US3084715A - Damper assembly and blade construction - Google Patents

Damper assembly and blade construction Download PDF

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US3084715A
US3084715A US86313159A US3084715A US 3084715 A US3084715 A US 3084715A US 86313159 A US86313159 A US 86313159A US 3084715 A US3084715 A US 3084715A
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blades
blade
members
frame
damper
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Harry J Scharres
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Harry J Scharres
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/08Air-flow control members, e.g. louvres, grilles, flaps or guide plates
    • F24F13/10Air-flow control members, e.g. louvres, grilles, flaps or guide plates movable, e.g. dampers
    • F24F13/14Air-flow control members, e.g. louvres, grilles, flaps or guide plates movable, e.g. dampers built up of tilting members, e.g. louvre
    • F24F13/1406Air-flow control members, e.g. louvres, grilles, flaps or guide plates movable, e.g. dampers built up of tilting members, e.g. louvre characterised by sealing means
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K1/00Lift valves or globe valves, i.e. cut-off apparatus with closure members having at least a component of their opening and closing motion perpendicular to the closing faces
    • F16K1/16Lift valves or globe valves, i.e. cut-off apparatus with closure members having at least a component of their opening and closing motion perpendicular to the closing faces with pivoted closure-members
    • F16K1/165Lift valves or globe valves, i.e. cut-off apparatus with closure members having at least a component of their opening and closing motion perpendicular to the closing faces with pivoted closure-members with a plurality of closure members
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/8593Systems
    • Y10T137/87265Dividing into parallel flow paths with recombining
    • Y10T137/8741With common operator
    • Y10T137/87442Rotary valve
    • Y10T137/8745Including rigid plate with flexible or resilient seal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/8593Systems
    • Y10T137/87265Dividing into parallel flow paths with recombining
    • Y10T137/8741With common operator
    • Y10T137/87442Rotary valve
    • Y10T137/87467Axes of rotation parallel
    • Y10T137/87475Adjacent plate valves always parallel

Description

April 9, 1963 H. J. scHARREs DAMPER ASSEMBLY AND BLADE CONSTRUCTION 3 Sheelts-Sheet 1 Filed Deo. 3l, 1959 HARRY .l Sca-:Annes BY I Wo?? )I/MMM,-
I N VEN TOR.
A'rrYs April 9, 1963 H. J. scHARREs DAMPER ASSEMBLY AND BLADE CONSTRUCTION 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Dec. 31. 1959 April 9, 1963 H. J. scHARREs DAMPER ASSEMBLY AND BLADE CONSTRUCTION Filed Dec. 31, 1959 5 Sheets-Sheet 3 s s im WMM VC WSW .J./^l vm BY 445A,
United States Patent Office 3 ,084,7 l5 Patented Apr. 9, 1963 3,684,715 DAMPER ASSEMBLY AND BLADE CNSTRUCTIN Harry J. Scharres, 10 Gilbert Ave., Clarendon Hills, Ill. Filed Dec. 3l, 1959, Ser. No. 863,131 7 Claims. (Cl. 137-601) The invention relates to improvements in dampers for controlling the fiow of air or other gases.
One object of the invention is to provide an improved damper assembly which imposes a minimum resistance to air flow when opened and which is substantially free of leakage when closed.
Another object is to provide an improved damper blade embodying a novel edge construction which affords a substantially airtight seal between adjacent blades or between the end blade of a series and the adjacent frame structure when the blades are adjusted to a closed position.
Still another object is to provide a damper blade having a body portion adapted to be produced economically as an extruded strip of resilient material.
A further object is to provide an improved sealing strip for use in damper assemblies, particularly Well adapted for blade assemblies of the above type and capable of cooperating with such blades to produce an effective substantially airtight seal when the blades are adjusted to closed position.
It is also an object of the invention to provide an efiicient and dependable damper assembly that can be manufactured economically.
Other objects and advantages of the invention will become apparent from the following detailed description of the preferred embodiment and modifications illustrated in the accompanying drawings in which FIGURE l is a vertical sectional view through a preferred form of damper assembly embodying the features of the invention, the damper blades being shown in closed position.
FIG. 2 is a sectional view similar to FIG. l showing the damper blades in partially open position.
FIG. 3 is a fragmentary sectional view on an enlarged scale showing the edges of adjacent blades as they approach a closed position.
FIG. 4 is a fragmentary sectional view similar to FIG. 3, showing the blade edges in fully closed position.
FIG. 4a is a fragmentary sectional view of the blade with a modified edge construction.
FIG. 5 is an exploded perspective view showing details of the frame structure, sealing strip and blade of the assembly illustrated in the preceding figures.
FIG. 6 is a fragmentary transverse sectional view through one side member of the damper assembly frame taken in a plane substantially on the line 6--6 of FIG. 2.
FIG. 7 is a fragmentary perspective view of a section of the improved sealing strip.
FIGS. 8 and 9 are diagrammatic views showing two forms of blade coupling linkage.
FIG. l is a vertical sectional view through a modified damper assembly.
FIGS. ll and l2 are fragmentary sectional views of a modified form of the sealing strip and respectively showing the adjacent damper blade in open and closed positions.
FIG. 13 is a fragmentary sectional view of a modified form of the damper blade in which the resilient strip is confined to the blade edge.
