CN102116061A - Masonry construction method for filling wall core pillar, core girder and building blocks into framework structure - Google Patents

Masonry construction method for filling wall core pillar, core girder and building blocks into framework structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102116061A
CN102116061A CN2009102476577A CN200910247657A CN102116061A CN 102116061 A CN102116061 A CN 102116061A CN 2009102476577 A CN2009102476577 A CN 2009102476577A CN 200910247657 A CN200910247657 A CN 200910247657A CN 102116061 A CN102116061 A CN 102116061A
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stem
wall
concrete
masonry
brick
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CN2009102476577A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102116061B (en
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王建营
吉明军
张志强
钱少波
朱明浩
王坚
曹志刚
高松
田启华
周广
张丽
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中铁建工集团有限公司
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Abstract

The invention relates to a masonry construction method for filling a wall core pillar, a core girder and building blocks into a framework structure. The method comprises the following steps of: construction preparation, masonry installation, synchronous inspection and puttying according to the condition of the wall surface of brickwork, wherein in the masonry installation step, a construction mode of the core pillar and the core girder is described; the hollow part of a small concrete hollow building block is used for substituting a construction pillar ring and an intel template, so the problems caused by template construction are avoided; during construction, concrete hollow building blocks, light-weight solid building blocks and U-shaped concrete building blocks which meet the national building standard atlas are adopted to build a wall body; according to a preset position, steel bars of the core pillar and the core girder are connected with an original structural layer according to a designed specification and a required quantity of embedded bars; the concrete hollow building blocks are put into the steel bars; and after the mortar of the building body reaches a certain intensity, concrete is poured into holes so as to form a firm whole together with the wall body to achieve a very ideal effect. By the method, a very good economic benefit is achieved, and a wide social favorable comment is obtained.

Description

Infilled wall stem stem, core beam, concrete block masonry job practices in the frame construction

Technical field:

The present invention relates to the wall construction method in a kind of house building.More specifically to infilled wall stem stem, core beam, concrete block masonry job practices in a kind of frame construction.

Background technology:

Raising along with expanding economy, people's living standard; requirement to building is more and more higher; contradiction with land resources in short supply day by day; it is more and more that industrial premises, merchant live the building of frame-shear walls such as little high level with the room, high level, superelevation layer, considers from energy-saving and emission-reduction, and protect farmland and be purpose; forbid or limit the use of loam brick; numerous advantages such as add that the light solid building block is in light weight, sound insulation and high insulating effect, workability are good, as infilled wall, employing more and more.In the prior art, the problem that adopts the light solid building block to exist is: it is stricter that the light solid building block is provided with requirement to the ring beam structure post, according to the length of antidetonation demand of anti-crack and body of wall, highly, needs to increase the ring beam structure post.Its scope comprises: body of wall end, corner, right-angled intersection, T-shaped infall will be provided with constructional column.Around door and window hole, install firmly in addition, also need to adopt the reinforcing wall measure, set up lintel, capping beam, constructional column etc. for guaranteeing door and window.

The weak point that increases the ring beam structure post shows: 1) aspect masonry quality, the formwork erection of constructional column collar tie beam and reinforcing cause wall crazing even distortion the easiliest, influence the globality fastness; The also the easiest mould that rises that causes of ring beam structure post influences metope integral smoothness verticality; 2) aspect the construction period, though the recruitment of ring beam structure post formwork is few, multiple operation, the work holdup that personnel are many, it is long to have lacked the time, influences overall progress; 3) aspect construction safety, unfavorable factors such as woodworking machinery, electricity consumption, template wood a tree, used in making timber for boats are inflammable, cross-operation are many, and potential safety hazard also just increases; 4) aspect economic benefit, ring beam structure post formwork labour cost, machinery expense, Master Cost etc. have all increased construction cost.Need are reformed the job practices of ring beam structure post traditional in the existing wall construction technology and are innovated.

Summary of the invention:

The objective of the invention is to provide a kind of job practices that changes traditional ring beam structure post, adopt the mode of stem stem and core beam fundamentally to improve infilled wall stem stem, core beam, concrete block masonry job practices in the frame construction of construction quality accelerating construction progress at the prior art weak point.

