WO2016106769A1 - Door/window opening structure of wall - Google Patents

Door/window opening structure of wall Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2016106769A1
WO2016106769A1 PCT/CN2015/000934 CN2015000934W WO2016106769A1 WO 2016106769 A1 WO2016106769 A1 WO 2016106769A1 CN 2015000934 W CN2015000934 W CN 2015000934W WO 2016106769 A1 WO2016106769 A1 WO 2016106769A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
window
wall
door window
door
protection layer
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Application number
PCT/CN2015/000934
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴淑环
Original Assignee
吴淑环
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Application filed by 吴淑环 filed Critical 吴淑环
Publication of WO2016106769A1 publication Critical patent/WO2016106769A1/en

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/62Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor
    • E04B1/74Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection; Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls
    • E04B1/76Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection; Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls specifically with respect to heat only
    • E04B1/762Exterior insulation of exterior walls
    • E04B1/7641Elements for window or door openings, or for corners of the building
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B1/00Border constructions of openings in walls, floors, or ceilings; Frames to be rigidly mounted in such openings
    • E06B1/04Frames for doors, windows, or the like to be fixed in openings
    • E06B1/34Coverings, e.g. protecting against weather, for decorative purposes
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B30/00Energy efficient heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC]
    • Y02B30/90Passive houses; Double facade technology

Definitions

  • the invention relates to a building wall door window construction.
  • the external walls are weakened by the opening of windows and doors. During the earthquake, oblique cracks along the four corners of the door window often occur. Can the door window stiffness and strength be increased to avoid and reduce the damage of the door window during the earthquake?
  • the poor waterproofing of the window is a common problem of the quality of the building, especially the lightweight wall of aerated concrete, and the energy-saving insulation wall of the externally installed insulation layer, often because of the window wall or between the insulation layer and the wall when it rains.
  • the gap enters the water, causing the aerated concrete wall to break or the window insulation to fall off.
  • the window is a must for the fire when the fire is broken.
  • the organic insulation material of the window is quickly burned and destroyed, even if it is made of inorganic insulation materials such as rock wool.
  • the structure safety of the thin plastering insulation wall is not good.
  • the human foot can't step on the window sill outside the window, and it is easy to break the insulation layer and fall off.
  • the external wall insulation uses thin plastering insulation walls.
  • the passive energy-saving room requires that the wall heat transfer coefficient is not more than 0.15w/m 2 ⁇ k. It can be seen from the attached table that even if the thickness of the EPS plate reaches 300mm, the heat transfer coefficient of the wall required by the passive energy-saving house is not satisfied, and the thin wipe is applied.
  • the ash insulation wall has poor fireproofing and poor waterproofing.
  • the wall heat transfer coefficient actually reaches about 0.2w/m 2 ⁇ k, which still does not meet the heat transfer coefficient of 0.15w/m 2 ⁇ k. .
  • the applicant of the patent has proposed a heat-insulating bridge structure for the door and window opening, and also places the window on the outer insulation layer of the hole, and the connecting steel piece of the window is interlaced with the hole reinforcement and the base wall.
  • the window needs to be installed first, and the connecting steel piece of the window is first connected with the steel bar around the window, and then the fine stone concrete is poured in a small space around the window steel bar. Due to the small pouring section, the pouring depth generally needs to be 1.5m deep, which is difficult to pour, the wet operation of the hole is too much, the construction is inconvenient, and the window profiles are contaminated.
  • the fine stone concrete around the outer end of the hole is thinned to reduce the thickness of the insulation layer around the hole and increase the heat transfer at the hole.
  • the applicant of this patent participated in the “11th Green Building and Building Energy Conservation Conference and New Technology and New Products Expo” held in Beijing from March 24th to 25th, 2015. This is the largest technical conference in the construction industry each year, with 15,000 participants and more than 30 sub-forums. In the meeting, the applicant of this patent participated in the sub-forum “Green Building Materials and Exterior Protection Structure” on the afternoon of the 24th, and also participated in the “China-Europe Low Carbon Eco-city Cooperation Project Seminar” sub-forum on the morning of the 25th.
  • the present invention proposes A wall door window construction.
  • a wall door window structure of the present invention comprises a door window and a side window side protection layer
  • the door window is a door and window opening provided on the wall;
  • the side window protective layer of the door window is a prefabricated sheet protective layer;
  • the prefabricated sheet protective layer is a cement fiber board or a calcium silicate board or a magnesite board, or a prefabricated board
  • the protective layer is other prefabricated sheets having similar properties to the above-mentioned sheets;
  • the side window side protection layer is mounted on the side of the door window, and the side window side protection layer is connected to the door window; the window is mounted to the side window side protection layer, or the window is mounted to the door window wall.
  • a wall door window structure 2 of the present invention comprises a door window, a side window protective layer of the door window, and a tensile net;
  • the door window is a door and window opening provided on the wall;
  • the side window side protective layer is a plaster protection layer; and
  • the plaster protection layer has a tensile net;
  • a tensile net is sandwiched in the plaster layer on the side of the door window; the window is mounted to the side of the door window or the window is mounted to the wall of the door window.
  • Embodiments 1 to 3 of the present invention can minimize the passage of heat loss of the door window (ie, the heat bridge), and the energy-saving and heat insulation effect exceeds the current best thin plaster insulation wall, which is of great significance to the wall energy-saving insulation.
  • the invention can promote the building energy saving in China and the whole world to the standard of extremely low energy consumption, and plays an important role in reducing carbon emissions and dust emissions and improving air quality in China and the whole world, and China's building energy conservation can be at the forefront of the world. It plays an important role in China's commitment to reducing carbon emissions in the world.
  • the invention has a very small window thermal bridge. If the wall adopts the patented technology proposed by the applicant of the publication No. CN104234256A, when the outer protective layer 1-8 adopts a prefabricated sheet protective layer, the EPS board can be seamlessly installed, using ordinary white. 20kg/m 3 low-density EPS board 300mm thick, can really achieve the wall heat transfer coefficient of 0.15w / m 2 ⁇ k, reduce the EPS insulation board cost of about 100 yuan / m 3 ! It can greatly promote the construction of passive energy-saving houses with 90% energy saving.
  • the energy-saving and heat-insulating wall door window of the invention has the advantages of good fireproofing and good waterproofing, thereby increasing the durability of the energy-saving and heat-insulating wall, which is not available in the current thin plastering insulation wall used in the world.
  • the first embodiment to the third embodiment of the present invention is a window-mounted dry-type installation, which conforms to the assembly-type installation direction, and is beneficial to ensure the installation quality.
  • Embodiment 1 to Embodiment 3 a side window side protection layer is installed on the side of the door window, and a prefabricated insulation board decorative strip is installed around the outdoor door window, and a prefabricated insulation board strip is installed around the indoor door window, and both are assembled.
  • the method is installed, there is no wet construction on site, the speed is fast, the labor is saved, the assembly installation direction is met, and the window is convenient to install, which is beneficial to ensure the installation quality.
  • the invention is advantageous for building earthquake resistance.
  • the wall door window structure of the invention greatly increases the rigidity and strength of the door window, and the wall body is not easily damaged during an earthquake. Even if the thin plastering insulation wall adopts the door window structure of the present invention, the human foot can be secured on the outer window sill.
  • the wall 1-1 is a side cross-sectional view of a window of the first embodiment, the wall 1-1 is a common wall without an insulation layer, and the wall 1-1 is aerated concrete, and the outer protective layer 1-8 of the aerated concrete is wiped. Gray layer.
  • the wall 1-1 is an energy-saving thermal insulation wall
  • the inner side of the thermal insulation layer 1-1-3 is concrete
  • the outer protective layer 1-8 outside the thermal insulation layer 1-1-3 is external.
  • Figure 3 is also a side cross-sectional view of the window of the first embodiment, the wall 1-1 is an energy-saving thermal insulation wall, the inner side of the thermal insulation layer 1-1-3 is concrete, and the patented technology proposed by the applicant of the publication No. CN104234256A, the outer protective layer 1-8 is a protective layer of prefabricated sheet.
  • the protective layer 1-8 is a prefabricated sheet protective layer.
  • Figure 5 is also a side cross-sectional view of the window of the first embodiment, the wall 1-1 is an energy-saving thermal insulation wall, the inner side of the thermal insulation layer 1-1-3 is concrete, and the outer protective layer 1 - 3 of the thermal insulation layer 1 - 3 is a polymer mortar. Thin plaster protective layer.
  • the passive energy-saving room is for installing windows on the outer layer of the outer wall of the door and window, installing the angle steel support on the outer side of the base wall, installing the wooden board on the angle steel, and installing the window on the wooden board.
  • Fig. 7 is a schematic view showing three configurations of the steel sheet 7, which can be selected according to the use requirements, and the steel sheet 7 can also be selected from other constructions and structures.
  • Fig. 8 is a cross-sectional view showing a cross-sectional structure of an outer window decorative heat insulating strip 9 installed in the second embodiment.
  • Fig. 9 is an outdoor elevational view showing the decorative insulation strip 9 attached to the periphery of the outdoor door window in the second embodiment, and showing the door window 1 on the wall 1-1 in the first embodiment and the fourth embodiment.
  • Figure 10 is a side cross-sectional view of the fourth embodiment of the window, the wall 1-1 is aerated concrete, and the outer protective layer 1-8 of the aerated concrete is a plaster layer.
  • Figure 11 is a side cross-sectional view of the fourth embodiment of the window, the wall 1-1 is an energy-saving thermal insulation wall of 1-1-3 which is provided with an insulating layer on the outside of the aerated concrete, and the outer protective layer of the thermal insulation layer 1-1-3 -8 is a thin plaster protective layer of polymer mortar.
  • Embodiment 1 FIG. 1 to FIG. 5 and FIG. 9 , a wall door window structure of the present embodiment, which is composed of a door window 1 and a side window side protection layer 8-1 ;
  • the door window 1 is a door and window opening provided on the wall 1-1, as shown in FIG. 9;
  • the wall 1-1 is a wall, such as a masonry wall (including a load-bearing masonry wall or non-load-bearing) Masonry walls, concrete walls, and various fabricated walls: including lightweight assembled walls, heavy-duty fabricated walls, or various energy-saving insulation walls.
  • the wall 1-1 may be a traditional wall without an insulation layer, or the wall 1-1 is an energy-saving thermal insulation wall after the insulation layer 1-1-3 is installed;
  • the exterior of the wall 1-1 usually has external protection Layer 1-8, such as plastering protection layer, see Figure 1; or outer protective layer 1-8 of energy-saving insulation wall is outer leaf masonry or outer leaf concrete, see Figure 2; or outer protective layer 1-8 is The prefabricated sheet protective layer, see Fig. 3 and Fig. 4; or the outer protective layer 1-8 is a polymer mortar thin plaster protective layer, see Fig. 5; or the wall 1-1 is a wall composed of other novel materials;
  • the door window side protective layer 8-1 is a prefabricated sheet protective layer; the prefabricated sheet protective layer is a cement fiber board or a calcium silicate board or a magnesite board, or the prefabricated board protective layer is similar to the above-mentioned board.
  • Prefabricated panels such as prefabricated panels currently used for construction waste processing; such similar properties as fire resistance, water resistance, resistance Long-term, dimensional stability, strength, etc. should meet the requirements for use.
  • the door window side protection layer 8-1 is installed on the side of the door window 1, and the side window protection layer 8-1 of the door window 1 is connected with the door window 1, including other anchor bolts such as steel nails or self-tapping screws, or And the adhesive connection, according to the different materials connected to the side of the door window 1 to choose different connection methods;
  • the window 4 to the side window side protection layer 8-1, or install the window 4 to the wall 1-1 of the door window 1, such as the window 4 and the wall 1-1 by connecting the steel sheets 4-1. Or connected to the door window side protective layer 8-1, or the connecting window 4-1 to the wall 1-1 and the door window side protective layer 8-1.
  • the side window protective layer 8-1 of the door window be made of cement fiber board or calcium silicate board, and the magnesite board can also meet the durability requirements.
  • the installation width of the door window side protection layer 8-1 on the wall 1-1 is determined according to the material of the wall 1-1. For example, when the wall 1-1 is a concrete wall, see FIG. 2, FIG. 3, the door window side The installation width of the edge protection layer 8-1 and the connection width of the wall 1-1 can be narrow, as shown in FIG. 2, FIG. 3, FIG. 5, because the door window side protection layer 8-1 is not required to increase the strength of the concrete wall; When the wall 1-1 is a masonry wall, as shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 4, the side window side protective layer 8-1 basically needs to fully cover the wall 1-1 in order to increase the strength of the door window 1.
