US28337A - Improvement in clevises for plows - Google Patents

Improvement in clevises for plows Download PDF

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US28337A
US28337A US28337DA US28337A US 28337 A US28337 A US 28337A US 28337D A US28337D A US 28337DA US 28337 A US28337 A US 28337A
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clevis
end
iron
made
piece
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B59/00Devices specially adapted for connection between animals or tractors and agricultural machines or implements
    • A01B59/02Devices specially adapted for connection between animals or tractors and agricultural machines or implements for animal-drawn machines

Description

2 Sheets-Sheet If C. ADAMS.

Plow-Glevis. I

No. 28.337 Patented May 22, 1860.

2' Sheets-Sheet 2.

G. ADAMS.

Plow-Clevis.

Patented May 22, 1860.

N, PETERS, 'PHOT UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

CALVIN ADAMS, OF IITTSBURG, PENNSYLVANIA.

lMPROVEMENT IN CLEVISES FOR PLOWS.

Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 28,337, dated May 22, 1860.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, CALVINADAMS,Of Pittsburg, in the county of Allegheny and State of Pennsylvania, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Glevises for Flows; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description thereof, reference being had to the annexed drawings, forming part of this specification, in which Figure 1 is a perspective view of my improved clevis as made of wrought-iron attached to the end of plow-beam. Fig. 2shows the end of the plow-beam with the position of the holes for the bolts by which the clevis is attached to the beam. Fig. 3 is aperspective representation of the upper shank of the clevis. Fig. 4 is a perspective representation of the end piece of the clevis. Fig. 5 is the screwbolt by which the clevis is attached to the plowbeam. Fig.6 is the pin by which the clevis is set at the required angle to the plowbeam. Fig. 7 is a sectional perspective representation of the lower shank of the clevis divided longitudinally. Fig. 8 represents my improved clevis as made of east-iron with the parts united but detached from the p!owbeam. Fig.9 represents myimproved wrenchbolt for plowelevis, showing the head of the wrench in section.

My improvements consist in making the end piece of a clevis constructed in separate pieces with hooked or curved ends fitting into suitable slots or openings at or near the outer extremity of the shanks, so as to form a connection between them, and at the same time sustain the end pirceinits proper place withou tany other fastening, so that while the clevis is as firm and strong as one made of a single piece it also has sufficient yield at the joints formed by the hooks and slots to prevent its being easily broken; also, in the use of a projection or lug on the under shank with a plow-clevis, constructed as hereinafter described, for the purpose of preventing the nut at the end of the wrench-bolt from working off accidentally and also for facilitating the removal of the wrench when desired by holding the nut while the wrench-bolt is turned by hand.

Ithas been usual heretofore to make cleviscs for plows either of wrought-iron or of castiron in one piece in the shape of a letter U.

These elevises are, however, especially when of cast-iron, very liable to break, owing to the strain on them at the point where the curve commences. This strain is increased greatly if the plow-beamis not of the exact thickness of the distance between the legs of the clevis, in which case the legs have to be either drawn together or pushed apart to adjust them to the beam. These clevises are also liable to break, because of theirrigidity, there being no yielding at the point of curvature, where the strain is the greatest, and if the clevis breaks an entire new one must be made. As plow-beams are made of various sizes it is impossible to furnish clevises ready made, which will be sure to fit all the various plows, and hence it is not usual to make clevises in large quantities ready for sale, as the clevises made by one plow manufacturer will not be likelyto fit other plows. Thesedifficulties are overcome by my improvements, as my clevis is self-adjusting and will fit variousthicknesses of plow-beams without alteration and without any strain on the clevis itself. They are also more cheaply made, and if one part breaks it may be supplied without renewing the entire clevis.

To enable others skilled in the art to make and use my improved clevis, I will proceed to describe its construction and operation.

I make my improved clevis either of wroughtiron or of cast-iron, one great advantage of my improvement being that a cast-iron clevis so constructed is fully as strong andless liable to break than a wrought-iron clevis of equal weight when made in one piece, as has been usual heretofore.

