CN106760029B - A kind of Assembled self-insulating wall is counter to beat preparation process - Google Patents

A kind of Assembled self-insulating wall is counter to beat preparation process Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106760029B
CN106760029B CN201611098434.5A CN201611098434A CN106760029B CN 106760029 B CN106760029 B CN 106760029B CN 201611098434 A CN201611098434 A CN 201611098434A CN 106760029 B CN106760029 B CN 106760029B
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China
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heat insulating
anchoring piece
decorative board
insulating decorative
concrete
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CN201611098434.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106760029A (en
Inventor
翟传伟
李壮贤
侯钦鹏
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青岛科瑞新型环保材料集团有限公司
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Priority to CN201611098434.5A priority Critical patent/CN106760029B/en
Publication of CN106760029A publication Critical patent/CN106760029A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR OTHER BUILDING AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G21/00Preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ; Other devices or measures for constructional work

Abstract

A kind of Assembled self-insulating wall is counter to beat preparation process, and the wall includes concrete wall, heat insulating decorative board, and heat insulating decorative board is arranged outside the concrete wall.The present invention proposes to produce Assembled self-insulating wallboard by the anti-technique beaten of heat insulating decorative board, eliminate outer page board in former sandwich structure and the inside and outside connector being connected, cost is set to decline to a great extent, improve production efficiency, the self weight for reducing building, provides guarantee to be widely applied assembled architecture.

Description

A kind of Assembled self-insulating wall is counter to beat preparation process

Technical field

The present invention relates to building material technical field, more particularly to a kind of novel fabricated wall production method, set Meter and installing area.

Background technique

As maximum developing country, China's per Unit GDP Energy Consumption is world average level more than 2 times, in face of increasingly Severe energy security situation, country are all carrying forward vigorously energy-saving and emission-reduction in every field.Building energy consumption occupies China's total energy consumption 20 ~ 30%, therefore building energy conservation is just particularly important.Newest building energy-saving standard be northern area for example Beijing, Tianjin, The provinces such as Shandong, Hebei, Xinjiang have realized 75% energy conservation standard, and the cities and towns residential architecture of most area is 65%, only a few Area requires to be 50%.Since China's Developing Energy-saving Construction is later, various aspects all owe maturation, energy saving skill compared with European and American developed countries Art measure and standard also fall behind relatively, but on the whole, and super low energy consumption building, green building are the development trends of China's building.

Super low energy consumption building is commonly referred to as passive type building at home, i.e., without the heating of active and air-conditioning or using extremely low Energy consumption can maintain the building of comfortable indoor thermal environment.The peripheral structure of passive type building requirements building has pole Good heat insulation effect and airtightness sees that the organic for using thermal insulation property best is kept the temperature according to the case where current passive type building As insulation construction, thickness is more than 15cm for material polyurethane or polystyrene foam, and uses vacuum thermal insulation plate, total thickness Degree control is able to satisfy the heat preservation demand of super low energy consumption building within 6cm.

Assembled architecture is the main flow direction of engineering construction, i.e., work is carried out as production automobile in construction house comprehensively Factory's Prefabrication, the build model that scene is assembled.But current assembled wall uses and generallys use sandwich style Structural form, the structural form are by passing through the connector of insulation board for 5-8cm thick concrete slab and main body on the outside of insulation board The concrete of structure connects, and cumbersome, cost is high, security system is low there is producing for the construction of the sandwich, for solid The connector of the concrete slab of fixed outside 5-8cm thickness does not implement standard, and quality is difficult to ensure, and forms a large amount of cold bridge, mesh Preceding all to rely on import, cost is high, and current assembled architecture is caused to be difficult to promote, and incremental cost is high.

Summary of the invention

For the assembled wallboard of the above sandwich structure, the present invention is proposed through the anti-technique production beaten of heat insulating decorative board Assembled self-insulating wallboard eliminates outer page board in former sandwich structure and the inside and outside connector being connected, make cost substantially under Drop, improves production efficiency, reduces the self weight of building, provide guarantee to be widely applied assembled architecture.

In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is that:

A kind of Assembled self-insulating wall instead beats preparation process, and the wall includes concrete wall, heat insulating decorative board, Heat insulating decorative board is set outside the concrete wall, and the anti-construction technology method of beating of heat insulating decorative board includes the following steps:

Step 1) fixed form in steel platform, and window frame is fixed;

Step 2 is the anti-bottom for being laid on template of heat insulating decorative board;

Step 3) is pre-buried and fixed anchors;

Step 4) is laid with steel reinforcement cage or assembling reinforcement directly above on the top for the heat insulating decorative board completed;

The fixed fixed point being embedded into concrete accordingly of step 5);

Step 6) is poured concrete and vibration compacting;

Step 7) maintenance;

Step 8) demoulding lifting;

Facing takes off protective film on the outside of step 9) heat insulating decorative board, does sealant processing.

