US667914A - Tool-scissors. - Google Patents

Tool-scissors. Download PDF

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Publication number
US667914A
US667914A US73039699A US1899730396A US667914A US 667914 A US667914 A US 667914A US 73039699 A US73039699 A US 73039699A US 1899730396 A US1899730396 A US 1899730396A US 667914 A US667914 A US 667914A
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Prior art keywords
scissors
legs
jaws
leg
pivot
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Expired - Lifetime
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US73039699A
Inventor
Friedrich Wilhelm Klever Jr
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Henry Newman
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B7/00Pliers; Other hand-held gripping tools with jaws on pivoted limbs; Details applicable generally to pivoted-limb hand tools
    • B25B7/22Pliers provided with auxiliary tool elements, e.g. cutting edges, nail extractors

Description

No. 667,9M. Patented Fab. l2, I901.

r. w. KLEVER, m.

TOOL sclssons (Application filed Sept. 14, 1899.)

(No Modal.) z Sheets-Sheet 1.

. C fl Wan 1% 9 49/ 4. 1', WITNESES: C INVENTOR BY W W ATTRNEY8;

No. 661%!4. Patented Fab.- l2, l90l. F. W. KLEVER, In.

TOOL sm'ssons.

(App1ication filed Sept. 14, 1899.)

(No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet 2.

WITNESSES: INVENTOR ATTORN EYS FRlEDRlUll lVlLllELM KLEVER, JR., OF

SOLINGEN, GE RMANY, ASSIGNOR TO HENRY NEWMAN, OF NEW' YORK, N. Y.

TUUL SCISSDRS.

SPEUlIlffl-AT'TUN formingpart of Letters Patent No. 667,914, dated February 12, 1901. Application filed September 14, 1899 fierial No, 730,396. lilo model.)

To (LZZ 3072,0122 it may concern.-

Be it known that I, FRIEDRICH WILHELM KLEVER, 512, a subject of the Emperor of Germany, and a resident of Solingen, in the Empire of Germany, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Tool-Scissors, of which the following is a specification.

My invention relates generally to a combination-tool; and it consists in devices and combinations of devices herein described.

In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 illustrates a plan view of one side of my improved combination-tool with the legs closed upon each other. Fig. 2 is a similar view, but partly broken away, of the other side of the tool. Fig. 3 is a similar view, but showing the tool open. Fig. A is a plan of a dctail, enlarged, showing the pivoted connection between the two legs. Fig. 5 is a cross section through the line 5 5 of Fig. 4. Fig. 6 is a section of the slotted leg, taken on the line longitudinally with the slot. Fig. 7 is a plan view of the tool, but showing the two jaws cl and curved bladesf overlapping, said jaws grasping a small rod and the blades in the position about to out off the end of a cigar.

Similarletters represent like parts in all the figures.

A A are the two halves or legs of the combination-tool, and the pivot by which said legs are united is secured to one of the legssay Aand is provided with an elongated head B, extending in a direction transversely with the leg to which it is attached, and said head is beveled inwardly, as at 17, toward the shank of the pivot. In the opposite leg to which the pivot is attached-say Ais an elongated hole or slot 0, corresponding with the head B and slightly larger than said head and having a circular beveled countersink, as at c. The slot l1 extendslongitudinally with its leg.

If the tool be in operation for use as scissors, with the two legs united, they may be disconnected by separating the blades D D from each other until the head B is in line with the slot 0, when the legs A A can be lifted apart, the head B passing out through the slot C. The reverse operation is performed when it is desired to unite the two legs. The leg A is turned so that the slot 0 is in line with the head B, when the leg A is dropped onto the leg A, the slot 0 falling over the head B. The two blades D and D are then brought toward each other, as in the operation of using the scissors, and the countersink will ride under the head B and be wedged against the bevels Z) of the pivot-head B, drawing the two legs and the blades D D close together.

