US2247338A - High frequency apparatus - Google Patents

High frequency apparatus Download PDF

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US2247338A
US2247338A US306952A US30695239A US2247338A US 2247338 A US2247338 A US 2247338A US 306952 A US306952 A US 306952A US 30695239 A US30695239 A US 30695239A US 2247338 A US2247338 A US 2247338A
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frequency
input
electrode
output
velocity
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US306952A
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Ramo Simon
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General Electric Co
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General Electric Co
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Priority to US153602A priority Critical patent/US2220839A/en
Priority to US201953A priority patent/US2220840A/en
Priority to US201954A priority patent/US2192049A/en
Priority to US211123A priority patent/US2498886A/en
Priority to US238213A priority patent/US2233166A/en
Priority to US243397A priority patent/US2240183A/en
Priority to US306951A priority patent/US2224122A/en
Application filed by General Electric Co filed Critical General Electric Co
Priority to CH222371T priority
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2247338A publication Critical patent/US2247338A/en
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Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16FSPRINGS; SHOCK-ABSORBERS; MEANS FOR DAMPING VIBRATION
    • F16F9/00Springs, vibration-dampers, shock-absorbers, or similarly-constructed movement-dampers using a fluid or the equivalent as damping medium
    • F16F9/10Springs, vibration-dampers, shock-absorbers, or similarly-constructed movement-dampers using a fluid or the equivalent as damping medium using liquid only; using a fluid of which the nature is immaterial
    • F16F9/14Devices with one or more members, e.g. pistons, vanes, moving to and fro in chambers and using throttling effect
    • F16F9/16Devices with one or more members, e.g. pistons, vanes, moving to and fro in chambers and using throttling effect involving only straight-line movement of the effective parts
    • F16F9/18Devices with one or more members, e.g. pistons, vanes, moving to and fro in chambers and using throttling effect involving only straight-line movement of the effective parts with a closed cylinder and a piston separating two or more working spaces therein
    • F16F9/19Devices with one or more members, e.g. pistons, vanes, moving to and fro in chambers and using throttling effect involving only straight-line movement of the effective parts with a closed cylinder and a piston separating two or more working spaces therein with a single cylinder and of single-tube type
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01JELECTRIC DISCHARGE TUBES OR DISCHARGE LAMPS
    • H01J23/00Details of transit-time tubes of the types covered by group H01J25/00
    • H01J23/36Coupling devices having distributed capacitance and inductance, structurally associated with the tube, for introducing or removing wave energy
    • H01J23/40Coupling devices having distributed capacitance and inductance, structurally associated with the tube, for introducing or removing wave energy to or from the interaction circuit
    • H01J23/48Coupling devices having distributed capacitance and inductance, structurally associated with the tube, for introducing or removing wave energy to or from the interaction circuit for linking interaction circuit with coaxial lines; Devices of the coupled helices type
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01JELECTRIC DISCHARGE TUBES OR DISCHARGE LAMPS
    • H01J25/00Transit-time tubes, e.g. klystrons, travelling-wave tubes, magnetrons
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01JELECTRIC DISCHARGE TUBES OR DISCHARGE LAMPS
    • H01J25/00Transit-time tubes, e.g. klystrons, travelling-wave tubes, magnetrons
    • H01J25/02Tubes with electron stream modulated in velocity or density in a modulator zone and thereafter giving up energy in an inducing zone, the zones being associated with one or more resonators
    • H01J25/06Tubes having only one resonator, without reflection of the electron stream, and in which the modulation produced in the modulator zone is mainly velocity modulation, e.g. Lüdi-Klystron
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01JELECTRIC DISCHARGE TUBES OR DISCHARGE LAMPS
    • H01J25/00Transit-time tubes, e.g. klystrons, travelling-wave tubes, magnetrons
