WO2013033979A2 - Rolling friction impact digging method and rolling friction impact digging machine using said method - Google Patents

Rolling friction impact digging method and rolling friction impact digging machine using said method Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2013033979A2
WO2013033979A2 PCT/CN2012/001502 CN2012001502W WO2013033979A2 WO 2013033979 A2 WO2013033979 A2 WO 2013033979A2 CN 2012001502 W CN2012001502 W CN 2012001502W WO 2013033979 A2 WO2013033979 A2 WO 2013033979A2
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
impact
rolling
guiding
guide
reciprocating
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/CN2012/001502
Other languages
French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
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WO2013033979A3 (en
Inventor
刘素华
Original Assignee
Liu Suhua
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Publication date
Application filed by Liu Suhua filed Critical Liu Suhua
Publication of WO2013033979A2 publication Critical patent/WO2013033979A2/en
Publication of WO2013033979A3 publication Critical patent/WO2013033979A3/en

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH OR ROCK DRILLING; MINING
    • E21DSHAFTS; TUNNELS; GALLERIES; LARGE UNDERGROUND CHAMBERS
    • E21D9/00Tunnels or galleries, with or without linings; Methods or apparatus for making thereof; Layout of tunnels or galleries
    • E21D9/10Making by using boring or cutting machines
    • E21D9/106Making by using boring or cutting machines with percussive tools, e.g. pick-hammers
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH OR ROCK DRILLING; MINING
    • E21DSHAFTS; TUNNELS; GALLERIES; LARGE UNDERGROUND CHAMBERS
    • E21D9/00Tunnels or galleries, with or without linings; Methods or apparatus for making thereof; Layout of tunnels or galleries
    • E21D9/10Making by using boring or cutting machines
    • E21D9/1086Drives or transmissions specially adapted therefor

Definitions

  • the invention belongs to the field of machinery, and is particularly suitable for a rolling friction impact mining method in the field of mining and a rolling friction impact mining machine implementing the same.
  • the roadheader is mainly used in the construction of bridges and culverts and tunnels for railways and highways, as well as the mechanized excavation of mine roadways.
  • the widely used mining equipments are mostly drilling and milling cutting heading machines, and their working principle is arranged by cutting heads. Boring of the front outer surface of the coal seam or rock formation, due to the large rotation force of the cutting head in the drilling and milling, it will produce a large twisting force on the rotating shaft, thus causing serious damage to the rotating shaft. , reducing the life of the device.
  • the drilling and milling type mining method is relatively large, especially in the state of compressive stress, the energy consumption is extremely high, the production efficiency and the block rate are low, and the drilling and milling process also generates a large amount of dust, which causes the mining environment to be bad and has potential safety hazards. Therefore, the reciprocating impact tunneling method can completely change the various drawbacks of drilling and milling.
  • the shearer In the field of mining, there is a reciprocating impact shearer, but the shearer is mainly used for excavating the roadway, and the coal to be mined has a relatively flat In the long-wall coal mining face, the compressive stress of the coal mining face is greatly reduced, and the coal mining head uses the relatively flat long-wall coal mining face to peel off the coal mining layer by layer, and the coal mining machine is provided with coal mining heads at both ends of the coal mining machine. Located on the side of the fuselage, the shearer cannot be used for tunnels and tunnels without longwall coal mining. When the reciprocating impact boring machine excavates the roadway and tunnel, there is no long-walled mined surface available for the coal seam or rock formation. The coal seam or rock lamination stress is extremely high, so the impact reaction force of the roadheader is much greater than The impact reaction force of the shearer.
  • the existing reciprocating impact type roadheader makes the cutting head as large as possible. Because of the large weight and large volume of the cutting head of the roadheader during the impact blanking, the head handle of the cutting head seriously discriminates the impact guiding mechanism. , resulting in damage to the drive system and the fuselage, so that the maintenance of the whole machine is large, and the service life is short. If the cutting head is made narrow, the production efficiency will be greatly reduced. Therefore, there is an urgent need for a roadhead that does not discriminate against the impact guiding mechanism, has small wear on the impact guiding mechanism, has minimal damage to the driving system and the fuselage, and has high production efficiency, energy saving, and environmental protection.
  • the invention of the patent No. 201010238402.7 discloses a crushing mechanism for a coal mining equipment, which is composed of a main body portion, a power component, a working component, a connecting arm, and the like, and the power component drives the working component to reciprocate linearly impact the falling coal.
  • the power component adopts a hydraulic cylinder.
  • the sliding friction between the piston and the cylinder in the hydraulic cylinder has large frictional resistance, causing serious wear of the sealing plug, increasing the gap between the piston and the cylinder, thereby increasing the leakage amount, and also increasing the leakage amount.
  • the power consumption is increased, which affects the performance of the device.
  • the invention uses a hydraulic cylinder to drive the working part to punch, and the impact frequency is low, so that the mechanical transmission mechanism, such as the crank mechanism, the frequency M' rl:f, cannot be achieved.
  • the other part the part is mounted on the liquid 'II cylinder end, hydraulic cylinder drive 2
  • the hydraulic cylinder is provided with the counterweight at the other end of the working component, the working component is severely screened.
  • the hydraulic cylinder concentrates the sliding friction on the part of the hydraulic cylinder, causing serious damage to the hydraulic cylinder and preventing the equipment from operating normally.
  • the present invention proposes a rolling friction impact mining machine characterized in that it includes a body, a running portion, a reciprocating impact portion, and the like, and the reciprocating impact portion includes an impact driving device, a rolling guide device, and the like.
  • the impact guide of the device is parallel to the axis of the rocker arm, which ensures the fixed connection of the guide guide rolling body support and the rocker arm, so that the structure is simple, the strength is large, and the adjustment structure for adjusting the impact direction of the impact head is reduced.
  • the impact driving device drives a power impacting member to cooperate with two or more rolling guiding devices, and the impact driving device is disposed between the upper and lower impact guiding members or the left and right impact guiding members, and the power impacting member is maximized by the extension deformation of the impact guiding member.
  • the width of the righting of the impact head is widened, the righting force of the reciprocating impact portion is increased, and the impact direction of the reciprocating impact portion is controlled to the greatest extent, thereby preventing the impact drive device from being damaged by the discriminating force and the reaction force;
  • There is an anti-screening mechanism between the power impactor and the impact head of the driving device which reduces the impact screening of the power impacting member.
  • the impact guiding member is provided with an impact head at both ends, or one end is provided with an impact head and the other end is provided with a matching
  • the heavy parts reduce the discrimination caused by the gravity imbalance at both ends; the device adopts the rolling guide device, and the guiding guide rolling body acts as the rolling guide while playing the rolling friction, and the guide rail guiding mechanism is eliminated, which reduces The friction between the impact member and the guide rail during reciprocating impact greatly reduces the friction loss caused by the reciprocating impact;
  • the sealing device is disposed at the movable joint of the impact guiding device, the impact driving device and the box body, and the box body is a sealing structure.
  • a cushioning device is arranged between the fuselage and the reciprocating impact portion of the device, and between the lifting portion and the reciprocating impact portion.
  • the first solution of the rolling friction impact mining method is realized by the following steps:
  • the guide rolling body, the guiding rolling body support member, the impact guiding member and the like are arranged, and the guiding rolling body is arranged on the guiding rolling body supporting member and the impact guiding member to be combined into a rolling reciprocating device, and is provided at both ends of the punching and guiding member.
  • Ffi impact head or at the end of the ⁇ ⁇ guide set the ' ft impact head and the other end.
  • Prevent the imbalance of the force and the rolling reciprocating device 3 ⁇ 4, the drive drive and / Or a weight member such as a fuselage or the like, or an impact head or the like is provided only at one end of the impact guide;
  • the power impacting member drives the rolling impact guide or the impact head to reciprocate, so that the impact head impacts the coal wall or the rock wall to realize the falling material;
  • a walking portion or the like is provided, and the traveling portion is disposed at a lower portion of the body to cause the traveling portion to drive the body to travel;
  • the fuselage supports the impact head to reciprocate impact blanking.
  • the second solution of the first method of the rolling friction impact mining method is achieved by the following steps: tightly engaging the guiding rolling body support member, the impact guiding member, the guiding rolling body, etc., so that the rolling reciprocating device passes the rolling friction
  • the direction of impact of the impact head is corrected, the sliding friction is prevented from damaging the impact guide, and the walking part drives the body to realize continuous reciprocating impact mining.
  • the walking part is arranged at the lower part of the fuselage, and the walking part drives the body to walk;
  • the fuselage supports the impact head to reciprocate impact blanking.
  • the third solution of the first method of the rolling friction impact mining method is realized by the following steps: setting the raceway or setting the tunnel or setting the pit or setting the tunnel or setting the cage or setting the limit plate or Set the limit ring or set the limit sleeve or set the limit stop or set the limit rod or set the limit axis or set the limit slot or set the spherical convex or set the boss or set the bearing or set the inner body to match or set the outer sleeve Elliptical or set dumbbell shape or set cylindrical or set tapered or set circular or set roller or set up column or set up table or set up table drum or set grooved column or set grooved ball or set grooved roller or Set the slotted ellipse or set the square or set the u shape or set the box shape or set the I-shape or set the spline shape or set the arc or set the V shape or set the circle or shape or set the polygon or set the cylinder or set the spline Forming or setting a multi-edge key or the
  • the body is disposed on the impact guiding member and the guiding rolling support member, and the guiding rolling element is supported in the guiding limit structure.
  • the impact guiding member reciprocates along the guiding rolling body support member, so that the guiding limit structure limits the movement space and position of the guiding rolling body and/or the impact guiding member, or the hydraulic driving of the rolling piston composed of the cylinder body, the piston and the piston rolling body
  • the device or the rolling piston pneumatic driving device is provided with a piston limiting structure on the cylinder body, the piston and/or the rolling element of the piston, so that the piston rolling body is arranged on the piston to form a rolling piston, so that the rolling piston is arranged on the cylinder body, and the piston rolling body is arranged Providing a rolling friction between the supporting piston and the cylinder in the piston limiting structure, so that the piston limiting structure limits the movement space and position of the piston rolling body and/or the piston,
  • the fourth solution of the first method of the rolling friction impact mining method is realized by the following steps: setting the guiding rolling body support as a square guiding rolling body support or as a u-shaped guiding rolling body support or It is provided as a frame-shaped guide roller body support or as a groove-shaped guide roller body support or as an I-shaped guide roller body support or as a spline sleeve guide roller body support or as an arc-shaped guide roller body support Or as a V-shaped guide rolling body support or as an elliptical guide rolling body support or as a circular guide rolling body support or as a plate-shaped guide rolling body support or as a polygonal guide rolling body support or Provided as a cylindrical guide rolling body support member or as a multi-edge key guiding rolling body support member, etc., and the shape of the impact guiding member and/or the guiding rolling body is tightly engaged with the guiding rolling body support member to form a guiding limit structure,
  • the guiding rolling body is disposed between the guiding rolling body support and the impact
  • the fifth solution of the first method of the rolling friction impact mining method is achieved by the following steps: setting the impact guide as a square impact guide body or as a dome-shaped impact guide or as a frame impact
  • the guide element is provided as a groove-shaped impact guide or as an I-shaped impact guide or as a spline-shaped impact guide or as an arc-shaped impact guide or as a V-shaped impact guide or as an elliptical impact guide Or as a circular impact guide or as a plate-shaped impact guide or as a polygonal impact guide or as a cylindrical impact guide or as a multi-rib impact guide or as a multi-rib impact guide Or, the shape of the guiding rolling element support and/or the guiding rolling body is tightly engaged with the shape of the impact guiding member to form a guiding limit structure, and the moving direction of the impact guiding member is controlled by rolling friction and/or the impact guiding member is prevented from rotating.
  • the guiding rolling body is a W-shaped rolling guide or is set as an elliptical guiding rolling body or is set as a dumbbell Guide the rolling element or set it as a cylindrical guide rolling element or set it as a tapered guiding rolling element or S as a circular guiding rolling element or a back 5 for the roller-guided rolling body or for the table-shaped column-guided rolling body or for the table-shaped ball-guided rolling body or for the table-shaped drum-guided rolling body or for the groove-shaped drum-guided rolling body or for the groove-shaped column-guided rolling body or for the setting
  • the grooved ball guides the rolling body or is arranged as a grooved roller guide rolling body or as a grooved elliptical guide rolling body or as a belt-guided rolling body or as a perforated guiding rolling body or as a multi-edge guiding rolling element Or a multi-sleeve guide rolling body or the like, the shape of
  • the seventh solution of the first method of the rolling friction impact mining method is realized by the following steps: setting the cylinder as a square cylinder or as a spline sleeve or as an arc cylinder or Set as an elliptical cylinder or as a circular cylinder or as a polygonal cylinder or as a cylinder, etc., so that the shape of the piston and/or the piston rolling body is tightly engaged with the cylinder to form a piston limiting structure.
  • the direction of movement of the piston is controlled by rolling friction and/or the piston is prevented from rotating.
  • the first solution of the first method of the rolling friction impact mining method is achieved by the following steps: setting the piston as a square piston or as a u-shaped piston or as a frame-shaped piston or as a slot-shaped piston or Set to a spline-shaped piston or set to a curved piston or set to a V-shaped piston or set to an elliptical piston or set to a circular piston or set to a plate-shaped piston or set to a polygonal piston or set to a multi-edge piston, etc.
  • the shape of the cylinder and/or the piston rolling body is tightly engaged with the shape of the piston to form a piston limiting structure, the direction of movement of the piston is controlled by rolling friction and/or the piston is prevented from rotating.
  • the solution 9 produced by the first method of the rolling friction impact mining method is realized by the following steps: setting the piston rolling body as a spherical piston rolling body or as an elliptical piston rolling body or as a bell-shaped piston
  • the rolling bodies are arranged as cylindrical piston rolling bodies or as tapered piston rolling bodies or as circular piston rolling bodies or as roller piston rolling bodies or as table-shaped cylindrical piston rolling bodies or as table-shaped ball piston rolling bodies Or set as a table-shaped drum piston rolling body or as a grooved drum piston rolling body or as a grooved cylinder piston rolling body or as a grooved ball piston rolling body or as a grooved roller piston rolling body or as a trough ellipse
  • the piston rolling body is arranged as a shaft piston rolling body or as a perforated piston rolling body or as a multi-rible piston rolling body, etc., so that the shape of the piston and/or the cylinder is tightly engaged with the shape of the piston rolling body to form a piston
  • the limit structure controls the direction of movement of the
  • the solution of the first method of the rolling friction impact mining method is the following:
  • the guiding rolling element is tightly engaged with the rolling contact support and/or the impact guiding surface of the impact guiding member, so that The guiding rolling bodies are in large rolling contact with the guiding rolling element support and/or the impact guiding member, or the piston rolling elements are in tight contact with the cylinder body and/or the piston, so that the rolling cylinder and/or the piston are movable.
  • the rolling contact surface is large, preventing the guiding rolling body or the piston rolling body from being partially stressed, reducing the guiding rolling element to focus on the guiding rolling element support and/or the impact guiding part, or Reducing the local friction of the piston rolling body to the cylinder body and/or the piston, and increasing the righting amplitude of the impact guiding member or the piston, and closely engaging the contact surface of the guiding rolling element by the guiding rolling element support and/or the impact guiding member Restricting the rolling space and position of the guiding rolling elements, or by tightly engaging the cylinder and/or the contact surface of the piston with the rolling elements of the piston to limit the rolling space and position of the rolling elements of the piston.
  • the solution 11 produced by the first method of the rolling friction impact mining method is realized by the following steps: setting a tunnel or the like in the guiding rolling body support member or setting a tunnel in the impact guiding member, so that the tunnel width is not greater than or Equal to or close to the width of the rolling body in the rolling direction of the rolling element, so that the length of the tunnel is not greater than or equal to or close to the sum of one-half of the stroke of the impact guide and the maximum radius of the guiding rolling body, so that the limiting structure includes the guiding rolling body and the like Guided between the rolling element support and the impact guide and disposed in the tunnel, the tunnel restricts the rolling space and position of the guiding rolling body and/or the impact guiding member, so that the tunnel ensures the guiding rolling body, the impact guiding member and the guiding rolling body support
  • the friction between the pieces and the like is a rolling friction during the movement;
  • the solution 12 produced by the first method of the rolling friction impact mining method is realized by the following steps: setting a tunnel or the like on the piston
  • the thirteenth solution produced by the first method of the rolling friction impact digging method is realized by the following steps: providing a guiding guide rolling body support member, an impact guiding member, etc. on the rolling reciprocating device, and impacting the two ends of the guiding member Set the impact head or one end to set the impact head and set the weight on the other end;
  • a guiding section or the like is arranged on the impact guiding member, and the guiding section is disposed at the one end of the impact head, and the impact guiding member provided with the weighting member at the other end or the impact guiding member provided with the impact head at both ends, and the guiding method is the guiding section and the impact The ends of the guide member overlap are equal or substantially equal in weight;
  • the guiding segment is arranged on the guiding guiding rolling body support, and the guiding segment cooperates with the guiding guiding rolling body support, so that the guiding segment is always on the guiding guiding rolling body support when the guiding segment is moved, and the gravity when the impact guiding member is in a stationary or moving state is maintained.
  • the guiding guide rolling body support member and the impact guiding member are closely matched to support the impact guiding member to reciprocate, so that the power impacting member and the impact guiding member are separated or connected or integrated, and the impact head reciprocates under the support of the impact guiding member
  • the impact head impacts the coal wall or rock wall to realize the falling material.
  • the solution 14 produced by the first method of the rolling friction impact digging method is realized by the following steps: providing a power impact member or the like on a crank impact driving device or a hydraulic impact driving device or a pneumatic impact driving device; Reciprocating the impact head under the support of the impact guide;
  • a guide limit structure or the like is disposed on the support box or the support frame of the reciprocating impact portion, so that the guide limit structure restricts the impact guide member to linear reciprocating motion.
  • the fifteenth solution of the first method of the rolling friction impact mining method is realized by the following steps: providing a power support member, a power impact member, etc. on the impact driving device;
  • the roller shaft When the roller shaft is fixed to the power impacting member, the roller is attached to the power supporting member to roll, and when the roller shaft is fixed to the power supporting member, the roller is fitted to the power impacting member to roll, thereby preventing the power impacting member from adhering to the power supporting member.
  • the roller shaft is fixed to the guiding guide rolling body support member, the roller is attached to the impact guiding member to roll, and when the roller shaft is fixed to the impact guiding member, the roller fitting guiding guide rolling body supporting member is rolled to prevent the guiding guiding rolling element
  • the support member is frictionally attached to the impact guide member to reduce wear of the impact drive device.
  • the solution 16 of the method of the rolling friction impact mining method is achieved by the following steps: providing a roller or the like between the power support member and the power impact member or guiding the rolling element support member and the impact a roller or the like is arranged between the guide members;
  • the surface of the roller is formed into a convex shape, a concave shape, a V-groove or a curved shape, etc., so that the shape of the contact guiding rolling body support member or the impact guiding member and the contact surface of the roller is matched with the shape of the roller surface, and the roller and the guiding guide are rolled.
  • the body support and the impact guide are closely matched to control the movement of the impact guide and/or the power impact member by linear friction to linearly reciprocate.
  • the seventeenth solution of the first method of the rolling friction impact mining method is realized by the following steps: when the guiding guiding rolling element support is set as an outer sleeve, the impact guiding member is set as an inner body.
  • the guide guiding rolling element support is set as the inner body
  • the impact guiding member is set as an outer sleeve
  • the guiding guiding rolling body is arranged between the outer sleeve and the inner body, and the outer sleeve, the inner body and the guiding guiding rolling body are closely arranged.
  • the rolling reciprocating device supports the impact direction of the impact head to ensure that the next impact action of the impact head is applied to the object to be excavated, and the walking portion drives the body to realize continuous reciprocating impact mining.
  • the method of the method for producing the mountain 3 ⁇ 4 rolling friction impact mining method is the following steps: setting the crank handle to drive the W support frame or the ffi hydraulic drive drive 3 ⁇ 4 cylinder part Wait or set the pneumatic shock drive a moving device cylinder portion or the like, a power support member, a guide guide rolling body support member and the like are disposed on the support frame or on the cylinder portion, and the guide guide rolling body support member is disposed outside the power support member, so that the impact guide member is disposed at Guided to the rolling element support;
  • a cylinder body or the like is disposed on the cylinder portion, and the guiding guide rolling body support member is disposed outside the cylinder body, and the cylinder body and the power support member are separately or integrally connected or connected, so that the guiding guide rolling body support member is separated from the cylinder block or In one piece or in connection, the power support member and the guide guide rolling body support member are separated or integrated or connected;
  • a power impact member or the like is disposed on the crank impact drive device or the hydraulic impact drive device or the pneumatic impact drive device, and the power impact member is disposed in the support frame or the cylinder body, so that the support frame or the cylinder body supports the power impact member;
  • An impact guide or the like is disposed outside the support frame or outside the cylinder, and the guide guide rolling body is disposed between the guide guide rolling body support and the impact guide, and the impact guide outside the support frame or the impact guide outside the cylinder Connected to the impact head;
  • the power impact member drives the impact head and/or the impact guide member to be impacted, and the power impact and the impact guide member are separately or integrally connected or connected, so that the guide guide rolling body support member and the impact guide member disposed outside the power support member are formed.
  • the point supports the rolling reciprocating device, so that the multi-point supporting rolling reciprocating device supports the impact head impact at multiple points, maximally widens the righting width of the impact head, increases the strengthening force on the impact head, and controls the impact head with the greatest intensity.
  • the impact direction prevents the impact drive device from being damaged by impact force and reaction force, and improves the service life of the device.
  • the nineteenth solution of the first method of the rolling friction impact mining method is realized by the following steps: providing a pit or the like on the guiding guide rolling body support member or providing a pit or the like on the impact guiding member,
  • the guiding guiding rolling body is disposed between the guiding guiding rolling body support and the impact guiding member and disposed in the dimple, the dimple restricting the rolling space and the position of the guiding guiding rolling body;
  • the guide guiding rolling element support member, the impact guiding member and the guiding guiding rolling body rolling in the dimple are tightly engaged by the rolling friction of the guiding guiding rolling body to reciprocate the impact guiding member, and the impact head impacts the coal wall or the rock wall
  • the reaction discriminating force is applied to the rolling reciprocating device, thereby preventing the crank impact driving device or the hydraulic impact driving device or the pneumatic impact driving device from being damaged by the impact reaction, and the rolling reciprocating device is capable of supporting the impact direction of the impact head to ensure the impact.
  • the next impact action of the head is applied to the object to be excavated, and the walking part drives the body to walk to realize continuous reciprocating impact mining.
  • the solution 20 of the first method of the rolling friction impact mining method is realized by the following steps: setting the S raceway or the like on the guiding guide rolling body support member or setting the raceway on the punching guide member, etc. Or setting a roller J i or the like on the guiding guide rolling rest support member and the impact member;
  • the guide guide rolling element support member, the impact guide member and the guide guide rolling body rolling in the raceway are tightly engaged to reciprocate the impact guide member by the guide guide rolling body rolling friction, and the raceway restricts the rolling space and position of the guide guide rolling body .
  • the solution of the first method of the rolling friction impact mining method is realized by the following steps: providing a guiding guide rolling body support member, an impact guiding member, a cage, a guiding guiding rolling body, etc.
  • a cage or the like is disposed between the guiding rolling element support and the impact guiding member, and the guiding guiding rolling body is disposed on the retaining frame such that the thickness of the retaining frame is smaller than the diameter of the guiding guiding rolling body, and the guiding guiding rolling body is higher than the two parts of the retaining frame Separately disposed on the guiding guide rolling body support member and the impact guiding member, so that the retaining frame is separately disposed or fixed to the guiding guiding rolling element support member or fixed to the impact guiding member;
  • the guide guiding rolling element support member and the impact guiding member are closely matched with the guiding guiding rolling body in the retaining frame to reciprocate the impact guiding member by rolling friction, and the retaining frame limits the rolling space and position of the guiding guiding rolling body;
  • the impact guiding member is connected with the impact head or is integrated, so that the power impacting member drives the impact head impact, and the reaction discriminating force generated by the impact head impacting the coal wall or the rock wall is applied to the rolling reciprocating device, thereby preventing the crank impact driving device Or the hydraulic impact drive device or the pneumatic impact drive device is damaged by the impact reaction, and the rolling reciprocating device corrects the impact direction of the impact head to ensure that the next impact action of the impact head is applied to the object to be excavated, and the walking portion drives the body to walk. Realize continuous mining of reciprocating impact.
  • the solution of the first method of the rolling friction impact mining method is realized by the following steps: combining the rolling reciprocating device with the crank assembly of the crank impact driving device or driving the rolling reciprocating device with the hydraulic impact drive
  • the device combination or the combination of the rolling reciprocating device and the pneumatic impact driving device is disposed on the support box;
  • An impact head is disposed at both ends of the impact guide protruding from the support box or an impact head is disposed at one end of the impact guide. The other end is disposed to prevent the impact head from being unbalanced by the gravity unbalanced rolling reciprocating device, the impact driving device and/or the machine
  • the weight member of the body, or an impact head is disposed at one end of the impact guide member, and the end portion of the power impact member protruding from the support box is connected or separated from the impact head;
  • the guiding rolling element support member, the cylinder block and the supporting box body are separately arranged or arranged to be integrated or connected, so that the supporting box body protects the power impacting member, the impact guiding member and the like from dust and sewage pollution.
  • the solution 2 of the method for the rolling friction and impact mining described in the first method is the following: ⁇ The following steps are realized: connecting or splitting the power impact member with the impact head;
  • the rotating structure of the anti-screening mechanism is set as a joint bearing or a steering joint or a ball cage type universal joint or a cross universal joint or a ball head buckle groove or a curved buckle groove type;
  • the rotating structure or the split structure of the anti-screening mechanism is used in conjunction with the rolling reciprocating device to force the rotating structure to rotate or separate the split structure to isolate the impact reaction.
  • the solution of the first method of the rolling friction impact mining method is realized by the following steps: - providing a fixed support, a buffer support, etc. on the lifting device or the reciprocating impact portion or the frame, or When a fixed support member is disposed on the lifting device, a buffer support member or the like is disposed on the reciprocating impact portion, or a buffer support member is disposed on the lifting device when the fixed support member is disposed on the frame;
  • the buffer member is disposed between the fixed support and the buffer support or between the lifting device and the frame or between the lifting device and the reciprocating impact portion, etc.
  • the buffer guide is disposed at Fixing the support member and the buffer support member on the lifting device and the frame or placing the buffer guiding member on the lifting device and the reciprocating impact portion;
  • the buffer member When the power impact member drives the impact head impact, and the impact reaction force is applied to the buffer support member and the fixed support member or applied to the lifting device and the frame or applied to the lifting device and the reciprocating impact portion, the buffer member deforms to absorb the impact reaction Force, the buffer guide controls the buffer direction so that the buffer is a reciprocating linear buffer, preventing the directional sway of the impact head during buffering.
  • the solution of the first method of the rolling friction impact mining method is realized by the following steps: when the fixed support is set as the buffer guide, the buffer support is set as the buffer guide sleeve, Or when the buffer support is set as the buffer guide, the fixed support is set as a buffer guide sleeve;
  • the buffer guide member is slidably engaged with the buffer guide sleeve, and when the guide boss or the guide groove is disposed on the buffer guide member, the guide groove or the guide boss is correspondingly disposed on the buffer guide sleeve, and the guide boss is raised on the guide boss
  • a buffer member or the like is disposed on both sides, and the buffer guiding sleeve is fastened on the buffer guiding member, and the buffer guiding member, the buffering member and the buffer guiding sleeve are matched to form a buffer function of the bidirectional guiding structure;
  • buffer guide support buffer guide sleeve linearly reciprocally slide along the buffer guide or to linearly reciprocate the buffer guide sleeve support buffer guide along the buffer guide sleeve to form a bidirectional structure guiding buffer device;
  • the dynamic impact member drives the impact head impact, the impact reaction discriminating force is applied to the bidirectional structure guiding buffer device, and the bidirectional structure guiding buffer device absorbs the impact reaction force;
  • the bidirectional structure guiding buffer device is disposed on the frame or disposed on the lifting device or disposed on the reciprocating impact portion or on the lifting device and the frame or on the lifting device 3 ⁇ 4 punching portion;
  • the power impacting member drives the impact head to reciprocate, so that the buffering member at the front of the guiding boss and the cushioning member at the rear of the guiding boss absorb the impact reaction force of the impact head, so that the buffer guiding sleeve and the buffer guiding member slide relative to each other linearly, so as to guide the buffer
  • the fitting, the buffer guiding sleeve, the cushioning member and the like cooperate to absorb the impact reaction force of the impact head and control the buffering direction to be a reciprocating linear buffer, prevent the impact driving device and the rolling reciprocating device from swaying in a direction, and stabilize the impact direction of the impact head.
  • the solution of the first method of the rolling friction impact mining method is realized by the following steps: providing a retaining structure or the like on the fixed support and the buffer support or in the buffer guide and the buffer guide Set a stop structure, etc.;
  • a retaining member or the like is disposed on the retaining structure, and the retaining member prevents the fixed supporting member from falling off when reciprocatingly sliding relative to the cushioning support member or is prevented from falling off when the cushioning guide member and the buffering guide sleeve are relatively reciprocally slidably moved by the retaining member.
  • the twenty-seventh solution of the first method of the rolling friction impact mining method is realized by the following steps: - providing a fixed support, a buffer support, etc. on a lifting device or a reciprocating impact portion or a frame, or
  • the fixing support is arranged on the lifting device, that is, the cushioning support is correspondingly arranged on the reciprocating impact portion, or when the fixing support is arranged on the frame, that is, the cushioning support or the like is correspondingly arranged on the lifting device or is in the machine
  • a fixed support member is arranged on the frame to provide a corresponding buffer support member on the reciprocating impact portion;
  • a sliding stroke section is arranged between the spline shaft and the spline sleeve, and the sliding stroke section reciprocates when impacted to absorb the impact reaction force to form a sliding stroke spline bushing buffer device
  • the driving pulley is fixed on the fixed support, the driving pulley is connected with the driving shaft of the motor or the hydraulic motor or the air motor, the driven pulley is disposed on the buffer supporting member, and the belt is disposed on the driving pulley and the driven pulley to make the belt
  • the movable pulley is subjected to the impact movement with the buffer support member, so that the belt absorbs the impact reaction force to form a belt buffer device, and the sliding stroke spline bushing buffer device or the belt buffer device forms a rotary power buffer device;
  • the rotary power source motor or the hydraulic motor or the air motor of the reciprocating impact portion is disposed on the lifting device or disposed on the frame or provided with the reciprocating impact portion or disposed on the lifting device and the frame or disposed at the reciprocating impact portion and lifting The device is superior; on the rotary power source member and the rotary impact transmission member or on the rotary impact transmission member or on the lifting device and the reciprocating impact portion or on the lifting device and the frame or on the fixed support and the buffer support or A rotary power buffer device or the like is disposed on the frame and the reciprocating impact portion, so that the rotary power buffer device prevents the motor or the hydraulic motor or the air motor from being damaged by the impact reaction force; and the buffer member or the like is disposed between the frame and the reciprocating impact portion or A buffer member or the like is disposed between the fixed support member and the buffer support member, or a buffer member or the like is disposed between the lifter W and the reciprocating impact portion, and the buffer guide member is disposed on the frame and the reciprocating impact portion or the buffering member
  • the twenty-eighth solution of the first method of the rolling friction impact mining method is implemented by the following steps: setting the lifting device as a rocker arm, etc., setting the rocker arm as a parallelogram rocker arm or as a single rocker arm Etc., the parallelogram rocker arm is provided with a main rocker arm and a secondary rocker arm;
  • the department drives the fuselage to achieve continuous reciprocating impact mining.
  • the solution produced by the first method of the rolling friction impact mining method is realized by the following steps: setting a power concentric shaft section, a connecting handle, an eccentric shaft, etc. to form a multi-turn crankshaft, which will rotate the crankshaft, A connecting rod and the like constitute a multi-turn crankshaft multi-bar impact mechanism;
  • Two or more connecting handles, eccentric shafts, etc. are disposed at the other end of the power concentric shaft section;
  • the eccentric shaft of the multi-turn crankshaft is hinged with one end of the connecting rod, so that the other end of the connecting rod is connected with the impact head or is separated or integrated, and one eccentric shaft drives more than one connecting rod to reciprocate impact to form a multi-crank cranking impact driving device .
  • the solution 30 of the method for the rolling friction impact mining method is implemented by the following steps: connecting or splitting the power impact member with the impact head;
  • the teeth of the outer layer of the outer layer and the teeth of the inner layer of the outer layer are arranged, so that the shape and arrangement of the teeth of the outer layer of the outer layer are favorable for flowing out the material of the inner layer of the punching material from the gap between the teeth of the outer layer;
  • the shape or arrangement of the teeth of the inner layer is facilitated to flush the inner layer of the coal wall to be mined or the 3 ⁇ 4" wall;
  • the outer material teeth and the inner material teeth are juxtaposed to form a multi-layer impact head, etc., and the multi-layered charging mechanism cooperates with the 3 ⁇ 4 impact
  • the material is blanked and discharged, and the coal mining width is increased by the multi-layer impact head to improve the coal mining efficiency.
  • the solution of the first method of the rolling friction impact mining method is implemented by the following steps: setting a punching tooth, etc., providing a tooth head on the toothing, so that the adjacent two-layer toothing teeth The distance between the heads is different, the punching teeth are set as multi-layer punching teeth, and the coal wall or rock wall to be mined is struck into a step shape, and each step of the stepped coal wall or rock wall generates more than two relative free faces, the ladder The compressive stress and structural strength of the coal wall or rock wall relative to the original plane coal wall or rock wall are greatly reduced, so that the tooth head and the tooth are connected or integrated;
  • each layer of the tooth is re-excavated, and the two opposite free faces of the stepped coal wall or the rock wall are used to impact the blanking material, thereby greatly reducing the impact resistance and avoiding the material falling from the impact head. Large blocks have appeared, reducing power consumption and improving impact efficiency.
  • the solution of the first method of the rolling friction impact mining method is implemented by the following steps: setting the outer material rack, etc., and setting a discharge hole on the outer material rack;
  • An outer layer of material is arranged on the outer frame of the punching material, so that the outer layer of the punching material is disposed on the outer surface of the punching material toward the surface to be mined; the inner toothing frame and the inner layer of the material are arranged, Having the inner layer of the punching material and the inner layer of the punching material are connected or integrated, so that the shape or arrangement of the teeth of the outer layer is favorable for flushing the outer layer of the material to be mined;
  • the discharge hole is advantageous for the material flowing out of the inner layer of the material to be washed out.
  • the solution 33 produced by the first method of the rolling friction impact mining method is realized by the following steps: setting a lifting platform, a lifting platform support, etc.;
  • the vertical lifting mechanism drives the reciprocating impact portion to move vertically up and down.
  • the solution of the first method of the rolling friction impact mining method is the following:
  • the guiding rolling element is set as a piston rolling body or the like, and the guiding rolling element supporting member is set as a cylinder body or the like.
  • the rolling motion reciprocates with the rolling friction of the cylinder to form a rolling piston hydraulic drive or rolling 3 ⁇ 4 pneumatic drive
  • a power impact member etc., connecting one end of the power impacting member to the rolling piston or being separated or integrated; providing a control member or the like, so that the control member controls the flow of the liquid or the gas, so that the rolling piston reciprocates under the pressure of the liquid or gas,
  • the power impact member is driven to impact the impact head.
  • the solution 35 produced by the first method of the rolling friction impact mining method is realized by the following steps: providing a guiding guiding rolling body, a guiding guiding rolling element supporting member, a power impacting member, a piston, a cylinder body, etc. , the piston is disposed in the cylinder body, the piston is connected or separated from the power impacting member, and the guiding guiding rolling body is disposed between the guiding guiding rolling body support member and the power impacting member to form a rolling guiding hydraulic driving device or a rolling guiding pneumatic driving device.
  • the guiding guide rolling body, the guiding guiding rolling element supporting member and the power impacting member are closely matched to make the guiding guiding rolling body reciprocate by the rolling friction supporting power impacting member, and the impact direction of the dynamic impacting member is controlled by rolling friction, and the guiding guiding rolling is performed.
  • the body support member is separated or connected or integrated into the cylinder block, and the power impact member is separated or connected to the piston or integrated;
  • the control member is arranged to control the flow of the liquid or the gas, so that the piston reciprocates under the pressure of the liquid or the gas, so that the piston drives the power impact member to drive the impact head, and the impact head impacts the reaction wall of the coal wall or the rock wall. That is, it is applied to the rolling guide hydraulic drive or the rolling guide pneumatic drive.
  • the solution 36 of the method for mining by the rolling friction impact is realized by the following steps: forming a rolling piston hydraulic drive device and a rolling guide hydraulic drive device to form a rolling guide rolling piston hydraulic drive device, or
  • the rolling piston pneumatic driving device and the rolling guiding pneumatic driving device are configured to form a rolling guide rolling piston pneumatic driving device, so that the control member controls the flow of liquid or gas, so that the rolling piston reciprocates under the pressure of liquid or gas, so that the rolling piston drives the power impact.
  • the member drives the impact head impact, and the reaction force of the impact head impacting the coal wall or the rock wall is applied to the hydraulic drive of the rolling guide rolling piston or the pneumatic driving device of the rolling guide rolling piston.
  • the solution 37 of the first method of the rolling friction impact mining method is realized by the following steps: setting a guiding limit on the guiding guiding rolling body support, the guiding guiding rolling body and/or the impact guiding member a positioning structure or the like, the guiding guide rolling body is disposed between the guiding guiding rolling element support and the impact guiding member and disposed on the guiding limit structure, so that the guiding limit structure restricts the rolling space and position of the guiding guiding rolling body, or in the cylinder a piston limiting structure is arranged on the body, the piston and/or the rolling element of the piston, and the piston rolling body is arranged on the piston limiting structure, so that the piston limiting structure limits the rolling space and position of the piston rolling body;
  • a tamper-proof mechanism is provided at one or both ends of the power impacting member, and the tamper-proof mechanism is used in conjunction with the rolling reciprocating device, and the reaction force generated by the impact head striking the coal wall or the rock wall is applied to the tamper-proof mechanism.
  • the anti-screening mechanism isolates the reaction discriminating force, and applies the reaction discriminating force to the rolling reciprocating device, thereby preventing the impact driving device from being subjected to the impact reaction discriminating force Damage, rolling reciprocating device to correct the impact direction of the impact head;
  • the buffer guide is arranged on the frame and the lifting device or the buffer guiding member is arranged on the lifting device fixing support and the lifting device buffer support or the buffer guiding member is arranged in the frame and the reciprocating impact portion.
  • the structural buffering device allows the structural buffering device to absorb the impact reaction force through the cushioning member while controlling the buffering direction with the buffer guiding member.
  • the solution 38 produced by the first method of the rolling friction impact mining method is realized by the following steps: setting a power support member, etc., disposing the power support member on the impact driving device, and guiding the power support member
  • the rolling body supports are arranged or arranged in one piece or connected separately;
  • the rolling body support member forms an anti-rotation guide guide rolling body support member or the like;
  • the anti-rotation guide vane support member and/or the anti-rotation guide vane support member and the like form an anti-rotation structure, so that the anti-rotation structure prevents the impact head from rotating and corrects the impact direction of the impact head.
  • a rolling friction impact mining machine for implementing a rolling friction impact mining method, the rolling friction impact mining machine comprising a fuselage, a running portion, a reciprocating impact portion, etc.
  • the reciprocating impact portion comprises a rolling reciprocating device, an impact driving device, etc.
  • the rolling reciprocating device and The impact drive device is separately or integrally connected
  • the rolling reciprocating device comprises an impact guide, a guide rolling body, a guide rolling body support, etc.
  • the guiding rolling body is disposed between the guiding rolling body support and the impact guiding member, and the impact guiding
  • the impact head is provided at both ends of the piece or the impact head is provided at one end.
  • the other end is arranged to prevent the impact head from being unbalanced by gravity, and the weight of the rolling reciprocating device, the impact driving device and/or the body, or the impact head is provided at one end of the impact guiding member.
  • the impact drive device includes a power impact member, the power impact member drives the impact guide member to reciprocate, and the impact guide member drives the impact head to impact the coal wall or the rock wall to realize the falling material, and the power impact member impacts the guide member to separate or connect or Body
  • the body includes a rack, etc.
  • the body is equipped with W lifting device 3 ⁇ 4 or no 3 ⁇ 4 lifting device 3 ⁇ 4 impact portion disposed toward the rack Shang owned or reciprocating punch ⁇ portion provided on the lifting device
  • the lifting device is arranged on the frame, so that the walking portion is arranged at the lower part of the fuselage and drives the body to walk.
  • the tightly engaging of the guiding rolling element support, the impact guiding piece, the guiding rolling body and the like enables the rolling reciprocating device to correct the impact direction of the impact head by rolling friction, avoiding the sliding friction and damaging the impact guiding member, and the walking part drives the body to realize the reciprocating impact continuous mining.
  • the walking part is arranged in the lower part of the fuselage, and the walking part drives the body to walk; the fuselage supports the impact head to reciprocate impact blanking.
  • the impact driving device comprises a rolling piston hydraulic driving device or a rolling piston pneumatic driving device, etc.
  • the guiding device comprises a rolling reciprocating device, etc.
  • the rolling piston hydraulic driving device or the rolling piston pneumatic driving device or the rolling reciprocating device comprises a limiting structure, etc.
  • the limiting structure comprises Raceway or tunnel or pit or tunnel or cage or limit plate or limit ring or limit sleeve or limit stop or limit rod or limit shaft or limit groove or spherical convex or boss or bearing or
  • the inner body is fitted with an outer sleeve or elliptical or dumbbell-shaped or cylindrical or conical or toroidal or roller or table-shaped or table-shaped or table-shaped drum or trough-shaped or trough-shaped or trough-shaped roller or trough-shaped ellipse or Square or u-shaped or frame-shaped or I-shaped or spline-shaped or curved or V-shaped or round or plate-shaped or polygonal or cylindrical or spline
  • the guiding rolling body support comprises a square guiding rolling body support or comprises a u-shaped guiding rolling body support or comprises a frame-shaped guiding rolling body support or comprises a groove-shaped guiding rolling body support or comprises an I-shaped guiding rolling body support
  • a spline sleeve guiding rolling element support or comprising an arcuate guiding rolling body support or comprising a V-shaped guiding rolling body support or comprising an elliptical guiding rolling body support or comprising a circular guiding rolling body support or comprising a plate
  • the support member is tightly engaged to form a guide limit structure, and the direction of movement of the impact guide member is controlled by rolling friction and/or the impact guide member is prevented from rotating.
  • the impact guide comprises a square punch guide body or comprises an L: shaped impact guide or comprises a frame shaped impact guide or comprises a slotted impact guide or comprises an I-shaped impact guide or comprises a spline shaped guide Or curved impact guide Or a V-shaped impact guide or includes an elliptical impact guide or includes a circular impact guide or includes a plate-shaped impact guide or includes a polygonal impact guide or includes a barrel impact guide or includes a multi-edge impact guide Or a multi-ribbed impact guide or the like, the shape of the guide rolling element support and/or the guide rolling body is tightly engaged with the shape of the impact guide to form a guide limit structure, and the direction of movement of the impact guide is controlled by rolling friction and / or prevent the impact guide from rotating.
  • the guiding rolling body comprises a spherical guiding rolling body or comprises an elliptical guiding rolling body or comprises a bell-shaped guiding rolling body or comprises a cylindrical guiding rolling body or comprises a tapered guiding rolling body or comprises a circular guiding rolling body or comprises a roller Guided rolling body or comprising a table-shaped column guiding rolling body or comprising a table-shaped ball guiding rolling body or comprising a table-shaped drum guiding rolling body or comprising a grooved drum guiding rolling body or comprising a grooved column guiding rolling body or comprising a grooved ball guiding rolling body or comprising
  • the grooved roller guides the rolling body or comprises a grooved elliptical guiding rolling body or comprises a shaft guiding rolling body or comprises a perforated guiding rolling body or comprises a multi-ribbed guiding rolling body or comprises a multi-sleeve guiding rolling body, etc., the impact guiding member and The shape of the guide rolling element support is tightly engaged with the shape of the guiding
  • the cylinder includes a square cylinder or a spline sleeve cylinder or a curved cylinder or a cylinder comprising a circular cylinder or a polygonal cylinder or a cylinder including a cylinder, etc. / or the shape of the piston rolling body is tightly engaged with the cylinder to form a piston limiting structure, the direction of movement of the piston is controlled by rolling friction and / or the piston is prevented from rotating.
  • the piston comprises a square piston or comprises a u-shaped piston or comprises a frame-shaped piston or comprises a slot-shaped piston or comprises a piston or comprises a spline-shaped piston or comprises a curved piston or comprises a V-shaped piston or comprises an elliptical piston or comprises a circular shape
  • the piston or a plate-shaped piston or a polygonal piston or a multi-ribbed piston, the shape of the cylinder and/or the piston rolling body is tightly engaged with the shape of the piston to form a piston limiting structure, and the direction of movement of the piston is controlled by rolling friction and / or prevent the piston from rotating.
  • the piston rolling body comprises a spherical piston rolling body or comprises an elliptical piston rolling body or comprises a dumbbell-shaped piston rolling body or comprises a cylindrical piston rolling body or comprises a tapered piston rolling body or comprises a circular piston rolling body or comprises a roller a piston rolling body or a rolling element comprising a table-shaped column piston or a rolling element comprising a table-shaped ball piston or comprising a table-shaped drum piston rolling body or comprising a grooved drum piston rolling body or comprising a grooved cylinder piston rolling body or comprising a grooved ball piston rolling body or comprising
  • the grooved roller piston rolling body or the rolling element comprising the slotted elliptical piston or the rolling element comprising the shaft piston or the rolling element comprising the holed piston or the rolling element including the multi-edge key piston, the shape of the piston and/or the cylinder and the rolling of the piston The shape of the body is tightly engaged to form a piston limit structure, the direction of movement of the piston is controlled by rolling friction and/or the piston
  • the guiding rolling body is tightly engaged with the rolling contact supporting member and/or the impact guiding member rolling contact surface, and the rolling contact body and the guiding rolling element supporting member and/or the impact guiding member have a large rolling contact surface, or the piston rolling body and the piston rolling body
  • the cylinder and/or the movable contact surface are tightly engaged, and the live rolling element is large in contact with the cylinder and/or the live ghost, preventing the lead l (, j rolling element or piston rolling body)
  • the local force is too large, reducing the guiding rolling element to the guiding rolling element support and/or the impact guiding member to concentrate on the local friction, or reducing the local friction of the piston rolling body to the cylinder body and/or the piston, and increasing the impact guiding member Or the extent of the righting of the piston, by means of the rolling element support and/or the impact guide and the contact surface of the guide rolling element, the clamping surface is tightly engaged to limit the rolling space and position of the guiding rolling body, or the contact between the cylinder and/or the piston
  • the limiting structure comprises a combination of a guiding limiting structure and a piston limiting structure, and the guiding limiting structure is used in combination with the piston limiting structure to control the movement of the piston, the impact guiding member and/or the power impacting member.
  • the guiding rolling body support comprises a tunnel or the like or the impact guiding member comprises a tunnel or the like, such that the tunnel width is not greater than or equal to or close to the width of the rolling body in the rolling direction of the guiding rolling body, and the length of the tunnel is not greater than or equal to or close to the stroke of the impact guiding member.
  • the guiding rolling element is disposed between the guiding rolling body support and the impact guiding member and disposed in the tunnel, so that the tunnel restricts the rolling space and the position of the guiding rolling body, and the tunnel makes
  • the guiding rolling body, the impact guiding member and the guiding rolling element support are all rolling friction when moving;
  • the piston comprises a tunnel or the like, so that the tunnel width is not greater than or equal to or close to the width of the rolling body in the rolling direction of the piston rolling body,
  • the length of the tunnel is not greater than or equal to or close to the sum of one-half of the piston stroke and the maximum radius of the piston rolling body.
  • the piston rolling body is disposed between the cylinder and the piston and disposed in the tunnel, so that the tunnel limits the rolling space of the piston rolling body.
  • the guide roller body support member includes a dimple or the like or the impact guide member includes a dimple or the like, and the guide rolling body is disposed between the guide roller body support member and the impact guide member and disposed in the dimple to restrict the dimple to the guide roller body.
  • the guiding rolling body support comprises a raceway or the like or the impact guiding member comprises a raceway or the like or the guiding rolling body support and the rolling impact guiding member comprise a raceway, etc.;
  • the guiding rolling body support, the impact guiding member and The guide rolling elements rolling in the raceway are tightly engaged to reciprocate the impact guide by rolling friction of the guide rolling elements, so that the raceway restricts the rolling space and position of the rolling elements.
  • the rolling reciprocating device comprises a guiding rolling body support member, an impact guiding member, a retaining frame, a guiding rolling body and the like, a retaining bracket is arranged between the guiding rolling body supporting member and the impact guiding member, and the guiding rolling body is disposed on the retaining frame, the thickness of the retaining frame Less than the diameter of the guiding rolling body, the two portions of the guiding rolling body above the retaining frame are respectively disposed on the guiding rolling body support member and the impact guiding member, and the retaining frame is separately provided or fixed to the guiding rolling body support member or fixed to the impact guiding member;
  • the body support member and the impact guide member are closely matched with the guide rolling elements in the cage to reciprocate the impact guide member by rolling friction, so that the cage limits the rolling space and position of the guide rolling body;
  • the rolling reciprocating device further includes a guiding section and the like, and the guiding section is disposed on the impact guiding member, the guiding section and the impact guiding member
  • the weights of the two ends of the overlap section are equal or substantially equal
  • the guide section is connected to the impact guide member separately or integrated
  • the guide section is disposed on the guide roller body support member, and the guide segment is always on the guide roller body support when moving.
  • the power impact member drives the impact head or the impact guide
  • the power impact member and the impact guide member are separated or connected or integrated, and the impact head reciprocates under the support of the impact guide member, and the impact head impacts the coal wall or the rock wall to realize the falling material.
  • the impact driving device includes a crank impact driving device or a hydraulic impact driving device or a pneumatic impact driving device, and the crank impact driving device or the hydraulic impact driving device or the pneumatic impact driving device includes a power impacting member, and the reciprocating impact portion further includes a supporting box.
  • the body or the support frame, etc., the support box or the support frame is provided with a guiding limit structure, the guiding limit structure limits the impact guiding member to linear reciprocating motion, the impact guiding member supports the impact head rolling friction reciprocating motion, and the power impacting member drives the impact The head impact, the reaction force generated by the impact head impacting the coal wall or the rock wall is applied to the rolling reciprocating device.
  • the impact driving device comprises a power support member, a power impact member, etc.
  • the rolling reciprocating device comprises a guiding rolling body, a guiding rolling body support member, an impact guiding member and the like
  • the guiding rolling body comprises a roller, etc.
  • the roller is arranged on the power supporting member and the power
  • the roller comprises a roller shaft, etc., when the roller shaft is fixed to the power impact member, the roller fits the power support member to roll, and when the roller shaft is fixed to the power support member
  • the roller is attached to the power impacting member, the dynamic impacting member is prevented from rubbing against the power supporting member, or when the roller shaft is fixed to the guiding rolling body supporting member, the roller is attached to the impact guiding member to roll, and when the roller shaft is fixed to the impact guiding
  • the rolling guide body supports the rolling element support to roll, preventing the guiding rolling element support from adhering to the impact guiding member, and reducing the wear of the impact driving
  • the impact driving device comprises a power support member, a power impact member, etc.
  • the rolling reciprocating device comprises a guide guide rolling body, a guide guide rolling body support member, an impact guide member, a power support member and the like
  • the guide guide rolling body comprises a roller, etc.
  • the roller The surface is formed into a protrusion, a recess, a V-groove or a curved shape, etc., and the shape of the guiding guide rolling element support or the impact guiding member and the roller contact surface is matched with the shape of the roller surface, the roller, the guiding guiding rolling body support,
  • the impact guide is tightly fitted to control the movement of the impact guide or the power impact member by rolling friction to linearly reciprocate, reducing wear of the impact drive device.
  • the impact driving device comprises a crank impact driving device or a hydraulic impact driving device or a pneumatic impact driving device.
  • the guiding rolling element support comprises an outer sleeve
  • the impact guiding member comprises an inner body
  • the guiding rolling body supporting member comprises an inner body.
  • the impact guiding member comprises an outer sleeve, and the guiding rolling body is disposed between the outer sleeve and the inner body, and the outer sleeve, the inner body and the guiding rolling body are closely matched by the rolling friction of the guiding rolling body to reciprocate, and the impact head is reciprocating.
  • the outer 3 ⁇ 4 or the inner body supports the rolling friction reciprocating motion
  • the power impacting member drives the impact head impact
  • the impact force of the impact head punching the coal wall or the rock wall is applied to the rolling reciprocating device to prevent the ilil handle from being punched.
  • ⁇ 1 ⁇ Drive or hydraulic shock drive The device or the pneumatic impact drive device is damaged by the impact reaction, and the rolling reciprocating device corrects the impact direction of the impact head to ensure that the next impact action of the impact head is applied to the object to be excavated, and the walking portion drives the body to realize the reciprocating impact continuous mining. .
  • the impact driving device includes a crank impact driving device or a hydraulic impact driving device or a pneumatic impact driving device, etc.
  • the crank impact driving device includes a support frame or the like
  • the hydraulic impact driving device includes a cylinder portion or the like
  • the pneumatic impact driving device includes a cylinder portion, etc.
  • the frame or cylinder portion includes a power support member, a guide guide rolling body support member, and the like, the guide guide rolling body support member is disposed outside the power support member, and the impact guide member is disposed on the guide guide rolling body support member, the power support member and the guide guide
  • the rolling body support member is separately or connected or integrated
  • the cylinder portion includes a cylinder body, etc.
  • the cylinder body and the power support member are separately or connected or integrated
  • the guiding guide rolling body support member is disposed outside the cylinder body, and the guiding guide
  • the rolling body support member and the cylinder block are separately connected or integrated, and the crank impact driving device, the hydraulic impact driving device or the pneumatic impact driving device includes a power impacting member, etc., and the power impacting member is disposed in the support frame or the cylinder body, and supports
  • the frame or cylinder supports the power impacting member, and the impact guiding member is disposed on the branch Outside the frame or outside the cylinder, the impact guide on the outside of the support frame or the impact guide
  • the rolling reciprocating device comprises a guiding guiding rolling body, a guiding guiding rolling body support, an impact guiding member, a cage, etc.
  • the retaining frame is disposed between the guiding guiding rolling body support and the impact guiding member, and the guiding guiding rolling body is disposed on Between the guiding guide rolling element support and the impact guiding member and disposed on the retainer, the thickness of the retaining frame is smaller than the diameter of the guiding guiding rolling body, and the two portions of the guiding guiding rolling body above the retaining frame are respectively disposed on the guiding guiding rolling body support member,
  • the impact guiding member, the guiding guiding rolling element support member and the impact guiding member are closely matched with the guiding guiding rolling elements in the cage, so that the impact guiding member reciprocates by rolling friction, and the cage limits the rolling space and position of the guiding guiding rolling body, and maintains
  • the frame is separately provided or fixed to the guide guide rolling body support or to the impact guide.
  • the impact driving device comprises a crank impact driving device or a hydraulic impact driving device or a pneumatic impact driving device
  • the rolling reciprocating device comprises a guiding guiding rolling body, a guiding guiding rolling body support member, an impact guiding member, a cage, etc., the cage setting Between the guiding guide rolling body support and the impact guiding member, the thickness of the retaining frame is smaller than the diameter of the guiding guiding rolling body, and the two portions of the guiding guiding rolling body above the retaining frame are respectively disposed on the guiding guiding rolling body support member and the impact guiding member.
  • a guide track or the like is disposed on the guide roller body support member or the impact guide member, and the guide guide roller body is disposed between the guide guide roller body support member and the impact member and is disposed in the cage and the raceway, the cage and the raceway Restricted guide scrolling
  • the rolling space and position of the body, the guiding guide rolling body is fitted to the rolling track, and the guiding guiding rolling body support member and the impact guiding member are closely matched with the guiding guiding rolling elements in the cage and in the raceway to make the impact guiding member reciprocate by rolling friction Move and control the impact direction of the impact guide.
  • the rolling reciprocating device comprises a guiding guiding rolling body support member, an impact guiding member and the like
  • the impact driving device comprises a crank impact driving device or a hydraulic impact driving device or a pneumatic impact driving device
  • the reciprocating impact portion further comprises a supporting box body, etc.
  • the impact driving device includes a crank assembly, a power component, and the like
  • the rolling reciprocating device is disposed in a combination box with a crank assembly or a hydraulic impact driving device or a pneumatic impact driving device of the crank impact driving device, and the impact guiding member protruding from the supporting box body Both ends are provided with an impact head or an impact head is provided at one end of the impact guide.
  • the other end is provided to prevent the impact head from being unbalanced due to gravity imbalance, and the weight of the rolling reciprocating device, the impact driving device and/or the fuselage, etc.
  • One end of the piece is provided with an impact head, and the end of the power impact piece protruding from the support box is connected or separated from the impact head, and the hydraulic impact drive device or the pneumatic impact drive device includes a cylinder body, etc., the guide guide rolling body support member, the cylinder block, and the support
  • the box body is either integrated or connected, and the support box protects the power Member, the guide member from dust impact, corrosion sewage pollution.
  • the power impacting member is connected or split or integrated into the impact head, and one or both ends of the power impacting member are provided with a tamper-proof mechanism, and the tamper-proof mechanism includes a rotating structure or a split structure, and the like.
  • the rotating structure of the mechanism includes the joint bearing or the steering joint or the ball cage universal joint or the cross universal joint or the ball head buckle groove or the curved buckle groove type, etc., the rotation structure or the split structure and the rolling of the anti-picking mechanism
  • the reciprocating device is used in combination, the rotating structure is subjected to force rotation or the split structure is separated to isolate the impact reaction, the power impact member drives the impact head impact, and the reaction force generated by the impact head impacting the coal wall or the rock wall is applied to the rolling Reciprocating device.
  • the lifting device or the reciprocating impact portion or the frame includes a fixed support member and a buffer support member, etc., or when the lifting device is provided with a fixed support member, the reciprocating impact portion is correspondingly provided with a buffer support member, or when the frame is provided with a fixed support member,
  • the lifting device is correspondingly provided with a buffer support, or a buffer support member is arranged on the frame, that is, a fixed support member is disposed on the reciprocating impact portion, between the fixed support member and the buffer support member or between the lifting device and the frame or in the lifting device
  • the buffer guide is disposed on the upper portion, and the power impact member drives the impact head impact when the impact reaction force is applied to the buffer support member and the fixed support member or to the lifting device and the frame
  • the lifting device or the reciprocating impact portion or the frame includes a fixed support member, a buffer support member, etc., or when the lifting device is provided with a fixed support member, the reciprocating impact portion is correspondingly provided with a buffer support member, or when the body is provided with a fixed support member,
  • the lifting device is correspondingly provided with a buffer support or a buffer support member is arranged on the frame, that is, a fixed support member is arranged on the reciprocating impact portion, when the fixed branch is fixed
  • the support member includes the buffer guide member, even if the buffer support member includes the buffer guide sleeve or the like, or when the buffer support member includes the buffer guide member, even if the fixed support member includes the buffer guide sleeve or the like, when the guide guide member is provided with the guide boss or the guide groove a guiding groove or a guiding boss which is engaged with the guiding boss or the guiding groove is arranged on the buffer guiding sleeve, a buffering member is arranged on both sides of the pro
  • the fixed support member, the buffer support member includes a retaining structure or the like, or the buffer guiding member, the buffer guiding sleeve includes a retaining structure, and the retaining structure includes a retaining member, and the retaining member and the cushioning support member are prevented by the retaining member.
  • the stopping member and the fixed supporting member are separately arranged or connected or integrated, or the stopping member and the cushioning supporting member are divided.
  • the body is arranged or connected or is integral, or the retaining member is separately arranged or connected with the buffer guide or is integrated, or the retaining member is separately provided or connected or integrated with the buffer guide sleeve.
  • the reciprocating impact or lifting device or frame comprises a rotary power source member, a rotary impact transmission member or the like, or when the frame comprises a rotary power source member, the lifting device comprises a rotary impact transmission member or the like, or the lifting device comprises a rotary power source
  • the reciprocating impact portion includes a rotary impact transmission member or the like, or the reciprocating impact portion includes a rotary impact transmission member when the frame includes the rotary power source member, and the rotary power source member includes a motor or a hydraulic motor or a pneumatic motor, etc., lifting device or reciprocating
  • the impact portion or the frame includes a fixed support member, a buffer support member, etc., or when the lifting device is provided with a fixed support member, the reciprocating impact portion is correspondingly provided with a buffer support member, or the lifting device is correspondingly provided with a buffer when the frame is provided with the fixed support member.
  • the reciprocating impact portion is correspondingly provided with a buffer support member or the like, between the frame and the lifting device or between the fixed support member and the buffer support member or between the lifting device and the reciprocating impact portion or the frame
  • a buffer device or the like is disposed between the reciprocating impact portion
  • the buffer device includes a rotary power buffer Or a structure guiding buffer device or the like
  • the rotary power buffer device is disposed between the rotary power source member and the rotary impact transmission member or disposed on the rotary impact transmission member
  • the rotary power buffer device includes a sliding stroke spline bushing buffer device or a belt buffer device.
