CN2283732Y - Improvement cam mating electric rock drill - Google Patents

Improvement cam mating electric rock drill Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2283732Y
CN2283732Y CN 96245492 CN96245492U CN2283732Y CN 2283732 Y CN2283732 Y CN 2283732Y CN 96245492 CN96245492 CN 96245492 CN 96245492 U CN96245492 U CN 96245492U CN 2283732 Y CN2283732 Y CN 2283732Y
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China
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cam
impactor
impact
clutch
shaft
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CN 96245492
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
万金保
汪立极
许益民
贾建平
廖书连
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南昌大学
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Priority to CN 96245492 priority Critical patent/CN2283732Y/en
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Publication of CN2283732Y publication Critical patent/CN2283732Y/en

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Abstract

The utility model relates to an electric rock drilling machine, which is used for mine exploitation and rock drilling in capital construction industry, and the utility model is composed of a casing, a motor, an impactor, a cam, a drill base, etc. The impactor is assembled by an impactor body and an impactor shaft, both ends of the impactor body are provided with buffer rubber pads, and the impactor shaft is supported on a floating support sleeve. An anti-rotation component is arranged between the casing and the cam, the cam is connected with a spiral rotating block, the spiral rotating block is connected with a direction clutch, and the direction clutch is connected with the drill base. The utility model has reasonable structure, reliable performance, long service life and large impact power.

Description

改进型凸轮配偶式电动凿岩机 Improved cam electric drilling machine spouse

本实用新型涉及一种用于矿山开采和基本建设工业凿岩的电动凿岩机械。 The present invention relates to a basic construction of industrial and mining rock drilling machines for electric.

本实用新型是对“凸轮配偶式电动凿岩机”(ZL93203643.0)的一种改进设计。 The present invention is of a "partner cam electric drilling machine" (ZL93203643.0) improved design. “凸轮配偶式电动凿岩机”的关键设计思想是将电机输出的旋转运动,通过冲击器直接驱动冲击凸轮产生冲击运动和转钎运动,免去了现有电动凿岩机的一系列传动机构和转钎机构。 "Cam spouse electric drilling machine" key idea is to design the rotational motion of the motor output, a cam driven directly by an impact shock impact movement and rotation generated brazing movement, eliminating the need for a series of conventional motor drive mechanism and the rock drill rotation mechanism brazing . 但上述凸轮配偶式电动凿岩机尚存在以下问题:1、整体设计未考虑缓冲及吸振问题,使得一些零部件连接不可靠,极易损坏;2、由于所存在的缓冲及吸振问题,为使机器能够使用,凸轮的运动行程不得不降低,以减轻机器所受冲击与振动,而行程不足又造成冲击功低的问题;2、在不考虑零部件易损性及可靠性的前提下,提高冲击功仍十分困难。 However, the cam spouse electric drilling machine, there are still the following problems: 1, the overall design not considered buffering and vibration absorbing problems, making some parts of the connection is not reliable, easily damaged; 2, due to the buffering and vibration absorbing problems exist, to enable the machine to use, movement of the cam stroke had reduced in order to reduce the machine suffered shock and vibration, and lack of travel and resulting in low impact energy problems; 2, without considering the premise of vulnerability and reliability of the components, the impact energy to improve It is still very difficult.

本实用新型的目的在于克服ZL93203643.0号专利所存在的缺陷,提供一种结构合理、性能可靠、工作寿命长、冲击功大的高性能电动凿岩机。 The present invention aims to overcome the drawbacks present patent No. ZL93203643.0, to provide a reasonable structure, reliable performance, long work life, the impact of high-performance electric power large rock drill.

