US20080288132A1 - Method of operating vehicle and associated system - Google Patents

Method of operating vehicle and associated system Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US20080288132A1
US20080288132A1 US11/749,316 US74931607A US2008288132A1 US 20080288132 A1 US20080288132 A1 US 20080288132A1 US 74931607 A US74931607 A US 74931607A US 2008288132 A1 US2008288132 A1 US 2008288132A1
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
vehicle
zone
defined
method
storage device
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US11/749,316
Inventor
Robert Dean King
Ajith Kuttannair Kumar
Roland Sidney Sedziol
Lembit Salasoo
Timothy Gerard Richter
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
General Electric Co
Original Assignee
General Electric Co
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by General Electric Co filed Critical General Electric Co
Priority to US11/749,316 priority Critical patent/US20080288132A1/en
Assigned to GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY reassignment GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: KING, ROBERT DEAN, KUMAR, AJITH KUTTANNAIR, RICHTER, TIMOTHY GERARD, SALASOO, LEMBIT (NMN), SEDZIOL, ROLAND SIDNEY
Publication of US20080288132A1 publication Critical patent/US20080288132A1/en
Application status is Abandoned legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60WCONJOINT CONTROL OF VEHICLE SUB-UNITS OF DIFFERENT TYPE OR DIFFERENT FUNCTION; CONTROL SYSTEMS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR HYBRID VEHICLES; ROAD VEHICLE DRIVE CONTROL SYSTEMS FOR PURPOSES NOT RELATED TO THE CONTROL OF A PARTICULAR SUB-UNIT
    • B60W20/00Control systems specially adapted for hybrid vehicles
    • B60W20/10Controlling the power contribution of each of the prime movers to meet required power demand
    • B60W20/12Controlling the power contribution of each of the prime movers to meet required power demand using control strategies taking into account route information
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L50/00Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle
    • B60L50/50Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle using propulsion power supplied by batteries or fuel cells
    • B60L50/60Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle using propulsion power supplied by batteries or fuel cells using power supplied by batteries
    • B60L50/61Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle using propulsion power supplied by batteries or fuel cells using power supplied by batteries by batteries charged by engine-driven generators, e.g. series hybrid electric vehicles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • B60L53/10Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles characterised by the energy transfer between the charging station and the vehicle
    • B60L53/14Conductive energy transfer
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L58/00Methods or circuit arrangements for monitoring or controlling batteries or fuel cells, specially adapted for electric vehicles
    • B60L58/10Methods or circuit arrangements for monitoring or controlling batteries or fuel cells, specially adapted for electric vehicles for monitoring or controlling batteries
    • B60L58/12Methods or circuit arrangements for monitoring or controlling batteries or fuel cells, specially adapted for electric vehicles for monitoring or controlling batteries responding to state of charge [SoC]
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60WCONJOINT CONTROL OF VEHICLE SUB-UNITS OF DIFFERENT TYPE OR DIFFERENT FUNCTION; CONTROL SYSTEMS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR HYBRID VEHICLES; ROAD VEHICLE DRIVE CONTROL SYSTEMS FOR PURPOSES NOT RELATED TO THE CONTROL OF A PARTICULAR SUB-UNIT
    • B60W20/00Control systems specially adapted for hybrid vehicles
    • B60W20/10Controlling the power contribution of each of the prime movers to meet required power demand
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60WCONJOINT CONTROL OF VEHICLE SUB-UNITS OF DIFFERENT TYPE OR DIFFERENT FUNCTION; CONTROL SYSTEMS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR HYBRID VEHICLES; ROAD VEHICLE DRIVE CONTROL SYSTEMS FOR PURPOSES NOT RELATED TO THE CONTROL OF A PARTICULAR SUB-UNIT
    • B60W40/00Estimation or calculation of non-directly measurable driving parameters for road vehicle drive control systems not related to the control of a particular sub unit, e.g. by using mathematical models
    • B60W40/02Estimation or calculation of non-directly measurable driving parameters for road vehicle drive control systems not related to the control of a particular sub unit, e.g. by using mathematical models related to ambient conditions
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L2200/00Type of vehicles
    • B60L2200/22Microcars, e.g. golf cars
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L2200/00Type of vehicles
    • B60L2200/26Rail vehicles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L2200/00Type of vehicles
    • B60L2200/32Waterborne vessels
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L2200/00Type of vehicles
    • B60L2200/36Vehicles designed to transport cargo, e.g. trucks
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L2240/00Control parameters of input or output; Target parameters
    • B60L2240/60Navigation input
    • B60L2240/62Vehicle position
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L2260/00Operating Modes
    • B60L2260/20Drive modes; Transition between modes
    • B60L2260/28Four wheel or all wheel drive
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60WCONJOINT CONTROL OF VEHICLE SUB-UNITS OF DIFFERENT TYPE OR DIFFERENT FUNCTION; CONTROL SYSTEMS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR HYBRID VEHICLES; ROAD VEHICLE DRIVE CONTROL SYSTEMS FOR PURPOSES NOT RELATED TO THE CONTROL OF A PARTICULAR SUB-UNIT
    • B60W20/00Control systems specially adapted for hybrid vehicles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60WCONJOINT CONTROL OF VEHICLE SUB-UNITS OF DIFFERENT TYPE OR DIFFERENT FUNCTION; CONTROL SYSTEMS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR HYBRID VEHICLES; ROAD VEHICLE DRIVE CONTROL SYSTEMS FOR PURPOSES NOT RELATED TO THE CONTROL OF A PARTICULAR SUB-UNIT
    • B60W2550/00Input parameters relating to exterior conditions
    • B60W2550/40Involving external transmission of data to or from the vehicle
    • B60W2550/402Involving external transmission of data to or from the vehicle for navigation systems
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/62Hybrid vehicles
    • Y02T10/6213Hybrid vehicles using ICE and electric energy storage, i.e. battery, capacitor
    • Y02T10/6217Hybrid vehicles using ICE and electric energy storage, i.e. battery, capacitor of the series type or range extenders
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage for electromobility
    • Y02T10/7005Batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage for electromobility
    • Y02T10/7038Energy storage management
    • Y02T10/7044Controlling the battery or capacitor state of charge
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage for electromobility
    • Y02T10/7038Energy storage management
    • Y02T10/705Controlling vehicles with one battery or one capacitor only
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage for electromobility
    • Y02T10/7072Electromobility specific charging systems or methods for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage for electromobility
    • Y02T10/7072Electromobility specific charging systems or methods for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors
    • Y02T10/7077Electromobility specific charging systems or methods for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors on board the vehicle
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/72Electric energy management in electromobility
    • Y02T10/7258Optimisation of vehicle performance
    • Y02T10/7291Optimisation of vehicle performance by route optimisation processing
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies related to electric vehicle charging
    • Y02T90/14Plug-in electric vehicles
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies related to electric vehicle charging
    • Y02T90/16Information or communication technologies improving the operation of electric vehicles
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies related to electric vehicle charging
    • Y02T90/16Information or communication technologies improving the operation of electric vehicles
    • Y02T90/161Navigation
    • Y02T90/162Position determination
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S903/00Hybrid electric vehicles, HEVS
    • Y10S903/902Prime movers comprising electrical and internal combustion motors
    • Y10S903/903Prime movers comprising electrical and internal combustion motors having energy storing means, e.g. battery, capacitor

Abstract

A method of operating a vehicle having an electric drive is provided. The method includes defining a first zone and a second zone. The first zone has an associated first characteristic and the second zone has an associated second characteristic that differs from the first characteristic. The method further includes switching an operating mode of a vehicle from a first operating mode in the first zone to a second operating mode in the second zone in response to the vehicle translating from the first zone to the second zone. Associated vehicles and systems are provided also.