  • the sliding stroke spline bushing buffering device comprises a spline shaft and a spline sleeve, etc., and a sliding stroke section is set in the spline shaft and the spline sleeve, and the sliding stroke section reciprocates to absorb the impact reaction force when subjected to the impact,
  • the belt buffering device Jia including ⁇ movable pulley, driven pulley, belt, etc., the driving pulley is fixed on the fixed support, the driving pulley is connected with the drive shaft of the I machine or the hydraulic motor or the air motor, and the driven pulley is arranged on the buffer support.
  • the driven pulley is subjected to the impact movement with the buffer support, the belt absorbs the impact reaction force, the belt buffer device prevents damage to the motor or the hydraulic motor or the air motor, and the structure guiding buffer device includes the buffer member and the buffer guide.
  • a cushioning member is disposed between the frame and the reciprocating impact portion or between the fixed support member and the cushioning support member or between the lifting device and the reciprocating impact portion or between the frame and the lifting device, and the buffer guiding member is disposed at The frame and the reciprocating impact portion are disposed on the fixed support and the buffer support or on the lifting device and the reciprocating impact portion or on the frame and the lifting device, and the structure guiding buffer device absorbs the impact reaction force through the buffer member
  • the buffer guiding direction is used to control the buffering direction
  • the structural guiding buffer device cooperates with the sliding stroke spline bushing buffer device or the belt cushioning device to absorb and buffer the impact reaction force of the impact head and guide the buffer direction to prevent no direction due to buffering. Swinging damage to rotating power source parts or lifting devices or machines Etc., to ensure that the impact head impact direction towards the object to be taken.
  • the impact driving device comprises a crank impact driving device or a hydraulic impact driving device or a pneumatic impact driving device, etc.
  • the lifting device comprises a rocker arm
  • the rocker arm is a parallelogram rocker arm or a single rocker arm
  • the parallelogram rocker arm comprises a main rocker.
  • the arm and the auxiliary rocker arm, etc., the reciprocating impact portion includes a support box or a support frame, etc., one end of the main rocker arm is hinged to the fuselage and the other end is hinged to the support box or the support frame, and one end of the auxiliary rocker arm is hinged to the other end of the body Hinged with the support box or the support frame, the main rocker arm and/or the auxiliary rocker arm support the reciprocating impact portion, and the main rocker arm and the auxiliary rocker arm cooperate to adjust the mining direction or position of the impact head to ensure that the next impact action of the impact head is applied to On the object to be excavated, the walking part drives the fuselage to realize continuous reciprocating impact mining.
  • the reciprocating impact portion comprises a supporting box or a support frame
  • the impact driving device comprises a crank impact driving device, etc.
  • the crank impact driving device comprises a multi-turn crank multi-bar impact mechanism, a power output component, etc.
  • the multi-turn crank multi-bar impact mechanism Including multi-turn crankshaft, connecting rod, etc., multi-turn crankshaft includes power concentric shaft section, connecting handle, eccentric shaft, etc.
  • the power concentric shaft section, connecting handle and eccentric shaft are separated or connected or integrated, and the power of the crankshaft is concentric.
  • One end of the shaft section is connected with the power output component of the crank impact drive device, and the other end of the power concentric shaft section is provided with more than two connecting handles, an eccentric shaft, etc., and the power concentric shaft section of the multi-turn crankshaft is mounted on the support box or the support frame.
  • the eccentric shaft of the crankshaft is hinged to one end of the connecting rod, and the other end of the connecting rod is connected or separated from the impact head, and an eccentric shaft drives more than one connecting rod to reciprocate impact.
  • the impact head comprises an outer layer of teeth, an inner layer of the material, and the like, and the shape or arrangement of the teeth of the inner layer is favorable for flushing the inner layer of the coal wall or the rock wall to be mined, and the outer layer of the material is washed.
  • the shape and arrangement are favorable for the material which is washed away from the inner layer of the material to flow from the gap between the teeth of the outer layer, and the outer layer of the material and the inner layer of the material are arranged side by side to form a multi-layer impact head, through multiple layers of impact
  • the head increases the coal mining width and improves the coal mining efficiency.
  • the impact head includes a stepped tooth punching mechanism, the stepped tooth punching mechanism includes a punching tooth, the punching tooth is a multi-layer punching tooth, and a tooth head is provided on the punching tooth, and the tooth head is connected with the punching tooth or Integral, the distance between adjacent two-layer toothed heads is different, and the coal wall or rock wall to be mined is struck into a step shape, and each step of the stepped coal wall or rock wall produces more than two relative free faces.
  • the stepped coal wall or rock wall is lower than the compressive stress and structural strength of the original flat coal wall or rock wall, the coal wall Or the rock wall is impacted into a stepped shape, and each layer of the teeth is re-excavated, and the two relative self-surface impact blanks of the stepped coal wall or the rock wall are reasonably utilized, thereby greatly reducing the impact resistance and avoiding the occurrence of the material falling from the impact head. Oversize, reduce power consumption and improve impact efficiency.
  • the impact head comprises a multi-layered charging mechanism
  • the multi-layered charging mechanism comprises a punching frame
  • the punching frame comprises a discharge hole
  • the punching frame comprises a rear support seat, a punching tooth support frame, etc.
  • the rear support seat and the punching tooth support frame form a discharge hole
  • the punching tooth support frame comprises a punching tooth
  • the punching tooth is disposed on the punching tooth support frame toward the surface to be mined, the punching tooth and the punching tooth support frame.
  • the shape or arrangement of the punching teeth is beneficial to flush the material of the layer to be mined, and the discharging hole is favorable for the material falling out of the punching mechanism to flow out.
  • the impact head comprises an outer layer material rack, an outer layer material tooth, and the like, and the outer layer material rack includes a discharge hole, and the outer layer material teeth are disposed on the outer layer material rack to face the surface to be mined.
  • the impact head further comprises a punching inner material rack, a punching inner material tooth, etc., and the inner layer material tooth and the inner layer material rack are separated or integrated, and the shape or arrangement of the outer layer material teeth is favorable.
  • the outer layer material of the layer to be excavated is washed off, and the discharge hole is favorable for the material flowing out of the inner layer of the material to be flushed out, and the multi-layered materialing mechanism cooperates to realize the impact blanking and discharging at the same time.
  • the lifting device comprises a vertical lifting mechanism, and the vertical lifting mechanism drives the reciprocating impact portion to vertically move up and down.
  • the vertical lifting mechanism comprises an lifting platform, a lifting platform support, a vertical lifting drive, etc.
  • the vertical lifting drive comprises a rope and a rope reel or gear Rack or auger or shaft joint opening or closing or sprocket with chain or hydraulic or pneumatic parts
  • vertical lifting drive drives the lifting platform to vertically lift
  • vertical lifting mechanism also includes positioning locker, etc.
  • Positioning locker includes bolt or The locking tongue or the pad or the drawstring or the hydraulic cylinder or the cylinder, etc., the positioning locker positions and locks the lifting platform.
  • the impact driving device comprises a rolling piston hydraulic driving device or a rolling piston pneumatic driving device, etc.
  • the rolling piston hydraulic driving device or the rolling piston pneumatic driving device comprises a cylinder body, a piston, a piston rolling body, a control member, a power impact member, etc., the piston
  • the rolling body is arranged on the piston to form a rolling piston
  • the rolling piston is arranged in the cylinder body
  • the rolling piston is rolling friction with the cylinder body under the support of the rolling body of the piston
  • the control member controls the flow of the liquid or the gas, so that the rolling piston is pushed by the liquid or gas pressure
  • one end of the power impacting member is separated or connected to the piston or integrated, and the power impacting member drives the impact head impact.
  • the impact driving device comprises a rolling guide hydraulic driving device or a rolling guiding pneumatic driving device
  • the rolling guiding hydraulic driving device or the rolling guiding pneumatic driving device comprises a guiding guiding rolling body, a guiding guiding rolling body support, a power impacting member, a piston, a cylinder, a control member, etc.
  • the piston is disposed in the cylinder body
  • the guiding guide rolling body is disposed between the guiding guiding rolling body support member and the power impacting member
  • the guiding guiding rolling body, the guiding guiding rolling body supporting member and the power impacting member are closely matched
  • the guiding guiding rolling body reciprocates by the rolling friction to support the power impacting member and controls the impact direction of the power impacting member
  • the guiding guiding rolling body support member is connected with the cylinder body or is integrated
  • the control member controls the flow of the liquid or the gas
  • the piston is in the The liquid or gas pressure is pushed to move 3 ⁇ 4, and one end of the power impactor is separated or connected to the piston
  • the impact driving device comprises a rolling guide rolling piston hydraulic driving device or a rolling guiding rolling piston pneumatic driving device, etc.
  • the rolling guiding rolling piston hydraulic driving device comprises a combination of a rolling piston hydraulic driving device and a rolling guiding hydraulic driving device, or a rolling guide
  • the rolling piston pneumatic driving device comprises a combination of a rolling piston pneumatic driving device and a rolling guiding pneumatic driving device, the control member controls the flow of the liquid or the gas, the rolling piston reciprocates under the pressure of the liquid or the gas, and the one end of the power impacting member is separated from the rolling piston. Or connected or integrated, the other end of the power impactor is connected to the impact head or is separated or integrated.
  • the piston drives the power impactor to drive the impact head impact, and the impact force of the impact head impacting the coal wall or the rock wall is applied to Rolling guide rolling guide hydraulic drive or rolling guide rolling guide pneumatic drive.
  • the rolling reciprocating device comprises a guiding guiding rolling body support member, an impact guiding member and the like, the guiding guiding rolling body supporting member and/or the impact guiding member is provided with a guiding limit structure, and the guiding limit structure restricting the impact of the impact guiding member
  • rolling piston hydraulic drive or rolling piston pneumatic drive device includes cylinder, piston, piston rolling body, etc., cylinder, piston and / or piston rolling body is provided with a piston limit structure, etc., the piston rolling body is arranged on the piston
  • the limit structure, the piston limit structure limits the rolling space and position of the piston rolling body, and the rolling reciprocating device is separated or connected or integrated with the rolling piston hydraulic drive device or the rolling piston pneumatic drive device.
  • the impact driving device comprises a rolling piston driving device or the like, the rolling piston driving device or the rolling reciprocating device comprises a limiting structure, the limiting structure comprises a piston limiting structure or a guiding limiting structure, and the rolling piston driving device comprises a cylinder body, Piston, piston rolling body, etc., the piston limiting structure is arranged on the cylinder body, the piston and/or the piston rolling body, etc., the piston rolling body is arranged on the piston limiting structure, and the piston limiting structure limits the rolling space and position of the piston rolling body,
  • the rolling reciprocating device comprises a guiding guiding rolling body support member, a guiding guiding rolling body, an impact guiding member and the like, and the guiding limiting structure is disposed on the guiding guiding rolling body support member, the guiding guiding rolling body and/or the impact guiding member, etc., the guiding guiding rolling The body is disposed between the guiding guide rolling body support member and the impact guiding member and is disposed on the guiding limit structure, the guiding limit structure
  • the rolling reciprocating device corrects the impact direction of the impact head, and provides a cushioning member or the like between the frame and the lifting device or a buffer member between the lifting device fixing support member and the lifting device buffer supporting member or the lifting device and the reciprocating impact Between the portions or between the frame and the reciprocating impact portion, a cushioning member or the like is disposed, the buffer guiding member is disposed on the frame and the lifting device, or the buffer guiding member is disposed on the lifting device fixing support and the lifting device buffer support member or The buffer guiding member is arranged in the lifting device and the reciprocating impact portion or the buffer guiding member is arranged on the machine 3 ⁇ 4 and the reciprocating impact portion, etc.
  • the cushioning device absorbs the impact reaction force through the cushioning member while controlling the buffering direction with the buffer guide.
  • the impact driving device comprises a power support member or the like
  • the rolling reciprocating device comprises a guiding guiding rolling body support member, etc.
  • the power supporting member and the guiding guiding rolling body support member are separately or integrally connected or connected
  • the rolling reciprocating device further comprises anti-rotation
  • the anti-rotation structure includes an anti-rotation guide roller body support member and/or an anti-rotation impact guide member
  • the anti-rotation guide roller body support member includes a quadrilateral guide guide roller body support member or a u-shaped guide roller body support member.
  • the impact guiding member comprises an anti-rotation impact guiding member or the like
  • the guiding rolling body comprises an anti-rotation guiding rolling body, etc. , anti-rotation impact guide, anti-rotation guide rolling element It is tightly engaged with the anti-rotation guide roller body support to prevent the impact head from rotating and to correct the impact direction of the impact head.
  • the rolling reciprocating device comprises a guiding guiding rolling body, a guiding guiding rolling body supporting member, an impact guiding member and the like, the guiding guiding rolling body is disposed between the guiding guiding rolling body supporting member and the impact guiding member, and the rolling reciprocating device comprises an outer sleeve
  • the inner body or the like has a raceway or the like on the outer sleeve or the inner body, and the guide guide rolling body is disposed on the raceway and disposed between the outer sleeve and the inner body, and the outer sleeve and the inner body are closely matched with the guide guide rolling body to make the outer sleeve
  • the inner body is relatively reciprocating by the rolling guide friction rolling friction, and the rolling friction controls the impact direction of the outer sleeve or the inner body, and the impact head is integrated or connected with the reciprocating outer sleeve or the inner body.
  • the rolling reciprocating device comprises an outer sleeve, an inner body and the like, and the outer sleeve or the inner body is provided with a dimple or the like, and the guiding guiding rolling body is disposed in the dimple and is disposed between the outer sleeve and the inner body, and the guiding guiding rolling body supports
  • the outer sleeve is an outer sleeve
  • the impact guide member is an inner body
  • the outer sleeve supports the guide roller body and the inner body
  • the guide guide roller body support member is an inner sleeve when the impact guide member is an outer sleeve
  • the inner body supports the guide guide roller body and the outer sleeve.
  • the outer sleeve, the inner body and the guiding guide rolling body are tightly matched, so that the outer sleeve or the inner body is relatively reciprocating by the rolling guiding friction of the guiding guiding rolling body, the rolling friction controls the impact direction of the outer sleeve or the inner body, and the outer sleeve of the impact head and the reciprocating movement Or the inner body is integrated or connected, and the impact head is rolled and reciprocated under the support of the reciprocating outer sleeve or the inner body.
  • the rolling reciprocating device includes an outer sleeve, an inner body, and the like.
  • the outer sleeve and the inner body are provided with a cage or the like.
  • the guiding guide rolling body is disposed on the retainer and disposed between the outer sleeve and the inner body, and the guiding guide rolling body
  • the support member is an outer sleeve
  • the impact guide member is an inner body
  • the outer sleeve support guides the guide roller body and the inner body
  • the guide guide roller body support member is an inner body
  • the impact guide member is an outer sleeve
  • the inner body supports the guide guide roller body and the outer portion.
  • the sleeve, the outer sleeve, the inner body and the guiding guide rolling body are tightly matched, so that the outer sleeve or the inner body is relatively reciprocating by rolling friction of the guiding guide rolling body, and the rolling friction controls the impact direction of the outer sleeve or the inner body.
  • the rolling reciprocating device is combined with the crank impact driving device to be arranged in the lifting device or the frame, and the one or both ends of the power impacting member are provided with an anti-screening mechanism, etc., and the anti-picking mechanism comprises a rotating structure or a split structure, etc.
  • the rotating structure of the discriminating mechanism includes a joint bearing or a steering joint or a ball cage universal joint or a cross universal joint or a ball-type buckle groove or a curved buckle groove type, and the rotating structure or the split structure of the anti-screening mechanism
  • the power impact member drives the impact head impact, and the reaction force generated by the impact head impacting the coal wall or the rock wall is applied to the rotating structure or the split structure, and the rotating structure is subjected to the force rotation or the split structure split.
  • the lifting device comprises a rotary impact transmission member or the like, or when the lifting device comprises a rotary power source member, the reciprocating impact portion comprises a rotary impact transmission member, etc.
  • the reciprocating impact portion of the frame including the rotary power source member includes a rotary impact transmission member or the like
  • the rotary power source member includes a motor or a hydraulic motor or a pneumatic motor, etc.
  • a buffer support member or the like is provided, a buffer device or the like is disposed between the frame and the lifting device or between the fixed support member and the buffer support member or between the lifting device and the reciprocating impact portion, and the buffer device includes a rotary power.
  • the rotary power buffer device is disposed between the rotary power source member and the rotary impact transmission member or disposed on the rotary impact transmission member
  • the rotary power buffer device includes a sliding stroke spline bushing buffer device or a belt buffer device Etc.
  • the sliding stroke spline bushing cushioning device includes a spline shaft and A sleeve sleeve or the like is provided with a sliding stroke section between the spline shaft and the spline sleeve, and the sliding stroke section reciprocally slides to absorb the impact reaction force when subjected to the impact
  • the belt buffering device comprises a driving pulley, a driven pulley, a belt, etc., the driving pulley fixing On the fixed support, the drive pulley is connected to the drive shaft of the motor or the hydraulic motor or the air motor, the driven pulley is disposed on the buffer support, the belt is disposed on the drive pulley and the driven pulle
  • the structure guiding buffer device includes a buffering member, a buffer guiding member, etc., and the cushioning member is disposed between the frame and the reciprocating impact portion or is disposed at Between the fixed support and the buffer support or between the lifting device and the reciprocating impact portion or between the frame and the lifting device, etc., the buffer guiding member is disposed on the frame and the reciprocating impact portion or is disposed on the fixed support and the buffer support On or in the lifting device and the reciprocating impact portion In the frame and the lifting device, the structure guiding buffer device absorbs the impact reaction force through the buffer member while controlling the buffer direction by the buffer guiding member, and the structure guiding buffer device cooperates with the sliding stroke spline bushing buffer device or the belt cushioning device.
  • the impact reaction force of the reciprocating impact portion is absorbed and buffered and guided to the buffer direction to prevent damage to the rotary power source member or the lifting device or the frame due to the non-directional sway of the buffer, and to ensure that the impact direction of the impact head is directed toward the object to be purchased.
  • the rolling device comprises a guiding guiding rolling body, a guiding guiding rolling body support, an impact guiding member, etc.
  • the guiding rolling body is disposed between the guiding guiding rolling body support and the impact guiding member
  • the rolling reciprocating device further comprises a cage
  • the guiding guiding rolling body comprises a rolling shaft or the like
  • the cage is disposed on the guiding rolling body support and the impact guiding member
  • the rolling shaft is disposed on the retainer, the thickness of the retainer is smaller than the diameter of the guiding guide rolling body, and the two portions of the guiding rolling body above the retaining bracket are respectively disposed on the guiding rolling body support, the impact guiding member, the guiding rolling element support or
  • the impact guide is provided with a raceway or the like.
  • the guide guide rolling body is disposed in the cage and is disposed on the raceway.
  • the cage and the raceway restrict the rolling space of the guide rolling body, and the guide rolling body fits the raceway to roll, and guides the rolling body support member.
  • the impact guide member is closely matched with the guide rolling body in the cage and in the raceway, so that the impact guide member reciprocates by rolling friction, and the impact direction of the impact guide member is controlled by rolling friction, and the impact guide member is connected or integrated with the impact head.
  • Type or split, one or both ends of the power impactor are provided with a tamper-proof mechanism, etc.
  • the discriminating mechanism includes a rotating structure or a split structure
  • the rotating structure of the anti-screening mechanism includes a joint bearing or a steering joint or a ball cage universal joint or a cross universal joint or a ball head buckle groove or a curved buckle groove type Etc.
  • the rotating structure or the split structure of the anti-screening mechanism is used together with the rolling reciprocating device, the power impacting member drives the impact head impact, and the reaction force generated by the impact head impacting the coal wall or the rock wall is applied to the rotating structure or the split body.
  • Structure rotating structure by force rotation or split structure separation isolation reaction force, structure guiding buffer between lifting device or lifting device and frame or between lifting device and reciprocating impact portion or between frame and reciprocating impact portion
  • the device or the like, the structure guiding buffer device absorbs and buffers the reaction discriminating force generated by the impact of the impact head.
  • the rolling reciprocating device is combined with a crank impact driving device or a hydraulic impact driving device or a pneumatic impact driving device to form two or more reciprocating impact portions, and two or more reciprocating impact portions are arranged up and down to increase the mining height, or left and right. Increase the mining width.
  • the rolling reciprocating device is combined with a crank impact driving device or a hydraulic impact driving device or a pneumatic impact driving device to form two or more reciprocating impact portions, and one or both ends of the power impacting member are provided with a tamper-proof mechanism, etc.
  • the discriminating mechanism includes a rotating structure or a split structure
  • the rotating structure of the anti-screening mechanism includes a joint bearing or a steering joint or a ball cage universal joint or a cross universal joint or a ball head buckle groove or a curved buckle groove type Etc.
  • the rotating structure or the split structure of the anti-screening mechanism is used together with the rolling reciprocating device, the power impacting member drives the impact head impact, and the reaction force generated by the impact head impacting the coal wall or the rock wall is applied to the rotating structure or the split body.
  • the structure, the rotating structure is subjected to force rotation or the split structure is separated and reacted, and the power impact member drives the impact head impact, and the reaction force generated by the impact head impacting the coal wall or the rock wall is applied to the rolling reciprocating device, thereby Preventing the crank impact drive device or the hydraulic impact drive device or the pneumatic impact drive device from being damaged by the impact reaction, rolling and reciprocating Set the impact direction of the impact head to ensure that the next impact action of the impact head is applied to the object to be excavated.
  • the reciprocating impact or lifting device or frame includes a rotary power source member, a rotary impact transmission member, etc., or the frame includes a rotary power source.
  • the lifting device includes a rotary impact transmission member or the like, or when the lifting device includes the rotary power source member, the re-impacting portion includes the rotary driving member, or the revolving power source member, the reciprocating impact portion includes a rotary punch, If The moving power source member includes a motor or a hydraulic motor or a pneumatic motor, etc., the lifting device or the reciprocating impact portion or the frame includes a fixed support member, a buffer support member, etc., or when the frame includes a fixed support member, the lifting device includes Buffering support or the like, or when the lifting device comprises a fixed support, the reciprocating impact portion comprises a cushioning support or the like, or when the frame comprises a fixed support, the reciprocating impact portion comprises a cushioning support or the like, between the frame and the lifting device or fixed A buffer device or the like is disposed between the support member and the buffer support member or between the lifting device and the reciprocating impact portion or between the frame and the reciprocating impact portion.
  • the buffer device includes a rotary power buffer device or a structure guiding buffer device, and the rotary power buffer device is disposed at the rotation.
  • the rotary power buffer device includes a sliding stroke spline bushing buffer device or a belt buffer device, and the sliding stroke spline bushing buffer device includes a spline shaft and a flower a key sleeve, etc., a sliding stroke section is provided between the spline shaft and the spline sleeve, and the sliding The stroke section reciprocates and slides to absorb the impact reaction force when the impact is applied.
  • the belt buffering device includes a driving pulley, a driven pulley, a belt, etc., the driving pulley is fixed on the fixed supporting member, and the driving pulley is connected with the driving shaft of the motor or the hydraulic motor or the air motor.
  • the driven pulley is disposed on the buffer support, the belt is disposed on the driving pulley and the driven pulley, the driven pulley is subjected to the impact movement with the buffer support, the belt absorbs the impact reaction force, the belt buffer device prevents the motor or the hydraulic motor or the air motor Damaged,
  • the structural guiding cushioning device comprises a cushioning member, a buffer guiding member and the like, and the cushioning member is disposed between the frame and the reciprocating impact portion or between the fixed support member and the cushioning support member or disposed on the lifting device and the reciprocating impact portion or disposed at Between the frame and the lifting device, etc., the buffer guiding member is disposed on the frame and the reciprocating impact portion or on the fixed support member and the buffer support member or on the lifting device and the reciprocating impact portion or on the frame and the lifting device Superior, structurally oriented cushioning device through buffer The shock guiding force is used to control the buffering direction by the buffer guiding member, and the structural guiding buffer device cooperates with the sliding stroke splin
  • the impact driving device includes a crank impact driving device or the like, the crank impact driving device includes a power impacting member, and the like, and the rolling reciprocating device and the crank impact driving device are combined into two or more reciprocating impact portions, and two or more reciprocating impact portions are disposed.
  • the rolling reciprocating device comprises a guiding guiding rolling body, a guiding guiding rolling body supporting member, an impact guiding member and the like, and the guiding guiding rolling body is disposed between the guiding guiding rolling body supporting member and the impact guiding member, and reciprocating
  • the impact portion includes a support box or the like
  • the crank impact drive device includes a crank assembly, and the crank assembly drives the power impact member
  • the rolling reciprocating device and the crank assembly are disposed in the support box body, and both ends of the impact guide member extending out of the support box body are respectively Providing an impact head or providing an impact head at one end of the impact guide.
  • the other end is provided to prevent the impact head from being unbalanced by gravity, and the weight of the rolling reciprocating device, the impact driving device and/or the body is set or is provided at one end of the impact guide.
  • Impact head, two or more power impact members projecting from the end of the support box If the head is connected or split, the support box supports the crank assembly, the rolling reciprocating device, the impact head, etc., and the support box is disposed at the front part of the lifting device K or the frame, and the guiding guide rolling body support member or the impact guiding member is provided with a stomach guide
  • the guiding guiding rolling body limiting structure limits the rolling space of the guiding guiding rolling body, the guiding guiding rolling body, the guiding guiding rolling body supporting member and the impact guiding member are closely matched to be arranged in the guiding guiding rolling body limit
  • the guiding guiding rolling body in the position structure reciprocates by the rolling friction support impact guiding member and controls the impact direction of the impact guiding member, and the power impacting member
  • the rotating structure or the split structure is used together with the rolling reciprocating device, the power impacting member drives the impact head impact, and the reaction force generated by the impact head impacting the coal wall or the rock wall is applied to the rotating structure or the split structure, and the rotating structure is rotated by force.
  • the reciprocating impact portion or the lifting device or the frame includes the rotating power source Piece, rotary impact transmission, etc., or when the frame includes a rotary power source member, the lifting device includes a rotary impact transmission member, or the lifting device includes a rotary power source member, the reciprocating impact portion includes a rotary impact transmission member, or the frame
  • the reciprocating impact portion includes a rotary impact transmission member or the like when the rotary power source member is included, the rotary power source member includes a motor or a hydraulic motor or a pneumatic motor, and the lifting device or the reciprocating impact portion or the frame includes a fixed support member, a buffer support member, or the like, or When the frame includes a fixed support, the lifting device includes a cushioning support or the like, or when the
  • the buffer device includes a rotary power buffer device or a structure guiding buffer device, and the rotary power buffer device is disposed on the rotary power source member and the rotary impact transmission.
  • the rotary power buffer device includes a sliding stroke spline bushing buffer device or a belt buffer device, etc.
  • the sliding stroke spline bushing buffer device includes a spline shaft and a spline sleeve, etc., in the spline
  • a sliding stroke section is arranged between the shaft and the spline sleeve, and the sliding stroke section reciprocates and slides to absorb the impact reaction force when the impact is received.
  • the belt buffering device comprises a driving pulley, a driven pulley, a belt, etc., and the driving pulley is fixed on the fixed supporting member, and the driving is actively
  • the pulley is connected to the drive shaft of the motor or the hydraulic motor or the air motor.
  • the driven pulley is arranged on the buffer support.
  • the belt is arranged on the drive pulley and the driven pulley. The driven pulley is subjected to the impact movement with the buffer support, and the belt absorbs the impact reaction.
  • the structure guiding buffer device comprises a buffering member, a buffer guiding member and the like, and the buffering member is disposed between the frame and the reciprocating impact portion or between the fixed supporting member and the buffer supporting member or disposed on the lifting device and a reciprocating impact portion or disposed between the frame and the lifting device, etc., the buffer guiding member is disposed on the frame and the reciprocating impact portion or disposed on the fixed support member and the buffer support member or disposed on the lifting device and the reciprocating impact portion or In the frame and the lifting and lowering, etc., the structural guiding buffer device absorbs the reaction force of the buffer by the cushioning member, and the buffer guiding direction is controlled by the buffer guiding member, the structure guiding cushioning device and the sliding stroke spline bushing buffering.
  • the device or the belt cushioning device cooperates with the impact reaction force of the impact head to absorb the buffer and guide the buffer direction, thereby preventing the rotary power source component or the lifting device or the frame from being damaged by the bufferless directional rocking, and ensuring that the impact direction of the impact head is oriented Picking up.
  • the reciprocating impact portion includes a rolling reciprocating device, an impact driving device, a supporting box body, an impact head, etc., and the supporting box supports the rolling reciprocating device
  • the impact driving device comprises a crank impact driving device, a hydraulic impact driving device or a pneumatic impact driving device
  • the crank impact drive device, the hydraulic impact drive device or the pneumatic impact drive device includes a power impact member, the power impact member is disposed on the support box body, the power impact member is connected with the impact head or is separated or integrated, and the anti-smashing mechanism is disposed at One or both ends of the power impacting member, the anti-sliding mechanism includes a rotating structure or a split structure
  • the rolling reciprocating device includes a guiding rolling body support member, a guiding rolling body, an impact guiding member, and the like, and the guiding rolling element supporting member includes a raceway, etc.
  • the impact guiding member comprises a raceway, etc.
  • the guiding rolling body comprises a roller, etc.
  • the roller is attached to the rolling track
  • the impact guiding member reciprocates under the support of the roller
  • the power impacting member drives the impact head impact
  • the anti-fringing mechanism The rotating structure is subjected to force rotation or the split structure is reversed by the split isolation impact
  • the sliding force support, the impact guide and the roller arranged in the raceway are closely matched to correct the impact direction of the impact head by rolling friction and prevent the impact head from rotating.
  • the power impact member does not guide the impact head, and is not discriminated. Force to say goodbye.
  • the reciprocating impact portion includes a rolling reciprocating device, an impact driving device, and the like
  • the impact driving device includes a crank impact driving device or a hydraulic impact driving device or a pneumatic impact driving device, a crank impact driving device or a hydraulic impact driving device or a pneumatic impact driving device.
  • a power impact member, etc., at one or both ends of the power impact member a tamper-proof mechanism is provided, and the tamper-proof mechanism includes a rotating structure or a split structure
  • the rolling reciprocating device includes a guide-guided rolling body support member, an impact guide member, and the like.
  • the guiding rolling body support member comprises a guiding rolling body support upper member, a guiding rolling body support lower member, etc.
  • the impact guiding member is a U-shaped impact guiding member
  • the U-shaped impact guiding member comprises an impact guiding member upper member and an impact guiding member.
  • the guide rolling body is disposed between the upper part of the guide rolling element support and the upper part of the impact guide and is disposed between the lower part of the guide rolling element support and the lower part of the impact guide and is disposed on the raceway, and is disposed at the raceway
  • the guiding rolling body, the u-shaped impact guiding member and the guiding guiding rolling body supporting member in the raceway are closely matched to make the guiding rolling body support the U-shaped impact guiding member to roll and reciprocate and control the reciprocating direction of the U-shaped impact guiding member, and the righting impact head
  • the impact direction, the U-shaped impact guide is connected with the impact head or split or integrated, the power impact member is
  • the reciprocating impact portion includes a rolling reciprocating device, a driving drive back, and the like
  • the impact driving cover includes a crank impact drive a moving device or a hydraulic impact driving device or a pneumatic impact driving device, etc.
  • the crank impact driving device or the hydraulic impact driving device or the pneumatic impact driving device includes a power impacting member
  • the anti-picking mechanism is disposed at one or both ends of the power impacting member
  • the anti-smashing device includes a rotating structure or a split structure
  • the rolling reciprocating device includes an outer sleeve, an inner body, a guiding guide rolling body, and the like
  • the inner body includes an inner body upper part, an inner body lower part, and the like
  • the outer sleeve is a frame outer sleeve.
  • the frame-shaped outer sleeve includes a frame-shaped outer sleeve member, a frame-shaped outer sleeve member, and the like, and the guide-guided rolling body is disposed between the inner body upper member and the frame-shaped outer sleeve member and disposed on the inner body lower member and the frame outer portion.
  • the frame outer sleeve, the inner body and the guiding rolling body are closely matched to make the guiding rolling body support the frame outer sleeve rolling friction reciprocating motion and control the reciprocating direction of the frame outer sleeve to correct the impact direction of the impact head
  • the frame-shaped outer sleeve is connected with the impact head or is separated or integrated, and the power impact member is connected or separated from the impact head, and the power impact device is driven.
  • the impact of the impact head, the rotating structure of the anti-screening mechanism is forced to rotate or the split structure is separated by the impact of the split isolation shock, and the power impactor is not guided by the impact head, and is not discriminated by the discriminating force.
  • the reciprocating impact portion includes a rolling reciprocating device, an impact driving device, and the like
  • the impact driving device includes a crank impact driving device or a hydraulic impact driving device or a pneumatic impact driving device, a crank impact driving device or a hydraulic impact driving device or a pneumatic impact driving device.
  • the anti-smashing mechanism is disposed at one end or both ends of the power impacting member, and the anti-picking mechanism includes a rotating structure or a split structure
  • the rolling reciprocating device includes an outer sleeve, an inner body, a guiding rolling body, etc., external
  • the sleeve is a cylindrical outer sleeve
  • the guiding rolling body is disposed between the inner body and the outer sleeve of the cylinder
  • the guiding rolling body, the outer sleeve of the cylinder and the inner body are closely matched to make the guiding rolling body support the outer sleeve of the cylinder to roll and reciprocate and control
  • the reciprocating direction of the outer sleeve of the cylinder, the outer sleeve of the cylinder is connected with the impact head or the split body or the integral type
  • the power impact member is connected with the impact head or is separated or integrated
  • the power impact member drives the impact head impact, and the flood prevention
  • the reciprocating impact portion includes a rolling reciprocating device, an impact driving device, a supporting box body, an impact head, and the like, and the supporting box supports the rolling reciprocating device
  • the impact driving device includes a crank impact driving device or a hydraulic impact driving device or a pneumatic impact driving device
  • the crank impact driving device or the hydraulic impact driving device or the pneumatic impact driving device comprises a power impacting member
  • the power impacting member is disposed on the supporting box body
  • the anti-picking mechanism is disposed at one end or both ends of the power impacting member
  • the anti-picking mechanism comprises a rotating structure Or a split structure, etc.
  • the rolling reciprocating device comprises an anti-wearing walking wheel, etc.
  • the anti-wearing walking wheel comprises a roller, a guiding rolling body support member, an impact guiding member, etc.
  • the roller is arranged on the guiding rolling body support member
  • the components are connected or separated or integrated, and the power impacting member is provided with a pro
  • the impact driving device includes a crank impact driving device or a hydraulic impact driving device or a pneumatic impact driving device, etc.
  • the crank impact driving device or the hydraulic impact driving device or the pneumatic impact driving device includes a power impacting member, etc.
  • the anti-picking mechanism is disposed in the power One or both ends of the impact member
  • the anti-screening mechanism includes a rotating structure or a split structure
  • the rolling reciprocating device includes a linear bearing
  • the impact guiding member is mounted on the linear bearing
  • the power impacting member is connected or separated by the impact head
  • the power impact The piece drives the impact head to reciprocate impact
  • the rotating structure of the anti-picking mechanism is forced to rotate or the split structure is separated by the impact of the impact isolation.
  • the power impact member does not guide the impact head, and the rolling reciprocating device corrects the impact direction of the impact head.
  • the impact driving device is a crank impact driving device, and the crank impact driving device includes a power source member, a cam shaft, a cam, and the like.
  • the power source member drives the cam shaft to rotate, and the cam mounted on the cam shaft drives the impact head to reciprocate impact.
  • the impact driving device comprises a crank impact driving device, etc.
  • the crank impact driving device comprises a power source component, an eccentric shaft, a power impact component, etc.
  • the eccentric shaft is hinged with one end of the power impacting member, and the power source component drives the eccentric shaft to rotate, the eccentric shaft Drive the power impact member to reciprocate impact.
  • the impact driving device includes a crank slider impact driving device, and the crank slider impact driving device includes a power source member, a crank, a slider, a swing rod, a connecting rod, a power impact member, etc., one end of the crank is connected with the power source member, and the other end is connected with
  • the slider is hinged, the slider is connected with the swing rod and can slide on the swing rod, the swing rod is hinged with the connecting rod, the connecting rod and the power impacting member are hinged at one end, the power source member drives the crank to rotate, and the crank drives the sliding rod to swing the swing rod.
  • the swing rod drives the power impact member to move through the connecting rod.
  • the reciprocating impact portion comprises a rolling reciprocating device, an impact driving device, a supporting box body and the like, the impact driving device comprises a pneumatic impact driving device or a hydraulic impact driving device, and the pneumatic impact driving device or the hydraulic impact driving device comprises a power impacting member and a piston.
  • the rolling reciprocating device comprises a guiding guide rolling body support member, an impact guiding member, a guiding guiding rolling body, etc., the guiding guide
  • the rolling body support member is separately or integrally connected with the support box body, and the guide guide rolling body support member is disposed outside the cylinder body, and the guide guide rolling body support member and the cylinder body are separately arranged or integrated or connected, impact
  • the guiding member is a cylindrical impact guiding member, and the guiding guiding rolling body is disposed between the guiding guiding rolling body support member and the tubular impact guiding member, and the cylindrical impact guiding member and the guiding guiding rolling body supporting member buckle provided with the guiding guiding rolling body Coupling, one end of the power impactor is connected to the piston or split or integrated, and the power impact component is One end is connected or separated from the impact head, and the barrel impact guide and the impact head are driven by the dynamic
  • the reciprocating impact portion comprises a support box, a rolling reciprocating device, an impact driving device, an impact head, etc., the supporting box supports the rolling reciprocating device, the rolling reciprocating device comprises an impact guiding member, etc., the impact guiding member is connected with the impact head or is integrated
  • the impact drive device includes a hydraulic impact drive device or a pneumatic impact drive device, etc., the hydraulic impact drive device or the pneumatic impact drive device includes a cylinder block, a power punch, a hydraulic block, a hydraulic block, a hydraulic block, a hydraulic block, and a power supply; One end of the impact member is arranged to be backed in the cylinder body, and the other end is connected or separated from the impact head, and the anti-smashing mechanism is provided at one end or both ends of the power impacting member.
  • the discriminating mechanism includes a rotating structure or a split structure, the power impacting member drives the impact head impact, and the impact discriminating force is applied to the anti-scrapping mechanism, and the rotating structure of the anti-screening mechanism is forced to rotate or the split structure is separated by the split body.
  • the impact reaction is discriminating, and the rolling reciprocating device supports the impact direction of the impact head to prevent the power impact member from being screened.
  • the impact driving device comprises a power impacting member, etc.
  • the anti-discrimination mechanism is disposed at one end or both ends of the power impacting member
  • the anti-picking mechanism comprises a rotating structure
  • the rotating structure comprises a ball-type buckle groove type, etc.
  • the utility model comprises a ball head and a ball head groove which is engaged with the ball head activity, the ball head is arranged on the power impact piece or integrated with the power impact piece, and the ball head groove which is engaged with the ball head activity is arranged on the impact head or
  • the impact head is integrated, the power impact member is connected or separated from the impact head, the power impact member drives the impact head impact, and the impact force is applied to the anti-crimp mechanism, and the rotation structure of the anti-screening mechanism is rotated by force.
  • the impact driving device comprises a power impacting member, etc.
  • the anti-picking mechanism is disposed at one end or both ends of the power impacting member
  • the anti-picking mechanism comprises a rotating structure
  • the rotating structure comprises an arc-shaped buckle groove type
  • the arc type buckle groove
  • the utility model comprises an arc-shaped convex head and a groove which is engaged with the arc-shaped convex head, and the arc-shaped convex head is arranged on the power impacting member or is integrated with the power impacting member, and the groove is engaged with the arc-shaped convex head. It is arranged on the impact head or integrated with the impact head.
  • the power impact member is connected or separated from the impact head.
  • the power impact member drives the impact head impact.
  • the impact force is applied to the anti-screening mechanism to prevent the rotation of the discriminating mechanism.
  • the structure is forced to rotate.
  • the reciprocating impact portion includes a rolling reciprocating device, an impact driving device, and the like.
  • the impact driving device includes a crank impact driving device or a hydraulic impact driving device or a pneumatic impact driving device, and the reciprocating impact portion further includes a supporting box or a support frame, etc.
  • the box body or the support frame supports the rolling reciprocating device
  • the impact driving device comprises a crank multi-turn eccentric shaft mechanism, a power output component, etc.
  • the crank multi-turn eccentric shaft mechanism comprises a multi-turn crankshaft, a power impact piece, etc.
  • the multi-turn crankshaft comprises a power concentric shaft section , connecting handle, eccentric shaft, etc.
  • the power concentric shaft section, the connecting handle and the eccentric shaft are combined or integrated
  • the power concentric shaft section of the multi-turn crankshaft is connected with the power output component at one end, and the other end is provided with more than two connecting handles.
  • Eccentric shaft, two or more eccentric shafts are arranged along the radial interval of the dynamic concentric shaft segments to form an angular difference.
  • the power concentric shaft segments of the multi-turn crankshaft are mounted on the support box or the support frame, and more than two crankshafts are multi-turned.
  • the eccentric shaft is hinged to one end of two or more power impacting members, and the other end of the power impacting member is provided with an impact head
  • the anti-discrimination mechanism is disposed between the power impacting member and the impact head, and the anti-discrimination mechanism is a split structure or a rotating structure.
  • the rolling reciprocating device includes an outer sleeve, an inner body, a guiding guide rolling body, and the like, and the inner body includes the inner body.
  • the outer sleeve is a frame-shaped outer sleeve, and the outer sleeve includes a frame-shaped outer sleeve, a frame-shaped outer sleeve, and the like.
  • the frame-shaped outer sleeve and the frame-shaped outer sleeve comprise a guide rail rolling body is disposed between the inner body upper member and the frame outer sleeve member and disposed between the inner body lower member and the frame outer sleeve member, the frame outer sleeve and the inner body and
  • the guiding guide rolling elements disposed in the tunnel or the raceway are closely matched to make the guiding guiding rolling body support the frame-shaped outer sleeve rolling friction reciprocating motion and prevent the frame outer sleeve from rotating, and the outer sleeve is connected with the impact head or integrated, more than two powers
  • the impact member is staggered to drive the impact head impact, and the rotating structure of the anti-screening mechanism is forced to rotate or the split structure
  • the guide guiding rolling bodies include rollers or balls or needles or rollers or rollers or drums or rollers.
  • the impact driving device comprises a multi-turn crankshaft multi-bar impact mechanism, etc.
  • the multi-turn crankshaft multi-bar impact mechanism comprises a multi-turn crankshaft, a connecting rod, etc.
  • the multi-turn crankshaft comprises a power concentric shaft segment, a connecting handle, an eccentric shaft, etc., the power concentric
  • the shaft section, the connecting shank or the eccentric shaft are separated or connected or integrated
  • the eccentric shaft is one or more than two eccentric shafts
  • the two or more eccentric shafts are arranged along the radial interval of the dynamic concentric shaft segments to form an angular difference.
  • the impact drive device includes a power output component or the like, and the power concentric shaft section of the multi-turn crankshaft is separately or connected to the power output component or is integrated.
  • the multi-turn crankshaft is provided with a liquid passage or the like, and the liquid passage is disposed on the power concentric shaft section, the connecting handle or the eccentric shaft.
  • the impact driving device includes a hydraulic impact driving device or a pneumatic impact driving device, and the hydraulic impact driving device or the pneumatic impact driving device includes two or more power impacting members, etc., and two or more power impacting members are connected or divided into the impact head. Body or integrated.
  • the reciprocating impact portion includes a support box or the like
  • the impact driving device includes a rotary power source member
  • the rotary power source member includes a transmission member
  • the transmission member includes a shifting transmission member
  • the shifting transmission member is a gear transmission member
  • the gear transmission member When there are a plurality of parts, a part of the gear transmission component is disposed in the support case and another part is disposed in the support case or outside the support case.
  • the reciprocating impact portion includes a support box or the like
  • the impact driving device includes a rotary power source member
  • the rotary power source member includes a transmission member
  • the transmission member includes a shifting transmission member
  • the shifting transmission portion includes a gear transmission member or a gear transmission member. Combination with belt drive components, etc.
  • the anti-scissing mechanism comprises an arc-shaped buckle groove type or a rotary coupling head
  • the arc-shaped buckle groove type comprises an arc-shaped protrusion head and a groove for engaging with the arc-shaped convex head, and the groove is disposed on the power impacting member.
  • the arc-shaped protrusion that is engaged with the groove is disposed on the impact head or integrated with the impact head, and the rotary joint includes a flexible universal joint rotation joint or a universal bearing rotation Coupling head or multi-degree-of-freedom platform type rotary joint or universal joint rotation joint, etc.
  • flexible universal joint rotary joint includes elastic member, universal joint joint, etc., universal joint joint when universal joint is stressed The relative movement of the universal joint is adjusted by the elastic member.
  • the universal joint bearing rotary joint includes a universal joint seat, a rotary joint head, etc., and the rotary joint head is fixed on the universal joint seat, and is adjusted by the universal joint seat when the universal joint bearing is stressed.
  • the multi-self platform rotary joint is composed of a moving cylinder, an upper universal hinge, a lower universal hinge, an upper platform, a lower platform, etc., when the upper and lower platforms are stressed, the telescopic movement of the movable cylinder , on implementation
  • the platform has multiple self-twisting movements in the empty iHj
  • the universal coupling rotation joint is a cross shaft rotary joint
  • the cross shaft rotary joint includes a cross shaft, a cross universal joint fork, etc.
  • the cross universal joint fork Relative movement is achieved by a cross shaft connection.
  • the reciprocating impact portion includes one or more rolling reciprocating devices and the like.
  • the rolling reciprocating device is composed of two or more rolling reciprocating devices, and the impact driving device drives two or more power impacting members to cooperate with two or more rolling reciprocating devices, and two or more power impacting members drive two or more. Impact head.
  • the rolling reciprocating device is composed of two or more rolling reciprocating devices, and the impact driving device drives a power impacting member to cooperate with two or more rolling reciprocating devices.
  • the impact guide is disposed on one side or the front portion or two or more sides or sides of the impact drive device.
  • the lifting device or the reciprocating impact portion or the frame includes a fixed support member, a buffer support member, etc., or when the lifting device is provided with a fixed support member, the reciprocating impact portion is correspondingly provided with a buffer support member, or the frame is provided with a fixed support member.
  • the lifting device is correspondingly provided with a buffer support member, etc., and the rolling reciprocating device comprises a guiding guiding rolling body, a guiding guiding rolling body supporting member, an impact guiding member and the like, and the guiding guiding rolling element supporting member is separated or connected or integrated with the fixed supporting member.
  • the guide guide rolling body is disposed between the impact guide and the guide guide rolling body support, the impact guide is an impact guide cylinder, the impact guide cylinder is disposed inside the guide guide rolling body support, and the impact guide cylinder is movably connected with the impact head.
  • the power impact component includes a power impact rod, the power impact rod is disposed on the impact guiding cylinder, the power impact rod is separated or connected to the impact head, the power impact rod drives the impact head, and the impact guiding cylinder is guided by the guiding rolling body. Reciprocating movement under support, guiding guide rolling body and guiding guiding rolling body Support member with the impact direction by controlling the impact of the guide cylinder rolling guide, the guide tube by impact rolling guide to control the direction of impact of the impact head.
  • the lifting device or the reciprocating impact portion or the frame includes a fixed support member, a buffer support member, or the like, or the lifting device is provided with a fixed support member
  • the reciprocating impact portion is correspondingly provided with a buffer support member or the like, or when the frame is provided with a fixed support member
  • the lifting device is correspondingly provided with a buffer support member or the like
  • the rolling reciprocating device comprises a guiding guiding rolling body, a guiding guiding rolling body supporting member, an impact guiding member and the like, and the guiding guiding rolling element supporting member and the fixed supporting member are separated or connected or integrated
  • the guiding guide rolling body is disposed between the impact guiding member and the guiding guiding rolling body support member
  • the power impacting member comprises a power impacting cylinder
  • the impact guiding member and the power impacting cylinder are integrated
  • the power impacting cylinder is connected with the impact head or is integrated.
  • the power impact cylinder drives the impact head reciprocating impact
  • the power impact cylinder reciprocates under the support of the guiding guide rolling body
  • the guiding guiding rolling body and the guiding guiding rolling body supporting member cooperate with the rolling guiding to control the impact direction of the power impact cylinder
  • the power impact The barrel controls the impact direction of the impact head by rolling guide.
  • the reciprocating impact portion includes an impact head or the like, and the impact head includes a punching frame, a punching tooth, and the like.
  • the impact guiding member is symmetrically or asymmetrically disposed on the punching frame, and the punching tooth is connected to the toothed frame separately or in an integrated manner.
  • the reciprocating impact portion includes an impact head or the like, the impact head includes a punching frame, a punching tooth, and the like, the punching tooth is a multi-layer punching tooth, the punching tooth is provided with a tooth head, and the punching tooth is connected to the tooth head or is a body type, the tooth
  • the heads are arranged in a spherical impact head or a tapered impact head or a hemispherical impact head or a spade impact head or a trapezoidal punch into a double-angle impact head or the like.
  • the punch frame includes a curved plate or a trapezoidal frame or a semi-circular frame or a triangular frame or a cone or a plate frame or a frame or a V-shaped frame.
  • the impact head includes a punching tooth or the like, and the punching tooth includes a clear top tooth or a clear bottom tooth or a clear side tooth.
  • the impact head includes a punching frame, a punching tooth, and the like, and the top surface tooth, the clear bottom tooth, and the clear side tooth are disposed on the same frame.
  • the impact head performs a reciprocating impact at the same time to complete the coal falling and clearing.
  • the impact guides are disposed on both sides of the impact drive device.
  • One end of the impact guide member is provided with an impact head, and the other end is provided with the same or different impact heads.
  • the different impact heads include impact heads of different shapes or different weights.
  • the reciprocating impact portion includes a buffer device or the like, the buffer device includes a rotary power buffer device, and the like, the rotary power buffer device includes a sliding stroke spline bushing buffer device, and the sliding stroke spline bushing buffer device includes a spline shaft and a spline.
  • a sliding stroke section is arranged between the spline shaft and the spline sleeve, the sliding stroke section reciprocally slides to absorb the impact reaction force when subjected to the impact, the spline shaft and the spline sleeve are slidably connected to the reciprocating buffer, and the impact driving device includes the rotary power Source member, rotary impact transmission member, etc., rotary power source member includes motor or hydraulic motor or air motor, motor or hydraulic motor or air motor including drive shaft, etc., spline sleeve or spline shaft is connected with drive shaft or integrated The spline shaft or spline sleeve is connected or integral with the rotary impact transmission.
  • the reciprocating impact portion includes a buffer device or the like
  • the buffer device includes a rotary power buffer device or the like
  • the rotary power buffer device includes a belt buffer device, and the like
  • the lifting device includes a rocker arm
  • the rocker arm includes a rocker arm cushioning member, a rocker arm fixing member, and the like.
  • the buffer device further includes a buffering member or the like.
  • the buffering member is disposed between the rocker arm cushioning member and the rocker arm fixing member, and the belt buffering device comprises a driving pulley, a belt, a driven pulley, etc., and the driving pulley is fixed on the rocker arm fixing member, and is actively
  • the pulley is connected with the drive shaft of the motor or the hydraulic motor or the air motor
  • the driven pulley is disposed on the rocker buffer
  • the belt is disposed on the driving pulley and the driven pulley
  • the driven pulley is shock buffered with the rocker buffer
  • the belt cushioning device includes a tensioner and the like.
  • the tensioner is disposed on the inner side or the outer side of the belt, and the tensioner comprises a tensioning wheel, a tensioning wheel frame, a tension spring, a tension adjusting rod, a tensioning seat, etc., and the tensioning wheel is disposed on the tensioning wheel frame
  • the tensioning wheel frame is provided with a guiding hole, etc., one end of the tension adjusting rod is a polished rod, and the other end is a screw rod, and a shoulder is arranged in the middle, and the tensioning wheel frame is matched with the polished rod end of the tension adjusting rod through the guiding hole,
  • the screw rod end of the tightening rod is screwed with the tensioning seat, and the tension spring is arranged between the tensioning wheel frame and the shoulder, and the tensioning wheel is pressed against the belt by the elastic force of the spring, and the screw rod and the tensioning seat are relied on
  • the screw length adjusts the amount of tension.
  • the belt buffering device comprises a tensioner, etc.
  • the tensioner comprises a sliding seat, a tension spring, etc.
  • the driving pulley and the motor or the hydraulic motor or the air motor are mounted on the sliding seat
  • the sliding seat and the rocker arm fixing member are slidably matched
  • One end of the tension spring is connected with the sliding seat, and the other end is connected with the rocking fixture, and a certain force is applied to the sliding seat by the spring to tension the belt.
  • the reciprocating impact portion includes an impact head or the like, and the impact head is mounted on a front portion of the fuselage or a side of the fuselage or two or more sides of the front portion.
  • the reciprocating impact portion includes an impact head or the like
  • the lifting device includes a rocker arm, etc.
  • an angle adjuster is provided between the impact head and the rocker arm or the impact head and the body, and the angle adjuster adjusts the impact direction of the impact head.
  • the rolling reciprocating device comprises an impact guiding member or the like
  • the impact guiding member comprises an upper impact guiding member, a lower impact guiding member or a left impact guiding member, a right impact guiding member and the like
  • the impact driving device comprises a hydraulic impact driving device or a pneumatic impact driving device.
  • the hydraulic impact drive device or the pneumatic impact drive device includes a power impact member or the like, and the power impact member is disposed between the upper impact guide member, the lower impact guide member, or between the left impact guide member and the right impact guide member.
  • the reciprocating impact portion includes a support case or a support frame, and the support case or the support frame includes a lubrication system and the like.
  • the reciprocating impact portion comprises a support box or a support frame, etc., the support box is fully sealed or partially sealed, the support box or the support frame comprises a sealing member, and the sealing member is disposed on the impact driving device or the rolling reciprocating device and the supporting box.
  • the movable joint of the body, or the seal is disposed at the movable connection of the impact drive or the rolling reciprocating device and the support frame.
  • the rolling reciprocating device comprises an impact guiding member, the impact guiding member and the power impacting member are separated, the power impacting member and the impact head are separated, the power impacting member drives the impact head impact, and the impact head is disposed on the impact guiding member, the body It is installed in the walking part, the walking part drives the body to walk, and the body walks back through the coal wall or the rock wall to block the impact head.
  • the rolling reciprocating device includes a guiding guiding rolling body support member, an impact guiding member and the like, and the impact guiding member is disposed on the guiding guiding rolling body support member, and the guiding guiding rolling body supporting member is disposed on the frame or disposed on the lifting device.
  • the power impact component includes a power impact cylinder, the impact guide member and the power impact cylinder are separated, the power impact cylinder and the impact head are separated, the impact head is disposed on the impact guide, the fuselage is disposed on the walking portion, and the walking portion drives the body to walk.
  • the fuselage walks through the coal wall or rock wall to block the impact head, and the power impact cylinder drives the impact head impact.
  • the rolling reciprocating device comprises an impact guiding member, etc., and an impact member protective cover is arranged at a joint of the power impacting member and the impact head, or a guiding member protective cover is arranged at the joint of the impact guiding member and the impact head, and the power impacting member is connected with the impact head.
  • the impact guide is connected to the impact head or is integral.
  • the rolling reciprocating device comprises an impact guiding member or the like, the reciprocating impact portion comprises a supporting box body, etc., and a joint of an impact member is provided at a joint of the power impacting member and the impact head, or a joint of the impact guiding member and the impact head is provided.
  • the guide guard cover, the power impact member is connected or separated from the impact head, the impact guide member is connected with the impact head or is integrated, and the impact member guard or the guide member shield and the support box are provided with a sealing member.
  • the rolling reciprocating device comprises an impact guiding member, a guiding guiding rolling body support member and the like
  • the impact driving device comprises a power impacting member, a power supporting member, etc., between the impact guiding member and the guiding guiding rolling body support member or the power impact member and the power support
  • the seal member is provided with a seal member, and the impact guide member is separately or integrally connected with the power impact member, and the guide guide rolling body branch
  • the struts are separate or connected to the power support.
  • the seal includes a sealed cavity or sealing sheet or sealing plug or seal or gasket or the like.
  • the material of the sealing member is a rubber material or a polyurethane material or a nylon material or a plastic material or a metal material.
  • the reciprocating impact portion includes an impact head or the like, the impact head includes a shovel tooth, and the impact head is composed of more than one shovel tooth, the shovel tooth includes a long shovel tooth or a short shovel tooth, and the cutting blade side is provided with a cutting edge or not. Cutting edge.
  • the reciprocating impact portion includes an impact head or the like, and the impact head includes a shovel tooth or the like, and the shovel tooth includes a tapered tooth or a wedge tooth or an axe tooth or a cutter tooth or a chisel tooth.
  • the reciprocating impact portion includes an impact head or the like, the impact guiding member is provided with a tooth or the like, the impact driving device includes a transmission device, and the transmission device is a gear transmission device, and the gear transmission device includes a power wheel, a transmission wheel, etc., and the transmission wheel is provided with
  • the gear wheel drives the transmission wheel, and the tooth on the transmission wheel meshes with the tooth on the impact guide.
  • the impact guide impacts the coal wall or rock.
  • the wall when the tooth on the impact guide corresponds to the toothless portion of the tooth on the transmission wheel, the impact guide is separated from the transmission wheel, and the impact head is impacted by the coal wall or the rock wall during the movement of the body.
  • the head, the impact head retracts the impact guide, and when the tooth on the transmission wheel rotates again to engage the impact guide, the impact guide is again driven to impact the coal wall or the rock wall.
  • the impact driving device comprises a rotating portion, a slider, a swinging rod and a straightening connecting rod, etc.
  • the rotating portion comprises a rotating handle or a rotating wheel, etc.
  • the end of the rotating handle or the rotating wheel is mounted with a slider, etc.
  • the slider and the swing rod Sliding connection one end of the swinging rod is hingedly fixed
  • the rotating handle or the rotating wheel drives the other end of the swinging rod to reciprocately swing through the slider
  • one end of the straightening connecting rod is hinged with the swinging end of the swinging rod
  • the other end is hinged with the impact guiding piece
  • the swinging rod swings Straighten the connecting rod to oscillate, and straighten the connecting rod to drive the impact guiding member to reciprocate.
  • the body includes a control device, a drag cable device, a spray device, a water spray device or a cooling device, and the like.
  • the rack or lifting device includes a crushing device or a guide or the like.
  • the reciprocating impact portion includes an impact head or the like, the impact head includes a shovel tooth, a fixing component, and the like, and the shovel tooth is integrally or movably connected with the fixing component, and the movable connection manner is a plug-in type or a buckled type or a stepped or spherical type or Pin-type or bolt-on type.
  • the rolling reciprocating device or the impact driving device includes a lubrication system or the like.
  • the reciprocating impact portion includes an impact head or the like, the impact head is a plurality of impact heads, the plurality of impact heads are disposed at two ends of different impact guides or the impact heads are disposed at one end of different impact guides, and the other end is disposed to prevent gravity Unbalanced weights for rolling reciprocating devices, impact drives and/or fuselage, etc. or impact heads at one end of different impact guides.
  • the lifting device comprises a rocker arm or the like, the body comprises a rotating disc or the like, the rocker arm is arranged on the rotating disc, and the rotating disc drives the rocking arm to rotate at the front of the fuselage.
  • the lifting device includes a rocking device, the machine includes a rotating disk, and the lifting device S includes a rocker arm lifting cylinder, etc., the rocker arm One end of the lift cylinder is fixed on the rotating disc, and the other end is connected with the rocker arm, and the rocker lift cylinder drives the rocker arm to move up and down.
  • the lifting device comprises a rocker arm or the like, the body comprises a rotating disk, etc., the lifting device comprises a rocker lifting cylinder, the rocker lifting cylinder drives the rocker arm to move up and down, the rotating disk drives the rocker arm to move left and right, the rotating disk and the rocker arm move up and down
  • the cylinder is matched with the multi-position and multi-directional impact material of the impact head.
  • the lifting device includes a translating lifting device or the like, the translating lifting device is disposed at a front portion of the body, and the translating lifting device translates the reciprocating impact portion relative to the body.
  • the body includes a blade or the like.
  • the blade includes a star wheel finger or a crab claw finger.
  • the fuselage includes a transporter or the like.
  • the transporter is disposed on the fuselage, and conveys the material extracted by the reciprocating impact portion to the rear of the fuselage, and the transporter includes a scraper conveyor, a belt conveyor, a belt conveyor, and the like.
  • the impact driving device comprises a rolling piston hydraulic driving device or a rolling piston pneumatic driving device, etc.
  • the rolling piston hydraulic driving device or the rolling piston pneumatic driving device comprises a cylinder body, a piston, a piston rolling body, a control member, a power impact member, etc., the piston
  • the rolling body is arranged on the piston to form a rolling piston
  • the rolling piston is arranged in the cylinder body
  • the rolling piston and the cylinder body are rolled and frictioned under the support of the rolling body of the piston
  • the control member controls the flow of the liquid or the gas, so that the rolling piston is pushed by the liquid or gas pressure Reciprocating movement, one end of the power impacting member is separated or connected or integrated into the piston, and the other end of the power impacting member is connected or separated from the impact head, and one or both ends of the power impacting member are provided with a tamper-proof mechanism, etc.
  • the rotating structure of the anti-screening mechanism includes joint bearing or steering joint or ball cage universal joint or cross universal joint or ball head buckle groove or curved buckle groove type, etc.
  • the rotating structure or the split structure of the discriminating mechanism is used in conjunction with the rolling reciprocating device, and the rotating structure is rotated or divided by force
  • the lifting device includes a rotary impact transmission member or the like
  • the lifting device includes the rotary power source member
  • the reciprocating impact portion includes a rotary impact transmission member, and the like.