  • the door window side protective layer 8-1 be installed in the following three ways:
  • the energy-saving thermal insulation wall is a sandwich thermal insulation wall or the energy-saving thermal insulation wall is the wall of the external concrete thermal insulation wall panel, as shown in Fig. 2, the outer end of the side window side protection layer 8-1 directly and the outer leaf masonry Or the external concrete protective layer of the external concrete insulation wallboard; or a thin steel plate 7, a thin steel plate 7 and a side window side protection layer 8-1 and a connection, the thin steel plate 7 and the outer leaf masonry or the external concrete thermal insulation wall
  • the outer concrete protective layer of the panel is joined to connect the door window side protective layer 8-1 with the outer concrete masonry or the outer concrete protective layer of the external concrete insulating wall panel.
  • a thin steel plate 7 may be provided.
  • the thin steel plate 7 is adhesively bonded to the outer layer of the polymer mortar of the thin plaster insulation wall, and the side window side protective layer 8-1 is connected with the thin steel plate 7, as shown in FIG.
  • a thin steel plate 7 may be provided.
  • the door window side protective layer 8-1 is connected with the thin steel plate 7, and the thin steel plate 7 is also connected with the outer protective layer of the cement fiber board or the calcium silicate board, see FIG. 3 and FIG. 4, thereby the side window side protective layer 8-1. It is connected to the outer protective layer of cement fiberboard or calcium silicate board.
  • the present embodiment can be connected to the thin steel plate 7 through the connecting steel piece 4-1 of the window 4 and the side window protective layer 8-1 through the door window, the thin steel plate 7 is installed near the outer corner of the window, so the window 4
  • the installation position can leave the base wall 1 and increase the distance from the outdoor cold spot at the base wall window, increase the thermal resistance of the wall and reduce the influence of the window thermal bridge.
  • the hole heat The bridge can be close to "0".
  • the side window protective layer 8-1 of the door window is installed to greatly increase the fire safety.
  • the flame cannot be directly burned to the organic insulating material around the window, which can effectively prevent the fire from spreading; even if the insulating layer is an inorganic thermal insulating material, the fire is protected and reduced. Loss of inorganic insulation materials.
  • the poor waterproofing of the door window is a common problem of the quality of the building.
  • the German expert guides China's passive energy-saving room. It is waterproof on the window sill. If it is waterproof with stainless steel or plastic, the stainless steel is thin, the heat transfer is fast, stainless steel or The plastic water-repellent board is not good for increasing the fireproof performance of the window and protecting the fireproofing of the organic insulation material.
  • Calcium silicate board or cement fiber board has the required waterproof performance (for example, the technical standards for the detection of waterproof performance: 24-hour inspection allows for wet marks on the back but no water droplets are allowed), durability is good, and cement is installed on the side of the window.
  • the window is waterproof, especially the rainwater will not enter the wall of the window sill, and will not enter the inside of the insulation layer at the window sill, which can completely solve the problem of poor waterproofing of the window and good durability. .
  • the window 4 is mounted on the side window protective layer 8-1 of the door window, so that the window can be separated from the traditional base wall (the base wall refers to the wall or concrete of the masonry) Wall or prefabricated wall, the base wall is the wall inside the insulation layer 1-1-3, that is, the base wall does not include the insulation layer 1-1-3), thereby increasing the outdoor cold spot to the indoor base wall
  • the distance of the body increases the thermal resistance around the window. Therefore, the structure is more scientific, and not only the construction and installation are convenient, but also the energy-saving and heat-insulating effect is much higher than the window structure of FIG.
  • a benzene plate having a normal density of 20 kg/m 3 and a thickness of 300 mm can be used for one installation, which can reduce the cost of the heat insulating material by about 100 yuan/m 2 , and also reduce the labor cost of the installation, and does not occur. Long-distance transportation purchases can be inserted into each other, with dovetail grooves, and a high-density EPS board with a density of 30kg/m 3 .
  • the window of the thin plaster insulation wall can be moved outside the hole, but the window can not be separated from the base wall, only about 50% of the window heat bridge is reduced, when the insulation layer is thinner.
  • the window cannot be moved outside the hole; and the door window structure of the embodiment can also move the window to the wall 1-1 when the insulation layer is thin. On the outside, the window thermal bridge is greatly reduced.
  • Schedule 2 is the insulation board EPS board thickness is the five thicknesses listed in the table, the reference wall of the average heat transfer coefficient of the present invention: 1), the thickness of the EPS board is not more than 120mm, the distance between the outside of the window and the outer corner of the thin steel sheet 7 2), when the thickness of the EPS board is between 120 and 150 mm, the distance between the outer side of the window and the outer corner of the thin steel plate 7 is not more than 80 mm; 3) when the thickness of the insulating layer EPS board is not less than 150 mm, the outer side of the window and the outer corner of the thin steel plate 7 The distance is no more than 100mm.
  • Cement fiberboard or calcium silicate board or magnesite board has higher strength.
  • the prefabricated sheet material is used as the side window side protective layer 8-1, the partial force of the window sill can be transmitted to the adjacent other position through the prefabricated sheet protective layer, and the force is safe, and the human foot can be stepped on the outer window sill.
  • the structure of the first embodiment has the function of heat-insulating bridge to increase heat insulation, fireproof, waterproof and structural safety, and the structure of the first embodiment is more convenient and flexible to install the window.
  • the difference between the cement polymer mortar thin plaster protective layer and the plaster layer is that the plaster layer is thicker, such as the outer cement mortar layer of the steel mesh cement sandwich panel, generally having a thickness of not less than 25 mm, cement polymer mortar
  • the thin plaster protection layer is thin, the thickness is about 3 ⁇ 10mm, and the polymer polymer mortar has a polymer adhesive and glass in the thin plaster protective layer.
  • Cement fiberboard or calcium silicate boards are now mainly used for decoration, or as a formwork for cast-in-place concrete, and are not thought to be used in door window construction.
  • Embodiment 2 As shown in FIG. 1 to FIG. 4 and FIG. 7 to FIG. 9 , the difference between the present embodiment and the first embodiment is that the present embodiment increases the insulation line 9 around the outdoor door window, or/and increases the installation of the indoor door window.
  • the heat insulation strip 9 around the outdoor door window is a prefabricated heat insulation board strip with a prefabricated sheet protection layer (ie, a prefabricated insulation board strip with a prefabricated sheet protection layer), or a thermal insulation sheet is first installed and a prefabricated sheet protection layer is installed, prefabricated.
  • the heat insulation board strip can be formed by combining the material in the side window protective layer 8-1 of the door window and the heat insulating material; or the heat insulation strip around the outdoor door window is a thin plaster insulation line;
  • the indoor door window side protection layer 8-2 is a prefabricated sheet protection layer, and the prefabricated board is a calcium silicate board or a cement fiber board or a magnesite board, or other prefabricated board having similar properties to the above board, or Prefabricated panels are wood or plastic.
  • the side door side protection layer 8-2 is a wooden board or a plastic sheet, the interior decoration and the window insulation project are unified. Although the fire prevention is not good, it is also required to ensure that the fire does not spread.
  • the heat insulation line 9 around the outdoor door window is installed on the side of the outdoor door window of the energy-saving heat insulation wall, and the method of attaching or pasting and anchoring the anchor can be used.
  • the indoor door window side insulation layer 3-1 and the indoor door window side protection layer 8-2 when the indoor door window side insulation layer 3-1 and the indoor door window side protection layer 8-2 are installed, the indoor door window side insulation layer 3-1 and the indoor door window side protection layer 8 may be firstly- 2 Bonding and compounding to form a prefabricated thermal insulation sheet, and then assembling the prefabricated thermal insulation sheet to the side of the indoor door window; or first attaching and installing the indoor window side insulation layer 3-1, and then pasting and installing the indoor window side protection layer 8- 2.
  • the surrounding heat insulating strip 9 of the outdoor door window is installed, which can further increase the distance from the outdoor cold spot in the indoor base wall window, and can also reduce the heat transfer increased by the side window protective layer 8-1 of the door window.
  • the thermal bridge of the window has been greatly reduced, and the embodiment is further used to further improve the effect of the heat insulation of the door window, that is, the value of the sixth item in the second table does not occur, otherwise the average heat transfer coefficient of the wall should be It is the sum of items 5 and 6 in Schedule 2.
  • the outdoor door window insulation bar 9 can be decorated as a door window at the same time, killing two birds with one stone.
  • This embodiment can increase the thermal resistance around the window and reduce the heat loss around the window.
  • the data in Schedule 2 does not include the data for the insulation of the side insulation layer 3-1 of the interior door window; the second embodiment also increases the thermal resistance of the window profile to heat the door and window profiles located at the local position of the insulation layer on the side of the indoor window.
  • the coefficient can be the same as the wall. Because the heat transfer coefficient of the window is several times that of the wall, reducing the average heat transfer coefficient of the window profile is significant.
  • Embodiment 3 The difference between this embodiment and the first or second embodiment is that the side window protection layer 8-1 of the door window is installed, or the insulation line 9 around the outdoor door window is installed, or the side insulation layer of the interior door window is installed. 3-1, or The interior door window side protection layer 8-2 is installed for dry installation; the dry installation is to directly apply adhesive bonding on the mutual bonding surface, or/and use self-tapping screws or steel nails, or tokes Nail and other anchor connections.
  • the dry installation is to directly apply adhesive bonding on the mutual bonding surface, or/and use self-tapping screws or steel nails, or tokes Nail and other anchor connections.
  • the inner side window side protective layer is dry-mounted, that is, coated with a synthetic resin adhesive or/and connected with an anchor.
  • the outer protective layer of the outer door window 9 and the outer side of the indoor door window 8-2 be prefabricated with a protective layer of the prefabricated sheet, which is better than the outdoor thin plastering decorative line and has good durability.
  • the key difference between the third embodiment and the disclosed technology is that the dry installation of the present invention is not present in the construction process of the energy-saving and heat-insulating wall door window structure, and is not obvious.
  • the patent applicant has carried out unremitting research on wall technology for more than 13 years, and has studied multi-professional knowledge, using multidisciplinary knowledge of structural specialty, building technology, building physics, and building thermal engineering to understand the knowledge of chemical adhesives and select durability.
  • the adhesive should meet the required elasticity, bond strength and durability requirements. For example, a fire in the Lushan nursing home in Henan province killed 38 people. The applicant of this patent believes that not only because the thermal insulation material is a flammable material, but also because the bonding failure between the steel plate and the thermal insulation layer is separated from each other and enters the air, because there is no burning and no flashing in the absence of air, so that the entire house is on fire. .
  • the adhesive bonding between the steel plate and the thermal insulation layer is a polyurethane adhesive, and the polyurethane adhesive is not resistant to aging, and the insulation layer and the iron skin are separated from the air for a long time.
  • the type of adhesive selected for the energy-saving insulation wall is very important. At present, the construction industry does not understand the adhesive, and does not stipulate the type of adhesive.
  • FIG. 10 and FIG. 11 show a wall door window structure of the present embodiment, which is composed of a door window 1, a door window side protection layer 8-1, and a tensile net 5;
  • the door window 1 is a door and window opening provided on the wall 1-1, as shown in FIG. 9;
  • the wall 1-1 is a wall, such as a masonry wall (including a load-bearing masonry wall or non-load-bearing) Masonry walls, concrete walls, and various fabricated walls: including lightweight assembled walls, heavy-duty fabricated walls, or various energy-saving insulation walls.
  • the wall 1-1 may be a traditional wall without an insulation layer, or the wall 1-1 is an energy-saving thermal insulation wall after the insulation layer 1-1-3 is installed;
  • the exterior of the wall 1-1 usually has external protection Layer 1-8, such as plastering protection layer, see Figure 1; or outer protective layer 1-8 of energy-saving insulation wall is outer leaf masonry or outer leaf concrete, see Figure 2; or outer protective layer 1-8 is The prefabricated sheet protective layer, see Fig. 3 and Fig. 4; or the outer protective layer 1-8 is a polymer mortar thin plaster protective layer, see Fig. 5; or the wall 1-1 is a wall composed of other novel materials;
  • the door window side protection layer 8-1 is a plaster protection layer, and the door window side protection layer 8-1 is connected to the side of the door window 1; the plaster protection layer has a tensile net 5 therein;
  • the tensile resistant net 5 is an alkali-resistant glass fiber mesh, a basalt fiber mesh, a metal mesh or other high-strength mesh; a tensile net 5 is present in the plaster layer on the side of the door window 1;
  • the window 4 to the side window side protection layer 8-1, or install the window 4 to the wall 1-1 of the door window 1, such as the window 4 and the wall 1-1 by connecting the steel sheets 4-1. Or connected to the door window side protective layer 8-1, or the connecting window 4-1 to the wall 1-1 and the door window side protective layer 8-1.
