US1755641A - Surgical splint - Google Patents

Surgical splint Download PDF

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Publication number
US1755641A
US1755641A US283843A US28384328A US1755641A US 1755641 A US1755641 A US 1755641A US 283843 A US283843 A US 283843A US 28384328 A US28384328 A US 28384328A US 1755641 A US1755641 A US 1755641A
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United States
Prior art keywords
plate
anchor
strap
straps
secured
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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US283843A
Inventor
Roy D Foulke
Original Assignee
Winifred De Puy Leiter
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Priority to US283843A priority Critical patent/US1755641A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1755641A publication Critical patent/US1755641A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F5/00Orthopaedic methods or devices for non-surgical treatment of bones or joints; Nursing devices; Anti-rape devices
    • A61F5/01Orthopaedic devices, e.g. splints, casts or braces
    • A61F5/04Devices for stretching or reducing fractured limbs; Devices for distractions; Splints
    • A61F5/05Devices for stretching or reducing fractured limbs; Devices for distractions; Splints for immobilising
    • A61F5/058Splints
    • A61F5/05808Splints for clavicle fractures

Description

pl'i 2.2, 1930. R, D. FOULKE 1,755,641Y

` SURGICAL SPLINT Filed June's. 192s Frf.

INVENTOR.

ATTORNEYS.

Patented Apr.l 22, 193) r vsra'r PATENT o'FFifcl-:i

if ROY n.v IOULKE, oF wnasAw/rixmrA-NA, AssIeNoR l'ro WINIFRED DE PUY i'aizrrnlty sortaient srLrNr Applicaton'iledl'lune 8,'1928. Serial No. 283,843. l

This invention relates to improvements' in sur'gical'` splints of'thatclass employed vfor' sustaining lthe `clavicle, when ireadjusted to normal position vfollowing fracturethereof. Y

The obj ect of the invention is to provide an anchorageapplicable to the backof thepa-vr tien't'ffor sustainingaXillary straps, 'and nieafns in'con'nection therewith whereby said straps mayfbe'adjustably drawn toward each mothery and at the same time elevated in their positions relative to the anchor.A VAnother object ofthe invention is'to provide an' ap pliance' of its class soconstructed that'when applied to the back of the patient, and the 'eaxilla straps are attached,"an elevating force willA be 'exerted with respect to the clavicle, and vin this manner sustain the clavicle in its normal posture.

A These obj ects are accom lished by thecon-V ,Z3- struction illustrated in At e accompany-ing drawings,in which *Figs 1 is a rear View of the appliance applied tothe patient; l y l-VlligQ-Q is a side elevation of one of the axilla 25 straps and pad in connection therewith;

Fig 3 -is-a vertical section of the appliance ongthe line 3-3 of Fig. 4;

Fig. 4 is a rear elevation of the anchor memberr* 301, Fi'gji's a side .elevation projected from Fig. 4; f Fig. 6 is a fragmentary rear view of the anchor member; and

Fig. 7 is a fragmentary perspective view @5 3 showing one end of the leash-strap.

The characters appearing in the description refer to parts shown in the drawings and designated thereon by corresponding characters.A

93; The invention is comprised of a T-frame formed of a horizontally disposed plate 1 which is stiffened by a longitudinal rib 2,

which plate has rigidlyfixed in connection therewith a vertically disposed prop conhg-sisting of overlapping plates 3 and 4 adjustably secured together by bolts 5, each of which is provided with a thumb-nut 6, there being a series of perforations 7 in the plate 4 so spaced as to admit of the plate being apfflgplied to said bolts adjustably relative to the plate 3.-'f1n each end portion oft-he crossf plate lare made twoparallel slots 8 and 9 that slant upwardly toward the fvertical center line of the plate.v yThe plate 1 is pref-F erably made of metalof sufficientthicknessA andv stiffness as to be inflexibleunder ordinary usage, while the overlapping lplates-z3v and 4 are also of metal but are sufliciently thinE and resilient as to admit; of leXure of'said plates upon forward and backward bending* movement ofthe patient'.