  • the reciprocating impact portion of the frame including the rotary power source member includes a rotary impact transmission member or the like
  • the rotary power source member includes a motor or a hydraulic motor or a pneumatic motor, etc.
  • the impact portion includes a cushioning support, etc., between the frame and the lifting device or a fixed support and buffer
  • a buffer device or the like is disposed between the support members or between the lifting device and the reciprocating impact portion or between the frame and the reciprocating impact portion
  • the buffer device includes a structure guiding buffer device
  • the structure guiding buffer device includes a buffering member, a buffer guiding member, and the like.
  • the cushioning member is disposed between the frame and the reciprocating impact portion or is disposed on the fixed support member and the buffer branch Between the struts or between the lifting device and the reciprocating impact portion or between the frame and the lifting device, etc., the buffer guiding member is disposed on the frame and the reciprocating impact portion or on the fixed support member and the buffer support member or disposed on The lifting device and the reciprocating impact portion are disposed on the frame and the lifting device, etc., and the structure guiding buffer device absorbs the impact reaction force through the buffer member while controlling the buffering direction by the buffer guiding member, and the impact guiding force of the structural guiding buffer device on the impact head It absorbs the buffer and guides the buffer direction to prevent damage to the rotating power source member or the lifting device or the frame due to the non-directional sway of the buffer, and ensures that the impact direction of the impact head is directed toward the object to be purchased.
  • the reciprocating impact portion comprises a rolling reciprocating device, an impact driving device, the rolling reciprocating device comprises an impact guiding device, the impact driving device comprises a crank impact driving device or a crank impact drive device or a cam impact driving device, and the crank impact driving device comprises a crank and a power Impact member, crankshaft impact drive device includes eccentric shaft, power impact member, cam impact drive device includes cam, power impact member, crank or eccentric shaft or cam and power impact member cooperate with driving force impact member impact, crank or eccentric shaft or cam and A bearing is arranged between the power impacting members to cause rolling friction between the bearing and the power impacting member, and the power impacting member and the impact guiding member are separated or connected or integrated.
  • the guiding rolling body or the guiding rolling body support or the impact guiding member or the power impacting member or the cage is a high-strength wear-resistant material
  • the high-strength wear-resistant material is cemented carbide or wear-resistant plastic or wear-resistant steel or resistant Grinding rubber or wear-resistant porcelain or self-lubricating wear-resistant materials.
  • the impact guide member includes a piston or the like, and the power impact member includes a piston or the like, and the impact guide member, the power impact member and the piston are integrated.
  • the reciprocating impact portion is disposed on the side of the frame or the lifting device, and the fuselage advances and retreats the coal.
  • the beneficial effects of the present invention are:
  • the rolling guide impact mining method and the rolling guide impact mining machine implementing the same have the following advantages:
  • the overall structure of the device is compact and simple, which is easy to use and operate.
  • the drilling and milling type blanking material is changed into impact type blanking, which basically eliminates the side force to distinguish the reciprocating impact part, greatly reduces the damage of the parts and improves the damage.
  • Production efficiency reduces material consumption.
  • the use of rolling friction greatly reduces friction losses and saves power.
  • the equipment does not fully break the material, so the block rate is high, the power consumption is less, the dust is less, the working environment is good, and the use value and economic value of the material are improved.
  • the impact head is placed on the two sides of the front part of the lifting part to reciprocate impact, which is beneficial to the impact force generated by the impact head impact on one side being converted into the impact power of the other side impact head.
  • Impact power and impact reaction force have been reasonably applied, greatly reducing kinetic energy consumption.
  • the working mode of the impact head is reciprocating linear impact. Compared with the drilling and milling type, the impact of the tooth is greatly reduced, the service life of the tooth is greatly extended, the frequency of replacing the tooth is reduced, and the equipment is reduced. Loss of wear and tear, improve work efficiency 5.
  • the rolling reciprocating device has strong structural strength, and can particularly withstand and absorb strong impact reaction force and twisting force, which greatly enhances the ability of the roadheader to resist impact reaction and twisting force.
  • the guide vane is used to support the rolling impact guide in the equipment, which greatly reduces the damage of the impact guide by the reciprocating impact friction and reduces the kinetic energy consumption; through the guide guide rolling body support, the rolling impact guide and the guide guide rolling body The cooperation ensures the rolling guide of the rolling impact guiding member, and changes the structure that the guiding guiding rolling body can only play the guiding role of rolling friction, which greatly reduces the loss of energy and the equipment for the sliding friction of the auxiliary guiding guide. Damage.
  • the rolling reciprocating device is provided with a guiding guide rolling body limit structure, which improves the safety and reliability of the equipment.
  • the guiding guide rolling elements are disposed in the cage and the raceway or disposed in the recess or between the outer sleeve and the inner body, so that the device can realize the rolling friction reciprocating motion.
  • the guiding guide rolling body acts as a rolling friction, which reduces the frictional resistance during the operation of the reciprocating impact portion when the sliding friction is used as a support.
  • the guiding guiding rolling body greatly increases the function of absorbing the impact reaction force, and has good running effect, simple structure and easy operation. Less damage, low production cost and stable performance.
  • the guiding guide rolling elements are arranged in the cage and the raceway or in the pockets or between the outer sleeve and the inner body, so that the device can realize the rolling friction reciprocating motion.
  • it has a guiding function
  • the guiding guiding rolling body has a guiding effect while rolling friction, and reduces the frictional resistance in the operation of the reciprocating impact portion when the sliding friction is used as a support.
  • the guiding guiding rolling body greatly increases the function of absorbing the impact reaction force. , and the guiding effect is good.
  • the single-layer guiding guiding rolling body is used to complete the reciprocating linear rolling, so that the volume of the guiding guiding rolling body can be multiplied in the same space, which greatly enhances the guiding guiding rolling.
  • the carrying capacity of the body is used to complete the reciprocating linear rolling, so that the volume of the guiding guiding rolling body can be multiplied in the same space, which greatly enhances the guiding guiding rolling.
  • the rolling reciprocating device is provided with a dimple or a cage, the guiding guiding rolling body is arranged in the dimple or the cage, and the dimple or the cage is arranged to arrange the guiding guiding rolling bodies, and the guiding guiding rolling is compared with the existing linear bearing
  • the bodies are not squeezed during operation, so that they do not cause mutual reverse friction, greatly reducing energy loss, increasing service life and reducing maintenance.
  • the guiding guiding rolling body When the cage is fixed to the rolling reciprocating device, the guiding guiding rolling body is disposed in the raceway of the cage and the guiding guiding rolling body support member, and the guiding guiding rolling body supports the rolling impact guiding member to reciprocate by rolling friction, thereby avoiding rolling back and forth
  • the problem that the rotation of the device cannot be continuously operated prevents the rolling impact guide from discriminating the guide guide rolling element support, and the damage to the impact drive device is reduced.
  • a roller is arranged between the guiding guide rolling element support and the rolling impact guiding member, the roller causes the rolling impact guiding member to roll and friction, reduces the wear of the rolling reciprocating device, prolongs the service life, has low failure rate and maintains Less, rolling Dynamic friction makes reciprocating speed fast and efficient.
  • the roller is cleaner and more environmentally friendly. It does not generate harmful substances or toxic gases due to excessive sliding friction, which can improve the quality of the working environment.
  • the rotating structure of the anti-screening mechanism is subjected to force rotation or the split structure is separated by the separation force, reducing the impact reaction force.
  • the screening of the power impact parts prevents damage to the impact drive.
  • the impact head completes the clearing at the same time as the blanking, and the mechanism is simple, light weight and high efficiency.
  • the support box structure is simple, reasonable, compact and compact, small in size, light in weight, relatively small in wear, perfect in function, resistant to discriminating force and strong impact reaction.
  • the rolling reciprocating device, the movable connecting device of the impact driving device and the supporting box are provided with sealing devices, so that the supporting box body has a sealing structure, which can effectively prevent dust and material debris from entering the impact driving device and the rolling reciprocating device, thereby ensuring
  • the purity of the lubricating fluid reduces the frictional resistance and avoids corrosion of the impact drive device and the rolling reciprocating device.
  • the lubrication system lubricates and cools the impact guide device and the impact drive device, further reducing friction and improving the life of the device.
  • the guiding guide rolling body, the rolling impact guiding member and the guiding guiding rolling body support member in the device are closely matched to form a multi-point supporting rolling reciprocating device, wherein the rolling impact guiding device maximizes the righting width of the impact head
  • the strength of the impact head is increased, and the impact direction of the impact head is controlled to the greatest extent. This not only increases the length of the arm of the impact guide, but also reduces the impact of the impact head on the rolling impact guide.
  • the impact drive device is prevented from being damaged by the discriminating force and the reaction force, thereby improving the service life of the device.
  • the U-shaped, frame-shaped or cylindrical rolling impact guide of the multi-point support rolling reciprocating device is connected with the impact head, so that the impact head and the rolling impact guide are connected at a wide multiple point, and the reciprocating direction of the impact head is rightened. Prevent the rotation of the impact head.
  • the rolling impact guide of the multi-point support rolling reciprocating device is arranged outside the cylinder, that is, the cylinder body is extended and deformed to increase the connection width between the cylinder body and the impact head, so that the device can be applied to various power strengths.
  • the site needs to be twisted and has a high driving frequency.
  • the cushioning member of the structure guiding cushioning device is disposed between the fuselage and the lifting portion or between the lifting portion fixing support member and the lifting portion buffer supporting member
  • the buffer guiding member is disposed between the fuselage and the lifting portion or the lifting portion fixing support member and
  • the buffering method and structure adopted by the equipment do not cause twisting and shearing on the fuselage and the reciprocating impact portion, which reduces the impact on the running part and the fuselage, greatly reduces many mining faults, improves the service life of the fuselage, and improves the service life of the fuselage. Work efficiency.
  • the cushioning member has a rebounding force and increases the impact effect. When the impact reaction force is large, the cushioning member can absorb the stored impact energy and release the impact energy in the next impact cycle, further increasing the impact force of the reciprocating impact material.
  • the cushioning sleeve of the cushioning device is slidably coupled to the fuselage to enhance the force of the reaction force generated by the cushioning device when absorbing the impacted coal seam or rock formation.
  • the buffer guiding member and the buffering member of the device cooperate with the buffer guiding sleeve to form a bidirectional guiding structure buffering device, and the lifting portion is arranged on the bidirectional guiding structure buffering device, and the bidirectional guiding structure buffering device increases the buffering effect and effectively protects the device. .
  • the spline shaft and the spline sleeve of the sliding stroke spline bushing buffer device cooperate with each other to transmit power and reciprocally slide and cushion, so that only the torque is not affected by the axial force, the vibration isolation effect is good, and the mining is good.
  • the dynamic sliding resistance is small, and the impact head is effectively protected.
  • the device decomposes the impact reaction force through the reciprocating sliding buffer, so that the power source component is protected from damage, and the power is greatly improved. The service life and operational reliability of the source parts.
  • a lifting member is arranged on the lifting portion fixing support member and the lifting portion buffer supporting member or on the buffer guiding member and the buffer guiding sleeve, and the stopping member can prevent the lifting portion fixing support member and the lifting portion buffering support member or buffering
  • the stopping member is separately provided, and the stopping member can also be integrated with the lifting portion fixing support member, the lifting portion buffer supporting member or the buffer guiding member and the buffer guiding sleeve, thereby ensuring The safety and reliability of the buffer device.
  • the multi-turn crankshaft has a simple manufacturing structure, rigid foot and high strength, which can transmit a large rotating torque.
  • the multi-turn crankshaft has a reasonable structure and a small manufacturing volume, which can greatly reduce the weight of the reciprocating impact portion and improve the reciprocating impact portion. Adjust flexibility.
  • the multi-turn crankshaft is composed of a plurality of eccentric shafts. Each eccentric shaft drives one power impacting member, and the other end of the power impacting member is provided with one or more impact heads, which greatly improves the mining efficiency.
  • the multi-turn crankshaft can be installed between the upper impact guide and the lower impact guide. It is convenient to set the impact head on one end of the impact guide to set the weight on the other end.
  • the counterweight ensures the balance of gravity during impact, which reduces When the impact guide is impacted, the discrimination caused by the gravity imbalance at both ends improves the stability of the equipment.
  • the multi-turn crankshaft makes the impact head of the reciprocating impact section simple and compact, and the occupied space is small, which is beneficial to the power concentration of the impact head, increasing the impact force of a single impact head, and making the whole equipment pass low when mining thin coal seams. Short area.
  • the multi-cranked crankshaft can stratify the thicker objects to be mined, reducing the impact resistance to thicker non-separated impacts of the objects to be purchased, reducing The large impact reaction force generated on the reciprocating impact portion and the damage to the fuselage reduces the energy consumption during the power transmission process and improves the work efficiency.
  • the multi-turn crankshaft is provided with a liquid-passing lubricating fluid passage on the concentric shaft section, which improves the wear resistance of the equipment, greatly reduces the damage of the lubricated parts, and improves the life of the power impact parts.
  • crankshaft 34 After the crankshaft is manufactured and heat treated, it has good work toughness, good impact resistance and large impact safety factor.
  • the eccentric shafts of the multi-turn crankshaft are arranged symmetrically along the radial direction of the dynamic concentric shaft segments, forming an angular difference, so that the dynamic impact members driven by the eccentric shafts can impact the coal seam or rock layers in different time periods, and the same side can be
  • the reaction force generated by the impact of the last dynamic impact member is converted into the power of the next dynamic impact member, and the reaction force of the one-time impact thicker coal seam or rock formation is decomposed, so that the impact force of the impact drive device is uniform, and Buffer and stabilize the body.
  • the impact drive device adopts the combination of belt drive and gear transmission to effectively absorb the reaction force formed by the impact, which greatly improves the service life of the power source component.
  • the impact drive device and the impact guide device can also adopt sliding friction.
  • the impact guide device can be a sliding guide device or a suspension guide device, and the sliding guide device or the suspension guide device guides the impact guide member to prevent the impact head from being distinguished.
  • Lubricating fluid or lubricating powder is provided at the sliding friction of the sliding guide, or suspension, suspended gas or suspended magnetic is provided at the movable friction of the suspension guide, which can effectively reduce the friction between the impact guide and the impact guide. , making reciprocating motion more flexible.
  • the power source component and the variable speed transmission component are arranged on the lifting part outside the support box, the volume of the supporting box body is greatly reduced, the structure of the supporting box body is simplified, the structure of the reciprocating impact part is simple, and the wearing parts are small.
  • the load on the front support of the lift is reduced, and the consumption of the support force is reduced.
  • the reciprocating impact portion of the device is arranged at the front end of the lifting portion, impact crushing blanking, the rocker lifting cylinder driving the rocker arm to move up and down, the rotating disk drives the rocker arm to move left and right, and the rotating disk and the rocker lifting cylinder cooperate to adjust the impact head.
  • Multi-position multi-directional impact material improves the efficiency of impact work.
  • the impact guide of the device is parallel to the axis of the rocker arm, which ensures the fixed connection of the guide guide rolling body support and the rocker arm, so that the structure is simple and strong, and the adjustment structure for adjusting the impact direction of the impact head is reduced.
  • the vertical lifting mechanism can ensure the vertical impact of the reciprocating impact, reducing the length of the lifting part, the fuselage, etc., reducing energy consumption and facilitating maintenance.
  • the lifting track is linear, which increases the stability of the lifting and improves the life of the lifting support.
  • the equipment is equipped with multi-layer punching.
  • the multi-layer punching can make the coal seam or rock layer stepped.
  • the compressive stress and structural strength of the stepped coal seam or rock layer relative to the original plane coal seam or rock layer are greatly reduced.
  • the layer is again re-excavated, the two relatively free surfaces of the stepped coal seam or rock layer are used to impact the blanking, which reduces the impact resistance, avoids the overgrown material of the impact head, improves the working efficiency and saves the power. Consumption.
  • the height difference between the punching teeth of the multi-layer punching allows the next impact to be utilized by the free surface formed by the previous impact, reducing Impact resistance reduces energy consumption.
  • the different lengths of the teeth form different steps, which is suitable for digging different coal seams or rock layers.
  • the punching head of the impact head is a multi-row punching tooth.
  • the coal seam or rock stratum When the coal seam or rock stratum is struck into a step shape, it can decompose the fallen coal or rock mass, and form particles suitable for transporting by the transporter at one time, avoiding the occurrence of mining. Blocks are too large and difficult to transport.
  • the impact head of the impact head is a curved plate, a trapezoidal frame, a semi-circular frame, a triangular frame, a conical frame, a flat frame, a frame frame or a V-shaped frame, etc., which improves the impact of the impact frame.
  • the width of the impact head is increased, which enhances the impact of impacting coal seams or rock formations.
  • the outer layer of the impact head and the inner layer of the punching layer cooperate to form a multi-layer impact head, and the outer layer of the impact head is provided with a discharge hole, which facilitates the smoothing of the material of the inner layer.
  • the multi-layer impact head structure is arranged in parallel with different shapes of the multi-layer punching teeth, which avoids the discrimination of the impact head between the materials clamped between the teeth, reduces the damping effect on the impact driving device, and better protects the equipment;
  • the outer teeth of the punching material and the inner teeth of the punching layer cooperate with each other, which reduces the impact screening of the impact driving device, and effectively reduces the power consumption of the impact driving device for a one-time impact excessively high and wide coal seam or rock formation.
  • the multi-layer impact head is arranged in layers of up and down or left and right, which realizes layered excavation.
  • the multi-layer impact head stratifies and washes the objects to be purchased, and rationally utilizes the power of the equipment to ensure the strength of the equipment.
  • the front row of the multi-layer impact head is different from the distance of the rear row of teeth from the support box.
  • the depth of the single impact is greatly reduced, and the pressure of the coal seam or rock formation is effectively decomposed. Stress, reduced impact resistance, reduced power consumption, and improved work efficiency.
  • Figure 1 is a front view of Embodiment 1;
  • Figure 2 is a plan view of Embodiment 1;
  • Figure 3 is a structural view of a reciprocating impact portion of Embodiment 1;
  • Figure 4 is a front view of Embodiment 2;
  • Figure 5 is a structural view of a reciprocating impact portion of Embodiment 2;
  • Figure 6 is a front elevational view of Embodiment 3.
  • Figure 7 is a structural view of a reciprocating impact portion of Embodiment 3.
  • Figure 8 is a structural view of a reciprocating impact portion of Embodiment 4.
  • Figure 9 is a structural view of a reciprocating impact portion of Embodiment 5.
  • FIG. 10 is a squint structure of the complex impact of the embodiment 6:
  • Figure 11 is a left side structural view of a reciprocating impact portion of Embodiment 6;
  • Figure 12 is a structural view of a reciprocating impact portion of Embodiment 7;
  • Figure 13 is a cross-sectional view of the rolling reciprocating device of Embodiment 7;
  • FIG. 15 is a cross-sectional view of the rolling reciprocating device of the eighth embodiment;
  • FIG. 16 is a structural sectional view of the power impacting member of the eighth embodiment;
  • FIG. 17 is a structural view of the reciprocating impact portion of the embodiment 9.
  • 18 is a structural sectional view of a power impacting member of Embodiment 9;
  • FIG. 19 is a structural view of a reciprocating impact portion of Embodiment 10;
  • FIG. 20 is a cross-sectional view of the rolling reciprocating device of Embodiment 10;
  • Main view is a left side structural view of a reciprocating impact portion of
  • Figure 22 is a cross-sectional view taken along line A-A of Figure 21;
  • Figure 23 is a front elevational view of Embodiment 12.
  • Figure 24 is a structural view of a reciprocating impact portion of Embodiment 13;
  • Figure 25 is a structural view of a reciprocating impact portion of Embodiment 14;
  • Figure 26 is a structural view of a reciprocating impact portion of Embodiment 15;
  • Figure 28 is a structural view of a reciprocating impact portion of the embodiment 17;
  • Figure 29 is a structural view of the reciprocating impact portion of the embodiment 18;
  • Figure 30 is a structural view of the reciprocating impact portion of the embodiment 19;
  • Fig. 32 is a structural view of a reciprocating impact portion of the embodiment 21;
  • Fig. 33 is a structural view of the reciprocating impact portion of the embodiment 22; and
  • Fig. 34 is a reciprocating impact portion of the embodiment 23.
  • Figure 35 is a structural view of a reciprocating impact portion of Embodiment 24;
  • Figure 36 is a structural view of a reciprocating impact portion of Embodiment 25;
  • Figure 37 is a structural view of a reciprocating impact portion of Embodiment 26;
  • Figure 38 is a structural view of a reciprocating impact portion of Embodiment 27;
  • Figure 39 is a front view of Embodiment 28.
  • FIG. 40 is a structural view of a reciprocating impact portion of Embodiment 29;
  • FIG. 41 is a structural view of a reciprocating impact portion of Embodiment 30;
  • FIG. 42 is a structural view of a tamper-proof mechanism of Embodiment 30;
  • Figure 44 is a structural view of a reciprocating impact portion of Embodiment 32;
  • Figure 45 is a structural view of a lifting portion of Embodiment 33;
  • Figure 46 is a plan view of Embodiment 34;
  • Figure 47 is a plan view of the reciprocating impact portion of Embodiment 34;
  • Figure 48 is a front view of Embodiment 35;
  • Figure 49 is a schematic structural view of a rocker arm of Embodiment 36;
  • Figure 50 is a front view of Embodiment 37;
  • Figure 51 is a front elevational view of Embodiment 38;
  • Figure 52 is a structural view of a reciprocating impact portion of Embodiment 38;
  • Figure 53 is a structural view of a shock absorbing device of Embodiment 39;
  • Figure 54 is a structural view of a shock absorbing device of Embodiment 40;
  • Figure 56 is a structural view of a buffer guide of Embodiment 41;
  • Figure 57 is a schematic structural view of a rocker arm of Embodiment 42;
  • Figure 58 is a schematic structural view of a rocker arm of Embodiment 43;
  • Figure 59 is a front view of Embodiment 44;
  • Figure 60 is a structural view of a reciprocating impact portion of Embodiment 44;
  • Figure 61 is a front view of Embodiment 45;
  • Figure 62 is a configuration diagram of a reciprocating impact portion of Embodiment 45;
  • Figure 63 is a schematic structural view of an impact driving device of Embodiment 46;
  • Figure 64 is a plan view of Embodiment 47;
  • Figure 65 is a plan view of Embodiment 48.
  • Figure 66 is a plan view of Embodiment 49.
  • Figure 67 is a front elevational view of Embodiment 50.
  • Figure 68 is a front elevational view of Embodiment 51;
  • Figure 69 is a plan view of Embodiment 51.
  • Figure 70 is a structural view of the vertical lifting mechanism of the embodiment 51;
  • Figure 71 is a structural view of the vertical lifting mechanism of the embodiment 52;
  • Figure 72 is a structural view of the vertical lifting mechanism of the embodiment 53; View
  • Figure 74 is a cross-sectional view of the impact guide of Embodiment 54;
  • Figure 75 is a structural view of the reciprocating impact portion of Embodiment 55;
  • Figure 76 is a cross-sectional view of the cylinder of Embodiment 55;
  • Figure 77 is a structural view of a reciprocating impact portion of Embodiment 56;
  • Figure 78 is a cross-sectional view of the cylinder block of Embodiment 56;
  • Figure 79 is a front elevational view of Embodiment 57;
  • Figure 80 is a front elevational view of Embodiment 58;
  • Figure 81 is a front elevational view of Embodiment 59;
  • Figure 82 is a structural view of a reciprocating impact portion of Embodiment 60.
  • Figure 83 is a structural view of a reciprocating impact portion of Embodiment 61.
  • Figure 84 is a structural view of a reciprocating impact portion of Embodiment 62.
  • Figure 85 is a reciprocating portion of Embodiment 63.
  • Figure 8 is a front view of the embodiment 64;
  • Figure 87 is a structural view of a reciprocating impact portion of Embodiment 65;
  • Figure 88 is a cross-sectional view of the impact guide of Embodiment 65;
  • Figure 89 is a cross-sectional view of the impact guide of Embodiment 66;
  • Figure 90 is a cross-sectional view of the impact guide of Embodiment 67;
  • Figure 91 is a structural view showing a reciprocating impact portion of Embodiment 68;
  • Figure 92 is a cross-sectional view of the impact guide of Embodiment 68;
  • Figure 93 is a front elevational view of Embodiment 69.
  • Figure 94 is a configuration diagram of a reciprocating impact portion of Embodiment 69.
  • Figure 95 is a cross-sectional view of the impact guide of Embodiment 69.
  • Figure 96 is a structural view showing a reciprocating impact portion of Embodiment 70;
  • Figure 97 is a configuration diagram of a reciprocating impact portion of Embodiment 71;
  • Figure 98 is a cross-sectional view of the impact guide of Embodiment 71;
  • Figure 99 is a front elevational view of Embodiment 72;
  • Figure 100 is a front elevational view of Embodiment 73;
  • Figure 101 is a schematic structural view of a guide rolling body of Embodiment 73;
  • Figure 102 is a front view of Embodiment 74;
  • Figure 103 is a configuration diagram of a reciprocating impact portion of Embodiment 74;
  • Figure 104 is a configuration diagram of a lifting portion of Embodiment 74;
  • Figure 105 is a front elevational view of Embodiment 75;
  • Figure 106 is a plan view showing the structure of the reciprocating impact portion of the embodiment 75;
  • Figure 107 is a front structural view of the reciprocating impact portion of the embodiment 75;
  • Figure 108 is a partial structural view of the reciprocating device of the embodiment 75;
  • Fig. 110 is a front view showing the reciprocating impact portion of the embodiment 77;
  • Fig. 111 is a front view showing the reciprocating impact portion of the embodiment 78;
  • Fig. 112 is an embodiment 78;
  • FIG. 113 is a front structural view showing a reciprocating impact portion of Embodiment 79;
  • FIG. 114 is a front structural view showing a reciprocating impact portion of Embodiment 80;
  • Figure 115 is a structural view showing a reciprocating impact portion of Embodiment 81;
  • Figure 116 is a cross-sectional view showing a stopper structure of Embodiment 82;
  • Figure 117 is a cross-sectional view of the stopper structure of Embodiment 82;
  • Figure 118 is a limit of Embodiment 82.
  • Figure 119 is a cross-sectional view of the position limiting structure of the embodiment 82;
  • Figure 120 is a cross-sectional view of the position limiting structure of the embodiment 82;
  • Figure 121 is a partial structural view of the rolling reciprocating device of the embodiment 82;
  • 122 is a cross-sectional view taken along line A-A of FIG. 121;
  • Figure 123 is a partial structural view of a rolling reciprocating device of Embodiment 82;
  • Figure 124 is a cross-sectional view taken along line A-A of Figure 123;
  • Figure 125 is a partial structural view of a rolling reciprocating device of Embodiment 82;
  • Figure 126 is a cross-sectional view taken along line A-A of Figure 125;
  • Figure 127 is a partial structural view of a rolling reciprocating device of Embodiment 82;
  • Figure 128 is a cross-sectional view taken along line A-A of Figure 127;
  • Figure 129 is a partial structural view of a rolling reciprocating device of Embodiment 82;
  • Figure 130 is a cross-sectional view taken along line A-A of Figure 129;
  • Figure 131 is a partial structural view of a rolling reciprocating device of Embodiment 82;
  • Figure 132 is a cross-sectional view taken along line A-A of Figure 131;
  • Figure 133 is a partial structural view of the rolling reciprocating device of Embodiment 82;
  • Figure 134 is a cross-sectional view taken along line A-A of Figure 133;
  • Figure 135 is a cross-sectional view of the position limiting structure of the embodiment 82;
  • Figure 136 is a cross-sectional view of the position limiting structure of the embodiment 82;
  • Figure 137 is a cross-sectional view of the position limiting structure of the embodiment 82;
  • Figure 139 is a cross-sectional view of the position limiting structure of the embodiment 82;
  • Figure 140 is a cross-sectional view of the position limiting structure of the embodiment 82;
  • Figure 141 is a cross-sectional view showing the stopper structure of Embodiment 82;
  • Figure 142 is a cross-sectional view showing the stopper structure of the embodiment 82;
  • Figure 143 is a cross-sectional view showing the stopper structure of Embodiment 82;
  • Figure 144 is a cross-sectional view showing the stopper structure of the embodiment 82;
  • Figure 145 is a partial structural view of the rolling reciprocating device of Embodiment 83;
  • Figure 146 is a cross-sectional view taken along line A-A of Figure 145;
  • Figure 147 is a cross-sectional view showing the stopper structure of Embodiment 83;
  • Figure 148 is a structural view of the reciprocating impact portion of Embodiment 84;
  • Figure 149 is a configuration diagram of a reciprocating impact portion of Embodiment 85;
  • Figure 150 is a structural view showing an impact driving device of Embodiment 85;
  • Figure 151 is a configuration diagram of a reciprocating impact portion of Embodiment 86;
  • Figure 152 is a configuration diagram of the impact driving device of Embodiment 86.
  • 6-punching inner material rack 6. 7-rushing inner material teeth, 6. 8-discharge hole, 6. 9-punching rack, 6. 9. 1- rear support seat, 6. 9. 2-punching tooth support frame, 7_ counterweight, 9-lifting device, 9. 1- rocker arm, 9. 1. 1- main rocker arm, 9. 1. 2- pair rocker arm, 9. 2-lifting cylinder, 9. 3-breaking Device, 9. 4-guide, 9. 5-fixed support, 9. 6- Punching support, 9. 7-buffer, 9. 8-buffer guide, 9. 9-guide boss, 9. 10-return, 9. 11-power source, 9. 12-rotary impact drive Parts, 10-rotating disc, 11-scraping board, 12-transporter, 13-supporting box, 14-seal, 15-shield, 16-guide limit structure, 16. 1-pit, 16.
  • 21-belt cushioning device 21. 1-active pulley, 21. 2-driven pulley, 21. 3-belt, 21. 4-belt tensioning device,
  • 22- multi-crank multi-bar impact mechanism 22.
  • 22. 1- multi-turn crankshaft 22. 1.
  • 1-power concentric shaft section 22. 1.
  • 2--joint shank 22. 1. 3 - eccentric shaft
  • 22. 2 - Connecting rod, 23-vertical lifting mechanism, 23. 1- lifting table, 23. 2- lifting table support, 23. 3- vertical lifting drive, 23. 4-position locking device, 24-translation device, 25- Anti-rotation structure, 26-outer sleeve, 26. 1-outer sleeve, 26. 2 - outer sleeve, 26. 3-cylinder outer sleeve, 27-inner body, 27. 1-frame inner body Pieces, 27. 2-frame inner body lower part, 28-U-shaped impact guide, 28. 1-impact guide upper part, 28. 2-impact guide lower part, 29-camshaft, 30-cam, 31 - crank, 32-slider, 33-swing, 34-link, 35-bearing. detailed description
  • a method for rolling friction impact mining comprises the steps of: providing a guiding rolling body, a guiding rolling body support, an impact guiding member, etc., and disposing the guiding rolling body between the guiding rolling body support and the impact guiding member to form Rolling reciprocating device, an impact head is arranged at both ends of the impact guiding member or an impact head is arranged at one end of the impact guiding member, and the other end is arranged to prevent the rolling reciprocating device, the impact driving device and/or the fuselage from being unbalanced by gravity. Heavy or only an impact head at one end of the impact guide;
  • the power impacting member drives the rolling impact guide or the impact head to reciprocate, so that the impact head impacts the coal wall or the rock wall to realize the falling material;
  • the walking portion is disposed at a lower portion of the fuselage, and the walking portion drives the body to walk;
  • the fuselage supports the impact head to reciprocate impact blanking.
  • the rolling friction impact mining machine includes a fuselage 1, a running portion 2, a reciprocating impact portion 3, and the like, and the reciprocating impact portion 3 includes a rolling reciprocating device.
  • the guide roller is provided.
  • the rolling reciprocating device 5 includes the impact guide member 5.
  • the guide roller The end of the impact guide 5.1.
  • the impact head 6 is connected to the impact guide 5.
  • the impact head 6 is connected to the impact guide 5.
  • the impact head 6 is connected to the impact guide 5.
  • the impact head 6 is connected to the impact guide 5.
  • the impact drive device 4 includes a power impact member 4. 1 and the like, the power impact member 4. 1 drive impact guide member 5. 1 reciprocating motion, the impact guide member 5.
  • the power impacting member 4.1 and the impact guiding member 5.1 are separated, the body 1 includes a frame 19, etc., the lifting device is not provided on the body 1, the reciprocating impact portion 3 is disposed on the frame 19, and the walking portion 2 is disposed. In the lower part of the fuselage 1 and drive the body 1 to walk.
  • the squeezing of the squeezing body 5.3 or the slewing bearing 5.2 or the impactor of the piston is cemented carbide or wear-resistant plastic or wear-resistant steel or wear-resistant rubber or wear-resistant porcelain or self-lubricating wear-resistant materials.
  • the rolling reciprocating device 5 and the impact driving device 4 can also be integrated.
  • the impact guide member 5.1 can also be provided with an impact head 6 at both ends, the front impact head 6 performs impact mining work, and the rear impact head 6 serves as a spare head and balances the weight of the front impact head, and can also be disposed only at one end. Impact head.
  • Power impact parts 4. 1 and impact guides 5. 1 can also be connected or integrated.
  • the impact head 6 and the impact guide 5. 1 can also be integrated.
  • the body can also be provided with a lifting device, etc., and the lifting device is disposed in the frame.
  • the fuselage goes forward and retreats coal.
  • the overall structure of the device is compact and simple, and it is easy to use and operate.
  • the drilling and milling type blanking material is changed into impact type blanking, which basically eliminates the side force to distinguish the reciprocating impact part, greatly reduces the damage of components and improves the production efficiency. , reducing material consumption.
  • Rolling friction greatly reduces friction loss and saves power energy;
  • the equipment does not fully break the material, so the block rate is high, the power consumption is less, the dust is less, the working environment is good, and the use value and economic value of the material are improved;
  • the impact head is disposed on the two sides of the front side of the lifting device for reciprocating impact, which is beneficial to the impact force generated by the impact head impact on one side being converted into the impact power of the other side impact head.
  • Impact power and impact reaction force have been reasonably applied, greatly reducing kinetic energy consumption;
  • the working mode of the impact head is reciprocating linear impact. Compared with the drilling and milling type, the impact tooth is greatly reduced, the service life of the impact tooth is greatly extended, the frequency of replacing the impact tooth is reduced, and the wearing parts of the equipment are reduced. Consumption, improve work efficiency;
  • the use of the guiding rolling body to support the impact guiding member in the device greatly reduces the damage of the impact guiding member by the reciprocating impact friction. Reduced kinetic energy consumption;
  • the other end of the impact head is provided with a counterweight, which ensures the balance of gravity during impact, and reduces the discrimination caused by the unbalanced gravity between the two ends when the impact guide is impacted, which improves the stability of the equipment.
  • a rolling friction impact mining machine includes a fuselage 1, a running portion 2, a reciprocating impact portion 3, and the like, and the reciprocating impact portion 3 includes a rolling reciprocating device 5, and an impact.
  • the impact head 6 is provided with an impact head 6 and the like, and the impact head 6 ⁇ impact guide member 5. 1 is integrated with the impact guide member 5.
  • the impact drive member 4, the impactor member 5. 1 drive the impact guide member 5.
  • the reciprocating motion, the impact guide member 5.1 drives the impact head 6 to impact the coal wall or rock wall to achieve the fall
  • the material, the power impact member 4.1 and the impact guide member 5.1 are integrated, the body 1 includes a frame 19, etc., the body 1 is provided with a lifting device 9 and the like, and the reciprocating impact portion 3 is disposed on the lifting device 9, lifting The device 9 is disposed on the frame 19, 1 away portions provided at the lower body 2 and driven body 1 traveling.
  • the high-strength wear-resistant material high-strength wear-resistant material, or the impactor member 5.
  • the material is cemented carbide or wear-resistant plastic or wear-resistant steel or wear-resistant rubber or wear-resistant porcelain or self-lubricating wear-resistant materials.
  • the first embodiment of the body 1 is rotated on the front side of the body 1 2 ⁇ 9 9
  • the rocker arm lifter 9 is connected to the rocker arm 9.
  • the other end is connected to the rocker arm 9.1, the rocker lift cylinder 9. 2 drive rocker arm 9 . 1 Move up and down.
  • the fuselage 1 further includes a blade 11 and the like.
  • the blade 11 is provided with a star wheel finger or a claw claw, and the conveyor 1 is disposed in the middle of the body 1.
  • the conveyor 12 includes a blade conveyor and a belt 21. 3 Machine, belt conveyor, etc.
  • the shovel 11 collects the material extracted from the reciprocating impact portion 3 to the conveyor 12, which transports the material to the rear of the fuselage 1.
  • the body 1 also includes a control device, a drag cable device, a spray device, a water spray device, or a cooling device.
  • the frame 19 or the lifting device 9 includes a crushing device 9.3 or a feeder 9.4.
  • the fuselage goes forward and retreats coal.
  • the overall structure of the device is compact and simple, and it is easy to use and operate.
  • the drilling and milling type blanking material is changed into impact type blanking, which basically eliminates the side force to distinguish the reciprocating impact part, greatly reduces the damage of components and improves the production efficiency. , reducing material consumption.
  • Rolling friction greatly reduces friction loss and saves power energy;
  • the equipment does not fully break the material, so the block rate is high, the power consumption is less, the dust is less, the working environment is good, and the use value and economic value of the material are improved;
  • the impact head is disposed on the two sides of the front side of the lifting device for reciprocating impact, which is beneficial to the impact force generated by the impact head impact on one side being converted into the impact power of the other side impact head.
  • Impact power and impact reaction force have been reasonably applied, greatly reducing kinetic energy consumption;
  • the working mode of the impact head is reciprocating linear impact. Compared with the drilling and milling type, the impact tooth is greatly reduced, the service life of the impact tooth is greatly extended, the frequency of replacing the impact tooth is reduced, and the wearing parts of the equipment are reduced. Consumption, improve work efficiency;
  • a rolling friction impact mining method comprises the steps of: tightly engaging the guiding rolling body support member, the impact guiding member and the guiding rolling body, so that the rolling reciprocating device corrects the impact direction of the impact head by rolling friction, thereby avoiding sliding friction damage Impact guide, the walking part drives the fuselage to realize continuous reciprocating impact mining.
  • the walking part is arranged at the lower part of the fuselage, and the walking part drives the body to walk;
  • the fuselage supports the impact head to reciprocate impact blanking.
  • a rolling friction impact mining machine implementing the above method includes a fuselage 1 , a running portion 2 , a lifting device 9 , a reciprocating impact portion 3 , and the like, and the reciprocating impact portion 3 includes a rolling reciprocating device 5 ,
  • the guide roller body 5. The guide roller body 5.
  • the guide roller body 5. The guide roller body 5.
  • the guide roller body 5. 2 Between the impact guide member 5.1, the impact guide member 6 is disposed at one end of the impact guide member 5.
  • the other end of the impact guide member 6 is provided to prevent the impact head 6 from being unbalanced by gravity, the rolling reciprocating device 5, the impact driving device 4, the lifting device 9 and / or the weight member 7 of the fuselage 1 or the like, the power impacting member 4.1 is connected or separated from the impact head 6, the rolling reciprocating device 5 and the crank impact driving device 4.2 or the hydraulic impact driving device or the pneumatic impact driving device, etc. combination
  • the erecting device is disposed in the hoisting device 5, the lifting device 9 is disposed on the body 1, the lower portion of the body 1 is provided with a running portion 2, etc., the guiding rolling body 5.3, the guiding rolling body support member 5. 2.
  • the impact guiding member 5 ⁇ 1 is closely matched
  • the impact guide is used to control the impact direction of the impact guide member 5.1. 5.
  • the impact direction of the impact head 6 is corrected, and the traveling unit 2 drives the body 1 to realize continuous reciprocating impact mining.
  • the rolling reciprocating device 5 and the impact driving device 4 may also be integrated;
  • the impact guide member 5.1 can also be provided with an impact head 6 at both ends, the front impact head 6 performs impact mining work, and the rear impact head 6 serves as a spare head and balances the weight of the front impact head 6, or can be only at one end. Setting the impact head 6;
  • the impact head 6 and the impact guide 5. 1 can also be integrated.
  • the guide rolling element is used in the equipment to support the impact guide member, which greatly reduces the damage of the impact guide member to the impact guide member and reduces the kinetic energy consumption; the impact of the guide rolling element support member, the impact guide member and the guide rolling element ensures the impact
  • the rolling guide of the guiding member changes the structure that the guiding rolling body can only play a guiding role by rolling friction, and greatly reduces the loss of energy and damage to the equipment caused by the sliding friction of the guiding impact guiding member.
  • a method for rolling friction impact mining comprises the steps of: providing a rolling element support member, an impact guide member, etc. on the rolling reciprocating device, and providing an impact head at one end of the impact guiding member or an impact head at one end and a counterweight at the other end Piece
  • a guiding section or the like is arranged on the impact guiding member, and the guiding section is disposed at the one end of the impact head, and the impact guiding member provided with the weighting member at the other end or the impact guiding member provided with the impact head at both ends, and the guiding method is the guiding section and the impact The ends of the guide member overlap are equal or substantially equal in weight;
  • the guiding segment is disposed on the guiding rolling body support, and the guiding segment cooperates with the guiding rolling body support to keep the guiding segment always on the guiding rolling body support, and maintain the gravity balance when the impact guiding member is in a stationary or moving state;
  • the guiding rolling element support member and the impact guiding member are closely matched to support the impact guiding member to reciprocate, so that the power impacting member and the impact guiding member are separated or connected or integrated, and the impact head reciprocates under the support of the impact guiding member, the impact head
  • the impacting material is realized by impacting the coal wall or rock wall.
  • the guide segment 5.1.1 is integrated with the guide segment 5. 1. 1 is placed on the guide rolling element support. 5.5.2, the guiding segment 5. 1. 1 when moving 2 ⁇ Supporting impact guides, the impactor guides 5. 2, the impact guides 5.
  • the tight guides support the impact guides
  • the reciprocating motion under the support of 1, the impact head 6 impacts the coal wall or the rock wall to realize the falling material.
  • Impact guide 5. 1 The impact head 6 can also be placed at both ends.
  • the power impact member 4. 1 and the impact guide member 5. 1 can also be a connection structure or an integral type.
  • a rolling friction impact mining machine is provided with an impact head 6 and the like at both ends of the impact guide member 5.
  • the guide portion 5.1.1 is connected to the impact guide member 5. 5 stationary or moving movements of the impact bearing member 5. 2, the impact bearing member 5. 1 is still in motion. Gravity balance at both ends of the state.
  • a method of rolling friction impact mining the steps of the method are:
  • a guide limit structure or the like is disposed on the support box or the support frame of the reciprocating impact portion, so that the guide limit structure restricts the impact guide member to linear reciprocating motion.
  • a rolling friction impact mining machine implementing the above method includes a fuselage 1, a lifting device 9, a running portion 2, a reciprocating impact portion 3, and the like, and the reciprocating impact portion 3 includes an impact driving device 4,
  • the reciprocating impact portion 3 further includes a support case 13 or a support frame, etc.
  • the impact drive device 4 includes a crank impact drive device 4.2, etc.
  • the crank impact drive device 4.2 includes a power impact member 4.
  • the support member 13 or the support frame is provided with a guide limit structure 16 and the like, and the guide limit structure 16 limits the impact guide member 5.
  • the linear guide is 5.
  • the impact guide member 5.1 supports the impact head 6 to roll and reciprocate.
  • the power impact member 4.1 drives the impact head 6 impact, and the impact head 6 impacts the coal wall or the rock wall.
  • the support box 13 is fully sealed or partially sealed, and the support box 13 or the support frame includes a sealing member 14 or the like, and the sealing member 14 is disposed at the movable connection of the impact driving device 4 or the rolling reciprocating device 5 and the supporting box 13, or sealed.
  • the piece 14 is disposed at the movable connection of the impact drive 4 or the rolling reciprocator 5 to the support frame.
  • the impactor cover is provided at the junction of the impactor member 4.
  • the impactor is provided at the junction of the impactor.
  • Connecting or splitting, the impact guiding member 5.1 is connected or integrated with the impact head 6, and a sealing member 14 is provided between the impact member shield 15 or the guide shield and the support housing 13.
  • the impact guide member 5. The impactor member 5.
  • the impactor member 5. The impactor member 5. 2 ⁇ The split body support member 5. 2 and the power support member 4.3 split or integrated.
  • the seal 14 includes a sealed chamber or sealing sheet or sealing plug or seal or the like.
  • the material of the sealing member 14 is a rubber material or a polyurethane material or a nylon material or a plastic material or a metal material.
  • the impact drive device 4 may also include a hydraulic shock drive device or a pneumatic shock drive device or the like.
  • the rolling reciprocating device is provided with a guiding rolling body limit structure, etc., which improves the safety and reliability of the device.
  • the support box has a simple, reasonable, compact and compact structure, small size, light weight, relatively small wear, perfect function, strong resistance to impact and strong impact reaction.
  • a method of rolling friction impact mining the steps of the method are:
  • the roller shaft When the roller shaft is fixed to the power impacting member, the roller is attached to the power supporting member to roll, and when the roller shaft is fixed to the power supporting member, the roller is fitted to the power impacting member to roll, thereby preventing the power impacting member from adhering to the power supporting member.
  • the roller shaft is fixed to the guide rolling body support member, the roller is fitted to the impact guide member to roll, and when the roller shaft is fixed to the impact guide member, the roller abutment guides the rolling body support member to roll, preventing the guide rolling body support member from being
  • the impact guides are friction-fitted to reduce wear on the impact drive.
  • a rolling friction impact mining machine implementing the above method includes a fuselage 1, a lifting device 9, a running portion 2, a reciprocating impact portion 3, and the like, and the reciprocating impact portion 3 includes an impact driving device 4, rolling The reciprocating device 5, etc., the impact drive device 4 includes a power support member 4.3, a power impact member 4.1, etc., the rolling reciprocating device 5 includes a guide rolling body support member 5 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
  • Roller shaft 5. 3. 2 can also be fixed to the impact guide 5. 1, roller 5. 3. 1 fit guide rolling element support 5. 2 rolling.
  • the rolling force is 4. 3, the roller is 5. 3, the roller is 5. 3, the roller 5.
  • a roller is arranged between the guiding rolling body support and the impact guiding member, the roller causes the impact guiding member to roll and rub, reduces the wear of the rolling reciprocating device, prolongs the service life, has low failure rate and less maintenance, and the rolling friction makes the reciprocating
  • the movement speed is fast and the efficiency is high.
  • the roller is cleaner and more environmentally friendly. It does not generate harmful substances or toxic gases due to excessive sliding friction, which can improve the quality of the working environment.
  • the guide roller body 5. 3, guiding, etc., guiding the rolling body 5. 3, etc., guiding the rolling body support member 5. 2, guiding the rolling body 5. 3, etc. 2 ⁇
  • the rolling body support is provided between the power bearing member 3.4 and the power bearing member 4.
  • the roller 5.3.1 including the roller shaft 5. 3. 2, the roller shaft 5. 3. 2 fixed to the power support 4. 3, the roller 5. 3. 1 fit dynamic impact
  • the roller 5 is fixed to the impact guide 5.1, the roller 5 is fixed to the impact guide 5.1, the roller 5 is fixed to the impact guide 5.
  • Roller shaft 5. 3. 2 can also be fixed to the power impactor 4. 1, roller 5. 3. 1 fit power support 4. 3 rolling.
  • roller shaft 5. 3. 2 can also be fixed to the guide roller support 5. 2. Roller 5. 3. 1 Fit the impact guide 5. 1 Roll.
  • a method for rolling friction impact mining comprises the steps of: providing a roller between the power support member and the power impact member or providing a roller between the guide roller body support member and the impact guide member;
  • the surface of the roller is made into a convex, concave, V-groove or curved shape, etc., so that the shape of the contact surface of the guiding rolling element support or the impact guiding member and the roller is matched with the shape of the surface of the roller, and the roller and the guiding rolling body are supported.
  • the impact guide member is tightly fitted to control the movement of the impact guide member and/or the power impact member by rolling friction to linearly reciprocate.
  • the impact driving device 4 includes a power support member 4.3, a power impact member 4.1, etc.
  • the rolling reciprocating device 5 includes a guide rolling body support 5 ⁇
  • the power of the impactor is between 4. 1 and the roller 5.
  • 3. 2 is fixed to the power support 4.
  • 3. 1 5 The shape of the contact surface is the same as that of the roller 5.
  • the surface of the roller is 3.
  • the surface of the roller is 5. V.
  • the frictional driving device 4 is prevented from being worn by the frictional driving device 4.
  • the roller 5 is attached to the guide roller support 5.2, when the roller shaft 5.3.2 is fixed to the guide roller support 5. 2, the roller 5 2 Rolling.
  • the rolling guide 5. 5 is attached to the guide roller support 5. 2 rolling.
  • Roller shaft 5. 3. 2 can also be fixed to the power impactor 4. 1, roller 5. 3. 1 fit power support 4. 3 rolling.
  • the surface of the roller 5. 3. 1 can also be made convex, concave or curved.
  • a roller is arranged between the guiding rolling body support and the impact guiding member, the roller causes the impact guiding member to roll and rub, reduces the wear of the rolling reciprocating device, prolongs the service life, has low failure rate and less maintenance, and the rolling friction makes the reciprocating
  • the movement speed is fast and the efficiency is high.
  • the roller is cleaner and more environmentally friendly. It does not generate harmful substances or toxic gases due to excessive sliding friction, which can improve the quality of the working environment.
  • the rolling reciprocating device 5 includes a guiding rolling body support member 5.
  • the rolling reciprocating device 5 includes a guiding rolling body support member 5.
  • the impact guide member 5. and the guide roller body 5.
  • the guide roller body 5. 3, the roller 5.
  • the roller 5.3.1 including the roller shaft 5.
  • the roller shaft 5. 3. 2 fixed to the impact guide 5. 1, roller 5. 3.
  • the shape of the contact surface is the same as the shape of the surface of the roller 5.3.1, the roller 5.3.1, the guide rolling element support 5.
  • the impact guide 5. The tight fit through the rolling friction control
  • the movement of the power impact member 4.1 is a linear reciprocating motion. 5 ⁇ Between the power support member 4.3 and the power impact member 4.1.
  • the surface of the roller 5. 3. 1 can also be made into a protrusion, a V-groove or a depression.
  • a method of rolling friction impact mining the steps of the method are:
  • the impact guide When the guiding rolling element support is set as an outer sleeve, the impact guide is set as an inner body, and when the guide rolling body support is set as an inner body, the impact guide is set as an outer sleeve, in the outer sleeve and the inner body.
  • a guiding rolling body is arranged between the outer sleeve and the inner body and the guiding rolling body to make the outer sleeve or the inner body reciprocate by rolling friction; the impact head is rolled and reciprocated under the support of the reciprocating outer sleeve or the inner body.
  • the rolling reciprocating device supports the impact direction of the impact head to ensure that the next impact action of the impact head is applied to the object to be excavated, and the walking portion drives the body to realize continuous reciprocating impact mining.
  • a power impact member 4. 1 etc. including a crank impact drive device 4. 2, a crank impact drive device 4. 2, etc. And the impact guides 5. 2 and the impact guides. 2.
  • the impactor member is provided with an impact head 6, the power impact member 4.1 is connected or split with the impact head 6, the guide roller support member 5.
  • the impact head 6 and the reciprocating outer sleeve 26 are integrated or connected, the impact head 6 is reciprocating Moving outer sleeve 26 Supporting the rolling friction reciprocating motion, the power impacting member 4.1 drives the impact head 6 impact, the reaction force generated by the impact head 6 impacting the coal wall or the rock wall is applied to the rolling reciprocating device 5, preventing the crank impact driving device 4. 2 Damaged by the impact reaction force, the rolling reciprocating device 5 corrects the impact direction of the impact head 6, ensures that the next impact action of the impact head 6 is applied to the object to be excavated, and the walking portion 2 drives the body 1 to realize the reciprocating impact continuous mining. .
  • the impact drive device 4 can also employ a hydraulic impact drive device or a pneumatic shock drive device.
  • the guide roller support can also be provided as an outer sleeve, in which case the impact guide can be provided as an inner body.
  • the guiding rolling elements are disposed between the outer sleeve and the inner body, so that the device can realize the rolling friction reciprocating motion while having a guiding function, and the guiding rolling body functions as a rolling friction.
  • the guiding effect reduces the frictional resistance during the operation of the reciprocating impact portion when the sliding friction is used as a support, and the guiding rolling element is greatly increased.
  • the function of absorbing shock reaction force is added, and the guiding effect is good.
  • the impact drive device 4 includes a hydraulic impact drive device or a pneumatic impact drive device, etc.
  • the hydraulic impact drive device or the pneumatic impact drive device includes a power impact member 4.1, etc. 2, and the impact guide member 5. 1 and the impact guide member 5. 1 and the impact guide member 5. 1 and the impact guide member 5. 1 and the impact guide member 5. 1 and the impact guide member 5. 1 with the impact guide member 5. 1 and the impact guide member 5. 1 and the impact guide member 5. 1
  • the outer portion of the impactor member is provided with an outer sleeve 26, the impact guide member 5.
  • the rolling contact is provided by the guide rolling element 5.
  • the impact drive device 4 can also employ a crank impact drive device, etc.
  • the guide roller support can also be provided as an inner body, in which case the impact guide can be provided as an outer sleeve.
  • a method for rolling friction impact mining comprises the steps of: providing a crank impact drive support frame or providing a hydraulic impact drive device cylinder portion or providing a pneumatic impact drive device cylinder portion, etc., on a support frame or in a cylinder block Partially providing a power support member, a guide rolling body support member, etc., the guide rolling body support member is disposed outside the power support member, and the impact guide member is disposed on the guide rolling body support member;
  • a cylinder body or the like is disposed on the cylinder portion, and the guiding rolling element support member is disposed outside the cylinder body, and the cylinder body and the power support member are separately or integrally connected or connected, so that the guiding rolling body support member and the cylinder body are separated or integrated. Or connecting, or separating or connecting the power support member and the guide rolling body support;
  • a power impact member or the like is disposed on the crank impact driving device or the hydraulic impact driving device or the pneumatic impact driving device, and the power impacting member is disposed in the support frame or the cylinder body, so that the support frame or the cylinder body supports the power impacting member;
  • An impact guide or the like is disposed outside the support frame or outside the cylinder body, and the guide rolling body is disposed between the guide rolling body support member and the impact guide member, and the impact guide member outside the support frame or the impact guide member outside the cylinder body and the impact The head connecting; causing the power impacting member to drive the impact head and/or the impact guiding member to impact, the power impact and the impact guiding member are separately or integrally connected or connected, so that the guiding rolling body support member and the impact guiding member disposed outside the power supporting member
  • the multi-point support rolling reciprocating device is formed, so that the multi-point supporting rolling reciprocating device supports the impact head impact at multiple points, thereby maximally widening the righting width of the impact head, increasing the supporting force of
  • the impact drive device 4 is a crank impact drive device 4.2
  • the crank impact drive device 4.2 also includes a crank assembly, a power component, etc.
  • a rolling reciprocating device 5 ⁇ crank impact drive device 4 is provided in combination with the crank assembly of the crank impact drive device 4.6 in the lift device 9, when the rolling shuttle device 5 and the crank assembly of the crank impact drive device 4.2 are arranged in front of the lift device 9, the crank impact drive device 4 2, the guide roller body support member, the guide member includes a power support member 4.3, the guide roller body support member 5.2, etc., the guide roller body support member 2 ⁇
  • the power impact The impact guide member of the impact guide member 5.1 of the outer portion of the bracket is provided on the outside of the bracket.
  • 1 Impact, Impact guide 5. 1 Impact, impact guide 5.
  • 1. Impact, impact guide 5. 1 Impact, impact guide 5.
  • 1 Impact, impact guide 5. 1 Impact, impact guide 5.
  • the multi-point support rolling reciprocating device 5 is formed in close cooperation with the guiding rolling element support member 5.2, and the multi-point supporting rolling reciprocating device 5 supports the impact head 6 impact at a plurality of points.
  • the impact drive device 4 can also employ a hydraulic impact drive device or a pneumatic shock drive device.
  • the power support member 4. 3 and the guide roller support member 5. 2 can also be a split type.
  • the guiding rolling body, the impact guiding member and the guiding rolling body support member in the device are closely matched to form a multi-point supporting rolling reciprocating device, wherein the impact guiding member widens the righting width of the impact head to the greatest extent, and increases the impact on the impact head.
  • the righting force of the head controls the impact direction of the impact head to the greatest extent, which not only increases the length of the arm of the impact guide, but also reduces the impact of the impact head on the impact guide, preventing the impact drive from being screened. Damage to forces and reaction forces increases the life of the equipment.
  • the impact driving device 4 includes a hydraulic impact driving device or air pressure
  • the squirrel-carrying device includes a cylinder block 4.4 or the like, or a pneumatic impact drive device including a cylinder block. 2, the power support member 4. 3 externally, the power support member 4. 3, the power support member 4. 3, the power support member 4. 3 2 ⁇ Cylinder body 4. 4, the cylinder block 4. 4 and the power support member 4. 3 is split or integrated, guiding the rolling element support 5 ⁇ The upper part of the cylinder 4. 4, the guide rolling element support 5. 2 and the cylinder 4. 4 split or integrated, crank impact drive 4. 2, hydraulic impact drive or pneumatic shock drive The setting of the impacting member 5. 1 setting of the power impacting member 4.
  • 1 and the guiding rolling element support 5.2 closely cooperate to form a multi-point supporting rolling reciprocating device 5, the multi-point supporting rolling reciprocating device 5 supports the impact head 6 impact at multiple points.
  • the impact drive device 4 can also employ a hydraulic impact drive device or a pneumatic shock drive device.
  • the power support member 4. 3 and the guide roller support member 5. 2 can also be a split type.
  • a rolling friction impact mining machine includes a fuselage 1, a lifting device 9, a running portion 2, a reciprocating impact portion 3, and the like.
  • the reciprocating impact portion 3 includes an impact driving device 4, a rolling reciprocating device 5, and the like.
  • the drive unit 4 includes a hydraulic impact drive device or a pneumatic impact drive device, etc., and the hydraulic impact drive device includes a cylinder block 4. 4 or the like or a pneumatic impact drive device including a cylinder block 4. 4 parts, etc., the cylinder block 4.
  • the portion includes the power support member 2 ⁇ The two-way, the power support member 4.3 and the guide roller support member 5. 2 is integrated 2 ⁇ 4.
  • the guide rolling element support 5. 2 is set in the cylinder 4. 4, The power impact member 4. 1 etc., the power impact member 4. 1 etc., the power impact member 4. 1 etc., the power impact member 4. 1 5 ⁇ 4.
  • the cylinder is disposed in the cylinder 4. 5 4 Externally, the outer portion of the support frame or the outer casing of the cylinder 4. 4 is externally disposed outside the support frame or the outer casing of the cylinder 4. 4 2 ⁇
  • the impactor is provided in the case of the power bearing member 4. 3 and the impact bearing member 5. 1 ⁇ 4.
  • the power impact member 4. 1 is connected to the impact head 6.
  • the power impact member is connected to the impact head 6 or split, the power impact member 4. 1 The impact head 6 and / or the impact guide 5.
  • the impact drive unit 4 can also be used to drive the impact drive unit 4 and the like.
  • the power support member 4. 3 and the guide roller support member 5. 2 can also be separated or connected.
  • the guide frame includes a power support member 4. 3, guide 2, integrally with the rolling bearing support member 5.
  • 2 is a one-piece, crank impact drive device.
  • the support is supported by a power impactor.
  • the support is placed in the support frame, and the guide rolling element is disposed between the support cymbal and the power impactor 4.1, so that the support frame supports the power impact.
  • the impact guides on the outside of the support frame are disposed between the guide roller support member 5.2 and the impact guide member 5.1.
  • the impact guide member 5.1 and the guide rolling body branch 5.2, the guide rolling body 5.
  • the power impact member 4. 1 the power support member 4. 3 tight fit to form a multi-point support rolling reciprocating device 5, the multi-point support rolling reciprocating device 5 through the rolling friction support impact head 6 Shock. .
  • a method for rolling friction impact mining comprises the steps of: providing a dimple on the guiding rolling body support or providing a dimple on the impact guiding member, and positioning the guiding rolling body on the guiding rolling body support, impact guiding Between the pieces and disposed in the dimples, the dimples limit the rolling space and position of the guiding rolling bodies; the guiding rolling element supports, the impact guiding members and the guiding rolling elements rolling in the dimples are tightly engaged and rolled by the guiding rolling bodies
  • the impact guiding member reciprocates, and the reaction force generated by the impact head impacting the coal wall or the rock wall is applied to the rolling reciprocating device, thereby preventing the crank impact driving device or the hydraulic impact driving device or the pneumatic impact driving device from being subjected to impact reaction screening.
  • the damage of the force, the rolling reciprocating device corrects the impact direction of the impact head, ensures that the next impact action of the impact head is applied to the object to be excavated, and the walking part drives the body to realize continuous reciprocating impact mining.
  • the impact driving device 4 is a curved The guide roller body support member 5. 5.
  • the guide roller body support member 5. The guide roller body member 5.
  • the guide roller member support member 5. 2, the impact guide member 5. 1 and the pit 16.1, the guide roller body support member 5.
  • the impact of the impactor 5. The reciprocating motion of the impactor 5.
  • the impact of the impactor is impacted by the impactor.
  • the reaction force generated by the coal wall or the rock wall is applied to the rolling reciprocating device 5 to prevent the crank impact drive device 4.2 or the hydraulic impact drive device or the pneumatic impact drive device from being damaged by the impact reaction, rolling and reciprocating.