  • the plaster layer has a high thermal conductivity
  • the present embodiment is not suitable for a heating area.
  • the plaster layer of the present embodiment has a tensile net 5, and the tensile net 5 is integrated at the corner of the window to strengthen the window.
  • it is not easy to cause oblique crack damage along the four corners of the window during an earthquake, and also has a good structural safety.
  • a three-dimensional grid of basalt fiber which has better mechanical performance.
  • a three-dimensional grid of basalt fiber with a thickness of 10 mm can be installed on the side of the window for plastering.
  • the window can be reinforced by this embodiment, and after installing the window, a heat insulating sheet or a peripheral plastering or waterproof sealing can be installed in the indoor and outdoor windows.
  • This embodiment is advantageous for earthquake resistance.
  • the wall door window structure of the present embodiment there is no such structure as the wall door window structure of the present embodiment, and no one has thought of installing a tensile net in the plaster layer around the window to increase the ability of the window to resist damage.
  • This shows that the fourth embodiment is not available in the prior art and is not obvious.

Abstract

A door/window opening structure of a wall comprises a door/window opening (1) and a door/window opening side edge protection layer (8-1). The door/window opening side edge protection layer (8-1) is a prefabricated plate protection layer, and the prefabricated plate protection layer is a cement fiber board or a calcium silicate board or a magnesite board. The door/window opening side edge protection layer (8-1) is installed on the side edge of the door/window opening (1); and a window (4) is installed on the door/window opening side edge protection layer (8-1) or the window (4) is installed on a wall (1-1) of the door/window opening (1). Another door/window opening structure of a wall comprises a door/window opening (1), a door/window opening side edge protection layer (8-1) and a tensile net (5). The door/window opening side edge protection layer (8-1) is a plastering protection layer, and the plastering protection layer is provided with the tensile net (5). A window (4) is installed on the door/window opening side edge protection layer (8-1) or the window (4) is installed on a wall (1-1) of the door/window opening (1). The door/window opening structure of the wall has small window thermal bridges, desirable fireproof and waterproof performance and high structural safety.

Description

一种墙体门窗口构造Wall door window structure 技术领域Technical field
本发明涉及建筑墙体门窗口构造。The invention relates to a building wall door window construction.
背景技术Background technique
1.外墙上因有门窗开洞削弱了外墙,地震时经常发生外墙沿门窗口四角的斜裂缝,是否可增加门窗口刚度和强度,避免及减少地震时门窗口破坏?1. The external walls are weakened by the opening of windows and doors. During the earthquake, oblique cracks along the four corners of the door window often occur. Can the door window stiffness and strength be increased to avoid and reduce the damage of the door window during the earthquake?
2.窗口防水不好是建筑的质量通病,特别是加气混凝土的轻质墙体,以及外部安装保温层的节能保温墙体,经常因为下雨时窗口墙体或保温层与墙体之间的缝隙进水,使加气混凝土墙破坏或窗口保温层脱落破坏。2. The poor waterproofing of the window is a common problem of the quality of the building, especially the lightweight wall of aerated concrete, and the energy-saving insulation wall of the externally installed insulation layer, often because of the window wall or between the insulation layer and the wall when it rains. The gap enters the water, causing the aerated concrete wall to break or the window insulation to fall off.
3.失火时窗口是火焰的必通之道,窗口的有机保温材料很快燃烧破坏,即使采用无机保温材料如岩棉,也要破坏。3. The window is a must for the fire when the fire is broken. The organic insulation material of the window is quickly burned and destroyed, even if it is made of inorganic insulation materials such as rock wool.
4.目前在节能保温墙体中,只有薄抹灰保温墙体热量流失的通道最少,但在门窗口侧边流失的热量仍较多。这是因为将窗户安装在门窗洞口内的基层墙体上,门窗口周边墙体保温层薄,所以洞口周边墙体流失的热量多,难以满足建设低能耗建筑的要求,见附表1数据。4. At present, in the energy-saving insulation wall, only the thin plastering insulation wall has the least heat loss, but the heat loss on the side of the door window is still high. This is because the window is installed on the base wall in the door and window opening, and the insulation of the wall around the door window is thin, so the heat loss of the wall around the hole is difficult to meet the requirements of building a low-energy building. See Table 1 for data.
附表1薄抹灰保温墙体传热系数参考表w/m2·k Schedule 1 Thin plaster insulation wall heat transfer coefficient reference table w/m 2 ·k
Figure PCTCN2015000934-appb-000001
Figure PCTCN2015000934-appb-000001
附表1数据是按EPS板含水率15%时,取EPS板基本导热系数0.039w/m·k,并考虑EPS板安装缝隙的不利影响,按EPS板修正的导热系数=0.039×1.2=0.0468w/m·k计算结果。The data in Schedule 1 is based on the EPS board moisture content of 15%, taking the basic thermal conductivity of the EPS board 0.039w/m·k, and taking into account the adverse effects of the EPS board installation gap, the thermal conductivity corrected by the EPS board = 0.039 × 1.2 = 0.0468 w/m·k calculation result.
5.薄抹灰保温墙体的结构安全性不好,人的脚不能踏在窗口外的窗台上,很容易将保温层踏裂脱落发生危险。 5. The structure safety of the thin plastering insulation wall is not good. The human foot can't step on the window sill outside the window, and it is easy to break the insulation layer and fall off.
以上问题都是窗口构造不完善所致。The above problems are caused by imperfect window construction.
中国在欧洲专家指导下,试点建设了几十处节能90%的被动式节能房,外墙保温都采用的是薄抹灰保温墙体。被动式节能房要求墙体传热系数不大于0.15w/m2·k,由附表1可见,即使EPS板厚度达到300mm厚,也不满足被动式节能房要求的墙体传热系数,并且薄抹灰保温墙体洞口防火不好、防水不好。Under the guidance of European experts, China has piloted dozens of passive energy-saving houses with 90% energy saving. The external wall insulation uses thin plastering insulation walls. The passive energy-saving room requires that the wall heat transfer coefficient is not more than 0.15w/m 2 ·k. It can be seen from the attached table that even if the thickness of the EPS plate reaches 300mm, the heat transfer coefficient of the wall required by the passive energy-saving house is not satisfied, and the thin wipe is applied. The ash insulation wall has poor fireproofing and poor waterproofing.
因此现在试点建设的被动式节能房保温墙体采取了以下二个措施:Therefore, the passive energy-saving house insulation wall currently under pilot construction has taken the following two measures:
1)将窗户移到洞口外侧的保温层上,增加窗边墙体距离室外的距离,从而增加热阻减小洞口周边墙体热桥。为了安装窗户,在基层墙体外侧安装角钢承托,在角钢上安装木板,窗户安装到木板上,见图6,但窗户仍离不开基层墙体,仍靠在基层墙体外侧。此构造室外冷点到基层墙体的热阻虽然有所增加,减小了窗口周边墙体流失的热量,可比附表1增加的墙体传热系数减少约50%,但窗口周边墙体的热阻仍远远小于主墙体热阻,门窗口周边热桥仍然存在,仍然不满足建设被动式节能房的要求。1) Move the window to the insulation layer on the outside of the hole to increase the distance between the window wall and the outdoor, thereby increasing the thermal resistance and reducing the thermal bridge around the hole. In order to install the window, install the angle steel support on the outside of the base wall, install the wood on the angle steel, and install the window on the wooden board, as shown in Figure 6, but the window still cannot be separated from the base wall and still rests on the outside of the base wall. Although the thermal resistance of the outdoor cold spot to the base wall is increased, the heat loss of the wall around the window is reduced, and the heat transfer coefficient of the wall increased by about 50% compared with the attached table 1, but the wall surrounding the window is The thermal resistance is still far less than the thermal resistance of the main wall. The thermal bridge around the door window still exists, and still does not meet the requirements for the construction of passive energy-saving rooms.
2)因此还采用相互插接、有燕尾式凹槽、密度30kg/m3石墨EPS板(因20kg/m3低密度的EPS板不能相互插接),可不考虑EPS板缝隙的不利影响,EPS板导热系数取0.032w/m·k,就基本可达到墙体传热系数不大于0.15w/m2·k的要求。但根据中国正在修订的《民用建筑热工设计规范》GB50176草稿的数据,普通白色EPS板干燥时的导热系数也是0.032w/m·k,难道石墨EPS板不吸潮吗?现在没有根据说石墨EPS板不吸潮。若石墨EPS板吸潮导热系数也应取0.039w/m·k,这样墙体传热系数实际约达到0.2w/m2·k,仍然不符合传热系数0.15w/m2·k的要求。2) Therefore, it also adopts mutually inserted, dovetail groove, density 30kg/m 3 graphite EPS board (because 20kg/m 3 low density EPS boards can not be plugged together), regardless of the adverse effects of EPS board gap, EPS The thermal conductivity of the plate is 0.032w/m·k, which basically meets the requirement that the wall heat transfer coefficient is not more than 0.15w/m 2 ·k. However, according to the data of the draft GB50176 draft of the Civil Building Thermal Design Code, which is being revised in China, the thermal conductivity of the ordinary white EPS board when drying is also 0.032w/m·k. Is the graphite EPS board not absorbing moisture? There is no basis for saying that the graphite EPS board does not absorb moisture. If the moisture absorption coefficient of the graphite EPS plate should also be 0.039w/m·k, the wall heat transfer coefficient actually reaches about 0.2w/m 2 ·k, which still does not meet the heat transfer coefficient of 0.15w/m 2 ·k. .
本专利申请人曾提出门窗洞口隔热断桥构造,也是将窗户放置到洞口外侧保温层上,窗户的连接钢片与洞口钢筋及基层墙体交错连接。这样需要先安装窗户,将窗户的连接钢片先与窗口周围钢筋连接,再在窗口钢筋周围狭小的空间内浇筑细石混凝土。因浇筑断面很小,浇筑深度一般需要到1.5m深,难以浇筑,洞口湿作业多,施工不方便,并且污染窗户型材。且洞口外端钢筋周围有细石混凝土就减薄了洞口周边保温层厚度,增加洞口传热。The applicant of the patent has proposed a heat-insulating bridge structure for the door and window opening, and also places the window on the outer insulation layer of the hole, and the connecting steel piece of the window is interlaced with the hole reinforcement and the base wall. In this way, the window needs to be installed first, and the connecting steel piece of the window is first connected with the steel bar around the window, and then the fine stone concrete is poured in a small space around the window steel bar. Due to the small pouring section, the pouring depth generally needs to be 1.5m deep, which is difficult to pour, the wet operation of the hole is too much, the construction is inconvenient, and the window profiles are contaminated. Moreover, the fine stone concrete around the outer end of the hole is thinned to reduce the thickness of the insulation layer around the hole and increase the heat transfer at the hole.
本专利申请人曾参加2015年3月24日~25日在北京举办的“第十一届绿色建筑与建筑节能大会暨新技术与新产品博览会”。这是建筑业每年最大规模的技术会议,参会人数达1.5万人,会议设30多个分论坛。会中本专利申请人参加了24日下午“绿色建材与外围护结构”分论坛,还参加25日上午“中欧低碳生态城市合作项目研讨会”分论坛。The applicant of this patent participated in the “11th Green Building and Building Energy Conservation Conference and New Technology and New Products Expo” held in Beijing from March 24th to 25th, 2015. This is the largest technical conference in the construction industry each year, with 15,000 participants and more than 30 sub-forums. In the meeting, the applicant of this patent participated in the sub-forum “Green Building Materials and Exterior Protection Structure” on the afternoon of the 24th, and also participated in the “China-Europe Low Carbon Eco-city Cooperation Project Seminar” sub-forum on the morning of the 25th.
