WO2017161686A1 - Garbage sorting machine - Google Patents

Garbage sorting machine Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2017161686A1
WO2017161686A1 PCT/CN2016/084114 CN2016084114W WO2017161686A1 WO 2017161686 A1 WO2017161686 A1 WO 2017161686A1 CN 2016084114 W CN2016084114 W CN 2016084114W WO 2017161686 A1 WO2017161686 A1 WO 2017161686A1
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Prior art keywords
garbage
cleaning
conveying
sorting
cleaning brush
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PCT/CN2016/084114
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
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黄先刚
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江苏比微曼智能科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201610160126.4A priority Critical patent/CN105668202B/en
Priority to CN201610160126.4 priority
Application filed by 江苏比微曼智能科技有限公司 filed Critical 江苏比微曼智能科技有限公司
Publication of WO2017161686A1 publication Critical patent/WO2017161686A1/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C5/00Sorting according to a characteristic or feature of the articles or material being sorted, e.g. by control effected by devices which detect or measure such characteristic or feature; Sorting by manually actuated devices, e.g. switches
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65FGATHERING OR REMOVAL OF DOMESTIC OR LIKE REFUSE
    • B65F5/00Gathering or removal of refuse otherwise than by receptacles or vehicles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G45/00Lubricating, cleaning, or clearing devices
    • B65G45/10Cleaning devices

Abstract

A garbage sorting machine comprises a garbage selecting control system (1), a garbage receiving system (2), a garbage conveying system (3b), a garbage sorting system (4) and a cleaning system for cleaning the garbage conveying system; the garbage selecting control system (1) selects garbage types; the garbage conveying system (3b) conveys to the garbage sorting system (4) the garbage discharged by the garbage receiving system (2); the garbage sorting system (4), according to the garbage type information, classifies and disposes the garbage; after disposal, the cleaning system performs a cleaning process on the garbage conveying system. The garbage sorting machine is provided with a cleaning system which is used for cleaning the garbage conveying system, so that the garbage conveying system can be cleaned and disinfected in time to therefore avoid cross contamination of different garbage.

Description

一种垃圾分类机Waste sorting machine 技术领域Technical field

本发明涉及一种垃圾处理系统,特别涉及一种垃圾分类机。The invention relates to a garbage disposal system, in particular to a garbage sorting machine.

背景技术Background technique

在医疗过程中,会产生许多类型的医疗垃圾,例如药瓶、纱布、注射器、残剩药物、手术用具、化验器皿、医学标本、输液皮带等等,为了环保,需要将这些医疗垃圾分类,目前,一般是通过医护人员进行人工分类丢弃,如此,会加大医务人员的工作强度,且会导致分类错误;另外,为了方便,通常将医疗垃圾直接丢弃在就诊室的垃圾箱内,如此,医疗垃圾容易污染就诊环境。In the medical process, many types of medical waste are produced, such as medicine bottles, gauze, syringes, residual medicines, surgical instruments, laboratory utensils, medical specimens, infusion belts, etc. In order to protect the environment, these medical wastes need to be classified. Generally, it is manually sorted and discarded by medical personnel. In this way, the work intensity of medical staff will be increased, and classification errors will be caused. In addition, for convenience, medical waste is usually directly discarded in the garbage bin of the consultation room. Garbage is easy to pollute the environment.

2015年5月27日中国专利数据库公开了一件申请号为:201510073616.6,发明名称为:医疗垃圾智能分类回收系统及其控制方法,系统包括隔离墙、窗口、接收装置、输出装置、传送带及多个垃圾收集装置,隔离墙用于形成相互隔离的第一间室及第二间室;窗口贯穿隔离墙;接收装置位于第一间室内,接收装置用于接收医疗垃圾并通过窗口将医疗垃圾输送至第二间室;输出装置位于第二间室内,输出装置用于接收并输送医疗垃圾;传送带位于第二间室内,传送带用于带动输出装置移动;多个垃圾收集装置位于第二间室内;控制装置用于区分医疗垃圾的类型,并控制输出装置将医疗垃圾输送至对应的垃圾收集装置。本发明可将就诊室和垃圾处置室分隔开,医疗垃圾可分配至不同的垃圾收集装置,提高了就诊室环境,且降低了工作强度。On May 27, 2015, the Chinese patent database disclosed an application number: 201510073616.6. The invention name is: medical waste intelligent classification and recovery system and its control method. The system includes the wall, window, receiving device, output device, conveyor belt and many more. a garbage collection device, the partition wall is used to form the first compartment and the second compartment separated from each other; the window penetrates the partition wall; the receiving device is located in the first compartment, and the receiving device is configured to receive medical waste and transport the medical waste through the window To the second compartment; the output device is located in the second compartment, the output device is for receiving and transporting medical waste; the conveyor belt is located in the second compartment, the conveyor belt is used to drive the output device to move; and the plurality of garbage collection devices are located in the second compartment; The control device is used to distinguish the type of medical waste and control the output device to deliver the medical waste to the corresponding garbage collection device. The invention can separate the consultation room from the garbage disposal room, and the medical garbage can be distributed to different garbage collection devices, thereby improving the environment of the consultation room and reducing the work intensity.

