CN105672562B - Steam-pressing aero-concrete integral heat insulation wallboard and its production technology - Google Patents

Steam-pressing aero-concrete integral heat insulation wallboard and its production technology Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105672562B
CN105672562B CN201610196135.9A CN201610196135A CN105672562B CN 105672562 B CN105672562 B CN 105672562B CN 201610196135 A CN201610196135 A CN 201610196135A CN 105672562 B CN105672562 B CN 105672562B
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wallboard
insulation
heat
autoclaved aerated
concrete slab
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CN105672562A (en
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翟玉波
崔松梅
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Wulian Yitong New Building Materials Technology Co. Ltd.
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Wulian Yitong New Building Materials Technology Co Ltd
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/02Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials
    • E04C2/26Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups
    • E04C2/284Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups at least one of the materials being insulating
    • E04C2/288Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups at least one of the materials being insulating composed of insulating material and concrete, stone or stone-like material
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/56Load-bearing walls of framework or pillarwork; Walls incorporating load-bearing elongated members
    • E04B2/64Load-bearing walls of framework or pillarwork; Walls incorporating load-bearing elongated members with elongated members of concrete
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/30Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the shape or structure
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/30Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the shape or structure
    • E04C2/34Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the shape or structure composed of two or more spaced sheet-like parts
    • E04C2/36Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the shape or structure composed of two or more spaced sheet-like parts spaced apart by transversely-placed strip material, e.g. honeycomb panels
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/44Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the purpose
    • E04C2/52Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the purpose with special adaptations for auxiliary purposes, e.g. serving for locating conduits
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/44Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the purpose
    • E04C2/52Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the purpose with special adaptations for auxiliary purposes, e.g. serving for locating conduits
    • E04C2/521Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the purpose with special adaptations for auxiliary purposes, e.g. serving for locating conduits serving for locating conduits; for ventilating, heating or cooling
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G21/00Preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ; Other devices or measures for constructional work
    • E04G21/14Conveying or assembling building elements
    • E04G21/142Means in or on the elements for connecting same to handling apparatus

Abstract

Steam-pressing aero-concrete integral heat insulation wallboard and its production technology, it is related to assembled architecture wallboard technical field.Including autoclaved aerated concrete slab, reinforced concrete frame, steel pin or/and bolt, heat-insulation layer, it is characterised in that described autoclaved aerated concrete slab is assembled into wallboard by the way of horizontal dress, perpendicular dress or vertical and horizontal mixing installation;Both sides wallboard and its intermediate insulating layer are assembled into heat-insulation wall plate;Described reinforced concrete frame is made up of concrete-placing reinforcing steel bar cylinder mould, and reinforced concrete frame is fixedly connected on around heat-insulation wall plate by steel pin or/and bolt;During described autoclaved aerated concrete slab assembly, a ribs is set every one piece or several pieces;Heat-insulation layer is set up in described reinforced concrete frame, at least side of ribs.The present invention has and can fundamentally solve wall crazing leakage problems, crane can be used once to sling, construction speed is fast, can effectively shorten construction period, and can improve the good effect of construction quality.

Description

Steam-pressing aero-concrete integral heat insulation wallboard and its production technology
Technical field
The present invention relates to assembled architecture wallboard technical field, especially belongs to a kind of steam-pressing aero-concrete integral heat insulation Wallboard and its production technology.
Background technology
At present, China has formed cast-in-place concrete frame structure, prefabricated concrete structure system and steel structure system, but It is no matter which kind of structural system is required for factory process, in-site installation, weather be present can be with control, long construction period, construction speed The problems such as degree is slow, poor thermal insulation property.
Although having the research of fraction enterprise and scientific research institution in progress assembled architecture both at home and abroad at present, it grinds The assembled architecture studied carefully can not fundamentally solve wall crazing leakage problems, and the insulation of selected construction material, It is green, construction is convenient etc. goes back existing defects, integral moduleization design, production, the transport to wall need into one Step improves.Such as in the utility model patent of Application No. 201520035595.4, it is compound to disclose a kind of steam-pressing aero-concrete Wallboard, its structure are only one piece of plate, rather than assembled wall, it is impossible to realize that batch production assembled produces.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of steam-pressing aero-concrete integral heat insulation wallboard and its production technology, to reach Can fundamentally solve wall crazing leakage problems, and take into account high-strength light, insulation, impervious waterproof, fire protection flame retarding, every Sound noise reduction, it is green, construction it is convenient, prolonged resistance to old, economical and practical the advantages that, can be used crane once sling, construction speed It hurry up, climate conditionality is small, saves labour, can effectively shorten construction period, saves construction cost, and can improve and build Build the purpose of quality.
