US3494297A - Mobile track maintenance machine - Google Patents

Mobile track maintenance machine Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3494297A
US3494297A US3494297DA US3494297A US 3494297 A US3494297 A US 3494297A US 3494297D A US3494297D A US 3494297DA US 3494297 A US3494297 A US 3494297A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
track
machine
means
tamping
ties
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Franz Plasser
Josef Theurer
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Franz Plasser Bahnbaumaschinen Industrie GmbH
Original Assignee
Franz Plasser Bahnbaumaschinen Industrie GmbH
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Family has litigation
Priority to AT1109964A priority Critical patent/AT282673B/en
Priority to AT1091565A priority patent/AT290603B/en
Priority to AT897266A priority patent/AT303793B/en
Application filed by Franz Plasser Bahnbaumaschinen Industrie GmbH filed Critical Franz Plasser Bahnbaumaschinen Industrie GmbH
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US3494297A publication Critical patent/US3494297A/en
First worldwide family litigation filed litigation Critical https://patents.darts-ip.com/?family=27151059&utm_source=google_patent&utm_medium=platform_link&utm_campaign=public_patent_search&patent=US3494297(A) "Global patent litigation dataset” by Darts-ip is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01BPERMANENT WAY; PERMANENT-WAY TOOLS; MACHINES FOR MAKING RAILWAYS OF ALL KINDS
    • E01B27/00Placing, renewing, working, cleaning, or taking-up the ballast, with or without concurrent work on the track; Devices therefor; Packing sleepers
    • E01B27/12Packing sleepers, with or without concurrent work on the track; Compacting track-carrying ballast
    • E01B27/13Packing sleepers, with or without concurrent work on the track
    • E01B27/16Sleeper-tamping machines
    • E01B27/17Sleeper-tamping machines combined with means for lifting, levelling or slewing the track
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01BPERMANENT WAY; PERMANENT-WAY TOOLS; MACHINES FOR MAKING RAILWAYS OF ALL KINDS
    • E01B27/00Placing, renewing, working, cleaning, or taking-up the ballast, with or without concurrent work on the track; Devices therefor; Packing sleepers
    • E01B27/12Packing sleepers, with or without concurrent work on the track; Compacting track-carrying ballast
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01BPERMANENT WAY; PERMANENT-WAY TOOLS; MACHINES FOR MAKING RAILWAYS OF ALL KINDS
    • E01B2203/00Devices for working the railway-superstructure
    • E01B2203/08Levelling ballast or ground beneath
    • E01B2203/086Rotating brooms
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01BPERMANENT WAY; PERMANENT-WAY TOOLS; MACHINES FOR MAKING RAILWAYS OF ALL KINDS
    • E01B2203/00Devices for working the railway-superstructure
    • E01B2203/10Track-lifting or-lining devices or methods
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01BPERMANENT WAY; PERMANENT-WAY TOOLS; MACHINES FOR MAKING RAILWAYS OF ALL KINDS
    • E01B2203/00Devices for working the railway-superstructure
    • E01B2203/12Tamping devices
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01BPERMANENT WAY; PERMANENT-WAY TOOLS; MACHINES FOR MAKING RAILWAYS OF ALL KINDS
    • E01B2203/00Devices for working the railway-superstructure
    • E01B2203/12Tamping devices
    • E01B2203/127Tamping devices vibrating the track surface
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01BPERMANENT WAY; PERMANENT-WAY TOOLS; MACHINES FOR MAKING RAILWAYS OF ALL KINDS
    • E01B2203/00Devices for working the railway-superstructure
    • E01B2203/16Guiding or measuring means, e.g. for alignment, canting, stepwise propagation

Description

Feb. 10, 1970 F. PLASSER E A .MOBILE TRACK-MAINTENANCE MACHINE Original Filed Oct. 18, 1965 6 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTORS.

m M F /N Feb. 10, 1970 F. PLASSER ET m.

MOBILE TRACK MAINTENANCE MACHINE Original Filed Oct. 18, 196;

6 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTORS.

RAm. @mssm :rosr: Tueueee KwW-KM Feb. 10, 1970 F. PLASSER ET A 3, 9

MOBILE TRACK MAINTENANCE MACHINE Original Filed Oct. 18, 1965 e Sheets-Sheet s M ....i....I.I+I gm m;:.; ,-;:1 1:q TIE-=5 "1 v 1' 1E9J8m 6 2 3 I N VEN TORS Feb. 10, 1970 F. PLASSEIR ETAL I 3,494,297

MOBILE TRACK MAINTENANCE MACHINE Original Filed on. 18, 196i e Sheets-Sheet 4 INVENTORS y 3056C THC-Mam Jim W Feb. 1 0, 1970 F. PLASSER ET AL MOBILE TRACK MAINTENANCE MACHINE Original Filed Oct. 18, 1965 6 Sheets-Sheet 5 .R% f M n mum N M 6 W I. H mpf 5M 3m wow wow 45 am 8m 6w RM. SN 8 m M Fd Nu an K x N i .i y V y E fl f nk a Q F. 5 4 JIQILIIIT. -A J .1 11 H H mo. Mm v m md N vow x m m fl m w aw Rm 2 w K QN I t mm mom H NON 9N Feb. 10,1970 F. PLAS S ER ET I 3,494,297

MOBILE TRACK MAINTENANCE MACHINE Original Filed Oct. 18, 1965 6 Sheets-Sheet 6 INVENTORS. FRANZ m BY TosF fl-Q'EUKRHQ {wk mm United States Patent O US. Cl. 1047 19 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A mobile track grading and lining machine with a bridge-like carriage frame whose two ends are supported on trucks. Tampers and preferably track linings devices are mounted on the carriage frame between the tracks. The tampers can be centered in relation to the track axis.

CROSS REFERENCES This is a continuation of our copending applications Ser. No. 497,288, filed Oct. 18, 1965, and Ser. No. 599,077, filed Dec. 5, 1966, both abandoned.