其不足之处在于:上述垃圾分类回收系统不具备清洗系统,传送带在多次使用后易被各类垃圾污染,尤其是感染性垃圾,含有大量的细菌、病毒及化学药剂,具有极强的传染性、生物毒性和腐蚀性,未经处理或处理不彻底的感染 性医疗垃圾与其它垃圾使用同一传送带传送,极易造成各类垃圾交叉污染,对人体产生直接或间接的危害,也可能成为疫病流行的源头。The shortcoming is that the above-mentioned garbage sorting and recycling system does not have a cleaning system, and the conveyor belt is easily contaminated by various types of garbage after repeated use, especially infectious garbage, which contains a large amount of bacteria, viruses and chemicals, and has a strong infection. Sexual, biologically toxic and corrosive, untreated or incompletely treated infections Sexual medical waste is transported on the same conveyor belt as other garbage. It is easy to cause cross-contamination of various types of garbage, causing direct or indirect harm to the human body, and may also be the source of epidemics.

发明内容Summary of the invention

本发明的目的在于克服现有技术中的不足,提供一种垃圾分类机,解决现有技术中垃圾分类机不具备清洗系统,容易出现各类垃圾交叉污染,危害人体健康的技术问题。The object of the present invention is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art and to provide a garbage sorting machine, which solves the technical problem that the garbage sorting machine does not have a cleaning system in the prior art, and is prone to cross-contamination of various types of garbage and endangers human health.

为解决上述技术问题,本发明所采用的技术方案是:一种垃圾分类机,包括垃圾选择控制系统、垃圾接收系统、垃圾传送系统、垃圾分类系统和用于清洗垃圾传送系统的清洗系统;In order to solve the above technical problem, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is: a garbage sorting machine, including a garbage selection control system, a garbage receiving system, a garbage conveying system, a garbage sorting system, and a washing system for cleaning the garbage conveying system;

垃圾选择控制系统选择垃圾种类,垃圾传送系统将垃圾接收系统排放的垃圾传送至垃圾分类系统,垃圾分类系统根据垃圾种类信息将垃圾进行分类投放,投放完成后,由清洗系统对垃圾传送系统进行清洗。The garbage selection control system selects the type of garbage, and the garbage delivery system transfers the garbage discharged from the garbage receiving system to the garbage sorting system. The garbage sorting system sorts the garbage according to the type information of the garbage. After the delivery is completed, the garbage conveying system is cleaned by the cleaning system. .

进一步的,所述清洗系统包括清洗液供应系统、清洗刷、刮水板和用于收集废用清洗液的清洗仓,清洗刷和刮水板均设于清洗仓内,清洗仓与垃圾传送系统相对接;所述清洗刷、刮水板分别由各自的驱动机构控制靠近或远离垃圾传送系统。Further, the cleaning system includes a cleaning liquid supply system, a cleaning brush, a wiper plate, and a cleaning chamber for collecting the waste cleaning liquid. The cleaning brush and the wiper plate are both disposed in the cleaning chamber, the cleaning chamber and the garbage conveying system. The cleaning brush and the wiper are respectively controlled by the respective driving mechanisms to be close to or away from the garbage conveying system.