  • the device 5 corrects the impact direction of the impact head 6 to ensure that the next impact action of the impact head 6 is applied to the object to be excavated.
  • the impact drive device 4 can also employ a hydraulic impact drive device or a pneumatic shock drive device.
  • the impact guide member 5. 1 is provided with a recess 16.1 and the like.
  • the rolling reciprocating device is provided with a dimple, and the guiding rolling elements are arranged in the dimples, and the dimples are arranged to arrange the guiding rolling bodies.
  • the guiding rolling bodies are not squeezed during operation, so that Producing mutual reverse friction, greatly reducing energy loss, increasing service life and reducing maintenance.
  • the swells are provided with a dimple 16.1, etc., a dimple 16.
  • the guide rolling element is disposed between the impact guides 5. 1 and the pits 16.1, and the guide rolling elements are provided.
  • the reciprocating motion of the impact guiding member 5.1, the rolling contact is made by the rolling contact.
  • the reaction force generated by the impact head 6 striking the coal wall or the rock wall is applied to the rolling reciprocating device 5, preventing the crank impact driving device 4.2 or the hydraulic impact driving device or the pneumatic impact driving device from being subjected to the impact reaction. Damaged, the rolling reciprocating device 5 corrects the impact direction of the impact head 6, and ensures that the next impact action of the impact head 6 is applied to the object to be excavated.
  • the impact drive device 4 can also employ a hydraulic impact drive device or a pneumatic impact drive device.
  • a method for rolling friction impact mining comprises the steps of: providing a raceway on the guide rolling body support member or providing a raceway on the impact guide member or providing a raceway on the guide rolling body support member and the impact guide member;
  • the guiding rolling element support member, the impact guiding member and the guiding rolling body rolling in the raceway are tightly engaged by the guiding rolling, and the dust is rubbed and stretched, and the impact S is inferior to the moving piece ⁇ . ⁇ 3 ⁇ 4] 13 ⁇ 41 5 ⁇ .
  • the reciprocating motion of the impact guide member 5.1 is achieved by the rolling contact.
  • the impact drive device 4 can also employ a hydraulic impact drive device or a pneumatic shock drive device.
  • the impingement guide member 5 can also be provided with a raceway 16. 2 or a raceway 16. 2 is provided on both the guide roller support member 5. 2 and the impact guide member 5.
  • the guiding rolling elements are arranged in the raceway, so that the device can realize the rolling friction reciprocating motion, and the guiding rolling body acts as a rolling friction, and reduces the reciprocating impact portion when the sliding friction is used as the support.
  • the frictional resistance in operation, the guiding rolling element greatly increases the function of absorbing shock reaction force, has good running effect, simple structure, less wearing parts, low production cost and stable performance.
  • the raceway is provided in the raceway 16.2, and the raceway is supported by the rolling element.
  • the reciprocating motion of the impact guide member 5.1 is achieved by the rolling contact.
  • the impact drive unit 4 can also be used with a crank impact drive unit.
  • the guide roller body support can also be provided with a raceway or a raceway on both the guide roller body support and the impact guide.
  • the rest are the same as in the embodiment 19.
  • the sliding body 5. 3, guided by the rolling guide 5.1, the guiding rolling element 5. 3, guiding 2, The guide roller body 5.
  • the guide roller body 5. 2, the guide roller body 5. 3 is limited to the guide rolling body 5.
  • the rolling contact is made by the rolling element 5.
  • 3 is tightly engaged by the guiding rolling element 5.
  • 3 rolling friction makes the rolling element 5.
  • the impact guide member 5.1 reciprocates.
  • the impact drive device 4 can also employ a hydraulic impact drive device or a pneumatic shock drive device.
  • a method for rolling friction impact mining comprises the steps of: providing a guiding rolling body support member, an impact guiding member, a cage, a guiding rolling body, and providing a cage between the guiding rolling body supporting member and the impact guiding member,
  • the guiding rolling body is disposed on the retainer, the thickness of the retaining frame is smaller than the diameter of the guiding rolling body, and the two portions of the guiding rolling body above the retaining frame are respectively disposed on the guiding rolling body support member and the impact guiding member, so that the retaining frame is separately set or fixed.
  • guiding the rolling element support or fixing to the impact guide
  • the guiding rolling element support member and the impact guiding member are closely matched with the guiding rolling elements in the retaining frame to reciprocate the impact guiding member by rolling friction, and the retaining frame limits the rolling space and position of the guiding rolling body;
  • the impact guiding member is connected with the impact head or is integrated, so that the power impacting member drives the impact head impact, and the reaction discriminating force generated by the impact head impacting the coal wall or the rock wall is applied to the rolling reciprocating device, thereby preventing the crank impact driving device Or the hydraulic impact drive device or the pneumatic impact drive device is damaged by the impact reaction, and the rolling reciprocating device corrects the impact direction of the impact head to ensure that the next impact action of the impact head is applied to the object to be excavated, and the walking portion drives the body to walk. Realize continuous mining of reciprocating impact.
  • the sliding body support is provided by the guide roller body 5. 3, the guide roller body support 2, The guide roller body 5. 3, and the impact guide member 5.1.
  • the diameter of the guide roller body is less than that of the guide rolling element 5.3. 5 ⁇ 16
  • the impactor guide member 5. 2, the impact guide member 5. 2 and the holder 16 The singularity of the slidable space and the position of the cage. .
  • the impact drive device 4 can also employ a hydraulic impact drive device or a pneumatic shock drive device.
  • the cage 16.3 can also be fixed to the guide roller support 5. 2 or to the impact guide 5. 1 and so on.
  • the guiding rolling elements are arranged on the cage, so that the device can realize the rolling friction reciprocating motion, and the guiding rolling body acts as a rolling friction, and the sliding is reduced as a ft.
  • Temporary The frictional resistance in operation, the guiding rolling element greatly enhances the function of absorbing shock reaction force, has good running effect, simple structure, less wearing parts, low production cost and stable performance.
  • the sliding body support member 5. 2, the guide roller body support member 5. 2, the guide roller body support member 5. 2, the guide roller body support member 5. 2, the guide roller body support member 5. 2, the guide roller body support member 5. 2, the guide roller body support member 5. 2 1 ⁇
  • the impact guide member 5. 1 is fixed to the impact guide member 5. 1.
  • the cage 16. 3 can also be fixed to the guide roller support 5. 2 and so on.
  • the sliding body support member 5. 2, the guide roller body support member 5. 2, the guide roller body support member 5. 2, the guide roller body support member 5. 2, the guide roller body support member 5. 2, the guide roller body support member 5. 2 2 ⁇ The guide roller body support member 5. 2 is fixed to the guide roller support member 5. 2.
  • the impact guide 5. 1 can also be provided with a raceway 16. 2 and so on.
  • a method of rolling friction impact mining the steps of the method are: Combining the rolling reciprocating device with the crank assembly of the crank impact driving device or combining the rolling reciprocating device with the hydraulic impact driving device or combining the rolling reciprocating device with the pneumatic impact driving device in the supporting box;
  • An impact head is disposed at both ends of the impact guide protruding from the support box or an impact head is disposed at one end of the impact guide. The other end is disposed to prevent the impact head from being unbalanced by the gravity unbalanced rolling reciprocating device, the impact driving device and/or the machine
  • the weight member of the body, or an impact head is disposed at one end of the impact guide member, and the end portion of the power impact member protruding from the support box is connected or separated from the impact head; the guide rolling body support member, the cylinder block and the support box body are The split body is arranged or set to be integrated or connected, so that the support box protects the power impact member and the impact guide member from dust and sewage pollution.
  • the rolling reciprocating device 5 includes a guiding rolling body support member 5.
  • the impact guiding member 5.1, etc., the impact driving device 4 includes a crank impact The crank component assembly of the rolling impact device 5 and the crank impact drive device 4.2. The combination of the crank assembly and the crank impact drive device 4.2.
  • the impacting head 6 is disposed at both ends of the impact guiding member 5.1, and the end of the supporting member 13 is connected to the impact head 6.
  • a split body, a hydraulic impact drive device or a pneumatic impact drive device comprising a cylinder body 4.4, etc., a guide rolling element support member 5.
  • a cylinder block 4. 4 the support box body 13 is split or integrated, the support box body 13 Protective power impacting parts 4. 1. Impact guiding parts 5.1, etc. are not corroded by dust and sewage.
  • the impact drive device 4 can also employ a hydraulic impact drive device or a pneumatic shock drive device.
  • the impact guide can also be provided with an impact head at one end and the other end of the impact head to prevent the impact head from being unbalanced due to gravity imbalance. 5, the impact drive and/or the weight of the fuselage or the like or the impact head is provided only at one end.
  • the support box has a simple, reasonable, compact and compact structure, small size, light weight, relatively small wear, perfect function, strong resistance to impact and strong impact reaction.
  • a rolling friction impactor the rolling reciprocating device 5 includes a guiding rolling body support member 5.
  • the one end of the impact head 6 is provided at one end. The other end of the impact head 6 is provided to prevent the impact head 6 from being unbalanced by the gravity.
  • the impactor is not subject to dust or sewage pollution.
  • the impact drive device can also employ a crank impact drive or the like.
  • the impact guide can also be provided with an impact head at both ends or with an impact head only at one end.
  • Example 28 The rest is the same as in embodiment 26.
  • Example 28
  • a method for rolling friction impact mining comprising the steps of: connecting or splitting a power impact member with an impact head;
  • a tamper-proof mechanism is arranged at one or both ends of the power impacting member, and the tamper-proof mechanism is set as a rotating structure or a split structure, and the rotating structure of the tamper-proof mechanism is set as a joint bearing or a steering joint or a ball cage type Knuckle or cross universal joint or ball head buckle groove or curved buckle groove type;
  • the rotating structure or the split structure of the anti-screening mechanism is used in conjunction with the rolling reciprocating device to force the rotating structure to rotate or separate the split structure to isolate the impact reaction.
  • the power impacting member 4.1 is connected to the impact head 6 or split or integrated, one end of the power impact member 4.1 is set
  • the anti-screening mechanism 17 and the like, the anti-screening mechanism 17 is set as a rotating structure, and the rotating structure of the anti-sampling mechanism 17 is set as an arc-type buckle-groove type anti-screening mechanism 17.1, an arc-type buckle-groove type anti-screening mechanism ⁇ 1 ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ 1 1.
  • the upper or the same as the impact head 6 is integrated with the impact member 4.1.
  • the movable projection of the groove 17.1 is fastened to the impact head 6 or integrated with the impact head 6.
  • the rotating structure of the discriminating mechanism 17 is used in conjunction with the rolling reciprocating device 5, and the rotating structure is subjected to the force of the rotation to isolate the impact reaction.
  • the power impacting member 4.1 drives the impact head 6 to impact, and the impact head 6 strikes the coal wall or the rock wall.
  • the reaction discriminating force is applied to the rolling reciprocating device 5.
  • Power shock parts 4. 1 Both ends can also be equipped with anti-screening mechanism ⁇ .
  • the anti-screening mechanism can also be set as a split structure.
  • the rotating structure of the anti-screening mechanism 17 can also be configured as a joint bearing or steering joint or a ball cage type joint or a cross universal joint or a curved buckle type anti-screening mechanism.
  • An anti-smashing mechanism is arranged between the power impacting member of the impact driving device and the impact head, and the rotating structure of the anti-picking mechanism is subjected to force rotation or the split structure is separated by the separation force, thereby reducing the impact reaction force on the power impact
  • the screening of the parts prevents damage to the impact drive.
  • a rolling friction impact mining machine is provided with a tamper-proof mechanism 17 and the like at both ends of the power impacting member 4.
  • Example 30 The rest is the same as in Example 28.
  • Example 30
  • the end of the power impacting member 4.1 is provided with a tamper-proof device, and the one end of the power impacting member 4.1 is provided with a tamper-proof device.
  • the anti-screening mechanism 17 is set to a rotating structure, and the rotation structure of the anti-screening mechanism 17 is set as a ball-cage type universal joint anti-theft mechanism 17.2, the rotating structure of the anti-screening mechanism 17 and the rolling reciprocating mechanism
  • the device 5 is used in combination, the rotating structure is subjected to the force of rotation to isolate the impact reaction, and the power impacting member 4.1 drives the impact head 6 to impact, and the reaction force generated by the impact head 6 striking the coal wall or the rock wall is applied to the rolling reciprocating force.
  • Device 5 is used in combination, the rotating structure is subjected to the force of rotation to isolate the impact reaction, and the power impacting member 4.1 drives the impact head 6 to impact, and the reaction force generated by the impact head 6 striking the coal wall or the rock wall is applied to the rolling reciprocating force.
  • Example 31 The rest is the same as in Example 28.
  • Example 31
  • the power impact member 4.1 is connected to the impact head 6 or split or integrated, the power impact member 4.1 is provided with a tamper-proof mechanism at one end.
  • the cross-linking mechanism is included in the cross-linking mechanism, and the cross-linking mechanism is set to a cross-linking mechanism.
  • the cross universal joint fork and the like, the cross universal joint fork realizes the relative movement through the cross shaft connection, and the rotating structure of the anti-discrimination mechanism 17 is used in conjunction with the rolling reciprocating device 5, and the rotating structure is subjected to the force to rotate, isolate the impact reaction, and the power impact
  • the member 4.1 drives the impact head 6 to impact, and the reaction discriminating force generated by the impact head 6 against the coal wall or the rock wall is applied to the rolling reciprocating device 5.
  • Example 32 The rest is the same as in Example 28.
  • Example 32
  • the power impact member 4.1 is connected to the impact head 6 or split or integrated, the two ends of the power impact member 4.1 are set to prevent The mechanism 17 and the like, the one end anti-scrapping mechanism 17 is set as a rotating structure, and the other end anti-sliding mechanism 17 is set as a split structure anti-screening mechanism 17.4, the rotation structure of the anti-screening mechanism 17 is set as a cross universal joint, The rotating structure and the split structure of the anti-screening mechanism 17 are used in conjunction with the rolling reciprocating device 5, the rotating structure is subjected to the force rotation and the split structure is isolated and the impact is counteracted, and the power impacting member 4.1 drives the impact head 6 impact, the impact head 6 The reaction discriminating force generated by the impact of the coal wall or the rock wall is applied to the rolling reciprocating device 5.
  • Example 33 The rest is the same as in Example 28.
  • Example 33
  • a method for rolling frictional impact mining comprising the steps of: providing a fixed support member, a buffer support member on a lifting device or a reciprocating impact portion or a frame, or a reciprocating impact portion when a fixed support member is disposed on the lifting device Providing a buffer support member thereon, or providing a buffer support member on the lifting device when the fixed support member is disposed on the frame;
  • the buffering member and the buffering guide are disposed, and the buffering member is disposed between the fixed supporting member and the buffering support member or between the lifting device and the frame or between the lifting device and the reciprocating impact portion, and the buffer guiding member is disposed on the fixed support And the buffering support member is disposed on the lifting device and the frame or the buffer guiding member is disposed on the lifting device and the reciprocating impact portion;
  • the buffer member When the power impact member drives the impact head impact, and the impact reaction force is applied to the buffer support member and the fixed support member or applied to the lifting device and the frame or applied to the lifting device and the reciprocating impact portion, the buffer member deforms to absorb the impact reaction Force, the buffer guide controls the buffer direction so that the buffer is a reciprocating linear buffer, preventing the directional sway of the impact head during buffering.
  • the support member 9.5 and the cushioning support are fixed support members 9.5, etc., in the fixed support member 9.5 and the cushioning support, as shown in Fig. 45, the friction support, the friction support device, the lifting support device 9
  • the yokes are provided with a cushioning member 9. 7 and the like, and the cushioning support member is provided with a cushioning member 9. 8 and the like, the power impacting member 4. 1 driving the impact head 6 impact, when The shock absorbing force is applied to the cushioning support member 9.6 and the fixed support member 9.5.
  • the cushioning member 9.7 deforms to absorb the impact reaction force
  • the buffer guide member 9.8 controls the buffering direction to make the cushioning a reciprocating linear buffer to prevent The impact head 6 has no directional sway during buffering.
  • the buffering method and structure adopted by the equipment do not cause twisting and shearing on the fuselage and the reciprocating impact portion, which reduces the impact on the running part and the fuselage, greatly reduces many mining faults and prolongs the service life of the fuselage. Improve work efficiency.
  • the cushioning member has a rebounding force and increases the impact effect.
  • the cushioning member can absorb the stored impact energy and release the impact energy in the next impact cycle, further increasing the impact force of the reciprocating impact material.
  • the cushioning sleeve of the cushioning device is slidably coupled to the fuselage to enhance the force of the reaction force generated by the cushioning device when absorbing the impact coal seam or rock formation.
  • a rolling frictional impact mining machine the lifting device 9 or the reciprocating impact portion 3 includes a fixed support member 9.5 and a buffer support member 9.6, etc.
  • the lifting device 9 is provided with a fixed support s, etc.
  • a cushioning member is provided between the fixed support member 9.5 and the cushioning support member 9.6.
  • the fixed support is 9.5 and the fixed support is provided on the cushioning support member 9.6.
  • the impactor is applied to the cushioning support member 9.6 and the fixed support.
  • the damper absorbing force is a shock absorber
  • the cushioning member 9.8 absorbs the impact reaction force
  • the buffer guide member 9.8 is a control buffer.
  • the direction is such that the buffer is a reciprocating linear buffer to prevent the impact head 6 from swaying during the buffering.
  • An angle adjuster 18 is provided between the impact head 6 and the rocker arm lifting device 9 or the impact head 6 and the body 1, and the angle adjuster 18 adjusts the impact direction of the impact head 6.
  • the buffering method and structure adopted by the equipment do not cause twisting and shearing on the fuselage and the reciprocating impact portion, which reduces the impact on the running part and the fuselage, greatly reduces many mining faults and prolongs the service life of the fuselage. Improve work efficiency.
  • the cushioning member 9 and the like are provided on the lifting device 9 and the frame 19.
  • the impactor is driven by the impactor member 4.
  • the shocking force is applied to the cushioning support member 9.6 and the fixed support member 9.5 or applied to the lifting device 9 and the frame 19 or applied to the lifting device 9.
  • the cushioning member 9.7 deforms to absorb the impact reaction force
  • the buffer guide member 9.8 controls the buffering direction to make the cushioning a reciprocating linear buffer to prevent the impingement head 6 from swaying during the buffering.
  • the buffering method and structure adopted by the equipment do not cause twisting and shearing on the fuselage and the reciprocating impact portion, which reduces the impact on the running part and the fuselage, greatly reduces many mining faults and prolongs the service life of the fuselage. Improve work efficiency.
  • a method for rolling friction impact mining comprising the steps of: setting the buffer support as a buffer guide sleeve when the fixed support is set as the buffer guide, or when the buffer support is set as the buffer guide; Setting the fixed support as a buffer guide sleeve;
  • the buffer guide member is slidably engaged with the buffer guide sleeve, and when the guide boss or the guide groove is disposed on the buffer guide member, the guide groove or the guide boss is correspondingly disposed on the buffer guide sleeve, and the guide boss is protruded
  • a buffer member is disposed on both sides, and the buffer guiding sleeve is fastened on the buffer guiding member, and the buffer guiding member, the buffering member and the buffer guiding sleeve are matched to form a buffer function of the bidirectional guiding structure;
  • the dynamic impact member drives the impact head impact, the impact reaction discriminating force is applied to the bidirectional structure guiding buffer device, and the bidirectional structure guiding buffer device absorbs the impact reaction force;
  • the bidirectional structure guiding buffer device is disposed on the rack or disposed on the lifting device or disposed on the reciprocating impact portion or on the lifting device and the frame or on the lifting device and the reciprocating impact portion;
  • the power impacting member drives the impact head to reciprocate, so that the buffering member at the front of the guiding boss and the cushioning member at the rear of the guiding boss absorb the impact reaction force of the impact head, so that the buffer guiding sleeve and the buffer guiding member slide relative to each other linearly, so as to guide the buffer
  • the cushioning sleeve and the cushioning member cooperate to absorb the impact reaction force of the impact head and control the buffering direction to be a reciprocating linear buffer, prevent the impact drive device and the rolling reciprocating device from swaying in a direction, and stabilize the impact direction of the impact head.
  • the lifting device 9 or the reciprocating impact portion 3 or the fuselage 1 comprises a fixed support member 9.5, a cushioning support member 9.6, etc., when the support member is fixed 5 ⁇ 9.
  • the support member 9. When the buffer support member 9.6 is set as the buffer guide member 9.8, the fixed support member is fixed. 5 or guide groove yoke or guide groove yoke or guide groove yoke or guide groove yoke or guide groove yoke or guide groove yoke or guide groove yoke or guide groove yoke or guide groove yoke or guide groove
  • the linear guide reciprocating sliding or cushioning guide sleeve is provided on the two sides of the convex portion of the convex portion.
  • the drive cushioning member 8.1 is driven by the impact guide member.
  • the shock absorbing member is slidable along the buffer guide sleeve.
  • the buffer guide member 9.8, the buffer member 9.7 and the buffer guide sleeve are formed into a bidirectional structure guiding buffer device, and the power impact member is driven by the impact head 4. , impact reaction discriminating force is applied to the bidirectional structure guide
  • the bidirectional structure guiding buffer device absorbs the impact reaction force
  • the impact guide member 5.1 is provided with an impact head 6 at one end or the impact head 6 at one end is provided at the other end to prevent the impact head 6 from being unbalanced due to gravity imbalance.
  • the front part of the guide head 9. 9 drive and drive the impact head 6 reciprocating motion, the guide boss 9.
  • the shock absorbing force of the impact head 9 is absorbed by the shock absorbing member of the impact head 9.6.
  • the cushioning guide member 9.8, the buffer guide sleeve and the cushioning member 9.7 are matched to absorb the impact reaction force of the impact head 6 and
  • the buffer direction is controlled by a reciprocating linear buffer, and the buffer guide sleeve is fitted with the buffer guide 9.8 to slide linearly, thereby preventing the lifting device 9 and the impact driving device 4 and the rolling reciprocating device 5 from swaying in a direction, thereby stabilizing the impact direction of the impact head 6.
  • the buffer guiding member and the buffering member of the device cooperate with the buffer guiding sleeve to form a bidirectional guiding structure buffering device, and the lifting device is disposed on the bidirectional guiding structure buffering device, and the bidirectional guiding structure buffering device increases the buffering effect and effectively protects the device.
  • Lifting device 9 or the fuselage 1 includes a fixed support member 9.5, a buffer support member 9.6, etc., the fuselage 1 is provided with a fixed support member 9.5, etc. 5 ⁇ 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9
  • the buffer member 9.7 and the buffer guide sleeve constitute a bidirectional structure guiding buffer device
  • the power impact member 4.1 drives the impact head 6 impact
  • the impact reaction discriminating force is applied to the bidirectional structure guiding buffer device
  • the bidirectional structure guiding Buffer device absorbs shock reaction
  • the impact guide 6 is provided at both ends of the impact guide 5 or the end is provided with an impact head 6 and the other end is provided to prevent the impact head 6 from being unbalanced by gravity unbalanced rolling reciprocating device 5, impact drive device 4, lifting device 9 and/or machine
  • the absorbing member of the impact head 6 is occluded by the cushioning member 9 of the rear portion of the rear end of the ninth portion.
  • the slidable relative to the straight line prevents the undulation of the lifting device 9, the impact driving device 4, the rolling reciprocating device 5, and the like, and stabilizes the impact direction of the impact head 6.
  • the suffixing structure includes a retaining member 9.10, etc., the cushioning support member includes a retaining member, and the like.
  • the slidable guide member 9.8 is prevented from falling off relative to the buffer guide sleeve when it slides back and forth relative to the buffer guide sleeve. 5 ⁇ , ⁇ 9,
  • the buffer guide member 9.8 is arranged in a separate manner or in one piece, or the retaining member 9. 10 and the buffer guide sleeve are provided separately or in one piece.
  • a method for rolling friction impact mining comprising the steps of: providing a fixed support member, a buffer support member on a lifting device or a reciprocating impact portion or a frame, or a reciprocating impact when a fixed support member is disposed on the lifting device
  • a buffer support member is disposed on the upper portion, or a fixed support member is disposed on the frame, that is, a buffer support member is correspondingly disposed on the lifting device or a fixed support member is disposed on the frame to make the corresponding reciprocating impact portion Buffer support
  • the rotary power source motor or the hydraulic motor or the air motor of the reciprocating impact portion is disposed on the lifting device or disposed on the frame or provided with the reciprocating impact portion or disposed on the lifting device and the frame or disposed at the reciprocating impact portion and lifting
  • a rotating power buffer device is arranged on the frame and the reciprocating impact portion, so that the rotary power buffer device prevents the motor or the hydraulic motor or the air motor from being damaged by the impact reaction force;
  • the buffer member is disposed between the frame and the reciprocating impact portion or the fixed support member is
  • a buffering member is disposed between the buffering supports or a buffering member is disposed between the lifting device and the reciprocating impact portion, the buffering guide member is disposed on the frame and the reciprocating impact portion, or the buffering guide member is disposed on the fixed support member
  • the structural guiding buffer device and the sliding stroke spline bushing buffer device or the belt cushioning device cooperate to absorb and cushion the impact reaction force of the impact head and guide the buffer direction to prevent the impact reaction force from damaging the rotary power source member or lifting
  • the device or the frame ensures that the impact direction of the impact head is directed toward the object to be purchased.
  • the slewing power source member 9. The rotary power source member 9.
  • the rotary power source member 9. The rotary power source member 9.
  • the damper device includes a damper device, and the damper device includes a damper device, and the damper device includes a damper device. Or structurally oriented buffers, etc.
  • the rotary power absorbing device is disposed between the rotary power source member 9.11 and the rotary impact transmission member 9.12 or disposed on the rotary impact transmission member 9.12, the rotary power absorbing device includes a sliding stroke spline bushing buffer device 20 or a belt buffer
  • the sliding stroke section is provided between the spline shaft 20.1 and the spline sleeve 20.2, and the spline shaft 20.1 and the spline sleeve 20.2,
  • the sliding stroke segment reciprocates when impacted to absorb the impact reaction force.
  • the belt cushioning device 21 includes a driving pulley 21.1, a driven pulley 21. 2, a belt 21. 3, etc., the driving pulley 21.1 is fixed on the fixed supporting member 9.5, and the driving pulley 21.1 is connected with the driving shaft of the motor. , driven pulley 21. 2 set The pulley 21 is provided with a belt tensioning device 21. 4, etc., and the driven pulley 21. 2 is subjected to the impact movement by the cushioning support 9.6, and the belt 21. 3 absorbs the impact reaction force.
  • the belt cushioning device 21 prevents the motor from being damaged.
  • the tensioner is disposed inside or outside the belt 21. 3, and the tensioner comprises a tensioning wheel, a tensioning wheel frame, a tension spring, a tension adjusting rod, a tensioning seat, etc., and the tensioning wheel is arranged in tension On the wheel frame, the tensioning wheel frame is provided with a guiding hole, etc., one end of the tension adjusting rod is a polished rod, the other end is a screw rod, and a shoulder is arranged in the middle, and the tensioning wheel frame passes through the guiding hole and the polished rod end of the tension adjusting rod Cooperating, the screw end of the tension adjusting rod is screwed with the tensioning seat, the tension spring is arranged between the tensioning wheel frame and the shoulder, and the tensioning wheel is pressed against the belt by the elastic force of the spring 21. 3, relying on the wire The length of the screw and the tension of the tensioning seat adjust the tension.
  • the viscous guide member 9.8 is disposed between the fixed support member 9.5 and the cushioning support member 9.6.
  • the damper direction is controlled by the buffering guide 9.8 while the shock absorbing force is absorbed by the cushioning member 9.7.
  • the structure guiding buffer device cooperates with the sliding stroke spline bushing buffer device or the belt buffering device to absorb and cushion the impact reaction force of the reciprocating impact portion and guide the buffering direction to prevent the rotating power source member from being damaged by the bufferless directional rocking or Lifting device or frame, etc., to ensure that the impact direction of the impact head is toward the object to be purchased.
  • the spline shaft and the spline sleeve of the sliding stroke spline bushing buffer device cooperate with each other to transmit power and reciprocally slide and cushion, so that only the torque is not affected by the axial force, the vibration isolation effect is good, and the excavation process
  • the medium dynamic sliding resistance is small, effectively protecting the impact head; in the process of impact blanking and impact vibration transmission in the reciprocating impact portion, the device decomposes the impact reaction force through the reciprocating sliding buffer, so that the power source component is protected from damage, and the power source is greatly improved.
  • the rotary power source member can also be a hydraulic motor or a pneumatic motor.
  • the frame 19 is provided with a fixed support member 9.5, etc.
  • the lifting device 9 is correspondingly provided with a buffer support member 9..6, etc.
  • a buffer device is arranged between the frame 19 and the lifting device 9, and the buffer device includes a rotary power. Buffer device or structure guiding buffer device, etc.
  • the visor 19 and the lifting device 9 are disposed between the frame 19 and the lifting device 9.
  • the buffer guiding member 9.8 is disposed on the frame 19 and the lifting device.
  • the control guide buffering device and the sliding stroke spline bushing cushioning device 20 or the belt cushioning device 21 are controlled by the cushioning member 9.8 while absorbing the impact reaction force.
  • the impact reaction force on the reciprocating impact portion 3 is matched Absorbing the buffer and guiding the buffering direction to prevent the rotating power source member 9.11 or the lifting device 9 or the frame 19 and the like from being damaged by the directional sway of the buffer, and ensuring that the impact direction of the impact head 6 is directed toward the object to be purchased.
  • Example 0 The rest is the same as in Example 38.
  • Example 0 The rest is the same as in Example 38.
  • Example 0 The rest is the same as in Example 38.
  • a rolling friction impact mining machine includes a rotary power damper or a structural guide buffer.
  • the rotary power absorbing device is disposed between the rotary power source member 9.11 and the rotary impact transmission member 9.12 or disposed on the rotary impact transmission member 9.12, the rotary power absorbing device includes a sliding stroke spline bushing buffer device 20, etc.
  • the sliding stroke section is provided between the spline shaft 20.1 and the spline sleeve 20. 2, and the sliding stroke section is received by the spline shaft 20.1 and the spline sleeve 20. Reciprocating sliding during impact absorbs shock reaction force.
  • the viscous guide member 9.8 is disposed between the fixed support member 9.5 and the cushioning support member 9.6. 5 ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇ ⁇
  • Example 41 The rest is the same as in Example 38.
  • Example 41
  • the buffer guiding member 9.8 is connected by a split type card slot.
  • the rest are the same as in the embodiment 40.
  • the slewing power source member 9.11 includes a pneumatic motor, etc., a rotary power source member 9.11, a rotary power source member 9.11, etc. 5 ⁇
  • the lifting device 9 includes a fixed support member 9.5, a buffer support member 9.6, a fixed support member 9.5 and a buffer support member 9.6 between the buffer device, the buffer device includes a rotary power buffer device or structural guide buffer Device, etc.
  • the rotary power absorbing device is disposed between the rotary power source member 9.11 and the rotary impact transmission member 9.12 or disposed on the rotary impact transmission member 9.12, the rotary power absorbing device includes a belt buffer device 21, etc., and the belt buffer device 21 includes an active 5 ⁇ , ⁇ ,
  • the main pulley 21, 1 is fixed on the fixed support 9.5, the main The movable pulley 21.1 is connected to the drive shaft of the air motor, the driven pulley 21. 2 is disposed on the buffer support 9.6, and the belt 21. 3 is disposed on the drive pulley 21.1 and the driven pulley 21. 2
  • the movable pulley 21. 2 is subjected to the impact movement, the belt 21.3 absorbs the impact reaction force, and the belt cushioning device 21 prevents the air motor from being damaged.
  • the viscous guide member 9.8 is disposed between the fixed support member 9.5 and the cushioning support member 9.6.
  • the control guide cushioning device and the sliding stroke are controlled by the cushioning member 9.8 while absorbing the impact reaction force by the cushioning member 9.7.
  • the spline bushing cushioning device 20 cooperates with the belt cushioning device 21 or the like to absorb and cushion the impact reaction force of the reciprocating impact portion 3 and guide the buffering direction to prevent the slanting power source member from being damaged by the directional sway of the buffer.
  • the device 9 or the frame 19 or the like ensures that the impact direction of the impact head 6 is directed toward the object to be purchased.
  • Example 43 The rest is the same as in Example 38.
  • Example 43
  • the lifting device 9 includes a rotary power source member 9.11, a rotary impact transmission member 9.12, etc.
  • the rotary power source member 9.11 includes a pneumatic motor, etc. 5 ⁇
  • the lifting device 9 includes a fixed support member 9.5, a buffer support member 9.6, a fixed support member 9.5 and a buffer support member 9.6 between the buffer device, the buffer device includes a rotary power buffer device or structural guide buffer Device, etc.
  • the rotary power absorbing device is disposed between the rotary power source member 9.11 and the rotary impact transmission member 9.12 or disposed on the rotary impact transmission member 9.12, the rotary power absorbing device includes a belt buffer device 21, etc., and the belt buffer device 21 includes an active Pulley 21.1, driven pulley 21. 2, belt 21. 3, etc., the driving pulley 21.1 is fixed on the fixed support 9.5, the driving pulley 21.1 is connected with the driving shaft of the air motor, the driven pulley 21 2, on the buffer support 9.6, the belt 21. 3 is set on the drive pulley 21. 1 and the driven pulley 21. 2, the belt tensioning device 21. 4 uses the drive pulley 21. 1 tension, from The movable pulley 21. 2 is subjected to the impact movement by the cushioning support 9.6, the belt 21.3 absorbs the impact reaction force, and the belt cushioning device 21 prevents the air motor from being damaged.
  • the belt cushioning device 21 includes a tensioner or the like, the tensioner includes a sliding seat, a tension spring, etc., and the driving pulley 21.1 is mounted on the sliding seat with a motor or a hydraulic motor or a pneumatic motor, and the sliding seat and the rocker arm 9. 1
  • the fixing member is slidably engaged, one end of the tensioning spring is connected with the sliding seat, and the other end is connected with the fixing arm of the rocker arm 9.1, and a certain force is applied to the sliding seat by the spring to make the belt 21. 3 tension.
  • the viscous guide member 9.8 is disposed between the fixed support member 9.5 and the cushioning support member 9.6.
  • the control buffering direction is controlled by the buffering guide 9.8, while the shock absorbing force is absorbed by the cushioning member 9.8,
  • the impact reaction force of the portion 3 is absorbed and buffered and guided to the buffer direction to prevent the rotary power source member 9.11 or the lifting device 9 or the frame 19 from being damaged by the directional sway of the buffer, so as to ensure that the impact direction of the impact head 6 is directed Things.
  • Example 44 The rest is the same as in Example 42.
  • Example 44
  • a method for rolling friction impact mining comprises the steps of: setting a lifting device as a rocker arm, setting the rocker arm as a parallelogram rocker arm or as a single rocker arm, and providing the parallelogram rocker arm with a main rocker arm and Secondary rocker arm
  • the department drives the fuselage to achieve continuous reciprocating impact mining.
  • the swaying arm 9 includes a rocker arm, a rocker arm, a rocker arm, a rocker arm, a rocker arm, a rocker arm, a rocker arm, a rocker arm, a rocker arm, a rocker arm, a rocker arm, a rocker arm, a rocker arm, a rocker arm, a rocker arm, a rocker arm, a rocker arm, a rocker arm, a rocker arm, a rocker arm, a rocker arm, a rocker arm, a rocker arm, a rocker arm, a rocker arm, a rocker arm, a rocker arm, a rocker arm, a rocker arm, a rocker arm, a rocker arm, a rocker arm, a rocker arm, a rocker arm, a rocker arm, a rocker arm, a rocker arm, a rocker arm, a rocker arm, a rocker arm 9. rocker arm 9.
  • main rocker arm 9.1.1 is hinged to the fuselage 1 and the other end is hinged to the support box 13 or the support frame
  • auxiliary rocker arm 9.1.2 is hinged to the fuselage 1 and the other end is connected to the support box.
  • the body 13 or the support frame is hinged, the main rocker arm 9.1 and / or the secondary rocker arm 9.1.2 support the reciprocating impact portion 3, the main rocker arm 9. 1. 1 and the secondary rocker arm 9. 1. 2 phase
  • the traveling portion 2 drives the body 1 to realize continuous reciprocating impact mining.
  • the impact drive device 4 includes a hydraulic impact drive device or a pneumatic impact drive device.
  • the single rocker arm 9.1, the reciprocating impact portion 3 includes a support box 13 or a support frame, etc., one end of the rocker arm 9.1 is hinged to the fuselage 1 and the other end is connected with the support box 13 or the support frame, the lift cylinder One end is hinged to the fuselage 1 and the other end is hinged with the rocker arm 9. 1 .
  • the rocker arm 9.1 swings up and down to adjust the mining direction or position of the impact head 6, ensuring that the next impact action of the impact head 6 is applied.
  • the walking part 2 drives the body 1 to realize continuous reciprocating impact mining. The rest is the same as in Embodiment 2.
  • Example 46
  • a method of rolling friction impact mining the steps of the method are:
  • the power concentric shaft section, the connecting handle and the eccentric shaft are arranged to form a multi-turn crankshaft, and the multi-turn crankshaft and the connecting rod are formed into a multi-turn crankshaft multi-bar impact mechanism;
  • One end of the power concentric shaft section of the multi-turn crankshaft is connected with the power output component of the crank impact driving device; and the other end of the power concentric shaft section is provided with two or more connecting handles and an eccentric shaft;
  • the eccentric shaft of the multi-turn crankshaft is hinged with one end of the connecting rod, so that the other end of the connecting rod is connected with the impact head or is separated or integrated, and one eccentric shaft drives more than one connecting rod to reciprocate impact to form a multi-crank cranking impact driving device .
  • the reciprocating impact portion 3 includes a support box 13 or a support frame
  • the impact drive device 4 includes a crank impact drive device 4. 2, etc.
  • the power-conducting shaft section of the crank-impact drive unit 4.2 is connected to the power-concentric shaft section 22.
  • the other end of the 1 is provided with two or more connecting shanks 22. 1. 2, eccentric shaft 22. 1. 3, multi-turn crankshaft 22. 1 power concentric shaft section 22. 1. 1 installed in the support box 13 or the support frame
  • the eccentric shaft of the crankshaft 22. 1 is hinged to one end of the connecting rod 22. 2, the other end of the connecting rod 22. 2 and the impact head 6 Connected or separately, an eccentric shaft driven by the connecting rod 22.
  • 1.3 22.2 reciprocating impact more than one rolling shuttle 5 includes a scroll shuttle 5 and the like.
  • the multi-turn crankshaft has a simple manufacturing structure, a rigid foot and a high strength, and can transmit a large rotating torque.
  • the multi-turn crankshaft has a reasonable structure and a small manufacturing volume, which can greatly reduce the weight of the reciprocating impact portion and improve the flexibility of the reciprocating impact portion. Sex.
  • the multi-turn crankshaft is composed of a plurality of eccentric shafts, etc.
  • Each of the eccentric shafts drives one power impacting member, and the other end of the power impacting member is provided with one or more impact heads, which greatly improves the mining efficiency.
  • the eccentric shafts of the multi-turn crankshaft are arranged symmetrically along the radial direction of the dynamic concentric shaft segments to form an angular difference, so that the power impacting members driven by the eccentric shafts can impact the coal seam or the rock layers in different time periods, and the same side can be
  • the reaction force generated by the impact of the dynamic impact member is converted into the power of the next dynamic impact member, and the reaction force of the one-time impact thicker coal seam or rock formation is decomposed, so that the impact force of the impact drive device is hooked and buffered. And the role of the stable body.
  • a method of rolling friction impact mining the steps of the method are:
  • the outer layer of the material is punched and the inner layer of the material is punched, so that the shape and arrangement of the teeth of the outer layer of the outer layer are favorable for flowing out the material of the inner layer of the punching material from the gap between the teeth of the outer layer;
  • the shape or arrangement of the teeth of the inner layer of the inner layer is favorable for flushing the inner layer material of the coal wall or rock wall to be mined;
  • the outer layer teeth and the inner layer material teeth are arranged side by side to form a multi-layer impact head, and the multi-layer material feeding mechanism cooperates to realize the impact blanking and discharging, and the multi-layer impact head increases the coal mining width and improves the coal mining efficiency.
  • the inner layer of the material is 6. 2, the inner layer of the material is 6.
  • the punching of the inner layer of the material is 6. 2
  • the inner layer of the material is 6.
  • the shape and arrangement of the material of the inner layer of the material is 6.2.
  • the multi-layered charging mechanism is used to stratify the thicker objects to be mined, which reduces the impact resistance of the thicker to-be-collected material without delamination, and reduces the large impact reaction force generated on the reciprocating impact portion. Damage to the fuselage reduces energy consumption during power transmission and improves work efficiency.
  • the impact tooth is a multi-row impact tooth.
  • the coal block or rock block can be decomposed, and the particles suitable for transport by the transport machine can be formed at one time, thereby avoiding excessive blockage in the mining. Difficult to transport.
  • a method of rolling friction impact mining the steps of the method are:
  • the tooth is arranged, the tooth head is arranged on the tooth, the distance between the adjacent two-layer tooth head is different, and the tooth is set as a multi-layer tooth, and the coal wall or rock wall to be mined is impacted into a step shape.
  • each step of the stepped coal wall or rock wall produces more than two relative free faces, and the compressive stress and structural strength of the stepped coal wall or rock wall relative to the original planar coal wall or rock wall are greatly reduced, so that the teeth
  • the head is connected to the teeth separately or in one piece;
  • each layer of the tooth is re-excavated, and the two opposite free faces of the stepped coal wall or the rock wall are used to impact the blanking material, thereby greatly reducing the impact resistance and avoiding the material falling from the impact head. Large blocks have appeared, reducing power consumption and improving impact efficiency.
  • the impact head 6 includes a stepped tooth punching mechanism 6.3, a stepped tooth punching mechanism 6.3. 1 .
  • the teeth of the teeth 6.3.1 are provided with a tooth head, the tooth head and the toothing 6. 3 split connection or integral, the adjacent two layers of teeth 6. 3. 1 tooth head distance is different, will be
  • the mining coal wall or rock wall is impacted into a stepped shape, and each step of the stepped coal wall or rock wall produces more than two relative free faces, and the stepped coal wall or rock wall is opposite to the original planar coal wall or rock wall. The compressive stress and structural strength are greatly reduced.
  • the coal wall or rock wall is impacted into a stepped shape and each layer is punched. 6. 3.
  • the impact is dropped. Material, greatly reduce the impact resistance, avoid excessive mass of material falling from the impact head 6, reduce power consumption, and improve impact efficiency.
  • the tooth heads may also be arranged in a spherical impact head 6 or a tapered impact head 6 or a hemispherical impact head 6 or a spade impact head 6 or a trapezoidal impact head 6 or a triangular impact head 6 or the like.
  • Punching teeth 6. 3. 1 Includes clear top teeth or clear bottom teeth or clear side teeth, etc. The top surface teeth, the clear bottom teeth, and the clear side teeth are placed on the same punch 6.3.1.
  • the stepped tooth punching mechanism can make the coal seam or rock layer step-like, and the compressive stress and structural strength of the stepped coal seam or rock layer relative to the original planar coal seam or rock stratum are greatly reduced, and each layer of impact teeth can be reasonably utilized in the step of re-excavation.
  • the two opposite free surfaces of the coal seam or the rock layer impact the blanking, which reduces the impact resistance, avoids the overgrown material of the material damaged by the impact head 6, improves the working efficiency, and saves the power consumption.
  • a method of rolling friction impact mining the steps of the method are:
  • the punching outer material tooth is arranged on the outer material rack, so that the outer material tooth is arranged on the outer material rack toward the surface to be mined; the inner layer material rack is arranged, and the inner layer material is punched to make the punch.
  • the inner layer material teeth and the inner layer material rack are connected or integrated, so that the shape or arrangement of the outer layer material teeth is favorable for flushing the outer layer material of the layer to be excavated;
  • the discharge hole is advantageous for the material flowing out of the inner layer of the material to be washed out.
  • the impact head 6 includes an outer layer of the material rack 6. 4, the outer layer of the material teeth 6. 1, the outer layer of the material rack 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6
  • the inner layer of the material is 6. 6 ⁇ ⁇ 6. 6. 2 ⁇ 6. 9. 2 ⁇ , ⁇ 6. 5 ⁇
  • the shape or arrangement of the outer layer of the teeth 6.1 is favorable for the to be excavated.
  • the shape or arrangement of the outer layer of the teeth 6.1 is advantageous for the excavation to be excavated.
  • the outer layer of the layer is washed off, and the discharge hole 6.8 is advantageous for discharging the material of the inner layer of the material 6.2, and the multi-layer material is matched to realize the impact blanking and discharging at the same time.
  • a method for rolling friction impact mining is - setting a lifting platform and a lifting platform support
  • the vertical lifting mechanism drives the reciprocating impact portion to move vertically up and down.
  • the lifting device 9 includes a vertical lifting mechanism 23, etc., and the vertical lifting mechanism 23 drives the reciprocating impact portion 3 to vertically move up and down, and the vertical lifting mechanism 23
  • the vertical lifting drive 23. 3 driving the lifting platform 23. 1 vertical lifting and lowering drive 23.3, vertical lifting drive 23. 3 using a rope and rope reel, vertical lifting drive 23. 3 driving lifting platform 23. 1 vertical lifting
  • the positioning of the lifting platform 23. 1 is locked.
  • the locking mechanism is used to position the locking device.
  • Positioning locks 23. 4 can also be used with bolts or blocks or drawstrings or hydraulic cylinders or cylinders.
  • the lifting device 9 includes a translating device 24 or the like, and the translating device 24 is disposed at the front of the body 1, and the translating device 24 translates the reciprocating impact portion 3 relative to the body 1.
  • the vertical lifting mechanism can ensure the vertical impact of the reciprocating impact, reducing the length of the lifting device, the fuselage, etc., reducing energy consumption and facilitating maintenance.
  • the lifting trajectory is linear, which enhances the stability of the lifting.
  • the lifting device 9 includes a vertical lifting mechanism 23, etc.
  • the vertical lifting mechanism 23 drives the reciprocating impact portion 3 to vertically move up and down
  • the vertical lifting mechanism 23 includes a lifting platform 23. 1 2, vertical lifting drive 23. 3, vertical lifting drive 23. 3 using hydraulic parts, vertical lifting drive 23. 3 driving lifting platform 23. 1 vertical lifting
  • vertical lifting mechanism 23 also includes positioning lock 2 Positioning and locking. 23. Positioning and locking device 23. 4 pairs of lifting platform 23. 1 positioning and locking.
  • Example 53 The rest are the same as in Example 51.
  • Example 53 The rest are the same as in Example 51.
  • Example 53
  • the lifting device 9 includes a vertical lifting mechanism 23, etc.
  • the vertical lifting mechanism 23 drives the reciprocating impact portion 3 to vertically move up and down
  • the vertical lifting mechanism 23 includes a lifting platform 23. 1 2, vertical lifting drive 23. 3, vertical lifting drive 23. 3 using auger, vertical lifting drive 23. 3 driving lifting platform 23. 1 vertical lifting
  • vertical lifting mechanism 23 also includes positioning lock 2 Positioning and locking. 23. Positioning and locking device 23. 4 pairs of lifting platform 23. 1 positioning and locking.
  • Example 54 The rest are the same as in Example 51.
  • Example 54 The rest are the same as in Example 51.
  • Example 54
  • a method of rolling friction impact mining the steps of the method are:
  • Forming a rolling guide hydraulic driving device or a rolling guiding pneumatic driving device with the power impacting member so that the guiding rolling body, the guiding rolling body support member and the power impacting member are closely matched, so that the guiding rolling body reciprocates through the rolling friction supporting power impacting member, through
  • the rolling friction controls the impact direction of the power impacting member, and the guiding rolling element support member and the cylinder body are separated or connected or integrated, and the power impacting member is separated or connected or integrated into the piston;
  • the control member is arranged to control the flow of the liquid or gas by the control member, so that the piston reciprocates under the pressure of the liquid or the gas, so that the piston drives the power impacting member to drive the impact head, and the reaction force of the impact head impacting the coal wall or the rock wall is Applied to a rolling guide hydraulic drive or a rolling guided pneumatic drive.
  • the impact driving device 4 includes a rolling guide hydraulic driving device or a rolling guiding pneumatic driving device, etc., a rolling guiding hydraulic driving device or a rolling guide
  • the reciprocating motion of the power impactor is carried out by rolling frictional support.
  • the control of the liquid or gas pressure, the piston 4.6 is driven by liquid or gas pressure.
  • Power Impactor 4. One end and piston 4. 5 can also be connected or integrated structure.
  • the cylinder block 4 is a circular cylinder block, and a square cylinder or a trapezoidal cylinder or a special cylinder or a polygonal cylinder may be used.
  • a rolling friction impact mining machine 4 includes a rolling guide hydraulic driving device or a rolling guiding pneumatic driving device, and the rolling guiding hydraulic driving device or the rolling guiding pneumatic driving device includes guiding.
  • the piston is disposed in the cylinder 4.
  • the piston is 4.
  • the piston is 4.
  • the guide body of the rolling element is 5.
  • the guiding element of the rolling element 5.
  • the power impact piece 4 4.
  • the split body of the cylinder body 4. 2 and the cylinder block 4. 4 separate body.
  • the driving force impacting member 4. 1 drives the impact head 6 impact, impact head 6 Coal hit walls or other rock breaking a reaction force that is applied to the rolling guide hydraulic drive means or pneumatic drive rolling guide.
  • the cylinder block 4 is a polygonal cylinder, and a square cylinder or a trapezoidal cylinder or a special cylinder or a circular cylinder may be used.
  • Example 56 The rest is the same as in Example 54.
  • Example 56
  • a rolling friction impact mining machine includes a rolling guide hydraulic driving device or a rolling guiding pneumatic driving device, and the like, and the rolling guiding hydraulic driving device or the rolling guiding pneumatic driving device includes 4, The cylinder 4. 4, 4, the piston 4. 4, the piston 4. 4, the cylinder 4. 4, the cylinder 4. 5 ⁇ After the piston 4. 5, the piston 4. 5, the piston 4. 5 backwards, the piston 4. 5, the piston 4. 5 backwards 5 ⁇ The movement of the piston 4. 5, the movement of the piston 4. 5, the movement of the piston. 5.
  • the cylinder block 4 is formed by a special-shaped cylinder, and a square cylinder or a trapezoidal cylinder or a polygonal cylinder or a circular cylinder may be used.
  • Example 57 The rest is the same as in Example 54.
  • Example 57
  • a method of rolling friction impact mining the steps of the method are:
  • the guiding rolling body is arranged as a piston rolling body, the guiding rolling body support is set as a cylinder body, the impact guiding member is set as a piston, the piston rolling body is arranged around the piston or disposed on one side of the piston or disposed on the piston The above side forms a rolling piston,
  • the rolling piston Under the support of the rolling elements of the piston, the rolling piston reciprocates with the rolling friction of the cylinder to form a rolling piston hydraulic driving device or a rolling piston pneumatic driving device;
  • the control member is arranged to control the flow of the liquid or gas by the control member, so that the rolling piston reciprocates under the pressure of the liquid or gas, so that the power impact member drives the impact head to impact.
  • the rolling piston hydraulic drive device and the rolling guide hydraulic drive device constitute a rolling guide rolling piston hydraulic drive device, or the rolling piston pneumatic drive device and the rolling guide pneumatic drive device form a rolling guide rolling piston pneumatic drive device, so that the control device controls the liquid or gas
  • the flow causes the rolling piston to reciprocate under the pressure of liquid or gas pressure, so that the rolling piston drives the power impacting member to drive the impact head impact, and the reaction force of the impact head impacting the coal wall or the rock wall is applied to the hydraulic driving device of the rolling guide rolling piston Or a rolling guide roller piston pneumatic drive. As shown in FIG.
  • the impact driving device 4 comprises a rolling guide rolling piston hydraulic driving device or a rolling guiding rolling piston pneumatic driving device, etc., rolling guiding rolling piston hydraulic driving device
  • the power of the rolling guide body is 4. 4, the piston is 4. 5, the piston rolling body 4.8, the guiding rolling body 5.3, the guiding rolling element support 5. 5 ⁇ 4.
  • the pistons are 4. 4 and the cylinders 4. 4.
  • the pistons are arranged in the cylinders 4. 4, the rolling pistons 4. 5 and the cylinders 4.
  • the guiding rolling element The direction of the impact of the power impacting member 4.1, guiding the rolling element support, the impacting direction of the power impacting member 4.1. 5 ⁇ 4. 2 and the cylinder 4. 4 is integrated, the control unit 4.6 control The flow of the liquid or gas, the rolling piston 4.6 reciprocating under the pressure of the liquid or gas, the piston 4.6 driving the power impacting member 4. 1 driving the impact head 6 impact, the impact head 6 impacting the coal wall or the rock wall reaction screening The force is applied to the rolling guide rolling guide hydraulic drive or the rolling guide rolling guide pneumatic drive.
  • the other end of the power impacting member 4.1 is integrally formed with the impact head 6 and may be used as a one-piece structure. Split or connected structure, etc.
  • the piston 4. 5 is provided with a sealing member 14 and the like, a sealing member 14 is disposed at both ends of the piston 4. 5, and a piston rolling body 4. 8 is disposed between the sealing members 14 at both ends.
  • the piston rolling element acts as a rolling friction, which reduces the frictional resistance during the operation of the reciprocating impact portion when the sliding friction is used as a support.
  • the piston rolling element greatly increases the function of absorbing the impact reaction force, and has good running effect, simple structure and wearing parts. Less, low production costs and stable performance.
  • the one end of the power impacting member 4. 1 is connected with the rolling piston 4.6, may also be used as a split or integrated structure, etc., the power impact member 4.1.
  • One end is connected to the impact head 6, and an integral or split structure or the like can also be used.
  • the piston 4. 5 is provided with a sealing member 14 and the like, a sealing member 14 is disposed in the middle of the piston 4. 5, and a piston rolling body 4. 8 is disposed on both sides of the sealing member 14.
  • a split body or a connecting structure may be used, and the other end of the power impacting member 4.1 is separated from the impact head 6, and an integral type or a connecting structure may be used.
  • a rolling friction impact mining machine 4 includes a rolling guide rolling piston hydraulic driving device or a rolling guiding rolling piston pneumatic driving device, etc., a rolling guiding rolling piston hydraulic driving device or rolling guide rolling 5,
  • the power impacting member 4. The piston body 4. 4, the piston rolling body 4.8, the guiding rolling element 5.3, the guiding rolling element support 5. 5 ⁇ In the cylinder rolling 4. 5, the rolling piston 4. 5, the rolling piston 4. 5 is set in the cylinder 4. 4, the rolling piston 4. 5 and the cylinder 4. 4 in the piston rolling The guide roller body support member 5. 5.
  • the slewing direction of the slewing member 5.3 is set in the cylinder. 4 ⁇ 4 and the power impact member 4.1 , Dynamic impact element 4.1, 4.4 of the cylinder, the guide rolling bodies are formed 5.3 rolling guide mating member of the power impact of 4.1.
  • the driving force of the piston is driven by a liquid or gas pressure
  • the piston is driven by a liquid or gas pressure
  • the piston is driven by a liquid or gas pressure
  • the piston is driven by a liquid or gas pressure
  • the piston is driven by a pump.
  • the impact member 4.1 drives the impact head 6 to impact, and the reaction force of the impact head 6 against the coal wall or the rock wall is applied to the rolling guide rolling guide hydraulic driving device or the rolling guiding rolling guiding pneumatic driving device.
  • the piston rolling element acts as a rolling friction, which reduces the frictional resistance during the operation of the reciprocating impact portion when the sliding friction is used as a support.
  • the piston rolling element greatly increases the function of absorbing the impact reaction force, and has good running effect, simple structure and wearing parts. Less, low production costs and stable performance.
  • a rolling friction impact mining machine 4 includes a rolling guide rolling piston hydraulic driving device or a rolling guiding rolling piston pneumatic driving device, etc., a rolling guiding rolling piston hydraulic driving device or rolling guide rolling 5,
  • the power impacting member 4. The piston body 4. 4, the piston rolling body 4.8, the guiding rolling element 5.3, the guiding rolling element support 5. 5 ⁇ In the cylinder rolling 4. 5, the rolling piston 4. 5, the rolling piston 4. 5 is set in the cylinder 4. 4, the rolling piston 4. 5 and the cylinder 4. 4 in the piston rolling 2 ⁇ 4.1. 1 ⁇ The support of the rolling element support 5. 2 and the power impact member 4. 1 The reciprocating motion and the control of the power by the rolling friction support.
  • the piston is driven by a liquid or gas pressure, and the piston is driven by a liquid or gas pressure.
  • the item 4.1 drives the impact head 6 to impact, and the reaction force of the impact head 6 against the coal wall or the rock wall is applied to the rolling guide rolling guide hydraulic driving device or the rolling guiding rolling guiding pneumatic driving device.
  • a rolling friction impactor the rolling reciprocating device 5 includes a guiding rolling body support member 5.
  • the impact guiding member 5.1, etc., the guiding rolling body support member 5 2 the first embodiment of the present invention, the first embodiment of the present invention, the first embodiment of the present invention, the first embodiment of the present invention.
  • the rolling space of the piston rolling body 4. 8 is set in the piston limiting structure, the piston limiting structure limits the rolling space of the piston rolling body 4.8. And location.
  • the guiding limit structure 16 and the piston limiting structure are pits or raceways or cages or limit blocks or limit plates or limit slots or limit rings or limit tables or limit sleeves or ball head shafts Or bearings or tunnels, etc.
  • the impact guide is provided. 1 ⁇ The retaining frame 16. 3, the retaining frame 16. 3 is the guiding limit structure 16, the guiding limit structure 16 limits the impact direction of the impact guide 5.1, or the rolling piston hydraulic drive or rolling
  • the piston pneumatic drive device comprises a cylinder body 4.4, a piston 4.6, a piston rolling body 4.8, etc., a cylinder body 4. 4, a piston 4. 5 is provided with a limit table, etc., the limit table is a piston limit structure, The scrolling space and position of the piston rolling body 4.8 are limited by the piston limiting structure.
  • the guiding limit structure 16 and the piston limiting structure are pits or raceways or cages or limit blocks or limit plates or limit slots or limit rings or limit tables or limit sleeves or ball head shafts Or bearings or tunnels, etc.
  • Example 64 A method for rolling friction impact mining, the method comprising the steps of: providing a guiding limit structure on the guiding rolling body support, the guiding rolling body and/or the impact guiding member, and positioning the guiding rolling body on the guiding rolling body support and Between the impact guides and the guide limit structure, the guide limit structure limits the rolling space and position of the guide rolling body, or the piston limit structure is arranged on the cylinder, the piston and/or the piston rolling body, and the piston is rolled The body is disposed on the piston limiting structure, so that the piston limiting structure limits the rolling space and position of the piston rolling body; and the anti-sliding mechanism is arranged at one end or both ends of the power impacting member, and the anti-scrapping mechanism is used together with the rolling reciprocating device, The reaction force generated by the impact head impacting the coal wall or the rock wall is applied to the anti-defense mechanism, and the anti-separation mechanism isolates the reaction discriminating force, so that the reaction discriminating force is applied to the
  • the buffering member is used to control the buffering direction while the structural buffering device absorbs the impact reaction force through the cushioning member.
  • the impact driving device 4 includes a rolling piston impact driving device, etc.
  • the rolling piston driving device or the rolling reciprocating device 5 includes a limiting structure, etc., limit
  • the shovel is provided with a pit 16.1, a piston, a piston, a piston, a piston, a piston, a piston, a piston, a piston, a piston, a piston, a piston.
  • the rolling space and position of the piston rolling body 4.8 are limited by the piston limiting structure.
  • the piston limiting structure limits the rolling space and position of the piston rolling body 4.8.
  • the impact guide 5 is provided on the guide roller body support member 5.
  • the projection member 5 is provided with a dimple 16.1, etc., the impact guide member 5, the guide member 5, the impact guide member 5.
  • the slanting guide member 5. 2 and the impact guide member 5 are provided on the guide roller support member 5. 2 and the impact guide member 5
  • a tamper-proof mechanism 17 is provided, and the smashing prevention mechanism 16 is provided.
  • the mechanism 17 is used in conjunction with the rolling reciprocating device 5, and the reaction force generated by the impact head 6 striking the coal wall or the rock wall is applied to the anti-screening mechanism 17, and the anti-screening mechanism 17 isolates the reaction discriminating force to discriminate the reaction.
  • the force is applied to the rolling reciprocating device 5, thereby preventing the impact driving device 4 from being damaged by the impact reaction discriminating force, and the rolling reciprocating device 5 corrects the impact direction of the impact head 6.
  • the shock absorber reaction force is formed by the cushioning member 9.7 through the cushioning member 9.7 while absorbing the impact reaction force.
  • the buffer direction is controlled by a buffer guide 9.8.
  • the piston limit structure can also be arranged on the cylinder block 4 and/or the piston rolling body 4.
  • the guiding limit structure and the piston limiting structure are a pit or a raceway or a cage or a limit block or a limit plate or a limit groove or a limit ring or a limit stand or a limit sleeve or a ball head shaft or Bearings or tunnels, etc.
  • the power impactor can also be provided with a tamper-proof mechanism at one end, and the tamper-proof mechanism can be set as a rotating structure or a split structure, etc.
  • the rotating structure of the tamper-proof mechanism includes a joint bearing or a steering joint or a ball cage joint or a cross Universal joint or ball-end buckle type or curved buckle type anti-screening mechanism.
