WO2019028936A1 - 一种效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置 - Google Patents

一种效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置 Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2019028936A1
WO2019028936A1 PCT/CN2017/098521 CN2017098521W WO2019028936A1 WO 2019028936 A1 WO2019028936 A1 WO 2019028936A1 CN 2017098521 W CN2017098521 W CN 2017098521W WO 2019028936 A1 WO2019028936 A1 WO 2019028936A1
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Prior art keywords
oxygen
proximal end
absorbing
airway device
oropharyngeal airway
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PCT/CN2017/098521
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English (en)
French (fr)
Inventor
肖金仿
黄新生
黄文起
曾因明
古妙宁
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肖金仿
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Priority to US16/638,126 priority Critical patent/US20200171255A1/en
Publication of WO2019028936A1 publication Critical patent/WO2019028936A1/zh

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/04Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/0463Tracheal tubes combined with suction tubes, catheters or the like; Outside connections
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/04Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/0488Mouthpieces; Means for guiding, securing or introducing the tubes
    • A61M16/049Mouthpieces
    • A61M16/0495Mouthpieces with tongue depressors
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/04Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/0475Tracheal tubes having openings in the tube
    • A61M16/0477Tracheal tubes having openings in the tube with incorporated means for delivering or removing fluids
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/04Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/0488Mouthpieces; Means for guiding, securing or introducing the tubes
    • A61M16/0497Tube stabilizer
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/04Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/0402Special features for tracheal tubes not otherwise provided for
    • A61M16/0431Special features for tracheal tubes not otherwise provided for with a cross-sectional shape other than circular
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/04Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/0434Cuffs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/04Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/0486Multi-lumen tracheal tubes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M2202/00Special media to be introduced, removed or treated
    • A61M2202/02Gases
    • A61M2202/0208Oxygen
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M2206/00Characteristics of a physical parameter; associated device therefor
    • A61M2206/10Flow characteristics
    • A61M2206/16Rotating swirling helical flow, e.g. by tangential inflows
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M2207/00Methods of manufacture, assembly or production
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M2210/00Anatomical parts of the body
    • A61M2210/06Head
    • A61M2210/0625Mouth
    • A61M2210/0643Tongue
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A50/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE in human health protection, e.g. against extreme weather
    • Y02A50/30Against vector-borne diseases, e.g. mosquito-borne, fly-borne, tick-borne or waterborne diseases whose impact is exacerbated by climate change

Definitions

  • the invention relates to the technical field of medical instruments, in particular to a utility model of an oxygen-absorbing and sucking oropharyngeal airway device.
  • the oropharyngeal airway device is commonly used during the general anesthesia recovery period.
  • the patient's state of consciousness is blurred or drowsiness, and some wake delays occur, which leads to relaxation of the oropharynx muscle group, especially with tongue. Therefore, the relaxation of the lingual muscle is most likely to cause the tongue to fall.
  • the result is that the pharyngeal cavity is narrow or narrow or the pharyngeal cavity is completely occluded, which makes the patient's airway unobstructed, which is easy to cause ventilatory dysfunction during the general anesthesia recovery period.
  • the ventilatory function is lost, the oxygen supply and oxygen consumption of the body are out of balance, and the most serious is the death of the patient after hypoxia.
  • the above situation is shown in Figure 25.
  • the traditional oropharyngeal airway device can solve the problem of loosening of the oral muscle group caused by blurred or sleepiness or delayed wakefulness of the patient during the general anesthesia recovery period, which can effectively hold up the falling tongue and recover from the general anesthesia during surgery. Can create new breathing channels.
  • the patient undergoing general anesthesia recovery is a process of recovery, with the gradual degradation of anesthetic drugs and the destruction or elimination of the molecular structure of the anesthetic by the metabolism of the patient's body from the liver, kidney and lungs and various biological enzymes;
  • the patient's sensory and conscious state gradually clears and recovers with the gradual metabolism and elimination of this anesthetic.
  • the patient cannot tolerate the stimulation of the traditional oropharyngeal airway device, especially in some sensitive areas of the pharyngeal cavity, which may cause nausea, retching, etc. after being stimulated by the traditional oropharyngeal airway device.
  • the object of the present invention is to provide a utility-type oxygen-absorbing and sucking oropharyngeal airway device, which solves the problem that the existing oropharyngeal airway device has a bad stimulating effect and is likely to cause complications that endanger the life of the patient.
  • a utility model of an oxygen-absorbing and sucking oropharyngeal airway device comprising: an inner airway body from a proximal end to a distal end; and a pallet parallel to the width of the human tongue; the pallet comprises a proximal end and a distal end curved portion
  • the proximal end is located on the front surface of the inner air passage body and constitutes the wall of the duct, the bending angle of the distal bending portion is 0°-180°;
  • the front surface of the distal bending portion is provided with at least two uniformly distributed convex or concave spaces Or perforation, the convex tooth surface is smooth, the pharyngeal surface is erected to 1-2 mm or the concave depth is 0.5-1 mm or the perforated diameter is 1-3 mm.
  • the purpose of the above design is to change the adhesion coefficient or friction surface coefficient of the tray and the tongue surface of the utility model of the oxygen-absorbing suction oropharyngeal airway device to prevent the tongue from falling off.
  • the width of the proximal end of the tray is greater than the width of the distal curved portion; the two sides of the proximal end are formed with a folded edge, and the angle is between 0° and 180°.
  • the purpose of this design is to form a clad state for the body of the tongue.
  • the utility model of the oxygen-absorbing and sucking oropharyngeal airway device further comprises: an oxygen-absorbing pipe, wherein the oxygen-absorbing pipe is disposed at a side wall of the inner airway body.
  • the side wall of the oxygen inhalation duct is provided with at least two side holes spaced apart, the plurality of side holes are distributed to the distal end along the proximal end of the inner air passage body, and the bottom hole of the distal end of the oxygen inhalation duct is closed;
  • the angle between the opening angle and the arbitrary axis is 0°-180°.