Upon the 7forward-face .of the`plate v1 is secured al padvlO of felt, or otherfs'oi't material, and -a strip of similar'material'isfat tached to the forward fa'cegofthe plate 3- and extendsbeyond the end of'the plate 4, which strip forms a pad llfor'thek prop composed 1 i of the connectedplates 3 and 14. The pads aref secured respectivelyto the platestl and 3-bymeans of a thread12 that is strung through perforations 13 made in said plates andy connected to said pads, whereby the pads are heldin place,l Y

vExtending throughthe` slots "8 andy 9' fin* each end portion of the cross-plate 1 isdisposed; an A*anchor 'strapy 14 having in connection with each ofits ends a corresponding buckle15-16`,the.end portion of the strap to 1 which thebuckle 16 is' secured extends loosely through*V the buckle 1'5and overlaps that end ofthe strap "to which the latter buckle is secured f l i ,Af leash strap formed of two partsfland 18-connected together by a buckle 19 con: nects the straps 14jand extends across the back'- of the cross-plate 1,l each part' of said leash Strap havingqat-itsouter end a loop-201that encompassesth'eoverlappingvendsof thencorresponding'anchor, strap 14, so that when the part 18 ofthe leash strap is tightened'throu'ghf the buckle'v 19, the anchor straps are drawn toward each otherfand guided .upwardly .in the inclined slots. v 'v' The lower end' of the plate 4 has attached thereto a belt 21 that is applied to the patient and secured around the* abdomen whereby the T-frameis held from slipping Aupwardly upon the body lof the patient. An aXilla strap 22 is arranged in 'connectionwitli each anchor strap, the ends of said axilla strap being secured by the buckles l5 and 16, there being a pad 23 sewed to the Y' underside of the middle portion of said axilla cross plate and prop facing outwardly, and.

with the cross Apiece overlying the scapula,

the lower plate 4 of the prop being adjusted upon the plate 3 to apoint above the Sacrum where itis secured by tightening the belt 2l about Vthe patient. The axillary straps-are then applied with their pads 23 extending over the shoulders of the patient, and with the ends of said straps extending through and secured by the buckles of the corresponding anchor straps. By drawing the axillary straps Atightly into secured connection with the anchor straps, the patients shoulders are drawn backwardly against the cross plate,

and by tightening the leash strap, the anchor straps 'are drawn inwardly and upwardly so that a corresponding lifting force is thereby applied to the shoulders of the patient. In

this mannerthe patient is relieved of that depression that usually accompanies the tendency'of the body to sag-forward and downwardly. V

`1. In a clavicle splint, a T-frame formed of a horizontally disposed non-liexible plate and a iiexible vertically disposed prop in connect-ion therewith consisting of overlapping plates secured together and being longitudinally adjustable relative to each' other; an abdominal belt secured to the lower end of said prop, said horizontal plate having in each end portion thereof parallel slots that slant upwardly toward the vertical center Vline of said plate; an anchor strap extending through the slots in each end portion of said plate, the ends of said strap overlapping each other and being provided with corresponding buckles; an adjustable leashstrap connecting said anchor straps, each end of said leash being provided withl a loop that encompasses the overlapping ends of the 'cor-V responding anchor straps; and a padded axillary strap in connectionwith each anchor strap, the ends of which axillary strap haveV engagement with the bucklesl of the corresponding anchor strap respectively.

2. A clavicle splint comprising a T-frame having a horizontal stift' plate and a vertical flexible plate in lixed connection therewith; an extension for said flexible plate longitudinally adjustable thereon, each end portion of said horizontal plate having parallel guide slots that slant upwardly from the corresponding outer end of said plate; an abdominal belt secured to said extension at the lower end thereof; an anchor member for each end of said plate guided in the slots thereof an adjustable leash connecting said anchor mem.

bers; and an axilla strap' for each of said anwith the guide thereof; an adjustable leash connecting said anchor member; and an axilla strap'adjustably connected with each anchor member. j

t. A clavicle splint consisting of a T-frame having a stiff cross plate and a flexible por-I tion constituting a prop; a-belt adapted to be l secured about the abdomen of the patient and having connection with the prop at the lower endv thereof whereby said frame is held from downward movement; sliding members on said frame, spaced apart and having guided movement on saidrplate so that when said members are moved toward each other, said members become correspondingly elevated respecting said frame; adjustable means for drawing said members toward each other;

` and axilla straps, one in connection with each of said members.