  • the cushioning member may also be disposed between the frame and the lifting device or between the lifting device and the reciprocating impact portion.
  • the buffer guides may also be arranged on the frame and the lifting device or on a lifting device or the like.
  • a method for rolling friction impact mining comprises the steps of: providing a power support member, disposing the power support member on the impact driving device, and separately or setting the power support member and the guiding rolling body support member into an integral body or Connecting; providing a quadrilateral guiding rolling body support or providing a U-shaped guiding rolling body support or providing a V-shaped guiding rolling body support or providing a triangular guiding rolling body support or providing an elliptical guiding rolling body support or providing a polygonal guiding rolling body Supporting member or providing profiled guide rolling element support or providing a track guiding rolling body support or providing a pit guiding rolling body support or providing a tunnel guiding rolling body support or providing a cage guiding rolling body support to form an anti-rotation guiding rolling Body support
  • the anti-rotation structure prevents the impact head from rotating and corrects the impact direction of the impact head.
  • the rolling reciprocating device 5 includes a guide rolling body support member 5. 2 I and/or the anti-rotation-guided rolling-element support member 5. 2 and/or Anti-rotational impact guide member 5.1, etc., anti-rotation guide rolling body branch
  • the slewing guides are provided in the anti-rotation guide rolling body support. 5.
  • Anti-rotational impact bearing support member 5. 2, anti-rotation guide rolling element support member 5.
  • guide rolling body 5. anti-rotation impact guide member 5. 1 phase anti-rotation structure 25 to prevent impact head 6 Rotate to correct the impact direction of the impact head 6.
  • the power support member 4. 3 and the guide rolling body support member 5. 2 can also be used in an integrated or connected structure.
  • the anti-rotation guiding rolling body support can also adopt a U-shaped guiding rolling body support or a V-shaped guiding rolling body support or a triangular guiding rolling body support or an elliptical guiding rolling body support or a polygonal guiding rolling body support or a profiled guiding Rolling body support or raceway guide rolling body support or dimple guiding rolling element support or tunnel guiding rolling element support or cage guiding rolling element support or the like.
  • the anti-rotation impact guide can also adopt a U-shaped impact guide or a V-shaped impact guide or a triangular impact guide or an elliptical impact guide or a polygonal impact guide or a profiled impact guide or a pit impact guide or a tunnel impact guide.
  • the U-shaped impact guide member is used as a U-shaped impact guide member. 28.
  • Example 67 The rest are the same as in Example 65.
  • Example 67
  • the anti-rotational impact guide 5 As a result of a triangular impact guide 5.
  • the anti-rotational impact guide 5. The anti-rotation impact guide 5. 1.
  • Example 68 The rest are the same as in Example 65.
  • Example 68 The rest are the same as in Example 65.
  • Example 68
  • the rolling support device 5 includes a guide roller support member 5. 2, etc., power support, as shown in Fig. 91 to Fig. 92, a rolling friction impact mining machine, the impact drive device 4 includes a power support member 4.3, etc. 2, The anti-rotational impact guide member 5.
  • the elliptical shape is used for the anti-rotational impact guide member 5.
  • the elliptical shape is used for the elliptical shape. 1 ⁇ Impact guide member 5.1.
  • Example 69 And the guide member of the rolling guide body 5. 2, the impact guide member 5. 1 etc., the guide Between the guide roller body support member 5.2 and the impact guide member 5.1, the rolling reciprocating device 5 includes an outer sleeve 26, an inner body 27, etc., and the outer sleeve 26 or the inner body 27 is provided with a roll.
  • the sleeve 26 or the inner body 27 is guided by the rolling element 5.
  • the rolling friction is relatively reciprocating, the rolling friction controls the direction of impact of the outer sleeve 26 or the inner body 27, and the impact head 6 is integrated with the reciprocating outer sleeve 26 or the inner body 27. Or connect.
  • the rolling reciprocating device 5 includes an outer sleeve 26, an inner body 27, etc., the outer sleeve 26 or the inner body 27 is provided with a dimple 16.1, etc., guide rolling The outer portion of the outer surface of the outer surface of the inner surface of the outer surface of the outer surface of the outer surface of the outer surface of the outer surface of the outer surface of the outer surface of the outer surface of the outer surface of the outer surface of the outer surface of the outer body of the outer body The rolling contact friction relative reciprocating motion, the outer sleeve 26 or the inner body 27 through the guide rolling body 5.
  • the rolling friction controls the direction of impact of the inner body 27, and the impact head 6 is integrally or connected to the reciprocating inner body 27, and the impact head 6 is frictionally reciprocated under the support of the reciprocating inner body 27.
  • the guide rolling body support can also be an inner body, the impact guide is an outer sleeve, and the inner body supports the guide rolling body and the outer sleeve.
  • the rolling reciprocating device 5 includes an outer sleeve 26, an inner body 27, an outer sleeve 26, an inner body 27 is provided with a cage 16.3, etc.
  • the outer cover 26 is an inner sleeve 27,
  • the impact guide member is an outer sleeve 26, and the outer portion is 26.
  • the rolling mechanism is supported by the rolling element 5.
  • the guide rolling element support can also be an outer sleeve, the impact guide being an inner body, the outer sleeve supporting the guide rolling body and the inner body.
  • the crank impact drive device 4. The brake impact drive device 4.
  • the brake impact drive device 4. The brake impact drive device 4.
  • the rotating structure of the mechanism ⁇ is used in conjunction with the rolling reciprocating device 5, the power impacting member 4.1 drives the impact head 6 to impact, and the reaction force generated by the impact head 6 striking the coal wall or the rock wall is applied to the rotating structure, and the rotating structure is stressed. Rotating the isolation reaction to discriminate the force, preventing the crank impact drive device 4.2 from being damaged by the impact reaction.
  • the lifting support device 9 includes a fixed support member 9.5, a buffer support member 9.6, etc. 5 ⁇
  • the fixed support member 9.5 and buffer support 9.6 between the provision of a buffer device, etc., the buffer device includes a rotary power buffer or structural guide buffer device.
  • the rotary power absorbing device is disposed between the rotary power source member 9.11 and the rotary impact transmission member 9.12 or disposed on the rotary impact transmission member 9.12, the rotary power absorbing device includes a sliding stroke spline bushing buffer device 20 or a belt buffer Device 21 and the like.
  • the sliding stroke section is provided between the spline shaft 20.1 and the spline sleeve 20. 2, and the sliding stroke section is at the spline shaft 20.1 and the spline sleeve 20.2. Reciprocating sliding when impacted absorbs shock reaction force.
  • the belt cushioning device 21 includes a driving pulley 21.1, a driven pulley 21. 2, a belt 21. 3, etc., the driving pulley 21.1 is fixed on the fixed supporting member 9.5, the driving pulley 21.1 and the motor or hydraulic motor or The drive shaft of the air motor is connected, the driven pulley 21. 2 is disposed on the buffer support 9.6, and the belt 21. 3 is disposed on the drive pulley 21.1 and the driven pulley 21. 2, the driven pulley 21. 2 With the impact of the cushioning support 9.6, the belt 21.3 absorbs the impact reaction force, and the belt cushioning device 21 prevents damage to the motor or the hydraulic motor or the air motor.
  • the sluice guides 9.8 are disposed between the fixed support member 9.5 and the cushioning support member 9.6, and the buffer guide member 9.8 is disposed in the case of the cushioning member 9.
  • the damper direction is controlled by the buffering guide 9.8 while the shock absorbing force is absorbed by the cushioning member 9.7.
  • the structure guiding buffer device cooperates with the sliding stroke spline bushing buffer device 20 or the belt cushioning device 21 to absorb and buffer the impact reaction force of the reciprocating impact portion 3 and guide the buffering direction to prevent the rotating power source from being damaged by the bufferless directional rocking. 9.11 or lifting device 9 or frame 19, etc., to ensure that the impact direction of the impact head 6 is toward the object to be purchased.
  • the combination of the rolling reciprocating device 5 and the crank impact driving device 4.2 may also be provided in the frame 19 or the like.
  • the power impacting member 4.1 can also be provided with a tamper-proof mechanism at both ends.
  • the rotating structure of the anti-screening mechanism 17 can also be used with a joint bearing or a steering joint or a cross universal joint or a ball-retaining groove type or a curved buckle type anti-screening mechanism.
  • the lifting device 9 can be disposed on the reciprocating impact portion 3 or the lifting device 9 or the frame 19 or the like, or the frame 19 includes the rotary power source member 9.11, the lifting device 9 12 ⁇
  • the reciprocating impact portion 3 comprises a rotary impact transmission member 9. 12 when the rotating impactor member 9 is included.
  • Rotary power source unit 9. 11 can also be a hydraulic motor or a pneumatic motor.
  • the cushioning member 9.7 may be provided between the frame 19 and the reciprocating impact portion 3, or between the lifting device 9 and the reciprocating impact portion 3, or between the frame 19 and the lifting device 9, and the like.
  • the buffer guide 9.8 is provided on the frame 19 and the reciprocating impact portion 3 or on the lifting device 9 and the reciprocating impact portion 3 or on the frame 19 and the lifting device 9, and the like.
  • a rolling friction impact mining machine including an impact drive device 4, a rolling reciprocating device 5, etc.
  • the rolling reciprocating device 5 includes a guide rolling body 5.3, a guide rolling body support 5.
  • the slewing device is also provided with a retaining frame 16. 3, a raceway 16.
  • the rolling reciprocating device 5 further includes a retainer 16.3, a raceway 16. 2, the guide roller body 5. 3, between the guide roller body 5. 2 and the impact guide 5.
  • the two parts of the holder 16.3 are set separately.
  • the thickness of the holder is 16.3.
  • the thickness of the cage is not less than the diameter of the guide rolling element 5.3. 2 ⁇ ,
  • the guide roller body 5. 2, the guide roller body 5. 3 set in the hold The rolling of the guide rolling element 5.
  • the impactor of the impact guide member 5.1 is connected to the impact head 6.
  • the impact guide member 5.1 is connected to the impact head 6.
  • the impact drive device 4 includes a power impact member 4.1, etc., both ends of the power impact member 4.1 are provided with a tamper-proof mechanism 17, one end is provided as a tamper-proof mechanism 17 of a rotating structure, and the other end is provided as a split structure
  • the smashing mechanism, the smashing mechanism of the smashing mechanism 17 includes a cross joint, etc., the rotating structure or the split structure of the tamper-proof mechanism 17 is used in conjunction with the rolling reciprocating device 5, the power impacting member 4.1 driving the impact head 6 impact, the impact of the impact head 6 on the coal wall or rock wall
  • the effect of the discriminating force is applied to the rotating structure or the split structure, and the rotating structure is subjected to the force rotation or the split structure separation and the reaction discriminating force.
  • a structure guiding buffer device or the like is disposed between the lifting device 9 or the lifting device 9 and the frame 19.
  • the structure guiding buffer device absorbs and buffers the reaction discriminating force generated by the impact of the impact head 6.
  • the impact guide member 5.1 and the impact head 6 may also be of a unitary structure.
  • the rotating structure of the anti-screening mechanism 17 also includes a joint bearing or a steering joint or a ball cage type universal joint or a ball-type buckle groove type or a curved buckle groove type anti-screening mechanism.
  • a rolling friction impact mining machine includes an impact driving device 4, a rolling reciprocating device 5, and the like, and the rolling reciprocating device 5 and the impact driving device 4 are combined into two or more reciprocating impact portions 3. Two or more reciprocating impact portions 3 are arranged one above the other to increase the mining height.
  • the impact drive device 4 includes a power impact member 4.1, etc., both ends of the power impact member 4.1 are provided with a tamper-proof mechanism 17, etc., and the tamper-proof mechanism 17 is provided as a rotating structure, and the rotation structure of the tamper-proof mechanism 17 includes a ball.
  • the first buckled groove type 17.5, etc., the rotating structure of the anti-smashing mechanism 17 is used in conjunction with the rolling reciprocating device 5, the power impacting member 4.1 drives the impact head 6 impact, and the impact of the impact head 6 against the coal wall or the rock wall
  • the discriminating force is applied to the rotating structure, and the rotating structure is subjected to the force of the rotation to isolate the reaction discriminating force.
  • the power impacting member 4.1 drives the impact head 6 to impact, and the reaction force generated by the impact head 6 striking the coal wall or the rock wall is applied to
  • the reciprocating device 5 is rolled to prevent the impact driving device 4 from being damaged by the impact reaction, and the rolling reciprocating device 5 corrects the impact direction of the impact head 6 to ensure that the next impact action of the impact head 6 is applied to the object to be excavated.
  • the lifting support device 9 includes a fixed support member 9.5, a buffer support member 9.6, etc. 5 ⁇
  • the fixed support member 9.5 and the buffer support member 9.6 between the buffer device, the buffer device includes a rotary power buffer device or a structural guide buffer device.
  • the rotary power absorbing device is disposed between the rotary power source member 9.11 and the rotary impact transmission member 9.12 or disposed on the rotary impact transmission member 9.12, the rotary power absorbing device includes a sliding stroke spline bushing buffer device 20 or a belt buffer
  • the sliding stroke section is provided between the spline shaft 20.1 and the spline sleeve 20.2, and the spline shaft 20.1 and the spline sleeve 20.2,
  • the sliding stroke segment reciprocates when impacted to absorb the impact reaction force.
  • the belt cushioning device 21 includes a driving pulley 21.1, a driven pulley 21. 2, a belt 21. 3, etc., the driving pulley 21.1 is fixed on the fixed supporting member 9.5, the driving pulley 21.1 and the motor or hydraulic motor or Drive shaft of air motor
  • the connecting pulley, the driven pulley 213 is disposed on the buffer support member 9.6
  • the belt 21. 3 is disposed on the driving pulley 21.1 and the driven pulley 21. 2, the driven pulley 21. 2 with the buffer supporting member 9. 6 Impacted by the impact, the belt 21. 3 absorbs the impact reaction force, and the belt cushioning device 21 prevents damage to the motor or the hydraulic motor or the air motor.
  • the sluice guides 9.8 are disposed between the fixed support member 9.5 and the cushioning support member 9.6, and the buffer guide member 9.8 is disposed in the case of the cushioning member 9.
  • the damper direction is controlled by the buffering guide 9.8 while the shock absorbing force is absorbed by the cushioning member 9.7.
  • the structure guiding buffer device cooperates with the sliding stroke spline bushing cushioning device 20 or the belt cushioning device 21 to absorb and buffer the impact reaction force of the reciprocating impact portion 3 and guide the buffering direction to prevent the rotational power from being damaged by the bufferless directional rocking.
  • the source member 9.11 or the lifting device 9 or the frame 19 or the like ensures that the impact direction of the impact head 6 is directed toward the object to be purchased.
  • Power Impactor 4. 1 It is also possible to have a tamper-proof mechanism at one end.
  • the rotating structure of the anti-screening mechanism 17 can also be a joint bearing or a steering joint or a cross universal joint or a ball cage universal joint or a curved buckle type anti-screening mechanism.
  • the lifting device 9 can be disposed on the reciprocating impact portion 3 or the lifting device 9 or the frame 19 or the like, or the frame 19 includes the rotary power source member 9.11, the lifting device 9 12 ⁇
  • the reciprocating impact portion 3 comprises a rotary impact transmission member 9. 12 when the rotating impactor member 9 is included.
  • Rotary power source unit 9. 11 can also be a hydraulic motor or a pneumatic motor.
  • the cushioning member 9.7 may be provided between the frame 19 and the reciprocating impact portion 3, or between the lifting device 9 and the reciprocating impact portion 3, or between the frame 19 and the lifting device 9, and the like.
  • the buffer guide 9.8 is provided on the frame 19 and the reciprocating impact portion 3 or on the lifting device 9 and the reciprocating impact portion 3 or on the frame 19 and the lifting device 9, and the like.
  • Crank impact drive device 4. 2 the impact drive device 4, the crank drive device 4. 2, the crank drive device 4. 2 Including the power impacting member 4.1, etc., the rolling reciprocating device 5 and the crank impact driving device 4.2 are combined into two or more reciprocating impact portions 3, and two or more reciprocating impact portions 3 are disposed at the front of the lifting device 9, two More than one reciprocating impact portion 3 is arranged side by side to increase the mining width.
  • the reciprocating impact portion 3 includes a support box 13 and the like, the crank impact drive unit 4.2 includes a crank assembly, etc., and the crank assembly drives the power impact member 4.1.
  • the rolling reciprocating device 5 and the crank assembly are disposed in the support box 13 and extend.
  • the impact guide member 5.1 of the support case 13 is provided with an impact head 6 at the other end.
  • the other end of the impact guide member 6 is provided to prevent the impact head 6 from being unbalanced by gravity, and the weight of the rolling reciprocating device 5, the impact drive device 4 and/or the fuselage 1 and the like. 7.
  • Two or more power impact members 4.1 extend beyond the end of the support box 13 to be connected or separated from the impact head 6.
  • the supporting box 13 supports the crank assembly, the rolling reciprocating device 5, the impact head 6, and the like, and the supporting box 13 is disposed in front of the lifting device 9 or the frame 19. unit.
  • the guide rolling element 5. 3, guiding the guiding rolling element 5. 3 rolling space, guiding the rolling body 5. 3, guiding The reciprocating motion and controlling the impact guides by the rolling friction support impact guides 5. 1 by means of rolling friction support impact guides 5.1 reciprocating motion and controlling the impact guides 5. The impact direction of 1.
  • Two or more reciprocating impact portions 3 may also be provided at the front of the frame 19.
  • the impact guides extending out of the support case 13 may also be provided with an impact head at both ends or an impact head only at one end. The rest are the same as in embodiment 74.
  • Example 76
  • a rolling friction impact mining machine including a reciprocating impact portion 3, etc.
  • the reciprocating impact portion 3 includes a rolling reciprocating device 5, an impact drive device 4, etc.
  • the impact drive device 4 includes a crank impact drive device 4. 2 or The one or both ends of the power impacting member 4.1, etc., the hydraulic impactor device or the pneumatic impactor driving device or the pneumatic impactor driving device.
  • the smashing mechanism 5 includes a slewing mechanism, a slewing mechanism, and the like.
  • the U-shaped impact guide member 28 includes a U-shaped impact guide member 28, and the U-shaped impact guide member 28 includes the guide member. The erection of the upper portion of the guide member is 2.
  • the guide roller support member lower member 5. set the raceway 16. 2 or on the upper part of the impact guide 28.1, the lower part of the impact guide 2.
  • the guide roller element support member upper part 5. 2. 1, the guide roller body support member lower part 5.
  • the guides are provided in the upper part of the guide body of the guide member.
  • the U-shaped impact guide is provided in the raceway of the raceway.
  • the impact direction, the U-shaped impact guide 28 is connected to the impact head 6 or is integrated, the power impact member 4.1 is connected or split with the impact head 6, the power impact member 4.1 drives the impact head 6 impact, the anti-theft mechanism
  • the rotating structure of the 17 is forced to rotate or the split structure is separated by the impact of the impact isolation, and the power impacting member 4.1 does not guide the impact head 6, and is not discriminated by the force.
  • the impact drive unit 4 can also be a hydraulic impact drive or a pneumatic shock drive.
  • a rolling friction impact mining machine includes a rolling reciprocating device 5 and an impact driving device 4, and the impact driving device 4 includes a hydraulic impact driving device or a pneumatic impact driving device, and hydraulic impact driving.
  • the tamper-evident mechanism 17 includes a rotating structure.
  • the tamper-evident mechanism 17 includes a rotating structure.
  • the inner part of the frame is the lower part of the frame.
  • the inner part 27 is a frame-shaped inner body. 2, ⁇ ,
  • the outer sleeve 26 includes an outer sleeve member 26.2, the outer sleeve member 26.2, the outer sleeve 1 ⁇
  • the body 5.3 supports the frame-shaped inner body 27 to roll and reciprocate and control the reciprocating direction of the frame-shaped inner body 27 to correct the impact direction of the impact head 6.
  • the frame-shaped inner body 27 is connected or separated or integrated into the impact head 6.
  • the power impact member 4.1 is connected or split with the impact head 6, the power impact member 4.1 drives the impact head 6 impact, anti-screening Rotating structure 17 configuration or rotational force of the sub-structure isolated by impact breaking do not separate reaction force, the impact force does not impact member 4.1 the guide head 6, without breaking do not breaking force.
  • the impact drive unit 4 can also be a crank impact drive unit 4.
  • the reciprocating impact portion 3 comprises a rolling reciprocating device 5, the impact driving device 4, the impact driving device 4 comprises a crank impact driving device 4.2 or hydraulic shock
  • the two ends of the power impacting member 4.1 are disposed on the two ends of the power impacting member 4.1, the driving device or the pneumatic impactor driving device.
  • the anti-screening mechanism 17 includes a rotating structure or a split structure.
  • the inner portion 27 and the outer sleeve of the cylinder are provided in the inner body 27 and the outer sleeve 26.
  • the outer sleeve 26 is provided with a cylindrical outer sleeve 26.
  • the outer sleeve of the cylinder is 6.3
  • the inner sleeve 27 is tightly fitted to make the guide rolling body 5.
  • 3 rolling friction reciprocating motion and control the outer sleeve 26 The reciprocating direction of the 3, the outer sleeve of the barrel is 26.
  • the power impact member 4.1 is connected to the impact head 6 or split or integrated, the power impact member 4 1 Drive the impact head 6 impact, the rotation structure of the anti-smashing mechanism 17 is forced to rotate or the split structure is separated by the impact of the impact isolation, the power impact member 4.1 does not guide the impact head 6, is not subject to discriminating force Screening.
  • the power source member 9.11 drives the camshaft 29 to rotate, and the cam 30 mounted on the camshaft 29 drives the impact head 6 to reciprocate.
  • the eccentric shaft 22.1. 3 ⁇ 4.1 Reciprocating impact.
  • Example 81 The rest are the same as in Embodiment 2.
  • Example 81 The rest are the same as in Embodiment 2.
  • the impact driving device 4 includes a crank slider impact driving device 4, the crank slider impact driving device 4 includes a power source member 9. 11, a crank, a slider, a swing rod, Connecting rod 22. 2, power The articulation, the connecting rod and the connecting rod 22. 2, the connecting rod, the connecting rod and the connecting rod 22. 2, the connecting rod and the connecting rod 22. 2 articulated, connecting rod The movement of the power impact member 4.1. The movement of the oscillating member through the connecting rod 22.
  • a method of rolling friction impact mining the steps of the method are:
  • the guiding rolling body, the guiding rolling body support and the impact guiding member form a rolling reciprocating device, and a guiding limit structure is arranged on the impact guiding member, the guiding rolling body support and/or the guiding rolling body, so that the guiding rolling body is arranged at Between the impact guiding member and the guiding rolling body support member and disposed on the guiding limit structure, the guiding rolling body supports the impact guiding member to reciprocate along the guiding rolling body supporting member in the guiding limiting structure, so that the guiding limit structure restricts the guiding rolling
  • the limiting structure enables the piston rolling body to be arranged on the piston to form a rolling piston, so that the rolling piston is arranged in the cylinder body, and the piston rolling body is arranged in the piston limiting structure to support the rolling friction between
  • the guiding rolling device 5. The cross-section of the impact guide member 5.
  • the cross-section of the guide member is 5. 1 ⁇ 1 with the guide rolling element limiting structure, the guiding rolling body 5.3 set in the guiding scroll 2, The impact guide member 5. 1 closely fits the rolling guide.
  • the rolling reciprocating device comprises a guiding rolling body 5.3, a guiding rolling body support 5. 2, an impact guiding member 5. 1, a guiding rolling body support 5 2, the five-sided cross-section of the impact guide member 5.1, the pentagon-shaped guide rolling body support member 5.2 and the impact guide member 5. 1 is provided with a boss, the guide rolling body 5 The grooved support member of the pentagonal cross-section, the pentagon-shaped guide roller support member 5. 2, the pentagon-shaped impact guide member 5.1 and the grooved guide rolling body 5.3 to form a guide rolling body limit structure The slanting guides 5. 2, the impact guides 5. 1 close to the impact guides 5. Fit with rolling guide.
  • the cross section of the guide roller support member 5. 2 is a circular ring.
  • the guide roller body support member 5. 2 has a circular cross section.
  • the circle of the outer diameter of the roller is the same as the inner diameter of the circular section of the guide roller support member 5.2, the circle is the same as the diameter of the circular roller section of the guide roller support member 5.2. 2 ⁇
  • the impact guide member 5. 1 and a circular impact guide member 5. 1 and roll The guide roller body support member 5. 5.
  • the guide roller body support member 5. impact guides 5.1 tightly fit the rolling guide.
  • the cross-section of the guide roller support member 5. 2 is V-shaped, The outer surface of the V-shaped inner side surface and the triangular impact guide member 5. The outer surface of the impact bearing member 5. The directional projection of the V-shaped cross-section of the guide roller body support member 5.
  • the triangular impact guide member 5.1 is combined with the concave roller to form a guide rolling body limit.
  • the impact guide member 5. 1 closely fits the rolling guide.
  • the rolling reciprocating device 5 includes a guiding rolling body 5.3, a guiding rolling body support 5. 2, an impact guiding member 5. 1, a guiding rolling body support 5.
  • the cross section of the semi-circular shape is a semi-circular shape, and the cross-section of the impact guide member is a semi-circular shape.
  • the impact guide member 5 is provided with a guide roller member 16. 2, the guide roller support member 5. 2, the impact guide member 5
  • the slanting guides are closely matched with the rolling guides. 1.
  • the impact guides 5. 1 closely fit the rolling guides.
  • the guide rolling element is provided in the guide rolling element 5.
  • the guide rolling element 5. 3 is disposed on the guiding rolling body. 2,
  • the support structure is 5.
  • the limit structure 16 is The guide roller body is supported by the guide roller body 5.
  • the guide roller body is supported by the guide roller body 5.
  • the reciprocating motion of the 5.2, the limiting structure 16 limits the rolling space or position of the guiding rolling body 5.3, the limiting structure 16 is connected to the rolling support or split or integrated, or the limiting structure 16 and the impact guiding member 5. Connection or split or integral, or the limiting structure 16 and the guiding rolling body 5.3 connected or separated or integrated.
  • the sliding body support member 5. 2 and the guide roller body support member 5. 2 and the guide roller body support member 5. 2 and the guide roller body support member 5. 2 and the guide roller body support member 5. 2 and the guide roller body support member 5. 2 and The scrolling space or position of the guiding rolling body 5.3 is limited to the guiding rolling element 5.3.
  • the limiting structure 16 is connected to the rolling bearing member or is separated or integrated, or the limiting structure 16 and the impact guiding member 5.1 are connected or separated or integrated, or the limiting structure 16 and the guiding rolling body 5. 3 connected or split or integrated.
  • the scrolling space or position of the guiding rolling body 5.3 is limited to the guiding rolling element 5.3.
  • the limiting structure 16 is connected to the rolling bearing member or is separated or integrated, or the limiting structure 16 and the impact guiding member 5.1 are connected or separated or integrated, or the limiting structure 16 and the guiding rolling body 5. 3 connected or split or integrated.
  • a limit structure 16 is provided on the impact guide member 5.1, and the limit structure 16 is a limit station 16.6.
  • the connection or integral, or the limit structure 16 and the impact guide 5.1 are connected or integrated, or The connection structure 16 is connected to the guide rolling body 5.3 or separated or integrated.
  • the guide member is provided with a plurality of members.
  • the connection or split or integral, or P, of the limit structure 16 and the impact guide 5.1 is connected or separated or integrated.
  • the joint structure 16 is connected to the guide rolling body 5.3 or split or integrated.
  • the limit structure can be an elliptical limit structure.
  • the limit structure can be a dumbbell-shaped limit structure.
  • the limit structure can be a cylindrical limit structure 16. 9;
  • the limit structure can be a tapered limit structure 16. 10;
  • the limit structure can be a roller limit structure 16. 11;
  • the limit structure can be a square limit structure.
  • the limiting structure may be a U-shaped limiting structure.
  • the limiting structure may be a frame-shaped limiting structure.
  • the limit structure may be an I-shaped limit structure 16.15; '
  • the limit structure also includes a bobbin or a limit plate or a limit sleeve or a limit rod or a limit shaft or a limit groove or Spherical convex or convex or bearing or circular or mesa or table or ball or trough or trough or trough or trough ellipse or spline or curved or plate or polygon or cylinder Shape or spline set.
  • a method of rolling friction impact mining the steps of the method are:
  • the limiting structure comprises a guiding rolling body disposed between the guiding rolling body support and the impact guiding member and disposed in the tunnel, so that the tunnel restricting guiding the rolling body and/or the impact guiding member Rolling space and position, so The tunnel ensures that the rolling elements, the impact guides and the guide rolling element supports are rolling friction during movement.
  • 3 width is not greater than the rolling element 5.
  • the impact guide 5 is provided in the rolling body support 5. 2.
  • the impact guide 5 is provided in the rolling body support 5. 2.
  • the impact guide 5 1 ⁇ Impact guides 5.
  • the impactor body 5. 3, the rolling element support 5. 2, the impact guide 5. 1 is in a rolling friction state during reciprocating motion.
  • Figure 147 shows the structure in which the tunnel 16 is provided on the rolling element support member 5. Others are the same as in the first embodiment.
  • the reciprocating impact portion includes a rolling reciprocating device 5, an impact driving device 4, the rolling reciprocating device 5 includes an impact guiding member 5.
  • the impact driving device includes a cam impact driving device
  • the cam impact driving device includes a cam.
  • the cam 30 and the power impacting member 4. 1 with the driving force impacting member 4. 1 impact, between the cam 30 and the power impacting member 4.1 is provided with a bearing 35, so that the bearing 35 and the power impact 1 ⁇
  • the rolling impact, the power impact member 4.1 and the impact guide 5. 1 split or connected or integrated. Others are the same as in the first embodiment.
  • the reciprocating impact portion includes a rolling reciprocating device 5, an impact driving device 4, and the rolling reciprocating device 5 includes an impact guiding member 5.
  • the impact driving device 4 includes a crankshaft impact driving device, and the crankshaft impact The eccentric shaft 22.1 and the eccentric shaft 22.1 and the eccentric shaft 22.1 and the eccentric shaft 22.1 and the eccentric shaft 22.1 and The splitter or the integral or the integral of the impactor member 5.1. Others are the same as in the first embodiment.
  • the reciprocating impact portion includes a rolling reciprocating device 5, an impact driving device 4, the rolling reciprocating device 5 includes an impact guiding member 5.
  • the impact driving device includes a crank impact driving device, a crank impact driving
  • the bearing 35 is provided between the crank 31 and the power impacting member 4.1, so that the bearing 35 is provided between the crank 31 and the power impacting member 4.1.
  • the bearing 35 is provided with a crank 31, a power impacting member, a crank 31 and a power impacting member. 1 ⁇ Split or frictional, the power impact member 4.1 and the impact guide 5.1 split or connected or integrated.

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mining & Mineral Resources (AREA)
  • Environmental & Geological Engineering (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • General Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Geochemistry & Mineralogy (AREA)
  • Geology (AREA)
  • Earth Drilling (AREA)
  • Drilling And Exploitation, And Mining Machines And Methods (AREA)
  • Transmission Devices (AREA)
  • Excavating Of Shafts Or Tunnels (AREA)

Abstract

The present invention relates to a rolling friction impact digging method and a rolling friction impact digging machine using said method, comprising a reciprocating impact part. The reciprocating impact part comprises an impact driving device, a rolling reciprocating device, and an impact head. The rolling reciprocating device comprises a guiding rolling body, a guiding rolling body support element, an impact guiding element, and a position-fixing mechanism. The guiding rolling body is disposed at the position-fixing mechanism between the guiding rolling body support element and the impact guiding element, thereby enabling rolling guiding. The impact driving device is disposed with a breaking-off prevention mechanism, a rotary driving buffer device, and a structural buffer device, such that the impact head reciprocate using rolling friction under the support of the impact guiding element, thereby preventing the counter-breaking-off force from damaging a power drive device and a rolling path guiding device, preventing the impact of the reciprocating impact element from impacting the machine body and other elements, and enhancing the integral stability and extending the service life.

Description

一种滚动摩擦冲击采掘的方法及其实施该方法的滚动摩擦冲击采掘机  Rolling friction impact mining method and rolling friction impact mining machine implementing the same
技术领域 Technical field
本发明属于机械领域, 尤其适用于采掘领域的一种滚动摩擦冲击采掘的方法及其实施该 方法的滚动摩擦冲击采掘机。  The invention belongs to the field of machinery, and is particularly suitable for a rolling friction impact mining method in the field of mining and a rolling friction impact mining machine implementing the same.
背景技术 Background technique
掘进机主要应用于铁路、 公路的桥涵和隧道开挖施工, 以及矿井巷道机械化掘进, 现 有广泛使用的的采掘设备多为钻铣截割式掘进机, 其工作原理是通过布置在截割头前部外表 面的镐齿钻铣煤层或岩层, 由于截割头在钻铣中产生较大的旋转掰别力, 对旋转轴会产生较 大的扭别力, 从而对旋转轴造成严重的损坏, 降低了设备的使用寿命。 钻铣式采掘方式破碎 比较大, 特别是在压应力状态下掘进破碎, 能源消耗极高, 生产效率和块料率低, 钻铣过程 还会产生大量粉尘, 造成采掘环境恶劣, 存在安全隐患。 因此往复冲击掘进方式可以彻底改 变钻铣掘进的种种弊端, 在采掘领域出现了往复冲击式采煤机, 但采煤机主要用于已开挖好 巷道, 且待采煤已具备一相对平整的长壁式采煤面, 该采煤面压应力大大减少, 采煤头利用 该相对平整的长壁式采煤面逐层剥落采煤, 采煤机两端均设置采煤头, 采煤头位于机身侧部, 因此采煤机不能用于没有长壁式采煤面的巷道、 隧道开挖掘进工作。 往复冲击掘进机开挖巷 道、 隧道时, 因煤层或岩层不存在可利用的长壁式采空面, 所采煤层或岩层压应力极大, 因 此掘进机所承受的冲击反作用力远远大于采煤机所承受的冲击反作用力。  The roadheader is mainly used in the construction of bridges and culverts and tunnels for railways and highways, as well as the mechanized excavation of mine roadways. The widely used mining equipments are mostly drilling and milling cutting heading machines, and their working principle is arranged by cutting heads. Boring of the front outer surface of the coal seam or rock formation, due to the large rotation force of the cutting head in the drilling and milling, it will produce a large twisting force on the rotating shaft, thus causing serious damage to the rotating shaft. , reducing the life of the device. The drilling and milling type mining method is relatively large, especially in the state of compressive stress, the energy consumption is extremely high, the production efficiency and the block rate are low, and the drilling and milling process also generates a large amount of dust, which causes the mining environment to be bad and has potential safety hazards. Therefore, the reciprocating impact tunneling method can completely change the various drawbacks of drilling and milling. In the field of mining, there is a reciprocating impact shearer, but the shearer is mainly used for excavating the roadway, and the coal to be mined has a relatively flat In the long-wall coal mining face, the compressive stress of the coal mining face is greatly reduced, and the coal mining head uses the relatively flat long-wall coal mining face to peel off the coal mining layer by layer, and the coal mining machine is provided with coal mining heads at both ends of the coal mining machine. Located on the side of the fuselage, the shearer cannot be used for tunnels and tunnels without longwall coal mining. When the reciprocating impact boring machine excavates the roadway and tunnel, there is no long-walled mined surface available for the coal seam or rock formation. The coal seam or rock lamination stress is extremely high, so the impact reaction force of the roadheader is much greater than The impact reaction force of the shearer.
现有的往复冲击式掘进机为了提高掘进效率, 将截割头尽量做大, 冲击落料时由于掘进 机的截割头重量大、 体积大, 截割头的头柄严重掰别冲击导向机构, 从而造成驱动系统及机 身的损坏, 使整机维护量大, 使用寿命短。 如果将截割头做得窄小, 又会大大降低生产效率。 因此急需出现一种截割头不掰别冲击导向机构, 对冲击导向机构磨损小, 冲击反作用力对驱 动系统及机身损坏极小, 生产效率高、 节能、 环保的掘进机。  In order to improve the tunneling efficiency, the existing reciprocating impact type roadheader makes the cutting head as large as possible. Because of the large weight and large volume of the cutting head of the roadheader during the impact blanking, the head handle of the cutting head seriously discriminates the impact guiding mechanism. , resulting in damage to the drive system and the fuselage, so that the maintenance of the whole machine is large, and the service life is short. If the cutting head is made narrow, the production efficiency will be greatly reduced. Therefore, there is an urgent need for a roadhead that does not discriminate against the impact guiding mechanism, has small wear on the impact guiding mechanism, has minimal damage to the driving system and the fuselage, and has high production efficiency, energy saving, and environmental protection.
专利号为 201010238402.7 的发明公开了一种用于采煤设备的破碎机构, 该设备由主体 部、 动力部件、 工作部件、 连接臂等组成, 动力部件驱动工作部件往复直线冲击落煤。 动力 部件采用液压缸, 液压缸中活塞与缸体之间为滑动摩擦, 摩擦阻力大, 造成密封塞严重磨损, 使活塞与缸体之间的间隙增大, 从而增大了泄漏量, 同时也增加了功耗, 影响了设备的使用 性能; 本发明屮采用液压缸驱动工作部件冲 , 冲击频率较低, 因此并不能达到采用机械传 动机构, 如曲柄職机构^频率 M ' rl:f的效 : 其 Ί:作部件安装于液 ' II缸端部, 液压缸驱动工 2 作部件沿其轴向伸出或缩回时, 还存在工作部件摇摆或晃动等问题, 影响了冲击效果; 由于 其液压缸一端设置工作部件另一端未设置配重, 使工作部件严重掰别液压缸, 使滑动摩擦力 集中在液压缸局部, 造成液压缸的严重损坏, 使设备无法正常运行。 The invention of the patent No. 201010238402.7 discloses a crushing mechanism for a coal mining equipment, which is composed of a main body portion, a power component, a working component, a connecting arm, and the like, and the power component drives the working component to reciprocate linearly impact the falling coal. The power component adopts a hydraulic cylinder. The sliding friction between the piston and the cylinder in the hydraulic cylinder has large frictional resistance, causing serious wear of the sealing plug, increasing the gap between the piston and the cylinder, thereby increasing the leakage amount, and also increasing the leakage amount. The power consumption is increased, which affects the performance of the device. The invention uses a hydraulic cylinder to drive the working part to punch, and the impact frequency is low, so that the mechanical transmission mechanism, such as the crank mechanism, the frequency M' rl:f, cannot be achieved. : The other part: the part is mounted on the liquid 'II cylinder end, hydraulic cylinder drive 2 When the component is extended or retracted along its axial direction, there are also problems such as swaying or shaking of the working component, which affects the impact effect. Because the hydraulic cylinder is provided with the counterweight at the other end of the working component, the working component is severely screened. The hydraulic cylinder concentrates the sliding friction on the part of the hydraulic cylinder, causing serious damage to the hydraulic cylinder and preventing the equipment from operating normally.
为了解决上述问题, 本发明提出了一种滚动摩擦冲击采掘机, 该设备的特征是包括机 身、 行走部、 往复冲击部等, 往复冲击部包括冲击驱动装置、 滚动导向装置等。 该设备冲击 导向件与摇臂的轴线平行, 保证了导向导向滚动体支撑件与摇臂的固定连接, 使结构简单、 强度大, 减少了调整冲击头冲击方向的调整结构。 冲击驱动装置驱动一个动力冲击件与两个 以上的滚动导向装置相配合, 冲击驱动装置设置于上下冲击导向件或左右冲击导向件之间, 通过冲击导向件的延伸变形使动力冲击件最大程度地加宽了对冲击头的扶正宽度, 加大了对 往复冲击部的扶正力度, 最大力度地控制了往复冲击部的冲击方向, 从而防止了冲击驱动装 置受掰别力及反作用力的损坏; 冲击驱动装置的动力冲击件与冲击头之间设有防掰别机构, 减少了对动力冲击件的冲击掰别, 冲击导向件两端设有冲击头, 或一端设有冲击头另一端设 有配重件, 减少了因两端重力不平衡产生的掰别; 该设备采用滚动导向装置, 导向导向滚动 体在起到滚动摩擦的同时也起到滚动导向的作用, 取消了导轨导向机构, 减少了往复冲击时 冲击件与导轨的摩擦, 大大降低了往复冲击产生的摩擦损耗; 同时往复冲击部的冲击头冲击 落煤的同时完成清面, 机构简单, 重量轻、 效率高, 密封装置设置于冲击导向装置、 冲击驱 动装置与箱体的活动连接处, 箱体为密封结构, 从而防止粉尘、 物料屑进入滚动导向装置、 冲击驱动装置内, 加大了对滚动导向装置、 冲击驱动装置的润滑, 起到了很好的降温, 进一 步减少了摩擦, 提高了设备的使用寿命。 该设备的机身与往复冲击部之间、 升降部与往复冲击部之间都设有缓冲装置, 当往复冲 击部工作时可以有效的降低对连接件的冲击作用, 减少对机身的反作用力, 从而提高了设备 的使用性能。  In order to solve the above problems, the present invention proposes a rolling friction impact mining machine characterized in that it includes a body, a running portion, a reciprocating impact portion, and the like, and the reciprocating impact portion includes an impact driving device, a rolling guide device, and the like. The impact guide of the device is parallel to the axis of the rocker arm, which ensures the fixed connection of the guide guide rolling body support and the rocker arm, so that the structure is simple, the strength is large, and the adjustment structure for adjusting the impact direction of the impact head is reduced. The impact driving device drives a power impacting member to cooperate with two or more rolling guiding devices, and the impact driving device is disposed between the upper and lower impact guiding members or the left and right impact guiding members, and the power impacting member is maximized by the extension deformation of the impact guiding member. The width of the righting of the impact head is widened, the righting force of the reciprocating impact portion is increased, and the impact direction of the reciprocating impact portion is controlled to the greatest extent, thereby preventing the impact drive device from being damaged by the discriminating force and the reaction force; There is an anti-screening mechanism between the power impactor and the impact head of the driving device, which reduces the impact screening of the power impacting member. The impact guiding member is provided with an impact head at both ends, or one end is provided with an impact head and the other end is provided with a matching The heavy parts reduce the discrimination caused by the gravity imbalance at both ends; the device adopts the rolling guide device, and the guiding guide rolling body acts as the rolling guide while playing the rolling friction, and the guide rail guiding mechanism is eliminated, which reduces The friction between the impact member and the guide rail during reciprocating impact greatly reduces the friction loss caused by the reciprocating impact; When the impact head of the reciprocating impact portion impacts the coal falling, the cleaning surface is completed, the mechanism is simple, the weight is light, and the efficiency is high. The sealing device is disposed at the movable joint of the impact guiding device, the impact driving device and the box body, and the box body is a sealing structure. Therefore, the dust and the material scraps are prevented from entering the rolling guide device and the impact driving device, and the lubrication of the rolling guide device and the impact driving device is increased, the temperature is cooled well, the friction is further reduced, and the service life of the device is improved. A cushioning device is arranged between the fuselage and the reciprocating impact portion of the device, and between the lifting portion and the reciprocating impact portion. When the reciprocating impact portion is working, the impact on the connecting member can be effectively reduced, and the reaction force against the fuselage is reduced. , thereby improving the performance of the device.
发明内容 Summary of the invention
本发明的目的在于提出一种滚动摩擦冲击采掘的方法及其实施该方法的滚动摩擦冲击采 掘机。  It is an object of the present invention to provide a rolling friction impact mining method and a rolling friction impact mining machine implementing the same.
该滚动摩擦冲击采掘的方法的方案一是山以下歩骤实现的:  The first solution of the rolling friction impact mining method is realized by the following steps:
设置导向滚动体、 导向滚动体支撑件、 冲击导向件等, 将导向滚动体设置于导向滚动体 支撑件与冲击导向件之问组合成滚动往复装 ^, 在冲^导向件的两端均设 ffi冲击头或在冲 ιΐί 导向件的 端设' ft冲击头另 -端设 .防止因 力不平衡掰别滚动往复装¾、冲 驱动装覽和 / 或机身等的配重件或只在冲击导向件一端设置冲击头等; The guide rolling body, the guiding rolling body support member, the impact guiding member and the like are arranged, and the guiding rolling body is arranged on the guiding rolling body supporting member and the impact guiding member to be combined into a rolling reciprocating device, and is provided at both ends of the punching and guiding member. Ffi impact head or at the end of the ΐ ΐ guide, set the ' ft impact head and the other end. Prevent the imbalance of the force and the rolling reciprocating device 3⁄4, the drive drive and / Or a weight member such as a fuselage or the like, or an impact head or the like is provided only at one end of the impact guide;
设置动力冲击件等, 使动力冲击件与冲击导向件分体或连接或为一体式, 将动力冲击件 设置于冲击驱动装置;  Providing a power impact member or the like, so that the power impact member and the impact guide member are separately connected or connected or integrated, and the power impact member is disposed on the impact driving device;
将滚动往复装置与冲击驱动装置等组合为往复冲击部, 使滚动往复装置与冲击驱动装置 分体设置或设置为一体式或连接;  Combining the rolling reciprocating device with the impact driving device and the like into a reciprocating impact portion, so that the rolling reciprocating device and the impact driving device are separately arranged or arranged to be integrated or connected;
使动力冲击件驱动滚动冲击导向件或冲击头往复运动, 使冲击头冲击煤壁或岩壁实现采 落物料;  The power impacting member drives the rolling impact guide or the impact head to reciprocate, so that the impact head impacts the coal wall or the rock wall to realize the falling material;
设置机架等, 在机架上设置升降装置或不设置升降装置, 将往复冲击部设置在机架上或 设置在升降装置上, 将机架设置于机身或将机架与升降装置组合设置于机身;  Set up the rack, etc., set the lifting device on the rack or not set the lifting device, set the reciprocating impact on the rack or on the lifting device, set the rack to the fuselage or combine the rack with the lifting device In the fuselage;
设置行走部等, 使行走部设置在机身下部, 使行走部带动机身行走;  a walking portion or the like is provided, and the traveling portion is disposed at a lower portion of the body to cause the traveling portion to drive the body to travel;
使机身支撑冲击头往复冲击落料。  The fuselage supports the impact head to reciprocate impact blanking.
所述的由该滚动摩擦冲击采掘的方法的方案一产生的方案二是由以下步骤实现的: 使导向滚动体支撑件、 冲击导向件、 导向滚动体等紧密扣合使滚动往复装置通过滚动摩 擦扶正冲击头的冲击方向, 避免滑动摩擦损坏冲击导向件, 行走部带动机身行走实现往复冲 击连续采掘。  The second solution of the first method of the rolling friction impact mining method is achieved by the following steps: tightly engaging the guiding rolling body support member, the impact guiding member, the guiding rolling body, etc., so that the rolling reciprocating device passes the rolling friction The direction of impact of the impact head is corrected, the sliding friction is prevented from damaging the impact guide, and the walking part drives the body to realize continuous reciprocating impact mining.
行走部设置在机身下部, 行走部带动机身行走;  The walking part is arranged at the lower part of the fuselage, and the walking part drives the body to walk;
机身支撑冲击头往复冲击落料。  The fuselage supports the impact head to reciprocate impact blanking.
所述的由该滚动摩擦冲击采掘的方法的方案一产生的方案三是由以下歩骤实现的: 设置滚道或设置筒道或设置凹坑或设置坑道或设置保持架或设置限位板或设置限位圈或 设置限位套或设置限位台或设置限位杆或设置限位轴或设置限位槽或设置球形凸或设置凸台 或设置轴承或设置内部体与外部套配合或设置椭圆形或设置哑铃形或设置圆柱形或设置锥形 或设置圆环形或设置滚轮或设置台形柱或设置台形球或设置台形鼓或设置槽形柱或设置槽形 球或设置槽形滚轮或设置槽形椭圆或设置方形或设置 u形或设置框形或设置工字形或设置花 键形或设置弧形或设置 V形或设置圆形或板形或设置多边形或设置筒形或设置花键套或设置 多棱键等形成限位结构;  The third solution of the first method of the rolling friction impact mining method is realized by the following steps: setting the raceway or setting the tunnel or setting the pit or setting the tunnel or setting the cage or setting the limit plate or Set the limit ring or set the limit sleeve or set the limit stop or set the limit rod or set the limit axis or set the limit slot or set the spherical convex or set the boss or set the bearing or set the inner body to match or set the outer sleeve Elliptical or set dumbbell shape or set cylindrical or set tapered or set circular or set roller or set up column or set up table or set up table drum or set grooved column or set grooved ball or set grooved roller or Set the slotted ellipse or set the square or set the u shape or set the box shape or set the I-shape or set the spline shape or set the arc or set the V shape or set the circle or shape or set the polygon or set the cylinder or set the spline Forming or setting a multi-edge key or the like to form a limit structure;
设置导向滚动体、 导向滚动体支撑件、 冲击导向件等 ^成滚动往复装置, 在冲击导向件 上、 导向滚动体支撐件上和 /或导 滚动体上设置导向限位结构等, 使导向滚动体设置在冲击 导向件与导向滚动休支撑件之 设 ¾ f导向限位结构, 使导向滚动体在导向限位结构中支 2 Providing a rolling guide body, a guide rolling element support member, an impact guide member, etc. into a rolling reciprocating device, and providing a guiding limit structure on the impact guiding member, the guiding rolling element support member and/or the guiding rolling body, so as to guide the rolling The body is disposed on the impact guiding member and the guiding rolling support member, and the guiding rolling element is supported in the guiding limit structure. 2
撑冲击导向件沿导向滚动体支撑件往复运动,使导向限位结构限制导向滚动体和 /或冲击导向 件的运动空间及位置, 或设置缸体、 活塞、 活塞滚动体等组成滚动活塞液压驱动装置或滚动 活塞气动驱动装置, 在缸体、 活塞和 /或活塞滚动体上设置活塞限位结构等, 使活塞滚动体设 置于活塞组成滚动活塞, 使滚动活塞设置于缸体, 将活塞滚动体设置在活塞限位结构中支撑 活塞与缸体滚动摩擦, 使活塞限位结构限制活塞滚动体和 /或活塞的运动空间和位置, The impact guiding member reciprocates along the guiding rolling body support member, so that the guiding limit structure limits the movement space and position of the guiding rolling body and/or the impact guiding member, or the hydraulic driving of the rolling piston composed of the cylinder body, the piston and the piston rolling body The device or the rolling piston pneumatic driving device is provided with a piston limiting structure on the cylinder body, the piston and/or the rolling element of the piston, so that the piston rolling body is arranged on the piston to form a rolling piston, so that the rolling piston is arranged on the cylinder body, and the piston rolling body is arranged Providing a rolling friction between the supporting piston and the cylinder in the piston limiting structure, so that the piston limiting structure limits the movement space and position of the piston rolling body and/or the piston,
使导向限位结构与导向滚动体支撑件连接或分体或为一体式, 或使导向限位结构与冲击 导向件连接或分体或为一体式, 或使导向限位结构与导向滚动体连接或分体或为一体式, 或 使活塞限位结构与缸体连接或分体或为一体式, 或使活塞限位结构与活塞连接或分体或为一 体式, 或使活塞限位结构与活塞滚动体连接或分体或为一体式。  Connecting or restricting the guiding and stopping structure to the guiding and rolling element support, or connecting or guiding the guiding and limiting structure to the impact guiding piece or integrating the guiding position and the guiding rolling body Or split or integrated, or the piston limit structure is connected to the cylinder or split or integrated, or the piston limit structure is connected to the piston or split or integrated, or the piston limit structure and The piston rolling elements are connected or separated or integrated.
所述的由该滚动摩擦冲击采掘的方法的方案一产生的方案四是由以下步骤实现的: 将导向滚动体支撑件设置为方形导向滚动体支撑件或设置为 u形导向滚动体支撑件或设 置为框形导向滚动体支撑件或设置为槽形导向滚动体支撑件或设置为工字形导向滚动体支撑 件或设置为花键套导向滚动体支撑件或设置为弧形导向滚动体支撑件或设置为 V形导向滚动 体支撑件或设置为椭圆形导向滚动体支撑件或设置为圆形导向滚动体支撑件或设置为板形导 向滚动体支撑件或设置为多边形导向滚动体支撑件或设置为筒式导向滚动体支撑件或设置为 多棱键导向滚动体支撑件等,将冲击导向件和 /或导向滚动体的形状与导向滚动体支撑件紧密 扣合形成导向限位结构, 将导向滚动体设置于导向滚动体支撑件与冲击导向件之间且设置于 导向限位结构, 通过滚动摩擦控制冲击导向件的运动方向和 /或防止冲击导向件旋转。  The fourth solution of the first method of the rolling friction impact mining method is realized by the following steps: setting the guiding rolling body support as a square guiding rolling body support or as a u-shaped guiding rolling body support or It is provided as a frame-shaped guide roller body support or as a groove-shaped guide roller body support or as an I-shaped guide roller body support or as a spline sleeve guide roller body support or as an arc-shaped guide roller body support Or as a V-shaped guide rolling body support or as an elliptical guide rolling body support or as a circular guide rolling body support or as a plate-shaped guide rolling body support or as a polygonal guide rolling body support or Provided as a cylindrical guide rolling body support member or as a multi-edge key guiding rolling body support member, etc., and the shape of the impact guiding member and/or the guiding rolling body is tightly engaged with the guiding rolling body support member to form a guiding limit structure, The guiding rolling body is disposed between the guiding rolling body support and the impact guiding member and is disposed on the guiding limit structure, and is controlled by rolling friction control The direction of movement of the striker and/or the rotation of the impact guide.
所述的 该滚动摩擦冲击采掘的方法的方案一产生的方案五是由以下歩骤实现的: 将冲击导向件设置为方形冲击导向件体或设置为 υ形冲击导向件或设置为框形冲击导向 件或设置为槽形冲击导向件或设置为工字形冲击导向件或设置为花键形冲击导向件或设置为 弧形冲击导向件或设置为 V形冲击导向件或设置为椭圆形冲击导向件或设置为圆形冲击导向 件或设置为板形冲击导向件或设置为多边形冲击导向件或设置为筒式冲击导向件或设置为多 棱键冲击导向件或设置为多棱套冲击导向件等,将导向滚动体支撑件和 /或导向滚动体的形状 与冲击导向件的形状紧密扣合形成导向限位结构, 通过滚动摩擦控制冲击导向件的运动方向 和 /或防止冲击导向件旋转。  The fifth solution of the first method of the rolling friction impact mining method is achieved by the following steps: setting the impact guide as a square impact guide body or as a dome-shaped impact guide or as a frame impact The guide element is provided as a groove-shaped impact guide or as an I-shaped impact guide or as a spline-shaped impact guide or as an arc-shaped impact guide or as a V-shaped impact guide or as an elliptical impact guide Or as a circular impact guide or as a plate-shaped impact guide or as a polygonal impact guide or as a cylindrical impact guide or as a multi-rib impact guide or as a multi-rib impact guide Or, the shape of the guiding rolling element support and/or the guiding rolling body is tightly engaged with the shape of the impact guiding member to form a guiding limit structure, and the moving direction of the impact guiding member is controlled by rolling friction and/or the impact guiding member is prevented from rotating.
所述的 ώ该滚动摩擦冲击采掘的方法的方案一产生的方案六是山以下歩骤实现的: 将导向滚动体为设 W球形导 滚动体或设 为椭圆形导向滚动体或设置为哑铃形导向滚 动体或设置为 ^柱形导向滚动体或设' 为锥形导向滚动体或设 S为圆环形导向滚动体或设背 5 为滚轮导向滚动体或设置为台形柱导向滚动体或设置为台形球导向滚动体或设置为台形鼓导 向滚动体或设置为槽形鼓导向滚动体或设置为槽形柱导向滚动体或设置为槽形球导向滚动体 或设置为槽形滚轮导向滚动体或设置为槽形椭圆导向滚动体或设置为带轴导向滚动体或设置 为带孔导向滚动体或设置为多棱键导向滚动体或设置为多棱套导向滚动体等, 将导向滚动体 的形状与冲击导向件和 /或导向滚动体支撑件的形状紧密扣合形成限位结构,通过滚动摩擦控 制冲击导向件的运动方向和 /或防止冲击导向件旋转。 The sixth solution of the first method of the rolling friction impact mining method is realized by the following steps: the guiding rolling body is a W-shaped rolling guide or is set as an elliptical guiding rolling body or is set as a dumbbell Guide the rolling element or set it as a cylindrical guide rolling element or set it as a tapered guiding rolling element or S as a circular guiding rolling element or a back 5 for the roller-guided rolling body or for the table-shaped column-guided rolling body or for the table-shaped ball-guided rolling body or for the table-shaped drum-guided rolling body or for the groove-shaped drum-guided rolling body or for the groove-shaped column-guided rolling body or for the setting The grooved ball guides the rolling body or is arranged as a grooved roller guide rolling body or as a grooved elliptical guide rolling body or as a belt-guided rolling body or as a perforated guiding rolling body or as a multi-edge guiding rolling element Or a multi-sleeve guide rolling body or the like, the shape of the guiding rolling body is closely engaged with the shape of the impact guiding member and/or the guiding rolling body support to form a limiting structure, and the moving direction of the impact guiding member is controlled by rolling friction and / or prevent the impact guide from rotating.
所述的由该滚动摩擦冲击采掘的方法的方案一产生的方案七是由以下歩骤实现的- 将缸体设置为方形缸体或设置为花键套缸体或设置为弧形缸体或设置为椭圆形缸体或设 置为圆形缸体或设置为多边形缸体或设置为筒式缸体等,使活塞和 /或活塞滚动体的形状与缸 体紧密扣合形成活塞限位结构, 通过滚动摩擦控制活塞的运动方向和 /或防止活塞旋转。  The seventh solution of the first method of the rolling friction impact mining method is realized by the following steps: setting the cylinder as a square cylinder or as a spline sleeve or as an arc cylinder or Set as an elliptical cylinder or as a circular cylinder or as a polygonal cylinder or as a cylinder, etc., so that the shape of the piston and/or the piston rolling body is tightly engaged with the cylinder to form a piston limiting structure. The direction of movement of the piston is controlled by rolling friction and/or the piston is prevented from rotating.
所述的由该滚动摩擦冲击采掘的方法的方案一产生的方案八是由以下步骤实现的: 将活塞设置为方形活塞或设置为 u形活塞或设置为框形活塞或设置为槽形活塞或设置为 花键形活塞或设置为弧形活塞或设置为 V形活塞或设置为椭圆形活塞或设置为圆形活塞或设 置为板形活塞或设置为多边形活塞或设置为多棱键活塞等,使缸体和 /或活塞滚动体的形状与 活塞的形状紧密扣合形成活塞限位结构,通过滚动摩擦控制活塞的运动方向和 /或防止活塞旋 转。  The first solution of the first method of the rolling friction impact mining method is achieved by the following steps: setting the piston as a square piston or as a u-shaped piston or as a frame-shaped piston or as a slot-shaped piston or Set to a spline-shaped piston or set to a curved piston or set to a V-shaped piston or set to an elliptical piston or set to a circular piston or set to a plate-shaped piston or set to a polygonal piston or set to a multi-edge piston, etc. The shape of the cylinder and/or the piston rolling body is tightly engaged with the shape of the piston to form a piston limiting structure, the direction of movement of the piston is controlled by rolling friction and/or the piston is prevented from rotating.
所述的由该滚动摩擦冲击采掘的方法的方案一产生的方案九是 ώ以下步骤实现的: 将活塞滚动体设置为球形活塞滚动体或设置为椭圆形活塞滚动体或设置为《铃形活塞滚 动体或设置为圆柱形活塞滚动体或设置为锥形活塞滚动体或设置为圆环形活塞滚动体或设置 为滚轮活塞滚动体或设置为台形柱活塞滚动体或设置为台形球活塞滚动体或设置为台形鼓活 塞滚动体或设置为槽形鼓活塞滚动体或设置为槽形柱活塞滚动体或设置为槽形球活塞滚动体 或设置为槽形滚轮活塞滚动体或设置为槽形椭圆活塞滚动体或设置为带轴活塞滚动体或设置 为带孔活塞滚动体或设置为多棱键活塞滚动体等,使活塞和 /或缸体的形状与活塞滚动体的形 状紧密扣合形成活塞限位结构, 通过滚动摩擦控制活塞的运动方向和 /或防止活塞旋转。  The solution 9 produced by the first method of the rolling friction impact mining method is realized by the following steps: setting the piston rolling body as a spherical piston rolling body or as an elliptical piston rolling body or as a bell-shaped piston The rolling bodies are arranged as cylindrical piston rolling bodies or as tapered piston rolling bodies or as circular piston rolling bodies or as roller piston rolling bodies or as table-shaped cylindrical piston rolling bodies or as table-shaped ball piston rolling bodies Or set as a table-shaped drum piston rolling body or as a grooved drum piston rolling body or as a grooved cylinder piston rolling body or as a grooved ball piston rolling body or as a grooved roller piston rolling body or as a trough ellipse The piston rolling body is arranged as a shaft piston rolling body or as a perforated piston rolling body or as a multi-rible piston rolling body, etc., so that the shape of the piston and/or the cylinder is tightly engaged with the shape of the piston rolling body to form a piston The limit structure controls the direction of movement of the piston by rolling friction and/or prevents rotation of the piston.
