WO2016062224A1 - Integrated column-equipped heat insulation wallboard, manufacturing and building processes and corollary equipment thereof - Google Patents

Integrated column-equipped heat insulation wallboard, manufacturing and building processes and corollary equipment thereof Download PDF

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WO2016062224A1
WO2016062224A1 PCT/CN2015/092150 CN2015092150W WO2016062224A1 WO 2016062224 A1 WO2016062224 A1 WO 2016062224A1 CN 2015092150 W CN2015092150 W CN 2015092150W WO 2016062224 A1 WO2016062224 A1 WO 2016062224A1
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column
steel
concrete
integral
panel
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PCT/CN2015/092150
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
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张领然
张前
李俊强
马兆龙
徐科化
张利敏
张利宁
张利振
张利静
王新萍
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张领然
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Priority to CN201410587827.7A priority Critical patent/CN104405062A/en
Priority to CN201410587827.7 priority
Application filed by 张领然 filed Critical 张领然
Publication of WO2016062224A1 publication Critical patent/WO2016062224A1/en

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/56Load-bearing walls of framework or pillarwork; Walls incorporating load-bearing elongated members
    • E04B2/64Load-bearing walls of framework or pillarwork; Walls incorporating load-bearing elongated members with elongated members of concrete
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/02Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials
    • E04C2/26Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups
    • E04C2/284Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups at least one of the materials being insulating
    • E04C2/288Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups at least one of the materials being insulating composed of insulating material and concrete, stone or stone-like material
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G21/00Preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ; Other devices or measures for constructional work
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G21/00Preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ; Other devices or measures for constructional work
    • E04G21/14Conveying or assembling building elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G21/00Preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ; Other devices or measures for constructional work
    • E04G21/14Conveying or assembling building elements
    • E04G21/16Tools or apparatus

Abstract

An integrated column-equipped heat insulation wallboard, the upper surface layer and the lower surface layer of the wallboard are concrete layers (10), the wallboard has a glass fiber network (5) and a reinforcement network (6) inside. And the middle layer of the wallboard is an insulating layer (11). Two reinforcement networks (6) are connected by oblique cutting reinforcements passing through the insulating layer (11). Grooves (4) of wallboard and reinforcement splices (3) are provided on the four sides of the wallboard. In process of manufacturing the wallboard, firstly, pillar reinforcing cages and reinforcement networks of the integrated column-equipped heat insulation wallboard are manufactured respectively, and are connected by reinforcements; secondly, the lower concrete layer (10), the insulating layer (11) and the upper concrete layer (10) are manufactured in sequence. The integrated column-equipped heat insulation wallboard and the manufacturing and building process thereof have a simple process. Furthermore, materials and energy can be saved.

Description

整体带柱保温墙板和生产建筑工艺及相配套的设备Integral column insulation wall board and production building technology and matching equipment 技术领域Technical field
本发明涉及墙材生产和建筑工艺,特别涉及整体带柱保温墙板及生产建筑工艺。The invention relates to the production and construction process of wall materials, in particular to the overall column wall insulation wall board and the production building process.
背景技术Background technique
现在建筑中,不论是砖混结构、框架结构还是墙板结构,都采用浇注梁、柱的工艺,这种工艺在施工中有以下缺点:1、需要大量的模板、支木和材料。2、费工费时,工艺复杂,制约工期。Nowadays, in the building, whether it is brick-concrete structure, frame structure or wallboard structure, the process of pouring beam and column is adopted. This process has the following disadvantages in construction: 1. A large number of templates, branches and materials are needed. 2, labor time, complex process, and restrict the construction period.
发明内容Summary of the invention
本发明为了克服现在建筑中立柱、支模、浇注等复杂工艺,特提出了整体带柱保温墙板及生产工艺和建筑工艺。In order to overcome the complicated processes such as the pillars, the supporting molds and the pouring in the building, the present invention proposes an integral column-insulated wall panel, a production process and a building process.
本发明是这样实现的:首先,在生产时,分别做好柱子钢筋笼,整体保温墙板钢筋网架,把二者用钢筋连接,留有间隙。当摊抹扳机在地面挡板框内把底层混凝土铺好后,把结合在一起的钢筋笼和钢筋网架放在混凝土上,并把底面钢筋笼、钢筋网架下部振入混凝土内,之后,做保温层时,在钢筋笼与钢筋网架间隙放上隔板,把保温材料,如发泡水泥、泡沫颗粒浆料按一定厚度灌入钢筋网架内,不得流入柱子钢筋笼内,待保温层凝固后,取出钢筋笼与钢筋网架间的隔板,如果用水泥薄板做隔板则不需要取出。最后,用摊抹板机摊抹上面混凝土层,若采用钢筋网架聚苯泡沫板等保温板材,在振入底层混凝土后稍凝,可直接上上面混凝土层。做出的整体带柱保温墙板四周露钢筋连接头,周边带凹槽,在柱子的上端和下端的钢筋笼的钢筋要长出混凝土面,柱子的上端和下端的钢筋也可预埋连接螺母。The invention is realized in the following way: First, in the production, the pillar steel cages and the integral heat insulation wall panel steel grids are respectively arranged, and the two are connected by steel bars, leaving a gap. After the spreading trigger lays the bottom concrete in the floor baffle frame, the combined steel cage and steel mesh frame are placed on the concrete, and the bottom steel cage and the lower part of the steel mesh frame are vibrated into the concrete, after that, When making the insulation layer, put a partition on the gap between the steel cage and the steel mesh frame, and inject the insulation material, such as foamed cement and foam particle slurry, into the steel mesh frame according to a certain thickness, and do not flow into the column steel cage, and keep it warm. After the layer is solidified, the partition between the steel cage and the steel mesh frame is taken out. If the cement thin plate is used as the partition, it is not necessary to take it out. Finally, the upper concrete layer is spread by a spreader machine. If a heat-insulating plate such as a steel mesh polystyrene foam board is used, it is slightly condensed after being oscillated into the bottom concrete, and can directly be applied to the upper concrete layer. The whole column-in-wall insulation wall panel is made of exposed steel joints, and the surrounding is grooved. The steel bars of the steel cages at the upper and lower ends of the pillars are made of concrete surface, and the upper and lower ends of the pillars can also be pre-embedded with connecting nuts. .
