US909323A - Crude-oil burner. - Google Patents

Crude-oil burner. Download PDF

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Publication number
US909323A
US909323A US42533108A US1908425331A US909323A US 909323 A US909323 A US 909323A US 42533108 A US42533108 A US 42533108A US 1908425331 A US1908425331 A US 1908425331A US 909323 A US909323 A US 909323A
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Prior art keywords
chamber
oil
crude
igniter
secured
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US42533108A
Inventor
John W Parks
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E R CROOKER
WILLIAM M HARRISON
Original Assignee
E R CROOKER
WILLIAM M HARRISON
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Priority to US42533108A priority Critical patent/US909323A/en
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23DBURNERS
    • F23D11/00Burners using a direct spraying action of liquid droplets or vaporised liquid into the combustion space
    • F23D11/36Details, e.g. burner cooling means, noise reduction means
    • F23D11/44Preheating devices; Vaporising devices

Definitions

  • My invention has relation to new and useful improvements in crude oil burners, and has, as one of its objects, to produce such a burner as will be ada ted for use in cooking stoves, furnaces or oiiher heating devices.
  • a further object of my invention is to produce an oil burner, so constructed that the full possible combustible value of the oil will be attained therefrom.
  • I have so arran ed the severa parts of my invention that the oil is spread over a greater surface, thus giving a reater generating area than has been usual y attained in oil burners of the class.
  • FIG. 1 is a perspective view of my crude oil burner, complete, on a'fire grate.
  • 7F .2 is a top plan view 0 the above, having t e caps removed.
  • Fig. is a cross sectional viewof my invention" on the line 3-3 of Fig. 2.
  • 4 is a bottom plan view of the cap.
  • Fig. 5 is a perspective view of the chamber;
  • Thesaid pan 1, is filled to the top edge of the trough ,3, with asbestos or some at er non-com ustible material.
  • a flange portion 6 Formed or secured to the upper edge on the outer periphery of said chamber 4', is a flange portion 6.
  • an oil duct 8 Running downwardly andslanting outwardly from said flange portion 6, to said serrated portion 7, is an oil duct 8, for the purpose of conve 'ng the oil from said chamer to said troug 3, where the said oil overflows, spreads over the surface and is absorbed by said asbestos on said pan 1.
  • Passing through the flange portion 5, and terminating over the mouth of the chamber 4, is an oil vent 10, for the purpose of supplying oil to said chamber 4, when it is more convenient not to have the air chamber 18, directly over the flame.
  • the perforated cap 9 has formed on its under face, a series of small air chambers 11, for the pur ose of retaining a certain amount of air fed t rough the outer part of said cap 9.
  • a pipe 13 conducts the fuel from the tank ,14, into a funnel 16, su ported at the up or end of a pipe 13, Sad pipe 13, is provi ed with a sto ock at its lower end for the regulation of t e flow of said fuel.
  • Said funnel is secured to the lower end of thenpper pipe by means of a bridge 17, and the same is adapted to catch drippings from the upper of said ipes, when the stopcock 15, is turned on.
  • T e small end of said funnel is formed or secured to the upper end of the lower i e and conducts the oil or fuel therein, 'llle ipe 13, has an enlarged portion 18, said enarged portion being cylindrical in shape, and adapted for the purpose of'holding a reserve supply of air to aid 1n combustion 'when said stopcock allows the'oil to pass from said pipe into said chamber 4..
  • the oil upon passing into said funnehis conductedlinto said enlarged portion, carl'riying with it a certain quantityof air. owever, when the en- Large'd portion 18, becomes heated, the oil,
  • a device of the character described the combination of a an having alongitudinal trough running rom end to end, said trough secured to the inner face of the rear wall of said pan, an igniter chamber secured to one of the corners thereof, a second chamber, means formed at the lower edge of the igniter chamber to support said second chamher, said second cham er adapted to receive a cap as means to cover up said first-named chamber, said cap bein perforated, means to saturate the non-combustible material in the secondnamed chamber withfnel and means for regulating the supply of said fuel.
  • a crude oil burner comprising a an having a trough therein, an igniter 0 am er secured to one of the corners of said pan, a second chamber adapted to be incased by 'ter chamber, said second chamber said igm adapted to receive a non-combustible material, a cover for said igniter chamber comoverflows said chamber, into.
  • second-named ceases prisnigl-a perforated cap, said cap having e oni form ts under face a series of air chambers, means to supply oil to said second chamber, and means or the regulation of the same.
  • a crude oil burner comprising a an having a trough therein, an igniter cham er secured to one of the corners of said pan a second chamber adapted to be incased by said second chamber adapted to receive a non-combustible ma terial, a cover for said igniter chamber comprisi a perforated cap, means to supply oil to sai second chamber, said means consistmg'of a pipe having mounted on its upper end an oi enlarged pprtion secured to its outer sur ace directly a ove said perforated cap a funnel provided 'ust above said enlarged portion, the end 0 said first named pipe extending into the mouth of said funnel, means comprising a sto cock ada ted to allow oil to drip into sai funnel, su stantially as shown an described.
  • a crude oil burner comprising a an provided with a trough, said pan adapte to rest on a fire grate, ani niter chamber and a second chamber said second chamber adapted to be incased bg said igniter chamber, a perforated cap a apted to cover up the mouth of'said igniter chamber, said an and filled wit a non-' combustible material, means to furnish oil to said second chamber and means to furnish oil from said second chamber to said pan.
  • an oil burner of the class described comprising a an, an igniter chamber and a second cham or which is incased by said igniter chamber, means to furnish oil to said said means comprising an oil-pipe having a stop cock to regulate the flow of oil, and further consisting of a'funnel and a second ipe provided with an enlarged portion, said e1 situated (lust below said stop cock and being secure .to said firsh named pipe by means of abridge said enlarged portion'bein'g situated just below the funnel and secured thereto, said fimnel and enlarged portion afl'ord' means to mix the combusti le'material wit 'air, substantially as shown and described In testimony whereof I afilx my signature, in presence oftwo witnesses.

