US20150286332A1 - Force imaging input device and system - Google Patents

Force imaging input device and system Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US20150286332A1
US20150286332A1 US14746699 US201514746699A US20150286332A1 US 20150286332 A1 US20150286332 A1 US 20150286332A1 US 14746699 US14746699 US 14746699 US 201514746699 A US201514746699 A US 201514746699A US 20150286332 A1 US20150286332 A1 US 20150286332A1
Authority
US
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
touch
force
traces
conductive
layer
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
US14746699
Inventor
Steven P. Hotelling
Brian Q. Huppi
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Apple Inc
Original Assignee
Apple Inc.
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F3/00Input arrangements for transferring data to be processed into a form capable of being handled by the computer; Output arrangements for transferring data from processing unit to output unit, e.g. interface arrangements
    • G06F3/01Input arrangements or combined input and output arrangements for interaction between user and computer
    • G06F3/03Arrangements for converting the position or the displacement of a member into a coded form
    • G06F3/041Digitisers, e.g. for touch screens or touch pads, characterised by the transducing means
    • G06F3/0414Digitisers, e.g. for touch screens or touch pads, characterised by the transducing means using force sensing means
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F3/00Input arrangements for transferring data to be processed into a form capable of being handled by the computer; Output arrangements for transferring data from processing unit to output unit, e.g. interface arrangements
    • G06F3/01Input arrangements or combined input and output arrangements for interaction between user and computer
    • G06F3/03Arrangements for converting the position or the displacement of a member into a coded form
    • G06F3/041Digitisers, e.g. for touch screens or touch pads, characterised by the transducing means
    • G06F3/0416Control and interface arrangements for touch screen
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F3/00Input arrangements for transferring data to be processed into a form capable of being handled by the computer; Output arrangements for transferring data from processing unit to output unit, e.g. interface arrangements
    • G06F3/01Input arrangements or combined input and output arrangements for interaction between user and computer
    • G06F3/03Arrangements for converting the position or the displacement of a member into a coded form
    • G06F3/041Digitisers, e.g. for touch screens or touch pads, characterised by the transducing means
    • G06F3/044Digitisers, e.g. for touch screens or touch pads, characterised by the transducing means by capacitive means
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F2203/00Indexing scheme relating to G06F3/00 - G06F3/048
    • G06F2203/041Indexing scheme relating to G06F3/041 -G06F3/045
    • G06F2203/041012.5D-digitiser, i.e. digitiser detecting the X/Y position of the input means, finger or stylus, also when it does not touch, but is proximate to the digitiser's interaction surface and also measures the distance of the input means within a short range in the Z direction, possibly with a separate measurement setup
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F2203/00Indexing scheme relating to G06F3/00 - G06F3/048
    • G06F2203/041Indexing scheme relating to G06F3/041 -G06F3/045
    • G06F2203/04105Separate pressure detection, i.e. detection of pressure applied on the touch surface using additional pressure sensors or switches not interfering with the position sensing process and generally disposed outside of the active touch sensing part
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F2203/00Indexing scheme relating to G06F3/00 - G06F3/048
    • G06F2203/041Indexing scheme relating to G06F3/041 -G06F3/045
    • G06F2203/04106Multi-sensing digitiser, i.e. digitiser using at least two different sensing technologies simultaneously or alternatively, e.g. for detecting pen and finger, for saving power or for improving position detection
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F2203/00Indexing scheme relating to G06F3/00 - G06F3/048
    • G06F2203/041Indexing scheme relating to G06F3/041 -G06F3/045
    • G06F2203/04112Electrode mesh in capacitive digitiser: electrode for touch sensing is formed of a mesh of very fine, normally metallic, interconnected lines that are almost invisible to see. This provides a quite large but transparent electrode surface, without need for ITO or similar transparent conductive material

Abstract

A force imaging touch pad includes first and second sets of conductive traces separated by a spring membrane. When a force is applied, the spring membrane deforms moving the two sets of traces closer together. The resulting change in mutual capacitance is used to generate an image indicative of the amount or intensity of the applied force. A combined location and force imaging touch pad includes two sets of drive traces, one set of sense traces and a spring membrane. In operation, one of the drive traces is used in combination with the set of sense traces to generate an image of where one or more objects touch the touch pad. The second set of drive traces is used in combination with the sense traces and spring membrane to generate an image of the applied force's strength or intensity.

