CN111954430A - Cooling system and data center - Google Patents

Cooling system and data center Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111954430A
CN111954430A CN201910404835.6A CN201910404835A CN111954430A CN 111954430 A CN111954430 A CN 111954430A CN 201910404835 A CN201910404835 A CN 201910404835A CN 111954430 A CN111954430 A CN 111954430A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cooling
air
row
data center
cabinets
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910404835.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王�锋
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Alibaba Group Holding Ltd
Original Assignee
Alibaba Group Holding Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Alibaba Group Holding Ltd filed Critical Alibaba Group Holding Ltd
Priority to CN201910404835.6A priority Critical patent/CN111954430A/en
Publication of CN111954430A publication Critical patent/CN111954430A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05KPRINTED CIRCUITS; CASINGS OR CONSTRUCTIONAL DETAILS OF ELECTRIC APPARATUS; MANUFACTURE OF ASSEMBLAGES OF ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
    • H05K7/00Constructional details common to different types of electric apparatus
    • H05K7/20Modifications to facilitate cooling, ventilating, or heating
    • H05K7/20709Modifications to facilitate cooling, ventilating, or heating for server racks or cabinets; for data centers, e.g. 19-inch computer racks
    • H05K7/20718Forced ventilation of a gaseous coolant
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05KPRINTED CIRCUITS; CASINGS OR CONSTRUCTIONAL DETAILS OF ELECTRIC APPARATUS; MANUFACTURE OF ASSEMBLAGES OF ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
    • H05K7/00Constructional details common to different types of electric apparatus
    • H05K7/20Modifications to facilitate cooling, ventilating, or heating

Abstract

The present specification provides a cooling system and a data center. Cooling system, its be used for giving equipment cooling, its characterized in that, cooling system is including arranging into a plurality of cooling apparatus of one row, cooling apparatus is including being close to the first side of equipment, with the second side that first side is relative, can first side with the air intake of changing between the second side, adjacent two cooling apparatus's first side orientation opposite direction, the air current distance is short, has reduced cooling apparatus's power and energy consumption. The utility model provides a data center, is including being located a plurality of cabinets that first row arranged in proper order and being located a plurality of cooling arrangement that the second row arranged in proper order, the cabinet includes first air outlet, cooling arrangement is including being close to the first side of first air outlet, cooling arrangement include with the air intake of first air outlet intercommunication, one of them cooling arrangement's air intake set up in first side.