本实用新型的技术解决方案是:该改进型凸轮配偶式电动凿岩机包括机壳、电机、螺栓、法兰、电机转子轴、冲击器、凸轮和钎座。 The present invention is a technology solution: The modified cam spouse electric drilling machine comprising a housing, a motor, a bolt, flange, rotor shaft impactor, the cam holder and soldering. 其特征是:冲击器由冲击器体和冲击器轴通过键连接而成,冲南器体的两端装有缓冲橡胶垫,电机转子轴通过花键与冲击器轴连接,冲击器轴通过滚动轴承支撑在由内套、外套和销钉构成的浮动支撑套上,浮动支撑套两端设有缓冲橡胶垫,冲击器体上的两个冲击爪分别与凸轮的冲击曲面和回位面相配合,机壳与凸轮之间设有防转部件,在凸轮外圆柱面右端设有螺旋外花键,该螺旋外花键与螺旋转块的螺旋内花键啮合,螺旋转块的外圆柱面通过滑键与定向离合器的主动件连接,螺旋转块与定向离合器主动件之间设有压簧,定向离合器的主动件与定向离合器的从动件啮合,钎座通过花键与定向离合器从动件连接。 Characterized in that: the impact body is connected by an impact shaft and impact made by a key, the punch body south ends with rubber cushion, the motor rotor shaft and the splined shaft impactor, the impactor shaft by a rolling bearing supported by a floating support composed of inner sleeve, outer sleeve and a pin, both ends of the support sleeve is provided with a floating cushion rubber pad, two impacts on the impact body pawls are fitted with the cam surfaces and the impact of the return surface, the housing between the cam and provided with anti-rotation means is provided in the right end of the outer cylindrical surface of the cam outer helical splines, the helix of the outer helical splines of the helical spline engagement blocks rotation, the outer cylindrical surface of the auger by sliding block bond directional clutch driving member connected with the block orientation augers spring is provided between the driving clutch member, the follower member engaging the directional clutch directional clutch driving member, connected to the solder seat orientation clutch member by a spline.

在本实用新型中,机壳与凸轮之间的防转部件是在凸轮外圆柱面的左边开有轴向圆弧形长槽,机壳内壁与之相应位置上也开有轴向圆弧形长槽,该两个长槽组成圆柱形滚道,滚道内填装有滚珠,滚道的剩余长度等于或大于凸轮的行程。 In the present invention, the anti-rotation between the housing and the cam member is left in the outer cylindrical surface of the cam opening axial length arcuate groove, the inner wall of the casing corresponding thereto are also open on the axial position of the arcuate elongated slot, the two long grooves composition cylindrical raceway, inner race ball packed with the remaining length of the raceway is greater than or equal to the stroke of the cam.

在本实用新型中,定向离合器采用不等边的三角形牙嵌式离合器。 In the present invention, the clutch is oriented equilateral triangular jaw clutch.

本实用新型由于采用两端装有缓冲橡胶垫的组合式冲击器,并支撑在两端装有缓冲橡胶垫的浮动支撑套上,这样,冲击器工作在两级缓冲保护下,有效地克服了机构及零件易损问题。 As a result of the present invention is combined with both ends of the impactor cushion rubber pad, and supported at both ends with the floating support cushion rubber sleeve, so that the impactor operated at two cushioning protection, effectively overcome the institutions and vulnerable parts of the problem. 由于机壳与凸轮外圆柱面之间的滚道内放置有适量滚珠,这样,就将原来凸轮在滑动摩擦状态下的运动,变为在滚动摩擦状态下的轴向往复运动。 Since the amount of balls placed between the inner raceway and the cam outer cylindrical casing, so that the cam will move under the original sliding friction state, becomes axially reciprocated in a state of rolling friction.

在本实用新型中,凸轮在往复运动时,螺旋转块和离合器主动件作来回转动,驱使离合器从动件及钎座单向转动。 In the present invention, the cam reciprocates, and the clutch block auger driving member for turning back and forth, driving clutch member and a brazing seat unidirectional rotation.

本实用新型不仅在克服了已有凸轮配偶式电动凿岩机所存在的问题,而且减少了能量损耗,提高了机器使用寿命及可靠性,提高了机器的冲击功。 The present invention overcomes not only the existing electric drilling machine cam spouse the problems, and reduce energy loss and improve the reliability and life of the machine, to improve the impact energy of the machine. 本实用新型适用于中小矿山企业及个人,用于岩石及建材的凿岩及钻眼作业。 The utility model is suitable for small and medium mining enterprises and individuals, and building materials for rock drilling and drilling operations.