Description

    BACKGROUND
  • 1. Technical Field
  • The invention includes embodiments that relate to method of using the propulsion system. The invention includes embodiments that relate to a vehicle and system.
  • 2. Discussion of Art
  • Hybrid propulsion systems have been developed to recover some of the energy that would otherwise be wasted as heat during dynamic braking. The recovery of this otherwise-wasted energy is regenerative braking. Hybrid propulsion systems can use two different energy sources: a heat engine and an energy storage unit. The engine may burn fuel to produce mechanical work—an internal combustion engine, a turbine engine, and a diesel engine are examples. The energy storage unit may include an electrically re-chargeable battery, an ultracapacitor, or a flywheel having a high power density.
  • The hybrid propulsion systems can act with regard to specific local events, such as a braking request or an acceleration request. The hybrid propulsion systems do not have a general awareness of the surrounding environment, and do not change functionality based on that awareness. To the extent that any vehicle can sense the environment, one hybrid vehicle monitors ambient temperature and shuts down battery use at ambient temperatures that would damage the batteries.
  • It may be desirable to have a propulsion system that implements a method of operation that differs from those methods currently available. It may be desirable to have a propulsion system with properties and characteristics that differ from those properties and characteristics of currently available propulsion systems.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION
  • The invention includes embodiments that relate to method of operating a vehicle having an electric drive. The method includes defining a first zone and a second zone. The first zone has an associated first characteristic, and the second zone has an associated second characteristic that differs from the first characteristic. The method further includes switching an operating mode of a vehicle from a first operating mode in the first zone to a second operating mode in the second zone in response to the vehicle translating from the first zone to the second zone.
  • The invention includes embodiments that relate to an electrically drivable vehicle. The vehicle can include a controller capable of switching the operating mode of the vehicle from the first operating mode in the first zone to the second operating mode in the second zone in response to the vehicle translating from the first zone to the second zone. The first zone has the associated first characteristic and the second zone has the associated second characteristic that allows the zones to differs from each other. The vehicle further can include a sensor communicating with the controller that can determine if the vehicle translates to and from the second zone.
  • The invention includes embodiments that relate to a system having information correlating an amount of electrical energy used by a vehicle to an amount of fuel consumed by the vehicle or an amount of emissions emitted by the vehicle. The system includes a sensor and a controller. The sensor can measure the amount of energy supplied by the energy storage device and can communicate information about that energy amount to the controller. And, the controller can use the correlation data and the measured amount of the energy supplied by the energy storage device to determine a saved amount of fuel or a reduced amount of emissions that would have otherwise occurred had the energy come from an engine rather than the energy storage device.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS
  • FIG. 1 is a schematic block diagram of a method comprising an embodiment according to the invention.
  • FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram illustrating a method comprising an embodiment according to the invention.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION
  • The invention includes embodiments that relate to method of operating a propulsion system. The invention includes embodiments that relate to a vehicle having the propulsion system. The invention includes embodiments that relate to the vehicle propulsion system. The ability to change operating modes depending on geographic locations may allow control of vehicle characteristics, such as emissions, and may allow vehicle operations having a reduced environmental impact in environmentally sensitive regions.
  • As used herein, voltage refers to direct current (DC) voltage unless context or language indicates otherwise. A prime mover includes an engine and an electrical generator, e.g. a diesel engine/alternator combination. Generally, an energy battery has a ratio that presents more energy than power, whereas a power battery has a greater power rating than energy rating.
  • With reference to FIG. 1, a method according to an embodiment of the invention is shown. The method includes defining zones of vehicle operation (block 100), and controlling the vehicle operating mode with regard to the zone in which the vehicle is located (block 110). Optionally, the method can include determining that a zone translation or change is upcoming, and switching the operating mode to prepare for the zone translation (block 120).
  • With regard to the zones, they include at least a first zone and a second zone. The first zone has an associated first characteristic and the second zone has an associated second characteristic that differs from the first characteristic. As used herein, the first zone is an area with relatively fewer restrictions on operating parameters, and the second zone is an area that has relative more concerns on operating parameters than the first zone. While the zone differences are discussed further hereinbelow, a mention here of one embodiment in which the first zone is relatively not sensitive to emissions, and in which the second zone is an environmentally sensitive region, may help characterize the disclosure that follows.
  • The zones may have an interface or line separating them from each other, or from an inter-disposed zone (discussed later as a third zone). The first zone may be distinguished from the second zone by a geo-fence. Other methods of defining or bounding the first zone include identifying a geographical area. The geographical limits may correspond to territorial rights, such as state lines, county lines, country borders, and the like. Also, the geographical limits may correspond to natural terrain features, such as rivers, hills, and the like. Yet other methods of bounding the zones include identification of certain features or characteristics that can be associated with a location. For example, the Los Angeles basin can be characterized as an environmentally sensitive zone (first characteristic) that needs less pollution and fewer vehicle emissions. Another example is an area in which a tax scheme is in force (e.g., London, England) so that emissions are tracked and taxed within a defined municipality. The tax scheme, conversely, may supply a credit or benefit for emissions reduction within a defined area (i.e., second zone).
  • The zones need not be static in some embodiments. If emissions are more damaging during a particular time of day, one may define a boundary of the first zone dynamically with reference to a time of day. If noise is a concern in a noise-sensitive area, the zones may be differentiated by those areas where the noise is a concern and during those hours of the day in which the noise is concern.
  • The same may be done dynamically with reference to a day of a week. For example, if vehicle operations are to be near an area where particulate is a concern while the local population is exposed, then the zone may be defined to that area and during those days of concern. If, for example, a beach is fully occupied on a weekend, but not on a weekday, and particles are a concern when the beach is fully occupied, then the zone can be near the beach during the weekend.
  • With some planning, it is possible to identify yearly patterns, such as national holidays during which behavior is predictable. If so, then defining a boundary of the first zone dynamically with reference to a day of a year is possible.
  • Because weather is closely monitored in most of the world, the weather, climate or environment may be an environmental indicator to define a zone. A method may then limit the first zone dynamically by reference to the environmental indicator corresponding to the zone. For example, if an ozone alert is called for in an area and that alert is based on weather and climate conditions, that alert may serve as an environmental indicator—where, in one embodiment, an ozone-reduced operating mode may be used as the second operating mode in the second zone. Other suitable environmental indicator may include an ultraviolet (UV) index, pollution index, ground level ozone content, ground level NOx content, ground level SOx content, carbon dioxide content, carbon monoxide content, wind speed, wind direction, particulate matter content, or pollen count.
  • The first zone can be defined in absolute terms (e.g., a state line), or in relative terms compared to the second zone (e.g., a more restrictive tax scheme). For example, the first characteristic can be, relative to the second characteristic, a tax benefit or a reduction in one or more of tax liability based on one or more of emissions, fuel consumption, or noise; emissions; fuel consumption; or, noise. In an alternative embodiment, the first characteristic is a topologically-based ability to regenerate an energy storage device of the vehicle.
  • According to an embodiment of the invention, as the vehicle passes or translates from one zone to another zone, a controller on the vehicle recognizes that the translation is occurring (or about to occur) and controls the vehicle to switch an operating mode of a vehicle from a first operating mode in the first zone to a second operating mode in the second zone. In one aspect, the geo-fence or zone boundary is marked, and the operating mode switch is in response to the vehicle translating from the first zone to the second zone, or vice versa. Alternatively, a vehicle operator may engage a manual toggle to initiate the switch in one embodiment.
  • While operating in the first operating mode, the vehicle may be used in a manner to accomplish at least one of: an increase in battery life, an increase in battery charge, an increase in vehicle speed, or an increase in fuel economy according to one embodiment. In another embodiment, the first operating mode may include optimizing vehicle performance outside of the second zone so that upon entering the second zone at least one battery characteristic is in a determined state for use in the second zone. Such battery characteristics may include battery temperature or the battery state of charge. Particularly, the battery state of charge refers to the useable charge energy of the battery or bank of batteries. In another embodiment, the vehicle may operating in the first zone so that there is a reduction or elimination of discharge of an energy storage device coupled to electrical drive motors of the vehicle. Thus, the energy storage device devices (or batteries that are included therein) are ready for use upon translation into the second zone.
  • With reference to the second operating mode, the vehicle operates in a manner to accomplish at least one of: an increased tax benefit based on one or more of reduced emissions, reduced fuel consumption, or reduced noise; decreased emissions; decreased fuel consumption; or, a decreased tax liability based on one or more of emissions, fuel consumption, or noise. Alternatively or additionally, the vehicle in the second mode of operation may operate so that the vehicle has decreased noise from an on-board engine. In one illustrative embodiment, the vehicle can top off the charge on an energy storage device having a bank of batteries in the first zone on approach to the second zone and use a diesel engine without regard to fuel efficiency, and after translating into the second zone the diesel engine is shut down or idled and the vehicle can be propelled by the energy storage device supplying electricity to traction motors.
  • And, in one embodiment, the second zone may include a topologically-based need for a regenerated energy storage device of the vehicle. For example, the energy stored in the energy storage device may be drawn out and used to supply an energy boost to climb a hill.
  • The method may provide for the second operating mode to include operating the vehicle by drawing stored energy from an energy storage device of the vehicle. Alternatively, the second operating mode comprises operating the vehicle by drawing energy only from an energy storage device of the vehicle and not from an engine of the vehicle. Suitable energy storage devices may include batteries, fuel cells, fly wheels, ultracapacitors, combinations of the foregoing, and the like. Suitable batteries may include energy batteries, power batteries, or both energy and power batteries where the energy to power ratio determines whether the battery is one or the other. Suitable energy batteries may include high temperature batteries, such as metal halide batteries, aluminum-based batteries, and sodium sulfur batteries. Suitable power batteries may include lithium bases, nickel metal hydride, zinc matrix, lead acid, and the like.
  • In one embodiment, the second operating mode may include a process of determining a compliant operating mode that is a mixture of energy from an energy storage device of the vehicle and from an engine of the vehicle. Once the proportion is determined, the controller controls the engine to run in a manner that has at least one of less noise, less emissions, or less of a taxable event relative to only the first mode of operation.
  • The translation point, static or dynamically defined, may be determined using a signal/sensor pair, a global positioning system, or a calculation based on a known route and a distance or time/speed measurements along the route. For the later, locomotives having well-defined routes may be particularly amenable. A suitable signal/sensor pair may include a radio frequency identification (RFID) sensor and/or an RFID signal generator. The RFID may be used, for example, so that a zone boundary (particularly when static) has an RFID component located thereon. The corresponding RFID part can be located on the vehicle. Depending on the situation, it may be more economical to have the sensor or the emitter on the vehicle, and the RFID tag can be either active or passive as the application may warrant.
  • With reference to FIG. 2, another embodiment of the invention includes defining a third zone having an associated third characteristic. The method further includes switching the vehicle to a third operating mode in the third zone in response to the vehicle translating to the third zone from the first zone. The schematic representation in FIG. 2 illustrates the zones in an exemplary, but non-limiting, concentric arrangement—where the first zone is outside of the second zone, and the third zone (or charging zone) is shown therebetween. A depot 200 is a starting point for a delivery truck 210 that winds on a route 212 through each of the three zones. The first travel segment 220 shows an operating mode in which speed and fuel consumption are balanced and maximized. The second travel segment 222 shows an operating mode in which the on-board energy batteries are charged up to a maximum useable charge and the battery temperature is adjusted. The third travel segment 224 shows an operating mode in which the engine is shut down and the energy storage device supplies electricity to traction motors to drive the vehicle to the destination 230, and then after a stop to beyond the destination. The fourth travel segment 232 shows an operating mode in which the engine is restarted and the energy storage device is recharged.
  • The third zone is disposed adjacent to the second zone. The third characteristic, used to define the metes and bounds of the third zone, may include a calculated minimum travel length to take an energy storage device on the vehicle from a current state of charge to a full state of charge. The third zone can extend directly outward from the boundary of the second zone; but, as the travel path through the third zone can be skew, tortuous or circuitous rather than linear and perpendicular the third zone need not be as wide as the minimum length needed for the vehicle to charge up the on-board batteries.
  • Another suitable third characteristic may include a topographical feature biased for regenerative braking, such as a downgrade. For the calculation of the minimum travel path, several factors may be taken into account. These factors may include: the amount of energy needed to traverse the second zone, the amount of additional energy that may be taken up by the energy storage device while in the second zone (by regenerative braking or by a plug-in stop, for example), the time and/or distance to the outer boundary of the second zone, the terrain or route conditions leading up to and adjacent the second zone, the uptake rate of the energy storage device, the energy output of the regenerative braking system, and the like.
  • The method may include determining a current state of charge of an energy storage device of the vehicle and determining a minimum distance for regenerative braking to bring the energy storage device from the current state of charge to a full useable state of charge. Alternatively or additionally, the method may include adjusting a route of the vehicle so that a travel path of the vehicle in the third zone is of sufficient length to charge an energy storage device of the vehicle to a full useable charge state. In one embodiment, the travel path through the third zone is adjusted to take advantage of a down grade, during which regenerative braking is used to charge the energy storage device. The method can further include determining the projected travel path length in the second zone, determining a state of charge of an energy storage device of the vehicle, determining an expected hybrid propulsion distance based on the useable state of charge, and comparing the expected hybrid propulsion distance to the travel path length. If the distance that the battery charge can carry the vehicle is further than the expected distance in the second zone, then the control system can just monitor the battery state and there is no need to top off the energy stored in the energy storage device. But, if the energy in the energy storage device appears insufficient, the controller can begin a process of charging up the energy storage device. Suitable charging regimes can include re-routing to a down grade to use regenerative braking, applying an opposing torque on the hybrid axels so that the engine indirectly charges the energy storage device “through the road” where the engine supplies more propulsive power than is needed for propulsion and the hybrid axels simultaneously brake to re-charge, or the energy storage device communicates with the alternator to charge directly therefrom. Using one of the foregoing methods, it is possible to charge the energy storage device to a full useable state of charge in the third zone prior to translating to the second zone.
  • To optimize the recharging process, the regenerative braking may take into account a component limiting factor. For example, the energy storage device may have an energy uptake of a particular rate. The method, then, may slow the vehicle using regenerative braking at a rate that is determined by the energy uptake rate of the energy storage device or, as another example, the energy generating capacity of a regenerative braking system coupled thereto.
  • In one embodiment, the first operating mode includes operating an auxiliary electrical system in a first, higher-energy consuming operating mode. The second operating mode can include operating the auxiliary electrical system a second, lower-energy consuming operating mode. In this manner, it may be possible to use larger amounts of electrical energy where there is an abundance, and when there is a finite supply (for example, a finite battery capacity) change to a reduced electrical consumption operating mode. This may allow more electrical energy to be directed to propulsive effort in the second zone.
  • Methods according to the present invention may be implemented by an electrically drivable vehicle. The vehicle may include at least a controller and a sensor. The controller can switch an operating mode of the vehicle from a first operating mode in a first zone to a second operating mode in a second zone. The mode switch may be in response to the vehicle translating from the first zone to the second zone. The sensor communicates with the controller, and informs the controller if the vehicle translates to and from the second zone. The vehicle may include an energy storage device that can propel, or assist in propelling, the vehicle in at least one mode of operation. In one embodiment, the energy storage device is not electrically coupled to an engine-driven alternator. An example may include a hybrid locomotive where two of the six traction motors are decoupled from the DC link and re-routed to the energy storage device. Alternatively, the vehicle may be a plug-in hybrid and not have an engine. In an illustrative embodiment, the vehicle is a diesel electric hybrid locomotive. Other suitable vehicles may include off-highway vehicles, marine vehicles, busses, vans, tractor-trailer rigs, and passenger vehicles. Each vehicle type, naturally, has differing needs and requirements associated therewith—such as voltage requirements, emissions regulations, maintenance needs, and travel patterns.
  • In one embodiment, the vehicle may further include a fuel cell that is operable to supply energy to an auxiliary electrical system or an electrical vehicle accessory system. The fuel cell may be electrically coupled directly to the energy storage device, or may be routed through a boost converter. Alternatively, the fuel cell may be coupled to a traction drive motor so that the fuel cell energy may supplement the propulsive effort of the vehicle, as needed or desired.
  • In another embodiment, a system is provided that has information correlating an amount of energy used by a vehicle to an amount of fuel consumed by the vehicle or an amount of emissions emitted by the vehicle. That is, based on an amount of electrical energy used to drive propulsive motors, the information correlates that energy amount to an amount of fuel needed to generate that amount of energy either by an on-board engine or by an engine in another vehicle. The system includes a controller and a sensor. The sensor can measure either an amount of energy supplied by an energy storage device, or an amount of energy consumed by a propulsive traction motor. The sensor can communicate information about that supplied or consumed energy amount to the controller. The controller can determine, based on the correlation data, a saved amount of fuel or a reduced amount of emissions based on the amount of the energy supplied by the energy storage device or consumed by the traction motor.
  • Optionally, in the system, at least a portion of the energy supplied by the energy storage device was provided to the energy storage device by regenerative braking of the vehicle. The correlating information can refer to an engine only propelled vehicle that consumes fuel and emits emissions, so that the amount of fuel saved or emissions reduced is an amount referring to the instant vehicle relative to the engine only propelled vehicle. A display screen can be secured to the vehicle that displays the amount of fuel not consumed by the vehicle or an amount of emissions not emitted by the vehicle, relative to operation of that vehicle, or another like vehicle, not operating in a particular fuel or emissions saving mode.
  • A vehicle having a control system that can implement a method according to an embodiment of the invention may have a distributed energy storage system. A prime mover supplies electrical power to first or conventional traction drives, while the remaining second or hybrid traction drives are electrically powered via one or more energy storage devices. During periods of extended high motive power operation when the energy stored in the energy storage unit is sufficiently depleted, the controller may allow power from the prime mover to be used in the propulsion drives that were initially powered from the energy storage units.
  • During braking events, where a traction drive torque command is in the opposite polarity as required for traction drive operation in a motoring mode, a portion of the regenerative braking energy may be captured in the energy storage units, this is “through the road” charging of the energy storage device. High power regenerative braking energy can be captured in the energy storage system until a determined charge or voltage limit is attained. Then, the energy can be dissipated in a conventional dynamic brake grid as waste heat. Likewise, during extended periods of operation at high motive power when the energy storage unit depletes, the power control apparatus directs the prime mover to supply power using energy from the on-board engine. Selection of the electrical configuration provides that the system can propel the vehicle at relatively lower speeds and potentially high torques by using the second traction drive system, and the system can propel the vehicle at relatively higher speeds and moderate torques by using at least the first traction drive system. Particularly, at higher speeds or under heavy load conditions (heavy haul, high speed, or steep grade) energy can be pulled out of the energy storage device to power the second traction drive system in conjunction with the motive power supplied by the first traction drive system.
  • The auxiliary electrical system may be electrically connected to the energy storage device. The auxiliary electrical system can supplement a prime auxiliary electrical system by supplying electrical energy to the prime auxiliary electrical system, especially during periods when regenerative energy is extracted from the traction drive systems. The auxiliary electrical system can supplement the prime auxiliary electrical system by supplying electrical energy to some subcomponents while the prime auxiliary electrical system supplies electrical energy to other subcomponents. One example is that the auxiliary electrical system can operate critical auxiliary components while the prime auxiliary electrical system is disabled or shutdown to eliminate noise or emissions, or to reduce fuel consumption by the engine.
  • Output voltage from the engine driven alternator may be controlled based on vehicle speed, traction torque, and load. Depending on energy storage device and load, propelling an electrically driven vehicle at a first, slower speed and potentially high torque, can be performed using the second electric motor alone, i.e. Electric Vehicle mode (EV), or in combination with the engine-driven alternator to a first electric motor, i.e. Hybrid Electric Vehicle Mode (HEV). Of note is that differing voltages may be implicated by different end uses. Passenger cars and light duty trucks may utilize a voltage of about 200 volts to about 400 volts; medium duty trucks, vans, and busses may utilize a voltage of about 500 to about 650 volts; and locomotives may use voltages of up to about 1400 volts.
  • In one embodiment, the control system can initiate a braking event calling for an amount of a required braking power. The first available braking power can be based on a component limiting factor determined by at least one of: power capacity of the first traction motor, electrical uptake capacity of the energy storage device, electrical rating capacity of an electronic inverter, or electrical rating capacity of a power switch. The first available braking power is compared to the required braking power. The required braking power can be first met with the first available braking power. The first available braking power can be supplemented with a second available braking power if the first available braking power is insufficient to meet the required braking power. The second available braking power can be based on at least a capacity of a dynamic braking grid resistor array coupled the second traction motor.
  • In one embodiment, the method may further include charging the energy storage device by converting mechanical energy during a braking mode of operation of the second electric motor to electrical energy. An operating mode may be selected for use in which a greater than full motive power propels the vehicle relative to another operating mode in which power from a prime mover combines with energy supplied from one or more energy storage devices. Alternatively, an operating mode may be selected in which all of the propulsive power supplied to one or more traction motors is energy supplied from one or more energy storage devices. Another operating mode is provided in which all propulsive power supplied to one traction motor is energy supplied from one or more energy storage devices, and in which all propulsive power supplied to another traction motor is energy supplied from an alternator.
  • Another method according to embodiments of the invention may include initiating a braking event calling for an amount of a required braking power. A first available braking power may be determined based on a component limiting factor determined by at least one of: power capacity of an electric motor, electrical uptake capacity of an energy storage device, electrical rating capacity of an electronic inverter, or electrical rating capacity of a power switch; and comparing the first available braking power to the required braking power. The required braking power may be supplied first with the first available braking power. As needed, the first available braking power can be supplemented with a second available braking power. The second available braking power is based on at least a capacity of a dynamic braking grid resistor array coupled thereto. Optionally, the energy storage device can include an energy battery, and a power battery that has a relatively faster uptake of energy than the energy storage battery. The regeneratively captured energy can be routed to the power device with or without routing to the energy battery. From there, the energy can be fed from the power battery to the energy battery at a rate of uptake that the energy battery can handle.
  • While examples were given with some reference to locomotives, the propulsion system may be useful in other vehicle types. Other suitable vehicles may include passenger vehicles; medium or light duty vans and trucks; busses and heavy duty trucks and construction equipment; off-highway vehicles (OHV); and boats, ships and submarines.
  • The embodiments described herein are examples of structures, systems and methods having elements corresponding to the elements of the invention recited in the claims. This written description may enable those of ordinary skill in the art to make and use embodiments having alternative elements that likewise correspond to the elements of the invention recited in the claims. The scope of the invention thus includes structures, systems and methods that do not differ from the literal language of the claims, and further includes other structures, systems and methods with insubstantial differences from the literal language of the claims. While only certain features and embodiments have been illustrated and described herein, many modifications and changes may occur to one of ordinary skill in the relevant art. The appended claims cover all such modifications and changes.