Description

    CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS
  • [0001]
    This is a continuation of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 12/471,251, filed May 22, 2009, and published on Sep. 17, 2009 as U.S. Publication No. 2009/0231305, which is a continuation of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 11/278,080, filed Mar. 30, 2006 and issued on May 26, 2009 as U.S. Pat. No. 7,538,760, the contents of which are herein incorporated by reference in their entirety for all purposes.
  • BACKGROUND
  • [0002]
    The invention relates generally to electronic system input devices and, more particularly, to force imaging and location-and-force imaging mutual capacitance systems.
  • [0003]
    Numerous touch sensing devices are available for use in computer systems, personal digital assistants, mobile phones, game systems, music systems and the like (i.e., electronic systems). Perhaps the best known are resistive-membrane position sensors which have been used as keyboards and position indicators for a number of years. Other types of touch sensing devices include resistive tablets, surface acoustic wave devices, touch sensors based on resistance, capacitance, strain gages electromagnetic sensors or pressure sensors, and optical sensors. Pressure sensitive position sensors have historically offered little benefit for use as a pointing device (as opposed to a data entry or writing device) because the pressure needed to make them operate inherently creates stiction between the finger and the sensor surface. Such stiction has, in large measure, prevented such devices from becoming popular.
  • [0004]
    Owing to the growth popularity of portable devices and the attendant need to integrate all input functions into a single form factor, the touch pad is now one of the most popular and widely used types of input device. Operationally, touch pads may be categorized as either “resistive” or “capacitive.” In resistive touch pads, the pad is coated with a thin metallic electrically conductive layer and resistive layer. When the pad is touched, the conductive layers come into contact through the resistive layer causing a change in resistance (typically measured as a change in current) that is used to identify where on the pad the touch event occurred. In capacitive touch pads, a first set of conductive traces run in a first direction and are insulated by a dielectric insulator from a second set of conductive traces running in a second direction (generally orthogonal to the first direction). The grid formed by the overlapping conductive traces create an array of capacitors that can store electrical charge. When an object is brought into proximity or contact with the touch pad, the capacitance of the capacitors at that location change. This change can be used to identify the location of the touch event.
  • [0005]
    One drawback to using touch pads as input devices is that they do not generally provide pressure or force information. Force information may be used to obtain a more robust indication of how a user is manipulating a device. That is, force information may be used as another input dimension for purposes of providing command and control signals to an associated electronic device. Thus, it would be beneficial to provide a force measurement system as part of a touch pad input device.
  • SUMMARY
  • [0006]
    In one embodiment the invention provides a force sensitive touch pad that includes first and second sets of conductive traces separated by a spring membrane. When a force is applied, the spring membrane deforms moving the two sets of traces closer together. The resulting change in mutual capacitance is used to generate an image indicative of the location (relative to the surface of the touch pad) and strength or intensity of an applied force. In another embodiment, the invention provides a combined location and force sensitive touch pad that includes two sets of drive traces, one set of sense traces and a spring membrane. In operation, one of the drive traces is used in combination with the set of sense traces to generate an image of where one or more objects touch the touch pad. The second set of drive traces is used in combination with the sense traces and spring membrane to generate an image of the applied force's strength or intensity and its location relative to the touch pad's surface. Force touch pads and location and force touch pads in accordance with the invention may be incorporated in a variety of electronic devices to facilitate recognition of an increased array of user manipulation.
  • [0007]
    In yet another embodiment, the described force sensing architectures may be used to implement a display capable of detecting the amount of force a user applies to a display (e.g., a liquid crystal display unit). Display units in accordance with this embodiment of the invention may be used to facilitate recognition of an increased array of user input.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • [0008]
    FIG. 1 shows, in exploded perspective view, a force detector in accordance with one embodiment of the invention.
  • [0009]
    FIGS. 2A and 2B show, in cross-section, an unloaded (A) and loaded (B) force detector in accordance with FIG. 1.
  • [0010]
    FIG. 3 shows, in block diagram form, a force detection system in accordance with one embodiment of the invention.
  • [0011]
    FIG. 4 shows, in block diagram form, a more detailed view of the force detection system in accordance with FIG. 3.
  • [0012]
    FIG. 5 shows, in cross-section, a location and force detection device in accordance with one embodiment of the invention.
  • [0013]
    FIG. 6 shows, in cross section, a location and force detection device in accordance with another embodiment of the invention.
  • [0014]
    FIG. 7 shows an exploded view of drive and sense traces in accordance with FIG. 6.
  • [0015]
    FIGS. 8A-8C show various views of a location and force detection device in accordance with still another embodiment of the invention.
  • [0016]
    FIGS. 9A-9C show various views of a location and force detection device in accordance with yet another embodiment of the invention.
  • [0017]
    FIGS. 10A and 10B show, in cross section, a location and force detection device in accordance with another embodiment of the invention.
  • [0018]
    FIGS. 11A-11C show various views of a spring membrane in accordance with another embodiment of the invention.
  • [0019]
    FIGS. 12A and 12B show, in block diagram form, a force detection display system in accordance with one embodiment of the invention.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION
  • [0020]
    The following description is presented to enable any person skilled in the art to make and use the invention as claimed and is provided in the context of the particular examples discussed below (touch pad input devices for personal computer systems), variations of which will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art. Accordingly, the claims appended hereto are not intended to be limited by the disclosed embodiments, but are to be accorded their widest scope consistent with the principles and features disclosed herein. By way of example only, force imaging systems in accordance with the invention are equally applicable to electronic devices other than personal computer systems such as computer workstations, mobile phones, hand-held digital assistants and digital control panels for various machinery and systems (mechanical, electrical and electronic).
  • [0021]
    Referring to FIG. 1, the general concept of a force detector in accordance with the invention is illustrated as it may be embodied in touch pad device 100. As illustrated, force detector 100 comprises cosmetic layer 105, sense layer 110 (including conductive paths 115 and electrical connector 120), dielectric spring layer 125 (including spatially offset raised structures 130), drive layer 135 (including conductive paths 140 and electrical connector 145) and base or support 150. (It will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art that connectors 120 and 145 provide unique connections for each conductive trace on layers 110 and 135 respectively.)
  • [0022]
    Cosmetic layer 105 acts to protect other elements of the system from ambient conditions (e.g., dust and moisture) and, further, provides a surface through which users interact with detector 100. Conductive paths 115 on sense layer 110 are arranged so that they overlap conductive paths 140 on drive layer 135, thereby forming capacitors whose plates (conductive paths 115 and 140) are separated by sense layer substrate 110, dielectric spring layer 125 and raised structures 130. Dielectric spring layer 125 and raised structures 130 together create a mechanism by which sense layer 110's conductive paths 115 are brought into closer proximity to drive layer 135's conductive paths 140 when a force is applied to cosmetic layer 105. It will be recognized that this change in separation causes the mutual capacitance between sense layer and drive layer conductive paths (115 and 140) to change (increase)—a change indicative of the amount, intensity or strength of the force applied to cosmetic layer 105. Base or support layer 150 provides structural integrity for force detector 100.
  • [0023]
    Referring to FIG. 2A, a cross-sectional view of force detector 100 is shown in its unloaded or “no force” state. In this state, the mutual capacitance between sense layer 110 and drive layer 135 conductive paths (115 and 140) results in a steady-state or quiescent capacitance signal (as measured via connectors 120 and 145 in FIG. 1). Referring to FIG. 2B, when external force 200 is applied to cosmetic layer 105, dielectric spring layer 125 is deformed so that sense layer 110 moves closer to drive layer 135. This, in turn, results in a change (increase) in the mutual capacitance between the sense and drive layers—a change that is approximately monotonically related to the distance between the two and, therefore, to the intensity or strength of applied force 200. More specifically, during operation traces 140 (on drive layer 135) are electrically stimulated one at a time and the mutual capacitance associated with the stimulated trace and each of traces 115 (on sense layer 110) is measured. In this way an image of the strength or intensity of force 200 applied to cosmetic layer 105 is obtained. As previously noted, this change in mutual capacitance may be determined though appropriate circuitry.
  • [0024]
    Referring to FIG. 3, a block diagram of force imaging system 300 utilizing force detector touch pad 100 is shown. As illustrated, force imaging system 300 comprises force detector 100 coupled to touch pad controller 305 through connectors 120 (for sense signals 310) and 145 (for drive signals 315). Touch pad controller 305, in turn, periodically sends signals to host processor 320 that represent the (spatial) distribution of force applied to detector 100. Host processor 320 may interpret the force information to perform specified command and control actions (e.g., select an object displayed on display unit 325).
  • [0025]
    Referring to FIG. 4, during operation drive circuit 400 in touch pad controller 305 sends (“drives”) a current through drive signals 315 and connector 145 to each of the plurality of drive layer conductive paths 140 (see FIG. 1) in turn. Because of capacitive coupling, some of this current is carried through to each of the plurality of sense layer conductive paths 115 (see FIG. 1). Sensing circuits 405 (e.g., charge amplifiers) detect the analog signal from sense signals 310 (via connector 120) and send them to analysis circuit 410. One function of analysis circuit 410 is to convert the detected analog capacitance values to digital form (e.g., through A-to-D converters). Another function of analysis circuit is to queue up a plurality of digitized capacitance values for transmission to host processor 320 (see FIG. 3). Yet another function of analysis circuit is to control drive circuit 400 and, perhaps, to dynamically adjust operation of sense circuits 405 (e.g., such as by changing the threshold value at which a “change” in capacitance is detected). One embodiment of controller 305 suitable for use in the present invention is described in U.S. patent application entitled “Multipoint Touch Screen Controller,” Ser. No. 10/999,999 by Steve Hotelling, Christoph Krah and Brian Huppi, filed 15 Mar. 2006 and which is hereby incorporated in its entirety.
  • [0026]
    In another embodiment, a force detector in accordance with the invention is combined with a capacitive location detector to create a touch pad device that provides both location and force detection. Referring to FIG. 5, combined location and force detector 500 comprises cosmetic layer 505, circuit board or substrate 510 (including a first plurality of conductive drive paths 515 on a first surface and a plurality of sense paths 520 on a second surface), dielectric spring layer 525 (including alternating, or spatially offset, raised structures 530), drive layer 535 (including a second plurality of conductive drive paths) and base or support 540. In one embodiment, conductive drive paths 515 and 535 are laid down on substrate 510 and support 540 respectively to form rows and sense conductive paths are laid down on substrate 510 to form columns. Accordingly, during operation first drive paths 515 are driven (one at a time) during a first time period and, during this same time, sense paths 520 are interrogated to obtain an image representing the location of one or more cosmetic layer touches. Similarly, second drive paths 535 are driven (one at a time) during a second time period and, during this same time, sense paths 520 are again interrogated to obtain an image representing, this time, the strength or intensity of the force applied to cosmetic layer 505. The operation of computer input devices (e.g., touch pads) for touch detection based on the principle of mutual capacitance is described in US patent application entitled “Multipoint Touchscreen” by Steve Hotelling, Joshua A. Stricken and Brian Q. Huppi, Ser. No. 10/840,862 and which is hereby incorporated in its entirety.
  • [0027]
    Referring to FIG. 6, location and force touch pad 600 in accordance with another embodiment of the invention is shown in cross section. In this embodiment, cosmetic layer 605 comprises a polyester or polycarbonate film. Layer 610 comprises an acrylic-based pressure sensitive or ultraviolet light cured adhesive. Layer 615 functions as a two-sided circuit board that has a first plurality of conductive drive traces 620 oriented in a first direction on a “top” surface (i.e., toward cosmetic layer 605) and a plurality of conductive sense traces 625 oriented in a second direction on a “bottom” surface. In one embodiment, circuit substrate layer 615 comprises a low temperature plastic or thermoplastic resin such as polyethylene terephthalate (“PET”). In this embodiment, drive traces 620 and sense traces 625 may comprise printed silver ink. In another embodiment, circuit substrate layer 615 comprises a flexible circuit board, or fiberglass or glass and drive and sense traces (620 and 625) comprise Indium tin oxide (“ITO”) or copper. Layer 630, in one embodiment, comprises a layered combination consisting of adhesive-PET-adhesive, where the adhesive components are as described above with respect to layer 610. Layers 635, 640 and 645 comprise PET of varying thicknesses. As shown, the “bottom” surface of layer 640 has affixed thereon a second plurality of conductive drive traces 650 oriented in substantially the same orientation as first conductive drive traces 620. Raised and spatially offset support structures 655 and layer 660 also comprise a layered combination consisting of adhesive-PET-adhesive (similar to layer 630, see above). Layers 605-660 are affixed to and supported by base or stiffener plate 665. For example, in a portable or notebook computer system, base 665 could be formed from a rigid material such as a metal stamping that is part of the computer system's frame. Similarly, base 665 could be the internal framing within a personal digital assist and or mobile telephone. Table 1 identifies the thickness for each of layers 600-660 for one embodiment of touch pad 600.
  • [0000]
    TABLE 1
    Dimensions for Illustrative Touch Pad 600
    Thickness
    Layer Material (mm)
    605 Polyester, polycarbonate film, glass or ceramic 0.3 0.3
    610 Pressure sensitive adhesive (“PSA”) or 0.05
    ultraviolet (“UV”) light cured adhesive
    615 PET  .075 ± 0.02
    620 Silver ink, copper, Indium tin oxide 0.006
    625 Silver ink, copper, Indium tin oxide 0.006
    630 Layered PSA-PET-PET  0.03 ± 0.01
    635 PET  .075 ± 0.02
    640 PET  0.1 ± 0.02
    645 PET 0.125 ± 0.02
    650 Silver ink, copper, Indium tin oxide 0.006
    655 Layered: PSA 0.025 ± 0.01
    PET  0.1 ± 0.02
    PSA 0.025 ± 0.01
    Active touch pad surface: 271 mm × 69 mm
    No of drive traces (620 and 650): 13
    Number of sense traces (625): 54
    Pixel separation: 5 mm
  • [0028]
    In operation touch pad 600 measures the change (e.g., decrease) in capacitance due to cosmetic layer 605 being touched at one or more locations through the mutual capacitance between drive traces 620 and sense traces 625. In a manner as described above, touch pad 600 also measures forces applied to cosmetic layer as sense traces 625 and drive traces 650 are brought into closer proximity through the measured change (e.g., increase) in mutual capacitance between them. In this embodiment, raised structures 655 are used on both sides of the second layer of drive traces (650) to provide additional movement detection capability.
  • [0029]
    During measurement operations, each of drive traces 620 are stimulated in turn and, simultaneously, the change in mutual capacitance between drive traces 620 and sense traces 625 is measured. Once each of drive traces 620 have been stimulated (and the corresponding change in capacitance measured via sense traces 625), each of drive traces 650 are driven in turn and sense traces 625 are used to determine the change in mutual capacitance related to force (that is, the mutual capacitance change between traces 625 and 650 due to an applied force). In this manner, images of both the “touch” input and “force” input to cosmetic layer 605 can be obtained.
  • [0030]
    One of ordinary skill in the art will recognize that the above-described “scanning” sequence is not required. For example, drive traces 620 and 650 could be stimulated in overlapping fashion such that a first trace in drive traces 620 is stimulated, followed by a first trace in drive traces 650, followed by a second trace in drive traces 620 and so on. Alternatively, groups of traces in drive traces 620 could be stimulated first, followed by a group of traces in drive traces 650, and so on.
  • [0031]
    In one embodiment drive traces 620 (associated with touch location measurement operations) use a different geometry from drive traces 650 (associated with force measurement operations) and sense traces 625 (used during both location and force measurement operations). Referring to FIG. 7, it can be seen that drive traces 620 utilize conductive traces that employ internal floating plate structures 700 and, in addition, are physically larger than either the conductive traces used in sense 625 and drive traces 650 (both of which, in the illustrated embodiment, have the same physical size/structure). It has been found that this configuration provides increased sensitivity for determining where one or more objects (e.g., a finger of stylus) touch, or come into close proximity to, cosmetic surface 605.
  • [0032]
    Referring to FIG. 8A, in another embodiment of a combined touch and force sensitive touch pad in accordance with the invention (touch pad 800), raised structures 655 may be replaced by beads or polymer dots 805 (also referred to as rubber or elastomer dots). In this embodiment, beads 805 operate in a manner similar to that of raised structures 655 (see FIG. 6). As shown, beads 805 rest on a thin adhesive layer 810 and are sized to keep layers 630 and 640 at a specified distance when no applied force is present. One illustrative layout and spacing of beads 805 is shown in FIGS. SB (lop view) and SC (cross-section). Table 2 identifies the approximate dimensions for each component of touch pad 800 that is different from prior illustrated touch pad 600.
  • [0000]
    TABLE 2
    Dimensions for Illustrative Touch Pad 800
    Thickness
    Layer Material (mm)
    805 Rubber or polymer (e.g., elastomer)
    810 Pressure sensitive adhesive (“PSA”) or 0.015
    ultraviolet (“UV”) light cured adhesive
    a Column bead separation 1.0
    b Row bead separation 5.0
    c Bead offset 2.5 ± 0.15
    d Bead height 0.15
    Active touch pad surface: 271 mm × 69 mm
    No of drive traces (620 and 650): 13
    Number of sense traces (625): 54
    Pixel separation: 5 mm
  • [0033]
    Referring to FIG. 9A, in yet another embodiment of a combined touch and force sensitive touch pad in accordance with the invention (touch pad 900), a single layer of deformable beads or elastomer dots 905 are used. In touch pad 900, thin adhesive layers 910 are used to mechanically couple the beads to the rest of the touch pad structure and the structure itself to base 665. One illustrative layout and spacing of deformable beads 905 is shown in FIGS. 9B (lop view) and 9C (cross-section). Table 3 identifies the approximate dimensions for each component of touch pad 900 that is different from prior illustrated touch pad 600.
  • [0000]
    TABLE 3
    Dimensions for Illustrative Touch Pad 900
    Thickness
    Layer Material (mm)
    905 Rubber or polymer (e.g., elastomer)
    910 Pressure sensitive adhesive (“PSA”) or 0.015
    ultraviolet (“UV”) light cured adhesive
    a Column bead separation 1.0
    b Row bead separation 1.0
    c Bead offset 0.5
    d Bead width 0.5
    Active touch pad surface: 271 mm × 69 mm
    No of drive traces (620 and 650): 13
    Number of sense traces (625): 54
    Pixel separation: 5 mm
  • [0034]
    Referring to FIG. 10A, in another embodiment of a combined touch and force sensitive touch pad in accordance with the invention (touch pad 1000), spring membrane 1005 is used instead of raised structures (e.g., 530 and 655) or deformable beads (e.g., 805 and 905). In touch pad 1000, thin adhesive layers 1010 are used to mechanically couple PET spring 1005 to layers 635 and 640 as well as to mechanically couple layer 645 to base 665. Referring to FIG. 10B, in one embodiment spring membrane comprises a single rippled sheet of PET whose run-to-rise ratio (i.e., a/b) is typically in the range of approximately 10:1 to 50:1. One of ordinary skill in the art will recognize that the exact value used in any given embodiment may change due to a variety of factors such as, for example, the physical size of the touch pad surface, the amount of weight specified for full deflection (e.g., 200 grams) and the desired sense of “stiffness” presented to the user. Table 4 identifies the approximate dimensions for each component of touch pad 1000 that is different from prior illustrated touch pad 600.
  • [0000]
    TABLE 4
    Dimensions for Illustrative Touch Pad 1000
    Thickness
    Layer Material (mm)
    1005 Rubber or polymer (e.g., elastomer) 0.75
    1010 Pressure sensitive adhesive (“PSA”) or 0.025
    ultraviolet (“UV”) light cured adhesive
    a/b Spring run-to-rise ratio 10:1 → 50:1
    Active touch pad surface: 271 mm × 69 mm
    No of drive traces (620 and 650): 13
    Number of sense traces (625): 54
    Pixel separation: 5 mm
  • [0035]
    Referring to FIG. 11A, in another embodiment rippled spring membrane 1005 may be replaced by dimpled spring membrane 1105. In this implementation, spring membrane 1105 is a single sheet of deformable material (e.g., PET) that has dimples formed in it by, for example, thermal or vacuum forming techniques. FIGS. 118 and 11C show top views of two possible dimple arrangements. Two illustrative layouts (lop view) for dimpled membrane 1105 are shown in FIGS. 118 and 11C. As used in FIGS. 11A-11C, the “+” symbol represents a raised region and a “+” symbol represents a depressed region. Table 5 identifies the approximate dimensions “a” through “e” specified in FIG. 11A.
  • [0000]
    TABLE 5
    Dimensions for Illustrative Touch Pad 1100
    Layer Material Thickness (mm)
    1105 PET 0.075
    a Dimple top length 1.0
    b Dimple width 1.25
    c Dimple separation 2.5
    d Dimple rise and fall length 0.075
  • [0036]
    Various changes in the materials, components and circuit elements are possible without departing from the scope of the following claims. For example, drive traces and sense traces in accordance with FIGS. 1-10 have been described as being orthogonal. The manner in which drive traces and cut across or intersect with sense traces, however, generally depends on the coordinate system used. In a Cartesian coordinate system, for example, sense traces are orthogonal to the driving traces thereby forming nodes with distinct x and y coordinates. Alternatively, in a polar coordinate system, sense traces may be concentric circles while drive traces may be radially extending lines (or vice versa).
  • [0037]
    In addition, in the embodiments of FIGS. 1 and 2, drive layer 135 and drive traces 140 (and, therefore, connector 145) may be incorporated within and on spring membrane 125. That is, drive traces 140 could be laid down or etched on a surface of flexible membrane 125. Similarly, drive traces 535 could be incorporated into and as part of flexible membrane 525 (see FIG. 5).
  • [0038]
    One of ordinary skill in the art will also recognize that beads in accordance with FIGS. 8 and 9 (see FIGS. 8 and 9) could also be used in place of raised structures 130, 530 and 655 (see FIGS. 1, 2A, 2B, 5 and 6). Similarly, spring mechanisms 1005 (see FIGS. 10) and 1105 (see FIG. 11) could be used in place of beads 805 (see FIG. 8), deformable beads 805 and 905 (see FIGS. 8 and 9) or raised structures 130, 530 and 655 (see FIGS. 1, 5 and 6).
  • [0039]
    Referring to FIG. 12A, in another embodiment force detection in accordance with the invention may be incorporated within a display unit rather than a touchpad. For example, system 1200 includes processor 1205, standard input-output (“I/O”) devices 1210 (e.g., keyboard, mouse, touch pad, joy stick and voice input) and display 1215 incorporating force detection capability in accordance with the invention. Referring to FIG. 12B, in this embodiment, display 1215 includes display element 1220, display element electronics 1225, force element 1230 and force electronics 1235. In this manner, user 1240 views display element 1220 of display 1200 through force element 1230. By way of example, display element 1220 and electronics 125 may comprise a conventional liquid crystal display (“LCD”) display. Force element 1230 may comprise a force-only sensor (e.g., similar to the embodiments of FIGS. 1 and 2) or a force and location sensor (e.g., similar to the embodiments of FIGS. 5-11). Force electronics 1235 may comprise processing circuitry as described in FIG. 4. That is, force electronics 1235 is capable of driving and sensing mutual capacitance signals as described in connection with a touch pad in accordance with the invention.
  • [0040]
    It will be recognized by those of ordinary skill in the art that use of the described force detection technology should, when applied to display 1215, utilize transparent or substantially transparent drive and sense traces such as that provided by ITO (i.e., rather than copper which is opaque). Similarly, the gap between the first layer of traces (e.g., drive traces) and a second layer of traces (e.g., sense traces) used to detect an applied force (see discussion above) should be transparent or substantially transparent. For example, compressible transparent spacers could be used to embody offset raised structures 130, support structures 655, deformable beads 805, 905 or spring membranes 1005, 1105.

