US1677810A - Magazine for air guns - Google Patents

Magazine for air guns Download PDF

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Publication number
US1677810A
US1677810A US20605427A US1677810A US 1677810 A US1677810 A US 1677810A US 20605427 A US20605427 A US 20605427A US 1677810 A US1677810 A US 1677810A
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Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
magazine
pellet
plunger
barrel
pellets
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Richard T Bond
Original Assignee
Richard T Bond
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41BWEAPONS FOR PROJECTING MISSILES WITHOUT USE OF EXPLOSIVE OR COMBUSTIBLE PROPELLANT CHARGE; WEAPONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F41B11/00Compressed-gas guns, e.g. air guns; Steam guns
    • F41B11/50Magazines for compressed-gas guns; Arrangements for feeding or loading projectiles from magazines
    • F41B11/51Magazines for compressed-gas guns; Arrangements for feeding or loading projectiles from magazines the magazine being an integral, internal part of the gun housing
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41AFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS COMMON TO BOTH SMALLARMS AND ORDNANCE, e.g. CANNONS; MOUNTINGS FOR SMALLARMS OR ORDNANCE
    • F41A9/00Feeding or loading of ammunition; Magazines; Guiding means for the extracting of cartridges
    • F41A9/01Feeding of unbelted ammunition
    • F41A9/06Feeding of unbelted ammunition using cyclically moving conveyors, i.e. conveyors having ammunition pusher or carrier elements which are emptied or disengaged from the ammunition during the return stroke
    • F41A9/09Movable ammunition carriers or loading trays, e.g. for feeding from magazines
    • F41A9/20Movable ammunition carriers or loading trays, e.g. for feeding from magazines sliding, e.g. reciprocating
    • F41A9/23Movable ammunition carriers or loading trays, e.g. for feeding from magazines sliding, e.g. reciprocating mounted within a smallarm

Description

t veniently applied Patented July 17, 1928.

RICHARD T. nonnen srizive'wiv, oknii'rfn'a.

'MAGAZINE non AIR GUNS.

Application filed muy 15,

My invention is an improvement in air guns or rifles of that particular class in which the pellet or projectile is moved into the barrel for firingv by meansof a lsliding bolt, and relates more especially to the provision of a magazine attachment to facilitate loading and iirin'g the gun Comprising a device cooperating with they magazine chamber for bringing the pellets or projectiles successively Vinto position tor the operation of the bolt preliminary to tiring.

The'primary object ot my invention is to provide a magazine attachment for a single shot gun or rifle that can be easily and conat small expense, will not increase the size' of the rile to lanyy material extent, may be quickly operated to transfer the pellets or projectiles one at a time from the magazineto proper position for the action of the sliding bolt, and in whichv the parts constituting the magazine vand pellet feeding` device or carrier will not trom the .neat and trim appearance of the gun or rifle.

These and other .objects and advantages ot my invention will be apparent.y from they following description ot the construction and operation ot the magazine attachment. and what 1 nparticularly claim as 4new anddesire to fully protect by Letters-Patent is particularly set Forth in the appended claims.

1n. the accompanying drawings:

Figure 1 is a side elevation of a well known type otpneumatic rifle showing my magazine attachment applied thereto.

Fi 2 is a plan view of the same,

Fig. 3 is an enlarged plan view ota part of the rifle, partly in section, toshow the application ot cooperating parts of the rifle. d y

Fig. 4C is a similar view in side elevation.

f Fig.I 5 is a' perspective view of thevpellet feeding device .and a portion of the magazine chamber attached thereto.

Fig. 6 is a detail sectional viewfin side elevation ofthe pellet feeding device, the plunger being in elevation. 1

vrThe, magazine and pellet-eedin'g-device` constituting thel vattachment in accordance with my invention' are 4applied to a singlel shot pneumatic rifle or gun of a well known pattern comprising he usual butt 10 Iand i theV solid breech Vbloc-k12 iif'i'rei and co--ears rtober 28, 1924,

detract taching-plate, 25a..

the magazine attachment tov `to receive the pellets, one

1927. 'serial No. '206,054.

tensiv'epump cylinder 14, the stock containing the ordinary operating mechansm (not shown) and trigger 15 for releasing the air pressure from the compression chamber-.to discharge a spool-shaped pellet 27 from the barrel, and for the purpose oi'forcing'` the pellet into the rear. endof the .barrel preliminary to discharging the same there is a bolt 17A slidable between Vguide.members y153-19 at theupper partl of the breech block. The trigger, 15 is'provided asusual with a guard 16. and the bolt with a knob or handle 17a for manipulating the same. These parts are all commento, that` type of air gun or. pneumatic rifle such as disclosed in a `general `way in Patent 1,512,993, dated OC- 4 to `which reference `is made for the general construction of they gun which Aprovidesfor discharging the' pellet pneumaticallyt being understood that my improvements,may be appliedto any other similar pattern otpneumatic rifle which dis'- charges a lspool-sliap edpelletv In carrying out my Yinvention I..y employ a tubular magazine 2O ,to house thel pellets and a device inthe form of a shuttle 21 for feeding the pellets successively from` said magazine to a position in alinemeht with the barrellorqthe, action ofthe bolt, this attachment beingirmly; secured to the gun or ride bj1-means of metal straps or clips 2,223 clamping the magazine chamber andan-,at-