  • the purpose of this design is to allow the inhaled gas to form a physiological mixed flow state after entering the trachea, preventing local air dehydration caused by direct insufflation of a certain part of the airway for a long time.
  • the utility model of the oxygen-absorbing and sucking oropharyngeal airway device further comprises: a suction pipe, the suction pipe is disposed at a rear side wall of the inner air passage body, and the distal opening of the suction pipe is a suction hole.
  • the opening of the suction hole is at the bottom of the catheter, and the pharyngeal cavity is at a low position when the patient is in the supine position, which facilitates the accumulation of sputum in the opening of the suction hole around the bottom of the catheter, facilitating the suction operation.
  • the utility model of the oxygen-absorbing and sucking oropharyngeal airway device further comprises: an independent airbag, the independent airbag is disposed on the back of the inner airway body, and the independent airbag is connected with the inflation valve.
  • the supporting bracket can lift the tongue surface, lift the tongue root, and increase the space of the pharyngeal cavity, which is beneficial to the airway of the patient during the anesthesia recovery period, and the inflatable airbag top is in the hard palate.
  • the site has low sensitivity and low irritation.
  • the utility model of the oxygen-absorbing and sucking oropharyngeal airway device further comprises: a double-layer airbag disposed on a back surface of the inner airway body, and the double-layer airbag constitutes a rear wall of the inner airway body.
  • the double-layer airbag constitutes the rear wall of the internal airway body.
  • the inner air passage body has a circular cross section or an elliptical cross section or a special shaped cross section.
  • An effective oxygen-absorbing and sucking oropharyngeal airway device comprises: an inner airway body from a proximal end to a distal end; and a pallet parallel to the width of the human tongue; the proximal end of the pallet is flat, and The inner side of the flat plate has an inner fold and an inner bend of 0°-180°, and the distal end of the plate has a curved curved structure and a curved arc of 0°-180°; the curved curved structure at the distal end of the plate is provided Sticky tongue, sticky tongue including perforation, protrusion or hollow; the length of the internal airway body accounts for 1.5/3-2.5/3 of the overall length of the effective oxygen-absorbing oropharyngeal airway device; internal airway
  • the body has a rigid circular or elliptical structure, or the inner air passage body is a soft shaped structure; the inner air passage body is connected with an inflation valve, and the back of the rigid circular or elliptical structure is provided with a gas-
  • the utility model provides a utility-type oxygen-absorbing and sucking oropharyngeal airway device, which can effectively avoid the sensitive area of the pharyngeal cavity, that is, can effectively avoid the area where the stimulation reflection intensity is above 5 points, thereby reducing the sensitivity
  • the stimulation area of the area reduces the stimulation intensity of the anesthesia recovery period.
  • the embodiment of the present invention provides a safe and efficient use of the oxygen-absorbing and sucking oropharyngeal airway device, and the stimulation area is in the non-sensitive reflective area, reducing nausea, vomiting and coughing. Occurs while ensuring that the airway is clear on the glottis during anesthesia recovery.
  • FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of a front side of a utility-type oxygen absorbing and sucking oropharyngeal airway device according to an embodiment of the present invention
  • FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of a rear side of a utility-type oxygen absorbing and sucking oropharyngeal airway device according to an embodiment of the present invention
  • FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of a front side of another utility-type oxygen-absorbing and sucking oropharyngeal airway device according to an embodiment of the present invention
  • FIG. 4 is a schematic view showing the rear side structure of another utility-type oxygen-absorbing and sucking oropharyngeal airway device according to an embodiment of the present invention.
  • FIG. 5 is a schematic front view showing a structure of a tray in a utility-type oxygen-absorbing and sucking oropharyngeal airway device according to an embodiment of the present invention
  • FIG. 6 is a schematic structural view of a perforation of a tray in a utility-type oxygen-absorbing and sucking oropharyngeal airway device according to an embodiment of the present invention
  • FIG. 7 is a schematic structural view of a protrusion of a tray in a utility-type oxygen-absorbing and sucking oropharyngeal airway device according to an embodiment of the present invention
  • FIG. 8 is a schematic structural view of a concave space of a tray in a utility-type oxygen-absorbing and sucking oropharyngeal airway device according to an embodiment of the present invention
  • FIG. 9 is a schematic structural view of a proximal cross section of another utility-type oxygen absorbing and sucking oropharyngeal airway device according to an embodiment of the present invention.
  • FIG. 10 is a schematic structural view of an oxygen absorbing pipe in a utility-type oxygen absorbing and sucking oropharyngeal airway device according to an embodiment of the present invention
  • FIG. 11 is a schematic structural view showing the implantation of an effective oxygen-absorbing and sucking oropharyngeal airway device in an oral cavity according to an embodiment of the present invention
  • FIG. 12 is a schematic structural view of a utility-type oxygen absorbing and sucking oropharyngeal airway device in a pharyngeal cavity according to an embodiment of the present invention
  • FIG. 13 is a schematic structural diagram of a front side of a further effective oxygen-absorbing and sucking oropharyngeal airway device according to an embodiment of the present invention.
  • FIG. 14 is a schematic view showing the rear side structure of a ventilating state of a double-effect oxygen-absorbing and sucking oropharyngeal airway device according to an embodiment of the present invention.
  • FIG. 15 is a schematic view showing the rear side structure of another inflated state of an oxygen-absorbing and sucking oropharyngeal airway device according to an embodiment of the present invention.
  • FIG. 16 is a schematic structural view of a proximal end section of still another utility-type oxygen-absorbing and sucking oropharyngeal airway device according to an embodiment of the present invention
  • 17 is a schematic view showing the structure of a ventilating state of a efficacious oxygen-absorbing and sucking oropharyngeal airway device implanted into an oral cavity according to an embodiment of the present invention
  • FIG. 18 is a schematic structural view showing the implantation of an inflated state of an oxygen-absorbing and sucking oropharyngeal airway device according to an embodiment of the present invention.