While a preferred form and several modifications of the improved damper assembly and blade construction have been shown and will be described, it is not intended that the detailed character of the disclosure should limit the invention to such particulars. On the contrary, the intention is to cover all modifications and adaptations falling within the spirit and scope of the invention as more broadly or generally characterized in the appended claims.
For purposes of illustration the invention has been shown in FIGS. 1 6 as embodied in a damper assembly of the type suitable for use in air distribution, Ventilating,
pneumatic conveying and comparable systems where it is required to control the air flow through a duct or similar passage. In general, the assembly comprises a frame structure 20 adapted to be fitted in the duct and defining a generally rectangular opening. The frame supports a plurality of damper blades 21 to pivot about spaced parallel axes between open and closed positions. While the blades of the exemplary structure have been shown mounted to swing about horizontal pivots, it will be understood that they may -be arranged with their pivots vertically disposed if desired. By reason of the novel features of construction provided by the invention, the improved damper assembly is particularly efficient in operation in that it imposes a minimum resistance to air flow when the blades are in open position and conversely it affords a substantially airtight seal across the frame opening when the blades are swung to closed position.
The frame structure indicated generally at 20 comprises spaced parallel side members 22 connected at their upper and lower end by top and bottom members 23 and 24. The frame members may be welded or otherwise secured together to form a rigid rectangular structure. The members 22, 23 and 24 are preferably channel-shaped in cross section and are assembled with the channels facing inwardly for the reception of sealing strips 25 of resilient material.
In accordance with one aspect of the invention the sealing strip 25 is in the form o f a resilient hollow tube of generally rectangular cross section as shown in FIGS. l, 2, 5 and 7. For use with the particular frame structure illustrated, the tubular sealing 'strip is dimensioned to fit snugly into the channel member. The side walls of the channel member may be inclined inwardly if desired to assist in retaining the strip in place. Preferably the side walls of the strip are dimensioned so that the face portion 26 is disposed inwardly at side edges of the frame member and the face portion is extended beyond the sides of the strip to define flanges 27 adapted to overlie the edges of the frame member.
The face portion 26 of the sealing strip is also formed so that it bows outwardly a sufficient amount to insure tight sealing engagement with the damper blades. When used in a duct conveying air under pressure the sealing action is augmented by providing openings 28 in the face portion 26 for the entry of pressurized air into the sealing strip. For this purpose the openings are located at the pressurized side of the area engaged by the damper blades when in closed position.
The sealing strip when constructed as `above described is particularly efficient in effecting an airtight seal in cooperation with damper blades of the type contemplated by the invention. Moreover, its tubular construction requires a minimum material and enables it to` be manufactured at relatively low cost by an extrusion process from rubber or other suitable rubberlike material.
While a damper assembly might utilize a single damper blade 21, it is contemplated that a plurality of blades will be required in most instances. Also, while in some instances, it might be desirable to couple the blades so that they all turn in the same direction at one time, they will usually be arranged in pairs and coupled so that adjacent blades turn in opposite directions. Exemplary means `for coupling the blades are shown in FIGS. 8 and 9 and will be described hereinafter.
The damper blades 21 as shown are rectangular and are .alike both in dimensions and construction. Each comprises a wide, relatively lchin shell o-r body 30 of rubber or other resilient rubberlike material formed with a longitudinal wide, thin slotlike channel 31 for the accommodation of a stiifening member 32. Preferably the body 30 is slightly tapered from its central axis toward each side edge, or, in other words, the strip is formed with Opposite side portions symmetrical and tapering gradually toward the side edges. The edges are preferably rounded so that the blade presents a streamlined contour imposing a minimum resistance to air ilow edgewise of the blade.
In addition to the central channel, the body 30 is formed with one o-r more channels 33 extending along and spaced inwardly from each side edge to define thin resilient walls 34 at the meeting edges of the blades. The single channel 33 shown adjacent each edge is generally thimbleshaped in cross section,v although it will be appreciated that other shapes may be employed if desired. Alternatively, the edge portions of the blade may be formed with a plurality of relatively small channels 33' as shown in FIG. 4a. The primary consider-ation in providing the channels is to makethe edge portion of the body relatively soft and resilient and readily deformable to eect a tight seal either with an -adjacent blade or with a sealing strip such las the strip 25.
Blade bodies of the type provided by the invention may lbe manufactured economically in Ilong strips by extruding the material in a plastic state through suitable dies. Individual pieces of the proper length are then cut from the strip to form the damper bodies. As i11- `dicated heretofore, the sealing strip 25 may also be manu- -factured by an extrusion process with individual side, top and bottom members :being cut from a longer strip of the cross section shown.
The stifening member 32 may be of any suitable material affording strength and rigidity. In the preferred form shown, the stiife'ning member comprises -a metal stamping or bar stock of rect-angular shape dimensioned to fit within the channel 31 of the resilient body 30. For pivotally supporting the damper blades, the stiffening member is formed with tangs 3S of rectangular cross section projecting at each end. For dampers that pivot about a longitudinal central axis, the tangs are alined on the center 1in-e of the member as shown.
Fitted to each of the tangs 35 is a :shaft 36 having an axial passage or socket 37 complementally shaped to receive the tang .and effecting a nonrotatable connection between the shaft and the damper member. The shafts at opposite ends of the damper blade are journalled in bearings supported on the side members 22 of the frame structure which are apertured as at 38 for that purpose.
