US114759A - Improvement in combined tools - Google Patents

Improvement in combined tools Download PDF

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Publication number
US114759A
US114759A US114759DA US114759A US 114759 A US114759 A US 114759A US 114759D A US114759D A US 114759DA US 114759 A US114759 A US 114759A
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United States
Prior art keywords
improvement
wrench
screw
jaws
combined tools
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Expired - Lifetime
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B7/00Pliers; Other hand-held gripping tools with jaws on pivoted limbs; Details applicable generally to pivoted-limb hand tools
    • B25B7/22Pliers provided with auxiliary tool elements, e.g. cutting edges, nail extractors

Description

- -GORGE I); CAPE-WELL. 'SUBSTITUTE FOR MISSING OR IAmprov-ement inCombined Tools. W /q'g-A-,NO 11,1,759, Patented May16',1871.
n sA
aan
GEORGE Jg carnwntn. or' cHEsmzRE, connections 4Leners man; No. 114,759, -daad May 16, 1871."
IMPRovMENT'iNcoMBlNEo frooLs.
The Schedule referred to h1 these Letters Patent andmaldngpaxt of the same.
The object of this invention is Vto produce an instruv ment which shall coinbine within itself several different tools, such as wrenches, pliers, vise, Screw-driver, 85e,
,so that a person having the one instrument will have at the same time ready at hand, without further adaptation, several kinds of' useful appliances` which will not only be extremely convenient, but, by reason ofthe cheapnessof4 their constructionput the instrument within the reach of all.
The invention is an improvement in combination tools; and
lt-consis'ts in the construction, arrangement, and combination oi parts as hereinafter described and claimed. i
In the accompanying drawing- Fignre l is a front view ot' my invention;
Figure 2, an edge view of saine; and
Figures?) and 4 are plan and edge viewsoi` modification of same.
Similar letters of4 reference indicate corresponding,
parts in the drawing. v
A represents an instrnment,which may be made of malleable iron or any other suitable material, coinposed of two sides, a, a, joined together by a fuleru|n' pivot, b, in a manner similar to scissors and other like implements, so that when the instrument is grasped '-in the lhand and the handles (Z d pressed together the upper portion of the parts a, a will be'brought together,
'foiming pliers, between the jaws of which any desirable object may be held.
Into the face of -the jaws thus formed, and near their point, 'recesses c c are made, with corrugations or teeth, so that when the jaws are brought together ,said recesses will inclose any round object, as a gaswith corrugations, thus making a pipe-wrench, g, the Irounded faces coming together with -sharp edges. -Tbese 'jaws may'be advantageously employed for drawing nails, 85e., using the handles for a lever, and the jaws grasping the nail as a fulcrum.
Just below the -pivot b the sides n, a are again reeessed,4 and the recesses corrugated, in this way producing a pipe-wrench, h, of larger grasp than the lwrench g,7before described, and on one face of the sidesor legs a a are. cast two projections, n n, which 'are angular in shape, so that when said projections are brought together, a convenient box-.wrench is formed -for taking ofi' axle-nuts, and for other similar purposes.
In orderto form the instrument above described into a hand-vise for holding pipes or otherwise, a bolt,
y',is passed through the sides a a, just below the .wrench It. This bolt is formed with a head, k, on one end, and screw-threads'- on the other, so that the jaws of the several wrenchesmay be brought together and held tightly in place by means of the thumb-screw l, the spiral spring m throwing the sides a a apart as the screw is released.
One oi' the sides or lcgsa, as will be seen by reference' to Iig. 1, at its lower end, is turned inward nearly at right. angles, into which there is fitted in any de` sirable'manner a small screw-driver, o.
Thus it' will be seen that in one instrument I have -plierstwo open square wrenches, a gas-burner wrench, a pipe-wrench and nail-drawer, a pipe-wrench of large grasp, a box-wrench, hand-vise, and screw-driver, all combined iu a simple and useful manner. Or, if desired, the combination tool above. described may be modified (see figs. 3 and 4) by constructing the same without the screw-bolt j and projections n a, thus producing a less expensive but at the same time extremely useful implement.
Having thus described my invention,
What i claim as new, and desire to secure by Let-
US114759D Improvement in combined tools Expired - Lifetime US114759A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2594774A (en) * 1948-12-31 1952-04-29 John S Harris Tool for repairing slide fasteners
US2681203A (en) * 1951-05-28 1954-06-15 William E Seger Ranch pliers
US7065819B1 (en) * 2004-11-12 2006-06-27 Trailsmith, Ltd. Universal horse farrier tool

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2594774A (en) * 1948-12-31 1952-04-29 John S Harris Tool for repairing slide fasteners
US2681203A (en) * 1951-05-28 1954-06-15 William E Seger Ranch pliers
US7065819B1 (en) * 2004-11-12 2006-06-27 Trailsmith, Ltd. Universal horse farrier tool

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