portion 272 and then assembled to the first mounting portion 271. By changing the position of the fan wall 29, the direction of the airflow entering the cooling device 2 can be changed, thereby achieving In this way, the flexible scheduling and full utilization of cooling resources improves the cooling efficiency of the cooling device 2. In the illustrated embodiment, the cooling device uses circulating water for cooling. This specification is not limited to this. For example, it can also be cooled by Freon.
在图示实施例中,所述冷却设备2包括风机墙29,本申请并不局限于此。所述冷却设备2可不设置风机墙,利用机柜1的风机的气流使得热空气进入所述冷却设备2。In the illustrated embodiment, the cooling device 2 includes a fan wall 29, but the application is not limited to this. The cooling device 2 may not be provided with a fan wall, and the airflow of the fan of the cabinet 1 is used to make hot air enter the cooling device 2.
结合图2与图3所示,在第二示例性实施例中,第一排的机柜1的数量加上第三排的机柜1的数量等于第二排中冷却设备2的数量,第一排的机柜1与第二排的机柜1交 错排布,所有的机柜1的功率都为40KW。图中箭头方向表示气流的方向。第一排的其中一个机柜1与其中一个冷却设备2对齐,第三排的其中一个机柜1和与上述冷却设备2相邻的另一个冷却设备2对齐较大地缩短气流距离,降低所述冷却设备2的功率,进一步降低所述冷却系统的能耗,且能够冷却高功率的机柜1。As shown in Figure 2 and Figure 3, in the second exemplary embodiment, the number of cabinets 1 in the first row plus the number of cabinets 1 in the third row is equal to the number of cooling devices 2 in the second row. The cabinets 1 and the second row of cabinets 1 are arranged alternately, and the power of all cabinets 1 is 40KW. The arrow direction in the figure indicates the direction of airflow. One of the cabinets 1 in the first row is aligned with one of the cooling devices 2, and one of the cabinets 1 in the third row is aligned with the other cooling device 2 adjacent to the above-mentioned cooling device 2, which greatly shortens the airflow distance and reduces the cooling device The power of 2 further reduces the energy consumption of the cooling system, and can cool the high-power cabinet 1.
如果需要移动所述机柜1的位置,比如把第一排的所有的机柜1向右移动,第三排的所有机柜1向左移动,只需要把第一出风口10从所述第一侧21调换至所述第二侧22即可,即所述第一侧21密封,所述第二侧22打开形成所述第一进风口10,使得所述第一出风口10最大限度的靠近与其对齐的机柜1的出风口即可较大地缩短气流距离,降低所述冷却设备2的功率,进一步降低所述冷却系统的能耗,且能够冷却高功率的机柜1。在此实施例中,由于面向所述冷却设备2的第二侧22的位置未设置机柜1,所述冷却设备2的第二出风口26可设置于所述第二侧22,也可选择性的设置于其顶部25。If you need to move the position of the cabinet 1, for example, move all the cabinets 1 in the first row to the right, and move all the cabinets 1 in the third row to the left, you only need to move the first air outlet 10 from the first side 21 Just switch to the second side 22, that is, the first side 21 is sealed, and the second side 22 is opened to form the first air inlet 10, so that the first air outlet 10 is as close as possible to align with it The air outlet of the cabinet 1 can greatly shorten the airflow distance, reduce the power of the cooling device 2, further reduce the energy consumption of the cooling system, and can cool the high-power cabinet 1. In this embodiment, since the cabinet 1 is not provided at the position facing the second side 22 of the cooling device 2, the second air outlet 26 of the cooling device 2 may be provided on the second side 22, or optionally The setting is at its top 25.
结合图2与图4所示,在第三示例性实施例中,取消了所述第三排的机柜,仅设置了第一排的机柜1。图中箭头方向表示气流的方向。所述机柜1的数量与所述冷却设备2的数量相等且一一对齐,部分所述机柜1的第一出风口10设置于第一侧21,另一部分冷却设备2的进风口23设置于第二侧22。所有的机柜1的功率都为40KW。在此实施例中,可通过把部分的冷却设备2的进风口23更换至所述第二侧22即可,可灵活调动且不需要调换所述冷却设备2的方向,容易操作。在此实施例中,由于面向所述冷却设备2的第二侧22的位置未设置机柜1,所述冷却设备2的第二出风口26可设置于所述第二侧22,也可选择性的设置于其顶部25。As shown in FIG. 2 and FIG. 4, in the third exemplary embodiment, the third row of cabinets is eliminated, and only the first row of cabinets 1 is provided. The arrow direction in the figure indicates the direction of airflow. The number of the cabinets 1 is equal to the number of the cooling equipment 2 and is aligned one by one. The first air outlet 10 of part of the cabinet 1 is arranged on the first side 21, and the air inlet 23 of the other part of the cooling device 2 is arranged on the first side. Two sides 22. The power of all cabinets 1 is 40KW. In this embodiment, part of the air inlet 23 of the cooling device 2 can be replaced to the second side 22, which can be flexibly adjusted without changing the direction of the cooling device 2, and is easy to operate. In this embodiment, since the cabinet 1 is not provided at the position facing the second side 22 of the cooling device 2, the second air outlet 26 of the cooling device 2 may be provided on the second side 22, or optionally The setting is at its top 25.