The objective of the invention is to realize by following measure: infilled wall stem stem, core beam, concrete block masonry job practices in a kind of frame construction, its special character is, may further comprise the steps:

Step 1, preparation of construction work:

1. concrete hollow block, light solid building block, the building block of U type concrete are checked and accepted, building block dimensional errors≤3mm, and do not have the truncation arrisdefect;

2. clear up surface of base, the good blockwork body of bullet wall sideline, door and window hole line, and stem stem, the core beam position line are set;

3. plant the stem stem reinforcing bar at the stem stem place, the stem stem cross section is greater than 90mm * 120mm, and the stem stem reinforcement planting is HPB235, HRB335 level, and reinforcing bar 〉=2 Φ 12, core beam section be greater than 90mm * 150mm, reinforcing bar 〉=4 Φ 12;

4. plant the tension rib that is connected with body of wall on post, beam or cast-in-place plate, the stem stem vertical reinforcement runs through the wall body and is connected with the up-down structure layer with the core beam;

Step 2, build installation by laying bricks or stones:

1. at first build the stem stem bottom first skin brick by laying bricks or stones, concrete hollow block is inserted in the stem stem reinforcing bar, the stem stem bottom first skin brick adopts opening building block or the building block of U type, build out clean-out hatch, after masonry is finished, the hole interior portion foreign material and the mortar that lands are cleaned totally and rinse well, shutoff before the cast stem stem concrete;

2. body of wall basis employing meanwhile feels secure with the shale modulus brick of light solid building block same thickness, and build by laying bricks or stones and the stem stem of the first skin shale modulus brick carry out synchronously;

3. according to different positions stem stem is carried out second skin row brick, the concrete hollow block reply hole fissure of displacement of stem stem is taken block, and pressing raft to overlap with the shale modulus brick should be less than 200, and the concrete building block hollow parts of stem stem is with building with filling up tamping with masonry mortar;

4. continue to build by laying bricks or stones, when shale modulus brick bottoming height>30cm, substitute with the light solid building block, build stem stem concrete piece when building by laying bricks or stones earlier, build the light solid building block again, by the plumpness of building block different control masonry mortar or bonding agent, two kinds of materials were pressed Cha Chu when group was built, with masonry mortar tamping is filled in the cavity, stem stem is built by laying bricks or stones highly every day should not surpass 1.8 meters, when building at the bottom of the door core beam, temporarily stops to build by laying bricks or stones;

5. bonding mortar strength reaches 1.0Mpa pourable stem stem concrete when above, and the stem stem concrete is answered continuous pouring, with the tamping while watering of internal vibration rod, forbids to be poured into the top and vibrates;

6. door opening adopts the U shaped brick to build the core beam lintel of holding concurrently by laying bricks or stones, the lintel place needs to put up support with wooden a tree, used in making timber for boats etc., with the stem stem intersection, need U shaped brick bottom is sliced off, clean-out hatch is stayed in the side, colligation lintel 4 Φ 14 reinforcing bars, described beam steel excessively and the welding of stem stem reinforcing bar, finish the after-pouring fine-stone concrete, when the wall height surpasses 4m collar tie beam is set, collar tie beam is pressed the core beam and is disposed;

7. core beam concrete pours and can carry out building by laying bricks or stones of top body of wall at once, and building method packs in the reinforcing bar from the hollow concrete building block of stem stem reinforcing bar holder-on with the bottom body of wall, remain when going up most two skin bricks, the bar splicing head is tied up, build the top with the U shaped brick again, wherein go up most a skin opening to the side, be used for pour concrete;

8. masonry panel length is surpassed 40m, the wide shrinkage joint of 3mm promptly is set, the every 30m in the longer position of body of wall length such as corridor are provided with the shrinkage joint one;

Step 3, verification of synchronization:

1. masonry mortar joint seam plumpness inspection, plumpness>95%;

2. degree of gravity vertical forwall surface, planeness deviation are all in 2mm;

3. stem stem, core beam construction quality are checked;

4. position such as wall line corridor all guarantees to check on same straight line;

Step 4, according to the planar condition Puttying of allowable ratio of height to sectional thickness of masonry wall or column, putty thickness is 0.5~1mm, finishes construction, checks and accepts.

The 1. middle concrete hollow block of described step 1 is 2 holes, and specification has: the thick X190 height of 390 long X190, the thick X190 height of 190 long X190, intensity is greater than MU10.

The 1. middle light solid building block of described step 1 is the building block of ALC light solid.

1. middle U type concrete block profile size of described step 1 and concrete hollow block are measure-alike, and intensity is greater than MU10.

2. middle blockwork body wall sideline masonry of described step 1 and structural beams adopt wall line deflection method, side-play amount 10~20mm.