Description

Cooling system and data center
Technical Field
The present disclosure relates to the field of computer technologies, and in particular, to a cooling system and a data center.
Background
The high-speed increase of data center construction leads to the inside various equipment of computer lab more and more, for guaranteeing that data center provides the refrigeration environment of constant temperature and humidity, cooling system's energy consumption also is bigger and bigger, and data center's power consumption is bigger and bigger, is unfavorable for data center's development, so the energy consumption problem has become the content that data center construction is most concerned with.
Disclosure of Invention
The specification provides a cooling system with low energy consumption and a data center.
The embodiment of the specification provides a data center, including being located a plurality of cabinets that first row arranged in proper order and being located a plurality of cooling arrangement that the second row arranged in proper order, the cabinet includes first air outlet, cooling arrangement is including being close to the first side of first air outlet, cooling arrangement include with the air intake of first air outlet intercommunication, one of them cooling arrangement's air intake set up in first side.
Further, the first sides of two adjacent cooling devices face in opposite directions.
Further, all the air inlets of the cooling device are arranged on the first side.
Further, the data center comprises a plurality of cabinets arranged in a third row in sequence, the first air outlets of two adjacent cabinets in the first row are communicated to the air inlet of one of the cooling devices, and the first air outlets of two adjacent cabinets in the third row are communicated to the air inlet of the other cooling device adjacent to the cooling device.
Further, the power of the cabinets is the same.
Further, the power parts of the cabinets are the same, and the sum of the power of two adjacent cabinets in the first row is equal to the sum of the power of two adjacent cabinets in the third row.
Furthermore, the data center comprises a plurality of cabinets arranged in a third row in sequence, the first air outlet of one of the cabinets in the first row is communicated to the air inlet of one of the cooling devices in the second row, and the first air outlet of one of the cabinets in the third row is communicated to the air inlet of another one of the cooling devices adjacent to the cooling device.
Further, the number of the cabinets is the same as that of the cooling devices, each cooling device includes a second side opposite to the first side, the air inlet of one of the two adjacent cooling devices is disposed on the first side, and the air inlet of the other cooling device is disposed on the second side.
Further, the cooling device comprises a bottom part close to the ground and a top part opposite to the bottom part, one of the two adjacent cooling devices comprises a second air outlet positioned at the top part or the second side, an air inlet of the other cooling device is positioned at the second side, the other cooling device further comprises a second air outlet arranged at the top part or the first side, hot air generated by the cabinet enters the air inlet from the first air outlet, and cold air generated by the cooling device is discharged from the second air outlet.
Further, the cooling device comprises a bottom close to the ground, a top opposite to the bottom and a second air outlet located at the top, hot air generated by the cabinet enters the air inlet from the first air outlet, and cold air generated by the cooling device is discharged from the second air outlet.
Further, the cooling device comprises a shell, a coil pipe located in the shell, a fan wall and a plurality of fans arranged on the fan wall, wherein the coil pipe is close to the first side.
Further, the casing is including being located the first installation department and the second installation department of the relative both sides of coil pipe, fan wall detachably assemble extremely first installation department or the second installation department.
Further, the cooling apparatus includes a tube below the coil through which water can flow.
The cooling system comprises a plurality of cooling devices arranged in a row, wherein each cooling device comprises a first side close to the device, a second side opposite to the first side, and an air inlet capable of being exchanged between the first side and the second side, and the first sides of the two adjacent cooling devices face opposite directions.
Further, the cooling device is including being located the first installation department and the second installation department and detachably of first side install extremely an installation department or the fan wall of second installation department, the fan wall install extremely during the first installation department, the air intake is located first side, the fan wall install extremely during the second installation department, the air intake is located the second side.
Further, cooling arrangement includes the casing and is located coil pipe in the casing, the fan wall is located in the casing, cooling arrangement still including set up in a plurality of fans on the fan wall, the coil pipe is close to first side, first installation department with the second installation department is located the relative both sides of coil pipe.
Further, the cooling apparatus includes a tube below the coil through which water can flow.
Further, the cooling device comprises a bottom part close to the ground and a top part opposite to the bottom part, one of the two adjacent cooling devices comprises a second air outlet positioned on the top part or the second side and an air inlet positioned on the first side, the other cooling device comprises a second air outlet arranged on the top part or the first side and an air inlet positioned on the second side, and cold air generated by the cooling device is discharged from the second air outlet.
