WO2007073748A1 - System and method for determining the tolls for road sections and/or regions which are subject to a toll - Google Patents

System and method for determining the tolls for road sections and/or regions which are subject to a toll Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2007073748A1
WO2007073748A1 PCT/EP2005/013810 EP2005013810W WO2007073748A1 WO 2007073748 A1 WO2007073748 A1 WO 2007073748A1 EP 2005013810 W EP2005013810 W EP 2005013810W WO 2007073748 A1 WO2007073748 A1 WO 2007073748A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
toll
vehicle
characterized
system according
position
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/EP2005/013810
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Inventor
Bulcsu Balasy
Original Assignee
Entersoft Szamitastechnikai Kft.
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Entersoft Szamitastechnikai Kft. filed Critical Entersoft Szamitastechnikai Kft.
Priority to PCT/EP2005/013810 priority Critical patent/WO2007073748A1/en
Publication of WO2007073748A1 publication Critical patent/WO2007073748A1/en

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Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07BTICKET-ISSUING APPARATUS; FARE-REGISTERING APPARATUS; FRANKING APPARATUS
    • G07B15/00Arrangements or apparatus for collecting fares, tolls or entrance fees at one or more control points
    • G07B15/06Arrangements for road pricing or congestion charging of vehicles or vehicle users, e.g. automatic toll systems
    • G07B15/063Arrangements for road pricing or congestion charging of vehicles or vehicle users, e.g. automatic toll systems using wireless information transmission between the vehicle and a fixed station
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07BTICKET-ISSUING APPARATUS; FARE-REGISTERING APPARATUS; FRANKING APPARATUS
    • G07B15/00Arrangements or apparatus for collecting fares, tolls or entrance fees at one or more control points
    • G07B15/02Arrangements or apparatus for collecting fares, tolls or entrance fees at one or more control points taking into account a variable factor such as distance or time, e.g. for passenger transport, parking systems or car rental systems

Abstract

The invention relates to a system and a method for determining the tolls for road sections and/or regions which are subject to a toll, said system having: position-determining means (9, 10) for determining the current position of a vehicle (4); evaluation means (11) which use the position of the vehicle (4) and/or a change in the position of the vehicle to determine a stretch of road which has been travelled and is subject to a toll and/or the time spent in a region which is subject to a toll; and toll calculation means (13) which calculate a toll taking into account the stretch of road which has been travelled and is subject to a toll and/or the time spent in the region which is subject to a toll. According to the invention, the position-determining means comprise a mobile radio terminal (9) which is arranged in the vehicle and means (10) for determining the position of the mobile radio terminal (9) by evaluating information from at least one mobile radio base station (1, 2, 3) from which the mobile radio terminal (9) receives data and/or to which it sends data.

Description

System and method for determining the usage charges for toll road sections and / or areas

description

The invention relates to a system and method for determining the usage charges for toll road sections and / or areas.

Background of the Invention

The users are to pay toll road sections in proportion to the distance traveled by them toll road usage fees to the track operating company (s). Users toll areas such as a downtown area are to pay usage fees according to their residence time in the observed area. To determine the toll Stre- the position of the vehicle must be tracked ckenlängen.

In a simplified embodiment, the up and departure points of the vehicle are determined on the toll road. To determine toll residence in toll areas must be captured when a vehicle enters a toll area and can be comparable again.

The usage-based billing for the toll road sections requires the determination of the access and exit points as well as the up and departure times of the users of these road sections. The fees charged can be clearly identified with knowledge of this data and for a known road.

The present invention is based on the object to provide a system and method that allow determination of the usage-based fees for toll road sections and / or areas.

Summary of the Invention

This object is inventively achieved by a system having the features of claim 1 and a method having the features of claim 28th Preferred and advantageous embodiments of the invention are ben angege- in the subclaims.

Thereafter, the invention provides that a mobile radio terminal is arranged to determine the current position of a vehicle in the vehicle and the position of the mobile terminal by evaluating information of at least one mobile radio base station is determined by the mobile terminal data receive and / or to which it sends data. so it can follow ER- a position determination by means of the existing infrastructure at least a mobile network. This of course does not rule out setting new base stations for positioning and use. The position detection then allows determination of the driven distance toll and this in turn to calculate a KTutzungsgebühr. The position determination enables light as the determination of when a vehicle enters a certain area first and then leave again and thus the calculation of a fee within the area.