整体带柱保温墙板与基础、柱连接时可采用悬空浇注连接法、半悬空浇注连接法及钢板焊接连接法:When the integral column wall insulation wall is connected with the foundation and the column, the suspended casting connection method, the semi-suspended casting connection method and the steel plate welding connection method can be used:
1、悬空浇筑连接法:当基础快完工,放上地(过)梁钢筋笼时,在钢筋笼内放入水泥垫块,间距适当,高度同于过梁。整体带柱保温墙板吊到水泥垫块上,摆正位置,固定好支撑调节支架,调整好垂直度,把柱两端钢筋与过梁钢筋笼和底层柱筋焊接、或连接,整体保温墙板上下端钢筋连接头分别与上下过梁钢筋笼焊接,上模板浇注混凝土,进料口要高于过梁高度。若浇注屋顶时,顶面要高出过梁上面、整体带柱保温墙板底面1-2公分。1. Suspended cast connection method: When the foundation is completed quickly and the ground (over) beam reinforcement cage is placed, cement blocks are placed in the reinforcement cage with appropriate spacing and height equal to the lintel. The whole column-insulated wall panel is hung on the cement block, and the position is fixed. The support adjustment bracket is fixed, the verticality is adjusted, and the steel bars at both ends of the column are welded or connected with the lintel reinforcement cage and the bottom pillar reinforcement. The upper and lower end steel bar joints are respectively welded to the upper and lower beam reinforcement cages, and the upper formwork is poured with concrete, and the feed port is higher than the beam height. If the roof is cast, the top surface should be higher than the top of the beam and the bottom of the integral column insulation wall board is 1-2 cm.
2、半悬空浇注法:先浇注除柱筋外的过梁部分、屋面部分,待凝固后抹灰,再吊上整体带柱保温墙板,使整体带柱保温墙板柱筋连接头与基础柱筋焊接或连接,再上模板浇注混凝土,进料口要高于浇注部分。 2. Semi-suspended casting method: firstly cast the lintel part and the roof part except the column ribs, plastering after solidification, and then hoisting the whole column-cold insulation wall board, so that the overall column-cold insulation wall slab joints and foundation The pillars are welded or joined, and then the concrete is poured into the formwork, and the feed port is higher than the pouring part.
3、钢板焊接法:整体带柱保温墙板在生产时也可采用柱的上下端面预埋钢板,在基础安放整体带柱保温墙板处摊抹砂浆灰,整体带柱保温墙板吊上基础,柱下端钢板和基础上预埋钢板对齐,钢板上不能有沙灰,上支撑调节支架,校正、垂直墙板,把柱下端的钢板与基础上的钢板焊接。3. Steel plate welding method: The whole column-insulated wallboard can also be used to pre-embed the steel plate at the upper and lower end faces of the column, and spread the mortar ash at the base with the column-insulated wallboard. The steel plate at the lower end of the column is aligned with the pre-embedded steel plate on the foundation. There should be no sand ash on the steel plate. The upper support adjustment bracket, the correction and vertical wall panel, and the steel plate at the lower end of the column are welded with the steel plate on the foundation.
整体带柱保温墙板,相邻两块墙板的连接可采用直接连接法和45度连接法:The whole column with column insulation wall board, the connection between two adjacent wall boards can be directly connected and 45 degree connection method:
1、直接连接法:整体带柱保温墙板的端面对侧端面,或柱侧端面对柱表面形成一线连接、丁字连接、直角连接,留适当缝隙,用焊铁把各个连接头焊牢,缝隙用细石混凝土填实。1. Direct connection method: the end face opposite end face of the integral column heat insulation wallboard, or the column side end face forms a line connection, a T-joint connection, a right-angle connection on the column surface, leaving a proper gap, and soldering each connector with a soldering iron The gap is filled with fine stone concrete.
2、45度连接法:整体带柱保温墙板房角两块在生产时可做成45度角,建筑安装时合成90度角,形成拐角柱,留适当缝隙,用焊铁把各个连接头焊牢,缝隙注砂石混凝土。2, 45 degree connection method: the whole column with column insulation wall board corner two pieces can be made into a 45 degree angle during production, the construction is assembled at a 90 degree angle, forming a corner post, leaving a proper gap, using the welding iron to connect the joints Welded, cracked gravel concrete.
整体带柱保温墙板安装完工后,现浇顶支模采用过梁穿管支模法:After the installation of the integral column insulation wallboard is completed, the cast-in-place roofing die adopts the lintel pipe-passing method:
过梁穿管支模法:本方法是把过梁两侧模板,按一定高度,现浇顶底面下3公分处(两层模板厚)按一定距离开挖无数个孔,大小能穿过架子管塑料管套为准,把塑料管套经过过梁钢筋笼,把墙两侧模板穿起,然后穿入架子管,架子管向墙外伸出1米,另一端插入对边墙上的过梁模板孔内,在过梁钢筋笼内塑料管套下垫上水泥垫块,用以支撑架子管,架子管在墙内外适当的位置钻孔、插销,固定钢筋笼两侧模板,钢筋笼里侧模板及内墙模板要低于外模板一个现浇顶高度和一个模板厚度,在管子下方加一些支木,在架子管上顺管垫5公分宽模板条,再在板条上铺模板,进行水泥浇注。混凝土凝固后,去支木、板条,插销、抽架子管、去模板、堵管孔。架子管外出1米可做建筑外架和屋檐模板支架。Cross-beam pipe-fitting method: This method is to cut the template on both sides of the beam, according to a certain height, 3 cm below the bottom surface of the cast-in-place roof (two layers of template thickness), excavating a number of holes at a certain distance, the size can pass through the shelf The plastic pipe sleeve shall prevail. Pass the plastic pipe sleeve through the lintel reinforcement cage, put the formwork on both sides of the wall and then insert it into the shelf pipe. The shelf pipe extends 1 meter to the outside of the wall and the other end is inserted into the opposite wall. Inside the beam template hole, the cement pad is placed on the plastic tube sleeve in the lintel cage to support the shelf tube. The shelf tube is drilled and bolted at the proper position inside and outside the wall, and the template on both sides of the reinforcement cage is fixed. The template and interior wall formwork should be lower than the height of a cast-in-place top and a formwork thickness of the outer formwork. Add some branches under the pipe, place a 5 cm wide template strip on the shelf pipe, and then lay the formwork on the slats. Cement pouring. After the concrete has solidified, remove the branches, slats, bolts, pipe racks, template, and pipe holes. The shelf tube can be used as a building frame and eaves formwork bracket by 1 meter.