本说明书冷却系统的冷却设备2的进风口23靠近所述设备,气流距离短,降低了所述冷却设备2的功率,进一步降低了所述冷却系统的能耗,且能够冷却高功率的设备,比如机柜1;其次,通过把所述第一出风口10在所述第一侧21与所述第二侧22之间灵活调换,可根据机柜1的实际位置灵活调度,从而实现了冷却资源的灵活调度和充分利用,提高了所述冷却系统的冷却效率;再者,通过更改所述风机墙29的位置可以更改进入所述冷却设备2的气流的方向,操作简单;再者,所述冷却设备2与所述机柜1独立部署,传送介质的管路可安装在所述冷却设备2的盘管28的下方,管路240与机柜1完全独立,减少漏水引起的机柜1内部的设备故障问题。The air inlet 23 of the cooling device 2 of the cooling system in this specification is close to the device, and the airflow distance is short, which reduces the power of the cooling device 2, further reduces the energy consumption of the cooling system, and can cool high-power devices. For example, cabinet 1; secondly, by flexibly swapping the first air outlet 10 between the first side 21 and the second side 22, it can be flexibly scheduled according to the actual location of the cabinet 1, thereby realizing cooling resources Flexible scheduling and full utilization improve the cooling efficiency of the cooling system; furthermore, by changing the position of the fan wall 29, the direction of the airflow entering the cooling device 2 can be changed, and the operation is simple; further, the cooling The equipment 2 and the cabinet 1 are deployed independently, and the pipeline for transmitting the medium can be installed under the coil 28 of the cooling equipment 2, and the pipeline 240 is completely independent from the cabinet 1, reducing the problem of equipment failure inside the cabinet 1 caused by water leakage .
本领域技术人员在考虑说明书及实践这里公开的发明后,将容易想到本说明书的其它实施方案。本说明书旨在涵盖本说明书的任何变型、用途或者适应性变化,这些变型、用途或者适应性变化遵循本说明书的一般性原理并包括本说明书未公开的本技术领域中 的公知常识或惯用技术手段。说明书和实施例仅被视为示例性的,本说明书的真正范围和精神由下面的权利要求指出。Those skilled in the art will easily think of other embodiments of this specification after considering the specification and practicing the invention disclosed herein. This specification is intended to cover any variations, uses, or adaptive changes of this specification. These variations, uses, or adaptive changes follow the general principles of this specification and include common knowledge or conventional technical means in the technical field that are not disclosed in this specification. . The description and the embodiments are only regarded as exemplary, and the true scope and spirit of the description are pointed out by the following claims.
还需要说明的是,术语“包括”、“包含”或者其任何其他变体意在涵盖非排他性的包含,从而使得包括一系列要素的过程、方法、商品或者设备不仅包括那些要素,而且还包括没有明确列出的其他要素,或者是还包括为这种过程、方法、商品或者设备所固有的要素。在没有更多限制的情况下,由语句“包括一个……”限定的要素,并不排除在包括所述要素的过程、方法、商品或者设备中还存在另外的相同要素。It should also be noted that the terms "include", "include" or any other variants thereof are intended to cover non-exclusive inclusion, so that a process, method, product or equipment including a series of elements not only includes those elements, but also includes Other elements that are not explicitly listed, or include elements inherent to this process, method, commodity, or equipment. If there are no more restrictions, the element defined by the sentence "including a..." does not exclude the existence of other identical elements in the process, method, commodity, or equipment that includes the element.
以上所述仅为本说明书的较佳实施例而已,并不用以限制本说明书,凡在本说明书的精神和原则之内,所做的任何修改、等同替换、改进等,均应包含在本说明书保护的范围之内。The above descriptions are only preferred embodiments of this specification, and are not intended to limit this specification. Any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement, etc. made within the spirit and principle of this specification shall be included in this specification Within the scope of protection.

