WO2017020541A1 - 固定在建筑物上的导轨机构 - Google Patents

固定在建筑物上的导轨机构 Download PDF

Info

Publication number
WO2017020541A1
WO2017020541A1 PCT/CN2016/000498 CN2016000498W WO2017020541A1 WO 2017020541 A1 WO2017020541 A1 WO 2017020541A1 CN 2016000498 W CN2016000498 W CN 2016000498W WO 2017020541 A1 WO2017020541 A1 WO 2017020541A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
building
rail
fixed
panel
embedded
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/CN2016/000498
Other languages
English (en)
French (fr)
Inventor
周兆弟
Original Assignee
周兆弟
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 周兆弟 filed Critical 周兆弟
Publication of WO2017020541A1 publication Critical patent/WO2017020541A1/zh

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C23/00Cranes comprising essentially a beam, boom, or triangular structure acting as a cantilever and mounted for translatory of swinging movements in vertical or horizontal planes or a combination of such movements, e.g. jib-cranes, derricks, tower cranes
    • B66C23/18Cranes comprising essentially a beam, boom, or triangular structure acting as a cantilever and mounted for translatory of swinging movements in vertical or horizontal planes or a combination of such movements, e.g. jib-cranes, derricks, tower cranes specially adapted for use in particular purposes
    • B66C23/20Cranes comprising essentially a beam, boom, or triangular structure acting as a cantilever and mounted for translatory of swinging movements in vertical or horizontal planes or a combination of such movements, e.g. jib-cranes, derricks, tower cranes specially adapted for use in particular purposes with supporting couples provided by walls of buildings or like structures
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C23/00Cranes comprising essentially a beam, boom, or triangular structure acting as a cantilever and mounted for translatory of swinging movements in vertical or horizontal planes or a combination of such movements, e.g. jib-cranes, derricks, tower cranes
    • B66C23/18Cranes comprising essentially a beam, boom, or triangular structure acting as a cantilever and mounted for translatory of swinging movements in vertical or horizontal planes or a combination of such movements, e.g. jib-cranes, derricks, tower cranes specially adapted for use in particular purposes
    • B66C23/20Cranes comprising essentially a beam, boom, or triangular structure acting as a cantilever and mounted for translatory of swinging movements in vertical or horizontal planes or a combination of such movements, e.g. jib-cranes, derricks, tower cranes specially adapted for use in particular purposes with supporting couples provided by walls of buildings or like structures
    • B66C23/208Cranes comprising essentially a beam, boom, or triangular structure acting as a cantilever and mounted for translatory of swinging movements in vertical or horizontal planes or a combination of such movements, e.g. jib-cranes, derricks, tower cranes specially adapted for use in particular purposes with supporting couples provided by walls of buildings or like structures with supporting couples provided from the side, e.g. by walls of buildings
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G3/00Scaffolds essentially supported by building constructions, e.g. adjustable in height
    • E04G3/28Mobile scaffolds; Scaffolds with mobile platforms
    • E04G3/30Mobile scaffolds; Scaffolds with mobile platforms suspended by flexible supporting elements, e.g. cables
    • E04G3/32Hoisting devices; Safety devices