“绿色建材与外围护结构”分论坛即将结束时,主持会议人宋波(中国建筑科学研究院中层领导、教授)让大家提问题讨论。首先有一个设计院的工程师提意见,说让我们参加会议,结果也没有好的技术,对此我们有意见,宋主任说要向住建部汇报。宋主任再问谁有问题,没有人应答,于是我提问题说,现在节能保温墙体火灾频发、甚至发生恶性火灾事故,且热量流失的通道多,对墙体节能保温不利,耐久性差,这 是现行节能保温墙体技术不完善所致,但这是可以解决的,只要在保温层外部先安装了水泥纤维板等预制板材再上墙安装,以及在窗口侧面安装水泥纤维板,不仅防火安全,耐久性大幅度提高,且大幅地减少窗口周边热桥,提高墙体节能保温效果。但受时间所限,宋波不让多说。宋波说,你怎麽不报名会议发言,我说发言要缴纳5万元钱,我没钱。At the end of the sub-forum of “Green Building Materials and Peripheral Protection Structures”, the moderator Song Bo (middle-level leader and professor of China Academy of Building Research) asked everyone to discuss the issue. First of all, an engineer from the design institute gave an opinion and said that let us attend the meeting. There is no good technology. We have opinions on this. Director Song said that he would report to the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development. Director Song asked who had problems, no one answered, so I asked the question, now the energy-saving insulation wall fires frequently occur, and even a vicious fire accident, and there are many channels for heat loss, which is unfavorable to the wall energy-saving insulation, and the durability is poor. This It is caused by the imperfect technology of the current energy-saving insulation wall, but this can be solved. As long as the prefabricated board such as cement fiber board is installed on the outside of the insulation layer and then installed on the wall, and the cement fiber board is installed on the side of the window, it is not only fireproof and durable. The performance is greatly improved, and the heat bridge around the window is greatly reduced, and the energy saving effect of the wall is improved. However, due to time constraints, Song Bo will not let more say. Song Bo said, why don't you sign up for the conference, I said that I have to pay 50,000 yuan for the speech, I have no money.
“中欧低碳生态城市合作项目研讨会”分论坛会议参加人有欧洲帮助中国建设低碳生态城市的十几位欧洲专家,还有珠海、武进等几个申报建设低碳生态城市的政府领导,及其他对此项目有兴趣的人。论坛将结束时,主持会议的住建部国际合作处仝贵婵处长让大家提问题,没有人提问题。只有我提问题说,建设绿色建筑及低碳生态城市都要保证建筑的安全性、耐久性,及建设低能耗建筑,但是目前建设的被动式节能房中全部采用的薄抹灰保温墙体不符合安全性、耐久性的要求。外保温墙体火灾频发甚至发生恶性火灾事故;特别是高层建筑失火及耐久性差给救援及维修带来极大的困难,窗口构造虽然采取了一定的隔热断桥构造,但是窗口热桥仍然多,窗口防火不好,这不符合绿色建筑及低碳生态城市的要求。仝贵婵处长说,每种节能墙体技术各有其优缺点,会议没时间让我多说就结束了。The “China-Europe Low-Carbon Eco-City Cooperation Project Seminar” sub-forum participants included more than a dozen European experts in Europe to help China build a low-carbon eco-city, as well as several government leaders who planned to build a low-carbon eco-city, such as Zhuhai and Wujin. And other people interested in this project. At the end of the forum, the International Cooperation Office of the Ministry of Housing and Construction, which presided over the meeting, asked the Director of the Department to ask questions and no one asked questions. Only I ask the question, the construction of green buildings and low-carbon eco-cities must ensure the safety and durability of the buildings, and the construction of low-energy buildings. However, the thin plaster insulation walls used in the passive energy-saving houses currently under construction do not meet the requirements. Safety and durability requirements. External thermal insulation wall fires frequently occur and even malignant fire accidents; especially high-rise buildings with fire and poor durability bring great difficulties to rescue and maintenance. Although the window structure adopts a certain thermal insulation bridge structure, the window thermal bridge still More, the window is not well fired, which does not meet the requirements of green buildings and low carbon eco-city. Director Guixi said that each type of energy-saving wall technology has its own advantages and disadvantages, and the meeting did not have time for me to say more.
上述事实说明,全球都没有解决节能保温墙体的诸多问题,包括没有解决本发明所述的建筑墙体门窗口存在的诸多问题。The above facts indicate that there are many problems in the world of energy-saving heat insulation walls, including the problems that exist in solving the door window of the building wall according to the present invention.
如何避免地震时门窗口的墙体破坏?如何增加窗口周围防火、防水性能,减小火灾损失?如何大幅度减少窗口周边热桥?如何减少窗口周边施工安装湿作业?这是本发明要解决的问题。How to avoid wall damage in the door window during an earthquake? How to increase the fireproof and waterproof performance around the window and reduce the fire loss? How to greatly reduce the heat bridge around the window? How to reduce the wet installation of construction around the window? This is the problem to be solved by the present invention.
发明内容Summary of the invention
为增加门窗口周围防火、防水性能,为提高墙体安全性、耐久性,为大幅度减少窗口周边热桥,提高节能保温墙体的节能保温性能,为避免地震时门窗口破坏,本发明提出一种墙体门窗口构造。In order to increase the safety and durability of the door window, in order to improve the safety and durability of the wall, in order to greatly reduce the heat bridge around the window and improve the energy-saving and heat-insulating performance of the energy-saving insulation wall, in order to avoid the damage of the door window during the earthquake, the present invention proposes A wall door window construction.
本发明的一种墙体门窗口构造一,它包括门窗口、门窗口侧边保护层;A wall door window structure of the present invention comprises a door window and a side window side protection layer;
所述门窗口为在墙体上设置的门窗洞口;所述门窗口侧边保护层为预制板材保护层;所述预制板材保护层为水泥纤维板或硅酸钙板或菱镁板,或预制板材保护层为与上述板材具有相近性能的其它预制板材;The door window is a door and window opening provided on the wall; the side window protective layer of the door window is a prefabricated sheet protective layer; the prefabricated sheet protective layer is a cement fiber board or a calcium silicate board or a magnesite board, or a prefabricated board The protective layer is other prefabricated sheets having similar properties to the above-mentioned sheets;
将门窗口侧边保护层安装在门窗口的侧边,门窗口侧边保护层与门窗口连接;将窗户安装到门窗口侧边保护层上,或将窗户安装到门窗口的墙体上。The side window side protection layer is mounted on the side of the door window, and the side window side protection layer is connected to the door window; the window is mounted to the side window side protection layer, or the window is mounted to the door window wall.
本发明的一种墙体门窗口构造二,它包括门窗口、门窗口侧边保护层、抗拉的网;A wall door window structure 2 of the present invention comprises a door window, a side window protective layer of the door window, and a tensile net;
所述门窗口为在墙体上设置的门窗洞口;所述门窗口侧边保护层为抹灰保护层;所述抹灰保护层内有抗拉的网; The door window is a door and window opening provided on the wall; the side window side protective layer is a plaster protection layer; and the plaster protection layer has a tensile net;
在门窗口侧边抹灰层内夹入抗拉的网;将窗户安装到门窗口侧边保护层上,或将窗户安装到门窗口的墙体上。A tensile net is sandwiched in the plaster layer on the side of the door window; the window is mounted to the side of the door window or the window is mounted to the wall of the door window.
本发明的技术效果:Technical effects of the present invention:
1、节能保温效果最好1, the best energy saving effect
本发明实施方式一~实施方式三可使门窗口热量流失的通道(即热桥)最小,节能保温效果超过当前最好的薄抹灰保温墙体,对墙体节能保温具有重要意义。 Embodiments 1 to 3 of the present invention can minimize the passage of heat loss of the door window (ie, the heat bridge), and the energy-saving and heat insulation effect exceeds the current best thin plaster insulation wall, which is of great significance to the wall energy-saving insulation.
见实施方式一和实施方式二中关于“解决的问题和作用”中的阐述。See the description in "Improved Problems and Effects" in Embodiment 1 and Embodiment 2.
联合国曾在2007年3月发布报告显示,绿色建筑和建筑节能蕴藏的减排效果要大于《京都议定书》中要求的所有温室气体排放量,相当于《京都议定书》预定减排量的三倍。这说明建筑节能在减少温室气体排放、减少粉尘排放中的重要作用。The United Nations released a report in March 2007 that the green building and building energy conservation effects are greater than all the greenhouse gas emissions required by the Kyoto Protocol, equivalent to three times the Kyoto Protocol's scheduled emission reductions. This shows the important role of building energy conservation in reducing greenhouse gas emissions and reducing dust emissions.
本发明可推动中国和全球的建筑节能上升到极低能耗的标准,为中国和全球大幅度降低碳排放和粉尘排放,改善空气质量起到重要作用,中国的建筑节能可以走在全球的前列,在中国对世界减少碳排放承诺中发挥重要作用。The invention can promote the building energy saving in China and the whole world to the standard of extremely low energy consumption, and plays an important role in reducing carbon emissions and dust emissions and improving air quality in China and the whole world, and China's building energy conservation can be at the forefront of the world. It plays an important role in China's commitment to reducing carbon emissions in the world.
2、大幅度降低造价2, greatly reduce the cost
本发明因窗口热桥极小,若墙体采用公开号CN104234256A的本专利申请人提出的专利技术,外部保护层1-8采用预制板材保护层时,EPS板可形成无缝安装,用普通白色20kg/m3低密度EPS板300mm厚,就能真正达到墙体传热系数0.15w/m2·k,降低EPS保温板造价约100元/m3!可大大推动普及节能90%的被动式节能房建设。The invention has a very small window thermal bridge. If the wall adopts the patented technology proposed by the applicant of the publication No. CN104234256A, when the outer protective layer 1-8 adopts a prefabricated sheet protective layer, the EPS board can be seamlessly installed, using ordinary white. 20kg/m 3 low-density EPS board 300mm thick, can really achieve the wall heat transfer coefficient of 0.15w / m 2 · k, reduce the EPS insulation board cost of about 100 yuan / m 3 ! It can greatly promote the construction of passive energy-saving houses with 90% energy saving.
3、本发明的一种节能保温墙体门窗口同时具有防火好、防水好的性能,从而增加节能保温墙体耐久性,这是当前全球采用的薄抹灰保温墙体所不具备的。3. The energy-saving and heat-insulating wall door window of the invention has the advantages of good fireproofing and good waterproofing, thereby increasing the durability of the energy-saving and heat-insulating wall, which is not available in the current thin plastering insulation wall used in the world.
4、本发明实施方式一~实施方式三窗口装配式干法安装,符合装配式安装方向,有利于保证安装质量。4. The first embodiment to the third embodiment of the present invention is a window-mounted dry-type installation, which conforms to the assembly-type installation direction, and is beneficial to ensure the installation quality.
实施方式一~实施方式三在门窗口侧边安装门窗口侧边保护层,及在室外门窗口周边安装预制保温板装饰条,在室内门窗口周边安装预制保温板薄条,都是装配式干法安装,没有现场湿作业施工,速度快,节约人工,符合装配式安装方向,并方便安装窗户,有利于保证安装质量。 Embodiment 1 to Embodiment 3: a side window side protection layer is installed on the side of the door window, and a prefabricated insulation board decorative strip is installed around the outdoor door window, and a prefabricated insulation board strip is installed around the indoor door window, and both are assembled. The method is installed, there is no wet construction on site, the speed is fast, the labor is saved, the assembly installation direction is met, and the window is convenient to install, which is beneficial to ensure the installation quality.
5、本发明有利建筑抗震。5. The invention is advantageous for building earthquake resistance.
本发明的一种墙体门窗口构造大大增加门窗口刚度、强度,地震时墙体不易破坏。即使薄抹灰保温墙体采用本发明门窗口构造,人的脚踏在外窗台上也可保证安全。The wall door window structure of the invention greatly increases the rigidity and strength of the door window, and the wall body is not easily damaged during an earthquake. Even if the thin plastering insulation wall adopts the door window structure of the present invention, the human foot can be secured on the outer window sill.
附图说明DRAWINGS
图1是实施方式一窗口侧面剖面图,墙体1-1是没有安装保温层的普通墙体,表示的墙体1-1是加气混凝土,加气混凝土的外部保护层1-8为抹灰层。1 is a side cross-sectional view of a window of the first embodiment, the wall 1-1 is a common wall without an insulation layer, and the wall 1-1 is aerated concrete, and the outer protective layer 1-8 of the aerated concrete is wiped. Gray layer.
图2也是实施方式一窗口侧面剖面图,墙体1-1是节能保温墙体,保温层1-1-3内侧是混凝土,保温层1-1-3外侧的外部保护层1-8为外叶砌体或混凝土。 2 is also a side cross-sectional view of the window of the first embodiment, the wall 1-1 is an energy-saving thermal insulation wall, the inner side of the thermal insulation layer 1-1-3 is concrete, and the outer protective layer 1-8 outside the thermal insulation layer 1-1-3 is external. Leaf masonry or concrete.