Claims (20)

  1. 1. A touch location and force sensing apparatus, comprising:
    a first member including a plurality of first conductive elements configured for detecting a location of a touch input, and a plurality of second conductive elements; and
    a second member including a plurality of third conductive elements configured for detecting the force of the touch input, the second member spatially separated from the first member through a mechanism by which the first and second members are brought into closer proximity when the touch input is received;
    wherein the first, second and third conductive elements are configured for generating information associated with the location and force of the touch input.
  2. 2. The apparatus of claim 1, the plurality of first conductive elements configured for mutual capacitance touch sensing.
  3. 3. The apparatus of claim 1, the plurality of first conductive elements formed as capacitive touch sensing plates.
  4. 4. The apparatus of claim 1, the plurality of second conductive elements configurable as sense lines for mutual capacitance touch sensing.
  5. 5. The apparatus of claim 1, the plurality of second conductive elements configurable for mutual capacitance force sensing.
  6. 6. The apparatus of claim 1, the plurality of third conductive elements configured for mutual capacitance force sensing.
  7. 7. The apparatus of claim 1, the plurality of second and third conductive elements arranged as vertically aligned plates for mutual capacitance force sensing.
  8. 8. The apparatus of claim 1, the plurality of second conductive elements including a first plurality of conductive traces.
  9. 9. The apparatus of claim 8, the plurality of third conductive elements including a second plurality of conductive traces orthogonal to the first plurality of conductive traces.
  10. 10. The apparatus of claim 1, further comprising a deformable member disposed between the first member and the second member, wherein the deformable member provides the mechanism by which the first and second members are brought into closer proximity when the touch input is received.
  11. 11. A touch location and force detector, comprising:
    a plurality of first conductive elements configured for detecting a location of a touch input; and
    one or more second conductive elements and one or more third conductive elements configurable for detecting the force of the touch input, the one or more second conductive elements spatially separated from the one or more third conductive elements through a mechanism by which the one or more second conductive elements and the one or more third conductive elements are brought into closer proximity when the touch input is received;
    wherein the plurality of first conductive elements, the one or more second conductive elements, and the one or more third conductive elements are configured for generating information associated with the location and force of the touch input.
  12. 12. The touch location and force detector of claim 11, the plurality of first conductive elements configured for mutual capacitance touch sensing.
  13. 13. The touch location and force detector of claim 11, the plurality of first conductive elements formed as capacitive touch sensing plates.
  14. 14. The touch location and force detector of claim 11, the one or more second conductive elements further configurable as sense lines for mutual capacitance touch sensing.
  15. 15. The touch location and force detector of claim 11, the one or more second conductive elements configurable for mutual capacitance force sensing.
  16. 16. The touch location and force detector of claim 11, the one or more third conductive elements configured for mutual capacitance force sensing.
  17. 17. The touch location and force detector of claim 11, the one or more second and third conductive elements arranged as vertically aligned plates for mutual capacitance force sensing.
  18. 18. The touch location and force detector of claim 11, the one or more second conductive elements including a first plurality of conductive traces.
  19. 19. The touch location and force detector of claim 18, the one or more third conductive elements including a second plurality of conductive traces orthogonal to the first plurality of conductive traces.
  20. 20. The touch location and force detector of claim 11, further comprising a deformable member disposed between the one or more second conductive elements and the one or more third conductive elements, wherein the deformable member provides the mechanism by which the one or more second conductive elements and the one or more third conductive elements are brought into closer proximity when the touch input is received.
US14746699 2006-03-30 2015-06-22 Force imaging input device and system Pending US20150286332A1 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US11278080 US7538760B2 (en) 2006-03-30 2006-03-30 Force imaging input device and system
US12471251 US9069404B2 (en) 2006-03-30 2009-05-22 Force imaging input device and system
US14746699 US20150286332A1 (en) 2006-03-30 2015-06-22 Force imaging input device and system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US14746699 US20150286332A1 (en) 2006-03-30 2015-06-22 Force imaging input device and system

Related Parent Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US12471251 Continuation US9069404B2 (en) 2006-03-30 2009-05-22 Force imaging input device and system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20150286332A1 true true US20150286332A1 (en) 2015-10-08

Family

ID=38180645

Family Applications (3)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US11278080 Active 2026-12-10 US7538760B2 (en) 2006-03-30 2006-03-30 Force imaging input device and system
US12471251 Active 2028-04-24 US9069404B2 (en) 2006-03-30 2009-05-22 Force imaging input device and system
US14746699 Pending US20150286332A1 (en) 2006-03-30 2015-06-22 Force imaging input device and system

Family Applications Before (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US11278080 Active 2026-12-10 US7538760B2 (en) 2006-03-30 2006-03-30 Force imaging input device and system
US12471251 Active 2028-04-24 US9069404B2 (en) 2006-03-30 2009-05-22 Force imaging input device and system

Country Status (4)

Country Link
US (3) US7538760B2 (en)
EP (2) EP2853994A3 (en)
JP (3) JP4545168B2 (en)
CN (2) CN100485597C (en)

