CN103352537B - Overall load bearing heat preserving wallboard and production construction process thereof - Google Patents

Overall load bearing heat preserving wallboard and production construction process thereof Download PDF

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CN103352537B
CN103352537B CN201310284009.5A CN201310284009A CN103352537B CN 103352537 B CN103352537 B CN 103352537B CN 201310284009 A CN201310284009 A CN 201310284009A CN 103352537 B CN103352537 B CN 103352537B
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wallboard
load bearing
heat preserving
overall load
bearing heat
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CN103352537A (en
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张领然
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Abstract

A kind of overall load bearing heat preserving wallboard and production construction process thereof.The present invention proposes one not only load-bearing not only warming, door and window mouth can be made but also can ready-made for water power tracheae overall load bearing heat preserving wallboard.It does not need to build a wall, do not need splicing.When building operations, overall load bearing heat preserving wallboard adopts and sits mortar construction method, directly welding, framework links method makes whole house become an entirety with unsettled casting ... the present invention makes building not only heat-insulation warm keeping, energy-saving low-carbon, and firm, antidetonation, not only construction speed is fast, and saving of work and time, cost-saving cost.Save material, reduce the pollution of waste gas waste material.The present invention is the needs of the times, is the needs of society, is the needs of the people, will starts the new world of green building, and produce huge economic benefit and social benefit by Urbanization Construction, new countryside construction.