Claims (47)

1. A method, comprising:
defining a first zone and a second zone, and the first zone has an associated first characteristic and the second zone has an associated second characteristic that differs from the first characteristic; and
switching an operating mode of a vehicle from a first operating mode in the first zone to a second operating mode in the second zone in response to the vehicle translating from the first zone to the second zone.
2. The method as defined in claim 1, further comprising separating the first zone from the second zone by a geo-fence.
3. The method as defined in claim 1, further comprising bounding the first zone as a geographical area.
4. The method as defined in claim 1, further comprising defining a boundary of the first zone dynamically with reference to a time of day.
5. The method as defined in claim 1, further comprising defining a boundary of the first zone dynamically with reference to a day of a week.
6. The method as defined in claim 1, further comprising defining a boundary of the first zone dynamically with reference to a day of a year.
7. The method as defined in claim 1, further comprising limiting the first zone dynamically by reference to an environmental indicator corresponding to the first zone.
8. The method as defined in claim 7, wherein the environmental indicator is at least one of UV index, pollution index, ground level ozone content, NOx content, SOx content, carbon dioxide content, carbon monoxide content, wind speed, wind direction, particulate matter content, or pollen count.
9. The method as defined in claim 1, wherein the first characteristic is, relative to the second characteristic, a tax benefit or a reduction in one or more of tax liability based on one or more of emissions, fuel consumption, or noise; emissions; fuel consumption; or, noise.
10. The method as defined in claim 1, wherein the first characteristic is a topologically-based ability to regenerate an energy storage device of the vehicle.
11. The method as defined in claim 1, further comprising bounding the second zone as a geographical area.
12. The method as defined in claim 1, further comprising defining a boundary of the second zone dynamically with reference to a time of day.
13. The method as defined in claim 1, further comprising defining a boundary of the second zone dynamically with reference to a day of a week.
14. The method as defined in claim 1, further comprising defining a boundary of the second zone dynamically with reference to a day of a year.
15. The method as defined in claim 1, further comprising defining the second zone dynamically by reference to an environmental indicator corresponding to the second zone.
16. The method as defined in claim 15, wherein the environmental indicator is at least one of UV index, pollution index, wind speed, or wind direction.
17. The method as defined in claim 15, wherein the environmental indicator is at least one of ground level ozone content.
18. The method as defined in claim 1, wherein the second characteristic is, relative to the first characteristic, an increased one or more of tax liability based on one or more of emission, fuel consumption, or noise; noise sensitivity; population; or, environmental or pollution sensitivity.
19. The method as defined in claim 1, wherein the second characteristic is a topologically-based need for a regenerated energy storage device of the vehicle.
20. The method as defined in claim 1, wherein the first operating mode comprises operating the vehicle in a manner to accomplish at least one of:
an increase in battery life, an increase in battery charge, an increase in vehicle speed, or an increase in fuel economy; or,
an optimization of at least one battery characteristic selected from the group consisting of battery temperature and battery state of charge; or,
a reduction or elimination of discharge of an energy storage device coupled to electrical drive motors of the vehicle.
21. The method as defined in claim 1, wherein the second operating mode comprises operating the vehicle in a manner to accomplish at least one of: an increased tax benefit based on one or more of reduced emissions, reduced fuel consumption, or reduced noise; decreased emissions; decreased fuel consumption; decreased noise from an on-board engine; or decreased tax liability based on one or more of emissions, fuel consumption, or noise.
22. The method as defined in claim 1, wherein the second operating mode comprises operating the vehicle by drawing stored energy from an energy storage device of the vehicle.
23. The method as defined in claim 1, wherein the second operating mode comprises operating the vehicle by drawing energy only from an energy storage device of the vehicle and not from an engine of the vehicle.
24. The method as defined in claim 1, wherein the second operating mode comprises determining a compliant operating mode that is a mixture of energy from an energy storage device of the vehicle and from an engine of the vehicle, and the engine is run in a manner that has at least one of less noise, less emissions, or less of a taxable event relative to the first mode of operation.
25. The method as defined in claim 1, further comprising determining the translation point by a signal/sensor pair, a global positioning system, or a calculation based on a known route and a distance or time measurement along the route.
26. The method as defined in claim 1, wherein the signal/sensor pair comprises an RFID sensor.
27. The method as defined in claim 1, further comprising defining a third zone having an associated third characteristic; and
switching the vehicle operating mode to the third operating mode in the third zone in response to the vehicle translating to the third zone from the first zone or the second zone.
28. The method as defined in claim 1, wherein the third characteristic comprises one or more of a minimum travel length to take an energy storage device on the vehicle from a current state of charge to a full useable state of charge; or a topographical feature biased for regenerative braking.
29. The method as defined in claim 1, further comprising adjusting a route of the vehicle so that a travel path of the vehicle in the third zone is of sufficient length to charge an energy storage device of the vehicle to a full useable charge state.
30. The method as defined in claim 1, further comprising determining a current state of charge of an energy storage device of the vehicle and determining a minimum distance for regenerative braking to bring the energy storage device from the current state of charge to a full useable state of charge.
31. The method as defined in claim 1, further comprising determining a travel path length in the second zone, determining a state of charge of an energy storage device of the vehicle, determining an expected hybrid propulsion distance based on the useable state of charge, and comparing the expected hybrid propulsion distance to the travel path length.
32. The method as defined in claim 1, further comprising charging the energy storage device to a full useable state of charge in the third zone prior to translating to the second zone.
33. The method as defined in claim 32, further comprising slowing the vehicle using regenerative braking at a rate that is determined by the energy uptake rate of the energy storage device and the energy generating capacity of a regenerative braking system coupled thereto.
34. The method as defined in claim 1, wherein the first operating mode comprises operating an auxiliary electrical system in a first, higher-energy consuming operating mode; and the second operating mode comprises operating the auxiliary electrical system a second, lower-energy consuming operating mode.
35. An electrically drivable vehicle, comprising:
a controller capable of switching an operating mode of a vehicle from a first operating mode in a first zone to a second operating mode in a second zone in response to the vehicle translating from the first zone to the second zone, wherein the first zone has an associated first characteristic and the second zone has an associated second characteristic that differs from the first characteristic; and
a sensor communicating with the controller that is operable to determine if the vehicle translates to and from the second zone.
36. The vehicle as defined in claim 35, wherein the vehicle comprises an energy storage device that can propel, or assist in propelling, the vehicle in at least one mode of operation.
37. The vehicle as defined in claim 36, wherein the energy storage device is not electrically coupled to an engine-driven alternator.
38. The vehicle as defined in claim 35, wherein the vehicle does not have an engine.
39. The vehicle as defined in claim 35, wherein the sensor is a global positioning satellite sensor system or is an RFID component that communicates with a corresponding RFID component that is at a known location.
40. The vehicle as defined in claim 35, wherein the vehicle is a diesel electric hybrid locomotive.
41. The vehicle as defined in claim 35, further comprising a fuel cell that is operable to supply energy to an auxiliary electrical system or an electrical vehicle accessory system.
42. The vehicle as defined in claim 35, further comprising a fuel cell that is operable to supply energy to an energy storage device to charge the energy storage device.
43. A system for use with an electrically driven vehicle, comprising:
means for identifying a first zone and a second zone, and the first zone has an associated first characteristic and the second zone has an associated second characteristic that differs from the first characteristic; and
means for switching an operating mode of a vehicle from a first operating mode in the first zone to a second operating mode in the second zone in response to the vehicle translating from the first zone to the second zone.
44. A system having information correlating an amount of energy used by a vehicle to an amount of fuel consumed by the vehicle or an amount of emissions emitted by the vehicle, comprising:
a controller operable to determine at least one of a saved amount of fuel or a reduced amount of emissions; and
a sensor operable to measure an amount of energy supplied by an energy storage device and to communicate information about that amount to the controller, wherein
the controller determines the saved amount of fuel or the reduced amount of emissions based on the amount of the energy supplied by the energy storage device.
45. The system as defined in claim 44, wherein at least a portion of the energy supplied by the energy storage device was provided to the energy storage device by regenerative braking of the vehicle.
46. The system as defined in claim 44, wherein the correlating information refers to an engine only propelled vehicle that consumes fuel and emits emissions, so that the amount of fuel saved or emissions reduced is an amount referring to the instant vehicle relative to the engine only propelled vehicle.
47. The system as defined in claim 44, wherein comprising a display screen secured to the vehicle that displays the amount of fuel consumed by the vehicle or an amount of emissions emitted by the vehicle.
US11/749,316 2007-05-16 2007-05-16 Method of operating vehicle and associated system Abandoned US20080288132A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US11/749,316 US20080288132A1 (en) 2007-05-16 2007-05-16 Method of operating vehicle and associated system

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US11/749,316 US20080288132A1 (en) 2007-05-16 2007-05-16 Method of operating vehicle and associated system
US14/224,992 US9248825B2 (en) 2007-05-16 2014-03-25 Method of operating vehicle and associated system

Related Child Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US14/224,992 Division US9248825B2 (en) 2007-05-16 2014-03-25 Method of operating vehicle and associated system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20080288132A1 true US20080288132A1 (en) 2008-11-20

Family

ID=40028372

Family Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US11/749,316 Abandoned US20080288132A1 (en) 2007-05-16 2007-05-16 Method of operating vehicle and associated system
US14/224,992 Active 2027-05-26 US9248825B2 (en) 2007-05-16 2014-03-25 Method of operating vehicle and associated system

Family Applications After (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US14/224,992 Active 2027-05-26 US9248825B2 (en) 2007-05-16 2014-03-25 Method of operating vehicle and associated system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (2) US20080288132A1 (en)

