US107741A - Improvement in vapor-burners - Google Patents

Improvement in vapor-burners Download PDF

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US107741A
US107741A US107741DA US107741A US 107741 A US107741 A US 107741A US 107741D A US107741D A US 107741DA US 107741 A US107741 A US 107741A
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tube
wick
vapor
nipple
deflector
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23DBURNERS
    • F23D11/00Burners using a direct spraying action of liquid droplets or vaporised liquid into the combustion space
    • F23D11/36Details, e.g. burner cooling means, noise reduction means
    • F23D11/44Preheating devices; Vaporising devices

Description

WELLINGTON. VAPOR BURNER.
No. 107,741. Patenfed' Sept. 27, 1870.
THE Noam: vzrzns 50., PHOYO-LITHKL, 'wnsnmumn. o. c.
HENRY WELLINGTON, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS,
Letters Patent No. 107,741,
dated September 27, 1870.
IMPROVEMENT IN VAPOR-BURNERS.
".l'he Schedule referred to in these Letters Patent and making part of the same.
To all whom it mag concern Be it known that I, HnnRY Wnnmnccrox, of the city of Chicago, in the county of Cook andStatc of Illinois, have made certain new and useful Improvc-. ments in "apor-Burnersf and I do hereby declare' the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the same, reference being bad to the accompanying drawing forming partot' this specification, and in which-- Figure 1 is a, vertical section of a vapor-lnu'ncr constructed'in accordance with my invention, and
Figures 2 and 3 are respectively a vertical section and a front elevation -of modification of my invention.
Similar letters of reference in the. drawing indicate corresponding parts.
My invention has for its object to construct vapor burners, so that the tube carrying the wick can be removed at any time for the renewal or examination of the wick without disturbihg the other parts of the burner; and to this end It consists in the combination, with the supple-- mental wick-tube, of an adjustable nipple, by which the wick-tube is pplied to or removed from the main tube of the burner.
It also consists in the combination of a lateral mixing-chamber with the deflector and nipplc, 0r the main tube of the burner, as will be hereinafter more fully described.
In the accompanying drawing, referring to fig. l-
A is the main tube of the burner, having the lateral'deflector or heater B cast upon it, which dedoctor is curved upward, as shown, to form 'a wide surface, against which the vapor impinges to produce a widcflamc.
' O is the mixing-chamber, open at both ends, and
attached to the shown D is the supplemental wick-tube carrying the wick, and inserted at its' upper end within the nipple E, which is made hollow to receive it.
The nipple is adapted to fit within the upperend of the tube A, resting upon shoulders, f, within the same, and is provided with a small lateral opening or hole, 9, in line with the inner open end of the mixing; chamber. e
The wick-tube, after having been filled with the wick and attacked to the nipple, is placed within the. tube A, the nipple fitting tightly within the upper end of the'latter, as previously ntioned.
The'wick-t-ube being of less diameter than the interior of the tube A, a space, It, is left between them, so that the wick-tube cannot become heated by contact with the tube A. f
The burner having been started by heating the'deflcctor, or in the usual manner, the oil to be vaporized ascends the wick by capillary attraction, and is vaporized as it issues from the opening 9 in the nipple.
upper surface of the deflector, as
From this opening the vapor passes to the. deflector to produce the flame, after first entering and passing.v
through the mixing-chamber 0, where it is mixed with the requisite quantity of air to produce a brilliant, li ht.
The vaporization 'is continued by the heat of the deflector communicating itself to the nipple, and thence to the oil drawn up'bythc wick.
Owing to the form of the deflector and. mixingchamber, the flame :is spread out into abroad sheet, producing a brilliant and steady light.
As the wick-tube nowhere touches the tube A, it does not become heated sufliciently to char the wick, and, for this reason, the wick does not require trimming, as in ordinary'bnrners of this class, but w ll last until completely saturated with the tarry matter contained in the oil, a result not attained for many months.
In figs. 2 and 3 are shown modifications of my invention.
In the first ihstance the wick-tube 1s not employed,
,- but the main tube ismade separate from the defleet-o1, so that the latter can be removed from time to time, as occasion requires.
In fig. 3, however, the deflector and tube A are formed in one piece.
1am aware that lateral mixing-chambers have been formed by two lateral deflectors, one placed upon the side and the other immediately aboveit upon the end of the main tube. Butthis construction is objectionable, from the fact that the sides of the mixing-chamber thus formed are open to the external air, and permit. the escape of the vapor issuing from the main tube before it reaches the edge of the deflectors or base of the flame. A slight disturbance of the air also forces the vapor laterally fromthe mixing-chamber, and permits it to escape.
By my consti'uctior. of the mixing-chamber the s des are closed, and the gas or vapor is, therefore, directed to 'the base of theflamc, without the possibility of escaping laterally.
Having thus described my invention,
What I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, isv 1. The supplemental wick-tube, adapted to be applied to,.-and removed from the main tube A, by means of the nipple E, substantially as described, for the purpose specified.
2. In combination with the supplemental wicktnbe, the nipple E, substantially as described, for the purpose specified.
3. In combination with the main tube of a vaporburner, the supplemental wick-tube and the nipple, substantially as described, for the purpose specified.
4. The combination of the lateral mixing-chamberwith the deflector and nipple, or deflector and main tube, when the deflector is constructed substantially as described, for the purpose specified.
HENRY WELLINGTON.
Witnesses;
G. H. Fuosr, E. A. Emiswomu
US107741D Improvement in vapor-burners Expired - Lifetime US107741A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20040176998A1 (en) * 2003-03-05 2004-09-09 Evan Kirshenbaum Method and system for selling an item over a computer network

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20040176998A1 (en) * 2003-03-05 2004-09-09 Evan Kirshenbaum Method and system for selling an item over a computer network

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