Definitions

  • the invention belongs to the technical field of building engineering and relates to a rail mechanism fixed on a building.
  • Tower crane is the most commonly used lifting equipment on construction sites. It is also called “tower crane”. It is referred to as “standard section” for one section, and is used for lifting steel bars, rafts, concrete, steel pipes, etc. Raw materials for construction. Tower cranes are an essential equipment on the construction site.
  • the function of the tower crane tip is to bear the upper load from the boom pull rope and the balance arm pull rope, and directly transmit it to the tower structure through the turntable through the structural components of the swing tower, the turntable, the bearing seat and the like.
  • the top of the self-lifting tower has a truncated cone type, a forwardly inclined or a backward inclined truncated cone type, a herringbone type and a diagonal bracket type. All the upper slewing tower cranes need to be balanced, and their function is to support the balance weight, which is used to form the balance moment of the design and the opposite direction of the lifting torque. In addition to the balance weight, a lifting mechanism is often installed at the rear.
  • the amount of balance weight is inversely proportional to the length of the balance arm, and there is a proportional relationship between the length of the balance arm and the length of the boom.
  • the balance weight is considerable, the light tower crane is generally at least 3 to 4 tons, and the heavy duty is nearly 30 tons.
  • Tower cranes can be divided into mobile tower cranes and fixed tower cranes.
  • Mobile tower cranes can be divided into four types: rail type, tire type, automobile type and crawler type depending on the traveling device.
  • the rail tower tower crane tower is fixed on the walking underframe and can be run on a special track. It has good stability and high work efficiency, so it is widely used in construction and installation projects.
  • Tire-type, car-type and track-type tower cranes have no track device, which is easy to move, but can not be carried with load and has poor stability.
  • the fixed tower tower crane is divided into two types: attached self-lifting type and inner climbing type according to different installation positions.
  • the attached self-lifting tower type tower crane can be raised with the rise of the building, and is suitable for high-rise buildings, and the building structure is only It can withstand the horizontal load transmitted from the tower crane, and it is easy to attach, but it occupies more steel for structure;
  • the inner climbing tower crane is used in the elevator shaft and stairwell inside the building, and climbs with a set of brackets and lifting system.
  • the jacking is more complicated, but the jacking is more complicated.
  • the occupied structure uses less steel and does not require a foundation. All the weight and load are absorbed by the building.
  • An object of the present invention is to provide a rail mechanism that can be easily fixed to a building so that the beam can be connected to the building in response to the above problems.
  • a rail mechanism fixed on a building including a fixing frame fixed on a vertical plane of the building, the width of the fixing bracket being larger than the vertical position of the building
  • the width of the protruding member is such that the end of the fixing frame extends beyond the protruding member, and a strip-shaped rail mounting plate is fixed at the end of the fixing frame, and the rail assembly is fixedly connected with the rail mounting plate.
  • the holder has a plurality of fixing brackets fixed to the building at a uniform interval.
  • the rail assembly includes a rail strip fixedly coupled to the rail mounting plate, the bracket includes a plurality of parallel and horizontally disposed ends and a rail mounting plate respectively A horizontal support rod fixedly connected to the building and a plurality of inclined support rods disposed obliquely and fixedly connected to the rail mounting plate and the building respectively.
  • the fixing frame further includes a plurality of embedded members embedded in the building and fixedly connected with the horizontal support rod and the inclined support rod, and the embedded member is fixed at Inside the building.
  • the embedded member includes a pre-buried board embedded in a building, and the pre-embedded board is provided with a plurality of reinforcements in a direction extending toward the interior of the building. board.
  • the reinforcing plate has an L-shaped cross section, and the plane in which the embedded plate is located is parallel to the vertical plane of the building, and the embedded plate A plurality of anchor angle screws are provided and the anchor angle screws are fixedly connected to the embedded plate and the building.
  • the surface of the building and the position corresponding to the embedded board are provided with a protection panel, and the anchor angle screws sequentially pass through the protection panel, the embedded board and the building. Both ends of the anchor angle screw are fixedly connected to the protection panel and the building, and the fixing bracket is fixedly connected with the protection panel.
  • the rail strip includes a first panel fixedly connected to the rail mounting plate, and a second panel parallel to the first panel, and the two ends of the horizontal connecting plate are respectively fixedly connected.
  • a panel and a second panel are perpendicular to the first panel and the second panel.
  • the rail strip is sleeved with a slider matched with the rail strip, and the slider is provided with a slider brake, and the slider brake can be Secure the slider to the rail strip.
  • the slider brake has an output end that can be telescopically moved back and forth along the axial direction, and an end of the output end is fixed with a slider brake plate, and the slider brakes The plate is located between the rail strip and the slider.
  • the invention has the advantages that the guide rail can be firmly mounted on the building, and the connection between the beam mechanism and the tower crane is realized.
  • Figure 1 is a schematic view of the structure provided by the present invention.
  • Figure 2 is a schematic view showing another structure provided by the invention.