Described step 1 is provided with stem stem, core beam position in 2. and establishes stem stem for wall, Men Bian between in body of wall end, body of wall corner, T word infall, right-angled intersection place, smaller or equal to 600 wide holes, body of wall length is established stem stem in the middle of during greater than 5 meters, establish the core beam lintel of holding concurrently at the door opening place, and increase the lintel arrangement of reinforcement according to width of cave entrance at hole place, when the wall height surpasses 4m collar tie beam is set, collar tie beam is pressed the core beam and is disposed.

Described step 2 in 3. different position to stem stem carry out second skin row brick refer to establish in the wall stem stem row brick, wall corner stem stem row brick, smaller or equal to the stem stem row of wall place brick, wall T word infall stem stem row brick, wall right-angled intersection place stem stem row brick between 600 wide holes.

Be that masonry metope adsorptivity should be sealed with primary coat the masonry metope before blade coating putty when strong according to the planar condition of allowable ratio of height to sectional thickness of masonry wall or column in the described step 4.

Compared with prior art, infilled wall stem stem, core beam, concrete block masonry job practices in the frame construction that employing the present invention proposes, promptly adopt the mode of stem stem, core beam, utilize the hollow of concrete small size hollow building block, replace the constructional column circle, cross beam forms, save the problem that template construction brings, reached very desirable effect.Actual features according to engineering, by confirming through the designer, national building standard is designed atlas 05J102-1 small concrete hollow block building wall structure, solid block with the reality employing, by the effective combination of technical measures, by predefined position, the hollow brick or the U shaped brick of required specification are built by laying bricks or stones with the light solid building block, specification quantity by designing requirement, reinforcing bar is put into the hole of brick, wait masonry mortar to reach certain intensity after, to the hole fluid concrete, form firm integral body with body of wall, be connected on the structural plane.The present invention compares the advantage that is had with conventional method: improve the quality (1): improved planeness, the verticality quality of body of wall, avoided quality problems such as floated coat hollowing, cracking, guaranteed decoration quality.(2) reduction of erection time: exempt from the durations such as collar tie beam, constructional column formwork, form removal, no plastering process directly enters next process, shortens the finishing duration to a great extent.(3) save cost: adopt stem stem, core beam, building block combination masonry technology, save 85% of costs such as artificial, material that collar tie beam, constructional column prop up die process, machinery, bring masonry not have the costs such as artificial, material, machinery of plastering technique direct saving plastering process simultaneously.The present invention has not only obtained good economic benefits but also has obtained social widely favorable comment the application of new technology, new material.Wall quality obviously improves, no plastering technique direct saving resources such as a large amount of cement, yellow sand, clay, shortened the duration greatly in the moment of duration anxiety, saving funds expenditures improves workmanship, promotes the use of to have significant comprehensive benefit.

Description of drawings:

Fig. 1 is masonry of the present invention and original structure post relative displacement schematic diagram.

Fig. 2 is masonry of the present invention and original structure beam relative displacement schematic diagram.

Fig. 3 is a washroom of the present invention stem stem structural configuration schematic diagram.

Fig. 4 is embedding wall lacing wire of the present invention and stem stem reinforcing bar, core beam steel connection diagram.

Fig. 5 is for establishing stem stem row brick schematic diagram in the wall of the present invention, a is that first skin, b are second skin.

Fig. 6 is wall of the present invention corner stem stem row brick schematic diagram, and a is that first skin, b are second skin.

Fig. 7 for the present invention smaller or equal to wall place stem stem row brick schematic diagram between 600 wide holes, a is that first skin, b are second skin.

Fig. 8 is wall T word infall stem stem row brick schematic diagram of the present invention, and a is that first skin, b are second skin.

Fig. 9 is wall right-angled intersection place stem stem row brick schematic diagram of the present invention, and a is that first skin, b are second skin.

Figure 10 is body of wall shale modulus brick bottoming schematic diagram of the present invention.

Figure 11 builds schematic diagram by laying bricks or stones for body of wall doorframe of the present invention.

