US165584A - Improvement in teeth - protectors - Google Patents

Improvement in teeth - protectors Download PDF

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US165584A
US165584A US165584DA US165584A US 165584 A US165584 A US 165584A US 165584D A US165584D A US 165584DA US 165584 A US165584 A US 165584A
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teeth
rubber
protectors
piece
improvement
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61CDENTISTRY; APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR ORAL OR DENTAL HYGIENE
    • A61C19/00Dental auxiliary appliances
    • A61C19/06Implements for therapeutic treatment
    • A61C19/063Medicament applicators for teeth or gums, e.g. treatment with fluorides

Description

A. H 0 PFEN Teeth-Protector.

Patented July 13 NFEIERS. PHOIU LITNOGRA msumamn D C ANTON HOPFEN, OF NEW YORK, N; Y.

IMPROVEMENT IN TEETH PROTECTORS.

Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 165,584, dated July 13,1875; application filed June 10, 1875.

To all whom it may concern Be it known that I, ANTON HOPFEN, of New York city, in the State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements relating to Coverings for the Teeth, of which the following is a specification In the application of freezing-mixtures, carbolic acid, or other agents which are liable to cause injury to the tongue, or in taking medi cines through the mouth into the stomach, which are liable in their passage to cause injury to the teeth, it is desirable to employ over the teeth some impermeable covering, which shall prevent or retard the transmission of the material to or from the teeth. The object of thls invention is to provide such a covering, which shall be easily adjusted, and to a certain extent self-adjusting, to accommodate different jaws, and shall be capable of retaining its place upon the teeth for a sufficient time to allow its use.

The following is a description of what I consider the best means of carrying out the invention. The accompanying drawings form a part of this specification.

Figure 1 is a plan view of my device. 2 is a section in the line a a, Fig. 1.

Similar letters of reference indicate corresponding parts in both the figures.

A is a trough or carved channel-piece of vulcanized india-rubber. It is molded or otherwise formed in such section as allows it to match approximately against, and to cling more or less upon, the teeth, either of the upper or lower jaw, to which it may be applied. B B are metallic pieces, cemented or otherwise firmly united to the exterior of the indiarubber channel-piece A. These metallic backing-pieces, B and B are formed with socketpieces I), attached by soldering or otherwise, and adapted to embrace a strip of metal, D, which, extending through the cavity under each socket-piece, forms an elastic and adj ustable connection between the parts B B Although I have shown but one channelpiece, A, and its adjuncts, it will be understood that two are provided, one a little larger than the other, to correspond with the usual proportions of the upper and lower jaw, and that in most cases both will be used, the up Fig.

per being applied hollow side up, to cover the upper row of teeth, and the other being applied hollow side down, to cover the lower set of teeth. In case the jaw is more pointed and narrow, or more blunt and broad, than the average, the device is capable of being correspondin g'l y bent, so as-to approximate easily to the form. In case ajaw is very wide, the parts B 13 should be previously set a little distance apart by forcibly separating them with the hand, causing the slide D to move a little in one or both the socket-pieces I). In thus widening the device, the india-rubber A, at or near the joint or line of connection between the parts B B must stretch itself longitudinally. It is usually'easy to thus extend the device sufficiently to accommodate mouths of all ordinary sizes. Having been thus set approximately to the right size, the device will spring by the elastic yielding of the connecting-slide D, and the elastic yielding of the rubber A, so that the device can become more straight to accommodate wide jaws, or more curved to accommodate narrow ones.

I believe that rubber is a peculiarly desirable material for the channel-piece A, by reason of the facility with which it may be molded, its great elasticity, its insolubility and cleanliness, and especially its highlyfrictional qualities. The use of rubber not only allows the device to be readily sucked to its place when its purpose is simply to protect the teeth against some injurious agent outside, but by its frictional clinging upon the teeth tends to maintain its position with considerable force when properly pressed home, independent of any suction. Gums or slightly yielding materials varying in many of their qualities from rubber may be used with advantage under some circumstances.