  • Figure 3 is a schematic view showing another structure provided by the invention.
  • Figure 4 is a schematic structural view of the other direction of Figure 1;
  • Figure 5 is an enlarged view of A of Figure 1;
  • Figure 6 is a schematic view showing the connection of the pre-buried board and the building
  • Figure 7 is a schematic structural view of a rail assembly
  • Figure 8 is a schematic diagram of the use of the present invention.
  • Figure 9 is an enlarged view of B of Figure 8.
  • a rail mechanism fixed on a building includes a fixing bracket 2 fixed on a vertical plane of the building 1, the width of the fixing bracket 2 being larger than the vertical setting of the building 1
  • the width of the protruding member 3 on the surface is such that the end of the fixing frame 2 extends beyond the protruding member 3.
  • the building 1 may be a house, a wall, a bridge, a prefabricated house, etc.
  • the protruding member 3 is Refers to members that are not in the same plane as the vertical surface of the building 1.
  • the protruding members 3 shown in Figures 1-3 are the decorative wall 3a, the equipment platform 3b for arranging the air conditioner, the balcony 3c, and the like.
  • a strip-shaped rail mounting plate 4 is fixed at the end of the fixing frame 2, and the rail assembly 5 is fixedly connected with the rail mounting plate 4, and the fixing bracket 2 has a plurality of uniformly fixed structures in the building. 1 on.
  • the rail assembly 5 includes a rail strip 6 fixedly coupled to the rail mounting plate 4, the bracket 2 including a plurality of mutually parallel and horizontally disposed ends and fixed to the rail mounting plate 4 and the building 1 respectively.
  • a horizontal support rod 7 and a plurality of inclined support rods 8 disposed obliquely and fixedly connected to the rail mounting plate 4 and the building 1 respectively, and the inclined support rods 8 are respectively disposed along the two sides of the horizontal support rod 7 to The effect of pulling down the top improves the bonding fastness.
  • the fixing frame 2 further includes a plurality of embedded members 9 embedded in the building 1 and fixedly connected with the horizontal support rods 7 and the inclined support rods 8, and the embedded members 9 are fixed at In the interior of the building 1, the embedded member 9 is firmly coupled with the building 1, and when the horizontal support rod 7 and the inclined support rod 8 are fixedly connected to the embedded member 9, it also contributes to the strength of bonding with the building 1, and Since the horizontal support rod 7 and the inclined support rod 8 are usually made of steel or iron, they cannot be directly fixedly connected with the building 1, and when the embedded member 9 is made of the same material, it can be welded or screwed. Connect the connection in a fixed manner.
  • the embedded member 9 includes a pre-embedded panel 10 embedded in the building 1, and a plurality of reinforcing panels 11 are disposed on the pre-embedded panel 10 and extending inward of the interior of the building 1.
  • the reinforcing plate 11 has an L-shaped cross section, and the plane of the embedded plate 10 is parallel to the vertical surface of the building 1.
  • the embedded plate 10 is provided with a plurality of anchor angle screws 12 and anchor angle screws. 12 is fixedly connected to the embedded plate 10 and the building 1.
  • a protective panel 13 is disposed on a surface of the building 1 and corresponding to the embedded plate 10, and the anchor angle screws 12 sequentially pass through the protective panel 13, the embedded plate 10, and the building 1 and the two ends of the anchor angle screw 12 are respectively
  • the protective panel 13 is fixedly connected to the building 1, and the fixing frame 2 is fixedly connected to the protective panel 13.
  • the rail strip 6 may be C-shaped or H-shaped.
  • the rail strip 6 includes a first panel 14 fixedly coupled to the rail mounting plate 4, and a second panel parallel to the first panel 14. 15.
  • the two ends of the lateral connecting plate 16 are fixedly connected to the first panel 14 and the second panel 15 respectively and perpendicular to the first panel 14 and the second panel 15.
  • the embodiment provides a detachable structure rail strip 6 for convenient construction, transportation, and the like.
  • a slider 17 is disposed on the rail strip 6 to fit the rail strip 6 .
  • the slider 17 is provided with a slider brake 18 , and the slider brake 18 is disposed on the slider 17 .
  • the slider 17 can be fixedly connected to the rail strip 6.
  • the slider brake 18 has an output end that is telescopically movable forward and backward in the axial direction, and a slider brake plate 19 is fixed to an end of the output end, and the slider brake plate 19 is located between the rail strip 6 and the slider 17.
  • the slider brake 18 is a cylinder or a hydraulic power unit such as a cylinder or the like.
  • the working principle of the present invention is as shown in FIG. 8 and FIG. 9, the tower crane 100 is connected to the rail assembly 5 through the beam assembly 101, and the beam assembly 101 supports the tower crane 100 for improving the stability and load of the tower crane 100.
  • the rail assembly 5 is a strip-shaped and flat track, it needs to be installed on a structure without irregularities, and the outer surface of the building 1 is provided with various components such as a balcony, a equipment platform, etc., and the building The outer surface of 1 is not planar, and in this case, if the rail assembly 5 is to be mounted, a planar structure is required.
  • the combination of the holder 2 and the rail mounting plate 4 provides a structure capable of supporting the rail assembly 5, which protrudes from the outside of the protruding member 3, so that the mounting of the rail assembly 5 is not affected by the protruding member 3, thus solving the building 1
  • the vertical plane is not a complete plane and the technical problem of the rail assembly 5 cannot be installed, so that the rail assembly 5 can be mounted to various buildings 1.
  • the embedded plate 10, the reinforcing plate 11, the angle screw 12 and the protective panel 13 make the fixing of the fixing frame 2 and the building 1 firm, thereby improving the supporting force of the rail bar 6 on the tower crane 100, thereby improving the stability and load of the tower crane 100. the amount.