The specific embodiment:

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing infilled wall stem stem, core beam, concrete block masonry job practices in a kind of frame construction are done following detailed description, be the steps include:

Step 1, preparation of construction work:

1. concrete hollow block, light solid building block, the building block of U type concrete are checked and accepted, building block dimensional errors≤3mm, and do not have the truncation arrisdefect.The building block finished product must have product certificate or pass the test report, according to the site operation order, with the building block sequencing in batches, to divide specification to stack neat, strengthens the finished product protection measure;

2. clear up surface of base, the good blockwork body of bullet wall sideline, door and window hole line, and the stem stem position line is set.Before building by laying bricks or stones, the good wall body of surface of base bullet axis, wall sideline, for avoiding plastering because of physical dimension deviation face makes whole face wall, so blockwork body wall sideline masonry and structural beams adopt wall line deflection method, side-play amount is at 10~20mm.Fig. 1 is masonry of the present invention and original structure post relative displacement schematic diagram.1-concrete structural column, 2-blockwork, 3-relative displacement among the figure.Fig. 2 is masonry of the present invention and original structure beam relative displacement schematic diagram.1-concrete structural beams, 2-blockwork, 3-relative displacement among the figure.Cleaning comprises the plate surface that links to each other with masonry, the lime-ash of building basis, position or floor etc. by laying bricks or stones, and foreign material are removed clean, and it is moistening to water.Draw the building block Pareto diagram according to each spot size of design drawing and plane, elevation, arrange brick at the scene and put down the end, make masoning method reasonable, be convenient to operation.

3. plant the stem stem reinforcing bar at the stem stem place, the stem stem cross section is greater than 90mm * 120mm, and the stem stem reinforcement planting is HPB235, HRB335 level, and reinforcing bar 〉=2 Φ 12, core beam section be greater than 90mm * 150mm, reinforcing bar 〉=4 Φ 12; The described stem stem, core beam position of being provided with established stem stem for wall, Men Bian between in body of wall end, body of wall corner, T word infall, right-angled intersection place, smaller or equal to 600 wide holes, body of wall length is established stem stem in the middle of during greater than 5 meters, establish the core beam lintel of holding concurrently at the door opening place, and increase core beam arrangement of reinforcement according to width of cave entrance at hole place, the body of wall height is provided with collar tie beam during greater than 4 meters, and collar tie beam is pressed the core beam and disposed.Fig. 3 is a washroom of the present invention stem stem structural configuration schematic diagram.1-washroom, 2-stem stem, 3-door among the figure.Blacking partly is the stem stem position among the figure, and the reinforcing bar of stem stem should link to each other with structural beams, plate.

4. plant the tension rib that is connected with body of wall on post, beam or cast-in-place plate, the stem stem vertical reinforcement runs through the wall body and is connected with the up-down structure layer with the core beam.Fig. 4 is embedding wall lacing wire of the present invention and stem stem reinforcing bar, core beam steel connection diagram.Among the figure at the bottom of 1-lower panel top, the 2-top plate, 3-stem stem reinforcing bar, 4-stem stem, 5-lintel, 6-cross beam steel, 7-concrete hollow block, the building block of 8-light solid.The stem stem reinforcing bar divides two sections to be implanted in respectively at the bottom of lower panel top and the top plate among the figure, reserves lap length, and overlap joint is placed on the wall top, and the qualified back of self check newspaper is managed and checked, carries out record of acceptance of concealed work.

Step 2, build installation by laying bricks or stones:

1. at first build the stem stem bottom first skin brick by laying bricks or stones, concrete hollow block is inserted in the stem stem reinforcing bar, the stem stem bottom first skin brick adopts opening building block or the building block of U type, build out clean-out hatch, after masonry is finished, the hole interior portion foreign material and the mortar that lands are cleaned totally and rinse well, shutoff before the cast stem stem concrete.Mortar should adopt the mortar of cohesiveness and good water-retaining property, and strength grade is not less than Mb7.5.

2. body of wall basis employing meanwhile feels secure with the shale modulus brick of light solid building block same thickness, and build by laying bricks or stones and the stem stem of the first skin shale modulus brick carry out synchronously.

3. according to different positions stem stem is carried out second skin row brick, the concrete hollow block reply hole fissure of displacement of stem stem is taken block, and pressing raft to overlap with the shale modulus brick should be less than 200, and the concrete building block hollow parts of stem stem is with building with filling up tamping with masonry mortar; Described different parts for refer to body of wall middle part, body of wall corner, smaller or equal to wall, T word infall, right-angled intersection place between 600 wide holes, these positions stem stem row brick is followed the principle that the fissure of displacement is taken block, as Fig. 5~shown in Figure 9,1-concrete hollow block, the building block of 2-light solid, 3-stem stem reinforcing bar, 4-concrete Cb20,5-masonry mortar among the figure.4 contain the hollow parts fluid concrete of stem stem reinforcing bar for concrete hollow block among the figure.