Steam-pressing aero-concrete integral heat insulation wallboard provided by the present invention, including autoclaved aerated concrete slab, reinforcing bar mix Solidifying native frame, steel pin or/and bolt, heat-insulation layer, it is characterised in that the side of described autoclaved aerated concrete slab is provided with recessed Groove, opposite side are provided with projection, and groove is adapted with projection;Or the both sides of autoclaved aerated concrete slab are provided with symmetrically Pore-forming groove;Or the both sides of autoclaved aerated concrete slab are plane;Described autoclaved aerated concrete slab using it is horizontal dress, The mode for erecting dress or vertical and horizontal mixing installation is assembled into wallboard, and both sides wallboard and its middle heat-insulation layer are assembled into heat-insulation wall plate; Described reinforced concrete frame is made up of concrete-placing reinforcing steel bar cylinder mould, and reinforced concrete frame is consolidated by steel pin or/and bolt Surely it is connected to around heat-insulation wall plate;When described autoclaved aerated concrete slab erects dress, one is set every one piece or several pieces Ribs;Heat-insulation layer is set up in described ribs and at least side of reinforced concrete frame.
Steam-pressing aero-concrete integral heat insulation wallboard provided by the present invention, using one piece or the steam pressurized coagulation of polylith Native plate is assembled to be made, and autoclaved aerated concrete slab surface quality is good, does not ftracture, be light porous, be green, and has well The performance of fire resisting, fire prevention, sound insulation, heat-insulated, insulation etc., after being assembled into wallboard, links together with heat-insulation layer, forms insulated wall Plate, reinforced concrete frame are fixedly connected on around heat-insulation wall plate by steel pin or/and bolt, become one it is steam pressurized Concrete integral heat insulation wallboard;Ribs can be with the intensity and endurance of heat-insulation wall plate.Meanwhile steam pressurized coagulation of the invention Native integral wall is assembled in factory, its indoor environment temperature, humidity etc. can manual control, can manually carry out industry on a small quantity Change production line balance, transport after production to job site, directly installed using crane.
Therefore, the present invention, which has, can fundamentally solve wall crazing leakage problems, and take into account high-strength light, thermal insulation separation Hot, impervious waterproof, fire protection flame retarding, sound insulation and noise reduction, it is green, construction it is convenient, prolonged resistance to old, economical and practical the advantages that, can make Once to be sling with crane, construction speed is fast, and climate conditionality is small, saves labour, can effectively shorten construction period, Construction cost is saved, and the good effect of construction quality can be improved.
Brief description of the drawings
Accompanying drawing part discloses the specific embodiment of the invention, wherein,
Fig. 1, structural representation of the invention;
Fig. 2, structural section schematic diagram of the invention;
Fig. 3, reinforced concrete frame of the invention and wallboard connection diagram;
Fig. 4, I-shaped support structural representation of the invention;
Fig. 5, the structural representation in the wallboard face for being provided with pipeline of the invention;
Fig. 6, the structural representation in the wallboard face for being provided with armored concrete pre-embedded block of the invention;
Fig. 7, structural representation during autoclaved aerated concrete slab assembly of the invention;
Fig. 8, schematic cross-section during autoclaved aerated concrete slab assembly of the invention;
Fig. 9, the structural representation of rebar cylinder mould of the invention;
Figure 10, production process sketch of the invention.