  • 19 is a schematic view showing the structure of a front side of a utility-type oxygen-absorbing and sucking oropharyngeal airway device according to an embodiment of the present invention.
  • 20 is a schematic view showing the rear side structure of another utility-type oxygen absorbing and sucking oropharyngeal airway device according to an embodiment of the present invention.
  • FIG. 21 is a schematic view showing the rear side structure of another inflated state of the oxygen-absorbing and sucking oropharyngeal airway device according to an embodiment of the present invention.
  • FIG. 22 is a schematic structural view of a proximal cross section of a utility-type oxygen-absorbing and sucking oropharyngeal airway device according to an embodiment of the present invention
  • FIG. 23 is a schematic structural view of another embodiment of the present invention for implanting an oxygen-absorbing and sucking oropharyngeal airway device into an oral cavity;
  • FIG. 24 is a schematic structural view showing another embodiment of the present invention for implanting an inflatable state of an oxygen-absorbing and sucking oropharyngeal airway device into an oral cavity;
  • Figure 25 is a schematic diagram of the pharyngeal muscle relaxation site and airway ventilation disorder in anesthesia or recovery.
  • Figure 26 is a map of the sensitive area of oropharyngeal stimulation.
  • 11 internal airway body; 10 - pallet; 101 - proximal end; 102 - distal bending; 4-stick tongue; 401 - perforation; 402 - bulge; 403 - hollow; Oxygen pipe; 2-side hole; 7-suction pipe; 5-individual air bag; 6-inflator valve; 9-double air bag; 8-tube ring.
  • connection In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that the terms “installation”, “connected”, and “connected” are to be understood broadly, and may be fixed or detachable, for example, unless otherwise explicitly defined and defined. Connected, or integrally connected; may be a mechanical connection; may be directly connected, or may be indirectly connected through an intermediate medium, and may be internal communication between the two elements.
  • Connected, or integrally connected may be a mechanical connection; may be directly connected, or may be indirectly connected through an intermediate medium, and may be internal communication between the two elements.
  • the specific meaning of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in a specific case by those skilled in the art.
  • an embodiment of the present invention provides a utility model of an oxygen-absorbing and sucking oropharyngeal airway device, comprising: an inner airway body 11 from a proximal end to a distal end, and a tongue surface parallel to the human body.
  • the pallet 10 includes a proximal end 101 and a distal end curved portion 102, the proximal end 101 being located on the front side of the inner airway body 11 and constituting the wall of the duct, the bending angle of the distal curved portion 102 ( ⁇ or ⁇ ) is 0°-180°; the front surface of the distal curved portion 102 is provided with at least two uniformly distributed protrusions 402 (shown in FIG. 7) or concave spaces 403 (shown in FIG. 8) or perforations 401 (as shown in FIG.
  • the convex surface of the protrusion 402 is smooth, the pharyngeal surface is erected to 1-2 mm or the concave depth of the concave space 403 is 0.5-1 mm or the diameter of the perforation 401 is 1-3 mm.
  • the utility model has the following advantages: the utility model of the oxygen-absorbing and sucking oropharyngeal airway device according to the embodiment of the invention has the following advantages:
  • the utility model provides an effective oxygen-absorbing and sucking oropharyngeal airway device, which can effectively avoid the sensitive area of the pharyngeal cavity, that is, can effectively avoid the area where the stimulation reflection intensity is above 5 points, thereby reducing the sensitive area. Stimulation Area, reducing the stimulation intensity of anesthesia recovery period.
  • the utility model provides a safe and efficient use of the oxygen-absorbing and sucking oropharyngeal airway device, and the stimulation area is in the non-sensitive reflective area, thereby reducing the occurrence of nausea, vomiting and cough. At the same time, ensure that the airway is clear on the glottis during the anesthesia recovery period.
  • the visual analog scale can be used to evaluate the intensity of the oropharyngeal cavity.
  • the minimum stimulating reflex is the tooth, and the stimulating intensity is set to 0.
  • the strongest stimulating reflex is the tongue root, the posterior pharyngeal wall, and the proximal larynx.
  • the research method uses large sample data, and according to the above data.
  • the sensitive area of the oropharynx is mainly distributed in the pharyngeal cavity, and the sensitive area of the pharynx is mainly in the base of the tongue, the epiglottis, the pharyngeal recess, etc., as shown in Fig. 26.
  • a tool sequential extubation method which is: in the perioperative period of general anesthesia recovery, study a set of practical tools to solve the general anesthesia recovery period patients anesthesia from deep to shallow, the conversion of tools to stimulate From heavy to light, it is used to eliminate cough reflex, reduce the occurrence of complications, reduce the use of anesthetics during the recovery period, improve the safety of perioperative perioperative period, and is suitable for hypertension, diabetes, obesity, snoring and special surgery. patient.
  • the tool can be used to solve the safe and sequential extubation of the anesthesia during the anesthesia recovery period, without the need to apply anesthesia to wake up the drug, or to reduce the irritating complications, the additional application of anesthesia causes delayed anesthesia recovery, breathing after anesthesia Suppress a series of risks.
  • the width of the proximal end 101 of the tray 10 is greater than the width of the distal end curved portion 102; and the two sides of the proximal end 101 are formed with a folded edge, and the angle ⁇ of the folded edge is 0°-180. °.
  • the above-mentioned utility-type oxygen suction and oropharyngeal airway device further includes: an oxygen absorption pipe 1, the oxygen absorption pipe 1 It is disposed at the side wall of the inner air passage body 11.
  • the side wall of the oxygen inhalation pipe 1 is at least spaced apart from the side holes 2, and the plurality of side holes 2 are distributed along the proximal end of the inner air passage body 11 to the distal end, and the bottom hole of the distal end of the oxygen inhalation pipe 1 Closed; specifically, the opening angle of the side hole 2 is 0°-180° of any axis.
  • the above-mentioned utility-type oxygen-absorbing and sucking oropharyngeal airway device further includes: a suction pipe 7, and the suction pipe 7 It is disposed at the back side wall of the inner air passage body 11, and the distal opening of the suction duct 7 is a suction hole.