The following tools and devices are united in myimproved scissors-wrench, buttonholescissors, cigar-cutter, and wire-cutterz First. The wrench and bu tlonholc sciss0rs.-The inner edge of each of the blades D D, near its pivotal connection, is hollowed out in the form of an arch and corrugated or roughened, forming jaws (Z, and said two jaws constituting a wrench. By separating the legs, so as to separate the jaws d, as shown in Fig. 3, a pipe or other article may be inserted between said jaws. Then upon bringing the two legs toward each other the jaws will grip and bind said pipe or other article. The jaws d are thus made to separate and be brought together into cooperative relation to each other by the separating and closing of the legs. Moreover, the wedging pivotal connection between the two crossdcgs A and A cooperates with the two jaws (Z (Z to improve the action of those jaws when used as a wrench. \Vhen the legs A and A are turned upon their pivotal connections, so as to open the jaws (Z d, these jaws are to some extent separated from each other in a direction parallel with the shank of the pivot; but when the legs A A are moved in the opposite direction upon the pivot, so as to close the jaws d (Z, these jaws are forced toward each other and made to press against each other firmly. The result of this is that the jaws of the wrench will grasp and hold any article placed between them more securely and more firmly and with less liability of the article slipping or moving between the jaws. The jaws are thus guided in accurate cooperative relation and at the same time are made to overlap each other and are adapted to properly grip and hold even the smallest article that may be placed between them. The proper overlapping of the jaws cl (Z is an important feature, as will be seen by Fig. 7, inasmuch as it would be impossible with the jaws of an ordinary. wrench, which can meet, but not overlap, to hold anything between their jaws that is thinner than the distance between the said jaws. By cutting away each of the legs near the pivot in the manner explained not only are arched jaws formed which are adapted to coact as arranged, but at the same time the cutting edges of the scissors are shortened, so that the scissors are adapted to be used as buttonhole-scissors. Secured to the leg A, between the handle E and the pivotal connection and extending in a direction toward the leg A, is a screw-threaded pin e, upon which a nut c engages. By screwing this nut outward or inward upon the pin (2 it acts as an adjustable stop when the legs A A are drawn toward each other by coming in contact with the leg A and preventing the two legs and the blades D D from coming nearer together. The buttonhole is cut from the outer ends of the recesses d to the outer point of contact of the cutting edges of the blades D D. The length of the buttonhole to be cut is regulated by the adjustability of the nut c upon the pin a. The farther outward the nut is on the pin the less will be the distance from the recesses d to the outer point of contact of the cutting edges of the blades, and consequently the shorter will be the buttonhole that is cut by said blades, and the further inward said nut is on the pin the greater will be the distance from the recesses d to the outer point of contact of the cutting edges of the blades, and consequently the longer will be the buttonhole to be cut.

Second. The ct'gar-cuiter.-The two legs A A, between the handles E E and the pivot, are provided with curved recesses f, having beveled edges which overlap each other when the two legs come together, so as to form curved-edge shears, constituting an excellent device for cutting off the ends of cigars. The wedging and tightening together of the two legs A A will operate as effectually to bring and tighten the two curved blades finto cooperative relation with each other, as with the jaws d of the wrench, and will insure a clean cut of the cigar end f and prevent the blades from spreading apart laterally. By cutting out the legs A A in the manner just described to form the cigar-cutter the construction and operation of both the scissors and the wrench are improved, in that less metal is employed in the device than would otherwise be, and, furthermore, the bearing-surfaces of the two legs are thereby decreased in extent and the friction is consequently decreased.

Third. Wire-ctttter.-On each of the legs A A, between their pivotal connections and the curved recess forming the cigar-cutter, is a notch g, extending in a direction toward such pivotal connection and across the thickness of the scissors.- The two notches g g in the two legs A A are in proper positions to be in line with each other when the scissors are open a certain distance, so that a Wire may pass through both and be cut by a shearing cut by the sharp edges of said notches passing each other on closing, the scissors. The wedging and tightening together of the two legs A A" will bring and tighten the two notches g g together during their cutting operation, so as to make a clean out without the danger of the strain on the edges of said notches causing them to spread apart laterally.