整体带柱保温墙板经凝固保养,就要进行吊装运输,但起板时因重量大、体积大是不易从场地上搬走的,在墙板上焊吊环费工费时,在制作时预埋吊装件,不但费工费时,在生产时上模具不易操作。为了起墙板吊运方便,特发明了相配套的起板机,起板机有两组横梁,两横梁的一头下面焊有一根竖杠,竖杠高度要超过墙板厚度,在两横梁另一头上面连接一根固定撑,在固定撑外各焊一个吊环,然后把两组横梁按一边一个竖杠交错放置对齐,在两组四根横梁中间焊四个钢管做轴孔,用两根轴插入两组钢管内,在四根横梁上面对角设固定孔和插销两组,四个吊环上连有钢丝绳。当吊墙板时,两竖杠放入墙的两个端面,拔出固定插销,用吊车吊四个吊孔上的钢丝绳,吊环的两头抬起,竖杠的两头就死死卡住墙板端面直至吊起。The whole column-mounted thermal insulation wall board is to be hoisted and transported, but it is difficult to remove from the site due to its heavy weight and large volume. When welding the lifting ring on the wallboard, it costs time to be buried at the time of production. Lifting parts are not only time-consuming, but also difficult to operate on the mold during production. In order to facilitate the lifting of the wall panel, a matching lifting machine has been invented. The lifting machine has two sets of beams, and one of the two beams is welded with a vertical bar below, and the height of the vertical bar is more than the thickness of the wall plate. One fixed connection is connected to one end, one ring is welded to the outside of the fixed support, and then the two sets of beams are arranged alternately on one side of the vertical bar, and four steel pipes are welded in the middle of the two sets of four beams to make the shaft hole, and two shafts are used. Inserted into two sets of steel pipes, two sets of fixing holes and bolts are arranged diagonally on the four beams, and four wire loops are connected to the rings. When hanging the wallboard, put two vertical bars into the two end faces of the wall, pull out the fixed bolts, and use the crane to lift the wire ropes on the four lifting holes. The two ends of the lifting ring are lifted up, and the two ends of the vertical bar are stuck to the wallboard. End face until lifting.
整体带柱保温墙板吊上基础还要垂直校正和固定,特发明了和整体带柱保 温墙板建筑工艺相配套的墙板垂直、校正支撑调节支架,它是由上部∩型卡,∩型卡里边下有固定螺丝,右上部焊有铰链与钢管连接,钢管中下部有调节螺丝,调节螺丝的下部钢管有铰链,并与底座连接,底座下面焊有钢钉。当整体带柱保温墙板吊上基础,∩型卡卡住墙板顶端,螺丝上紧,底座上压重物,用调节螺丝调好垂直度,吊车挂钩方可去掉。The overall column-mounted thermal insulation wall panel is also vertically corrected and fixed on the foundation, specially invented and integrated with pillar protection. The wall panel construction process is matched with the vertical vertical wall and the correction support adjustment bracket. It is composed of the upper ∩ type card, the fixing screw is arranged under the 卡 type card, the upper part is welded with the hinge and the steel pipe is connected, and the middle and lower part of the steel pipe has the adjusting screw. The lower steel pipe of the adjusting screw has a hinge and is connected to the base, and a steel nail is welded under the base. When the whole column is insulated and the wall board is hung on the foundation, the ∩ type card is stuck on the top of the wall panel, the screw is tightened, the weight is pressed on the base, and the verticality is adjusted by the adjusting screw, and the crane hook can be removed.
整体带柱保温墙板及生产建筑工艺有以下作用与特点:The overall column insulation wall board and production building technology have the following functions and features:
1、装配式建筑:整体带柱保温墙板及生产建筑工艺的墙、柱、保温层、饰面层等构件都是在工厂内完成,约占建筑施工量的百分之八十,建一座大楼,可以像在工厂内造汽车那样造房子。1. Prefabricated building: The whole column with column insulation wall board and the wall, column, insulation layer and veneer layer for building construction technology are all completed in the factory, accounting for 80% of the construction volume. The building can be built like a car in a factory.
2、结构、墙体、保温一体化:整体带柱保温墙板及生产建筑工艺,墙体与保温一体化、梁柱与墙体一体化、楼面与梁柱一体化,整个房子就是混凝土浇注的整体,该工艺构成了一个完整的“整体保温墙板建筑体系”。2, structure, wall, insulation integration: the overall column insulation wall board and production building technology, wall and insulation integration, beam column and wall integration, floor and beam and column integration, the entire house is concrete pouring Overall, the process constitutes a complete “integrated insulation wall panel building system”.
3、四节一环保:整体带柱保温墙板及生产建筑工艺省去了建筑中的许多工序,如砌墙施工、粉墙施工、外保温施工、浇柱施工等,能节约很多材料、耗材和工时,能节约大量的电能和水资源;墙体一般厚度为15-20公分,比一般建筑增加了居住面积,建成的房屋整体结构具有抗震防震、隔热保暖、保温层与建筑同寿命、无需维护、舒适度高等特点。在建筑工地基本没有废料、废气、烟尘排放,保护了环境。据估算,每百平方米的建筑物可节约水4吨、电100度,节约水泥10吨,节约工时60个,建筑可减少三分之一的造价,可提前二分之一的工期。3, four sections and one environmental protection: the overall column insulation wall board and production building process saves many processes in the building, such as wall construction, powder wall construction, external insulation construction, pouring column construction, etc., which can save a lot of materials, consumables and Working hours can save a lot of electric energy and water resources; the wall thickness is generally 15-20 cm, which increases the living area compared with the general building. The overall structure of the built house has earthquake-proof and earthquake-proof, heat insulation, insulation and construction life, no need Maintenance and comfort. There are basically no waste, exhaust, and soot emissions on the construction site to protect the environment. It is estimated that every 100 square meters of buildings can save 4 tons of water, electricity 100 degrees, save 10 tons of cement, save 60 hours of work, buildings can reduce the cost of one-third, can be one-half of the construction period.