Some features or parts of my invention may be used with advantage without the others. Thus I esteem it practicable to use my inner material in the form of a sufficiently thick channel-piece or trough without any backing. In such case it may be a little thicker than is here shown, but one continuous piece of material may serve for the whole.

I claim as my inventiOn- 1. The channel-piece A, of rubber or analo gons material, adapted toforma covering for thehuman teeth, substantially as and. for the purposes herein specified.

2. The channel piece A, of rubber or analogous material, in combination with a backing of metal or analogous strengthening material, as herein specified.

3. An expansible covering for the teeth, composed of a soft fitting lining, A, two or more stiffening and supporting pieces, B B and connecting means D, adapted to allowthe device to fit upon j LWS of 'dift'erentsizes, and formed substantially in the manner and for the purposes herein set forth.

In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand this 27th day of May, 1875, in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.

ANTJN HOPFEN.

Witnesses: Y

WM. 0. DEY, HENRY GENTNER,

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Cited By (35)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2705492A (en) * 1953-04-06 1955-04-05 Milton H Chandler Teeth protector
US2707951A (en) * 1953-06-12 1955-05-10 Shackelford John Hinton Mouth guard
US3124129A (en) * 1964-03-10 Teeth protector
US3211143A (en) * 1962-04-30 1965-10-12 Marc E Grossberg Mouth protector
USRE34196E (en) * 1988-08-23 1993-03-16 Dunhall Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Method and material for brightening teeth
US5469865A (en) * 1994-06-02 1995-11-28 Minneman; Sue A. F. Mouthguard having an extra-oral portion and an intra-oral portion
US5855870A (en) * 1990-03-22 1999-01-05 Ultradent Products, Inc. Method for treating sensitive teeth
US5985249A (en) * 1990-03-22 1999-11-16 Ultradent Products, Inc. Sticky dental compositions for adhering a passive-type dental tray over a person's teeth
US6036943A (en) * 1990-03-22 2000-03-14 Ultradent Products, Inc. Methods for treating a person's teeth using sticky dental compositions in combination with passive-type dental trays
US6306370B1 (en) 1997-05-30 2001-10-23 Ultradent Products, Inc. Compositions and methods for whitening and desensitizing teeth
US6309625B1 (en) 1998-11-12 2001-10-30 Ultradent Products, Inc. One-part dental compositions and methods for bleaching and desensitizing teeth
US20040146836A1 (en) * 2003-01-24 2004-07-29 Andersen Scot N. Pre-shaped dental trays and treatment devices and methods that utilize such dental trays
US20040146837A1 (en) * 2003-01-24 2004-07-29 Andersen Scot N. Pre-shaped dental trays and treatment devices and methods that utilize such dental trays
US20040214140A1 (en) * 2003-04-25 2004-10-28 Ultradent Products, Inc. Anatomical preformed tray incorporating a severable handle
US20040241615A1 (en) * 2003-05-27 2004-12-02 Allred Peter M. Tray-like dental bleaching devices having a barrier layer and a substantially solid bleaching composition