BACKGROUND AND SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention relates to a mobile track grading, lining and tamping machine used in the maintenance of railroad tracks.

Machines of this general type have become well known and widely used, and more recently, we have developed such machines with a plurality of tamping tool assemblies spaced along the direction of track elongation for simultaneously tamping a succession of similarly spaced ties in a single operational stage. While such machines greatly increase tamping efficiency, problems have arisen in avoiding excessive weight and commensurate pressure on the machine axles, as well as in the mounting of the heavy, vertically adjustable tamping tool carriers.

In one aspect of this invention, we provide a track liner wherein means for laterally aligning the track is mounted on the machine intermediate its front and rear trucks. According to another aspect of the invention, a variety of track surfacing and maintenance tools are mounted on a bridge-like carriage frame whose two ends are supported on trucks for movement on the track, including a preferably vertically adjustable carrier for a plurality of tamping tool assemblies spaced along the track elongation for simultaneously and efficiently tamping a succession of similarly spaced ties.

In one embodiment of the invention, two like machine frames are turned towards each other with their open front ends and are pivotally coupled together to form the bridge-like carriage frame on which the track maintenance tools are mounted centrally of the swivel trucks which support the machine on the track. In this embodiment, the two forwardly extending machine frame portions bridge over the track section on which work is done and this construction makes it possible to extend this section over many ties to be covered in a single operational stage, i.e. to level and/or line a comparatively long track section and simultaneously to tamp the leveled and/or lined ties in this one operation.

In another embodiment, the tamping tool carrier is centrally mounted on a bridge-like carriage frame whose two ends are supported on the track on swivel trucks. Such a frame may be sturdy enough for the tamping ice tool carrier to be suspended thereon, for instance by hydraulic motors which also serve to adjust the carrier vertically in relation to the track and which may be independently supported on trucks running on the track. In this manner, the track section between the frame ends remains free of interfering support element and may be taken up entirely by track maintenance tools.

With the track aligning means located intermediate the front and rear trucks, the entire heavy weight of the tamping and lining machine, which rests on the trucks, is transmitted to the track below the machine so that the previously graded and tamped track is held down firmly and prevented from assuming a wrong grade again during lateral alignment. Also, this location of the track aligning means makes it possible most fully and efiiciently to use the entire length of the machine for the mounting of various operating devices so that the machine can be used for grading, aligning and tamping, such devices including a plurality of tamping tool assemblies, means for compacting ballast in the strips extending laterally of the track, and reference lines in relation to which the track is leveled and/or laterally aligned.

It is a primary object of this invention to resurface, i.e. laterally align and/or grade, tracks speedily and efificiently by so arranging the track aligning, grading and tamping means as to correct the track position and fix the track in the corrected position in a minimum of time.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWING The above and other objects, advantages and features of the present invention will become more apparent from the following detailed description of certain illustrative embodiments thereof, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawing wherein FIG. 1 is a schematic side view of one embodiment of a mobile track tamping, grading and lining machine according to the invention;

FIG. 2 is a top view of FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a schematic side view of a modified machine;

FIG. 4 is a schematic side view of yet another modification;

FIGS. 5 and 6 illustrate two further modifications of the machine, together with the sequence of tamping operations indicated in the schemes below the tracks;

FIG. 7 schematically shows still another embodiment of a machine according to this invention in side view;

FIG. 8 is a top view of FIG. 9;

FIG. 9 is a partial top view showing this machine in a track curve;

FIG. 10 shows a detail of the machine of FIGS. 7 and 8;

FIG. 11 is a schematic side view of another mobile track tamping and lining machine according to the invention;

FIG. 12 is a top view, taken along line XII-XII, of FIG. 11;

FIG. 13 is a fragmentary side view showing a modification of the track leveling or grading means in more detail; and

FIGS. 14a, 14b and are sections along line XIVXIV of FIG. 12 and show various modifications of means for tamping the ballast laterally outside the track.

DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS between respective ends of the machine frames. Each end of the carriage frame is supported on the rails 3, 3 of the track for mobility thereon on at least one carriage axle or truck. Each carriage axle or truck includes railengaging wheels 2 and 2', respectively, and the track rails rest on ties 4 which are tamped by the machine to fix the track in its corrected position.

At least one tamping tool carrier 6 is vertically adjustably mounted on the bridge-like carriage frame, each carrier being vertically movable along posts 7 which support the carrier in the carriage frame, and each carrier holding a plurality of tamping tool assemblies 5. Track lining and/or grading means is also mounted on the bridge-like carriage frame, the schematically illustrated track position correcting means including a hydraulic jack with a cylinder 8, a vertically movable piston 9 and a track gripping means 10 connected to the piston for movement thereby. The track correcting means may be entirely conventional, as may be the track grading and/ or lining system including reference line 11, in relation to which the track is graded or leveled. One of the ends 13, 13 of the reference line may consist of a sender and receiver, respectively, of suitable electromagnetic radiation, if the reference line is a beam, such sender or receiver being mounted on a bogie 12, 12 arranged on the track in advance of the machine and coupled to the machine by spacing rods 14, 14 or the like. The other reference line end 13', 13 extends to a sending or receiving station on the machine.

Referring more particularly to the embodiment of FIGS. 1 and 2, the lateral lining of the track is controlled by reference lines 15, 16. Bogies 17, 17' are moved into position at a desired distance from the machine to hold one of the ends of the reference lines. In the illustrated lining system, the two reference lines 15, 16 extend from the ends of a track section to be lined to a point of intersection 18 which also is a fulcrum for the pivotal coupling of the two machine frames 1, 1. As appears from FIG. 2, the reference line 16 extends from bogie 17 to the pivot. Each of the reference lines runs through a respective reference point 19, 20 intermediate the ends of the track section to be lined, reference point 19 lying in a previously corrected portion of the track section While reference 20 lies in a track section portion to be lined. At this point, the track is laterally moved until the ratio of the distance of the point of intersection 18 of the two reference lines from the starting point 17 of the track section to the distance of point 18 to reference point 20 is the same as that of the distance between point 18 and point 12 to the distance between point 18 and reference point 19. This curve lining method is more fully described and claimed in U.S. Patent No. 3,292,557, dated Dec. 20, 1966.