Embodiment
As shown in Fig. 1,2,3,4,7,8,9, steam-pressing aero-concrete integral heat insulation wallboard provided by the present invention, including steam Pressing aero-concrete plate 1, reinforced concrete frame 2, steel pin or/and bolt 3, heat-insulation layer 4, the one of autoclaved aerated concrete slab 1 Side sets fluted 1a, and opposite side is provided with raised 1b, and groove 1a is adapted with raised 1b;Or autoclaved aerated concrete slab 1 Both sides be provided with symmetrical pore-forming groove 1c;Or the both sides of autoclaved aerated concrete slab 1 are plane;It is steam pressurized Concrete slab 1 is assembled into wallboard 5 by the way of horizontal dress, perpendicular dress or vertical and horizontal mixing installation, and wallboard 5 and heat-insulation layer 4 are assembled into Heat-insulation wall plate 6;The both sides of heat-insulation wall plate 6 are wallboard 5, and intermediate course is heat-insulation layer 4;Reinforced concrete frame 2 is poured by concrete Build rebar cylinder mould 13 to be made, heat-insulation layer 4 is set up at least side of reinforced concrete frame 2, and reinforced concrete frame 2 is by steel pin Or/and bolt 3 is fixedly connected on around heat-insulation wall plate 6;When autoclaved aerated concrete slab 1 erects dress, every one piece or several The junction of block autoclaved aerated concrete slab 1 sets a ribs 9;During 1 horizontal dress of autoclaved aerated concrete slab, every a section Or the junction of a few section autoclaved aerated concrete slabs 1 sets a ribs 9.
One piece either polylith autoclaved aerated concrete slab 1 by the way of horizontal dress, perpendicular dress or vertical and horizontal mixing installation When being assembled into wallboard face 4, in order that the groove 1a of the side of autoclaved aerated concrete slab 1 and adjacent autoclaved aerated concrete slab 1 The raised 1b of side is more mutually adapted, the raised 1b of opposite side is recessed with another adjacent side of autoclaved aerated concrete slab 1 The assembled gap that groove 1a is more mutually adapted between autoclaved aerated concrete slab 1 is filled using binding agent 8, and binding agent 8 can So as to overall wallboard face 4 is more combined between polylith autoclaved aerated concrete slab 1;In order that autoclaved aerated concrete slab 1 The symmetrical pore-forming groove 1c and adjacent assembled autoclaved aerated concrete slab 1 in both sides pore-forming groove 1c be mutually adapted, A through hole is formed, binding agent 8 is poured in its through hole, flexible connection will be made between adjacent autoclaved aerated concrete slab 1, into Hole groove 1c can be triangle, rectangle, half elliptic, semicircle, square, it is trapezoidal in any one, be correspondingly formed Fill orifice be any one in rhombus, square/rectangle, ellipse, circle, rectangle, hexagon;Or in steam pressure Two side planes of aerated concrete panel 1 smear binding agent 8, it is carried out assembly with adjacent autoclaved aerated concrete slab 1.
Reinforced concrete frame 2 can be totally enclosed or open, such as when wallboard face 4 is provided with doorway 12 When, then the bottom on doorway is unable to pouring reinforcement concrete frame 2, i.e. reinforced concrete frame 2 is open.
At least side of above-mentioned reinforced concrete frame 2 and ribs 9 is provided with heat-insulation layer 4.During casting concrete, Heat-insulation layer 4 is cast in reinforced concrete frame 2 and ribs 9.Heat-insulation layer 4 can be set up in side, can also be in its both sides Set up heat-insulation layer 4.The thickness of heat-insulation layer 4 can cause with the variable thickness of heat-insulation layer 4 in two layers of wallboard 5.
Further, I-shaped support 7 is provided with the heat-insulation layer among the wallboard of both sides, I-shaped support 7 can support guarantor Warm layer, prevent it from being oppressed by the wallboard of both sides.When I-shaped support 7 supports 703 by top braces 701, connecting pole 702 and bottom When assembling, connecting pole 702 is provided with screw thread, and top braces 701 and bottom support 703 are provided with the spiral shell with connecting pole 702 Line thinks the screw thread of adaptation, and its top braces 701 and bottom support 703 are located at the both sides of heat-insulation layer respectively, and connecting pole 702, which passes through, to be protected Warm layer 4, the both ends of connecting pole 702 are fixedly connected by screw thread with top braces 701, bottom support 703;
When I-shaped support 7 is assembled by top braces 701, connecting bolt 704 and bottom support 703, spiral shell is connected Bolt 704 is provided with screw thread, and top braces 701 and bottom support 703 are provided with wants the spiral shell that is adapted to the screw thread of connecting bolt 704 Line, its top braces 701 and bottom support 703 are located at the both sides of heat-insulation layer respectively, and connecting bolt 704 is through heat-insulation layer 4 and steams Pressing aero-concrete plate 1, the both ends of connecting bolt 704 are separately fixed on autoclaved aerated concrete slab 1 by screw thread and nut;Work Font support 7 is preferred with uniformly dividing in heat-insulation layer 4.