总之,整体带柱保温墙板及生产建筑工艺可在工厂内产业化生产,在现场装配,能使建筑结构、墙体、保温一体化,使建筑节水、节能、节材和保护环境,是名符其实的绿色建筑之星,在建设美丽中国的伟大事业中,它的推广应用将产生巨大的经济效益与社会效益。In short, the overall column insulation wall board and production building technology can be industrialized in the factory, assembled on site, can integrate the building structure, wall and insulation, make the building water-saving, energy-saving, material saving and environmental protection. The veritable green building star, in the great cause of building beautiful China, its promotion and application will produce huge economic and social benefits.
附图说明DRAWINGS
附图1是整体带柱保温墙板平面立体剖面图:1整体带柱保温墙板,2柱子钢筋笼,3钢筋连接头,4墙板凹槽,5玻璃纤维网,6钢筋网架,7窗口,8门,9出线开关,10混凝土层,11保温层。Figure 1 is a plan sectional view of the overall column-insulated wall panel: 1 integral column insulation wall board, 2 column steel cage, 3 steel joints, 4 wall panel grooves, 5 glass fiber mesh, 6 steel mesh frame, 7 Window, 8 doors, 9 outlet switches, 10 concrete layers, 11 insulation layers.
附图2是墙角两块整体带柱保温墙板连接及和基础连接悬空浇注施工图:图1是整体带柱保温墙板,2柱子钢筋笼,3钢筋连接头,4墙板凹槽,12焊铁,13两块墙板缝隙,14砂石混凝土,15基础,16上下柱筋焊接点,17过梁钢筋笼,18水泥垫块,20横板。Figure 2 is the construction of the two corners of the wall with the column insulation and the connection of the foundation connection: Figure 1 is the overall column insulation wall board, 2 column steel cage, 3 steel joints, 4 wall panel grooves, 12 Welding iron, 13 two wall panel gaps, 14 sand stone concrete, 15 foundations, 16 upper and lower column reinforcement points, 17 lintel reinforcement cages, 18 cement blocks, 20 horizontal plates.
附图3是整体带柱保温墙板与过梁穿管支模施工图:1整体带柱保温墙板, 2柱子钢筋,3钢筋连接头,4墙板凹槽,16上下柱子钢筋焊接点,17过梁钢筋笼,18水泥垫块,19管插销,20模板,21塑料管套,22架子管,23∩型卡,24铰链,25固定螺丝,26调整螺丝,27底座,28钢钉,29重物压体,30支杆。Figure 3 is a construction diagram of the overall column-mounted thermal insulation wall panel and the lintel penetrating pipe formwork: 1 integral column-cold insulation wallboard, 2 pillar steel bars, 3 steel bar joints, 4 wall plate grooves, 16 upper and lower column steel bars, 17 beam steel bars, 18 cement blocks, 19 pipe bolts, 20 templates, 21 plastic sleeves, 22 shelf tubes, 23 ∩ type card, 24 hinges, 25 setscrews, 26 adjustment screws, 27 bases, 28 steel nails, 29 weights, 30 poles.
附图4是整体带柱保温墙板起板机:31钢丝绳,32吊环,33横梁,34竖杠,35轴管,36轴,37固定孔,38固定插销。Figure 4 is the overall column insulation board lifter: 31 wire rope, 32 rings, 33 beams, 34 vertical bars, 35 shaft tubes, 36 shafts, 37 fixing holes, 38 fixed bolts.
实施例Example
如图1所示,一种整体带柱保温墙板,其中包括:墙板两面是混凝土层,内有玻璃纤维网5和钢筋网架6,中间层是保温层11(发泡水泥或聚苯泡沫板等保温材料)斜插钢筋经保温层把两面钢筋网连接成钢筋骨架,门8、窗口7、水、电、出线开关9、气管路一并作出,四周有墙板凹槽4,有钢筋连接头,该工艺的特征在于:整体带柱保温墙板生产时在端面把柱子做出,柱子全混凝土钢筋结构,和墙板相连,形成整体带柱保温墙板。As shown in Fig. 1, an integral column insulated wall panel comprises: a concrete layer on both sides of the wall panel, a glass fiber mesh 5 and a steel mesh frame 6 in the inner layer, and an intermediate layer is an insulating layer 11 (foamed cement or polystyrene) Foam board and other insulation materials) obliquely inserted steel bars through the insulation layer to connect the two sides of the steel mesh into a steel frame, door 8, window 7, water, electricity, outlet switch 9, gas pipeline are made together, surrounded by wall panel groove 4, there are The steel connecting rod, the characteristic of the process is that the whole column with the column heat insulating wall plate is made at the end face, and the column full concrete reinforced structure is connected with the wall plate to form an integral column heat insulating wall plate.
要做整体带柱保温墙板1,先做柱子钢筋笼2,钢筋网架6,把柱子钢筋笼2和钢筋网架6用钢筋连接,留有间隙,在挡板框内用墙板摊抹板机把混凝土10铺在地面上,把柱子钢筋笼2和钢筋网架6放在混凝土10上,并把柱子钢筋笼2和钢筋网架6下部振入混凝土10内。在柱子钢筋笼2和钢筋网架6间隙中放隔板,把发泡水泥或泡沫颗粒浆料按一定高度放入墙板钢筋网架6内,待凝固,保温层11完成,取出隔板,再用墙板摊抹板机摊抹上层混凝土10,凝固保养,整体带柱保温墙板1做成。To do the overall column insulation wall board 1, first make the column steel cage 2, the steel grid 6, the pillar steel cage 2 and the steel grid 6 are connected by steel bars, leaving a gap, using the wall panel in the bezel frame The trigger lays the concrete 10 on the ground, places the pillar reinforcement cage 2 and the reinforcement grid 6 on the concrete 10, and vibrates the pillar reinforcement cage 2 and the lower portion of the reinforcement grid 6 into the concrete 10. Put a partition in the gap between the column steel cage 2 and the steel mesh frame 6, and put the foamed cement or foam particle slurry into the wall steel mesh frame 6 at a certain height, to be solidified, the heat insulation layer 11 is completed, and the partition plate is taken out. Then use the wallboard spreader to spread the upper concrete 10, solidify and maintain, and the whole column is made of column insulation wallboard 1.
