US20140352924A1 - Method for cooling bread and recovering the emitted heat - Google Patents

Method for cooling bread and recovering the emitted heat Download PDF

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Publication number
US20140352924A1
US20140352924A1 US14/463,693 US201414463693A US2014352924A1 US 20140352924 A1 US20140352924 A1 US 20140352924A1 US 201414463693 A US201414463693 A US 201414463693A US 2014352924 A1 US2014352924 A1 US 2014352924A1
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United States
Prior art keywords
sub
heat
pressure
pressure chamber
heating
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Abandoned
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US14/463,693
Inventor
Kurt Spirig
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Revent International AB
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Revent International AB
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Filing date
Publication date
Priority to EP10151786.0 priority Critical
Priority to EP10151786A priority patent/EP2362168A1/en
Priority to PCT/EP2011/051101 priority patent/WO2011092227A1/en
Priority to US201213575113A priority
Application filed by Revent International AB filed Critical Revent International AB
Priority to US14/463,693 priority patent/US20140352924A1/en
Assigned to REVENT INTERNATIONAL AB reassignment REVENT INTERNATIONAL AB ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: SPIRIG, KURT
Publication of US20140352924A1 publication Critical patent/US20140352924A1/en
Abandoned legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A21BAKING; EDIBLE DOUGHS
    • A21DTREATMENT, e.g. PRESERVATION, OF FLOUR OR DOUGH, e.g. BY ADDITION OF MATERIALS; BAKING; BAKERY PRODUCTS; PRESERVATION THEREOF
    • A21D15/00Preserving finished, partly finished or par-baked bakery products; Improving
    • A21D15/02Preserving finished, partly finished or par-baked bakery products; Improving by cooling, e.g. refrigeration, freezing
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A21BAKING; EDIBLE DOUGHS
    • A21CMACHINES OR EQUIPMENT FOR MAKING OR PROCESSING DOUGHS; HANDLING BAKED ARTICLES MADE FROM DOUGH
    • A21C15/00Apparatus for handling baked articles
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A21BAKING; EDIBLE DOUGHS
    • A21BBAKERS' OVENS; MACHINES OR EQUIPMENT FOR BAKING
    • A21B1/00Bakers' ovens
    • A21B1/02Bakers' ovens characterised by the heating arrangements
    • A21B1/36Ovens heated directly by hot fluid
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A21BAKING; EDIBLE DOUGHS
    • A21BBAKERS' OVENS; MACHINES OR EQUIPMENT FOR BAKING
    • A21B3/00Parts or accessories of ovens
    • A21B3/04Air-treatment devices for ovens, e.g. regulating humidity
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A21BAKING; EDIBLE DOUGHS
    • A21DTREATMENT, e.g. PRESERVATION, OF FLOUR OR DOUGH, e.g. BY ADDITION OF MATERIALS; BAKING; BAKERY PRODUCTS; PRESERVATION THEREOF
    • A21D17/00Refreshing bakery products or recycling bakery products
    • A21D17/008Refreshing by steam treatment
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; THEIR TREATMENT, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23LFOODS, FOODSTUFFS, OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES A23B - A23J; THEIR PREPARATION OR TREATMENT, e.g. COOKING, MODIFICATION OF NUTRITIVE QUALITIES, PHYSICAL TREATMENT; PRESERVATION OF FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS, IN GENERAL
    • A23L3/00Preservation of foods or foodstuffs, in general, e.g. pasteurising, sterilising, specially adapted for foods or foodstuffs
    • A23L3/36Freezing; Subsequent thawing; Cooling
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; THEIR TREATMENT, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23LFOODS, FOODSTUFFS, OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES A23B - A23J; THEIR PREPARATION OR TREATMENT, e.g. COOKING, MODIFICATION OF NUTRITIVE QUALITIES, PHYSICAL TREATMENT; PRESERVATION OF FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS, IN GENERAL
    • A23L5/00Preparation or treatment of foods or foodstuffs, in general; Food or foodstuffs obtained thereby; Materials therefor
    • A23L5/10General methods of cooking foods, e.g. by roasting or frying
    • A23L5/13General methods of cooking foods, e.g. by roasting or frying using water or steam
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25DREFRIGERATORS; COLD ROOMS; ICE-BOXES; COOLING OR FREEZING APPARATUS NOT COVERED BY ANY OTHER SUBCLASS
    • F25D21/00Defrosting; Preventing frosting; Removing condensed or defrost water
    • F25D21/14Collecting or removing condensed and defrost water; Drip trays
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25DREFRIGERATORS; COLD ROOMS; ICE-BOXES; COOLING OR FREEZING APPARATUS NOT COVERED BY ANY OTHER SUBCLASS
    • F25D2317/00Details or arrangements for circulating cooling fluids; Details or arrangements for circulating gas, e.g. air, within refrigerated spaces, not provided for in other groups of this subclass
    • F25D2317/04Treating air flowing to refrigeration compartments
    • F25D2317/043Treating air flowing to refrigeration compartments by creating a vacuum in a storage compartment
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25DREFRIGERATORS; COLD ROOMS; ICE-BOXES; COOLING OR FREEZING APPARATUS NOT COVERED BY ANY OTHER SUBCLASS
    • F25D2321/00Details or arrangements for defrosting; Preventing frosting; Removing condensed or defrost water, not provided for in other groups of this subclass
    • F25D2321/14Collecting condense or defrost water; Removing condense or defrost water
    • F25D2321/141Removal by evaporation
    • F25D2321/1412Removal by evaporation using condenser heat or heat of desuperheaters
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25DREFRIGERATORS; COLD ROOMS; ICE-BOXES; COOLING OR FREEZING APPARATUS NOT COVERED BY ANY OTHER SUBCLASS
    • F25D31/00Other cooling or freezing apparatus
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/85Food storage or conservation, e.g. cooling or drying