Above-mentioned heat-insulation layer 4 is rock cotton board, mineral wool, perlite, ceramics, cement board, polyurathamc plate, can sent out Property XPS(Eps plates)Or extrusion moulding type polystyrene heat insulating board(Xps warming plates)In any one, heat-insulation layer 4 Thickness be 3cm-30cm.Both heat-insulating property can be met, weight, cost-effective requirement can be met again.
The thickness of above-mentioned autoclaved aerated concrete slab 1 is 5cm-30cm, is highly 40cm-600cm;Armored concrete side The width of frame 2 is 13cm -90cm.The width of reinforced concrete frame 2 be equal to both sides autoclaved aerated concrete slab 1 thickness and The thickness sum of heat-insulation layer 4, it can also be slightly larger than or be slightly less than the thickness and heat-insulation layer 4 of both sides autoclaved aerated concrete slab 1 Thickness sum.
The above-mentioned gap between autoclaved aerated concrete slab 1 is filled using binding agent 8, in the assembly of wallboard 5 The alkaline-resisting grid cloth that width is 8cm-50cm is pasted at gap.Alkaline-resisting grid cloth can prevent the gap of the assembling part of wallboard face 4 from opening Split., can be when designing and producing autoclaved aerated concrete slab 1, in autoclaved aerated concrete slab for the surfacing in wallboard face 4 The alkaline-resisting grid cloth that width is 5cm or so, depth is 5mm or so is reserved respectively and pastes space in 1 both sides of the edge;It can not also set Put alkaline-resisting grid cloth and paste space, alkaline-resisting grid cloth is pasted directly at the assembled gap in wallboard face 4.
Above-mentioned sets in the side of the autoclaved aerated concrete slab 1 adjacent with ribs 9 or both sides every 10cm-30cm Put a row or multi-row steel pin or/and bolt 3, one end of steel pin or/and bolt 3 is fixed on 5cm- in autoclaved aerated concrete slab 1 30cm, the other end are cast in 4cm-20cm in ribs 9.Ribs 9 can be prevented because polylith autoclaved aerated concrete slab 1 is spelled Dress, the intensity and endurance of its junction can decline.
Either it is staggered side by side a row or more every 10cm-30cm around the wallboard 5 of the above-mentioned both sides of heat-insulation layer 4 It is 5cm-30cm that one end of row's steel pin or/and bolt 3, steel pin or/and bolt 3, which is fixed on length in wallboard 5, and the other end is cast in Length is 4cm-20cm in reinforced concrete frame 2.The wallboard 5 of both sides can be set face-to-face, can also stagger setting, i.e., Can be with the plate stitch of autoclaved aerated concrete slab 1 of the autoclaved aerated concrete slab 1 of a framed side wallboard 5 and another framed side wallboard 5 to plate stitch pair Full cry and put, can also plate stitch plate face is staggered placement.Accordingly, steel pin or/and bolt 3 can be arranged side by side, can also be wrong Open up and put.