    • H01J25/02Tubes with electron stream modulated in velocity or density in a modulator zone and thereafter giving up energy in an inducing zone, the zones being associated with one or more resonators
    • H01J25/10Klystrons, i.e. tubes having two or more resonators, without reflection of the electron stream, and in which the stream is modulated mainly by velocity in the zone of the input resonator
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01JELECTRIC DISCHARGE TUBES OR DISCHARGE LAMPS
    • H01J25/00Transit-time tubes, e.g. klystrons, travelling-wave tubes, magnetrons
    • H01J25/02Tubes with electron stream modulated in velocity or density in a modulator zone and thereafter giving up energy in an inducing zone, the zones being associated with one or more resonators
    • H01J25/10Klystrons, i.e. tubes having two or more resonators, without reflection of the electron stream, and in which the stream is modulated mainly by velocity in the zone of the input resonator
    • H01J25/12Klystrons, i.e. tubes having two or more resonators, without reflection of the electron stream, and in which the stream is modulated mainly by velocity in the zone of the input resonator with pencil-like electron stream in the axis of the resonators
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01JELECTRIC DISCHARGE TUBES OR DISCHARGE LAMPS
    • H01J25/00Transit-time tubes, e.g. klystrons, travelling-wave tubes, magnetrons
    • H01J25/02Tubes with electron stream modulated in velocity or density in a modulator zone and thereafter giving up energy in an inducing zone, the zones being associated with one or more resonators
    • H01J25/22Reflex klystrons, i.e. tubes having one or more resonators, with a single reflection of the electron stream, and in which the stream is modulated mainly by velocity in the modulator zone
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01JELECTRIC DISCHARGE TUBES OR DISCHARGE LAMPS
    • H01J25/00Transit-time tubes, e.g. klystrons, travelling-wave tubes, magnetrons
    • H01J25/02Tubes with electron stream modulated in velocity or density in a modulator zone and thereafter giving up energy in an inducing zone, the zones being associated with one or more resonators
    • H01J25/22Reflex klystrons, i.e. tubes having one or more resonators, with a single reflection of the electron stream, and in which the stream is modulated mainly by velocity in the modulator zone
    • H01J25/24Reflex klystrons, i.e. tubes having one or more resonators, with a single reflection of the electron stream, and in which the stream is modulated mainly by velocity in the modulator zone in which the electron stream is in the axis of the resonator or resonators and is pencil-like before reflection
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01JELECTRIC DISCHARGE TUBES OR DISCHARGE LAMPS
    • H01J29/00Details of cathode-ray tubes or of electron-beam tubes of the types covered by group H01J31/00
    • H01J29/86Vessels; Containers; Vacuum locks
    • H01J29/88Vessels; Containers; Vacuum locks provided with coatings on the walls thereof; Selection of materials for the coatings
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01JELECTRIC DISCHARGE TUBES OR DISCHARGE LAMPS
    • H01J5/00Details relating to vessels or to leading-in conductors common to two or more basic types of discharge tubes or lamps
    • H01J5/02Vessels; Containers; Shields associated therewith; Vacuum locks
    • H01J5/08Vessels; Containers; Shields associated therewith; Vacuum locks provided with coatings on the walls thereof; Selection of materials for the coatings
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01PWAVEGUIDES; RESONATORS, LINES, OR OTHER DEVICES OF THE WAVEGUIDE TYPE
    • H01P5/00Coupling devices of the waveguide type
    • H01P5/04Coupling devices of the waveguide type with variable factor of coupling
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H03BASIC ELECTRONIC CIRCUITRY
    • H03CMODULATION
    • H03C3/00Angle modulation
    • H03C3/30Angle modulation by means of transit-time tube
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H03BASIC ELECTRONIC CIRCUITRY
    • H03LAUTOMATIC CONTROL, STARTING, SYNCHRONISATION, OR STABILISATION OF GENERATORS OF ELECTRONIC OSCILLATIONS OR PULSES
    • H03L5/00Automatic control of voltage, current, or power
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L27/00Modulated-carrier systems
    • H04L27/02Amplitude-modulated carrier systems, e.g. using on-off keying; Single sideband or vestigial sideband modulation
    • H04L27/04Modulator circuits; Transmitter circuits