Abstract

A system (1) and a method for cooling freshly baked bread under sub-pressure, which system includes: a sub-pressure chamber (2) which is adapted for receiving freshly baked bread for the cooling thereof; a sub-pressure source (3), such as a vacuum pump, which is connected to the sub-pressure chamber (2) for exhausting fluid from the sub-pressure chamber (2) and creating a sub-pressure inside it; a condenser (4) for cooling steam exhausted from the sub-pressure chamber and separate condensed water (19) from it. The system also includes a heating tank (5) with a first heat exchanger (6) in which the heat generated by the condenser (4) is used for heating water.

Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD
  • The invention relates to a system and a method for cooling freshly baked bread while recovering part of their emitted heat energy. Especially, the invention relates to a system where freshly baked bread is cooled in a chamber under sub atmospheric pressure.
  • BACKGROUND
  • In the bread baking industry a lot of energy is consumed for heating bread and conventionally this heat energy is subsequently lost to the ambient environment inter alia as the breads are allowed to cool on racks somewhere close to the ovens. As the ovens also produces a lot of waste heat, the environment in an industrial bakery is very warm. Hence, there exists a desire to minimize the waste heat in order to save energy and to ameliorate the environment in industrial bakeries.
  • The American patent publication U.S. Pat. No. 4,331,690 discloses method of rapidly cooling freshly baked bread in a vacuum cooling chamber. It has proven advantageous to cool bread in a vacuum chamber since it gives the bread improved properties with respect to both taste and shelf-life. However, with the method described in U.S. Pat. No. 4,331,690 it also implies yet another energy consumer and in some respect also another heat generator.
  • Hence, for environmental reasons, both global and specific to the baking location, it is desirable to reduce energy consumption and heat generation during cooling of freshly baked bread.
  • SUMMARY
  • An object of the invention is to provide an improved system for cooling freshly baked bread.
  • According to a first aspect the invention relates to a system for cooling freshly baked bread under sub-pressure, which system includes: a sub-pressure chamber which is adapted for receiving freshly baked bread for the cooling thereof; a sub-pressure source, such as a vacuum pump, which is connected to the sub-pressure chamber for exhausting fluid from the sub-pressure chamber and creating a sub-pressure inside it; a condenser for cooling steam exhausted from the sub-pressure chamber and separate condensed water from it. The system also includes a heating tank with a first heat exchanger in which the heat generated by the condenser is used for heating water.
  • According to a second aspect the invention relates to a method cooling freshly baked bread under sub-pressure, which method includes the steps of: placing freshly baked bread a sub-pressure chamber for the cooling thereof; exhausting fluid from the sub-pressure chamber by means of a sub-pressure source and creating a sub-pressure inside it; condensing steam exhausted from the sub-pressure chamber and separate condensed water from it. Further the method includes a step of heating water wherein the heat generated by the condenser is used for said heating.
  • With the system and the method according to the invention the energy from the cooling of the bread is recycled in a fashion that allows a minimization of used energy and at the same time ameliorates the baking environment with a reduction of the ambient temperature.
  • Preferred embodiments of the invention and its advantages will be apparent from the detailed description and the dependent claims.
  • SHORT DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • The invention, and further objects and advantages of it, is best understood from the following description with reference to the appended drawing, where:
  • FIG. 1 is a schematic illustration of an embodiment of the system according to the invention.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION
  • The invention relates to a system for cooling freshly baked bread under sub-pressure and below the system will be described with reference to FIG. 1.