In addition to the parts and features already enumerated, certain other features can be embodied in my improvement as adj uncts thereto and for the purpose of further increasing its usefulness. The additional parts which I have thus made use of are a screw-driver, a cigar-box opener, a nail-file, a cartridge-extractor and tack-lifter, a glass-cutting wheel, a glass-breaker, and a marking-wheel. These additional parts are constructed as follows:

Fourth. Screw driver and cigar boa; opener-The blade D extends beyond the end of the blade D. The outer side of the blade D, beyond the recess (1, is beveled off, as at d, from its thickest part to its inner cutting edge, and the outer edge of said blade is beveled off, as at from the top of the bevel d to the under side of the blade I). The outer end of the blade D is made square, as at i, and beveled off, forming a wedge d from the angle d, where the two bevels d and dmeet to said end. The beveled end forms a wedge which constitutes an excellent cigar-box opener, so that when the blade D has been forced between the box and the lid to the angle formed by the two bevels d andd the blade may be still further and more readily forced forward and also very readily withdrawn, as on one side the blade D has only a bearing-angle instead of a bearing-surface, and this wedge 01 having the square end 11, forming a screwdriver. These tools may be used when the two legs of the scissors are united, but they can be used more conveniently when the leg A is disconnected from the leg A. By having the blade d extending beyond the blade 01 when the implement is to be used as a pair of scissors said extended end by being placed under the article to be out can better support said article and guide it, so that it may be more accurately cut. This is an important advantage in a pair of scissors, and this feature, in connection with the wedging feature of the two blades, materially improves the cutting quality of the scissors. When the legs A A are separated and the screw-driver or cigar-box opener just described is used, the concave portions or recesses d and f'serve as convenient means for holding the said tool or tools in the hand and for manipulating the tool. For example, in using the device as a cigar-box opener, by placing the thumb and forefingerin these respective recesses the device can be more easily forced between the box and the lid or drawn out from the same.

Fifth. Nat'Z-fiZc.-Along the outer edge of the blade D is a grooved file Z, constituting an excellent nail-file, the groove serving to guide the file and preventits slipping over the edge of the nail. It will bereadily seen that when the nail-file is used the recessed portions (Z and f enable the leg A to be very conveniently and easily grasped and manipulated.

Sitcth. C'arlf'rtripe-extractor and taclsliftevx- On the outer edge of the blade D and near the point it is a nearly-circular notch 0, having the edges of said notch extending toward each other. The month of said notch is beveled from the outer to the inner side of the blade D, as shown at By passing the edges of said notch 0 over the lateral flange of a cartridge that is in a gun or pistol and pulling on the leg A the corner of said notch on the outside of the blade will catch on the cartridge-flange until the cartridge is pulled out. By resting the outside of the blade D on anything in which a tack has been driven and by inserting the wider opening of the notch 0 on the inner side of the blade D under the head of said tack the latter may be pried up and extracted, if the beveled edge m be pressed inward, as the notch 0 will surround the shank of the tack and be under the head of the same. In the use of the cartridge-extractor and tack-lifter the recessed portions (Z and fof the leg A, and also the handle E, are very serviceable in enabling the said tools to be pulled or pushed and otherwise manipulated in accomplishing the purposes for which they are designed.

Seventh, eighth, and ninth-Pivotal to the lower inner corners of the two handles E and E, and so as not to interfere with the proper operation of the same nor to get into the way of the fingers, are the toothed markingwheel q and the sharp beveledged glass-cutting wheel 7. A rectangular notch 8, back of the wheel 7-, is adapted to be slipped over the edge of the glass plate after the glass has been cut and to break off the part to be re moved. The marking-wheel and the glass-cutter are adapted to be used when the legs A and A are separated. The marking-wheel q and the cutting-wheel 9' being in the positions above named enables each leg of the scissors to be used as a handle when using either of the said wheels for itsintended purpose and at the same time enables one to use the outside of the open handle for a bearing thumb-piece and the shoulder under one of the cigar-cutter recesses or the nut e as a rest for the forefinger of the operator. At the same time the recesses (Z and f of the legs A and A form excellent bearing-surfaces or places for the fingers in grasping and manipulating any one of these tools.