Cited By (46)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20090021218A1 (en) * 2007-07-18 2009-01-22 Kurt Russell Kelty Battery charging based on cost and life
US20090234521A1 (en) * 2008-03-11 2009-09-17 Ajith Kuttannair Kumar System and Method For Managing An Amount of Stored Energy in a Powered System
US20090240388A1 (en) * 2008-03-19 2009-09-24 Zero Emission Systems, Inc. Data acquisition for operation of a vehicle
EP2151362A1 (en) * 2008-08-05 2010-02-10 General Electric Company Method of operating a vehicle and associated system
US20100094500A1 (en) * 2008-10-14 2010-04-15 Jin Seung-Hee Telematics terminal and method for controlling vehicle using the same
US20100138099A1 (en) * 2007-11-01 2010-06-03 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Travel trace generation method and travel trace generation device
US20100280686A1 (en) * 2009-04-30 2010-11-04 Searete Llc, A Limited Liability Corporation Of The State Of Delaware Awarding privileges to a vehicle based upon one or more fuel utilization characteristics
US20100280691A1 (en) * 2009-04-30 2010-11-04 Searete Llc, A Limited Liability Corporation Of The State Of Delaware Awarding standings to a vehicle based upon one or more fuel utilization characteristics
US20100280690A1 (en) * 2009-04-30 2010-11-04 Searete Llc, A Limited Liability Corporation Of The State Of Delaware Awarding standings to a vehicle based upon one or more fuel utilization characteristics
US20100280708A1 (en) * 2009-04-30 2010-11-04 Searete Llc, A Limited Liability Corporation Of The State Of Delaware Awarding standings to a vehicle based upon one or more fuel utilization characteristics
US20100280688A1 (en) * 2009-04-30 2010-11-04 Searete Llc, A Limited Liability Corporation Of The State Of Delaware Awarding standings to a vehicle based upon one or more fuel utilization characteristics
US20100280887A1 (en) * 2009-04-30 2010-11-04 Searete Llc, A Limited Liability Corporation Of The State Of Delaware Awarding privileges to a vehicle based upon one or more fuel utilization characteristics
US20100280706A1 (en) * 2009-04-30 2010-11-04 Searete Llc, A Limited Liability Corporation Of State Of Delaware Awarding standings to a vehicle based upon one or more fuel utilization characteristics
US20100280703A1 (en) * 2009-04-30 2010-11-04 Searete Llc, A Limited Liability Corporation Of The State Of Delaware Awarding Privileges to a vehicle based upon one or more fuel utilization characteristics
US20100280692A1 (en) * 2009-04-30 2010-11-04 Searete Llc, A Limited Liability Corporation Of The State Of Delaware Awarding standings to a vehicle based upon one or more fuel utilization characteristics
US20100280888A1 (en) * 2009-04-30 2010-11-04 Searete LLC, a limited libaility corporation of the State of Delaware Awarding privileges to a vehicle based upon one or more fuel utilization characteristics
WO2011029004A1 (en) * 2009-09-03 2011-03-10 Clean Emissions Technologies, Inc. Vehicle reduced emission deployment
US20110106354A1 (en) * 2009-04-30 2011-05-05 Searete Llc, A Limited Liability Corporation Of The State Of Delaware Awarding standings to a vehicle based upon one or more fuel utilization characteristics
US20110106591A1 (en) * 2009-04-30 2011-05-05 Searete Llc, A Limited Liability Corporation Of The State Of Delaware Awarding standings to a vehicle based upon one or more fuel utilization characteristics
US20120029744A1 (en) * 2010-07-28 2012-02-02 Samsung Sdi Co., Ltd. Electric vehicle and method of controlling the same
US8286440B2 (en) 2005-03-14 2012-10-16 Clean Emissions Technologies, Inc. Operating a comfort subsystem for a vehicle
US20130096763A1 (en) * 2010-06-23 2013-04-18 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Vehicle control device and vehicle control method
US20130179007A1 (en) * 2007-07-12 2013-07-11 Odyne Systems, Llc System for and method of fuel optimization in a hybrid vehicle
US8565969B2 (en) 2007-04-03 2013-10-22 Clean Emissions Technologies, Inc. Over the road/traction/cabin comfort retrofit
US8571723B2 (en) 2011-12-28 2013-10-29 General Electric Company Methods and systems for energy management within a transportation network
US20140002253A1 (en) * 2010-12-21 2014-01-02 Kerim Yilmaz Motor vehicle
US8655518B2 (en) 2011-12-06 2014-02-18 General Electric Company Transportation network scheduling system and method
US8805605B2 (en) 2011-05-09 2014-08-12 General Electric Company Scheduling system and method for a transportation network
US8818588B2 (en) 2007-07-12 2014-08-26 Odyne Systems, Llc Parallel hybrid drive system utilizing power take off connection as transfer for a secondary energy source
US8818584B2 (en) 2011-12-05 2014-08-26 General Electric Company System and method for modifying schedules of vehicles
US20140277878A1 (en) * 2013-03-15 2014-09-18 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Method for operating hybrid vehicle
US8905166B2 (en) 2007-07-12 2014-12-09 Odyne Systems, Llc Hybrid vehicle drive system and method and idle reduction system and method
US20150032310A1 (en) * 2013-07-26 2015-01-29 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Method and systems for emissions compliant use of telematics inputs to a propulsion control system for function enablement
US8978798B2 (en) 2007-10-12 2015-03-17 Odyne Systems, Llc Hybrid vehicle drive system and method and idle reduction system and method
US9008933B2 (en) 2011-05-09 2015-04-14 General Electric Company Off-board scheduling system and method for adjusting a movement plan of a transportation network
US20150134216A1 (en) * 2013-11-12 2015-05-14 Bendix Commercial Vehicle Systems Llc System, Controller and Method for testing a solenoid
US9061680B2 (en) 2007-07-12 2015-06-23 Odyne Systems, Llc Hybrid vehicle drive system and method for fuel reduction during idle
US9145146B2 (en) * 2011-03-15 2015-09-29 Jaguar Land Rover Limited Vehicle and method of control thereof
US20150298680A1 (en) * 2014-04-22 2015-10-22 Alcatel-Lucent Usa Inc. System and method for control of a hybrid vehicle with regenerative braking using location awareness
US9235991B2 (en) 2011-12-06 2016-01-12 General Electric Company Transportation network scheduling system and method
US9248825B2 (en) 2007-05-16 2016-02-02 General Electric Company Method of operating vehicle and associated system
US20160257323A1 (en) * 2015-03-04 2016-09-08 General Electric Company System and method for controlling a vehicle system to achieve different objectives during a trip
US9758052B2 (en) * 2014-11-13 2017-09-12 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Power spike mitigation
US9758146B2 (en) 2008-04-01 2017-09-12 Clean Emissions Technologies, Inc. Dual mode clutch pedal for vehicle
US9878616B2 (en) 2007-07-12 2018-01-30 Power Technology Holdings Llc Hybrid vehicle drive system and method using split shaft power take off
US9878767B2 (en) 2014-04-10 2018-01-30 Wärtsilä Finland Oy Method of operating a power system in a marine vessel and a supervising arrangement for a power system in a marine vessel

Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102015201905A1 (en) * 2015-02-04 2016-08-04 Robert Bosch Gmbh A method of reducing exhaust emissions from a transient transition of a vehicle
FR3037025B1 (en) 2015-06-05 2018-07-27 Peugeot Citroen Automobiles Sa method of controlling the discharge of the electric accumulator of a hybrid vehicle for driving in a controlled circulation zone
US20180257473A1 (en) * 2015-08-07 2018-09-13 Cummins, Inc. Systems and methods of battery management and control for a vehicle
JP6288055B2 (en) * 2015-11-30 2018-03-07 トヨタ自動車株式会社 Hybrid vehicles