Claims (18)

  1. 一种数据中心,其特征在于,包括位于第一排依次排列的多个机柜以及位于第二排依次排列的多个冷却设备,所述机柜包括第一出风口,所述冷却设备包括靠近所述第一出风口的第一侧,所述冷却设备包括与所述第一出风口连通的进风口,其中一个所述冷却设备的进风口设置于所述第一侧。A data center is characterized in that it comprises a plurality of cabinets arranged in a first row and a plurality of cooling equipments arranged in a second row, the cabinets include a first air outlet, and the cooling equipment includes On the first side of the first air outlet, the cooling device includes an air inlet communicating with the first air outlet, and one of the air inlets of the cooling device is arranged on the first side.
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的数据中心,其特征在于,相邻的两个所述冷却设备的第一侧朝向相反的方向。The data center according to claim 1, wherein the first sides of two adjacent cooling devices face opposite directions.
  3. 根据权利要求1所述的数据中心,其特征在于,所有的所述冷却设备的进风口均设置于所述第一侧。The data center according to claim 1, wherein all air inlets of the cooling equipment are arranged on the first side.
  4. 根据权利要求3所述的数据中心,其特征在于,所述数据中心包括位于第三排依次排列的多个机柜,第一排中相邻的两个所述机柜的第一出风口连通至其中一个所述冷却设备的进风口,第三排中相邻的两个所述机柜的第一出风口连通至与所述冷却设备相邻的另一个冷却设备的进风口。The data center according to claim 3, wherein the data center includes a plurality of cabinets arranged in a third row, and the first air outlets of two adjacent cabinets in the first row are connected to the One of the air inlets of the cooling device, and the first air outlets of two adjacent cabinets in the third row are connected to the air inlet of another cooling device adjacent to the cooling device.
  5. 根据权利要求4所述的数据中心,其特征在于,所述机柜的功率均相同。The data center according to claim 4, wherein the powers of the cabinets are all the same.
  6. 根据权利要求4所述的数据中心,其特征在于,所述机柜的功率部分相同,第一排中相邻的两个机柜的功率之和等于第三排中相邻的两个机柜的功率之和。The data center according to claim 4, wherein the power of the cabinets is the same, and the sum of the powers of the two adjacent cabinets in the first row is equal to the power of the two adjacent cabinets in the third row. with.
  7. 根据权利要求3所述的数据中心,其特征在于,所述数据中心包括位于第三排依次排列的多个机柜,第一排的其中一个机柜的第一出风口连通至第二排的其中一个冷却设备的进风口,第三排的其中一个机柜的第一出风口连通至与所述冷却设备相邻的另一个冷却设备的进风口。The data center according to claim 3, wherein the data center comprises a plurality of cabinets arranged in sequence in the third row, and the first air outlet of one of the cabinets in the first row is connected to one of the second rows For the air inlet of the cooling device, the first air outlet of one of the cabinets in the third row is connected to the air inlet of another cooling device adjacent to the cooling device.
  8. 根据权利要求1所述的数据中心,其特征在于,所述机柜的数量与所述冷却设备的数量相同,所述冷却设备包括与所述第一侧相对的第二侧,相邻的两个冷却设备的一个的进风口设置于其第一侧,另一个冷却设备的进风口设置于其第二侧。The data center according to claim 1, wherein the number of the cabinets is the same as the number of the cooling equipment, and the cooling equipment includes a second side opposite to the first side, and two adjacent The air inlet of one cooling device is arranged on the first side, and the air inlet of the other cooling device is arranged on the second side.
  9. 根据权利要求8所述的数据中心,其特征在于,所述冷却设备包括靠近地面的底部以及与所述底部相对的顶部,相邻的两个冷却设备中的一个包括位于所述顶部或所述第二侧的第二出风口,另一个冷却设备的进风口位于所述第二侧,另一个冷却设备还包括设置于所述顶部或所述第一侧的第二出风口,所述机柜产生的热风从所述第一出风口进入所述进风口,所述冷却设备产生的冷风从所述第二出风口排出。The data center according to claim 8, wherein the cooling device includes a bottom close to the ground and a top opposite to the bottom, and one of the two adjacent cooling devices includes one located on the top or the The second air outlet on the second side, the air inlet of another cooling device is located on the second side, the other cooling device further includes a second air outlet provided on the top or the first side, the cabinet generates The hot air enters the air inlet from the first air outlet, and the cold air generated by the cooling device is discharged from the second air outlet.
  10. 根据权利要求1至7中任一项所述的数据中心,其特征在于,所述冷却设备包括靠近地面的底部、与所述底部相对的顶部以及位于所述顶部的第二出风口,所述机柜 产生的热风从所述第一出风口进入所述进风口,所述冷却设备产生的冷风从所述第二出风口排出。The data center according to any one of claims 1 to 7, wherein the cooling equipment includes a bottom close to the ground, a top opposite to the bottom, and a second air outlet at the top, the The hot air generated by the cabinet enters the air inlet from the first air outlet, and the cold air generated by the cooling device is discharged from the second air outlet.
