WO2019085176A1 - 承重加气块装配式墙板体和楼板体 - Google Patents

承重加气块装配式墙板体和楼板体 Download PDF

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WO2019085176A1
WO2019085176A1 PCT/CN2017/116104 CN2017116104W WO2019085176A1 WO 2019085176 A1 WO2019085176 A1 WO 2019085176A1 CN 2017116104 W CN2017116104 W CN 2017116104W WO 2019085176 A1 WO2019085176 A1 WO 2019085176A1
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steel pipe
panel
block
concrete
core layer
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French (fr)
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史世英
史炯一
濮梓闻
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史世英
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/38Connections for building structures in general
    • E04B1/40Separate connecting elements
    • E04B1/41Connecting devices specially adapted for embedding in concrete
    • E04B1/4157Longitudinally-externally threaded elements extending from the concrete or masonry, e.g. anchoring bolt with embedded head
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B5/00Floors; Floor construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted therefor
    • E04B5/02Load-carrying floor structures formed substantially of prefabricated units
    • E04B5/023Separate connecting devices for prefabricated floor-slabs
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B5/00Floors; Floor construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted therefor
    • E04B5/02Load-carrying floor structures formed substantially of prefabricated units
    • E04B5/04Load-carrying floor structures formed substantially of prefabricated units with beams or slabs of concrete or other stone-like material, e.g. asbestos cement
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B5/00Floors; Floor construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted therefor
    • E04B5/48Special adaptations of floors for incorporating ducts, e.g. for heating or ventilating
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/02Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials
    • E04C2/04Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials of concrete or other stone-like material; of asbestos cement; of cement and other mineral fibres
    • E04C2/044Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials of concrete or other stone-like material; of asbestos cement; of cement and other mineral fibres of concrete
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/02Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials
    • E04C2/04Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials of concrete or other stone-like material; of asbestos cement; of cement and other mineral fibres
    • E04C2/06Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials of concrete or other stone-like material; of asbestos cement; of cement and other mineral fibres reinforced
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/02Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials
    • E04C2/26Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups
    • E04C2/284Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups at least one of the materials being insulating
    • E04C2/288Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups at least one of the materials being insulating composed of insulating material and concrete, stone or stone-like material
    • E04C2/2885Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups at least one of the materials being insulating composed of insulating material and concrete, stone or stone-like material with the insulating material being completely surrounded by, or embedded in, a stone-like material, e.g. the insulating material being discontinuous
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/44Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the purpose
    • E04C2/52Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the purpose with special adaptations for auxiliary purposes, e.g. serving for locating conduits
    • E04C2/521Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the purpose with special adaptations for auxiliary purposes, e.g. serving for locating conduits serving for locating conduits; for ventilating, heating or cooling
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/44Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the purpose
    • E04C2/52Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the purpose with special adaptations for auxiliary purposes, e.g. serving for locating conduits
    • E04C2/521Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the purpose with special adaptations for auxiliary purposes, e.g. serving for locating conduits serving for locating conduits; for ventilating, heating or cooling
    • E04C2/523Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the purpose with special adaptations for auxiliary purposes, e.g. serving for locating conduits serving for locating conduits; for ventilating, heating or cooling for ventilating
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/02Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials
    • E04C2/04Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials of concrete or other stone-like material; of asbestos cement; of cement and other mineral fibres
    • E04C2/049Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials of concrete or other stone-like material; of asbestos cement; of cement and other mineral fibres completely or partially of insulating material, e.g. cellular concrete or foamed plaster

Abstract

一种承重加气块装配式墙板体和楼板体,该墙板体是在现有砌墙施工前预先制成的一片板体,该墙板体是由内、外混凝土板体(1,3)和加气块芯层(2)组成,外混凝土板体(1)内设有外钢筋网片(1-1),内混凝土板体(3)内设有内钢筋网片(3-1),内、外钢筋网片(1-1,3-1)之间焊接或勾接有连接钢筋(4),连接钢筋(4)穿过加气块芯层(2);加气块芯层(2)上制有贯通其上、下表面的钢管安装孔(6),钢管安装孔(6)内穿设有支撑钢管(7),支撑钢管(7)上制有贯通钢管内、外壁的混凝土透出孔以及用于将支撑钢管固定在钢管安装孔内的定位件,支撑钢管的管孔内外均凝固有浇筑的混凝土。该墙板体和楼板体专用于轻质自保温承重的加气块墙板体和楼板体进行安全、快速和牢固安装。