(Fig. yormed on the pellet feeding device; the clips being secured tothe stock by screws-,24 and thezattaching plate by screwsr25". vThe pellet feeding del -vice or shuttle V21 extendsA laterally fromY the innerL end ot the lmagazine chamberacross the breech block in front'ofand spaced from the guide-members 18e-19, thereof.v the inner portion ot said pellet Iij'eeding ,device oiyshuttle being against vtliefiilr'iner end of the barrel foreedinto said Ibargrelvlby the slidingr as hereinafterexplained. A i

4, rIfhe pellet feeding device b'olt,

-tangular .in cross-.sectiomiwith a reciprocating plunger 26 mounted therein andadapted ,atI time, from the magazinechamber 20 Afor carrying a pellet, when said plunger is-Y manipulated, to aspo- .'sitionin,line'ivitli` thegun barrehkand to receive anddeliver the A`pellets, the front wall ef sind 25e-45a 'einen the chamber is atiixedor formed integrally and against which the bairel abuts-is provided with openings (see Fig. 3) communicating with the magazine and barrel respectively, and with an opening 28 in the rear wall thereof on a line with its companion opening in the front wall leading to the barrel, the last mentioned opening, 28, receiving the sl iding-bolt 17 by which the pellet is forced into the gun barrel. .The plunger 26 is provided with a recess 30 extending transversely through the same to receive the pellet from' the magazine chamber, said recess being of a size to correspond with that of the pellet, and in order to project the plunger' to a normal Aposition with the recess 30 in line withthe magazii'ie chamber a 4compression spring 3l is interposed between the inner end of said plunger and the closed end 25 ci" the casing 25, being' retained on a pin 32 projecting inward from said end wall and working in acavity 33 in the adjoining end of the plunger in. which the spring is seated. rl'lie outward movement of the plunger by the action of the spring is limited by means of a spring linger 3asecured on top of the casing and having a downwardly bent end 34 adaptedto engage a shoulder 35a on the plunger at the inner end of a groove in which said bent end of the linger travels Vin the operation ofrsaid plunger.

To hold the pellets in the magazine chainber so thaty they may be properly and regularly fed into the feeding device or shuttle l' provide a spring-actuator detent comprising a spring member 36 secured on the magazine chamber and having a pin 37 projecting through an. aperture therein to engagev the spool-shaped pellets successively as they gravitate to the inner end of the magazine chamber, that is to say this detent holds or engages the second pellet from the inner end of the magazine chamber with the lirst free to move into the recess in the plunger, and in order to release the engaged pellet automatically when the plunger is pushed in by the operator-s thumb to bring the pellet carried by said plunger in alinement with the gun-barrel the rear end of the spring member 36 is extended over the casing 25 so as to be engaged and lifted by a cam projection 38 on the outer end of the plunger; it'being understoodthat in thisoperation the muzzle of the gun is pointed upward so that the pellets will gravitate towards the shuttle, and that during the return movement of the plunger by the action of the spring 3l the pellet at the inner end of the magazine chamber will bear against the side of said reciprocating plunger to enter the recess 30 therein when the plunger returns to normal position to receive this pellet, the adjoining pellet being engaged by reason of the spring member 36 being released from the cam projection to thereby lhold the re- Lezasio maining pellets in the magazine chamber from crowding or otherwise interfering with the'operation of the shuttle.

The magazine chamber is provided at its outer end with a conventional arrangement Afor charging the same, in the form of a cap or casing, as shown in Fig. 2, to maintain the neat appearance of the rifle when it is loaded and ready to lire, aswell as when it is unloaded and not in actual use, in the latter instance it being necessary only to slide the bolt forward after pressing the plunger in so that it will engage the pellet receiving opening in the plunger and hold said plunger against the action of the spring.

rThe construction and operation ofthe magazine attachment for pneumatic :rifles will be readily understood from the forego-` ing description in connection with the accompanying drawings, and'it will be obvious that it provides for converting a Vsingle shot riiie into a magazine rifle and for quickly shifting the pellets 'from the magazine chamber to the barrel for firing, the operator being required to merely elevate the muzzle of the rilie andpusli the plunger in by his thumb to bring the pellets successively into position to be forced into the inner end of the barrel by the sliding bolt while the spring at the rear end of the shuttle casing returns the plunger to its normal position when the bolt is slidbaclr after liring, the spring member on the magazine chamber then operating automatically to engage one of the pellets for the loading' operation hereinbefore explained.