Description

June 24, 1941. RAMQ 2,247,338
HIGH FREQUENCY APPARATUS Filed Nov. 30, 1939 Inventor: Simon Ramo,
His Attorney.
Patented June 24, 1941 HIGH FEEQUENCY APTARATUS Simon Raine, Schenectady, N. TL, assignor to General Electric Company, a corporation of New York Application November 30, 1939, Serial No. 306,952
3 Claims.
This invention relates to improvements in electronic apparatus for use at frequencies so high that electron transit time considerations play a controlling part in the operation of the apparatus.
It is a primary object of the invention to de-- crease the amount of apparatus required at a station at which it is desired to receive simul taneously two or more independent signals of dilfering frequency. In the attainment of this object, an important feature of the invention consists in the provision of means by which a single electronic device may be used for the simultaneous amplification of two or more concurrently applied signals,
The features of the invention which I desire to protect herein are pointed out in the appended claims. The invention itself, together with further objects and advantages thereof, may best be understood by reference to the following description taken in connection with the drawing in which the single figure represents diagrammatically an electronic apparatus suitably embodying the invention.
The apparatus shown in the drawing comprises an electron beam tube which includes an evacuated envelope having an elongated tubular portion [0. This portion, which is of uniform diameter along its length, connects at one end with an enlarged electrode containing portion l i.
The envelope is preferably constituted of a lowloss insulating material such as glass, or quartz, or the like.
The tubular envelope portion it is provided at one end with means, such as a known type of electron gum, for producing an electron beam. The combination which is shown for this purpose comprises a cathode 14 which is indicated in dotted outline and a focusing cylinder 15 for focusing the electrons emitted from the cathode into a concentrated beam. The cylinder may either by connected directly to the cathode as shown, or maintained a few volts positive or negative with respect to it. In order to accelerate the electrons to a desired extent, there is provided an accelerating electrode 16 which is spaced from the cathode and which may be biased to a suitable positive potential, say several hundred volts,
After the electron beam issues from the cylin drical electrode [6, it is caused to traverse a region of relatively fixed beam Velocity which is defined by two ring-like electrodes I3 and it. After passing through the electrode l 9, the beam is caused to impinge on an anode 28 by which it is collected.
In the operation of the apparatus the electrodes i3 and l9 are ordinarily held at a potential on the order of several thousand volts above the cathode. The anode 20 may appropriately be maintained at a somewhat lower potential for efficient collection of the beam. These potential relationships may be established by means of a suitable voltage source which is conventionally illustrated as a battery 24. In order to maintain the beam in focus during its passage along the axis of the envelope, one may employ a series of magnetic focusing coils (not shown) or other known focusing means.
The combination of elements so far described comprises means for producing a unidirectional beam of electrons. Outside the envelope there is provided a high frequency electrode system de-- signed for effective cooperation with the beam. The parts which make up the high frequency electrode system include a series of sequentially arranged tubular conductive members which concentrically surround the envelope and which are respectively numbered 26 to 34, inclusive. The tubular elements which bear even numbers are conductively connected and are held at a common potential by connection to the positive terminal of the battery 24. The members Ti, 29, 3! and 33 constitute independent electrodes which are capable of varying in potential with respect to the fixed potential parts of the system. If desired, the whole high frequency electrode system may be enclosed within a grounded conductive shield, (not shown) for the purpose of lessening radiation and of minimizing backcoupling between the various electrodes.
For the purposes of my present invention the members 2Z5, 2? and 28 may be considered as elements of an input electrode system. It has been shown by W. C. Hahn in his application Serial No. 153,602, filed July 14, 1937, that at ultra high frequencies a system of this character may be made to function very effectively as a high frequency control means provided a proper correlation exists between the axial dimensions of the conductive parts, the average velocity of the electron beam and the desired frequency of operation of the system. Specifically, if it be assumed that the member 2'! is cyclically raised and lowered in potential with respect to the members 26 and 28, maximum effect of the member on the beam occurs if the electron transit time through the member corresponds approximately to a half cycle of. the potential variation or to some odd number of such half cycles. Where this condition is fulfilled, cumulative effects occur in the two gaps which bound the member 21. Specifically, these effects will be such as to result in the presence of definite velocity diiferences in the elements of the beam which successively enter the member 28.
The velocity differences above referred to are of a cyclically repetitive pattern and correspond to so-called velocity modulation of the beam. It has been demonstrated that as a beam which is so modulated progresses along its path, the velocity variations tend to produce or to become converted into charge density variations of a higher order of magnitude. This conversion process may be utilized in the production of amplification efiects.
In the present case the conversion of velocity modulation into charge density modulation is facilitated by permitting the beam, after its issuance from the member 21, to traverse a relatively long drift space in which sorting or bunching of the fast and slow electrons can occur. At least a portion of this space is defined by the elongated member 30, which provides a relatively field free region within its confines.
Amplification effects are obtained by appropriate employment of the member 3|, which, for the purposes of the present invention, is caused to serve as an output electrode. Assuming that the axial dimensions of this electrode are properly correlated to the spacing between adjacent charge density maxima and minima in the beam, as will be the case, for example, if the dimensions of the member 3! are approximately the same as those of the member 21, currents will be induced in the member 3! as a result of the passage of the modulated beam therethrough. By connecting the electrode to a circuit of proper characteristics, output voltages of useful magnitude may be obtained.