A clavicle splint consisting of a supporting frame having horizontal and vertical members, an abdominal belt attached to the lower end of said vertical member; oppositely disposed anchor members on said horizontal member spaced laterally apart and having guided movement on said frame so that when said anchor members are moved toward each other. they become correspondinglv elevated respecting the frame; means for drawing said anchor members adjustably toward each other; and. axilla straps, one in connection with each of said anchor members,

In testimony whereof I affix mv signature.

US283843A 1928-06-08 1928-06-08 Surgical splint Expired - Lifetime US1755641A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US283843A US1755641A (en) 1928-06-08 1928-06-08 Surgical splint

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US283843A US1755641A (en) 1928-06-08 1928-06-08 Surgical splint

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Cited By (26)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3897776A (en) * 1974-03-22 1975-08-05 Medical Specialties Inc Clavicle splint
US4799610A (en) * 1988-03-14 1989-01-24 Hsieh Wu H Carrying holder
US5537690A (en) * 1994-05-02 1996-07-23 Johnson; Christina E. Body support garment
EP0728452A1 (en) * 1995-02-21 1996-08-28 SCHÜTT & GRUNDEI ORTHOPÄDIETECHNIK GmbH Clavicle bandage
US5685831A (en) * 1996-07-05 1997-11-11 Floyd; John P. Postulator
US5765224A (en) * 1994-05-02 1998-06-16 Johnson; Christina Erteszek Body support garment
US6063047A (en) * 1997-11-19 2000-05-16 Medi Bayreuth Weihermuller And Voigtmann Gmbh & Co. Kg Minimal orthesis for the treatment of osteoporosis
US20030130603A1 (en) * 2000-05-30 2003-07-10 Minne Helmut W. Orthopedic garment
US6749579B1 (en) * 2002-08-07 2004-06-15 Mitchell J. Schroder Traction garment
US20040193082A1 (en) * 2003-03-28 2004-09-30 Cofre Ruth P. Dynamic position adjustment device for portions of the human body
US20060129076A1 (en) * 2002-11-12 2006-06-15 Naohiro Haneda Broken collar bone fixing band
WO2009052031A1 (en) 2007-10-17 2009-04-23 Orthomerica Products, Inc. Adjustable posterior spinal orthosis
WO2010020666A2 (en) 2008-08-19 2010-02-25 Barbara Thompson Harness
US20100204630A1 (en) * 2007-07-31 2010-08-12 Sandifer Alan T Adjustable extension compression posterior spinal orthosis and method
US8926537B2 (en) 2009-02-26 2015-01-06 Ossur Hf Orthopedic device for treatment of the back
US9220625B2 (en) 2009-11-04 2015-12-29 Ossur Hf Thoracic lumbar sacral orthosis
CN105208885A (en) * 2012-11-12 2015-12-30 Exos有限责任公司 Orthopedic back brace
US9314363B2 (en) 2013-01-24 2016-04-19 Ossur Hf Orthopedic device for treating complications of the hip
US9370440B2 (en) 2012-01-13 2016-06-21 Ossur Hf Spinal orthosis
US9439800B2 (en) 2009-01-14 2016-09-13 Ossur Hf Orthopedic device, use of orthopedic device and method for producing same
US9468554B2 (en) 2013-01-24 2016-10-18 Ossur Iceland Ehf Orthopedic device for treating complications of the hip
US9554935B2 (en) 2013-01-24 2017-01-31 Ossur Hf Orthopedic device for treating complications of the hip
US9572705B2 (en) 2012-01-13 2017-02-21 Ossur Hf Spinal orthosis
US9795500B2 (en) 2013-01-24 2017-10-24 Ossur Hf Orthopedic device for treating complications of the hip
US9872794B2 (en) 2012-09-19 2018-01-23 Ossur Hf Panel attachment and circumference adjustment systems for an orthopedic device
US10159592B2 (en) 2015-02-27 2018-12-25 Ossur Iceland Ehf Spinal orthosis, kit and method for using the same