The bearings at opposite sides of lthe frame are alike, each comprising a tubular element or sleeve 40 of nylon, metal or other suitable material dimensioned to extend through alined apertures 41 in the front and back walls of the sealing strip 25 and through the apertures 38 in the frame member. An integral ange or collar 42 intermediate the ends of the tubular element is `adapted to overlie the inner face of the `frame member and extend between the frame member and the inner wall of the sealing strip as shown in FIG. 6 whereby the bearing is retained in place in the assembly. The shaft 36 preferably projects beyond the outer face of the frame member suciently for attachment of the linkage for coupling it to an adjacent shutter blade. FIG. 6 shows a crank arm 44 fixed to the projecting end of the shaft 36, the crank arm constituting a part of the coupling linkage to be described later on.
In accordance with one aspect of the invention, the blades 2l are spaced with respect to the upper and lower frame members and with respect to each other in a manner which enables them to coact and effectively seal the opening through the frame structure when the blades are turned to a closed position. Thus, as shown in FIGS. 1-4, the pivots for adjacent blades are spaced apart slightly less than the Width of the blade. Consequently, the adjacent edges of the blade engage as they approach a coplanar position and the resiliency of the blade edges permits them to be mutually deected or compressed as indicated at 45 in FIG. 4 to effectively seal the junction between the blades. In the final movement of the blades to closed position the blade edges engage With a Toning action whereby wear is minimized and sealing engagement is insured.
Also, in accordance with the invention, the uppermost and lowermost blades of a series have their pivots spaced from top and bottom sealing strips 25 so that the blade edges engage and deflect the face portions of the sealing strips as shown in FIG. 2. The resilient blade bodies 3l? are dimensioned lengthwise so that they engage and deflect the face portions 26 of the adjacent sealing strips as the blades Work into closed position. As before mentioned, this sealing action may be augmented by the introduction of pressurized air into the sealing strips through the opening 1S. Thus, a substantially airtight seal is effected around the entire periphery of the damper assembly, as well as between adjacent 'blades as the 'blades are swung into closed position shown in FIG. 1.
The damper blades 21 may be coupled together by yany of the numerous well-known linkages available in the damper art. As indicated previously in damper assemblies utilized for controlling the flow of air or other gases through ducts, the blades are conventionally coupled so that the adjacent blades `turn in opposite directions. A linkage suitable for turning the damper blades in the above manner as shown in FIG. 8 comprises a series of rigid links 46 connecting the free ends of the crank arms 44 `which are xed to the respective damper shafts as before explained. To obtain the opposite `turning action, the crank arms of ythe adjacent dampers are arranged to project at opposite sides of the plane through the axis of the dampers. Accordingly, as one damper blade is turned clockwise, the adjacent blade will turn anticlockwise throughout the entire series of blades. The inherent error in compatible rotation in such a linkage can be compensated for by adjusting the linkage to assure almost perfect rolling action at the point of contact of the blades to complete closure.
The yadjacent dampers of the assembly may also be coupled for 'turning in opposite `directions by intermesh- -ing gears 47 keyed or otherwise nonrotatably mounted on the dam-per shafts as shown in FIG. 9. As the damper blades -are required to turn through iarcs of only the side portions of the gears may lbe cut away to present opposed segments `as shown. This results in a saving in material and a reduction in the weight of the linkage.
The improved damper blade construction may also be used to form the slats of jalousie structures such as that shown in FIG. 10'. In such structures the full width blades 21 are preferably alternated with relatively narrow blades or slats 50. The blades may be coupled so that the wide blades when turned to open position slope downwardly `and outwardly. The narrow blades, on the other hand, slope in the opposite direction but the Wide bla-des overlap them effectively to prevent the entry of sun or rain while allowing air to enter freely. The narro-w slats 50 which may be of the same construction as the slats 2.1 cooperate with the latter -to seal the opening in the frame when the slats are `turned to closed position. The frame 20 `and the sealing strips 25 may be precisely like those described heretofore. In this variation the lever and linkage sho-wn in FIG. 8 will have to be adjusted to provide a rolling action at the point of contact.
FIGS. l1 land l2. show a sealing strip 25' of modified construction designed to produce an especially etfective seal along the upper or lower edges of :adjacent damper blades. The modified sealing strip has a tubular body of rectangular cross section similar to :the 4sealing strip previously described. In the modied strip the face portion 26 is formed with an integral outwardly projecting tin or rib 5l Iterminating in a beaded edge portion 52 herein shown as tubular. Preferably, the rib 5l is located parallei to and offset from the center line of the face portion at the side along which the damper moves as shown in FIG. 11. Accordingly, as the damper blade swings to closed position, its resilient edge '34 engages :the bead 52 and rolls it back to the center of the sealing strip a-s shown in FIG. 12. Due .to its tubular construction the bead 52 is resilient and accordingly may be substantially ilattened While the resilient blade is compressed or deflected so that a tight seal Ibetween the parts is insured.