Description

Overall load bearing heat preserving wallboard and production construction process thereof
One, technical field
The present invention relates to overall load bearing heat preserving wallboard and produce construction process.
Two, background technology
At present, energy saving building generally has two kinds of forms.One is first masonry panel, white washed wall, do external thermal insulation again.Such method has following shortcoming: 1. masonry panel, white washed wall, time-consuming, adds the construction of Surgery therapy secondary, more increases building costs.2. thermal bridge area is large.3. the construction period is long.4. own wt is large, Shock-proof for building ability.5. body of wall thickeies, and usable floor area reduces.One is existing CL building system, and the steel bar stress of insulation layer and shear wall is combined into the skeleton of CL network frame plate as body of wall, both sides fluid concrete by it.Although it is advanced much that such method adds insulation layer than masonry walls, also there is very large shortcoming.As: the necessary in-situ spraying of concrete on these technology both sides, and once can not be successful, carry out construction next time after also will by the time solidifying again, the construction repeatedly of one body of wall needs, this technology field operation difficulty is large, also wastes material, and construction speed is slow, and building costs is high.
Three, summary of the invention
In order to overcome above energy saving building defect existing in constructional materials production and construction, the present invention proposes one not only load-bearing but also warming, doorway window can be made, the warming wallboard of overall load-bearing electricity, gas, water lines can made again.Overall load bearing heat preserving wallboard does not need splicing, does not need to build a wall, can make outer load bearing wall, can make internal loadbearing wall yet.
Integral heat insulation wallboard is achieved in that overall load bearing heat preserving wallboard two sides is concrete, and centre is insulation layer, and concrete surface has glass fiber mesh, inside has steel mesh reinforcement, and reinforcing bar is inserted through insulation layer and the steel mesh reinforcement on two sides is linked.Wallboard surrounding has a bar connecting head every one section, and end face concrete surface is flat or outstanding, and two holes for hoist are reserved on wallboard top, and on four end faces of wallboard, fluted or end face becomes concavo-convex staggered.
The method of overall load bearing heat preserving wallboard manufacture adopts stand wiping manipulation, bottom take the earth as soffit formwork, by required size, concrete is laid on ground with panel spreading and applying machine, spread glass fiber mesh simultaneously, the three-dimensional bar frame welded in advance is put on concrete, vibrations, make in bar frame lower net plate Transducers Embedded in Concrete, remove any excess concrete by required size, surrounding has kept off template, has door and window mouth template is fixed.The outlet of electricity, gas, water pipe blocks with sponge, and then pouring foaming cement, lower than bar frame upper slice, after initial set, with panel spreading and applying machine, upper layer concrete glass fiber mesh will be completed, rear one-tenth wallboard to be solidified.
Just water, electricity and gas pipeline is sequenced during welded reinforcement rack, door and window mouth reserves.If moderate soak layer uses polyphenyl foam plate, polyurethane sheet, block of glass wool etc., can be welded in bar frame in advance.The end face that overall load bearing heat preserving wallboard stands as required can make miter angle; The layer of concrete on two sides thickly equally also can make on one side that thick one side is thin, and be weight reduction, thick one side can make empty shape.
Under construction, the mounting process of overall load bearing heat preserving wallboard, adopts and sits mortar construction method, unsettled casting, direct welding and framework connection method,
Sit mortar construction method: after the completion of ground collar tie beam, spread mortar, hang on overall load bearing heat preserving plate, lower surface bar connecting head welds with collar tie beam built-in fitting, upper end bar connecting head and collar tie beam, the steel mesh reinforcement interconnection of cast-in-place top.
Unsettled casting: in building operations, after grade beam reinforcing cage is put into basis, two spacers are put in reinforcing cage, hang on overall load bearing heat preserving wallboard, the bar connecting head of wallboard lower end inserts grade beam reinforcing cage and connects, first-class template, fluid concrete, makes basis, grade beam, wallboard three become as a whole.Cast-in-place top template Zhi Haohou, puts cast-in-place top steel mesh reinforcement well, puts ring beam reinforcing steel bar cage well.Two spacers are put in collar tie beam, spacer will lower than above cast-in-place top, hang on superordinate whole load bearing heat preserving wallboard, the bar connecting head of upper wainscot sheathing end face and ring beam reinforcing steel bar cage, cast-in-place top steel mesh reinforcement intersect, first-class pouring template concrete, make collar tie beam, cast-in-place top, upper wainscot sheathing becomes again as a whole.
Direct welding: after the wallboard composition an angle of 90 degrees of two miter angles, directly weld; The connector of wallboard end face welds with the connector of another block, and gap is filled up by sandstone gap filler.
Framework connection method: put into column reinforcing cage in the end face that wallboard and wallboard stand, puts into corner post reinforcing cage in the corner that wallboard and wallboard are formed, and the steel bar end of two wallboard end faces links together through reinforcing cage, and cope match-plate pattern fluid concrete, connects into an entirety.
Overall load bearing heat preserving wallboard and production construction process thereof have following advantage:
1, bearing capacity is strong.Wall generally long 3.5 meters, two sides Concrete Thick can reach 10 centimeters, and its load-bearing cross-sectional area is 0.35 square metre, and all larger than the load-bearing cross sectional area of 50 pillars is many, and wall can carry the weight of hundreds of ton.
2, heat-insulation warm keeping is effective, and wall moderate soak layer thickness can reach 10 centimeters, and muscle, boundless muscle in nothing, heat bridge is only inserted through the reinforcing bar of insulation layer, accounts for area and is less than one thousandth, and insulation layer and body of wall same life-span, without maintenance and repair.
3, earthquake resistance and prevention, overall load bearing heat preserving wallboard, overall structure is strong, and framework cast-in-place top formation entirety.In earthquake, stop Qiang Dao room, existing house to collapse a lot of phenomenons.Can reduce by the casualties of 80%.
4, construction speed is fast, and prior art makes body of wall to be needed to build a wall, lay circuit, white washed wall, the multiple link of Surgery therapy, and overall load bearing heat preserving wall only has installation link.A people one day is built a wall in building block can only 3 to 4 square metres, and overall load bearing heat preserving wall at least can install 60 square metres for each person every day.Efficiency is tens times that build a wall.
5, low, the overall load bearing heat preserving wallboard of installation cost and architecture production technique thereof have broken existing building pattern, and eliminate many construction sequences, (1) eliminates the laying of water, electricity, gas pipeline, and (2) eliminate the construction of door and window mouth.(3) eliminate the construction of Surgery therapy, (4) save construction of building a wall.(5) white washed wall construction is saved.(6) overall load bearing heat preserving wallboard also can be made finish coat in factory.(7) installing/dismounting of most of template is saved.Building according to calculating 100 square metres can save artificial 50, can save 10 tons of cement, saves 4 tons, water, electricity 100 degree.
6, environmental protection, low-carbon (LC), the both sides layer of concrete of overall load bearing heat preserving wallboard can use building waste in a large number, and moderate soak layer can using great quantities of powdered coal ash, can useless 15 tons of profit according to calculating 100 square metres of buildings, does not substantially have discarded object to produce under construction.
Overall load bearing heat preserving wallboard not only heat-insulation warm keeping, energy-saving low-carbon, and firmly, earthquake resistance and prevention, speed of not only building is fast, and saving of work and time, and cost-saving cost, saves material, and reduces the pollution of waste gas waste material.The present invention is the needs of the times, is the needs of society, is the needs of the people, will starts the new world of building.
Four, accompanying drawing explanation; ,
Accompanying drawing 1 is overall load bearing heat preserving wallboard cross section and sectional drawing: (1) overall load bearing heat preserving wallboard, (2) bar connecting head, (3) glass fiber mesh, (4) bar frame, (5) water, electricity, gas pipeline, (6) layer of concrete, (7) groove, (8) water, electricity, gas tube outlet, (9) door and window mouth, (10) foam cement layer.
Accompanying drawing 2 is cross-sectional view of overall load bearing heat preserving wallboard and column construction: (1) overall load bearing heat preserving wallboard, (2) bar connecting head is connected with column iliacus, (7) overall load bearing heat preserving wallboard facing groove, (11) pillar reinforcing cage, (12) concrete, (13) template.
Accompanying drawing 3 is overall load bearing heat preserving wallboard construction schematic diagrames: (1) is overall load bearing heat preserving wallboard, (2) be bar connecting head, (14) ring beam reinforcing steel bar cage, (15) two wallboard connector welding, (16) cement joint filling, (17) spacer, (18) wallboard miter angle.
Five, detailed description of the invention
Do one piece high 3 meters, long 3.75 meters, the overall load bearing wall of thick 0.2 meter, welded reinforcement rack (4), reserve door and window mouth (9), fix water, electricity, air pipe (5), trigger shop fixtures surface concrete (6) is on the ground smeared with stand, and spread glass fiber mesh (3) simultaneously, bar frame (4), be placed on bottom surface concrete (6), bar frame (4) lower net plate also shakes in concrete (6), any excess concrete is removed by size, prop up good surrounding windows moulding plate, put into foam cement (10), will lower than bar frame (4) upper net plate, water has been blocked up with sponge, electricity, air pipe outlet (8), smear trigger stand with stand and spread layer concrete (6) and glass fiber mesh (3), initial set recession template, maintenance, overall bearing external wall plate (1) finished product.
Wallboard frame connection method is used in building operations, unsettled casting, construction sequence is: ground put by collar tie beam (14), put spacer (17), hang on overall load bearing heat preserving wallboard (1), lower surface bar connecting head (2) is inserted ring beam reinforcing steel bar cage (14) and is connected wallboard and wallboard puts into corner post respectively, column reinforcing cage (11), wallboard end face bar connecting head (2) connects through pillar reinforcing cage (11), first-class collar tie beam column, corner post template (13), fluid concrete (12), the overall load bearing heat preserving wallboard of first floor, ground, collar tie beam connects into an entirety.Prop up the cast-in-place top template of good first floor, put cast-in-place top steel mesh reinforcement well, and intersect in ring beam reinforcing steel bar cage (14), and put into spacer (17), above cast-in-place top, hang on superordinate whole load bearing heat preserving wallboard (1), upper wainscot sheathing end face bar connecting head (2), mutually and ring beam reinforcing steel bar cage (14), the steel mesh reinforcement interconnection of cast-in-place top, first-class each portion template (13), fluid concrete (12), wallboard, collar tie beam, cast-in-place top synthesize an entirety, and first floor completes.