Cited By (36)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3897776A (en) * 1974-03-22 1975-08-05 Medical Specialties Inc Clavicle splint
US4799610A (en) * 1988-03-14 1989-01-24 Hsieh Wu H Carrying holder
US5537690A (en) * 1994-05-02 1996-07-23 Johnson; Christina E. Body support garment
US5765224A (en) * 1994-05-02 1998-06-16 Johnson; Christina Erteszek Body support garment
EP0728452A1 (en) * 1995-02-21 1996-08-28 SCHÜTT & GRUNDEI ORTHOPÄDIETECHNIK GmbH Clavicle bandage
US5672149A (en) * 1995-02-21 1997-09-30 Schutt & Grundei Orthopadietechnik Gmbh Clavicle bandage
US5685831A (en) * 1996-07-05 1997-11-11 Floyd; John P. Postulator
US6063047A (en) * 1997-11-19 2000-05-16 Medi Bayreuth Weihermuller And Voigtmann Gmbh & Co. Kg Minimal orthesis for the treatment of osteoporosis
US20030130603A1 (en) * 2000-05-30 2003-07-10 Minne Helmut W. Orthopedic garment
US6749579B1 (en) * 2002-08-07 2004-06-15 Mitchell J. Schroder Traction garment
US20060129076A1 (en) * 2002-11-12 2006-06-15 Naohiro Haneda Broken collar bone fixing band
US20040193082A1 (en) * 2003-03-28 2004-09-30 Cofre Ruth P. Dynamic position adjustment device for portions of the human body
US20100204630A1 (en) * 2007-07-31 2010-08-12 Sandifer Alan T Adjustable extension compression posterior spinal orthosis and method
US8066654B2 (en) 2007-07-31 2011-11-29 Orthomerica Products, Inc. Adjustable extension compression posterior spinal orthosis and method
US8308670B2 (en) 2007-07-31 2012-11-13 Orthomerica Products, Inc. Adjustable extension compression posterior spinal orthosis and method
US20100318010A1 (en) * 2007-10-17 2010-12-16 Sandifer Alan T Adjustable posterior spinal orthosis
WO2009052031A1 (en) 2007-10-17 2009-04-23 Orthomerica Products, Inc. Adjustable posterior spinal orthosis
WO2010020666A3 (en) * 2008-08-19 2010-04-15 Barbara Thompson Harness
WO2010020666A2 (en) 2008-08-19 2010-02-25 Barbara Thompson Harness
US9439800B2 (en) 2009-01-14 2016-09-13 Ossur Hf Orthopedic device, use of orthopedic device and method for producing same
US8926537B2 (en) 2009-02-26 2015-01-06 Ossur Hf Orthopedic device for treatment of the back
US8945034B2 (en) 2009-02-26 2015-02-03 Ossur Hf Orthopedic device for treatment of the back
US9414953B2 (en) 2009-02-26 2016-08-16 Ossur Hf Orthopedic device for treatment of the back
US9220625B2 (en) 2009-11-04 2015-12-29 Ossur Hf Thoracic lumbar sacral orthosis
US9597219B2 (en) 2009-11-04 2017-03-21 Ossur Hf Thoracic lumbar sacral orthosis
US9572705B2 (en) 2012-01-13 2017-02-21 Ossur Hf Spinal orthosis
US9370440B2 (en) 2012-01-13 2016-06-21 Ossur Hf Spinal orthosis
US9872794B2 (en) 2012-09-19 2018-01-23 Ossur Hf Panel attachment and circumference adjustment systems for an orthopedic device
CN105208885A (en) * 2012-11-12 2015-12-30 Exos有限责任公司 Orthopedic back brace
US9393144B2 (en) 2013-01-24 2016-07-19 Ossur Hf Orthopedic device for treating complications of the hip
US9554935B2 (en) 2013-01-24 2017-01-31 Ossur Hf Orthopedic device for treating complications of the hip
US9468554B2 (en) 2013-01-24 2016-10-18 Ossur Iceland Ehf Orthopedic device for treating complications of the hip
US9795500B2 (en) 2013-01-24 2017-10-24 Ossur Hf Orthopedic device for treating complications of the hip
US9314363B2 (en) 2013-01-24 2016-04-19 Ossur Hf Orthopedic device for treating complications of the hip
US9987158B2 (en) 2013-01-24 2018-06-05 Ossur Hf Orthopedic device for treating complications of the hip
US10159592B2 (en) 2015-02-27 2018-12-25 Ossur Iceland Ehf Spinal orthosis, kit and method for using the same

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