Thus, the inventive system determines the position of the data associated with the vehicle cellular telephone (identified by its SIM number and / or IMEI number), and then generates billing data from these position data.

The vehicle tracking or position determination may be registered both by means of a permanently installed in the vehicle, a mobile phone including retaining device and by means of a by the user and during the journey to be made in the vehicle located mobile phone. The mobile radio network (or more cooperating MobiIfunknetze) generates data whose evaluation allows a continuous monitoring of the position of the mobile communication terminal and changes. The inventive system is determined on the basis of these position data and, for example, based on a database befindlicher reference maps the distance of the vehicles of the users and / or the duration of stay in a particular area. dependent from the determined driving route from their category and of the type of vehicle (for example, trucks, cars, motorcycle, number of axles)) multiplication coefficients and possibly other factors (such as time of day and date) to be paid usage fee is calculated. The sys- tem is both able to complex - to use abhängende fee rate tables such as time of day, season or other factors of influence, as well as exceptions - to be considered - eg police, rescue services etc. vehicles or alternative payment methods in demanding participating users.

The vehicles are preferably divided into three categories: a) vehicles of frequent users and fixed wireless terminals in the vehicle, b) occasional users with situational a registered mobile phone, and c) users who use alternative payment methods.

A user is first, by his license plate number and secondly because of its unique SIM (Subscriber Identity Module) and / or IMEI (International Mobile Equipment Identity) number identified. The indicator is always unambiguously the vehicle - assigned, that is, the accumulated toll by means of the plate and the distance traveled can be always calculated - and therefore its type. The determination of the distance covered via the location tracking of the user, preferably for a stored in a central data base network map. The position of the user resulting from the formation of Ortsbestimmungsin- firmly installed in the vehicle or by temporary registration with the license plate connected mobile phone.

When using a built-in vehicle Mobiltele- Fons a transaction ticket is automatically opened immediately after the collision with the toll route. The transaction ticket remains valid until the exit of the toll road. The toll road may also consist of several off zurechnenden with different charging rates sections exist. While driving on a toll road, the built device preferably provides a visual and / or audible feedback on current developments such as tailgating in and out of a toll area.

The casual user (whose vehicles do not have a permanently installed system feature) give their position data to using their own mobile phone. The assignment of the mobile phone to the vehicle registration must be made at the toll road, for example by sending a registration SMS to a specified phone number before the driveway. Such registration SMS must include the number of the vehicle, with the driving on the toll road is intended, and should also specify the intended duration of registration and the vehicle type.

It can be provided that are ready to register several call numbers, the different vehicle types are assigned. By sending an SMS to a specific number is set in this way already the type of vehicle (eg car), so that the user does not need to include this information in a text message sides and the SMS can be understood more easily comparable so. A coding of the vehicle type can also be made in another suitable manner.

To the registered mobile phone is sent at the entrance of the toll road preferably an SMS, requesting confirmation of registration, which the users can want to wear the tolls his intention to confirm or deny this. Failure to comply with this SMS is preferably carried out automatically to assume payment obligations, so that the driver is not distracted by answering this SMS their attention from driving. The time limit for registration is useful to avoid that the holders of the registered mobile phones available from other trips, in which they participate only as a passenger, toll registration SMSE.

The inventive system has several advantages. In particular, it allows without major investments in infrastructure measures settlement of toll collection in proportion to the traveled by the road user toll roads. Furthermore, it allows for occasional users, to integrate into the toll collection system without installing a special toll collection device by using their mobile phone.

In a preferred embodiment, the toll charges are determined on the basis of access and exit points of the toll road and / or the toll area, which define the evaluation means. The evaluation is so far just as it must be stated only that up and Abfahrspunkte happened a registered vehicle. In addition, it can be determined when the access and exit points are passed. It is possible, a polyvinyl sitionsüberwachung and determination only in an up and departure point surrounding area to perform, without the vehicle is continuously monitored with respect to its position.

Alternatively, a position determination and tracking by the evaluating means on the toll route or in the toll area is carried out continuously. This allows for example to charge other fees for certain sections and / or the time spent on specific subjects. Settlement can be done differentiated.