本实用新型的具体结构由附图和实施例给出。 The specific configuration of the present invention is given by the figures and examples.

图1为本实用新型的结构示意图;图2为本实用新型中凸轮、滚珠、机壳连接处的局部横截面剖视图;图3为本实用新型中螺旋转块的剖视图;图4为本实用新型的离合器主动件的主视图;图5为不等边的三角形牙嵌式离合器的牙形图。 FIG 1 is a schematic structural diagram novel utility; FIG. 2 is a partial cross-section of new cam, a ball, a sectional view of the housing of the connection utility; new cross-sectional view of the auger 3 is a block utility; FIG. 4 of the present invention a front view of a clutch driving member; FIG. 5 is a scalene triangle jaw clutch teeth shape in FIG.

下面结合附图和实施例对本实用新型作更为详细的描述。 In conjunction with the accompanying drawings and the following description of embodiments of the present invention in more detail by embodiments.

实施例:参照图1、图2、图3、图4、图5,该改进型凸轮配偶式电动凿岩机包括机壳1、电机2、螺栓3、法兰4、电机转子轴6、冲击器、凸轮18和钎座23,机壳1被制成便于装拆的三段:电机段、冲击器段和钎座段,冲击器由冲击器体15和冲击器轴13通过键连接而成,冲击器的两端装有缓冲橡胶垫12、14,端部用螺帽及防松弹簧16并紧。 Example: Referring to FIGS. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, the cam spouse improved electric drilling machine comprises a housing 1, a motor 2, a bolt 3, the flange 4, the motor rotor shaft 6, the impactor, brazing cam 18 and seat 23, the housing 1 is made easy assembly and disassembly of three sections: a motor section, and solder shock segment seat section, an impact by the impact body 15 and the striker shaft 13 is connected by a bond formed by the impact the two ends are fitted with rubber cushion pad 12, 14, 16 and the end of the spring and tighten the nut with locking. 电机转子轴6通过花键与冲击器轴13连接,冲击器轴13通过滚动轴承10支撑在由内套7、外套8和销钉9构成的浮动支撑套上,浮动支撑套两端设有缓冲橡胶垫11、5,并轴向浮动支撑于机壳中部,冲击器体15上加工有两个站击爪,分别与凸轮18的冲击曲面和凸轮回位曲面相配合,完成凸轮18的冲击驱动和回位驱动。 Rotor shaft 6 is connected by a spline shaft 13 and the impactor, the impactor shaft 13 is supported by a rolling bearing 10 is supported in a floating sleeve formed by the inner sleeve 7, the outer pins 9 and 8, both ends of the support sleeve is provided with a floating rubber cushion pad 11,5, floating and axially supported to the center casing, the striker body 15 has two processing stations hit pawls, respectively, the cam surfaces and the impact of the return cam surface 18 cooperates to complete the impact drive cam 18 and back bit drivers. 凸轮18的外圆柱面的左边开有圆弧形向长槽,机壳1内壁与之相应位置上也开有圆弧轴向长槽,该两条槽形成了圆柱形滚道,滚道内放置适量滚珠17,使得滚道的空余部分长度略大于凸轮18的行程。 The left outer cylindrical surface of the cam 18 is opened to the arc-shaped long grooves, the inner wall of the cabinet 1 corresponding thereto are also axially elongated slot arc opening position, the two cylindrical raceway groove is formed, is placed raceways amount balls 17, such that the spare part is slightly larger than the length of stroke of the cam track 18. 滚珠17将凸轮18支撑于机壳1中,起到了花键连接及定位作用,同时减小了凸轮运动的阻力。 The balls 17 of the cam 18 is supported in the housing 1, plays a role of positioning and splined connection, while reducing the resistance to motion of the cam. 在驱动器的作用下,凸轮主要在滚动摩擦状态下实现冲击钎座23的往复运动。 Under the action of the drive, the main achievement of the impact cam that reciprocates the holder 23 is brazed in a rolling friction state. 凸轮18外圆柱面右边开有螺旋外花键,而与之相啮合的螺旋转块19内开设有螺旋内花键,螺旋转块19的外圆柱面上另开设有外花键,其上套有定向离合器主动件21,螺旋转块19与定向离合器主动件21之问设有压簧20,定向离合器主动件21定向离合器从动件22啮合,钎座23通过花键与定向离合器从动件22连接。 The right outer cylindrical cam 18 is opened male helical splines, and defines with the screw rotating block 19 engaging inner helical splines, an outer cylindrical surface of the spiral turns of the other block 19 defines external splines, which sleeve a clutch driving member 21 with an orientation, coil turn clutch block 19 and the orientation of the driving member 21 is provided with a compression spring 20 Q, the directional orientation of the clutch driving member 21 engages the clutch member 22, the seat 23 is splined to the brazing directional clutch member 22. 定向离合器采用不等边的三角形牙嵌式离合器。 Directional clutch is scalene triangle jaw clutch. 在压簧20的作用下,定向离合器主动件21与从动件22啮合。 In the compression spring 20, the directional clutch 21 and the driving member engages the driven member 22. 凸轮18的往复运动,驱动螺旋转块19及离合器主动件21来回转动,离合器从动件22实现了随凸轮往复运动而单方向转动,从而带动钎座23完成转钎运动。 Reciprocation of cam 18, the driving block 19 and the auger driving member 21 is rotated back and forth a clutch, the clutch member 22 is rotated in one direction to achieve a cam with a reciprocating motion, the seat 23 so as to drive the completion of the brazing solder transfer movement.

