US560649A - Albert ricks - Google Patents

Albert ricks Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US560649A
US560649A US560649DA US560649A US 560649 A US560649 A US 560649A US 560649D A US560649D A US 560649DA US 560649 A US560649 A US 560649A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
chamber
wick
burner
spirit
packed
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Publication date
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US560649A publication Critical patent/US560649A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23DBURNERS
    • F23D91/00Burners specially adapted for specific applications, not otherwise provided for
    • F23D91/02Burners specially adapted for specific applications, not otherwise provided for for use in particular heating operations

Definitions

  • My invention relates to incandescent burners for lighting.
  • in spirit-burners it has heretofore been impracticable to use an incandescent body, as this body is injuriously affected by the water contained in the rising spirit-vapors. To remedy thisfor instance,
  • the object of my said invention consists in rendering the employment of this incandescent body practicable by drying and intermingling, before its combustion, the inelydivided fuel which is continually conducted to the burner and vaporized at the same time.
  • the chamber h is a rather tightly-packed material, such as cotton, which readily absorbs liquid
  • the chamber i is a wick for conducting the gases or vapors and distributing the heat, this wie-l; being inserted loosely in windings and consisting of any desired material, such as asbestos.
  • the chamber t' is closed above by a partition n, provided with inclined perforations, and above this partition is arranged a bathe-plate o.
  • At p is provided in the cylinder m an outlet-orifce, through which the developed gases or vapors enter a suitably-bcnt pipe q, are con- Serial No. 535,122. (No model.)
  • an incandescent burner of any suitable construction, which may possess a channel s for the purpose of automatically igniting the gas or vapor. If now the burner is to be set in action, the valve e is first opened. The spirit consequently passes through the channels c and g into the chamber h, and the cotton contained therein absorbs spirit. Then the valve d is opened. The spirit rises through the channel b into the basin f as it is under pressure and is here lighted. The consequence is that the upper part of the chamber t will be energetically heated.
  • the chamber h serves for the absorption and transmission, the chamber 'L' for the distribution and drying, and the perforations at aand baffle-plate o for the intermingling, of the fuel. If, in lieu of the two chambers, use is made of an equally long chamber containing a wick firmly packed into the same, it is impossible to vaporize the fuel soon collecting throughout the length of the wick. If, however, the two chambers, use is made of an equally long chamber containing a wick firmly packed into the same, it is impossible to vaporize the fuel soon collecting throughout the length of the wick. If, however, the
  • a passage divided into two compartments through which the material to be burned successively passes one of said compartments nearer the reservoir containing a tightly-packed wick, and the other containing a comparatively loosely-packed wick in combination with means independent of the main iiame for vaporizin g the burning material as it is required at the burner, and acting upon the material in the compartment containing the loose wick, and a valve controlling the flow of burning material to the chamber containing the tightly-packed Wick.