Citations (99)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US384580A (en) * 1888-06-12 julien
US744187A (en) * 1903-04-13 1903-11-17 Gibbs Engineering And Mfg Company System of electric traction.
US1199752A (en) * 1915-07-03 1916-10-03 Charles Whiting Baker Transportation system for light-traffic lines.
US1377087A (en) * 1921-05-03 jack a
US1535175A (en) * 1924-01-28 1925-04-28 Mancha Storage Battery Locomot Electric storage-battery locomotive
US2403933A (en) * 1944-08-28 1946-07-16 Gen Motors Corp Generating electric drive and control system
US2472924A (en) * 1946-01-12 1949-06-14 Westinghouse Electric Corp Electric drive for gas turbine locomotives
US2510753A (en) * 1949-04-08 1950-06-06 Elliott Co Apparatus for controlling gas turbine locomotives
US2704813A (en) * 1954-05-10 1955-03-22 Westinghouse Electric Corp Recuperative braking for enginepowered locomotives
US3169733A (en) * 1959-10-01 1965-02-16 Barrett Electronics Corp Battery charging system for vehicles
US3443115A (en) * 1966-06-15 1969-05-06 Allis Chalmers Mfg Co Means for paralleling direct current sources having different output characteristics
US3569810A (en) * 1968-11-20 1971-03-09 Allis Chalmers Mfg Co Pulse width modulator with pulse width limiting
US3596154A (en) * 1968-02-06 1971-07-27 Ransomes Sims & Jefferies Ltd Electrically operated differentially variable dual motor drive system
US3668418A (en) * 1969-10-01 1972-06-06 Accumulateurs Fixes System for controlled charging of stand-by storage batteries that supply a load on failure of power supply to the load from power mains
US3686549A (en) * 1971-02-01 1972-08-22 Gen Motors Corp Power control system
US3719881A (en) * 1969-12-12 1973-03-06 Nissan Motor Device for charging storage battery
US3728596A (en) * 1970-03-06 1973-04-17 Asea Ab Plural motor slip-controlled driving means for traction purposes
US3732751A (en) * 1969-03-17 1973-05-15 Trw Inc Power train using multiple power sources
US3737745A (en) * 1971-12-16 1973-06-05 Gen Electric Wheel slip control system
US3792327A (en) * 1972-10-05 1974-02-12 L Waldorf Hybrid electrical vehicle drive
US3832625A (en) * 1973-02-26 1974-08-27 Westinghouse Electric Corp Electrical power generating arrangement and method utilizing an induction generator
US3898937A (en) * 1973-11-19 1975-08-12 Gen Motors Corp Wheel slip sensing and control system
US3919948A (en) * 1963-02-18 1975-11-18 Rheinstahl Ag Dual transmission locomotive
US3930189A (en) * 1974-10-11 1975-12-30 Gen Electric Wheel slip correction system
US3970160A (en) * 1973-11-06 1976-07-20 William Nowick Control means for electrically powered transportation means
US3982164A (en) * 1974-12-18 1976-09-21 General Motors Corporation Locomotive wheel slip control
US3997822A (en) * 1974-12-18 1976-12-14 General Motors Corporation Method of controlling locomotive wheel slip
US4035698A (en) * 1973-04-06 1977-07-12 Asea Aktiebolog Means for counteracting slipping and skidding in a motor-driven rail-vehicle
US4042056A (en) * 1975-11-21 1977-08-16 Automobile Corporation Of America Hybrid powered automobile
US4070562A (en) * 1975-08-28 1978-01-24 Nippon Soken, Inc. Acceleration/deceleration alarm system
US4075538A (en) * 1976-05-19 1978-02-21 General Electric Company Adaptive acceleration responsive system
US4090577A (en) * 1977-04-18 1978-05-23 Moore Wallace H Solar celled hybrid vehicle
US4095147A (en) * 1976-02-26 1978-06-13 Mountz John M Wheel slip correction method, system and apparatus
US4096423A (en) * 1976-03-01 1978-06-20 General Electric Company Direct current motor chopper propulsion system
US4107402A (en) * 1977-09-22 1978-08-15 Globe-Union Inc. Battery and battery container having air-flow passages therethrough
US4152758A (en) * 1977-09-26 1979-05-01 General Electric Company Control logic for a phase controlled rectifier system
US4199037A (en) * 1978-05-19 1980-04-22 White Bruce D Electric automobile
US4204143A (en) * 1978-09-26 1980-05-20 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Pulse width modulated power amplifier for direct current motor control
US4217527A (en) * 1978-09-19 1980-08-12 Gould Inc. Electrical vehicle controller with programmed motor current
US4284936A (en) * 1979-05-02 1981-08-18 General Electric Company Chopper type propulsion system with low speed electrical braking capability for traction vehicles
US4309645A (en) * 1976-07-07 1982-01-05 Villeneuve Dail A De DC Motor speed controller
US4313080A (en) * 1978-05-22 1982-01-26 Battery Development Corporation Method of charge control for vehicle hybrid drive batteries
US4344139A (en) * 1980-05-07 1982-08-10 Caterpillar Tractor Co. Method and apparatus for controlling differentially driven wheel slip
US4347569A (en) * 1980-08-12 1982-08-31 General Signal Corporation Wheel slip system
US4369397A (en) * 1978-07-28 1983-01-18 Read Graham L Motor control apparatus for a motorized vehicle, and method therefor
US4390841A (en) * 1980-10-14 1983-06-28 Purdue Research Foundation Monitoring apparatus and method for battery power supply
US4417194A (en) * 1980-09-18 1983-11-22 The Charles Stark Draper Laboratory, Inc. Induction generator system with switched capacitor control
US4423362A (en) * 1982-05-19 1983-12-27 General Electric Company Electric vehicle current regulating system
US4471276A (en) * 1980-06-13 1984-09-11 Stephen Cudlitz Electric motor speed controller and method
US4471421A (en) * 1982-09-30 1984-09-11 General Electric Company Means for controlling a forced commutated hybrid a-c to d-c electric rectifying bridge to avoid reverse recovery overvoltage in the diode leg
US4495449A (en) * 1983-12-02 1985-01-22 General Electric Company Electric propulsion system for traction vehicles with automatic retard speed regulation
US4498016A (en) * 1983-08-04 1985-02-05 Caterpillar Tractor Co. Locomotive governor control
US4523134A (en) * 1984-05-08 1985-06-11 Matsushita Electrical Industrial Co., Ltd. Control system for DC motors
US4542462A (en) * 1982-04-13 1985-09-17 Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Device for controlling a vehicle charging system
US4616170A (en) * 1983-07-25 1986-10-07 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Arrangement and method for operating an electrochemical storage device
US4644232A (en) * 1983-10-19 1987-02-17 Hitachi, Ltd. Method of and an apparatus for controlling a plurality of DC motors
US4700283A (en) * 1985-04-19 1987-10-13 Hitachi, Ltd. Control system for an electric locomotive having AC to DC converters
US4701682A (en) * 1985-01-21 1987-10-20 Hitachi, Ltd. Control system for maintaining traction of rolling stock
US4719861A (en) * 1986-10-23 1988-01-19 General Motors Corporation Energy management method for a locomotive including single-sided linear induction motors
US4799161A (en) * 1985-08-14 1989-01-17 Hitachi, Ltd. Control apparatus for maintaining traction in electric rolling stock
US4852540A (en) * 1988-05-09 1989-08-01 F & B Mfg Co. High-efficiency charging and regulating system
US4896090A (en) * 1988-10-31 1990-01-23 General Electric Company Locomotive wheelslip control system
US4900944A (en) * 1988-10-14 1990-02-13 Frank Donnelly Booster unit for diesel electric locomotive
US4923025A (en) * 1985-10-21 1990-05-08 Ellers Clarence W Hybrid electric/ice vehicle drive system
US4936610A (en) * 1989-03-15 1990-06-26 Tranergy Corporation Differential creepage control system for optimizing adhesion of locomotives
US4941099A (en) * 1988-05-16 1990-07-10 American Standard Inc. Electronic adhesion adaptive wheel slide protection arrangement function
US4944539A (en) * 1989-03-15 1990-07-31 Tranergy Corporation Differential creepage control system for optimizing adhesion of locomotives
US4950964A (en) * 1989-04-13 1990-08-21 Caterpillar Inc. Locomotive differential wheel slip control
US4961151A (en) * 1983-09-29 1990-10-02 Engelhard Corporation Fuel cell/battery control system
US5125469A (en) * 1991-03-04 1992-06-30 Scott Gerald A System for storing and using deceleration energy
US5129328A (en) * 1988-04-06 1992-07-14 Donnelly Frank W Gas turbine locomotive fueled by compressed natural Gas
US5212431A (en) * 1990-05-23 1993-05-18 Nissan Motor Co., Ltd. Electric vehicle
US5264764A (en) * 1992-12-21 1993-11-23 Ford Motor Company Method for controlling the operation of a range extender for a hybrid electric vehicle
US5280231A (en) * 1990-07-02 1994-01-18 Nippondenso Co., Ltd. Battery condition detecting apparatus and charge control apparatus for automobile
US5281900A (en) * 1991-02-02 1994-01-25 Hyundai Electronics Industries Co., Ltd. DC motor controller
US5289093A (en) * 1989-11-08 1994-02-22 Gec Alsthom Sa Antispin and antilock methods for an electric traction vehicle
US5306972A (en) * 1992-07-17 1994-04-26 General Electric Company AC motor system
US5317669A (en) * 1992-05-04 1994-05-31 John Svoboda Direct current motor speed control apparatus
US5331261A (en) * 1990-12-20 1994-07-19 General Electric Company Regenerative braking protection for an electrically-propelled traction vehicle
US5332630A (en) * 1991-11-04 1994-07-26 Hsu Michael S On-board recharging system for battery powered electric vehicles
US5343970A (en) * 1992-09-21 1994-09-06 Severinsky Alex J Hybrid electric vehicle
US5346031A (en) * 1992-04-13 1994-09-13 Gardner Conrad O Hybrid motor vehicle having an electric motor and utilizing an internal combustion engine for fast charge during cruise mode off condition
US5359228A (en) * 1992-05-15 1994-10-25 Mitsubishi Jidosha Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Operating method for a hybrid car
US5376868A (en) * 1991-04-01 1994-12-27 Aisin Aw Co., Ltd. Driving force controller for electric motor vehicle
US5392716A (en) * 1993-07-28 1995-02-28 General Electric Company Locomotive traction motor control system
US5424948A (en) * 1993-11-10 1995-06-13 General Motors Corporation Locomotive traction control system using fuzzy logic
US5428538A (en) * 1991-08-12 1995-06-27 Westinghouse Air Brake Company Sanding control system for railway vehicles
US5436538A (en) * 1994-07-05 1995-07-25 Woodward Governor Company Locomotive wheel slip controller
US5436540A (en) * 1994-05-16 1995-07-25 General Electric Company Protection circuit for a gate turn-off device in an electrical braking system for an electric traction motor vehicle
US5436548A (en) * 1992-11-25 1995-07-25 Motorola, Inc. Battery charging and discharging system and corresponding method
US5453672A (en) * 1991-12-31 1995-09-26 Avitan; Isaac Regulation system for decoupled efficiency optimized operation of DC traction motors
US5480220A (en) * 1992-08-26 1996-01-02 General Electric Company Method for inhibiting wheel slip in an electric alternating current induction motor powered vehicle
US5508924A (en) * 1992-03-19 1996-04-16 Kabushikikaisha Equos Research Driving force controller for an electric vehicle with electric motors provided for all driving wheels individually
US20010029425A1 (en) * 2000-03-17 2001-10-11 David Myr Real time vehicle guidance and traffic forecasting system
US6314347B1 (en) * 1999-05-20 2001-11-06 Nissan Motor Co., Ltd. Driving control apparatus of hybrid vehicle and method thereof
US20050120904A1 (en) * 2002-02-28 2005-06-09 Ajith Kumar Configurable locomotive
US20050173523A1 (en) * 2002-10-03 2005-08-11 Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd. Emission amount report device, system for charge for exhaust gas from vehicle, management unit and inspection device making up the system
US7038619B2 (en) * 2001-12-31 2006-05-02 Rdp Associates, Incorporated Satellite positioning system enabled media measurement system and method
US20060173593A1 (en) * 2005-02-02 2006-08-03 Deere & Company, A Delaware Corporation Vehicular navigation with location-based noise reduction