I claim:

' l. A magazine attachment for pneumatic rines comprising a magazine chamber containing the pellets, a pellet'feeding device in the form of a shuttle receiving the pellets from the magazine Chamberland carrying them one at a time to alinement with the inner end of the barrel, and means for automatically engaging and releasing a pellet in the chamber on the reciprocation of the shuttle from one position to another.

A2. A magazine attachment for pneumatic rifles comprising a magazine chamber containing the pellets, a casing attached to said Eli) lul)

magazine chamber to. extend across the rear end of the barrel, said casinghaving openings in alinement with the magazine-chamber and barrel respectively and an opening to receive the bolt for forcing the pellet intoV the barrel, a pellet carrier or plunger having a reciprocating movement in the casing to receive the pellets from the magazine chamber and position them successively in alinement with the bolt, and means for automatically engaging and releasing a pellet in the magazine chamber on the reciprocation of the carrier.

3. A magazine attachment for pneumatic rifles comprising a magazine chamber containing the pellets, a casing attached to said magazine chamber to extend across the inner end of the barrel and having openings in alinement with the magazine chamber and barrel respectively and an opening to receive the bolt for Jforcing the pellet into the barrel, a reciprocating pellet carier or plunger spring actuated in `one direction and having a recess therethrough to receive a pellet from the magazine chamber and position it with respect to the barrel and bolt, and means responsive to the reciprocating movement of the pellet carrier 'for engaging and releasing a pellet in the magazine chamber. f

4. A magazine attachment Jfor pneumatic rifles comprising a magazine chamber containing the pellets, a casing attached to said magazine chamber to extend across the inner end of the barrel and having openings in alinement with the magazine chamber and barrel respectively and an opening to receive the bolt of the rifle for forcing the pellet into the barrel, a pellet carrier or plunger having a reciprocating movement in said casing and adapted to receive a pellet from the magazine chamber and position it with respect to the barrel and bolt on movement of said carrier from one position to another, and means for limiting the outward movement of the pellet carrier; together with means responsiveV to the reciprocating movement oi' the carrier to engage and release a pellet in the magazine chamber.

5. A magazine attachment for pneumatic rifles comprising a magazine chamber containing the pellets, a casing attached to said magazine chamber to extend across the Yin- Abarrel respectively and the feeding of ner end of the barrel and having openings in alinement with the magazine chamber and barrel respectively and an opening to receive the bolt ot the rifle for forcing the pellet into the barrel, a pellet carrier or plunger having a reciprocating movement in the casing and adapted to receive a pellet from the magazine chamber and position it with respect to the barrel and bolt, a spring interposed between said carrier and the casing for actuating the carrier `in one direction, and means 'for limiting the outward movement of the spring-actuated pellet carrier; together with means responsive to the reciprocating movement of the carrier to engage and release a pellet in the magazine chamber.

6. A magazine attachment for pneumatic rifles comprising a magazine chamber con taining the pellets, a casing attached to said magazine chamber to extend across the inner end ot the barrel and having openings in alinement with the magazine chamber and an opening to receive the bolt ot the rie for forcing the pellet into the barrel, a pellet carrier or plunger having a reciprocating movement in said cas ing and adapted to receive a pellet from the magazine chamber and position it with respect to the barrel and bolt on movement of said carrier from one position to the other, a spring interposed between the inner end ot the plunger and closed end of the casing for moving said plunger outward, a stopshoulder on the plunger, and a spring finger on the casing having a bent end engaging said stop-shoulder for limiting the outward movement of the plunger; together with a spring member on the magazine'chamber having a pin extending through said chamber to engage one ot the pellets to regulate the same to the pellet carrier or plunger, and a cam projection on the plunger engaging the spring member for releasing the pin from the pellets when said plunger is moved to one of its positions.

RICHARD T. BND.

US1677810A 1927-07-15 1927-07-15 Magazine for air guns Expired - Lifetime US1677810A (en)

