US521752A - Half to william d - Google Patents

Half to william d Download PDF

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US521752A
US521752A US521752DA US521752A US 521752 A US521752 A US 521752A US 521752D A US521752D A US 521752DA US 521752 A US521752 A US 521752A
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Prior art keywords
cap
bottle
neck
flange
paper
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D41/00Caps, e.g. crown caps or crown seals, i.e. members having parts arranged for engagement with the external periphery of a neck or wall defining a pouring opening or discharge aperture; Protective cap-like covers for closure members, e.g. decorative covers of metal foil or paper
    • B65D41/02Caps or cap-like covers without lines of weakness, tearing strips, tags, or like opening or removal devices
    • B65D41/10Caps or cap-like covers adapted to be secured in position by permanent deformation of the wall-engaging parts
    • B65D41/12Caps or cap-like covers adapted to be secured in position by permanent deformation of the wall-engaging parts made of relatively stiff metallic materials, e.g. crown caps

Definitions

  • NATHANIEL B. ABBOTT, OF BROOKLYN, NEW YORK, ASSIGNOR OF ONE- HALF TO WILLIAM D. ELGER, OF SAMEPLACE.
  • My invention relates to the class of devices designed for closing bottles against internal gaseous pressure, such device usually comprising a sheet metal cap containing a disk of cork. These caps are usually made from tinplate, and the cap is applied over the mouth of a bottle having a groove about its neck or fillet near its mouth, tl1e pendent flange of the cap being then crimped under the shoulder formed by the groove. This crimping forms corrugations, the edge of the flange presenting projecting scallops.
  • the object I have in view is to provide a cap of stiff, resilient sheetmetal, capable of g Fig.2 is a sideelevation of the retaining the stopper or seal against internal pressure, which sh all provide against leakage, and the flange of which shall fit closely to the bottle-neck all around andnot present projections at its margin, all as will be hereinafter described.
  • FIG. 1 is a transverse mid-section of the sealing cap.
  • Fig. 3 is a plan thereof.
  • Fig. at is a side view of the neck-portion of a bottle formed especially to receive the cap, with a cap in place thereon. This view also shows the tool or implement for removing the cap.
  • Fig. 5 is an under side view of the cap-removing im .plement.
  • Fig. 6 is-a fragmentary sectional View of the cap on a large scale to show the lining more clearly than Fig. 1;"and Fig. 7 shows the form of the bottle-neck adapted to receive the cap.
  • a cap of sheet metal, preferably thin tin-plate.
  • This cap islined throughout with paper, 1), represented in Fig. 1 by a heavy black line.
  • This paper I apply to the blank of sheet, metal before it is cupped, by preference, and it will be, by preferenoe, a rather soft and relatively thick material.
  • the neck, d, of the bottle to which the cap is to be applied flares toward the mouth of the bottle, so that when the cap-is placed thereon and the pendent flange of the cap rolled down upon the neck smoothly, the flange forms a retainer to hold the cap in place against internal'pressure.
  • a cap made from stiff, refractory metal-such as is necessary to form a retainer against gaspressure from within-it is necessary to take up the surplus metal of the flange to some extent in closing the latter about the neck of the bottle, and as I desire to avoid corrugations and projections of the metal, and the bottle-neck has no recesses to receive the metal
  • the paper lining forms also a packing to guard against leakage which is liable to occur if either the cork disk or hot tle mouth should bedefective, or the disk should not be properly placed.
  • Other soft cushioning and packing; material than paper might-be employed to line the cap, but paper is the cheapest and serves the purpose.
  • the paper may be plain, or be saturated or coated with some waxysubstance. It.- will be noted that the paper lining is cupped in the same manner as the metal cap and with the latter so that the paper forms a smooth, adherent lining for the cap.
  • the lining is interposed. between the disk of cork and the crown of the cap. I usually employ for the cupped lining the paper used by builders for sheathing houses.
  • An implement, g, for removing the cap is clearly illustrated in Figs. 4. and 5. It is of steel and comprises a handle furnished with two hooks to take under the edge of the cap.
  • Fig. 4 shows the implement in position; by a downward pressure on the handle the cap is forced off at one side.