Landscapes

  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Structural Engineering (AREA)
  • Architecture (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Civil Engineering (AREA)
  • Conveying And Assembling Of Building Elements In Situ (AREA)

Abstract

一种固定在建筑物(1)上的导轨机构,包括固定在建筑物(1)竖直面上的固定架(2),所述固定架(2)的宽度大于设置在建筑物(1)竖直面上的突出构件(3)的宽度,从而使固定架(2)的端部延伸出突出构件(3)外,在固定架(2)的端部固定有一块呈条形的导轨安装板(4),导轨组件(5)与导轨安装板(4)固定连接。该导轨机构能够牢固地安装在建筑物上,实现了横梁机构与塔吊的连接。

Description

固定在建筑物上的导轨机构 技术领域
本发明属于建筑工程技术领域,涉及一种固定在建筑物上的导轨机构。
背景技术
塔吊是建筑工地上最常用的一种起重设备又名“塔式起重机”,以一节一节的接长简称“标准节”,用来吊施工用的钢筋、木楞、混凝土、钢管等施工的原材料。塔吊是工地上一种必不可少的设备。
塔吊tower crane尖的功能是承受臂架拉绳及平衡臂拉绳传来的上部荷载,并通过回转塔架、转台、承座等的结构部件式直接通过转台传递给塔身结构。自升塔顶有截锥柱式、前倾或后倾截锥柱式、人字架式及斜撑架式。凡是上回转塔机均需设平衡重,其功能是支承平衡重,用以构成设计上所要求的作用方面与起重力矩方向相反的平衡力矩。除平衡重外,还常在其尾部装设起升机构。起升机构之所以同平衡重一起安放在平衡臂尾端,一则可发挥部分配重作用,二则增大绳卷筒与塔尖导轮间的距离,以利钢丝绳的排绕并避免发生乱绳现象。平衡重的用量与平衡臂的长度成反比关系,而平衡臂长度与起重臂长度之间又存在一定比例关系。平衡重量相当可观,轻型塔机一般至少要3~4t,重型的要近30t。
塔吊可分为移动式塔式塔吊和固定式塔吊。移动式塔式塔吊根据行走装置的不同又可分为轨道式、轮胎式、汽车式、履带式四种。轨道式塔式塔吊塔身固定于行走底架上,可在专设的轨道上运行,稳定性好,工作效率高,因而广泛应用于建筑安装工程。轮胎式、汽车式和履带式塔式塔吊无轨道装置,移动方便,但不能带负荷行走、稳定性较差。
固定式塔式塔吊根据装设位置的不同,又分为附着自升式和内爬式两种,附着自升塔式塔吊能随建筑物升高而升高,适用于高层建筑,建筑结构仅承受由塔吊传来的水平载荷,附着方便,但占用结构用钢多;内爬式塔吊在建筑物内部电梯井、楼梯间,借助一套托架和提升系统进行爬升,顶升较繁琐,但占用结构用钢少,不需要装设基础,全部自重及载荷均由建筑物承受。
无论是移动式塔吊还是固定式塔吊,要么依靠塔吊底部与地面固定实现载荷承受,要么是建筑物完成承受载荷,因此稳定性均有待提高。尤其是移动式塔吊,无法实现带负荷行走,大大制约了移动式塔吊的应用和发展。
而如果能把塔吊和建筑物之间通过横梁结合,使塔吊能得到建筑物的支撑,则势必能提高塔吊工作的稳定性,因此,如何得到一个能使横梁与建筑物实现连接的结构成为需要解决的技术问题。
发明内容
本发明的目的是针对上述问题,提供一种能方便的固定在建筑物上从而能实现横梁在建筑物进行连接的导轨机构。
为达到上述目的,本发明采用了下列技术方案:一种固定在建筑物上的导轨机构,包括固定在建筑物竖直面上的固定架,所述的固定架的宽度大于设置在建筑物竖直面上的 突出构件的宽度从而使固定架的端部延伸出突出构件外,在固定架的端部固定有一块呈条形的导轨安装板,导轨组件与导轨安装板固定连接。