The eiective sealing action provided by the improved blade edge construction contemplated by the invention may be realized without constructing the entire blade body of resilient material. ll'hus, as shown in FIG. 13, a stiffening member 55 similar in construction to the member 32 may serve as the body of the blade while `a relatively narro-w strip 56 of resilient material aixed to the edges of the member cooperates with the sealing strip 25 or with the edges of adjacent blades to eEec-t the sealing action. The strip 56 as shown is generally oval in cross section, although its shape may vary, depending on the overall Width. A narrow slot 57 opening in one edge of the strip is adapted to laccomniodate the edge of the body member 55. The slot is preferably dimensioned so that the strip is enabled to grip the body member iirmly and it may, of course, be cemented to the body member if desired.
The opposite edge of the strip 56 is formed similarly to the edge oi the strip Sti-that is, it is formed with a longitudinal channel 58 positioned to `deiine a resilient Wall 59 at the edge of the strip. Deflection of this thin Wall when engaged with the sealing strip 25 or with the edge of an adjacent blade provides an effective substantially airtight seal. Moreover, it eliminates the need for accurately finishing the edges of the strip 3l) or holding it to precise dimensions.
When the edge strip 56 is used the blade body member S may be made of transparent material instead of metal or other opaque material if desired. Thus, the body member may be made of transparent plastic sheeting or glass. ln such cases, the strip 56 may also be -rnade of transparent or translucent material, thus making the structure suitable -fo-r use as a closure for doors, Windows or other openings through which it is desired to maintain visibility or light transmission.
It will be apparent from the foregoing that the invention provides a novel damper assembly and blade construction presenting distinctive advantages in emcient operation as well as low manufacturing costs. In par- 4ticular, the invention provides a damper blade `and sealing strip symmetrically shaped to permit essential cornponents to be produced by a simple extrusion process at relatively low cost. Furthermore, the improved damper assembly utilizing the improved blade and sealing strip construction is highly eiicient in operation as it imposes a minimum resistance to air flow when open and provides a substantially airtight seal when closed.
I claim as my invention:
l. A damper assembly comprising, in combination, a generally rectangular frame including side, top and bottom members of channel shape cross section secu-red together with the channels facing inwardly, a sealing strip of resilient material supported in each frame member, a plurality of damper blades supported 4at opposite ends on the side members of the frame for limited rotative movement .about axes extending longiutdinally and substantially centrally of the blades, each of said blades comprising an elongated generally llat body of resilient material having a thin relatively wide longitudinal channel extending substantially centrally through the body and other channels extending longitudinally of the body adjacent its opposite edges to define thin llexible edge portions, a sheet metal plate disposed in said central channel operative to impart substantial stillness to the blade, tangs rigid with each end of said plate projecting beyond the respective ends of the body, la shaft nonrotatably coupled to each tang, bearing members supported on the side members of the frame for rotatably receiving said shafts, said bearing members being positioned so that the upper edge of the uppermost blade 4and the lower edge of the lowermost blade engage the sealing strips of the top and bottom fname members and compress them suiciently to produce an airtight seal When the blades are turned to a closed position, the bearings on the respective side members also being spaced from each other so that the edges of adjacent blades meet -with a rolling action as the blades are Iturned to closed position, and said blade bodies being dirnensioned longitudinally so as to frictionally engage the sealing strips of the side members when the blades are in closed position.
2. A damper lassembly comprising, in combination, a series of `generally rectangular blades each having -a pivot axis extending longitudinally substantially centrally of the blade, means supporting said blades to swing about their respective pivots into a common plane, each of said blades including an elongated generally rectangular strip of resilient material having a wide, relatively thin axially extending channel, a lrigid stitening member disposed in said channel, said strip having additional channels disposed parallel to and spaced from opposite edges of said -axial channel to define relatively thin walls along the edges of the blades, said blades being spaced apart so that the edges of adjacent blades engage and are mutual-ly deflected yfrom their normal positions as the bla-des are rotated .about their pivots into said closed position.
3. A damper assembly comprising, in combination, a frame defining a rectangular opening, a series of damper bla-des pivotally supported on said frame to swing between open and closed position, said blades having resilient edge portions, a linkage connecting said blades operative to turn adjacent blades in opposite directions, the pivot axes of said blades being spaced apart less than the lwidth of a blade so that fthe edges meet wtih a rolling action and are mutually deiiected toward their axes as the blades move into closed position.
4. A sealing strip. #for damper assemblies comprising, in combination, an elongated tubular member of resilient material having a generally rectangular cross section, an integral outwardly projecting rib extending longitudinally along the outer face presented by one side of the member, and a tubular bead integral with said rib extending -along the outer edge of the rib, said rib being offset laterally from the center line of said one side of the member yand having sutlicient flexibility to permit said bead to be rolled back to said center line.
5. A sealing strip for damper assemblies comprising, in combination, Ian elongated tubular member of resilient material having a generally rectangular cross section, one longitudinal Wall of said member having an integral element substantially centrally of said Wall presenting a curved ou-ter face and forming with said wall a substantially thickened region extending longitudinally of the member, said element being hingedly carried by the thin wall sections of said Wall laterally :of said element.
6. A sealing strip for damper assemblies having a frame member and a damper blade mounted adjacent said frame member, said frame member having a groove with mutually inclined side walls `for receipt of said sealing strip, said sealing strip comprising an elongated tubular member of resilient material having a trapez-oidal cross section, said tubular member having sides and lateral flanges carried by said sides for engagement with the edges of said groove side walls to anchor the strip in such groove against movement, said member having a face portion comprising substantially -a continuation of said flanges and joining the latter and `formed so as to bow outwardly for eng-agement With said .adjacently mounted damper blade.