The system can be as an integrated system or as a system of shared architecture. Under an integrated system software is meant for example that implements all the functions such as position determination, route analysis, and settlement of the system. Under a system with a split architecture, a system is understood that comprises a plurality of modules (which may be embodied as software and / or hardware), which may be spatially separate and communicate with each other.

In a preferred embodiment the mobile radio terminal is a GSM terminal and the mobile radio base station is a GSM base station. In another preferred embodiment, the mobile terminal is a UMTS terminal and the mobile phone base station, a UMTS base station. Basically, however, the invention is not limited to certain mobile networks and rather in any MobiIfunknetzen "with a cellular structure implemented.

The means for determining the position of the mobile terminal in an off-cost guide die of only, in which base station the mobile terminal is currently registered. The locations of the base stations and their coverage areas (radio cells) are known, so that can be done a rough location determination from this information already, the resolution depends on the size of the radio cell. Preferably, the means values ​​to determine the position of the mobile terminal, however, information from several base stations, preferably at least three base stations, but also the use of two base stations is conceivable. The base stations are usually include a network and operators. However, it is also conceivable that the plurality of base stations belonging to a plurality of mobile networks of different operators, which forward the relevant data to the evaluation means and in this respect cooperate.

Preferably, the network measures the distance of a targeted mobile terminal to at least three surrounding base stations so as to determine by cross bearing the exact location.

Particularly preferred different signal propagation times of signals which the base stations are synchronized to be evaluated, which are transmitted between the mobile terminal of a vehicle and the three closest base stations. By triangulation of the position of the mobile radio terminal can be determined from the measured distances from the three base stations then with high precision.

other or additional parameters can be evaluated as the timing advance value, signal strength and angle information for positioning. IT is so far to the publication Salcic, Z .: - referenced Proceedings of GeoComputation 97, S 15ff "AGPCS An Automatic GSM-based positioning ning and Communication System"..

Description of Preferred Embodiments

The invention is described below with reference to the Figu- ren explained in more detail with reference to several embodiments. It zeigen.- 1 shows the components of a system for the determination of usage charges for toll road sections in one embodiment;

2 shows a first example of a position determination in a GSM network; and

3 shows a second example of a position determination in a GSM network;

In a first embodiment of a permanently installed in a vehicle 4. The mobile communication terminal is provided.

The position of a toll road 5 auffah- Governing vehicle 4 is located in the vicinity of a virtual Auffahrttors 7 exploiting Dende GSM base stations 1, 2,

3 continuously monitored. When the colliding vehicle 4 passes the virtual Auffahrttor 7, the system regards this as the starting point of travel of the vehicle 4 on the toll road section 5. The vehicle 4 is in the position A. The fixed in the vehicle 4 mobile radio terminal GSM mobile phone receives an SMS in a

Notification of the collision with the toll

Route 5 and reports this visually and acoustically in the vehicle leader.

The system monitored with the aid of data from number plate recognition cameras 9, which are installed on the toll road section 5 determines whether the on the toll road section 5 (position B) driving respective vehicle 5 is provided with a permanently installed mobile terminal or not. This is determined by the fact that the detected identifier is compared with a database that contains all the registered mark. Such control may also be in rer On the other way, or eliminated. If the vehicle 4 crosses a virtual Abfahrttor 8, the system regards this as the end point (position C) of travel of the vehicle 4 on the toll road section 5. The fixed in the vehicle 4 mobile terminal with GSM mobile phone receives in an SMS a notification about the retraction of a raautpflichtigen route 5 and report this to visually and acoustically in turn to the vehicle driver.

The GSM base stations 1, 2, 3 are connected to schematically shown means 10 for determining the position of the mobile terminal. The means 10 evaluate this information from that received by the wireless base stations 1, 2, 3, and determining from this information way the current rush position of the mobile terminal and therefore of the vehicle 4, as with reference to Figures 2 and 3 yet will be explained. If the vehicle 4 moves on and leaves the radio cells of the base stations, the data of other base stations are used for position determination.

The current position detection of a vehicle 4 may be continuous or, alternatively, only in certain areas, for example in the fields of Auffahrttor 7 and Abfahrttor. 8

The means 10 are connected to evaluating means 11, which determine from the position and / or a change in position of the vehicle a toll driven distance and / or residence time in a toll area. Examples play as capture the evaluation means 11 to drive in sections 7 and 8 the departure point and determine the length of the route between these points. Alternatively, the evaluation means 11 to calculate the current distance traveled so far by continuous position determination.