  • The system 1 involves a sub--pressure chamber 2, e.g. a vacuum chamber, which is adapted for receiving freshly baked bread for the cooling thereof. Preferably, the sub-pressure chamber 2 has the size and form of a rack oven, such that a rack of freshly baked bread can be directly inserted from the rack oven and into the sub-pressure chamber 2 without specific handling of the rack. The sub-pressure chamber 2 involves two air valves 10 and 11. The first air valve 10 is arranged for ventilation to let in ambient air into the chamber when the sub-pressure cooling of the bread is completed and other valve 11 is connected to a sub-pressure source 3 for creating a sub-pressure inside the chamber.
  • The sub-pressure source 3, e.g. a vacuum pump that is driven by an electric motor 8, is connected to the sub-pressure chamber 2 for exhausting fluid from the chamber 2 and creating a sub-pressure inside it. The air that is thus exhausted from the sub-pressure chamber 2 is relatively warm and contains a lot of steam coming from the bread that is being cooled inside the chamber.
  • In the shown embodiment the heat system involves a number of mini systems with relatively warm and connection cold lines in which the relatively warm and energy containing connection lines of each mini system are represented in FIG. 1 as black, and the relatively cooler connection lines of the same mini system are white.
  • A condenser 4, for cooling the air that is exhausted from the sub-pressure chamber 2, is arranged between the outlet of the sub-pressure chamber 2 and the sub-pressure source 3 such that the steam comprised in the exhaust air is condensed to (liquid) water. The condensed water 19 is thus separated from the air and the air 21 that reaches the sub-pressure source 3 is therefore relatively dry and free from steam. The separated exhausted air 21 has a temperature of about 27-30° C.
  • The cooling of the exhaust air and especially the transformation of the water from a gaseous medium (steam) to a liquid medium produces a lot of heat energy. By means of the condenser 4 this heat energy is released to a cooling liquid 13 of the condenser 4.
  • A main concept of the invention is to utilise the heat energy that is transferred to the cooling liquid 13 for energy saving purposes. As the environment within a bakery, where the system is to be implemented, is already warm there is certainly no need for an additional heat source that a conventional air cooling of the cooling liquid would imply. Therefore, in accordance with the invention, the system includes a heating tank 5 with a first heat exchanger 6 in a first heating zone of the heating tank in which the heat generated by the condenser is used for heating water. The thus heated water may be used in any way desired and it may for instance be connected to a tap water system for supply of warm water 14.
  • A heat pump 9 is arranged to in a conventional manner where the cooling liquid 13 is the source of the heat pump 9 and the first heat exchanger 6 of the heating tank 5 is the heat sink of the heat pump 9. In the heat sink a heating liquid 15 heats water inside the heating tank 5.
  • In the shown embodiment, of the invention the water inside the heating tank to be heated is indeed the condensed water 19 that is obtained from the exhaust air from the sub-pressure chamber 2. If the condensed water 19 is to be recycled additives should preferably be added to it in order to make up for essential minerals that have been lost from the water in the steam process of the baking oven and sub-pressure chamber. A water treatment station 12 is therefore arranged between the condenser and the heat tank 5. The water treatment station 12 may also be located at the outlet of the heat tank 5. Additives of this kind as well as the addition of them are well known in the art, and are therefore not described more closely herein.
  • The system may very well be a closed system for producing hot water, in the respect chat the condensed water 19 obtained in the system is heated to a desired temperature inside the system and delivered as a final product from the system to be used outside the system. However, fresh water 20 may be added to the heating tank in addition to the condensed water if the heating capacity of the heat exchanger 6 exceeds the amount of condensed water.