Description

承重加气块装配式墙板体和楼板体 技术领域

本发明涉及一种承重加气块装配式墙板体和楼板体,属于固定建筑物的墙技术领域。

背景技术

目前的住宅建设采用现场施工和现场浇注混凝土的方法,完全的现场施工有以下缺陷:现场施工程序及管理复杂,建设成本较大;建筑垃圾较多,建筑场地不易清洁;现场施工的噪声严重影响周围居民的生活和工作,不利于环境的保护;由于受建筑材料、气候条件、现场管理、工人素质等因素的影响,现场施工质量也不容易得到保证。

因此,国家大力推广装配式建筑,现在在高层建筑中,普遍采用加气块,加气块具有容重轻,保温效能高,吸音好和可加工等优点,但是,现有的加气块都用于非承重填充墙,均在现场粉刷混凝土层,极易开裂,渗漏雨水后散发难,影响保温效果及使用寿命,甚至使墙体霉变。且加气块的固定不牢固,施工工序繁琐,施工质量得不到保证。

发明内容

本发明要解决的技术问题是针对现有技术不足,提出一种专用于加气块墙体和楼板体进行安全、快速和牢固安装的承重加气块装配式墙板体和楼板体。

本发明为解决上述技术问题提出的技术方案之一是:一种承重加气块装配式墙板体,该承重加气块装配式墙板体是在现有砌墙施工前预先制成的一片板体,该承重加气块装配式墙板体是由从外到内依次设置的外混凝土板体、加气块芯层和内混凝土板体组成,所述外混凝土板体内设有外钢筋网片,所述内混凝土板体内设有内钢筋网片,所 述内、外钢筋网片之间焊接或勾接有连接钢筋,所述连接钢筋穿过加气块芯层;所述加气块芯层是制有贯通其上、下表面的钢管安装孔的加气块芯层,所述钢管安装孔内穿设有支撑钢管,所述支撑钢管上制有贯通钢管内、外壁的混凝土透出孔以及用于将支撑钢管固定在钢管安装孔内的定位件,所述支撑钢管的管孔内外均凝固有浇筑的混凝土。

本发明采用上述技术方案的效果是:1)通过将加气块芯层设于内、外混凝土板体之间,分别在内、外混凝土板体内设有内、外钢筋网片,内、外钢筋网片之间焊接或勾接有连接钢筋,连接钢筋穿过加气块芯层,将支撑钢管穿设在钢管安装孔内,支撑钢管的管孔内外均凝固有浇筑的混凝土,本楼层处的支撑钢管与下楼层相邻处的支撑钢管之间可彼此插入进行固定,并可将楼板中钢管与墙板体中的钢管以专用接头连接,整体结构牢固,能够实现使轻质保温但强度较差的加气块芯层墙板体可作为承重墙体进行使用,这是现有技术所没有的;2)本发明是预制墙板体,可以在工厂内预先制作好,再在施工现场进行装配,节约了施工时间,提高了施工质量,提高了隔音隔热及抗震性能并可大福降低工程造价。

上述技术方案之一的改进是:所述外混凝土板体和/或加气块芯层上制有贯通其上下表面的气道孔。

本发明采用上述技术方案的效果是:通过在外混凝土板体和/或加气块芯层上制有贯通其上下表面的气道孔,可以散热抽湿,使得墙体在炎日下可降温差30°以上,不容易开裂渗漏雨水。

上述技术方案之一的进一步改进是:所述加气块芯层上的气道孔是铣出的气道孔。

上述技术方案之一的完善之一是:所述加气块芯层与内、外混凝土板体之间彼此粘接固定。

上述技术方案之一的完善之二是:上下相邻的两个支撑钢管之间彼此插接且在该插接处螺接有连接螺母套。

上述技术方案之一的完善之三是:所述支撑钢管的下端设有可插合入下层相邻支撑钢管上端中的内榫管,插合有所述内榫管的支撑钢管处制有多个贯通支撑钢管和内榫管的连接孔,所述连接孔中插入有用于固定连接上、下支撑钢管的销键。