  • the above-mentioned utility-type oxygen-absorbing and sucking oropharyngeal airway device further includes: an independent airbag 5, which is disposed on the back surface of the internal airway body 11, and The inflation valve 6 is connected to the independent airbag 5.
  • an independent airbag 5 which is disposed on the back surface of the internal airway body 11, and The inflation valve 6 is connected to the independent airbag 5.
  • the independent airbag 5 when the independent airbag 5 is in a non-inflated state (ie, a collapsed state), the effective oxygen-absorbing suction oropharyngeal airway device is inserted into the oropharynx cavity; after inflation, The independent airbag 5 supports the rear wall of the airway of the effective oxygen-absorbing and sucking oropharyngeal airway device, and lifts the middle of the tongue to keep the oropharynx cavity unobstructed.
  • the above-mentioned utility-type oxygen-absorbing and sucking oropharyngeal airway device further includes:
  • the layer airbag 9 is disposed on the back surface of the inner air passage body 11, and the double airbag 9 constitutes the rear wall of the inner air passage body 11.
  • the double-layer airbag 9 is in communication with the inflation valve 6, and the double-layer airbag 9 is closely connected to the rigid tube wall and the tube ring 8, and when the double-layer airbag 9 is in a non-inflated state (ie, collapsed state), it is effective.
  • the oxygen-absorbing and sucking oropharyngeal airway device is inserted into the oropharynx cavity, as shown in Fig.
  • the double-layer airbag 9 supports the rear wall of the airway of the effective oxygen-absorbing and sucking oropharyngeal airway device, lifting In the middle of the tongue, keep the oropharynx lumen clear, as shown in Figure 24.
  • the inner airway body 11 can have a circular cross section or an elliptical cross section or a special cross section.
  • the specific cross-sectional shape is not limited here, and it is reasonable.
  • the utility model provided by the embodiments of the present invention can be manufactured by injection molding or rotary molding or other types of molding process.
  • the embodiment of the invention further provides a utility-type oxygen-absorbing and sucking oropharyngeal airway device, as shown in FIG. 1 to FIG. 24, comprising: an inner airway body 11 from a proximal end to a distal end, and a human tongue surface
  • the pallet 10 of the parallel width; the proximal end 101 of the pallet 10 has a flat shape, and the two sides of the flat plate are folded inward and have an inner radius of 0°-180°, and the distal end of the pallet 10 has a curved curved structure and is curved.
  • the curvature is 0°-180°; the curved curved structure of the distal end of the pallet 10 is provided with an adhesive tongue 4 comprising a perforation 401, a protrusion 402 or a hollow 403; the length of the internal air passage body 11
  • the overall length of the orthodontic suction oropharyngeal airway device is 1.5/3-2.5/3;
  • the inner airway body 11 is a hard circular or elliptical structure, or the inner airway body 11 is a soft profiled
  • the inner air passage body 11 is connected with an inflation valve 6, and the back surface of the rigid circular or elliptical structure is provided with an inflatable bladder to form a lumen portion and communicates with the inflation valve 6; or, the soft profiled structure is attached to the hard portion and
  • the tube ring 8 is in communication with the inflation valve 6, and when inflated, constitutes a wall of the efficacious oxygen-absorbing oropharyngeal airway device;
  • the side wall of the body 11 is provided with an
  • anesthetic drugs during anesthesia recovery is a slow process, and the anesthetics and their metabolites remaining in the body will continue to exert anesthetic efficacy. This performance is manifested as intolerance to stimulation under strong stimulation conditions, and induces anesthesia recovery. Complications, premature withdrawal of the tracheal tube, the patient continues to enter a state of drowsiness or anesthesia due to the residual effects of anesthetics. Common complications include pharyngeal muscle relaxation and tongue fall resulting in airway obstruction. It is a reasonable choice to implant a small oropharyngeal airway with a stimulus intensity after the anesthesia recovery period.
  • the traditional oropharyngeal airway device is not designed to avoid sensitive parts of the oropharynx, and it is easy to induce new adverse reflexes.
  • the utility model provides the utility model of the oxygen-absorbing and sucking oropharyngeal airway device capable of circumventing or reducing the adverse reflex in the oral cavity, and simultaneously solving the effect of the oxygen-absorbing and sucking oropharyngeal airway device integrated in the clinical anesthesia process. After the function, the suction and oxygen absorption operation is convenient.
  • the application tool sequential extubation method is to apply the advantages of several new tools, safe, sequential, reduce stimulation, achieve extubation, reduce traditional anesthesia through additional anesthetic operation to suppress damage caused by tool stimulation, and improve tools. Efficiency, solving traditional tools can't solve Problems such as high blood pressure, diabetes, obesity, snoring and safe ventilation in patients with special surgery after anesthesia.
  • the utility model provides a utility-type oxygen-absorbing and sucking oropharyngeal airway device, which can effectively avoid the sensitive area of the pharyngeal cavity, that is, can effectively avoid the area where the stimulation reflection intensity is above 5 points, thereby reducing the sensitivity
  • the stimulation area of the area reduces the stimulation intensity of the anesthesia recovery period.
  • the embodiment of the present invention provides a safe and efficient use of the oxygen-absorbing and sucking oropharyngeal airway device, and the stimulation area is in the non-sensitive reflective area, reducing nausea, vomiting and coughing. Occurs while ensuring that the airway is clear on the glottis during anesthesia recovery.
  • Tool sequential extubation method During the perioperative period of general anesthesia recovery, study a set of practical tools to solve the general anesthesia recovery period patients anesthesia from deep to shallow, the conversion of tools makes the stimulation from heavy to light, set to eliminate ⁇ Cough reflex, reduce the occurrence of complications, reduce the re-application and wake-up delay of anesthesia during the recovery period, improve the safety of perioperative perioperative period, and apply to patients with hypertension, diabetes, obesity, snoring and special surgery.