Description

J. W. PARKS.
CRUDE OIL BURNER.
APPLICATION FILED APR, 6, 1908 Patented Jan. 12, 1909.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 1.
311mm "to:
as, y
J. W. PARKS.
CRUDE OIL BURNER.
APPLIGATION FILED APR.6{1908.
Patented Jan. 12, 1909.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 2,
Z 0 t H a u n a l Vita use: (7 $6. gov/m 6 UNITED STATES JOHN W. PARKS, OF MUSKOGEE,
RISON AND ONE-EIGHTH TO I). R. FOURTH TO THOMAS DUNCAN, OF
PATENT OFFICE.
CRUDE-OIL BURNER.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Jan. 12, 1909.
Application filed April 6, 1908. Serial No. 425.381.
To all whom it may'concern:
Be it known that I, JOHN W. PARKS, citizen of the United States, residing at Muskoee, in the county of Muskogee and State of klahoma, have invented certain new and useful-Improvementsin Crude-Oil Burners, of
which the following is a specification.
My invention has relation to new and useful improvements in crude oil burners, and has, as one of its objects, to produce such a burner as will be ada ted for use in cooking stoves, furnaces or oiiher heating devices.
A further object of my invention is to produce an oil burner, so constructed that the full possible combustible value of the oil will be attained therefrom. In carryin out this idea, I have so arran ed the severa parts of my invention that the oil is spread over a greater surface, thus giving a reater generating area than has been usual y attained in oil burners of the class. FiirthermoreI be lieve by the use of my improved burner, a greater draft will be caused, thus causing greater heat as a result of greater combustion. a
With these and other objects in view, my invention consists of the novel construction and arrangement of parts as are hereinafter described in the following specification, and illustrated in the accompanying drawings forming a part thereof; said novelty of construction being .particularlg (pointed out in the claims hereunto a pen e Reference being he to the drawings: Figure 1 is a perspective view of my crude oil burner, complete, on a'fire grate. 7F .2 is a top plan view 0 the above, having t e caps removed. Fig. is a cross sectional viewof my invention" on the line 3-3 of Fig. 2. 4 is a bottom plan view of the cap. Fig. 5 is a perspective view of the chamber;
Referring more articularly to the drawings, the an 1, o my burner'rests'on the grate 2, o a stove-or furnace, or other heat generating device. Thesaid pan 1, is filled to the top edge of the trough ,3, with asbestos or some at er non-com ustible material.
-Secured to the rear, upper, left-hand corner (Fig. 1). of said pan, is an igniter cylinder 4, having a flange portion .5, secured to the u per e thereof. Formed to the lower edit; on t e inner periphery of said igm'ter cy der, is a flange portion 6, for the purpose showing the same resting -as 1t passes therein, is
turned on, the oil dripp' of allowing the serrated portion 7, formed on the outer extending portion of the bottom of the chamber 4, to rest thereon. Formed or secured to the upper edge on the outer periphery of said chamber 4', is a flange portion 6. Running downwardly andslanting outwardly from said flange portion 6, to said serrated portion 7, is an oil duct 8, for the purpose of conve 'ng the oil from said chamer to said troug 3, where the said oil overflows, spreads over the surface and is absorbed by said asbestos on said pan 1. Passing through the flange portion 5, and terminating over the mouth of the chamber 4, is an oil vent 10, for the purpose of supplying oil to said chamber 4, when it is more convenient not to have the air chamber 18, directly over the flame. The perforated cap 9, has formed on its under face, a series of small air chambers 11, for the pur ose of retaining a certain amount of air fed t rough the outer part of said cap 9.
A pipe 13, conducts the fuel from the tank ,14, into a funnel 16, su ported at the up or end of a pipe 13, Sad pipe 13, is provi ed with a sto ock at its lower end for the regulation of t e flow of said fuel. Said funnel is secured to the lower end of thenpper pipe by means of a bridge 17, and the same is adapted to catch drippings from the upper of said ipes, when the stopcock 15, is turned on. T e small end of said funnel is formed or secured to the upper end of the lower i e and conducts the oil or fuel therein, 'llle ipe 13, has an enlarged portion 18, said enarged portion being cylindrical in shape, and adapted for the purpose of'holding a reserve supply of air to aid 1n combustion 'when said stopcock allows the'oil to pass from said pipe into said chamber 4.. The oil, upon passing into said funnehis conductedlinto said enlarged portion, carl'riying with it a certain quantityof air. owever, when the en- Large'd portion 18, becomes heated, the oil,
into gas, thus materia-y aiding in the comhustion going on at the other end of the pigs 13..