A kind of Assembled self-insulating wall instead beats preparation process, and the wall includes concrete wall, heat insulating decorative board, Heat insulating decorative board is set outside the concrete wall, and the manufacture craft for instead beating Assembled self-insulating wall is as described below:

The first step has propped up template in die station, and has fixed window frame;

Second step is laid with the cement sand bed of one layer of 1-3cm thickness in the template propped up, should embed plating in cement sand bed Zinc steel wire or glass fiber net are then laid with a face on the cement sand bed completed and have heat insulating decorative board, keep the temperature being laid with Anchoring piece handstand is fixed while decorative panel, an end face of anchoring piece should be placed in the outside of steel wire or glass fiber net, And live steel wire or glass fiber net anchor, the other end of anchoring piece, which will stand upside down, stretches out heat insulating decorative board;

Third step after heat insulating decorative board is laid with and anchors, handles with foamed material and clogs the plate of full heat insulating decorative board Seam;

4th step will be laid on the upper surface of form insulation plate according to the steel reinforcement cage designed and produced in advance, or directly The upper surface of heat insulating decorative board completed is laid with assembling reinforcement;

5th step fixes the component of Self-insulation wall plate on steel reinforcement cage;

6th step is poured concrete and vibrates, and the surface of concrete, which smoothes out, receives light;

7th step, will pour the concrete being poured in and is sent in curing kilns and conserve;

8th step, demoulding lifting and chipping;

The self heat insulation wall made is combined installation by design requirement by the 9th step.

Preferably, the thermal insulation material side opposite with decorative panel should be with matcoveredn in the heat insulating decorative board.

Preferably, the protective layer can be cement mortar or binding cement thin plate or calcium silicate board, glass magnesium board, cement are fine Tie up mat.

Preferably, the decorative panel of the heat insulating decorative board can be thin type stone material, coating cement fibre pressure plate, The calcium silicate board of coating, the aluminium sheet of coating, the aluminium alloy plate of coating, coating steel plate etc. have certain strong The decorative panel of degree, and decorative panel is cladded with protective film.

Preferably, the thermal insulation material of the heat insulating decorative board is vacuum heat-insulating plate.

Preferably, the heat insulating decorative board and concrete wall are fixed by anchoring piece sub-assembly, the anchoring Part sub-assembly includes outer anchoring piece and interior anchoring piece, and the outer anchoring piece includes outer anchoring piece center-pole and is located at outer anchoring piece The first end cover of center-pole outer end, the size of the first end cover are greater than the size of the cross section of outer anchoring piece center-pole;It is described Outer anchoring piece center-pole is hollow structure;The interior anchoring piece include interior anchoring piece center-pole and be located at interior anchoring piece center-pole The second end cover of outer end, the size of the second end cover are greater than the size of the cross section of interior anchoring piece center-pole, the interior anchoring Part center-pole is inserted into the hollow structure of outer anchoring piece center-pole.

Preferably, the first protrusion is arranged in the inner wall of the hollow structure, the interior anchoring piece center-pole outside wall surface is set Set the second protrusion, when the interior anchoring piece center-pole is inserted into the hollow structure of outer anchoring piece center-pole, first protrusion and the Two protrusions mutually fasten.

Preferably, the fixed point in step 5) includes lifting point, reinforced bar sleeve, fixed pivot.

Preferably, the component for fixing Self-insulation wall plate in the 5th step includes sleeve, suspension hook, supporting point, penetration pipe, electricity Wire box.

Preferably, in second step the other end of anchoring piece to stand upside down stretch out heat insulating decorative board thickness at least want 5cm with On.

Preferably, the first protrusion is arranged in the inner wall of the hollow structure, the interior anchoring piece center-pole outside wall surface is set Set the second protrusion, when the interior anchoring piece center-pole is inserted into the hollow structure of outer anchoring piece center-pole, first protrusion and the Two protrusions mutually fasten.

Preferably, first protrusion and the second protrusion are structure thorns.

Preferably, first protrusion from inner wall outward or interior extreme direction extend, the extension side of the second protrusion To raised with first opposite.

Preferably, setting the function of the distance L from from outer end to inner end, i.e. M=F(L for the density M that structure pierces), then F' (L) > 0, then F''(L) > 0, wherein F'(L), F''(L) be F(L respectively) first order derivative and second derivative.

Preferably, protrusion is arranged in the inner end end of the outer anchoring piece.

Preferably, opening is arranged in the inner end end of the outer anchoring piece, extend in outer anchoring piece center-pole.