图3也是实施方式一窗口侧面剖面图,墙体1-1是节能保温墙体,保温层1-1-3内侧是混凝土,采用公开号CN104234256A的本专利申请人提出的专利技术,外部保护层1-8为预制板材保护层。Figure 3 is also a side cross-sectional view of the window of the first embodiment, the wall 1-1 is an energy-saving thermal insulation wall, the inner side of the thermal insulation layer 1-1-3 is concrete, and the patented technology proposed by the applicant of the publication No. CN104234256A, the outer protective layer 1-8 is a protective layer of prefabricated sheet.
图4也是实施方式一窗口侧面剖面图,墙体1-1是节能保温墙体,保温层1-1-3内侧是加气混凝土,采用公开号CN104234256A的本专利申请人提出的专利技术,外部保护层1-8为预制板材保护层。4 is also a side cross-sectional view of the window of the first embodiment, the wall 1-1 is an energy-saving thermal insulation wall, and the inner side of the thermal insulation layer 1-1-3 is aerated concrete, and the patented technology proposed by the applicant of the publication No. CN104234256A is external. The protective layer 1-8 is a prefabricated sheet protective layer.
图5也是实施方式一窗口侧面剖面图,墙体1-1是节能保温墙体,保温层1-1-3内侧是混凝土,保温层1-1-3外部保护层1-8为聚合物砂浆薄抹灰保护层。Figure 5 is also a side cross-sectional view of the window of the first embodiment, the wall 1-1 is an energy-saving thermal insulation wall, the inner side of the thermal insulation layer 1-1-3 is concrete, and the outer protective layer 1 - 3 of the thermal insulation layer 1 - 3 is a polymer mortar. Thin plaster protective layer.
图6是背景技术所述当前被动式节能房为将窗户,为将窗户安装到门窗洞口外侧的保温层上,在基层墙体外侧安装角钢承托,在角钢上安装木板,窗户安装到木板上构造图。6 is a view of the prior art, the passive energy-saving room is for installing windows on the outer layer of the outer wall of the door and window, installing the angle steel support on the outer side of the base wall, installing the wooden board on the angle steel, and installing the window on the wooden board. Figure.
图7是薄钢板7的三种构造示意图,根据使用需要选择,薄钢板7也可以选用其它施工安装方便的构造。Fig. 7 is a schematic view showing three configurations of the steel sheet 7, which can be selected according to the use requirements, and the steel sheet 7 can also be selected from other constructions and structures.
图8是实施方式二安装的室外窗口周边装饰保温条9剖面构造大样图。Fig. 8 is a cross-sectional view showing a cross-sectional structure of an outer window decorative heat insulating strip 9 installed in the second embodiment.
图9是实施方式二在室外门窗口周边安装装饰保温条9后的室外立面图,并表示实施方式一及实施方式四中墙体1-1上的门窗口1。Fig. 9 is an outdoor elevational view showing the decorative insulation strip 9 attached to the periphery of the outdoor door window in the second embodiment, and showing the door window 1 on the wall 1-1 in the first embodiment and the fourth embodiment.
图10是实施方式四窗口侧面剖面图,墙体1-1是加气混凝土,加气混凝土的外部保护层1-8为抹灰层。Figure 10 is a side cross-sectional view of the fourth embodiment of the window, the wall 1-1 is aerated concrete, and the outer protective layer 1-8 of the aerated concrete is a plaster layer.
图11是实施方式四窗口侧面剖面图,墙体1-1是在加气混凝土的外部安装保温层的1-1-3的节能保温墙体,保温层1-1-3的外部保护层1-8为聚合物砂浆薄抹灰保护层。Figure 11 is a side cross-sectional view of the fourth embodiment of the window, the wall 1-1 is an energy-saving thermal insulation wall of 1-1-3 which is provided with an insulating layer on the outside of the aerated concrete, and the outer protective layer of the thermal insulation layer 1-1-3 -8 is a thin plaster protective layer of polymer mortar.
具体实施方式detailed description
实施方式一:见图1~图5及图9,本实施方式的一种墙体门窗口构造,它是由门窗口1、门窗口侧边保护层8-1组成;Embodiment 1: FIG. 1 to FIG. 5 and FIG. 9 , a wall door window structure of the present embodiment, which is composed of a door window 1 and a side window side protection layer 8-1 ;
所述门窗口1为在墙体1-1上设置的门窗洞口,见图9;所述墙体1-1为各种墙体,如砌筑墙体(包括承重砌筑墙体或非承重砌筑墙体)、混凝土墙,以及各种装配式墙体:包括轻型装配式墙体、重型装配式墙体,或为各种节能保温墙体。即墙体1-1可以为不安装保温层的传统墙体,或墙体1-1为安装保温层1-1-3后的节能保温墙体;墙体1-1的外部通常有外部保护层1-8,如为抹灰保护层,见图1;或节能保温墙体的外部保护层1-8为外叶砌体或外叶混凝土,见图2;或外部保护层1-8为预制板材保护层,见图3、图4;或外部保护层1-8为聚合物砂浆薄抹灰保护层,见图5;或墙体1-1为其它新型材料组成的墙体;The door window 1 is a door and window opening provided on the wall 1-1, as shown in FIG. 9; the wall 1-1 is a wall, such as a masonry wall (including a load-bearing masonry wall or non-load-bearing) Masonry walls, concrete walls, and various fabricated walls: including lightweight assembled walls, heavy-duty fabricated walls, or various energy-saving insulation walls. That is, the wall 1-1 may be a traditional wall without an insulation layer, or the wall 1-1 is an energy-saving thermal insulation wall after the insulation layer 1-1-3 is installed; the exterior of the wall 1-1 usually has external protection Layer 1-8, such as plastering protection layer, see Figure 1; or outer protective layer 1-8 of energy-saving insulation wall is outer leaf masonry or outer leaf concrete, see Figure 2; or outer protective layer 1-8 is The prefabricated sheet protective layer, see Fig. 3 and Fig. 4; or the outer protective layer 1-8 is a polymer mortar thin plaster protective layer, see Fig. 5; or the wall 1-1 is a wall composed of other novel materials;
所述门窗口侧边保护层8-1为预制板材保护层;所述预制板材保护层为水泥纤维板或硅酸钙板或菱镁板,或预制板材保护层为与上述板材具有相近性能的其它预制板材,如当前有用建筑垃圾加工的预制板材;所述相近性能如防火性能、防水性能、耐 久性、尺寸稳定性,强度等应满足使用要求。The door window side protective layer 8-1 is a prefabricated sheet protective layer; the prefabricated sheet protective layer is a cement fiber board or a calcium silicate board or a magnesite board, or the prefabricated board protective layer is similar to the above-mentioned board. Prefabricated panels, such as prefabricated panels currently used for construction waste processing; such similar properties as fire resistance, water resistance, resistance Long-term, dimensional stability, strength, etc. should meet the requirements for use.
将门窗口侧边保护层8-1安装在门窗口1的侧边,门窗口1侧边保护层8-1与门窗口1连接,包括用钢钉或自攻螺钉等其它锚栓连接,或/和粘结连接,根据门窗口1侧边被连接材料的不同选用不同的连接方式;The door window side protection layer 8-1 is installed on the side of the door window 1, and the side window protection layer 8-1 of the door window 1 is connected with the door window 1, including other anchor bolts such as steel nails or self-tapping screws, or And the adhesive connection, according to the different materials connected to the side of the door window 1 to choose different connection methods;
将窗户4安装到门窗口侧边保护层8-1上,或将窗户4安装到门窗口1的墙体1-1上,如用连接钢片4-1将窗户4与墙体1-1或与门窗口侧边保护层8-1连接,或用连接钢片4-1将窗户4与墙体1-1以及门窗口侧边保护层8-1交错连接。Mount the window 4 to the side window side protection layer 8-1, or install the window 4 to the wall 1-1 of the door window 1, such as the window 4 and the wall 1-1 by connecting the steel sheets 4-1. Or connected to the door window side protective layer 8-1, or the connecting window 4-1 to the wall 1-1 and the door window side protective layer 8-1.
推荐门窗口侧边保护层8-1选用水泥纤维板或硅酸钙板,菱镁板若满足耐久性要求也可。硅酸钙板或水泥纤维板耐久性好、防火好,价格较低,且导热系数较低,约为0.3w/m2·k,约为水泥砂浆导热系数0.93w/m2·k的1/3,厚度10mm时相当于3mm厚水泥砂浆抹灰层热桥,增加窗口传热很少。It is recommended that the side window protective layer 8-1 of the door window be made of cement fiber board or calcium silicate board, and the magnesite board can also meet the durability requirements. Calcium silicate board or cement fiberboard durability, fire, low price, and low thermal conductivity, about 0.3w / m 2 · k, the thermal conductivity of cement mortar about 0.93w / m 2 · k 1 / 3, the thickness of 10mm is equivalent to 3mm thick cement mortar plaster layer thermal bridge, increasing window heat transfer is rare.
门窗口侧边保护层8-1在墙体1-1上的安装宽度根据墙体1-1的材质确定,例如墙体1-1为混凝土墙时,见图2、图3,门窗口侧边保护层8-1的安装宽度与墙体1-1的连接宽度可较窄,见图2、图3、图5,因为不需要门窗口侧边保护层8-1增加混凝土墙的强度;在墙体1-1为砌筑墙体时,见图1、图4,门窗口侧边保护层8-1基本需要全覆盖墙体1-1,以便增加门窗口1的强度。The installation width of the door window side protection layer 8-1 on the wall 1-1 is determined according to the material of the wall 1-1. For example, when the wall 1-1 is a concrete wall, see FIG. 2, FIG. 3, the door window side The installation width of the edge protection layer 8-1 and the connection width of the wall 1-1 can be narrow, as shown in FIG. 2, FIG. 3, FIG. 5, because the door window side protection layer 8-1 is not required to increase the strength of the concrete wall; When the wall 1-1 is a masonry wall, as shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 4, the side window side protective layer 8-1 basically needs to fully cover the wall 1-1 in order to increase the strength of the door window 1.
在墙体1-1为节能保温墙体时,推荐门窗口侧边保护层8-1按以下三种方式安装:When the wall 1-1 is an energy-saving and heat-insulating wall, it is recommended that the door window side protective layer 8-1 be installed in the following three ways:
1)节能保温墙体为夹芯保温墙体或节能保温墙体为外挂混凝土保温墙板的墙体时,见图2,门窗口侧边保护层8-1的外端直接与外叶砌体或外挂混凝土保温墙板的外部混凝土保护层连接;或者还设薄钢板7,薄钢板7与门窗口侧边保护层8-1与连接,薄钢板7还与外叶砌体或外挂混凝土保温墙板的外部混凝土保护层连接,从而将门窗口侧边保护层8-1与外叶砌体或外挂混凝土保温墙板的外部混凝土保护层连接。1) When the energy-saving thermal insulation wall is a sandwich thermal insulation wall or the energy-saving thermal insulation wall is the wall of the external concrete thermal insulation wall panel, as shown in Fig. 2, the outer end of the side window side protection layer 8-1 directly and the outer leaf masonry Or the external concrete protective layer of the external concrete insulation wallboard; or a thin steel plate 7, a thin steel plate 7 and a side window side protection layer 8-1 and a connection, the thin steel plate 7 and the outer leaf masonry or the external concrete thermal insulation wall The outer concrete protective layer of the panel is joined to connect the door window side protective layer 8-1 with the outer concrete masonry or the outer concrete protective layer of the external concrete insulating wall panel.
2)节能保温墙体为薄抹灰保温墙体时,可设薄钢板7。薄钢板7与薄抹灰保温墙体的聚合物砂浆外保护层粘结连接,门窗口侧边保护层8-1与薄钢板7连接,见图5。2) When the energy-saving heat insulation wall is a thin plastering heat insulation wall, a thin steel plate 7 may be provided. The thin steel plate 7 is adhesively bonded to the outer layer of the polymer mortar of the thin plaster insulation wall, and the side window side protective layer 8-1 is connected with the thin steel plate 7, as shown in FIG.
3)节能保温墙体为外部安装水泥纤维板或硅酸钙板外保护层的外保温墙体时(公开号CN104234256A,本专利申请人提出的墙体专利技术),可以设薄钢板7。门窗口侧边保护层8-1与薄钢板7连接,薄钢板7还与水泥纤维板或硅酸钙板的外保护层连接,见图3、图4,从而将门窗口侧边保护层8-1与水泥纤维板或硅酸钙板的外部保护层连接。3) When the energy-saving thermal insulation wall is an external thermal insulation wall with an external protective layer of cement fiberboard or calcium silicate board (publication number CN104234256A, the patented wall technology proposed by the applicant), a thin steel plate 7 may be provided. The door window side protective layer 8-1 is connected with the thin steel plate 7, and the thin steel plate 7 is also connected with the outer protective layer of the cement fiber board or the calcium silicate board, see FIG. 3 and FIG. 4, thereby the side window side protective layer 8-1. It is connected to the outer protective layer of cement fiberboard or calcium silicate board.