Claims (10)

1. an overall load bearing heat preserving wallboard, it is characterized in that: the height of wallboard is the distance between building grade beam and lintel, the length of wallboard is the distance of building between this between column to column between another, the pre-buried bar connecting head of wallboard surrounding is connected with the reinforcing cage of column, lintel, grade beam, roofing respectively, pouring concrete through column, lintel, grade beam, roofing becomes to be integrated with integral heat insulation wallboard naturally, and bed rearrangement house is the entirety of a cast; Wallboard two surface layer is concrete, concrete surface has glass fiber mesh, inside has steel mesh reinforcement, intermediate layer is foam cement, and reinforcing bar connects steel mesh reinforcement in two surface layers through foam cement; Surrounding end face is fluted, and two holes for hoist are arranged at top.
2. overall load bearing heat preserving wallboard according to claim 1, is characterized in that: door and window mouth, water, electricity, gas pipeline are made in the lump.
3. overall load bearing heat preserving wallboard according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: the end face stood is concavo-convex staggered.
4. the overall load bearing heat preserving wallboard according to claim 1 or 2., is characterized in that: the end face stood is triangular in shape, miter angle.
5. the production technology of the overall load bearing heat preserving wallboard as described in claim 1-4, it is characterized in that: first welded reinforcement rack, the good water, electricity, gas pipeline of cloth, plaster a wall trigger at ground paving bottom surface concrete and glass fiber mesh with stand, bar frame is put on concrete and shakes, make in steel mesh reinforcement Transducers Embedded in Concrete below, remove any excess concrete, first-class template, there is the first-class windows moulding plate of door and window mouth, put into the foam cement of certain altitude, after to be solidified, then concrete and the paving glass fiber mesh in face are spread in stand.
6. the construction process of the overall load bearing heat preserving wallboard as described in claim 1-4, it is characterized in that: sit mortar construction method, after the completion of ground collar tie beam, spread mortar, hang on overall load bearing heat preserving plate, lower end bar connecting head welds with collar tie beam built-in fitting, upper end bar connecting head and collar tie beam interconnection.
7. the construction process of overall load bearing heat preserving wallboard according to claim 6, is characterized in that: directly welding, and wallboard composition 90 degree of corners of two miter angles, directly weld; When wallboard and wallboard word order, the bar connecting head of both ends of the surface directly welds, and gap is filled up by sandstone gap filler.
8. the construction process of overall load bearing heat preserving wallboard according to claim 6, is characterized in that: framework connection method, and when wallboard and wallboard word order, centre reserves stud, puts into column reinforcing cage; The corner that wallboard and wallboard are formed reserves corner post position, puts into corner post reinforcing cage; The steel bar end of two wallboard end faces links together through reinforcing cage, and first-class pouring template concrete, wallboard, pillar connect into an entirety.
9. the construction process of the overall load bearing heat preserving wallboard according to claim 7 or 8, it is characterized in that: unsettled casting, after the reinforcing cage of foundation ring girder is put well, in reinforcing cage frame, put 2 spacers, namely hang on overall load bearing heat preserving wallboard, the bar connecting head of wallboard lower surface inserts ring beam reinforcing steel bar cage, and connect, first-class template, fluid concrete, synthesizes an entirety basis, collar tie beam, wallboard; After wallboard upper surface puts ring beam reinforcing steel bar cage well, put two spacers again, will lower than above cast-in-place top, the i.e. upper superordinate whole load bearing heat preserving wallboard of lifting, upper surface is connected through ring beam reinforcing steel bar cage with the bar connecting head of lower surface, and intersects with cast-in-place top steel mesh reinforcement, cope match-plate pattern, fluid concrete, synthesizes an entirety collar tie beam, wainscot sheathing, cornice sheathing and cast-in-place top.
10. overall load bearing heat preserving wallboard according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: outside wallboard, inner face has finish coat.
CN201310284009.5A 2013-07-09 2013-07-09 Overall load bearing heat preserving wallboard and production construction process thereof Active CN103352537B (en)