进一步的,所述清洗系统包括清洗液供应系统、清洗刷、刮水板和用于收集废用清洗液的清洗仓,清洗刷和刮水板均设于清洗仓内,清洗仓与垃圾传送系统相对接;Further, the cleaning system includes a cleaning liquid supply system, a cleaning brush, a wiper plate, and a cleaning chamber for collecting the waste cleaning liquid. The cleaning brush and the wiper plate are both disposed in the cleaning chamber, the cleaning chamber and the garbage conveying system. Opposite;

所述清洗系统还包括连杆,清洗刷和刮水板分别可转动的连接于连杆的两端,所述清洗刷或刮水板上连接有驱动机构,驱动清洗刷、刮水板同步靠近或远离垃圾传送系统。The cleaning system further includes a connecting rod, and the cleaning brush and the wiper plate are respectively rotatably connected to both ends of the connecting rod, and the cleaning brush or the wiper plate is connected with a driving mechanism to drive the cleaning brush and the wiper plate to be synchronized Or stay away from the garbage transfer system.

进一步的,所述垃圾分类机还包括用于对垃圾传送系统进行干燥处理的烘 干系统。Further, the garbage sorter further comprises a drying method for drying the garbage conveying system Dry system.

进一步的,所述清洗刷的刷板上还设有与清洗液供应系统相连通的喷水孔。Further, the brush plate of the cleaning brush is further provided with a water spray hole communicating with the cleaning liquid supply system.

进一步的,所述垃圾接收系统包括:可绕转轴向下旋转的垃圾盛放台,垃圾盛放台设于垃圾传送系统的上方;垃圾选择控制系统选择垃圾种类后,垃圾盛放台向下转动,将垃圾投放至垃圾传送系统,投放完成后垃圾盛放台自动复位。Further, the garbage receiving system comprises: a garbage loading platform that can rotate downwards in the axial direction, and the garbage storage platform is arranged above the garbage conveying system; after the garbage selection control system selects the garbage type, the garbage loading platform is downwardly Rotate, the garbage is placed on the garbage transfer system, and the garbage storage station is automatically reset after the delivery is completed.

进一步的,垃圾传送系统包括垃圾传送带、覆盖于垃圾传送带上的罩壳和驱动垃圾传送带正反转的电动机,所述罩壳的一端与垃圾接收系统的排放口连接,另一端与垃圾分类系统的输入端连接。Further, the garbage conveying system comprises a garbage conveyor belt, a casing covering the garbage conveyor belt, and an electric motor for driving the garbage conveyor belt to be reversed, one end of the casing is connected to the discharge port of the garbage receiving system, and the other end is connected with the garbage sorting system. The input is connected.

进一步的,所述垃圾分类系统包括设置在垃圾传送系统输出端的电动运输箱、供电动运输箱滑行的导轨、驱动电动运输箱滑行的驱动机构以及沿导轨方向并列排放的各类垃圾箱;所述电动运输箱根据垃圾分类系统提供的垃圾种类信息将垃圾运输至相应垃圾箱投放。Further, the garbage sorting system includes an electric transport box disposed at an output end of the garbage conveying system, a guide rail for sliding the power supply transport box, a driving mechanism for driving the electric transport box to slide, and various garbage boxes discharged side by side in the direction of the guide rail; The electric transport box transports the garbage to the corresponding garbage bin according to the type information of the garbage provided by the garbage sorting system.

与现有技术相比,本发明所达到的有益效果是:设置了用于清洗垃圾传送系统的清洗系统,便于对垃圾传送系统进行及时清洗、消毒,避免出现各类垃圾交叉污染的现象,有利于维护良好的医疗环境。Compared with the prior art, the invention achieves the beneficial effects that a cleaning system for cleaning the garbage conveying system is provided, which facilitates timely cleaning and disinfection of the garbage conveying system, and avoids the phenomenon of cross-contamination of various types of garbage. Conducive to maintaining a good medical environment.

附图说明DRAWINGS

图1是本发明实施例一的结构示意图。1 is a schematic structural view of a first embodiment of the present invention.

图2是本发明实施例一的另一结构示意图。Fig. 2 is a schematic view showing another structure of the first embodiment of the present invention.

图3是本发明实施例一中去掉清洗仓之后的清洗系统的结构示意图。Figure 3 is a schematic view showing the structure of the cleaning system after the cleaning chamber is removed in the first embodiment of the present invention.

图4是本发明实施例二中去掉清洗仓之后的清洗系统的结构示意图。Figure 4 is a schematic view showing the structure of the cleaning system after the cleaning chamber is removed in the second embodiment of the present invention.

