US3861098A - Spacer disk for the production of a floor covering - Google Patents

Spacer disk for the production of a floor covering Download PDF

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Publication number
US3861098A
US3861098A US403627A US40362773A US3861098A US 3861098 A US3861098 A US 3861098A US 403627 A US403627 A US 403627A US 40362773 A US40362773 A US 40362773A US 3861098 A US3861098 A US 3861098A
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United States
Prior art keywords
disk
spacer
plates
raised portions
ring
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Expired - Lifetime
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US403627A
Inventor
Karl Schaub
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Karl Schaub
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Publication date
Priority to DE19702034331 priority Critical patent/DE2034331A1/de
Priority to US16059771A priority
Application filed by Karl Schaub filed Critical Karl Schaub
Priority to US403627A priority patent/US3861098A/en
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Publication of US3861098A publication Critical patent/US3861098A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D11/00Roof covering, as far as not restricted to features covered by only one of groups E04D1/00 - E04D9/00; Roof covering in ways not provided for by groups E04D1/00 - E04D9/00, e.g. built-up roofs, elevated load-supporting roof coverings
    • E04D11/005Supports for elevated load-supporting roof coverings
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C3/00Foundations for pavings
    • E01C3/006Foundations for pavings made of prefabricated single units
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • E04F15/024Sectional false floors, e.g. computer floors
    • E04F15/02447Supporting structures
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • E04F15/02044Separate elements for fastening to an underlayer
    • E04F2015/02105Separate elements for fastening to an underlayer without load-supporting elongated furring elements between the flooring elements and the underlayer
    • E04F2015/02111Separate elements for fastening to an underlayer without load-supporting elongated furring elements between the flooring elements and the underlayer not adjustable
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • E04F15/02044Separate elements for fastening to an underlayer
    • E04F2015/02105Separate elements for fastening to an underlayer without load-supporting elongated furring elements between the flooring elements and the underlayer
    • E04F2015/02127Separate elements for fastening to an underlayer without load-supporting elongated furring elements between the flooring elements and the underlayer adjustable perpendicular to the underlayer

Abstract

A spacer disk for the laying of construction plates on a rigid base has an upper surface and a lower surface and formed with radial running raised portions arranged on the upper surface thereof and defining a joint width of the plates. The spacer disk is of ring form, having a center opening and formed on the lower surface at a region thereof lying and following opposite the raised portions, respectively, two linear running recesses extending across the width of the ring.

Description

United States Patent [191 Schaub Jan. 21, 1975 1 SPACER DISK FOR THE PRODUCTION OF A FLOOR COVERING [76] Inventor: Karl Schaub, Lupineweg 7, 3501 Niedenstein, Germany [22] Filed: Oct. 4, 1973 [21] Appl. No.: 403,627

Related U.S. Application Data [63] Continuation of Serv No. 160,597, July 8, 1971,

abandoned.

[30] Foreign Application Priority Data July 10, 1970 Germany 2034331 [52] U.S. Cl. 52/98, 52/263 [51] Int. Cl E04b 5/43 [58] Field of Search 52/263, 506, 510, 392,

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS Gerosa 52/390 Martin 248/188.2

3,318,057 5/1967 Norsworthy 52/480 X 3,363,375 l/l968 Payne 52/480 X R26,239 7/1967 Rockahrand ct L11. 52/480 X FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 235,542 9/1964 Austria 52/263 Primary ExaminerPrice C. Faw, Jr. Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Ernest G. Montague; Karl F. Ross; Herbert Dubno [57] ABSTRACT A spacer disk for the laying of construction plates on a rigid base has an upper surface and a lower surface and formed with radial running raised portions arranged on the upper surface thereof and defining a joint width of the plates. The spacer disk is of ring form, having a center opening and formed on the lower surface at a region thereof lying and following opposite the raised portions, respectively, two linear running recesses extending across the width of the ring.

8 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures SPACER DISK FOR THE PRODUCTION OF A FLOOR COVERING The present application is a continuation of the copending patent application, Ser. No. 160,597, which was filed on July 8, 1971 and is now abandoned.

The present invention relates to a spacer disk for the production of a floor covering, e.g. a floor covering formed of plates placed adjacent and behind each other on a solid base.