Abstract

一种效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置,涉及医疗器械技术领域,解决现有的口咽通气道装置存在不良刺激作用容易导致危及病人生命的并发症发生的技术问题,整合吸痰吸氧结构和功能提高装置的效率。效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置,包括:由近端至远端的内部通气道本体(11),以及与人体舌面平行宽度的托板(10);托板(10)包括近端(101)和远端弯曲部(102),近端(101)位于内部通气道本体(11)的正面、并构成管道的壁,远端弯曲部(102)的弯曲角度为0°-180°;远端弯曲部(102)的正面设有至少两个均匀分布的凸起(402)或凹空(403)或穿孔(401),凸起(402)的牙面光滑、咽面直立为1-2mm或凹空(403)的凹陷深度为0.5-1mm或穿孔(401)的直径为1-3mm;近端至远端的内部通气道本体(11)整合吸痰吸氧管道。

Description

一种效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置
相关申请的交叉引用
本申请要求于2017年08月10日提交中国专利局的申请号为201710683535.7、名称为“效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置”的中国专利申请的优先权;其全部内容通过引用结合在本申请中。
技术领域
本发明涉及医疗器械技术领域,特别涉及一种效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置。
背景技术
口咽通气道装置在手术全身麻醉苏醒期被普遍使用。在麻醉苏醒期,由于麻醉药物和肌肉松弛肌的残留或代谢产物的后续作用,使病人意识状态模糊或嗜睡,有的发生苏醒延迟,这种状态导致口咽腔肌群发生松弛,尤其以舌为甚,舌肌的松弛最容易导致舌的后坠,其结果容易导致咽腔狭小或狭窄或咽腔完全闭塞,使病人气道不通畅,从而容易在手术全身麻醉苏醒期造成病人通气障碍或通气功能丧失,肌体氧供、氧耗失去平衡,最为严重的是病人手术后缺氧死亡。上述情况如图25所示。
传统口咽通气道装置在手术全身麻醉苏醒期能够解决由病人意识状态模糊或嗜睡或发生苏醒延迟而导致口腔肌群发生松弛的问题,能够有效托起后坠的舌,在手术全身麻醉苏醒期能建立新的呼吸通道。
但是,手术全身麻醉苏醒期的病人是一个苏醒的过程,随着麻醉药物的逐渐降解和由病人的肌体从肝、肾和肺以及各种生物酶的代谢将麻醉药的分子结构破坏或排除;病人的感觉和意识状态随着这种麻醉药的逐渐代谢和排除逐渐清晰和恢复。并且,随着这种意识和感觉状态的恢复,病人不能耐受传统口咽通气道装置的刺激,特别是咽腔一些敏感区域受到传统口咽通气道装置刺激后会发生恶心、干呕等不良反射,严重会发生恶心呕吐,术中胃内大量的分泌物随着腹部压力的增加反流或喷射至口腔,然后又误吸至气道的气管支气管及肺部的情况,由于胃内容物属于酸性分泌物,PH值在0.9-3,这种酸性内容物立即导致肺泡表面活性物质-二软脂酰卵磷脂失活,以及肺泡细胞损伤;气管支气管痉挛以及反流物的堵塞,肌体不仅发生通气障碍而且会发生换气障碍,继发肺泡萎陷肺不张、肺水肿和肺部感染。
此外,传统口咽通气道装置刺激后会发生恶心、干呕等腹肌剧烈收缩容易导致伤口裂开;传统口咽通气道装置的使用刺激容易导致气道的高敏反应,继发循环动力学波动明显,血压升高、心率增快,肝脑等手术容易发生创面出血,导致手术失败;糖尿病、高血压、肥胖、鼾症等病人容易发生相关并发症,导致心脏病、脑血管意外、再次发生气道梗阻通气障碍。
发明内容
本发明的目的在于提供一种效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置,以解决现有的口咽通气道装置存在不良刺激作用容易导致危及病人生命的并发症发生的问题。
本发明的实施例通过以下技术方案实现:
一种效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置,包括:由近端至远端的内部通气道本体,以及与人体舌面平行宽度的托板;托板包括近端和远端弯曲部,近端位于内部通气道本体的正面、并构成管道的壁,远端弯曲部的弯曲角度为0°-180°;远端弯曲部的正面设有至少两个均匀分布的凸起或凹空或穿孔,凸起的牙面光滑、咽面直立为1-2mm或凹空的凹陷深度为0.5-1mm或穿孔的直径为1-3mm。
以上设计其目的是改变效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置的托板与舌面的粘合系数或摩擦面系数,以防止舌脱板后坠。
进一步的,托板的近端的宽度大于远端弯曲部的宽度;近端的两边形成有折边,且夹角为0°-180°。
这种设计的目的是形成对舌体部形成包合状态。
进一步的,效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置还包括:吸氧管道,吸氧管道设置在内部通气道本体的侧壁处。
进一步的,吸氧管道的侧壁至少间隔设有两个侧孔,多个侧孔沿内部通气道本体的近端分布至远端,且吸氧管道的远端的底孔封闭;侧孔的开孔角度与任意轴心线夹角为0°-180°。
这种设计的目的是使吸入的气体在进入气管后形成生理性混流状态,防止长时间对气道某个部位直接吹气导致局部组织脱水。
进一步的,效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置还包括:吸痰管道,吸痰管道设置在内部通气道本体的背面侧壁处,且吸痰管道的远端开口为吸痰孔。
吸痰孔的开口在导管底部,病人仰卧位时咽腔处于低位,有利于痰液聚集在吸痰孔的开口在导管底部周围,便利吸痰操作。
进一步的,效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置还包括:独立气囊,独立气囊位于内部通气道本体的背面设置,且独立气囊连接有充气阀。
这种设计的目的是独立气囊充气时,支撑托板可将舌面抬起,提拉舌根,使咽腔的空间加大,有利于麻醉苏醒期病人气道通畅,同时独立气囊充气顶在硬腭部位,该部位敏感性低,刺激小。
进一步的,效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置还包括:双层气囊,双层气囊位于内部通气道本体的背面设置,且双层气囊构成内部通气道本体的后壁。
这种设计的作用功能与独立气囊充气时类同,为了减少材料的应用,故使双层气囊构成内部通气道本体的后壁。
进一步的,内部通气道本体为圆形截面或椭圆形截面或异形截面。
一种效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置,包括:由近端至远端的内部通气道本体,以及与人体舌面平行宽度的托板;托板的近端为平板状、且平板状的两边内折、内折弧度为0°-180°,托板的远端为弯曲弧形结构、且弯曲弧度为0°-180°;托板的远端的弯曲弧形结构设有粘舌突,粘舌突包括穿孔、凸起或凹空;内部通气道本体的长度占效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置的整体长度的1.5/3-2.5/3;内部通气道本体为硬质圆形或椭圆形结构,或内部通气道本体为软质异形结构;内部通气道本体连通有充气阀,硬质圆形或椭圆形结构的背面设有充气囊构成管腔部分并与充气阀连通;或,软质异形结构附着在硬质部位并和管环与充气阀连通,充气时构成效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置的管壁;内部通气道本体的侧面管壁设有吸氧管道,且吸氧管道上开设有至少两个侧孔,邻近的两个侧孔之间气流两两对应形成夹角并在内部通气道本体内交汇形成涡流;吸氧管道的底部封闭;内部通气道本体的背面管壁设有吸痰管道。