上述技术方案之一的完善之四是:所述定位件是固定在支撑钢管上的定位环或是设在支撑钢管上并沿支撑钢管周圈均布的多个T形钢丝。

上述技术方案之一的完善之五是:所述加气块芯层是由多块加气块对接而成,所述连接钢筋设在两块加气块的对接缝中并与进入该对接缝中的现浇混凝土固结。

上述技术方案之二是:一种承重加气块装配式楼板体,该承重加气块装配式楼板体是在现有楼板施工前预先制成的一片板体,该承重加气块装配式楼板体是由从上到下依次设置的上混凝土板体、加气块芯层和下混凝土板体组成,所述上混凝土板体内设有上钢筋网片,所述下混凝土板体内设有下钢筋网片,所述上、下钢筋网片之间焊接或勾接有连接钢筋,所述连接钢筋穿过加气块芯层;所述加气块芯层是制有贯通其左、右表面的钢管安装孔的加气块芯层,所述钢管安装孔内穿设有支撑钢管,所述支撑钢管上制有贯通钢管内、外壁的混凝土透出孔以及用于将支撑钢管固定在钢管安装孔内的定位件,所述支撑钢管的管孔内外均凝固有浇筑的混凝土。

附图说明

下面结合附图对本发明作进一步说明:

图1是本发明实施例一的承重加气块装配式墙板体的结构示意图。

图2是图1的装配示意图。

图3是图1的A处放大图。

图4是图1的内部结构图。

图5是图4的B处放大图。

图6是图1中支撑钢管的结构示意图。

图7是图1中连接螺母套的结构示意图。

具体实施方式

实施例一

本实施例的承重加气块装配式墙板体,如图1至图5所示,该承重加气块装配式墙板体是在现有砌墙施工前预先制成的一片板体。

该承重加气块装配式墙板体是由从外到内依次设置的外混凝土板体1、加气块芯层2和内混凝土板体3组成。

外混凝土板体1内设有外钢筋网片1-1,内混凝土板体3内设有内钢筋网片3-1。内、外钢筋网片之间焊接或勾接有连接钢筋4,连接钢筋4穿过加气块芯层2。

在加气块芯层2是由多块加气块对接而成时,连接钢筋4设在两块加气块的对接缝中并与进入该对接缝中的现浇混凝土固结。

加气块芯层2是制有贯通其上、下表面的钢管安装孔的加气块芯层,钢管安装孔6内穿设有支撑钢管7。

支撑钢管7上制有贯通钢管内、外壁的混凝土透出孔以及用于将支撑钢管固定在钢管安装孔6内的定位件,支撑钢管7的管孔内外均凝固有浇筑的混凝土。

本实施例的外混凝土板体1和/或加气块芯层2上制有贯通其上下表面的气道孔5。加气块芯层2上的气道孔是铣出的气道孔。

本实施例的加气块芯层2与内、外混凝土板体之间彼此粘接固定。

如图6和图7所示,本实施例的上下相邻的两个支撑钢管之间彼此插接且在该插接处螺接有连接螺母套8。当然,在支撑钢管的下端设有可插合入下层相邻支撑钢管上端中的内榫管时,插合有内榫管的支撑钢管处制有多个贯通支撑钢管和内榫管的连接孔,连接孔中插入有用于固定连接上、下支撑钢管的销键。

本实施例的定位件是固定在支撑钢管上的定位环或是设在支撑钢管上并沿支撑钢管周圈均布的多个T形钢丝。

实施例二

本实施例的承重加气块装配式楼板体,是与实施例一中墙板体结构构思基本相同,具体如下:

该承重加气块装配式楼板体是在现有楼板施工前预先制成的一片板体,该承重加气块装配式楼板体是由从上到下依次设置的上混凝土板体、加气块芯层和下混凝土板体组成,上混凝土板体内设有上钢筋网片,下混凝土板体内设有下钢筋网片,上、下钢筋网片之间焊接或勾接有连接钢筋,连接钢筋穿过加气块芯层。