Preferably, the outside wall surface setting structure of the outer anchoring piece center-pole pierces, the structure thorn extends towards outer end.

Preferably, the first end cover and second end cover are circle, the diameter of the first end cover is greater than second end cover Diameter.

Compared with the existing technology, the invention has the advantages that or advantage:

1) the invention discloses a kind of preparation process of new heat insulation integrated wall, the structure of the self heat insulation wall includes Load-carrying members, water proof structure, self heat insulation wall once-cast forming, by the anti-construction technology beaten, can effectively protect The integrality of thermal insulation material is demonstrate,proved, construction technology is more simple and convenient, has insulating layer securely durable, can lead to the building same service life The back-hand craft for crossing the insulation board overcomes existing sandwich wallboard and exists from heavy, do not prevent fires, outer page wallboard it is easy to fall off, The production production of the problems such as there are severe compromises, the more present sandwich wallboard of the production technology of the self heat insulation wall is simple fast Second pouring is kept to once-cast by victory, eliminates outer page wallboard and connector, the weight of wall is reduced, and cost savings are extremely Few 100 yuan of every square meters.

2) protrusion and recess portion is arranged by the way that integrated concrete wall is arranged in the present invention, and water is avoided to enter wall, thus real Existing waterproof.

3) present invention further realizes waterproof by the way that sealing material is arranged between adjacent concrete wall.

4) anchoring piece of the invention is mainly used in the prefabricated components of plant produced self heat insulation wall, China and foreign countries anchoring piece master It is used to for heat insulating decorative board being fixed in concrete, interior anchoring piece is mainly used for that the cement bonded sand on the outside of heat insulating decorative board will be embedded in Glass fiber net or steel wire are fixed with anchor in slurry protective layer, and in addition do not occupy the plate stitch of heat insulating decorative board, the heat bridge of self heat insulation wall It is preferably minimized, and is hung upside down by the mutual of overhead kick thorn on inside and outside anchoring piece sub-assembly, form very big pulling capacity, and no longer need to It is fixed with metal nail.

5) density that the present invention is pierced by the structure of outer anchoring piece outside wall surface ensure that outer with the variation from outer end to inner end Anchoring piece further fixes.

Detailed description of the invention

Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of assembled wall of the invention.

Fig. 2 is the concrete wall structure schematic diagram that waterproof construction is arranged.

Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram that concrete wall is combined.

Fig. 4 is the partial enlargement diagram of integrated wall.

Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of outer anchoring piece.

Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram of interior anchoring piece.

Fig. 7 is the structural schematic diagram that inside and outside anchoring piece is combined.

Fig. 8 is the structural schematic diagram that inside and outside anchoring piece is applied on wall.

Fig. 9 is the integrated wall structural schematic diagram for including window.

In figure: in figure: 1, outer anchoring piece, 2, interior anchoring piece, 3, concrete wall, 4, thermal insulation material, 5, glass web or steel Silk screen, 6, finish coat;7, protrusion, 8, recess portion, 9, elaxtic seal, 10, sealant, 11, reinforcing bar, 12 suspension centres;

1-1, center-pole, 1-2, first end cover, 1-3, protrusion, 1-4, opening, 1-5, protrusion, 1-6 protrusion;

2-1, center-pole, 2-2, second end cover, 2-3 protrusion.

Specific embodiment

With reference to the accompanying drawing, the invention will be further described.

Fig. 1 illustrates a kind of Assembled self-insulating wall, and the wall includes concrete wall 3, heat insulating decorative board, described Heat insulating decorative board is set outside concrete wall 3.

Fig. 1 illustrates the horizontal structure of wall, i.e., instead plays the schematic diagram for preparing of mode, actually wall is when installation It is vertical direction.

The heat insulating decorative board is the plate of integrated molding, including thermal insulation material 4 and finish coat 6.

Preferably, the thermal insulation material side opposite with decorative panel should be with matcoveredn in the heat insulating decorative board.

Preferably, the side band matcoveredn that thermal insulation material is opposite with decorative panel in the heat insulating decorative board can be cement Mortar or binding cement thin plate or calcium silicate board, glass magnesium board, Cement fibre mat.

Preferably, the ornament materials of the heat insulating decorative board can be the cement fibre pressure of thin type stone material, coating Plate, the calcium silicate board of coating, the aluminium sheet of coating, the aluminium alloy plate of coating, coating steel plate etc. have fixed The ornament materials of intensity, and ornament materials is cladded with protective film.

Preferably, the thermal insulation material 4 of the heat insulating decorative board is vacuum heat-insulating plate.