在上述的固定在建筑物上的导轨机构中,所述的固定架有若干个且间隔均匀的固定在建筑物上。
在上述的固定在建筑物上的导轨机构中,所述的导轨组件包括与导轨安装板固定连接的导轨条,所述的固定架包括若干相互平行并水平设置的且两端分别与导轨安装板和建筑物固定连接的水平支撑杆及若干倾斜设置的且两端分别与导轨安装板和建筑物固定连接的倾斜支撑杆。
在上述的固定在建筑物上的导轨机构中,所述的固定架还包括若干埋设在建筑物内且与水平支撑杆和倾斜支撑杆固定连接的预埋构件,所述的预埋构件固定在建筑物内部。
在上述的固定在建筑物上的导轨机构中,所述的预埋构件包括埋设在建筑物内的预埋板,所述的预埋板上且向建筑物内部延伸的方向上设有若干加强板。
在上述的固定在建筑物上的导轨机构中,所述的加强板的横截面呈L形,所述的预埋板所处的平面与建筑物的竖直面平行,所述的预埋板上设有若干锚角螺丝且锚角螺丝与预埋板和建筑物固定连接。
在上述的固定在建筑物上的导轨机构中,所述的建筑物的表面且与预埋板相对应的位置设有保护面板,锚角螺丝依次穿过保护面板、预埋板和建筑物且锚角螺丝的两端分别与保护面板和建筑物固定连接,固定架与保护面板固定连接。
在上述的固定在建筑物上的导轨机构中,所述的导轨条包括与导轨安装板固定连接的第一面板,及与第一面板平行的第二面板,横向连接板两端分别固定连接第一面板和第二面板且与第一面板和第二面板垂直。
在上述的固定在建筑物上的导轨机构中,所述的导轨条上套设有与导轨条相配适的滑块,所述的滑块上设有滑块制动器,所述的滑块制动器能使滑块与导轨条固定连接。
在上述的固定在建筑物上的导轨机构中,所述的滑块制动器具有能沿轴向前后伸缩移动的输出端,输出端的端部固定有滑块制动板,所述的滑块制动板位于导轨条和滑块中间。
与现有的技术相比,本发明的优点在于:能将导轨牢固的安装在建筑物上,从事实现横梁机构与塔吊的连接。
附图说明
图1是本发明提供的结构示意图;
图2是发明提供的另一种结构示意图;
图3是发明提供的另一种结构示意图;
图4是图1另一个方向的结构示意图;
图5是图1的A处放大图;
图6是预埋板与建筑物的连接示意图;
图7是导轨组件的结构示意图;
图8是时本发明的使用原理图;
图9是图8的B处放大图。
图中:建筑物1、固定架2、突出构件3、装饰墙3a、设备平台3b、阳台3c、导轨安装板4、导轨组件5、导轨条6、水平支撑杆7、倾斜支撑杆8、预埋构件9、预埋板10、加强板11、锚角螺丝12、保护面板13、第一面板14、第二面板15、横向连接板16、滑块17、滑块制动器18、滑块制动板19、塔吊100、横梁组件101。
具体实施方式
下面结合附图和具体实施方式对本发明做进一步详细的说明。
如图1-4所示,一种固定在建筑物上的导轨机构,包括固定在建筑物1竖直面上的固定架2,所述的固定架2的宽度大于设置在建筑物1竖直面上的突出构件3的宽度从而使固定架2的端部延伸出突出构件3外,本实施例所述的建筑物1,可以为房屋、墙壁、桥梁、装配式住宅等,突出构件3是指与建筑物1竖立面不在同一平面上的构件,如图1-3所示的突出构件3分别为装饰墙3a、用于安置空调外机的设备平台3b、阳台3c等等。在本实施例中,在固定架2的端部固定有一块呈条形的导轨安装板4,导轨组件5与导轨安装板4固定连接,固定架2有若干个且间隔均匀的固定在建筑物1上。
结合图5所示,导轨组件5包括与导轨安装板4固定连接的导轨条6,所述的固定架2包括若干相互平行并水平设置的且两端分别与导轨安装板4和建筑物1固定连接的水平支撑杆7及若干倾斜设置的且两端分别与导轨安装板4和建筑物1固定连接的倾斜支撑杆8,倾斜支撑杆8分别沿水平支撑杆7的两侧设置,起到上拉下顶的作用,提高了结合牢度。