图中:1、垃圾选择控制系统;2、垃圾接收系统;3a、罩壳;3b、垃圾传送带;4、垃圾分类系统;4a、电动运输箱;4b、导轨;4c、垃圾箱;5、清洗系 统;5a、刮水板的驱动机构;5b、清洗刷;5c、刮水板;5d、清洗刷的驱动机构;5e、连杆;6、烘干系统;7、清洗液供应系统。In the figure: 1, garbage selection control system; 2, garbage receiving system; 3a, cover; 3b, garbage conveyor; 4, garbage sorting system; 4a, electric transport box; 4b, guide rail; 4c, garbage bin; Department 5a, wiper drive mechanism; 5b, cleaning brush; 5c, wiper; 5d, cleaning brush drive mechanism; 5e, connecting rod; 6, drying system; 7, cleaning fluid supply system.

具体实施方式detailed description

下面结合附图对本发明作进一步描述。以下实施例仅用于更加清楚地说明本发明的技术方案,而不能以此来限制本发明的保护范围。The invention is further described below in conjunction with the drawings. The following examples are only intended to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions of the present invention, and are not intended to limit the scope of the present invention.

如图1、图2所示,垃圾分类机,包括垃圾选择控制系统1、垃圾接收系统2、垃圾传送系统、垃圾分类系统4和用于清洗垃圾传送系统的清洗系统5。As shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2, the garbage sorting machine includes a garbage selection control system 1, a garbage receiving system 2, a garbage conveying system, a garbage sorting system 4, and a washing system 5 for cleaning the garbage conveying system.

垃圾选择控制系统1包括微处理器、触摸屏,触摸屏上设置各类垃圾选择按键、清洗键、开关键等选择键。The garbage selection control system 1 includes a microprocessor, a touch screen, and various types of garbage selection buttons, cleaning keys, and opening keys are set on the touch screen.

垃圾接收系统2包括:可绕转轴向下旋转的垃圾盛放台,垃圾盛放台设于垃圾传送系统的上方,用于控制垃圾盛放台的驱动机构与垃圾选择控制系统1的微处理器信号连接。垃圾选择控制系统1选择垃圾种类后,垃圾盛放台向下转动,将垃圾投放至垃圾传送系统,投放完成后垃圾盛放台自动复位。The garbage receiving system 2 comprises: a garbage loading platform that can rotate downwards in the axial direction, and the garbage loading platform is arranged above the garbage conveying system for controlling the driving mechanism of the garbage loading platform and the micro processing of the garbage selection control system 1 Signal connection. After the garbage selection control system 1 selects the garbage type, the garbage storage table rotates downward, and the garbage is discharged to the garbage delivery system, and the garbage storage station is automatically reset after the delivery is completed.

垃圾传送系统包括垃圾传送带3b、覆盖于垃圾传送带3b上的罩壳3a和驱动垃圾传送带3b正反转的电动机,罩壳3a的一端与垃圾接收系统2的排放口连接,另一端与垃圾分类系统4的输入端连接。在进行垃圾传送时,电动机正向旋转,垃圾传送带3b将垃圾运输至垃圾分类系统4;当需要对垃圾传送带3b进行清洗时,电动机反向旋转。The garbage conveying system includes a garbage conveyor 3b, a casing 3a covering the garbage conveyor 3b, and a motor for driving the garbage conveyor 3b to be reversed, one end of the casing 3a is connected to the discharge port of the garbage receiving system 2, and the other end is connected to the garbage sorting system. The input of 4 is connected. When the garbage is conveyed, the motor rotates in the forward direction, and the garbage conveyor 3b transports the garbage to the garbage sorting system 4; when the garbage conveyor 3b needs to be cleaned, the motor rotates in the reverse direction.

垃圾分类系统4包括设置在垃圾传送系统输出端的电动运输箱4a、供电动运输箱滑行的导轨4b、驱动电动运输箱4a滑行的驱动机构以及沿导轨方向并列排放的各类垃圾箱4c;电动运输箱4a根据垃圾分类系统4提供的垃圾种类信息将垃圾运输至相应垃圾箱4c投放。The garbage sorting system 4 includes an electric transport case 4a disposed at the output end of the garbage transfer system, a guide rail 4b for sliding the power supply transport case, a drive mechanism for driving the electric transport case 4a to slide, and various types of garbage cans 4c discharged side by side in the direction of the guide rail; The tank 4a transports the garbage to the corresponding garbage can 4c according to the garbage type information provided by the garbage sorting system 4.