The top of above-mentioned wallboard 5 is provided with 2-5 steel suspension hook 10, and the lower end of steel suspension hook 10 is welded on ribs 9 On interior rebar cylinder mould, or it is cast in reinforced concrete frame 2.Steel hook 10 lower end be connected to in ribs 9, Wherein connect with welding and be preferred on the reinforcing bar in ribs 9 especially, steel links up with the 10 length 10cm- in ribs 9 100cm.Autoclaved aerated concrete slab 1 horizontal can fill, can erect dress, can anyhow mix and is assembled into wallboard 5, autoclaved aerated concrete slab 1 The ribs 9 of junction has transverse direction, also have it is vertical, steel hook 10 lower end be preferred with being welded on vertical ribs 9.Steel The quantity of system hook 10 is consistent with the quantity of vertical ribs 9, i.e., a steel is respectively provided with every vertical ribs 9 and is hung Hook 10;When wallboard 5 is assembled by autoclaved aerated concrete slab 1, or junction between autoclaved aerated concrete slab 1 is not poured When building ribs 9, the lower end of steel hook 10 can be cast in reinforced concrete frame 2.The gib head of steel hook 10 can With exposed in the outside of reinforced concrete frame 2, exposed gib head is cut away when constructing at the scene.Steel hook 10 The lifting that can transport or construct is convenient.
As shown in figure 5, the size of above-mentioned wallboard 5 is to be processed manufacture in factory according to construction wall design size, When need wallboard 5 install water, electricity, socket, switch, with power port etc. when, then in processing and fabricating autoclaved aerated concrete slab 1, Autoclaved aerated concrete slab 1 it is reserved, pipeline 11 is set, pipeline 11 can also be set in wallboard face 4;The surface of wallboard 5 with The corresponding position of spool is provided with socket, switch and power distribution cabinet opening.
As shown in fig. 6, above-mentioned heat-insulation wall plate 6, when needing in the installation door of heat-insulation wall plate 6, window, then needs in insulated wall Plate 6 is reserved, is provided with doorway 12, window 13;In order to prevent doorway 12, window 13 from being deformed in transport or work progress, The both sides doorjamb and top frame on doorway 12 pour the armored concrete that a layer thickness is 3cm-20cm, and the bottom on doorway 12 increases If support bar, it can prevent doorway 8 is stressed to coerce and deform;The surrounding of window 13 pours the steel that a layer thickness is 3cm-10cm Reinforced concrete;Or armored concrete pre-embedded block 14 is provided with heat-insulation wall plate 6, doorway 12, window 13 install angle steel or Band steel 15 is reinforced, and can increase doorway 12, the intensity and endurance of window 13, distortion preventing.
The surface of above-mentioned heat-insulation wall plate 6 is provided with decorative layer, and decorative layer can be mortar, gypsum, putty, coating, breast In shellac varnish, wallpaper, wall paper, insulation material, ceramic tile any one or it is a variety of.If heat-insulation wall plate 6 be arranged on toilet or Kitchen, then it can carry out water-proofing treatment.
The surface of above-mentioned heat-insulation wall plate 6 is provided with diaphragm, and diaphragm is in brown paper, plastic sheeting, rubber film Any one or it is a variety of can prevent in transport or work progress, damage heat-insulation wall plate 6.
As shown in Figure 10, the production technology of steam-pressing aero-concrete integral heat insulation wallboard provided by the present invention, including with Lower step:
The making of template:
According to building, if the design requirement of building is, it is necessary to make more large-sized integral wall, with regard to manufacturing and designing one The template consistent with integral wall size, the bottom of template and all round closure, upper end open.
The assembly of autoclaved aerated concrete slab, the arrangement of pipeline, doorway window it is reserved:
According to building, such as the design requirement of building, you can know to set in the relevant position of integral wall in advance and strengthen Rib 9, pipeline 11, doorway 12, window 13, during the assembly of autoclaved aerated concrete slab 1, its relevant position is reserved.Pipe It line 11 such as water pipe, electric wire, data wire, can in advance slot again assembled, first assembled can also slot again;Doorway 12, window 13 It is assembled again that well cutting can be shifted to an earlier date, first assembled can also be cut again.