7. A damper assembly as set `forth in claim 3 wherein each of said damper blades includes an elongated body pivotally supported on said frame, and longitudinally extending resilient means carried at the edges of said body and having longitudinal channels to define thin flexible edge `portions.
References Cited in the le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Rogers Dec. 1, 1931- Gagg Nov, 3, 1936 Smith Dec. 4, 19,45 Danks Nov, 15, 1949 Schach Feb. 26, 1952 Fortune May l2, 1953 Staben Jian. 10, 1956 Roo Feb. vl2, 1957 Lundberg Dec. 2, 1958 Broz Dec. 9, 1958 Honerkamp et al Apr. 28, 1959 Taylor Feb. 2, 196() Goldsmith Ian. 23, 1962 FOREIGN PATENTS Sweden July 30, ,1935 Australia Jan. 16, 1948 Germany Feb. 14, 41938 Germany Feb. 26, 1959

Claims (1)

1. A DAMPER ASSEMBLY COMPRISING, IN COMBINATION, A GENERALLY RECTANGULAR FRAME INCLUDING SIDE, TOP AND BOTTOM MEMBERS OF CHANNEL SHAPE CROSS SECTION SECURED TOGETHER WITH THE CHANNELS FACING INWARDLY, A SEALING STRIP OF RESILIENT MATERIAL SUPPORTED IN EACH FRAME MEMBER, A PLURALITY OF DAMPER BLADES SUPPORTED AT OPPOSITE ENDS ON THE SIDE MEMBERS OF THE FRAME FOR LIMITED ROTATIVE MOVEMENT ABOUT AXES EXTENDING LONGITUDINALLY AND SUBSTANTIALLY CENTRALLY OF THE BLADES, EACH OF SAID BLADES COMPRISING AN ELONGATED GENERALLY FLAT BODY OF RESILIENT MATERIAL HAVING A THIN RELATIVELY WIDE LONGITUDINAL CHANNEL EXTENDING SUBSTANTIALLY CENTRALLY THROUGH THE BODY AND OTHER CHANNELS EXTENDING LONGITUDINALLY OF THE BODY ADJACENT ITS OPPOSITE EDGES TO DEFINE THIN FLEXIBLE EDGE PORTIONS, A SHEET METAL PLATE DISPOSED IN SAID CENTRAL CHANNEL OPERATIVE TO IMPART SUBSTANTIAL STIFFNESS TO THE BLADE, TANGS RIGID WITH EACH END OF SAID PLATE PROJECTING BEYOND THE RESPECTIVE ENDS OF THE BODY, A SHAFT NONROTATABLY COUPLED TO EACH TANG, BEARING MEMBERS SUPPORTED ON THE SIDE MEMBERS OF THE FRAME FOR ROTATABLY RECEIVING SAID SHAFTS, SAID BEARING MEMBERS BEING POSITIONED SO THAT THE UPPER EDGE OF THE UPPERMOST BLADE AND THE LOWER EDGE OF THE LOWERMOST BLADE ENGAGE THE SEALING STRIPS OF THE TOP AND BOTTOM FRAME MEMBERS AND COMPRESS THEM SUFFICIENTLY TO PRODUCE AN AIRTIGHT SEAL WHEN THE BLADES ARE TURNED TO A CLOSED POSITION, THE BEARINGS ON THE RESPECTIVE SIDE MEMBERS ALSO BEING SPACED FROM EACH OTHER SO THAT THE EDGES OF ADJACENT BLADES MEET WITH A ROLLING ACTION AS THE BLADES ARE TURNED TO CLOSED POSITION, AND SAID BLADE BODIES BEING DIMENSIONED LONGITUDINALLY SO AS TO FRICTIONALLY ENGAGE THE SEALING STRIPS OF THE SIDE MEMBERS WHEN THE BLADES ARE IN CLOSED POSITION.