整体带柱保温墙板与基础、柱连接时可采用悬空浇注连接法、半悬空浇注连接法及钢板焊接连接法:When the integral column wall insulation wall is connected with the foundation and the column, the suspended casting connection method, the semi-suspended casting connection method and the steel plate welding connection method can be used:
1、悬空浇筑连接法:当基础快完工,放上地(过)梁钢筋笼17时,在过梁钢筋笼17内放入水泥垫块18,间距适当,高度同于过梁。整体带柱保温墙板吊到水泥垫块18上,摆正位置,固定好支撑调节支架,调整好垂直度,把柱两端钢筋与过梁钢筋笼和底层柱筋焊接、或连接,整体保温墙板上下端钢筋连接头分别与上下过梁钢筋笼焊接,上模板浇注混凝土,进料口要高于过梁高度。若浇注屋顶时,顶面要高出过梁上面、整体带柱保温墙板底面1-2公分,如图2所示。1. Suspended cast connection method: When the foundation is completed quickly and placed on the ground (over) beam reinforcement cage 17, the cement block 18 is placed in the lintel reinforcement cage 17, with appropriate spacing and height equal to the lintel. The whole column insulation wall panel is hung on the cement block 18, and the position is fixed, the support adjustment bracket is fixed, the verticality is adjusted, and the steel bars at both ends of the column are welded or connected with the lintel reinforcement cage and the bottom pillar reinforcement, and the whole insulation is performed. The lower end steel bar joints on the wall panel are welded to the upper and lower beam reinforcement cages respectively, and the upper form is cast concrete, and the feed port is higher than the beam height. If the roof is cast, the top surface should be higher than the top of the beam and the bottom of the integral column insulation wall board is 1-2 cm, as shown in Figure 2.
2、半悬空浇注法:先浇注除柱筋外的过梁部分、屋面部分,待凝固后抹灰,再吊上整体带柱保温墙板,使整体带柱保温墙板柱筋连接头与基础柱筋焊接或连接,再上模板浇注混凝土,进料口要高于浇注部分。2. Semi-suspended casting method: firstly cast the lintel part and the roof part except the column ribs, plastering after solidification, and then hoisting the whole column-cold insulation wall board, so that the overall column-cold insulation wall slab joints and foundation The pillars are welded or joined, and then the concrete is poured into the formwork, and the feed port is higher than the pouring part.
3、钢板焊接法:整体带柱保温墙板在生产时也可采用柱的上下端面预埋钢板,在基础安放整体带柱保温墙板处摊抹砂浆灰,整体带柱保温墙板吊上基础,柱下端钢板和基础上预埋钢板对齐,钢板上不能有沙灰,上支撑调节支架,校 正、垂直墙板,把柱下端的钢板与基础上的钢板焊接。3. Steel plate welding method: The whole column-insulated wallboard can also be used to pre-embed the steel plate at the upper and lower end faces of the column, and spread the mortar ash at the base with the column-insulated wallboard. The steel plate at the lower end of the column is aligned with the pre-embedded steel plate on the foundation. There should be no sand ash on the steel plate. The positive and vertical wall panels weld the steel plate at the lower end of the column with the steel plate on the foundation.
整体带柱保温墙板,相邻两块墙板的连接可采用直接连接法和45度连接法:The whole column with column insulation wall board, the connection between two adjacent wall boards can be directly connected and 45 degree connection method:
1、直接连接法:整体带柱保温墙板的端面对侧端面,或柱侧端面对柱表面形成一线连接、丁字连接、直角连接,留适当缝隙,用焊铁把各个连接头焊牢,缝隙用细石混凝土填实。1. Direct connection method: the end face opposite end face of the integral column heat insulation wallboard, or the column side end face forms a line connection, a T-joint connection, a right-angle connection on the column surface, leaving a proper gap, and soldering each connector with a soldering iron The gap is filled with fine stone concrete.
2、45度连接法:整体带柱保温墙板房角两块在生产时可做成45度角,建筑安装时合成90度角,形成拐角柱,留适当缝隙,用焊铁把各个连接头焊牢,缝隙注砂石混凝土。2, 45 degree connection method: the whole column with column insulation wall board corner two pieces can be made into a 45 degree angle during production, the construction is assembled at a 90 degree angle, forming a corner post, leaving a proper gap, using the welding iron to connect the joints Welded, cracked gravel concrete.
如图3所示,墙板与基础,墙板与墙板连接时,先把过梁钢筋笼17放在地基15上,在钢筋笼17内放入水泥垫块18,把相邻两块整体带柱保温墙板1吊上基础15上,用支撑调节支架∩型卡23卡住墙板1上端,上紧螺丝25,把重物29压在底座27上,底座27通过钢钉28固定在地上。调整螺丝26垂直好墙板1,把柱子钢筋2与基础柱筋2焊接16,用焊铁12把钢筋连接头3焊接,在缝隙13内填入混凝土料14上模板20,浇注混凝土,整体带柱保温墙板1墙板与墙板,墙板与基础连接完成。As shown in Fig. 3, when the wall panel is connected with the foundation and the wall panel and the wall panel, the lintel reinforcement cage 17 is first placed on the foundation 15, and the cement spacer 18 is placed in the reinforcement cage 17, and the adjacent two blocks are integrated. The pillar insulating wall panel 1 is hung on the foundation 15, and the upper end of the wall panel 1 is clamped by the supporting adjustment bracket type card 23, and the screw 25 is tightened to press the weight 29 against the base 27, and the base 27 is fixed by the steel nails 28. On the ground. The adjusting screw 26 is perpendicular to the wall panel 1, the pillar reinforcing bar 2 is welded to the basic column rib 2, and the reinforcing bar joint 3 is welded by the soldering iron 12, and the template 20 is filled in the concrete material 14 in the gap 13, and the concrete is poured. Column insulation wall panel 1 wall panel and wall panel, wall panel and foundation connection are completed.