因本实施方式可用自攻螺钉穿过窗户4的连接钢片4-1及穿过门窗口侧边保护层8-1与薄钢板7连接,薄钢板7安装在靠近窗口的外部角上,所以窗户4安装的位置可离开基层墙体1,增加基层墙体窗口处距离室外冷点的距离,增加该处墙体的热阻,减小窗口热桥的影响,在保温层较厚时,洞口热桥可接近为“0”。Since the present embodiment can be connected to the thin steel plate 7 through the connecting steel piece 4-1 of the window 4 and the side window protective layer 8-1 through the door window, the thin steel plate 7 is installed near the outer corner of the window, so the window 4 The installation position can leave the base wall 1 and increase the distance from the outdoor cold spot at the base wall window, increase the thermal resistance of the wall and reduce the influence of the window thermal bridge. When the insulation layer is thick, the hole heat The bridge can be close to "0".
本实施方式与已公开技术的关键区别技术特征在于:The key distinguishing features of this embodiment and the disclosed technology are:
将本实施方式与背景技术所述中国在欧洲专家指导下正在建设的被动式节能房 的窗口构造(图6)进行对比,及当前窗口存在的质量通病现状可知:目前全球没有安装预制板材保护层作为墙体门窗口侧面保护层的规定或工程实例。Passive energy-saving room under construction in China under the guidance of European experts according to the present embodiment and the background art The comparison of the window structure (Fig. 6) and the current quality of the current window shows that there is no regulation or engineering example of installing the prefabricated sheet protective layer as the side protective layer of the wall door window.
本实施方式是现有墙体技术中所没有的,也不是显而易见的。否则为何多年来窗口的质量通病没有采用本实施方式的根本解决办法?为何在全国普遍应用的薄抹灰保温墙体中以及其它墙体中都没有本实施方式的窗口构造?为何欧洲专家指导中国建设的几十处被动式节能房工程中都没有此构造,使得中国建设的被动式节能房的窗口都存在背景技术所述的各种问题?This embodiment is not present in the conventional wall technology and is not obvious. Otherwise, why is the fundamental solution to the quality of the window for many years not using the fundamental solution of this embodiment? Why is there no window structure of this embodiment in the thin plaster insulation wall commonly used throughout the country and in other walls? Why do European experts guide China's construction of dozens of passive energy-saving housing projects without this structure, so that the windows of passive energy-saving houses built in China have various problems as described in the background technology?
目前在标准图集和工程实践中,都没有本实施方式的这种墙体门窗口构造的规定,即使在全球建筑节能领先的欧洲也没有本发明实施方式一的这种节能保温墙体门窗口构造,这说明实施方式一是现有技术所没有的,也不是显而易见的。At present, in the standard atlas and engineering practice, there is no provision for the wall door window structure of the present embodiment, and even in Europe, where the global building energy conservation is leading, there is no such energy-saving thermal insulation wall door window of the first embodiment of the present invention. Configuration, which illustrates that the first embodiment is not available in the prior art and is not obvious.
本实施方式解决的问题和作用:The problems and effects solved by this embodiment:
1)防火好1) Good fire protection
本实施方式安装门窗口侧边保护层8-1大大增加防火安全性,火焰不能直接烧到窗口周边有机保温材料,可有效阻止火灾蔓延;即使保温层为无机保温材料,也保护和减少火灾时无机保温材料的损失。In this embodiment, the side window protective layer 8-1 of the door window is installed to greatly increase the fire safety. The flame cannot be directly burned to the organic insulating material around the window, which can effectively prevent the fire from spreading; even if the insulating layer is an inorganic thermal insulating material, the fire is protected and reduced. Loss of inorganic insulation materials.
2)防水好、耐久性好2) Good waterproof and good durability
门窗口防水不好是建筑的质量通病,德国专家指导中国的被动式节能房是在窗台上放置披水板防水,如用不锈钢或塑料材质的披水板防水,不锈钢薄、传热快,不锈钢或塑料材质的披水板对增加窗口防火性能、对保护有机保温材料防火不利。硅酸钙板或水泥纤维板具有满足要求的防水性能(例如技术标准中关于防水性能的检测规定:24小时检验允许背面出现湿痕但不允许出现水滴)、耐久性好,窗口侧边安装了水泥纤维板或硅酸钙板等预制板材,窗口防水好了,特别是雨水不会进入到窗台的墙体内,不会进入窗台处保温层内侧,可彻底解决窗口防水不好质量通病,耐久性好。The poor waterproofing of the door window is a common problem of the quality of the building. The German expert guides China's passive energy-saving room. It is waterproof on the window sill. If it is waterproof with stainless steel or plastic, the stainless steel is thin, the heat transfer is fast, stainless steel or The plastic water-repellent board is not good for increasing the fireproof performance of the window and protecting the fireproofing of the organic insulation material. Calcium silicate board or cement fiber board has the required waterproof performance (for example, the technical standards for the detection of waterproof performance: 24-hour inspection allows for wet marks on the back but no water droplets are allowed), durability is good, and cement is installed on the side of the window. Prefabricated panels such as fiberboard or calcium silicate board, the window is waterproof, especially the rainwater will not enter the wall of the window sill, and will not enter the inside of the insulation layer at the window sill, which can completely solve the problem of poor waterproofing of the window and good durability. .
3)节能保温好,可大幅度减少窗口周边流失的热量,并降低节能保温墙体造价3) Energy-saving insulation is good, which can greatly reduce the heat loss around the window and reduce the cost of energy-saving insulation wall
在墙体1-1是节能保温墙体时,将窗户4安装到门窗口侧边保护层8-1上,可以使窗户离开传统的基层墙体(基层墙体指砌筑的墙体或混凝土墙体或预制板的墙体,基层墙体是位于保温层1-1-3内侧的墙体,即基层墙体不包括保温层1-1-3),从而增加室外冷点到室内基层墙体的距离,增加窗口周边热阻。因此这种构造更科学,不仅施工安装方便且节能保温效果远远高于图6的窗口构造。由于减少了窗口周边流失的热量,就可用普通密度20kg/m3、厚300mm的苯板,一次安装就行,可降低保温材料造价约100元/m2,还降低安装的人工费用,且不发生长途运输购买可以相互插接、有燕尾式凹槽、密度30kg/m3高价EPS板的费用。When the wall 1-1 is an energy-saving thermal insulation wall, the window 4 is mounted on the side window protective layer 8-1 of the door window, so that the window can be separated from the traditional base wall (the base wall refers to the wall or concrete of the masonry) Wall or prefabricated wall, the base wall is the wall inside the insulation layer 1-1-3, that is, the base wall does not include the insulation layer 1-1-3), thereby increasing the outdoor cold spot to the indoor base wall The distance of the body increases the thermal resistance around the window. Therefore, the structure is more scientific, and not only the construction and installation are convenient, but also the energy-saving and heat-insulating effect is much higher than the window structure of FIG. Since the heat loss around the window is reduced, a benzene plate having a normal density of 20 kg/m 3 and a thickness of 300 mm can be used for one installation, which can reduce the cost of the heat insulating material by about 100 yuan/m 2 , and also reduce the labor cost of the installation, and does not occur. Long-distance transportation purchases can be inserted into each other, with dovetail grooves, and a high-density EPS board with a density of 30kg/m 3 .
在被动式节能房中保温层较厚时,薄抹灰保温墙体的窗户才能移到洞口外,但窗户还离不开基层墙体,仅仅减少窗口热桥约50%,在保温层较薄时,窗户就不能移到洞口外;而本实施方式的门窗口构造,在保温层较薄时,也可以把窗户移到墙体1-1 外侧,大幅度减少窗口热桥。In the passive energy-saving room, when the insulation layer is thick, the window of the thin plaster insulation wall can be moved outside the hole, but the window can not be separated from the base wall, only about 50% of the window heat bridge is reduced, when the insulation layer is thinner. The window cannot be moved outside the hole; and the door window structure of the embodiment can also move the window to the wall 1-1 when the insulation layer is thin. On the outside, the window thermal bridge is greatly reduced.
附表2是保温层EPS板厚度为表中所列五种厚度时,本发明的墙体平均传热系数参考表:1)、EPS板厚度不大于120mm,窗户外侧与薄钢板7外角的距离不大于60mm;2)、EPS板厚度120~150mm之间时,窗户外侧与薄钢板7外角的距离不大于80mm;3)、保温层EPS板厚度不小于150mm时,窗户外侧与薄钢板7外角的距离不大于100mm。 Schedule 2 is the insulation board EPS board thickness is the five thicknesses listed in the table, the reference wall of the average heat transfer coefficient of the present invention: 1), the thickness of the EPS board is not more than 120mm, the distance between the outside of the window and the outer corner of the thin steel sheet 7 2), when the thickness of the EPS board is between 120 and 150 mm, the distance between the outer side of the window and the outer corner of the thin steel plate 7 is not more than 80 mm; 3) when the thickness of the insulating layer EPS board is not less than 150 mm, the outer side of the window and the outer corner of the thin steel plate 7 The distance is no more than 100mm.
将附表1与附表2数据对比可知,EPS板厚度大于150mm时,门窗口采取图6的隔热断桥构造,只约减少50%的传热,但仍然是本发明门窗口热桥的5~10倍。Comparing the data of Schedule 1 and Schedule 2, it can be seen that when the thickness of the EPS board is greater than 150 mm, the door window adopts the thermal insulation bridge structure of Fig. 6, which only reduces the heat transfer by about 50%, but is still the thermal bridge of the door window of the present invention. 5 to 10 times.
附表2墙体平均传热系数参考表w/m2.k Schedule 2 Wall average heat transfer coefficient reference table w/m 2 .k
Figure PCTCN2015000934-appb-000002
Figure PCTCN2015000934-appb-000002
4)结构安全性好4) Good structural safety
水泥纤维板或硅酸钙板或菱镁板有较高强度,安装上述预制板材作为门窗口侧边保护层,再采取其它辅助措施,如在垂直和水平的门窗口侧边保护层的接缝处安装直角形镀锌薄壁钢板,将其相互连接,可增加门窗口强度和刚度,增加转角处的抗拉能力,避免地震时窗口处墙体沿着斜角破坏。此构造尤其对砌筑墙体很重要。Cement fiberboard or calcium silicate board or magnesite board has higher strength. Install the above prefabricated board as the side protection layer of the door window, and then take other auxiliary measures, such as the seam of the protective layer on the side of the vertical and horizontal door windows. Install right-angled galvanized thin-walled steel plates and connect them to each other to increase the strength and rigidity of the door window, increase the tensile strength at the corners, and avoid wall-to-edge damage at the window. This construction is especially important for masonry walls.
本实施方式因有预制板材作为门窗口侧边保护层8-1,就可以把窗台局部受力通过预制板材保护层传到相邻其它位置,受力安全,人的脚就可以踏在外窗台上了。即实施方式一的构造同时具有隔热断桥增加保温、防火、防水及结构安全的作用,且实施方式一的构造更方便灵活地安装窗户。In the embodiment, since the prefabricated sheet material is used as the side window side protective layer 8-1, the partial force of the window sill can be transmitted to the adjacent other position through the prefabricated sheet protective layer, and the force is safe, and the human foot can be stepped on the outer window sill. It is. That is, the structure of the first embodiment has the function of heat-insulating bridge to increase heat insulation, fireproof, waterproof and structural safety, and the structure of the first embodiment is more convenient and flexible to install the window.
水泥聚合物砂浆薄抹灰保护层与抹灰层的不同点在于:抹灰层较厚,如钢丝网架水泥夹芯板的外部水泥砂浆抹灰层,一般厚度不小于25mm,水泥聚合物砂浆薄抹灰保护层较薄,厚度约3~10mm,水泥聚合物砂浆薄抹灰保护层内有高分子胶粘剂和玻 纤网格布,用于与难以粘结的材料表面抹灰,以及用于防止开裂的面层抹灰。The difference between the cement polymer mortar thin plaster protective layer and the plaster layer is that the plaster layer is thicker, such as the outer cement mortar layer of the steel mesh cement sandwich panel, generally having a thickness of not less than 25 mm, cement polymer mortar The thin plaster protection layer is thin, the thickness is about 3~10mm, and the polymer polymer mortar has a polymer adhesive and glass in the thin plaster protective layer. A fiber mesh for plastering the surface of materials that are difficult to bond, as well as for the surface layer to prevent cracking.