Families Citing this family (244)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US9239673B2 (en) 1998-01-26 2016-01-19 Apple Inc. Gesturing with a multipoint sensing device
US9292111B2 (en) 1998-01-26 2016-03-22 Apple Inc. Gesturing with a multipoint sensing device
EP1717681B1 (en) 1998-01-26 2015-04-29 Apple Inc. Method for integrating manual input
US7808479B1 (en) 2003-09-02 2010-10-05 Apple Inc. Ambidextrous mouse
US7663607B2 (en) 2004-05-06 2010-02-16 Apple Inc. Multipoint touchscreen
US8381135B2 (en) 2004-07-30 2013-02-19 Apple Inc. Proximity detector in handheld device
US7614008B2 (en) 2004-07-30 2009-11-03 Apple Inc. Operation of a computer with touch screen interface
US7653883B2 (en) 2004-07-30 2010-01-26 Apple Inc. Proximity detector in handheld device
US8479122B2 (en) 2004-07-30 2013-07-02 Apple Inc. Gestures for touch sensitive input devices
WO2006013520A3 (en) * 2004-08-02 2008-01-17 Koninkl Philips Electronics Nv System and method for enabling the modeling virtual objects
US7656393B2 (en) 2005-03-04 2010-02-02 Apple Inc. Electronic device having display and surrounding touch sensitive bezel for user interface and control
US7511702B2 (en) * 2006-03-30 2009-03-31 Apple Inc. Force and location sensitive display
US7538760B2 (en) * 2006-03-30 2009-05-26 Apple Inc. Force imaging input device and system
US7609178B2 (en) * 2006-04-20 2009-10-27 Pressure Profile Systems, Inc. Reconfigurable tactile sensor input device
US7978181B2 (en) 2006-04-25 2011-07-12 Apple Inc. Keystroke tactility arrangement on a smooth touch surface
US8279180B2 (en) 2006-05-02 2012-10-02 Apple Inc. Multipoint touch surface controller
KR101190484B1 (en) 2006-06-09 2012-10-12 애플 인크. Touch screen liquid crystal display
CN104965621A (en) 2006-06-09 2015-10-07 苹果公司 Touch screen liquid crystal display and an operation method
US8552989B2 (en) 2006-06-09 2013-10-08 Apple Inc. Integrated display and touch screen
US8493330B2 (en) 2007-01-03 2013-07-23 Apple Inc. Individual channel phase delay scheme
US7852325B2 (en) * 2007-01-05 2010-12-14 Apple Inc. RF pulse synchronization for data acquisition operations
US9710095B2 (en) 2007-01-05 2017-07-18 Apple Inc. Touch screen stack-ups
US9654104B2 (en) * 2007-07-17 2017-05-16 Apple Inc. Resistive force sensor with capacitive discrimination
GB0714518D0 (en) * 2007-07-26 2007-09-05 Philipp Harald Two-Dimensional position sensor
US20090058819A1 (en) * 2007-08-31 2009-03-05 Richard Gioscia Soft-user interface feature provided in combination with pressable display surface
US8633915B2 (en) 2007-10-04 2014-01-21 Apple Inc. Single-layer touch-sensitive display
DE102007052008A1 (en) * 2007-10-26 2009-04-30 Andreas Steinhauser Single or multi-touch capable touch screen or touch pad consisting of an array of pressure sensors as well as the production of such sensors
US9430074B2 (en) 2008-01-04 2016-08-30 Tactus Technology, Inc. Dynamic tactile interface
US9720501B2 (en) 2008-01-04 2017-08-01 Tactus Technology, Inc. Dynamic tactile interface
US9423875B2 (en) 2008-01-04 2016-08-23 Tactus Technology, Inc. Dynamic tactile interface with exhibiting optical dispersion characteristics
US9760172B2 (en) 2008-01-04 2017-09-12 Tactus Technology, Inc. Dynamic tactile interface
US8947383B2 (en) 2008-01-04 2015-02-03 Tactus Technology, Inc. User interface system and method
US9588684B2 (en) 2009-01-05 2017-03-07 Tactus Technology, Inc. Tactile interface for a computing device
US9552065B2 (en) 2008-01-04 2017-01-24 Tactus Technology, Inc. Dynamic tactile interface
US8928621B2 (en) 2008-01-04 2015-01-06 Tactus Technology, Inc. User interface system and method
US9298261B2 (en) 2008-01-04 2016-03-29 Tactus Technology, Inc. Method for actuating a tactile interface layer
US9063627B2 (en) 2008-01-04 2015-06-23 Tactus Technology, Inc. User interface and methods
US9588683B2 (en) 2008-01-04 2017-03-07 Tactus Technology, Inc. Dynamic tactile interface
US9612659B2 (en) 2008-01-04 2017-04-04 Tactus Technology, Inc. User interface system
US9298262B2 (en) 2010-01-05 2016-03-29 Tactus Technology, Inc. Dynamic tactile interface
US9274612B2 (en) 2008-01-04 2016-03-01 Tactus Technology, Inc. User interface system
US9557915B2 (en) 2008-01-04 2017-01-31 Tactus Technology, Inc. Dynamic tactile interface
JP5416904B2 (en) * 2008-02-12 2014-02-12 株式会社東芝 Pressure sensor and the robot hand system
US8418046B2 (en) * 2008-02-13 2013-04-09 Apple Inc. Data signal handling circuitry and methods with error analysis capabilities
US20090237374A1 (en) * 2008-03-20 2009-09-24 Motorola, Inc. Transparent pressure sensor and method for using
US9018030B2 (en) 2008-03-20 2015-04-28 Symbol Technologies, Inc. Transparent force sensor and method of fabrication
WO2009117795A3 (en) * 2008-03-24 2010-07-01 Electrolux Do Brasil S -A Household appliance with function-selection touch-screen
KR100943989B1 (en) * 2008-04-02 2010-02-26 (주)엠아이디티 Capacitive Touch Screen
US20090256825A1 (en) * 2008-04-11 2009-10-15 Gunnar Klinghult Pen stylus enabled capacitive touch system and method
US20090256807A1 (en) * 2008-04-14 2009-10-15 Nokia Corporation User interface
US7868515B2 (en) * 2008-04-15 2011-01-11 Visteon Global Technologies, Inc. Thin laminate construction for the creation of tactile feedback
JP5345336B2 (en) * 2008-04-15 2013-11-20 株式会社ジャパンディスプレイ Input device, and a display apparatus including the same
US8487898B2 (en) 2008-04-25 2013-07-16 Apple Inc. Ground guard for capacitive sensing
US8576193B2 (en) * 2008-04-25 2013-11-05 Apple Inc. Brick layout and stackup for a touch screen
KR100957836B1 (en) * 2008-06-02 2010-05-14 주식회사 애트랩 Touch panel device and contact position detection method of it
US9069418B2 (en) * 2008-06-06 2015-06-30 Apple Inc. High resistivity metal fan out
US9513705B2 (en) 2008-06-19 2016-12-06 Tactile Displays, Llc Interactive display with tactile feedback
JP4976347B2 (en) * 2008-06-20 2012-07-18 源貿科技股▲ふん▼有限公司 Of multi-sensor touch pad structure
US8624866B2 (en) * 2008-07-09 2014-01-07 Egalax—Empia Technology Inc. Touch method and device for distinguishing true touch
KR100975868B1 (en) * 2008-07-23 2010-08-13 삼성모바일디스플레이주식회사 Flat panel display device
US7784366B2 (en) * 2008-07-29 2010-08-31 Motorola, Inc. Single sided capacitive force sensor for electronic devices
US20100026654A1 (en) * 2008-07-29 2010-02-04 Honeywell International Inc. Coordinate input device
US20100026655A1 (en) * 2008-07-31 2010-02-04 Avago Technologies Ecbu Ip (Singapore) Pte. Ltd. Capacitive Touchscreen or Touchpad for Finger or Stylus
DE102008037978A1 (en) 2008-08-08 2010-02-11 Volkswagen Ag A method for displaying information in a vehicle and operating device for a vehicle
US9477342B2 (en) * 2008-08-26 2016-10-25 Google Technology Holdings LLC Multi-touch force sensing touch-screen devices and methods
DE102008051051A1 (en) 2008-09-03 2010-03-04 Volkswagen Ag Method and apparatus for displaying information in a vehicle
US20100059294A1 (en) * 2008-09-08 2010-03-11 Apple Inc. Bandwidth enhancement for a touch sensor panel
DE102008050803A1 (en) 2008-10-08 2010-04-15 Volkswagen Ag Method and apparatus for displaying information in a vehicle
US20110193813A1 (en) * 2008-10-24 2011-08-11 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. Touchpad Input Device
US8199953B2 (en) * 2008-10-30 2012-06-12 Avago Technologies Wireless Ip (Singapore) Pte. Ltd. Multi-aperture acoustic horn
US20100108409A1 (en) * 2008-11-06 2010-05-06 Jun Tanaka Capacitive coupling type touch panel
KR20100054274A (en) * 2008-11-14 2010-05-25 한국표준과학연구원 Touch-input device for acquiring location and intensity of force and method thereof
WO2010062901A1 (en) * 2008-11-26 2010-06-03 Research In Motion Limited Touch-sensitive display method and apparatus
US20100126784A1 (en) * 2008-11-26 2010-05-27 Honeywell International Inc. Continuously variable knob input device
US8319747B2 (en) * 2008-12-11 2012-11-27 Apple Inc. Single layer touch panel with segmented drive and sense electrodes
DE102008061988A1 (en) 2008-12-12 2010-06-17 Volkswagen Ag Method and apparatus for displaying information
US20110227872A1 (en) * 2009-10-15 2011-09-22 Huska Andrew P Touchpad with Capacitive Force Sensing
US8482520B2 (en) * 2009-01-30 2013-07-09 Research In Motion Limited Method for tap detection and for interacting with and a handheld electronic device, and a handheld electronic device configured therefor
US8633901B2 (en) * 2009-01-30 2014-01-21 Blackberry Limited Handheld electronic device having a touchscreen and a method of using a touchscreen of a handheld electronic device
US9261997B2 (en) * 2009-02-02 2016-02-16 Apple Inc. Touch regions in diamond configuration
US20100201637A1 (en) * 2009-02-11 2010-08-12 Interacta, Inc. Touch screen display system
US9024907B2 (en) * 2009-04-03 2015-05-05 Synaptics Incorporated Input device with capacitive force sensor and method for constructing the same
US20100253629A1 (en) * 2009-04-03 2010-10-07 Avago Technologies Ecbu Ip (Singapore) Pte. Ltd. Combined Mutual Capacitance and Switch-Actuated Keyboard for Enhanced Texting in an Electronic Device
US8278571B2 (en) * 2009-04-03 2012-10-02 Pixart Imaging Inc. Capacitive touchscreen or touchpad for finger and active stylus
US8593410B2 (en) 2009-04-10 2013-11-26 Apple Inc. Touch sensor panel design
US8253712B2 (en) * 2009-05-01 2012-08-28 Sony Ericsson Mobile Communications Ab Methods of operating electronic devices including touch sensitive interfaces using force/deflection sensing and related devices and computer program products
JP5295008B2 (en) * 2009-06-18 2013-09-18 株式会社ワコム Pointer detection apparatus
JP5396167B2 (en) * 2009-06-18 2014-01-22 株式会社ワコム A pointer detection apparatus and a pointer detection method
KR101667801B1 (en) * 2009-06-19 2016-10-20 삼성전자주식회사 Touch panel and electronic device including the touch panel
KR101658991B1 (en) * 2009-06-19 2016-09-22 삼성전자주식회사 Touch panel and electronic device including the touch panel
US8957874B2 (en) 2009-06-29 2015-02-17 Apple Inc. Touch sensor panel design
US8243038B2 (en) * 2009-07-03 2012-08-14 Tactus Technologies Method for adjusting the user interface of a device
US8432322B2 (en) 2009-07-17 2013-04-30 Apple Inc. Electronic devices with capacitive proximity sensors for proximity-based radio-frequency power control
US8654524B2 (en) 2009-08-17 2014-02-18 Apple Inc. Housing as an I/O device
KR101483346B1 (en) * 2009-08-21 2015-01-15 애플 인크. Methods and apparatus for capacitive sensing
US8363020B2 (en) * 2009-08-27 2013-01-29 Symbol Technologies, Inc. Methods and apparatus for pressure-based manipulation of content on a touch screen
US8988191B2 (en) * 2009-08-27 2015-03-24 Symbol Technologies, Inc. Systems and methods for pressure-based authentication of an input on a touch screen
US8730199B2 (en) 2009-09-04 2014-05-20 Atmel Corporation Capacitive control panel
JP5295914B2 (en) * 2009-09-18 2013-09-18 株式会社ジャパンディスプレイ Display device
JP5026486B2 (en) * 2009-09-29 2012-09-12 日本写真印刷株式会社 Mounting structure of a touch input device with a pressure sensor
KR101623008B1 (en) * 2009-10-23 2016-05-31 엘지전자 주식회사 Mobile terminal
US9274654B2 (en) 2009-10-27 2016-03-01 Perceptive Pixel, Inc. Projected capacitive touch sensing
US20110134050A1 (en) * 2009-12-07 2011-06-09 Harley Jonah A Fabrication of touch sensor panel using laser ablation
US8633916B2 (en) * 2009-12-10 2014-01-21 Apple, Inc. Touch pad with force sensors and actuator feedback
US8570297B2 (en) * 2009-12-14 2013-10-29 Synaptics Incorporated System and method for measuring individual force in multi-object sensing
JP5295090B2 (en) * 2009-12-18 2013-09-18 株式会社ワコム Pointer detection apparatus
KR101616875B1 (en) * 2010-01-07 2016-05-02 삼성전자주식회사 Touch panel and electronic device including the touch panel
JP5403815B2 (en) * 2010-01-27 2014-01-29 株式会社ジャパンディスプレイ Input device, and a display device having the same
KR101631892B1 (en) * 2010-01-28 2016-06-21 삼성전자주식회사 Touch panel and electronic device including the touch panel
US20110187651A1 (en) 2010-02-03 2011-08-04 Honeywell International Inc. Touch screen having adaptive input parameter
US9819815B1 (en) * 2010-02-10 2017-11-14 Amazon Technologies, Inc. Surface display assembly having proximate active elements
WO2011112984A1 (en) 2010-03-11 2011-09-15 Tactus Technology User interface system
JP5540797B2 (en) * 2010-03-19 2014-07-02 ソニー株式会社 Sensor device and a display device
KR101710523B1 (en) * 2010-03-22 2017-02-27 삼성전자주식회사 Touch panel and electronic device including the touch panel
JP5429814B2 (en) * 2010-03-29 2014-02-26 株式会社ワコム Pointer detection apparatus and a detection sensor
FR2958748B1 (en) 2010-04-08 2012-06-08 Commissariat Energie Atomique Device forming a pressure sensor, METHOD FOR PRODUCING such a sensor and application to the realization of a touch screen
CN102221945B (en) * 2010-04-14 2015-06-10 上海天马微电子有限公司 Touch screen, liquid crystal display and drive detection method
KR20130136905A (en) 2010-04-19 2013-12-13 택투스 테크놀로지, 아이엔씨. User interface system
KR20130141344A (en) 2010-04-19 2013-12-26 택투스 테크놀로지, 아이엔씨. Method of actuating a tactile interface layer
US8456445B2 (en) 2010-04-30 2013-06-04 Honeywell International Inc. Touch screen and method for adjusting screen objects
CN102971635A (en) 2010-05-10 2013-03-13 普尔想象力有限责任公司 One sided thin film capacitive touch sensors
US9057653B2 (en) * 2010-05-11 2015-06-16 Synaptics Incorporated Input device with force sensing
KR101661728B1 (en) * 2010-05-11 2016-10-04 삼성전자주식회사 User's input apparatus and electronic device including the user's input apparatus
US8938753B2 (en) 2010-05-12 2015-01-20 Litl Llc Configurable computer system
US9436219B2 (en) 2010-05-12 2016-09-06 Litl Llc Remote control to operate computer system
CN103069365B (en) 2010-06-11 2017-01-18 3M创新有限公司 A touch sensor comprising a positioning force measurement
US8471138B2 (en) 2010-06-17 2013-06-25 Pure Imagination, LLC Musical instrument with one sided thin film capacitive touch sensors