所述的 ώ该滚动摩擦冲击采掘的方法的方案一产生的方案十是 ώ以下歩骤实现的: 使导向滚动体与导向滚动体支撑件和 /或冲击导向件滚动接触面紧密扣合,使导向滚动体 与导向滚动体支撑件和 /或冲击导向件滚动接触而大, 或使活塞滚动体与缸体和 /或活塞滚动 接触而紧密扣合, 使活 ¾滚动休 缸体和 /或活塞滚动接触面大, 防止导向滚动体或活塞滚动 体局部受力过人, 减少导向滚动体对导向滚动体支撑件和 /或冲击导向件集中在局部摩擦, 或 减少活塞滚动体对缸体和 /或活塞集中在局部摩擦, 加大对冲击导向件或活塞的扶正幅度, 通 过导向滚动体支撑件和 /或冲击导向件与导向滚动体的接触面紧密扣合限制导向滚动体滚动 空间和位置,或通过缸体和 /或活塞与活塞滚动体的接触面紧密扣合限制活塞滚动体滚动空间 和位置。 The solution of the first method of the rolling friction impact mining method is the following: The guiding rolling element is tightly engaged with the rolling contact support and/or the impact guiding surface of the impact guiding member, so that The guiding rolling bodies are in large rolling contact with the guiding rolling element support and/or the impact guiding member, or the piston rolling elements are in tight contact with the cylinder body and/or the piston, so that the rolling cylinder and/or the piston are movable. The rolling contact surface is large, preventing the guiding rolling body or the piston rolling body from being partially stressed, reducing the guiding rolling element to focus on the guiding rolling element support and/or the impact guiding part, or Reducing the local friction of the piston rolling body to the cylinder body and/or the piston, and increasing the righting amplitude of the impact guiding member or the piston, and closely engaging the contact surface of the guiding rolling element by the guiding rolling element support and/or the impact guiding member Restricting the rolling space and position of the guiding rolling elements, or by tightly engaging the cylinder and/or the contact surface of the piston with the rolling elements of the piston to limit the rolling space and position of the rolling elements of the piston.
所述的由该滚动摩擦冲击采掘的方法的方案一产生的方案十一是由以下步骤实现的: 在导向滚动体支撑件设置坑道等或在冲击导向件设置坑道等, 使坑道宽度不大于或等于 或接近滚动体滚动方向滚动体的宽度, 使坑道长度不大于或等于或接近冲击导向件行程的二 分之一与导向滚动体最大半径之和, 使限位结构包括导向滚动体等设置在导向滚动体支撑 件、冲击导向件之间且设置在坑道内, 使坑道限制导向滚动体和 /或冲击导向件的滚动空间及 位置, 使坑道保证导向滚动体、 冲击导向件、 导向滚动体支撑件等之间在运动时为滚动摩擦; 所述的由该滚动摩擦冲击采掘的方法的方案一产生的方案十二是由以下步骤实现的: 在活塞上设置坑道等, 使坑道宽度不大于或等于或接近活塞滚动体滚动方向滚动体的宽 度, 使坑道长度不大于或等于或接近活塞行程的二分之一与活塞滚动体最大半径之和, 使活 塞滚动体设置在缸体、活塞之间且设置在坑道内, 使坑道限制活塞滚动体的滚动空间及位置, 使坑道保证活塞滚动体、 活塞、 缸体等之间在运动时均为滚动摩擦。  The solution 11 produced by the first method of the rolling friction impact mining method is realized by the following steps: setting a tunnel or the like in the guiding rolling body support member or setting a tunnel in the impact guiding member, so that the tunnel width is not greater than or Equal to or close to the width of the rolling body in the rolling direction of the rolling element, so that the length of the tunnel is not greater than or equal to or close to the sum of one-half of the stroke of the impact guide and the maximum radius of the guiding rolling body, so that the limiting structure includes the guiding rolling body and the like Guided between the rolling element support and the impact guide and disposed in the tunnel, the tunnel restricts the rolling space and position of the guiding rolling body and/or the impact guiding member, so that the tunnel ensures the guiding rolling body, the impact guiding member and the guiding rolling body support The friction between the pieces and the like is a rolling friction during the movement; the solution 12 produced by the first method of the rolling friction impact mining method is realized by the following steps: setting a tunnel or the like on the piston so that the tunnel width is not greater than or Equal to or close to the width of the rolling element in the rolling direction of the piston rolling element, so that the length of the tunnel is not greater than or equal to or close to live The sum of one-half of the stroke and the maximum radius of the piston rolling body, the piston rolling body is disposed between the cylinder and the piston and disposed in the tunnel, so that the tunnel limits the rolling space and position of the piston rolling body, so that the tunnel ensures the piston rolling The body, the piston, the cylinder, etc. are all rolling friction during movement.
所述的由该滚动摩擦冲击釆掘的方法的方案一产生的方案十三是由以下步骤实现的: 在滚动往复装置上设置导向导向滚动体支撑件、 冲击导向件等, 冲击导向件两端设置冲 击头或一端设置冲击头另一端设置配重件;  The thirteenth solution produced by the first method of the rolling friction impact digging method is realized by the following steps: providing a guiding guide rolling body support member, an impact guiding member, etc. on the rolling reciprocating device, and impacting the two ends of the guiding member Set the impact head or one end to set the impact head and set the weight on the other end;
在冲击导向件上设置导向段等, 导向段设置于一端为冲击头另一端为配重件的冲击导向 件或设置于两端设有冲击头的冲击导向件, 其设置方法为导向段与冲击导向件重合段以外的 两端的重量相等或基本相等;  A guiding section or the like is arranged on the impact guiding member, and the guiding section is disposed at the one end of the impact head, and the impact guiding member provided with the weighting member at the other end or the impact guiding member provided with the impact head at both ends, and the guiding method is the guiding section and the impact The ends of the guide member overlap are equal or substantially equal in weight;
使导向段设置于导向导向滚动体支撑件, 导向段与导向导向滚动体支撑件配合, 使导向 段移动时总是处于导向导向滚动体支撑件上,保持冲击导向件静止或运动状态时的重力平衡; 将导向导向滚动体支撑件、 冲击导向件紧密配合支撑冲击导向件往复运动, 使动力冲击 件与冲击导向件分体或连接或为一体式, 冲击头在冲击导向件的支撑下往复运动, 冲击头冲 击煤壁或岩壁实现采落物料。  The guiding segment is arranged on the guiding guiding rolling body support, and the guiding segment cooperates with the guiding guiding rolling body support, so that the guiding segment is always on the guiding guiding rolling body support when the guiding segment is moved, and the gravity when the impact guiding member is in a stationary or moving state is maintained. Balanced; the guiding guide rolling body support member and the impact guiding member are closely matched to support the impact guiding member to reciprocate, so that the power impacting member and the impact guiding member are separated or connected or integrated, and the impact head reciprocates under the support of the impact guiding member The impact head impacts the coal wall or rock wall to realize the falling material.
所述的由该滚动摩擦冲击釆掘的方法的方案一产生的方案十四是由以下步骤实现的: 在曲柄冲击驱动装置或液压冲击驱动装置或气压冲击驱动装置上设置动力冲击件等; 使冲击头在冲击导向件的支撑下往复运动; The solution 14 produced by the first method of the rolling friction impact digging method is realized by the following steps: providing a power impact member or the like on a crank impact driving device or a hydraulic impact driving device or a pneumatic impact driving device; Reciprocating the impact head under the support of the impact guide;
在往复冲击部的支撑箱体或支撑架上设置导向限位结构等, 使导向限位结构限制冲击导 向件为直线往复运动。  A guide limit structure or the like is disposed on the support box or the support frame of the reciprocating impact portion, so that the guide limit structure restricts the impact guide member to linear reciprocating motion.
所述的由该滚动摩擦冲击采掘的方法的方案一产生的方案十五是由以下歩骤实现的: 在冲击驱动装置上设置动力支撑件、 动力冲击件等;  The fifteenth solution of the first method of the rolling friction impact mining method is realized by the following steps: providing a power support member, a power impact member, etc. on the impact driving device;
在动力支撑件与动力冲击件之间设置滚轮等或在导向导向滚动体支撑件与冲击导向件之 间设置滚轮等;  Providing a roller or the like between the power support member and the power impact member or providing a roller between the guide guide rolling body support member and the impact guide member;
当滚轮轴固定于动力冲击件时, 使滚轮贴合动力支撑件滚动, 当滚轮轴固定于动力支撑 件时, 使滚轮贴合动力冲击件滚动, 防止动力冲击件与动力支撑件贴合摩擦, 或当滚轮轴固 定于导向导向滚动体支撑件时, 使滚轮贴合冲击导向件滚动, 当滚轮轴固定于冲击导向件时, 使滚轮贴合导向导向滚动体支撑件滚动,防止导向导向滚动体支撑件与冲击导向件贴合摩擦, 减少冲击驱动装置的磨损。  When the roller shaft is fixed to the power impacting member, the roller is attached to the power supporting member to roll, and when the roller shaft is fixed to the power supporting member, the roller is fitted to the power impacting member to roll, thereby preventing the power impacting member from adhering to the power supporting member. Or when the roller shaft is fixed to the guiding guide rolling body support member, the roller is attached to the impact guiding member to roll, and when the roller shaft is fixed to the impact guiding member, the roller fitting guiding guide rolling body supporting member is rolled to prevent the guiding guiding rolling element The support member is frictionally attached to the impact guide member to reduce wear of the impact drive device.
所述的由该滚动摩擦冲击采掘的方法的方案一产生的方案十六是由以下歩骤实现的: 在动力支撑件与动力冲击件之间设置滚轮等或在导向导向滚动体支撑件与冲击导向件之 间设置滚轮等;  The solution 16 of the method of the rolling friction impact mining method is achieved by the following steps: providing a roller or the like between the power support member and the power impact member or guiding the rolling element support member and the impact a roller or the like is arranged between the guide members;
把滚轮的表面做成凸起、 凹陷、 V 槽或曲线形等, 使导向导向滚动体支撑件或冲击导向 件与滚轮接触面的形状同滚轮表面的形状相扣合, 将滚轮、 导向导向滚动体支撑件、 冲击导 向件紧密配合通过滚动摩擦控制冲击导向件和 /或动力冲击件的运动为直线往复运动。  The surface of the roller is formed into a convex shape, a concave shape, a V-groove or a curved shape, etc., so that the shape of the contact guiding rolling body support member or the impact guiding member and the contact surface of the roller is matched with the shape of the roller surface, and the roller and the guiding guide are rolled. The body support and the impact guide are closely matched to control the movement of the impact guide and/or the power impact member by linear friction to linearly reciprocate.
所述的由该滚动摩擦冲击采掘的方法的方案一产生的方案十七是 ώ以下歩骤实现的: 当把导向导向滚动体支撑件设置为外部套时即把冲击导向件设置为内部体, 当把导向导 向滚动体支撑件设置为内部体时即把冲击导向件设置为外部套, 在外部套与内部体之间设置 导向导向滚动体, 将外部套、 内部体与导向导向滚动体等紧密配合使外部套或内部体通过滚 动摩擦相对往复运动;  The seventeenth solution of the first method of the rolling friction impact mining method is realized by the following steps: when the guiding guiding rolling element support is set as an outer sleeve, the impact guiding member is set as an inner body. When the guide guiding rolling element support is set as the inner body, the impact guiding member is set as an outer sleeve, and the guiding guiding rolling body is arranged between the outer sleeve and the inner body, and the outer sleeve, the inner body and the guiding guiding rolling body are closely arranged. Cooperating to make the outer sleeve or the inner body reciprocate by rolling friction;
使冲击头在往复运动的外部套或内部体的支撑下滚动摩擦往复运动;  Rolling and reciprocating the impact head under the support of the reciprocating outer sleeve or inner body;
滚动往复装置扶正冲击头的冲击方向, 保证冲击头下一个冲击动作施加在待采掘物上, 行走部带动机身行走实现往复冲击连续采掘。  The rolling reciprocating device supports the impact direction of the impact head to ensure that the next impact action of the impact head is applied to the object to be excavated, and the walking portion drives the body to realize continuous reciprocating impact mining.
所述的山¾滚½摩擦冲击采掘的方法的方案 产 ^的方案十八是山以下歩骤 ¾现的: 设置曲柄冲^驱动装 W支撑架等或设 ffi液压冲 驱动装 ¾缸体部分等或设置气压冲击驱 动装置缸体部分等, 在支撑架上或在缸体部分上设置动力支撑件、导向导向滚动体支撑件等, 将导向导向滚动体支撑件设置在动力支撑件外部, 使冲击导向件设置在导向导向滚动体支撑 件上; The method of the method for producing the mountain 3⁄4 rolling friction impact mining method is the following steps: setting the crank handle to drive the W support frame or the ffi hydraulic drive drive 3⁄4 cylinder part Wait or set the pneumatic shock drive a moving device cylinder portion or the like, a power support member, a guide guide rolling body support member and the like are disposed on the support frame or on the cylinder portion, and the guide guide rolling body support member is disposed outside the power support member, so that the impact guide member is disposed at Guided to the rolling element support;
在缸体部分设置缸体等, 导向导向滚动体支撑件设置在缸体外部, 将缸体与动力支撑件 分体或为一体式或连接, 使导向导向滚动体支撑件与缸体分体或为一体式或连接, 使动力支 撑件与导向导向滚动体支撑件分体或为一体式或连接;  A cylinder body or the like is disposed on the cylinder portion, and the guiding guide rolling body support member is disposed outside the cylinder body, and the cylinder body and the power support member are separately or integrally connected or connected, so that the guiding guide rolling body support member is separated from the cylinder block or In one piece or in connection, the power support member and the guide guide rolling body support member are separated or integrated or connected;
在曲柄冲击驱动装置或液压冲击驱动装置或气压冲击驱动装置上设置动力冲击件等, 将 动力冲击件设置在支撑架内或缸体内, 使支撑架或缸体支撑动力冲击件;  A power impact member or the like is disposed on the crank impact drive device or the hydraulic impact drive device or the pneumatic impact drive device, and the power impact member is disposed in the support frame or the cylinder body, so that the support frame or the cylinder body supports the power impact member;
在支撑架外部或缸体外部设置冲击导向件等, 把导向导向滚动体设置于导向导向滚动体 支撑件与冲击导向件之间, 将支撑架外部的冲击导向件或缸体外部的冲击导向件与冲击头连 接;  An impact guide or the like is disposed outside the support frame or outside the cylinder, and the guide guide rolling body is disposed between the guide guide rolling body support and the impact guide, and the impact guide outside the support frame or the impact guide outside the cylinder Connected to the impact head;
使动力冲击件驱动冲击头和 /或冲击导向件冲击,动力冲击与冲击导向件分体或为一体式 或连接, 使设置在动力支撑件外部的导向导向滚动体支撑件、 冲击导向件形成多点支撑滚动 往复装置, 使多点支撑滚动往复装置多点支撑冲击头冲击, 最大程度地加宽了对冲击头的扶 正宽度, 加大了对冲击头的扶正力度, 最大力度地控制了冲击头的冲击方向, 防止了冲击驱 动装置受冲击掰别力及反作用力的损坏, 提高了设备的使用寿命。  The power impact member drives the impact head and/or the impact guide member to be impacted, and the power impact and the impact guide member are separately or integrally connected or connected, so that the guide guide rolling body support member and the impact guide member disposed outside the power support member are formed. The point supports the rolling reciprocating device, so that the multi-point supporting rolling reciprocating device supports the impact head impact at multiple points, maximally widens the righting width of the impact head, increases the strengthening force on the impact head, and controls the impact head with the greatest intensity. The impact direction prevents the impact drive device from being damaged by impact force and reaction force, and improves the service life of the device.
所述的由该滚动摩擦冲击采掘的方法的方案一产生的方案十九是由以下歩骤实现的- 在导向导向滚动体支撑件上设置凹坑等或在冲击导向件上设置凹坑等, 将导向导向滚动 体设置在导向导向滚动体支撑件、 冲击导向件之间且设置在凹坑内, 凹坑限制导向导向滚动 体的滚动空间及位置;  The nineteenth solution of the first method of the rolling friction impact mining method is realized by the following steps: providing a pit or the like on the guiding guide rolling body support member or providing a pit or the like on the impact guiding member, The guiding guiding rolling body is disposed between the guiding guiding rolling body support and the impact guiding member and disposed in the dimple, the dimple restricting the rolling space and the position of the guiding guiding rolling body;
使导向导向滚动体支撑件、 冲击导向件及在凹坑中滚动的导向导向滚动体紧密扣合通过 导向导向滚动体滚动摩擦使冲击导向件往复运动, 冲击头冲击煤壁或岩壁所产生的反作用掰 别力即施加给滚动往复装置, 从而防止曲柄冲击驱动装置或液压冲击驱动装置或气压冲击驱 动装置等遭受冲击反作用掰别力的损坏, 滚动往复装置扶 ιΗ冲击头的冲击方向, 保证冲击头 下一个冲击动作施加在待采掘物上, 行走部带动机身行走实现往复冲击连续采掘。  The guide guiding rolling element support member, the impact guiding member and the guiding guiding rolling body rolling in the dimple are tightly engaged by the rolling friction of the guiding guiding rolling body to reciprocate the impact guiding member, and the impact head impacts the coal wall or the rock wall The reaction discriminating force is applied to the rolling reciprocating device, thereby preventing the crank impact driving device or the hydraulic impact driving device or the pneumatic impact driving device from being damaged by the impact reaction, and the rolling reciprocating device is capable of supporting the impact direction of the impact head to ensure the impact. The next impact action of the head is applied to the object to be excavated, and the walking part drives the body to walk to realize continuous reciprocating impact mining.
所述的 ώ该滚动摩擦冲击采掘的方法的方案一产生的方案二十是 ώ以下步骤实现的: 在导向导向滚动体支梂件上设 S滚道等或在冲 导向件上设置滚道等或在导向导向滚动 休支撑件和冲击^向件上设置滚 J i等; 使导向导向滚动体支撑件、 冲击导向件及在滚道中滚动的导向导向滚动体紧密扣合通过 导向导向滚动体滚动摩擦使冲击导向件往复运动, 滚道限制导向导向滚动体的滚动空间及位 置。 The solution 20 of the first method of the rolling friction impact mining method is realized by the following steps: setting the S raceway or the like on the guiding guide rolling body support member or setting the raceway on the punching guide member, etc. Or setting a roller J i or the like on the guiding guide rolling rest support member and the impact member; The guide guide rolling element support member, the impact guide member and the guide guide rolling body rolling in the raceway are tightly engaged to reciprocate the impact guide member by the guide guide rolling body rolling friction, and the raceway restricts the rolling space and position of the guide guide rolling body .
所述的由该滚动摩擦冲击采掘的方法的方案一产生的方案二十一是由以下步骤实现的- 设置导向导向滚动体支撑件、 冲击导向件、 保持架、 导向导向滚动体等, 在导向导向滚 动体支撑件与冲击导向件之间设置保持架等, 把导向导向滚动体设置于保持架, 使保持架的 厚度小于导向导向滚动体的直径, 将导向导向滚动体高出保持架的两部分分别设置于导向导 向滚动体支撑件、 冲击导向件, 使保持架单独设置或固定于导向导向滚动体支撑件或固定于 冲击导向件等;  The solution of the first method of the rolling friction impact mining method is realized by the following steps: providing a guiding guide rolling body support member, an impact guiding member, a cage, a guiding guiding rolling body, etc. A cage or the like is disposed between the guiding rolling element support and the impact guiding member, and the guiding guiding rolling body is disposed on the retaining frame such that the thickness of the retaining frame is smaller than the diameter of the guiding guiding rolling body, and the guiding guiding rolling body is higher than the two parts of the retaining frame Separately disposed on the guiding guide rolling body support member and the impact guiding member, so that the retaining frame is separately disposed or fixed to the guiding guiding rolling element support member or fixed to the impact guiding member;
使导向导向滚动体支撑件、 冲击导向件与在保持架内的导向导向滚动体紧密配合使冲击 导向件通过滚动摩擦往复运动, 保持架限制导向导向滚动体的滚动空间及位置;  The guide guiding rolling element support member and the impact guiding member are closely matched with the guiding guiding rolling body in the retaining frame to reciprocate the impact guiding member by rolling friction, and the retaining frame limits the rolling space and position of the guiding guiding rolling body;
使冲击导向件与冲击头连接或为一体式, 使动力冲击件驱动冲击头冲击, 冲击头冲击煤 壁或岩壁所产生的反作用掰别力即施加给滚动往复装置, 从而防止曲柄冲击驱动装置或液压 冲击驱动装置或气压冲击驱动装置等遭受冲击反作用掰别力的损坏, 滚动往复装置扶正冲击 头的冲击方向, 保证冲击头下一个冲击动作施加在待采掘物上, 行走部带动机身行走实现往 复冲击连续采掘。  The impact guiding member is connected with the impact head or is integrated, so that the power impacting member drives the impact head impact, and the reaction discriminating force generated by the impact head impacting the coal wall or the rock wall is applied to the rolling reciprocating device, thereby preventing the crank impact driving device Or the hydraulic impact drive device or the pneumatic impact drive device is damaged by the impact reaction, and the rolling reciprocating device corrects the impact direction of the impact head to ensure that the next impact action of the impact head is applied to the object to be excavated, and the walking portion drives the body to walk. Realize continuous mining of reciprocating impact.
所述的 ώ该滚动摩擦冲击采掘的方法的方案一产生的方案二十二是由以下歩骤实现的- 将滚动往复装置与曲柄冲击驱动装置的曲柄组件组合或将滚动往复装置与液压冲击驱动 装置组合或将滚动往复装置与气压冲击驱动装置组合等设置于支撑箱体;  The solution of the first method of the rolling friction impact mining method is realized by the following steps: combining the rolling reciprocating device with the crank assembly of the crank impact driving device or driving the rolling reciprocating device with the hydraulic impact drive The device combination or the combination of the rolling reciprocating device and the pneumatic impact driving device is disposed on the support box;
在伸出支撑箱体的冲击导向件的两端均设置冲击头或在冲击导向件的一端设置冲击头另 一端设置防止冲击头因重力不平衡掰别滚动往复装置、 冲击驱动装置和 /或机身等的配重件, 或在冲击导向件的一端设置冲击头, 将动力冲击件伸出支撑箱体的端部与冲击头连接或分 体;  An impact head is disposed at both ends of the impact guide protruding from the support box or an impact head is disposed at one end of the impact guide. The other end is disposed to prevent the impact head from being unbalanced by the gravity unbalanced rolling reciprocating device, the impact driving device and/or the machine The weight member of the body, or an impact head is disposed at one end of the impact guide member, and the end portion of the power impact member protruding from the support box is connected or separated from the impact head;
把导向滚动体支撑件、 缸体、 支撑箱体分体设置或设置为一体式或连接, 使支撑箱体保 护动力冲击件、 冲击导向件等不受粉尘、 污水污染腐蚀。  The guiding rolling element support member, the cylinder block and the supporting box body are separately arranged or arranged to be integrated or connected, so that the supporting box body protects the power impacting member, the impact guiding member and the like from dust and sewage pollution.
所述的山 ¾滚动摩擦冲击采掘的方法的方案一产生的方案二 f三是 ώ以下歩骤实现的: 将动力冲击件与冲击头连接或分体;  The solution 2 of the method for the rolling friction and impact mining described in the first method is the following: 将 The following steps are realized: connecting or splitting the power impact member with the impact head;
在动力冲 件的一端或两端设 防掰别机构等, 将防掰别机构设' S为旋转结构或分体结 构等, 将防掰别机构的旋转结构设置为关节轴承或转向连接头或球笼式万向节或十字万向节 或球头扣槽式或弧形扣槽式等; Set a tamper-proof mechanism at one or both ends of the power punch, and set the tamper-proof mechanism to 'S for a rotating structure or a split joint. Structure, etc., the rotating structure of the anti-screening mechanism is set as a joint bearing or a steering joint or a ball cage type universal joint or a cross universal joint or a ball head buckle groove or a curved buckle groove type;
将防掰别机构的旋转结构或分体结构等与滚动往复装置配合使用, 使旋转结构受力转动 或使分体结构分体隔离冲击反作用掰别力。  The rotating structure or the split structure of the anti-screening mechanism is used in conjunction with the rolling reciprocating device to force the rotating structure to rotate or separate the split structure to isolate the impact reaction.
所述的由该滚动摩擦冲击采掘的方法的方案一产生的方案二十四是由以下步骤实现的. - 在升降装置或往复冲击部或机架上设置固定支撑件、 缓冲支撑件等, 或在升降装置上设 置固定支撑件时即在往复冲击部上设置缓冲支撑件等, 或在机架上设置固定支撑件时即在升 降装置上设置缓冲支撑件等;  The solution of the first method of the rolling friction impact mining method is realized by the following steps: - providing a fixed support, a buffer support, etc. on the lifting device or the reciprocating impact portion or the frame, or When a fixed support member is disposed on the lifting device, a buffer support member or the like is disposed on the reciprocating impact portion, or a buffer support member is disposed on the lifting device when the fixed support member is disposed on the frame;
设置缓冲件、 缓冲导向件等, 将缓冲件设置于固定支撑件与缓冲支撑件之间或设置于升 降装置与机架之间或设置于升降装置与往复冲击部之间等, 将缓冲导向件设置在固定支撑件 与缓冲支撑件上或将缓冲导向件设置于升降装置与机架上或将缓冲导向件设置于升降装置与 往复冲击部上等;  Providing a buffer member, a buffer guide, etc., the buffer member is disposed between the fixed support and the buffer support or between the lifting device and the frame or between the lifting device and the reciprocating impact portion, etc., and the buffer guide is disposed at Fixing the support member and the buffer support member on the lifting device and the frame or placing the buffer guiding member on the lifting device and the reciprocating impact portion;
使动力冲击件驱动冲击头冲击, 使冲击反作用力施加在缓冲支撑件与固定支撑件上或施 加在升降装置与机架上或施加在升降装置与往复冲击部上时,缓冲件变形吸收冲击反作用力, 缓冲导向件即控制缓冲方向使缓冲为往复直线缓冲, 防止缓冲时冲击头无方向性摇摆。  When the power impact member drives the impact head impact, and the impact reaction force is applied to the buffer support member and the fixed support member or applied to the lifting device and the frame or applied to the lifting device and the reciprocating impact portion, the buffer member deforms to absorb the impact reaction Force, the buffer guide controls the buffer direction so that the buffer is a reciprocating linear buffer, preventing the directional sway of the impact head during buffering.
所述的由该滚动摩擦冲击采掘的方法的方案一产生的方案二十五是由以下歩骤实现的: 当把固定支撑件设置为缓冲导向件时即把缓冲支撑件设置为缓冲导向套, 或当把缓冲支 撑件设置为缓冲导向件时即把固定支撑件设置为缓冲导向套;  The solution of the first method of the rolling friction impact mining method is realized by the following steps: when the fixed support is set as the buffer guide, the buffer support is set as the buffer guide sleeve, Or when the buffer support is set as the buffer guide, the fixed support is set as a buffer guide sleeve;
将缓冲导向件与缓冲导向套滑动扣合, 在缓冲导向件上设置导向凸台或导向凹槽时, 即 在缓冲导向套上对应地设置导向凹槽或导向凸台,在导向凸台凸起部分两侧均设置缓冲件等, 缓冲导向套扣合在缓冲导向件上, 将缓冲导向件、 缓冲件与缓冲导向套等配合形成双向导向 结构缓冲功能;  The buffer guide member is slidably engaged with the buffer guide sleeve, and when the guide boss or the guide groove is disposed on the buffer guide member, the guide groove or the guide boss is correspondingly disposed on the buffer guide sleeve, and the guide boss is raised on the guide boss A buffer member or the like is disposed on both sides, and the buffer guiding sleeve is fastened on the buffer guiding member, and the buffer guiding member, the buffering member and the buffer guiding sleeve are matched to form a buffer function of the bidirectional guiding structure;
使缓冲导向件支撑缓冲导向套沿缓冲导向件直线往复滑动或使缓冲导向套支撑缓冲导向 件沿缓冲导向套直线往复滑动, 形成双向结构导向缓冲装置;  Having the buffer guide support buffer guide sleeve linearly reciprocally slide along the buffer guide or to linearly reciprocate the buffer guide sleeve support buffer guide along the buffer guide sleeve to form a bidirectional structure guiding buffer device;
使动力冲击件驱动冲击头冲击, 冲击反作用掰别力施加在双向结构导向缓冲装置上, 双 向结构导向缓冲装置吸收冲击反作用力;  The dynamic impact member drives the impact head impact, the impact reaction discriminating force is applied to the bidirectional structure guiding buffer device, and the bidirectional structure guiding buffer device absorbs the impact reaction force;
将双向结构导向缓冲装置设背于机架或设¾于升降装置或设置于往复冲击部或设置于升 降装賈与机架上或设置于升降装 忭 ¾冲^部上等; 动力冲击件驱动冲击头往复运动, 使导向凸台前部的缓冲件与导向凸台后部的缓冲件吸 收冲击头的冲击反作用力, 使缓冲导向套与缓冲导向件相对直线滑动, 使缓冲导向件、 缓冲 导向套、 缓冲件等相配合吸收冲击头的冲击反作用力并控制缓冲方向为往复直线缓冲, 防止 冲击驱动装置、 滚动往复装置无方向性晃动, 稳定冲击头的冲击方向。 The bidirectional structure guiding buffer device is disposed on the frame or disposed on the lifting device or disposed on the reciprocating impact portion or on the lifting device and the frame or on the lifting device 3⁄4 punching portion; The power impacting member drives the impact head to reciprocate, so that the buffering member at the front of the guiding boss and the cushioning member at the rear of the guiding boss absorb the impact reaction force of the impact head, so that the buffer guiding sleeve and the buffer guiding member slide relative to each other linearly, so as to guide the buffer The fitting, the buffer guiding sleeve, the cushioning member and the like cooperate to absorb the impact reaction force of the impact head and control the buffering direction to be a reciprocating linear buffer, prevent the impact driving device and the rolling reciprocating device from swaying in a direction, and stabilize the impact direction of the impact head.
所述的由该滚动摩擦冲击采掘的方法的方案一产生的方案二十六是由以下歩骤实现的: 在固定支撑件与缓冲支撑件上设置止退结构等或在缓冲导向件与缓冲导向套上设置止退 结构等;  The solution of the first method of the rolling friction impact mining method is realized by the following steps: providing a retaining structure or the like on the fixed support and the buffer support or in the buffer guide and the buffer guide Set a stop structure, etc.;
在止退结构上设置止退件等, 止退件防止固定支撑件与缓冲支撑件相对往复滑动时脱落 或用止退件防止缓冲导向件与缓冲导向套相对往复滑动时脱落。  A retaining member or the like is disposed on the retaining structure, and the retaining member prevents the fixed supporting member from falling off when reciprocatingly sliding relative to the cushioning support member or is prevented from falling off when the cushioning guide member and the buffering guide sleeve are relatively reciprocally slidably moved by the retaining member.
所述的由该滚动摩擦冲击采掘的方法的方案一产生的方案二十七是由以下步骤实现的. - 在升降装置或往复冲击部或机架上设置固定支撑件、 缓冲支撑件等, 或在升降装置上设 置固定支撑件时, 即在往复冲击部上对应地设置缓冲支撑件, 或在机架上设置固定支撑件时, 即在升降装置上对应地设置缓冲支撑件等或在在机架上设置固定支撑件使对应的在往复冲击 部上设置缓冲支撑件等;  The twenty-seventh solution of the first method of the rolling friction impact mining method is realized by the following steps: - providing a fixed support, a buffer support, etc. on a lifting device or a reciprocating impact portion or a frame, or When the fixing support is arranged on the lifting device, that is, the cushioning support is correspondingly arranged on the reciprocating impact portion, or when the fixing support is arranged on the frame, that is, the cushioning support or the like is correspondingly arranged on the lifting device or is in the machine A fixed support member is arranged on the frame to provide a corresponding buffer support member on the reciprocating impact portion;
设置花键轴与花键套等, 在花键轴与花键套之间设置滑动行程段, 滑动行程段在受到冲 击时往复滑动吸收冲击反作用力形成滑动行程花键轴套缓冲装置, 或将主动皮带轮固定在固 定支撑件上, 将主动皮带轮与电机或液压马达或气动马达的驱动轴连接, 将从动皮带轮设置 在缓冲支撑件上, 将皮带设置在主动皮带轮和从动皮带轮上, 使从动皮带轮随缓冲支撑件受 冲击运动, 使皮带吸收冲击反作用力形成皮带缓冲装置, 使滑动行程花键轴套缓冲装置或皮 带缓冲装置等形成旋转动力缓冲装置;  Setting a spline shaft and a spline sleeve, etc., a sliding stroke section is arranged between the spline shaft and the spline sleeve, and the sliding stroke section reciprocates when impacted to absorb the impact reaction force to form a sliding stroke spline bushing buffer device, or The driving pulley is fixed on the fixed support, the driving pulley is connected with the driving shaft of the motor or the hydraulic motor or the air motor, the driven pulley is disposed on the buffer supporting member, and the belt is disposed on the driving pulley and the driven pulley to make the belt The movable pulley is subjected to the impact movement with the buffer support member, so that the belt absorbs the impact reaction force to form a belt buffer device, and the sliding stroke spline bushing buffer device or the belt buffer device forms a rotary power buffer device;
将往复冲击部的旋转动力源件电机或液压马达或气动马达设置在升降装置上或设置在机 架上或设置往复冲击部上或设置在升降装置与机架上或设置在往复冲击部与升降装置上等; 在旋转动力源件与旋转冲击传动件上或在旋转冲击传动件上或在升降装置与往复冲击部 上或在升降装置与机架上或在固定支撑件与缓冲支撑件上或在机架与往复冲击部上设置旋转 动力缓冲装置等,使旋转动力缓冲装置防止电机或液压马达或气动马达受冲击反作用力损坏; 在机架与往复冲击部之间设賈缓冲件等或在固定支撑件与缓冲支撑件之间设置缓冲件等 或在升降装 W与往复冲击部之问设 ¾缓冲件等, 将缓冲导向件设置在机架与往复冲击部上或 将缓冲 向件设 迮固定支撑件与缓冲支搾件上或将缓冲导向件设置在升降装置与往复冲击 部上,使结构导向缓冲装置通过缓冲件吸收冲击反作用力的同时用缓冲导向件控制缓冲方向; 将旋转动力缓冲装置和 /或结构导向缓冲装置设置在机架与升降装置上或设置在固定支 撑件与缓冲支撑件上或设置在升降装置与往复冲击部上或设置在机架与往复冲击部上等, 使 结构导向缓冲装置与滑动行程花键轴套缓冲装置或与皮带缓冲装置等配合对冲击头的冲击反 作用力予以吸收缓冲且对缓冲方向导向, 防止冲击反作用力损坏旋转动力源件或升降装置或 机架等, 保证冲击头的冲击方向朝向待采物。 The rotary power source motor or the hydraulic motor or the air motor of the reciprocating impact portion is disposed on the lifting device or disposed on the frame or provided with the reciprocating impact portion or disposed on the lifting device and the frame or disposed at the reciprocating impact portion and lifting The device is superior; on the rotary power source member and the rotary impact transmission member or on the rotary impact transmission member or on the lifting device and the reciprocating impact portion or on the lifting device and the frame or on the fixed support and the buffer support or A rotary power buffer device or the like is disposed on the frame and the reciprocating impact portion, so that the rotary power buffer device prevents the motor or the hydraulic motor or the air motor from being damaged by the impact reaction force; and the buffer member or the like is disposed between the frame and the reciprocating impact portion or A buffer member or the like is disposed between the fixed support member and the buffer support member, or a buffer member or the like is disposed between the lifter W and the reciprocating impact portion, and the buffer guide member is disposed on the frame and the reciprocating impact portion or the buffering member is disposed Fixing the support member and the buffering member or placing the buffering guide on the lifting device and the reciprocating impact In the upper part, the structure guiding buffer device is used to absorb the impact reaction force through the buffer member while controlling the buffer direction by the buffer guide member; the rotary power buffer device and/or the structure guiding buffer device are disposed on the frame and the lifting device or on the fixed support And the cushioning support member is disposed on the lifting device and the reciprocating impact portion or on the frame and the reciprocating impact portion, etc., so that the structure guiding buffer device and the sliding stroke spline bushing buffer device or the belt cushioning device are matched The impact reaction force of the impact head is absorbed and buffered and guided to the buffer direction, preventing the impact reaction force from damaging the rotary power source member or the lifting device or the frame, etc., and ensuring that the impact direction of the impact head is directed toward the object to be purchased.
所述的由该滚动摩擦冲击采掘的方法的方案一产生的方案二十八是 以下步骤实现的: 将升降装置设置为摇臂等, 将摇臂设置为平行四边形摇臂或设置为单摇臂等, 使平行四 边形摇臂设有主摇臂和副摇臂等;  The twenty-eighth solution of the first method of the rolling friction impact mining method is implemented by the following steps: setting the lifting device as a rocker arm, etc., setting the rocker arm as a parallelogram rocker arm or as a single rocker arm Etc., the parallelogram rocker arm is provided with a main rocker arm and a secondary rocker arm;
在往复冲击部上设置支撑箱体或支撑架等, 使主摇臂的一端与机身铰接另一端与支撑箱 体或支撑架铰接, 使副摇臂的一端与机身铰接另一端与支撑箱体或支撑架铰接;  Providing a support box or a support frame on the reciprocating impact portion, such that one end of the main rocker arm is hinged to the fuselage and the other end is hinged to the support box or the support frame, so that one end of the auxiliary rocker arm is hinged to the fuselage and the other end is connected to the support box Body or support frame articulated;
用主摇臂和 /或副摇臂支撑往复冲击部,使主摇臂与副摇臂相配合调整冲击头的采掘方向 或位置, 保证冲击头下一个冲击动作施加在待采掘物上, 使行走部带动机身行走实现往复冲 击连续采掘。  Supporting the reciprocating impact portion with the main rocker arm and/or the auxiliary rocker arm, so that the main rocker arm and the auxiliary rocker arm cooperate to adjust the mining direction or position of the impact head, and ensure that the next impact action of the impact head is applied to the object to be excavated, so that walking The department drives the fuselage to achieve continuous reciprocating impact mining.
所述的由该滚动摩擦冲击采掘的方法的方案一产生的方案二十九是 ώ以下歩骤实现的: 设置动力同心轴段、 连接柄、 偏心轴等形成多拐曲轴, 将多拐曲轴、 连杆等组成多拐曲 轴多杆冲击机构;  The solution produced by the first method of the rolling friction impact mining method is realized by the following steps: setting a power concentric shaft section, a connecting handle, an eccentric shaft, etc. to form a multi-turn crankshaft, which will rotate the crankshaft, A connecting rod and the like constitute a multi-turn crankshaft multi-bar impact mechanism;
使多拐曲轴的动力同心轴段一端与曲柄冲击驱动装置的动力输出部件连接;  Connecting one end of the power concentric shaft section of the crankshaft to the power output component of the crank impact drive;
将动力同心轴段的另一端设置两个以上的连接柄、 偏心轴等;  Two or more connecting handles, eccentric shafts, etc. are disposed at the other end of the power concentric shaft section;
将多拐曲轴的动力同心轴段安装在支撑箱体或支撑架上;  Mounting the power concentric shaft section of the crankshaft on the support box or the support frame;
使多拐曲轴的偏心轴与连杆的一端铰接, 使连杆的另一端与冲击头连接或分体或为一体 式, 一个偏心轴带动一个以上的连杆往复冲击形成多拐曲轴冲击驱动装置。  The eccentric shaft of the multi-turn crankshaft is hinged with one end of the connecting rod, so that the other end of the connecting rod is connected with the impact head or is separated or integrated, and one eccentric shaft drives more than one connecting rod to reciprocate impact to form a multi-crank cranking impact driving device .
所述的 ώ该滚动摩擦冲击采掘的方法的方案一产生的方案三十是 ώ以下歩骤实现的: 将动力冲击件与冲击头连接或分体;  The solution 30 of the method for the rolling friction impact mining method is implemented by the following steps: connecting or splitting the power impact member with the impact head;
设置冲外层料齿、 冲内层料齿等, 使冲外层料齿的形状与布置有利于将冲内层料齿冲落 的物料从冲外层料齿的空隙间流出;  The teeth of the outer layer of the outer layer and the teeth of the inner layer of the outer layer are arranged, so that the shape and arrangement of the teeth of the outer layer of the outer layer are favorable for flowing out the material of the inner layer of the punching material from the gap between the teeth of the outer layer;
使冲内层料齿的形状或排列 ^利于将待采煤壁或 ¾ "壁的内层物料冲落;  The shape or arrangement of the teeth of the inner layer is facilitated to flush the inner layer of the coal wall to be mined or the 3⁄4" wall;
将冲外层料齿、 冲内 料齿并列 S组成多层冲击头等, 多层冲料机构相配合 ¾现冲击 落料并出料, 通过多层冲击头增加采煤宽度, 提高采煤效率。 The outer material teeth and the inner material teeth are juxtaposed to form a multi-layer impact head, etc., and the multi-layered charging mechanism cooperates with the 3⁄4 impact The material is blanked and discharged, and the coal mining width is increased by the multi-layer impact head to improve the coal mining efficiency.
所述的由该滚动摩擦冲击采掘的方法的方案一产生的方案三十一是由以下步骤实现的: 设置冲齿等, 在冲齿上设有齿头等, 使相邻的两层冲齿齿头的距离不同, 将冲齿设置为 多层冲齿, 将待采掘煤壁或岩壁被冲击成阶梯状, 阶梯状煤壁或岩壁的每一阶层产生两个以 上的相对自由面, 阶梯状的煤壁或岩壁相对于原平面形煤壁或岩壁的压应力及结构强度大大 降低, 使齿头与冲齿分体连接或为一体式;  The solution of the first method of the rolling friction impact mining method is implemented by the following steps: setting a punching tooth, etc., providing a tooth head on the toothing, so that the adjacent two-layer toothing teeth The distance between the heads is different, the punching teeth are set as multi-layer punching teeth, and the coal wall or rock wall to be mined is struck into a step shape, and each step of the stepped coal wall or rock wall generates more than two relative free faces, the ladder The compressive stress and structural strength of the coal wall or rock wall relative to the original plane coal wall or rock wall are greatly reduced, so that the tooth head and the tooth are connected or integrated;
将煤壁或岩壁冲击成阶梯状后每一层冲齿再次采掘时利用阶梯状煤壁或岩壁的两个相对 自由面冲击落料, 大大减少冲击阻力, 避免冲击头所采落的物料出现过大块, 减少动力消耗, 提高冲击效率。  After the coal wall or rock wall is struck into a step shape, each layer of the tooth is re-excavated, and the two opposite free faces of the stepped coal wall or the rock wall are used to impact the blanking material, thereby greatly reducing the impact resistance and avoiding the material falling from the impact head. Large blocks have appeared, reducing power consumption and improving impact efficiency.
所述的由该滚动摩擦冲击采掘的方法的方案一产生的方案三十二是由以下步骤实现的: 设置冲外层料齿架等, 在冲外层料齿架上设置出料洞等;  The solution of the first method of the rolling friction impact mining method is implemented by the following steps: setting the outer material rack, etc., and setting a discharge hole on the outer material rack;
在冲外层料齿架上设置冲外层料齿等,使冲外层料齿设置在冲外层料齿架朝向待采掘面; 设置冲内层料齿架、冲内层料齿等, 使冲内层料齿与冲内层料齿架分体连接或为一体式, 使冲外层料齿的形状或排列有利于将待采掘层的外层物料冲落;  An outer layer of material is arranged on the outer frame of the punching material, so that the outer layer of the punching material is disposed on the outer surface of the punching material toward the surface to be mined; the inner toothing frame and the inner layer of the material are arranged, Having the inner layer of the punching material and the inner layer of the punching material are connected or integrated, so that the shape or arrangement of the teeth of the outer layer is favorable for flushing the outer layer of the material to be mined;
使出料洞有利于将冲内层料齿冲落的物料流出。  The discharge hole is advantageous for the material flowing out of the inner layer of the material to be washed out.
所述的由该滚动摩擦冲击采掘的方法的方案一产生的方案三十三是由以下歩骤实现的: 设置升降台、 升降台支座等;  The solution 33 produced by the first method of the rolling friction impact mining method is realized by the following steps: setting a lifting platform, a lifting platform support, etc.;
使用绳与卷绳器或齿轮齿条或螺旋杆或轴接开合或链轮与链条或液压件或气动件等驱动 升降台垂直升降;  Use a rope and rope reel or gear rack or auger or shaft to open or close or sprocket with a chain or hydraulic or pneumatic parts to drive the lifting platform vertically;
使用插销或锁舌或垫块或拉绳或液压缸或气缸等对升降台定位锁紧;  Positioning and locking the lifting platform using bolts or bolts or blocks or drawstrings or hydraulic cylinders or cylinders;
使垂直升降机构驱动往复冲击部上下垂直移动。  The vertical lifting mechanism drives the reciprocating impact portion to move vertically up and down.
所述的 ώ该滚动摩擦冲击采掘的方法的方案一产生的方案三十四是 以下歩骤实现的: 将导向滚动体设置为活塞滚动体等, 将导向滚动体支撑件设實为缸体等, 将冲击导向件 设置为活塞等, 将活塞滚动体设置在活塞四周或设置在活塞一侧或设置在活塞两个以上的侧 部形成滚动活塞;  The solution of the first method of the rolling friction impact mining method is the following: The guiding rolling element is set as a piston rolling body or the like, and the guiding rolling element supporting member is set as a cylinder body or the like. Providing the impact guide member as a piston or the like, and setting the piston rolling body around the piston or on the side of the piston or on the side of the piston or more to form a rolling piston;
在活塞滚动体的支撑下, 滚动活 ¾与缸体滚动摩擦往复运动形成滚动活塞液压驱动装置 或滚动¾ 气动驱动装 设置动力冲击件等, 将动力冲击件一端与滚动活塞连接或分体或为一体式; 设置控制件等, 使控制件控制液体或气体流动, 使滚动活塞在液体或气体压力推动下往 复运动, 使动力冲击件驱动冲击头冲击。 Under the support of the rolling elements of the piston, the rolling motion reciprocates with the rolling friction of the cylinder to form a rolling piston hydraulic drive or rolling 3⁄4 pneumatic drive Providing a power impact member, etc., connecting one end of the power impacting member to the rolling piston or being separated or integrated; providing a control member or the like, so that the control member controls the flow of the liquid or the gas, so that the rolling piston reciprocates under the pressure of the liquid or gas, The power impact member is driven to impact the impact head.
所述的由该滚动摩擦冲击采掘的方法的方案一产生的方案三十五是由以下歩骤实现的: 设置导向导向滚动体、 导向导向滚动体支撑件、 动力冲击件、 活塞、 缸体等, 把活塞设 置于缸体内, 使活塞与动力冲击件连接或分体, 使导向导向滚动体设置于导向导向滚动体支 撑件与动力冲击件之间形成滚动导向液压驱动装置或滚动导向气动驱动装置等, 使导向导向 滚动体、 导向导向滚动体支撑件、 动力冲击件紧密配合使导向导向滚动体通过滚动摩擦支撑 动力冲击件往复运动, 通过滚动摩擦控制动力冲击件的冲击方向, 导向导向滚动体支撑件与 缸体分体或连接或为一体式, 动力冲击件与活塞分体或连接或为一体式;  The solution 35 produced by the first method of the rolling friction impact mining method is realized by the following steps: providing a guiding guiding rolling body, a guiding guiding rolling element supporting member, a power impacting member, a piston, a cylinder body, etc. , the piston is disposed in the cylinder body, the piston is connected or separated from the power impacting member, and the guiding guiding rolling body is disposed between the guiding guiding rolling body support member and the power impacting member to form a rolling guiding hydraulic driving device or a rolling guiding pneumatic driving device. The guiding guide rolling body, the guiding guiding rolling element supporting member and the power impacting member are closely matched to make the guiding guiding rolling body reciprocate by the rolling friction supporting power impacting member, and the impact direction of the dynamic impacting member is controlled by rolling friction, and the guiding guiding rolling is performed. The body support member is separated or connected or integrated into the cylinder block, and the power impact member is separated or connected to the piston or integrated;
设置控制件等, 使控制件控制液体或气体流动, 使活塞在液体或气体压力推动下往复运 动, 使活塞驱动动力冲击件带动冲击头冲击, 冲击头冲击煤壁或岩壁的反作用掰别力即施加 给滚动导向液压驱动装置或滚动导向气动驱动装置。  The control member is arranged to control the flow of the liquid or the gas, so that the piston reciprocates under the pressure of the liquid or the gas, so that the piston drives the power impact member to drive the impact head, and the impact head impacts the reaction wall of the coal wall or the rock wall. That is, it is applied to the rolling guide hydraulic drive or the rolling guide pneumatic drive.
所述的由该滚动摩擦冲击采掘的方法的方案一产生的方案三十六是由以下步骤实现的: 使滚动活塞液压驱动装置与滚动导向液压驱动装置等组成滚动导向滚动活塞液压驱动装 置, 或使滚动活塞气动驱动装置与滚动导向气动驱动装置等组成滚动导向滚动活塞气动驱动 装置, 使控制件控制液体或气体流动, 使滚动活塞在液体或气体压力推动下往复运动, 使滚 动活塞驱动动力冲击件带动冲击头冲击, 冲击头冲击煤壁或岩壁的反作用掰别力即施加给滚 动导向滚动活塞液压驱动装置或滚动导向滚动活塞气动驱动装置。  The solution 36 of the method for mining by the rolling friction impact is realized by the following steps: forming a rolling piston hydraulic drive device and a rolling guide hydraulic drive device to form a rolling guide rolling piston hydraulic drive device, or The rolling piston pneumatic driving device and the rolling guiding pneumatic driving device are configured to form a rolling guide rolling piston pneumatic driving device, so that the control member controls the flow of liquid or gas, so that the rolling piston reciprocates under the pressure of liquid or gas, so that the rolling piston drives the power impact. The member drives the impact head impact, and the reaction force of the impact head impacting the coal wall or the rock wall is applied to the hydraulic drive of the rolling guide rolling piston or the pneumatic driving device of the rolling guide rolling piston.
所述的由该滚动摩擦冲击采掘的方法的方案一产生的方案三十七是由以下歩骤实现的: 在导向导向滚动体支撑件、导向导向滚动体和 /或冲击导向件上设置导向限位结构等, 将 导向导向滚动体设置于导向导向滚动体支撑件与冲击导向件之间且设置于导向限位结构, 使 导向限位结构限制导向导向滚动体的滚动空间及位置, 或在缸体、活塞和 /或活塞滚动体上设 置活塞限位结构等, 将活塞滚动体设置于活塞限位结构, 使活塞限位结构限制活塞滚动体的 滚动空间及位置;  The solution 37 of the first method of the rolling friction impact mining method is realized by the following steps: setting a guiding limit on the guiding guiding rolling body support, the guiding guiding rolling body and/or the impact guiding member a positioning structure or the like, the guiding guide rolling body is disposed between the guiding guiding rolling element support and the impact guiding member and disposed on the guiding limit structure, so that the guiding limit structure restricts the rolling space and position of the guiding guiding rolling body, or in the cylinder a piston limiting structure is arranged on the body, the piston and/or the rolling element of the piston, and the piston rolling body is arranged on the piston limiting structure, so that the piston limiting structure limits the rolling space and position of the piston rolling body;
在动力冲击件的一端或两端设置防掰别机构等,将防掰别机构与滚动往复装置配合使用, 冲击头冲击煤壁或岩壁所产生的反作用掰别力施加给防掰别机构, 防掰别机构隔离反作用掰 别力, 使反作用掰别力施加给滚动往复装置, 从而防止冲击驱动装置遭受冲击反作用掰别力 的损坏, 滚动往复装置扶正冲击头的冲击方向; A tamper-proof mechanism is provided at one or both ends of the power impacting member, and the tamper-proof mechanism is used in conjunction with the rolling reciprocating device, and the reaction force generated by the impact head striking the coal wall or the rock wall is applied to the tamper-proof mechanism. The anti-screening mechanism isolates the reaction discriminating force, and applies the reaction discriminating force to the rolling reciprocating device, thereby preventing the impact driving device from being subjected to the impact reaction discriminating force Damage, rolling reciprocating device to correct the impact direction of the impact head;
在机架与升降装置之间设置缓冲件等或在升降装置固定支撑件与升降装置缓冲支撑件之 间设置缓冲件等或在升降装置与往复冲击部或在在机架与往复冲击部设置缓冲件等, 将缓冲 导向件布置在机架与升降装置上或将缓冲导向件布置在升降装置固定支撑件与升降装置缓冲 支撑件上或将缓冲导向件布置在在机架与往复冲击部等组成结构缓冲装置, 使结构缓冲装置 通过缓冲件吸收冲击反作用力的同时用缓冲导向件控制缓冲方向。  Providing a cushioning member or the like between the frame and the lifting device or providing a cushioning member or the like between the lifting device fixing support and the lifting device buffering support member, or providing cushioning at the lifting device and the reciprocating impact portion or at the frame and the reciprocating impact portion Or the buffer guide is arranged on the frame and the lifting device or the buffer guiding member is arranged on the lifting device fixing support and the lifting device buffer support or the buffer guiding member is arranged in the frame and the reciprocating impact portion. The structural buffering device allows the structural buffering device to absorb the impact reaction force through the cushioning member while controlling the buffering direction with the buffer guiding member.
所述的由该滚动摩擦冲击采掘的方法的方案一产生的方案三十八是由以下步骤实现的: 设置动力支撑件等, 将动力支撑件设置在冲击驱动装置上, 将动力支撑件与导向滚动体 支撑件分体设置或设置为一体式或连接;  The solution 38 produced by the first method of the rolling friction impact mining method is realized by the following steps: setting a power support member, etc., disposing the power support member on the impact driving device, and guiding the power support member The rolling body supports are arranged or arranged in one piece or connected separately;
设置四边形导向导向滚动体支撑件或设置 u形导向导向滚动体支撑件或设置 V形导向导 向滚动体支撑件或设置三角形导向导向滚动体支撑件或设置椭圆形导向导向滚动体支撑件或 设置多边形导向导向滚动体支撑件或设置异形导向导向滚动体支撑件或设置滚道导向导向滚 动体支撑件或设置凹坑导向导向滚动体支撑件或设置坑道导向导向滚动体支撑件或设置保持 架导向导向滚动体支撑件形成防旋转导向导向滚动体支撑件等;  Providing a quadrilateral guiding guide rolling body support or providing a u-shaped guiding guiding rolling body support or providing a V-shaped guiding guiding rolling body support or providing a triangular guiding guiding rolling body support or providing an elliptical guiding guiding rolling body support or setting a polygon Guide Guide Rolling Element Support or Set Shaped Guide Roller Support or Set Raceway Guide Roller Support or Set Pit Guide Guide Roller Support or Set Tunnel Guide Roller Support or Set Guide Guide The rolling body support member forms an anti-rotation guide guide rolling body support member or the like;
设置四边形冲击导向件或设置 υ形冲击导向件或设置 V形冲击导向件或三角形冲击导向 件或设置椭圆形冲击导向件或设置多边形冲击导向件或设置异形冲击导向件或设置凹坑冲击 导向件或设置坑道冲击导向件或设置滚道冲击导向件或设置保持架冲击导向件等形成防旋转 冲击导向件;  Providing a quadrangular impact guide or providing a 冲击-shaped impact guide or providing a V-shaped impact guide or a triangular impact guide or providing an elliptical impact guide or providing a polygonal impact guide or providing a profiled impact guide or providing a pocket impact guide Or providing a tunnel impact guide or providing a raceway impact guide or providing a cage impact guide to form an anti-rotation impact guide;
使防旋转导向导向滚动体支撑件和 /或防旋转导向导向滚动体支撑件等形成防旋转结 构, 使防旋转结构防止冲击头转动, 扶正冲击头的冲击方向。  The anti-rotation guide vane support member and/or the anti-rotation guide vane support member and the like form an anti-rotation structure, so that the anti-rotation structure prevents the impact head from rotating and corrects the impact direction of the impact head.
一种实施滚动摩擦冲击采掘方法的滚动摩擦冲击采掘机, 该滚动摩擦冲击采掘机包括机 身、 行走部、 往复冲击部等, 往复冲击部包括滚动往复装置、 冲击驱动装置等, 滚动往复装 置与冲击驱动装置分体或为一体式或连接, 滚动往复装置包括冲击导向件、 导向滚动体、 导 向滚动体支撑件等, 导向滚动体设置于导向滚动体支撑件与冲击导向件之间, 冲击导向件的 两端设置冲击头或一端设置冲击头另一端设置防止冲击头因重力不平衡掰别滚动往复装置、 冲击驱动装置和 /或机身等的配重件或在冲击导向件一端设置冲击头,冲击驱动装置包括动力 冲击件等, 动力冲击件驱动冲击导向件往复运动, 冲击导向件带动冲击头冲击煤壁或岩壁实 现采落物料, 动力冲击件 冲击导向件分体或连接或为 -体式, 机身包括机架等, 机身上设 W升降装 ¾或不设¾升降装 , 往 ¾冲击部设資在机架丄或往复冲 Φ部设置在升降装置上, 升降装置设置在机架上, 使行走部设置在机身下部并带动机身行走。 A rolling friction impact mining machine for implementing a rolling friction impact mining method, the rolling friction impact mining machine comprising a fuselage, a running portion, a reciprocating impact portion, etc., the reciprocating impact portion comprises a rolling reciprocating device, an impact driving device, etc., the rolling reciprocating device and The impact drive device is separately or integrally connected, and the rolling reciprocating device comprises an impact guide, a guide rolling body, a guide rolling body support, etc., and the guiding rolling body is disposed between the guiding rolling body support and the impact guiding member, and the impact guiding The impact head is provided at both ends of the piece or the impact head is provided at one end. The other end is arranged to prevent the impact head from being unbalanced by gravity, and the weight of the rolling reciprocating device, the impact driving device and/or the body, or the impact head is provided at one end of the impact guiding member. The impact drive device includes a power impact member, the power impact member drives the impact guide member to reciprocate, and the impact guide member drives the impact head to impact the coal wall or the rock wall to realize the falling material, and the power impact member impacts the guide member to separate or connect or Body, the body includes a rack, etc., the body is equipped with W lifting device 3⁄4 or no 3⁄4 lifting device ¾ impact portion disposed toward the rack Shang owned or reciprocating punch Φ portion provided on the lifting device, The lifting device is arranged on the frame, so that the walking portion is arranged at the lower part of the fuselage and drives the body to walk.
导向滚动体支撑件、 冲击导向件、 导向滚动体等紧密扣合使滚动往复装置通过滚动摩擦 扶正冲击头的冲击方向, 避免滑动摩擦损坏冲击导向件, 行走部带动机身行走实现往复冲击 连续采掘, 行走部设置在机身下部, 行走部带动机身行走; 机身支撑冲击头往复冲击落料。  The tightly engaging of the guiding rolling element support, the impact guiding piece, the guiding rolling body and the like enables the rolling reciprocating device to correct the impact direction of the impact head by rolling friction, avoiding the sliding friction and damaging the impact guiding member, and the walking part drives the body to realize the reciprocating impact continuous mining. The walking part is arranged in the lower part of the fuselage, and the walking part drives the body to walk; the fuselage supports the impact head to reciprocate impact blanking.
冲击驱动装置包括滚动活塞液压驱动装置或滚动活塞气动驱动装置等, 导向装置包括滚 动往复装置等, 滚动活塞液压驱动装置或滚动活塞气动驱动装置或滚动往复装置包括限位结 构等, 限位结构包括滚道或筒道或凹坑或坑道或保持架或限位板或限位圈或限位套或限位台 或限位杆或限位轴或限位槽或球形凸或凸台或轴承或内部体与外部套配合或椭圆形或哑铃形 或圆柱形或锥形或圆环形或滚轮或台形柱或台形球或台形鼓或槽形柱或槽形球或槽形滚轮或 槽形椭圆或方形或 u形或框形或工字形或花键形或弧形或 V形或圆形或板形或多边形或筒形 或花键套或多棱键等, 滚动活塞液压驱动装置或滚动活塞气动驱动装置包括缸体、 活塞、 活 塞滚动体等, 缸体、 活塞和 /或活塞滚动体包括活塞限位结构等, 活塞滚动体设置于活塞组成 滚动活塞, 滚动活塞设置于缸体, 活塞滚动体在活塞限位结构中支撑活塞与缸体滚动摩擦, 活塞限位结构限制活塞滚动体和 /或活塞的运动空间和位置, 滚动往复装置包括冲击导向件、 滚动体支撑件、 导向滚动体等, 冲击导向件、 导向滚动体支撑件和 /或导向滚动体包括导向限 位结构等, 导向滚动体在导向限位结构中支撑冲击导向件沿导向滚动体支撑件往复运动, 导 向限位结构限制导向滚动体的滚动空间及位置,活塞限位结构与缸体连接或分体或为一体式, 或活塞限位结构与活塞连接或分体或为一体式, 或活塞限位结构与活塞滚动体连接或分体或 为一体式, 或导向限位结构与导向滚动体支撑件连接或分体或为一体式, 或导向限位结构与 冲击导向件连接或分体或为一体式, 或导向限位结构与导向滚动体连接或分体或为一体式。  The impact driving device comprises a rolling piston hydraulic driving device or a rolling piston pneumatic driving device, etc., the guiding device comprises a rolling reciprocating device, etc., the rolling piston hydraulic driving device or the rolling piston pneumatic driving device or the rolling reciprocating device comprises a limiting structure, etc., the limiting structure comprises Raceway or tunnel or pit or tunnel or cage or limit plate or limit ring or limit sleeve or limit stop or limit rod or limit shaft or limit groove or spherical convex or boss or bearing or The inner body is fitted with an outer sleeve or elliptical or dumbbell-shaped or cylindrical or conical or toroidal or roller or table-shaped or table-shaped or table-shaped drum or trough-shaped or trough-shaped or trough-shaped roller or trough-shaped ellipse or Square or u-shaped or frame-shaped or I-shaped or spline-shaped or curved or V-shaped or round or plate-shaped or polygonal or cylindrical or splined or multi-edge keys, etc., rolling piston hydraulic drive or rolling piston pneumatic The driving device comprises a cylinder body, a piston, a piston rolling body, etc., the cylinder body, the piston and/or the piston rolling body comprise a piston limiting structure, etc., the piston rolling body is arranged on the piston to form a rolling piston, the rolling piston Putting in the cylinder body, the piston rolling body supports the piston and the cylinder rolling friction in the piston limiting structure, the piston limiting structure limits the movement space and position of the piston rolling body and/or the piston, and the rolling reciprocating device comprises the impact guiding member and the rolling body The support member, the guide rolling body, etc., the impact guide member, the guide rolling element support member and/or the guide rolling body comprise a guiding limit structure, etc., the guiding rolling body supports the impact guiding member in the guiding limit structure to reciprocate along the guiding rolling body supporting member Movement, the guiding limit structure limits the rolling space and position of the guiding rolling body, the piston limiting structure is connected with the cylinder body or is separated or integrated, or the piston limiting structure is connected with the piston or separated or integrated, or the piston The limiting structure is connected to the piston rolling body or is separated or integrated, or the guiding limiting structure is connected or separated or integrated into the guiding rolling body support, or the guiding limiting structure is connected or separated from the impact guiding member or In one piece, or the guide limit structure is connected or split or integrated into the guide rolling body.
