WO2018079930A1 - Solar panel washing device - Google Patents

Solar panel washing device Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2018079930A1
WO2018079930A1 PCT/KR2016/014595 KR2016014595W WO2018079930A1 WO 2018079930 A1 WO2018079930 A1 WO 2018079930A1 KR 2016014595 W KR2016014595 W KR 2016014595W WO 2018079930 A1 WO2018079930 A1 WO 2018079930A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
water
unit
panel
solar panel
water storage
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/KR2016/014595
Other languages
French (fr)
Korean (ko)
Inventor
신상훈
신상범
김만재
김성철
박준영
신호영
신호진
이정윤
고현선
백종진
정한별
Original Assignee
신상훈
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 신상훈 filed Critical 신상훈
Publication of WO2018079930A1 publication Critical patent/WO2018079930A1/en

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Classifications

    • B08B1/20
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B11/00Cleaning flexible or delicate articles by methods or apparatus specially adapted thereto
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B3/00Cleaning by methods involving the use or presence of liquid or steam
    • B08B3/04Cleaning involving contact with liquid
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B3/00Cleaning by methods involving the use or presence of liquid or steam
    • B08B3/04Cleaning involving contact with liquid
    • B08B3/041Cleaning travelling work
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRARED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S40/00Components or accessories in combination with PV modules, not provided for in groups H02S10/00 - H02S30/00
    • H02S40/10Cleaning arrangements
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Definitions

  • the present invention relates to a solar panel cleaning device, and more particularly to a solar panel cleaning device that can wash the surface of the solar panel for collecting sunlight.
  • Solar energy is a representative environmentally friendly energy. Solar energy is divided into light energy and heat energy. Among them, solar thermal power generation is used to generate electricity by using solar thermal energy. It is solar-light power generation that produces.
  • the sun's light energy is pollution-free and there is no fear of exhaustion, making it a very good source of energy.
  • the power generation principle of the photovoltaic power generation is that when a solar cell, which is a semiconductor, emits light, electrons and holes are generated to form a + electrode and a-electrode.
  • the principle that solar cells convert light directly into electricity is called the "photoelectric effect.”
  • an object of the present invention is to provide a solar panel cleaning apparatus that can increase the power generation efficiency of the photovoltaic device by automatically cleaning the surface of the light collecting plate.
  • Solar panel cleaning apparatus is provided with a guide rail installed in the panel frame for supporting the solar panel, and moving along the guide rail, washing member for cleaning the surface of the solar panel on one side And a unit returning unit for returning the panel washing unit to return to the initial position after the panel washing unit moves along the guide rail and returns to an initial position.
  • the panel washing unit is installed by the cleaning member.
  • a lifting member coupled to the guide rail, the lifting member rotatably installed on the lifting member, the storage member having a storage space for storing water, and having an upper opening, and storing water in the storage member.
  • the panel washing unit is formed to move along the guide rail by the weight of water stored in the water storage member.
  • the reservoir member is fixed to the elevating member to maintain the state of water storage, and when reaching the lowered position, the rotation fixing part for releasing the fixing so that the storage member can rotate to discharge the water stored in the reservoir member It is preferable to provide.
  • the rotation fixing part may include a protrusion extending from the water storage member toward the elevating member, a locking member rotatably installed on the elevating member and allowing the protrusion to be held so that the engaged state of the protrusion can be maintained, and the lower portion of the panel frame. Is installed in the lifting member is moved to the lower portion of the panel frame it is preferable to include a contact member for contacting one side of the locking member to release the connection state of the projection and the locking member by rotating the locking member.
  • the unit return part may be a tension spring in which one side is fixed to the upper end of the panel frame and the other side is fixed to the elevating member.
  • the unit return unit includes a connection wire connected to the elevating member and a weight connected to the other end of the connection wire, wherein the weight is based on the weight of water stored in the storage member when water is stored in the storage member.
  • the lifting member is a weight capable of descending along the guide rail.
  • an elevating fixing portion for fixing the elevating member so that the elevating member is fixed to the upper portion of the panel frame until a predetermined amount or more of water is stored in the reservoir member.
  • the elevating fixing unit includes a stationary magnet installed on an upper portion of the panel frame and magnetically coupled to the elevating member or a magnetic body installed on the elevating member, and the stationary magnet is provided until the water is filled with a predetermined amount or more.
  • the lifting member or the lifting member is formed to maintain an adhesive state with the magnetic body.
  • the unit returning unit is provided with a rotating shaft installed at an upper end of the panel frame, guide rollers provided on both sides of the rotating shaft and extending through the guide roller, a sliding guide part extending along the panel frame, and the sliding. It is installed to be slidable along the guide portion, and may further include a sliding member to which the weight is connected.
  • the sliding guide portion is a hollow member extending along the panel frame, and a cutout portion is formed along a longitudinal direction on a lower surface thereof, and the sliding member is formed on the body and the body so as to enter the sliding guide portion.
  • a traveling roller configured to be in contact with the inner circumferential surface of the sliding guide part, wherein the weight is connected to the body, and the connecting member connecting the weight and the body extends downward through the cutout. It is desirable to have.
  • It may further include a recovery supply unit including a water storage unit for storing the drained water after the lowering of the water storage member, and a resupply unit for supplying the water of the water storage portion to the upper portion of the panel frame to supply to the water storage member side.
  • a recovery supply unit including a water storage unit for storing the drained water after the lowering of the water storage member, and a resupply unit for supplying the water of the water storage portion to the upper portion of the panel frame to supply to the water storage member side.
  • control valve installed in the water storage unit to control the water supply through the resupply unit when the water level of the water stored in the water storage unit is more than a predetermined height
  • the control valve is preferably a floating valve.
  • the resupply unit includes a resupply line extending from the water storage unit, and a discharge member formed at an end of the resupply line and having a plurality of discharge holes spaced apart along a longitudinal direction.
  • a guide plate for guiding the discharged water to the surface of the water storage member and the solar panel may be further provided.
  • the recovery supply unit further includes an external water supply unit for supplying separate water to the water storage unit.
  • the control unit may further include a control unit for detecting the operation of the panel washing unit and driving the external water supply unit to operate the panel washing unit if the panel washing unit is not operated for a predetermined time.
  • the solar panel cleaning device according to the present invention is automatically cleaned according to the mechanical operation, so that no separate power is consumed according to the operation of the cleaning device, and the washing of the light collecting panel panel can be performed automatically. There is an advantage that can prevent the efficiency from being lowered.
  • FIG. 1 is a perspective view of one embodiment of a solar panel washing apparatus according to the present invention
  • FIG. 1 is a side view of the solar panel cleaning device of Figure 1
  • FIG. 6 is a side view of another embodiment of the solar panel cleaning apparatus.
  • FIG. 7 is a side view of a second embodiment of a solar panel cleaning apparatus
  • FIG. 8 is a partial excerpt perspective view showing an upper portion of the solar panel washing apparatus of FIG. 7;
  • FIG. 9 is a partial excerpt perspective view showing and extracting the unit return unit of the solar panel cleaning device of FIG.
  • first and second may be used to describe various components, but the components should not be limited by the terms. The terms are used only for the purpose of distinguishing one component from another.
  • the first component may be referred to as the second component, and similarly, the second component may also be referred to as the first component.
  • the solar panel cleaning apparatus 1 of the present invention is installed on the panel frame 11 to wipe the light incident surface of the solar panel 10, the panel washing unit 30, the guide rail 20, the unit return part 50 is provided.
  • the solar panel 10 is installed in the panel frame 11 and is formed in a rectangular shape, and the width and the length may be variously set.
  • the incidence surface is inclined at a predetermined angle so that the incidence angle of sunlight can be close to the vertical.
  • the guide rails 20 extend side by side in the vertical direction.
  • the panel washing unit 30 fixes the elevating member 31 which is slidably installed on the guide rail 20, the reservoir member 36 which is rotatably installed on the elevator member 31, and the reservoir member 36.
  • the rotating fixing part 40 is provided, and the washing member 35 is provided on the elevating member (31).
  • the elevating member 31 is coupled to the guide rails 20 at both ends thereof, although not shown, the roll member 31 can be easily rolled along the guide rails 20 at a coupling position engaged with the guide rails 20. Bearings or ball bearings may be installed.
  • the elevating member 31 includes an extension portion 33 extending across the front surface of the solar panel 10 by connecting between the rail coupling portion 32 coupled to the guide rail 20, the extension The washing member 35 is provided on the inner side of the portion 33.
  • the cleaning member 35 contacts the front surface of the solar panel 10 to remove foreign substances remaining on the surface of the solar panel 10 when the elevating member 31 moves along the guide rail 20.
  • the elevating member 31 includes a support plate 34 protruding from the outer surface of the extension part 33, and the storage member 36 is rotatably coupled to the support plate 34.
  • the water storage member 36 has an upper opening and has a predetermined water storage space for storing water.
  • the water storage member 36 is rotatably installed on the elevating member 31 as described above. More specifically, both rotation shafts are rotatably coupled to the support plate 34 so that the opened upper portion faces upward. After the water has been stored, it can rotate and discard the water through the opening.
  • the water storage member 36 is formed so that the opening is directed upward when the water is not stored, and the water is stored so that the opening can rotate forward while the center of gravity moves forward.
  • the reservoir member 36 is formed to rotate.
  • the rotation fixing unit 40 limits the rotation of the storage member 36 so that the storage member 36 can maintain the water storage state without the rotation of the storage member 36 while the water is filled in the storage member 36.
  • the rotation fixing part 40 is provided with a protrusion 41 extending from the water storage member 36 toward the elevating member 31, and rotatably installed on the elevating member 31, and the protrusion 41 is caught.
  • the engaging member 42 and the lower part of the panel frame 11 are installed so that the engaging state of the protrusion 41 can be maintained, the lifting member 31 moves to the lower part of the panel frame 11.
  • the protrusion 41 In the initial state before the water storage member 36 is filled with water, the protrusion 41 is caught by the locking member 42, and thus the rotation of the water storage member 36 is limited. However, when the lifting member 31 is lowered while the water storage member 36 is filled with water, the locking member 42 rotates to one side while contacting the contact member 43 to release the locking state of the protrusion 41. .