Binding agent 8 is applied in first piece of groove 1a of autoclaved aerated concrete slab 1, by second piece of autoclaved aerated concrete slab 1 Raised 1b adaptations corresponding with first piece of groove 1a of autoclaved aerated concrete slab 1, and in the bottom of autoclaved aerated concrete slab 1 Prop up up and down the changing of the relative positions, make first piece of autoclaved aerated concrete slab 1 side binding agent 8 fully with second piece of steam pressurized coagulation Native plate 1 combines, and two pieces of autoclaved aerated concrete slabs 1 are assembled into wallboard 5;Or the both sides of autoclaved aerated concrete slab 1 are mutually right The pore-forming groove 1c of title and adjacent assembled autoclaved aerated concrete slab 1 pore-forming groove 1c are mutually adapted, and form a through hole, Binding agent 8 is poured in its through hole, flexible connection will be made between two pieces of adjacent autoclaved aerated concrete slabs 1, be assembled into wall Plate 5;Or two side planes of autoclaved aerated concrete slab 1 apply binding agent 8 respectively, with adjacent autoclaved aerated concrete slab 1 Plane pastes connection respectively, is assembled into wallboard 5;
By that analogy, polylith autoclaved aerated concrete slab 1 can be assembled into wallboard 5;
Slotted on autoclaved aerated concrete slab 1 or wallboard 5, pipeline 11 in arrangement;
Cut on autoclaved aerated concrete slab 1 or wallboard 5, doorway 12, window 13 are set, in doorway 12, window 13 Position, without the assembly of autoclaved aerated concrete slab 1, it is reserved go out, the position of window;
The alkaline-resisting grid cloth that width is 8cm-50cm is pasted at the assembled gap of wallboard 5.
The making of heat-insulation wall plate:
Pipeline will be set, one layer of wallboard 5 of doorway window is placed in template, heat-insulation layer 4 is laid on wallboard 5 Afterwards, then on heat-insulation layer 4 another layer of wallboard 5 is laid, forms heat-insulation wall plate 6.
Every one piece or the reserved space for pouring ribs 9 of several pieces of autoclaved aerated concrete slabs 1;Heat-insulation wall plate 6 with The casting space of reserved steel bar concrete frame 2 between template periphery.
I-shaped support 7 is uniformly divided in heat-insulation layer 4.When use is by top braces 701, connecting pole 702 and bottom During the I-shaped support 7 that support 703 assembles, top braces 701 and bottom support 703 are located at the two of heat-insulation layer respectively Side, connecting pole 702 pass through heat-insulation layer 4, and the both ends of connecting pole 702 are by screw thread and top braces 701, the company of fixation of bottom support 703 Connect;When using the I-shaped support 7 assembled by top braces 701, connecting bolt 704 and bottom support 703, by top Support 701 and bottom support 703 are located at the both sides of heat-insulation layer respectively, and connecting bolt 704 passes through heat-insulation layer 4 and steam pressurized coagulation Native plate 1, the both ends of connecting bolt 704 are separately fixed on autoclaved aerated concrete slab 1 by screw thread and nut.
The making of ribs, reinforced concrete frame pour:
In stepA row or multi-row is set every 10cm-30cm around the wallboard 5 of the assembled both sides of heat-insulation wall plate 6 It is 10cm-35cm that one end of steel pin or/and bolt 3, steel pin or/and bolt 3, which is fixed on length in wallboard 5, the other end it is exposed Outer length is 4cm-20cm;
The one or both sides of the autoclaved aerated concrete slab 1 adjacent with ribs 9 every 10cm-30cm set a row or One end of multiple rows of steel pin or/and bolt 3, steel pin or/and bolt 3 is fixed on 5cm-30cm in autoclaved aerated concrete slab 1, another End is cast in 4cm-20cm in ribs 9;
The steel pin that rebar cylinder mould 13 is bundled in the reserved space for pouring ribs 5 and reinforced concrete frame 2 or/ On bolt 3, ribs 9 can be arranged between one piece of autoclaved aerated concrete slab 1 and wallboard 5, one piece of steam pressurized coagulation Between native plate 1 and another piece of autoclaved aerated concrete slab 1, between wallboard 5 and wallboard 5;
In the reinforced concrete frame 2 and the side of ribs 9 that pour in advance or both sides laying one layer of heat preservation layer 4;
Steel hook 10 is welded on rebar cylinder mould 13, by concreting in template, concrete with it is exposed in wall Steel pin or/and bolt outside plate 5 pour to form reinforced concrete frame 2, and concrete and rebar cylinder mould 13 pours to form ribs 9, the hook head portions of steel hook 10 are exposed outside concrete, the integral heat insulation surfaces of wall screeding and compaction that will be poured.
The demoulding:After normal temperature conserves 7 days, template is removed.