Claims (3)

1.一种改进型凸轮配偶式电动凿岩机,包括机壳(1)、电机(2)、螺栓(3)、法兰(4)、电机转子轴(6)、冲击器、凸轮(18)和钎座(23),其特征在于:冲击器由冲击器体(15)和冲击器轴(13)通过键连接而成,冲击器体(15)的两端装有缓冲橡胶垫(12)、(14),电机转子轴(6)通过花键与冲击轴(13)连接,冲击器轴(13)通过滚动轴承(10)支撑在由内套(7)、外套(8)和销钉(9)构成的浮动支撑套上,浮动支撑两端设有缓冲橡胶垫(11)、(5)、冲击器体(15)上的两个冲击爪分别与凸轮(18)的冲击曲面和回位曲面相配合,机壳(1)与凸轮(18)之间设有防转部件,在凸轮外圆柱面右边设有螺旋外花键、该螺旋外花键与螺旋转块(19)的螺旋内花键啮合,螺旋转块(19)的外圆柱面通过滑键与定向离合器的主动件(21)连接,螺旋转块(19)与定向离合器主动件(21)之间设有压簧(20),定向离合器的主动件(21)与定向离合 1. An improved cam spouse electric drilling machine, comprising a housing (1), the motor (2), a bolt (3), the flange (4), rotor shaft (6), the impactor, the cam (18) and brazing seat (23), characterized in that: the impact by the striker body (15) and the two ends of the striker shaft (13) connected to each other by a bond, an impact body (15) is provided with a rubber cushion pad (12), (14), rotor shaft (6) splined to the impact shaft (13), the impactor shaft (13) is supported by a rolling bearing (10) by the inner sleeve (7), housing (8) and the pin (9) floating support sleeve configuration, the floating support is provided at both ends of the cushion rubber cushion (11), two claws on the impact (5), an impact body (15) respectively cams (18) of the impact surface and a curved surface with the return fit, is provided between the housing (1) and the cam (18) anti-rotation member, the outer cylindrical surface of the cam on the right side provided with an outer helical splines, the helix of the outer helical splines of the helical rotation block (19) spline engagement, block auger (19) of the outer cylindrical surface (21) connected by a sliding key active element in the directional clutch, augers block (19) is provided with the directional spring clutch driving member (20) between (21), directional clutch driving member (21) and the directional clutch 从动件(22)啮合,钎座(23)通过花键与定向离合器从动件(22)连接。 Follower (22) engages, brazing seat (23) through a splined connection with the orientation of the clutch member (22).
2.根据权利要求1所述的改进型凸轮配偶式电动凿岩机,其特征在于:凸轮(18)外圆柱面的左边开有圆弧形轴向长槽,机壳(1)内壁与之相应位置上边开有圆弧形轴向长槽,该两条长槽组成圆柱形滚道,滚道内填装有滚珠(17),滚道的剩余长度等于或大于凸轮的行程。 The improved cam spouse electric drilling machine according to claim 1, wherein: a cam (18) of the outer cylindrical surface of the left side of an arc-shaped opening axially elongated slot, the housing (1) with an inner wall of the corresponding position an arc-shaped long open top axial slot, the two long cylindrical raceway groove composition, filled with balls (17) within the track, the remaining track length equal or greater than the stroke of the cam.
3.根据权利要求1所述的改进凸轮配偶式电动凿岩机,其特征在于:定向离合器采用不等边的三角形牙嵌式离合器。 The improved cam spouse electric drilling machine according to claim 1, wherein: the directional clutch is scalene triangle jaw clutch.
CN 96245492 1996-11-07 1996-11-07 Improvement cam mating electric rock drill CN2283732Y (en)