  • the water storage member 36 rotates forward because the center of gravity is directed forward by the filled water, and the stored water is poured through the opening. After the water is emptied, the reservoir 36 is rotated back to the initial position. As the water storage member 36 returns to the initial position, the protrusion 41 returns to the position where the first locking member 42 is caught, and the elevating member 31 is raised by the unit return unit 50 which will be described later. As the contact with 43 is released, the locking member 42 is engaged with the protrusion 41 again to be locked.
  • the unit return unit 50 is to return the panel washing unit 30 to the upper position of the panel frame 11 after the water filled in the water storage member 36 is discharged, one end of the elevating member 31 And a weight 53 connected to the other end of the connection wire 51 extending by the guide roller 52 supported by the panel frame 11.
  • the elevating member 31 may descend along the guide rail 20, and after the water is removed from the storage member 36.
  • the lifting member 31 again has a weight which can move upward along the guide rail 20. That is, the water storage member 36 is lighter than the panel washing unit 30 in which water is filled, and the water storage member 36 is formed to be heavier than the panel washing unit 30 in the empty state.
  • the lifting member 31 is returned to the upper side of the panel frame 11 again.
  • the unit return unit 50 may be a tension spring 54 having one end and the other end coupled to an upper end of the elevating member 31 and the panel frame 11, respectively.
  • the lifting fixing member 60 may be further provided to limit the movement of the panel washing unit 30 so that the lifting member 31 does not descend until a certain amount of water is filled in the storage member 36.
  • Lifting and fixing unit 60 may be a magnet installed on the top of the panel frame 11, the lifting member 31 is formed of a metal material that is coupled to the magnet, or coupled to the magnet to the lifting member 31 A separate member made of a metal material may be installed, and the magnetic member installed on the elevating member 31 or the elevating member 31 may be coupled to the elevating fixing unit 60 to prevent the elevating member 31 from descending.
  • the force of the magnet may be maintained in a coupled state until a certain amount of water is filled in the reservoir member 36.
  • a predetermined amount or more of water is filled in the reservoir member 36, the weight of the water filled in the reservoir member 36 is increased. It is preferable that the coupling between the elevating member 31 and the elevating fixing unit 60 is released so that the elevating member 31 can descend.
  • the elevating member 31 of the panel washing unit 30 is positioned above the panel frame 11, and the elevating member 31 is fixed to the elevating fixing unit 60, and the weight 53 is the lowest. Located in a river location.
  • the lifting member 31 does not move until the storage member 36 is filled with a predetermined amount of rainwater by the lifting fixing unit 60, but when the rainwater is filled in a predetermined amount or more, the lifting fixing unit 60 and the lifting member 31 are provided.
  • the coupling between the lifting member 31 is lowered along the guide rail 20 by the weight of the water filled in the storage member (36). At this time, the weight 53 is moved upward as the lifting member 31 descends.
  • the contact member 43 installed in the lower portion of the panel frame 11 rotates the catching member 42 while contacting the catching member 42.
  • Hanging projection 41 is separated from the locking member 42, the water storage member 36 is the state of the center of gravity is directed to the front by the rainwater is filled, so the rainwater that has been stored while flowing forward spilled forward You lose.
  • the water storage member 36 After the rainwater filled in the water storage member 36 is discharged, the water storage member 36 returns to the initial position and returns to a position where the projection 41 can be caught by the catching member 42.
  • the washing unit 30 is elevated upward along the guide rail 20 by the weight 53. As the lifting member 31 is lifted and the contact with the contact member 43 is released, the locking member 42 is fastened again while the protrusion 41 is caught, and the cleaning member 35 is in the process of lifting the lifting member 31. ) Will clean the surface of the solar panel again.
  • a separate water supply unit for supplying water to the water storage member 36 is formed on the upper side of the panel frame 11, and water is supplied at a predetermined interval or the panel washing unit 30 for a predetermined time. If this is not the case may be formed to drive the panel washing unit 30 by supplying water through the water supply.
  • the solar panel washing apparatus 1 of the present embodiment is installed so that the panel washing unit 30 is slidable in the panel frame 11 supporting the solar panel so that water is stored in the water storage member 36. 30) is configured to wash the surface of the solar panel while descending along the panel frame 11, this basic configuration is the same as the previous embodiment.
  • the unit return unit 50 of the present embodiment includes a rotation shaft 55 installed at an upper end of the panel frame 11, a guide roller 52 installed on the rotation shaft 55, and a panel frame ( And a sliding guide part 56 installed to extend along the 11) and a sliding member 58 traveling along the sliding guide part 56.
  • Each of the guide rollers 52 is provided on each side of the rotation shaft 55, and the guide rollers 52 are formed to extend along the circumferential direction of the wire groove into which the connection wires 51 are fitted.
  • connection wire 51 is connected to the panel washing unit 30, and the other end of the connection wire 51 is connected to the sliding member 58, the other end of which is described later.
  • the wire groove of the guide roller 52 is preferably a surface treatment for increasing the friction force with the connection wire 51 to minimize the occurrence of slip between the wire and the guide roller 52.
  • Sliding guide portion 56 is installed on both sides of the panel frame 11 to extend in parallel with the panel frame 11, there is an inner hollow, the lower portion is cut along the longitudinal direction.
  • the sliding member 58 includes a body that can move along the hollow of the sliding guide part 56, and a traveling roller installed on the body and traveling along an inner circumferential surface of the sliding member 58.
  • the sliding member 58 travels along the longitudinal direction of the sliding guide portion 56 in the sliding guide portion 56. As described above, an end of the connection wire 51 is connected to the sliding member 58. have. And the sliding member 58 is connected to the weight 53, the connecting member for connecting the weight 53 and the sliding member 58 extends downward through the incision 57 sliding member 58 ) Does not interfere with the movement of the weight (53) even if the vehicle travels up and down along the sliding guide portion (56).
  • the sliding member 58 when the water storage member 36 is filled with the panel washing unit 30 is lowered, the weight 53 and the sliding member 58 is moved upward along the sliding guide portion 56, After the water of the storage member 36 is drained, the sliding member 58 returns to the initial position by the weight of the weight 53.
  • the solar panel washing apparatus 1 of the present embodiment further includes a recovery supply unit 70 for resupplying the water drained from the water storage member 36 to the upper side of the panel frame 11 again.
  • the recovery supply unit 70 includes a water storage unit 71 installed at the lower side of the panel frame 11 and a resupply unit supplying water stored in the water storage unit 71 from the upper side of the panel frame 11 again. 72, a control valve 77 installed in the water storage unit 71 to control supply of water to the resupply unit 72, and water supplied to the water storage unit 71 from an external source. An external water supply portion 78 is further provided.
  • the water storage unit 71 is a water tank installed at the lower side of the panel frame 11, and is formed to store water drained by the water storage member 36 rotating in the state where the panel washing unit 30 is lowered. have.
  • the resupply unit 72 is for re-supply the water stored in the water storage unit 71 to the upper side of the panel frame 11 again, and the resupply line 73 extending from the water storage unit 71 and And a discharge member 74 connected to the resupply line 73 and installed above the panel frame 11.
  • the discharge member 74 is a hollow cylindrical member installed to extend in the horizontal direction of the panel frame 11, and discharge holes 75 are formed to be spaced apart by a predetermined distance along the longitudinal direction.
  • the water stored in the water storage unit 71 is supplied to the discharge member 74 through the resupply line 73 and water is discharged through the discharge hole 75 in the discharge member 74.
  • the guide plate 76 is installed on the upper part of the panel frame 11 on which the discharge member 74 is installed, and the water discharged from the discharge member 74 passes through the photovoltaic panel and the guide plate 76.
  • the storage member 36 is moved.
  • a control valve 77 is installed in the water storage unit 71 to control the water supply through the resupply unit 72.
  • a floating valve is applied to the control valve 77, and when a predetermined amount or more of water is stored in the water storage unit 71 by the control valve 77, the water is supplied to the panel frame 11 through the resupply unit 72. It is supplied to the upper side of.
  • Reference numeral 80 in FIG. 7 is a supply pump for pumping water from the water storage unit 71 to the discharge member 74 through the resupply line 73.
  • the water storage unit 71 is further provided with an external water supply unit 78 for supplying water from the outside.
  • the external water supply unit 78 is for supplying water from an external water supply source such as a water supply line, and supplies water to the water storage unit 71 by a manual operation of an administrator or automatically.
  • the solar panel is washed through the water supplied through the external water supply unit 78.
  • the driving of the panel washing unit 30 is sensed, and when there is no driving of the panel washing unit 30 for a set period, the external water supply unit 78 is driven to clean the solar panel.
  • a control unit may be further provided.
  • the present invention has high industrial applicability as a facility for maintenance of photovoltaic power generation facilities.

Abstract

The present invention relates to a solar panel washing device capable of washing the surface of a solar panel that collects sunlight. A solar panel washing device according to the present invention comprises: a guide rail installed on a panel frame that supports a solar panel; a panel washing unit that moves along the guide rail, a washing member capable of washing the surface of the solar panel being provided on one side of the panel washing unit; and a unit return portion for returning the panel washing unit such that, after moving along the guide rail, the panel washing unit can return to the initial position. The panel washing unit comprises: an elevating member, on which the washing member is installed, and which is coupled to the guide rail; and a water storage member which is rotatably installed on the elevating member, which has a water storage space such that water can be stored therein, and the upper side of which is open. The panel washing unit is formed such that, when water is stored in the water storing member, the same is moved along the guide rail by weight of the water stored in the water storage member.

Description

태양광 패널 세척장치Solar Panel Washer
본 발명은 태양광 패널 세척장치에 관한 것으로, 더욱 상세하게는 태양광을 집광하는 태양광 패널의 표면을 세척할 수 있는 태양광 패널 세척장치에 관한 것이다. The present invention relates to a solar panel cleaning device, and more particularly to a solar panel cleaning device that can wash the surface of the solar panel for collecting sunlight.
최근 화석에너지의 사용에 따른 환경오염, 에너지 비용 증가 등 다양한 원인에 의해 친환경에너지에 대한 관심이 증가하고 있다. Recently, interest in environmentally friendly energy has increased due to various causes such as environmental pollution and increased energy costs caused by the use of fossil energy.
태양에너지는 대표적인 친환경 에너지인데, 태양에너지는 크게 빛에너지와 열에너지로 나뉘는데 그 중 태양의 열에너지를 이용해서 전기를 생산하는 것이 태양열 발전(solar thermal power generation)이고, 태양의 빛에너지를 이용해서 전기를 생산하는 것이 바로 태양광 발전(solar-light power generation)이다.Solar energy is a representative environmentally friendly energy. Solar energy is divided into light energy and heat energy. Among them, solar thermal power generation is used to generate electricity by using solar thermal energy. It is solar-light power generation that produces.