如图4所示,在整体带柱保温墙板1要吊起时,吊车挂好起板机钢丝绳31,把起板机放到墙板1上,竖杠34卡住墙板1端面,抽出固定插销38,吊车提升,横梁33有吊环32的一头向上升起,竖杠34紧紧卡住墙板1两端直到把墙板1提起。As shown in Fig. 4, when the integral column heat insulating wall panel 1 is to be hoisted, the crane hangs the wire rope 31 of the lifting machine, puts the lifting machine on the wall panel 1, and the vertical bar 34 catches the end surface of the wall panel 1 and extracts it. The pin 38 is fixed, the crane is lifted, the beam 33 has one end of the lifting ring 32 rising upward, and the vertical bar 34 is tightly clamped to the two ends of the wall panel 1 until the wall panel 1 is lifted.
整体带柱保温墙板安装完工后,现浇顶支模采用过梁穿管支模法:After the installation of the integral column insulation wallboard is completed, the cast-in-place roofing die adopts the lintel pipe-passing method:
过梁穿管支模法:本方法是把过梁两侧模板,按一定高度,现浇顶底面下3公分处(两层模板厚)按一定距离开挖无数个孔,大小能穿过架子管22、塑料管套21为准,把塑料管套经过过梁钢筋笼,把墙两侧模板20穿起,然后穿入架子管,架子管向墙外伸出1米,另一端插入对边墙上的过梁模板孔内,在过梁钢筋笼内塑料管套下垫上水泥垫块,用以支撑架子管,架子管在墙内外适当的位置钻孔、插销,固定钢筋笼两侧模板20,钢筋笼里侧模板及内墙模板要低于外模板一个现浇顶高度和一个模板厚度,在管子下方加一些支木,在架子管上顺管垫5公分宽模板条,再在板条上铺模板20,进行水泥浇注。混凝土凝固后,去支木、板条,插销、抽架子管、去模板、堵管孔。架子管外出1米可做建筑外架和屋檐模板支架。Cross-beam pipe-fitting method: This method is to cut the template on both sides of the beam, according to a certain height, 3 cm below the bottom surface of the cast-in-place roof (two layers of template thickness), excavating a number of holes at a certain distance, the size can pass through the shelf Tube 22 and plastic sleeve 21 shall prevail. The plastic sleeve shall pass through the lintel cage, the template 20 on both sides of the wall shall be put on, and then the shelf tube shall be inserted. The shelf tube protrudes 1 meter outside the wall and the other end is inserted into the opposite side. Inside the traverse template hole of the wall, a cement pad is placed on the plastic sleeve of the lintel reinforcement cage to support the shelf tube, the shelf tube is drilled and bolted at an appropriate position inside and outside the wall, and the template on both sides of the fixed reinforcement cage is 20 The side template and the inner wall formwork of the steel cage are lower than the height of a cast-in-place roof and a template thickness of the outer formwork, and some branch wood is added under the pipe, and the pipe strip is 5 cm wide and the template strip is placed on the shelf pipe, and then the slats are The upper formwork 20 is poured into cement. After the concrete has solidified, remove the branches, slats, bolts, pipe racks, template, and pipe holes. The shelf tube can be used as a building frame and eaves formwork bracket by 1 meter.
整体带柱保温墙板经凝固保养,就要进行吊装运输,但起板时因重量大、体积大是不易从场地上搬走的,在墙板上焊吊环费工费时,在制作时预埋吊装件,不但费工费时,在生产时上模具不易操作。为了起墙板吊运方便,特发明 了相配套的起板机,起板机有两组横梁,两横梁的一头下面焊有一根竖杠,竖杠高度要超过墙板厚度,在两横梁另一头上面连接一根固定撑,在固定撑外各焊一个吊环,然后把两组横梁按一边一个竖杠交错放置对齐,在两组四根横梁中间焊四个钢管做轴孔,用两根轴36插入两组钢管内,在四根横梁上面对角设固定孔37和插销两组,四个吊环上连有钢丝绳。当吊墙板时,两竖杠放入墙的两个端面,拔出固定插销,用吊车吊四个吊孔上的钢丝绳,吊环的两头抬起,竖杠的两头就死死卡住墙板端面直至吊起。The whole column-mounted thermal insulation wall board is to be hoisted and transported, but it is difficult to remove from the site due to its heavy weight and large volume. When welding the lifting ring on the wallboard, it costs time to be buried at the time of production. Lifting parts are not only time-consuming, but also difficult to operate on the mold during production. In order to facilitate the lifting of wall panels, special invention The matching plate-lifting machine has two sets of beams, and one of the two beams is welded with a vertical bar below, the height of the vertical bar exceeds the thickness of the wall plate, and a fixed support is connected on the other end of the two beams, and is fixed. Each of the outer rings is welded with a lifting ring, and then the two sets of beams are arranged in a staggered manner on one side of the vertical bar. Four steel pipes are welded in the middle of the two sets of four beams to make shaft holes, and two sets of the shafts 36 are inserted into the two sets of steel pipes, in four There are two sets of fixing holes 37 and bolts on the diagonally opposite sides of the beam, and the four rings are connected with a wire rope. When hanging the wallboard, put two vertical bars into the two end faces of the wall, pull out the fixed bolts, and use the crane to lift the wire ropes on the four lifting holes. The two ends of the lifting ring are lifted up, and the two ends of the vertical bar are stuck to the wallboard. End face until lifting.
整体带柱保温墙板吊上基础还要垂直校正和固定,特发明了和整体带柱保温墙板建筑工艺相配套的墙板垂直、校正支撑调节支架,它是由上部∩型卡23,∩型卡里边下有固定螺丝,右上部焊有铰链与钢管连接,钢管中下部有调节螺丝,调节螺丝的下部钢管有铰链,并与底座连接,底座下面焊有钢钉。当整体带柱保温墙板吊上基础,∩型卡卡住墙板顶端,螺丝上紧,底座上压重物,用调节螺丝调好垂直度,吊车挂钩方可去掉。 The overall column-mounted thermal insulation wall panel is also vertically corrected and fixed. The wall panel vertical and correction support adjustment brackets are matched with the overall column-insulated wall panel construction process. It is composed of the upper ∩ type card 23, ∩ There are fixing screws under the type of card, and the upper part is welded with a hinge to connect with the steel pipe. The lower part of the steel pipe has adjusting screws. The lower steel pipe of the adjusting screw has a hinge and is connected with the base, and the steel nail is welded under the base. When the whole column is insulated and the wall board is hung on the foundation, the ∩ type card is stuck on the top of the wall panel, the screw is tightened, the weight is pressed on the base, and the verticality is adjusted by the adjusting screw, and the crane hook can be removed.