A machine of this type may be constructed symmetrically in relation to the center or coupling point of the bridge-like carriage frame so that it may be operated along the track in either direction, as indicated by the arrows.

The tamping tool assemblies are so arranged on this machine that four immediately adjacent ties may be tamped simultaneously, each of the machine frames 1, 1' holding a pair of tamping tool assemblies in a manner more fully described and claimed in our copending Patents Nos. 3,357,366 and 3,372,651. Track tramping methods which may be practiced with such a tamping tool assembly arrangement are more fully described and claimed in our copending application Ser. No. 536,380, filed Mar. 22, 1966 and abandoned in favor of continuation application Ser. No. 678,158, filed Oct. 23, 1967. The track position correcting means are mounted on each machine frame 1, 1' between the tamping tool assemblies and the carriage axle.

The general operation of the track tamping assemblies may be entirely conventional, as disclosed, for instance, in our U.S. Patents Nos. 3,357,366 and 3,372,651, and the track grading and lining means may also take any suitable form, including such lining means as disclosed in U.S. Patents Nos. 2,966,123 and 3,000,099, and track grading or leveling means as shown in U.S. Patents Nos. 2,847,943, 2,869,476, 2,962,979, 3,041,982 or 3,119,346. Those skilled in the art of track tamping, lining and leveling will readily select any suitable tamping, lining and grading means and systems useful for their purpose, and the present invention is not concerned with the specific structure of such means, except as combined with the positioning of such means as herein disclosed.

The modified machine of FIG. 3 differs from the previously described embodiment in that it comprises a sole track lifting means 8, 9, 10.

The modified machine of FIG. 4 differs from that of FIG. 3 only in that the track gripping means 10 includes two track clamping devices which are spaced from each other along the longitudinal extension of the track and which, in a known manner, include rollers glidingly engaging the rails so that the clamping devices may remain engaged with the track rails while the machine moves therealong. Those skilled in this art will select that construction of the track gripping means, which is most useful in the particular machine and meets its space requirements.

In the embodiments of the machine shown in FIGS. 5 and 6, each tamping tool carrier 6 holds two tamping tool assemblies for simultaneously tamping a total of four ties. However, the distance between the tamping tool carriers is such that a pair of ties intermediate the pairs of ties being tamped remains untamped (see FIG. 5). As schematically shown in FIG. 5, the machine is alternately advanced by a distance of six and two ties so that the two ties, which remain untamped in each tamping stage, are subsequently tamped.

In the modification of FIG. 6, the distance between the tamping tool carriers is increased so that four ties intermediate the pairs of ties being tamped remain untamped, two track lifting means being mounted in the space between the tamping tool carriers. With this machine, a first pair of ties, which remained untamped in the preceding tamping operation stage, is tamped in an immediately succeeding stage during which a further pair of ties in advance of the previously tamped ties is also tamped. In a third tamping operation stage, the other pair of previously untamped ties is tamped simultaneously with an additional pair of ties in advance of the lastnamed pair of ties. As indicated in the scheme accompanying FIG. 6, the machine is advanced by a distance of four ties from one tamping stage to the next.

Another embodiment of a mobile track maintenance machine according to the present invention is shown in FIGS. 7-10. In this machine, the ends of the bridgelike carriage frame 101 are supported on swivel trucks 102, 102. A tamping tool carrier 106 is mounted on the carriage frame substantially centrally of the swivel trucks, and holds the schematically shown plurality of tamping tool assemblies 105 designed simultaneously to tamp a like plurality of ties 104 Whereon the track rails 103, 103 rest. A pair of hydraulic motors 106' vertically adjustably mount the tamping tool carrier on the bridge-like carriage frame, each hydraulic motor being independently supported on the track by auxiliary trucks 106" which run on the track. The carrier 106 has track gripping means 110 within the range of the auxiliary trucks to enable the track to be lifted with the carrier.

Similar to a trailer, the frame 134 of a track liner is pivotally coupled to the rear truck 102 with a king pin or like pivot joint 134'. The frame 134 carries not only track lining tools 135 but also surface tampers 136 and ballast cleaning devices 137 which may consist of rotary brooms.

Grading or leveling of the track is controlled by reference line 111 extending from a front bogie 112 carrying sender 113 to a receiver 113' positioned in the carriage frame 101 rearwardly of the tamping tool assemblies and supported directly on one of the track rails. Such a grading control system is well known and includes a stop 121 carried by two spaced rods 122, 123 which rest directly on the track so that the stop moves upwardly together with the track when the later is raised. The two stop support rods 122, 123 are arranged adjacent the respective ends of tamping tool carrier 106.

A remote control cable 112 connects the front bogie 112 to the operating console of the machine. Furthermore, the front bogie also carries additional senders 125 emitting beams constituting additional reference lines 124 extending to receivers 126 mounted on the track liner. The reference lines 124 serve primarily for lining the track in straight track sections, these reference lines cooperating with laterally movable stops 127 mounted in the range of track lining tools 135 on frame 134.

In curved track sections, lining is controlled by reference lines 128 and 129 constituting, respectively, a long and short chord. The long chord 128 extends from the front truck 102 of the bridge-like carriage frame 101 through the lining point R, at which the lining tools 135 operate, and the measuring point M, at which the ordinates of the long and short chords are compared, to the rear bogie 130 which follows the track liner on the track section to be lined. This rear bogie is coupled to the track liner frame 134 by means of rods 131. The short chord 129 extends only from the lining point R through the measuring point M to bogie 130. The track 103 is laterally moved by the track lining tools 135 until the ordinates of the chords 128 and 129 at point M have relative lengths determined by the ratio of the chord lengths.