现在水泥纤维板或硅酸钙板主要应用到装饰上,或者作为现浇混凝土的模板,而没有想到可以用在门窗口构造上。Cement fiberboard or calcium silicate boards are now mainly used for decoration, or as a formwork for cast-in-place concrete, and are not thought to be used in door window construction.
实施方式二:见图1~图4、图7~图9,本实施方式与实施方式一的不同点是,本实施方式增加安装室外门窗口周边保温线条9,或/和增加安装室内门窗口侧边保温层3-1、室内门窗口侧边保护层8-2;Embodiment 2: As shown in FIG. 1 to FIG. 4 and FIG. 7 to FIG. 9 , the difference between the present embodiment and the first embodiment is that the present embodiment increases the insulation line 9 around the outdoor door window, or/and increases the installation of the indoor door window. Side insulation layer 3-1, interior door window side protection layer 8-2;
所述室外门窗口周边保温条9为有预制板材保护层的预制保温板薄条(即安装有预制板材保护层的预制保温板薄条),或先安装保温薄板再安装预制板材保护层,预制保温板薄条可用门窗口侧边保护层8-1中的材料与保温材料组合形成;或室外门窗口周边保温条为薄抹灰保温线条;The heat insulation strip 9 around the outdoor door window is a prefabricated heat insulation board strip with a prefabricated sheet protection layer (ie, a prefabricated insulation board strip with a prefabricated sheet protection layer), or a thermal insulation sheet is first installed and a prefabricated sheet protection layer is installed, prefabricated. The heat insulation board strip can be formed by combining the material in the side window protective layer 8-1 of the door window and the heat insulating material; or the heat insulation strip around the outdoor door window is a thin plaster insulation line;
所述室内门窗口侧边保护层8-2为预制板材保护层,所述预制板材为硅酸钙板或水泥纤维板或为菱镁板,或为与上述板材具有相近性能的其它预制板材,或预制板材为木质板材或塑料板材。The indoor door window side protection layer 8-2 is a prefabricated sheet protection layer, and the prefabricated board is a calcium silicate board or a cement fiber board or a magnesite board, or other prefabricated board having similar properties to the above board, or Prefabricated panels are wood or plastic.
室内门窗口侧边保护层8-2为木质板材或塑料板材时,就将室内装饰与窗口保温工程统一起来了,虽然防火不好,但只要保证火灾不蔓延也符合要求。When the side door side protection layer 8-2 is a wooden board or a plastic sheet, the interior decoration and the window insulation project are unified. Although the fire prevention is not good, it is also required to ensure that the fire does not spread.
本实施方式在节能保温墙体室外门窗口侧边安装室外门窗口周边保温线条9,可采用粘贴安装或粘贴加锚栓安装的方法。In the embodiment, the heat insulation line 9 around the outdoor door window is installed on the side of the outdoor door window of the energy-saving heat insulation wall, and the method of attaching or pasting and anchoring the anchor can be used.
本实施方式安装室内门窗口侧边保温层3-1、室内门窗口侧边保护层8-2时,可先将室内门窗口侧边保温层3-1与室内门窗口侧边保护层8-2粘结复合,形成预制保温薄板,然后将预制保温薄板装配式安装到室内门窗口侧边;或先粘贴安装室内窗口侧边保温层3-1,再粘贴安装室内窗口侧边保护层8-2。In the embodiment, when the indoor door window side insulation layer 3-1 and the indoor door window side protection layer 8-2 are installed, the indoor door window side insulation layer 3-1 and the indoor door window side protection layer 8 may be firstly- 2 Bonding and compounding to form a prefabricated thermal insulation sheet, and then assembling the prefabricated thermal insulation sheet to the side of the indoor door window; or first attaching and installing the indoor window side insulation layer 3-1, and then pasting and installing the indoor window side protection layer 8- 2.
本实施方式安装室外门窗口周边保温条9,可进一步增加室内基层墙体窗口处距离室外冷点的距离,还可减少门窗口侧边保护层8-1增加的传热。In the embodiment, the surrounding heat insulating strip 9 of the outdoor door window is installed, which can further increase the distance from the outdoor cold spot in the indoor base wall window, and can also reduce the heat transfer increased by the side window protective layer 8-1 of the door window.
安装后再在室外门窗口周围进行防水密封。After installation, waterproof seal around the outdoor door window.
实施方式一已经大幅度减小了窗口的热桥,再采用本实施方式进一步提升门窗口隔热断桥效果,即不发生附表2中第6项的数值,否则墙体平均传热系数应为附表2中第5项与第6项之和。并且室外门窗口周边保温条9可同时作为门窗口装饰,一举两得。In the first embodiment, the thermal bridge of the window has been greatly reduced, and the embodiment is further used to further improve the effect of the heat insulation of the door window, that is, the value of the sixth item in the second table does not occur, otherwise the average heat transfer coefficient of the wall should be It is the sum of items 5 and 6 in Schedule 2. And the outdoor door window insulation bar 9 can be decorated as a door window at the same time, killing two birds with one stone.
本实施方式解决的问题和作用:The problems and effects solved by this embodiment:
本实施方式可增加窗口周边热阻,减少窗口周边流失的热量。附表2数据不包括安装室内门窗口侧边保温层3-1对保温有利的数据;实施方式二还增加窗户型材的热阻,使位于室内窗口侧边保温层断面局部位置的门窗型材传热系数可与墙体相同。因为窗户的传热系数是墙体的数倍,降低窗户型材的平均传热系数,节能意义很大。This embodiment can increase the thermal resistance around the window and reduce the heat loss around the window. The data in Schedule 2 does not include the data for the insulation of the side insulation layer 3-1 of the interior door window; the second embodiment also increases the thermal resistance of the window profile to heat the door and window profiles located at the local position of the insulation layer on the side of the indoor window. The coefficient can be the same as the wall. Because the heat transfer coefficient of the window is several times that of the wall, reducing the average heat transfer coefficient of the window profile is significant.
实施方式三:本实施方式与实施方式一或二的不同点是,所述安装门窗口侧边保护层8-1,或安装室外门窗口周边保温线条9,或安装室内门窗口侧边保温层3-1、或 安装室内门窗口侧边保护层8-2为干法安装;所述干法安装是在相互粘结面上直接涂刷胶粘剂粘结,或/和用自攻螺钉或钢钉、或托克斯钉等锚固件连接。例如:Embodiment 3: The difference between this embodiment and the first or second embodiment is that the side window protection layer 8-1 of the door window is installed, or the insulation line 9 around the outdoor door window is installed, or the side insulation layer of the interior door window is installed. 3-1, or The interior door window side protection layer 8-2 is installed for dry installation; the dry installation is to directly apply adhesive bonding on the mutual bonding surface, or/and use self-tapping screws or steel nails, or tokes Nail and other anchor connections. E.g:
1)在墙体1-1的门窗口侧边涂刷合成树脂胶粘剂,把墙体1-1与门窗口侧边保护层8-1相互粘结,或还用钢钉或其它锚栓将墙体1-1与门窗口侧边保护层8-1连接。1) Apply a synthetic resin adhesive to the side of the door window of the wall 1-1, and bond the wall 1-1 to the side window side protective layer 8-1, or use a steel nail or other anchor to wall The body 1-1 is connected to the door window side protective layer 8-1.
2)直接在水泥纤维板或硅酸钙板或菱镁板的预制板材上涂刷合成胶粘剂,把保温层与其粘结,或/和在保温层上涂刷合成树脂胶粘剂,把预制板材与保温层粘结,形成室外门窗口周边保温线条9。2) Apply synthetic adhesive directly on the prefabricated board of cement fiberboard or calcium silicate board or magnesite board, bond the insulation layer, or/and apply synthetic resin adhesive on the insulation layer, and prefabricated board and insulation layer Bonding, forming the insulation line around the window of the outdoor door.
3)在室外门窗口周边装温条9上或/和窗口周边粘结位置上,涂刷胶粘剂,将室外窗口周边装饰保温条9粘贴在室外门窗洞口周围,还可加上钢钉、自攻螺钉或托克斯钉等锚栓固定,既加强了洞口室外保温又装饰了门窗洞口。3) Apply adhesive on the temperature bar 9 around the outdoor door window or / and the bonding position around the window, paste the decorative insulation strip around the outdoor window around the hole of the outdoor door and window, and add steel nails and self-tapping. Anchors such as screws or toke nails are used to strengthen the outdoor insulation of the openings and to decorate the door and window openings.
4)将室内门窗口侧边保护层8-1与保温层粘结,将室内门窗口侧边保护层8-1与墙体连接、与薄钢板的连接,以及安装室内门窗口侧边保温层、室内门窗口侧边保护层都采用干法安装,即涂刷合成树脂胶粘剂粘接或/和用锚栓连接。4) Bonding the indoor door window side protection layer 8-1 to the heat insulation layer, connecting the indoor door window side protection layer 8-1 to the wall, connecting with the steel sheet, and installing the interior door window side insulation layer The inner side window side protective layer is dry-mounted, that is, coated with a synthetic resin adhesive or/and connected with an anchor.
干法安装时没有洞口周围抹灰湿作业,包括没有水泥砂浆抹灰或水泥聚合物砂浆抹灰的湿作业,干法安装速度快,施工现场干净,符合装配式方向。During the dry installation, there is no wet work around the hole, including wet work without cement mortar or cement polymer mortar. The dry installation speed is fast, the construction site is clean, and the assembly direction is met.
推荐室外门窗口周边保温条9的外保护层、室内门窗口侧边保护层8-2均采用预制板材保护层,比目前室外用薄抹灰保温装饰线条防火好、耐久性好。It is recommended that the outer protective layer of the outer door window 9 and the outer side of the indoor door window 8-2 be prefabricated with a protective layer of the prefabricated sheet, which is better than the outdoor thin plastering decorative line and has good durability.
实施方式三与已公开技术的关键区别技术特征在于:本发明的干法安装是目前节能保温墙体门窗口构造施工工艺中没有的,也不是显而易见的。The key difference between the third embodiment and the disclosed technology is that the dry installation of the present invention is not present in the construction process of the energy-saving and heat-insulating wall door window structure, and is not obvious.
本专利申请人对墙体技术进行了13年多的不懈研究,学习了多专业知识,利用结构专业、建筑技术、建筑物理、建筑热工专业的多学科知识,了解化学胶粘剂有关知识,选用耐久性好、便于施工的胶粘剂,并掌握多种建筑材料性能,按着系统工程的思路,发挥不同材料的优点,避免其缺点,优化墙体构造,包括提出本发明的窗口构造,及提出实施方式三的干法安装的施工工艺。The patent applicant has carried out unremitting research on wall technology for more than 13 years, and has studied multi-professional knowledge, using multidisciplinary knowledge of structural specialty, building technology, building physics, and building thermal engineering to understand the knowledge of chemical adhesives and select durability. Good adhesion, easy to apply adhesive, and master the performance of a variety of building materials, according to the system engineering ideas, to take advantage of different materials, to avoid its shortcomings, optimize the wall structure, including the proposed window structure of the present invention, and propose implementation Three dry installation construction techniques.
为何其他建筑专业人士没有提出本实施方式呢?Why are other construction professionals not proposing this embodiment?
本实施方式既需要对化工胶粘剂有一定了解,需选用适当的胶粘剂品种,还要知道建筑业需要解决的诸多问题,两个领域之间形成了一个巨大的鸿沟,难以跨越。因为不懂胶粘剂有关知识,就提不出干法安装的施工工艺。This embodiment requires a certain understanding of chemical adhesives, the selection of appropriate adhesive types, and the many problems that the construction industry needs to solve. A huge gap has been formed between the two fields, which is difficult to cross. Because I don't understand the knowledge about adhesives, I can't mention the construction process of dry installation.