所述的导向滚动体支撑件包括方形导向滚动体支撑件或包括 u形导向滚动体支撑件或包 括框形导向滚动体支撑件或包括槽形导向滚动体支撑件或包括工字形导向滚动体支撑件或包 括花键套导向滚动体支撑件或包括弧形导向滚动体支撑件或包括 V形导向滚动体支撑件或包 括椭圆形导向滚动体支撑件或包括圆形导向滚动体支撑件或包括板形导向滚动体支撑件或包 括多边形导向滚动体支撑件或包括筒式导向滚动体支撑件或包括多棱键导向滚动体支撑件 等, 冲击导向件和 /或导向滚动体的形状与导向滚动体支撑件紧密扣合形成导向限位结构, 通 过滚动摩擦控制冲击导向件的运动方向和 /或防止冲击导向件旋转。  The guiding rolling body support comprises a square guiding rolling body support or comprises a u-shaped guiding rolling body support or comprises a frame-shaped guiding rolling body support or comprises a groove-shaped guiding rolling body support or comprises an I-shaped guiding rolling body support Or include a spline sleeve guiding rolling element support or comprising an arcuate guiding rolling body support or comprising a V-shaped guiding rolling body support or comprising an elliptical guiding rolling body support or comprising a circular guiding rolling body support or comprising a plate Shape-oriented rolling body support or comprising a polygonal guiding rolling body support or comprising a cylindrical guiding rolling body support or comprising a multi-rib key guiding rolling body support, etc., the shape of the impact guiding piece and/or the guiding rolling body and the guiding rolling body The support member is tightly engaged to form a guide limit structure, and the direction of movement of the impact guide member is controlled by rolling friction and/or the impact guide member is prevented from rotating.
所述的冲击导向件包括方形冲 导向件体或包括 L:形冲击导向件或包括框形冲击导向件 或包括槽形冲击导向件或包括工字形冲击导向件或包括花键形冲 ^导向件或包括弧形冲击导 向件或包括 V形冲击导向件或包括椭圆形冲击导向件或包括圆形冲击导向件或包括板形冲击 导向件或包括多边形冲击导向件或包括筒式冲击导向件或包括多棱键冲击导向件或包括多棱 套冲击导向件等,导向滚动体支撑件和 /或导向滚动体的形状与冲击导向件的形状紧密扣合形 成导向限位结构, 通过滚动摩擦控制冲击导向件的运动方向和 /或防止冲击导向件旋转。 The impact guide comprises a square punch guide body or comprises an L: shaped impact guide or comprises a frame shaped impact guide or comprises a slotted impact guide or comprises an I-shaped impact guide or comprises a spline shaped guide Or curved impact guide Or a V-shaped impact guide or includes an elliptical impact guide or includes a circular impact guide or includes a plate-shaped impact guide or includes a polygonal impact guide or includes a barrel impact guide or includes a multi-edge impact guide Or a multi-ribbed impact guide or the like, the shape of the guide rolling element support and/or the guide rolling body is tightly engaged with the shape of the impact guide to form a guide limit structure, and the direction of movement of the impact guide is controlled by rolling friction and / or prevent the impact guide from rotating.
所述的导向滚动体包括球形导向滚动体或包括椭圆形导向滚动体或包括 铃形导向滚动 体或包括圆柱形导向滚动体或包括锥形导向滚动体或包括圆环形导向滚动体或包括滚轮导向 滚动体或包括台形柱导向滚动体或包括台形球导向滚动体或包括台形鼓导向滚动体或包括槽 形鼓导向滚动体或包括槽形柱导向滚动体或包括槽形球导向滚动体或包括槽形滚轮导向滚动 体或包括槽形椭圆导向滚动体或包括带轴导向滚动体或包括带孔导向滚动体或包括多棱键导 向滚动体或包括多棱套导向滚动体等,冲击导向件和 /或导向滚动体支撑件的形状与导向滚动 体的形状紧密扣合形成导向限位结构,通过滚动摩擦控制冲击导向件的运动方向和 /或防止冲 击导向件旋转。  The guiding rolling body comprises a spherical guiding rolling body or comprises an elliptical guiding rolling body or comprises a bell-shaped guiding rolling body or comprises a cylindrical guiding rolling body or comprises a tapered guiding rolling body or comprises a circular guiding rolling body or comprises a roller Guided rolling body or comprising a table-shaped column guiding rolling body or comprising a table-shaped ball guiding rolling body or comprising a table-shaped drum guiding rolling body or comprising a grooved drum guiding rolling body or comprising a grooved column guiding rolling body or comprising a grooved ball guiding rolling body or comprising The grooved roller guides the rolling body or comprises a grooved elliptical guiding rolling body or comprises a shaft guiding rolling body or comprises a perforated guiding rolling body or comprises a multi-ribbed guiding rolling body or comprises a multi-sleeve guiding rolling body, etc., the impact guiding member and The shape of the guide rolling element support is tightly engaged with the shape of the guiding rolling body to form a guiding limit structure, the direction of movement of the impact guiding member is controlled by rolling friction and/or the impact guiding member is prevented from rotating.
所述的缸体包括方形缸体或包括花键套缸体或包括弧形缸体或包括楠圆形缸体或包括圆 形缸体或包括多边形缸体或包括筒式缸体等,活塞和 /或活塞滚动体的形状与缸体紧密扣合形 成活塞限位结构, 通过滚动摩擦控制活塞的运动方向和 /或防止活塞旋转。  The cylinder includes a square cylinder or a spline sleeve cylinder or a curved cylinder or a cylinder comprising a circular cylinder or a polygonal cylinder or a cylinder including a cylinder, etc. / or the shape of the piston rolling body is tightly engaged with the cylinder to form a piston limiting structure, the direction of movement of the piston is controlled by rolling friction and / or the piston is prevented from rotating.
所述的活塞包括方形活塞或包括 u形活塞或包括框形活塞或包括槽形活塞或包括活塞或 包括花键形活塞或包括弧形活塞或包括 V形活塞或包括椭圆形活塞或包括圆形活塞或包括板 形活塞或包括多边形活塞或包括多棱键活塞等,缸体和 /或活塞滚动体的形状与活塞的形状紧 密扣合形成活塞限位结构, 通过滚动摩擦控制活塞的运动方向和 /或防止活塞旋转。  The piston comprises a square piston or comprises a u-shaped piston or comprises a frame-shaped piston or comprises a slot-shaped piston or comprises a piston or comprises a spline-shaped piston or comprises a curved piston or comprises a V-shaped piston or comprises an elliptical piston or comprises a circular shape The piston or a plate-shaped piston or a polygonal piston or a multi-ribbed piston, the shape of the cylinder and/or the piston rolling body is tightly engaged with the shape of the piston to form a piston limiting structure, and the direction of movement of the piston is controlled by rolling friction and / or prevent the piston from rotating.
所述的活塞滚动体包括球形活塞滚动体或包括椭圆形活塞滚动体或包括哑铃形活塞滚动 体或包括圆柱形活塞滚动体或包括锥形活塞滚动体或包括圆环形活塞滚动体或包括滚轮活塞 滚动体或包括台形柱活塞滚动体或包括台形球活塞滚动体或包括台形鼓活塞滚动体或包括槽 形鼓活塞滚动体或包括槽形柱活塞滚动体或包括槽形球活塞滚动体或包括槽形滚轮活塞滚动 体或包括槽形椭圆活塞滚动体或包括带轴活塞滚动体或包括带孔活塞滚动体或包括多棱键活 塞滚动体等, 活塞和 /或缸体的形状与活塞滚动体的形状紧密扣合形成活塞限位结构, 通过滚 动摩擦控制活塞的运动方向和 /或防止活塞旋转。  The piston rolling body comprises a spherical piston rolling body or comprises an elliptical piston rolling body or comprises a dumbbell-shaped piston rolling body or comprises a cylindrical piston rolling body or comprises a tapered piston rolling body or comprises a circular piston rolling body or comprises a roller a piston rolling body or a rolling element comprising a table-shaped column piston or a rolling element comprising a table-shaped ball piston or comprising a table-shaped drum piston rolling body or comprising a grooved drum piston rolling body or comprising a grooved cylinder piston rolling body or comprising a grooved ball piston rolling body or comprising The grooved roller piston rolling body or the rolling element comprising the slotted elliptical piston or the rolling element comprising the shaft piston or the rolling element comprising the holed piston or the rolling element including the multi-edge key piston, the shape of the piston and/or the cylinder and the rolling of the piston The shape of the body is tightly engaged to form a piston limit structure, the direction of movement of the piston is controlled by rolling friction and/or the piston is prevented from rotating.
所述的导向滚动体与导向滚动体支撑件和 /或冲击导向件滚动接触面紧密扣合,导向滚动 体与导向滚动体支撑件和 /或冲击导向件滚动接触面大, 或活塞滚动体与缸体和 /或活 ¾滚动 接触面紧密扣合, 活:^滚动体与缸休和 /或活鬼滚动接触而大, 防止导 l(,j滚动体或活塞滚动体 局部受力过大, 减少导向滚动体对导向滚动体支撑件和 /或冲击导向件集中在局部摩擦, 或减 少活塞滚动体对缸体和 /或活塞集中在局部摩擦, 加大对冲击导向件或活塞的扶正幅度,通过 滚动体支撑件和 /或冲击导向件与导向滚动体的接触面紧密扣合限制导向滚动体滚动空间和 位置, 或通过缸体和 /或活塞与活塞滚动体的接触面紧密扣合限制活塞滚动体滚动空间和位 置。 The guiding rolling body is tightly engaged with the rolling contact supporting member and/or the impact guiding member rolling contact surface, and the rolling contact body and the guiding rolling element supporting member and/or the impact guiding member have a large rolling contact surface, or the piston rolling body and the piston rolling body The cylinder and/or the movable contact surface are tightly engaged, and the live rolling element is large in contact with the cylinder and/or the live ghost, preventing the lead l (, j rolling element or piston rolling body) The local force is too large, reducing the guiding rolling element to the guiding rolling element support and/or the impact guiding member to concentrate on the local friction, or reducing the local friction of the piston rolling body to the cylinder body and/or the piston, and increasing the impact guiding member Or the extent of the righting of the piston, by means of the rolling element support and/or the impact guide and the contact surface of the guide rolling element, the clamping surface is tightly engaged to limit the rolling space and position of the guiding rolling body, or the contact between the cylinder and/or the piston and the rolling element of the piston The close fit of the face limits the rolling space and position of the piston rolling elements.
所述的限位结构包括导向限位结构与活塞限位结构的组合等, 导向限位结构与活塞限位 结构配合使用, 控制活塞、 冲击导向件和 /或动力冲击件的运动。 所述的导向滚动体支撑件包括坑道等或冲击导向件包括坑道等, 使坑道宽度不大于或等 于或接近导向滚动体滚动方向滚动体的宽度, 坑道长度不大于或等于或接近冲击导向件行程 的二分之一与导向滚动体最大半径之和, 导向滚动体设置在导向滚动体支撑件、 冲击导向件 之间且设置在坑道内, 使坑道限制导向滚动体的滚动空间及位置, 坑道使导向滚动体、 冲击 导向件、 导向滚动体支撑件之间在运动时均为滚动摩擦; 所述的活塞包括坑道等, 使坑道宽度不大于或等于或接近活塞滚动体滚动方向滚动体的 宽度, 坑道长度不大于或等于或接近活塞行程的二分之一与活塞滚动体最大半径之和, 活塞 滚动体设置在缸体、 活塞之间且设置在坑道内, 使坑道限制活塞滚动体的滚动空间及位置, 坑道使活塞滚动体、 活塞、 缸体之间在运动时均为滚动摩擦; 导向滚动体支撑件包括凹坑等或冲击导向件包括凹坑等, 将导向滚动体设置在导向滚动 体支撑件、 冲击导向件之间且设置在凹坑内, 使凹坑限制导向滚动体的滚动空间及位置; 导向滚动体支撑件包括滚道等或冲击导向件包括滚道等或导向滚动体支撑件和滚动冲击 导向件包括滚道等; 使导向滚动体支撑件、 冲击导向件及在滚道中滚动的导向滚动体紧密扣 合通过导向滚动体滚动摩擦使冲击导向件往复运动, 使滚道限制导向滚动体的滚动空间及位 置。 滚动往复装置包括导向滚动体支撑件、 冲击导向件、 保持架、 导向滚动体等, 导向滚动 体支撑件与冲击导向件之间设置保持架等, 导向滚动体设置于保持架, 保持架的厚度小于导 向滚动体的直径, 导向滚动体高出保持架的两部分分别设置于导向滚动体支撑件、 冲击导向 件, 保持架单独设置或固定于导向滚动体支撑件或固定于冲击导向件; 导向滚动体支撑件、 冲击导向件与在保持架内的导向滚动体紧密配合使冲击导向件通过滚动摩擦往复运动, 使保 持架限制导向滚动体的滚动空间及位置;  The limiting structure comprises a combination of a guiding limiting structure and a piston limiting structure, and the guiding limiting structure is used in combination with the piston limiting structure to control the movement of the piston, the impact guiding member and/or the power impacting member. The guiding rolling body support comprises a tunnel or the like or the impact guiding member comprises a tunnel or the like, such that the tunnel width is not greater than or equal to or close to the width of the rolling body in the rolling direction of the guiding rolling body, and the length of the tunnel is not greater than or equal to or close to the stroke of the impact guiding member. And the guiding rolling element is disposed between the guiding rolling body support and the impact guiding member and disposed in the tunnel, so that the tunnel restricts the rolling space and the position of the guiding rolling body, and the tunnel makes The guiding rolling body, the impact guiding member and the guiding rolling element support are all rolling friction when moving; the piston comprises a tunnel or the like, so that the tunnel width is not greater than or equal to or close to the width of the rolling body in the rolling direction of the piston rolling body, The length of the tunnel is not greater than or equal to or close to the sum of one-half of the piston stroke and the maximum radius of the piston rolling body. The piston rolling body is disposed between the cylinder and the piston and disposed in the tunnel, so that the tunnel limits the rolling space of the piston rolling body. And the position, the tunnel makes the piston rolling body, the piston and the cylinder are rolling during the movement The guide roller body support member includes a dimple or the like or the impact guide member includes a dimple or the like, and the guide rolling body is disposed between the guide roller body support member and the impact guide member and disposed in the dimple to restrict the dimple to the guide roller body. Rolling space and position; the guiding rolling body support comprises a raceway or the like or the impact guiding member comprises a raceway or the like or the guiding rolling body support and the rolling impact guiding member comprise a raceway, etc.; the guiding rolling body support, the impact guiding member and The guide rolling elements rolling in the raceway are tightly engaged to reciprocate the impact guide by rolling friction of the guide rolling elements, so that the raceway restricts the rolling space and position of the rolling elements. The rolling reciprocating device comprises a guiding rolling body support member, an impact guiding member, a retaining frame, a guiding rolling body and the like, a retaining bracket is arranged between the guiding rolling body supporting member and the impact guiding member, and the guiding rolling body is disposed on the retaining frame, the thickness of the retaining frame Less than the diameter of the guiding rolling body, the two portions of the guiding rolling body above the retaining frame are respectively disposed on the guiding rolling body support member and the impact guiding member, and the retaining frame is separately provided or fixed to the guiding rolling body support member or fixed to the impact guiding member; The body support member and the impact guide member are closely matched with the guide rolling elements in the cage to reciprocate the impact guide member by rolling friction, so that the cage limits the rolling space and position of the guide rolling body;
所述的滚动往复装置还包括导向段等, 导向段设置于冲击导向件, 导向段与冲击导向件 重合段以外的两端的重量相等或基本相等, 导向段与冲击导向件分体连接或为一体式, 导向 段设置于导向滚动体支撑件, 导向段移动时总是处于导向滚动体支撑件上, 保持冲击导向件 静止或运动状态时的两端重力平衡, 导向滚动体支撑件、 导向滚动体、 冲击导向件等紧密配 合支撑冲击导向件滚动摩擦往复运动, 动力冲击件驱动冲击头或冲击导向件往复运动, 动力 冲击件与冲击导向件分体或连接或为一体式, 冲击头在冲击导向件的支撑下往复运动, 冲击 头冲击煤壁或岩壁实现采落物料。 The rolling reciprocating device further includes a guiding section and the like, and the guiding section is disposed on the impact guiding member, the guiding section and the impact guiding member The weights of the two ends of the overlap section are equal or substantially equal, the guide section is connected to the impact guide member separately or integrated, the guide section is disposed on the guide roller body support member, and the guide segment is always on the guide roller body support when moving. Maintaining the balance of gravity at both ends when the impact guide is stationary or in motion, and guiding the rolling element support, the guide rolling body, the impact guide and the like to closely cooperate with the support impact guide rolling friction reciprocating motion, and the power impact member drives the impact head or the impact guide In the reciprocating motion, the power impact member and the impact guide member are separated or connected or integrated, and the impact head reciprocates under the support of the impact guide member, and the impact head impacts the coal wall or the rock wall to realize the falling material.
所述的冲击驱动装置包括曲柄冲击驱动装置或液压冲击驱动装置或气压冲击驱动装置 等, 曲柄冲击驱动装置或液压冲击驱动装置或气压冲击驱动装置包括动力冲击件等, 往复冲 击部还包括支撑箱体或支撑架等, 支撑箱体或支撑架上设有导向限位结构等, 导向限位结构 限制冲击导向件为直线往复运动, 冲击导向件支撑冲击头滚动摩擦往复运动, 动力冲击件驱 动冲击头冲击, 冲击头冲击煤壁或岩壁所产生的反作用掰别力即施加给滚动往复装置。  The impact driving device includes a crank impact driving device or a hydraulic impact driving device or a pneumatic impact driving device, and the crank impact driving device or the hydraulic impact driving device or the pneumatic impact driving device includes a power impacting member, and the reciprocating impact portion further includes a supporting box. The body or the support frame, etc., the support box or the support frame is provided with a guiding limit structure, the guiding limit structure limits the impact guiding member to linear reciprocating motion, the impact guiding member supports the impact head rolling friction reciprocating motion, and the power impacting member drives the impact The head impact, the reaction force generated by the impact head impacting the coal wall or the rock wall is applied to the rolling reciprocating device.
所述的冲击驱动装置包括动力支撑件、 动力冲击件等, 滚动往复装置包括导向滚动体、 导向滚动体支撑件、 冲击导向件等, 导向滚动体包括滚轮等, 滚轮设置在动力支撑件与动力 冲击件之间或设置在导向滚动体支撑件与冲击导向件之间, 滚轮包括滚轮轴等, 当滚轮轴固 定于动力冲击件时, 滚轮贴合动力支撑件滚动, 当滚轮轴固定于动力支撑件时, 滚轮贴合动 力冲击件滚动, 防止动力冲击件与动力支撑件贴合摩擦, 或当滚轮轴固定于导向滚动体支撑 件时, 滚轮贴合冲击导向件滚动, 当滚轮轴固定于冲击导向件时, 滚轮贴合导向滚动体支撑 件滚动, 防止导向滚动体支撑件与冲击导向件贴合摩擦, 减少冲击驱动装置的磨损。  The impact driving device comprises a power support member, a power impact member, etc., and the rolling reciprocating device comprises a guiding rolling body, a guiding rolling body support member, an impact guiding member and the like, the guiding rolling body comprises a roller, etc., the roller is arranged on the power supporting member and the power Between the impact members or between the guide rolling element support and the impact guide, the roller comprises a roller shaft, etc., when the roller shaft is fixed to the power impact member, the roller fits the power support member to roll, and when the roller shaft is fixed to the power support member When the roller is attached to the power impacting member, the dynamic impacting member is prevented from rubbing against the power supporting member, or when the roller shaft is fixed to the guiding rolling body supporting member, the roller is attached to the impact guiding member to roll, and when the roller shaft is fixed to the impact guiding When the piece is rolled, the rolling guide body supports the rolling element support to roll, preventing the guiding rolling element support from adhering to the impact guiding member, and reducing the wear of the impact driving device.
所述的冲击驱动装置包括动力支撑件、 动力冲击件等, 滚动往复装置包括导向导向滚动 体、 导向导向滚动体支撑件、 冲击导向件、 动力支撑件等, 导向导向滚动体包括滚轮等, 滚 轮的表面做成凸起、 凹陷、 V 槽或曲线形等, 导向导向滚动体支撑件或冲击导向件与滚轮接 触面的形状同滚轮表面的形状相扣合, 滚轮、 导向导向滚动体支撑件、 冲击导向件紧密配合 通过滚动摩擦控制冲击导向件或动力冲击件的运动为直线往复运动, 减少冲击驱动装置的磨 损。  The impact driving device comprises a power support member, a power impact member, etc., and the rolling reciprocating device comprises a guide guide rolling body, a guide guide rolling body support member, an impact guide member, a power support member and the like, the guide guide rolling body comprises a roller, etc., the roller The surface is formed into a protrusion, a recess, a V-groove or a curved shape, etc., and the shape of the guiding guide rolling element support or the impact guiding member and the roller contact surface is matched with the shape of the roller surface, the roller, the guiding guiding rolling body support, The impact guide is tightly fitted to control the movement of the impact guide or the power impact member by rolling friction to linearly reciprocate, reducing wear of the impact drive device.
所述的冲击驱动装置包括曲柄冲击驱动装置或液压冲击驱动装置或气压冲击驱动装置 等, 导向滚动体支撑件包括外部套时, 冲击导向件即包括内部体, 或导向滚动体支撑件包括 内部体时, 冲击导向件即包括外部套, 导向滚动体设置于外部套与内部体之间, 外部套、 内 部体与导向滚动体紧密配合通过导向滚动体滚动摩擦相对往复运动, 冲击头在往复运动的外 部¾或内部体的支撑下滚动摩擦往复运动, 动力冲击件驱动冲击头冲击, 冲击头冲 i煤壁或 岩壁所产 ¾的反作用掰别力即施加给滚动往复装胥, 防止 ilil柄冲 ΐ1『驱动装置或液压冲击驱动 装置或气压冲击驱动装置遭受冲击反作用掰别力的损坏, 滚动往复装置扶正冲击头的冲击方 向, 保证冲击头下一个冲击动作施加在待采掘物上, 行走部带动机身行走实现往复冲击连续 采掘。 The impact driving device comprises a crank impact driving device or a hydraulic impact driving device or a pneumatic impact driving device. When the guiding rolling element support comprises an outer sleeve, the impact guiding member comprises an inner body, or the guiding rolling body supporting member comprises an inner body. The impact guiding member comprises an outer sleeve, and the guiding rolling body is disposed between the outer sleeve and the inner body, and the outer sleeve, the inner body and the guiding rolling body are closely matched by the rolling friction of the guiding rolling body to reciprocate, and the impact head is reciprocating. The outer 3⁄4 or the inner body supports the rolling friction reciprocating motion, the power impacting member drives the impact head impact, and the impact force of the impact head punching the coal wall or the rock wall is applied to the rolling reciprocating device to prevent the ilil handle from being punched. Ϊ́1『Drive or hydraulic shock drive The device or the pneumatic impact drive device is damaged by the impact reaction, and the rolling reciprocating device corrects the impact direction of the impact head to ensure that the next impact action of the impact head is applied to the object to be excavated, and the walking portion drives the body to realize the reciprocating impact continuous mining. .
冲击驱动装置包括曲柄冲击驱动装置或液压冲击驱动装置或气压冲击驱动装置等, 曲柄 冲击驱动装置包括支撑架等或液压冲击驱动装置包括缸体部分等或气压冲击驱动装置包括缸 体部分等, 支撑架或缸体部分包括动力支撑件、 导向导向滚动体支撑件等, 导向导向滚动体 支撑件设置在动力支撑件外部, 冲击导向件设置在导向导向滚动体支撑件上, 动力支撑件与 导向导向滚动体支撑件分体或连接或为一体式, 缸体部分包括缸体等, 缸体与动力支撑件分 体或连接或为一体式, 导向导向滚动体支撑件设置在缸体外部, 导向导向滚动体支撑件与缸 体分体或连接或为一体式, 曲柄冲击驱动装置、 液压冲击驱动装置或气压冲击驱动装置包括 动力冲击件等, 动力冲击件设置在支撑架内或缸体内, 支撑架或缸体支撑动力冲击件, 冲击 导向件设置在支撑架外部或缸体外部, 支撑架外部的冲击导向件或缸体外部的冲击导向件与 冲击头连接,动力冲击件与冲击头连接或分体,动力冲击件驱动冲击头和 /或冲击导向件冲击, 动力支撑件外部的导向导向滚动体支撑件、 冲击导向件形成多点支撑滚动往复装置, 多点支 撑滚动往复装置支撑冲击头冲击, 冲击导向件实为动力冲击件的延伸变形, 通过冲击导向件 的延伸变形使动力冲击件最大程度地加宽了对冲击头的扶正宽度, 加大了对冲击头的扶正力 度, 最大力度地控制了冲击头的冲击方向。  The impact driving device includes a crank impact driving device or a hydraulic impact driving device or a pneumatic impact driving device, etc., the crank impact driving device includes a support frame or the like, or the hydraulic impact driving device includes a cylinder portion or the like, or the pneumatic impact driving device includes a cylinder portion, etc. The frame or cylinder portion includes a power support member, a guide guide rolling body support member, and the like, the guide guide rolling body support member is disposed outside the power support member, and the impact guide member is disposed on the guide guide rolling body support member, the power support member and the guide guide The rolling body support member is separately or connected or integrated, the cylinder portion includes a cylinder body, etc., the cylinder body and the power support member are separately or connected or integrated, and the guiding guide rolling body support member is disposed outside the cylinder body, and the guiding guide The rolling body support member and the cylinder block are separately connected or integrated, and the crank impact driving device, the hydraulic impact driving device or the pneumatic impact driving device includes a power impacting member, etc., and the power impacting member is disposed in the support frame or the cylinder body, and supports The frame or cylinder supports the power impacting member, and the impact guiding member is disposed on the branch Outside the frame or outside the cylinder, the impact guide on the outside of the support frame or the impact guide on the outside of the cylinder is connected to the impact head, the power impact member is connected or separated from the impact head, and the power impact member drives the impact head and/or the impact guide Impact, the guide guide rolling element support member outside the power support member, the impact guide member form a multi-point support rolling reciprocating device, the multi-point support rolling reciprocating device supports the impact head impact, and the impact guide member is the extension deformation of the power impact member, through the impact The extension deformation of the guiding member maximizes the width of the impact head to widen the width of the impact head, increases the strength of the impact head, and controls the impact direction of the impact head with maximum force.
所述的滚动往复装置包括导向导向滚动体、 导向导向滚动体支撑件、 冲击导向件、 保持 架等, 保持架设置于导向导向滚动体支撑件与冲击导向件之间, 导向导向滚动体设置于导向 导向滚动体支撑件与冲击导向件之间且设置于保持架, 保持架的厚度小于导向导向滚动体的 直径, 导向导向滚动体高出保持架的两部分分别设置于导向导向滚动体支撑件、冲击导向件, 导向导向滚动体支撑件、 冲击导向件与在保持架内的导向导向滚动体紧密配合使冲击导向件 通过滚动摩擦往复运动, 保持架限制导向导向滚动体的滚动空间及位置, 保持架单独设置或 固定于导向导向滚动体支撑件或固定于冲击导向件。  The rolling reciprocating device comprises a guiding guiding rolling body, a guiding guiding rolling body support, an impact guiding member, a cage, etc., the retaining frame is disposed between the guiding guiding rolling body support and the impact guiding member, and the guiding guiding rolling body is disposed on Between the guiding guide rolling element support and the impact guiding member and disposed on the retainer, the thickness of the retaining frame is smaller than the diameter of the guiding guiding rolling body, and the two portions of the guiding guiding rolling body above the retaining frame are respectively disposed on the guiding guiding rolling body support member, The impact guiding member, the guiding guiding rolling element support member and the impact guiding member are closely matched with the guiding guiding rolling elements in the cage, so that the impact guiding member reciprocates by rolling friction, and the cage limits the rolling space and position of the guiding guiding rolling body, and maintains The frame is separately provided or fixed to the guide guide rolling body support or to the impact guide.
所述的冲击驱动装置包括曲柄冲击驱动装置或液压冲击驱动装置或气压冲击驱动装置 等, 滚动往复装置包括导向导向滚动体、 导向导向滚动体支撑件、 冲击导向件、 保持架等, 保持架设置于导向导向滚动体支撑件与冲击导向件之间, 保持架的厚度小于导向导向滚动体 的直径, 导向导向滚动体高出保持架的两部分分别设置于导向导向滚动体支撑件、 冲击导向 件, 导向导向滚动体支撑件上或冲击导向件上设置滚道等, 导向导向滚动体设置在导向导向 滚动体支撑件与冲击 向件之间且设 ¾在保持架及滚道内, 保持架、 滚道限制导向导向滚动 体的滚动空间及位置, 导向导向滚动体贴合滚道滚动, 导向导向滚动体支撑件、 冲击导向件 与在保持架内且在滚道内的导向导向滚动体紧密配合使冲击导向件通过滚动摩擦往复运动并 控制冲击导向件的冲击方向。 The impact driving device comprises a crank impact driving device or a hydraulic impact driving device or a pneumatic impact driving device, and the rolling reciprocating device comprises a guiding guiding rolling body, a guiding guiding rolling body support member, an impact guiding member, a cage, etc., the cage setting Between the guiding guide rolling body support and the impact guiding member, the thickness of the retaining frame is smaller than the diameter of the guiding guiding rolling body, and the two portions of the guiding guiding rolling body above the retaining frame are respectively disposed on the guiding guiding rolling body support member and the impact guiding member. A guide track or the like is disposed on the guide roller body support member or the impact guide member, and the guide guide roller body is disposed between the guide guide roller body support member and the impact member and is disposed in the cage and the raceway, the cage and the raceway Restricted guide scrolling The rolling space and position of the body, the guiding guide rolling body is fitted to the rolling track, and the guiding guiding rolling body support member and the impact guiding member are closely matched with the guiding guiding rolling elements in the cage and in the raceway to make the impact guiding member reciprocate by rolling friction Move and control the impact direction of the impact guide.
所述的滚动往复装置包括导向导向滚动体支撑件、 冲击导向件等, 冲击驱动装置包括曲 柄冲击驱动装置或液压冲击驱动装置或气压冲击驱动装置等,往复冲击部还包括支撑箱体等, 曲柄冲击驱动装置包括曲柄组件、 动力部件等, 滚动往复装置与曲柄冲击驱动装置的曲柄组 件或液压冲击驱动装置或气压冲击驱动装置等组合设置于支撑箱体, 在伸出支撑箱体的冲击 导向件的两端均设置冲击头或在冲击导向件的一端设置冲击头另一端设置防止冲击头因重力 不平衡掰别滚动往复装置、冲击驱动装置和 /或机身等的配重件或在冲击导向件一端设置冲击 头, 动力冲击件伸出支撑箱体的端部与冲击头连接或分体, 液压冲击驱动装置或气压冲击驱 动装置包括缸体等, 导向导向滚动体支撑件、 缸体、 支撑箱体分体或为一体式或连接, 支撑 箱体保护动力冲击件、 冲击导向件不受粉尘、 污水污染腐蚀。  The rolling reciprocating device comprises a guiding guiding rolling body support member, an impact guiding member and the like, the impact driving device comprises a crank impact driving device or a hydraulic impact driving device or a pneumatic impact driving device, and the reciprocating impact portion further comprises a supporting box body, etc., the crank The impact driving device includes a crank assembly, a power component, and the like, and the rolling reciprocating device is disposed in a combination box with a crank assembly or a hydraulic impact driving device or a pneumatic impact driving device of the crank impact driving device, and the impact guiding member protruding from the supporting box body Both ends are provided with an impact head or an impact head is provided at one end of the impact guide. The other end is provided to prevent the impact head from being unbalanced due to gravity imbalance, and the weight of the rolling reciprocating device, the impact driving device and/or the fuselage, etc. One end of the piece is provided with an impact head, and the end of the power impact piece protruding from the support box is connected or separated from the impact head, and the hydraulic impact drive device or the pneumatic impact drive device includes a cylinder body, etc., the guide guide rolling body support member, the cylinder block, and the support The box body is either integrated or connected, and the support box protects the power Member, the guide member from dust impact, corrosion sewage pollution.
所述的动力冲击件与冲击头连接或分体或设为一体式, 动力冲击件的一端或两端设置防 掰别机构等, 防掰别机构包括旋转结构或分体结构等, 防掰别机构的旋转结构包括关节轴承 或转向连接头或球笼式万向节或十字万向节或球头扣槽式或弧形扣槽式等, 防掰别机构的旋 转结构或分体结构与滚动往复装置配合使用, 旋转结构受力转动或分体结构分体隔离冲击反 作用掰别力, 动力冲击件驱动冲击头冲击, 冲击头冲击煤壁或岩壁所产生的反作用掰别力即 施加给滚动往复装置。  The power impacting member is connected or split or integrated into the impact head, and one or both ends of the power impacting member are provided with a tamper-proof mechanism, and the tamper-proof mechanism includes a rotating structure or a split structure, and the like. The rotating structure of the mechanism includes the joint bearing or the steering joint or the ball cage universal joint or the cross universal joint or the ball head buckle groove or the curved buckle groove type, etc., the rotation structure or the split structure and the rolling of the anti-picking mechanism The reciprocating device is used in combination, the rotating structure is subjected to force rotation or the split structure is separated to isolate the impact reaction, the power impact member drives the impact head impact, and the reaction force generated by the impact head impacting the coal wall or the rock wall is applied to the rolling Reciprocating device.
所述的升降装置或往复冲击部或机架包括固定支撑件与缓冲支撑件等, 或升降装置设置 固定支撑件时, 往复冲击部对应地设置缓冲支撑件, 或机架设置固定支撑件时, 升降装置对 应地设置缓冲支撑件, 或在机架设置缓冲支撑件即在往复冲击部上设置固定支撑件等, 在固 定支撑件与缓冲支撑件之间或在升降装置与机架之间或在升降装置与往复冲击部之间或在机 架与往复冲击部之间等设置缓冲件, 固定支撑件与缓冲支撑件上或升降装置与机架上或升降 装置与往复冲击部上或在机架与往复冲击部上等设置缓冲导向件, 动力冲击件驱动冲击头冲 击, 当冲击反作用力施加在缓冲支撑件与固定支撑件上或施加在升降装置与机架上或施加在 升降装置与往复冲击部上时或施加在机架与往复冲击部上时,缓冲件变形吸收冲击反作用力, 缓冲导向件即控制缓冲方向使缓冲为往复直线缓冲, 防止缓冲时冲击头无方向性摇摆。  The lifting device or the reciprocating impact portion or the frame includes a fixed support member and a buffer support member, etc., or when the lifting device is provided with a fixed support member, the reciprocating impact portion is correspondingly provided with a buffer support member, or when the frame is provided with a fixed support member, The lifting device is correspondingly provided with a buffer support, or a buffer support member is arranged on the frame, that is, a fixed support member is disposed on the reciprocating impact portion, between the fixed support member and the buffer support member or between the lifting device and the frame or in the lifting device Providing a cushioning member between the reciprocating impact portion or between the frame and the reciprocating impact portion, on the fixed support member and the cushioning support member or on the lifting device and the frame or on the lifting device and the reciprocating impact portion or in the frame and the reciprocating impact The buffer guide is disposed on the upper portion, and the power impact member drives the impact head impact when the impact reaction force is applied to the buffer support member and the fixed support member or to the lifting device and the frame or to the lifting device and the reciprocating impact portion. Or when applied to the frame and the reciprocating impact portion, the cushion member deforms to absorb the impact reaction force, and the buffer guide member controls Drawing direction reciprocating linear buffer of the buffer, the buffer prevents the impact head when non-directional wobble.
所述的升降装置或往复冲击部或机架包括固定支撑件、 缓冲支撑件等, 或升降装置设置 固定支撑件时, 往复冲击部对应地设 缓冲支撑件, 或机身设置固定支撑件时, 升降装置对 应地设置缓冲支撑件或在机架设置缓冲支撑件即在往复冲击部上设置固定支撑件, 当固定支 撑件包括缓冲导向件时即使缓冲支撑件包括缓冲导向套等, 或当缓冲支撑件包括缓冲导向件 时即使固定支撑件包括缓冲导向套等, 缓冲导向件上设置导向凸台或导向凹槽时, 缓冲导向 套上设置与导向凸台或导向凹槽扣合的导向凹槽或导向凸台, 导向凸台凸起部分两侧均设置 缓冲件等, 缓冲导向件支撑缓冲导向套沿缓冲导向件直线往复滑动或缓冲导向套支撑缓冲导 向件沿缓冲导向套直线往复滑动, 缓冲导向件、 缓冲件与缓冲导向套等组成双向结构导向缓 冲装置, 动力冲击件驱动冲击头冲击, 冲击反作用掰别力施加在双向结构导向缓冲装置上, 双向结构导向缓冲装置吸收冲击反作用力, 动力冲击件驱动冲击头往复运动, 导向凸台前部 与导向凸台后部的缓冲件吸收冲击头的冲击反作用力, 缓冲导向件、 缓冲导向套、 缓冲件相 配合吸收冲击头的冲击反作用力并控制缓冲方向为往复直线缓冲, 缓冲导向套贴合缓冲导向 件相对直线滑动, 防止升降装置及冲击驱动装置、 滚动往复装置无方向性晃动, 稳定冲击头 的冲击方向。 The lifting device or the reciprocating impact portion or the frame includes a fixed support member, a buffer support member, etc., or when the lifting device is provided with a fixed support member, the reciprocating impact portion is correspondingly provided with a buffer support member, or when the body is provided with a fixed support member, The lifting device is correspondingly provided with a buffer support or a buffer support member is arranged on the frame, that is, a fixed support member is arranged on the reciprocating impact portion, when the fixed branch is fixed When the support member includes the buffer guide member, even if the buffer support member includes the buffer guide sleeve or the like, or when the buffer support member includes the buffer guide member, even if the fixed support member includes the buffer guide sleeve or the like, when the guide guide member is provided with the guide boss or the guide groove a guiding groove or a guiding boss which is engaged with the guiding boss or the guiding groove is arranged on the buffer guiding sleeve, a buffering member is arranged on both sides of the protruding portion of the guiding boss, and the buffer guiding member supports the buffer guiding sleeve along the buffer guiding member The linear reciprocating sliding or buffering guide sleeve supports the buffer guiding member to linearly reciprocate along the buffer guiding sleeve, and the buffer guiding member, the buffering member and the buffer guiding sleeve form a bidirectional structure guiding buffer device, and the power impacting member drives the impact head impact, and the impact reaction discriminate force Applied to the bidirectional structure guiding buffer device, the bidirectional structure guiding buffer device absorbs the impact reaction force, the power impacting member drives the impact head to reciprocate, and the buffering member at the front of the guiding boss and the rear of the guiding boss absorbs the impact reaction force of the impact head, The buffer guiding member, the buffer guiding sleeve and the buffering member cooperate with the impact head The impact reaction force and the buffer direction are controlled by the reciprocating linear buffer, and the buffer guiding sleeve is fitted with the buffer guiding member to slide relative to the straight line, thereby preventing the lifting device and the impact driving device and the rolling reciprocating device from swaying without direction, and stabilizing the impact direction of the impact head.
所述的固定支撑件、 缓冲支撑件包括止退结构等或缓冲导向件、 缓冲导向套包括止退结 构等, 止退结构包括止退件等, 用止退件防止固定支撑件与缓冲支撑件相对往复滑动时脱落 或用止退件防止缓冲导向件与缓冲导向套相对往复滑动时脱落, 止退件与固定支撑件分体设 置或连接或为一体式, 或止退件与缓冲支撑件分体设置或连接或为一体式, 或止退件与缓冲 导向件分体设置或连接或为一体式, 或止退件与缓冲导向套分体设置或连接或为一体式。  The fixed support member, the buffer support member includes a retaining structure or the like, or the buffer guiding member, the buffer guiding sleeve includes a retaining structure, and the retaining structure includes a retaining member, and the retaining member and the cushioning support member are prevented by the retaining member. When the reciprocating sliding is detached or the retaining member is prevented from falling off when the buffer guiding member and the buffer guiding sleeve are relatively reciprocally slid, the stopping member and the fixed supporting member are separately arranged or connected or integrated, or the stopping member and the cushioning supporting member are divided. The body is arranged or connected or is integral, or the retaining member is separately arranged or connected with the buffer guide or is integrated, or the retaining member is separately provided or connected or integrated with the buffer guide sleeve.
所述的往复冲击部或升降装置或机架包括旋转动力源件、 旋转冲击传动件等, 或机架包 括旋转动力源件时, 升降装置包括旋转冲击传动件等, 或升降装置包括旋转动力源件时, 往 复冲击部包括旋转冲击传动件等, 或机架包括旋转动力源件时往复冲击部包括旋转冲击传动 件等, 旋转动力源件包括电机或液压马达或气动马达等, 升降装置或往复冲击部或机架包括 固定支撑件、 缓冲支撑件等, 或升降装置设置固定支撑件时, 往复冲击部对应地设置缓冲支 撑件等, 或机架设置固定支撑件时, 升降装置对应地设置缓冲支撑件等, 或机架设置固定支 撑件时, 往复冲击部对应地设置缓冲支撑件等, 机架与升降装置之间或固定支撑件与缓冲支 撑件之间或升降装置与往复冲击部之间或机架与往复冲击部之间设置缓冲装置等, 缓冲装置 包括旋转动力缓冲装置或结构导向缓冲装置等, 旋转动力缓冲装置设置在旋转动力源件与旋 转冲击传动件之间或设置于旋转冲击传动件, 旋转动力缓冲装置包括滑动行程花键轴套缓冲 装置或皮带缓冲装置等, 滑动行程花键轴套缓冲装置包括花键轴与花键套等, 在花键轴与花 键套之问设置滑动行程段, 滑动行程段在受到冲击时往复滑动吸收冲击反作用力, 皮带缓冲 装賈:包括±动皮带轮、 从动皮带轮、 皮带等, 主动皮带轮固定在固定支撑件上, 主动皮带轮 与 I乜机或液压马达或气动马达的驱动轴连接, 从动皮带轮设置在缓冲支撑件上, 皮带设置在 主动皮带轮和从动皮带轮上, 从动皮带轮随缓冲支撑件受冲击运动, 皮带吸收冲击反作用力, 皮带缓冲装置防止电机或液压马达或气动马达等受损, 结构导向缓冲装置包括缓冲件、 缓冲 导向件等, 缓冲件设置在机架与往复冲击部之间或设置在固定支撑件与缓冲支撑件之间或设 置在升降装置与往复冲击部或设置在机架与升降装置之间, 缓冲导向件设置在机架与往复冲 击部上或设置在固定支撑件与缓冲支撑件上或设置在升降装置与往复冲击部上或设置在机架 与升降装置上等, 结构导向缓冲装置通过缓冲件吸收冲击反作用力的同时用缓冲导向件控制 缓冲方向, 结构导向缓冲装置与滑动行程花键轴套缓冲装置或与皮带缓冲装置配合对冲击头 的冲击反作用力予以吸收缓冲且对缓冲方向导向, 防止因缓冲无方向性摇摆损坏旋转动力源 件或升降装置或机架等, 保证冲击头的冲击方向朝向待采物。 The reciprocating impact or lifting device or frame comprises a rotary power source member, a rotary impact transmission member or the like, or when the frame comprises a rotary power source member, the lifting device comprises a rotary impact transmission member or the like, or the lifting device comprises a rotary power source The reciprocating impact portion includes a rotary impact transmission member or the like, or the reciprocating impact portion includes a rotary impact transmission member when the frame includes the rotary power source member, and the rotary power source member includes a motor or a hydraulic motor or a pneumatic motor, etc., lifting device or reciprocating The impact portion or the frame includes a fixed support member, a buffer support member, etc., or when the lifting device is provided with a fixed support member, the reciprocating impact portion is correspondingly provided with a buffer support member, or the lifting device is correspondingly provided with a buffer when the frame is provided with the fixed support member. When the support member or the like, or the frame is provided with the fixed support member, the reciprocating impact portion is correspondingly provided with a buffer support member or the like, between the frame and the lifting device or between the fixed support member and the buffer support member or between the lifting device and the reciprocating impact portion or the frame A buffer device or the like is disposed between the reciprocating impact portion, and the buffer device includes a rotary power buffer Or a structure guiding buffer device or the like, the rotary power buffer device is disposed between the rotary power source member and the rotary impact transmission member or disposed on the rotary impact transmission member, and the rotary power buffer device includes a sliding stroke spline bushing buffer device or a belt buffer device. The sliding stroke spline bushing buffering device comprises a spline shaft and a spline sleeve, etc., and a sliding stroke section is set in the spline shaft and the spline sleeve, and the sliding stroke section reciprocates to absorb the impact reaction force when subjected to the impact, the belt buffering device Jia: including ± movable pulley, driven pulley, belt, etc., the driving pulley is fixed on the fixed support, the driving pulley is connected with the drive shaft of the I machine or the hydraulic motor or the air motor, and the driven pulley is arranged on the buffer support. Belt set at On the drive pulley and the driven pulley, the driven pulley is subjected to the impact movement with the buffer support, the belt absorbs the impact reaction force, the belt buffer device prevents damage to the motor or the hydraulic motor or the air motor, and the structure guiding buffer device includes the buffer member and the buffer guide. a cushioning member is disposed between the frame and the reciprocating impact portion or between the fixed support member and the cushioning support member or between the lifting device and the reciprocating impact portion or between the frame and the lifting device, and the buffer guiding member is disposed at The frame and the reciprocating impact portion are disposed on the fixed support and the buffer support or on the lifting device and the reciprocating impact portion or on the frame and the lifting device, and the structure guiding buffer device absorbs the impact reaction force through the buffer member At the same time, the buffer guiding direction is used to control the buffering direction, and the structural guiding buffer device cooperates with the sliding stroke spline bushing buffer device or the belt cushioning device to absorb and buffer the impact reaction force of the impact head and guide the buffer direction to prevent no direction due to buffering. Swinging damage to rotating power source parts or lifting devices or machines Etc., to ensure that the impact head impact direction towards the object to be taken.
所述的冲击驱动装置包括曲柄冲击驱动装置或液压冲击驱动装置或气压冲击驱动装置 等, 升降装置包括摇臂等, 摇臂为平行四边形摇臂或单摇臂等, 平行四边形摇臂包括主摇臂 和副摇臂等, 往复冲击部包括支撑箱体或支撑架等, 主摇臂的一端与机身铰接另一端与支撑 箱体或支撑架铰接, 副摇臂的一端与机身铰接另一端与支撑箱体或支撑架铰接, 主摇臂和 / 或副摇臂支撑往复冲击部, 主摇臂与副摇臂相配合调整冲击头的采掘方向或位置, 保证冲击 头下一个冲击动作施加在待采掘物上, 行走部带动机身行走实现往复冲击连续采掘。  The impact driving device comprises a crank impact driving device or a hydraulic impact driving device or a pneumatic impact driving device, etc., the lifting device comprises a rocker arm, the rocker arm is a parallelogram rocker arm or a single rocker arm, and the parallelogram rocker arm comprises a main rocker. The arm and the auxiliary rocker arm, etc., the reciprocating impact portion includes a support box or a support frame, etc., one end of the main rocker arm is hinged to the fuselage and the other end is hinged to the support box or the support frame, and one end of the auxiliary rocker arm is hinged to the other end of the body Hinged with the support box or the support frame, the main rocker arm and/or the auxiliary rocker arm support the reciprocating impact portion, and the main rocker arm and the auxiliary rocker arm cooperate to adjust the mining direction or position of the impact head to ensure that the next impact action of the impact head is applied to On the object to be excavated, the walking part drives the fuselage to realize continuous reciprocating impact mining.
所述的往复冲击部包括支撑箱体或支撑架等, 冲击驱动装置包括曲柄冲击驱动装置等, 曲柄冲击驱动装置包括多拐曲轴多杆冲击机构、 动力输出部件等, 多拐曲轴多杆冲击机构包 括多拐曲轴、 连杆等, 多拐曲轴包括动力同心轴段、 连接柄、 偏心轴等, 动力同心轴段、 连 接柄和偏心轴分体或连接或为一体式, 多拐曲轴的动力同心轴段一端与曲柄冲击驱动装置的 动力输出部件连接, 动力同心轴段的另一端设置两个以上的连接柄、 偏心轴等, 多拐曲轴的 动力同心轴段安装在支撑箱体或支撑架上等, 多拐曲轴的偏心轴与连杆的一端铰接, 连杆的 另一端与冲击头连接或分体, 一个偏心轴带动一个以上的连杆往复冲击。  The reciprocating impact portion comprises a supporting box or a support frame, the impact driving device comprises a crank impact driving device, etc., the crank impact driving device comprises a multi-turn crank multi-bar impact mechanism, a power output component, etc., the multi-turn crank multi-bar impact mechanism Including multi-turn crankshaft, connecting rod, etc., multi-turn crankshaft includes power concentric shaft section, connecting handle, eccentric shaft, etc. The power concentric shaft section, connecting handle and eccentric shaft are separated or connected or integrated, and the power of the crankshaft is concentric. One end of the shaft section is connected with the power output component of the crank impact drive device, and the other end of the power concentric shaft section is provided with more than two connecting handles, an eccentric shaft, etc., and the power concentric shaft section of the multi-turn crankshaft is mounted on the support box or the support frame. Etc., the eccentric shaft of the crankshaft is hinged to one end of the connecting rod, and the other end of the connecting rod is connected or separated from the impact head, and an eccentric shaft drives more than one connecting rod to reciprocate impact.
所述的冲击头包括冲外层料齿、 冲内层料齿等, 冲内层料齿的形状或排列有利于将待采 煤壁或岩壁的内层物料冲落, 冲外层料齿的形状与布置有利于将冲内层料齿冲落的物料从冲 外层料齿的空隙间流, 冲外层料齿、 冲内层料齿并列布置组成多层冲击头, 通过多层冲击头 增加采煤宽度, 提高采煤效率。  The impact head comprises an outer layer of teeth, an inner layer of the material, and the like, and the shape or arrangement of the teeth of the inner layer is favorable for flushing the inner layer of the coal wall or the rock wall to be mined, and the outer layer of the material is washed. The shape and arrangement are favorable for the material which is washed away from the inner layer of the material to flow from the gap between the teeth of the outer layer, and the outer layer of the material and the inner layer of the material are arranged side by side to form a multi-layer impact head, through multiple layers of impact The head increases the coal mining width and improves the coal mining efficiency.
所述的冲击头包括阶梯齿冲削机构等, 阶梯齿冲削机构包括冲齿等, 冲齿为多层冲齿, 在冲齿上设有齿头等, 齿头与冲齿分体连接或为一体式, 相邻的两层冲齿齿头的距离不同, 将待采掘煤壁或岩壁被冲击成阶梯状, 阶梯状煤壁或岩壁的每一阶 产生两个以上的相对自 由面, 阶梯状的煤壁或岩壁相对于原平而形煤壁或岩壁的压应力及结构强度大人降低, 煤壁 或岩壁被冲击成阶梯状后每一层冲齿再次采掘时合理利用阶梯状煤壁或岩壁的两个相对自 面冲击落料, 大大减少冲击阻力, 避免冲击头所采落的物料出现过大块, 减少动力消耗, 提 高冲击效率。 The impact head includes a stepped tooth punching mechanism, the stepped tooth punching mechanism includes a punching tooth, the punching tooth is a multi-layer punching tooth, and a tooth head is provided on the punching tooth, and the tooth head is connected with the punching tooth or Integral, the distance between adjacent two-layer toothed heads is different, and the coal wall or rock wall to be mined is struck into a step shape, and each step of the stepped coal wall or rock wall produces more than two relative free faces. The stepped coal wall or rock wall is lower than the compressive stress and structural strength of the original flat coal wall or rock wall, the coal wall Or the rock wall is impacted into a stepped shape, and each layer of the teeth is re-excavated, and the two relative self-surface impact blanks of the stepped coal wall or the rock wall are reasonably utilized, thereby greatly reducing the impact resistance and avoiding the occurrence of the material falling from the impact head. Oversize, reduce power consumption and improve impact efficiency.
所述的冲击头包括多层冲料机构等, 多层冲料机构包括冲料齿架等, 冲料齿架包括出料 洞等, 冲料齿架包括后支撑座、 冲料齿支撑架等, 后支撑座与冲料齿支撑架形成出料洞, 冲 料齿支撑架包括冲料齿等, 冲料齿设置在冲料齿支撑架朝向待采掘面, 冲料齿与冲料齿支撑 架分体或为一体式, 冲料齿的形状或排列有利于将待采掘层的物料冲落, 出料洞有利于将冲 料机构冲落的物料流出。  The impact head comprises a multi-layered charging mechanism, the multi-layered charging mechanism comprises a punching frame, the punching frame comprises a discharge hole, and the punching frame comprises a rear support seat, a punching tooth support frame, etc. The rear support seat and the punching tooth support frame form a discharge hole, and the punching tooth support frame comprises a punching tooth, and the punching tooth is disposed on the punching tooth support frame toward the surface to be mined, the punching tooth and the punching tooth support frame. Split or integrated, the shape or arrangement of the punching teeth is beneficial to flush the material of the layer to be mined, and the discharging hole is favorable for the material falling out of the punching mechanism to flow out.
所述的冲击头包括冲外层料齿架、 冲外层料齿等, 冲外层料齿架包括出料洞等, 冲外层 料齿设置在冲外层料齿架朝向待采掘面, 冲击头包括还包括冲内层料齿架、 冲内层料齿等, 冲内层料齿与冲内层料齿架分体连接或为一体式, 冲外层料齿的形状或排列有利于将待采掘 层的外层物料冲落, 出料洞有利于将冲内层料齿冲落的物料流出, 多层冲料机构相配合实现 冲击落料、 出料同时完成。  The impact head comprises an outer layer material rack, an outer layer material tooth, and the like, and the outer layer material rack includes a discharge hole, and the outer layer material teeth are disposed on the outer layer material rack to face the surface to be mined. The impact head further comprises a punching inner material rack, a punching inner material tooth, etc., and the inner layer material tooth and the inner layer material rack are separated or integrated, and the shape or arrangement of the outer layer material teeth is favorable. The outer layer material of the layer to be excavated is washed off, and the discharge hole is favorable for the material flowing out of the inner layer of the material to be flushed out, and the multi-layered materialing mechanism cooperates to realize the impact blanking and discharging at the same time.
所述的升降装置包括垂直升降机构等, 垂直升降机构驱动往复冲击部上下垂直移动, 垂 直升降机构包括升降台、 升降台支座、 垂直升降驱动器等, 垂直升降驱动器包括绳与卷绳器 或齿轮齿条或螺旋杆或轴接开合或链轮与链条或液压件或气动件等, 垂直升降驱动器驱动升 降台垂直升降, 垂直升降机构还包括定位锁紧器等, 定位锁紧器包括插销或锁舌或垫块或拉 绳或液压缸或气缸等, 定位锁紧器对升降台定位锁紧。  The lifting device comprises a vertical lifting mechanism, and the vertical lifting mechanism drives the reciprocating impact portion to vertically move up and down. The vertical lifting mechanism comprises an lifting platform, a lifting platform support, a vertical lifting drive, etc., and the vertical lifting drive comprises a rope and a rope reel or gear Rack or auger or shaft joint opening or closing or sprocket with chain or hydraulic or pneumatic parts, vertical lifting drive drives the lifting platform to vertically lift, vertical lifting mechanism also includes positioning locker, etc. Positioning locker includes bolt or The locking tongue or the pad or the drawstring or the hydraulic cylinder or the cylinder, etc., the positioning locker positions and locks the lifting platform.
所述的冲击驱动装置包括滚动活塞液压驱动装置或滚动活塞气动驱动装置等, 滚动活塞 液压驱动装置或滚动活塞气动驱动装置包括缸体、 活塞、 活塞滚动体、 控制件、 动力冲击件 等, 活塞滚动体设置于活塞组成滚动活塞, 滚动活塞设置在缸体内, 滚动活塞在活塞滚动体 的支撑下与缸体滚动摩擦, 控制件控制液体或气体流动, 使滚动活塞在液体或气体压力推动 下往复运动, 动力冲击件一端与活塞分体或连接或为一体式, 动力冲击件驱动冲击头冲击。  The impact driving device comprises a rolling piston hydraulic driving device or a rolling piston pneumatic driving device, etc. The rolling piston hydraulic driving device or the rolling piston pneumatic driving device comprises a cylinder body, a piston, a piston rolling body, a control member, a power impact member, etc., the piston The rolling body is arranged on the piston to form a rolling piston, the rolling piston is arranged in the cylinder body, the rolling piston is rolling friction with the cylinder body under the support of the rolling body of the piston, and the control member controls the flow of the liquid or the gas, so that the rolling piston is pushed by the liquid or gas pressure In the reciprocating motion, one end of the power impacting member is separated or connected to the piston or integrated, and the power impacting member drives the impact head impact.
所述的冲击驱动装置包括滚动导向液压驱动装置或滚动导向气动驱动装置等, 滚动导向 液压驱动装置或滚动导向气动驱动装置包括导向导向滚动体、 导向导向滚动体支撑件、 动力 冲击件、 活塞、 缸体、 控制件等, 活塞设置于缸体内, 导向导向滚动体设置于导向导向滚动 体支撑件与动力冲击件之间, 导向导向滚动体、 导向导向滚动体支撑件、 动力冲击件紧密配 合使导向导向滚动体通过滚动摩擦支撑动力冲击件往复运动并控制动力冲击件的冲击方向, 导向导向滚动体支撑件与缸体分体连接或为一体式, 控制件控制液体或气体流动, 活塞在液 体或气体压力推动下往¾运动, 动力冲击件一端与活塞分体或连接或为一体式, 活塞驱动动 力冲击件带动冲击头冲击, 冲击头冲击煤壁或岩壁的反作用掰别力即施加给滚动导向液压驱 动装置或滚动导向气动驱动装置。 The impact driving device comprises a rolling guide hydraulic driving device or a rolling guiding pneumatic driving device, and the rolling guiding hydraulic driving device or the rolling guiding pneumatic driving device comprises a guiding guiding rolling body, a guiding guiding rolling body support, a power impacting member, a piston, a cylinder, a control member, etc., the piston is disposed in the cylinder body, and the guiding guide rolling body is disposed between the guiding guiding rolling body support member and the power impacting member, and the guiding guiding rolling body, the guiding guiding rolling body supporting member and the power impacting member are closely matched The guiding guiding rolling body reciprocates by the rolling friction to support the power impacting member and controls the impact direction of the power impacting member, and the guiding guiding rolling body support member is connected with the cylinder body or is integrated, and the control member controls the flow of the liquid or the gas, and the piston is in the The liquid or gas pressure is pushed to move 3⁄4, and one end of the power impactor is separated or connected to the piston or integrated, and the piston is driven. The force impact member drives the impact head impact, and the reaction force of the impact head impacting the coal wall or the rock wall is applied to the rolling guide hydraulic drive device or the rolling guide pneumatic drive device.
所述的冲击驱动装置包括滚动导向滚动活塞液压驱动装置或滚动导向滚动活塞气动驱动 装置等, 滚动导向滚动活塞液压驱动装置包括滚动活塞液压驱动装置与滚动导向液压驱动装 置的组合等, 或滚动导向滚动活塞气动驱动装置包括滚动活塞气动驱动装置与滚动导向气动 驱动装置的组合等, 控制件控制液体或气体流动, 滚动活塞在液体或气体压力推动下往复运 动, 动力冲击件一端与滚动活塞分体或连接或为一体式, 动力冲击件另一端与冲击头连接或 分体或为一体式, 活塞驱动动力冲击件带动冲击头冲击, 冲击头冲击煤壁或岩壁的反作用掰 别力即施加给滚动导向滚动导向液压驱动装置或滚动导向滚动导向气动驱动装置。  The impact driving device comprises a rolling guide rolling piston hydraulic driving device or a rolling guiding rolling piston pneumatic driving device, etc. The rolling guiding rolling piston hydraulic driving device comprises a combination of a rolling piston hydraulic driving device and a rolling guiding hydraulic driving device, or a rolling guide The rolling piston pneumatic driving device comprises a combination of a rolling piston pneumatic driving device and a rolling guiding pneumatic driving device, the control member controls the flow of the liquid or the gas, the rolling piston reciprocates under the pressure of the liquid or the gas, and the one end of the power impacting member is separated from the rolling piston. Or connected or integrated, the other end of the power impactor is connected to the impact head or is separated or integrated. The piston drives the power impactor to drive the impact head impact, and the impact force of the impact head impacting the coal wall or the rock wall is applied to Rolling guide rolling guide hydraulic drive or rolling guide rolling guide pneumatic drive.