Plates for the formation of a floor covering for coating of terraces, balconies, covered walks and walkable flat roofs are laid directly on the substrate and are connected with the latter by means of cement or the like. In case of a nonuniform substrate the danger exists, that due to the effect of frost and sun rays the floor covering can be destroyed. Often a loosening of individual plates results, and the plates can be fitted again only in a troublesome manner to the plane of the plate joint.

Socalled joint formers for floor tiles to be applied to a wall are known which serve only the purpose of assuring an orderly spacing of the individual floor tiles from each other.

The joint formers are used thereby merely as a gauge. After the plates are joined, for example on a working table to a joint, the joint former is removed and the plates are bonded in known manner with cement or the like with the corresponding wall.

Contrary thereto, the system of the present application serves only for the covering of approximately horizontal faces. It is an object of the present invention, to provide a spacer disk for the production of a floor covering in which the drawbacks of the prior art arrangements are avoided, and to provide a spacer disk, with which a floor covering can be formed in a particularly simple manner. The floor covering including the individual plates should be maintained thereby at a distance from the understructure in a defined position. The understructure must remain accessible, especially, in order to permit repairs on the latter. The individual plates should be easily subject to replacement relative to each other. In case of coverings laid on the outside, trouble-free draining of water must be permitted.

It is another object of the present invention, to provide a spacer disk for the production of a floor covering, wherein for the formation of water-draining joints, the plates are loosely laid with their corners against the spacer disks which are composed of slide-fast material and are disposed between the abutting plates or between the latter and the support, respectively, which disks are formed with raised portions corresponding with the joint width to be obtained at the upper side at an angular distance adjusted to the plate shape, the

plates supporting themselves laterally against the raised portions. For the balancing of the height in case of an uneven subsurface, one part of the spacer disks is laid on additional support disks of different thicknesses. The floor covering designed in accordance with the present invention offers a number of advantages.

The distances disks are laid loosely on the subsurface. The plates are laid likewise loosely on the spacer disks, whereby each plate corner is guided between two raised portions or beads of the spacer disk. The loose support of the plates in a double manner is possible because the spacer disks are formed of slide-fast material. By this arrangement the plates are fixed clearly in their position, they are easily exchangeable and the substructure, for example the roof skin, can be renewed and repaired upon removal of the plates and of the spacer disks, since it is accessible without hindrance.

The spacer disk in accordance with the present invention is made of slide-fast material, whereby on the upper side raised portions or beads are provided, which are provided in an angular distance depending upon the form of the plates to be laid and are of a thickness depending upon the joint width to be obtained. For the purpose of sound proofing, the disk is made of elastic material. The beads provided on the upper side of the disk are preferably formed by radially extending ribs. The disk consists suitably of a circular ring.

The raised portions and ribs, respectively, provided on the upper side of the disk define an angle therebetween, which corresponds to the angle defined between the adjacent side edges of the plate to be laid. On the under side of the disk are provided recesses, joints, grooves or the like facilitating water draining. They preferably extend in radial direction.

In a particular embodiment the recesses, grooves, joints or the like provided on the underside of the disk are arranged at least at both sides of the projections, ribs or the like provided on the upper side of the disk. In addition to the water drainage obtained thereby, it is possible to separate the spacer disk in order to obtain corresponding spacer disk pieces for the laying of the fioor covering edge. The recesses, grooves, joints or the like, provided on the underside, thus form separating joints along which the disk can be divided into segments.

To compensate for an uneven subsurface, supporting disks of slide-fast elastic material are provided which have at least one separating joint extending over the disk.

The concept of the present invention is to be seen also in the use of spacer disks of slide-fast material as lost mountings for plates to be laid loosely on a support and to be fixed in their position. By this particular use the above stated advantages are brought about.

The. device of the present invention has also the advantage, that high temperatures due to the effects of the sun and tensions in the cover plates cannot be transmitted to the subsurface, so that structural damage is avoided easily. Beyond this the spacer disk offers many advantages during the laying of the floor covering. A flush laying of a plurality of plates results to a certain degree necessarily, since each spacer disk is aligned corresponding by the previously laid plates, if the raised portions constitute joint formers for an abutment for the previously made plates.

The object of the present invention is to provide a base plate or distance disk which makes possible the loose setting of construction or floor plates on uneven ground in a most simple manner, being easily divisible for the laying on of the edge region, and so as to allow water drainage from the free space formed between the construction plates and the base.

This is attained in accordance with the present invention by a spacer disk formed in the shape of a ring and having two recesses extending over the ring width on the lower side of the ring lying opposite the raised portions, respectively.

