US111893A - Improvement in vapor-burners - Google Patents

Improvement in vapor-burners Download PDF

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US111893A
US111893A US111893DA US111893A US 111893 A US111893 A US 111893A US 111893D A US111893D A US 111893DA US 111893 A US111893 A US 111893A
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tube
vapor
burner
ring
burners
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23DBURNERS
    • F23D91/00Burners specially adapted for specific applications, not otherwise provided for
    • F23D91/02Burners specially adapted for specific applications, not otherwise provided for for use in particular heating operations

Description

Vapor Burner.
Patented Feb. 14; 18712 NPETERS. PHDTO-UTNOGRAPHER, WASHINGTON, n c.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
JOSEPH S. WOOD, OF PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA.
IMPROVEMENT IN VAPOR-BURNERS.
Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 111,893, dated February 14, 1871.
To all whom 'it may concern:
Be it known that I, JOSEPH S. WOOD, of the city and county of Philadelphia, in the State of Pennsylvania, have invented certain Improvements in Vapor-Lamps; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description thereof, reference being had to the accompanying drawing, makin g part of this specification, in which- Figure 1 is a side view of a lamp-bowl and a diametrical section through the improved burner and regulator. Fig. 2 is a perspective view of the burner.
Similar letters of reference indicate corresponding parts in the several figures.
This invention relates to improvements of that class of lamps for burning the vapor of light hydrocarbon fluids which is constructed with vapor-generators between thewicks and the burners, whereby the fluid is vaporized by the heat of the flame, and the vapor is conducted through jets and burned.
First, the nature of my invention consists in the combination of a ring-burner, one or more curved or oblique supporting arms, one of which is hollow, and a revolving tube, which is closed at its top and open at its bottom, with the stationary tube, which is notched 0r perforated at its upper end, so as to serve both as a support and regulator, the construction ofthe'parts forming this combination being such that the ring-burner is above the top of the tube, and the top of the tube is above the base of the arm or arms which support the ring, and the notched end of the stationary tube is extended up to the chamber formed below the ring-burner, all as will be hereinafter described.
Second, it consists in the combination of a chamber with the tube of the ring-burner, and with perforated arm on which the burner is mounted, as will be hereinafter described.
To enable others skilled in the art to understand my' invention, I will explain its construction and operation.
In the accompanying drawing I have represented the burner applied to a hand-lamp, A; but it is applicable to portable or stationary lamps of various kinds, also to chandeliers and brackets. I
The cap B is applied to a metallic collar in the usual well-known manner, and rising from this cap is a wielctube, a, one side of the upper end of which is cut away, as shown at a, so as to expose part of the wick below the upper end of the tube a.
Upon the wick-tube is fitted a sleeve, 0, the upper end of which is closed. This sleeve O is so applied that it can be adjusted around the tube a, either to the right or left, for which purpose the arms or handles 0 are applied to the sleeve, as shown by Figs. 1 and 2.
At points near the upper end of the sleeve 0, and arranged diametrically opposite each other, branches 9 g are secured, which extend outward and upward, one of which is tubular and communicates with a chamber which is in a jet-ring, G, to which latter the branches are permanently secured. These branches 9 conduct heat from the flame to the upper end of the sleeve 0, and the tubular one conducts vapor from the wick-tube, at the exposed portion of the wick, into the jet-ring. The jetring is supplied with more or less vapor, according to the size or brilliancy of flame required, by turning the sleeve more or less about the wick-tube, which will expose more or less surface of the wick opposite the lower end of thetubular branch tube. I thus utilize the wick-tube and sleeve, and make them serve as a cock for regulating the burner.
I employ a ring-burner of such size as will allow a continuous sheet of flame to be produced around it, supplied with air both int-ernally and externally, somewhat after the man nor of an Argand lamp-burner. In this way combustion is made very perfect, and a beau tiful tulip-shaped flame will be produced by the expansion of the heated currents of air within the center of the flame.
What I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
1. The tube a, constructed with a notched aperture, a, at its upper end, in combination with the horizontally-adjustable tube 0, car rying a ring-burner, G, on the arms of its up per end, substantially in the manner and for the purpose described.
2. The chamber 8, in combination with the tube 0, perforated arm g, burner G, and lamptube a, in the manner and for the purpose de- JOSEPH S. WOOD.
, scribed.
Witnesses J OHN J. UARBERRY, H. TROTTMANN.
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