The schematic showing of FIG. 9 illustrates clearly to what extent the tamping tool carrier 106 must be moved laterally in curved track sections to assure that the tamping tool assemblies are properly associated with the respective track rails. This figure also shows the advantage of using swivel trucks for supporting the ends of bridge-like carriage frame 101 on the track.

Various means may be used to make the tamping tool carrier laterally adjustable in relation to the carriage frame. In the structure illustrated in FIG. 10, the cylinder of one of the hydraulic motors 106 is linked to a roller 132 which runs on a guide rail 133 extending transversely of the track and mounted on carriage frame 101.

When the machine travels to and from an operating station, the tamping tool carrier may be lifted out of contact with the track and the front bogie may be stored readily on the carriage frame 101. Furthermore, the two independent hydraulic motors 106, 106 have the advantage that the track may be lifted to different levels at spaced points. Such an arrangement makes it possible to level a relatively long track section accurately, particularly when the control stop 121 is carried by two similarly spaced support rods 122, 123.

In FIGS, lll4, like reference numerals designate like parts in all figures, all means and mechanisms which are conventional being schematically shown only sufficiently to illustrate their mutual cooperation and/or positioning on the machine.

Machine frame 201 is shown to be supported by front and rear axles or trucks 202 and 203 for movement on the track in the direction of the track elongation indicated by the arrows in full and broken lines. The arrow in full lines indicates the working direction of the illustrated machine. If, as will be more fully described hereinafter, the operating means of the machine are arranged thereon, in pairs symmetrically in respect of the machine midpoint in a manner, for instance, more fully disclosed and claimed in our copending application Ser. No. 438,907, filed Mar. 11, 1965, and abandoned in favor of continuation application Ser. No. 733,206, filed May 6, 1968, the machine may be operated in either direction, as indicated by the two-headed arrow in broken lines.

While single front and rear axles are illustrated herein for sake of simplicity, it will be understood that such axles may form parts of trucks supporting the machine frame.

The machine carries two tamping tool assemblies 204 and 205 of generally conventional structure and mounted on the machine frame forwardly (in respect of the indicated operating direction of the machine) of the aligning means between front axle 203 and track aligning means 207. The illustrated tamping means is movable in unison along guide bar 206 extending in the direction of the track elongation, the schematically illustrated arrangement of the two tamping tool assemblies being more fully disclosed and claimed in our Patent No. 3,380,395. 3,380,395.

The schematically shown means 207 for laterally align ing the track may take any suitable or conventional form, the illustrated embodiment including a pair of pressure elements engaging each of the rails 208 and being affixed to hydraulically operable arms operable to exert a lateral pressure on either of the rails to move the track laterally in response to the exerted pressure, As clearly shown, the track aligning means 207 is mounted on the machine intermediate the front and rear axles, with the tamping means being arranged forwardly thereof. If the machine were to be operable in both directions, a track aligning means would be mounted symmetrically on either side of the tamping means, axle 202 becoming the front axle and axle 203 the rear axle.

A track lifting means 209 is also schematically shown and may take any suitabe or conventional form, this means being positioned in accordance with the invention forwardly of the front axle 203. The illustrated embodiment is a hydraulic jack including cylinder 210 vertically movably supporting a shoe 212 engaging the surface 211 of the ballast or road bed, magnetic or mechanical rail clamping means cooperating with the shoe to lift the track.

According to one feature of the invention, the machine also carries means 213 for compacting the ballast laterally adjacent the track, more particularly in the two ballast strips alongside the track beyond the ends of the track ties 223. As more clearly but schematically shown in FIGS. 14a, 14b and 140, such ballast compacting means preferably include vibrating tampers 214, 214' engaging respective surfaces of the ballast, along the horiontal strip adjacent the tie ends (FIG. 14a), along the horizontal strip as well as the inclined shoulder of the ballast bed (FIG. 14b) or along the horizontal strips of the ballast bed extending between two adjacent tracks (FIG. 140).

As is conventional in track lining and leveling ma chines, the track position is corrected, i.e, the lateral alignment and the grade of the track is determined, in relation to reference or datum lines constituted by a light, radar, infrared or ultraviolet ray, for instance, any suitable beam of electromagnetic radiation being useful, a sighting line or a tension wire, the invention not being concerned with the specific nature of the reference line.

The reference line 215 in relation to which the track is graded or leveled has its rear end carried on a vertically adjustable support 216a while its front end is carried on front bogie 218 movable on the track ahead of the machine in a manner well known per se. The rear support includes a vertically adjustable rod journaled in the machine frame and running on rail 208 on a roller. The illustrated reference line is a beam of electromagnetic energy emanating from a sender (216 or 217) at one end and going to a receiver (216 or 217) at the other end, it being immaterial at what end the sender and receiver are positioned. As will be seen, the rear end of the reference line is located close to, and forwardly of, the rear axle (in the operating direction of the machine). A sighting board or stop 219 establishes the desired grade of the track when it contacts the reference line and thus I causes an interruption of the beam or otherwise energizes or de-energizes an electric circuit causing the track lifting to cease. Similarly to the mounting of the rear end of the reference line, the sighting board or stop is independently mounted on the machine frame by means of rod 21% running on the rail on a roller. Rod 219a is journaled in the machine frame for vertical movement in response to the track grade. Pairs of symmetrically ar ranged track grading means may be provided if the machine is to operate in either direction.

Another reference line 220 in relation to which the track is laterally aligned is constituted in the illustrated embodiment by a tension wire forming a chord of a circular arc to serve in any suitable or conventional lining system, the specific structure of such systems forming no part of the present invention. The ends of the reference wire are supported on front and rear carriages 221, 221 running on the track in unison with the machine and being coupled thereto by spacing rods 2.22. Preferably and as schematicallyy indicated by the double-headed arrows, the coupling rods 222 may be longitudinally adjusted so that the spacing between the carriages 222 and the machine frame 201 may be suitably changed. In the illustrated arrangement, lateral alignment is effected in a known manner with the aid of several chordal reference lines, requiring the provision of several pairs of wire end support carriages 21.