  • In order to improve the efficiency of the system the heat generated by the sub-pressure source 3 may be utilised. Preferably, the sub-pressure source 3 is a vacuum pump that in operation generates heat which is cooled off by a cooling liquid 16. The cooling liquid 16 may be used directly or indirectly in a second heat exchanger 7 arranged at the heating tank 5 to heat the water that has been heated by the first exchanger 6 additionally. This allows the water be heated to about 70° C., or more.
  • In the shown embodiment of the invention, the heat generated by the cooling liquid 16 is transferred to a heating liquid 18, which in turn heats the water in the heating tank 5 via a second heat exchanger 7, defining a second heating zone.
  • In the bakery industry a lot of water is consumed, for instance in the rack ovens where steam is added to give the bread an attractive surface and savoury consistence. Hence, an advantageous use of the heated water is to feed it back to the rack ovens in order to reduce the amount of heat energy necessary to produce steam inside them. The outlet of the heating tank may therefore be connected to an oven for baking bread, such that the heated water may be directly conducted to the oven for producing steam to be used in the baking of new bread.
  • It is of course also possible to collect all the heated water into a heat insulated reservoir from which water is tapped when needed, in any desired use. Further the heating tank 5 may be furnished with an electrical heater which is arranged to be used if the amount of heated water is not sufficient. With such an arrangement the system could replace, and not only complement, any existing heating system since no other heating system for hot water will be needed.
  • As a contrast to the system that is schematically shown on FIG. 1, the sub-pressure chamber may very well be a part of an automatic or semiautomatic baking system, where a number of different stations or chambers are located side by side. For instance, the bread may be allowed to rise in a first chamber, whereupon it is conveyed on belts or on baking plates into a second chamber, which may be an oven for baking. After the baking, the bread is once again conveyed on belts or baking plates to a third chamber, which in this case is the sub-pressure cooling chamber. For best output of such an automatic system all chambers should be at use as much as possible with as few interruptions as possible, such that when a load of bread is moved out from one chamber another load is inserted. The logistic of achieving an optimal use is common general knowledge for a person skilled in the area and is therefore not treated in detail in this application.
  • The invention also relates to a method of cooling freshly baked bread under sub-pressure. The steps of the method correspond to the system. A first step involves placing freshly baked bread the sub-pressure chamber 2 for the cooling thereof. Once the door of the sub-pressure chamber 2 is closed the cooling of the bread may start by exhausting fluid from the sub-pressure chamber 2 by means of the sub-pressure source 3, such that a sub-pressure is created inside the chamber.
  • The steam comprised in the fluid that is exhausted from the sub-pressure chamber is condensed by means of a condenser 4 and condensed water 19 is separated from the exhausted fluid, whereas dry air 21 is conveyed to the sub-pressure source 3. The heat generated in the condenser 4 is used for heating water in a heating tank 5.
  • In one embodiment the method further involves the step of heating the condensed water 19 that has been separated from the air 21 exhausted from the sub-pressure chamber 2. Also, the heat generated by the operation of the sub-pressure source 3 may be used for heating the heated water additionally.
  • As a final step, to close the circle, the heated water 14 may be used for producing steam in an oven during the baking of new bread. However, as indicated above, the produced hot water can be used for washing, for cooking, for steaming or anything else where hot water is needed.
  • Above, the invention has been described with reference to specific embodiments. It is, however, obvious to a person skilled in the art that other embodiments may be used to achieve the same result within the scope of the invention. Hence, the invention is not limited by these embodiments; instead it is only limited by the appended claims.