4. continue to build by laying bricks or stones bottoming, as Figure 10 body of wall shale of the present invention modulus brick bottoming schematic diagram.1-earth construction, 2-stem stem, the bar planting of 3-stem stem, 4-shale modulus brick, 5-adjusting play among the figure.Should make the door opening top just in time be positioned at whole skin brick position according to door opening height, building block size adjusting bottoming height during building wall, be convenient to be provided with lintel.5 is gap between shale modulus brick and the earth construction among the figure, and this adjustable gaps is whole.When shale modulus brick bottoming height>30cm, substitute with the light solid building block, build stem stem concrete piece when building by laying bricks or stones earlier, build the light solid building block again, when building, group controls the plumpness of masonry mortar or bonding agent by the building block difference, the horizontal mortar joint plumpness of masonry is a key factor that influences masonry strength, the not full meeting of mortar or cementing agent makes the brick local compression or is bent, and reduces the compressive strength of masonry.Press Cha Chu at two kinds of materials, with masonry mortar tamping is filled in the cavity, stem stem is built by laying bricks or stones highly and should not be surpassed 1.8 meters every day, can guarantee the intensity of stem stem like this.When building at the bottom of the door core beam, temporarily stop to build by laying bricks or stones.

5. bonding mortar strength reaches 1.0Mpa pourable stem stem concrete when above, and concrete should adopt upper flow regime, pea gravel concreten that workability is good, and strength grade should not be lower than Cb20.The stem stem concrete is answered continuous pouring, with the tamping while watering of internal vibration rod, forbids to be poured into the top and vibrates.

6. door opening adopts the U shaped brick to build the core beam lintel of holding concurrently by laying bricks or stones, and the lintel place needs to put up support with wooden a tree, used in making timber for boats etc., so that the tiling of U shaped brick is gone over, it is dismountable to wait concrete to reach certain intensity rear.With the stem stem intersection, need U shaped brick bottom is sliced off, to guarantee linking up of steel concrete, clean-out hatch is stayed in U shaped brick side, colligation lintel 4 Φ 14 reinforcing bars, described beam steel excessively and the welding of stem stem reinforcing bar, finish the after-pouring fine-stone concrete, when the wall height surpasses 4m collar tie beam is set, collar tie beam is pressed the core beam and is disposed.Figure 11 builds schematic diagram by laying bricks or stones for body of wall doorframe of the present invention.1-stem stem, 2-stem stem reinforcing bar, 3-core beam, 4-core beam steel, 5-wood a tree, used in making timber for boats among the figure.Utilize the core beam lintel of holding concurrently to substitute collar tie beam, easy to operate, reduce operation and effectively ensure the quality of products.

7. core beam concrete pours and can carry out building by laying bricks or stones of top body of wall at once, and building method packs in the reinforcing bar from the hollow concrete building block of stem stem reinforcing bar holder-on with the bottom body of wall, remain when going up most two skin bricks, the bar splicing head is tied up, build the top with the U shaped brick again, wherein go up most a skin opening to the side, be used for pour concrete.

8. masonry panel length is surpassed 40m, the wide shrinkage joint of 3mm promptly is set, the every 30m in the longer position of body of wall length such as corridor are provided with the shrinkage joint one.

Step 3, verification of synchronization:

1. masonry mortar joint plumpness is checked, plumpness>95%.

2. degree of gravity vertical forwall surface, planeness deviation are all in 2mm.Degree of plainness for wall surface, verticality are directly to influence metope whether to need the key factor of plastering.Can adopt infrared rays graticule instrument, horizontal vertical degree guiding ruler, angle square, infrared ambulator etc.,, guarantee in the allowable variation scope at any time to offset correction.

3. stem stem, core beam construction quality are checked.

4. position such as wall line corridor all guarantees to check on same straight line.

Step 4 is coated with Puttying according to the planar condition of allowable ratio of height to sectional thickness of masonry wall or column, and putty thickness is 0.5~1mm, finishes construction, checks and accepts.Describedly should before blade coating putty, seal with primary coat when being the strong masonry metope of adsorptivity the masonry metope according to the planar condition of allowable ratio of height to sectional thickness of masonry wall or column.Be coated with when scraping: the gradient of instrument in the time of should grasping blade coating, firmly evenly, full to guarantee putty; Do not come and go blade coating too much,, seal the surface and be difficult for dry in order to avoid the volume skin occurs, come off or the sizing material in the putty is extruded.