CN102339179A (en) * 2010-07-16 2012-02-01 义隆电子股份有限公司 Three-dimensional touch sensor and application method thereof
US9092096B2 (en) 2010-07-26 2015-07-28 Pure Imagination, LLC Low-cost mass-produced touch sensors
US8378203B2 (en) * 2010-07-27 2013-02-19 Pure Imagination, LLC Simulated percussion instrument
US9652088B2 (en) 2010-07-30 2017-05-16 Apple Inc. Fabrication of touch sensor panel using laser ablation
US8963874B2 (en) 2010-07-31 2015-02-24 Symbol Technologies, Inc. Touch screen rendering system and method of operation thereof
US8599165B2 (en) * 2010-08-16 2013-12-03 Perceptive Pixel Inc. Force and true capacitive touch measurement techniques for capacitive touch sensors
KR20130130698A (en) 2010-08-18 2013-12-02 쓰리엠 이노베이티브 프로퍼티즈 컴파니 Optical assemblies including stress-relieving optical adhesives and methods of making same
US8315058B2 (en) 2010-09-14 2012-11-20 Rosemount Inc. Capacitive touch interface assembly
JP5625669B2 (en) * 2010-09-17 2014-11-19 ソニー株式会社 Sensor device and an information processing apparatus
US8858312B1 (en) 2010-09-28 2014-10-14 Step Revolution LLC Reaction program system using a trigger mechanism for cueing user interaction during use of a reaction program
KR101809191B1 (en) 2010-10-11 2018-01-18 삼성전자주식회사 Touch panel
KR101735715B1 (en) 2010-11-23 2017-05-15 삼성전자주식회사 Input sensing circuit and touch panel including the input sensing circuit
KR101230191B1 (en) * 2010-12-14 2013-02-06 삼성디스플레이 주식회사 Touch Screen Panel and Fabricating Method for the Same
US8618428B2 (en) 2010-12-14 2013-12-31 Synaptics Incorporated System and method for determining object information using an estimated rigid motion response
US8804056B2 (en) 2010-12-22 2014-08-12 Apple Inc. Integrated touch screens
CN103370387B (en) 2011-02-18 2018-01-19 3M创新有限公司 Optically clear adhesive, use and articles made therefrom
US8719724B2 (en) 2011-03-16 2014-05-06 Honeywell International Inc. Method for enlarging characters displayed on an adaptive touch screen key pad
US8766936B2 (en) 2011-03-25 2014-07-01 Honeywell International Inc. Touch screen and method for providing stable touches
KR101784436B1 (en) 2011-04-18 2017-10-11 삼성전자주식회사 Touch panel and driving device for the touch panel
US9557857B2 (en) 2011-04-26 2017-01-31 Synaptics Incorporated Input device with force sensing and haptic response
JP5748274B2 (en) * 2011-07-08 2015-07-15 株式会社ワコム Position detecting sensor, a position detection apparatus and a position detection method
US20130016060A1 (en) * 2011-07-12 2013-01-17 Research In Motion Limited Electronic device and method of controlling a touch-sensitive display
US20130016059A1 (en) * 2011-07-12 2013-01-17 Research In Motion Limited Electronic device and method of controlling a touch-sensitive display
US8698769B2 (en) 2011-08-01 2014-04-15 Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha Dual mode capacitive touch panel
US20130033433A1 (en) 2011-08-02 2013-02-07 Honeywell International Inc. Touch screen having adaptive input requirements
US8971572B1 (en) 2011-08-12 2015-03-03 The Research Foundation For The State University Of New York Hand pointing estimation for human computer interaction
KR101820014B1 (en) 2011-09-09 2018-01-19 삼성디스플레이 주식회사 Touch panel and touch information determining method of touch panel
US9748952B2 (en) 2011-09-21 2017-08-29 Synaptics Incorporated Input device with integrated deformable electrode structure for force sensing
US9041418B2 (en) 2011-10-25 2015-05-26 Synaptics Incorporated Input device with force sensing
FR2985048B1 (en) * 2011-12-21 2014-08-15 Nanotec Solution DEVICE AND METHOD FOR sensitive capacitive measurement to pressure for tactile interfaces and contactless
US8600450B2 (en) 2011-12-28 2013-12-03 Sony Corporation Receiving user input on a graphical user interface
CN202486763U (en) * 2012-02-27 2012-10-10 南昌欧菲光科技有限公司 Flexible capacitive touch screen
JP6030841B2 (en) * 2012-03-26 2016-11-24 住友理工株式会社 The capacitive sensor
US9665214B2 (en) 2012-03-29 2017-05-30 Synaptics Incorporated System and methods for determining object information using selectively floated electrodes
US9430107B2 (en) 2012-03-30 2016-08-30 Microchip Technology Incorporated Determining touch locations and forces thereto on a touch and force sensing surface
KR20160144967A (en) * 2014-04-16 2016-12-19 마이크로칩 테크놀로지 인코포레이티드 Determining touch locations and forces thereto on a touch and force sensing surface
US9207820B2 (en) 2012-03-30 2015-12-08 Microchip Technology Incorporated Method and system for multi-touch decoding
US9329723B2 (en) 2012-04-16 2016-05-03 Apple Inc. Reconstruction of original touch image from differential touch image
DE112013002412T5 (en) 2012-05-09 2015-02-19 Apple Inc. Device, Method, and Graphical User Interface for providing feedback for changing activation states of a user interface object
DE202013012233U1 (en) 2012-05-09 2016-01-18 Apple Inc. Device and graphical user interface to display additional information in response to a user Contact
WO2013169875A3 (en) 2012-05-09 2014-03-27 Yknots Industries Llc Device, method, and graphical user interface for displaying content associated with a corresponding affordance
WO2013169843A1 (en) * 2012-05-09 2013-11-14 Yknots Industries Llc Device, method, and graphical user interface for manipulating framed graphical objects
WO2014018119A1 (en) * 2012-07-26 2014-01-30 Changello Enterprise Llc Ultrasound-based force and touch sensing
WO2014018116A1 (en) 2012-07-26 2014-01-30 Changello Enterprise Llc Ultrasound-based force sensing and touch sensing
DE112013003674T5 (en) * 2012-07-26 2015-04-30 Apple Inc. Force detection by an ultrasonic sensor
WO2014018115A1 (en) 2012-07-26 2014-01-30 Changello Enterprise Llc Ultrasound-based force sensing of inputs
WO2014018121A1 (en) * 2012-07-26 2014-01-30 Changello Enterprise Llc Fingerprint-assisted force estimation
US9158407B2 (en) 2012-08-29 2015-10-13 Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha Capacitive touch panel with a ‘dual layer’ force sensor
US9182859B2 (en) * 2012-08-29 2015-11-10 Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha Capacitive touch panel with force sensing
US20140085213A1 (en) * 2012-09-21 2014-03-27 Apple Inc. Force Sensing Using Bottom-Side Force Map
US9405417B2 (en) 2012-09-24 2016-08-02 Tactus Technology, Inc. Dynamic tactile interface and methods
CN104662497A (en) 2012-09-24 2015-05-27 泰克图斯科技公司 Dynamic tactile interface and methods
US9442597B2 (en) 2012-10-19 2016-09-13 Apple Inc. Sensor-based ESD detection
US9380979B2 (en) 2012-11-02 2016-07-05 Nokia Technologies Oy Apparatus and method of assembling an apparatus for sensing pressure
JP5888686B2 (en) * 2012-11-26 2016-03-22 学校法人福岡大学 Close-contact sensor
CN105264479A (en) 2012-12-29 2016-01-20 苹果公司 Device, method, and graphical user interface for navigating user interface hierarchies
EP2939098A1 (en) 2012-12-29 2015-11-04 Apple Inc. Device, method, and graphical user interface for transitioning between touch input to display output relationships
JP6119518B2 (en) 2013-02-12 2017-04-26 ソニー株式会社 Sensor device, an input device and electronic equipment
US9075095B2 (en) * 2013-02-27 2015-07-07 Synaptics Incorporated Device and method for localized force sensing
US9195354B2 (en) 2013-03-12 2015-11-24 Synaptics Incorporated Device and method for localized force and proximity sensing
US20140267152A1 (en) * 2013-03-12 2014-09-18 Mircrochip Technology Incorporated Force Sensing X-Y Touch Sensor
CN105009045A (en) * 2013-03-13 2015-10-28 索尼公司 Sensor device, input device, and electronic apparatus
US9229592B2 (en) 2013-03-14 2016-01-05 Synaptics Incorporated Shear force detection using capacitive sensors
DE102013004620A1 (en) * 2013-03-15 2014-09-18 Audi Ag A method of operating a touch-sensitive operating system and device with such a control system
WO2014143066A1 (en) 2013-03-15 2014-09-18 Rinand Solutions Llc Touch force deflection sensor
JP6288073B2 (en) * 2013-03-18 2018-03-07 ソニー株式会社 Sensor device, an input device and an electronic apparatus
CN104236763B (en) * 2013-06-08 2016-08-10 奇景光电股份有限公司 The method of measuring the power of touch and measuring devices
JP5722954B2 (en) * 2013-06-23 2015-05-27 日本写真印刷株式会社 Pressing detection function with a touch panel
US9201468B2 (en) * 2013-06-28 2015-12-01 Synaptics Incorporated Device and method for proximity sensing with force imaging
US9557813B2 (en) 2013-06-28 2017-01-31 Tactus Technology, Inc. Method for reducing perceived optical distortion
US9671889B1 (en) 2013-07-25 2017-06-06 Apple Inc. Input member with capacitive sensor
CN103386753B (en) * 2013-07-30 2016-01-20 郑州大学 Capacitance sensors of Polymer Processing
US9886141B2 (en) 2013-08-16 2018-02-06 Apple Inc. Mutual and self capacitance touch measurements in touch panel
EP3039094B1 (en) 2013-08-28 2017-11-22 3M Innovative Properties Company Curable isobutylene adhesive copolymers
CN104423737A (en) * 2013-08-30 2015-03-18 天津富纳源创科技有限公司 Capacitive touch device and control method
CN104423738A (en) * 2013-08-30 2015-03-18 天津富纳源创科技有限公司 Control method of capacitive touch device
JP6142745B2 (en) 2013-09-10 2017-06-07 ソニー株式会社 Sensor device, an input device and electronic equipment
WO2015047572A1 (en) 2013-09-24 2015-04-02 3M Innovative Properties Company Transferable transparent conductive patterns and display stack materials
US9619044B2 (en) 2013-09-25 2017-04-11 Google Inc. Capacitive and resistive-pressure touch-sensitive touchpad
WO2015047360A1 (en) * 2013-09-29 2015-04-02 Rinand Solutions Llc Force sensing compliant enclosure
US20160313849A1 (en) * 2013-12-05 2016-10-27 Huawei Device Co., Ltd. Method for Controlling Display of Touchscreen, and Mobile Device
US9379445B2 (en) 2014-02-14 2016-06-28 Apple Inc. Electronic device with satellite navigation system slot antennas
US9583838B2 (en) 2014-03-20 2017-02-28 Apple Inc. Electronic device with indirectly fed slot antennas
US9559425B2 (en) 2014-03-20 2017-01-31 Apple Inc. Electronic device with slot antenna and proximity sensor
JP6139590B2 (en) * 2014-03-24 2017-05-31 株式会社 ハイディープHiDeep Inc. Touch detecting method and a touch detector accomplish this
KR20150117958A (en) * 2014-04-11 2015-10-21 엘지전자 주식회사 Mobile terminal and method for controlling the same
US9728858B2 (en) 2014-04-24 2017-08-08 Apple Inc. Electronic devices with hybrid antennas
US9841850B2 (en) 2014-06-16 2017-12-12 Synaptics Incorporated Device and method for proximity sensing with force imaging
US9811204B2 (en) 2014-06-23 2017-11-07 Apple Inc. Time multiplexed touch detection and power charging
US9411458B2 (en) 2014-06-30 2016-08-09 Synaptics Incorporated System and method for determining input object information from proximity and force measurements
US9280251B2 (en) 2014-07-11 2016-03-08 Apple Inc. Funneled touch sensor routing
KR101681305B1 (en) * 2014-08-01 2016-12-02 주식회사 하이딥 A touch input device,
US9880655B2 (en) 2014-09-02 2018-01-30 Apple Inc. Method of disambiguating water from a finger touch on a touch sensor panel
US9632638B2 (en) 2014-09-10 2017-04-25 Synaptics Incorporated Device and method for force and proximity sensing employing an intermediate shield electrode layer
US20160077648A1 (en) * 2014-09-11 2016-03-17 Synaptics Incorporated Device and method for localized force sensing
KR101712346B1 (en) * 2014-09-19 2017-03-22 주식회사 하이딥 A touch input device,
JP5845371B1 (en) * 2014-09-19 2016-01-20 株式会社 ハイディープ smartphone
US9632591B1 (en) * 2014-09-26 2017-04-25 Apple Inc. Capacitive keyboard having variable make points
KR20170067902A (en) * 2014-11-05 2017-06-16 쓰리엠 이노베이티브 프로퍼티즈 컴파니 Force-sensing capacitor elements, deformable membranes and electronic devices fabricated therefrom
CN105701443A (en) * 2014-12-15 2016-06-22 精材科技股份有限公司 Chip package and fabrication method thereof
US9863822B2 (en) * 2015-01-07 2018-01-09 Apple Inc. Deformation compensating compliant material
US9785305B2 (en) 2015-03-19 2017-10-10 Apple Inc. Touch input cursor manipulation
US9746952B2 (en) 2015-03-31 2017-08-29 Synaptics Incorporated Force enhanced input device vibration compensation
US9785296B2 (en) 2015-03-31 2017-10-10 Synaptics Incorporated Force enhanced input device with shielded electrodes
US9965118B2 (en) 2015-05-12 2018-05-08 Synaptics Incorporated Sensing force using transcapacitance with dedicated force receiver electrodes
US9733756B2 (en) 2015-05-12 2017-08-15 Synaptics Incorporated Integrated display device and sensing device with force sensing
US9830048B2 (en) 2015-06-07 2017-11-28 Apple Inc. Devices and methods for processing touch inputs with instructions in a web page
US9860451B2 (en) 2015-06-07 2018-01-02 Apple Inc. Devices and methods for capturing and interacting with enhanced digital images
US9891811B2 (en) 2015-06-07 2018-02-13 Apple Inc. Devices and methods for navigating between user interfaces
US9715301B2 (en) 2015-08-04 2017-07-25 Apple Inc. Proximity edge sensing
CN105117089A (en) * 2015-09-17 2015-12-02 京东方科技集团股份有限公司 Touch substrate, touch display panel, driving method of touch display panel and touch display device
CN105117070A (en) * 2015-09-22 2015-12-02 汕头超声显示器技术有限公司 Display assembly with pressure induction function
US9734380B2 (en) * 2015-09-30 2017-08-15 Apple Inc. Finger biometric sensor including capacitance change sensing pressure sensing circuit and related methods
KR101800798B1 (en) 2016-02-19 2017-11-29 엘지디스플레이 주식회사 Driving circuit, touch display device, and method for driving the touch display device
CN106095210A (en) * 2016-04-28 2016-11-09 友达光电股份有限公司 Double-mode capacitive touch control display panel
US9916032B2 (en) 2016-05-18 2018-03-13 Honeywell International Inc. System and method of knob operation for touchscreen devices
WO2018075458A1 (en) * 2016-10-17 2018-04-26 Massachusetts Institute Of Technology In-pipe leak detection systems, devices, and methods