In order that the members 2'0 and 3| may constitute parts of a complete amplification system, it is necessary, of course, that they be associated with appropriate input and output circuit ele- A ments. In the present case, an input circuit has been illustrated conventionally as comprising the parallel combination of a condenser 40 and an inductance ll, these elements being assumed to be resonant at a particular signal frequency desired to be received. For impressing such a signal on the system, the circuit 49, M is coupled to a receiving antenna :32.
In similar fashion, the output electrode 35 is connected to an output circuit which includes a condenser 54 and an inductance 45 and which is provided with output terminals 46. It is contemplated that the circuit 44, 45 shall be tuned to the same frequency as the input circuit 45], 4| or in some cases to a harmonic frequency thereof.
As has been previously pointed out, it is an object of my invention to use a single electron stream to effect amplification of several simultaneously received signals. To this end, in the apparatus illustrated the members 29 and 33 are used as parts of a second energy-conversion system which is entirely independent of the system formed by the members 21 and 34 and their associatcd circuits.
In this connection, it will be noted that the member 29 is of different length from the member 21. Consequently, for a given beam Velocity, effective reaction of the member 29 on the beam in respect to modulating the same can be obtained by impressing n the member a signal of a frequency which is different from that required for most efiective action of the member 21. It is, therefore, feasible to make the member 29 a part of an input system which is adapted to be excited by a signal quite different from that to which the circuit 68, M is tuned. An input circuit for receiving such a signal is indicated as comprising an antenna 48 and the tuned combination of an inductance 49 and a condenser 50.
At the other end of the beam path, a second output circuit, comprisin an inductance 52, a condenser 53 and output terminals 54, is provided in connection with the conductive member 33. This member is preferably of the same dimensions as the member 29 and is, therefore, selectively responsive to the charge density variations developed in the beam as a result of the modulating action of the latter electrode. For this reason, if the output circuit 52, 53 is tuned to the same frequency as the signal which is applied to the electrode 29, an amplified voltage of this frequency may be obtained at the terminals 54.
It may be demonstrated that the mechanism of signal propagation along an electron stream by a system of the type described above is such that for signals of reasonable magnitude no objectionable mixing or interference of two simultaneously propagated signals occurs. Consequently, in the apparatus which has been described in the foregoing, if the two output circuits are sharply tuned and if the two received signals are reasonably separated in frequency, simultaneous and non-interfering operation of the two amplifying systems may be realized.
An arrangement such as that which has been described above is of special value in any situation wher space or reserve equipment is limited. For example, my invention may be advantage ously employed at an emergency station where it is desired to have several channels of communication simultaneously operative and where at the same time, it is impractical to set up a large number of completely separate signal-receiving units. It will be understood, of course, that by using an electron beam tube of sufficient length, any number of independent receiving cir-- cuits may be coupled to a single beam so that duplication of the electronic component of the various receiving systems is unnecessary. It will ordinarily be possible to assemble the circuit elements of the various systems in a compact space so that the complete arrangement occupies very little more space than that required for a single receiver.
While I have described my invention by reference to a particular embodiment thereof, it will be understood that numerous modifications may be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the invention. I, therefore, aim in the appended claims to cover all such equivalent variations as fall within the true spirit and scope of the foregoing disclosure.
What I claim as new and desir to secure by Letters Patent of the United States is:
1. In apparatus for use at frequencies so high that transit time considerations play a controlling part in the operation of the apparatus, the combination which includes means for producing a stream of electrons, a pair of input systems separately coupled to the stream for producing velocity modulation of the stream at two different ultra-high frequencies, means providing a drift space of substantial length to be traversed by the stream after velocity modulation thereof, and a pair of output systems separately coupled to the beam so as to b affected by the high frequency variations existing in the stream after its issu--v ance from the said space, each of said output systems being adapted to be selectively excited at a frequency corresponding to the input frequency of one of the said input systems.
2. In ultra-high frequency apparatus utilizing a single electronic device for the simultaneous amplification of two simultaneously applied input signals of different frequency, the combination which includes an elongated tubular envelope forming a part of the said electronic device, means within said envelope for producing therein a beam of electrons of fixed average velocity, a plurality of mutually spaced conductive members sequentially coupled to the said beam and dimensionally correlated to the beam velocity, a first input and a first output system respectively connected with certain ones of said members which are positioned at appreciably spaced points along the beam axis, and a second input and a second output system respectively connected with certain others of said members which are also positioned at appreciably spaced points along the beam axis, said first and second input and output systems being respectively adapted to be selectively excited at the first and second of the said simultaneously applied signal frequencies.
3. In high frequency apparatus, the combination which includes means for producing a beam of electrons of fixed average velocity, a plurality of variously dimensioned conducting members successively coupled to said beam at spaced points thereof, a certain pair of said members constituting respectively an input and an output electrode having axial dimensions which are so correlated to the beam velocity as to assur selective reaction with the beam for a first frequency of operation of the apparatus and a certain other pair of said members constituting respectively an input and an output electrode having axial dimensions which are so correlated to th beam velocity as to assure selective reaction with the beams for a second frequency of operation of the apparatus, and two input and two output circuits respectively and independently associated with the various input and output electrodes, whereby said apparatus may be simultaneously operated at said first and second operating frequencies.
SIMON RAMO.
US306952A 1937-07-14 1939-11-30 High frequency apparatus Expired - Lifetime US2247338A (en)