清洗系统5与垃圾分类系统4相对的,设置在垃圾传送系统的起始端,包 括如下两种实施例:The cleaning system 5 is opposite to the garbage sorting system 4 and is disposed at the beginning of the garbage conveying system. The following two examples are included:

实施例一:Embodiment 1:

如图3所示,清洗系统5包括清洗液供应系统7、清洗刷5b、刮水板5c和用于收集废用清洗液的清洗仓,清洗刷5b和刮水板5c均设于清洗仓内,清洗仓与垃圾传送系统相对接,用于盛接废水,同时底部设置下水管道。清洗刷5b、刮水板5c分别由各自的驱动机构(图3中:5a为刮水板的驱动机构;5d为清洗刷的驱动机构)控制靠近或远离垃圾传送系统,具体为靠近或远离垃圾传送系统的垃圾传送带3b。As shown in FIG. 3, the cleaning system 5 includes a cleaning liquid supply system 7, a cleaning brush 5b, a wiper plate 5c, and a cleaning chamber for collecting the waste cleaning liquid. The cleaning brush 5b and the wiper plate 5c are both disposed in the cleaning chamber. The cleaning bin is connected with the garbage conveying system for receiving the waste water, and the sewage pipe is arranged at the bottom. The cleaning brush 5b and the wiper blade 5c are respectively controlled by the respective driving mechanisms (the driving mechanism of the wiper blade in FIG. 3: 5a is the driving mechanism of the wiper blade), and the garbage conveying system is controlled to be close to or away from the garbage conveying system, specifically close to or away from the garbage. The conveyor belt 3b of the conveyor system.

清洗时,使垃圾传送带3b反向运行,控制清洗刷5b靠近垃圾传送带3b,使刷毛与垃圾传送带3b相贴合,进行垃圾传送带3b的刷洗;同时,控制刮水板5c贴合于垃圾传送带3b上,用于刮除垃圾传送带3b上的水分,避免造成二次污染。During the cleaning, the garbage conveyor 3b is operated in the reverse direction, the cleaning brush 5b is controlled to be close to the garbage conveyor 3b, the bristles are attached to the garbage conveyor 3b, and the garbage conveyor 3b is brushed; at the same time, the control wiper 5c is attached to the garbage conveyor 3b. Above, used to scrape the moisture on the garbage conveyor 3b to avoid secondary pollution.

实施例二:Embodiment 2:

与实施例一中所述的清洗系统5的区别在于:清洗刷5b和刮水板5c采用连杆5e连接,由驱动机构5d控制其中一个部件靠近或远离垃圾传送带3b,通过连杆5e的驱动作用,即可控制另一部件同步动作。具体结构为:清洗系统5包括清洗液供应系统7、清洗刷5b、刮水板5c和用于收集废用清洗液的清洗仓,清洗刷5b和刮水板5c均设于清洗仓内,清洗仓与垃圾传送系统相对接。清洗系统5还包括连杆5e,清洗刷5b和刮水板5c分别可转动的连接于连杆5e的两端,如图4所示,在清洗刷5b上设置清洗刷驱动机构5d,包括通过螺纹连接在刷板上的连杆5e,连杆5e与电动机的转轴传动连接,转轴正向或反向旋转带动连杆5e转动,使清洗刷5b靠近或远离垃圾传送带3b,受连杆5e的驱动作用连接在连杆5e另一端的刮水板5c也同步靠近或远离垃圾传送带3b。同理也可将 驱动机构5d设置于刮水板5c上,通过控制刮水板5c的动作,实现清洗刷5b的同步动作。The difference from the cleaning system 5 described in the first embodiment is that the cleaning brush 5b and the wiper blade 5c are connected by a connecting rod 5e, and one of the components is controlled by the driving mechanism 5d to be close to or away from the refuse conveyor 3b, driven by the connecting rod 5e. Function, you can control the synchronization of another component. The specific structure is: the cleaning system 5 includes a cleaning liquid supply system 7, a cleaning brush 5b, a wiper plate 5c, and a cleaning chamber for collecting the waste cleaning liquid. The cleaning brush 5b and the wiper plate 5c are both disposed in the cleaning chamber, and are cleaned. The warehouse is connected to the garbage transfer system. The cleaning system 5 further includes a connecting rod 5e. The cleaning brush 5b and the wiper blade 5c are respectively rotatably connected to both ends of the connecting rod 5e. As shown in FIG. 4, a cleaning brush driving mechanism 5d is disposed on the cleaning brush 5b, including The connecting rod 5e is screwed to the brush plate, and the connecting rod 5e is drivingly connected with the rotating shaft of the motor, and the rotating shaft rotates in the forward or reverse direction to drive the connecting rod 5e to rotate, so that the cleaning brush 5b is close to or away from the garbage conveyor belt 3b, and is received by the connecting rod 5e. The wiper blade 5c, which is driven to be connected to the other end of the link 5e, is also brought close to or away from the refuse conveyor 3b. The same reason can be The drive mechanism 5d is provided on the wiper blade 5c, and the synchronous operation of the cleaning brush 5b is realized by controlling the operation of the wiper blade 5c.