US20040241616A1 (en) * 2003-05-27 2004-12-02 Ultradent Products, Inc. Substantially solid bleaching composition in a tray-like configuration
US20040241619A1 (en) * 2003-05-27 2004-12-02 Allred Peter M. Compositions and devices having a tray-like configuration for delivering a medicament and methods of manufacturing and using such compositions and devices
US20040241617A1 (en) * 2003-05-27 2004-12-02 Allred Peter M. Substantially solid desensitizing compositions and devices having a tray-like configuration and methods of manufacturing and using such compositions and devices
US20040241618A1 (en) * 2003-05-27 2004-12-02 Allred Peter M. Kits and methods for bleaching and desensitizing teeth
US6860736B2 (en) 2003-05-23 2005-03-01 Ultradent Products, Inc. Oral treatment devices that include a thin, flexible barrier layer and an endoskeleton treatment or adhesive composition
US20050089819A1 (en) * 2003-10-22 2005-04-28 Allred Peter M. Bleaching compositions and devices having a solid adhesive layer and bleaching gel adjacent thereto
US20050089821A1 (en) * 2003-10-22 2005-04-28 Allred Peter M. Dental bleaching compositions and devices having a solid activation adhesive layer or region and bleaching gel layer or region
US20050089820A1 (en) * 2003-10-22 2005-04-28 Allred Peter M. Treatment compositions and strips having a solid adhesive layer and treatment gel adjacent thereto
US20050186150A1 (en) * 2004-02-19 2005-08-25 Allred Peter M. Dental bleaching devices having a protective adhesive region
US20050186539A1 (en) * 2004-02-19 2005-08-25 Mclean Bruce S. Universal tray design having anatomical features to enhance fit
US20060029908A1 (en) * 2004-08-09 2006-02-09 Allred Peter M Treatment devices for providing oral treatments and kits and methods that utilize such treatment devices
US7040897B2 (en) 2003-05-23 2006-05-09 Ultradent Products, Inc. Thin, flexible membrane dental trays and systems and methods utilizing such trays
US20060171905A1 (en) * 2005-01-31 2006-08-03 Allred Peter M Dental bleaching compositions having a protective coating applied thereto
US7264471B2 (en) 2004-05-05 2007-09-04 Ultradent Products, Inc. Methods and kits for bleaching teeth while protecting adjacent gingival tissue
US20070298380A1 (en) * 2006-06-26 2007-12-27 Ultradent Products, Inc. Dental treatment devices adapted for improved lingual side adhesion
US20080050693A1 (en) * 2006-08-25 2008-02-28 Ultradent Products, Inc. Non-custom dental treatment trays and mouth guards having improved anatomical features
US20090087812A1 (en) * 2007-10-02 2009-04-02 Ultradent Products, Inc. Self-customizable dental treatment trays
US20100028829A1 (en) * 2008-07-31 2010-02-04 Ultradent Products, Inc. Chemically activated dental bleaching trays
US8202091B2 (en) 2007-08-31 2012-06-19 Ultradent Products, Inc. Dental treatment trays comprising silicone elastomeric material
US8936778B2 (en) 1998-11-12 2015-01-20 Ultradent Products, Inc. Methods for bleaching and desensitizing teeth

