US527328A - Knockdown barrel - Google Patents

Knockdown barrel Download PDF

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US527328A
US527328A US527328DA US527328A US 527328 A US527328 A US 527328A US 527328D A US527328D A US 527328DA US 527328 A US527328 A US 527328A
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hoops
staves
hoop
bolts
cask
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D9/00Containers having bodies formed by interconnecting or uniting two or more rigid, or substantially rigid, components made wholly or mainly of wood or substitutes therefor
    • B65D9/12Containers having bodies formed by interconnecting or uniting two or more rigid, or substantially rigid, components made wholly or mainly of wood or substitutes therefor collapsible, e.g. with all parts detachable

Description

(Nomea-e1.) l
H. ELLIS; `KNOKDWN BARREL.
Patented out. 9, 1894.
mining A ITA/5555 I r onms mens ce, Mofo-umu, wnmnron, er4 c.
i UNITED STATESI PATENT OFFICE.
HARTLEY ELLIS, OF EAST LIVERPOOL, OHIO.
KNocKDowN BARREL..
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent NQ. 527,328., dated. October 9, 1894.
Application led July 18J 1894. `"Serial No. 517,880. (No model.) Y
To all whom t may concern:
Be it known that I, I-IARTLEY ELLIS, of East Liverpool, in the county of Columbiana and State of Ohio, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Knockdown Casks, of which the following is a specification.
My invention is an improvement in knock down casks and has for an object to provide a package in barrel shape especially designed and adapted for use in shipping Crockery and glass ware and which when it reaches its destination and is unpacked can be readily taken apart and packed and secured in convenient shape for return to the shipper. y
The invention consists in the novel construc- `tions, combinations and arrangements of parts as will be hereinafter described and pointed out in the claims.
In the drawings-Figure 1 is a side View of the cask. Fig. 2 is a longitudinal section on about line 2 2 of Fig. 3. Fig. 3 is a trans- Verse section on about line 3-3 of Fig. 1, and Figs. 4 and 5 show the cask knocked down.
The cask is formed with staves A alike in general respects and all provided at about their middles with sockets or openings a for` the studs or projections h on the central hoop B. These staves A also have in their inner sides near their ends the crozes or grooves a. for the heads. These croze's are not made of the angular cross section usually employed but are rounded as I lind that by so shaping them I retain more strength in the staves and avoid the danger of breaking ott the chine portion of the staves. i
Four of the staves A have near their opposite ends longitudinal slots a2 preferably made key hole form so their larger outer ends may coincide with the openings aS with which the other staves are supplied to receive thebolts in securing the staves when knocked down, and this key hole form also permits the application and detachment of the four slotted staves from the end hoops. Another four of the staves are provided near their lower ends with openings or sockets a4 for the radial studs or projections upon the head O which for convenience of reference may be termed the bottom and the other head D the top.
Each of the staves is reinforced surrounding the several slots or openings therein by metal Wear plates to resist the wear and also increase the strength of the cask. To prevent the other staves from twisting upon their central stud and getting out of the desired alignment they may be provided 'at one or both ends with slots E to receive studs e upon the end hoop or hoops. Manifestly these slots and studs Ee may be omitted if desired.
By preference metal caps F are fitted and suitably secured "upon the ends of the staves.
The central hoop B is formed on its inner side with a longitudinal bead b to increase its strength and it has the outwardly projecting studs b to enter the openings a the middle hoop being thus stayed iirmly in its position at the center ot' the cask.
The upper hoop G or one nearest the top D and the opposite or lower hoop I-l are preferably rounded on their inner sides at their edges nearest the middle of the cask so th'ey can slide .easily upon the staves and these.
hoops and the middle hoop are provided with bolt seats I. These may be formed integral with the hoops but are preferably separate plates lapped against the outer side of the hoops, and hooked over the edge of the hoop opposite that along which the lug projects. These plates are riveted or otherwise secured tothe hoops, and have lugs t' perforated to form the bolt seats and plates 'i' fitted and secured against the outer side of the hoops. The plates t" of the middle hoop are preferaby formed with two lugs t' above and below the hoop to receive the bolts from the end hoops.
I provide three sets of bolts which for convenience of reference I will term long bolts J, short bolts K and head bolts L. The long i bolts J extend between the end hoops and tie them firmly together and by tightening the nuts on these bolts the hoops may be caused to slide upon the staves to draw the ends of the saine inward as desired. The short bolts K extend between the middlel hoop and the end hoops and serve to staythe middle hoop to each of the end ones. By these long and short bolts connecting the hoops as described it will be seen that I firmly and securely stay the ends of the cask together and also brace such ends to the middle hoop.
To secure the head I provide it with openings Z for the head bolts L which pass down through the heads and engage the seats of the top hoop. By preference these bolts have IOO together.