Family Cites Families (168)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR1251152A (en) 1958-11-28 1961-01-13 Ruhrthaler Maschinenfabrik Sch Locomotive powered by batteries, for the mining service
GB1129709A (en) 1966-11-18 1968-10-09 G & M Power Plant Company Ltd Improvements in or relating to electrically propelled vehicles
GB1312699A (en) 1970-10-10 1973-04-04 Conveyancer Ltd Industrial trucks
GB2005205A (en) 1977-09-02 1979-04-19 Coal Ind Underground mine locomotives or vehicles
CA1283472C (en) 1987-10-15 1991-04-23 Frank Donnelly Booster unit for diesel electric locomotive
DE3833719C1 (en) 1988-07-01 1989-10-19 Loher Ag, 8399 Ruhstorf, De
US5397991A (en) 1988-07-13 1995-03-14 Electronic Development Inc. Multi-battery charging system for reduced fuel consumption and emissions in automotive vehicles
JPH05111109A (en) 1991-10-08 1993-04-30 Fuji Electric Co Ltd Control method for electric vehicle driven through internal-combustion engine
US5585706A (en) 1991-12-31 1996-12-17 Avitan; Isaac Speed regulation of DC motor using current sensing means
EP0593740A4 (en) 1992-05-08 1994-09-21 Bruce F Field Electric hybrid vehicle
CA2098468C (en) 1992-07-07 1998-09-01 David J. Theobald Method for battery charging
DE4232132A1 (en) 1992-09-25 1994-03-31 Teves Gmbh Alfred Circuit arrangement for a brake system with anti-lock and traction control
US5586613A (en) 1993-04-22 1996-12-24 The Texas A&M University System Electrically peaking hybrid system and method
JP3092403B2 (en) 1993-09-06 2000-09-25 三菱自動車工業株式会社 Hybrid electric vehicles
JP3019682B2 (en) 1993-09-17 2000-03-13 トヨタ自動車株式会社 Power generation control method in hybrid vehicles
JPH0785847A (en) 1993-09-17 1995-03-31 Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd Unit cell and battery system of sealed type alkaline storage battery
DE4344369C2 (en) 1993-12-24 1997-12-11 Daimler Benz Ag Consumption-based mileage limit a vehicle drive
DE4403468C2 (en) 1994-02-04 1998-07-09 Daimler Benz Ag Extraction flow monitoring system for traction batteries in electric and hybrid vehicles
JP3260951B2 (en) 1994-02-23 2002-02-25 松下電器産業株式会社 Single cells and the unit batteries of sealed alkaline storage battery
JP3687991B2 (en) 1994-02-24 2005-08-24 アイシン・エィ・ダブリュ株式会社 Hybrid power supply
US5511749A (en) 1994-04-01 1996-04-30 Canac International, Inc. Remote control system for a locomotive
US5629601A (en) 1994-04-18 1997-05-13 Feldstein; Robert S. Compound battery charging system
US5568023A (en) 1994-05-18 1996-10-22 Grayer; William Electric power train control
US5494342A (en) 1994-06-14 1996-02-27 New York Air Brake Corporation Electropneumatic brake control system
JP2790779B2 (en) 1994-08-22 1998-08-27 本田技研工業株式会社 Power generation control device for a hybrid vehicle
JP3050054B2 (en) 1994-09-01 2000-06-05 トヨタ自動車株式会社 Power generation control method
JP3000858B2 (en) 1994-09-01 2000-01-17 株式会社日立製作所 Electric vehicle controller
US5580685A (en) 1994-09-28 1996-12-03 Venture Enterprises, Incorporated Multi-layered battery grids and methods of forming battery grids
DE9415770U1 (en) 1994-09-30 1994-12-15 Abb Henschell Ag A track-bound diesel locomotive
US5610819A (en) 1994-10-11 1997-03-11 G&G Locotronics, Inc. System for enhancing wheel traction in a locomotive by reapplication of excitation using an S-shaped curve
JPH08154309A (en) 1994-11-29 1996-06-11 Mitsubishi Motors Corp Hybrid electric vehicle
US5659240A (en) 1995-02-16 1997-08-19 General Electric Company Intelligent battery charger for electric drive system batteries
US5589743A (en) 1995-03-03 1996-12-31 General Electric Company Integrated cranking inverter and boost converter for a series hybrid drive system
JP3264123B2 (en) 1995-03-06 2002-03-11 三菱自動車工業株式会社 Navigation system for hybrid electric vehicles
US5646510A (en) 1995-03-31 1997-07-08 General Electric Company AC locomotive operation with DC bus current sensor failure
JPH08336205A (en) 1995-04-07 1996-12-17 Nippon Soken Inc Battery charger for hybrid vehicle
JP3286492B2 (en) 1995-04-28 2002-05-27 本田技研工業株式会社 The control device of a vehicle-mounted power generator
US5704440A (en) 1995-05-31 1998-01-06 New York Institute Of Technology Energy distribution method for hydrid electric vehicle
US5629567A (en) 1995-06-26 1997-05-13 General Electric Company Speed control system for an AC locomotive
US5696438A (en) 1995-09-15 1997-12-09 Hamilton; Albert L. Electrical hybrid vehicle battery charging system arrangement
US5661378A (en) 1995-10-13 1997-08-26 General Electric Company Tractive effort control method and system for recovery from a wheel slip condition in a diesel-electric traction vehicle
US5765656A (en) 1996-01-18 1998-06-16 Weaver; Winstead B. Hybrid electric motor vehicle drive
FR2744074B1 (en) 1996-01-29 1998-03-20 Smh Management Services Ag Method and device common regulation of several electric motors driving the drive wheels of a motor vehicle
JP3177153B2 (en) 1996-04-10 2001-06-18 本田技研工業株式会社 Control apparatus for a hybrid vehicle
US5986577A (en) 1996-05-24 1999-11-16 Westinghouse Air Brake Company Method of determining car position
US5939861A (en) 1996-05-24 1999-08-17 Hino Jidosha Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Control system for on-vehicle battery
US5710699A (en) 1996-05-28 1998-01-20 General Electric Company Power electronic interface circuits for batteries and ultracapacitors in electric vehicles and battery storage systems
US6021251A (en) 1997-07-08 2000-02-01 Crown Equipment Corporation Compensated field current control for a separately excited DC motor
JP4049833B2 (en) 1996-07-26 2008-02-20 アイシン・エィ・ダブリュ株式会社 Power supply and electric vehicles
CA2182630C (en) 1996-08-02 2003-02-11 Piotr Drozdz A control system for a hybrid vehicle
US5820172A (en) 1997-02-27 1998-10-13 Ford Global Technologies, Inc. Method for controlling energy flow in a hybrid electric vehicle
EP1030389B1 (en) 1997-03-24 2003-01-08 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Battery housing with integrated cables for voltage measuring
US6653002B1 (en) 1997-05-09 2003-11-25 Ronald J. Parise Quick charge battery with thermal management
US5856037A (en) 1997-07-07 1999-01-05 Optima Batteries, Inc. Battery venting system and method
US5998880A (en) 1997-08-07 1999-12-07 General Electric Company AC locomotive operation without DC current sensor
US6012011A (en) 1997-09-11 2000-01-04 Johnson; Chipley H. Traction control system and a method for remedying wheel-slippage
AU738539B2 (en) 1997-09-24 2001-09-20 Hitachi Limited Controller for electric vehicles
US6023137A (en) 1997-10-01 2000-02-08 General Electric Company Use of traction inverter for supplying power for non-traction applications
US6367570B1 (en) 1997-10-17 2002-04-09 Electromotive Inc. Hybrid electric vehicle with electric motor providing strategic power assist to load balance internal combustion engine
EP0913564B1 (en) 1997-10-31 2003-04-16 The Swatch Group Management Services AG Process for reducing pollutant emissions of an internal combustion engine
JP4314641B2 (en) 1997-11-25 2009-08-19 パナソニック電工株式会社 Charging device
DE19752661C2 (en) 1997-11-27 2001-09-13 Siemens Ag Electrical system for a motor vehicle
US6175272B1 (en) 1997-12-19 2001-01-16 Nikon Corporation Pulse—width modulation system
JP3478723B2 (en) 1998-02-03 2003-12-15 本田技研工業株式会社 Control apparatus for a hybrid vehicle
DE19807291A1 (en) 1998-02-20 1999-08-26 Volkswagen Ag Method of operating a motor vehicle with a hybrid drive with an electric motor and an internal combustion engine
US5969643A (en) 1998-02-23 1999-10-19 Westinghouse Air Brake Company Method and apparatus for determining relative locomotive position in a train consist
US5992950A (en) 1998-03-30 1999-11-30 General Electric Company Controlled stop function for locomotives
US6027181A (en) 1998-05-22 2000-02-22 New York Air Brake Corporation Locomotive brake control with holding and/or blending
JP2000038940A (en) 1998-07-22 2000-02-08 Toyota Motor Corp Engine control device of automobile
CA2248526A1 (en) 1998-09-25 2000-03-25 Canac Inc. Method and apparatus for automatic repetition rate assignment in a remote control system
DE19846319C1 (en) 1998-10-08 2000-02-17 Daimler Chrysler Ag Energy supply circuit for automobile electrical network, uses multi-level controller with input/output terminals coupled to respective voltage supply paths for HV and LV loads and back-up storage battery
JP3569152B2 (en) 1998-10-15 2004-09-22 株式会社マキタ battery pack
JP2000134719A (en) 1998-10-29 2000-05-12 Isuzu Motors Ltd Battery charging controller for parallel hybrid electric vehicle
US6331365B1 (en) 1998-11-12 2001-12-18 General Electric Company Traction motor drive system
US6421618B1 (en) 1998-12-28 2002-07-16 General Electric Company Incipient leakage current fault detection apparatus and method
JP3376948B2 (en) 1999-03-19 2003-02-17 トヨタ自動車株式会社 Hybrid vehicles of the exhaust gas purification control device
US6037728A (en) 1999-03-29 2000-03-14 Petkovic; Peter M. Electrical braking and energy storage for moving vehicles
US6104148A (en) 1999-04-15 2000-08-15 General Electric Company System and method for controlling an AC traction motor without sensing motor rotation speed
US6507506B1 (en) 1999-06-09 2003-01-14 Lear Automotive (Eeds) Spain, S. L. Dual voltage electrical distribution system
US6408766B1 (en) 1999-06-25 2002-06-25 Mclaughlin Edward M. Auxiliary drive, full service locomotive tender
US6627345B1 (en) 1999-07-15 2003-09-30 Black & Decker Inc. Battery pack
US6885920B2 (en) 1999-07-30 2005-04-26 Oshkosh Truck Corporation Control system and method for electric vehicle
DE19937381A1 (en) 1999-08-07 2001-03-22 Daimler Chrysler Ag Motor vehicle with hybrid drive has event detector generating signals identifying external event; control signal affecting engine and/or motor can be generated depending on event signal
US6581464B1 (en) 1999-08-27 2003-06-24 General Electric Company Traction motor speed sensor support arrangement
DE19948831B4 (en) 1999-10-06 2005-06-30 Terex-Demag Gmbh & Co. Kg mobile crane
US6564172B1 (en) 1999-10-28 2003-05-13 General Electric Company Method and apparatus for onboard locomotive fuel usage indicator
JP3607139B2 (en) 1999-10-29 2005-01-05 本田技研工業株式会社 Control apparatus for a hybrid vehicle
US6208097B1 (en) 1999-12-06 2001-03-27 General Electric Company Traction vehicle adhesion control system without ground speed measurement
US6486568B1 (en) 1999-12-21 2002-11-26 General Electric Company Power system using a multi-functional power interface unit
GB2358006A (en) 2000-01-07 2001-07-11 Ford Global Tech Inc Powertrain configuration for a hybrid electric vehicle
US6497182B2 (en) 2000-02-02 2002-12-24 General Electric Company Railroad locomotive traction motor isolation
AU4944701A (en) 2000-03-27 2001-10-08 Honeywell Int Inc System and method for optimal battery usage in electric and hybrid vehicles
US6308639B1 (en) 2000-04-26 2001-10-30 Railpower Technologies Corp. Hybrid battery/gas turbine locomotive
US6611116B2 (en) 2000-05-10 2003-08-26 Curtis Instruments, Inc. Anti-spin control for a separately excited motor drive system
US6405705B1 (en) 2000-05-19 2002-06-18 General Electric Company Method and apparatus for reducing locomotive diesel engine smoke using skip firing
DE60107684D1 (en) 2000-06-30 2005-01-13 Alstom Belgium Sa A method of secure positioning of an object, preferably a vehicle moving on a known roadway
DE10032358B4 (en) 2000-07-04 2016-12-08 Robert Bosch Gmbh Method and apparatus for slip control, in particular for traction control of a motor vehicle
US6449536B1 (en) 2000-07-14 2002-09-10 Canac, Inc. Remote control system for locomotives
US6371573B1 (en) 2000-07-31 2002-04-16 Robert Bosch Corporation Special control mode for one-solenoid valves
US6532405B1 (en) 2000-08-09 2003-03-11 General Electric Company Method for detecting a locked axle on a locomotive AC traction motor
US6541938B2 (en) 2000-08-18 2003-04-01 Matsushita Electric Works, Ltd. Control system for small electric motor vehicle
US6359346B1 (en) 2000-08-23 2002-03-19 General Electric Company Processor and method for accommodating failed speed sensors in a locomotive
US6657315B1 (en) 2000-08-25 2003-12-02 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Method of operating a hybrid electric vehicle to reduce emissions
EP1186463A1 (en) 2000-08-28 2002-03-13 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Method for operating a drive using an internal combustion engine and an electric machine
US6466847B1 (en) 2000-09-01 2002-10-15 Canac Inc Remote control system for a locomotive using voice commands
US6367891B1 (en) 2000-09-25 2002-04-09 General Electric Company Apparatus and method for determining direction of locomotive travel during dynamic braking
US6456908B1 (en) 2000-10-26 2002-09-24 General Electric Company Traction motor speed sensor failure detection for an AC locomotive
JP3582479B2 (en) 2000-11-21 2004-10-27 日産自動車株式会社 Charging control apparatus for an automobile battery
US6787933B2 (en) 2001-01-10 2004-09-07 Capstone Turbine Corporation Power generation system having transient ride-through/load-leveling capabilities
JP4520649B2 (en) 2001-02-06 2010-08-11 株式会社小松製作所 Hybrid construction machine
DE60201615T8 (en) 2001-03-14 2006-08-24 Conception Et Development Michelin S.A. Car with super capacitor for brake energy recovery
WO2002073785A1 (en) 2001-03-14 2002-09-19 International Power Systems, Inc. Converter/inverter controller
US6441581B1 (en) 2001-03-20 2002-08-27 General Electric Company Energy management system and method
US7231877B2 (en) 2001-03-27 2007-06-19 General Electric Company Multimode hybrid energy railway vehicle system and method
US6973880B2 (en) 2001-03-27 2005-12-13 General Electric Company Hybrid energy off highway vehicle electric power storage system and method
US6612245B2 (en) 2001-03-27 2003-09-02 General Electric Company Locomotive energy tender
US6591758B2 (en) 2001-03-27 2003-07-15 General Electric Company Hybrid energy locomotive electrical power storage system
US6612246B2 (en) 2001-03-27 2003-09-02 General Electric Company Hybrid energy locomotive system and method
US6615118B2 (en) 2001-03-27 2003-09-02 General Electric Company Hybrid energy power management system and method
US6362602B1 (en) 2001-05-03 2002-03-26 Ford Global Technologies, Inc. Strategy to control battery state of charge based on vehicle velocity
DE10121962A1 (en) 2001-05-05 2002-11-07 Vb Autobatterie Gmbh Energy management system for motor vehicle on-board electrical system controls energy distribution taking into account current generation, storage, consumption component efficiencies
US6417646B1 (en) 2001-05-22 2002-07-09 Honeywell International Inc. Circuit for monitoring cells of a multi-cell battery during charge
US6650993B2 (en) 2001-06-04 2003-11-18 General Electric Company Automatic start/stop system and method for locomotive engines
DE10128758A1 (en) 2001-06-13 2002-12-19 Bosch Gmbh Robert Control system for hybrid vehicle regulates proportion of driving power performed by electric motor whereby state of charge of battery does not fall below minimum level ensuring basic functions
US20020190525A1 (en) 2001-06-18 2002-12-19 Solectria Corporation Inverter controlled, parallel connected asynchronous generator for distributed generation
USD464622S1 (en) 2001-07-10 2002-10-22 Railpower Techologies Corp. Battery terminals
JP4701552B2 (en) 2001-07-19 2011-06-15 日産自動車株式会社 2 battery temperature increase control unit
JP4331905B2 (en) 2001-09-28 2009-09-16 パイオニア株式会社 Control method for a hybrid car, and a hybrid car
JP3607246B2 (en) 2001-11-30 2005-01-05 本田技研工業株式会社 Control apparatus for a hybrid vehicle
US6608396B2 (en) 2001-12-06 2003-08-19 General Motors Corporation Electrical motor power management system
US6727708B1 (en) 2001-12-06 2004-04-27 Johnson Controls Technology Company Battery monitoring system
JP3536838B2 (en) 2002-01-11 2004-06-14 日産自動車株式会社 Driving force control apparatus for a vehicle
US6728606B2 (en) 2002-01-31 2004-04-27 General Electric Company Method for detecting a locked axle condition
US6470245B1 (en) 2002-01-31 2002-10-22 Canac Inc. Remote control system for a locomotive with solid state tilt sensor
US6812656B2 (en) 2002-02-27 2004-11-02 Railpower Technologies Corp. Sequenced pulse width modulation method and apparatus for controlling and powering a plurality of direct current motors
US6909200B2 (en) 2002-02-28 2005-06-21 Azure Dynamics Inc. Methods of supplying energy to an energy bus in a hybrid electric vehicle, and apparatuses, media and signals for the same
US6879054B2 (en) 2002-03-15 2005-04-12 Azure Dynamics Inc. Process, apparatus, media and signals for controlling operating conditions of a hybrid electric vehicle to optimize operating characteristics of the vehicle
US6658331B2 (en) 2002-03-19 2003-12-02 Canac, Inc. Remote control unit for locomotive including display module for displaying command information
JP2003327111A (en) 2002-03-26 2003-11-19 Robert Bosch Gmbh Method and device for controlling driving slip
US6725134B2 (en) 2002-03-28 2004-04-20 General Electric Company Control strategy for diesel engine auxiliary loads to reduce emissions during engine power level changes
US6686724B2 (en) 2002-05-21 2004-02-03 Ford Motor Company Method of and apparatus for controlling charging and/or discharging of a battery for a hybrid electric vehicle
US6634303B1 (en) 2002-06-11 2003-10-21 General Motors Corporation Locomotive wheel slip control and method
US7005830B2 (en) 2002-06-17 2006-02-28 Enerdel, Inc. Rechargeable battery pack with adaptive regenerative energy control and method thereof
US6682458B2 (en) 2002-06-19 2004-01-27 Ford Motor Company Method for operating a vehicle and a vehicle which incorporates the method
DE10236958B4 (en) 2002-08-13 2006-12-07 Vb Autobatterie Gmbh & Co. Kgaa Method for determining the amount of charge of a storage battery and monitoring device for a storage battery
CA2411132A1 (en) 2002-11-05 2004-05-05 Railpower Technologies Corp. Direct turbogenerator
EP1420497B1 (en) * 2002-11-15 2018-06-20 Ford Global Technologies, LLC Method for regulating battery power in a vehicle
US8538611B2 (en) 2003-01-06 2013-09-17 General Electric Company Multi-level railway operations optimization system and method
US6909201B2 (en) 2003-01-06 2005-06-21 General Motors Corporation Dual voltage architecture for automotive electrical systems
US6769400B1 (en) 2003-01-24 2004-08-03 General Motors Corporation Method for controlling emissions
US6829556B2 (en) 2003-02-13 2004-12-07 General Electric Company Method and system for detecting incipient failures in a traction system
US6909959B2 (en) 2003-03-07 2005-06-21 Stephen James Hallowell Torque distribution systems and methods for wheeled vehicles
US6998727B2 (en) 2003-03-10 2006-02-14 The United States Of America As Represented By The Administrator Of The Environmental Protection Agency Methods of operating a parallel hybrid vehicle having an internal combustion engine and a secondary power source
CN2657974Y (en) 2003-06-25 2004-11-24 华南理工大学 Series-parallel type power assembly of mixed power electric vehicle
US7124691B2 (en) 2003-08-26 2006-10-24 Railpower Technologies Corp. Method for monitoring and controlling locomotives
US7084602B2 (en) 2004-02-17 2006-08-01 Railpower Technologies Corp. Predicting wheel slip and skid in a locomotive
US20050279242A1 (en) 2004-03-01 2005-12-22 Railpower Technologies Corp. Cabless hybrid locomotive
EP1723018A4 (en) 2004-03-08 2008-08-13 Railpower Technologies Corp Hybrid locomotive configuration
WO2005097573A2 (en) 2004-03-30 2005-10-20 Railpower Technologies Corp. Emission management for a hybrid locomotive
US20050278079A1 (en) 2004-06-14 2005-12-15 Maguire Joel M Apparatus and method for displaying graphical information relating to vehicle operation
US7392749B2 (en) 2004-06-16 2008-07-01 General Electric Company Locomotive propulsion system module for refurbishment of used locomotives
US20060001399A1 (en) 2004-07-02 2006-01-05 Lembit Salasoo High temperature battery system for hybrid locomotive and offhighway vehicles
DE102005046875A1 (en) 2005-09-29 2007-04-05 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V. Railroad warning device and approach signal device and alarm device for this purpose
US7595597B2 (en) 2006-01-18 2009-09-29 General Electric Comapany Vehicle propulsion system
EP1842757B1 (en) 2006-04-03 2009-08-26 Harman Becker Automotive Systems GmbH Method for controlling a hybrid vehicle and system thereof
EP1842758B1 (en) 2006-04-03 2009-09-02 Harman Becker Automotive Systems GmbH Route determination for a hybrid vehicle and system therefor
JP4211860B2 (en) * 2007-04-25 2009-01-21 トヨタ自動車株式会社 Charging control apparatus for an electric vehicle, electric vehicle, electric vehicle charging control method, and recording a computer-readable recording medium storing a program for executing the charging control to the computer
US20080288132A1 (en) 2007-05-16 2008-11-20 General Electric Company Method of operating vehicle and associated system