As shown in the modification of FIG. 13, the front bogie 218 may be combined with one of the carriages 221 into a single front support for the respective ends of grading reference line 215 and aligning reference line 222, this front carriage being coupled to the machine frame by a longitudinally adjustable spacing rod 22 to change the distance between the front carriage and the machine in any desired manner.

The illustrated arrangement of two or more tamping tool assemblies on the machine frame does not only have the advantage of permitting the simultaneous tamping of groups of two or more ties, as fully described and claimed in our above-mentioned Patent No. 3,380,395, but the increased length of the machine entailed by this arrangement is also advantageous because aligning reference lines 220 of sufllcient length may be accommodated in such a system with the end supports of the reference lines still coupled to the machine frame.

The illustrated tamping means arrangement greatly increases the efficiency of the machine since, in each successive operation, the track is leveled and/ or aligned and the corrected track is fixed in position by tamping groups of ties.

More than two tamping tool assemblies may be mounted on the machine frame, the number of assemblies being limited only by the acceptable length of the machine. If three tamping tool assemblies are used, a group of three ties may be tamped simultaneously in each operation, two of the three ties enclosing three other ties, and in each successive operation two ties are skipped whereby one of the other ties is enclosed by the two first ones of the previously tamped group of three ties, and a second one of the other ties is enclosed by the two last ones of the previously tamped group of three ties.

The operation of the machine will partly be obvious from the above description and will be summarized hereinafter:

When the machine of FIG. 11 reaches a track section to be resurfaced, it is stopped and the track lifting means 209 forwardly of the front axle is operated to level the track to the desired extent. The positioning of the track lifting means in relation to the front axle causes the latter to be lifted slightly with the track whereon it rests adjacent the lifting means. The leveled track section between the axles of the machine is now fixed at the desired grade by tamping and any necessary latreal alignment is effectuated by aligning means 107 positioned behind the tamping means. The lateral alignment proceeds at a point where the track remains substantially in contact with the ballast so that no errors in the previously fixed grade are caused by the alignment, the full Weight of the heavy machine resting on axles 202 and 203 to aid in downward pressure of the track against the tamped ballast. As the track is thus intermittently and progressively resurfaced section by section, the laterally operating ballast compacting means is operated to compact the ballast on each side of the track.

While the invention has been described and illustrated in connection with certain embodiments, it will be clearly understood that many modifications and variations may occur to those skilled in the art, particularly after benefiting from the present teaching, without departing from the spirit and scope of this invention.

We claim:

1. An improved mobile track maintenance machine arranged for movement on the track in the direction of track elongation and comprising a carriage frame having two ends, a front truck and a rear truck respectively supporting each carriage frame end for movement on the track, track tamping means and track grading means mounted on the carriage frame, the track grading means being constructed to lift the track and the tamping means being arranged to fix the track in the lifted position by tamping ballast under spaced ties supporting the track, and means for laterally aligning the track mounted on the carriage frame intermediate the trucks.

2. The mobile track maintenance machine of claim 1, further comprising a reference line for laterally aligning the track in relation thereto, another reference line for grading the track in relation thereto, and a front bogie movable on the track and supporting one of the ends of both reference lines.

3. The mobile track maintenance machine of claim 1, comprising pairs of said track aligning means, and further comprising pairs of said tamping means mounted on the frame forwardly of respective ones of said track aligning means in the direction of said trucks, and pairs of track lifting means mounted on the machine forwardly of the trucks, each of said pairs of means being symmetrically arranged on the machine in respect of a midpoint of the machine in the direction of the track elongation.

4. The mobile track maintenance machine of claim 1, further comprising means for compacting ballast laterally adjacent the track.

5. The mobile track maintenance machine of claim 1, wherein the tamping means is mounted on the carriage frame forwardly of the aligning means in the direction of the front truck, and the track grading means is mounted on the carriage frame forwardly of the front truck.

6. The mobile track maintenance machine of claim 1, further comprising a reference line forming a chord of a circular arc for laterally aligning the track in relation thereto, another reference line for grading the track in relation thereto, said other reference line having a forward and a rear end, a front bogie movable on the track and carrying the forward end of the reference line, and a vertically adjustable support mounted on the carriage frame carrying the rear end of the reference line, said vertically adjustable support being mounted forwardly of the rear truck.

7. A mobile track maintenance machine arranged for movement on a track in the direction of track elongation, the track including two rails mounted on ties, comprising a bridge-like carriage frame having two ends, a truck supporting each carriage frame end for movement on the track rails, a plurality of tamping tool assemblies spaced along the track elongation, each of said assemblies including a pair of vibratory tamping tools for tamping one of said ties and at least two of said assemblies being sufiiciently closely spaced for simultaneous tamping of a succession of similarly spaced ties, at 'least one common carrier for at least two of said spaced tamping tool assemblies, means for vertically ad-justably mounting the carrier or carriers on the carriage frame intermediate said ends, and means for vertically aligning the tamping tool assemblies with respective ones of the track rails in curved track sections.

8. The mobile track maintenance machine of claim 7, wherein the trucks are swivel trucks pivotal in respect of the carriage frame about an axis extending perpendicularly to the track.

9. The mobile track maintenance machine of claim 7, wherein a single one of said carriers supports the tamping tool assemblies, and further comprising hydraulic motor means vertically adjustably mounting the carrier on the carriage frame, and track gripping means mounted at each end of the carrier for lifting the track with the carrier.

10. The mobile track maintenance machine of claim 9, further comprising independent trucks arranged to support the carrier for movement on the track rails.

11. The mobile track maintenance machine of claim 7, wherein the means for vertically aligning the tamping tool assemblies includes means extending transversely of the track for mounting the carrier or carrier laterally adjustably on the carriage frame.