Construction technology method is beaten the present invention further discloses heat insulating decorative board is counter:

Heat insulating decorative board is counter to beat construction technology method:

1) fixed form in steel platform, and window frame is fixed;

2) the anti-bottom for being laid on template of heat insulating decorative board;

3) pre-buried and fixed anchors;

4) steel reinforcement cage or assembling reinforcement directly above are laid on the top for the heat insulating decorative board completed;

5) fixed corresponding lifting point, reinforced bar sleeve, fixed pivot etc. are embedded into the fixed point in concrete;

6) disposal pouring concrete and vibration compacting;

7) it conserves;

8) demoulding lifting;

9) facing takes off protective film on the outside of heat insulating decorative board, does sealant processing.

It is a kind of by the anti-self heat insulation wall for making work and instead to beat assembled system, it include the anti-life beaten of heat insulating decorative board Production. art and combination mounting process by the anti-self heat insulation wall for making work of heat insulating decorative board, instead beating self heat insulation wall has included The functions such as structure, window, heat preservation, threading are constituted, and the structure of the self heat insulation wall includes load-carrying members, water proof structure, should The forming of self heat insulation wall once-cast, has insulating layer securely durable, can pass through instead beating for the insulation board with the building same service life Technique overcomes existing sandwich wallboard and there is self weight, do not prevent fires, outer page wallboard it is easy to fall off, there are severe compromises etc. The production production of problem, the more present sandwich wallboard of the production technology of the self heat insulation wall is simple and fast, and second pouring is kept to Once-cast, eliminates outer page wallboard and connector, the weight of wall is reduced, cost savings at least 100 yuan of every square meters.

The manufacture craft for instead beating Assembled self-insulating wall is as described below:

The first step has propped up template in die station, and has fixed window frame;

Second step is laid with the cement sand bed of one layer of 1-3cm thickness in the template propped up, should embed plating in cement sand bed Zinc steel wire or glass fiber net are then laid with an insulation board of the face with matcoveredn, the protection on the cement sand bed completed Layer can be cement mortar or other protective layers (such as binding cement thin plate or calcium silicate board, glass magnesium board, Cement fibre mat), Anchoring piece handstand is fixed while being laid with heat insulating decorative board, an end face of anchoring piece should be placed in steel wire or glass The outside of net, and steel wire or glass fiber net anchor are lived, the other end of anchoring piece, which will stand upside down, stretches out the thickness of insulation board, extension elongation At least want 5cm long;

Third step after heat insulating decorative board is laid with and anchors, is handled and is clogged with foamed material (foamed strip or foamed glue) The plate stitch of full insulation board;

4th step will be laid on the upper surface of form insulation plate according to the steel reinforcement cage designed and produced in advance, or directly The upper surface of insulation board completed is laid with assembling reinforcement;

5th step fixes the portions such as sleeve, suspension hook, supporting point, penetration pipe, the electric wire box of Self-insulation wall plate on steel reinforcement cage Part;

6th step is poured concrete and vibrates, and the surface of concrete, which smoothes out, receives light;

7th step, will pour the concrete being poured in and is sent in curing kilns and conserve;

8th step, demoulding lifting and chipping;

The self heat insulation wall made is combined installation by design requirement by the 9th step.

Include by the anti-assembled installation system for making work of heat insulating decorative board but is not limited solely to anti-by heat insulating decorative board Make the Assembled self-insulating wall of work, laminated floor slab, precast floor slab, preformed self thermal insulation balcony etc..

The Assembled self-insulating installs system by main member prefabrication, and beam column is cast-in-place, included external decoration and built-in The completely new construction scheme with indoor hard-cover assembling building of one kind that assembling is constituted.The assembly system quick construction, Cost is cheap, quickly move in, the decoration of exterior wall and heat preservation same service life, the Life cycle of building are not necessarily to the advantages that repairing.

By the anti-Assembled self-insulating wall for making work of heat insulating decorative board, which is collection structure, decoration, guarantor The functions such as temperature, window, threading, one-time cast-forming, convenient transportation, installation, production are convenient, at low cost.

The structure sheaf of the Assembled self-insulating wall includes the structural concrete layer and water proof structure layer of load-bearing, antidetonation, The water proof structure layer passes through the construction moulding of the Assembled self-insulating wall, through this construction after installation combination, by extraneous rain Water is kept off on the outside of the structure of concrete, and the reinforcing bar of wall corrosion structure layer will not be seeped into because of the rainwater outside wall, will not be by outside Rainwater be seeped into interior.A protrusion is arranged in the upper end of the Assembled self-insulating wall, and the other end on the other side is arranged one Groove, the water blocking techonosphere by a handstand protrusion on load-bearing techonosphere, with another piece of assembled of next level from The groove of heat-insulating wall structure layer is combined, and forms a water blocking techonosphere.

The Assembled self-insulating wall is formed in factory's disposal pouring, and production method is beaten so that insulation board is counter Technique is made.