이러한 태양의 빛에너지는 무공해이며 고갈될 염려가 전혀 없으므로 매우 훌륭한 에너지원으로 각광받고 있다.The sun's light energy is pollution-free and there is no fear of exhaustion, making it a very good source of energy.
상기 태양광 발전의 발전원리는 반도체인 태양 전지에 빛을 쏘이면 전자와 정공이 발생하여 +전극과 -전극이 형성되고 그 전극이 외부회로와 접속되어 있으면 전류가 흐르게 된다. 이렇게 태양 전지가 직접 빛을 전기로 변환시키는 원리를 "광전 효과"라고 부른다.The power generation principle of the photovoltaic power generation is that when a solar cell, which is a semiconductor, emits light, electrons and holes are generated to form a + electrode and a-electrode. The principle that solar cells convert light directly into electricity is called the "photoelectric effect."
이러한 태양 전지의 광전효과를 높이기 위해서는 많은 양의 태양광을 흡수해야 하지만, 태양광 패널 위에 먼지나 눈(snow)과 같은 이물질이 쌓이게 되면, 태양광 패널에 입사되는 태양광의 흡수량이 낮아지고 이로 인해 발전 효율이 현저하게 저하되는 문제점이 있다.In order to increase the photoelectric effect of such solar cells, a large amount of sunlight must be absorbed, but when foreign matters such as dust or snow accumulate on the solar panel, the amount of sunlight absorbed by the solar panel is lowered. There is a problem that the power generation efficiency is significantly reduced.
이러한 문제점을 해소하기 위하여, 주기적으로 태양광 패널을 세척하고 있으나, 인력을 통해 태양광 패널을 세척하는데 따른 인건비가 증가하고, 자주 세척하기 어려운 문제가 있다.In order to solve this problem, the solar panels are periodically cleaned, but labor costs for washing the solar panels through manpower increase, and there is a problem that is often difficult to clean.
본 발명은 상기 문제점을 해결하기 위해 창출된 것으로, 자동으로 집광판의 표면을 세척함으로써 태양광 발전장치의 발전효율을 높일 수 있는 태양광 패널 세척장치를 제공하는데 그 목적이 있다.The present invention has been made to solve the above problems, an object of the present invention is to provide a solar panel cleaning apparatus that can increase the power generation efficiency of the photovoltaic device by automatically cleaning the surface of the light collecting plate.
본 발명에 따른 태양광 패널 세척장치는 태양광 패널을 지지하는 패널프레임에 설치되는 가이드레일과, 상기 가이드레일을 따라 이동하며, 일측에 상기 태양광 패널의 표면을 세척할 수 있는 세척부재가 마련되어 있는 패널세척유닛과, 상기 패널세척유닛이 상기 가이드레일을 따라 이동한 뒤 다시 초기 위치로 복귀할 수 있도록 상기 패널세척유닛을 복귀시키는 유닛복귀부를 포함하며, 상기 패널세척유닛은 상기 세척부재가 설치되고 상기 가이드레일에 결합되는 승강부재와, 상기 승강부재에 회전 가능하게 설치되며, 물이 저수될 수 있도록 저수공간을 가지며 상방이 개구되어 있는 저수부재를 포함하고, 상기 저수부재에 물이 저수되면 상기 패널세척유닛이 저수부재에 저수되는 물의 무게에 의해 상기 가이드레일을 따라 이동하도록 형성된다.Solar panel cleaning apparatus according to the present invention is provided with a guide rail installed in the panel frame for supporting the solar panel, and moving along the guide rail, washing member for cleaning the surface of the solar panel on one side And a unit returning unit for returning the panel washing unit to return to the initial position after the panel washing unit moves along the guide rail and returns to an initial position. The panel washing unit is installed by the cleaning member. And a lifting member coupled to the guide rail, the lifting member rotatably installed on the lifting member, the storage member having a storage space for storing water, and having an upper opening, and storing water in the storage member. The panel washing unit is formed to move along the guide rail by the weight of water stored in the water storage member.
상기 저수부재가 상기 승강부재에 고정되어 물이 저수된 상태를 유지하고, 하강위치에 도달하면 상기 저수부재에 저수된 물의 배출을 위해 저수부재가 회전할 수 있게 고정을 해제하는 회동고정부를 더 구비하는 것이 바람직하다.The reservoir member is fixed to the elevating member to maintain the state of water storage, and when reaching the lowered position, the rotation fixing part for releasing the fixing so that the storage member can rotate to discharge the water stored in the reservoir member It is preferable to provide.
상기 회동고정부는 상기 저수부재로부터 상기 승강부재를 향해 연장되는 돌기와, 상기 승강부재에 회동 가능하게 설치되고 상기 돌기가 걸려 상기 돌기의 결합상태가 유지될 수 있도록 된 걸림부재와, 상기 패널프레임의 하부에 설치되어 상기 승강부재가 상기 패널프레임의 하부로 이동하면 상기 걸림부재의 일측과 접촉하여 상기 걸림부재를 회전시킴으로써 상기 돌기와 걸림부재의 연결상태를 해제하는 접촉부재를 포함하는 것이 바람직하다.The rotation fixing part may include a protrusion extending from the water storage member toward the elevating member, a locking member rotatably installed on the elevating member and allowing the protrusion to be held so that the engaged state of the protrusion can be maintained, and the lower portion of the panel frame. Is installed in the lifting member is moved to the lower portion of the panel frame it is preferable to include a contact member for contacting one side of the locking member to release the connection state of the projection and the locking member by rotating the locking member.
상기 유닛복귀부는 상기 패널프레임의 상단에 일측이 고정되고 타측이 상기 승강부재에 고정되는 인장스프링일 수 있다.The unit return part may be a tension spring in which one side is fixed to the upper end of the panel frame and the other side is fixed to the elevating member.
상기 유닛복귀부는 상기 승강부재에 연결되는 연결와이어와, 상기 연결와이어의 타단에 연결되는 무게추를 포함하며, 상기 무게추는 상기 저수부재에 물이 저수되면 상기 저수부재에 저수되는 물의 무게에 의해 상기 승강부재가 가이드레일을 따라 하강할 수 있는 무게인 것이 바람직하다.The unit return unit includes a connection wire connected to the elevating member and a weight connected to the other end of the connection wire, wherein the weight is based on the weight of water stored in the storage member when water is stored in the storage member. Preferably, the lifting member is a weight capable of descending along the guide rail.
상기 저수부재에 일정량 이상의 물이 저수될 때까지 상기 승강부재가 상기 패널프레임의 상부에 고정될 수 있도록 상기 승강부재를 고정하는 승강고정부를 더 구비하는 것이 바람직하다.It is preferable to further include an elevating fixing portion for fixing the elevating member so that the elevating member is fixed to the upper portion of the panel frame until a predetermined amount or more of water is stored in the reservoir member.
상기 승강고정부는 상기 패널프레임의 상부에 설치되어 상기 승강부재 또는 상기 승강부재에 설치되는 자성체와 자력 결합하는 고정자석을 포함하고, 상기 고정자석은 상기 저수부재에 일정량 이상의 물이 충진될 때까지 상기 승강부재 또는 승강부재에 설치되는 자성체와 접착 상태를 유지할 수 있도록 형성되는 것이 바람직하다.The elevating fixing unit includes a stationary magnet installed on an upper portion of the panel frame and magnetically coupled to the elevating member or a magnetic body installed on the elevating member, and the stationary magnet is provided until the water is filled with a predetermined amount or more. Preferably, the lifting member or the lifting member is formed to maintain an adhesive state with the magnetic body.
상기 유닛복귀부는 상기 패널프레임의 상단에 설치되어 있는 회전축과, 상기 회전축의 양측에 각각 설치되어 상기 가이드롤러가 경유해 연장되는 가이드롤러와, 상기 패널프레임을 따라 연장되는 슬라이딩가이드부와, 상기 슬라이딩가이드부를 따라 슬라이딩 가능하도록 설치되며, 상기 무게추가 연결되는 슬라이딩부재를 더 구비할 수 있다.The unit returning unit is provided with a rotating shaft installed at an upper end of the panel frame, guide rollers provided on both sides of the rotating shaft and extending through the guide roller, a sliding guide part extending along the panel frame, and the sliding. It is installed to be slidable along the guide portion, and may further include a sliding member to which the weight is connected.
상기 슬라이딩가이드부는 상기 패널프레임을 따라 연장되는 중공부재이고, 하면에 길이방향을 따라 절개부가 형성되어 있으며, 상기 슬라이딩부재는 상기 슬라이딩가이드부의 내부에 진입할 수 있도록 형성된 몸체와, 상기 몸체에 설치되어 상기 슬라이딩가이드부의 내주면에 접촉해 주행 가능하게 하는 주행롤러를 포함하며, 상기 무게추는 상기 몸체와 연결되고, 상기 무게추와 몸체를 연결하는 연결부재는 상기 절개부를 통해 상기 슬라이딩가이드부의 하방으로 연장되어 있는 것이 바람직하다.The sliding guide portion is a hollow member extending along the panel frame, and a cutout portion is formed along a longitudinal direction on a lower surface thereof, and the sliding member is formed on the body and the body so as to enter the sliding guide portion. And a traveling roller configured to be in contact with the inner circumferential surface of the sliding guide part, wherein the weight is connected to the body, and the connecting member connecting the weight and the body extends downward through the cutout. It is desirable to have.
상기 저수부재의 하강 후 배수된 물을 저장하기 위한 물 저장부와, 상기 물 저장부의 물을 상기 패널프레임의 상부로 끌어올려 저수부재 측으로 공급하는 재공급부를 포함하는 회수공급유닛을 더 구비할 수 있다.It may further include a recovery supply unit including a water storage unit for storing the drained water after the lowering of the water storage member, and a resupply unit for supplying the water of the water storage portion to the upper portion of the panel frame to supply to the water storage member side. have.
상기 물 저장부에 설치되어 상기 물 저장부에 저수되는 물의 수위가 일정 높이 이상이 되면 상기 재공급부를 통해 물을 공급하도록 제어하는 제어밸브를 더 구비하며, 상기 제어밸브는 플로팅밸브인 것이 바람직하다.It is further provided with a control valve installed in the water storage unit to control the water supply through the resupply unit when the water level of the water stored in the water storage unit is more than a predetermined height, the control valve is preferably a floating valve. .