The evaluation means 11 are connected to charging means 13 which calculates a usage fee taking into account the requirement driven tolls distance and / or the residence time in the toll area.

Further, Fig. 1 shows registration means 12, a mobile terminal can be temporarily or continuously registered in the system by the. The registration means 12 are connected to the evaluating means 11 and / or the fee calculation means. 13

On the basis of the distance of the registered extension and retraction positions 7, 8, and depending on the type of vehicle and any other conditions, the system completes a corresponding to the distance traveled, schematically illustrated in FIG. 1 transaction ticket 14 and passes it on to an accounting system , The transaction ticket 14 is applied with exceeding of a virtual input port. 7

It should be noted that the means 10, the signal conditioning medium 11, the registration means 12 and the charging means 13 may be part of a single software. It is also conceivable that they are separate components that are possibly separated spatially, and communicate with each other. The functionalities mentioned can be divided in a different way to certain modules litäten, for example, the module 10 can only collect the basic data of the base stations and carried out the position determination by the module. 11

In a second embodiment, not permanently installed in the vehicle mobile communication terminal is provided. Rather, the mobile phone of the driver or the user is used.

The driver of the colliding on the toll road 5 vehicle 4 can - even before the actual tailgating - register with the sending of a text message the hallmark of his vehicle, the intended journey time and the ride finished type in the system.

The position of the colliding vehicle 4 is continuously monitored by the that are available in the vicinity of the virtual Auffahrttors 7 GSM base stations 1, 2; 3. When the colliding vehicle 4 crosses the virtual Auffahrttor 7, the system regards this as the starting point of travel of the vehicle 4 on the toll route 5. The vehicle operator or user will receive an SMS informing about the collision with the toll road and to confirm the registration prompts. If the user does not send a negative reply to this SMS, the system registers the position of the virtual Auffahrttors 7 as the presence caught point of travel of the vehicle 4 on the toll route. 5

The system checks using the data of the installed on the tolls paid section 5 Kennzeichenerkennungska- meras 6, whether to the label of the respective vehicle 5, a mobile phone has been registered and whether the requested in the SMS confirmation has not been rejected.

If the vehicle 4 passes the virtual Abfahrttor 8, loading the system seeks this as the end point of travel of the vehicle 6 on the toll road section 5. The user receives at the registered to the label of a vehicle mobile phone a text message which it over the retraction informed by a toll route. 5

On the basis of the distance of the registered extension and retraction positions, as well as the type -having vehicle and possibly dependent on other conditions, the system completes the fee rate to the distance traveled zugehö- membered transaction ticket 14 and passes it on to the accounting system. At the request of the user, he receives a text message with the information on this transaction. Figures 2 and 3 show embodiments for determining the position of a mobile radio terminal 9 at known positions of a plurality of base stations BSl, BS2, BS3 in the reception area by means of triangulation from the measured distances of the base stations.

According to the Figure 2, the distance between the mobile device 9 and each having a base station BSl, BS2, BS3 by measuring the transit time (Timing Advance - TA) may, of the radio signal are determined (in a known signal propagation speed). The points with the same maturities are in circular orbits around the respective base stations BSl, BS2, BS3. The intersection of the orbits gives the Ausenthaltsbe- area of ​​the mobile terminal. 9

An even better position determination is the determination of the transit time difference between the signals 9 has replaced the mobile device with two different base stations (Time Of Arrivals Different - TDOA), is possible. This is illustrated in FIG. 3 This measurement determines a related two base stations hyperbola L12, L13, L23. The intersection of the hyperbolas L12, L13, L23 gives the position of the mobile device. 9

In the Figure 3 illustrate this case L12, L13 and L23 three hyperbolas is indicative of the measured running time differences of the signal to / from two base stations (for example, gives the hyperbola L13 the time differences to / from the base stations BSl and BS3 to), that is, each point on a hyperbola L12, L13, L23 gives the measured delay time difference between the respective base stations.

This method can also be used when only two base stations are used. These two methods of measurement can be obtained by determining the received signal strength (Received Power Level - RPL) are added, whereby the Gesamtmeßgenauigkeit increases.