Patent Citations (99)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US384580A (en) * 1888-06-12 julien
US1377087A (en) * 1921-05-03 jack a
US744187A (en) * 1903-04-13 1903-11-17 Gibbs Engineering And Mfg Company System of electric traction.
US1199752A (en) * 1915-07-03 1916-10-03 Charles Whiting Baker Transportation system for light-traffic lines.
US1535175A (en) * 1924-01-28 1925-04-28 Mancha Storage Battery Locomot Electric storage-battery locomotive
US2403933A (en) * 1944-08-28 1946-07-16 Gen Motors Corp Generating electric drive and control system
US2472924A (en) * 1946-01-12 1949-06-14 Westinghouse Electric Corp Electric drive for gas turbine locomotives
US2510753A (en) * 1949-04-08 1950-06-06 Elliott Co Apparatus for controlling gas turbine locomotives
US2704813A (en) * 1954-05-10 1955-03-22 Westinghouse Electric Corp Recuperative braking for enginepowered locomotives
US3169733A (en) * 1959-10-01 1965-02-16 Barrett Electronics Corp Battery charging system for vehicles
US3919948A (en) * 1963-02-18 1975-11-18 Rheinstahl Ag Dual transmission locomotive
US3443115A (en) * 1966-06-15 1969-05-06 Allis Chalmers Mfg Co Means for paralleling direct current sources having different output characteristics
US3596154A (en) * 1968-02-06 1971-07-27 Ransomes Sims & Jefferies Ltd Electrically operated differentially variable dual motor drive system
US3569810A (en) * 1968-11-20 1971-03-09 Allis Chalmers Mfg Co Pulse width modulator with pulse width limiting
US3732751A (en) * 1969-03-17 1973-05-15 Trw Inc Power train using multiple power sources
US3668418A (en) * 1969-10-01 1972-06-06 Accumulateurs Fixes System for controlled charging of stand-by storage batteries that supply a load on failure of power supply to the load from power mains
US3719881A (en) * 1969-12-12 1973-03-06 Nissan Motor Device for charging storage battery
US3728596A (en) * 1970-03-06 1973-04-17 Asea Ab Plural motor slip-controlled driving means for traction purposes
US3686549A (en) * 1971-02-01 1972-08-22 Gen Motors Corp Power control system
US3737745A (en) * 1971-12-16 1973-06-05 Gen Electric Wheel slip control system
US3792327A (en) * 1972-10-05 1974-02-12 L Waldorf Hybrid electrical vehicle drive
US3832625A (en) * 1973-02-26 1974-08-27 Westinghouse Electric Corp Electrical power generating arrangement and method utilizing an induction generator
US4035698A (en) * 1973-04-06 1977-07-12 Asea Aktiebolog Means for counteracting slipping and skidding in a motor-driven rail-vehicle
US3970160A (en) * 1973-11-06 1976-07-20 William Nowick Control means for electrically powered transportation means
US3898937A (en) * 1973-11-19 1975-08-12 Gen Motors Corp Wheel slip sensing and control system
US3930189A (en) * 1974-10-11 1975-12-30 Gen Electric Wheel slip correction system
US3997822A (en) * 1974-12-18 1976-12-14 General Motors Corporation Method of controlling locomotive wheel slip
US3982164A (en) * 1974-12-18 1976-09-21 General Motors Corporation Locomotive wheel slip control
US4070562A (en) * 1975-08-28 1978-01-24 Nippon Soken, Inc. Acceleration/deceleration alarm system
US4042056A (en) * 1975-11-21 1977-08-16 Automobile Corporation Of America Hybrid powered automobile
US4095147A (en) * 1976-02-26 1978-06-13 Mountz John M Wheel slip correction method, system and apparatus
US4096423A (en) * 1976-03-01 1978-06-20 General Electric Company Direct current motor chopper propulsion system
US4075538A (en) * 1976-05-19 1978-02-21 General Electric Company Adaptive acceleration responsive system
US4309645A (en) * 1976-07-07 1982-01-05 Villeneuve Dail A De DC Motor speed controller
US4090577A (en) * 1977-04-18 1978-05-23 Moore Wallace H Solar celled hybrid vehicle
US4107402A (en) * 1977-09-22 1978-08-15 Globe-Union Inc. Battery and battery container having air-flow passages therethrough
US4152758A (en) * 1977-09-26 1979-05-01 General Electric Company Control logic for a phase controlled rectifier system
US4199037A (en) * 1978-05-19 1980-04-22 White Bruce D Electric automobile
US4313080A (en) * 1978-05-22 1982-01-26 Battery Development Corporation Method of charge control for vehicle hybrid drive batteries
US4369397A (en) * 1978-07-28 1983-01-18 Read Graham L Motor control apparatus for a motorized vehicle, and method therefor
US4217527A (en) * 1978-09-19 1980-08-12 Gould Inc. Electrical vehicle controller with programmed motor current
US4204143A (en) * 1978-09-26 1980-05-20 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Pulse width modulated power amplifier for direct current motor control
US4284936A (en) * 1979-05-02 1981-08-18 General Electric Company Chopper type propulsion system with low speed electrical braking capability for traction vehicles
US4344139A (en) * 1980-05-07 1982-08-10 Caterpillar Tractor Co. Method and apparatus for controlling differentially driven wheel slip
US4471276A (en) * 1980-06-13 1984-09-11 Stephen Cudlitz Electric motor speed controller and method
US4347569A (en) * 1980-08-12 1982-08-31 General Signal Corporation Wheel slip system
US4417194A (en) * 1980-09-18 1983-11-22 The Charles Stark Draper Laboratory, Inc. Induction generator system with switched capacitor control
US4390841A (en) * 1980-10-14 1983-06-28 Purdue Research Foundation Monitoring apparatus and method for battery power supply
US4542462A (en) * 1982-04-13 1985-09-17 Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Device for controlling a vehicle charging system
US4423362A (en) * 1982-05-19 1983-12-27 General Electric Company Electric vehicle current regulating system
US4471421A (en) * 1982-09-30 1984-09-11 General Electric Company Means for controlling a forced commutated hybrid a-c to d-c electric rectifying bridge to avoid reverse recovery overvoltage in the diode leg
US4616170A (en) * 1983-07-25 1986-10-07 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Arrangement and method for operating an electrochemical storage device
US4498016A (en) * 1983-08-04 1985-02-05 Caterpillar Tractor Co. Locomotive governor control
US4961151A (en) * 1983-09-29 1990-10-02 Engelhard Corporation Fuel cell/battery control system
US4644232A (en) * 1983-10-19 1987-02-17 Hitachi, Ltd. Method of and an apparatus for controlling a plurality of DC motors
US4495449A (en) * 1983-12-02 1985-01-22 General Electric Company Electric propulsion system for traction vehicles with automatic retard speed regulation
US4523134A (en) * 1984-05-08 1985-06-11 Matsushita Electrical Industrial Co., Ltd. Control system for DC motors
US4701682A (en) * 1985-01-21 1987-10-20 Hitachi, Ltd. Control system for maintaining traction of rolling stock
US4700283A (en) * 1985-04-19 1987-10-13 Hitachi, Ltd. Control system for an electric locomotive having AC to DC converters
US4799161A (en) * 1985-08-14 1989-01-17 Hitachi, Ltd. Control apparatus for maintaining traction in electric rolling stock
US4923025A (en) * 1985-10-21 1990-05-08 Ellers Clarence W Hybrid electric/ice vehicle drive system
US4719861A (en) * 1986-10-23 1988-01-19 General Motors Corporation Energy management method for a locomotive including single-sided linear induction motors
US5129328A (en) * 1988-04-06 1992-07-14 Donnelly Frank W Gas turbine locomotive fueled by compressed natural Gas
US4852540A (en) * 1988-05-09 1989-08-01 F & B Mfg Co. High-efficiency charging and regulating system
US4941099A (en) * 1988-05-16 1990-07-10 American Standard Inc. Electronic adhesion adaptive wheel slide protection arrangement function
US4900944A (en) * 1988-10-14 1990-02-13 Frank Donnelly Booster unit for diesel electric locomotive
US4896090A (en) * 1988-10-31 1990-01-23 General Electric Company Locomotive wheelslip control system
US4944539A (en) * 1989-03-15 1990-07-31 Tranergy Corporation Differential creepage control system for optimizing adhesion of locomotives
US4936610A (en) * 1989-03-15 1990-06-26 Tranergy Corporation Differential creepage control system for optimizing adhesion of locomotives
US4950964A (en) * 1989-04-13 1990-08-21 Caterpillar Inc. Locomotive differential wheel slip control
US5289093A (en) * 1989-11-08 1994-02-22 Gec Alsthom Sa Antispin and antilock methods for an electric traction vehicle
US5212431A (en) * 1990-05-23 1993-05-18 Nissan Motor Co., Ltd. Electric vehicle
US5280231A (en) * 1990-07-02 1994-01-18 Nippondenso Co., Ltd. Battery condition detecting apparatus and charge control apparatus for automobile
US5331261A (en) * 1990-12-20 1994-07-19 General Electric Company Regenerative braking protection for an electrically-propelled traction vehicle
US5281900A (en) * 1991-02-02 1994-01-25 Hyundai Electronics Industries Co., Ltd. DC motor controller
US5125469A (en) * 1991-03-04 1992-06-30 Scott Gerald A System for storing and using deceleration energy
US5376868A (en) * 1991-04-01 1994-12-27 Aisin Aw Co., Ltd. Driving force controller for electric motor vehicle
US5428538A (en) * 1991-08-12 1995-06-27 Westinghouse Air Brake Company Sanding control system for railway vehicles
US5332630A (en) * 1991-11-04 1994-07-26 Hsu Michael S On-board recharging system for battery powered electric vehicles
US5453672A (en) * 1991-12-31 1995-09-26 Avitan; Isaac Regulation system for decoupled efficiency optimized operation of DC traction motors
US5508924A (en) * 1992-03-19 1996-04-16 Kabushikikaisha Equos Research Driving force controller for an electric vehicle with electric motors provided for all driving wheels individually
US5346031A (en) * 1992-04-13 1994-09-13 Gardner Conrad O Hybrid motor vehicle having an electric motor and utilizing an internal combustion engine for fast charge during cruise mode off condition
US5317669A (en) * 1992-05-04 1994-05-31 John Svoboda Direct current motor speed control apparatus
US5359228A (en) * 1992-05-15 1994-10-25 Mitsubishi Jidosha Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Operating method for a hybrid car
US5306972A (en) * 1992-07-17 1994-04-26 General Electric Company AC motor system
US5480220A (en) * 1992-08-26 1996-01-02 General Electric Company Method for inhibiting wheel slip in an electric alternating current induction motor powered vehicle
US5343970A (en) * 1992-09-21 1994-09-06 Severinsky Alex J Hybrid electric vehicle
US5436548A (en) * 1992-11-25 1995-07-25 Motorola, Inc. Battery charging and discharging system and corresponding method
US5264764A (en) * 1992-12-21 1993-11-23 Ford Motor Company Method for controlling the operation of a range extender for a hybrid electric vehicle
US5392716A (en) * 1993-07-28 1995-02-28 General Electric Company Locomotive traction motor control system
US5424948A (en) * 1993-11-10 1995-06-13 General Motors Corporation Locomotive traction control system using fuzzy logic
US5436540A (en) * 1994-05-16 1995-07-25 General Electric Company Protection circuit for a gate turn-off device in an electrical braking system for an electric traction motor vehicle
US5436538A (en) * 1994-07-05 1995-07-25 Woodward Governor Company Locomotive wheel slip controller
US6314347B1 (en) * 1999-05-20 2001-11-06 Nissan Motor Co., Ltd. Driving control apparatus of hybrid vehicle and method thereof
US20010029425A1 (en) * 2000-03-17 2001-10-11 David Myr Real time vehicle guidance and traffic forecasting system
US7038619B2 (en) * 2001-12-31 2006-05-02 Rdp Associates, Incorporated Satellite positioning system enabled media measurement system and method
US20050120904A1 (en) * 2002-02-28 2005-06-09 Ajith Kumar Configurable locomotive
US20050173523A1 (en) * 2002-10-03 2005-08-11 Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd. Emission amount report device, system for charge for exhaust gas from vehicle, management unit and inspection device making up the system
US20060173593A1 (en) * 2005-02-02 2006-08-03 Deere & Company, A Delaware Corporation Vehicular navigation with location-based noise reduction