상기 재공급부는 상기 물 저장부로부터 연장되는 재공급라인과, 상기 재공급라인의 단부에 형성되어 있으며, 길이방향을 따라 다수의 토출홀들이 이격 형성되어 있는 토출부재를 포함하고, 상기 토출부재에서 토출된 물을 상기 저수부재 및 태양광 패널의 표면으로 안내하기 위한 가이드판을 더 구비할 수 있다.The resupply unit includes a resupply line extending from the water storage unit, and a discharge member formed at an end of the resupply line and having a plurality of discharge holes spaced apart along a longitudinal direction. A guide plate for guiding the discharged water to the surface of the water storage member and the solar panel may be further provided.
상기 회수공급유닛은 상기 물 저장부에 별도의 물을 공급하기 위한 외부급수부를 더 구비하는 것이 바람직하다.Preferably, the recovery supply unit further includes an external water supply unit for supplying separate water to the water storage unit.
그리고 상기 패널세척유닛의 가동을 감지하고, 일정시간 상기 패널세척유닛의 가동이 이루어지지 않으면 상기 외부급수부를 구동하여 상기 패널세척유닛이 가동하게 하는 제어부를 더 구비할 수 있다.The control unit may further include a control unit for detecting the operation of the panel washing unit and driving the external water supply unit to operate the panel washing unit if the panel washing unit is not operated for a predetermined time.
본 발명에 따른 태양광 패널 세척장치는 기구적 작동에 따라 자동으로 세척이 이루어지기 때문에 세척장치의 가동에 따른 별도의 동력이 소모되지 않아 효율적이며, 자동으로 집광판 패널의 세척을 실시할 수 있어 발전효율이 저하되는 것을 방지할 수 있는 이점이 있다.The solar panel cleaning device according to the present invention is automatically cleaned according to the mechanical operation, so that no separate power is consumed according to the operation of the cleaning device, and the washing of the light collecting panel panel can be performed automatically. There is an advantage that can prevent the efficiency from being lowered.
도 1은 본 발명에 따른 태양광 패널 세척장치의 일 실시예의 사시도,1 is a perspective view of one embodiment of a solar panel washing apparatus according to the present invention,
도 2는 도 1의 태양광 패널 세척장치의 측면도, Figure 2 is a side view of the solar panel cleaning device of Figure 1,
도 3은 패널세척유닛의 분리사시도,3 is an exploded perspective view of the panel washing unit,
도 4는 물저수부의 고정을 위한 회동고정부의 발췌도,4 is an excerpt of the rotation fixing part for fixing the water reservoir,
도 5는 패널세척유닛의 단면도,5 is a cross-sectional view of the panel washing unit;
도 6은 태양광 패널 세척장치의 다른 실시예의 측면도,6 is a side view of another embodiment of the solar panel cleaning apparatus;
도 7은 태양광 패널 세척장치의 제2 실시예의 측면도,7 is a side view of a second embodiment of a solar panel cleaning apparatus;
도 8은 도 7의 태양광 패널 세척장치의 상부를 발췌하여 표시한 부분발췌 사시도,FIG. 8 is a partial excerpt perspective view showing an upper portion of the solar panel washing apparatus of FIG. 7;
도 9는 도 7의 태양광 패널 세척장치의 유닛복귀부를 발췌하여 표시한 부분발췌 사시도이다.9 is a partial excerpt perspective view showing and extracting the unit return unit of the solar panel cleaning device of FIG.
이하, 첨부한 도면을 참조하여 본 발명의 실시예에 따른 태양광 패널 세척장치에 대해 상세히 설명한다. 본 발명은 다양한 변경을 가할 수 있고 여러 가지 형태를 가질 수 있는 바, 특정 실시 예들을 도면에 예시하고 본문에 상세하게 설명하고자 한다. 그러나 이는 본 발명을 특정한 개시 형태에 대해 한정하려는 것이 아니며, 본 발명의 사상 및 기술 범위에 포함되는 모든 변경, 균등물 내지 대체물을 포함하는 것으로 이해되어야 한다. 각 도면을 설명하면서 유사한 참조부호를 유사한 구성요소에 대해 사용하였다. 첨부된 도면에 있어서, 구조물들의 치수는 본 발명의 명확성을 기하기 위하여 실제보다 확대하여 도시한 것이다. Hereinafter, a solar panel cleaning apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention with reference to the accompanying drawings will be described in detail. As the inventive concept allows for various changes and numerous embodiments, particular embodiments will be illustrated in the drawings and described in detail in the text. However, this is not intended to limit the present invention to a specific disclosed form, it should be understood to include all modifications, equivalents, and substitutes included in the spirit and scope of the present invention. In describing the drawings, similar reference numerals are used for similar elements. In the accompanying drawings, the dimensions of the structures are shown in an enlarged scale than actual for clarity of the invention.
제1, 제2 등의 용어는 다양한 구성요소들을 설명하는데 사용될 수 있지만, 상기 구성요소들은 상기 용어들에 의해 한정되어서는 안 된다. 상기 용어들은 하나의 구성요소를 다른 구성요소로부터 구별하는 목적으로만 사용된다. 예를 들어, 본 발명의 권리 범위를 벗어나지 않으면서 제1 구성요소는 제2 구성요소로 명명될 수 있고, 유사하게 제2 구성요소도 제1 구성요소로 명명될 수 있다. Terms such as first and second may be used to describe various components, but the components should not be limited by the terms. The terms are used only for the purpose of distinguishing one component from another. For example, without departing from the scope of the present invention, the first component may be referred to as the second component, and similarly, the second component may also be referred to as the first component.
본 출원에서 사용한 용어는 단지 특정한 실시 예를 설명하기 위해 사용된 것으로, 본 발명을 한정하려는 의도가 아니다. 단수의 표현은 문맥상 명백하게 다르게 뜻하지 않는 한, 복수의 표현을 포함한다. 본 출원에서, "포함하다" 또는 "가지다" 등의 용어는 명세서 상에 기재된 특징, 숫자, 단계, 동작, 구성요소, 부분품 또는 이들을 조합한 것이 존재함을 지정하려는 것이지, 하나 또는 그 이상의 다른 특징들이나 숫자, 단계, 동작, 구성요소, 부분품 또는 이들을 조합한 것들의 존재 또는 부가 가능성을 미리 배제하지 않는 것으로 이해되어야 한다.The terminology used herein is for the purpose of describing particular example embodiments only and is not intended to be limiting of the invention. Singular expressions include plural expressions unless the context clearly indicates otherwise. In this application, the terms "comprise" or "have" are intended to indicate that there is a feature, number, step, action, component, part, or combination thereof described on the specification, and one or more other features. It is to be understood that the present invention does not exclude the possibility of the presence or the addition of numbers, steps, operations, components, parts, or combinations thereof.
다르게 정의되지 않는 한, 기술적이거나 과학적인 용어를 포함해서 여기서 사용되는 모든 용어들은 본 발명이 속하는 기술 분야에서 통상의 지식을 가진 자에 의해 일반적으로 이해되는 것과 동일한 의미를 가지고 있다. 일반적으로 사용되는 사전에 정의되어 있는 것과 같은 용어들은 관련 기술의 문맥 상 가지는 의미와 일치하는 의미를 가지는 것으로 해석되어야 하며, 본 출원에서 명백하게 정의하지 않는 한, 이상적이거나 과도하게 형식적인 의미로 해석되지 않는다.Unless defined otherwise, all terms used herein, including technical or scientific terms, have the same meaning as commonly understood by one of ordinary skill in the art. Terms such as those defined in the commonly used dictionaries should be construed as having meanings consistent with the meanings in the context of the related art and shall not be construed in ideal or excessively formal meanings unless expressly defined in this application. Do not.
도 1 내지 도 5를 참조하면 본 발명의 태양광 패널 세척장치(1)는 패널프레임(11)에 설치되어 태양광 패널(10)의 입광면을 닦는 것으로서, 패널세척유닛(30), 가이드레일(20), 유닛복귀부(50)를 구비한다.1 to 5, the solar panel cleaning apparatus 1 of the present invention is installed on the panel frame 11 to wipe the light incident surface of the solar panel 10, the panel washing unit 30, the guide rail 20, the unit return part 50 is provided.
태양광 패널(10)은 패널프레임(11)에 설치되며 직사각형 형상으로 형성되는데, 폭과 길이 등은 다양하게 설정될 수 있다. 그리고 태양광의 입사각이 수직에 가까워질 수 있도록 입사면이 소정각도 경사지게 설치된다.The solar panel 10 is installed in the panel frame 11 and is formed in a rectangular shape, and the width and the length may be variously set. The incidence surface is inclined at a predetermined angle so that the incidence angle of sunlight can be close to the vertical.
상기 패널프레임(11)의 양측에는 가이드레일(20)이 상하방향으로 나란하게 연장되어 있다.On both sides of the panel frame 11, the guide rails 20 extend side by side in the vertical direction.
패널세척유닛(30)은 가이드레일(20)에 슬라이딩 가능하게 설치되는 승강부재(31)와, 승강부재(31)에 회동 가능하게 설치되는 저수부재(36)와, 저수부재(36)를 고정하는 회동고정부(40)와, 승강부재(31)에 설치되는 세척부재(35)를 구비한다.The panel washing unit 30 fixes the elevating member 31 which is slidably installed on the guide rail 20, the reservoir member 36 which is rotatably installed on the elevator member 31, and the reservoir member 36. The rotating fixing part 40 is provided, and the washing member 35 is provided on the elevating member (31).
승강부재(31)는 양측 단부가 가이드레일(20)에 결합되어 있는데, 도시되지는 않았으나, 가이드레일(20)과 결합되는 결합위치 상에 가이드레일(20)을 따라 용이하게 주행할 수 있도록 롤베어링 또는 볼베어링이 설치될 수 있다.The elevating member 31 is coupled to the guide rails 20 at both ends thereof, although not shown, the roll member 31 can be easily rolled along the guide rails 20 at a coupling position engaged with the guide rails 20. Bearings or ball bearings may be installed.