Family Cites Families (224)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3333160A (en) 1964-02-24 1967-07-25 Water Economy And Res Company Proximity responsive system
US3541541A (en) 1967-06-21 1970-11-17 Stanford Research Inst X-y position indicator for a display system
US3662105A (en) * 1970-05-21 1972-05-09 Univ Kentucky Res Found Electrical sensor of plane coordinates
US3798370A (en) * 1972-04-17 1974-03-19 Elographics Inc Electrographic sensor for determining planar coordinates
DE2800844C3 (en) * 1977-01-21 1981-11-05 Deutsche Semperit Gmbh, 8000 Muenchen, De
US4246452A (en) * 1979-01-05 1981-01-20 Mattel, Inc. Switch apparatus
US4526043A (en) * 1983-05-23 1985-07-02 At&T Bell Laboratories Conformable tactile sensor
JPH0230529B2 (en) * 1983-07-28 1990-07-06 Canon Kk Gazohyojisochi
US4550221A (en) 1983-10-07 1985-10-29 Scott Mabusth Touch sensitive control device
US4733222A (en) * 1983-12-27 1988-03-22 Integrated Touch Arrays, Inc. Capacitance-variation-sensitive touch sensing array system
US4672364A (en) * 1984-06-18 1987-06-09 Carroll Touch Inc Touch input device having power profiling
US4672558A (en) * 1984-09-25 1987-06-09 Aquila Technologies Group, Inc. Touch-sensitive data input device
US4692809A (en) 1984-11-20 1987-09-08 Hughes Aircraft Company Integrated touch paint system for displays
US4695827A (en) 1984-11-20 1987-09-22 Hughes Aircraft Company Electromagnetic energy interference seal for light beam touch panels
JPS61198321A (en) 1985-02-27 1986-09-02 Omron Tateisi Electronics Co Touch input device
US4771276A (en) 1985-04-15 1988-09-13 International Business Machines Corporation Electromagnetic touch sensor input system in a cathode ray tube display device
US5010772A (en) * 1986-04-11 1991-04-30 Purdue Research Foundation Pressure mapping system with capacitive measuring pad
US5017030A (en) * 1986-07-07 1991-05-21 Crews Jay A Ergonomically designed keyboard
FR2608753B1 (en) 1986-12-18 1991-06-07 Centre Nat Rech Scient A two-dimensional localization of current generating events on a resistive surface
JP2548925B2 (en) * 1987-01-17 1996-10-30 富士通株式会社 Input function with a matrix type display device
US4746770A (en) * 1987-02-17 1988-05-24 Sensor Frame Incorporated Method and apparatus for isolating and manipulating graphic objects on computer video monitor
GB2204131B (en) 1987-04-28 1991-04-17 Ibm Graphics input tablet
US4806846A (en) * 1987-07-06 1989-02-21 Kerber George L High accuracy direct reading capacitance-to-voltage converter
EP0343494A1 (en) * 1988-05-26 1989-11-29 Eta SA Fabriques d'Ebauches Alarm device for a time piece
US4968877A (en) 1988-09-14 1990-11-06 Sensor Frame Corporation VideoHarp
US5741990A (en) * 1989-02-17 1998-04-21 Notepool, Ltd. Method of and means for producing musical note relationships
US4898555A (en) * 1989-03-23 1990-02-06 Bell & Howell Publication Systems Company Display screen bezel and assembly method
US5252951A (en) 1989-04-28 1993-10-12 International Business Machines Corporation Graphical user interface with gesture recognition in a multiapplication environment
US5305017A (en) * 1989-08-16 1994-04-19 Gerpheide George E Methods and apparatus for data input
US5565658A (en) 1992-07-13 1996-10-15 Cirque Corporation Capacitance-based proximity with interference rejection apparatus and methods
US5189403A (en) * 1989-09-26 1993-02-23 Home Row, Inc. Integrated keyboard and pointing device system with automatic mode change
US5241308A (en) 1990-02-22 1993-08-31 Paragon Systems, Inc. Force sensitive touch panel
GB9014529D0 (en) 1990-06-29 1990-08-22 Philips Electronic Associated Touch sensor array systems and display systems incorporating such
US5224861A (en) 1990-09-17 1993-07-06 Hughes Aircraft Company Training device onboard instruction station
US5149918A (en) 1990-10-29 1992-09-22 International Business Machines Corporation Touch sensitive overlay
US5442742A (en) 1990-12-21 1995-08-15 Apple Computer, Inc. Method and apparatus for the manipulation of text on a computer display screen
US5689253A (en) 1991-04-10 1997-11-18 Kinesis Corporation Ergonomic keyboard apparatus
US5898434A (en) * 1991-05-15 1999-04-27 Apple Computer, Inc. User interface system having programmable user interface elements
US5178477A (en) * 1991-06-06 1993-01-12 Gambaro Thomas L Ergonomic keyboard input device
WO1993000629A1 (en) 1991-06-28 1993-01-07 Infogrip, Inc. Chordic keyboard system
US5666113A (en) 1991-07-31 1997-09-09 Microtouch Systems, Inc. System for using a touchpad input device for cursor control and keyboard emulation
JPH0769767B2 (en) * 1991-10-16 1995-07-31 インターナショナル・ビジネス・マシーンズ・コーポレイション Touch overlay and detection system, for detecting the position of the finger touch or stylus
US5281966A (en) * 1992-01-31 1994-01-25 Walsh A Peter Method of encoding alphabetic characters for a chord keyboard
DE69204045D1 (en) 1992-02-07 1995-09-14 Ibm Method and apparatus for optical input of commands or data.
US5483261A (en) * 1992-02-14 1996-01-09 Itu Research, Inc. Graphical input controller and method with rear screen image detection
EP0563477A1 (en) 1992-03-25 1993-10-06 Visage Inc. Touch screen sensing apparatus
US5563996A (en) 1992-04-13 1996-10-08 Apple Computer, Inc. Computer note pad including gesture based note division tools and method
US5398310A (en) * 1992-04-13 1995-03-14 Apple Computer, Incorporated Pointing gesture based computer note pad paging and scrolling interface
US5523775A (en) 1992-05-26 1996-06-04 Apple Computer, Inc. Method for selecting objects on a computer display
US5544295A (en) * 1992-05-27 1996-08-06 Apple Computer, Inc. Method and apparatus for indicating a change in status of an object and its disposition using animation
US5764818A (en) 1992-05-27 1998-06-09 Apple Computer, Inc. Method for locating and displaying information in a pointer-based computer system
US5463696A (en) 1992-05-27 1995-10-31 Apple Computer, Inc. Recognition system and method for user inputs to a computer system
US5710844A (en) 1992-05-27 1998-01-20 Apple Computer Method for searching and displaying results in a pen-based computer system
US5452371A (en) * 1992-05-27 1995-09-19 Apple Computer, Inc. Method of aligning shapes on a display of a computer system
US5592566A (en) * 1992-05-27 1997-01-07 Apple Computer, Incorporated Method and apparatus for computerized recognition
US5543590A (en) 1992-06-08 1996-08-06 Synaptics, Incorporated Object position detector with edge motion feature
US5942733A (en) * 1992-06-08 1999-08-24 Synaptics, Inc. Stylus input capacitive touchpad sensor
EP0574213B1 (en) 1992-06-08 1999-03-24 Synaptics, Inc. Object position detector
US5488204A (en) * 1992-06-08 1996-01-30 Synaptics, Incorporated Paintbrush stylus for capacitive touch sensor pad
US5880411A (en) * 1992-06-08 1999-03-09 Synaptics, Incorporated Object position detector with edge motion feature and gesture recognition
US5543591A (en) 1992-06-08 1996-08-06 Synaptics, Incorporated Object position detector with edge motion feature and gesture recognition
US5821930A (en) 1992-08-23 1998-10-13 U S West, Inc. Method and system for generating a working window in a computer system
US5345543A (en) 1992-11-16 1994-09-06 Apple Computer, Inc. Method for manipulating objects on a computer display
EP0598443A1 (en) 1992-11-18 1994-05-25 Laboratoires D'electronique Philips S.A.S. Transducer using strain gauges, force or weight measuring device and tactile platform provided with such a transducer
US5612719A (en) * 1992-12-03 1997-03-18 Apple Computer, Inc. Gesture sensitive buttons for graphical user interfaces
JPH08507396A (en) 1992-12-11 1996-08-06 シグナグラフィックス コーポレーション(インク) Data input device having a pressure-sensitive input surface
DE4242876C2 (en) 1992-12-18 1997-11-27 Beiersdorf Ag Cosmetic and / or dermatological preparations for cosmetic and / or dermatological care of the skin and / or skin appendages
US5513309A (en) * 1993-01-05 1996-04-30 Apple Computer, Inc. Graphic editor user interface for a pointer-based computer system
US5463388A (en) 1993-01-29 1995-10-31 At&T Ipm Corp. Computer mouse or keyboard input device utilizing capacitive sensors
US5563632A (en) 1993-04-30 1996-10-08 Microtouch Systems, Inc. Method of and apparatus for the elimination of the effects of internal interference in force measurement systems, including touch - input computer and related displays employing touch force location measurement techniques
US5677710A (en) 1993-05-10 1997-10-14 Apple Computer, Inc. Recognition keypad
US5808567A (en) 1993-05-17 1998-09-15 Dsi Datotech Systems, Inc. Apparatus and method of communicating using three digits of a hand
EP0626635B1 (en) * 1993-05-24 2003-03-05 Sun Microsystems, Inc. Improved graphical user interface with method for interfacing to remote devices
GB9317932D0 (en) 1993-08-26 1993-10-13 Cambridge Display Tech Electroluminescent devices
BE1007462A3 (en) * 1993-08-26 1995-07-04 Philips Electronics Nv Data processing device with touch sensor and power.
US5583946A (en) * 1993-09-30 1996-12-10 Apple Computer, Inc. Method and apparatus for recognizing gestures on a computer system
US6243071B1 (en) 1993-11-03 2001-06-05 Apple Computer, Inc. Tool set for navigating through an electronic book
DE69428675T2 (en) * 1993-12-30 2002-05-08 Xerox Corp Apparatus and method for supporting an implicit structuration of freeform lists, tables, text, tables and diagrams in a hand-based character input system and editing system
DE69426919T2 (en) 1993-12-30 2001-06-28 Xerox Corp Apparatus and method for performing many concatenated command gestures in a system with user interface gesture
US5572573A (en) 1994-01-25 1996-11-05 U S West Advanced Technologies, Inc. Removable user interface for use with interactive electronic devices
US5579036A (en) 1994-04-28 1996-11-26 At&T Global Information Solutions Company Touch screen device and shielding bracket therefor
WO1995031791A1 (en) 1994-05-12 1995-11-23 Apple Computer, Inc. Method and apparatus for noise filtering for an input device
US5530455A (en) 1994-08-10 1996-06-25 Mouse Systems Corporation Roller mouse for implementing scrolling in windows applications
US5736976A (en) * 1995-02-13 1998-04-07 Cheung; Nina T. Computer data entry apparatus with hand motion sensing and monitoring
US5729250A (en) * 1995-05-08 1998-03-17 International Business Machines Corporation Front cover assembly for a touch sensitive device
US6031524A (en) * 1995-06-07 2000-02-29 Intermec Ip Corp. Hand-held portable data terminal having removably interchangeable, washable, user-replaceable components with liquid-impervious seal
US5790107A (en) 1995-06-07 1998-08-04 Logitech, Inc. Touch sensing method and apparatus
US5801340A (en) 1995-06-29 1998-09-01 Invotronics Manufacturing Proximity sensor
US5745716A (en) * 1995-08-07 1998-04-28 Apple Computer, Inc. Method and apparatus for tab access and tab cycling in a pen-based computer system
US5634102A (en) * 1995-08-07 1997-05-27 Apple Computer, Inc. Methods and apparatus for a selectable backdrop
US5666502A (en) 1995-08-07 1997-09-09 Apple Computer, Inc. Graphical user interface using historical lists with field classes
US5675361A (en) 1995-08-23 1997-10-07 Santilli; Donald S. Computer keyboard pointing device
US5746818A (en) * 1995-08-31 1998-05-05 Seiko Epson Corporation Pigment ink composition capable of forming image having no significant bleeding or feathering
JPH0991093A (en) * 1995-09-20 1997-04-04 Toshiba Corp Contact type input device and station service equipment
US5631805A (en) * 1995-09-27 1997-05-20 Dynapro Systems, Inc. Touch screen enclosure having an insertable graphic sheet
US5636101A (en) 1995-09-27 1997-06-03 Dynapro Systems, Inc. Touch screen enclosure system having touch screen pan and hinged rear enclosure section for ease of serviceability
US5767457A (en) 1995-11-13 1998-06-16 Cirque Corporation Apparatus and method for audible feedback from input device
EP0861485A1 (en) 1995-11-16 1998-09-02 Michael J. Ure Multi-touch input device, method and system that minimize the need for memorization
US5730165A (en) * 1995-12-26 1998-03-24 Philipp; Harald Time domain capacitive field detector
US5823782A (en) 1995-12-29 1998-10-20 Tinkers & Chance Character recognition educational system
US5825352A (en) 1996-01-04 1998-10-20 Logitech, Inc. Multiple fingers contact sensing method for emulating mouse buttons and mouse operations on a touch sensor pad
US5920309A (en) 1996-01-04 1999-07-06 Logitech, Inc. Touch sensing method and apparatus
WO1997040482A1 (en) 1996-04-24 1997-10-30 Logitech, Inc. Touch and pressure sensing method and apparatus
US5764222A (en) 1996-05-28 1998-06-09 International Business Machines Corporation Virtual pointing device for touchscreens
US5835079A (en) 1996-06-13 1998-11-10 International Business Machines Corporation Virtual pointing device for touchscreens
US5933134A (en) 1996-06-25 1999-08-03 International Business Machines Corporation Touch screen virtual pointing device which goes into a translucent hibernation state when not in use
US5790104A (en) 1996-06-25 1998-08-04 International Business Machines Corporation Multiple, moveable, customizable virtual pointing devices
US6107997A (en) 1996-06-27 2000-08-22 Ure; Michael J. Touch-sensitive keyboard/mouse and computing device using the same
US6002808A (en) 1996-07-26 1999-12-14 Mitsubishi Electric Information Technology Center America, Inc. Hand gesture control system