According to the technical scheme, the air inlet of the cooling system is close to the equipment, the air flow distance is short, the power of the cooling equipment is reduced, and the energy consumption of the cooling system is further reduced.
Drawings
Fig. 1 shows a top schematic view of a data center of a first exemplary embodiment of the present description.
FIG. 2 illustrates a perspective view of the cooling apparatus of the data center shown in FIG. 1.
Fig. 3 shows a top schematic view of a data center of a second exemplary embodiment of the present description.
Fig. 4 shows a top schematic view of a data center of a third exemplary embodiment of the present description.
Detailed Description
Reference will now be made in detail to the exemplary embodiments, examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings. When the following description refers to the accompanying drawings, like numbers in different drawings represent the same or similar elements unless otherwise indicated. The embodiments described in the following exemplary embodiments do not represent all embodiments consistent with the present specification. Rather, they are merely examples of apparatus and methods consistent with certain aspects of the specification, as detailed in the appended claims.
The terminology used in the description herein is for the purpose of describing particular embodiments only and is not intended to be limiting of the description. As used in this specification and the appended claims, the singular forms "a", "an", and "the" are intended to include the plural forms as well, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise. It should also be understood that the term "and/or" as used herein refers to and encompasses any and all possible combinations of one or more of the associated listed items.
It should be understood that although the terms first, second, third, etc. may be used herein to describe various information, these information should not be limited to these terms. These terms are only used to distinguish one type of information from another. For example, the first information may also be referred to as second information, and similarly, the second information may also be referred to as first information, without departing from the scope of the present specification. The word "if" as used herein may be interpreted as "at … …" or "when … …" or "in response to a determination", depending on the context.
Referring to fig. 1 to 2, a data center according to a first exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure includes a plurality of racks 1 arranged in sequence in a first row, a cooling system arranged in sequence in a second row, and a plurality of racks 1 arranged in sequence in a third row. The number of cabinets 1 of the first row is the same as the number of cabinets 1 of the third row. The cabinet 1 includes a first outlet 10. The direction of the arrows in the figure indicates the direction of the airflow. In the illustrated embodiment, the cooling system is applied to a data center, but the present application is not limited to this, and the cooling system of the present application can be applied to different environments according to actual needs to cool the relevant equipment.
The cooling system comprises a plurality of cooling apparatuses 2 arranged in a row. The number of the cabinets 1 in the first row is equal to that of the cooling devices 2 in the second row, and the cabinets are arranged in one-to-one alignment. The cooling device 2 comprises a first side 21 and a second side 22 opposite to the first side 21. The first sides 21 of two adjacent cooling devices 2 face in opposite directions. The cooling device comprises an air inlet 23 at the first side 21. The second side 22 is sealed against hot air entering the cooling device from the second side 22. Therefore, the first air outlets 10 of two adjacent cabinets 1 in the first row are communicated with the air inlet 23 of one of the cooling devices 2, the first air outlets 10 of two adjacent cabinets 1 in the third row are communicated with the air inlet 23 of the other cooling device 2 adjacent to the cooling device 2, that is, most of the hot air generated by two adjacent cabinets 1 in the first row enters one of the cooling devices 2, and most of the hot air generated by two adjacent cabinets 1 in the third row enters the other cooling device 2 adjacent to the above cooling device 2. In the illustrated embodiment, the power of the cabinet 1 is 20KW, but the present application is not limited thereto. In another embodiment, the power of the cabinets 1 may be partially the same, wherein one part of the power is 10KW, the other part of the power is 30KW, and the sum of the powers of two adjacent cabinets 1 in the first row is equal to the sum of the powers of two adjacent cabinets 1 in the third row, i.e. 40 KW.
The cooling device 2 further includes a bottom 24 close to the ground, a top 25 opposite to the bottom 24, and a second air outlet 26 located at the top 25, the hot air generated by the cabinet 1 enters the air inlet 23 from the first air outlet 10, and the cold air generated by the cooling device 2 is discharged from the second air outlet 26.
In the illustrated embodiment, the cooling apparatus 2 includes a housing 27, a coil 28 located within the housing 27, a fan wall 29, a plurality of fans 291 disposed on the fan wall 29, and a duct 240 located below the coil 28. The pipe 240 may be through which water flows. The coil 28 is adjacent the first side 21. The cooling device 2 has a large ventilation area, a low air flow rate, and a small power consumption of the fan 291. The housing 27 includes a first mount 271 and a second mount 272 on opposite sides of the coil 28. In the illustrated embodiment, the fan wall 29 is removably assembled to the second mounting portion 272. The fan wall 29 can be assembled to the first mounting portion 271 after being detached from the second mounting portion 272, and the direction of the airflow entering the cooling device 2 can be changed by changing the position of the fan wall 29, so that flexible scheduling and full utilization of cooling resources are realized, and the cooling efficiency of the cooling device 2 is improved. In the illustrated embodiment, the cooling device performs cooling by using circulating water, but the present specification is not limited thereto, and cooling may be performed by using freon or the like, for example.