胶粘剂应满足所需的弹性、粘结强度、耐久性的要求。例如河南鲁山养老院失火导致38人死亡。本专利申请人认为:不仅因为保温材料是易燃材料,还因为钢板与保温层之间粘结失效相互脱离,进入了空气,因为在没有空气时也不会燃烧发生轰燃,使整个房子着火。目前钢板与保温层粘结的胶粘剂是聚氨酯胶粘剂,聚氨酯胶粘剂不耐老化,时间长了保温层与铁皮脱离进入空气。一旦电路老化有电火花时,点燃保温材料并因烟囱效应,使得彩色保温钢板的房屋瞬间轰燃无法救助。因此节能保温墙体选用的胶粘剂品种很重要。目前建筑行业因不懂胶粘剂,未对胶粘剂品种作出规定。 The adhesive should meet the required elasticity, bond strength and durability requirements. For example, a fire in the Lushan nursing home in Henan Province killed 38 people. The applicant of this patent believes that not only because the thermal insulation material is a flammable material, but also because the bonding failure between the steel plate and the thermal insulation layer is separated from each other and enters the air, because there is no burning and no flashing in the absence of air, so that the entire house is on fire. . At present, the adhesive bonding between the steel plate and the thermal insulation layer is a polyurethane adhesive, and the polyurethane adhesive is not resistant to aging, and the insulation layer and the iron skin are separated from the air for a long time. Once the circuit is aged with sparks, the insulation material is ignited and due to the chimney effect, the house of the color insulation steel plate can not be rescued in an instant. Therefore, the type of adhesive selected for the energy-saving insulation wall is very important. At present, the construction industry does not understand the adhesive, and does not stipulate the type of adhesive.
多年来本专利申请人请教网上化工在线的专家、胶粘剂厂家技术人员,懂得一点胶粘剂的知识。推荐选用满足使用要求的聚丙烯酸酯乳液,用量少,方便涂刷粘结,价格低、耐久性、耐水性均好。位于不受紫外线照射条件下的聚丙烯酸酯乳液耐久年限可超过50年,选用适当品种的聚丙烯酸酯乳液可适应绝大多数地区室外低温下的弹性要求。且粘结固化快,固化时间可调整,满足可操作时间要求。其它品种胶粘剂虽然也可以粘贴,有的施工操作不方便,有的耐久性不好,有的价格高等。且聚丙烯酸酯乳液本身就是防水材料,干法施工时用聚丙烯酸酯乳液又增加窗口防水性能。新胶粘剂品种不断涌现,可能还有其它符合要求品种的胶粘剂。For many years, this patent applicant has consulted online chemical online experts and adhesive manufacturer technicians to understand the knowledge of adhesives. It is recommended to use a polyacrylate emulsion that meets the requirements of use. It has a small amount and is easy to apply and bond. The price is low, durability and water resistance are good. The durability of polyacrylate emulsions under UV-free conditions can exceed 50 years. The proper variety of polyacrylate emulsions can be used to meet the elastic requirements of outdoor low temperatures in most areas. And the bonding cures quickly, the curing time can be adjusted to meet the operational time requirement. Other types of adhesives can also be pasted, some construction operations are inconvenient, some have poor durability, and some have high prices. Moreover, the polyacrylate emulsion itself is a waterproof material, and the polyacrylate emulsion is used for dry construction to increase the waterproof property of the window. New types of adhesives are emerging and there may be other adhesives that meet the requirements.
实施方式四:见图10、图11,本实施方式的一种墙体门窗口构造,它是由门窗口1、门窗口侧边保护层8-1、抗拉的网5组成;Embodiment 4: FIG. 10 and FIG. 11 show a wall door window structure of the present embodiment, which is composed of a door window 1, a door window side protection layer 8-1, and a tensile net 5;
所述门窗口1为在墙体1-1上设置的门窗洞口,见图9;所述墙体1-1为各种墙体,如砌筑墙体(包括承重砌筑墙体或非承重砌筑墙体)、混凝土墙,以及各种装配式墙体:包括轻型装配式墙体、重型装配式墙体,或为各种节能保温墙体。即墙体1-1可以为不安装保温层的传统墙体,或墙体1-1为安装保温层1-1-3后的节能保温墙体;墙体1-1的外部通常有外部保护层1-8,如为抹灰保护层,见图1;或节能保温墙体的外部保护层1-8为外叶砌体或外叶混凝土,见图2;或外部保护层1-8为预制板材保护层,见图3、图4;或外部保护层1-8为聚合物砂浆薄抹灰保护层,见图5;或墙体1-1为其它新型材料组成的墙体;The door window 1 is a door and window opening provided on the wall 1-1, as shown in FIG. 9; the wall 1-1 is a wall, such as a masonry wall (including a load-bearing masonry wall or non-load-bearing) Masonry walls, concrete walls, and various fabricated walls: including lightweight assembled walls, heavy-duty fabricated walls, or various energy-saving insulation walls. That is, the wall 1-1 may be a traditional wall without an insulation layer, or the wall 1-1 is an energy-saving thermal insulation wall after the insulation layer 1-1-3 is installed; the exterior of the wall 1-1 usually has external protection Layer 1-8, such as plastering protection layer, see Figure 1; or outer protective layer 1-8 of energy-saving insulation wall is outer leaf masonry or outer leaf concrete, see Figure 2; or outer protective layer 1-8 is The prefabricated sheet protective layer, see Fig. 3 and Fig. 4; or the outer protective layer 1-8 is a polymer mortar thin plaster protective layer, see Fig. 5; or the wall 1-1 is a wall composed of other novel materials;
所述门窗口侧边保护层8-1为抹灰保护层,门窗口侧边保护层8-1与门窗口1侧边连接;所述抹灰保护层内有抗拉的网5;所述抗拉的网5为耐碱玻纤网、玄武岩纤维网、金属网或其它高强网;在门窗口1侧边抹灰层内有抗拉的网5;The door window side protection layer 8-1 is a plaster protection layer, and the door window side protection layer 8-1 is connected to the side of the door window 1; the plaster protection layer has a tensile net 5 therein; The tensile resistant net 5 is an alkali-resistant glass fiber mesh, a basalt fiber mesh, a metal mesh or other high-strength mesh; a tensile net 5 is present in the plaster layer on the side of the door window 1;
将窗户4安装到门窗口侧边保护层8-1上,或将窗户4安装到门窗口1的墙体1-1上,如用连接钢片4-1将窗户4与墙体1-1或与门窗口侧边保护层8-1连接,或用连接钢片4-1将窗户4与墙体1-1以及门窗口侧边保护层8-1交错连接。Mount the window 4 to the side window side protection layer 8-1, or install the window 4 to the wall 1-1 of the door window 1, such as the window 4 and the wall 1-1 by connecting the steel sheets 4-1. Or connected to the door window side protective layer 8-1, or the connecting window 4-1 to the wall 1-1 and the door window side protective layer 8-1.
因为抹灰层导热系数较高,本实施方式对采暖地区不适宜。但是对非采暖地区或对建筑节能要求不高的建筑可以采用,因为本实施方式的抹灰层内有抗拉的网5,在窗口转角处将抗拉的网5连为一体,对加强窗口有利,地震时不易沿着窗口四角发生斜裂缝破坏,同样具有结构安全性好的作用。特别是现在有玄武岩纤维三维网架,其受力性能更好,可将厚度10mm的玄武岩纤维三维网架安装在窗口侧边进行抹灰。Since the plaster layer has a high thermal conductivity, the present embodiment is not suitable for a heating area. However, for non-heating areas or buildings that do not require high energy-saving buildings, the plaster layer of the present embodiment has a tensile net 5, and the tensile net 5 is integrated at the corner of the window to strengthen the window. Advantageously, it is not easy to cause oblique crack damage along the four corners of the window during an earthquake, and also has a good structural safety. In particular, there is now a three-dimensional grid of basalt fiber, which has better mechanical performance. A three-dimensional grid of basalt fiber with a thickness of 10 mm can be installed on the side of the window for plastering.
本实施方式另一个缺点是现场抹灰湿作业多。在不方便选用预制板材时,可用本实施方式加强窗口,安装窗户后可在室内外窗口安装保温薄板或周边抹灰、防水密封。Another disadvantage of this embodiment is that there are many wet work in the field. When it is inconvenient to select prefabricated panels, the window can be reinforced by this embodiment, and after installing the window, a heat insulating sheet or a peripheral plastering or waterproof sealing can be installed in the indoor and outdoor windows.
本实施方式与已公开技术的关键区别技术特征在于:The key distinguishing features of this embodiment and the disclosed technology are:
本实施方式对抗震有利。但是目前在标准图集和工程实践中,没有本实施方式的这种墙体门窗口构造的规定,没有人想到在窗口四周抹灰层内安装抗拉的网增加窗口抵御破坏的能力。这说明实施方式四是现有技术所没有的,也不是显而易见的。 This embodiment is advantageous for earthquake resistance. However, in the current standard atlas and engineering practice, there is no such structure as the wall door window structure of the present embodiment, and no one has thought of installing a tensile net in the plaster layer around the window to increase the ability of the window to resist damage. This shows that the fourth embodiment is not available in the prior art and is not obvious.

Claims (5)

  1. 一种墙体门窗口构造,它包括门窗口,A wall door window structure, which includes a door window,
    其特征在于,它还包括门窗口侧边保护层;The utility model is characterized in that it further comprises a protective layer on the side of the door window;
    所述门窗口为在墙体上设置的门窗洞口;所述门窗口侧边保护层为预制板材保护层;所述预制板材保护层为水泥纤维板或硅酸钙板或菱镁板,或预制板材保护层为与上述板材具有相近性能的其它预制板材;The door window is a door and window opening provided on the wall; the side window protective layer of the door window is a prefabricated sheet protective layer; the prefabricated sheet protective layer is a cement fiber board or a calcium silicate board or a magnesite board, or a prefabricated board The protective layer is other prefabricated sheets having similar properties to the above-mentioned sheets;
    将门窗口侧边保护层安装在门窗口的侧边,门窗口侧边保护层与门窗口连接;将窗户安装到门窗口侧边保护层上,或将窗户安装到门窗口的墙体上。The side window side protection layer is mounted on the side of the door window, and the side window side protection layer is connected to the door window; the window is mounted to the side window side protection layer, or the window is mounted to the door window wall.
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的一种墙体门窗口构造,A wall door window structure according to claim 1,
    其特征在于,它还包括安装室外门窗口周边保温线条,或/和还包括安装室内门窗口侧边保温层、室内门窗口侧边保护层;The utility model is characterized in that it further comprises installing an insulation line around the window of the outdoor door, or/and further comprising installing a side insulation layer of the interior door window and a side protection layer of the interior door window;
    所述室外门窗口周边保温线条为有预制板材保护层的预制保温板薄条,或为薄抹灰保温线条;The insulation line around the outdoor door window is a prefabricated insulation board strip with a prefabricated sheet protection layer, or a thin plaster insulation line;
    所述室内门窗口侧边保护层为预制板材保护层,所述预制板材为硅酸钙板或水泥纤维板或为菱镁板,或为与上述板材具有相近性能的其它预制板材,或为木质板材或塑料板材。The side protection layer of the indoor door window is a prefabricated sheet protection layer, and the prefabricated board is a calcium silicate board or a cement fiber board or a magnesite board, or other prefabricated board having similar properties to the above board, or a wood board Or plastic sheet.
  3. 根据权利要求1所述的一种墙体门窗口构造,A wall door window structure according to claim 1,
    其特征在于,所述安装门窗口侧边保护层,或安装室外门窗口周边保温线条,或安装室内门窗口侧边保温层、安装室内门窗口侧边保护层为干法安装。The utility model is characterized in that the side protection layer of the door window is installed, or the insulation line around the outdoor door window is installed, or the side insulation layer of the interior door window is installed, and the side protection layer of the installation interior door window is dry installation.
  4. 根据权利要求2所述的一种墙体门窗口构造,A wall door window construction according to claim 2,
    其特征在于,所述安装门窗口侧边保护层,或安装室外门窗口周边保温线条,或安装室内门窗口侧边保温层、安装室内门窗口侧边保护层为干法安装。The utility model is characterized in that the side protection layer of the door window is installed, or the insulation line around the outdoor door window is installed, or the side insulation layer of the interior door window is installed, and the side protection layer of the installation interior door window is dry installation.
  5. 一种墙体门窗口构造,它包括门窗口、门窗口侧边保护层;A wall door window structure comprising a door window and a side window protective layer;
    其特征在于,它还包括抗拉的网;Characterized in that it also includes a tensile net;
    所述门窗口为在墙体上设置的门窗洞口;所述门窗口侧边保护层为抹灰保护层,门窗口侧边保护层与门窗口侧边连接;所述抹灰保护层内有抗拉的网;The door window is a door and window opening provided on the wall; the side window protection layer of the door window is a plaster protection layer, and the side window side protection layer is connected with the side of the door window; the plaster protection layer has resistance Pulled net
    在门窗口侧边抹灰层内夹入抗拉的网;将窗户安装到门窗口侧边保护层上,或将窗户安装到门窗口的墙体上。 A tensile net is sandwiched in the plaster layer on the side of the door window; the window is mounted to the side of the door window or the window is mounted to the wall of the door window.
PCT/CN2015/000934 2015-01-03 2015-12-28 Door/window opening structure of wall WO2016106769A1 (en)

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