Description

(No Model.)
N B ABBOTT BOTTLE SEALING AND STOPPBR RETAINING DEVICE. No; 521,752.
Patented June 19, 1894..
FIG: 3,
2 AU H [7a zmuifij t' MAM 'UNIT D STATES PATE T OF ICE.
NATHANIEL B. ABBOTT, OF BROOKLYN, NEW YORK, ASSIGNOR OF ONE- =HALF TO WILLIAM D. ELGER, OF SAMEPLACE.
BOTTLE-SEALING EAND STQPPER-RETAININQG DEVICE.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 521,752, dated June 19,1 894.
Application filed April 27,1894. SerialN0. 1 Nomodel T0 at whom it may concern:
I Be it known that I, NATHANIEL B. ABBOTT, a citizen of the United States, residing at Brooklyn, in the county of Kings and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Bottle-Sealing and Stopper-Retaining Devices, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to the class of devices designed for closing bottles against internal gaseous pressure, such device usually comprising a sheet metal cap containing a disk of cork. These caps are usually made from tinplate, and the cap is applied over the mouth of a bottle having a groove about its neck or fillet near its mouth, tl1e pendent flange of the cap being then crimped under the shoulder formed by the groove. This crimping forms corrugations, the edge of the flange presenting projecting scallops. I
The object I have in view is to provide a cap of stiff, resilient sheetmetal, capable of g Fig.2 is a sideelevation of the retaining the stopper or seal against internal pressure, which sh all provide against leakage, and the flange of which shall fit closely to the bottle-neck all around andnot present projections at its margin, all as will be hereinafter described.
In the drawings which .serve to illustrate an'embodimentof my invention-Figure 1 is a transverse mid-section of the sealing cap. same, and Fig. 3 isa plan thereof. These views show the cap before itis applied. Fig. at is a side view of the neck-portion of a bottle formed especially to receive the cap, with a cap in place thereon. This view also shows the tool or implement for removing the cap. Fig. 5 is an under side view of the cap-removing im .plement. Fig. 6 is-a fragmentary sectional View of the cap on a large scale to show the lining more clearly than Fig. 1;"and Fig. 7 shows the form of the bottle-neck adapted to receive the cap.
or represents a cap, of sheet metal, preferably thin tin-plate. This cap islined throughout with paper, 1), represented in Fig. 1 by a heavy black line. This paper I apply to the blank of sheet, metal before it is cupped, by preference, and it will be, by preferenoe, a rather soft and relatively thick material.
Within the cap is a disk of cork, c. The neck, d, of the bottle to which the cap is to be applied flares toward the mouth of the bottle, so that when the cap-is placed thereon and the pendent flange of the cap rolled down upon the neck smoothly, the flange forms a retainer to hold the cap in place against internal'pressure.
In applying a cap made from stiff, refractory metal-such as is necessary to form a retainer against gaspressure from within-it is necessary to take up the surplus metal of the flange to some extent in closing the latter about the neck of the bottle, and as I desire to avoid corrugations and projections of the metal, and the bottle-neck has no recesses to receive the metal, I roll down the flange upon the bottle-neck with a steel roller or knurl having in it short projecting points which form numerous indentations, 6, (Fig.4) in the flange, the metal being forced into the softer packing paper b, forming thelining and cushion of the cap. The paper lining forms also a packing to guard against leakage which is liable to occur if either the cork disk or hot tle mouth should bedefective, or the disk should not be properly placed. Other soft cushioning and packing; material than paper might-be employed to line the cap, but paper is the cheapest and serves the purpose. The paper may be plain, or be saturated or coated with some waxysubstance. It.- will be noted that the paper lining is cupped in the same manner as the metal cap and with the latter so that the paper forms a smooth, adherent lining for the cap. The lining is interposed. between the disk of cork and the crown of the cap. I usually employ for the cupped lining the paper used by builders for sheathing houses. g
An implement, g, for removing the cap is clearly illustrated in Figs. 4. and 5. It is of steel and comprises a handle furnished with two hooks to take under the edge of the cap.
Fig. 4 shows the implement in position; by a downward pressure on the handle the cap is forced off at one side.
claim- V 1. A closing or sealing cap forabottle comprising a cupped sheet-metal cap having a Having thus described my invention, I
- IOO a samba :0 ing 12 of'soft packing material and apendent flange fitting smoothly about the tapered neck of the bottle, said flange having numerousindentations e in it, substantially as set forth.
In witness whereof I have hereunto signed my name in the presence of two subscribing 15 witnesses.
NATHANIEL B. ABBOTT. Witnesses:
HENRY CoNNErT, PETER A. Ross.
US521752D Half to william d Expired - Lifetime US521752A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2545979A (en) * 1946-08-10 1951-03-20 Tamino W Tregear Fulcrum type closure remover
US4409864A (en) * 1982-04-12 1983-10-18 Thomas Gaskins Bottle opener
US20120024113A1 (en) * 2010-07-30 2012-02-02 Ben Focht Bottle opening method and apparatus
US20170044795A1 (en) * 2014-04-29 2017-02-16 Arthur Allen Nelson Shipping Container Tool
USD853215S1 (en) * 2018-08-22 2019-07-09 Ryland C. Bellamy, Sr. Bottle cap opening aid

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2545979A (en) * 1946-08-10 1951-03-20 Tamino W Tregear Fulcrum type closure remover
US4409864A (en) * 1982-04-12 1983-10-18 Thomas Gaskins Bottle opener
US20120024113A1 (en) * 2010-07-30 2012-02-02 Ben Focht Bottle opening method and apparatus
US20170044795A1 (en) * 2014-04-29 2017-02-16 Arthur Allen Nelson Shipping Container Tool
USD853215S1 (en) * 2018-08-22 2019-07-09 Ryland C. Bellamy, Sr. Bottle cap opening aid

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