Cited By (61)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3124129A (en) * 1964-03-10 Teeth protector
US2705492A (en) * 1953-04-06 1955-04-05 Milton H Chandler Teeth protector
US2707951A (en) * 1953-06-12 1955-05-10 Shackelford John Hinton Mouth guard
US3211143A (en) * 1962-04-30 1965-10-12 Marc E Grossberg Mouth protector
USRE34196E (en) * 1988-08-23 1993-03-16 Dunhall Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Method and material for brightening teeth
US6036943A (en) * 1990-03-22 2000-03-14 Ultradent Products, Inc. Methods for treating a person's teeth using sticky dental compositions in combination with passive-type dental trays
US6183251B1 (en) 1990-03-22 2001-02-06 Ultradent Products, Inc. Scalloped dental trays for use in treating teeth with sticky dental compositions
US6086855A (en) * 1990-03-22 2000-07-11 Ultradent Products, Inc. Methods for making scalloped dental trays for use in treating teeth with sticky dental compositions
US5985249A (en) * 1990-03-22 1999-11-16 Ultradent Products, Inc. Sticky dental compositions for adhering a passive-type dental tray over a person's teeth
US5855870A (en) * 1990-03-22 1999-01-05 Ultradent Products, Inc. Method for treating sensitive teeth
US5533524A (en) * 1994-06-02 1996-07-09 Minneman; Sue A. F. Mouthguard having an extra-oral portion and an intra-oral portion
US5469865A (en) * 1994-06-02 1995-11-28 Minneman; Sue A. F. Mouthguard having an extra-oral portion and an intra-oral portion
US6306370B1 (en) 1997-05-30 2001-10-23 Ultradent Products, Inc. Compositions and methods for whitening and desensitizing teeth
US6309625B1 (en) 1998-11-12 2001-10-30 Ultradent Products, Inc. One-part dental compositions and methods for bleaching and desensitizing teeth
US6368576B1 (en) 1998-11-12 2002-04-09 Ultradent Products, Inc. Methods for bleaching, opacifying and desensitizing teeth
US8936778B2 (en) 1998-11-12 2015-01-20 Ultradent Products, Inc. Methods for bleaching and desensitizing teeth
US20050136381A1 (en) * 2003-01-24 2005-06-23 Andersen Scot N. Preshaped thin-walled dental trays and methods of manufacturing and using such trays
US20040146837A1 (en) * 2003-01-24 2004-07-29 Andersen Scot N. Pre-shaped dental trays and treatment devices and methods that utilize such dental trays
US20040146836A1 (en) * 2003-01-24 2004-07-29 Andersen Scot N. Pre-shaped dental trays and treatment devices and methods that utilize such dental trays
US7481653B2 (en) 2003-01-24 2009-01-27 Oratech Lc Preshaped thin-walled dental trays and methods of manufacturing and using such trays
US7004756B2 (en) 2003-01-24 2006-02-28 Ultradent Products, Inc. Pre-shaped dental trays and treatment devices and methods that utilize such dental trays
US6964571B2 (en) 2003-01-24 2005-11-15 Ultradent Products, Inc. Pre-shaped dental trays and treatment devices and methods that utilize such dental trays
US20040214140A1 (en) * 2003-04-25 2004-10-28 Ultradent Products, Inc. Anatomical preformed tray incorporating a severable handle
US7040897B2 (en) 2003-05-23 2006-05-09 Ultradent Products, Inc. Thin, flexible membrane dental trays and systems and methods utilizing such trays
US6860736B2 (en) 2003-05-23 2005-03-01 Ultradent Products, Inc. Oral treatment devices that include a thin, flexible barrier layer and an endoskeleton treatment or adhesive composition
US20040241619A1 (en) * 2003-05-27 2004-12-02 Allred Peter M. Compositions and devices having a tray-like configuration for delivering a medicament and methods of manufacturing and using such compositions and devices
US20040241615A1 (en) * 2003-05-27 2004-12-02 Allred Peter M. Tray-like dental bleaching devices having a barrier layer and a substantially solid bleaching composition
US7074042B2 (en) 2003-05-27 2006-07-11 Ultradent Products, Inc. Tray-like dental bleaching devices having a barrier layer and a substantially solid bleaching composition
US7059857B2 (en) 2003-05-27 2006-06-13 Ultradent Products, Inc. Substantially solid desensitizing compositions and devices having a tray-like configuration and methods of manufacturing and using such compositions and devices
US7056118B2 (en) 2003-05-27 2006-06-06 Ultradent Products, Inc. Compositions and devices having a tray-like configuration for delivering a medicament and methods of manufacturing and using such compositions and devices
US20040241618A1 (en) * 2003-05-27 2004-12-02 Allred Peter M. Kits and methods for bleaching and desensitizing teeth