Claims (12)

  1. 一种整体带柱保温墙板,其中包括:墙板两面是混凝土层,内有玻璃纤维网和钢筋网架,中间层是保温层(发泡水泥或聚苯泡沫板等保温材料)斜插钢筋经保温层把两面钢筋网连接成钢筋骨架,门、窗口、水、电、气管路一并作出,四周有墙板凹槽,有钢筋连接头,该工艺的特征在于:整体带柱保温墙板生产时在端面把柱子做出,柱子全混凝土钢筋结构,和墙板相连,形成整体带柱保温墙板。The utility model relates to a whole column heat insulating wall board, which comprises: a concrete layer on both sides of the wall board, a glass fiber mesh and a steel mesh frame inside, and an intermediate layer is an insulating layer (insulation material such as foamed cement or polyphenyl foam board) obliquely inserted steel bar The two layers of steel mesh are connected into a steel skeleton through the insulation layer, and the door, the window, the water, the electricity and the gas pipeline are made together, the wall plate groove is surrounded, and the steel bar connector is provided. The process is characterized in that the whole column is insulated with the wall plate. At the time of production, the column is made at the end face, and the column is full of concrete reinforcement structure, which is connected with the wall panel to form an integral column insulation wall panel.
  2. 根据权利要求1所述整体带柱保温墙板生产工艺,其特征在于:在生产时,分别做好柱子钢筋笼、整体墙钢筋网架,把二者用钢筋连接,留有间隙,当摊抹扳机在挡板内把底层混凝土铺好后,把结合在一起的柱子钢筋笼和整体墙钢筋网架放在混凝土上,并把下部振入混凝土内,做保温层时,在柱子钢筋笼与整体墙钢筋网架间放上隔板,把保温材料浆料(如发泡水泥,泡沫颗粒浆料等)按一定厚度灌入整体墙钢筋网架内,待保温层凝固后,取出钢筋笼与钢筋网架间隔板,用摊抹板机摊抹上面混凝土层。The overall production process of the column-mounted thermal insulation wallboard according to claim 1, characterized in that: in the production, the pillar steel cage and the integral wall steel grid are respectively arranged, and the two are connected by steel bars, leaving a gap, when spreading After the trigger lays the bottom concrete in the baffle, put the combined column steel cage and the integral wall steel grid on the concrete, and shake the lower part into the concrete. When the insulation layer is used, the pillar reinforcement cage and the whole A partition plate is placed between the wall steel mesh frames, and the thermal insulation material slurry (such as foamed cement, foam particle slurry, etc.) is poured into the integral wall steel mesh frame according to a certain thickness. After the thermal insulation layer is solidified, the steel cage and the steel bar are taken out. The grid spacers are spread out with a spreader.
  3. 根据权利要求1所述整体带柱保温墙板生产工艺,其特征在于:在生产时,分别做好柱子钢筋笼、整体墙泡沫板钢筋网架板,把二者用钢筋连接,当摊抹扳机在挡板内把底层混凝土铺好后,把结合好的柱子钢筋笼和整体墙钢筋泡沫网架板放在混凝土上,下部振入混凝土内,稍凝,用摊抹板机摊抹上面混凝土层。The production process of the integral column-insulated wall panel according to claim 1, wherein: in the production, the column steel cage and the integral wall foam board steel grid plate are respectively arranged, and the two are connected by steel bars, and the trigger is spread. After the bottom concrete is laid in the baffle, the combined pillar steel cage and the integral wall steel foam grid plate are placed on the concrete, the lower part is oscillated into the concrete, slightly condensed, and the concrete layer is spread by the spreader machine. .
  4. 根据权利要求1所述的整体带柱保温墙板在建筑中与基础的连接工艺,其特征在于:悬空浇注连接法,当地(过)梁钢筋笼放在基础时,在钢筋笼中放若干个水泥垫块,把整体带柱墙板吊放在垫块上,固定好调节支架,摆正位置,调正好垂直度,把柱下端钢筋与基础柱筋焊接,并与地梁钢筋笼交叉连接,上模板浇注混凝土,进料口高于过梁高度。The joint process of the integral pillared thermal insulation wall panel according to claim 1 in the building and the foundation, characterized in that: the suspended casting connection method, when the local (over) beam reinforcement cage is placed on the foundation, a plurality of reinforcement cages are placed Cement block, the whole column wall panel is hung on the block, the adjustment bracket is fixed, the position is adjusted, the verticality is adjusted, the steel bar at the lower end of the column is welded with the base column bar, and the ground beam reinforcement cage is cross-connected. The upper form is cast concrete, and the feed port is higher than the beam height.
  5. 根据权利要求1所述整体带柱保温墙板在建筑中与基础连接工艺,其特征在于:采用半悬空浇注法,先浇注除柱筋外的过梁部分、屋面部分,待凝后再抹灰,吊上整体带柱保温墙板,把墙板柱筋与基础柱筋焊接或连接,再上模板浇注混凝土。The method for connecting the integral column-insulated wall panel according to claim 1 to the foundation in the building, characterized in that: the semi-suspended casting method is used to first cast the lintel portion and the roof portion except the column rib, and then plaster after condensing. Hanging the integral column insulation wall board, welding or connecting the wall column pillars and the foundation column bars, and then pouring the concrete into the formwork.
  6. 根据权利要求1所述的整体带柱保温墙板在建筑中与基础的连接工艺,其特征在于:钢板焊接法,整体带柱保温墙板在生产时采用柱的上下端面预埋钢板,稍高于墙底面,和柱相对应的基础也预埋钢板,在过(地)梁上抹灰吊上整体带柱保温墙板,将柱下端钢板与基础上的钢板对齐,用固定调节支架调正好墙板垂直度,进行焊接。The jointing process of the integral column-insulated wallboard according to claim 1 in the building and the foundation is characterized in that: the steel plate welding method, the integral column-mounted thermal insulation wallboard adopts the upper and lower end faces of the column to pre-embed the steel plate, slightly higher On the bottom of the wall, the foundation corresponding to the column is also embedded in the steel plate. The slab is smeared on the over-ground beam to hang the integral column-insulated wall panel. The lower-end steel plate is aligned with the steel plate on the foundation, and the fixed adjustment bracket is adjusted. The wall panel is perpendicular to the weld.