From the above it will be seen that myimproved scissors, with the other implements combined with it, constitutes a most useful device, having nearly all of the tools which are most needed and used for ordinary occasions combined and forming part of the two legs. It will be seen that these different tools and implements coact with one another a shearing edge, the

and mutually contribute to the successful manipulation and operation of each tool.

WVhat I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-

1. A combination-tool comprising two legs connected together by a wedging-pivot and adapted to form scissors, each leg being cut away near the pivot so as to form arched jaws adapted to coact as a wrench, and so as to shorten the cutting edges of the scissors and form buttonhole-scissors, substantially as described.

2. A combination-tool comprising two legs connected together by a wedging-pivot and adapted to form scissors, each leg being cut away near the pivot so as to form arched jaws adapted to coact as a wrench, and so as to shorten the cutting edges of the scissors and form buttonhole-scissors, and an adjustable stop carried by one of the legs for adjusting the length of the cut made by the scissors, substantially as described.

3. A combination-tool comprising two legs connected together by a wedging-pivot and adapted to form scissors, each leg being cut away near the pivot so as to form arched jaws adapted to coact as a wrench, and so as to shorten the cutting edges of the scissors and form buttonhole-scissors, and each leg being cut away on the other side of the pivot so as to form a curved recess With a shearing edge, the said shearing edges being adapted to coact as a cigar-cutter, substantially as described.

4. A combination-tool comprising two legs connected together by a wedging-pivot and adapted to form scissors, each leg being cut away near the pivot so as to form arched jaws adapted to coact as a wrench, and so as to shorten the cutting edges of the scissors and form buttonhole-scissors, and an adjustable stop carried by one of the legs for adjusting the length of the cut made by the scissors, and each leg being cut away on the other side of the pivot so as to form a curved recess with said shearing edges being adapted to coact as a cigar-cutter, substantially as described.

5. A combination-tool comprising two legs connected together by a wedging-pivot and adapted to form scissors, each leg being cut away near the pivot so as to form arched jaws adapted to coact as a wrench, and so as to shorten the cutting edges of the scissors and form buttonhole-scissors, and an adjustable stop carried by one of the legs for adjusting the length of the cut made by the scissors, and each leg being cut away on the other side of the pivot so as to form a curved recess with a shearing edge, the said shearing edges being adapted to coact as a cigar-cutter, and each leg being notched between the pivot and the shearing edge of the cigar-cutter, the said notches being adapted to coact as ter, substantially as described.

6. A combination-tool comprising two legs connected together by a wedging-pivot and a wire-cuteach leg being notched between the pivot and the shearing edgeof the cigar-cutter, the said notches being adapted to coact as a wire-cutter, substantially as described.

In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.

FRIEDRICH WILHELM KLEVER, JR.

Witnesses:

A. HOFFMANN, ERNST KATZ.

US73039699A 1899-09-14 1899-09-14 Tool-scissors. Expired - Lifetime US667914A (en)