The anti-first step for beating construction technology of the heat insulating decorative board of the Assembled self-insulating wall is fixed in vibration die station Installation template, and window frame etc. is fixed.

The anti-second step for beating construction technology of the heat insulating decorative board of the Assembled self-insulating wall is the guarantor that will have decorative layer In the fixed template of warm decorative panel tiling.

The ornament materials of the heat insulating decorative board can be thin type stone material, the cement fibre pressure plate of coating, with painting Calcium silicate board, the aluminium sheet of coating, the aluminium alloy plate of coating, coating steel plate of layer etc. have the decoration for determining intensity Material, and ornament materials is cladded with protective film.

The thermal insulation material of the heat insulating decorative board can be organic foam thermal insulation material for example styrofoam, extruded sheet, polyurethane sheet, Phenolic board, modified polyphenyl plate etc., inorganic heat insulation material such as aerogel blanket or aeroge plate, mineral wool, rock wool, foam glass, Foamed cement, sintered pearlite plate etc., compound insulating material such as vacuum heat-insulating plate, inorganic compounding organic plates etc..Preferred embodiment is Vacuum heat-insulating plate.

The another side opposite with decorative panel of the thermal insulation material of the heat insulating decorative board, preferred plan are band matcoveredns, especially It is that vacuum heat-insulating plate must be with matcoveredn, which can be cement mortar or other protective layers, and (such as binding cement is thin Plate or calcium silicate board, glass magnesium board, Cement fibre mat etc.).

Anchoring piece handstand is fixed while being laid with heat insulating decorative board, the component of anchoring piece will be fixed on decorative panel and lean on The one side of nearly template platform, the other end of anchoring piece, which will stand upside down, stretches out the thickness of insulation board, and extension elongation at least wants 5cm long, protects After warm decorative panel is laid with and anchors, the plate of full heat insulating decorative board is handled and clogged with foamed material (foamed strip or foamed glue) Seam.

The anti-third step for beating construction technology of the heat insulating decorative board of the Assembled self-insulating wall is that heat insulating decorative board is laid with simultaneously After anchoring is good, the plate stitch of full heat insulating decorative board is handled and clogged with foamed material (foamed strip or foamed glue).

Counter the 4th step for beating construction technology of the heat insulating decorative board of the Assembled self-insulating wall is will to shift to an earlier date to be made according to design The steel reinforcement cage performed is laid on the upper surface of form insulation decorative panel, or directly ties up in the laying of the upper surface of heat insulating decorative board completed It wire-ties,

Counter the 5th step for beating construction technology of the heat insulating decorative board of the Assembled self-insulating wall is fixed certainly on steel reinforcement cage The components such as sleeve, suspension hook, supporting point, penetration pipe, the electric wire box of heat-insulation wall plate.

Counter the 6th step for beating construction technology of the heat insulating decorative board of the Assembled self-insulating wall is to be poured concrete and vibrate, The surface of concrete, which smoothes out, receives light.

Counter the 7th step for beating construction technology of the heat insulating decorative board of the Assembled self-insulating wall is will to pour the concrete being poured in It is sent to maintenance in curing kilns.

Counter the 8th step for beating construction technology of the heat insulating decorative board of the Assembled self-insulating wall is that demoulding lifts by crane and modifies table Planar defect, the filleting for doing sealant to the plate stitch of decorative layer are handled.

Will by heat insulating decorative board it is counter make the Assembled self-insulating wall performed and transport to building-site be combined installation.

1, as the architectural construction of the factorial production, the system of complete set has been formed, can make to build entire peripheral protective Structure all realizes the factorial production.

It 2, has included structure, window, heat preservation, decoration, threading in the peripheral protective wallboard of the entire standard width of a room in an old-style house of the factorial production Etc. functions constitute.

3, the infiltration of PC structure knot connection is thoroughly prevented by the structurally waterproof layer of design in the peripheral structure of plant produced The defects of water, gap are come unglued.

4, accomplish the spy that light weight, thickness are thin, production is convenient, production cost is low in the peripheral protective wallboard of the factorial production Point.

5, outer decorative layer (or protective layer) thermal insulation material and concrete knot will be had in the peripheral protective wallboard of the factorial production Structure wall one-time cast-forming has accomplished heat preservation, decoration and has built the same service life.

6, above-mentioned thermal insulation material has outer decorative layer (or protective layer) insulation and decoration in the factorial production peripheral protective wallboard It when plate is laid in template, needs to be fixed with anchoring piece, assembled plate stitch is filled closely knit with efficient thermal insulation material.

7, when work the factorial production, the specification of the embedded grid cloth of cement sand bed should be 160-300 grams, galvanized steel wire netting Specification should be string diameter 0.5-0.9mm, between 8.5 × 8.5-12.7 of spacing × 12.7mm.

