US353105A - Lewis b - Google Patents

Lewis b Download PDF

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US353105A
US353105A US353105DA US353105A US 353105 A US353105 A US 353105A US 353105D A US353105D A US 353105DA US 353105 A US353105 A US 353105A
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Prior art keywords
pipe
retort
steam
tank
residuum
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24HFLUID HEATERS, e.g. WATER OR AIR HEATERS, HAVING HEAT-GENERATING MEANS, e.g. HEAT PUMPS, IN GENERAL
    • F24H1/00Water heaters, e.g. boilers, continuous-flow heaters or water-storage heaters
    • F24H1/18Water-storage heaters
    • F24H1/186Water-storage heaters using fluid fuel
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23CMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR COMBUSTION USING FLUID FUEL OR SOLID FUEL SUSPENDED IN  A CARRIER GAS OR AIR 
    • F23C99/00Subject-matter not provided for in other groups of this subclass

Definitions

  • This invention relates to that class of hydrocarbon-burners used in burning crude petroleum and other hydrocarbons as fuel, especially for steam-boilers.
  • the object of my invention is to avoid undue overheating of parts of the burner, thereby preventing leakage and loss of material when the heated parts contract.
  • the invention consists in the construction of parts and details, and combinations of the same, as will be fully set forth hereinafter.
  • the boiler A is provided with a fire chamber or box, B, from which the flues or water tubes extend upward in the usual manner.
  • a pipe, D having a valve, D, extends downward into the fire-chamber B, and terminates in a flowing nozzle or spout, E.
  • the bottom of the tank or retort O is tapered, and provided with an outletpipe, F, having a cock, F, and below the pipe F a tank, G, is placed, from the bottom of which an outlet-pipe, H, projects, which has a cock, H, and terminates in a nozzle, H
  • the tank or retort G is surrounded by a closed steam-box, J, connected with the boiler A by a pipe, K, having a cock, K.
  • the tank or retort O has a gagetube, L.
  • the pipe M provided with the valve M, is connected with the tank or retort O, and serves to conduct the crude petroleum or other hydrocarbon to be used as fuel from a tank or pump intothe retort.
  • the pipe N conducts steam to the nozzle H 0 is a pressure-gage connected with the retort G, and P is a pressure-gage connected with thebox J.
  • Q is a pressurevalve in the pipe D, and is connected by a rod, Q, with the arm R of a cock, R, in the pipe M.
  • the operation is as follows:
  • the steam in the box J evaporates the hydrocarbon in the retort G and converts it into gas, which passes through the pipe D to the nozzle E in the fire-box, and is ignited.
  • the pressure of gas in the retort 0 increases considerably, and is sufficient to raise the valve Q, whereby the valve R is opened.
  • the gaspressure forces some of the hydrocarbon in the tank 0 out through the pipe M, thus leaving more space for the gas and causing'a decrease of pressure.
  • the residuum from the hydrocarbon collects in the lower part of the retort G, and is drawn off into the tank or vessel G at suitable intervals.
  • the cock H in the pipe H and the cock N in the pipe N are opened.
  • the steam issuing from the end of the pipe N acts the same as the steam in an ejector or jet-pump, and converts the residuum issuing from the pipe H into spray, which can be burned and consumed under the boiler A or under any other boiler.
  • the residuum may be used to produce steam in the boiler A.
  • the steam produced in said boiler is used to produce gas, and the gas, which is not used, as the residuum gives sufiicient heat to produce the steam,
  • the gas need not necessarily be used in boilers, but may be used for various difierent purposes.
  • oil, or hotwater may be used for evaporating the oil.
  • the retort may be used with a steam-coil in it.