12. The mobile track maintenance machine of claim 11, wherein the means for vertically adjustably mounting the carrier or carriers on the carriage frame is laterally adjustably mounted thereon.

13. The mobile track maintenance machine of claim 7, wherein the bridge-like carriage frame consists of two like machine frames each having a frame portion extending from a respective one of said ends and overhanging a tie to be tamped, coupling means for coupling the two frame portions together for pivotal movement about a vertical axis, one of said carriers being mounted on each of said frame portions, the pivotal movement of said frame portions about said vertical axis vertically aligning the tamping tool assemblies with respective ones of track rails in curved track sections.

14. The mobile track maintenance machine of claim 13, further comprising track position correcting means mounted on the bride-like carriage frame between one of said trucks and an adjacent one of said tamping tool assemblies.

15. The mobile track maintenance machine of claim 14, wherein the track position correcting means is arranged between adjacent ones of said carriers centrally of the ends of the carriage frame.

16. The mobile track maintenance machine of claim 15, wherein said track position correcting means is a single means arranged at the point wherein the two like machine frames are coupled together.

17. The mobile track maintenance machine of claim 15, wherein said track position correcting means includes two of said means arranged adjacently on each of said like machine frames.

18. The mobile track maintenance machine of claim 14, wherein the track position correcting means comprises a pair of spaced track rail gripping means adapted glidingly to engage the rail at points spaced in the direction of track elongation.

19. The mobile track maintenance machine of claim 13, further comprising two reference lines for lining the track in relation thereto, said reference lines adjoining each other in the direction of track elongation, and the reference lines having one common end at the point where the two like machine frames are pivotally coupled together.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,043,245 11/1912 Oh-man 10412 1,468,528 9/1923 Vena 104-7 2,497,682 2/1950 Mertz 10412 2,734,463 2/1956 Hursh et a1 104 -7 3,165,838 1/1965 Plasser et al. 1047 3,371,619 3/1968 Stewart 104 -8 ARTHUR L. LA POINT, Primary Examiner R. A. BERTSCH, Assistant Examiner

US3494297D 1964-12-31 1967-07-25 Mobile track maintenance machine Expired - Lifetime US3494297A (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
AT1109964A AT282673B (en) 1964-12-31 1964-12-31 Mobile Gleisstopf- and -nivelliermaschine
AT1091565A AT290603B (en) 1965-12-06 1965-12-06 Machine for machining of the railway superstructure
AT897266A AT303793B (en) 1966-09-26 1966-09-26 Tamping machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3494297A true US3494297A (en) 1970-02-10

Family

ID=27151059

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US3494297D Expired - Lifetime US3494297A (en) 1964-12-31 1967-07-25 Mobile track maintenance machine

Country Status (6)

Country Link
US (1) US3494297A (en)
CH (2) CH454936A (en)
DE (3) DE1534078B2 (en)
GB (2) GB1120849A (en)
SE (1) SE325593B (en)
SU (1) SU394978A3 (en)

Cited By (26)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4090451A (en) * 1975-02-27 1978-05-23 Franz Plasser Bahnbaumaschinen-Industriegesellschaft M.B.H. Mobile track tamping machine that tamps three successive cribs
US4094250A (en) * 1975-06-20 1978-06-13 Franz Plasser Bahnbaumaschinen-Industriegesellschaft M.B.H. Mobile track tamping machine
US4165694A (en) * 1976-12-27 1979-08-28 Franz Plasser-Bahnbaumaschinen-Industriegesellschaft m.b.H. Mobile track leveling, lining and tamping apparatus
US4192237A (en) * 1977-03-17 1980-03-11 Franz Plasser Bahnbaumaschinen-Industriegesellschaft M.B.H. Mobile track surfacing machine
US4204476A (en) * 1977-04-22 1980-05-27 Matisa Materiel Industriel S.A. Mobile device for renewal of railway tracks
US4207820A (en) * 1977-04-22 1980-06-17 Matisa Materiel Industriel S.A. Mobile apparatus for the renewal and for the construction of railway tracks
US4211170A (en) * 1977-09-02 1980-07-08 Franz Plasser Bahnbaumaschinen-Industriegesellschaft Mbh Mobile apparatus for the continuous replacement of an old track by a new track
US4295764A (en) * 1977-12-30 1981-10-20 Franz Plasser Bahnbaumaschinen-Industriegesellschaft M.B.H. Mobile machine for removing surface irregularities from rail heads
US4409901A (en) * 1978-11-30 1983-10-18 Pandrol Limited Apparatus for performing operations on a railway track
US4534295A (en) * 1982-09-09 1985-08-13 Franz Plasser Bahnbaumaschinen-Industriegesellschaft M.B.H. Track tamping, leveling and lining operating unit
US4535699A (en) * 1982-03-31 1985-08-20 Les Fils D'auguste Scheuchzer S.A. Device for controlling a railroad track making or repairing machine
US4596193A (en) * 1982-09-09 1986-06-24 Franz Plasser Bahnbaumaschinen-Industriegesellschaft M.B.H. Mobile track leveling, lining and tamping machine
US4627358A (en) * 1982-09-09 1986-12-09 Franz Plasser Bahnbaumaschinen-Industriegesellschaft M.B.H. Continuous action track leveling, lining and tamping machine
US4628822A (en) * 1983-09-28 1986-12-16 Franz Plasser Bahnbaumaschinen-Industriegesellschaft M.B.H. Continuously advancing track leveling, lining and tamping machine
US4630541A (en) * 1983-08-19 1986-12-23 Franz Plasser Bahnbaumaschinen-Industriegesellschaft M.B.H. Mobile track leveling, lining and tamping machine
US4632037A (en) * 1983-08-19 1986-12-30 Franz Plasser Bahnbaumaschinen-Industriegesellschaft M.B.H. Moble track leveling, lining and tamping machine
US4643101A (en) * 1982-11-23 1987-02-17 Franz Plasser Bahnbaumaschinen-Industriegesellschaft M.B.H. Mobile track leveling, lining and tamping machine
US4644868A (en) * 1984-06-01 1987-02-24 Franz Plasser Bahnbaumaschinen-Industriegesellschaft M.B.H Continuously advancing track leveling, lining and tamping machine
US5133263A (en) * 1990-04-20 1992-07-28 Franz Plasser Bahnbaumaschinen-Industriegesellschaft M.B.H. Ballast tamping assembly
US5379700A (en) * 1993-01-27 1995-01-10 Franz Plasser Bahnbaumaschinen-Industriegesellschaft M.B.H. Two machine arrangement for track tamping in switches having track lifting units mounted only on first machine
EP0731216A1 (en) * 1995-03-07 1996-09-11 Franz Plasser Bahnbaumaschinen- Industriegesellschaft m.b.H. Method for tamping a plurality of sleepers for a railway track
EP0731217A1 (en) * 1995-03-07 1996-09-11 Franz Plasser Bahnbaumaschinen- Industriegesellschaft m.b.H. Tamping machine, assembly and method for tamping a railway track
US6389979B1 (en) 1999-07-23 2002-05-21 Franz Plasser Bahnbaumaschinen-Industriegesellschaft M.B.H. Assembly for tamping ballast
EP1756366A2 (en) * 2004-06-17 2007-02-28 Herzog Contracting Corp. Method and apparatus for applying railway ballast
US20150083015A1 (en) * 2013-09-25 2015-03-26 Nordco Inc. Roadworthy railroad ballast tamper apparatus
US20150107482A1 (en) * 2013-09-25 2015-04-23 Nordco Inc. Pivot axle assembly for roadworthy railroad ballast tamper apparatus