再结合图6和图9所示,固定架2还包括若干埋设在建筑物1内且与水平支撑杆7和倾斜支撑杆8固定连接的预埋构件9,所述的预埋构件9固定在建筑物1内部,预埋构件9与建筑物1呈牢固结合,当水平支撑杆7和倾斜支撑杆8与预埋构件9固定连接时,同样也有助于提高与建筑物1的结合强度,另外,由于水平支撑杆7和倾斜支撑杆8通常为钢质或铁质的材料,无法与建筑物1直接进行固定连接,而当预埋构件9为相同材质的材料时,则可以通过焊接或螺接等方式固定连接。
具体的说,预埋构件9包括埋设在建筑物1内的预埋板10,所述的预埋板10上且向建筑物1内部延伸的方向上设有若干加强板11。加强板11的横截面呈L形,所述的预埋板10所处的平面与建筑物1的竖直面平行,所述的预埋板10上设有若干锚角螺丝12且锚角螺丝12与预埋板10和建筑物1固定连接。
建筑物1的表面且与预埋板10相对应的位置设有保护面板13,锚角螺丝12依次穿过保护面板13、预埋板10和建筑物1且锚角螺丝12的两端分别与保护面板13和建筑物1固定连接,固定架2与保护面板13固定连接。
导轨条6可以是C形或H形,在本实施中,如图7所示,导轨条6包括与导轨安装板4固定连接的第一面板14,及与第一面板14平行的第二面板15,横向连接板16两端分别固定连接第一面板14和第二面板15且与第一面板14和第二面板15垂直。本实施例提供了一种可拆卸结构的导轨条6,方便施工安装,运输等。
再结合图7和图8所示,和导轨条6上套设有与导轨条6相配适的滑块17,所述的滑块17上设有滑块制动器18,所述的滑块制动器18能使滑块17与导轨条6固定连接。
滑块制动器18具有能沿轴向前后伸缩移动的输出端,输出端的端部固定有滑块制动板19,所述的滑块制动板19位于导轨条6和滑块17中间。滑块制动器18为气缸或液压动力装置如油缸等。
本发明的工作原理是:如图8和图9所示,塔吊100通过横梁组件101与导轨组件5实现连接,横梁组件101对塔吊100起到支撑作用,用于提高塔吊100的稳定性和负荷量,由于导轨组件5为条状且呈平面的轨道,因此需要安装在没有凹凸的结构上,而建筑物1的外表面由于设有各种构件,如阳台,设备平台等,会使建筑物1的外表面不呈平面状,此时如要安装导轨组件5,则需要一个平面结构。固定架2与导轨安装板4的结合提供了一个能够支撑导轨组件5的结构,该结构突出于突出构件3的外部,使导轨组件5的安装不受突出构件3的影响,因此解决了建筑物1竖直面不是完整的平面而无法安装导轨组件5的技术问题,使导轨组件5能够安装到各种建筑物1上。预埋板10、加强板11、锚角螺丝12和保护面板13使固定架2与建筑物1的结合牢固,提高了导轨条6对塔吊100的支撑力度,从而提高塔吊100的稳定性和负荷量。
本文中所描述的具体实施例仅仅是对本发明精神作举例说明。本发明所属技术领域的技术人员可以对所描述的具体实施例做各种各样的修改或补充或采用类似的方式替代,但并不会偏离本发明的精神或者超越所附权利要求书所定义的范围。
尽管本文较多地使用了建筑物1、固定架2、突出构件3、装饰墙3a、设备平台3b、阳台3c、导轨安装板4、导轨组件5、导轨条6、水平支撑杆7、倾斜支撑杆8、预埋构件9、预埋板10、加强板11、锚角螺丝12、保护面板13、第一面板14、第二面板15、横向连接板16、滑块17、滑块制动器18、滑块制动板19、塔吊100、横梁组件101等术语,但并不排除使用其它术语的可能性。使用这些术语仅仅是为了更方便地描述和解释本发明的本质;把它们解释成任何一种附加的限制都是与本发明精神相违背的。