加气块芯层是制有贯通其左、右表面的钢管安装孔的加气块芯层,钢管安装孔内穿设有支撑钢管,支撑钢管上制有贯通钢管内、外壁的混凝土透出孔以及用于将支撑钢管固定在钢管安装孔内的定位件,支撑钢管的管孔内外均凝固有浇筑的混凝土。

当墙楼板均采用本发明的墙楼板体时,在墙板体上、下层对接处即预留搁置楼板体约160mm空间层,在该处空间层的支撑钢管7上套设有U形管接头,分别卡接支撑钢管7、连接圈梁和楼板体中的加气块芯层中的支撑钢管,逐层安装可至数十层。

本发明不局限于上述实施例。凡采用等同替换形成的技术方案,均落在本发明要求的保护范围。

Claims (9)

  1. 一种承重加气块装配式墙板体,该承重加气块装配式墙板体是在现有砌墙施工前预先制成的一片板体,其特征在于:该承重加气块装配式墙板体是由从外到内依次设置的外混凝土板体、加气块芯层和内混凝土板体组成,所述外混凝土板体内设有外钢筋网片,所述内混凝土板体内设有内钢筋网片,所述内、外钢筋网片之间焊接或勾接有连接钢筋,所述连接钢筋穿过加气块芯层;所述加气块芯层是制有贯通其上、下表面的钢管安装孔的加气块芯层,所述钢管安装孔内穿设有支撑钢管,所述支撑钢管上制有贯通钢管内、外壁的混凝土透出孔以及用于将支撑钢管固定在钢管安装孔内的定位件,所述支撑钢管的管孔内外均凝固有浇筑的混凝土。
  2. 如权利要求1所述的承重加气块装配式墙板体,其特征在于:所述外混凝土板体和/或加气块芯层上制有贯通其上下表面的气道孔。
  3. 如权利要求2所述的承重加气块装配式墙板体,其特征在于:所述加气块芯层上的气道孔是铣出的气道孔。
  4. 如权利要求1、2或3所述的承重加气块装配式墙板体,其特征在于:所述加气块芯层与内、外混凝土板体之间彼此粘接固定。
  5. 如权利要求1、2或3所述的承重加气块装配式墙板体,其特征在于:上下相邻的两个支撑钢管之间彼此插接且在该插接处螺接有连接螺母套。
  6. 如权利要求1、2或3所述的承重加气块装配式墙板体,其特征在于:所述支撑钢管的下端设有可插合入下层相邻支撑钢管上端中的内榫管,插合有所述内榫管的支撑钢管处制有多个贯通支撑钢管和内榫管的连接孔,所述连接孔中插入有用于固定连接上、下支撑钢管的销键。
  7. 如权利要求1、2或3所述的承重加气块装配式墙板体,其特征在于:所述定位件是固定在支撑钢管上的定位环或是设在支撑钢管上并沿支撑钢管周圈均布的多个T形钢丝。
  8. 如权利要求1、2或3所述的承重加气块装配式墙板体,其特征在于:所述加气块芯层是由多块加气块对接而成,所述连接钢筋设在两块加气块的对接缝中并与进入该对接缝中的现浇混凝土固结。
  9. 一种承重加气块装配式楼板体,该承重加气块装配式楼板体是在现有楼板施工前预先制成的一片板体,其特征在于:该承重加气块装配式楼板体是由从上到下依次设置的上混凝土板体、加气块芯层和下混凝土板体组成,所述上混凝土板体内设有上钢筋网片,所述下混凝土板体内设有下钢筋网片,所述上、下钢筋网片之间焊接或勾接有连接钢筋,所述连接钢筋穿过加气块芯层;所述加气块芯层是制有贯通其左、右表面的钢管安装孔的加气块芯层,所述钢管安装孔内穿设有支撑钢管,所述支撑钢管上制有贯通钢管内、外壁的混凝土透出孔以及用于将支撑钢管固定在钢管安装孔内的定位件,所述支撑钢管的管孔内外均凝固有浇筑的混凝土。
PCT/CN2017/116104 2017-11-06 2017-12-14 承重加气块装配式墙板体和楼板体 WO2019085176A1 (zh)

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