Families Citing this family (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1372360A (en) * 1970-12-01 1974-10-30 British Railways Board Maintenance of railway track
DE2434028C2 (en) * 1974-07-16 1981-12-17 Franz Plasser Bahnbaumaschinen-Industriegesellschaft Mbh, 1010 Wien, At
AT336065B (en) * 1975-02-07 1977-04-12 Plasser Bahnbaumasch Franz Reference system arrangement for track machines
AT382658B (en) * 1983-12-16 1987-03-25 Plasser Bahnbaumasch Franz Continuously movable tracking machine
GB2423506A (en) * 2005-02-28 2006-08-30 Balfour Beatty Plc Vehicle for transporting rails

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1043245A (en) * 1911-11-10 1912-11-05 Bertil Ohman Tamping-machine.
US1468528A (en) * 1922-08-07 1923-09-18 Vena Michael Road-surfacing mechanism
US2497682A (en) * 1950-02-14 Railroad ballast tamper and equalizer
US2734463A (en) * 1956-02-14 Railway track ballast tamping apparatus
US3165838A (en) * 1961-05-18 1965-01-19 Plasser Franz Arrangement for aligning track rails
US3371619A (en) * 1962-10-15 1968-03-05 Tamper Inc Means for determining track alignment

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2497682A (en) * 1950-02-14 Railroad ballast tamper and equalizer
US2734463A (en) * 1956-02-14 Railway track ballast tamping apparatus
US1043245A (en) * 1911-11-10 1912-11-05 Bertil Ohman Tamping-machine.
US1468528A (en) * 1922-08-07 1923-09-18 Vena Michael Road-surfacing mechanism
US3165838A (en) * 1961-05-18 1965-01-19 Plasser Franz Arrangement for aligning track rails
US3371619A (en) * 1962-10-15 1968-03-05 Tamper Inc Means for determining track alignment