Application examples:

Nanjing hospital engineering overall floorage is 22.5 ten thousand m 2, underground building area 4.7 ten thousand m wherein 2, superstructure area 17.8m 2, adjoin in the south time by Medical Technology Building, be in hospital building and Outpatient Building from north orientation and to form.Building 14 floor on the ground of being in hospital, building height 56.8m; Six layers on the ground of Medical Technology Buildings, building height 25.5m; 5 layers on the ground of Outpatient Buildings, building height 21.0m; All establish 2 layers of basement.Building block of ALC light solid and haydite hollow concrete block wall whole project are about 25000m in this engineering 3, the area of plastering reaches 267000m 2, construction area is bigger, and is if adopt masonry normally to build by laying bricks or stones and plaster, artificial, consumption of materials is huge, not only increases cost but also cause quality problems such as floated coat hollowing, cracking easily.Effect analysis is as follows:

1, aspect masonry quality: avoided easily the rise common quality defect of mould of constructional column collar tie beam, avoided concrete to pick the cutter problem, even wall quality has been reached do not plaster and the direct effect of Puttying.For from now on the work of providing quality goods or brilliant lays the foundation.

2, aspect the construction period: be equivalent to remove the operation of formwork erection, especially core beam concrete pours, and can carry out the construction of top masonry.Improve effect 20%, this engineering masonry amounts to 2.55 ten thousand steres, and normal 150 days durations, reality has been used 120 days, and 30 days reductions of erection time are for engineering is completed the condition of having created of handing in advance.

3, aspect construction safety: reduced by a procedure, reduced cross-operation, reduced the inflammable hidden danger of template wood a tree, used in making timber for boats.Reduced the electric shock hidden danger that carpenter's electricity consumption brings, reduced mechanical wounding hidden danger that woodworking machinery causes etc., for the establishment in security civilization building site provides guarantee.

4, aspect economic benefit: this engineering is totally 2.55 ten thousand cubes of masonries, adopted 2380 cubes on stem stem core beam, saves 32000 squares of formwork erection areas, and every square of artificial mechanism Master Cost is 48 yuan, counts 153.6 ten thousand yuan.Increase by 2380 cubes in hollow brick, 390 yuan of every cube of artificial mechanism cost of materials, totally 92.8 ten thousand, actually save 60.8 ten thousand yuan.Also disregard wall quality and reach the degree of not plastering, the expense of plastering of minimizing reduces by 30 day duration to bring the project management expense of minimizing, and this construction technology has reached good result, has obtained good economic benefits and social benefit.