Description

.(No Model.)
L. B. WHITE.
HYDROOARBON BURNER.
No. 353,105. Patented Nov. 23, 1886.
WITNESSES 1 INVENTOR:
v 5 BY Mu WE ATTORNEYS.
n. PETERS. Pllclo-Lilhvgnphvn Washingtun. ac
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
LEWIS B. WHITE, OF NEW YORK, N. Y., ASSIGNOR TO LEOI\ ABBETT, OF
JERSEY CITY, NEW JERSEY.
HYDROC'ARBON-BURNER.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 353.105, dated November 23,1886.
(No model.)
T0 at whom, it may concern:
Be it known that I, LEwIs B. WHITE, of the city, county, and State of New York, have invented a new and Improved Hydrocarbon- Burner, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description.
This invention relates to that class of hydrocarbon-burners used in burning crude petroleum and other hydrocarbons as fuel, especially for steam-boilers.
The object of my invention is to avoid undue overheating of parts of the burner, thereby preventing leakage and loss of material when the heated parts contract.
The invention consists in the construction of parts and details, and combinations of the same, as will be fully set forth hereinafter.
Reference is to be had to the accompanying drawing, forming part of this specification, in which the figure is a longitudinal sectional View of a boiler provided with my improved hydrocarbon-burner.
.The boiler A is provided with a fire chamber or box, B, from which the flues or water tubes extend upward in the usual manner. From the top of a closed tank or retort, O, a pipe, D, having a valve, D, extends downward into the fire-chamber B, and terminates in a flowing nozzle or spout, E. The bottom of the tank or retort O is tapered, and provided with an outletpipe, F, having a cock, F, and below the pipe F a tank, G, is placed, from the bottom of which an outlet-pipe, H, projects, which has a cock, H, and terminates in a nozzle, H The tank or retort G is surrounded by a closed steam-box, J, connected with the boiler A by a pipe, K, having a cock, K. The tank or retort O has a gagetube, L. The pipe M, provided with the valve M, is connected with the tank or retort O, and serves to conduct the crude petroleum or other hydrocarbon to be used as fuel from a tank or pump intothe retort. The pipe N conducts steam to the nozzle H 0 is a pressure-gage connected with the retort G, and P is a pressure-gage connected with thebox J.
Q is a pressurevalve in the pipe D, and is connected by a rod, Q, with the arm R of a cock, R, in the pipe M.
The operation is as follows: The steam in the box J evaporates the hydrocarbon in the retort G and converts it into gas, which passes through the pipe D to the nozzle E in the fire-box, and is ignited.- I11 case the gas is not consumed as rapidly as it is produced, the pressure of gas in the retort 0 increases considerably, and is sufficient to raise the valve Q, whereby the valve R is opened. The gaspressure forces some of the hydrocarbon in the tank 0 out through the pipe M, thus leaving more space for the gas and causing'a decrease of pressure. The residuum from the hydrocarbon collects in the lower part of the retort G, and is drawn off into the tank or vessel G at suitable intervals. The cock H in the pipe H and the cock N in the pipe N are opened. The steam issuing from the end of the pipe N acts the same as the steam in an ejector or jet-pump, and converts the residuum issuing from the pipe H into spray, which can be burned and consumed under the boiler A or under any other boiler. For example, the residuum may be used to produce steam in the boiler A. The steam produced in said boiler is used to produce gas, and the gas, which is not used, as the residuum gives sufiicient heat to produce the steam,
is stored in a suitable gas-tank or gasometer forfuture use.
The gas need not necessarily be used in boilers, but may be used for various difierent purposes. oil, or hotwater may be used for evaporating the oil.
If desired, the retort may be used with a steam-coil in it.
Having thus described myinvention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent. is I 1. The combination, with a boiler, of a steam jacket or box connected with the same, a retort in the same, a tank, and steamjet apparatus for converting the residuum from the retort into spray, substantially as herein shown and described.
In place of using steam, hot air, hot
2. The combination, with a steam-boi1er, of having a nozzle in its end, and a steam-pipe a steam jacket or box connected with the extending to the nozzle on the residuum-pipe, same, a retort in the jacket, a pipe extending substantially as herein shown and described. 10
from the retort to the fire-box of the boiler, LEYVIS B. \VHITE. 5 a pipe for withdrawing the residuum from Witnesses:
the retort, a tank for receiving the residuum, OSCAR F. GUNZ,
a pipe connected with the residuum-tank, and O. SEDGWIOK.
US353105D Lewis b Expired - Lifetime US353105A (en)

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