Thereby the essential advantages are achieved in the setting of the plates. The construction of the spacer disk as a ring, results in the lowest material insertion and optimal laying on. The recesses provided on the lower side and arranged along the raised portions on the upper side, result in good adjustment for uneveness of the base, and facilitates accurate subdivision into individual segments, as is required in the end regions of the laying of the plates. The ring-shaped opening in combination with the radially running recesses on the lower side permits unhindered water drainage from the ring opening.

These and other objects will become more readily apparent from the following detailed description, reference being made to the accompanying drawing in which:

FIG. 1 is a top plan view of a first embodiment of the spacer disk;

FIG. 2 is a elevation view of the spacer disk of FIG.

FIG. 3 is a top plan view of the corner region of four plates arranged on a spacer disk; and

FIG. 4 is a perspective view of a plate corner with engaging spacer disk and a supporting disk shown in an exploded view.

The spacer disk of FIGS. 1 and 2 comprises substantially a disk 1, which is equipped at its upper side with raised portions or beads 2. For the laying of rectangular or square plates, each disk 1 has four raised portions 2. For the laying of hexagonal plates, the disk 1 must have three raised portions 2, whereby the raised portions 2 are distributed in a regular angular spacing on the upper side of the disk 1 there. On the bottom side of the disk 1 are, as can be recognized in FIG. 2, groove-like recesses 3 and 4, which serve for the drainage of water and also as separating joints for the division of the disks into segments for the laying of the edge of the floor covering.

As can be ascertained from FIG. 4, one corner 5 of a plate 6 lies on the disk 1 in such manner that the end faces 7 and 8 of the plate 6 come into engagement with two adjacent raised portions 2. The disk 1 is loosely laid on the subsurface, possibly with the aid of a supporting disk 9 to compensate for uneveness of the subsurface. The supporting disk a has a radially extending separating groove 10 passing through the center thereof.

It is should be apparent that the disks 1 are laid loosely on the subsurface. Also between the plate 6 and the disks 1 no rigid connection exists.

As shown in FIG. 3, the comers 5 of the plates 6 are positioned with their end faces 7 and 8 against adjacent rib-like portions 2 on the distance disk.

The system of the present invention has a number of advantages. The plates 6 are retained in a defined spacing from each other and from the subsurface. During the laying of the plates in the open air, water can be drained below the plates 6 undisturbed. Frost damage is avoided. A transfer of heat or tensions from the plates 6 to the subsurface is not possible to a detrimental extent.

The loose laying in the aforedescribed double manner has the advantage that individual plates 6 can be exchanged without any effort in case they become defective or their appearance has been damaged. Also the understructure is accessible completely in a simple manner, after the plates and the disks 1 are removed. This is required for a renewal or repair of the subsurface, for example of a roof skin.

During laying of the floor covering a particularly easy handling results, whereby a joint exactly corresponding with the width of the raised portions 2 is obtained and a flush positioning of the plates 6 is achieved.

The disk 1, consists preferably of a synthetic material which is aging resistant, weather resistant, and suitably oil resistant.

I claim:

1. A spacer for the laying of construction plates on a rigid base, comprising a spacer disk having an upper surface and a lower surface and formed with radially running raised portions arranged on said upper surface thereof and defining a joint width of said plates, said spacer disk being of ring form, having a center opening and being formed in said lower surface in a region thereof lying and following opposite to said raised portions, respectively, with two linearly running recesses extending across the width of said ring form.

2. The spacer defined in claim 1, wherein said recesses further constitute separation joints, for

separating said disk into segments.

3. The spacer defined in claim 2, wherein said disk is of elastic material for the purpose of sound proofing.

4. The spacer defined in claim 2, wherein said raised portions of said disk are radially extending ribs.

5. The spacer defined in claim 2, wherein said disk is formed as a circular ring.

6. The spacer defined in claim 2, wherein said recesses extend radially in said disk.

7. The spacer defined in claim 6, wherein a pair of said recesses in said lower surface of said disk are disposed on both sides of each of the corresponding raised portions on the upper surface of said disk.

8. A spacer disk and support disc combination for laying of construction plates on a rigid base, comprising a spacer disk having an upper surface and a lower surface and formed with radially running raised portions arranged on said upper surface thereof and defining a joint width of said plates,

said distance disk being of ring form, having a center opening and forming in said lower surface in a region thereof lying and following opposite to said raised portions, respectively, two linearly running recesses extending across the width of said ring form, and

a support disk,

said lower surface of said distance disk being laid on said support disk.