Description

No Model.)
A. RICKS. yINcmIDEsmaNT LAMP BURNER.
Patented May 26, 1896.
UNTTED STATES PATENT GEEICE.
ALBERT RICKS, OF BERLIN, GERMANY.
INCAN DESCENT- LAMP BURNER.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 560,649, ldated. May 26, 1896.
Application filed January 16, l 89 5.
To all whom t may concern:
Be it known that I, ALBERT RICKS, manufacturer, of 7 5 Kochstrasse, Berlin, S. W., in the Empire of Germany, have invented an Incaudescent-Lamp Burner, of which the following is a specification, reference being had herein to the accompanying drawing.
My invention relates to incandescent burners for lighting. In spirit-burners it has heretofore been impracticable to use an incandescent body, as this body is injuriously affected by the water contained in the rising spirit-vapors. To remedy thisfor instance,
- by the use of spirit free from water-would be too expensive, apart from the circumstance that it is extremely difficult to procure pure spirit in large quantities.
The object of my said invention consists in rendering the employment of this incandescent body practicable by drying and intermingling, before its combustion, the inelydivided fuel which is continually conducted to the burner and vaporized at the same time.
In the accompanying drawing such a spiritvapor incandescent burner is represented in section. The spirit passes through an admission-pipe a under pressure into the burner. From this admission-pipe extend two branch channels b and c, which are closed by valves d and e in a suitable manner. The valve d permits the access of spirit to the basin f, wherein the preliminary heating and igniting flame is produced. By opening the valve e the spirit passes from the channel c into the admissionchannel r, which leads to a chamber 7L. Above this chamber h is a second chamber i. The two chambers are separated from each other by a perforated partition Z. In the chamber h is a rather tightly-packed material, such as cotton, which readily absorbs liquid, and in the chamber i is a wick for conducting the gases or vapors and distributing the heat, this wie-l; being inserted loosely in windings and consisting of any desired material, such as asbestos. The chamber t' is closed above by a partition n, provided with inclined perforations, and above this partition is arranged a bathe-plate o. At p is provided in the cylinder m an outlet-orifce, through which the developed gases or vapors enter a suitably-bcnt pipe q, are con- Serial No. 535,122. (No model.)
ducted around the heated cylinder, and. pass upward through holes r to form the heatingflame. Upon the said cylinder m is arranged an incandescent burner of any suitable construction, which may possess a channel s for the purpose of automatically igniting the gas or vapor. If now the burner is to be set in action, the valve e is first opened. The spirit consequently passes through the channels c and g into the chamber h, and the cotton contained therein absorbs spirit. Then the valve d is opened. The spirit rises through the channel b into the basin f as it is under pressure and is here lighted. The consequence is that the upper part of the chamber t will be energetically heated. The spirit absorbed by the wick in the chamber 71, and conducted farther begins even on its entrance into the chamber/b' to be slowly vaporized by the flames at f and afterward at r. The particles of liquid carried along by the vapors are for the most part retained by the wick of the chamber and vaporized, so that almost a dry gas or vapor will be obtained. This effect is completed by the passage through the oblique perforations in the partition n and by the gases or vapors impinging against the baffleplate o. By these devices I effect at the same time an intimate intermingling of the particles of gas or vapor. Accordingly the chamber h serves for the absorption and transmission, the chamber 'L' for the distribution and drying, and the perforations at aand baffle-plate o for the intermingling, of the fuel. If, in lieu of the two chambers, use is made of an equally long chamber containing a wick firmly packed into the same, it is impossible to vaporize the fuel soon collecting throughout the length of the wick. If, however, the
same chamber is filled up with a loose wick, only a portion of the gases or vapors will go to the iiame, while the remainder will pass back through the pipe for the fuel. It is falso pointed out that in case the iiame at the burner does not consume the gas as fast as it is generated in chamber/L' the fact will be noticed at once by the manner in which Vthe name burns, and the quantity of fluid entering at valve e may be regulated accordingly; but any excess of gas in chamber 71 cannot fiow downward into the reservoir and there IOO cause an explosion, because it will be prevented from doing so bythe tight packing in chamber h.
lVhat I claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States, is-
l. In a vapor-burner a passage divided into two compartments through which the material to be burned successively passes one of said compartments nearer the reservoir containing a tightly-packed wick, and the other containing a comparatively loosely-packed wick in combination With means independent of the main iame for vaporizing the burning material as it is required at the burner, and acting upon the burning material in the compartment containing the loose wick.
2. In a vapor-burner a passage divided into two compartments through which the material to be burned successively passes one of said compartments nearer the reservoir containing a tightly-packed wick, and the other containing a comparatively loosely-packed wick in combination with means independent of the main iiame for vaporizin g the burning material as it is required at the burner, and acting upon the material in the compartment containing the loose wick, and a valve controlling the flow of burning material to the chamber containing the tightly-packed Wick.
3. In an incandescent-lamp burner, a tube divided into two chambers, one above the other, the one more distant from the flame containing a tightly-packed wick and the other containing a wick more loosely packed, a lateral gas-passage through the tube at a point above the loose wick, and a burner surrounding the upper chamber and fed with gas from said lateral passage.
4. In an incandescent-lamp burner, the combination of a tube provided with two chambers each containing a wick and communicating with an oil-reservoir through a passage c, g, and a basin f, surrounding the wick-chambers and communicating With the oil-reservoir through a separate passage b, substantially as described.
5. The combination of the tube m, provided with perforated diaphragm Z, and diaphragm n arranged next to the iiame and with inclined perforations, Wicks packed into the chambers formed by the diaphragms and a baiiie-plate 0 arranged above diaphragm n, substantially as described.
In witness whereof I hereunto set my hand in presence of two witnesses.
ALBERT RIGKS. Witnesses:
WILHELM ScnwIcTI-IAL, J oHN B. JACKSON.
US560649D Albert ricks Expired - Lifetime US560649A (en)

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US560649A true US560649A (en) 1896-05-26

Family

ID=2629371

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US560649D Expired - Lifetime US560649A (en) Albert ricks

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US560649A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3104534A (en) * 1960-12-28 1963-09-24 Hidemar S R L Liquid fuel gasifier for absorption refrigerators

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3104534A (en) * 1960-12-28 1963-09-24 Hidemar S R L Liquid fuel gasifier for absorption refrigerators

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US560649A (en) Albert ricks
US781922A (en) Hydrocarbon-burner.
US1176172A (en) Alcohol-stove.
US1216115A (en) Kerosene-torch.
US1560367A (en) Production of radiant heat
US342189A (en) deeds
US1340803A (en) Liquid-fuel burner
US413828A (en) Vapor burner and stove
US1263978A (en) Vaporizing-burner.
US435692A (en) Hydrocarbon vaporizer and burner
US709387A (en) Hydrocarbon-burner.
US431322A (en) Hydrocarbon-oil vaporizer and burner
US310948A (en) Island
US1160765A (en) Hydrocarbon-burner.
US701475A (en) Vapor-stove.
US1064509A (en) Oil-burner.
US118575A (en) Improvement in apparatus for generating gases from petroleum
US696457A (en) Carbureter.
US812249A (en) Kerosene-lamp.
US476560A (en) Apparatus for burnimg petroleum-oils
US367844A (en) randall
US643304A (en) Oil-gas burner.
US471289A (en) Vapor-stove
US1536694A (en) Oil burner
US1024868A (en) Hydrocarbon-burner.