所述的滚动往复装置包括导向导向滚动体支撑件、 冲击导向件等, 导向导向滚动体支撑 件和 /或冲击导向件上设有导向限位结构等, 导向限位结构限制冲击导向件的冲击方向, 或滚 动活塞液压驱动装置或滚动活塞气动驱动装置包括缸体、 活塞、 活塞滚动体等, 缸体、 活塞 和 /或活塞滚动体上设有活塞限位结构等, 活塞滚动体设置于活塞限位结构, 活塞限位结构限 制活塞滚动体的滚动空间及位置, 滚动往复装置与滚动活塞液压驱动装置或滚动活塞气动驱 动装置分体或连接或为一体式。  The rolling reciprocating device comprises a guiding guiding rolling body support member, an impact guiding member and the like, the guiding guiding rolling body supporting member and/or the impact guiding member is provided with a guiding limit structure, and the guiding limit structure restricting the impact of the impact guiding member Direction, or rolling piston hydraulic drive or rolling piston pneumatic drive device includes cylinder, piston, piston rolling body, etc., cylinder, piston and / or piston rolling body is provided with a piston limit structure, etc., the piston rolling body is arranged on the piston The limit structure, the piston limit structure limits the rolling space and position of the piston rolling body, and the rolling reciprocating device is separated or connected or integrated with the rolling piston hydraulic drive device or the rolling piston pneumatic drive device.
所述的冲击驱动装置包括滚动活塞驱动装置等, 滚动活塞驱动装置或滚动往复装置包括 限位结构等, 限位结构包括活塞限位结构或导向限位结构等, 滚动活塞驱动装置包括缸体、 活塞、 活塞滚动体等, 活塞限位结构设置在缸体、 活塞和 /或活塞滚动体上等, 活塞滚动体设 置于活塞限位结构, 活塞限位结构限制活塞滚动体的滚动空间及位置, 滚动往复装置包括导 向导向滚动体支撑件、 导向导向滚动体、 冲击导向件等, 导向限位结构设置于导向导向滚动 体支撑件、导向导向滚动体和 /或冲击导向件上等, 导向导向滚动体设置于导向导向滚动体支 撑件与冲击导向件之间且设置于导向限位结构, 导向限位结构限制导向导向滚动体的滚动空 间及位置, 动力冲击件的一端或两端设置防掰别机构等, 防掰别机构与滚动往复装置配合使 用, 冲击头冲击煤壁或岩壁所产生的反作用掰别力施加给防掰别机构, 防掰别机构隔离反作 用掰别力, 使反作用掰别力施加给滚动往复装置, 从而防止冲击驱动装置遭受冲击反作用掰 别力的损坏, 滚动往复装置扶正冲击头的冲击方向, 在机架与升降装置之间设置缓冲件等或 在升降装置固定支撑件与升降装置缓冲支撑件之间设置缓冲件等或在升降装置与往复冲击部 之间或在机架与往复冲击部之间设置缓冲件等, 将缓冲导向件布置在机架与升降装置上或将 缓冲导向件布置在升降装置固定支撑件与升降装 缓冲支撑件上或将缓冲导向件布置在升降 装置与往复冲击部或将缓冲导向件布置在机 ¾与往复冲击部之问等组成结构缓冲装 K, 结构 缓冲装置通过缓冲件吸收冲击反作用力的同时用缓冲导向件控制缓冲方向。 The impact driving device comprises a rolling piston driving device or the like, the rolling piston driving device or the rolling reciprocating device comprises a limiting structure, the limiting structure comprises a piston limiting structure or a guiding limiting structure, and the rolling piston driving device comprises a cylinder body, Piston, piston rolling body, etc., the piston limiting structure is arranged on the cylinder body, the piston and/or the piston rolling body, etc., the piston rolling body is arranged on the piston limiting structure, and the piston limiting structure limits the rolling space and position of the piston rolling body, The rolling reciprocating device comprises a guiding guiding rolling body support member, a guiding guiding rolling body, an impact guiding member and the like, and the guiding limiting structure is disposed on the guiding guiding rolling body support member, the guiding guiding rolling body and/or the impact guiding member, etc., the guiding guiding rolling The body is disposed between the guiding guide rolling body support member and the impact guiding member and is disposed on the guiding limit structure, the guiding limit structure restricting the rolling space and the position of the guiding guiding rolling body, and the one or both ends of the power impacting member are provided with the protection against the screening Mechanism, etc., anti-screening mechanism is used in conjunction with rolling reciprocating device, impact head impacts coal Or the reaction force generated by the rock wall is applied to the anti-defense mechanism, and the anti-separation mechanism isolates the reaction discriminating force, so that the reaction discriminating force is applied to the rolling reciprocating device, thereby preventing the impact driving device from being subjected to the impact reaction. Damage, the rolling reciprocating device corrects the impact direction of the impact head, and provides a cushioning member or the like between the frame and the lifting device or a buffer member between the lifting device fixing support member and the lifting device buffer supporting member or the lifting device and the reciprocating impact Between the portions or between the frame and the reciprocating impact portion, a cushioning member or the like is disposed, the buffer guiding member is disposed on the frame and the lifting device, or the buffer guiding member is disposed on the lifting device fixing support and the lifting device buffer support member or The buffer guiding member is arranged in the lifting device and the reciprocating impact portion or the buffer guiding member is arranged on the machine 3⁄4 and the reciprocating impact portion, etc. The cushioning device absorbs the impact reaction force through the cushioning member while controlling the buffering direction with the buffer guide.
所述的冲击驱动装置包括动力支撑件等, 滚动往复装置包括导向导向滚动体支撑件等, 动力支撑件与导向导向滚动体支撑件分体或为一体式或连接, 滚动往复装置还包括防旋转结 构等, 防旋转结构包括防旋转导向导向滚动体支撑件和 /或防旋转冲击导向件等, 防旋转导向 导向滚动体支撑件包括四边形导向导向滚动体支撑件或 u形导向导向滚动体支撑件或 V形导 向导向滚动体支撑件或三角形导向导向滚动体支撑件或椭圆形导向导向滚动体支撑件或多边 形导向导向滚动体支撑件或异形导向导向滚动体支撑件或滚道导向导向滚动体支撑件或凹坑 导向导向滚动体支撑件或坑道导向导向滚动体支撑件或保持架导向导向滚动体支撑件等, 冲 击导向件包括防旋转冲击导向件等, 导向滚动体包括防旋转导向滚动体等, 防旋转冲击导向 件、 防旋转导向滚动体与防旋转导向导向滚动体支撑件紧密扣合防止冲击头转动, 扶正冲击 头的冲击方向。  The impact driving device comprises a power support member or the like, the rolling reciprocating device comprises a guiding guiding rolling body support member, etc., and the power supporting member and the guiding guiding rolling body support member are separately or integrally connected or connected, and the rolling reciprocating device further comprises anti-rotation The structure or the like, the anti-rotation structure includes an anti-rotation guide roller body support member and/or an anti-rotation impact guide member, and the anti-rotation guide roller body support member includes a quadrilateral guide guide roller body support member or a u-shaped guide roller body support member. Or V-shaped guide roller body support or triangular guide roller body support or elliptical guide roller body support or polygonal guide roller body support or profiled guide roller body support or raceway guide roller body support Or a guide guiding guide rolling element support or a tunnel guiding guiding rolling element support or a cage guiding guiding rolling body support or the like, the impact guiding member comprises an anti-rotation impact guiding member or the like, and the guiding rolling body comprises an anti-rotation guiding rolling body, etc. , anti-rotation impact guide, anti-rotation guide rolling element It is tightly engaged with the anti-rotation guide roller body support to prevent the impact head from rotating and to correct the impact direction of the impact head.
所述的滚动往复装置包括导向导向滚动体、 导向导向滚动体支撑件、 冲击导向件等, 导 向导向滚动体设置于导向导向滚动体支撑件与冲击导向件之间, 滚动往复装置包括外部套、 内部体等, 外部套或内部体上设有滚道等, 导向导向滚动体设置于滚道且设置于外部套与内 部体之间, 外部套、 内部体与导向导向滚动体紧密配合使外部套或内部体通过导向导向滚动 体滚动摩擦相对往复运动, 滚动摩擦控制外部套或内部体的冲击方向, 冲击头与往复运动的 外部套或内部体为一体式或连接。  The rolling reciprocating device comprises a guiding guiding rolling body, a guiding guiding rolling body supporting member, an impact guiding member and the like, the guiding guiding rolling body is disposed between the guiding guiding rolling body supporting member and the impact guiding member, and the rolling reciprocating device comprises an outer sleeve, The inner body or the like has a raceway or the like on the outer sleeve or the inner body, and the guide guide rolling body is disposed on the raceway and disposed between the outer sleeve and the inner body, and the outer sleeve and the inner body are closely matched with the guide guide rolling body to make the outer sleeve Or the inner body is relatively reciprocating by the rolling guide friction rolling friction, and the rolling friction controls the impact direction of the outer sleeve or the inner body, and the impact head is integrated or connected with the reciprocating outer sleeve or the inner body.
所述的滚动往复装置包括外部套、 内部体等, 外部套或内部体上设有凹坑等, 导向导向 滚动体设置于凹坑且设置于外部套与内部体之间, 导向导向滚动体支撑件为外部套时冲击导 向件为内部体, 外部套支撑导向导向滚动体与内部体, 导向导向滚动体支撑件为内部体时冲 击导向件为外部套, 内部体支撑导向导向滚动体与外部套, 外部套、 内部体与导向导向滚动 体紧密配合使外部套或内部体通过导向导向滚动体滚动摩擦相对往复运动, 滚动摩擦控制外 部套或内部体的冲击方向, 冲击头与往复运动的外部套或内部体为一体式或连接, 冲击头在 往复运动的外部套或内部体的支撑下滚动摩擦往复运动。  The rolling reciprocating device comprises an outer sleeve, an inner body and the like, and the outer sleeve or the inner body is provided with a dimple or the like, and the guiding guiding rolling body is disposed in the dimple and is disposed between the outer sleeve and the inner body, and the guiding guiding rolling body supports When the outer sleeve is an outer sleeve, the impact guide member is an inner body, the outer sleeve supports the guide roller body and the inner body, and the guide guide roller body support member is an inner sleeve when the impact guide member is an outer sleeve, and the inner body supports the guide guide roller body and the outer sleeve. The outer sleeve, the inner body and the guiding guide rolling body are tightly matched, so that the outer sleeve or the inner body is relatively reciprocating by the rolling guiding friction of the guiding guiding rolling body, the rolling friction controls the impact direction of the outer sleeve or the inner body, and the outer sleeve of the impact head and the reciprocating movement Or the inner body is integrated or connected, and the impact head is rolled and reciprocated under the support of the reciprocating outer sleeve or the inner body.
所述的滚动往复装置包括外部套、 内部体等, 外部套、 内部体之间设有保持架等, 导向 导向滚动体设置于保持架且设置于外部套与内部体之间, 导向导向滚动体支撑件为外部套时 冲击导向件为内部体, 外部套支撑导向导向滚动体与内部体, 导向导向滚动体支撑件为内部 体时冲击导向件为外部套, 内部体支撑导向导向滚动体与外部套, 外部套、 内部体与导向导 向滚动体紧密配合使外部套或内部体通过导向导向滚动体滚动摩擦相对往复运动, 滚动摩擦 控制外部套或内部体的冲击方向。 所述的滚动往复装置与曲柄冲击驱动装置组合设置于升降装置或机架, 动力冲击件的一 端或两端设有防掰别机构等, 防掰别机构包括旋转结构或分体结构等, 防掰别机构的旋转结 构包括关节轴承或转向连接头或球笼式万向节或十字万向节或球头扣槽式或弧形扣槽式等, 防掰别机构的旋转结构或分体结构与滚动往复装置配合使用, 动力冲击件驱动冲击头冲击, 冲击头冲击煤壁或岩壁所产生的反作用掰别力施加给旋转结构或分体结构, 旋转结构受力转 动或分体结构分体隔离反作用掰别力,防止曲柄冲击驱动装置遭受冲击反作用掰别力的损坏, 往复冲击部或升降装置或机架包括旋转动力源件、 旋转冲击传动件等, 或机架包括旋转动力 源件时, 升降装置包括旋转冲击传动件等, 或升降装置包括旋转动力源件时, 往复冲击部包 括旋转冲击传动件等, 或机架包括旋转动力源件时往复冲击部包括旋转冲击传动件等, 旋转 动力源件包括电机或液压马达或气动马达等, 升降装置或往复冲击部或机架或包括固定支撑 件、 缓冲支撑件等, 或当机架包括固定支撑件时, 升降装置包括缓冲支撑件等, 或当升降装 置包括固定支撑件时, 往复冲击部包括缓冲支撑件等或当机架包括固定支撑件时往复冲击部 对应设置缓冲支撑件等, 机架与升降装置之间或固定支撑件与缓冲支撑件之间或升降装置与 往复冲击部之间或机架与往复冲击部之间设置缓冲装置等, 缓冲装置包括旋转动力缓冲装置 或结构导向缓冲装置等, 旋转动力缓冲装置设置在旋转动力源件与旋转冲击传动件之间或设 置于旋转冲击传动件,旋转动力缓冲装置包括滑动行程花键轴套缓冲装置或皮带缓冲装置等, 滑动行程花键轴套缓冲装置包括花键轴与花键套等,在花键轴与花键套之间设置滑动行程段, 滑动行程段在受到冲击时往复滑动吸收冲击反作用力, 皮带缓冲装置包括主动皮带轮、 从动 皮带轮、 皮带等, 主动皮带轮固定在固定支撑件上, 主动皮带轮与电机或液压马达或气动马 达的驱动轴连接, 从动皮带轮设置在缓冲支撑件上, 皮带设置在主动皮带轮和从动皮带轮上, 从动皮带轮随缓冲支撑件受冲击运动, 皮带吸收冲击反作用力, 皮带缓冲装置防止电机或液 压马达或气动马达受损, 结构导向缓冲装置包括缓冲件、 缓冲导向件等, 缓冲件设置在机架 与往复冲击部之间或设置在固定支撑件与缓冲支撑件之间或设置在升降装置与往复冲击部或 设置在机架与升降装置之间等, 缓冲导向件设置在机架与往复冲击部上或设置在固定支撑件 与缓冲支撑件上或设置在升降装置与往复冲击部上或设置在机架与升降装置上等, 结构导向 缓冲装置通过缓冲件吸收冲击反作用力的同时用缓冲导向件控制缓冲方向, 结构导向缓冲装 置与滑动行程花键轴套缓冲装置或与皮带缓冲装置配合对往复冲击部的冲击反作用力予以吸 收缓冲且对缓冲方向导向,防止因缓冲无方向性摇摆损坏旋转动力源件或升降装置或机架等, 保证冲击头的冲击方向朝向待采物。 The rolling reciprocating device includes an outer sleeve, an inner body, and the like. The outer sleeve and the inner body are provided with a cage or the like. The guiding guide rolling body is disposed on the retainer and disposed between the outer sleeve and the inner body, and the guiding guide rolling body When the support member is an outer sleeve, the impact guide member is an inner body, the outer sleeve support guides the guide roller body and the inner body, and when the guide guide roller body support member is an inner body, the impact guide member is an outer sleeve, and the inner body supports the guide guide roller body and the outer portion. The sleeve, the outer sleeve, the inner body and the guiding guide rolling body are tightly matched, so that the outer sleeve or the inner body is relatively reciprocating by rolling friction of the guiding guide rolling body, and the rolling friction controls the impact direction of the outer sleeve or the inner body. The rolling reciprocating device is combined with the crank impact driving device to be arranged in the lifting device or the frame, and the one or both ends of the power impacting member are provided with an anti-screening mechanism, etc., and the anti-picking mechanism comprises a rotating structure or a split structure, etc. The rotating structure of the discriminating mechanism includes a joint bearing or a steering joint or a ball cage universal joint or a cross universal joint or a ball-type buckle groove or a curved buckle groove type, and the rotating structure or the split structure of the anti-screening mechanism Used in conjunction with the rolling reciprocating device, the power impact member drives the impact head impact, and the reaction force generated by the impact head impacting the coal wall or the rock wall is applied to the rotating structure or the split structure, and the rotating structure is subjected to the force rotation or the split structure split. Isolating the reaction discriminating force to prevent the crank impact drive device from being damaged by the impact reaction, the reciprocating impact portion or the lifting device or the frame including the rotary power source member, the rotary impact transmission member, etc., or the frame includes the rotary power source member The lifting device comprises a rotary impact transmission member or the like, or when the lifting device comprises a rotary power source member, the reciprocating impact portion comprises a rotary impact transmission member, etc. Or the reciprocating impact portion of the frame including the rotary power source member includes a rotary impact transmission member or the like, the rotary power source member includes a motor or a hydraulic motor or a pneumatic motor, etc., the lifting device or the reciprocating impact portion or the frame or includes a fixed support member, a buffer support Pieces or the like, or when the frame includes a fixed support, the lifting device includes a cushioning support or the like, or when the lifting device includes a fixed support, the reciprocating impact portion includes a cushioning support or the like or reciprocates when the frame includes a fixed support Correspondingly, a buffer support member or the like is provided, a buffer device or the like is disposed between the frame and the lifting device or between the fixed support member and the buffer support member or between the lifting device and the reciprocating impact portion, and the buffer device includes a rotary power. a buffer device or a structure guiding buffer device or the like, the rotary power buffer device is disposed between the rotary power source member and the rotary impact transmission member or disposed on the rotary impact transmission member, and the rotary power buffer device includes a sliding stroke spline bushing buffer device or a belt buffer device Etc., the sliding stroke spline bushing cushioning device includes a spline shaft and A sleeve sleeve or the like is provided with a sliding stroke section between the spline shaft and the spline sleeve, and the sliding stroke section reciprocally slides to absorb the impact reaction force when subjected to the impact, and the belt buffering device comprises a driving pulley, a driven pulley, a belt, etc., the driving pulley fixing On the fixed support, the drive pulley is connected to the drive shaft of the motor or the hydraulic motor or the air motor, the driven pulley is disposed on the buffer support, the belt is disposed on the drive pulley and the driven pulley, and the driven pulley is received by the buffer support Impact movement, the belt absorbs the impact reaction force, the belt buffer device prevents the motor or the hydraulic motor or the air motor from being damaged. The structure guiding buffer device includes a buffering member, a buffer guiding member, etc., and the cushioning member is disposed between the frame and the reciprocating impact portion or is disposed at Between the fixed support and the buffer support or between the lifting device and the reciprocating impact portion or between the frame and the lifting device, etc., the buffer guiding member is disposed on the frame and the reciprocating impact portion or is disposed on the fixed support and the buffer support On or in the lifting device and the reciprocating impact portion In the frame and the lifting device, the structure guiding buffer device absorbs the impact reaction force through the buffer member while controlling the buffer direction by the buffer guiding member, and the structure guiding buffer device cooperates with the sliding stroke spline bushing buffer device or the belt cushioning device. The impact reaction force of the reciprocating impact portion is absorbed and buffered and guided to the buffer direction to prevent damage to the rotary power source member or the lifting device or the frame due to the non-directional sway of the buffer, and to ensure that the impact direction of the impact head is directed toward the object to be purchased.
所述的滚动 装置包括导向导向滚动体、 导向导向滚动体支撑件、 冲击导向件等, 导 向导向滚动体设置于导向导向滚动体支撑件与冲击导向件之间, 滚动往复装置还包括保持架 等, 导向导向滚动体包括滚动轴等, 保持架设置在导向滚动体支撑件与冲击导向件之间, 滚 动轴设置于保持架, 保持架的厚度小于导向导向滚动体的直径, 导向滚动体高出保持架的两 部分分别设置于导向滚动体支撑件、 冲击导向件, 导向滚动体支撑件或冲击导向件上设置滚 道等, 导向导向滚动体设置在保持架内且设置于滚道, 保持架、 滚道限制导向滚动体的滚动 空间, 导向滚动体贴合滚道滚动, 导向滚动体支撑件、 冲击导向件与在保持架内且在滚道内 的导向滚动体紧密配合使冲击导向件通过滚动摩擦往复运动, 通过滚动摩擦控制冲击导向件 的冲击方向, 冲击导向件与冲击头连接或为一体式或分体, 动力冲击件的一端或两端设有防 掰别机构等, 防掰别机构包括旋转结构或分体结构等, 防掰别机构的旋转结构包括关节轴承 或转向连接头或球笼式万向节或十字万向节或球头扣槽式或弧形扣槽式等, 防掰别机构的旋 转结构或分体结构与滚动往复装置配合使用, 动力冲击件驱动冲击头冲击, 冲击头冲击煤壁 或岩壁所产生的反作用掰别力施加给旋转结构或分体结构, 旋转结构受力转动或分体结构分 体隔离反作用掰别力, 升降装置或升降装置与机架之间或升降装置与往复冲击部之间或机架 与往复冲击部之间设有结构导向缓冲装置等, 结构导向缓冲装置对冲击头冲击所产生的反作 用掰别力予以吸收缓冲。 The rolling device comprises a guiding guiding rolling body, a guiding guiding rolling body support, an impact guiding member, etc. The guiding rolling body is disposed between the guiding guiding rolling body support and the impact guiding member, the rolling reciprocating device further comprises a cage, the guiding guiding rolling body comprises a rolling shaft or the like, and the cage is disposed on the guiding rolling body support and the impact guiding member The rolling shaft is disposed on the retainer, the thickness of the retainer is smaller than the diameter of the guiding guide rolling body, and the two portions of the guiding rolling body above the retaining bracket are respectively disposed on the guiding rolling body support, the impact guiding member, the guiding rolling element support or The impact guide is provided with a raceway or the like. The guide guide rolling body is disposed in the cage and is disposed on the raceway. The cage and the raceway restrict the rolling space of the guide rolling body, and the guide rolling body fits the raceway to roll, and guides the rolling body support member. The impact guide member is closely matched with the guide rolling body in the cage and in the raceway, so that the impact guide member reciprocates by rolling friction, and the impact direction of the impact guide member is controlled by rolling friction, and the impact guide member is connected or integrated with the impact head. Type or split, one or both ends of the power impactor are provided with a tamper-proof mechanism, etc. The discriminating mechanism includes a rotating structure or a split structure, and the rotating structure of the anti-screening mechanism includes a joint bearing or a steering joint or a ball cage universal joint or a cross universal joint or a ball head buckle groove or a curved buckle groove type Etc., the rotating structure or the split structure of the anti-screening mechanism is used together with the rolling reciprocating device, the power impacting member drives the impact head impact, and the reaction force generated by the impact head impacting the coal wall or the rock wall is applied to the rotating structure or the split body. Structure, rotating structure by force rotation or split structure separation isolation reaction force, structure guiding buffer between lifting device or lifting device and frame or between lifting device and reciprocating impact portion or between frame and reciprocating impact portion The device or the like, the structure guiding buffer device absorbs and buffers the reaction discriminating force generated by the impact of the impact head.
所述的滚动往复装置与曲柄冲击驱动装置或与液压冲击驱动装置或与气压冲击驱动装置 等组合成两个以上的往复冲击部, 两个以上的往复冲击部上下设置增加采掘高度, 或左右设 置增加采掘宽度。  The rolling reciprocating device is combined with a crank impact driving device or a hydraulic impact driving device or a pneumatic impact driving device to form two or more reciprocating impact portions, and two or more reciprocating impact portions are arranged up and down to increase the mining height, or left and right. Increase the mining width.
所述的滚动往复装置与曲柄冲击驱动装置或与液压冲击驱动装置或与气压冲击驱动装置 等组合成两个以上的往复冲击部, 动力冲击件的一端或两端设置防掰别机构等, 防掰别机构 包括旋转结构或分体结构等, 防掰别机构的旋转结构包括关节轴承或转向连接头或球笼式万 向节或十字万向节或球头扣槽式或弧形扣槽式等, 防掰别机构的旋转结构或分体结构与滚动 往复装置配合使用, 动力冲击件驱动冲击头冲击, 冲击头冲击煤壁或岩壁所产生的反作用掰 别力施加给旋转结构或分体结构, 旋转结构受力转动或分体结构分体隔离反作用掰别力, 动 力冲击件驱动冲击头冲击, 冲击头冲击煤壁或岩壁所产生的反作用掰别力即施加给滚动往复 装置, 从而防止曲柄冲击驱动装置或液压冲击驱动装置或气压冲击驱动装置遭受冲击反作用 掰别力的损坏, 滚动往复装置扶正冲击头的冲击方向, 保证冲击头下一个冲击动作施加在待 采掘物上, 往复冲击部或升降装置或机架包括旋转动力源件、 旋转冲击传动件等, 或机架包 括旋转动力源件时, 升降装置包括旋转冲击传动件等, 或升降装置包括旋转动力源件时, ίΐ 复冲击部包括旋转冲 传动件等, 或机架包括旋转动力源件时, 往复冲击部包括旋转冲, If传 动件等, 旋转动力源件包括电机或液压马达或气动马达等, 升降装置或往复冲击部或机架包 括固定支撑件、 缓冲支撑件等, 或当机架包括固定支撑件时, 升降装置包括缓冲支撑件等, 或当升降装置包括固定支撑件时, 往复冲击部包括缓冲支撑件等, 或当机架包括固定支撑件 时往复冲击部包括缓冲支撑件等, 机架与升降装置之间或固定支撑件与缓冲支撑件之间或升 降装置与往复冲击部之间或机架与往复冲击部之间设置缓冲装置等, 缓冲装置包括旋转动力 缓冲装置或结构导向缓冲装置等, 旋转动力缓冲装置设置在旋转动力源件与旋转冲击传动件 之间或设置于旋转冲击传动件, 旋转动力缓冲装置包括滑动行程花键轴套缓冲装置或皮带缓 冲装置等, 滑动行程花键轴套缓冲装置包括花键轴与花键套等, 在花键轴与花键套之间设置 滑动行程段, 滑动行程段在受到冲击时往复滑动吸收冲击反作用力, 皮带缓冲装置包括主动 皮带轮、 从动皮带轮、 皮带等, 主动皮带轮固定在固定支撑件上, 主动皮带轮与电机或液压 马达或气动马达的驱动轴连接, 从动皮带轮设置在缓冲支撑件上, 皮带设置在主动皮带轮和 从动皮带轮上, 从动皮带轮随缓冲支撑件受冲击运动, 皮带吸收冲击反作用力, 皮带缓冲装 置防止电机或液压马达或气动马达受损, 结构导向缓冲装置包括缓冲件、 缓冲导向件等, 缓 冲件设置在机架与往复冲击部之间或设置在固定支撑件与缓冲支撑件之间或设置在升降装置 与往复冲击部或设置在机架与升降装置之间等, 缓冲导向件设置在机架与往复冲击部上或设 置在固定支撑件与缓冲支撑件上或设置在升降装置与往复冲击部上或设置在机架与升降装置 上等, 结构导向缓冲装置通过缓冲件吸收冲击反作用力的同时用缓冲导向件控制缓冲方向, 结构导向缓冲装置与滑动行程花键轴套缓冲装置或与皮带缓冲装置配合对冲击头的冲击反作 用力予以吸收缓冲且对缓冲方向导向, 防止因缓冲无方向性摇摆损坏旋转动力源件或升降装 置或机架, 保证冲击头的冲击方向朝向待采物。 The rolling reciprocating device is combined with a crank impact driving device or a hydraulic impact driving device or a pneumatic impact driving device to form two or more reciprocating impact portions, and one or both ends of the power impacting member are provided with a tamper-proof mechanism, etc. The discriminating mechanism includes a rotating structure or a split structure, and the rotating structure of the anti-screening mechanism includes a joint bearing or a steering joint or a ball cage universal joint or a cross universal joint or a ball head buckle groove or a curved buckle groove type Etc., the rotating structure or the split structure of the anti-screening mechanism is used together with the rolling reciprocating device, the power impacting member drives the impact head impact, and the reaction force generated by the impact head impacting the coal wall or the rock wall is applied to the rotating structure or the split body. The structure, the rotating structure is subjected to force rotation or the split structure is separated and reacted, and the power impact member drives the impact head impact, and the reaction force generated by the impact head impacting the coal wall or the rock wall is applied to the rolling reciprocating device, thereby Preventing the crank impact drive device or the hydraulic impact drive device or the pneumatic impact drive device from being damaged by the impact reaction, rolling and reciprocating Set the impact direction of the impact head to ensure that the next impact action of the impact head is applied to the object to be excavated. The reciprocating impact or lifting device or frame includes a rotary power source member, a rotary impact transmission member, etc., or the frame includes a rotary power source. When the lifting device includes a rotary impact transmission member or the like, or when the lifting device includes the rotary power source member, the re-impacting portion includes the rotary driving member, or the revolving power source member, the reciprocating impact portion includes a rotary punch, If The moving power source member includes a motor or a hydraulic motor or a pneumatic motor, etc., the lifting device or the reciprocating impact portion or the frame includes a fixed support member, a buffer support member, etc., or when the frame includes a fixed support member, the lifting device includes Buffering support or the like, or when the lifting device comprises a fixed support, the reciprocating impact portion comprises a cushioning support or the like, or when the frame comprises a fixed support, the reciprocating impact portion comprises a cushioning support or the like, between the frame and the lifting device or fixed A buffer device or the like is disposed between the support member and the buffer support member or between the lifting device and the reciprocating impact portion or between the frame and the reciprocating impact portion. The buffer device includes a rotary power buffer device or a structure guiding buffer device, and the rotary power buffer device is disposed at the rotation. Between the power source member and the rotary impact transmission member or disposed on the rotary impact transmission member, the rotary power buffer device includes a sliding stroke spline bushing buffer device or a belt buffer device, and the sliding stroke spline bushing buffer device includes a spline shaft and a flower a key sleeve, etc., a sliding stroke section is provided between the spline shaft and the spline sleeve, and the sliding The stroke section reciprocates and slides to absorb the impact reaction force when the impact is applied. The belt buffering device includes a driving pulley, a driven pulley, a belt, etc., the driving pulley is fixed on the fixed supporting member, and the driving pulley is connected with the driving shaft of the motor or the hydraulic motor or the air motor. The driven pulley is disposed on the buffer support, the belt is disposed on the driving pulley and the driven pulley, the driven pulley is subjected to the impact movement with the buffer support, the belt absorbs the impact reaction force, the belt buffer device prevents the motor or the hydraulic motor or the air motor Damaged, the structural guiding cushioning device comprises a cushioning member, a buffer guiding member and the like, and the cushioning member is disposed between the frame and the reciprocating impact portion or between the fixed support member and the cushioning support member or disposed on the lifting device and the reciprocating impact portion or disposed at Between the frame and the lifting device, etc., the buffer guiding member is disposed on the frame and the reciprocating impact portion or on the fixed support member and the buffer support member or on the lifting device and the reciprocating impact portion or on the frame and the lifting device Superior, structurally oriented cushioning device through buffer The shock guiding force is used to control the buffering direction by the buffer guiding member, and the structural guiding buffer device cooperates with the sliding stroke spline bushing buffer device or the belt cushioning device to absorb and buffer the impact reaction force of the impact head and guide the buffering direction to prevent Damage to the rotating power source or lifting device or frame due to the non-directional sway of the buffer ensures that the impact direction of the impact head is directed toward the object to be purchased.
所述的冲击驱动装置包括曲柄冲击驱动装置等, 曲柄冲击驱动装置包括动力冲击件等, 滚动往复装置与曲柄冲击驱动装置等组合成两个以上的往复冲击部, 两个以上的往复冲击部 设置于升降装置或机架前部, 滚动往复装置包括导向导向滚动体、 导向导向滚动体支撑件、 冲击导向件等, 导向导向滚动体设置于导向导向滚动体支撑件与冲击导向件之间, 往复冲击 部包括支撑箱体等, 曲柄冲击驱动装置包括曲柄组件等, 曲柄组件带动动力冲击件, 滚动往 复装置与曲柄组件组合设置于支撑箱体, 伸出支撑箱体的冲击导向件的两端均设置冲击头或 在冲击导向件的一端设置冲击头另一端设置防止冲击头因重力不平衡掰别滚动往复装置、 冲 击驱动装置和 /或机身等的配重件或在冲击导向件的一端设置冲击头,两个以上的动力冲击件 伸出支撑箱体的端部与冲 i f头连接或分体, 支撑箱体支撑曲柄组件、 滚动往复装置、 冲击头 等, 支撑箱体设置在升降装 K或机架的前部, 导向导向滚动体支撑件或冲击导向件上设胃导 向导向滚动体限位结构等, 导向导向滚动体限位结构限制导向导向滚动体的滚动空间, 导向 导向滚动体、 导向导向滚动体支撑件、 冲击导向件紧密配合使设置在导向导向滚动体限位结 构中的导向导向滚动体通过滚动摩擦支撑冲击导向件往复运动且控制冲击导向件的冲击方 向, 动力冲击件的一端或两端设有防掰别机构等, 防掰别机构包括旋转结构或分体结构等, 防掰别机构的旋转结构包括关节轴承或转向连接头或球笼式万向节或十字万向节或球头扣槽 式或弧形扣槽式等, 防掰别机构的旋转结构或分体结构与滚动往复装置配合使用, 动力冲击 件驱动冲击头冲击, 冲击头冲击煤壁或岩壁所产生的反作用掰别力施加给旋转结构或分体结 构, 旋转结构受力转动或分体结构分体隔离反作用掰别力, 滚动往复装置扶正冲击头的冲击 方向, 动力冲击件驱动冲击头, 冲击头冲击煤壁或岩壁所产生的反作用掰别力施加给滚动往 复装置, 防止冲击驱动装置遭受冲击反作用掰别力的损坏, 往复冲击部或升降装置或机架包 括旋转动力源件、 旋转冲击传动件等, 或机架包括旋转动力源件时, 升降装置包括旋转冲击 传动件等, 或升降装置包括旋转动力源件时, 往复冲击部包括旋转冲击传动件等, 或机架包 括旋转动力源件时往复冲击部包括旋转冲击传动件等, 旋转动力源件包括电机或液压马达或 气动马达等, 升降装置或往复冲击部或机架包括固定支撑件、 缓冲支撑件等, 或当机架包括 固定支撑件时, 升降装置包括缓冲支撑件等, 或当升降装置包括固定支撑件时, 往复冲击部 包括缓冲支撑件等, 或当机架包括固定支撑件时往复冲击部包括缓冲支撑件等, 机架与升降 装置之间或固定支撑件与缓冲支撑件之间或升降装置与往复冲击部之间或机架与往复冲击部 之间设置缓冲装置等, 缓冲装置包括旋转动力缓冲装置或结构导向缓冲装置等, 旋转动力缓 冲装置设置在旋转动力源件与旋转冲击传动件之间或设置于旋转冲击传动件, 旋转动力缓冲 装置包括滑动行程花键轴套缓冲装置或皮带缓冲装置等, 滑动行程花键轴套缓冲装置包括花 键轴与花键套等, 在花键轴与花键套之间设置滑动行程段, 滑动行程段在受到冲击时往复滑 动吸收冲击反作用力, 皮带缓冲装置包括主动皮带轮、 从动皮带轮、 皮带等, 主动皮带轮固 定在固定支撑件上, 主动皮带轮与电机或液压马达或气动马达的驱动轴连接, 从动皮带轮设 置在缓冲支撑件上, 皮带设置在主动皮带轮和从动皮带轮上, 从动皮带轮随缓冲支撑件受冲 击运动, 皮带吸收冲击反作用力, 皮带缓冲装置防止电机或液压马达或气动马达受损, 结构 导向缓冲装置包括缓冲件、 缓冲导向件等, 缓冲件设置在机架与往复冲击部之间或设置在固 定支撑件与缓冲支撑件之间或设置在升降装置与往复冲击部或设置在机架与升降装置之间 等, 缓冲导向件设置在机架与往复冲击部上或设置在固定支撑件与缓冲支撑件上或设置在升 降装置与往复冲击部上或设置在机架与升降装覽上等, 结构导向缓冲装置通过缓冲件吸收冲 反作用力的同吋用缓冲导向件控制缓冲方向, 结构导向缓冲装 与滑动行程花键轴套缓冲 装置或与皮带缓冲装置配合对冲击头的冲击反作用力予以吸收缓冲且对缓冲方向导向, 防止 因缓冲无方向性摇摆损坏旋转动力源件或升降装置或机架, 保证冲击头的冲击方向朝向待采 物。 The impact driving device includes a crank impact driving device or the like, the crank impact driving device includes a power impacting member, and the like, and the rolling reciprocating device and the crank impact driving device are combined into two or more reciprocating impact portions, and two or more reciprocating impact portions are disposed. In the front part of the lifting device or the frame, the rolling reciprocating device comprises a guiding guiding rolling body, a guiding guiding rolling body supporting member, an impact guiding member and the like, and the guiding guiding rolling body is disposed between the guiding guiding rolling body supporting member and the impact guiding member, and reciprocating The impact portion includes a support box or the like, the crank impact drive device includes a crank assembly, and the crank assembly drives the power impact member, and the rolling reciprocating device and the crank assembly are disposed in the support box body, and both ends of the impact guide member extending out of the support box body are respectively Providing an impact head or providing an impact head at one end of the impact guide. The other end is provided to prevent the impact head from being unbalanced by gravity, and the weight of the rolling reciprocating device, the impact driving device and/or the body is set or is provided at one end of the impact guide. Impact head, two or more power impact members projecting from the end of the support box If the head is connected or split, the support box supports the crank assembly, the rolling reciprocating device, the impact head, etc., and the support box is disposed at the front part of the lifting device K or the frame, and the guiding guide rolling body support member or the impact guiding member is provided with a stomach guide To guide the rolling body limiting structure, etc., the guiding guiding rolling body limiting structure limits the rolling space of the guiding guiding rolling body, the guiding guiding rolling body, the guiding guiding rolling body supporting member and the impact guiding member are closely matched to be arranged in the guiding guiding rolling body limit The guiding guiding rolling body in the position structure reciprocates by the rolling friction support impact guiding member and controls the impact direction of the impact guiding member, and the power impacting member is provided with an anti-picking mechanism at one or both ends, and the anti-picking mechanism includes a rotating structure or Split structure, etc., the rotating structure of the anti-screening mechanism includes joint bearing or steering joint or ball cage universal joint or cross universal joint or ball head buckle groove or curved buckle groove type, etc. The rotating structure or the split structure is used together with the rolling reciprocating device, the power impacting member drives the impact head impact, and the reaction force generated by the impact head impacting the coal wall or the rock wall is applied to the rotating structure or the split structure, and the rotating structure is rotated by force. Or split structure separation isolation reaction force, rolling reciprocating device to correct the impact direction of the impact head, dynamic impact drive The impact head, the reaction force generated by the impact head impacting the coal wall or the rock wall is applied to the rolling reciprocating device to prevent the impact driving device from being damaged by the impact reaction, and the reciprocating impact portion or the lifting device or the frame includes the rotating power source Piece, rotary impact transmission, etc., or when the frame includes a rotary power source member, the lifting device includes a rotary impact transmission member, or the lifting device includes a rotary power source member, the reciprocating impact portion includes a rotary impact transmission member, or the frame The reciprocating impact portion includes a rotary impact transmission member or the like when the rotary power source member is included, the rotary power source member includes a motor or a hydraulic motor or a pneumatic motor, and the lifting device or the reciprocating impact portion or the frame includes a fixed support member, a buffer support member, or the like, or When the frame includes a fixed support, the lifting device includes a cushioning support or the like, or when the lifting device includes a fixed support, the reciprocating impact portion includes a cushioning support or the like, or the reciprocating impact portion includes a cushion when the frame includes the fixed support Supports, etc., between the frame and the lifting device or between the fixed support and the buffer support A buffer device or the like is disposed between the lifting device and the reciprocating impact portion or between the frame and the reciprocating impact portion. The buffer device includes a rotary power buffer device or a structure guiding buffer device, and the rotary power buffer device is disposed on the rotary power source member and the rotary impact transmission. Between the pieces or disposed on the rotary impact transmission member, the rotary power buffer device includes a sliding stroke spline bushing buffer device or a belt buffer device, etc., the sliding stroke spline bushing buffer device includes a spline shaft and a spline sleeve, etc., in the spline A sliding stroke section is arranged between the shaft and the spline sleeve, and the sliding stroke section reciprocates and slides to absorb the impact reaction force when the impact is received. The belt buffering device comprises a driving pulley, a driven pulley, a belt, etc., and the driving pulley is fixed on the fixed supporting member, and the driving is actively The pulley is connected to the drive shaft of the motor or the hydraulic motor or the air motor. The driven pulley is arranged on the buffer support. The belt is arranged on the drive pulley and the driven pulley. The driven pulley is subjected to the impact movement with the buffer support, and the belt absorbs the impact reaction. Force, belt cushioning device prevents motor Or the hydraulic motor or the air motor is damaged, the structure guiding buffer device comprises a buffering member, a buffer guiding member and the like, and the buffering member is disposed between the frame and the reciprocating impact portion or between the fixed supporting member and the buffer supporting member or disposed on the lifting device and a reciprocating impact portion or disposed between the frame and the lifting device, etc., the buffer guiding member is disposed on the frame and the reciprocating impact portion or disposed on the fixed support member and the buffer support member or disposed on the lifting device and the reciprocating impact portion or In the frame and the lifting and lowering, etc., the structural guiding buffer device absorbs the reaction force of the buffer by the cushioning member, and the buffer guiding direction is controlled by the buffer guiding member, the structure guiding cushioning device and the sliding stroke spline bushing buffering. The device or the belt cushioning device cooperates with the impact reaction force of the impact head to absorb the buffer and guide the buffer direction, thereby preventing the rotary power source component or the lifting device or the frame from being damaged by the bufferless directional rocking, and ensuring that the impact direction of the impact head is oriented Picking up.
所述的往复冲击部包括滚动往复装置、 冲击驱动装置、 支撑箱体、 冲击头等, 支撑箱体 支撑滚动往复装置, 冲击驱动装置包括曲柄冲击驱动装置、 液压冲击驱动装置或气压冲击驱 动装置等, 曲柄冲击驱动装置、 液压冲击驱动装置或气压冲击驱动装置包括动力冲击件等, 动力冲击件设置于支撑箱体, 动力冲击件与冲击头连接或分体或为一体式, 防掰别机构设置 在动力冲击件的一端或两端, 防掰别机构包括转动结构或分体结构等, 滚动往复装置包括导 向滚动体支撑件、 导向滚动体、 冲击导向件等, 导向滚动体支撑件包括滚道等, 冲击导向件 包括滚道等, 导向滚动体包括滚子等, 滚子贴合滚道滚动, 冲击导向件在滚子的支撑下往复 运动, 动力冲击件驱动冲击头冲击, 防掰别机构的转动结构受力转动或分体结构通过分体隔 离冲击反作用掰别力, 导向滚动体支撑件、 冲击导向件与设置在滚道中的滚子紧密配合通过 滚动摩擦扶正冲击头的冲击方向且防止冲击头旋转, 动力冲击件不对冲击头导向、 不受掰别 力掰别。  The reciprocating impact portion includes a rolling reciprocating device, an impact driving device, a supporting box body, an impact head, etc., and the supporting box supports the rolling reciprocating device, and the impact driving device comprises a crank impact driving device, a hydraulic impact driving device or a pneumatic impact driving device, The crank impact drive device, the hydraulic impact drive device or the pneumatic impact drive device includes a power impact member, the power impact member is disposed on the support box body, the power impact member is connected with the impact head or is separated or integrated, and the anti-smashing mechanism is disposed at One or both ends of the power impacting member, the anti-sliding mechanism includes a rotating structure or a split structure, and the rolling reciprocating device includes a guiding rolling body support member, a guiding rolling body, an impact guiding member, and the like, and the guiding rolling element supporting member includes a raceway, etc. The impact guiding member comprises a raceway, etc., the guiding rolling body comprises a roller, etc., the roller is attached to the rolling track, the impact guiding member reciprocates under the support of the roller, the power impacting member drives the impact head impact, and the anti-fringing mechanism The rotating structure is subjected to force rotation or the split structure is reversed by the split isolation impact The sliding force support, the impact guide and the roller arranged in the raceway are closely matched to correct the impact direction of the impact head by rolling friction and prevent the impact head from rotating. The power impact member does not guide the impact head, and is not discriminated. Force to say goodbye.
所述的往复冲击部包括滚动往复装置、 冲击驱动装置等, 冲击驱动装置包括曲柄冲击驱 动装置或液压冲击驱动装置或气压冲击驱动装置等, 曲柄冲击驱动装置或液压冲击驱动装置 或气压冲击驱动装置包括动力冲击件等, 在动力冲击件的一端或两端设置防掰别机构等, 防 掰别机构包括转动结构或分体结构等, 滚动往复装置包括导向导向滚动体支撑件、 冲击导向 件等, 导向滚动体支撑件包括导向滚动体支撑件上件、 导向滚动体支撑件下件等, 冲击导向 件为 U形冲击导向件, U形冲击导向件包括冲击导向件上件、 冲击导向件下件等, 在导向滚 动体支撑件上件、 导向滚动体支撑件下件设置滚道等或在冲击导向件上件、 冲击导向件下件 设置滚道等或在导向滚动体支撑件上件、 导向滚动体支撑件下件及在冲击导向件上件、 冲击 导向件下件均设置滚道等, 导向滚动体设置在导向滚动体支撑件上件与冲击导向件上件之间 且设置在导向滚动体支撑件下件与冲击导向件下件之间且设置于滚道, 设置在滚道内的导向 滚动体、 u形冲击导向件、 导向导向滚动体支撑件紧密配合使导向滚动体支撑 U形冲击导向 件滚动摩擦往复运动且控制 U形冲击导向件的往复运动方向, 扶正冲击头的冲击方向, U形 冲击导向件与冲击头连接或分体或为一体式, 动力冲击件与冲击头连接或分体, 动力冲击件 驱动冲击头冲击, 防掰别机构的转动结构受力转动或分体结构通过分体隔离冲击反作用掰别 力, 动力冲击件不对冲击头导向、 不受掰别力掰别。  The reciprocating impact portion includes a rolling reciprocating device, an impact driving device, and the like, and the impact driving device includes a crank impact driving device or a hydraulic impact driving device or a pneumatic impact driving device, a crank impact driving device or a hydraulic impact driving device or a pneumatic impact driving device. Including a power impact member, etc., at one or both ends of the power impact member, a tamper-proof mechanism is provided, and the tamper-proof mechanism includes a rotating structure or a split structure, and the rolling reciprocating device includes a guide-guided rolling body support member, an impact guide member, and the like. The guiding rolling body support member comprises a guiding rolling body support upper member, a guiding rolling body support lower member, etc., the impact guiding member is a U-shaped impact guiding member, and the U-shaped impact guiding member comprises an impact guiding member upper member and an impact guiding member. Or the like, the upper part of the guide rolling element support, the lower part of the guide rolling element support, the raceway or the like, or the upper part of the impact guide, the lower part of the impact guide lower part, or the upper part of the guide rolling element support, Guided rolling element support lower part and upper part of impact guide piece and lower part of impact guide a guide rail or the like, the guide rolling body is disposed between the upper part of the guide rolling element support and the upper part of the impact guide and is disposed between the lower part of the guide rolling element support and the lower part of the impact guide and is disposed on the raceway, and is disposed at the raceway The guiding rolling body, the u-shaped impact guiding member and the guiding guiding rolling body supporting member in the raceway are closely matched to make the guiding rolling body support the U-shaped impact guiding member to roll and reciprocate and control the reciprocating direction of the U-shaped impact guiding member, and the righting impact head The impact direction, the U-shaped impact guide is connected with the impact head or split or integrated, the power impact member is connected or split with the impact head, the power impact member drives the impact head impact, and the rotation structure of the anti-picking mechanism is rotated by force. Or the split structure isolates the impact force by the split isolation, and the power impactor does not guide the impact head, and is not discriminated by the discriminating force.
所述的往复冲击部包括滚动往复装置、 冲^驱动装背等, 冲击驱动装青包括曲柄冲击驱 动装置或液压冲击驱动装置或气压冲击驱动装置等, 曲柄冲击驱动装置或液压冲击驱动装置 或气压冲击驱动装置包括动力冲击件, 防掰别机构设置在动力冲击件的一端或两端, 防掰别 机构包括转动结构或分体结构等, 滚动往复装置包括包括外部套、 内部体、 导向导向滚动体 等, 内部体包括内部体上件、 内部体下件等, 外部套为框形外部套, 框形外部套包括框形外 部套上件、 框形外部套下件等, 导向导向滚动体设置在内部体上件与框形外部套上件之间且 设置在内部体下件与框形外部套下件之间, 框形外部套、 内部体与导向滚动体紧密配合使导 向滚动体支撑框形外部套滚动摩擦往复运动且控制框形外部套的往复运动方向, 扶正冲击头 的冲击方向, 框形外部套与冲击头连接或分体或为一体式, 动力冲击件与冲击头连接或分体, 动力冲击件驱动冲击头冲击, 防掰别机构的转动结构受力转动或分体结构通过分体隔离冲击 反作用掰别力, 动力冲击件不对冲击头导向、 不受掰别力掰别。 The reciprocating impact portion includes a rolling reciprocating device, a driving drive back, and the like, and the impact driving cover includes a crank impact drive a moving device or a hydraulic impact driving device or a pneumatic impact driving device, etc., the crank impact driving device or the hydraulic impact driving device or the pneumatic impact driving device includes a power impacting member, and the anti-picking mechanism is disposed at one or both ends of the power impacting member, and the anti-smashing device The other mechanism includes a rotating structure or a split structure, and the rolling reciprocating device includes an outer sleeve, an inner body, a guiding guide rolling body, and the like, the inner body includes an inner body upper part, an inner body lower part, and the like, and the outer sleeve is a frame outer sleeve. The frame-shaped outer sleeve includes a frame-shaped outer sleeve member, a frame-shaped outer sleeve member, and the like, and the guide-guided rolling body is disposed between the inner body upper member and the frame-shaped outer sleeve member and disposed on the inner body lower member and the frame outer portion. Between the lower parts, the frame outer sleeve, the inner body and the guiding rolling body are closely matched to make the guiding rolling body support the frame outer sleeve rolling friction reciprocating motion and control the reciprocating direction of the frame outer sleeve to correct the impact direction of the impact head, The frame-shaped outer sleeve is connected with the impact head or is separated or integrated, and the power impact member is connected or separated from the impact head, and the power impact device is driven. The impact of the impact head, the rotating structure of the anti-screening mechanism is forced to rotate or the split structure is separated by the impact of the split isolation shock, and the power impactor is not guided by the impact head, and is not discriminated by the discriminating force.
所述的往复冲击部包括滚动往复装置、 冲击驱动装置等, 冲击驱动装置包括曲柄冲击驱 动装置或液压冲击驱动装置或气压冲击驱动装置等, 曲柄冲击驱动装置或液压冲击驱动装置 或气压冲击驱动装置包括动力冲击件等, 防掰别机构设置在动力冲击件的一端或两端, 防掰 别机构包括转动结构或分体结构等, 滚动往复装置包括外部套、 内部体、 导向滚动体等, 外 部套为筒式外部套, 导向滚动体设置在内部体与筒式外部套之间, 导向滚动体、 筒式外部套、 内部体紧密配合使导向滚动体支撑筒式外部套滚动摩擦往复运动且控制筒式外部套的往复运 动方向, 筒式外部套与冲击头连接或分体或为一体式, 动力冲击件与冲击头连接或分体或为 一体式, 动力冲击件驱动冲击头冲击, 防掰别机构的转动结构受力转动或分体结构通过分体 隔离冲击反作用掰别力, 动力冲击件不对冲击头导向、 不受掰别力掰别。  The reciprocating impact portion includes a rolling reciprocating device, an impact driving device, and the like, and the impact driving device includes a crank impact driving device or a hydraulic impact driving device or a pneumatic impact driving device, a crank impact driving device or a hydraulic impact driving device or a pneumatic impact driving device. Including a power impact member, etc., the anti-smashing mechanism is disposed at one end or both ends of the power impacting member, and the anti-picking mechanism includes a rotating structure or a split structure, and the rolling reciprocating device includes an outer sleeve, an inner body, a guiding rolling body, etc., external The sleeve is a cylindrical outer sleeve, and the guiding rolling body is disposed between the inner body and the outer sleeve of the cylinder, and the guiding rolling body, the outer sleeve of the cylinder and the inner body are closely matched to make the guiding rolling body support the outer sleeve of the cylinder to roll and reciprocate and control The reciprocating direction of the outer sleeve of the cylinder, the outer sleeve of the cylinder is connected with the impact head or the split body or the integral type, the power impact member is connected with the impact head or is separated or integrated, and the power impact member drives the impact head impact, and the flood prevention The rotating structure of the other mechanism is subjected to the force rotation or the split structure through the split isolation impact Do breaking force, the impact force of the impact head guide member does not, without breaking do not breaking force.
所述的往复冲击部包括滚动往复装置、 冲击驱动装置、 支撑箱体、 冲击头等, 支撑箱体 支撑滚动往复装置, 冲击驱动装置包括曲柄冲击驱动装置或液压冲击驱动装置或气压冲击驱 动装置等, 曲柄冲击驱动装置或液压冲击驱动装置或气压冲击驱动装置包括动力冲击件, 动 力冲击件设置于支撑箱体, 防掰别机构设置在动力冲击件的一端或两端, 防掰别机构包括转 动结构或分体结构等, 滚动往复装置包括防磨损行走轮等, 防磨损行走轮包括滚轮、 导向滚 动体支撑件、 冲击导向件等, 滚轮设置在导向滚动体支撑件上, 动力冲击件与冲击导向件为 连接或分体或为一体式, 动力冲击件设有与滚轮扣合的凸起、 凹陷、 V 槽或曲线形等, 滚轮 设置于动力冲击件一侧或设置于动力冲击件内部, 滚轮支撑动力冲击件滚动摩擦往复冲击的 同时具有滚动导向作用, 动力冲击件驱动冲击头冲击, 防掰别机构的转动结构受力转动或分 体结构通过分体隔离冲击反作用掰别力, 冲击导向件、 导向滚动体支撑件与滚轮紧密配合扶 正冲击头的冲击方向, 动力冲击件不对冲击头导向、 不受掰别力掰别。 所述的冲击驱动装置包括曲柄冲击驱动装置或液压冲击驱动装置或气压冲击驱动装置 等, 曲柄冲击驱动装置或液压冲击驱动装置或气压冲击驱动装置包括动力冲击件等, 防掰别 机构设置在动力冲击件的一端或两端, 防掰别机构包括转动结构或分体结构等, 滚动往复装 置包括直线轴承等, 冲击导向件安装于直线轴承, 动力冲击件与冲击头连接或分体, 动力冲 击件驱动冲击头往复冲击, 防掰别机构的转动结构受力转动或分体结构通过分体隔离冲击反 作用掰别力, 动力冲击件不对冲击头导向, 滚动往复装置扶正冲击头的冲击方向。 The reciprocating impact portion includes a rolling reciprocating device, an impact driving device, a supporting box body, an impact head, and the like, and the supporting box supports the rolling reciprocating device, and the impact driving device includes a crank impact driving device or a hydraulic impact driving device or a pneumatic impact driving device, The crank impact driving device or the hydraulic impact driving device or the pneumatic impact driving device comprises a power impacting member, the power impacting member is disposed on the supporting box body, the anti-picking mechanism is disposed at one end or both ends of the power impacting member, and the anti-picking mechanism comprises a rotating structure Or a split structure, etc., the rolling reciprocating device comprises an anti-wearing walking wheel, etc., the anti-wearing walking wheel comprises a roller, a guiding rolling body support member, an impact guiding member, etc., the roller is arranged on the guiding rolling body support member, the power impacting member and the impact guiding The components are connected or separated or integrated, and the power impacting member is provided with a protrusion, a recess, a V-groove or a curved shape that is engaged with the roller, and the roller is disposed on one side of the power impacting member or inside the power impacting member, the roller Supporting the dynamic impact member rolling friction reciprocating impact while having a rolling guide The power impact member drives the impact head impact, and the rotation structure of the anti-friction mechanism is subjected to the force rotation or the split structure through the split isolation impact reaction discriminating force, and the impact guide member, the guide rolling element support member and the roller are closely matched with the righting impact head. The direction of the impact, the power impactor does not guide the impact head, and is not discriminated against. The impact driving device includes a crank impact driving device or a hydraulic impact driving device or a pneumatic impact driving device, etc., the crank impact driving device or the hydraulic impact driving device or the pneumatic impact driving device includes a power impacting member, etc., and the anti-picking mechanism is disposed in the power One or both ends of the impact member, the anti-screening mechanism includes a rotating structure or a split structure, the rolling reciprocating device includes a linear bearing, the impact guiding member is mounted on the linear bearing, and the power impacting member is connected or separated by the impact head, and the power impact The piece drives the impact head to reciprocate impact, and the rotating structure of the anti-picking mechanism is forced to rotate or the split structure is separated by the impact of the impact isolation. The power impact member does not guide the impact head, and the rolling reciprocating device corrects the impact direction of the impact head.
所述的冲击驱动装置为曲柄冲击驱动装置, 曲柄冲击驱动装置包括动力源件、 凸轮轴、 凸轮等, 动力源件带动凸轮轴旋转, 凸轮轴上安装的凸轮驱动冲击头往复冲击。  The impact driving device is a crank impact driving device, and the crank impact driving device includes a power source member, a cam shaft, a cam, and the like. The power source member drives the cam shaft to rotate, and the cam mounted on the cam shaft drives the impact head to reciprocate impact.
所述的冲击驱动装置包括曲柄冲击驱动装置等, 曲柄冲击驱动装置包括动力源件、 偏心 轴、 动力冲击件等, 偏心轴与动力冲击件的一端铰接, 动力源件驱动偏心轴旋转, 偏心轴带 动动力冲击件往复冲击。  The impact driving device comprises a crank impact driving device, etc., the crank impact driving device comprises a power source component, an eccentric shaft, a power impact component, etc., the eccentric shaft is hinged with one end of the power impacting member, and the power source component drives the eccentric shaft to rotate, the eccentric shaft Drive the power impact member to reciprocate impact.
冲击驱动装置包括曲柄滑块冲击驱动装置等, 曲柄滑块冲击驱动装置包括动力源件、 曲 柄、 滑块、 摆杆、 连杆、 动力冲击件等, 曲柄一端与动力源件连接, 另一端与滑块铰接, 滑 块与摆杆连接且能在摆杆上滑动, 摆杆与连杆铰接, 连杆与动力冲击件一端铰接, 动力源件 驱动曲柄旋转, 曲柄驱动滑块使摆杆摆动, 摆杆通过连杆驱动动力冲击件运动。  The impact driving device includes a crank slider impact driving device, and the crank slider impact driving device includes a power source member, a crank, a slider, a swing rod, a connecting rod, a power impact member, etc., one end of the crank is connected with the power source member, and the other end is connected with The slider is hinged, the slider is connected with the swing rod and can slide on the swing rod, the swing rod is hinged with the connecting rod, the connecting rod and the power impacting member are hinged at one end, the power source member drives the crank to rotate, and the crank drives the sliding rod to swing the swing rod. The swing rod drives the power impact member to move through the connecting rod.
所述的往复冲击部包括滚动往复装置、 冲击驱动装置、 支撑箱体等, 冲击驱动装置包括 气压冲击驱动装置或液压冲击驱动装置等, 气压冲击驱动装置或液压冲击驱动装置包括动力 冲击件、 活塞、 缸体等, 活塞设置于缸体内, 缸体与支撑箱体分体或为一体式或连接, 滚动 往复装置包括导向导向滚动体支撑件、 冲击导向件、 导向导向滚动体等, 导向导向滚动体支 撑件与支撑箱体分体设置或为一体式或连接, 导向导向滚动体支撑件设置在缸体外部, 导向 导向滚动体支撑件与缸体分体设置或为一体式或连接, 冲击导向件为筒式冲击导向件, 导向 导向滚动体设置于导向导向滚动体支撑件与筒式冲击导向件之间, 筒式冲击导向件与设有导 向导向滚动体的导向导向滚动体支撑件扣合,动力冲击件一端与活塞连接或分体或为一体式, 动力冲击件另一端与冲击头连接或分体, 筒式冲击导向件及冲击头在动力冲击件驱动下滚动 摩擦往复运动。  The reciprocating impact portion comprises a rolling reciprocating device, an impact driving device, a supporting box body and the like, the impact driving device comprises a pneumatic impact driving device or a hydraulic impact driving device, and the pneumatic impact driving device or the hydraulic impact driving device comprises a power impacting member and a piston. , the cylinder body, etc., the piston is disposed in the cylinder body, the cylinder body and the support box body are separately or integrally connected, and the rolling reciprocating device comprises a guiding guide rolling body support member, an impact guiding member, a guiding guiding rolling body, etc., the guiding guide The rolling body support member is separately or integrally connected with the support box body, and the guide guide rolling body support member is disposed outside the cylinder body, and the guide guide rolling body support member and the cylinder body are separately arranged or integrated or connected, impact The guiding member is a cylindrical impact guiding member, and the guiding guiding rolling body is disposed between the guiding guiding rolling body support member and the tubular impact guiding member, and the cylindrical impact guiding member and the guiding guiding rolling body supporting member buckle provided with the guiding guiding rolling body Coupling, one end of the power impactor is connected to the piston or split or integrated, and the power impact component is One end is connected or separated from the impact head, and the barrel impact guide and the impact head are driven by the dynamic impact member to roll and reciprocate.
所述的往复冲击部包括支撑箱体、 滚动往复装置、 冲击驱动