Another way to refine the measurement results from the fact that the relative antennas of the base stations are sectorized in the signal transmission direction, and through the evaluation of angle information.

In a corresponding manner, a specific area can be defined as described in Figure 1 by the toll detection system, such as a downtown area. Tolls do not fall depending on the distance traveled, but depending on the residence time in the defined overall bidding on. By means of the means 10 for detecting the position of the mobile communication terminal can be detected in how long the mobile terminal or the vehicle is within the defined area. The location of the vehicle is, for example, averages ER- continuously or at defined time intervals and compared with a Reference Card. The above-mentioned transaction ticket would then include the dwell time of the vehicle in the toll area.

Claims

claims
1. System for the determination of usage charges for toll road sections and / or for toll overall offer, comprising
- position determining means (9, 10) for determining the current position of a vehicle (4),
- evaluating means (11) determine from the position and / or a change in position of the vehicle (4) is a driven mautpflich- term path (5) and / or residence time in a toll area, and
- charging means (13) having a Nutzungsge- calculate Bühr taking into account the driven toll distance and / or the residence time in the toll area,
characterized,
that the position determining means comprise: - a valve disposed in said vehicle mobile communication terminal (9), and
Means (10) for determining the position of the mobile terminal (9) by evaluating information of at least one mobile radio base station receives (1, 2, 3) from which the mobile terminal (9) data and / or to the it sends data.
2. System according to claim 1, characterized in that the system further comprises registration means (12) through which the mobile terminal (9) is registered temporarily or continuously in the system, a registration (an assignment of the mobile terminal 9 ) comprises on the plate of the vehicle.
3. System according to claim 2, characterized in that the mobile radio terminal device (9) arranged in the vehicle (4), and the mobile radio terminal, the number of the vehicle is permanently assigned to the system.
4. System according to claim 2, characterized, in that it is of at the mobile terminal (9) to the mobile telephone
User of the vehicle (4) is, and this is registered before use toll routes or a toll area at the registration means (12), wherein the registration summarizes assignment of the mobile phone (9) to the number of the vehicle currently in use (4) environmentally ,
5. System according to claim 4, characterized in that the mobile phone (9) to register his SIM number and / or its IMEI number and the identification of the vehicle through ends.
6. System according to claim 4 or 5, characterized in that the registration is made by means of sending an SMS.
7. System according to one of claims 4 to 6, characterized in that the system to the mobile phone (9) sends an SMS message when the vehicle (4) moves onto a toll road (5), so that the user of the mobile phone informed about is.
8. System according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the charging means (13) to make a toll fee calculation taking into account Teilstre- CKEN, which is running on the vehicle (4).
9. System according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the toll fee determination is made also taking into account the type of vehicle.
10. System according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the toll fee determination is made also in consideration of the usage time of the toll route (5) or the toll area.
11. System according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the mobile radio terminal device (9) is identified by the SIM number.
12. System according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the mobile radio terminal device (9) is identified by the IMEI number.
13. System according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the toll charge determination on the basis of access and exit points (7, 8) of the toll route (5) and / or the toll area is performed, the evaluation means (11) establish.
14. System according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that a location tracking value medium takes place continuously (11) on the toll road (5) or in the toll area through the training.
15. System according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the system is an integrated system.
16. System according to one of claims 1 to 14, characterized in that the system is a system with a shared architecture.
17. System according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the billing is done to a user on the basis of the transaction tickets (14), the registered extension and retraction positions and / or entry and exit times of the vehicle, the vehicle type, the distance and / or the residence time.
18. System according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the mobile radio terminal (9) a GSM terminal and the cellular base station (1, 2, 3) are a GSM base station.
19. System according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the mobile radio terminal (9), a UMTS terminal and the cellular base station (1, 2, 3) are a UMTS base station.
20. System according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the means (10) evaluate to determine the position of the mobile terminal, in which base station (1, 2, 3) the mobile terminal (9) is currently registered.
21. System according to one of claims 1 to 19, characterized in that the means (10) for determining the position of the mobile terminal (9) information of a plurality Basissta- functions (1, 2, 3) to evaluate.
22. The system of claim 21, characterized in that the information is evaluated by at least three base stations (1, 2, 3).
23. The system of claim 21 or 22, characterized in that the plurality of base stations (1, 2, 3) a plurality of mobile - radio networks of different operators belonging to the relevant data to the means (10) for determining the position of the mobile terminal and / or the evaluating means (11) forward.
24. System according to any one of claims 21 to 23, characterized in that different signal transit times of Sig- dimensional be evaluated, which are emitted between the mobile terminal (9) and the base stations (1, 2, 3), wherein the base stations ( 1, 2, 3) are synchronized.
25. System according to any one of claims 21 to 24, characterized in that angle information is evaluated.
26. System according to one of claims 21 to 25, characterized in that the means (10) for determining the position of the mobile terminal (9) to make a triangulation from the at least three base stations (1, 2, 3) measured distances.
27. System according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized, in that the evaluation means (11) and / or the charging means (13) of the same a change in position of the vehicle with at least one reference network map comparable.
28. A method for the determination of usage charges for toll road sections and / or for toll areas in which: - determining a current position of a vehicle (4) from the position and / or a change in position of the vehicle (4) is a driven toll path (5) and / or determines a stay time at a toll area, and - taking into account the driven toll path (5) and / or the residence time in the toll "field a usage fee is calculated,
characterized,
that in the vehicle (4) is a mobile terminal (9) and for determining the position of the vehicle (4) determining the position of the mobile terminal (9), wherein the determination of the position of the mobile terminal (9) the evaluation information at least one mobile
Base station (1, 2, 3) from which the mobile terminal (9) receives data and / or to which it transmits data.
PCT/EP2005/013810 2005-12-16 2005-12-16 System and method for determining the tolls for road sections and/or regions which are subject to a toll WO2007073748A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
PCT/EP2005/013810 WO2007073748A1 (en) 2005-12-16 2005-12-16 System and method for determining the tolls for road sections and/or regions which are subject to a toll