Priority Applications (8)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US153602A US2220839A (en) 1937-07-14 1937-07-14 Electrical discharge device
US201953A US2220840A (en) 1937-07-14 1938-04-14 Velocity modulation device
US201954A US2192049A (en) 1937-07-14 1938-04-14 Electron beam device
US211123A US2498886A (en) 1937-07-14 1938-06-01 Ultra short wave device
US238213A US2233166A (en) 1937-07-14 1938-11-01 Means for transferring high frequency power
US243397A US2240183A (en) 1937-07-14 1938-12-01 Electric discharge device
US306951A US2224122A (en) 1937-07-14 1939-11-30 High frequency apparatus
CH222371T 1941-06-05

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US2247338A true US2247338A (en) 1941-06-24

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Family Applications (18)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US153602A Expired - Lifetime US2220839A (en) 1937-07-14 1937-07-14 Electrical discharge device
US201953A Expired - Lifetime US2220840A (en) 1937-07-14 1938-04-14 Velocity modulation device
US201954A Expired - Lifetime US2192049A (en) 1937-07-14 1938-04-14 Electron beam device
US211123A Expired - Lifetime US2498886A (en) 1937-07-14 1938-06-01 Ultra short wave device
US211124A Expired - Lifetime US2222901A (en) 1937-07-14 1938-06-01 Ultra-short-wave device
US238213A Expired - Lifetime US2233166A (en) 1937-07-14 1938-11-01 Means for transferring high frequency power
US243397A Expired - Lifetime US2240183A (en) 1937-07-14 1938-12-01 Electric discharge device
US248771A Expired - Lifetime US2200962A (en) 1937-07-14 1938-12-31 Ultra short wave device
US248799A Expired - Lifetime US2235527A (en) 1937-07-14 1938-12-31 Polyphase generator for ultra short wave lengths
US276172A Expired - Lifetime US2222902A (en) 1937-07-14 1939-05-27 High frequency apparatus
US301628A Expired - Lifetime US2200986A (en) 1937-07-14 1939-10-27 Modulation system
US301629A Expired - Lifetime US2266595A (en) 1937-07-14 1939-10-27 Electric discharge device
US306952A Expired - Lifetime US2247338A (en) 1937-07-14 1939-11-30 High frequency apparatus
US306951A Expired - Lifetime US2224122A (en) 1937-07-14 1939-11-30 High frequency apparatus
US310059A Expired - Lifetime US2222899A (en) 1937-07-14 1939-12-19 Frequency multiplier
US332022A Expired - Lifetime US2292151A (en) 1937-07-14 1940-04-27 Electric discharge device
US347744A Expired - Lifetime US2276806A (en) 1937-07-14 1940-07-26 High frequency apparatus
US45638042 Expired USRE22506E (en) 1937-07-14 1942-08-27 Electrical discharge device