The foregoing description is not construed as limiting the invention, and all employings are equal to the technical scheme that form obtained of replacement or equivalent transformation, all drop within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. infilled wall stem stem, core beam, concrete block masonry job practices in the frame construction is characterized in that, may further comprise the steps:
Step 1, preparation of construction work:
1. concrete hollow block, light solid building block, the building block of U type concrete are checked and accepted, building block dimensional errors≤3mm, and do not have the truncation arrisdefect;
2. clear up surface of base, the good blockwork body of bullet wall sideline, door and window hole line, and stem stem, the core beam position line are set;
3. plant the stem stem reinforcing bar at the stem stem place, the stem stem cross section is greater than 90mm * 120mm, and the stem stem reinforcement planting is HPB235, HRB335 level, and reinforcing bar 〉=2 Φ 12, core beam section be greater than 90mm * 150mm, reinforcing bar 〉=4 Φ 12;
4. plant the tension rib that is connected with body of wall on post, beam or cast-in-place plate, the stem stem vertical reinforcement runs through the wall body and is connected with the up-down structure layer with the core beam;
Step 2, build installation by laying bricks or stones:
1. at first build the stem stem bottom first skin brick by laying bricks or stones, concrete hollow block is inserted in the stem stem reinforcing bar, the stem stem bottom first skin brick adopts opening building block or the building block of U type, build out clean-out hatch, after masonry is finished, the hole interior portion foreign material and the mortar that lands are cleaned totally and rinse well, shutoff before the cast stem stem concrete;
2. body of wall basis employing meanwhile feels secure with the shale modulus brick of light solid building block same thickness, and build by laying bricks or stones and the stem stem of the first skin shale modulus brick carry out synchronously;
3. according to different positions stem stem is carried out second skin row brick, the concrete hollow block reply hole fissure of displacement of stem stem is taken block, and pressing raft to overlap with the shale modulus brick should be less than 200, and the concrete building block hollow parts of stem stem is with building with filling up tamping with masonry mortar;
4. continue to build by laying bricks or stones, when shale modulus brick bottoming height>30cm, substitute with the light solid building block, build stem stem concrete piece when building by laying bricks or stones earlier, build the light solid building block again, by the plumpness of building block different control masonry mortar or bonding agent, two kinds of materials were pressed Cha Chu when group was built, with masonry mortar tamping is filled in the cavity, stem stem is built by laying bricks or stones highly every day should not surpass 1.8 meters, when building at the bottom of the door core beam, temporarily stops to build by laying bricks or stones;
5. bonding mortar strength reaches 1.0Mpa pourable stem stem concrete when above, and the stem stem concrete is answered continuous pouring, with the tamping while watering of internal vibration rod, forbids to be poured into the top and vibrates;
6. door opening adopts the U shaped brick to build the core beam lintel of holding concurrently by laying bricks or stones, the lintel place needs to put up support with wooden a tree, used in making timber for boats etc., with the stem stem intersection, need U shaped brick bottom is sliced off, clean-out hatch is stayed in the side, colligation lintel 4 Φ 14 reinforcing bars, described beam steel excessively and the welding of stem stem reinforcing bar, finish the after-pouring fine-stone concrete, when the wall height surpasses 4m collar tie beam is set, collar tie beam is pressed the core beam and is disposed;
7. core beam concrete pours and can carry out building by laying bricks or stones of top body of wall at once, and building method packs in the reinforcing bar from the hollow concrete building block of stem stem reinforcing bar holder-on with the bottom body of wall, remain when going up most two skin bricks, the bar splicing head is tied up, build the top with the U shaped brick again, wherein go up most a skin opening to the side, be used for pour concrete;
8. masonry panel length is surpassed 40m, the wide shrinkage joint of 3mm promptly is set, the every 30m in the longer position of body of wall length such as corridor are provided with the shrinkage joint one;
Step 3, verification of synchronization:
1. masonry mortar joint plumpness is checked, plumpness>95%;
2. degree of gravity vertical forwall surface, planeness deviation are all in 2mm;
3. stem stem, core beam construction quality are checked;
4. position such as wall line corridor all guarantees to check on same straight line;
Step 4, according to the planar condition Puttying of allowable ratio of height to sectional thickness of masonry wall or column, putty thickness is 0.5~1mm, finishes construction, checks and accepts.
2. infilled wall stem stem, core beam, concrete block masonry job practices in the frame construction according to claim 1, it is characterized in that the 1. middle concrete hollow block of described step 1 is 2 holes, specification has: the thick X190 height of 390 long X190, the thick X190 height of 190 long X190, intensity is greater than MU10.
3. infilled wall stem stem, core beam, concrete block masonry job practices in the frame construction according to claim 1 is characterized in that the light solid building block is the building block of ALC light solid during step 1 1. described in described step 1 1..
4. infilled wall stem stem, core beam, concrete block masonry job practices in the frame construction according to claim 1 is characterized in that 1. middle U type concrete block profile size of described step 1 and concrete hollow block are measure-alike, and intensity is greater than MU10.
5. infilled wall stem stem, core beam, concrete block masonry job practices in the frame construction according to claim 1 is characterized in that 2. middle blockwork body wall sideline masonry of described step 1 and structural beams adopt wall line deflection method, side-play amount 10~20mm.
6. infilled wall stem stem, core beam, concrete block masonry job practices in the frame construction according to claim 1, it is characterized in that being provided with during described step 1 2. stem stem, core beam position and establish stem stem for wall, Men Bian between in body of wall end, body of wall corner, T word infall, right-angled intersection place, smaller or equal to 600 wide holes, body of wall length is established stem stem in the middle of during greater than 5 meters, establish the core beam lintel of holding concurrently at the door opening place, and increase the lintel arrangement of reinforcement according to width of cave entrance at hole place, when the wall height surpasses 4m collar tie beam is set, collar tie beam is pressed the core beam and is disposed.
7. infilled wall stem stem, core beam, concrete block masonry job practices in the frame construction according to claim 1, it is characterized in that positions different during described step 2 3. to stem stem carry out second skin row brick refer to establish in the wall stem stem row brick, wall corner stem stem row brick, smaller or equal to the stem stem row of wall place brick, wall T word infall stem stem row brick, wall right-angled intersection place stem stem row brick between 600 wide holes.
8. infilled wall stem stem, core beam, concrete block masonry job practices in the frame construction according to claim 1 is characterized in that in the described step 4 according to the planar condition of allowable ratio of height to sectional thickness of masonry wall or column being that masonry metope adsorptivity should be sealed with primary coat the masonry metope when strong before blade coating putty.
CN 200910247657 2009-12-30 2009-12-30 Masonry construction method for filling wall core pillar, core girder and building blocks into framework structure CN102116061B (en)