上述两实施例中,清洗刷5b的刷板上均设置了喷水孔,喷水孔通过水管(图中未示出)与清洗液供应系统7连接,喷水孔可以设置多个,均匀分布于刷板上。刮水板为末端向上翘曲的弯板,刮水板5c与垃圾传送带3b接触的边沿设置为楔形,使刮水板与垃圾传送带3b保持紧密贴合。In the above two embodiments, the water spray holes are provided on the brush plates of the cleaning brush 5b, and the water spray holes are connected to the cleaning liquid supply system 7 through water pipes (not shown), and the water spray holes can be arranged in plurality and evenly distributed. On the brush plate. The wiper blade is a bent plate whose end is warped upward, and the edge of the wiper blade 5c which is in contact with the refuse conveyor belt 3b is wedge-shaped, so that the wiper blade is kept in close contact with the refuse conveyor belt 3b.

为保证垃圾传送系统处于干燥状态,减少细菌滋生,垃圾分类机还包括用于对垃圾传送系统进行干燥处理的烘干系统6。In order to ensure that the garbage transfer system is in a dry state and reduce bacterial growth, the garbage sorter further includes a drying system 6 for drying the garbage transfer system.

工作时,垃圾选择控制系统1选择垃圾种类,垃圾传送系统将垃圾接收系统2排放的垃圾传送至垃圾分类系统4,垃圾分类系统4根据垃圾种类信息将垃圾进行分类投放,投放完成后,由清洗系统5对垃圾传送系统进行清洗。During the work, the garbage selection control system 1 selects the garbage type, and the garbage delivery system transfers the garbage discharged from the garbage receiving system 2 to the garbage sorting system 4, and the garbage sorting system 4 sorts the garbage according to the garbage type information, and after the delivery is completed, the garbage is cleaned. System 5 cleans the garbage transfer system.

以上所述仅是本发明的优选实施方式,应当指出,对于本技术领域的普通技术人员来说,在不脱离本发明技术原理的前提下,还可以做出若干改进和变形,这些改进和变形也应视为本发明的保护范围。 The above is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and it should be noted that those skilled in the art can make several improvements and modifications without departing from the technical principles of the present invention. It should also be considered as the scope of protection of the present invention.

Claims (8)