8, two kinds of processes can be divided into the production of the peripheral protective wallboard of the factorial production, counter beat of heat insulating decorative board is applied Work Process, heat insulating decorative board just beat construction technology.

Fig. 2 illustrates a kind of integrated wall with waterproof construction for improving structure, and the wall includes muti-piece coagulation Protrusion 7 and recess portion 8 is respectively set in cob wall body 3, the 3 vertical direction both ends of concrete wall, and adjacent concrete wall passes through Protrusion 7 and recess portion 8 connect.

The structure sheaf of the Assembled self-insulating wall includes the structural concrete layer and water proof structure layer of load-bearing, antidetonation, The water proof structure layer passes through the construction moulding of the Assembled self-insulating wall, through this construction after installation combination, by extraneous rain Water is kept off on the outside of the structure of concrete, and the reinforcing bar of wall corrosion structure layer will not be seeped into because of the rainwater outside wall, will not be by outside Rainwater be seeped into interior.A protrusion is arranged in the upper end of the Assembled self-insulating wall, and the other end on the other side is arranged one Groove, the water blocking techonosphere by a handstand protrusion on load-bearing techonosphere, with another piece of assembled of next level from The groove of heat-insulating wall structure layer is combined, and forms a water blocking techonosphere.

Preferably, protrusion is arranged in the top of the concrete wall, recess portion is arranged in lower part.

Preferably, the thickness on the top of the concrete wall is less than the thickness of lower part.By so set, can be with One recess portion is set in the junction of adjacent concrete wall, to fill relevant material, such as concrete in recess portion Material to guarantee that adjacent concrete preferably connects, while guaranteeing the secured and intensity of the concrete wall of connection.

Preferably, the thickness of the top protrusion of the concrete wall is 1.5-4cm fewer than the thickness of lower recess.

Preferably, the height of the thin part of concrete wall is 200-400mm.

By the optimization design of above-mentioned size, concrete wall is enabled to utmostly to save material, reduces cost, together When can also ensure that the intensity and firmness of connecting wall.

Preferably, elaxtic seal is arranged in the protrusion of adjacent concrete wall and recess portion junction.Pass through setting Elaxtic seal can make sealing performance more preferable.Further achieve the effect that waterproof.

Preferably, thermal insulation material is arranged outside the concrete wall, protective layer is set outside the thermal insulation material Or finish coat.

Preferably, sealant is arranged between the thermal insulation material of adjacent concrete wall.

Preferably, the thermal insulation material is preferably insulation board.

Fig. 5-7 illustrates a kind of anchoring piece sub-assembly for thermal insulation material anchoring surely, including outer anchoring piece 1 and interior anchor Firmware 2, as shown in Figure 1, the outer anchoring piece 1 includes outer anchoring piece center-pole 1-1 and is located at outside outer anchoring piece center-pole 1-1 The size of cross section of the size of the first end cover 1-2, the first end cover 1-2 at end greater than outer anchoring piece center-pole 1-1;It is described Outer anchoring piece center-pole 1-1 is hollow structure.

As shown in fig. 6, the interior anchoring piece 2 is including interior anchoring piece center-pole 2-1 and is located at interior anchoring piece center-pole 2-1 The size of cross section of the size of the second end cover 2-2, the second end cover 2-2 of outer end greater than interior anchoring piece center-pole 2-1, institute It states interior anchoring piece center-pole 2-1 to be inserted into the hollow structure of outer anchoring piece center-pole 1-1, as shown in Figure 3.

Preferably, the first end cover 1-2 and second end cover 2-1 is circle, the center-pole 1-1 and 1-2 is round Tee section.

Preferably, the diameter of the first end cover 1-2 is greater than the diameter of second end cover 2-2.Preferably, first end cover The diameter of 1-2 is 1.2-1.8 times of the diameter of second end cover 2-2, preferably 1.3-1.5 times.

Preferably, the diameter of center-pole 1-1 is 6-8mm, the diameter of center-pole 1-2 is 3-4mm.

Preferably, the inner wall of the hollow structure is arranged outside the first protrusion 1-5, the interior anchoring piece center-pole 2-1 Wall surface the second protrusion of setting 2-3, when the interior anchoring piece center-pole 2-1 is inserted into the hollow structure of outer anchoring piece center-pole 1-1, institute It states the first protrusion and the second protrusion mutually fastens.

Preferably, the first protrusion 1-5 and the second protrusion 2-3 are structure thorns.

Preferably, the first prominent 1-5 (i.e. the top direction end cap 1-2 of Fig. 1) or interior outward from inner wall The direction (i.e. the lower lug 1-3 of Fig. 1) is held to extend, the extending direction of the second protrusion 2-3 is opposite with the first protrusion.