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US3186682A (en) * 1963-11-12 1965-06-01 Betts Machine Company Butterfly valve disc and shaft sealing structure
US3229718A (en) * 1963-04-08 1966-01-18 Progress O Matic Inc Fluid-flow directing apparatus
US3253815A (en) * 1963-05-02 1966-05-31 Keystone Valve Corp Butterfly valve seat construction
US3275031A (en) * 1963-01-29 1966-09-27 Johnson Service Co Dampers and seal means therefor
US3312242A (en) * 1964-06-11 1967-04-04 Arrow Louver And Damper Corp Damper construction
US3332441A (en) * 1964-09-02 1967-07-25 Allis Chalmers Mfg Co Wicket gate end seals
US3366032A (en) * 1966-10-24 1968-01-30 Honeywell Inc Damper apparatus including inflatable sealing member
US3426507A (en) * 1964-12-23 1969-02-11 Joy Mfg Co Electrical precipitator
US3464341A (en) * 1967-10-18 1969-09-02 Russell L Dobrin Damper construction for ventilator duct
US3504883A (en) * 1967-06-19 1970-04-07 Grossventiltechnik Ag Sealing means for dampers and the like
US3504886A (en) * 1967-07-03 1970-04-07 Dresser Ind Valve seal construction
US3612483A (en) * 1968-04-12 1971-10-12 Rockwell Mfg Co Valves with deformable sealing
US3691931A (en) * 1971-01-19 1972-09-19 Luftkonditionering Ab Device for forced evacuation of air from kitchens
US3783768A (en) * 1971-10-14 1974-01-08 Imp Damper Co Inc Damper assembly
US3847210A (en) * 1972-09-14 1974-11-12 J Wells Damper sequencer
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US4029002A (en) * 1975-12-08 1977-06-14 Mcgraw-Edison Company Kitchen ventilator damper construction
US4043534A (en) * 1976-09-13 1977-08-23 Mosser Industries, Inc. Sealing means for sliding gate valve
US4044994A (en) * 1973-12-05 1977-08-30 Hills-Mccanna Company Pressure loaded sealing arrangement
US4103601A (en) * 1976-10-22 1978-08-01 Lloyd Giddis Dayus Air grille components and air grille therefrom
US4176675A (en) * 1977-04-20 1979-12-04 Crane Co. Floating seat butterfly valve
US4191212A (en) * 1977-05-18 1980-03-04 Damper Design, Inc. Multiple blade damper assembly
US4192098A (en) * 1978-06-12 1980-03-11 Johnson Controls Inc. Air damper apparatus particularly for heating, ventilating and air conditioning systems
US4256143A (en) * 1978-11-22 1981-03-17 Actionair Equipment Limited Shut-off damper
US4269166A (en) * 1978-12-21 1981-05-26 Exxon Research & Engineering Company Stack damper valve
US4275762A (en) * 1976-12-22 1981-06-30 Actionair Equipment Limited Control damper
US4294283A (en) * 1977-11-25 1981-10-13 Scharres Harry J Wedge sealed damper
US4308805A (en) * 1979-07-16 1982-01-05 Nichols Engineering & Research Corp. High temperature damper
US4331319A (en) * 1980-03-06 1982-05-25 Jamesbury Corp. Butterfly valve
US4348006A (en) * 1979-07-19 1982-09-07 Kerotest Manufacturing Corp. Plastic valve assembly
US4351511A (en) * 1979-10-11 1982-09-28 Applications Mecanique et Robinetterie Industrielle, A.M.R.I. Sealing gasket for an obturator such as a ventilation regulator
US4375183A (en) * 1981-01-14 1983-03-01 Lynch William R Insulated shutter assembly
USRE31471E (en) * 1977-05-18 1983-12-27 Damper Design, Inc. Multiple blade damper assembly
US4442862A (en) * 1980-05-30 1984-04-17 Mccabe Francis J Link bar operator for rotating blade dampers
US4469132A (en) * 1982-06-28 1984-09-04 Mcquay Inc. Damper apparatus
EP0152188A1 (en) * 1984-02-06 1985-08-21 Johnson Service Company Damper seal apparatus
US4610197A (en) * 1985-06-12 1986-09-09 Philips Industrial Components, Inc. Damper blade construction
FR2627837A1 (en) * 1988-02-26 1989-09-01 Tolerie Ind Foam cored vane to measure air flow to air conditioning system
EP0331533A1 (en) * 1988-02-26 1989-09-06 La Tolerie Industrielle Proportioning shutter for an air conditioning installation
DE3823734A1 (en) * 1988-07-13 1990-01-18 Pks Engineering Shut-off device for pipes
DE3922742A1 (en) * 1988-07-20 1990-01-25 Valeo Thermique Moteur Sa Device for controlling the air flow through a radiator
WO1991011663A1 (en) * 1990-01-25 1991-08-08 Lapinleimu Oy End sealing arrangement for louvres which have been attached by means of spindles to the register of an air conditioning duct
US5195926A (en) * 1990-04-14 1993-03-23 Mercedes-Benz Ag Flap arrangement
US5284178A (en) * 1992-01-16 1994-02-08 Co.I.Ra. S.R.L. Butterfly valve
DE4336905C1 (en) * 1993-10-13 1995-03-09 Robert Geiger Louvre for regulating a flow of gas
US5580307A (en) * 1995-02-22 1996-12-03 Arosio F. Lli S.N.C. Shutter for air or smoke conduits
DE19652397A1 (en) * 1996-12-17 1998-06-18 Behr Gmbh & Co Venetian blind for regulating airflow e.g. for road vehicle radiator
WO1999015819A1 (en) * 1997-09-25 1999-04-01 Bachmann Industries, Inc. Single-louver damper with double seal
WO2000020804A1 (en) * 1998-10-07 2000-04-13 Gebhardt-Stahl Gmbh Device for ventilation systems with adjustable lamellae