Family Applications Before (12)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US153602A Expired - Lifetime US2220839A (en) 1937-07-14 1937-07-14 Electrical discharge device
US201953A Expired - Lifetime US2220840A (en) 1937-07-14 1938-04-14 Velocity modulation device
US201954A Expired - Lifetime US2192049A (en) 1937-07-14 1938-04-14 Electron beam device
US211123A Expired - Lifetime US2498886A (en) 1937-07-14 1938-06-01 Ultra short wave device
US211124A Expired - Lifetime US2222901A (en) 1937-07-14 1938-06-01 Ultra-short-wave device
US238213A Expired - Lifetime US2233166A (en) 1937-07-14 1938-11-01 Means for transferring high frequency power
US243397A Expired - Lifetime US2240183A (en) 1937-07-14 1938-12-01 Electric discharge device
US248771A Expired - Lifetime US2200962A (en) 1937-07-14 1938-12-31 Ultra short wave device
US248799A Expired - Lifetime US2235527A (en) 1937-07-14 1938-12-31 Polyphase generator for ultra short wave lengths
US276172A Expired - Lifetime US2222902A (en) 1937-07-14 1939-05-27 High frequency apparatus
US301628A Expired - Lifetime US2200986A (en) 1937-07-14 1939-10-27 Modulation system
US301629A Expired - Lifetime US2266595A (en) 1937-07-14 1939-10-27 Electric discharge device

Family Applications After (5)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US306951A Expired - Lifetime US2224122A (en) 1937-07-14 1939-11-30 High frequency apparatus
US310059A Expired - Lifetime US2222899A (en) 1937-07-14 1939-12-19 Frequency multiplier
US332022A Expired - Lifetime US2292151A (en) 1937-07-14 1940-04-27 Electric discharge device
US347744A Expired - Lifetime US2276806A (en) 1937-07-14 1940-07-26 High frequency apparatus
US45638042 Expired USRE22506E (en) 1937-07-14 1942-08-27 Electrical discharge device

Country Status (7)

Country Link
US (18) US2220839A (en)
BE (9) BE429160A (en)
CH (4) CH208065A (en)
DE (5) DE908743C (en)
FR (15) FR840676A (en)
GB (8) GB518015A (en)
NL (1) NL76327C (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2435601A (en) * 1942-12-31 1948-02-10 Gen Electric Phase modulation system
US2504329A (en) * 1944-04-05 1950-04-18 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Oscillation damping device
US2653271A (en) * 1949-02-05 1953-09-22 Sperry Corp High-frequency apparatus
US2800602A (en) * 1951-06-05 1957-07-23 Univ Leland Stanford Junior Low noise electron discharge tubes
US2843788A (en) * 1952-12-03 1958-07-15 Rolf W Peter Electron beam tube