Claims (11)

1. A method of cooling freshly baked bread under sub-pressure, the method comprising:
placing freshly baked bread in a sub-pressure chamber for the cooling thereof;
exhausting fluid from the sub-pressure chamber by a sub-pressure source and creating a sub-pressure inside the sub-pressure chamber;
condensing steam exhausted from the sub-pressure chamber by a condenser and separating condensed water from the sub-pressure chamber; and
heating water in a heating tank in which the heat generated by the condenser is used for the heating.
2. The method according to claim further comprising heating the condensed water that has been separated from the fluid exhausted from the sub-pressure chamber with the heat generated by the condenser.
3. The method according to claim 2, further comprising using heat generated by the sub-pressure source for additionally heating the heated water.
4. The method according to claim 2, further comprising using the heated water for producing steam in an oven during the baking of new bread.
5. The method according to claim 2, further comprising:
using cooling liquid that is heated by condensing steam as a heat source for a heat pump; and
using a heat exchanger of the heating tank as the heat sink of the heat pump.
6. The method according to claim 1, further comprising using heat generated by the sub-pressure source for additionally heating the heated water.
7. The method according co claim 6, further comprising using the heated water for producing steam in an oven during the baking of new bread.
8. The method according to claim 6, further comprising:
using cooling liquid that is heated by condensing steam as a heat source for a heat pump;
and using a heat exchanger of the heating tank as the heat sink of the heat pump.
9. The method according to claim 1, further comprising using the heated water for producing steam in an oven during the baking of new bread.
10. The method according to claim 9, further comprising:
using cooling liquid that is heated by condensing steam as a heat source for a heat pump; and
using a heat exchanger of the heating tank as the heat sink of the heat pump.
11. The method according to claim 1, further comprising:
using cooling liquid that is heated by condensing steam as a heat source for a heat pump; and
using a heat exchanger of the heating tank as the heat sink of the heat pump.
US14/463,693 2010-01-27 2014-08-20 Method for cooling bread and recovering the emitted heat Abandoned US20140352924A1 (en)

Priority Applications (5)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EP10151786.0 2010-01-27
EP10151786A EP2362168A1 (en) 2010-01-27 2010-01-27 System and method for cooling bread and recovering the emitted heat
PCT/EP2011/051101 WO2011092227A1 (en) 2010-01-27 2011-01-27 System and method for cooling bread and recovering the emitted heart
US201213575113A true 2012-07-25 2012-07-25
US14/463,693 US20140352924A1 (en) 2010-01-27 2014-08-20 Method for cooling bread and recovering the emitted heat

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US14/463,693 US20140352924A1 (en) 2010-01-27 2014-08-20 Method for cooling bread and recovering the emitted heat

Related Parent Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/EP2011/051101 Division WO2011092227A1 (en) 2010-01-27 2011-01-27 System and method for cooling bread and recovering the emitted heart
US201213575113A Division 2012-07-25 2012-07-25

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US20140352924A1 true US20140352924A1 (en) 2014-12-04

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US13/575,113 Expired - Fee Related US8839637B2 (en) 2010-01-27 2011-01-27 System and method for cooling bread and recovering the emitted heat
US14/463,693 Abandoned US20140352924A1 (en) 2010-01-27 2014-08-20 Method for cooling bread and recovering the emitted heat

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US13/575,113 Expired - Fee Related US8839637B2 (en) 2010-01-27 2011-01-27 System and method for cooling bread and recovering the emitted heat

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US (2) US8839637B2 (en)
EP (1) EP2362168A1 (en)
CN (1) CN102762943A (en)
EA (1) EA021406B1 (en)
WO (1) WO2011092227A1 (en)

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EP2362168A1 (en) 2011-08-31
US20120301585A1 (en) 2012-11-29
WO2011092227A8 (en) 2011-09-29
CN102762943A (en) 2012-10-31

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