US7052275B2 (en) 2003-05-27 2006-05-30 Ultradent Products, Inc. Kits and methods for bleaching and desensitizing teeth
US7048543B2 (en) 2003-05-27 2006-05-23 Ultradent Products, Inc. Substantially solid bleaching composition in a tray-like configuration
US20040241617A1 (en) * 2003-05-27 2004-12-02 Allred Peter M. Substantially solid desensitizing compositions and devices having a tray-like configuration and methods of manufacturing and using such compositions and devices
US20040241616A1 (en) * 2003-05-27 2004-12-02 Ultradent Products, Inc. Substantially solid bleaching composition in a tray-like configuration
US7011523B2 (en) 2003-10-22 2006-03-14 Ultradent Products, Inc. Bleaching compositions and devices having a solid adhesive layer and bleaching gel adjacent thereto
US6997708B2 (en) 2003-10-22 2006-02-14 Ultradent Products, Inc. Treatment compositions and strips having a solid adhesive layer and treatment gel adjacent thereto
US20050089821A1 (en) * 2003-10-22 2005-04-28 Allred Peter M. Dental bleaching compositions and devices having a solid activation adhesive layer or region and bleaching gel layer or region
US20050089819A1 (en) * 2003-10-22 2005-04-28 Allred Peter M. Bleaching compositions and devices having a solid adhesive layer and bleaching gel adjacent thereto
US20050089820A1 (en) * 2003-10-22 2005-04-28 Allred Peter M. Treatment compositions and strips having a solid adhesive layer and treatment gel adjacent thereto
US20050186539A1 (en) * 2004-02-19 2005-08-25 Mclean Bruce S. Universal tray design having anatomical features to enhance fit
US7059858B2 (en) 2004-02-19 2006-06-13 Ultradent Products, Inc. Universal tray design having anatomical features to enhance fit
US20050186150A1 (en) * 2004-02-19 2005-08-25 Allred Peter M. Dental bleaching devices having a protective adhesive region
US9717577B2 (en) 2004-02-19 2017-08-01 Ultradent Products, Inc. Non-custom dental tray having anatomical cuspid-bicuspid cuts and/or V or U-shaped indentation in bottom wall
US7192280B2 (en) 2004-02-19 2007-03-20 Ultradent Products, Inc. Dental bleaching devices having a protective adhesive region
US8277215B2 (en) 2004-02-19 2012-10-02 Ultradent Products, Inc. Universal non-custom dental tray having anatomical features to enhance fit
US20060223033A1 (en) * 2004-02-19 2006-10-05 Ultradent Products, Inc. Universal non-custom dental tray having anatomical features to enhance fit
US7264471B2 (en) 2004-05-05 2007-09-04 Ultradent Products, Inc. Methods and kits for bleaching teeth while protecting adjacent gingival tissue
US20060029908A1 (en) * 2004-08-09 2006-02-09 Allred Peter M Treatment devices for providing oral treatments and kits and methods that utilize such treatment devices
US7625210B2 (en) 2004-08-09 2009-12-01 Ultradent Products, Inc. Treatment devices for providing oral treatments and kits and methods that utilize such treatment devices
US20060171905A1 (en) * 2005-01-31 2006-08-03 Allred Peter M Dental bleaching compositions having a protective coating applied thereto
US20070298380A1 (en) * 2006-06-26 2007-12-27 Ultradent Products, Inc. Dental treatment devices adapted for improved lingual side adhesion
US8721332B2 (en) 2006-08-25 2014-05-13 Ultradent Products, Inc. Non-custom dental treatment trays having improved anatomical features
US8444413B2 (en) 2006-08-25 2013-05-21 Ultradent Products, Inc. Non-custom dental treatment trays having improved anatomical features
US20080050693A1 (en) * 2006-08-25 2008-02-28 Ultradent Products, Inc. Non-custom dental treatment trays and mouth guards having improved anatomical features
US8007277B2 (en) 2006-08-25 2011-08-30 Ultradent Products, Inc. Non-custom dental treatment trays and mouth guards having improved anatomical features
US20110171606A1 (en) * 2007-08-31 2011-07-14 Ultradent Products, Inc. Dental treatment devices
US9949809B2 (en) 2007-08-31 2018-04-24 Ultradent Products, Inc. Dental treatment devices comprising silicone-like elastomeric material
US8202091B2 (en) 2007-08-31 2012-06-19 Ultradent Products, Inc. Dental treatment trays comprising silicone elastomeric material
US20090087812A1 (en) * 2007-10-02 2009-04-02 Ultradent Products, Inc. Self-customizable dental treatment trays
US20100028829A1 (en) * 2008-07-31 2010-02-04 Ultradent Products, Inc. Chemically activated dental bleaching trays

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