相对于现有技术,本发明的技术方案至少具有以下优点或有益效果:
本发明的实施例提供的效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置,能够有效避开口咽腔刺激敏感地区,即能够有效避免刺激反射强度在5分以上的区域,从而减少对上述敏感区域的刺激面积,减少麻醉苏醒期的刺激强度。与传统口咽通气道装置比较,本发明的实施例提供的效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置使用安全、效率高,其刺激面积在非敏感反射区域,减少恶心呕吐和呛咳的发生,同时保证在麻醉苏醒期声门上气道通畅。尤其适用于肢端肥大症、鼾症、拔管后舌后坠等全身麻醉手术病人,减少麻醉后苏醒期的不良反应,符合工具顺序拔管法和舒适医疗的理念。
附图说明
为了更清楚地说明本发明的具体实施方式或现有技术中的技术方案,下面将对具体实施方式或现有技术描述中所需要使用的附图作简单地介绍,显而易见地,下面描述中的附图是本发明的一些特殊实施方式,对于本领域普通技术人员来讲,在不付出创造性劳动的前提下,还可以根据这些附图获得其他的附图,其它未表述的附图均在本发明保护范围之内。
图1为本发明实施例提供的一种效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置的前侧结构示意图;
图2为本发明实施例提供的一种效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置的后侧结构示意图;
图3为本发明实施例提供的另一种效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置的前侧结构示意图;
图4为本发明实施例提供的另一种效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置的后侧结构示意图;
图5为本发明实施例提供的效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置中托板的正面结构示意图;
图6为本发明实施例提供的效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置中托板的穿孔的结构示意图;
图7为本发明实施例提供的效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置中托板的凸起的结构示意图;
图8为本发明实施例提供的效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置中托板的凹空的结构示意图;
图9为本发明实施例提供的另一种效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置的近端截面的结构示意图;
图10为本发明实施例提供的效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置中吸氧管道的结构示意图;
图11为本发明实施例提供的效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置植入口腔的结构示意图;
图12为本发明实施例提供的效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置接近咽腔的结构示意图;
图13为本发明实施例提供的再一种效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置的前侧结构示意图;
图14为本发明实施例提供的再一种效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置放气状态的后侧结构示意图;
图15为本发明实施例提供的再一种效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置充气状态的后侧结构示意图;
图16为本发明实施例提供的再一种效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置的近端截面的结构示意图;
图17为本发明实施例提供的效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置放气状态植入口腔的结构示意图;
图18为本发明实施例提供的效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置充气状态植入口腔的结构示意图;
图19为本发明实施例提供的又一种效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置的前侧结构示意图;
图20为本发明实施例提供的又一种效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置的后侧结构示意图;
图21为本发明实施例提供的又一种效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置充气状态的后侧结构示意图;
图22为本发明实施例提供的又一种效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置的近端截面的结构示意图;
图23为本发明实施例提供的又一种效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置植入口腔的结构示意图;
图24为本发明实施例提供的又一种效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置充气状态植入口腔的结构示意图;
图25为麻醉状态或苏醒期咽腔肌肉松弛部位和气道通气障碍示意图。
图26为口咽腔刺激敏感地域分布图。
图中:11-内部通气道本体;10-托板;101-近端;102-远端弯曲部;4-粘舌突;401-穿孔;402-凸起;403-凹空;1-吸氧管道;2-侧孔;7-吸痰管道;5-独立气囊;6-充气阀;9-双层气囊;8-管环。
具体实施方式
下面将结合附图对本发明实施例的技术方案进行清楚、完整地描述,显然,所描述的实施例是本发明一部分实施例,而不是全部的实施例。基于本发明中的实施例,本领域普通技术人员在没有做出创造性劳动前提下所获得的所有其他实施例,都属于本发明保护的范围。
在本发明的描述中,需要说明的是,除非另有明确的规定和限定,术语“安装”、“相连”、“连接”应做广义理解,例如,可以是固定连接,也可以是可拆卸连接,或一体地连接;可以是机械连接;可以是直接相连,也可以通过中间媒介间接相连,可以是两个元件内部的连通。对于本领域的普通技术人员而言,可以具体情况理解上述术语在本发明中的具体含义。