승강부재(31)는 가이드레일(20)과 결합되는 양측 레일결합부(32)의 사이를 연결하여 태양광 패널(10)의 전면을 가로질러 연장되는 연장부(33)를 포함하며, 상기 연장부(33)의 내측면에 상기 세척부재(35)가 마련된다. The elevating member 31 includes an extension portion 33 extending across the front surface of the solar panel 10 by connecting between the rail coupling portion 32 coupled to the guide rail 20, the extension The washing member 35 is provided on the inner side of the portion 33.
세척부재(35)는 상기 태양광 패널(10)의 전면과 접촉하여 승강부재(31)가 가이드레일(20)을 따라 이동할 때 태양광 패널(10)의 표면에 잔류하는 이물질을 제거한다.The cleaning member 35 contacts the front surface of the solar panel 10 to remove foreign substances remaining on the surface of the solar panel 10 when the elevating member 31 moves along the guide rail 20.
상기 승강부재(31)는 상기 연장부(33)의 외측면에 돌출 형성되는 지지판(34)을 구비하며, 상기 지지판(34)에 저수부재(36)가 회동 가능하게 결합된다.The elevating member 31 includes a support plate 34 protruding from the outer surface of the extension part 33, and the storage member 36 is rotatably coupled to the support plate 34.
상기 저수부재(36)는 상부가 개구되어 있으며, 물을 저장할 수 있는 소정의 저수공간을 갖는다. 저수부재(36)는 상술한 것처럼 승강부재(31)에 회동 가능하게 설치되어 있는데, 더욱 상세하게는 상기 지지판(34)에 양측 회전축이 회동 가능하도록 결합되어 있어서 개구된 상부가 상방을 향하는 상태에서 물이 저수된 후 회전하여 개구된 부분을 통해 물을 버릴 수 있도록 되어 있다.The water storage member 36 has an upper opening and has a predetermined water storage space for storing water. The water storage member 36 is rotatably installed on the elevating member 31 as described above. More specifically, both rotation shafts are rotatably coupled to the support plate 34 so that the opened upper portion faces upward. After the water has been stored, it can rotate and discard the water through the opening.
상기 저수부재(36)는 물이 저수되지 않은 상태에서는 개구부가 상방을 향하고, 물이 저수되면 무게중심이 전방으로 이동하면서 개구부가 전방을 향해 회전할 수 있도록 형성됨으로써 물이 저수된 후에는 자동으로 저수부재(36)가 회전할 수 있도록 형성된다.The water storage member 36 is formed so that the opening is directed upward when the water is not stored, and the water is stored so that the opening can rotate forward while the center of gravity moves forward. The reservoir member 36 is formed to rotate.
회동고정부(40)는 상기 저수부재(36)에 물이 채워지는 과정에서 저수부재(36)가 회동하지 않고 물이 저수된 상태를 유지할 수 있도록 저수부재(36)의 회동을 제한하는 것이다.The rotation fixing unit 40 limits the rotation of the storage member 36 so that the storage member 36 can maintain the water storage state without the rotation of the storage member 36 while the water is filled in the storage member 36.
상기 회동고정부(40)는 상기 저수부재(36)로부터 상기 승강부재(31)를 향해 연장되는 돌기(41)와, 상기 승강부재(31)에 회동 가능하게 설치되고 상기 돌기(41)가 걸려 상기 돌기(41)의 결합상태가 유지될 수 있도록 된 걸림부재(42)와, 상기 패널프레임(11)의 하부에 설치되어 상기 승강부재(31)가 상기 패널프레임(11)의 하부로 이동하면 상기 걸림부재(42)의 일측과 접촉하여 상기 걸림부재(42)를 회전시킴으로써 상기 돌기(41)와 걸림부재(42)의 연결상태를 해제하는 접촉부재(43)를 포함하는 것이 바람직하다.The rotation fixing part 40 is provided with a protrusion 41 extending from the water storage member 36 toward the elevating member 31, and rotatably installed on the elevating member 31, and the protrusion 41 is caught. When the engaging member 42 and the lower part of the panel frame 11 are installed so that the engaging state of the protrusion 41 can be maintained, the lifting member 31 moves to the lower part of the panel frame 11. It is preferable to include a contact member 43 for releasing the connection state of the projection 41 and the locking member 42 by rotating the locking member 42 in contact with one side of the locking member 42.
상기 저수부재(36)가 물이 충전되기 전 초기상태에서는 돌기(41)가 걸림부재(42)에 걸려 저수부재(36)의 회동이 제한되는 상태에 있다. 그러나 저수부재(36)에 물이 채워지면서 승강부재(31)가 하강하게 되면 상기 걸림부재(42)가 접촉부재(43)에 접촉하면서 일측으로 회전하여 상기 돌기(41)의 걸림상태가 해제된다. In the initial state before the water storage member 36 is filled with water, the protrusion 41 is caught by the locking member 42, and thus the rotation of the water storage member 36 is limited. However, when the lifting member 31 is lowered while the water storage member 36 is filled with water, the locking member 42 rotates to one side while contacting the contact member 43 to release the locking state of the protrusion 41. .
돌기(41)의 걸림상태가 해제되면 저수부재(36)는 충진되어 있던 물에 의해 무게중심이 전방으로 쏠려 있기 때문에 전방으로 회전하게 되고, 저수되어 있던 물은 개구부를 통해 쏟아진다. 물이 비워진 후에는 저수부재(36)가 다시 초기 위치로 회동하게 된다. 저수부재(36)가 초기위치로 복귀되면서 상기 돌기(41)는 처음 걸림부재(42)에 걸리는 위치로 돌아가며, 후술하는 유닛복귀부(50)에 의해 승강부재(31)가 상승하여 접촉부재(43)와의 접촉이 해제되면서 상기 걸림부재(42)가 다시 돌기(41)와 결합해 걸림상태가 된다.When the locking state of the protrusion 41 is released, the water storage member 36 rotates forward because the center of gravity is directed forward by the filled water, and the stored water is poured through the opening. After the water is emptied, the reservoir 36 is rotated back to the initial position. As the water storage member 36 returns to the initial position, the protrusion 41 returns to the position where the first locking member 42 is caught, and the elevating member 31 is raised by the unit return unit 50 which will be described later. As the contact with 43 is released, the locking member 42 is engaged with the protrusion 41 again to be locked.
상기 유닛복귀부(50)는 저수부재(36)에 충진되었던 물이 배출된 후 패널세척유닛(30)이 다시 패널프레임(11)의 상부 위치로 복귀하도록 하는 것으로, 일단이 상기 승강부재(31)에 연결되어 있는 연결와이어(51)와, 패널프레임(11)에 지지되는 가이드롤러(52)에 의해 연장되는 연결와이어(51)의 타단에 결합되어 있는 무게추(53)를 포함한다.The unit return unit 50 is to return the panel washing unit 30 to the upper position of the panel frame 11 after the water filled in the water storage member 36 is discharged, one end of the elevating member 31 And a weight 53 connected to the other end of the connection wire 51 extending by the guide roller 52 supported by the panel frame 11.
상기 무게추(53)는 저수부재(36)에 물이 저수된 상태일 때에는 승강부재(31)가 가이드레일(20)을 따라 하강할 수 있으며, 저수부재(36)에 물이 제거된 후에는 무게추(53)의 무게에 의해 다시 승강부재(31)가 가이드레일(20)을 따라 상방으로 이동할 수 있는 무게를 갖는다. 즉, 저수부재(36)에 물이 충진된 상태의 패널세척유닛(30)보다는 가볍고, 저수부재(36)가 비어 있는 상태의 패널세척유닛(30)보다는 무겁도록 형성된다.When the weight 53 is in a state where water is stored in the storage member 36, the elevating member 31 may descend along the guide rail 20, and after the water is removed from the storage member 36. By the weight of the weight 53, the lifting member 31 again has a weight which can move upward along the guide rail 20. That is, the water storage member 36 is lighter than the panel washing unit 30 in which water is filled, and the water storage member 36 is formed to be heavier than the panel washing unit 30 in the empty state.
상기 무게추(53)와 연결와이어(51)에 의해 저수부재(36)에 물이 배출된 후, 승강부재(31)는 다시 패널프레임(11)의 상측으로 복귀하게 된다.After the water is discharged to the water storage member 36 by the weight 53 and the connecting wire 51, the lifting member 31 is returned to the upper side of the panel frame 11 again.
상기 유닛복귀부(50)는 도 6에 도시된 바와 같이 일단과 타단이 각각 승강부재(31)와 패널프레임(11)의 상단에 결합되어 있는 인장스프링(54)일 수도 있다.As shown in FIG. 6, the unit return unit 50 may be a tension spring 54 having one end and the other end coupled to an upper end of the elevating member 31 and the panel frame 11, respectively.
아울러 상기 저수부재(36)에 일정량의 물이 충진될 때까지 승강부재(31)가 하강하지 않도록 패널세척유닛(30)의 이동을 제한하기 위한 승강고정부(60)가 더 구비될 수 있다.In addition, the lifting fixing member 60 may be further provided to limit the movement of the panel washing unit 30 so that the lifting member 31 does not descend until a certain amount of water is filled in the storage member 36.
승강고정부(60)는 상기 패널프레임(11)의 상단에 설치되는 자석일 수 있는데, 상기 승강부재(31)가 자석과 결합하는 금속재로 형성되거나, 상기 승강부재(31)에 자석과 결합하는 금속재로 이루어진 별도의 부재를 설치하고, 승강부재(31) 또는 승강부재(31)에 설치되는 자성체가 승강고정부(60)에 결합되어 승강부재(31)가 하강하는 것을 방지할 수 있다.Lifting and fixing unit 60 may be a magnet installed on the top of the panel frame 11, the lifting member 31 is formed of a metal material that is coupled to the magnet, or coupled to the magnet to the lifting member 31 A separate member made of a metal material may be installed, and the magnetic member installed on the elevating member 31 or the elevating member 31 may be coupled to the elevating fixing unit 60 to prevent the elevating member 31 from descending.
상기 자석의 힘은 저수부재(36)에 일정량의 물이 충진될 때까지 결합상태를 유지할 수 있으며, 일정량의 물 이상이 저수부재(36)에 충진되면 저수부재(36)에 충진되는 물의 무게에 의해 승강부재(31)와 승강고정부(60) 사이의 결합이 해제되어 승강부재(31)가 하강할 수 있도록 형성되는 것이 바람직하다.The force of the magnet may be maintained in a coupled state until a certain amount of water is filled in the reservoir member 36. When a predetermined amount or more of water is filled in the reservoir member 36, the weight of the water filled in the reservoir member 36 is increased. It is preferable that the coupling between the elevating member 31 and the elevating fixing unit 60 is released so that the elevating member 31 can descend.