By be arranged protrusion extending direction on the contrary, can make by inside and outside anchoring piece sub-assembly the thorn of falling structure it is mutual It is projecting, very big pulling capacity is formd, and no longer need to be fixed with metal nail.

Preferably, setting the function of the distance L from from outer end to inner end, i.e. M=F(L for the density M that structure pierces), then F' (L) > 0, then F''(L) > 0, wherein F'(L), F''(L) be F(L respectively) first order derivative and second derivative.

By above-mentioned setting, so that the distribution density of the first protrusion (structure thorn) 1-5 and the second protrusion (structure thorn) 2-3 are along outer It holds to inner end and constantly increases, and increased amplitude is also increasing.By above-mentioned setting, so that the binding force of interior outer protrusion As the extension from outer end to inner end constantly increases, internal binding force ensure that, so that interior anchoring piece is more difficult to extract, from And it ensure that combining closely for inside and outside anchoring piece.It is found through experiments that, by so set, can be improved 20-40%'s or so Fixed force.

Above-mentioned formula is suitable for protrusion 1-5 and 2-3.

Preferably, from the center-pole 1-1 length of outer anchorage element 1 be SAlways, it is arranged in the inner end end of center-pole prominent The density for playing 1-5 is MIt is interior, then the density M=M of protrusion 1-5It is interior* (s/SAlways)a, wherein a is coefficient, 1.18 < a < 1.23.

Above-mentioned relationship is obtained by a large amount of numerical simulation and its experiment, is tested through a large number of experiments Card.Density distribution is carried out by above-mentioned relationship, combination degree is enabled to reach best.

Preferably, 1.19 < a < 1.21.

Preferably, a is gradually reduced as s/S increases.

Preferably, protrusion 1-3 is arranged in the inner end end of the outer anchoring piece 1.By the way that protrusion is arranged, it is further ensured that interior The binding force at end and wall, guarantees that inner end is not allowed to be drawn out easily.

Preferably, the inner end end setting opening 1-4 of the outer anchoring piece, extends in outer anchoring piece center-pole 1-1. Correspondingly, interior 2 inner end of anchoring piece is also provided with opening corresponding with opening 1-4, as shown in Figure 2.

By setting opening 1-4, it can also be further ensured that the binding force of outer anchoring piece 1 and wall, guarantee outer anchoring piece 1 not It is easy to extract.

Preferably, the outside wall surface setting structure of the outer anchoring piece center-pole 1-1 pierces 1-6, the structure pierces 1-6 towards outer End extends.Extend towards Fig. 1 upper direction.

Preferably, setting the density m that outside wall surface structure pierces to the function of the distance L from from outer end to inner end, i.e. m=f (L), then f'(L) > 0, then f''(L) > 0, wherein f'(L), f''(L) be f(L respectively) first order derivative and second derivative.

By above-mentioned setting, so that the distribution density of structure thorn 1-6 constantly increases along outer end to inner end, and increased Amplitude is also increasing.By above-mentioned setting so that the binding force of protrusion 1-6 and wall with the extension from outer end to inner end not Disconnected increase, so that outer anchoring piece is more difficult to extract, to ensure that combining closely for inside and outside anchoring piece.It is found through experiments that, By so set, the fixed force of 15-30% or so can be improved.

Preferably, the first end cover and second end cover are circle, the diameter of the first end cover is greater than second end cover Diameter.

This anchoring piece is mainly used in the prefabricated components of plant produced self heat insulation wall, China and foreign countries' anchoring piece be mainly used for by Insulation board is fixed in concrete, and interior anchoring piece is mainly used for that glass fiber net in the cement mortar protective course on the outside of insulation board will be embedded in Or steel wire is fixed with anchor, and does not in addition occupy the plate stitch of insulation board, the heat bridge of self heat insulation wall is preferably minimized, and passes through inside and outside anchor The thorn of falling structure is mutual projecting on firmware combinations part, forms very big pulling capacity, and no longer need to be fixed with metal nail.