如图1-图24所示,本发明实施例提供一种效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置,包括:由近端至远端的内部通气道本体11,以及与人体舌面平行宽度的托板10;托板10包括近端101和远端弯曲部102,近端101位于内部通气道本体11的正面、并构成管道的壁,远端弯曲部102的弯曲角度(α或β)为0°-180°;远端弯曲部102的正面设有至少两个均匀分布的凸起402(如图7所示)或凹空403(如图8所示)或穿孔401(如图6所示),凸起402的牙面光滑、咽面直立为1-2mm或凹空403的凹陷深度为0.5-1mm或穿孔401的直径为1-3mm。
相对于现有技术,本发明实施例所述的效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置具有以下优势:
本发明实施例提供的效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置,能够有效避开口咽腔刺激敏感地区,即能够有效避免刺激反射强度在5分以上的区域,从而减少对上述敏感区域的刺激 面积,减少麻醉苏醒期的刺激强度。与传统口咽通气道装置比较,本发明实施例提供的效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置使用安全、效率高,其刺激面积在非敏感反射区域,减少恶心呕吐和呛咳的发生,同时保证在麻醉苏醒期声门上气道通畅。尤其适用于肢端肥大症、鼾症、拔管后舌后坠等全身麻醉手术病人,减少麻醉后苏醒期的不良反应,符合工具顺序拔管法和舒适医疗的理念。
此处需要补充说明的是,可以采用视觉模拟评分法,评价口咽腔的反射强度。在口咽腔部位,刺激反射最小是牙齿,设定其刺激反射强度为0,刺激反射最强的是舌根、咽后壁、近喉部为10,研究方法采用大样本数据,并根据上述数据绘制口咽腔刺激敏感地图。口咽腔敏感区域分布主要在咽腔,咽腔敏感区主要在舌根部、会厌部、咽隐窝等区域,如图26所示。
此外,我们提出了工具顺序拔管法,其内容是:在围术期全身麻醉苏醒期,研究一套实用工具,通过该工具解决全身麻醉苏醒期病人麻醉由深到浅,工具的转换使刺激由重到轻,集以消除呛咳反射、减少并发症的发生,在苏醒期减少麻醉药的应用,提高麻醉围术期的安全性,适用于高血压、糖尿病、肥胖、鼾症和特殊手术病人。运用本工具顺序拔管法可以解决麻醉苏醒期利用工具安全、顺序的拔管,无需应用麻醉苏醒期药物催醒、或为了减少刺激导致的并发症追加应用麻醉药导致麻醉苏醒延迟,麻醉后呼吸抑制等一系列风险。
其中,如图5所示,上述托板10的近端101的宽度大于远端弯曲部102的宽度;并且,近端101的两边形成有折边,该折边夹角θ为0°-180°。
在本实施例中,为了较好地整合吸氧功能,如图1和图2所示,上述效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置还包括:吸氧管道1,该吸氧管道1设置在内部通气道本体11的侧壁处。其中,上述吸氧管道1的侧壁至少间隔设有两个侧孔2,多个侧孔2沿内部通气道本体11的近端分布至远端,且吸氧管道1的远端的底孔封闭;具体地,侧孔2的开孔角度为任意轴心线的0°-180°。
在本实施例中,为了较好地整合吸痰功能,如图3和图4所示,上述效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置还包括:吸痰管道7,该吸痰管道7设置在内部通气道本体11的背面侧壁处,且吸痰管道7的远端开口为吸痰孔。
在本实施例中,如图13-图16所示,上述效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置还包括:独立气囊5,该独立气囊5位于内部通气道本体11的背面设置,且独立气囊5连接有充气阀6。实际使用时,如图17和图18所示,当独立气囊5处于非充气状态(也即塌陷状态)时,效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置插入口咽腔内;充气后,独立气囊5支撑效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置的通气道后壁,抬举舌中部,保持口咽腔畅通。
在本实施例中,如图19-图22所示,上述效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置还包括:双 层气囊9,该双层气囊9位于内部通气道本体11的背面设置,且双层气囊9构成内部通气道本体11的后壁。具体地,双层气囊9与充气阀6连通,且双层气囊9与硬质管壁和管环8密合连接,当双层气囊9处于非充气状态(也即塌陷状态)时,将效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置插入口咽腔内,如图23所示;充气后,双层气囊9支撑效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置的通气道后壁,抬举舌中部,保持口咽腔畅通,如图24所示。
在本实施例中,本发明实施例提供的效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置中,上述内部通气道本体11可以为圆形截面或椭圆形截面或异形截面。当然,具体截面形状,在此不做限制,合理即可。
本发明实施例提供的效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置可以利用注模或旋转模制或其它类型的制模工艺方式制造。
本发明实施例还提供一种效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置,如图1-图24所示,包括:由近端至远端的内部通气道本体11,以及与人体舌面平行宽度的托板10;托板10的近端101为平板状、且平板状的两边内折、内折弧度为0°-180°,托板10的远端为弯曲弧形结构、且弯曲弧度为0°-180°;托板10的远端的弯曲弧形结构设有粘舌突4,该粘舌突4包括穿孔401、凸起402或凹空403;内部通气道本体11的长度占效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置的整体长度的1.5/3-2.5/3;内部通气道本体11为硬质圆形或椭圆形结构,或内部通气道本体11为软质异形结构;内部通气道本体11连通有充气阀6,硬质圆形或椭圆形结构的背面设有充气囊构成管腔部分并与充气阀6连通;或,软质异形结构附着在硬质部位并和管环8与充气阀6连通,充气时构成效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置的管壁;内部通气道本体11的侧面管壁设有吸氧管道1,且吸氧管道1上开设有至少两个侧孔2,邻近的两个侧孔2之间气流两两对应形成夹角并在内部通气道本体11内交汇形成涡流;吸氧管道1的底部封闭;内部通气道本体11的背面管壁设有吸痰管道7。