이상에서 설명한 본 발명에 따른 태양광 패널 세척장치(1)의 구동과정을 설명하면 다음과 같다. Referring to the driving process of the solar panel cleaning device 1 according to the present invention described above are as follows.
초기 상태에서는 패널세척유닛(30)의 승강부재(31)가 패널프레임(11)의 상부에 위치하고 승강부재(31)가 승강고정부(60)에 고정된 상태이며, 무게추(53)는 최하강 위치에 위치한다.In the initial state, the elevating member 31 of the panel washing unit 30 is positioned above the panel frame 11, and the elevating member 31 is fixed to the elevating fixing unit 60, and the weight 53 is the lowest. Located in a river location.
이 상태에서 비가 내리면 태양광 패널(10)의 입사면에 빗방울이 떨어지고, 저수부재(36)에도 빗물이 채워지기 시작한다.In this state, when rain falls, raindrops fall on the incident surface of the solar panel 10, and the rainwater also starts to fill the storage member 36.
상기 승강고정부(60)에 의해 상기 저수부재(36)에 일정량의 빗물이 채워질때까지는 승강부재(31)가 이동하지 않지만 일정량 이상의 빗물이 채워지면 승강고정부(60)와 승강부재(31) 사이의 결합이 해제되며 승강부재(31)는 저수부재(36)에 충진된 물의 무게에 의해 가이드레일(20)을 따라 하강한다. 이 때, 무게추(53)는 승강부재(31)의 하강에 따라 상방으로 이동하게 된다.The lifting member 31 does not move until the storage member 36 is filled with a predetermined amount of rainwater by the lifting fixing unit 60, but when the rainwater is filled in a predetermined amount or more, the lifting fixing unit 60 and the lifting member 31 are provided. The coupling between the lifting member 31 is lowered along the guide rail 20 by the weight of the water filled in the storage member (36). At this time, the weight 53 is moved upward as the lifting member 31 descends.
승강부재(31)가 패널프레임(11)의 하부 위치에 도달할 때까지는 회동고정부(40)에 의해 저수부재(36)의 회동이 제한되기 때문에 저수부재(36)에 물이 저수된 상태를 유지하게 되며, 승강부재(31)가 하강하면서 세척부재(35)가 태양광 패널(10)의 표면을 닦아 이물질을 제거하게 된다. Until the lifting member 31 reaches the lower position of the panel frame 11, since the rotation of the storage member 36 is limited by the rotation fixing part 40, the water is stored in the storage member 36. It will be maintained, while the lifting member 31 is lowered, the cleaning member 35 is to wipe the surface of the solar panel 10 to remove the foreign matter.
승강부재(31)가 최하단 위치로 하강하면 패널프레임(11)의 하부에 설치된 접촉부재(43)가 걸림부재(42)와 접촉하면서 걸림부재(42)를 회전시키게 되고, 걸림부재(42)에 의해 걸려있던 돌기(41)가 걸림부재(42)와 분리되며, 저수부재(36)는 충진되어 있는 빗물에 의해 무게중심이 전방으로 쏠려 있는 상태이므로 전방으로 회전하면서 저수되어 있던 빗물이 전방으로 쏟아지게 된다. When the elevating member 31 descends to the lowermost position, the contact member 43 installed in the lower portion of the panel frame 11 rotates the catching member 42 while contacting the catching member 42. Hanging projection 41 is separated from the locking member 42, the water storage member 36 is the state of the center of gravity is directed to the front by the rainwater is filled, so the rainwater that has been stored while flowing forward spilled forward You lose.
저수부재(36)에 충진되어 있던 빗물이 배출된 후에는 저수부재(36)가 초기 위치로 복귀하면서 돌기(41)가 걸림부재(42)에 걸릴 수 있는 위치로 복귀하며, 빗물 배출 후 가벼워진 패널세척유닛(30)은 무게추(53)에 의해 다시 가이드레일(20)을 따라 상부로 상승하게 된다. 승강부재(31)가 상승하면서 접촉부재(43)와의 접촉이 해제되면서 걸림부재(42)는 다시 돌기(41)가 걸리는 상태로 체결되고, 승강부재(31)가 상승하는 과정에서 세척부재(35)가 태양광패널의 표면을 다시 닦게 된다.After the rainwater filled in the water storage member 36 is discharged, the water storage member 36 returns to the initial position and returns to a position where the projection 41 can be caught by the catching member 42. The washing unit 30 is elevated upward along the guide rail 20 by the weight 53. As the lifting member 31 is lifted and the contact with the contact member 43 is released, the locking member 42 is fastened again while the protrusion 41 is caught, and the cleaning member 35 is in the process of lifting the lifting member 31. ) Will clean the surface of the solar panel again.
비가 계속 내리는 경우 이와 같은 과정을 반복하면서 빗물과 세척부재(35)를 통해 태양광 패널(10)을 표면을 깨끗하게 닦을 수 있다.If the rain continues to repeat the same process while the solar panel 10 through the rain and the cleaning member 35 can be wiped clean the surface.
도시되지는 않았으나, 상기 패널프레임(11)의 상측에 상기 저수부재(36)에 물을 급수할 수 있는 별도의 급수부를 형성하고, 일정간격으로 물을 급수하거나 일정시간동안 패널세척유닛(30)이 가동되지 않을 경우 급수부를 통해 물을 공급하여 패널세척유닛(30)을 구동하도록 형성할 수도 있다.Although not shown, a separate water supply unit for supplying water to the water storage member 36 is formed on the upper side of the panel frame 11, and water is supplied at a predetermined interval or the panel washing unit 30 for a predetermined time. If this is not the case may be formed to drive the panel washing unit 30 by supplying water through the water supply.
도 7 내지 도 8에는 본 발명의 태양광 패널 세척장치(1)의 제2 실시예가 도시되어 있다.7 to 8 show a second embodiment of the solar panel cleaning apparatus 1 of the present invention.
본 실시예의 태양광 패널 세척장치(1)는 태양광 패널을 지지하는 패널프레임(11)에 패널세척유닛(30)이 슬라이딩 가능하도록 설치되어 저수부재(36)에 물이 저수되면 패널세척유닛(30)이 패널프레임(11)을 따라 하강하면서 태양광 패널의 표면을 세척할 수 있도록 구성되며, 이와 같은 기본 구성은 앞선 실시예와 동일하다.The solar panel washing apparatus 1 of the present embodiment is installed so that the panel washing unit 30 is slidable in the panel frame 11 supporting the solar panel so that water is stored in the water storage member 36. 30) is configured to wash the surface of the solar panel while descending along the panel frame 11, this basic configuration is the same as the previous embodiment.
본 실시예의 유닛복귀부(50)는 도 9에 도시되어 있는 것처럼 패널프레임(11)의 상단에 설치되는 회전축(55)과, 회전축(55)에 설치되는 가이드롤러(52)와, 패널프레임(11)을 따라 연장되도록 설치되는 슬라이딩가이드부(56)와, 슬라이딩가이드부(56)를 따라 주행하는 슬라이딩부재(58)를 더 구비한다.As shown in FIG. 9, the unit return unit 50 of the present embodiment includes a rotation shaft 55 installed at an upper end of the panel frame 11, a guide roller 52 installed on the rotation shaft 55, and a panel frame ( And a sliding guide part 56 installed to extend along the 11) and a sliding member 58 traveling along the sliding guide part 56.
회전축(55)의 양측에 가이드롤러(52)가 각각 하나씩 설치되어 있으며, 상기 가이드롤러(52)에는 연결와이어(51)가 끼워지는 와이어홈이 원주방향을 따라 연장되도록 형성되어 있다.Each of the guide rollers 52 is provided on each side of the rotation shaft 55, and the guide rollers 52 are formed to extend along the circumferential direction of the wire groove into which the connection wires 51 are fitted.
연결와이어(51)는 일단이 패널세척유닛(30)에 연결되고, 가이드롤러(52)를 경유해 타단이 후술하는 슬라이딩부재(58)와 연결된다.One end of the connection wire 51 is connected to the panel washing unit 30, and the other end of the connection wire 51 is connected to the sliding member 58, the other end of which is described later.
상기 가이드롤러(52)의 와이어홈에는 연결와이어(51)와의 마찰력을 높이기 위한 표면처리가 되어 와이어와 가이드롤러(52) 사이에 슬립이 발생하는 것을 최소화하는 것이 바람직하다.The wire groove of the guide roller 52 is preferably a surface treatment for increasing the friction force with the connection wire 51 to minimize the occurrence of slip between the wire and the guide roller 52.
슬라이딩가이드부(56)는 패널프레임(11)의 양측에 패널프레임(11)과 나란하게 연장되도록 설치되어 있는데, 내부 중공이 있으며, 하부가 길이방향을 따라 절개되어 있다.Sliding guide portion 56 is installed on both sides of the panel frame 11 to extend in parallel with the panel frame 11, there is an inner hollow, the lower portion is cut along the longitudinal direction.
슬라이딩부재(58)는 슬라이딩가이드부(56)의 중공을 따라 이동할 수 있는 몸체와, 상기 몸체에 설치되어 슬라이딩부재(58)의 내주면을 따라 주행하는 주행롤러를 포함한다.The sliding member 58 includes a body that can move along the hollow of the sliding guide part 56, and a traveling roller installed on the body and traveling along an inner circumferential surface of the sliding member 58.
슬라이딩부재(58)가 슬라이딩가이드부(56)의 내부에서 슬라이딩가이드부(56)의 길이방향을 따라 주행하게 되며, 상술한 것처럼 연결와이어(51)의 단부는 상기 슬라이딩부재(58)와 연결되어 있다. 그리고 슬라이딩부재(58)는 무게추(53)와 연결되는데, 무게추(53)와 슬라이딩부재(58)를 연결하는 연결부재는 상기 절개부(57)를 통해 하방으로 연장되기 때문에 슬라이딩부재(58)가 슬라이딩가이드부(56)를 따라 상하로 주행하더라도 무게추(53)의 이동에 간섭이 생기지 않는다.The sliding member 58 travels along the longitudinal direction of the sliding guide portion 56 in the sliding guide portion 56. As described above, an end of the connection wire 51 is connected to the sliding member 58. have. And the sliding member 58 is connected to the weight 53, the connecting member for connecting the weight 53 and the sliding member 58 extends downward through the incision 57 sliding member 58 ) Does not interfere with the movement of the weight (53) even if the vehicle travels up and down along the sliding guide portion (56).