Families Citing this family (145)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB523712A (en) * 1937-10-11 1940-07-22 Univ Leland Stanford Junior An improved electrical discharge system and method of operating the same
USRE22724E (en) * 1938-04-14 1946-02-19 Radio transmission and reception
US2466754A (en) * 1938-06-18 1949-04-12 Univ Leland Stanford Junior Frequency multiplier
US2468928A (en) * 1938-07-08 1949-05-03 Univ Leland Stanford Junior Electronic oscillator-detector
US2458223A (en) * 1939-07-03 1949-01-04 Albert G Thomas Electronic tube
NL80761C (en) * 1939-08-24
DE748907C (en) * 1939-11-18 1945-01-19 Speed-controlled discharge arrangement for ultrashort waves
DE970149C (en) * 1940-05-17 1958-08-21 Western Electric Co Electron discharge device for amplifying a high frequency electromagnetic wave
US2490030A (en) * 1940-06-28 1949-12-06 Sperry Corp High-frequency tube structure
US2610307A (en) * 1940-07-02 1952-09-09 Univ Leland Stanford Junior Tunable cavity resonator electron discharge device
US2424959A (en) * 1940-09-21 1947-08-05 Standard Telephones Cables Ltd Tube arrangement for frequency doubling
DE967231C (en) * 1940-10-22 1957-10-24 Pintsch Bamag Ag Device for fanning (generating, amplifying or receiving) ultra-short electrical waves, in particular the decimeter or centimeter wave range
US2424002A (en) * 1940-11-04 1947-07-15 Research Corp High-frequency electronic tube
FR972003A (en) * 1940-12-18 1951-01-24 Csf Improvements to speed modulated electron tubes
US2520182A (en) * 1940-12-24 1950-08-29 Int Standard Electric Corp Electron discharge apparatus
US2416302A (en) * 1941-01-07 1947-02-25 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Electronic apparatus
US2490622A (en) * 1941-01-15 1949-12-06 Emi Ltd High-frequency transmission line or cable and connector therefor
DE976503C (en) * 1941-03-25 1963-12-05 Siemens Ag Method for operating an electron tube with run time control
DE976519C (en) * 1941-03-25 1963-10-17 Siemens Ag Klystron
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CH231586A (en) 1944-03-31
US2498886A (en) 1950-02-28
GB553529A (en) 1943-05-26
US2292151A (en) 1942-08-04
BE437641A (en)
US2222902A (en) 1940-11-26
DE908743C (en) 1954-04-08
GB533826A (en) 1941-02-20
BE434657A (en)
GB553266A (en) 1943-05-14
FR51024E (en) 1941-05-28
FR51485E (en) 1942-08-12
US2220840A (en) 1940-11-05
US2200986A (en) 1940-05-14
CH222371A (en) 1942-07-15
FR51483E (en) 1942-08-12
FR51863E (en) 1943-05-24
US2235527A (en) 1941-03-18
FR50493E (en) 1940-11-14
DE922425C (en) 1955-01-17
BE436872A (en)
FR51527E (en) 1942-10-05
BE442681A (en) 1942-02-28
US2222899A (en) 1940-11-26
BE441873A (en) 1942-02-28
CH208065A (en) 1939-12-31
US2233166A (en) 1941-02-25
FR855554A (en) 1940-05-15
FR51484E (en) 1942-08-12
GB518015A (en) 1940-02-15
US2192049A (en) 1940-02-27
DE927157C (en) 1955-05-02
GB533500A (en) 1941-02-14
BE429160A (en) 1938-08-31
US2276806A (en) 1942-03-17
FR50997E (en) 1941-05-19
FR51488E (en) 1942-08-12
US2224122A (en) 1940-12-03
US2222901A (en) 1940-11-26
FR840676A (en) 1939-05-02
FR51215E (en) 1941-12-20
DE919245C (en) 1954-10-18
FR51864E (en) 1943-05-24
GB555864A (en) 1943-09-10
GB555863A (en) 1943-09-10
USRE22506E (en) 1944-06-27
BE446480A (en) 1942-08-31
FR51862E (en) 1943-05-24
GB533939A (en) 1941-02-24
BE437339A (en)
FR51015E (en) 1941-05-28
BE433819A (en)
CH223415A (en) 1942-09-15
US2200962A (en) 1940-05-14
US2266595A (en) 1941-12-16
US2240183A (en) 1941-04-29
US2220839A (en) 1940-11-05
NL76327C (en) 1954-11-15
DE926317C (en) 1955-04-14

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