Claims (10)

  1. 一种固定在建筑物上的导轨机构,其特征在于,包括固定在建筑物(1)竖直面上的固定架(2),所述的固定架(2)的宽度大于设置在建筑物(1)竖直面上的突出构件(3)的宽度从而使固定架(2)的端部延伸出突出构件(3)外,在固定架(2)的端部固定有一块呈条形的导轨安装板(4),导轨组件(5)与导轨安装板(4)固定连接。
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的固定在建筑物上的导轨机构,其特征在于,所述的固定架(2)有若干个且间隔均匀的固定在建筑物(1)上。
  3. 根据权利要求1所述的固定在建筑物上的导轨机构,其特征在于,所述的导轨组件(5)包括与导轨安装板(4)固定连接的导轨条(6),所述的固定架(2)包括若干相互平行并水平设置的且两端分别与导轨安装板(4)和建筑物(1)固定连接的水平支撑杆(7)及若干倾斜设置的且两端分别与导轨安装板(4)和建筑物(1)固定连接的倾斜支撑杆(8)。
  4. 根据权利要求3所述的固定在建筑物上的导轨机构,其特征在于,所述的固定架(2)还包括若干埋设在建筑物(1)内且与水平支撑杆(7)和倾斜支撑杆(8)固定连接的预埋构件(9),所述的预埋构件(9)固定在建筑物(1)内部。
  5. 根据权利要求4所述的固定在建筑物上的导轨机构,其特征在于,所述的预埋构件(9)包括埋设在建筑物(1)内的预埋板(10),所述的预埋板(10)上且向建筑物(1)内部延伸的方向上设有若干加强板(11)。
  6. 根据权利要求5所述的固定在建筑物上的导轨机构,其特征在于,所述的加强板(11)的横截面呈L形,所述的预埋板(10)所处的平面与建筑物(1)的竖直面平行,所述的预埋板(10)上设有若干锚角螺丝(12)且锚角螺丝(12)与预埋板(10)和建筑物(1)固定连接。
  7. 根据权利要求6所述的固定在建筑物上的导轨机构,其特征在于,所述的建筑物(1)的表面且与预埋板(10)相对应的位置设有保护面板(13),锚角螺丝(12)依次穿过保护面板(13)、预埋板(10)和建筑物(1)且锚角螺丝(12)的两端分别与保护面板(13)和建筑物(1)固定连接,固定架(2)与保护面板(13)固定连接。
  8. 根据权利要求1所述的固定在建筑物上的导轨机构,其特征在于,所述的导轨条(6)包括与导轨安装板(4)固定连接的第一面板(14),及与第一面板(14)平行的第二面板(15),横向连接板(16)两端分别固定连接第一面板(14)和第二面板(15)且与第一面板(14)和第二面板(15)垂直。
  9. 根据权利要求1所述的固定在建筑物上的导轨机构,其特征在于,所述的导轨条(6)上套设有与导轨条(6)相配适的滑块(17),所述的滑块(17)上设有滑块制动器(18),所述的滑块制动器(18)能使滑块(17)与导轨条(6)固定连接。
  10. 根据权利要求9所述的固定在建筑物上的导轨机构,其特征在于,所述的滑块制动器(18)具有能沿轴向前后伸缩移动的输出端,输出端的端部固定有滑块制动板(19),所述的滑块制动板(19)位于导轨条(6)和滑块(17)中间。
PCT/CN2016/000498 2015-08-02 2016-08-29 固定在建筑物上的导轨机构 WO2017020541A1 (zh)

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510467872.3 2015-08-02
CN201510467872.3A CN105016218B (zh) 2015-08-02 2015-08-02 固定在建筑物上的导轨机构

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2017020541A1 true WO2017020541A1 (zh) 2017-02-09

Family

ID=54406604

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/CN2016/000498 WO2017020541A1 (zh) 2015-08-02 2016-08-29 固定在建筑物上的导轨机构

Country Status (2)

Country Link
CN (1) CN105016218B (zh)
WO (1) WO2017020541A1 (zh)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107217815A (zh) * 2017-07-28 2017-09-29 江苏沪宁钢机股份有限公司 一种抗压、安全型装配式钢结构电梯井
CN109928307A (zh) * 2017-12-19 2019-06-25 广东庞源工程机械有限公司 一种新型塔机翼型附墙结构
CN113914602A (zh) * 2021-11-16 2022-01-11 中交一公局集团有限公司 一种用于提升式爬架的防坠装置

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105016218B (zh) * 2015-08-02 2018-03-13 周兆弟 固定在建筑物上的导轨机构
CN107569167A (zh) * 2017-10-20 2018-01-12 上海普英特高层设备股份有限公司 内卡式附墙式移动吊杆

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5797504A (en) * 1997-06-16 1998-08-25 Mangum; Burney Portable hoisting system
CN201826516U (zh) * 2010-10-28 2011-05-11 崔玉平 新型附着式升降脚手架
US20130259609A1 (en) * 2012-03-30 2013-10-03 Bruce W. Creed Truss lifter and stabilizer
CN105000484A (zh) * 2015-08-02 2015-10-28 周兆弟 能与建筑物实现连接的塔吊
CN105016218A (zh) * 2015-08-02 2015-11-04 周兆弟 固定在建筑物上的导轨机构
CN204823905U (zh) * 2015-08-02 2015-12-02 周兆弟 固定在建筑物上的导轨机构
CN204938801U (zh) * 2015-08-02 2016-01-06 周兆弟 能与建筑物实现连接的塔吊