Make decorative layer, protective layer:In stepIntegral wall surface decorated, it is brushing mortar, gypsum, greasy In son, coating, emulsion paint, wallpaper, wall paper, insulation material, ceramic tile any one or it is a variety of.
In stepIntegral wall surface covering protection film.
Steel hook 10 is hung using crane, steam-pressing aero-concrete integral wall is sling into vertical be stored or shipped to and applied Work in-site installation.
Above-mentioned steam-pressing aero-concrete integral wall is transported to job site, hanging steel hook 10 using crane hangs To the floor of required installation, reinforced concrete frame 2 is directly connected in the steel tank of H-type groove steel or I-shaped channel-section steel, so Agent is pasted in after-pouring concrete or addition;Can also be by the reinforcing bar in reinforced concrete frame 2 and H-type groove steel or I-shaped Channel-section steel welds together.
If installation is improper, when need to remove, reinforced concrete frame 2 need to only be removed, the ribs 9 in wallboard 5 is torn open Remove, binding agent excision, its autoclaved aerated concrete slab 1 can reuse.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of production technology of steam-pressing aero-concrete integral heat insulation wallboard, described steam-pressing aero-concrete integral heat insulation wall Plate includes autoclaved aerated concrete slab(1), reinforced concrete frame(2), steel pin or/and bolt(3), heat-insulation layer(4), steam pressure adds Gas concrete slab(1)Side set it is fluted(1a), opposite side is provided with projection(1b), groove(1a)With projection(1b)Xiang Shi Match somebody with somebody;Or autoclaved aerated concrete slab(1)Both sides be provided with symmetrical pore-forming groove(1c);Or steam pressurized coagulation Native plate(1)Both sides be plane;Autoclaved aerated concrete slab(1)By the way of horizontal dress, perpendicular dress or vertical and horizontal mixing installation It is assembled into wallboard(5);Both sides wallboard(5)And its intermediate insulating layer(4)It is assembled into heat-insulation wall plate(6);Reinforced concrete frame(2) By concrete-placing reinforcing steel bar cylinder mould(13)It is made, reinforced concrete frame(2)By steel pin or/and bolt(3)It is fixedly connected on guarantor Warm wallboard(6)Around;Autoclaved aerated concrete slab(1)When assembled, a ribs is set every one piece or several pieces(9); Reinforced concrete frame(2)And ribs(9)At least side set up heat-insulation layer(4);Characterized in that, above-mentioned is steam pressurized The production technology of concrete integral heat insulation wallboard, comprises the following steps:
The making of template:
Manufacture a bottom and all round closure, the template of upper end open;
The assembly of autoclaved aerated concrete slab, the arrangement of pipeline, doorway window it is reserved:
By autoclaved aerated concrete slab(1)It is assembled into wallboard(5);
In autoclaved aerated concrete slab(1)Upper fluting, pipeline in arrangement(11);
In autoclaved aerated concrete slab(1)Upper cutting, doorway is set(12), window(13);
In wallboard(5)Assembled gap at paste width be 8cm-50cm alkaline-resisting grid cloth;
The making of heat-insulation wall plate:
One layer of wallboard of pipeline, doorway window will be set(5)It is placed in template, in wallboard(5)Heat-insulation layer is laid above (4)Afterwards, then in heat-insulation layer(4)Another layer of wallboard is laid above(5), so as to form heat-insulation wall plate;
Reserve every one piece or several pieces of autoclaved aerated concrete slabs and pour ribs(9)Space;In heat-insulation wall plate and template The casting space of reserved steel bar concrete frame between periphery;
The making of ribs, reinforced concrete frame pour:
In stepAssembled heat-insulation wall plate(6)The wallboard of both sides(5)Around every 10cm-30cm set a row or multi-row Steel pin or/and bolt(3), steel pin or/and bolt(3)One end be fixed on wallboard(5)Interior length is 10cm-35cm, the other end Exposed length is 4cm-20cm;
With ribs(9)Adjacent autoclaved aerated concrete slab(1)Both sides every 10cm-30cm, a row or multi-row steel is set Pin or/and bolt(3), steel pin or/and bolt(3)One end be fixed on autoclaved aerated concrete slab(1)Interior 5cm-30cm, it is another End is cast in ribs(9)Interior 4cm-20cm;
By rebar cylinder mould(13)It is bundled in stepReserved pours ribs(9)In the space of reinforced concrete frame;
Steel is linked up with(10)It is welded on rebar cylinder mould(13)On;
By concreting in template, reinforced concrete frame is formed(2)And ribs(5), steel hook(10)Gib head Partial denudation is outside concrete, by surface screeding and compaction;
The demoulding:After normal temperature maintenance, template is removed;
Make decorative layer, protective layer:In stepIntegral wall surface decorated, brushing mortar, gypsum, putty, painting Material, emulsion paint or laying wallpaper, wall paper, insulation material, in ceramic tile any one or it is a variety of;
In stepIntegral wall surface covering protection film.