EP1270286A3 (en) * 2001-06-27 2003-11-05 Behr GmbH & Co. Air directing device especially for a vehicle
US20080087874A1 (en) * 2006-10-12 2008-04-17 Cordell Eldred Ebeling Railing section with adjustable fence members
US20090253367A1 (en) * 2008-04-03 2009-10-08 Minel Kupferberg End seal for damper blades
DE102008064513A1 (en) * 2008-12-22 2010-06-24 Veritas Ag Adjustable grille arrangement
US20110028081A1 (en) * 2009-07-29 2011-02-03 Huntair, Inc. Back draft damper
DE102010039620A1 (en) * 2010-08-20 2012-02-23 Röchling Automotive AG & Co. KG Grille for a motor vehicle
DE102011103585A1 (en) * 2011-05-30 2012-12-06 Daimler Ag Radiator grill arrangement for motor car, has drive lever drive-connected with lock bolt or flap lever over coupling devices, which are arranged with respect to inclination angles of drive lever rotational axis
US20130087294A1 (en) * 2011-07-20 2013-04-11 Sassan Khajavi Window Blinds with Flippable Overlapping Slats
US20140008561A1 (en) * 2012-07-06 2014-01-09 Joseph Dean Enke Damper blade seal system
EP2881634A1 (en) * 2013-12-04 2015-06-10 MAHLE Behr GmbH & Co. KG Flap assembly for an actuator, in particular for an exhaust valve of a combustion engine
US9234603B1 (en) * 2011-08-31 2016-01-12 Aaon, Inc. Air damper
DE102016006531A1 (en) * 2016-05-27 2017-11-30 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Radiator unit for a motor vehicle
US10414267B2 (en) * 2015-09-07 2019-09-17 Compagnie Plastic Omnium Flush-mounted air inlet flaps

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US2390277A (en) * 1939-11-20 1945-12-04 Samuel Verner Mcconnell Wiener vending machine and process
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US3176715A (en) * 1962-04-23 1965-04-06 American Foundry & Furnace Com Louver type damper
US3275031A (en) * 1963-01-29 1966-09-27 Johnson Service Co Dampers and seal means therefor
US3229718A (en) * 1963-04-08 1966-01-18 Progress O Matic Inc Fluid-flow directing apparatus
US3253815A (en) * 1963-05-02 1966-05-31 Keystone Valve Corp Butterfly valve seat construction
US3186682A (en) * 1963-11-12 1965-06-01 Betts Machine Company Butterfly valve disc and shaft sealing structure
US3312242A (en) * 1964-06-11 1967-04-04 Arrow Louver And Damper Corp Damper construction
US3332441A (en) * 1964-09-02 1967-07-25 Allis Chalmers Mfg Co Wicket gate end seals
US3426507A (en) * 1964-12-23 1969-02-11 Joy Mfg Co Electrical precipitator
US3366032A (en) * 1966-10-24 1968-01-30 Honeywell Inc Damper apparatus including inflatable sealing member
US3504883A (en) * 1967-06-19 1970-04-07 Grossventiltechnik Ag Sealing means for dampers and the like
US3504886A (en) * 1967-07-03 1970-04-07 Dresser Ind Valve seal construction
US3464341A (en) * 1967-10-18 1969-09-02 Russell L Dobrin Damper construction for ventilator duct
US3612483A (en) * 1968-04-12 1971-10-12 Rockwell Mfg Co Valves with deformable sealing
US3691931A (en) * 1971-01-19 1972-09-19 Luftkonditionering Ab Device for forced evacuation of air from kitchens
US3783768A (en) * 1971-10-14 1974-01-08 Imp Damper Co Inc Damper assembly
US3847210A (en) * 1972-09-14 1974-11-12 J Wells Damper sequencer
US4044994A (en) * 1973-12-05 1977-08-30 Hills-Mccanna Company Pressure loaded sealing arrangement
US3972348A (en) * 1975-06-12 1976-08-03 Mosser Industries, Inc. Temperature compensating valve assembly
US4029002A (en) * 1975-12-08 1977-06-14 Mcgraw-Edison Company Kitchen ventilator damper construction
US4043534A (en) * 1976-09-13 1977-08-23 Mosser Industries, Inc. Sealing means for sliding gate valve
US4103601A (en) * 1976-10-22 1978-08-01 Lloyd Giddis Dayus Air grille components and air grille therefrom
US4275762A (en) * 1976-12-22 1981-06-30 Actionair Equipment Limited Control damper
US4176675A (en) * 1977-04-20 1979-12-04 Crane Co. Floating seat butterfly valve
US4191212A (en) * 1977-05-18 1980-03-04 Damper Design, Inc. Multiple blade damper assembly
USRE31471E (en) * 1977-05-18 1983-12-27 Damper Design, Inc. Multiple blade damper assembly
US4294283A (en) * 1977-11-25 1981-10-13 Scharres Harry J Wedge sealed damper
US4192098A (en) * 1978-06-12 1980-03-11 Johnson Controls Inc. Air damper apparatus particularly for heating, ventilating and air conditioning systems
US4256143A (en) * 1978-11-22 1981-03-17 Actionair Equipment Limited Shut-off damper
US4269166A (en) * 1978-12-21 1981-05-26 Exxon Research & Engineering Company Stack damper valve
US4308805A (en) * 1979-07-16 1982-01-05 Nichols Engineering & Research Corp. High temperature damper
US4348006A (en) * 1979-07-19 1982-09-07 Kerotest Manufacturing Corp. Plastic valve assembly
US4351511A (en) * 1979-10-11 1982-09-28 Applications Mecanique et Robinetterie Industrielle, A.M.R.I. Sealing gasket for an obturator such as a ventilation regulator