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
PCT/EP2005/013810 WO2007073748A1 (en) 2005-12-16 2005-12-16 System and method for determining the tolls for road sections and/or regions which are subject to a toll

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20090326994A1 (en) * 2005-08-30 2009-12-31 Julius Petroczi Test Method for Detecting Deviations of Geoobjects
ITAN20100154A1 (en) * 2010-09-24 2012-03-25 Smart Space Solutions Srl Procedure for automatic identification of cars geographic authentication purposes cash collection of road tolls and other automatic procedures of the mobility management '.
CN104809765A (en) * 2015-04-14 2015-07-29 深圳市润安科技发展有限公司 Vehicle road-passing and bridge-crossing charging method and system

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2001011571A1 (en) * 1999-08-04 2001-02-15 Vodafone Ag Toll system for central deduction of fee payment for vehicles using a road network with highway toll
WO2002084612A1 (en) * 2001-04-10 2002-10-24 Telefonaktiebolaget Lm Ericsson (Publ) System for determining route-dependent road tolls
US20030153330A1 (en) * 2000-05-19 2003-08-14 Siamak Naghian Location information services
WO2005091229A1 (en) * 2004-03-18 2005-09-29 T-Mobile International Ag & Co. Kg Electronic toll system for traffic routes, and method for the operation thereof

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2001011571A1 (en) * 1999-08-04 2001-02-15 Vodafone Ag Toll system for central deduction of fee payment for vehicles using a road network with highway toll
US20030153330A1 (en) * 2000-05-19 2003-08-14 Siamak Naghian Location information services
WO2002084612A1 (en) * 2001-04-10 2002-10-24 Telefonaktiebolaget Lm Ericsson (Publ) System for determining route-dependent road tolls
WO2005091229A1 (en) * 2004-03-18 2005-09-29 T-Mobile International Ag & Co. Kg Electronic toll system for traffic routes, and method for the operation thereof

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20090326994A1 (en) * 2005-08-30 2009-12-31 Julius Petroczi Test Method for Detecting Deviations of Geoobjects
US8255272B2 (en) * 2005-08-30 2012-08-28 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Test method for detecting deviations of geoobjects
ITAN20100154A1 (en) * 2010-09-24 2012-03-25 Smart Space Solutions Srl Procedure for automatic identification of cars geographic authentication purposes cash collection of road tolls and other automatic procedures of the mobility management '.
CN104809765A (en) * 2015-04-14 2015-07-29 深圳市润安科技发展有限公司 Vehicle road-passing and bridge-crossing charging method and system

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