  7. 根据权利要求1所述的整体带柱保温墙板在相邻两块连接时的方法,其特 征在于:采用直接焊接法,墙板带柱侧端面对侧端面或侧端面对柱表面,形成一线形、丁字形、直角形的连接,可留适当缝隙,用焊铁把各个连接头焊牢,缝隙用沙石混凝土填实。The method for connecting an integral column-mounted thermal insulation wall panel according to claim 1 in two adjacent blocks, The sign is: using the direct welding method, the side end face or the side end face of the wall plate with the column end face is opposite to the column surface, forming a linear, T-shaped, right-angled connection, leaving a proper gap, and connecting the joints with soldering iron Solder firmly, the gap is filled with sandstone concrete.
  8. 根据权利要求1所述的整体带柱保温墙板在建筑中房角相邻两块墙板连接时的方法,其特征在于:采用45度连接法,整体带柱保温墙板柱的端面做成45度角,两块墙板合成一个90度角,形成一个拐角柱,留适当缝隙,用焊铁把各个连接头焊牢,用沙石混凝土填实。The method for connecting an integral column-mounted thermal insulation wall panel according to claim 1 to two adjacent wall panels in a corner of a building, characterized in that: a 45-degree connection method is adopted, and an end face of the integral column-mounted thermal insulation wall column is made At a 45-degree angle, the two wall panels are combined at a 90-degree angle to form a corner post, leaving a proper gap, and the joints are welded with a soldering iron and filled with sand-stone concrete.
  9. 根据权利要求1中所述整体带柱保温墙板,其特征在于:内、外面有饰面层。The integral pillared thermal insulation wall panel of claim 1 wherein the interior and exterior layers are provided with a facing layer.
  10. 根据权利要求1、2、3、4、5、6、7、8、9中任一所述整体带柱保温墙板生产和建筑工艺,在现浇顶支模时采用过梁穿管支模法,其特征在于:把过梁两侧模板按一定高度—现浇顶下面下3公分处(两层模板厚度)按一定距离开挖无数个孔,大小能穿过塑料管套,把塑料管套放入地(过)梁钢筋笼,把墙两侧模板穿起,然后穿架子管,架子管向墙外伸出1米,另一端插入对边墙上的梁模板孔内,在过梁内,塑料管套下垫上水泥小垫块,用以支撑架子管,架子管在墙内、外适当位置钻孔、插销、固定钢筋笼两侧模板,墙里侧模板及内墙模板要低于外模板一个现浇顶高度和一个模板厚度,在架子管下支支木,在架子管上顺管垫约5公分宽的板条,再在板条上铺好模板,进行混凝土浇注,待凝后、去支木、去板条、去销钉、抽架子管,去模板、堵管孔,架子管外出1米用做建筑外架或屋檐模板支架。The invention relates to the production and construction process of the integral column-insulated wallboard according to any one of claims 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9, and adopts a beam-passing pipe supporting die when the cast-in-place top die is used. The method is characterized in that: the template on both sides of the beam is pressed according to a certain height - 3 cm below the cast-in-place top (two layers of template thickness), and a plurality of holes are excavated at a certain distance, and the size can pass through the plastic sleeve and the plastic tube Set the steel cage into the ground (over) beam, wear the template on both sides of the wall, and then wear the shelf tube. The shelf tube extends 1 meter to the outside of the wall, and the other end is inserted into the beam template hole of the opposite wall. Inside, the small sleeve of cement on the underside of the plastic sleeve is used to support the shelf tube. The shelf tube is drilled, bolted, and fixed on both sides of the steel cage at the appropriate position inside and outside the wall. The template on the side of the wall and the template on the interior wall are lower than The outer formwork has a cast-in-place height and a stencil thickness. The branch pipe is supported under the shelf tube. The slats are about 5 cm wide on the shelf tube, and the formwork is laid on the slats to carry out concrete pouring. After, go to the branch, go to the slats, go to the pin, pull the shelf tube, go to the template, block the tube hole, the shelf tube goes out 1 meter Roof rack outside the building or template bracket.
  11. 一种与权利要求1或2或3中所述工艺相配套的起板机,其特征在于:起板机有两组横梁,两横梁的一头下面焊有一根竖杠,竖杠高度要超过墙板厚度,在两横梁另一头上面连接一根固定撑,在固定撑外各焊一个吊环,然后把两组横梁按一边一个竖杠交错放置对齐,在两组四根横梁中间焊四个钢管做轴孔,用两根轴插入两组钢管内,在四根横梁上面对角设固定孔和插销两组,四个吊环上连有钢丝绳。A plate-feeding machine matched with the process as claimed in claim 1 or 2 or 3, wherein the plate-lifting machine has two sets of beams, and one of the two beams is welded with a vertical bar below, and the height of the vertical bar exceeds the wall. The thickness of the plate is connected to a fixed support on the other end of the two beams, and a lifting ring is welded on each of the fixed supports, and then the two sets of beams are arranged alternately on one side of the vertical bar, and four steel pipes are welded in the middle of the two sets of four beams. The shaft hole is inserted into the two sets of steel pipes by two shafts, and two sets of fixing holes and bolts are arranged diagonally on the four beams, and the wire ropes are connected to the four rings.
  12. 根据权利要求1、2、3、4、5、6、7、8、9中任一所述工艺相配套的支撑调节支架,其特征在于:上部∩型卡,∩型卡里边下有固定螺丝,右上部焊有铰链与钢管连接,钢管中下部有调节螺丝,调节螺丝的下部钢管有铰链,并与底座连接,底座下面焊有钢钉。 The support adjustment bracket matched with the process according to any one of claims 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9 is characterized in that: an upper ∩ type card, a fixing screw under the 卡 type card The upper right part is welded with a hinge and a steel pipe. The lower part of the steel pipe has an adjusting screw. The lower part of the adjusting screw has a hinge and is connected with the base, and a steel nail is welded under the base.
PCT/CN2015/092150 2014-10-19 2015-10-19 Integrated column-equipped heat insulation wallboard, manufacturing and building processes and corollary equipment thereof WO2016062224A1 (en)

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