US6288707B1 (en) 1996-07-29 2001-09-11 Harald Philipp Capacitive position sensor
US6535200B2 (en) * 1999-01-25 2003-03-18 Harald Philipp Capacitive position sensor
US5943044A (en) * 1996-08-05 1999-08-24 Interlink Electronics Force sensing semiconductive touchpad
US6208329B1 (en) * 1996-08-13 2001-03-27 Lsi Logic Corporation Supplemental mouse button emulation system, method and apparatus for a coordinate based data input device
US5745116A (en) * 1996-09-09 1998-04-28 Motorola, Inc. Intuitive gesture-based graphical user interface
GB9620464D0 (en) 1996-10-01 1996-11-20 Philips Electronics Nv Hand held image display device
US6650319B1 (en) 1996-10-29 2003-11-18 Elo Touchsystems, Inc. Touch screen based topological mapping with resistance framing design
US5854625A (en) 1996-11-06 1998-12-29 Synaptics, Incorporated Force sensing touchpad
US5748269A (en) * 1996-11-21 1998-05-05 Westinghouse Air Brake Company Environmentally-sealed, convectively-cooled active matrix liquid crystal display (LCD)
DE69626208T2 (en) 1996-12-20 2003-11-13 Hitachi Europ Ltd A method and system for recognizing hand gestures
US6289326B1 (en) 1997-06-04 2001-09-11 Lafleur Bernard B. Portable interactive kiosk
US6052339A (en) * 1997-06-11 2000-04-18 Asulab S.A. Watch with touch reading and setting of time functions
US6084576A (en) 1997-09-27 2000-07-04 Leu; Neng-Chyang User friendly keyboard
US6037882A (en) * 1997-09-30 2000-03-14 Levy; David H. Method and apparatus for inputting data to an electronic system
US6072494A (en) 1997-10-15 2000-06-06 Electric Planet, Inc. Method and apparatus for real-time gesture recognition
US6310610B1 (en) 1997-12-04 2001-10-30 Nortel Networks Limited Intelligent touch display
EP1717681B1 (en) * 1998-01-26 2015-04-29 Apple Inc. Method for integrating manual input
US6249606B1 (en) 1998-02-19 2001-06-19 Mindmaker, Inc. Method and system for gesture category recognition and training using a feature vector
US6639577B2 (en) 1998-03-04 2003-10-28 Gemstar-Tv Guide International, Inc. Portable information display device with ergonomic bezel
US6198515B1 (en) * 1998-03-16 2001-03-06 Joseph W. Cole Apparatus and method for controlled sealing between bezel and CRT
US6050825A (en) * 1998-05-08 2000-04-18 Nichol; Claudia D. Opaque, one-size-fits-all computer keyboard cover which covers only the three or four alpha-numeric rows
US6347290B1 (en) * 1998-06-24 2002-02-12 Compaq Information Technologies Group, L.P. Apparatus and method for detecting and executing positional and gesture commands corresponding to movement of handheld computing device
US6131299A (en) 1998-07-01 2000-10-17 Faro Technologies, Inc. Display device for a coordinate measurement machine
US6188391B1 (en) * 1998-07-09 2001-02-13 Synaptics, Inc. Two-layer capacitive touchpad and method of making same
US6135958A (en) 1998-08-06 2000-10-24 Acuson Corporation Ultrasound imaging system with touch-pad pointing device
JP3732409B2 (en) 1998-09-04 2006-01-05 イノベイティブ ソリューションズ アンド サポート インコーポレイテッドInnovative Solutions And Support Inc. Flat panel display for an aircraft cockpit with two cpu
US6292178B1 (en) 1998-10-19 2001-09-18 Allergan Sales, Inc. Screen navigation control apparatus for ophthalmic surgical instruments
JP2000132305A (en) * 1998-10-23 2000-05-12 Olympus Optical Co Ltd Operation input device
JP4542637B2 (en) 1998-11-25 2010-09-15 セイコーエプソン株式会社 Portable information devices and information storage medium
US6466036B1 (en) 1998-11-25 2002-10-15 Harald Philipp Charge transfer capacitance measurement circuit
US6222465B1 (en) * 1998-12-09 2001-04-24 Lucent Technologies Inc. Gesture-based computer interface
EP1014295A3 (en) 1998-12-25 2002-01-09 Kabushiki Kaisha Tokai Rika Denki Seisakusho Touch-operating input device, display system, and touch-operating assisting method for touch-operating input device
US6323849B1 (en) 1999-01-22 2001-11-27 Motorola, Inc. Display module with reduced power consumption
EP1153404B1 (en) 1999-01-26 2011-07-20 QRG Limited Capacitive sensor and array
US6246862B1 (en) 1999-02-03 2001-06-12 Motorola, Inc. Sensor controlled user interface for portable communication device
US6677934B1 (en) * 1999-07-30 2004-01-13 L-3 Communications Infrared touch panel with improved sunlight rejection
GB9920301D0 (en) 1999-08-27 1999-11-03 Philipp Harald Level sensing
US6492979B1 (en) 1999-09-07 2002-12-10 Elo Touchsystems, Inc. Dual sensor touchscreen utilizing projective-capacitive and force touch sensors
US6411287B1 (en) 1999-09-08 2002-06-25 Elo Touchsystems, Inc. Stress seal for acoustic wave touchscreens
US6377009B1 (en) * 1999-09-08 2002-04-23 Harald Philipp Capacitive closure obstruction sensor
US7030860B1 (en) * 1999-10-08 2006-04-18 Synaptics Incorporated Flexible transparent touch sensing system for electronic devices
US6757002B1 (en) 1999-11-04 2004-06-29 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. Track pad pointing device with areas of specialized function
DE19958903A1 (en) 1999-12-07 2001-06-28 Siemens Ag Aktorintegrierter force sensor
JP2001202192A (en) 2000-01-18 2001-07-27 Sony Corp Information processor, its method and program storage medium
KR20030043783A (en) 2000-02-02 2003-06-02 쓰리엠 터치 시스템, 인크. Touch Screen with Polarizer and Method of Making Same
JP2001249766A (en) 2000-03-06 2001-09-14 Hitachi Chiba Electronics Kk Touch panel and picture input type liquid crystal display device
US6543684B1 (en) * 2000-03-28 2003-04-08 Ncr Corporation Transaction terminal with privacy shield for touch-screen pin entry
US6624833B1 (en) 2000-04-17 2003-09-23 Lucent Technologies Inc. Gesture-based input interface system with shadow detection
US6803906B1 (en) 2000-07-05 2004-10-12 Smart Technologies, Inc. Passive touch system and method of detecting user input
US6627918B2 (en) 2000-09-22 2003-09-30 Donnelly Corporation Spacer elements for interactive information devices and method for making same
US6421234B1 (en) 2000-10-10 2002-07-16 Juniper Systems, Inc. Handheld electronics device having ergonomic features
US6942571B1 (en) 2000-10-16 2005-09-13 Bally Gaming, Inc. Gaming device with directional and speed control of mechanical reels using touch screen
US6593916B1 (en) 2000-11-03 2003-07-15 James L. Aroyan Touchscreen having multiple parallel connections to each electrode in a series resistor chain on the periphery of the touch area
US6677932B1 (en) * 2001-01-28 2004-01-13 Finger Works, Inc. System and method for recognizing touch typing under limited tactile feedback conditions
US6670894B2 (en) 2001-02-05 2003-12-30 Carsten Mehring System and method for keyboard independent touch typing
US6570557B1 (en) * 2001-02-10 2003-05-27 Finger Works, Inc. Multi-touch system and method for emulating modifier keys via fingertip chords
US7133531B2 (en) 2001-02-27 2006-11-07 Nissim Karpenstein Device using analog controls to mix compressed digital audio data
US6543947B2 (en) * 2001-03-14 2003-04-08 Lee Jose H. Keyboard having keys arranged in a pan configuration
US6724366B2 (en) * 2001-04-03 2004-04-20 Peter James Crawford Thumb actuated x-y input device
US6822640B2 (en) 2001-04-10 2004-11-23 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. Illuminated touch pad
US6965375B1 (en) 2001-04-27 2005-11-15 Palm, Inc. Compact integrated touch panel display for a handheld device
JP3800984B2 (en) 2001-05-21 2006-07-26 ソニー株式会社 User input device
US6992659B2 (en) * 2001-05-22 2006-01-31 Palmone, Inc. High transparency integrated enclosure touch screen assembly for a portable hand held device
US6670951B2 (en) * 2001-07-03 2003-12-30 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. Methods and systems for increasing the input efficiency of personal digital assistants and other handheld stylus-engagable computing devices
JP2003045234A (en) * 2001-07-26 2003-02-14 Dainippon Printing Co Ltd Transparent conductive film
JP2003173237A (en) 2001-09-28 2003-06-20 Ricoh Co Ltd Information input-output system, program and storage medium
US7084856B2 (en) * 2001-10-22 2006-08-01 Apple Computer, Inc. Mouse having a rotary dial
US7345671B2 (en) * 2001-10-22 2008-03-18 Apple Inc. Method and apparatus for use of rotational user inputs
US7312785B2 (en) * 2001-10-22 2007-12-25 Apple Inc. Method and apparatus for accelerated scrolling
US7046230B2 (en) * 2001-10-22 2006-05-16 Apple Computer, Inc. Touch pad handheld device
US6995752B2 (en) 2001-11-08 2006-02-07 Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. Multi-point touch pad
US7009599B2 (en) * 2001-11-20 2006-03-07 Nokia Corporation Form factor for portable device
US6762752B2 (en) * 2001-11-29 2004-07-13 N-Trig Ltd. Dual function input device and method
JP2003197056A (en) 2001-12-25 2003-07-11 Seiko Epson Corp Display device with input function and electronic apparatus using the same
US6690387B2 (en) 2001-12-28 2004-02-10 Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. Touch-screen image scrolling system and method
US6900795B1 (en) * 2002-02-27 2005-05-31 Knight, Iii Jack Unitary molded lens filter for touch screen interface
US6832138B1 (en) * 2002-02-28 2004-12-14 Garmin International, Inc. Cockpit instrument panel systems and methods with redundant flight data display
US6985801B1 (en) * 2002-02-28 2006-01-10 Garmin International, Inc. Cockpit instrument panel systems and methods with redundant flight data display
US6927761B2 (en) 2002-03-29 2005-08-09 3M Innovative Properties Company Moisture deflector for capacitive NFI touch screens for use with bezels of conductive material
US6658994B1 (en) 2002-04-10 2003-12-09 Chromalox, Inc. Modular assembly for a holding cabinet controller
US7466307B2 (en) 2002-04-11 2008-12-16 Synaptics Incorporated Closed-loop sensor on a solid-state object position detector
JP2003323259A (en) 2002-05-02 2003-11-14 Nec Corp Information processing apparatus
JP3852368B2 (en) 2002-05-16 2006-11-29 ソニー株式会社 Input method, and data processing apparatus
JP2004070920A (en) 2002-06-11 2004-03-04 Sony Computer Entertainment Inc Information processing program, computer readable recording medium recording information processing program, information processing method and information processor
US7154481B2 (en) * 2002-06-25 2006-12-26 3M Innovative Properties Company Touch sensor
EP1394640B1 (en) * 2002-08-30 2010-03-24 Asulab S.A. Timepiece with tactile reading and operation of time information
JP4211968B2 (en) 2002-09-10 2009-01-21 ソニー・エリクソン・モバイルコミュニケーションズ株式会社 The information processing apparatus
DE10251296A1 (en) 2002-11-03 2004-05-19 Trachte, Ralf, Dr. Device for computer input has a touch-sensitive input surface with multiple input surface areas and a control unit coupled to the input surface.
US20040090429A1 (en) * 2002-11-12 2004-05-13 Geaghan Bernard O. Touch sensor and method of making
US6970160B2 (en) 2002-12-19 2005-11-29 3M Innovative Properties Company Lattice touch-sensing system
US6919882B2 (en) 2003-01-02 2005-07-19 Holylite Microelectronics Corp. Position detection method and device
US6972401B2 (en) 2003-01-30 2005-12-06 Smart Technologies Inc. Illuminated bezel and touch system incorporating the same
JP2004317403A (en) 2003-04-18 2004-11-11 Alps Electric Co Ltd Surface pressure distribution sensor
US20040263484A1 (en) 2003-06-25 2004-12-30 Tapio Mantysalo Multifunctional UI input device for moblie terminals
WO2005008444A3 (en) * 2003-07-14 2005-04-14 Pallakoff Matt System and method for a portbale multimedia client
US7499040B2 (en) * 2003-08-18 2009-03-03 Apple Inc. Movable touch pad with added functionality
US9024884B2 (en) * 2003-09-02 2015-05-05 Apple Inc. Touch-sensitive electronic apparatus for media applications, and methods therefor
US7495659B2 (en) * 2003-11-25 2009-02-24 Apple Inc. Touch pad for handheld device
US6856259B1 (en) * 2004-02-06 2005-02-15 Elo Touchsystems, Inc. Touch sensor system to detect multiple touch events
US7663607B2 (en) * 2004-05-06 2010-02-16 Apple Inc. Multipoint touchscreen
JP4435622B2 (en) 2004-05-25 2010-03-24 アルプス電気株式会社 Capacitive sensing device
JP4052287B2 (en) * 2004-06-22 2008-02-27 セイコーエプソン株式会社 An electro-optical device, electronic apparatus, a method of manufacturing an electro-optical device
EP1622009A1 (en) * 2004-07-27 2006-02-01 Texas Instruments Incorporated JSM architecture and systems
US7760187B2 (en) * 2004-07-30 2010-07-20 Apple Inc. Visual expander
US7844914B2 (en) * 2004-07-30 2010-11-30 Apple Inc. Activating virtual keys of a touch-screen virtual keyboard
US8479122B2 (en) * 2004-07-30 2013-07-02 Apple Inc. Gestures for touch sensitive input devices
US7614008B2 (en) * 2004-07-30 2009-11-03 Apple Inc. Operation of a computer with touch screen interface
US20060033724A1 (en) * 2004-07-30 2006-02-16 Apple Computer, Inc. Virtual input device placement on a touch screen user interface
KR100927064B1 (en) 2004-08-16 2009-11-13 애플 인크. A method of increasing the spatial resolution of touch sensitive devices
JP4351599B2 (en) 2004-09-03 2009-10-28 パナソニック株式会社 Input device
JP2006085286A (en) 2004-09-14 2006-03-30 Fujitsu Component Ltd Input device
US7719522B2 (en) * 2004-09-24 2010-05-18 Apple Inc. Raw data track pad device and system
DE212006000028U1 (en) 2005-03-04 2007-12-20 Apple Inc., Cupertino Multifunctional hand-held device
US7538760B2 (en) 2006-03-30 2009-05-26 Apple Inc. Force imaging input device and system
US7511702B2 (en) * 2006-03-30 2009-03-31 Apple Inc. Force and location sensitive display