In the illustrated embodiment, the cooling device 2 includes a fan wall 29, to which the present application is not limited. The cooling device 2 may not be provided with a fan wall, and hot air may enter the cooling device 2 by using an air flow of a fan of the cabinet 1.
Referring to fig. 2 and 3, in the second exemplary embodiment, the number of the first row of cabinets 1 plus the number of the third row of cabinets 1 is equal to the number of the cooling devices 2 in the second row, the first row of cabinets 1 and the second row of cabinets 1 are arranged in a staggered manner, and all the cabinets 1 have a power of 40 KW. The direction of the arrows in the figure indicates the direction of the airflow. One of the cabinets 1 in the first row is aligned with one of the cooling devices 2, and one of the cabinets 1 in the third row is aligned with the other cooling device 2 adjacent to the above-mentioned cooling device 2, so that the air flow distance is greatly shortened, the power of the cooling device 2 is reduced, the energy consumption of the cooling system is further reduced, and the high-power cabinet 1 can be cooled.
If the position of the cabinet 1 needs to be moved, for example, all the cabinets 1 in the first row are moved to the right, all the cabinets 1 in the third row are moved to the left, only the first air outlet 10 needs to be exchanged from the first side 21 to the second side 22, that is, the first side 21 is sealed, and the second side 22 is opened to form the first air inlet 10, so that the air flow distance can be greatly shortened by maximally approaching the first air outlet 10 to the air outlet of the cabinet 1 aligned with the first air outlet, the power of the cooling device 2 is reduced, the energy consumption of the cooling system is further reduced, and the high-power cabinets 1 can be cooled. In this embodiment, since the cabinet 1 is not disposed at a position facing the second side 22 of the cooling device 2, the second air outlet 26 of the cooling device 2 may be disposed at the second side 22, and may be optionally disposed at the top 25 thereof.
In a third exemplary embodiment, shown in fig. 2 and 4, the third row of cabinets is eliminated and only the first row of cabinets 1 is provided. The direction of the arrows in the figure indicates the direction of the airflow. The number of the cabinet 1 is equal to the number of the cooling devices 2, and the cooling devices 2 are aligned one to one, a part of the first air outlets 10 of the cabinet 1 is disposed on the first side 21, and the other part of the air inlets 23 of the cooling devices 2 is disposed on the second side 22. All cabinets 1 have a power of 40 KW. In this embodiment, it is only necessary to replace part of the air inlets 23 of the cooling device 2 to the second side 22, which is flexible and easy to operate without changing the direction of the cooling device 2. In this embodiment, since the cabinet 1 is not disposed at a position facing the second side 22 of the cooling device 2, the second air outlet 26 of the cooling device 2 may be disposed at the second side 22, and may be optionally disposed at the top 25 thereof.
The air inlet 23 of the cooling device 2 of the cooling system is close to the device, the air flow distance is short, the power of the cooling device 2 is reduced, the energy consumption of the cooling system is further reduced, and high-power devices, such as the cabinet 1, can be cooled; secondly, the first air outlet 10 is flexibly exchanged between the first side 21 and the second side 22, and can be flexibly scheduled according to the actual position of the cabinet 1, so that flexible scheduling and full utilization of cooling resources are realized, and the cooling efficiency of the cooling system is improved; moreover, the direction of the airflow entering the cooling device 2 can be changed by changing the position of the fan wall 29, and the operation is simple; furthermore, the cooling device 2 is disposed independently from the cabinet 1, the pipeline 240 for transmitting the medium may be installed below the coil 28 of the cooling device 2, and the pipeline 240 is completely independent from the cabinet 1, so as to reduce the problem of equipment failure inside the cabinet 1 caused by water leakage.
Other embodiments of the present disclosure will be apparent to those skilled in the art from consideration of the specification and practice of the disclosure disclosed herein. This specification is intended to cover any variations, uses, or adaptations of the specification following, in general, the principles of the specification and including such departures from the present disclosure as come within known or customary practice within the art to which the specification pertains. It is intended that the specification and examples be considered as exemplary only, with a true scope and spirit of the specification being indicated by the following claims.
It should also be noted that the terms "comprises," "comprising," or any other variation thereof, are intended to cover a non-exclusive inclusion, such that a process, method, article, or apparatus that comprises a list of elements does not include only those elements but may include other elements not expressly listed or inherent to such process, method, article, or apparatus. Without further limitation, an element defined by the phrase "comprising an … …" does not exclude the presence of other like elements in a process, method, article, or apparatus that comprises the element.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present disclosure, and should not be taken as limiting the present disclosure, and any modifications, equivalents, improvements, etc. made within the spirit and principle of the present disclosure should be included in the scope of the present disclosure.