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Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2499340A (en) * 1942-05-27 1950-02-28 Paul S Linforth Air gun
US2516341A (en) * 1946-04-19 1950-07-25 Raffeis Henry Gravity fed dart magazine
US2581505A (en) * 1948-01-26 1952-01-08 Daisy Mfg Co Loading mechanism for pneumatic guns
US2592838A (en) * 1948-06-28 1952-04-15 Daisy Mfg Co Loading mechanism for pneumatic guns
US2594185A (en) * 1948-07-19 1952-04-22 Daisy Mfg Co Loading mechanism for pneumatic guns
US2618254A (en) * 1947-07-21 1952-11-18 Daisy Mfg Co Repeat loading mechanism for pneumatic guns
US2635599A (en) * 1949-08-04 1953-04-21 Daisy Mfg Co Uniform muzzle velocity pneumatic gun
US2918915A (en) * 1957-08-26 1959-12-29 Ralph W Doeg Tennis ball projecting machine
US2962018A (en) * 1960-11-29 Repeater peashooter
US2966904A (en) * 1959-06-19 1961-01-03 Palmer Chemical And Equipment Syringe propelling gun
DE1138340B (en) * 1960-12-07 1962-10-18 Haemmerli Ag Jagd Und Sportwaf using compressed gas shooting device for single shot with manual recharging
US3067730A (en) * 1958-11-06 1962-12-11 Crosman Arms Company Inc Gas-powered gun
US3103212A (en) * 1959-01-21 1963-09-10 Crosman Arms Company Inc Semi-automatic gas powered gun
US3236224A (en) * 1961-07-28 1966-02-22 Healthways Air pistol
US3236222A (en) * 1961-07-28 1966-02-22 Healthways Air pistol
DE1217244B (en) * 1959-12-31 1966-05-18 Birmingham Small Arms Co Ltd More charging device for gas pressure guns
US3272194A (en) * 1962-07-13 1966-09-13 Criterion Metal Fabricators In Ball projecting device
US4116193A (en) * 1975-12-27 1978-09-26 Sharp Rifle Company, Ltd. Pressurized gas or air operated repeater rifle
FR2547038A1 (en) * 1983-06-01 1984-12-07 France Etat Armement Device device for feeding compressed gas from semi-automatic firing projectiles
FR2603374A1 (en) * 1986-08-28 1988-03-04 Hivert Jean Pierre Loading device for air gun or pistol - has missile propulsion gas reloading firearm while breech is open
US4850328A (en) * 1985-02-16 1989-07-25 Fritz Barthelmes Kg Air gun
US4986251A (en) * 1988-05-06 1991-01-22 Utec B. V. Airgun magazine

Cited By (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2962018A (en) * 1960-11-29 Repeater peashooter
US2499340A (en) * 1942-05-27 1950-02-28 Paul S Linforth Air gun
US2516341A (en) * 1946-04-19 1950-07-25 Raffeis Henry Gravity fed dart magazine
US2618254A (en) * 1947-07-21 1952-11-18 Daisy Mfg Co Repeat loading mechanism for pneumatic guns
US2581505A (en) * 1948-01-26 1952-01-08 Daisy Mfg Co Loading mechanism for pneumatic guns
US2592838A (en) * 1948-06-28 1952-04-15 Daisy Mfg Co Loading mechanism for pneumatic guns
US2594185A (en) * 1948-07-19 1952-04-22 Daisy Mfg Co Loading mechanism for pneumatic guns
US2635599A (en) * 1949-08-04 1953-04-21 Daisy Mfg Co Uniform muzzle velocity pneumatic gun
US2918915A (en) * 1957-08-26 1959-12-29 Ralph W Doeg Tennis ball projecting machine
US3067730A (en) * 1958-11-06 1962-12-11 Crosman Arms Company Inc Gas-powered gun
US3103212A (en) * 1959-01-21 1963-09-10 Crosman Arms Company Inc Semi-automatic gas powered gun
US2966904A (en) * 1959-06-19 1961-01-03 Palmer Chemical And Equipment Syringe propelling gun
DE1217244B (en) * 1959-12-31 1966-05-18 Birmingham Small Arms Co Ltd More charging device for gas pressure guns
DE1138340B (en) * 1960-12-07 1962-10-18 Haemmerli Ag Jagd Und Sportwaf using compressed gas shooting device for single shot with manual recharging
US3236224A (en) * 1961-07-28 1966-02-22 Healthways Air pistol
US3236222A (en) * 1961-07-28 1966-02-22 Healthways Air pistol
US3272194A (en) * 1962-07-13 1966-09-13 Criterion Metal Fabricators In Ball projecting device
US4116193A (en) * 1975-12-27 1978-09-26 Sharp Rifle Company, Ltd. Pressurized gas or air operated repeater rifle
FR2547038A1 (en) * 1983-06-01 1984-12-07 France Etat Armement Device device for feeding compressed gas from semi-automatic firing projectiles
EP0128069A1 (en) * 1983-06-01 1984-12-12 ETAT-FRANCAIS représenté par le DELEGUE GENERAL POUR L'ARMEMENT Ammunition-feed mechanism for a semi-automatic air gun
US4850328A (en) * 1985-02-16 1989-07-25 Fritz Barthelmes Kg Air gun
FR2603374A1 (en) * 1986-08-28 1988-03-04 Hivert Jean Pierre Loading device for air gun or pistol - has missile propulsion gas reloading firearm while breech is open
US4986251A (en) * 1988-05-06 1991-01-22 Utec B. V. Airgun magazine

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