US82495A - William k - Google Patents

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US82495A US82495DA US82495A US 82495 A US82495 A US 82495A US 82495D A US82495D A US 82495DA US 82495 A US82495 A US 82495A
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    • F23D3/00Burners using capillary action


Patnted Sept R. CRANNA.
Lamp Burner.
@uitrit gisten getti-tt @fitta WILLIAM R. CRANNA, OF SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA.
Letters Patent No. 82,495, dated September 29, 1868.
` @tige :Stimuli rfetttt tu in ttm ritrs ntent rmt making rati .ni tigt same.
Be it known that I, WILLIAM R. CRANNA, of the city and county of San Francisco, and State of California, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Burners for Coal-Oil Lamps; and I hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to the letters of reference marked thereon.
My invention pertains to that class of lamp-burners in which an elevated deflector, (or a deiiector so arranged as to allow the light to pass out from beneath it,) is employed. One of the objects of thus constructing a burner, is to prevent the transmission o f heat to the base of the burner, which takes place whenA the deflector rests directly upon the base. My invention is intended to still further isolate the base and lower part of the wick-tube from those parts of the burner which are in the immediate neighborhood of the llame; and to this end it principally consists inthe means, hereinafter described, for causing a'current of cold air to pass up and around the wick, between the top of the wick-tube and the flame, keeping the wick cool, and preventing theheating of the burner-base and the oil in the lamp; also, bringing a current of common air in direct contact with the iiame, supplying oxygen'to the' same..
Figures 1 and 2 are perspective views of the burn er complete.
Figures 3 and 4 represent the ilue for cold air. Y I
Figure 5 is a sectional view of the burner.
Figure 6 is a top view of the cone. l
Figure 'T is a sectional view of a common burner, altered so as to combine the vessential principles of the invention. l
The base, X, of the burner, of any ordinary or suitable construction, is provided, as usual, with a wick-tube, M, and wick-adjusting pinions. The wick-tube, however, differs from those ordinarily employed, in extending but a short distance above the base of the burner, as shown in figs. -and 7, leaving that portion of the wick W, extending between the upper end ofthe tube and the point of combustion, almost entirely exposed, and free to the action of cold air, as hereinafter explained. A
The upper end of the wick is held by the Hue K, the top of which is drawn infor this purpose, as indicated clearly in figs. 5 and 7. The lue K is attached to the base of the burner, and is provided, at its lower end,
with openings, I, through which cold air passes to that exposed portion of the wickbetween the end of the wick-tube and the top of the ue. I y
In the burner shown in gs. 1-6, inclusive, the ilue is represented as divided, at its lower end, into two branches, so as to straddle the wick-tube, but in fig. 7, which illustrates themanner in which it may be applied to what is known as the comet burner, the flue entirely surrounds the wick-tube.
In both c'ases, however, (and it is in this feature that my invention mainly consists,) thehwi'ck passes up from the wick-tube, and is supported and enclosed by the head of the flue, or by equivalent means, so that portion of the wick between the point of combustion and the wick-tube is exposed and subjected to the action of the surrounding air, which dissipates the heat, and prevents it from being communicated to the wickftube.
Over the top of the ue is placed a'cap or. sleeve, with air-passages at its top and bottom, as shown in figs. 3, 4, 5, 7, and 8, to supply air to the flame which proceeds from the lighted wick. This sleeve may be either permanently fastened to the iue K, as shown in iig. 7, or loosely fitted thereon, as represented in fig. 5.
In the latter case, the arms a, by which the deiiector L is held in'position above the l'ame, may be held in pockets, b, formed in the sides ofthe sleeve, so that when the latter is lifted away from the burner, the deflector will beremoved with it. When, however, the sleeve or cap J is permanently secured to `Vthe flue, the pockets for the reception of the arms a ofthe deflector may be located on'the lue,or sleeve, or other part ofthe burner,
as preferred. v
In the burner represented in figs. 1-6, I prefer to surround the lue,-wicktube, and such other parts ofthe burner as require protection,by a perforated'jacket or case, P, :the base of which is hanged so as to foi-in at the same time the seat or rest for the chimney.
When the lamp is to be used, the wick is raised, by means of the pinions, just above the top of the ue K, and is then ignited. Cold air passes through the openings I into the ue and around the exposed part of the wick, and thus keeps the same cool While the lamp is burning. l
In ordinary burners, the Wick-tube is continued up to the fiume, and consequently becomes much heated, communicating the heat to the base of the burner und to the oil in the lump, thus forming explosive gases, and causing many accidents. But, in my improved burner, the flame is cut oli` from direct contact with the wicktube, and does not heat the same, nor communicate with the base of the burner, so that the formation ofl gases in the lamp from this cause is prevented. l
Air also passes through perforations in the buse of the burner, and the jacket P, through the air-passages A and'N in the cap or sleeve J, which thhs keeps the flame supplied with the oxygen required for combustion.
Having now described my invention, and the manner in which the same is or may be carried into e`ect, what I claim, and desire to secure by-Letters Patent, is
1. The combination, with the base of the burner and its shortened wick-tube, and the elevated deector, of a combined air-due and wick-holder, with openings I, as described, and the sleeve or cap J supported vupon the upper part of said iue and wick-holder, substantially as and for the purposes specified.
2. The combination, with the combined air-Hue and Wick-holder, and the sleeve or cpp J, ofthe perforated casing or jacket by which the same are surrounded, es and for the purposes set forth.
3. The method of attaching the delector, and of securing it in position, by means of arms a tted into sockets formed on the burner for their reception, in the manner described.
In testimony whereof, I have signed my name to this specicntion in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
' WM. R. CRANNA. Witnesses:
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