  11. 根据权利要求1至9中任一项所述的数据中心,其特征在于,所述冷却设备包括壳体、位于所述壳体内的盘管、风机墙以及设置于所述风机墙上的多个风机,所述盘管靠近所述第一侧。The data center according to any one of claims 1 to 9, wherein the cooling equipment includes a housing, a coil located in the housing, a fan wall, and a plurality of For the fan, the coil is close to the first side.
  12. 根据权利要求11所述的数据中心,其特征在于,所述壳体包括位于所述盘管的相对两侧的第一安装部与第二安装部,所述风机墙可拆卸地组装至所述第一安装部或所述第二安装部。The data center according to claim 11, wherein the housing includes a first mounting part and a second mounting part located on opposite sides of the coil, and the fan wall is detachably assembled to the The first mounting part or the second mounting part.
  13. 根据权利要求12所述的数据中心,其特征在于,所述冷却设备包括位于所述盘管的下方的管路,所述管路可供水流过。The data center according to claim 12, wherein the cooling device includes a pipeline located below the coil, and the pipeline allows water to flow through.
  14. 一种冷却系统,其用于给设备降温,其特征在于,所述冷却系统包括排列成一排的多个冷却设备,所述冷却设备包括靠近所述设备的第一侧、与所述第一侧相对的第二侧、可在所述第一侧与所述第二侧之间调换的进风口,相邻的两个所述冷却设备的第一侧朝向相反的方向。A cooling system for cooling equipment, characterized in that the cooling system includes a plurality of cooling equipment arranged in a row, the cooling equipment includes a first side close to the equipment, and the first side An opposite second side and an air inlet that can be exchanged between the first side and the second side, and the first sides of two adjacent cooling devices face in opposite directions.
  15. 根据权利要求14所述的冷却系统,其特征在于,所述冷却设备包括位于所述第一侧的第一安装部与第二安装部以及可拆卸地安装至所述一安装部或所述第二安装部的风机墙,所述风机墙安装至所述第一安装部时,所述进风口位于所述第一侧,所述风机墙安装至所述第二安装部时,所述进风口位于所述第二侧。The cooling system according to claim 14, wherein the cooling device includes a first mounting part and a second mounting part on the first side, and detachably mounted to the first mounting part or the first mounting part. The fan wall of the second mounting part, when the fan wall is mounted to the first mounting part, the air inlet is located on the first side, and when the fan wall is mounted to the second mounting part, the air inlet Located on the second side.
  16. 根据权利要求15所述的冷却系统,其特征在于,所述冷却设备包括壳体以及位于所述壳体内的盘管,所述风机墙位于所述壳体内,所述冷却设备还包括设置于所述风机墙上的多个风机,所述盘管靠近所述第一侧,所述第一安装部与所述第二安装部位于所述盘管的相对两侧。The cooling system according to claim 15, wherein the cooling device comprises a casing and a coil located in the casing, the fan wall is located in the casing, and the cooling device further comprises For a plurality of fans on the fan wall, the coil is close to the first side, and the first mounting portion and the second mounting portion are located on opposite sides of the coil.
  17. 根据权利要求16所述的冷却系统,其特征在于,所述冷却设备包括位于所述盘管的下方的管路,所述管路可供水流过。The cooling system according to claim 16, wherein the cooling device comprises a pipeline located below the coil, and the pipeline allows water to flow through.
  18. 根据权利要求14至16中任一项所述的冷却系统,其特征在于,所述冷却设备包括靠近地面的底部以及与所述底部相对的顶部,相邻的两个冷却设备中的一个包括位于所述顶部或所述第二侧的第二出风口以及位于所述第一侧的进风口,另一个冷却设备包括设置于所述顶部或所述第一侧的第二出风口以及设置于所述第二侧的进风口,所述冷却设备产生的冷风从所述第二出风口排出。The cooling system according to any one of claims 14 to 16, wherein the cooling device includes a bottom close to the ground and a top opposite to the bottom, and one of the two adjacent cooling devices includes The second air outlet on the top or the second side and the air inlet on the first side. Another cooling device includes a second air outlet on the top or the first side and a second air outlet on the first side. For the air inlet on the second side, the cold air generated by the cooling device is discharged from the second air outlet.
PCT/CN2020/088892 2019-05-16 2020-05-07 Cooling system and data center WO2020228575A1 (en)

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