square or other angular heads upon their upper ends, pass down through the lugs of the top hoop and receive nuts upon their lower ends. This construction serves to firmly secure the head in place and yet permits its easy removal when desired.
By giving the package the cask form shown the long and short bolts may be tightened' and will serve with better effect to stay orV truss the ends of the package and at the same time the cask can be more easily handled than if in cylindrical form.
When the caskhas reached its destination access may be had to its contents by simply removing four short bolts, and lifting out the head and this removal of the head does not ldestroy or impair the rigidity of the cask.
bottom'and the middle hoop will be released. The slats may then be packed upon each other j and secured by bolts passed through the openings 0.3 and the bolts not needed for sei curing the slats and the heads and hoops as presently described may be packed between the slats or between the heads and hoops as i, desired. The hoops and heads are also bolted This puts the several part-s into:
convenient compact shape for return and so connects them that thereis no danger of their becoming detached and lst.
The top and bottom may be made slatted if desired instead of solid and hoops, bolts and ,other metallic parts may be of iron, steel, or
other suitable metal. An important feature of my invention is the bulging of the staves by the central inner hoop and the outer end hoops and the fastenings preferably bolts connecting the end and middle hoops as shown. In this construction the middle hoop not only holds the staves out but braces them firmly in such position.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
1. A cask substantially as described comprising the staves, the interior middle and exterior end hoops and the bolts connecting the end hoops with the middle hoop, substantially as set forth.
2. A cask comprising the staves the middle hoop held to the staves the end hoops arranged to slide along the staves and the bolts connecting the hoops substantially as set forth.
3. In a knock down cask the combination with the staves having `near their ends the longitudinal slots the hoops having studs or projections entering said slots and devices by which to force said hoops along and retain 'heili upon'Y the staves substantiallyV as set ort v 4.. A knock down cask comprising the staves, the middle hoop held thereto, the end hoops sliding upon said staves toward and from the middle hoop and bolts connecting said sliding hoops with the fixed middle hoop, substantially as set forth.
5. In a knock down cask the combination of the staves yprovided near their ends with the longitudinal slots the end hoops having studs entering said slots, the middle hoop held to the staves, bolts connecting the end hoops directly together and bolts connecting such end hoops with the middle hoop substantially as set forth.
6. In a knock down cask the combination yot' ,the staves provided near their ends with longitudinal slots and at or near their middles with sockets or openin gs, the middle hoop having studs entering such sockets or openings, the end hoops having studs entering the slots fin the staves andthe connecting bolts substantially as set forth.
7. In a knock down cask the combination of the end hoops and middle hoop provided with bolt seats composed of lugs and plates integral therewith and secured to the said hoops, the staves, and the connecting bolts substantially as set forth.
18. A knock down cask comprising the staves, the end hoops, the middle hoop, bolts I connecting the hoops, the top andfastenings therefor independent of the hoop connecting bolts, substantially as set forth.
9. In a knock down cask the combination of the bottom having projections the staves having openings or sockets to receive said proj ecticns and provided with the end hoops movable along the'staves and means for forcing the end hoops along the staves and for securing them substantially as set forth.
lO. The improved knock down cask herein described consisting of the staves provided centrally with sockets or openingsand near their ends with longitudinal slots, the middle hoop having projections to enter the slots or openings the end hoops having studs to enter the longitudinal slots of the staves the bolts connecting the end hoops together, the bolts connecting such end hoops with the middle hoop, the bottom having projections entering sockets in the staves and the top and the bolts connecting the top with the top hoop substantially as set forth.
l1. A cask comprising the staves, the interior middle hoop held to the staves, the eXterior end hoops, bolts connecting the end hoops together and bolts connecting such end hoops with the middle hoop, substantially as set forth. `HARTLEY ELLIS.
Vitnesses:
PERRY B. TURPIN, SoLoN C. KEMoN.
TOO
IlO
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20050163819A1 (en) * 2000-11-07 2005-07-28 Cryolife, Inc Methods of using expandable foam-like biomaterials
USD903975S1 (en) * 2018-08-30 2020-12-01 Starbucks Corporation Cask
USD909704S1 (en) 2018-12-13 2021-02-02 Starbucks Corporation Cask
USD910965S1 (en) 2019-02-27 2021-02-16 Starbucks Corporation Cask

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20050163819A1 (en) * 2000-11-07 2005-07-28 Cryolife, Inc Methods of using expandable foam-like biomaterials
USD903975S1 (en) * 2018-08-30 2020-12-01 Starbucks Corporation Cask
USD909704S1 (en) 2018-12-13 2021-02-02 Starbucks Corporation Cask
USD910965S1 (en) 2019-02-27 2021-02-16 Starbucks Corporation Cask

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