Family Cites Families (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101440660B (zh) * 2007-11-22 2010-09-01 唐继忠 一种导轨式附着升降脚手架
CN101215928B (zh) * 2008-01-10 2011-08-17 湖南省第五工程有限公司 附着升降脚手架滑轮式防倾器及其使用方法
KR100874865B1 (ko) * 2008-06-16 2008-12-19 이송복 건축용 갱폼 인양장치
CN104310234B (zh) * 2014-08-28 2016-03-30 沈阳建筑大学 外悬爬塔式起重机支护系统

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5797504A (en) * 1997-06-16 1998-08-25 Mangum; Burney Portable hoisting system
CN201826516U (zh) * 2010-10-28 2011-05-11 崔玉平 新型附着式升降脚手架
US20130259609A1 (en) * 2012-03-30 2013-10-03 Bruce W. Creed Truss lifter and stabilizer
CN105000484A (zh) * 2015-08-02 2015-10-28 周兆弟 能与建筑物实现连接的塔吊
CN105016218A (zh) * 2015-08-02 2015-11-04 周兆弟 固定在建筑物上的导轨机构
CN204823905U (zh) * 2015-08-02 2015-12-02 周兆弟 固定在建筑物上的导轨机构
CN204938801U (zh) * 2015-08-02 2016-01-06 周兆弟 能与建筑物实现连接的塔吊

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107217815A (zh) * 2017-07-28 2017-09-29 江苏沪宁钢机股份有限公司 一种抗压、安全型装配式钢结构电梯井
CN107217815B (zh) * 2017-07-28 2022-11-11 江苏沪宁钢机股份有限公司 一种抗压、安全型装配式钢结构电梯井
CN109928307A (zh) * 2017-12-19 2019-06-25 广东庞源工程机械有限公司 一种新型塔机翼型附墙结构
CN109928307B (zh) * 2017-12-19 2023-11-10 广东庞源工程机械有限公司 一种新型塔机翼型附墙结构
CN113914602A (zh) * 2021-11-16 2022-01-11 中交一公局集团有限公司 一种用于提升式爬架的防坠装置
CN113914602B (zh) * 2021-11-16 2023-01-06 中交一公局集团有限公司 一种用于提升式爬架的防坠装置

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN105016218B (zh) 2018-03-13
CN105016218A (zh) 2015-11-04

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
WO2017020541A1 (zh) 固定在建筑物上的导轨机构
WO2017020539A1 (zh) 带行走机构的塔吊
AU2013334190B2 (en) Hoisting platform system
CN104088449B (zh) 超高层幕墙安全快捷的双轨道式施工平台
JP6749573B1 (ja) 鋼箱桁跨道架設用移動式作業プラットフォームに基づく施工方法
CN105692470A (zh) 内爬式塔吊及其操作方法
CN105016223A (zh) 用于塔吊的横梁支撑系统
WO2017020538A1 (zh) 塔吊
KR20110014341A (ko) 안전펜스가 설치된 타워크레인 지지장치
CN107514145A (zh) 一种可移动钢屋面内衬安装施工装置及方法
CN203961317U (zh) 可滑移单榀及多榀桁架胎架
CN108894509B (zh) 钢结构装配式住宅预制夹心保温外墙板无外架施工方法
CN204938802U (zh) 用于塔吊的轨道支撑系统
CN218893051U (zh) 一种台阶石牵引轨道装置
CN203257106U (zh) 多功能电动行走式行走系统
CN204938801U (zh) 能与建筑物实现连接的塔吊
CN205444451U (zh) 一种用于轻型房屋的h型钢组合基座
CN214399535U (zh) 一种门式钢架结构吊装装置
CN104627849A (zh) 一种用于内天井管道吊装的吊装设备及吊装方法
CN204823905U (zh) 固定在建筑物上的导轨机构
CN208980118U (zh) 一种无机房电梯绳头固定装置
CN214570326U (zh) 幕墙单元板轨道吊装与硬防护一体化装置
CN205204733U (zh) 一种遮板安装台车
CN207726560U (zh) 一种施工升降机临时附着装置
CN207244453U (zh) 一种悬索桥轻型锚碇门架装置

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
121 Ep: the epo has been informed by wipo that ep was designated in this application

Ref document number: 16832034

Country of ref document: EP

Kind code of ref document: A1

NENP Non-entry into the national phase

Ref country code: DE

122 Ep: pct application non-entry in european phase

Ref document number: 16832034

Country of ref document: EP

Kind code of ref document: A1

122 Ep: pct application non-entry in european phase

Ref document number: 16832034

Country of ref document: EP

Kind code of ref document: A1