在麻醉苏醒期麻醉药物的代谢是一个缓慢的过程,残留在体内的麻醉药和其代谢产物将继续发挥麻醉效能,这种效能在强刺激条件下表现为对刺激不能耐受,诱发麻醉苏醒期并发症,过早的拔出气管导管,病人由于麻醉药的残留作用,继续进入昏睡或麻醉状态,常见的并发症有咽腔肌肉松弛、舌后坠导致气道梗阻。麻醉苏醒期刺激性较强的气管导管拔出后植入刺激强度小口咽通气道是合理的选择,传统口咽通气道装置在设计上没有规避口咽腔敏感部位,容易诱发新的不良反射,本发明提供的效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置能够规避或减少口腔内不良反射,同时解决在临床麻醉过程中,效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置整合吸痰吸氧功能后使吸痰吸氧操作便捷。应用工具顺序拔管法是为了应用几种新型工具的优势、安全的、顺序的、减少刺激,实现拔管,减少传统麻醉通过追加麻醉药物操作方式来抑制工具刺激造成的损伤,同时能够提高工具的效率,解决传统工具不能解决 的问题,例如高血压、糖尿病、肥胖、鼾症和特殊手术病人麻醉后苏醒期的安全通气。
以上所述仅为本发明的较佳实施例而已,并不用以限制本发明,凡在本发明的精神和原则之内,所作的任何修改、等同替换、改进等,均应包含在本发明的保护范围之内。
工业实用性
本发明的实施例提供的效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置,能够有效避开口咽腔刺激敏感地区,即能够有效避免刺激反射强度在5分以上的区域,从而减少对上述敏感区域的刺激面积,减少麻醉苏醒期的刺激强度。与传统口咽通气道装置比较,本发明的实施例提供的效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置使用安全、效率高,其刺激面积在非敏感反射区域,减少恶心呕吐和呛咳的发生,同时保证在麻醉苏醒期声门上气道通畅。尤其适用于肢端肥大症、鼾症、拔管后舌后坠等全身麻醉手术病人,减少麻醉后苏醒期的不良反应,符合工具顺序拔管法和舒适医疗的理念。工具顺序拔管法:在围术期全身麻醉苏醒期,研究一套实用工具,通过该工具解决全身麻醉苏醒期病人麻醉由深到浅,工具的转换使刺激由重到轻,集以消除呛咳反射、减少并发症的发生,在苏醒期减少麻醉药的再应用和苏醒延迟,提高麻醉围术期的安全性,适用于高血压、糖尿病、肥胖、鼾症和特殊手术病人。

Claims (9)

  1. 一种效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置,其特征在于,包括:由近端至远端的内部通气道本体(11),以及与人体舌面平行宽度的托板(10);
    所述托板(10)包括近端(101)和远端弯曲部(102),所述近端(101)位于所述内部通气道本体(11)的正面、并构成管道的壁,所述远端弯曲部(102)的弯曲角度为0°-180°;
    所述远端弯曲部(102)的正面设有至少两个均匀分布的凸起(402)或凹空(403)或穿孔(401),所述凸起(402)的牙面光滑、咽面直立为1-2mm或所述凹空(403)的凹陷深度为0.5-1mm或所述穿孔(401)的直径为1-3mm。
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置,其特征在于,所述托板(10)的所述近端(101)的宽度大于所述远端弯曲部(102)的宽度;所述近端(101)的两边形成有折边,且夹角为0°-180°。
  3. 根据权利要求1或2所述的效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置,其特征在于,还包括:吸氧管道(1),所述吸氧管道(1)设置在所述内部通气道本体(11)的侧壁处。
  4. 根据权利要求3所述的效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置,其特征在于,所述吸氧管道(1)的侧壁至少间隔设有两个侧孔(2),多个所述侧孔(2)沿所述内部通气道本体(11)的近端分布至远端,且所述吸氧管道的远端的所述底孔封闭;
    所述侧孔(2)的开孔角度为任意轴心线的0°-180°。
  5. 根据权利要求1所述的效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置,其特征在于,还包括:吸痰管道(7),所述吸痰管道(7)设置在所述内部通气道本体(11)的背面侧壁处,且所述吸痰管道(7)的远端开口为吸痰孔。
  6. 根据权利要求1所述的效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置,其特征在于,还包括:独立气囊(5),所述独立气囊(5)位于所述内部通气道本体(11)的背面设置,且所述独立气囊(5)连接有充气阀(6)。
  7. 根据权利要求1所述的效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置,其特征在于,还包括:双层气囊(9),所述双层气囊(9)位于所述内部通气道本体(11)的背面设置,且所述双层气囊(9)构成所述内部通气道本体(11)的后壁。
  8. 根据权利要求1所述的效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置,其特征在于,所述内部通气道本体(11)为圆形截面或椭圆形截面或异形截面。
  9. 一种效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置,其特征在于,包括:由近端至远端的内部通气道本体(11),以及与人体舌面平行宽度的托板(10);
    所述托板(10)的近端为平板状、且所述平板状的两边内折、内折弧度为0°-180°,所述托板(10)的远端为弯曲弧形结构、且弯曲弧度为0°-180°;
    所述托板(10)的远端的弯曲弧形结构设有粘舌突(4),所述粘舌突(4)包括穿孔(401)、凸起(402)或凹空(403);
    所述内部通气道本体(11)的长度占所述效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置的整体长度的1.5/3-2.5/3;所述内部通气道本体(11)为硬质圆形或椭圆形结构,或所述内部通气道本体(11)为软质异形结构;
    所述内部通气道本体(11)连通有充气阀(6),所述硬质圆形或椭圆形结构的背面设有充气囊构成管腔部分并与所述充气阀(6)连通;或,所述软质异形结构附着在硬质部位并和管环与所述充气阀(6)连通,充气时构成所述效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置的管壁;
    所述内部通气道本体(11)的侧面管壁设有吸氧管道(1),且所述吸氧管道(1)上开设有至少两个侧孔(2),邻近的两个所述侧孔(2)之间气流两两对应形成夹角并在所述内部通气道本体(11)内交汇形成涡流;所述吸氧管道(1)的底部封闭;
    所述内部通气道本体(11)的背面管壁设有吸痰管道(7)。
PCT/CN2017/098521 2017-08-10 2017-08-22 一种效托式吸氧吸痰口咽通气道装置 WO2019028936A1 (zh)

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