US4331319A (en) * 1980-03-06 1982-05-25 Jamesbury Corp. Butterfly valve
US4442862A (en) * 1980-05-30 1984-04-17 Mccabe Francis J Link bar operator for rotating blade dampers
US4375183A (en) * 1981-01-14 1983-03-01 Lynch William R Insulated shutter assembly
US4469132A (en) * 1982-06-28 1984-09-04 Mcquay Inc. Damper apparatus
EP0152188A1 (en) * 1984-02-06 1985-08-21 Johnson Service Company Damper seal apparatus
US4541328A (en) * 1984-02-06 1985-09-17 Johnson Service Company Damper seal apparatus
US4610197A (en) * 1985-06-12 1986-09-09 Philips Industrial Components, Inc. Damper blade construction
FR2627837A1 (en) * 1988-02-26 1989-09-01 Tolerie Ind Foam cored vane to measure air flow to air conditioning system
EP0331533A1 (en) * 1988-02-26 1989-09-06 La Tolerie Industrielle Proportioning shutter for an air conditioning installation
DE3823734A1 (en) * 1988-07-13 1990-01-18 Pks Engineering Shut-off device for pipes
DE3922742A1 (en) * 1988-07-20 1990-01-25 Valeo Thermique Moteur Sa Device for controlling the air flow through a radiator
WO1991011663A1 (en) * 1990-01-25 1991-08-08 Lapinleimu Oy End sealing arrangement for louvres which have been attached by means of spindles to the register of an air conditioning duct
US5195926A (en) * 1990-04-14 1993-03-23 Mercedes-Benz Ag Flap arrangement
US5284178A (en) * 1992-01-16 1994-02-08 Co.I.Ra. S.R.L. Butterfly valve
DE4336905C1 (en) * 1993-10-13 1995-03-09 Robert Geiger Louvre for regulating a flow of gas
US5580307A (en) * 1995-02-22 1996-12-03 Arosio F. Lli S.N.C. Shutter for air or smoke conduits
DE19652397A1 (en) * 1996-12-17 1998-06-18 Behr Gmbh & Co Venetian blind for regulating airflow e.g. for road vehicle radiator
FR2757254A1 (en) 1996-12-17 1998-06-19 Behr Gmbh & Co RADIATOR STORAGE
WO1999015819A1 (en) * 1997-09-25 1999-04-01 Bachmann Industries, Inc. Single-louver damper with double seal
US5918632A (en) * 1997-09-25 1999-07-06 Bachmann Industries Single-louver damper with double seal
WO2000020804A1 (en) * 1998-10-07 2000-04-13 Gebhardt-Stahl Gmbh Device for ventilation systems with adjustable lamellae
EP1270286A3 (en) * 2001-06-27 2003-11-05 Behr GmbH & Co. Air directing device especially for a vehicle
US8302938B2 (en) 2006-10-12 2012-11-06 Ebeling Cordell E Railing section with adjustable fence members
US20100181543A1 (en) * 2006-10-12 2010-07-22 Cordell Eldred Ebeling Railing section with adjustable fence members
US7673853B2 (en) * 2006-10-12 2010-03-09 Cordell Eldred Ebeling Fencing section with adjustable fencing members
US20080087874A1 (en) * 2006-10-12 2008-04-17 Cordell Eldred Ebeling Railing section with adjustable fence members
US20090253367A1 (en) * 2008-04-03 2009-10-08 Minel Kupferberg End seal for damper blades
US8316974B2 (en) * 2008-12-22 2012-11-27 Veritas Ag Adjustable radiator grill arrangement
US20110297468A1 (en) * 2008-12-22 2011-12-08 Isa Coel Adjustable radiator grill arrangement
DE102008064513A1 (en) * 2008-12-22 2010-06-24 Veritas Ag Adjustable grille arrangement
US20110028081A1 (en) * 2009-07-29 2011-02-03 Huntair, Inc. Back draft damper
DE102010039620A1 (en) * 2010-08-20 2012-02-23 Röchling Automotive AG & Co. KG Grille for a motor vehicle
US8640802B2 (en) 2010-08-20 2014-02-04 Rochling Automotive Ag & Co. Kg Radiator grill for a motor vehicle
DE102011103585A1 (en) * 2011-05-30 2012-12-06 Daimler Ag Radiator grill arrangement for motor car, has drive lever drive-connected with lock bolt or flap lever over coupling devices, which are arranged with respect to inclination angles of drive lever rotational axis
US20130087294A1 (en) * 2011-07-20 2013-04-11 Sassan Khajavi Window Blinds with Flippable Overlapping Slats
US9234603B1 (en) * 2011-08-31 2016-01-12 Aaon, Inc. Air damper
US9574789B2 (en) * 2012-07-06 2017-02-21 Ruskin Company Damper blade seal system
US9395098B2 (en) * 2012-07-06 2016-07-19 Ruskin Company Damper blade seal system
US20140008561A1 (en) * 2012-07-06 2014-01-09 Joseph Dean Enke Damper blade seal system
DE102013224923A1 (en) * 2013-12-04 2015-06-11 MAHLE Behr GmbH & Co. KG Flap assembly for an actuator, in particular for an exhaust valve of an internal combustion engine
EP2881634A1 (en) * 2013-12-04 2015-06-10 MAHLE Behr GmbH & Co. KG Flap assembly for an actuator, in particular for an exhaust valve of a combustion engine
US10414267B2 (en) * 2015-09-07 2019-09-17 Compagnie Plastic Omnium Flush-mounted air inlet flaps
DE102016006531A1 (en) * 2016-05-27 2017-11-30 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Radiator unit for a motor vehicle
US10150362B2 (en) 2016-05-27 2018-12-11 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Radiator unit for a motor vehicle

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