My clevis consists of three piecestwo shanks, a b, and an end piece, 0. When made of cast-iron, as shown in Figs. 1, 3, and 4, the shanks are strips of iron of uniform thickness and width, straight for about three quarters of their length, and then curving outward to the outerextremity. Each of these shanks is perforated by two round holes-one, d, near the rear end, through which the bolt 9 passes, by which the shanks a and b are attached to the plowbeam m. The other hole, 0, (which is a little nearer the front extremity of the shank than therearend,) isforthe pin it, which serves to keep the clevis steady and regulates its p0- sitions on the beam by means of the holes Z N 1 holes d and 0, and the distance of the inner near the end of the plow-beam. Near the front end of eachof the shanks is a slot,'f, or rectangular hole of the same width as the thickness of the end piece, 0, the hooked end of which it is intended to receive. The end piece, 0, of the shape shown in Fig. 4, serves to unite the forward extremities of the shanks a and-b by means of its two hooked ends, which, when inserted point foremost, will enter the groove fin the shanks, filling up the grooves and yet allowing the shanks to have sufficient play to adjust themselves to various thicknesses of plow-beams, while the end piece is held by the shanks firmlyin its place and proper position, asseen in Fig. 1. On the inner edge of the end piece there are, as usual, three or more notches, z t i, to receive the ring a by which were either a little thicker or thinner than the distance between the legs of the clevis ifmade in one piece, the hooked ends of the end piece, 0, forming ajoint with the shanks a and b. If any part of the clevis should break, it immediately separates and no further damage is done, and the broken piece can be easily replaced without renewing the entire clevis.

The mode ofattaching my clevis to theplow- 1 beam is very simple, and will be readily understood by reference to the drawing Fig. 1.

One shank, a, is placed on the top and the other shank, b, on the bottom of the beam, and

the end piece inserted into the slotsff before the shanks are secured to the beam by the screw-bolt g and pin h.

The shape and conformation of my clevis, when made of cast-iron, are substantially the Y same-as those of the wrought-iron clevis. The

wrought-iron clevis may be readily made by dies from plates of iron without heating, and the cast-iron clevis cast in molds without separate cores for the holes in the shanks, as each piece forms its own core when molded.

In the cast-iron clevis seen in Fig. 8 I cast on the under shank, b, near to the hole (I, through which the wrench-bolt passes, a lug, s, which projects from the outer face or side of the lower shank. This lug is set at right angles to a central line passing through the boltface of the lug s from the center of the wrenchbolt hole d is about'equal to one-half of the width of the nut 1", used to screw on the end of the wrench-bolt p to hold it in place and fasten on the shanks to the plow-beam m. When the boltp is screwed up tight; (which is done by placing the nut r, with one edge pressing against the lug s, and turning the wrenchboltp by hand) it is plain that the nut cannot turn on the bolt, and therefore will not become loose, which is apt to be the case with nuts on screw-bolts.

If it is desired to remove the wrench-bolts, it is only necessary to turn the bolt by hand or by inserting a stick, as a lever, in the jaw of the wrench-head q of the boltp, and the lug 8 holds the nut r, and thus permits it who unscrewed. If the nut 1" were not thus held, it would often be necessary to have a wrench to hold the nut 1" while the bolt 1) was turned to detach it. Such a lug may, if desired, be made on the wrought-iron clevis -by turning down square the end of the lower shank, b.

The wrenclrboltp, I make with a cast-iron head, q, the bolt itself being arod of wroughtiron. This is made by simply placing one end of the bolt in the mold in which the wrenchhead (1 is made and casting the metal around it. Such a wrench is sufficiently strong for use about a plow, and is much more cheaply made than a wrench entirely formed ofwroughtiron, and is, I believe, entirely new.

Having thus described my improvement in clevises for plows, what I claim as my invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, 1s

1. Constructing the loose end piece of the clevis with hooked ends fitting into suitable slots in the shanks for the purpose of forming a connection between the outer extremities of CALVIN ADAMS.

\Vitnesses:

W. BANEWELL, A. S. NIoHoLsoN.

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4674082A (en) * 1982-10-05 1987-06-16 Telex Computer Products, Inc. PBX telephone system I/O interface
US20090028334A1 (en) * 2007-07-23 2009-01-29 Savi Technology, Inc. Method and Apparatus for Providing Security in a Radio Frequency Identification System
US20110192075A1 (en) * 2010-04-06 2011-08-11 Heliae Development, Llc Methods of and Systems for Producing Biofuels

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4674082A (en) * 1982-10-05 1987-06-16 Telex Computer Products, Inc. PBX telephone system I/O interface
US20090028334A1 (en) * 2007-07-23 2009-01-29 Savi Technology, Inc. Method and Apparatus for Providing Security in a Radio Frequency Identification System
US20110192075A1 (en) * 2010-04-06 2011-08-11 Heliae Development, Llc Methods of and Systems for Producing Biofuels

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