Claims (8)

1. A spacer for the laying of construction plates on a rigid base, comprising a spacer disk having an upper surface and a lower surface and formed with radially running raised portions arranged on said upper surface thereof and defining a joint width of said plates, said spacer disk being of ring form, having a center opening and being formed in said lower surface in a region thereof lying and fOllowing opposite to said raised portions, respectively, with two linearly running recesses extending across the width of said ring form.
2. The spacer defined in claim 1, wherein said recesses further constitute separation joints, for separating said disk into segments.
3. The spacer defined in claim 2, wherein said disk is of elastic material for the purpose of sound proofing.
4. The spacer defined in claim 2, wherein said raised portions of said disk are radially extending ribs.
5. The spacer defined in claim 2, wherein said disk is formed as a circular ring.
6. The spacer defined in claim 2, wherein said recesses extend radially in said disk.
7. The spacer defined in claim 6, wherein a pair of said recesses in said lower surface of said disk are disposed on both sides of each of the corresponding raised portions on the upper surface of said disk.
8. A spacer disk and support disc combination for laying of construction plates on a rigid base, comprising a spacer disk having an upper surface and a lower surface and formed with radially running raised portions arranged on said upper surface thereof and defining a joint width of said plates, said distance disk being of ring form, having a center opening and forming in said lower surface in a region thereof lying and following opposite to said raised portions, respectively, two linearly running recesses extending across the width of said ring form, and a support disk, said lower surface of said distance disk being laid on said support disk.
US403627A 1970-07-10 1973-10-04 Spacer disk for the production of a floor covering Expired - Lifetime US3861098A (en)

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DE19702034331 DE2034331A1 (en) 1970-07-10 1970-07-10
US16059771A true 1971-07-08 1971-07-08
US403627A US3861098A (en) 1970-07-10 1973-10-04 Spacer disk for the production of a floor covering