Claims (18)

1. The utility model provides a data center, its characterized in that, is including being located a plurality of cabinets that first row arranged in proper order and being located a plurality of cooling arrangement that the second row arranged in proper order, the cabinet includes first air outlet, cooling arrangement is including being close to the first side of first air outlet, cooling arrangement include with the air intake of first air outlet intercommunication, one of them cooling arrangement's air intake set up in first side.
2. The data center of claim 1, wherein the first sides of two adjacent cooling apparatuses face in opposite directions.
3. The data center of claim 1, wherein all of the cooling equipment air intakes are disposed on the first side.
4. The data center of claim 3, wherein the data center comprises a plurality of cabinets arranged in a third row, the first air outlets of two adjacent cabinets in the first row are communicated with the air inlet of one of the cooling devices, and the first air outlets of two adjacent cabinets in the third row are communicated with the air inlet of another cooling device adjacent to the cooling device.
5. The data center of claim 4, wherein the cabinets are all powered the same.
6. The data center of claim 4, wherein the power portions of the cabinets are the same, and a sum of powers of two adjacent cabinets in the first row is equal to a sum of powers of two adjacent cabinets in the third row.
7. The data center of claim 3, wherein the data center comprises a plurality of cabinets arranged in a third row, the first outlet of one of the cabinets in the first row is connected to the inlet of one of the cooling devices in the second row, and the first outlet of one of the cabinets in the third row is connected to the inlet of another one of the cooling devices adjacent to the one of the cooling devices.
8. The data center of claim 1, wherein the number of the cabinets is the same as the number of the cooling devices, the cooling devices include a second side opposite to the first side, the air inlet of one of the two adjacent cooling devices is disposed on the first side thereof, and the air inlet of the other cooling device is disposed on the second side thereof.
9. The data center of claim 8, wherein the cooling devices comprise a bottom portion near the ground and a top portion opposite to the bottom portion, one of the two adjacent cooling devices comprises a second air outlet at the top portion or the second side, the air inlet of the other cooling device is at the second side, the other cooling device further comprises a second air outlet disposed at the top portion or the first side, the hot air generated by the cabinet enters the air inlet from the first air outlet, and the cold air generated by the cooling device exits from the second air outlet.
10. The data center of any one of claims 1 to 7, wherein the cooling device includes a bottom portion near the ground, a top portion opposite to the bottom portion, and a second air outlet at the top portion, wherein the hot air generated by the cabinet enters the air inlet through the first air outlet, and the cold air generated by the cooling device exits through the second air outlet.
11. The data center of any of claims 1 to 9, wherein the cooling device comprises a housing, a coil within the housing, a fan wall, and a plurality of fans disposed on the fan wall, the coil being proximate to the first side.
12. The data center of claim 11, wherein the housing includes a first mounting portion and a second mounting portion on opposite sides of the coil, the fan wall being removably assembled to the first mounting portion or the second mounting portion.
13. The data center of claim 12, wherein the cooling apparatus comprises tubing below the coil, the tubing through which water can flow.
14. A cooling system for cooling equipment, comprising a plurality of cooling equipment arranged in a row, wherein the cooling equipment comprises a first side close to the equipment, a second side opposite to the first side, and an air inlet capable of being exchanged between the first side and the second side, and the first sides of the adjacent two cooling equipment face to opposite directions.
15. The cooling system of claim 14, wherein the cooling apparatus includes a first mounting portion and a second mounting portion on the first side and a fan wall removably mounted to the first mounting portion or the second mounting portion, wherein the air inlet is located on the first side when the fan wall is mounted to the first mounting portion and the air inlet is located on the second side when the fan wall is mounted to the second mounting portion.
16. The cooling system of claim 15, wherein the cooling apparatus includes a housing and a coil within the housing, the fan wall being located within the housing, the cooling apparatus further including a plurality of fans disposed on the fan wall, the coil being proximate the first side, the first and second mounts being located on opposite sides of the coil.
17. The cooling system of claim 16, wherein the cooling apparatus comprises a tube below the coil through which water can flow.
18. The cooling system according to any one of claims 14 to 16, wherein the cooling device includes a bottom portion near the ground and a top portion opposite to the bottom portion, one of the two adjacent cooling devices includes a second air outlet at the top portion or the second side and an air inlet at the first side, and the other cooling device includes a second air outlet at the top portion or the first side and an air inlet at the second side, and the cooling air generated by the cooling device is discharged from the second air outlet.
CN201910404835.6A 2019-05-16 2019-05-16 Cooling system and data center Pending CN111954430A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910404835.6A CN111954430A (en) 2019-05-16 2019-05-16 Cooling system and data center

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910404835.6A CN111954430A (en) 2019-05-16 2019-05-16 Cooling system and data center
PCT/CN2020/088892 WO2020228575A1 (en) 2019-05-16 2020-05-07 Cooling system and data center

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN111954430A true CN111954430A (en) 2020-11-17

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ID=73290061

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201910404835.6A Pending CN111954430A (en) 2019-05-16 2019-05-16 Cooling system and data center

Country Status (2)

Country Link
CN (1) CN111954430A (en)
WO (1) WO2020228575A1 (en)

Family Cites Families (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102467201A (en) * 2010-11-12 2012-05-23 英业达股份有限公司 Cooling circulation system of server
US8760863B2 (en) * 2011-10-31 2014-06-24 International Business Machines Corporation Multi-rack assembly with shared cooling apparatus
CN203340497U (en) * 2012-12-11 2013-12-11 中兴通讯股份有限公司 Modularization data center
CN204373119U (en) * 2014-11-28 2015-06-03 中兴通讯股份有限公司 Modular data center

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