Cited By (72)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8286440B2 (en) 2005-03-14 2012-10-16 Clean Emissions Technologies, Inc. Operating a comfort subsystem for a vehicle
US8668035B2 (en) 2006-03-14 2014-03-11 Clean Emissions Technologies, Inc. Electric traction system and method
US9457792B2 (en) 2006-03-14 2016-10-04 Clean Emissions Technologies, Inc. Retrofitting a vehicle drive train
US8565969B2 (en) 2007-04-03 2013-10-22 Clean Emissions Technologies, Inc. Over the road/traction/cabin comfort retrofit
US9248825B2 (en) 2007-05-16 2016-02-02 General Electric Company Method of operating vehicle and associated system
US9878616B2 (en) 2007-07-12 2018-01-30 Power Technology Holdings Llc Hybrid vehicle drive system and method using split shaft power take off
US8905166B2 (en) 2007-07-12 2014-12-09 Odyne Systems, Llc Hybrid vehicle drive system and method and idle reduction system and method
US9643593B2 (en) 2007-07-12 2017-05-09 Power Technology Holdings Llc Hybrid vehicle drive system and method for fuel reduction during idle
US10071647B2 (en) 2007-07-12 2018-09-11 Power Technology Holdings Llc System for and method of fuel optimization in a hybrid vehicle
US9751518B2 (en) 2007-07-12 2017-09-05 Power Technology Holdings, Llc Hybrid vehicle drive system and method and idle reduction system and method
US9061680B2 (en) 2007-07-12 2015-06-23 Odyne Systems, Llc Hybrid vehicle drive system and method for fuel reduction during idle
US9283954B2 (en) * 2007-07-12 2016-03-15 Odyne Systems, Llc System for and method of fuel optimization in a hybrid vehicle
US8818588B2 (en) 2007-07-12 2014-08-26 Odyne Systems, Llc Parallel hybrid drive system utilizing power take off connection as transfer for a secondary energy source
US10214199B2 (en) 2007-07-12 2019-02-26 Power Technology Holdings Llc Hybrid vehicle drive system and method and idle reduction system and method
US20130179007A1 (en) * 2007-07-12 2013-07-11 Odyne Systems, Llc System for and method of fuel optimization in a hybrid vehicle
US7719232B2 (en) * 2007-07-18 2010-05-18 Tesla Motors, Inc. Method for battery charging based on cost and life
US20090212745A1 (en) * 2007-07-18 2009-08-27 Tesla Motors, Inc. Method for battery charging based on cost and life
US20090021218A1 (en) * 2007-07-18 2009-01-22 Kurt Russell Kelty Battery charging based on cost and life
US7782021B2 (en) 2007-07-18 2010-08-24 Tesla Motors, Inc. Battery charging based on cost and life
US8978798B2 (en) 2007-10-12 2015-03-17 Odyne Systems, Llc Hybrid vehicle drive system and method and idle reduction system and method
US20100138099A1 (en) * 2007-11-01 2010-06-03 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Travel trace generation method and travel trace generation device
US8428812B2 (en) * 2007-11-01 2013-04-23 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Travel trace generation method and travel trace generation device
US20090234521A1 (en) * 2008-03-11 2009-09-17 Ajith Kuttannair Kumar System and Method For Managing An Amount of Stored Energy in a Powered System
US9233622B2 (en) * 2008-03-11 2016-01-12 General Electric Company System and method for managing an amount of stored energy in a powered system
US20090240388A1 (en) * 2008-03-19 2009-09-24 Zero Emission Systems, Inc. Data acquisition for operation of a vehicle
US9707861B2 (en) * 2008-03-19 2017-07-18 Clean Emissions Technologies, Inc. Data acquisition for operation of a vehicle
US9758146B2 (en) 2008-04-01 2017-09-12 Clean Emissions Technologies, Inc. Dual mode clutch pedal for vehicle
EP2151362A1 (en) * 2008-08-05 2010-02-10 General Electric Company Method of operating a vehicle and associated system
US8825369B2 (en) 2008-10-14 2014-09-02 Lg Electronics Inc. Telematics terminal and method for controlling vehicle using the same
US20100094500A1 (en) * 2008-10-14 2010-04-15 Jin Seung-Hee Telematics terminal and method for controlling vehicle using the same
US20110106354A1 (en) * 2009-04-30 2011-05-05 Searete Llc, A Limited Liability Corporation Of The State Of Delaware Awarding standings to a vehicle based upon one or more fuel utilization characteristics
US20110106591A1 (en) * 2009-04-30 2011-05-05 Searete Llc, A Limited Liability Corporation Of The State Of Delaware Awarding standings to a vehicle based upon one or more fuel utilization characteristics
US20100280888A1 (en) * 2009-04-30 2010-11-04 Searete LLC, a limited libaility corporation of the State of Delaware Awarding privileges to a vehicle based upon one or more fuel utilization characteristics
US20100280692A1 (en) * 2009-04-30 2010-11-04 Searete Llc, A Limited Liability Corporation Of The State Of Delaware Awarding standings to a vehicle based upon one or more fuel utilization characteristics
US20100280706A1 (en) * 2009-04-30 2010-11-04 Searete Llc, A Limited Liability Corporation Of State Of Delaware Awarding standings to a vehicle based upon one or more fuel utilization characteristics
US20100280887A1 (en) * 2009-04-30 2010-11-04 Searete Llc, A Limited Liability Corporation Of The State Of Delaware Awarding privileges to a vehicle based upon one or more fuel utilization characteristics
US20100280688A1 (en) * 2009-04-30 2010-11-04 Searete Llc, A Limited Liability Corporation Of The State Of Delaware Awarding standings to a vehicle based upon one or more fuel utilization characteristics
US20100280708A1 (en) * 2009-04-30 2010-11-04 Searete Llc, A Limited Liability Corporation Of The State Of Delaware Awarding standings to a vehicle based upon one or more fuel utilization characteristics
US20100280690A1 (en) * 2009-04-30 2010-11-04 Searete Llc, A Limited Liability Corporation Of The State Of Delaware Awarding standings to a vehicle based upon one or more fuel utilization characteristics
US20100280691A1 (en) * 2009-04-30 2010-11-04 Searete Llc, A Limited Liability Corporation Of The State Of Delaware Awarding standings to a vehicle based upon one or more fuel utilization characteristics
US8855907B2 (en) 2009-04-30 2014-10-07 Searete Llc Awarding privileges to a vehicle based upon one or more fuel utilization characteristics
US20100280703A1 (en) * 2009-04-30 2010-11-04 Searete Llc, A Limited Liability Corporation Of The State Of Delaware Awarding Privileges to a vehicle based upon one or more fuel utilization characteristics
US20100280686A1 (en) * 2009-04-30 2010-11-04 Searete Llc, A Limited Liability Corporation Of The State Of Delaware Awarding privileges to a vehicle based upon one or more fuel utilization characteristics
US9631528B2 (en) 2009-09-03 2017-04-25 Clean Emissions Technologies, Inc. Vehicle reduced emission deployment
WO2011029004A1 (en) * 2009-09-03 2011-03-10 Clean Emissions Technologies, Inc. Vehicle reduced emission deployment
US20110056185A1 (en) * 2009-09-03 2011-03-10 Clean Emissions Technologies, Inc. Vehicle Reduced Emission Deployment
CN103079897B (en) * 2010-06-23 2015-03-25 丰田自动车株式会社 Control device for vehicle and control method for vehicle
US9260104B2 (en) * 2010-06-23 2016-02-16 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Vehicle control device and vehicle control method
US20130096763A1 (en) * 2010-06-23 2013-04-18 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Vehicle control device and vehicle control method
CN103079897A (en) * 2010-06-23 2013-05-01 丰田自动车株式会社 Control device for vehicle and control method for vehicle
US20120029744A1 (en) * 2010-07-28 2012-02-02 Samsung Sdi Co., Ltd. Electric vehicle and method of controlling the same
US8498764B2 (en) * 2010-07-28 2013-07-30 Samsung Sdi Co., Ltd. Electric vehicle and method of controlling the same
US20140002253A1 (en) * 2010-12-21 2014-01-02 Kerim Yilmaz Motor vehicle
US9145146B2 (en) * 2011-03-15 2015-09-29 Jaguar Land Rover Limited Vehicle and method of control thereof
US8805605B2 (en) 2011-05-09 2014-08-12 General Electric Company Scheduling system and method for a transportation network
US9008933B2 (en) 2011-05-09 2015-04-14 General Electric Company Off-board scheduling system and method for adjusting a movement plan of a transportation network
US8818584B2 (en) 2011-12-05 2014-08-26 General Electric Company System and method for modifying schedules of vehicles
US9235991B2 (en) 2011-12-06 2016-01-12 General Electric Company Transportation network scheduling system and method
US8655518B2 (en) 2011-12-06 2014-02-18 General Electric Company Transportation network scheduling system and method
US8571723B2 (en) 2011-12-28 2013-10-29 General Electric Company Methods and systems for energy management within a transportation network
US8918240B2 (en) * 2013-03-15 2014-12-23 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Method for operating hybrid vehicle
US20140277878A1 (en) * 2013-03-15 2014-09-18 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Method for operating hybrid vehicle
US20150032310A1 (en) * 2013-07-26 2015-01-29 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Method and systems for emissions compliant use of telematics inputs to a propulsion control system for function enablement
US9045134B2 (en) * 2013-07-26 2015-06-02 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Method and systems for emissions compliant use of telematics inputs to a propulsion control system for function enablement
US9069030B2 (en) * 2013-11-12 2015-06-30 Bendix Commercial Vehicle Systems Llc System, controller and method for testing a solenoid
US20150134216A1 (en) * 2013-11-12 2015-05-14 Bendix Commercial Vehicle Systems Llc System, Controller and Method for testing a solenoid
US9878767B2 (en) 2014-04-10 2018-01-30 Wärtsilä Finland Oy Method of operating a power system in a marine vessel and a supervising arrangement for a power system in a marine vessel
US9327712B2 (en) * 2014-04-22 2016-05-03 Alcatel Lucent System and method for control of a hybrid vehicle with regenerative braking using location awareness
US20150298680A1 (en) * 2014-04-22 2015-10-22 Alcatel-Lucent Usa Inc. System and method for control of a hybrid vehicle with regenerative braking using location awareness
US9758052B2 (en) * 2014-11-13 2017-09-12 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Power spike mitigation
US9862397B2 (en) * 2015-03-04 2018-01-09 General Electric Company System and method for controlling a vehicle system to achieve different objectives during a trip
US20160257323A1 (en) * 2015-03-04 2016-09-08 General Electric Company System and method for controlling a vehicle system to achieve different objectives during a trip

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
US20140207321A1 (en) 2014-07-24
US9248825B2 (en) 2016-02-02

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
JP4314257B2 (en) Control method for a display device and a vehicle display apparatus for a vehicle, a program, and a recording medium which records a program
EP2307226B1 (en) Method and system for extending life of a vehicle energy storage device
US7185591B2 (en) Hybrid energy off highway vehicle propulsion circuit
JP4637443B2 (en) Control system and method for a vehicle
US7121234B2 (en) Hybrid electric vehicle and method of selectively operating the hybrid electric vehicle
US7444944B2 (en) Multiple engine hybrid locomotive
US6116363A (en) Fuel consumption control for charge depletion hybrid electric vehicles
US6483198B2 (en) Hybrid electric vehicle having a selective zero emission mode, and method of selectively operating the zero emission mode
CN101920702B (en) Method of controlling vehicle powertrain and vehicle control system
CN1976828B (en) Energy storage system and method for hybrid propulsion
US6326763B1 (en) System for controlling power flow in a power bus generally powered from reformer-based fuel cells
CN1976827B (en) Hybrid electric propulsion system and method
US9283954B2 (en) System for and method of fuel optimization in a hybrid vehicle
US7715958B2 (en) Hybrid energy power management system and method
US20070169970A1 (en) Electric hybrid vehicle conversion
US7137344B2 (en) Hybrid energy off highway vehicle load control system and method
US7448328B2 (en) Hybrid energy off highway vehicle electric power storage system and method
US6886647B1 (en) Dual motor axle-driven generator system for electric vehicles
Kühne Electric buses–An energy efficient urban transportation means
EP1245431A2 (en) Hybrid energy power management system and method
US20020069000A1 (en) Apparatus for controlling hybrid electric vehicle
US20050279242A1 (en) Cabless hybrid locomotive
AU2004295321B2 (en) Method and apparatus for producing tractive effort
EP2228275B1 (en) Vehicle with optimizing of the energy storage component usage
US8534400B2 (en) Electric vehicle and method of control for active auxiliary battery depletion

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY, NEW YORK

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:KING, ROBERT DEAN;KUMAR, AJITH KUTTANNAIR;SEDZIOL, ROLAND SIDNEY;AND OTHERS;REEL/FRAME:019301/0066

Effective date: 20070515