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Cited By (38)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4024683A (en) * 1974-09-16 1977-05-24 Irle Deuz Gmbh Fixing clamp for laying wall tiles
US4570397A (en) * 1984-02-22 1986-02-18 Creske Edward J Adjustable pedestal
US4749302A (en) * 1983-05-16 1988-06-07 Declute Robert G Spacing pad
US4835924A (en) * 1986-12-17 1989-06-06 Tate Acess Floors Self-gridding flooring system
AU609941B2 (en) * 1989-02-01 1991-05-09 Tate Access Floors, Inc. Self-gridding flooring system
WO2001012918A1 (en) * 1999-08-17 2001-02-22 Team Innovation Ltd. Spacing of tiles
US6520471B2 (en) * 2001-03-01 2003-02-18 Appian Construction, Inc. Pedestal support for an elevated paver deck assembly
US6625951B1 (en) * 2001-12-10 2003-09-30 Mccarthy Lawrence Floor laying and leveling system
US6702515B1 (en) * 1999-06-23 2004-03-09 Excellent Systems A/S Corner support element for paving slabs
EP1577460A2 (en) 2004-03-16 2005-09-21 Ian Bevis Cushioned tile spacer system
US20050232696A1 (en) * 2004-04-19 2005-10-20 Cheung Woon T System for supporting and leveling paving stones
US20050284082A1 (en) * 2004-06-28 2005-12-29 Smith Brent A Deck system
US7140156B1 (en) * 2002-09-25 2006-11-28 Dlh Nordisk, Inc. System for installation of decking tiles
US20070186498A1 (en) * 2003-09-05 2007-08-16 Claude Buzon Floor
US20090217618A1 (en) * 2008-02-29 2009-09-03 Structural Components Llc Systems and methods for in-line base plate termination in monopole structures
US20090266010A1 (en) * 2008-04-29 2009-10-29 Lomske Steven G Modular panel
US20100064609A1 (en) * 2006-01-31 2010-03-18 Busby David M Outdoor flooring, deck and patio surface system and method
US20110146200A1 (en) * 2009-12-17 2011-06-23 Dang Tuan N Tile leveling process and apparatus
US20110214368A1 (en) * 2010-03-03 2011-09-08 Haddock Robert M M Photovoltaic module mounting assembly
US20110232208A1 (en) * 2010-03-26 2011-09-29 Ramin Tabibnia Apparatus for Establishing a Paver over a Subsurface
US20120168592A1 (en) * 2011-01-04 2012-07-05 Applan Way Sales Inc. Perimeter Pedestals
DE102011012023A1 (en) * 2011-01-05 2012-07-05 hülsta-werke Hüls GmbH & Co KG Connection element for connecting e.g. floor linings in indoor area, has fastening sections formed in adjacent components for engagement in recesses closed to side surfaces and adapted to cross-sections of fastening sections
FR2984379A1 (en) * 2011-12-14 2013-06-21 Cassiux Ankle for binding blade with support for realizing e.g. terrace, has groove defined between point of surface uncontained in edge face and another point contained in edge face such that groove leads to edge face
US8607468B2 (en) * 2009-09-30 2013-12-17 Wolfgang Hillebrandt Laying aid for tiles
US20150053835A1 (en) * 2012-04-04 2015-02-26 Elmich Pte Ltd Chock for paver support
CN104603377A (en) * 2012-09-07 2015-05-06 赫尔曼斯·博阿达股份有限公司 Tile separator
USD733528S1 (en) * 2012-05-10 2015-07-07 Elmich Pte. Ltd. Spacer for pavers
US9166522B1 (en) * 2013-12-19 2015-10-20 Jason Zvanut Solar panel mounting assembly
US9350289B1 (en) * 2013-12-19 2016-05-24 MAJI Enterprises, Inc Solar panel mounting assembly
US20170009465A1 (en) * 2011-11-15 2017-01-12 New Standards Manufacturing Co. System and method for aligning and leveling tile
US9879385B2 (en) 2010-03-26 2018-01-30 Ramin Tabibnia Apparatus and related methods of paving a subsurface
US10267038B2 (en) 2015-09-03 2019-04-23 Awi Licensing Llc Ceiling system
US20190292797A1 (en) * 2018-03-26 2019-09-26 Liviu Leuciuc Tile spacer and wedge tool
US10443896B2 (en) 2016-07-29 2019-10-15 Rmh Tech Llc Trapezoidal rib mounting bracket with flexible legs
USD870535S1 (en) * 2017-10-17 2019-12-24 Inpro Corporation Mounting plate
US10634175B2 (en) 2011-12-29 2020-04-28 Rmh Tech Llc Mounting device for nail strip panels
US10640980B2 (en) 2016-10-31 2020-05-05 Rmh Tech Llc Metal panel electrical bonding clip
USD892598S1 (en) * 2017-10-17 2020-08-11 Inpro Corporation Wall plate

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US2891492A (en) * 1956-08-03 1959-06-23 Gerosa Anthony Waterproof covering for flat roofs and other flat surfaces
US2933850A (en) * 1957-11-04 1960-04-26 Martin Robert Manatt Furniture leg build up
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US2891492A (en) * 1956-08-03 1959-06-23 Gerosa Anthony Waterproof covering for flat roofs and other flat surfaces
US2933850A (en) * 1957-11-04 1960-04-26 Martin Robert Manatt Furniture leg build up
US3318057A (en) * 1964-03-24 1967-05-09 Robertson Co H H Pedestal floor construction
US3363375A (en) * 1964-10-30 1968-01-16 Robertson Co H H Reinforced concrete cavity floor construction