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Families Citing this family (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103758279A (en) * 2013-12-16 2014-04-30 清华大学建筑设计研究院有限公司 Prefabricated concrete large wallboard with grooves at two sides and with hidden beam and manufacturing method thereof
CN103883024B (en) * 2013-12-16 2019-11-26 清华大学建筑设计研究院有限公司 The short-shear wall structure and its method of construction for thering is concealed beam Prefabricated Concrete big-wall board group to fill with groove based on two sides
CN104405062A (en) * 2014-10-19 2015-03-11 张领然 Integrated column-equipped heat preservation wallboard, production and building techniques and matched equipment
CN105239718A (en) * 2015-10-28 2016-01-13 张领然 Integral heat insulation wallboard building system
CN107780586A (en) * 2017-11-06 2018-03-09 苏州市世好建材新技术工程有限公司 Aerated blocks assembled wallboard body and floor body
CN107859232B (en) * 2017-12-14 2023-07-18 陕西凝远新材料科技股份有限公司 Sand aerated concrete plate with embedded wire box wire pipes and preparation method thereof
CN108729463A (en) * 2018-05-29 2018-11-02 张领然 Assembled ground and disposable connection template and construction technology

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FR2859744A1 (en) * 2003-09-11 2005-03-18 Vincent Birarda Panel for producing heating and/or cooling e.g. load bearing walls of building, has tube whose ends are accessible in recesses to permit their connection with heat energy transportation and distribution conduit of adjacent panels
CN201059034Y (en) * 2007-07-10 2008-05-14 胡建军 Lightweight composite exterior wall insulating board
CN101818539A (en) * 2010-06-04 2010-09-01 北京万科企业有限公司 Assembled integral building and construction method thereof
CN102454248A (en) * 2010-10-28 2012-05-16 中国建筑材料科学研究总院 Steel mesh fiber reinforced concrete composite external wall panel and preparation method thereof

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3722017A1 (en) * 1987-02-13 1988-08-25 Hans Josef May Structural element for radiant panel heating or cooling systems (concealed heating or cooling systems)
FR2859744A1 (en) * 2003-09-11 2005-03-18 Vincent Birarda Panel for producing heating and/or cooling e.g. load bearing walls of building, has tube whose ends are accessible in recesses to permit their connection with heat energy transportation and distribution conduit of adjacent panels
CN201059034Y (en) * 2007-07-10 2008-05-14 胡建军 Lightweight composite exterior wall insulating board
CN101818539A (en) * 2010-06-04 2010-09-01 北京万科企业有限公司 Assembled integral building and construction method thereof
CN102454248A (en) * 2010-10-28 2012-05-16 中国建筑材料科学研究总院 Steel mesh fiber reinforced concrete composite external wall panel and preparation method thereof

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