본 실시예의 경우 저수부재(36)에 물이 채워져 패널세척유닛(30)이 하강하게 되면, 무게추(53) 및 슬라이딩부재(58)가 슬라이딩가이드부(56)를 따라 상방으로 이동하게 되고, 저수부재(36)의 물이 배수된 후에는 무게추(53)의 무게에 의해 슬라이딩부재(58)가 초기위치로 복귀하게 된다.In the present embodiment, when the water storage member 36 is filled with the panel washing unit 30 is lowered, the weight 53 and the sliding member 58 is moved upward along the sliding guide portion 56, After the water of the storage member 36 is drained, the sliding member 58 returns to the initial position by the weight of the weight 53.
본 실시예의 태양광 패널 세척장치(1)는 저수부재(36)에서 배수된 물을 다시 패널프레임(11)의 상부측으로 재공급하기 위한 회수공급유닛(70)을 더 구비한다.The solar panel washing apparatus 1 of the present embodiment further includes a recovery supply unit 70 for resupplying the water drained from the water storage member 36 to the upper side of the panel frame 11 again.
회수공급유닛(70)은 패널프레임(11)의 하부측에 설치되는 물 저장부(71)와, 물 저장부(71)에 저장된 물을 패널프레임(11)의 상부측에서 다시 공급하는 재공급부(72)와, 상기 물 저장부(71)에 설치되어 재공급부(72)로 물을 공급하는 것을 제어하는 제어밸브(77)와, 상기 물 저장부(71)로 외부 공급원으로부터 물을 공급하는 외부급수부(78)를 더 구비한다.The recovery supply unit 70 includes a water storage unit 71 installed at the lower side of the panel frame 11 and a resupply unit supplying water stored in the water storage unit 71 from the upper side of the panel frame 11 again. 72, a control valve 77 installed in the water storage unit 71 to control supply of water to the resupply unit 72, and water supplied to the water storage unit 71 from an external source. An external water supply portion 78 is further provided.
물 저장부(71)는 패널프레임(11)의 하부측에 설치되는 저수조이며, 상기 패널세척유닛(30)이 하강한 상태에서 저수부재(36)가 회동하여 배수되는 물을 저장할 수 있도록 형성되어 있다.The water storage unit 71 is a water tank installed at the lower side of the panel frame 11, and is formed to store water drained by the water storage member 36 rotating in the state where the panel washing unit 30 is lowered. have.
상기 재공급부(72)는 물 저장부(71)에 저장된 물을 다시 패널프레임(11)의 상측으로 끌러올려 다시 공급하기 위한 것이며, 물 저장부(71)로부터 연장되는 재공급라인(73)과, 상기 재공급라인(73)과 연결되어 패널프레임(11)의 상측에 설치되는 토출부재(74)를 포함한다.The resupply unit 72 is for re-supply the water stored in the water storage unit 71 to the upper side of the panel frame 11 again, and the resupply line 73 extending from the water storage unit 71 and And a discharge member 74 connected to the resupply line 73 and installed above the panel frame 11.
상기 토출부재(74)는 패널프레임(11)의 가로방향을 따라 연장되도록 설치되는 중공원통형의 부재이고, 길이방향을 따라 소정간격 이격되도록 토출홀(75)들이 형성되어 있다.The discharge member 74 is a hollow cylindrical member installed to extend in the horizontal direction of the panel frame 11, and discharge holes 75 are formed to be spaced apart by a predetermined distance along the longitudinal direction.
상기 물 저장부(71)에 저수된 물은 재공급라인(73)을 통해 토출부재(74)로 공급되고 토출부재(74)에서 토출홀(75)을 통해 물이 배출된다. 아울러 상기 토출부재(74)가 설치되는 패널프레임(11)의 상부에는 가이드판(76)이 설치되어 있는데, 토출부재(74)로부터 토출된 물은 상기 가이드판(76)을 통해 태양광패널 및 저수부재(36)로 이동하게 된다.The water stored in the water storage unit 71 is supplied to the discharge member 74 through the resupply line 73 and water is discharged through the discharge hole 75 in the discharge member 74. In addition, the guide plate 76 is installed on the upper part of the panel frame 11 on which the discharge member 74 is installed, and the water discharged from the discharge member 74 passes through the photovoltaic panel and the guide plate 76. The storage member 36 is moved.
상기 물 저장부(71)에는 제어밸브(77)가 설치되어 재공급부(72)를 통한 물 공급을 제어한다. 본 실시예의 경우 제어밸브(77)로 플로팅밸브가 적용되었으며, 제어밸브(77)에 의해 일정량 이상의 물이 물 저장부(71)에 저수되면 재공급부(72)를 통해 물이 패널프레임(11)의 상측으로 공급된다. 도 7의 미설명부호 80은 물 저장부(71)의 물을 재공급라인(73)을 통해 토출부재(74)측으로 펌핑하기 위한 공급펌프이다.A control valve 77 is installed in the water storage unit 71 to control the water supply through the resupply unit 72. In the present embodiment, a floating valve is applied to the control valve 77, and when a predetermined amount or more of water is stored in the water storage unit 71 by the control valve 77, the water is supplied to the panel frame 11 through the resupply unit 72. It is supplied to the upper side of. Reference numeral 80 in FIG. 7 is a supply pump for pumping water from the water storage unit 71 to the discharge member 74 through the resupply line 73.
아울러 상기 물 저장부(71)에는 외부로부터 물을 공급하기 위한 외부급수부(78)가 더 설치된다. 외부급수부(78)는 수도라인과 같은 외부 물 공급원으로부터 물을 공급하기 위한 것이며, 관리자의 수동조작에 의해 또는 자동으로 물을 물 저장부(71)에 공급한다.In addition, the water storage unit 71 is further provided with an external water supply unit 78 for supplying water from the outside. The external water supply unit 78 is for supplying water from an external water supply source such as a water supply line, and supplies water to the water storage unit 71 by a manual operation of an administrator or automatically.
이와같이 외부급수부(78)가 마련됨으로써 일정기간 비가 오지 않는 경우 외부급수부(78)를 통해 공급된 물을 통해 태양광 패널의 세척이 이루어지게 한다.As such, when the external water supply unit 78 is provided with no rain for a predetermined period of time, the solar panel is washed through the water supplied through the external water supply unit 78.
그리고 도시되지는 않았으나, 상기 패널세척유닛(30)의 구동을 감지하고, 설정된 기간동안 패널세척유닛(30)의 구동이 없을 때, 상기 외부급수부(78)를 구동해 태양광 패널을 세척하게 하는 제어부를 더 구비할 수 있다.Although not shown, the driving of the panel washing unit 30 is sensed, and when there is no driving of the panel washing unit 30 for a set period, the external water supply unit 78 is driven to clean the solar panel. A control unit may be further provided.
제시된 실시예들에 대한 설명은 임의의 본 발명의 기술분야에서 통상의 지식을 가진 자가 본 발명을 이용하거나 또는 실시할 수 있도록 제공된다. 이러한 실시예들에 대한 다양한 변형들은 본 발명의 기술 분야에서 통상의 지식을 가진자에게 명백할 것이며, 여기에 정의된 일반적인 원리들은 본 발명의 범위를 벗어남이 없이 다른 실시예들에 적용될 수 있다. 그리하여, 본 발명은 여기에 제시된 실시예들로 한정되는 것이 아니라, 여기에 제시된 원리들 및 신규한 특징들과 일관되는 최광의의 범위에서 해석되어야 할 것이다.The description of the presented embodiments is provided to enable any person skilled in the art to make or use the present invention. Various modifications to these embodiments will be apparent to those skilled in the art, and the generic principles defined herein may be applied to other embodiments without departing from the scope of the invention. Thus, the present invention should not be limited to the embodiments set forth herein but should be construed in the broadest scope consistent with the principles and novel features set forth herein.
본 발명은 태양광 발전설비의 유지 보수를 위한 시설로 산업상 이용 가능성이 높다.Industrial Applicability The present invention has high industrial applicability as a facility for maintenance of photovoltaic power generation facilities.

Claims (15)

  1. 태양광 패널을 지지하는 패널프레임에 설치되는 가이드레일과;A guide rail installed on the panel frame supporting the solar panel;
    상기 가이드레일을 따라 이동하며, 일측에 상기 태양광 패널의 표면을 세척할 수 있는 세척부재가 마련되어 있는 패널세척유닛과;A panel washing unit moving along the guide rail and having a cleaning member disposed at one side thereof to wash the surface of the solar panel;
    상기 패널세척유닛이 상기 가이드레일을 따라 이동한 뒤 다시 초기 위치로 복귀할 수 있도록 상기 패널세척유닛을 복귀시키는 유닛복귀부를 포함하며,And a unit returning unit for returning the panel washing unit so that the panel washing unit moves along the guide rail and returns to an initial position.
    상기 패널세척유닛은 상기 세척부재가 설치되고 상기 가이드레일에 결합되는 승강부재와, 상기 승강부재에 회전 가능하게 설치되며, 물이 저수될 수 있도록 저수공간을 가지며 상방이 개구되어 있는 저수부재를 포함하고,The panel washing unit includes a lifting member installed with the cleaning member and coupled to the guide rail, rotatably installed at the lifting member, and having a storage space for storing water and having an upper opening. and,
    상기 저수부재에 물이 저수되면 상기 패널세척유닛이 저수부재에 저수되는 물의 무게에 의해 상기 가이드레일을 따라 이동하도록 형성된 것을 특징으로 하는When the water is stored in the water storage member, the panel washing unit is formed to move along the guide rail by the weight of water stored in the water storage member
    태양광 패널 세척장치.Solar panel cleaner.
  2. 제 1항에 있어서,The method of claim 1,
    상기 저수부재가 상기 승강부재에 고정되어 물이 저수된 상태를 유지하고, 하강위치에 도달하면 상기 저수부재에 저수된 물의 배출을 위해 저수부재가 회전할 수 있게 고정을 해제하는 회동고정부를 더 구비하는 것을 특징으로 하는 The reservoir member is fixed to the elevating member to maintain the state of water storage, and when reaching the lowered position, the rotation fixing part for releasing the fixing so that the storage member can rotate to discharge the water stored in the reservoir member Characterized in that
    태양광 패널 세척장치.Solar panel cleaner.