Cited By (58)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4024683A (en) * 1974-09-16 1977-05-24 Irle Deuz Gmbh Fixing clamp for laying wall tiles
US4749302A (en) * 1983-05-16 1988-06-07 Declute Robert G Spacing pad
US4570397A (en) * 1984-02-22 1986-02-18 Creske Edward J Adjustable pedestal
US4835924A (en) * 1986-12-17 1989-06-06 Tate Acess Floors Self-gridding flooring system
AU609941B2 (en) * 1989-02-01 1991-05-09 Tate Access Floors, Inc. Self-gridding flooring system
US6702515B1 (en) * 1999-06-23 2004-03-09 Excellent Systems A/S Corner support element for paving slabs
WO2001012918A1 (en) * 1999-08-17 2001-02-22 Team Innovation Ltd. Spacing of tiles
US6520471B2 (en) * 2001-03-01 2003-02-18 Appian Construction, Inc. Pedestal support for an elevated paver deck assembly
US6625951B1 (en) * 2001-12-10 2003-09-30 Mccarthy Lawrence Floor laying and leveling system
US7140156B1 (en) * 2002-09-25 2006-11-28 Dlh Nordisk, Inc. System for installation of decking tiles
US20070186498A1 (en) * 2003-09-05 2007-08-16 Claude Buzon Floor
EP1577460A2 (en) 2004-03-16 2005-09-21 Ian Bevis Cushioned tile spacer system
GB2412122A (en) * 2004-03-16 2005-09-21 Ian Bevis Cushioned spacer for laying ceramic floor tiles
US20050232696A1 (en) * 2004-04-19 2005-10-20 Cheung Woon T System for supporting and leveling paving stones
US20050284082A1 (en) * 2004-06-28 2005-12-29 Smith Brent A Deck system
US20100064609A1 (en) * 2006-01-31 2010-03-18 Busby David M Outdoor flooring, deck and patio surface system and method
US20090217618A1 (en) * 2008-02-29 2009-09-03 Structural Components Llc Systems and methods for in-line base plate termination in monopole structures
US7694476B2 (en) 2008-02-29 2010-04-13 Structural Components Llc Systems and methods for in-line base plate termination in monopole structures
US20090266010A1 (en) * 2008-04-29 2009-10-29 Lomske Steven G Modular panel
US8726612B2 (en) 2008-04-29 2014-05-20 Steven G. Lomske Modular panel
US8607468B2 (en) * 2009-09-30 2013-12-17 Wolfgang Hillebrandt Laying aid for tiles
US8950079B2 (en) * 2009-09-30 2015-02-10 Wolfgang Hillebrandt Laying aid for tiles
US20140069051A1 (en) * 2009-09-30 2014-03-13 Wolfgang Hillebrandt Laying aid for tiles
US20110146200A1 (en) * 2009-12-17 2011-06-23 Dang Tuan N Tile leveling process and apparatus
US8166726B2 (en) * 2009-12-17 2012-05-01 Dang Tuan N Tile leveling process and apparatus
US10054336B2 (en) 2010-03-03 2018-08-21 Robert M. M. Haddock Photovoltaic module mounting assembly
US9920958B2 (en) 2010-03-03 2018-03-20 Robert M. M. Haddock Photovoltaic module mounting assembly
US20110214366A1 (en) * 2010-03-03 2011-09-08 Haddock Robert M M Photovoltaic module mounting assembly
US20110214368A1 (en) * 2010-03-03 2011-09-08 Haddock Robert M M Photovoltaic module mounting assembly
US10502457B2 (en) 2010-03-03 2019-12-10 Robert M. M. Haddock Photovoltaic module mounting assembly
US8627617B2 (en) * 2010-03-03 2014-01-14 Robert M. M. Haddock Photovoltaic module mounting assembly
US20110214367A1 (en) * 2010-03-03 2011-09-08 Haddock Robert M M Photovoltaic module mounting assembly
US9879385B2 (en) 2010-03-26 2018-01-30 Ramin Tabibnia Apparatus and related methods of paving a subsurface
US20110232208A1 (en) * 2010-03-26 2011-09-29 Ramin Tabibnia Apparatus for Establishing a Paver over a Subsurface
US8453391B2 (en) * 2010-03-26 2013-06-04 Ramin Tabibnia Apparatus for establishing a paver over a subsurface
US10415191B2 (en) 2010-03-26 2019-09-17 Ramin Tabibnia Plant tray
US20120168592A1 (en) * 2011-01-04 2012-07-05 Applan Way Sales Inc. Perimeter Pedestals
US8671635B2 (en) * 2011-01-04 2014-03-18 Nigel Jones Perimeter pedestals
DE102011012023A1 (en) * 2011-01-05 2012-07-05 hülsta-werke Hüls GmbH & Co KG Connection element for connecting e.g. floor linings in indoor area, has fastening sections formed in adjacent components for engagement in recesses closed to side surfaces and adapted to cross-sections of fastening sections
US20170009465A1 (en) * 2011-11-15 2017-01-12 New Standards Manufacturing Co. System and method for aligning and leveling tile
US10648181B2 (en) * 2011-11-15 2020-05-12 New Standards Manufacturing Co. System and method for aligning and leveling tile
FR2984379A1 (en) * 2011-12-14 2013-06-21 Cassiux Ankle for binding blade with support for realizing e.g. terrace, has groove defined between point of surface uncontained in edge face and another point contained in edge face such that groove leads to edge face
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