The above, only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, protection scope of the present invention are not limited merely to above-mentioned reality Example is applied, all technical solutions belonged under the invention thinking all belong to the scope of protection of the present invention.It should be pointed out that being led for this technology For the technical staff in domain, also it is considered as protection scope of the present invention in any improvement for not departing from the principle of the invention.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of Assembled self-insulating wall instead beats preparation process, the wall includes concrete wall, heat insulating decorative board, is somebody's turn to do The thermal insulation material side opposite with decorative panel should be true with matcoveredn, the thermal insulation material of the heat insulating decorative board in heat insulating decorative board Empty heat-insulating shield, the protective layer can be cement mortar or binding cement thin plate or calcium silicate board, glass magnesium board, Cement fibre mat, Heat insulating decorative board is set outside the concrete wall, and the anti-construction technology method of beating of heat insulating decorative board includes the following steps:
Step 1) fixed form in steel platform, and window frame is fixed;
Step 2 is the anti-bottom for being laid on template of heat insulating decorative board;
Step 3) is pre-buried and fixed anchors;
Step 4) is laid with steel reinforcement cage or assembling reinforcement directly above on the top for the heat insulating decorative board completed;
The fixed fixed point being embedded into concrete accordingly of step 5);
Step 6) is poured concrete and vibration compacting;
Step 7) maintenance;
Step 8) demoulding lifting;
Facing takes off protective film on the outside of step 9) heat insulating decorative board, does sealant processing.
2. a kind of Assembled self-insulating wall instead beats preparation process, the wall includes concrete wall, heat insulating decorative board, institute It states heat insulating decorative board and concrete wall to be fixed by anchoring piece sub-assembly, the anchoring piece sub-assembly includes outer anchoring piece With interior anchoring piece, the thermal insulation material side opposite with decorative panel should be with matcoveredn in the heat insulating decorative board, the heat insulating decorative board Thermal insulation material be vacuum heat-insulating plate, the protective layer can be cement mortar or binding cement thin plate or calcium silicate board, glass magnesium board, Cement fibre mat, the concrete wall outside are arranged heat insulating decorative board, instead beat the manufacture craft of Assembled self-insulating wall It is as described below:
The first step has propped up template in die station, and has fixed window frame;
Second step is laid with the cement sand bed of one layer of 1-3cm thickness in the template propped up, should embed galvanized steel in cement sand bed Silk screen or glass fiber net are then laid with heat insulating decorative board on the cement sand bed completed, will while being laid with heat insulating decorative board Anchoring piece handstand fixes, and an end face of anchoring piece should be placed in the outside of steel wire or glass fiber net, and by steel wire or glass Fibre web anchor is lived, and the other end of anchoring piece, which will stand upside down, stretches out insulation board;
Third step after heat insulating decorative board is laid with and anchors, handles with foamed material and clogs the plate stitch of full heat insulating decorative board;
4th step will be laid on the upper surface of form insulation plate according to the steel reinforcement cage designed and produced in advance, or directly complete The upper surface of heat insulating decorative board be laid with assembling reinforcement;
5th step fixes the component of Self-insulation wall plate on steel reinforcement cage;
6th step is poured concrete and vibrates, and the surface of concrete, which smoothes out, receives light;
7th step, will pour the concrete being poured in and is sent in curing kilns and conserve;
8th step, demoulding lifting and chipping;
The self heat insulation wall made is combined installation by design requirement by the 9th step.
3. the technique as described in any one of claims 1 or 2, the decorative panel of the heat insulating decorative board can be thin type stone material, band Cated cement fibre pressure plate, the calcium silicate board of coating, the aluminium sheet of coating, coating aluminium alloy plate, Coating steel plate has the decorative panel for determining intensity, and decorative panel is cladded with protective film.
4. technique as claimed in claim 2, which is characterized in that the outer anchoring piece includes outer anchoring piece center-pole and is located at The first end cover of outer anchoring piece center-pole outer end, the size of the first end cover are greater than the ruler of the cross section of outer anchoring piece center-pole It is very little;The outer anchoring piece center-pole is hollow structure;The interior anchoring piece include interior anchoring piece center-pole and be located at interior anchoring The second end cover of part center-pole outer end, the size of the second end cover are greater than the size of the cross section of interior anchoring piece center-pole, institute Interior anchoring piece center-pole is stated to be inserted into the hollow structure of outer anchoring piece center-pole.
5. preparation process as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the fixed point in step 5) includes lifting point, reinforcing bar set Cylinder, fixed pivot.
6. preparation process as claimed in claim 2, which is characterized in that the component for fixing Self-insulation wall plate in the 5th step includes Sleeve, suspension hook, supporting point, penetration pipe, electric wire box.
7. preparation process as claimed in claim 2, which is characterized in that the other end of anchoring piece will stand upside down to stretch out and protect in second step The length of warm plate at least wants 5cm or more.
CN201611098434.5A 2016-12-03 2016-12-03 A kind of Assembled self-insulating wall is counter to beat preparation process CN106760029B (en)

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Denomination of invention: A kind of fabrication technology of self insulation prefabricated wall

Effective date of registration: 20201012

Granted publication date: 20190430

Pledgee: Qingdao Huiquan Private Capital Management Co., Ltd

Pledgor: QINGDAO KERUI NEW ENVIRONMENTAL MATERIALS GROUP Co.,Ltd.

Registration number: Y2020370010043