2. the production technology of steam-pressing aero-concrete integral heat insulation wallboard according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described Both sides wallboard(5)Middle heat-insulation layer(4)Inside it is provided with I-shaped support(7), I-shaped support(7)By top braces (701), connecting pole(702)Supported with bottom(703)Assemble;Or I-shaped support(7)By top braces(701), even Connecting bolt(704)Supported with bottom(703)Assemble.
3. the production technology of steam-pressing aero-concrete integral heat insulation wallboard according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described Heat-insulation layer(4)Thickness be 3cm-30cm;
Described autoclaved aerated concrete slab(1)Thickness be 5cm-30cm, be highly 40cm-600cm;Described reinforced concrete Native frame(2)Width be 13cm -90cm.
4. the production technology of steam-pressing aero-concrete integral heat insulation wallboard according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described Autoclaved aerated concrete slab(1)Between gap use binding agent(8)It is filled, in wallboard(5)Assembled gap at glue Paste the alkaline-resisting grid cloth that width is 8cm-50cm.
5. the production technology of steam-pressing aero-concrete integral heat insulation wallboard according to claim 1, it is characterised in that with Ribs(9)Adjacent autoclaved aerated concrete slab(1)One or both sides every 10cm-30cm, a row or multi-row steel pin is set Or/and bolt(3), steel pin or/and bolt(3)One end be fixed on autoclaved aerated concrete slab(1)Interior 5cm-30cm, the other end It is cast in ribs(9)Interior 4cm-20cm;
Described wallboard(5)Around every 10cm-30cm side by side or be staggered a row or multi-row steel pin or/and bolt (3), steel pin or/and bolt(3)One end be fixed on wallboard(5)Interior length is 5cm-30cm, and the other end is cast in be mixed in reinforcing bar Coagulate native frame(2)Interior length is 4cm-20cm.
6. the production technology of steam-pressing aero-concrete integral heat insulation wallboard according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described Wallboard(5)Top be provided with 2-5 steel suspension hook(10), steel suspension hook(10)Lower end be cast in ribs(9)It is interior, or Person is cast in reinforced concrete frame(2)It is interior.
7. the production technology of steam-pressing aero-concrete integral heat insulation wallboard according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described Heat-insulation wall plate(6)It is provided with pipeline(11), wallboard(5)Surface be provided with socket, switch, power distribution cabinet opening;
Described heat-insulation wall plate(6)It is provided with doorway(12), window(13), or in heat-insulation wall plate(6)Reinforcing bar is inside provided with to mix Coagulate native pre-embedded block(14).
8. the production technology of steam-pressing aero-concrete integral heat insulation wallboard according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described Heat-insulation wall plate(6)Decorative layer is provided with, decorative layer is mortar, gypsum, putty, coating, emulsion paint, wallpaper, wall paper, thermal insulating material Material, in ceramic tile any one or it is a variety of;Described heat-insulation wall plate(6)Diaphragm is provided with, diaphragm is brown paper, plastics In film, rubber film any one or it is a variety of.
CN201610196135.9A 2016-03-31 2016-03-31 Steam-pressing aero-concrete integral heat insulation wallboard and its production technology Active CN105672562B (en)

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CN112252577A (en) * 2020-10-30 2021-01-22 苏州金月建筑材料有限公司 Evaporate and press aerated concrete composite insulation wallboard structure

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