  1. 一种垃圾分类机,其特征在于,包括垃圾选择控制系统、垃圾接收系统、垃圾传送系统、垃圾分类系统和用于清洗垃圾传送系统的清洗系统;A garbage sorting machine, comprising: a garbage selection control system, a garbage receiving system, a garbage conveying system, a garbage sorting system, and a washing system for cleaning the garbage conveying system;
    垃圾选择控制系统选择垃圾种类,垃圾传送系统将垃圾接收系统排放的垃圾传送至垃圾分类系统,垃圾分类系统根据垃圾种类信息将垃圾进行分类投放,投放完成后,由清洗系统对垃圾传送系统进行清洗。The garbage selection control system selects the type of garbage, and the garbage delivery system transfers the garbage discharged from the garbage receiving system to the garbage sorting system. The garbage sorting system sorts the garbage according to the type information of the garbage. After the delivery is completed, the garbage conveying system is cleaned by the cleaning system. .
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的垃圾分类机,其特征在于,所述清洗系统包括清洗液供应系统、清洗刷、刮水板和用于收集废用清洗液的清洗仓,清洗刷和刮水板均设于清洗仓内,清洗仓与垃圾传送系统相对接;所述清洗刷、刮水板分别由各自的驱动机构控制靠近或远离垃圾传送系统。The garbage sorter according to claim 1, wherein the cleaning system comprises a cleaning liquid supply system, a cleaning brush, a wiper blade, and a cleaning chamber for collecting the waste cleaning liquid, and the cleaning brush and the wiper plate are both The cleaning chamber is disposed in the cleaning chamber, and the cleaning chamber is opposite to the garbage conveying system; the cleaning brush and the wiper plate are respectively controlled by the respective driving mechanisms to be close to or away from the garbage conveying system.
  3. 根据权利要求1所述的垃圾分类机,其特征在于,所述清洗系统包括清洗液供应系统、清洗刷、刮水板和用于收集废用清洗液的清洗仓,清洗刷和刮水板均设于清洗仓内,清洗仓与垃圾传送系统相对接;The garbage sorter according to claim 1, wherein the cleaning system comprises a cleaning liquid supply system, a cleaning brush, a wiper blade, and a cleaning chamber for collecting the waste cleaning liquid, and the cleaning brush and the wiper plate are both Located in the cleaning chamber, the cleaning chamber is connected to the garbage conveying system;
    所述清洗系统还包括连杆,清洗刷和刮水板分别可转动的连接于连杆的两端,所述清洗刷或刮水板上连接有驱动机构,驱动清洗刷、刮水板同步靠近或远离垃圾传送系统。The cleaning system further includes a connecting rod, and the cleaning brush and the wiper plate are respectively rotatably connected to both ends of the connecting rod, and the cleaning brush or the wiper plate is connected with a driving mechanism to drive the cleaning brush and the wiper plate to be synchronized Or stay away from the garbage transfer system.
  4. 根据权利要求1至3中任一项所述的垃圾分类机,其特征在于,所述垃圾分类机还包括对垃圾传送系统进行干燥处理的烘干系统。 The garbage sorter according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the garbage sorter further comprises a drying system that performs a drying process on the garbage conveying system.
  5. 根据权利要求2或3所述的垃圾分类机,其特征在于,所述清洗刷的刷板上还设有与清洗液供应系统相连通的喷水孔。The garbage sorting machine according to claim 2 or 3, characterized in that the brush plate of the cleaning brush is further provided with a water spray hole communicating with the cleaning liquid supply system.
  6. 根据权利要求1所述的垃圾分类机,其特征在于,所述垃圾接收系统包括:可绕转轴向下旋转的垃圾盛放台,垃圾盛放台设于垃圾传送系统的上方;垃圾选择控制系统选择垃圾种类后,垃圾盛放台向下转动,将垃圾投放至垃圾传送系统,投放完成后垃圾盛放台自动复位。The garbage sorting machine according to claim 1, wherein the garbage receiving system comprises: a garbage loading platform rotatable about a rotation axis, the garbage storage platform is disposed above the garbage conveying system; and the garbage selection control After the system selects the type of garbage, the garbage storage table rotates downwards, and the garbage is placed on the garbage delivery system. After the delivery is completed, the garbage storage station is automatically reset.
  7. 根据权利要求1所述的垃圾分类机,其特征在于,垃圾传送系统包括垃圾传送带、覆盖于垃圾传送带上的罩壳和驱动垃圾传送带正反转的电动机,所述罩壳的一端与垃圾接收系统的排放口连接,另一端与垃圾分类系统的输入端连接。The garbage sorting machine according to claim 1, wherein the garbage conveying system comprises a garbage conveyor belt, a casing covering the garbage conveyor belt, and an electric motor for driving the garbage conveyor belt to be reversed, one end of the casing and the garbage receiving system The vent is connected and the other end is connected to the input of the waste sorting system.
  8. 根据权利要求1所述的垃圾分类机,其特征在于,所述垃圾分类系统包括设置在垃圾传送系统输出端的电动运输箱、供电动运输箱滑行的导轨、驱动电动运输箱滑行的驱动机构以及沿导轨方向并列排放的各类垃圾箱;所述电动运输箱根据垃圾分类系统提供的垃圾种类信息将垃圾运输至相应垃圾箱投放。 The garbage sorting machine according to claim 1, wherein the garbage sorting system comprises an electric transport box disposed at an output end of the garbage conveying system, a guide rail for sliding the power supply transport box, a driving mechanism for driving the electric transport box to slide, and a driving mechanism All kinds of garbage bins discharged side by side in the direction of the guide rail; the electric transport box transports the garbage to the corresponding garbage bin according to the garbage type information provided by the garbage sorting system.
PCT/CN2016/084114 2016-03-21 2016-05-31 Garbage sorting machine WO2017161686A1 (en)

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