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Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4037276A (en) * 1976-05-17 1977-07-26 Brinker Reiner G Multifunctional tool for rescue work
US4658456A (en) * 1985-10-17 1987-04-21 Tsai Su Jem Multi-purpose scissors
US5421090A (en) * 1994-02-08 1995-06-06 Ding Wei Enterprises, Inc. Structure of scissors
US5499454A (en) * 1994-10-03 1996-03-19 Compton; Dorothy G. Buttonhole scissors
US5826338A (en) * 1995-01-17 1998-10-27 Leatherman Tool Group, Inc. Wire cutter structure for multipurpose tool
USD432378S (en) * 1999-03-09 2000-10-24 Manufacture Articles de Precision Scissors
US6324712B1 (en) 2000-05-16 2001-12-04 Victorinox Ag Plier jaws having a wire cutting structure
US20030221320A1 (en) * 2002-06-03 2003-12-04 David Carpenter Combined scissors and box cutter
US20070101582A1 (en) * 2005-11-07 2007-05-10 Escobar Juan C Ergonomic handle for scissors and other tools
US20090044413A1 (en) * 2007-08-14 2009-02-19 Chou Hwei-Rung Multipurpose gardening shears
US20090277310A1 (en) * 2008-05-07 2009-11-12 Timothy Bell Combination pipe cutter and can lid opener and method of use thereof
US20130260658A1 (en) * 2012-03-30 2013-10-03 Mary E. Brooks Shell cracking device
US20160221173A1 (en) * 2013-05-30 2016-08-04 Frank Stout Multi-function health professional tool
US20170013806A1 (en) * 2014-03-12 2017-01-19 Pet Product Innovations, Llc Animal Claw Shearing Apparatuses and Methods of Using the Same
US10173332B1 (en) * 2017-07-10 2019-01-08 Suzhou Petmate Industry & Trade Co., Ltd. Pair of safe pet nail clippers
US10399157B1 (en) * 2017-01-18 2019-09-03 Rodney James Harman Hand held drive cleat notcher

Cited By (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4037276A (en) * 1976-05-17 1977-07-26 Brinker Reiner G Multifunctional tool for rescue work
US4658456A (en) * 1985-10-17 1987-04-21 Tsai Su Jem Multi-purpose scissors
US5421090A (en) * 1994-02-08 1995-06-06 Ding Wei Enterprises, Inc. Structure of scissors
US5499454A (en) * 1994-10-03 1996-03-19 Compton; Dorothy G. Buttonhole scissors
US5826338A (en) * 1995-01-17 1998-10-27 Leatherman Tool Group, Inc. Wire cutter structure for multipurpose tool
USD432378S (en) * 1999-03-09 2000-10-24 Manufacture Articles de Precision Scissors
US6324712B1 (en) 2000-05-16 2001-12-04 Victorinox Ag Plier jaws having a wire cutting structure
US20030221320A1 (en) * 2002-06-03 2003-12-04 David Carpenter Combined scissors and box cutter
US7096586B2 (en) 2002-06-03 2006-08-29 Acme United Corporation Combined scissors and box cutter
US7458160B2 (en) 2005-11-07 2008-12-02 Helen Of Troy Limited Ergonomic handle for scissors and other tools
US20070101582A1 (en) * 2005-11-07 2007-05-10 Escobar Juan C Ergonomic handle for scissors and other tools
US20090044413A1 (en) * 2007-08-14 2009-02-19 Chou Hwei-Rung Multipurpose gardening shears
US20090277310A1 (en) * 2008-05-07 2009-11-12 Timothy Bell Combination pipe cutter and can lid opener and method of use thereof
US8136188B2 (en) * 2008-05-07 2012-03-20 Timothy Bell Combination pipe cutter and can lid opener and method of use thereof
US20130260658A1 (en) * 2012-03-30 2013-10-03 Mary E. Brooks Shell cracking device
US20160221173A1 (en) * 2013-05-30 2016-08-04 Frank Stout Multi-function health professional tool
US20170013806A1 (en) * 2014-03-12 2017-01-19 Pet Product Innovations, Llc Animal Claw Shearing Apparatuses and Methods of Using the Same
US10399157B1 (en) * 2017-01-18 2019-09-03 Rodney James Harman Hand held drive cleat notcher
US10173332B1 (en) * 2017-07-10 2019-01-08 Suzhou Petmate Industry & Trade Co., Ltd. Pair of safe pet nail clippers

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