Cited By (34)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4090451A (en) * 1975-02-27 1978-05-23 Franz Plasser Bahnbaumaschinen-Industriegesellschaft M.B.H. Mobile track tamping machine that tamps three successive cribs
US4094250A (en) * 1975-06-20 1978-06-13 Franz Plasser Bahnbaumaschinen-Industriegesellschaft M.B.H. Mobile track tamping machine
US4165694A (en) * 1976-12-27 1979-08-28 Franz Plasser-Bahnbaumaschinen-Industriegesellschaft m.b.H. Mobile track leveling, lining and tamping apparatus
US4192237A (en) * 1977-03-17 1980-03-11 Franz Plasser Bahnbaumaschinen-Industriegesellschaft M.B.H. Mobile track surfacing machine
US4204476A (en) * 1977-04-22 1980-05-27 Matisa Materiel Industriel S.A. Mobile device for renewal of railway tracks
US4207820A (en) * 1977-04-22 1980-06-17 Matisa Materiel Industriel S.A. Mobile apparatus for the renewal and for the construction of railway tracks
US4211170A (en) * 1977-09-02 1980-07-08 Franz Plasser Bahnbaumaschinen-Industriegesellschaft Mbh Mobile apparatus for the continuous replacement of an old track by a new track
US4295764A (en) * 1977-12-30 1981-10-20 Franz Plasser Bahnbaumaschinen-Industriegesellschaft M.B.H. Mobile machine for removing surface irregularities from rail heads
US4409901A (en) * 1978-11-30 1983-10-18 Pandrol Limited Apparatus for performing operations on a railway track
US4535699A (en) * 1982-03-31 1985-08-20 Les Fils D'auguste Scheuchzer S.A. Device for controlling a railroad track making or repairing machine
US4627358A (en) * 1982-09-09 1986-12-09 Franz Plasser Bahnbaumaschinen-Industriegesellschaft M.B.H. Continuous action track leveling, lining and tamping machine
US4596193A (en) * 1982-09-09 1986-06-24 Franz Plasser Bahnbaumaschinen-Industriegesellschaft M.B.H. Mobile track leveling, lining and tamping machine
US4534295A (en) * 1982-09-09 1985-08-13 Franz Plasser Bahnbaumaschinen-Industriegesellschaft M.B.H. Track tamping, leveling and lining operating unit
US4646645A (en) * 1982-09-09 1987-03-03 Franz Plasser Bahnbaumaschinen-Industriegesellschaft M.B.H. Mobile track leveling, lining and tamping machine
US4643101A (en) * 1982-11-23 1987-02-17 Franz Plasser Bahnbaumaschinen-Industriegesellschaft M.B.H. Mobile track leveling, lining and tamping machine
US4630541A (en) * 1983-08-19 1986-12-23 Franz Plasser Bahnbaumaschinen-Industriegesellschaft M.B.H. Mobile track leveling, lining and tamping machine
US4632037A (en) * 1983-08-19 1986-12-30 Franz Plasser Bahnbaumaschinen-Industriegesellschaft M.B.H. Moble track leveling, lining and tamping machine
US4628822A (en) * 1983-09-28 1986-12-16 Franz Plasser Bahnbaumaschinen-Industriegesellschaft M.B.H. Continuously advancing track leveling, lining and tamping machine
US4644868A (en) * 1984-06-01 1987-02-24 Franz Plasser Bahnbaumaschinen-Industriegesellschaft M.B.H Continuously advancing track leveling, lining and tamping machine
US5133263A (en) * 1990-04-20 1992-07-28 Franz Plasser Bahnbaumaschinen-Industriegesellschaft M.B.H. Ballast tamping assembly
ES2077484A1 (en) * 1990-04-20 1995-11-16 Plasser Bahnbaumasch Franz Ballast tamping assembly
US5379700A (en) * 1993-01-27 1995-01-10 Franz Plasser Bahnbaumaschinen-Industriegesellschaft M.B.H. Two machine arrangement for track tamping in switches having track lifting units mounted only on first machine
AU702621B2 (en) * 1995-03-07 1999-02-25 Franz Plasser Bahnbaumaschinen-Industriegesellschaft M.B.H. A tamping machine, a machine arrangement and a method for tamping a track
EP0731216A1 (en) * 1995-03-07 1996-09-11 Franz Plasser Bahnbaumaschinen- Industriegesellschaft m.b.H. Method for tamping a plurality of sleepers for a railway track
EP0731217A1 (en) * 1995-03-07 1996-09-11 Franz Plasser Bahnbaumaschinen- Industriegesellschaft m.b.H. Tamping machine, assembly and method for tamping a railway track
US5617793A (en) * 1995-03-07 1997-04-08 Franz Plasser Bahnbaumaschinen-Industriegesellschaft M.B.H. Method of tamping a plurality of ties simultaneously
US5619929A (en) * 1995-03-07 1997-04-15 Franz Plasser Bahnbaumaschinen-Industriegesellschaft M.B.H. Track tamping machine, machine arrangement and method
AU698371B2 (en) * 1995-03-07 1998-10-29 Franz Plasser Bahnbaumaschinen-Industriegesellschaft M.B.H. A method for tamping a plurality of sleepers of a track
US6389979B1 (en) 1999-07-23 2002-05-21 Franz Plasser Bahnbaumaschinen-Industriegesellschaft M.B.H. Assembly for tamping ballast
EP1756366A2 (en) * 2004-06-17 2007-02-28 Herzog Contracting Corp. Method and apparatus for applying railway ballast
EP1756366A4 (en) * 2004-06-17 2011-10-19 Herzog Contracting Corp Method and apparatus for applying railway ballast
US20150083015A1 (en) * 2013-09-25 2015-03-26 Nordco Inc. Roadworthy railroad ballast tamper apparatus
US20150107482A1 (en) * 2013-09-25 2015-04-23 Nordco Inc. Pivot axle assembly for roadworthy railroad ballast tamper apparatus
US9587356B2 (en) * 2013-09-25 2017-03-07 Nordco Inc. Roadworthy railroad ballast tamper apparatus

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
DE1534102B2 (en) 1975-11-27
GB1166278A (en) 1969-10-08
GB1120849A (en) 1968-07-24
CH454936A (en) 1968-04-30
DE1534078A1 (en) 1970-02-12
SE325593B (en) 1970-07-06
DE1709433A1 (en) 1974-03-21
CH457528A (en) 1968-06-15
DE1709433B2 (en) 1976-09-30
DE1534078B2 (en) 1975-11-27
SU394978A3 (en) 1973-08-22
DE1534102A1 (en) 1969-07-10

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US4249467A (en) Mobile apparatus for receiving and laying as assembled track switch or crossing section
CA1238521A (en) Apparatus for correcting the level and cross level of a track
US6415720B2 (en) Machine for renewing a railroad track
CA1119043A (en) Mobile track working machine
US3750299A (en) Track apparatus with laser beam reference
CA1091092A (en) Self-propelled track working machine
CA1097136A (en) Apparatus and method for replacing rail fastening elements and, optionally, rails
EP0019984B1 (en) Train for the renewal of a railway track
US5419259A (en) Machine for compacting track ballast with variable gauge track stabilizer
AU631717B2 (en) A continuously advancing track maintenance machine for consolidating the ballast bed of a railway track
CA1091093A (en) Mobile track leveling, lining and tamping apparatus
US3685456A (en) Method and apparatus for the continuous replacement of an old track by a new track
US4355687A (en) Ballast leveling apparatus and method
SU884578A3 (en) Device for changing rails and sleepers of railroad
AU661157B2 (en) A machine for renewing or laying a railway track
US8606439B2 (en) Drone vehicle
US4854243A (en) Mobile track renewal machine
CA1295186C (en) Mobile tie gang apparatus
US3687081A (en) Method of continuously correcting a track position
FI79876C (en) Tool device for stoppage, leveling and side direction
US3330219A (en) Method and apparatus for replacing an old track by a new track
CA1130653A (en) Mobile apparatus for continuously renewing track
AT400339B (en) Machine arrangement for renewing a track
US3828440A (en) Track surveying
US5074219A (en) Machine for detaching tie anchors

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PS Patent suit(s) filed
PS Patent suit(s) filed