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CN 96245492 CN2283732Y (en) 1996-11-07 1996-11-07 Improvement cam mating electric rock drill

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CN 96245492 CN2283732Y (en) 1996-11-07 1996-11-07 Improvement cam mating electric rock drill

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CN2283732Y true CN2283732Y (en) 1998-06-10

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2013033979A2 (en) * 2011-09-11 2013-03-14 Liu Suhua Rolling friction impact digging method and rolling friction impact digging machine using said method
WO2013123828A1 (en) * 2012-02-24 2013-08-29 Liu Suhua Rolling friction or suspension friction impact mining method and wear-resistant impact mining machine using said method
WO2014023085A1 (en) * 2012-08-06 2014-02-13 Liu Suhua Multi-point guidance support method for reciprocating impact machine and reciprocating impact machine device having multi-point guidance support that implements said method
WO2015101347A1 (en) * 2014-01-03 2015-07-09 刘素华 Floating sealing method of floating bushing sealing reciprocating impact apparatus and floating sealing reciprocating impact apparatus of sealing floating bushing of mining loader

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2013033979A2 (en) * 2011-09-11 2013-03-14 Liu Suhua Rolling friction impact digging method and rolling friction impact digging machine using said method
WO2013033979A3 (en) * 2011-09-11 2013-05-02 Liu Suhua Rolling friction impact digging method and rolling friction impact digging machine using said method
WO2013123828A1 (en) * 2012-02-24 2013-08-29 Liu Suhua Rolling friction or suspension friction impact mining method and wear-resistant impact mining machine using said method
CN103291291A (en) * 2012-02-24 2013-09-11 刘素华 Rolling friction or suspension friction impact excavating method and antiabrasion impact excavator for implementing the same
CN103291291B (en) * 2012-02-24 2015-02-18 刘素华 Rolling friction or suspension friction impact excavating method and antiabrasion impact excavator for implementing the same
EA026928B1 (en) * 2012-02-24 2017-05-31 Сухуа Лю Mining machine with an easily detachable cutting head
WO2014023085A1 (en) * 2012-08-06 2014-02-13 Liu Suhua Multi-point guidance support method for reciprocating impact machine and reciprocating impact machine device having multi-point guidance support that implements said method
WO2015101347A1 (en) * 2014-01-03 2015-07-09 刘素华 Floating sealing method of floating bushing sealing reciprocating impact apparatus and floating sealing reciprocating impact apparatus of sealing floating bushing of mining loader

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