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CN102767290A (en) * 2012-08-07 2012-11-07 天津住宅集团建设工程总承包有限公司 Construction method for retention position of constructional column of self-insulation sand aerated concrete block exterior wall
CN103015563A (en) * 2012-12-18 2013-04-03 北京工业大学 Outer-block inner-masonry building structure system
CN103410332A (en) * 2013-08-07 2013-11-27 中国核工业第二二建设有限公司 Concrete hollow block reinforced wall construction technology
CN103437562A (en) * 2013-08-20 2013-12-11 钟粤 Hollow wall body building method
CN103469939A (en) * 2013-09-24 2013-12-25 中国建筑第二工程局有限公司 Flexible connection anti-seismic structure for masonry infilled wall and main body, and construction method for flexible connection anti-seismic structure
CN103821253A (en) * 2014-02-28 2014-05-28 浙江海天建设集团有限公司 Constructing technique for aerated concrete block filler wall
CN103821252A (en) * 2014-02-28 2014-05-28 浙江海天建设集团有限公司 Process for constructing aerated concrete building block infilled wall through membrane maintenance technology
CN103883022A (en) * 2014-03-20 2014-06-25 中国建筑第二工程局有限公司 Building envelope inner and outer wall anti-seismic and sound insulation anti-cracking integrated structure and construction method thereof
CN104141353A (en) * 2013-11-05 2014-11-12 中国建筑第四工程局有限公司 Construction method and structure of non-load-bearing thin wall
CN104831831A (en) * 2015-05-07 2015-08-12 浙江省建工集团有限责任公司 Foam concrete-large-porosity shale brick outer wall and self heat insulation system construction method
CN105464382A (en) * 2014-09-03 2016-04-06 中国建筑第四工程局有限公司 Building block and constructional column integrated construction method and constructional column formwork building block
CN106049866A (en) * 2016-06-08 2016-10-26 韦刚 Method for blocking holes of hollow cement bricks and product
CN106592810A (en) * 2016-12-08 2017-04-26 陕西建工第三建设集团有限公司 Construction method of wrapping fair brick masonry for concrete structure of historic building
CN106948600A (en) * 2017-03-03 2017-07-14 重庆大学 Core column type is without the slurry accurate block masonry of air entrained concrete and its construction method
CN108547450A (en) * 2018-04-25 2018-09-18 中建八局第三建设有限公司 A kind of self-insulating brick wall construction method for exempting from formwork
CN108612261A (en) * 2018-05-11 2018-10-02 上海宝冶集团有限公司 The construction method of reinforcement masonry lintel

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CN102767290B (en) * 2012-08-07 2014-11-12 天津住宅集团建设工程总承包有限公司 Construction method for retention position of constructional column of self-insulation sand aerated concrete block exterior wall
CN102767290A (en) * 2012-08-07 2012-11-07 天津住宅集团建设工程总承包有限公司 Construction method for retention position of constructional column of self-insulation sand aerated concrete block exterior wall
CN103015563A (en) * 2012-12-18 2013-04-03 北京工业大学 Outer-block inner-masonry building structure system
CN103015563B (en) * 2012-12-18 2014-11-05 北京工业大学 Outer-block inner-masonry building structure system
CN103410332A (en) * 2013-08-07 2013-11-27 中国核工业第二二建设有限公司 Concrete hollow block reinforced wall construction technology
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CN103821253A (en) * 2014-02-28 2014-05-28 浙江海天建设集团有限公司 Constructing technique for aerated concrete block filler wall
CN103821252A (en) * 2014-02-28 2014-05-28 浙江海天建设集团有限公司 Process for constructing aerated concrete building block infilled wall through membrane maintenance technology
CN103883022A (en) * 2014-03-20 2014-06-25 中国建筑第二工程局有限公司 Building envelope inner and outer wall anti-seismic and sound insulation anti-cracking integrated structure and construction method thereof
CN105464382A (en) * 2014-09-03 2016-04-06 中国建筑第四工程局有限公司 Building block and constructional column integrated construction method and constructional column formwork building block
CN104831831B (en) * 2015-05-07 2017-02-01 浙江省建工集团有限责任公司 Foam concrete-large-porosity shale brick outer wall and self heat insulation system construction method
CN104831831A (en) * 2015-05-07 2015-08-12 浙江省建工集团有限责任公司 Foam concrete-large-porosity shale brick outer wall and self heat insulation system construction method
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