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
CN101436111A (en) 2009-05-20 application
JP4545168B2 (en) 2010-09-15 grant
EP1840715A2 (en) 2007-10-03 application
EP1840715A3 (en) 2007-12-19 application
CN101046720A (en) 2007-10-03 application
US20090231305A1 (en) 2009-09-17 application
EP2853994A3 (en) 2015-09-16 application
US9069404B2 (en) 2015-06-30 grant
JP2010113738A (en) 2010-05-20 application
JP2007272898A (en) 2007-10-18 application
JP2012195010A (en) 2012-10-11 application
JP5611282B2 (en) 2014-10-22 grant
EP2853994A2 (en) 2015-04-01 application
US7538760B2 (en) 2009-05-26 grant
CN101436111B (en) 2012-08-15 grant
US20070229464A1 (en) 2007-10-04 application
CN100485597C (en) 2009-05-06 grant

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US8269731B2 (en) Integrated pressure sensitive lens assembly
US6825890B2 (en) Transparent coordinate input device and liquid crystal display device incorporating the same
US6943705B1 (en) Method and apparatus for providing an integrated membrane switch and capacitive sensor
US8896993B2 (en) Input device layers and nesting
US7609178B2 (en) Reconfigurable tactile sensor input device
US20090002199A1 (en) Piezoelectric sensing as user input means
US7511702B2 (en) Force and location sensitive display
US5942733A (en) Stylus input capacitive touchpad sensor
US20090096760A1 (en) Capacitance type touch panel
US20100073325A1 (en) Device and method for detecting position of object and image display system having such device
US5463388A (en) Computer mouse or keyboard input device utilizing capacitive sensors
US7030860B1 (en) Flexible transparent touch sensing system for electronic devices
US8294047B2 (en) Selective input signal rejection and modification
US20100149104A1 (en) Integrated keyboard and touchpad
US20130234734A1 (en) Sensor unit, input device, and electronic apparatus
US20090237374A1 (en) Transparent pressure sensor and method for using
US20080202824A1 (en) Tilting Touch Control Panel
US20110157087A1 (en) Sensor apparatus and information processing apparatus
US20060092139A1 (en) Pressure-sensitive input device for data processing systems
US20080100592A1 (en) Touch panel input device
US20130044059A1 (en) Touch-control type keyboard
US20100253645A1 (en) Input device with capacitive force sensor and method for constructing the same
US20110141053A1 (en) System and method for measuring individual force in multi-object sensing
US20100026655A1 (en) Capacitive Touchscreen or Touchpad for Finger or Stylus
US20130257744A1 (en) Piezoelectric tactile interface