t is pointed out that light my improved burner, from said pipe into said funnel. The oi then runs into chamberd, is absorbed by the asbestos or other non-combustible material contained artially transformed when it is desired to said stop-cock is a non-combustible substance,
2 tom, means to chamber consisting therein, said trough 3, b means of said oil duct 8, when it is ignite .The trough 3, overflows, allowin the oil to spread over and be ab-' sorbed said an 1, thus makin name y, one emanating other emanating from the chamber 4.
Although I have specifically described my invention, I may claim te right to make such alterations and modifications as do not de art from the spirit of my claims, and as fal within the scope of my invention.
Having described my invention, What I claim as new, is:
1. In a device of the character described, the combination of a an having alongitudinal trough running rom end to end, said trough secured to the inner face of the rear wall of said pan, an igniter chamber secured to one of the corners thereof, a second chamber, means formed at the lower edge of the igniter chamber to support said second chamher, said second cham er adapted to receive a cap as means to cover up said first-named chamber, said cap bein perforated, means to saturate the non-combustible material in the secondnamed chamber withfnel and means for regulating the supply of said fuel.
In a crude oil burner, having a longitudinal trough running therein from end to end, an igniter chamber secured to one of the corners of said pan, said igniter chamber being provided with a flange portion formed at its lower edge on the inner eri hery thereof, said igniter chamber being urt er.provided with a flange portion secured to its upper edge, and on the outer periphery vided witha bottom which has an outwa'rdl extending serrated portion, said second named chamber-further. rovided with a col? lar at its u er edge on he outer peri hery thereof an ther ovidedwith an o' =duct two distinct fires,
r running slantingly owhwardly from the up per flange to said serrated portion of the botcomer up said first-named of a erforated cap means to an ply oil to sai chamber, an means to regulate the. same.
3. In a crude oil burner comprising a an having a trough therein, an igniter 0 am er secured to one of the corners of said pan, a second chamber adapted to be incased by 'ter chamber, said second chamber said igm adapted to receive a non-combustible material, a cover for said igniter chamber comoverflows said chamber, into.
y the non-combustible material in om the pan 1, the
said igniter chamber,
comprising a pan r said second chamber being thereof, a second chamber pro-' second chamber,
second-named ceases prisnigl-a perforated cap, said cap having e oni form ts under face a series of air chambers, means to supply oil to said second chamber, and means or the regulation of the same.
4. In a crude oil burner, comprising a an having a trough therein, an igniter cham er secured to one of the corners of said pan a second chamber adapted to be incased by said second chamber adapted to receive a non-combustible ma terial, a cover for said igniter chamber comprisi a perforated cap, means to supply oil to sai second chamber, said means consistmg'of a pipe having mounted on its upper end an oi enlarged pprtion secured to its outer sur ace directly a ove said perforated cap a funnel provided 'ust above said enlarged portion, the end 0 said first named pipe extending into the mouth of said funnel, means comprising a sto cock ada ted to allow oil to drip into sai funnel, su stantially as shown an described.
5. In a crude oil burner comprising a an provided with a trough, said pan adapte to rest on a fire grate, ani niter chamber and a second chamber said second chamber adapted to be incased bg said igniter chamber, a perforated cap a apted to cover up the mouth of'said igniter chamber, said an and filled wit a non-' combustible material, means to furnish oil to said second chamber and means to furnish oil from said second chamber to said pan.
6. In an oil burner of the class described, comprising a an, an igniter chamber and a second cham or which is incased by said igniter chamber, means to furnish oil to said said means comprising an oil-pipe having a stop cock to regulate the flow of oil, and further consisting of a'funnel and a second ipe provided with an enlarged portion, said e1 situated (lust below said stop cock and being secure .to said firsh named pipe by means of abridge said enlarged portion'bein'g situated just below the funnel and secured thereto, said fimnel and enlarged portion afl'ord' means to mix the combusti le'material wit 'air, substantially as shown and described In testimony whereof I afilx my signature, in presence oftwo witnesses.
JOHN W. PARKS.
Witnesses Tnos. W. LEAHY, A. Womrmsnnonn.
tank, and a second pipe havin an i
US42533108A 1908-04-06 1908-04-06 Crude-oil burner. Expired - Lifetime US909323A (en)

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