  3. 제 2항에 있어서,The method of claim 2,
    상기 회동고정부는 상기 저수부재로부터 상기 승강부재를 향해 연장되는 돌기와,The rotation fixing part may include a protrusion extending from the storage member toward the lifting member,
    상기 승강부재에 회동 가능하게 설치되고 상기 돌기가 걸려 상기 돌기의 결합상태가 유지될 수 있도록 된 걸림부재와,A locking member rotatably installed on the elevating member and configured to hold the protrusion so that the engaged state of the protrusion can be maintained;
    상기 패널프레임의 하부에 설치되어 상기 승강부재가 상기 패널프레임의 하부로 이동하면 상기 걸림부재의 일측과 접촉하여 상기 걸림부재를 회전시킴으로써 상기 돌기와 걸림부재의 연결상태를 해제하는 접촉부재를 포함하는 것을 특징으로 하는 And a contact member installed below the panel frame to release the connection state between the protrusion and the locking member by rotating the locking member by contacting one side of the locking member when the lifting member moves to the lower portion of the panel frame. Characterized
    태양광 패널 세척장치.Solar panel cleaner.
  4. 제 1항에 있어서,The method of claim 1,
    상기 유닛복귀부는 상기 패널프레임의 상단에 일측이 고정되고 타측이 상기 승강부재에 고정되는 인장스프링인 것을 특징으로 하는The unit return portion is a tension spring, one side is fixed to the upper end of the panel frame and the other side is fixed to the elevating member
    태양광 패널 세척장치.Solar panel cleaner.
  5. 제 1항에 있어서,The method of claim 1,
    상기 유닛복귀부는 상기 승강부재에 연결되는 연결와이어와,The unit return unit and the connection wire connected to the elevating member,
    상기 연결와이어의 타단에 연결되는 무게추를 포함하며,It includes a weight that is connected to the other end of the connection wire,
    상기 무게추는 상기 저수부재에 물이 저수되면 상기 저수부재에 저수되는 물의 무게에 의해 상기 승강부재가 가이드레일을 따라 하강할 수 있는 무게인 것을 특징으로 하는 The weight is characterized in that the lifting member is a weight that can be lowered along the guide rail by the weight of the water stored in the water storage member when the water is stored in the water storage member
    태양광 패널 세척장치.Solar panel cleaner.
  6. 제 1항에 있어서,The method of claim 1,
    상기 저수부재에 일정량 이상의 물이 저수될 때까지 상기 승강부재가 상기 패널프레임의 상부에 고정될 수 있도록 상기 승강부재를 고정하는 승강고정부를 더 구비하는 것을 특징으로 하는 And an elevating fixing part for fixing the elevating member so that the elevating member can be fixed to the upper portion of the panel frame until a predetermined amount or more of water is stored in the reservoir member.
    태양광 패널 세척장치.Solar panel cleaner.
  7. 제 6항에 있어서,The method of claim 6,
    상기 승강고정부는 상기 패널프레임의 상부에 설치되어 상기 승강부재 또는 상기 승강부재에 설치되는 자성체와 자력 결합하는 고정자석을 포함하고,The lifting fixing part includes a fixed magnet which is installed on an upper portion of the panel frame and magnetically coupled to the lifting member or the magnetic body installed on the lifting member,
    상기 고정자석은 상기 저수부재에 일정량 이상의 물이 충진될 때까지 상기 승강부재 또는 승강부재에 설치되는 자성체와 접착 상태를 유지할 수 있도록 형성된 것을 특징으로 하는The stator magnet is formed to maintain an adhesive state with the elevating member or the magnetic body installed on the elevating member until a predetermined amount of water is filled in the reservoir member
    태양광 패널 세척장치.Solar panel cleaner.
  8. 제 5항에 있어서,The method of claim 5,
    상기 유닛복귀부는 상기 패널프레임의 상단에 설치되어 있는 회전축과, The unit return unit and the rotating shaft is installed on the top of the panel frame,
    상기 회전축의 양측에 각각 설치되어 상기 가이드롤러가 경유해 연장되는 가이드롤러와,Guide rollers installed on both sides of the rotation shaft and extending through the guide rollers;
    상기 패널프레임을 따라 연장되는 슬라이딩가이드부와, A sliding guide part extending along the panel frame;
    상기 슬라이딩가이드부를 따라 슬라이딩 가능하도록 설치되며, 상기 무게추가 연결되는 슬라이딩부재를 더 구비하는 것을 특징으로 하는It is installed to be slidable along the sliding guide portion, characterized in that it further comprises a sliding member to which the weight is connected
    태양광 패널 세척장치.Solar panel cleaner.
  9. 제 8항에 있어서,The method of claim 8,
    상기 슬라이딩가이드부는 상기 패널프레임을 따라 연장되는 중공부재이고, 하면에 길이방향을 따라 절개부가 형성되어 있으며,The sliding guide part is a hollow member extending along the panel frame, and a cutout part is formed along a length direction on a lower surface thereof.
    상기 슬라이딩부재는 상기 슬라이딩가이드부의 내부에 진입할 수 있도록 형성된 몸체와, 상기 몸체에 설치되어 상기 슬라이딩가이드부의 내주면에 접촉해 주행 가능하게 하는 주행롤러를 포함하며,The sliding member includes a body formed to enter the sliding guide part, and a traveling roller installed on the body to be in contact with the inner circumferential surface of the sliding guide part to allow driving.
    상기 무게추는 상기 몸체와 연결되고, 상기 무게추와 몸체를 연결하는 연결부재는 상기 절개부를 통해 상기 슬라이딩가이드부의 하방으로 연장되어 있는 것을 특징으로 하는The weight is connected to the body, the connecting member for connecting the weight and the body is characterized in that extending through the incision below the sliding guide portion
    태양광 패널 세척장치.Solar panel cleaner.
  10. 제 2항에 있어서,The method of claim 2,
    상기 저수부재의 하강 후 배수된 물을 저장하기 위한 물 저장부와,A water storage unit for storing the drained water after the lowering of the water storage member;
    상기 물 저장부의 물을 상기 패널프레임의 상부로 끌어올려 저수부재 측으로 공급하는 재공급부를 포함하는 회수공급유닛을 더 구비하는 것을 특징으로 하는The water supply unit further comprises a recovery supply unit including a re-supply unit for supplying water to the upper portion of the panel frame to the upper portion of the panel frame.
    태양광 패널 세척장치.Solar panel cleaner.
  11. 제 10항에 있어서,The method of claim 10,
    상기 물 저장부에 설치되어 상기 물 저장부에 저수되는 물의 수위가 일정 높이 이상이 되면 상기 재공급부를 통해 물을 공급하도록 제어하는 제어밸브를 더 구비하는 것을 특징으로 하는 And a control valve installed in the water storage unit and controlling to supply water through the resupply unit when the water level of the water stored in the water storage unit becomes higher than a predetermined height.
    태양광 패널 세척장치.Solar panel cleaner.
  12. 제 11항에 있어서,The method of claim 11,
    상기 제어밸브는 플로팅밸브인 것을 특징으로 하는The control valve is characterized in that the floating valve
    태양광 패널 세척장치.Solar panel cleaner.
  13. 제 10항에 있어서,The method of claim 10,
    상기 재공급부는 상기 물 저장부로부터 연장되는 재공급라인과,The resupply unit and the resupply line extending from the water reservoir;
    상기 재공급라인의 단부에 형성되어 있으며, 길이방향을 따라 다수의 토출홀들이 이격 형성되어 있는 토출부재를 포함하고,It is formed at the end of the resupply line, and includes a discharge member is formed with a plurality of discharge holes spaced apart in the longitudinal direction,
    상기 토출부재에서 토출된 물을 상기 저수부재 및 태양광 패널의 표면으로 안내하기 위한 가이드판을 더 구비하는 것을 특징으로 하는And a guide plate for guiding the water discharged from the discharge member to the surfaces of the water storage member and the solar panel.
    태양광 패널 세척장치.Solar panel cleaner.
  14. 제 10항에 있어서,The method of claim 10,
    상기 회수공급유닛은 상기 물 저장부에 별도의 물을 공급하기 위한 외부급수부를 더 구비하는 것을 특징으로 하는The recovery supply unit further includes an external water supply unit for supplying separate water to the water storage unit.
    태양광 패널 세척장치.Solar panel cleaner.
  15. 제 14항에 있어서,The method of claim 14,
    상기 패널세척유닛의 가동을 감지하고,Detect the operation of the panel cleaning unit,
    일정시간 상기 패널세척유닛의 가동이 이루어지지 않으면 상기 외부급수부를 구동하여 상기 패널세척유닛이 가동하게 하는 제어부를 더 구비하는 것을 특징으로하는 If the panel washing unit does not operate for a predetermined time, characterized in that it further comprises a control unit for driving the external water supply unit to operate the panel washing unit.
    태양광 패널 세척장치.Solar panel cleaner.
PCT/KR2016/014595 2016-10-27 2016-12-13 Solar panel washing device WO2018079930A1 (en)

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KR1020160140652A KR101949828B1 (en) 2016-10-27 2016-10-27 Cleaning Apparatus for Solar-Light Panel

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CN110208986B (en) * 2019-06-13 2024-01-26 深圳市宝莲花光电工程有限公司 LED backlight source with self-cleaning function
CN110332721A (en) * 2019-06-21 2019-10-15 浙江中控太阳能技术有限公司 A kind of cleaning apparatus for self of heliostat
CN110332721B (en) * 2019-06-21 2021-01-12 浙江中控太阳能技术有限公司 Self-cleaning device of heliostat
WO2022213536A1 (en) * 2021-04-09 2022-10-13 无锡安邦电气股份有限公司 5g intelligent lamp pole capable of self-cleaning
CN113441430A (en) * 2021-07-06 2021-09-28 浙江高晟光热发电技术研究院有限公司 Automatic cleaning device of heliostat
CN113941538A (en) * 2021-10-14 2022-01-18 厦门飞德利照明科技有限公司 Automatic cleaning mechanism for outdoor lamp
CN115007505A (en) * 2022-05-13 2022-09-06 江苏宇辉光伏科技有限公司 Photovoltaic module surface cleaning structure
CN115007505B (en) * 2022-05-13 2024-03-08 中润光能科技(徐州)有限公司 Photovoltaic module surface cleaning structure

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