TWI822635B - Construction structure - Google Patents

Construction structure Download PDF

Info

Publication number
TWI822635B
TWI822635B TW112115306A TW112115306A TWI822635B TW I822635 B TWI822635 B TW I822635B TW 112115306 A TW112115306 A TW 112115306A TW 112115306 A TW112115306 A TW 112115306A TW I822635 B TWI822635 B TW I822635B
Authority
TW
Taiwan
Prior art keywords
base
hollow tube
pair
main
rods
Prior art date
Application number
TW112115306A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
TW202413779A (en
Inventor
尹衍樑
王瑞禎
陳智軒
Original Assignee
潤弘精密工程事業股份有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 潤弘精密工程事業股份有限公司 filed Critical 潤弘精密工程事業股份有限公司
Priority to TW112115306A priority Critical patent/TWI822635B/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of TWI822635B publication Critical patent/TWI822635B/en
Publication of TW202413779A publication Critical patent/TW202413779A/en

Links

Landscapes

  • Buildings Adapted To Withstand Abnormal External Influences (AREA)

Abstract

The present disclosure relates to a construction structure, including a base, the base including multiple couplers and multiple stirrups surrounding the multiple couplers; a main structure, one end of which is connected to the base; a hollow tube disposed in the main structure, the hollow tube having a first opening and a second opening that are opposite to each other, the first opening facing the base and the second opening being exposed to another side away from the base; multiple main reinforcement bars passing through the main structure and one end of which is connected to the multiple couplers; and a concrete structure covering the base, the main structure and the multiple couplers and the concrete structure being disposed around the outside of the hollow tube.

Description

建築結構building structure

本揭露係關於一種建築結構及其製造方法,尤其是一種包含預鑄柱之建築結構。The present disclosure relates to a building structure and a manufacturing method thereof, in particular to a building structure including Xuan pillars.

傳統現場澆置的鋼筋混凝土(RC)建築物構築方式需等待建築物每一層混凝土的強度到達預定強度後方能逐層向上施工,耗費時間,不僅如此,由於需有大量工人於施工現場捆紮、組模及灌漿等流程,因此施工品質掌控不易,易受到工人素質及天候影響。相較之下,鋼骨鋼筋混凝土(SRC)建築物構築方式可大幅減少工程時間,然而,若全部結構梁與結構柱皆採用鋼骨鋼筋混泥土結構,將耗費大量鋼材,提高建置成本。為解決上述問題,預鑄工法應運而生。The traditional on-site cast-in-place reinforced concrete (RC) building construction method requires waiting for the strength of each layer of concrete in the building to reach a predetermined strength before construction can be carried out layer by layer. Not only that, it is time-consuming, but also requires a large number of workers to bundle and assemble at the construction site. Processes such as molding and grouting are difficult to control, and construction quality is easily affected by the quality of workers and weather. In comparison, the steel-reinforced concrete (SRC) building construction method can significantly reduce the construction time. However, if all structural beams and structural columns are made of steel-reinforced concrete structures, a large amount of steel will be consumed and the construction cost will increase. In order to solve the above problems, the Huixuan construction method came into being.

預鑄工法係指一種在工廠中生產,將混凝土澆築到可重複使用的模具中,在受控環境下凝固硬化,並運送到建築工地安裝之工法。工廠生產具有環境穩定,不受天候影響且技術工需求小以及作業標準化之優點。在工地現場部分,則利用機械化設備進行組立吊裝工作,且免搭外部鷹架,外牆與裝修同步進行,有效縮短工期。由於工程現場不使用傳統木模板,有助於森林資源保存且環保並且可保持工地現場整齊乾淨。預鑄工法經常使用於預鑄柱或預鑄梁等承受負載的較重要建築物結構。The construction method refers to a construction method that is produced in a factory, in which concrete is poured into reusable molds, solidified and hardened in a controlled environment, and transported to the construction site for installation. Factory production has the advantages of a stable environment, not affected by weather, small demand for skilled workers, and standardized operations. At the construction site, mechanized equipment is used for assembly and hoisting work without the need for external scaffolding. The exterior walls and decoration are carried out simultaneously, effectively shortening the construction period. Since traditional wooden formwork is not used at the project site, it helps preserve forest resources and is environmentally friendly, and can keep the construction site neat and clean. The joist construction method is often used in more important building structures that bear loads, such as joist columns or joist beams.

以預鑄柱為例,在工程現場,施工者採用塔吊的方式或用吊車將預鑄柱放置至其預定設置位置。然而,由於無論是塔吊或吊車都有其承載限制,針對重量較大的預鑄柱,吊裝的成本和困難度大幅增高。Taking the Xixuan pillar as an example, at the project site, the constructor uses a tower crane or a crane to place the Xixuan pillar to its predetermined position. However, since both tower cranes and cranes have their own load-bearing limitations, the cost and difficulty of hoisting the heavier columns are greatly increased.

是以,為了解決上述問題,提供一種可降低重量之預鑄柱及其製造方法,是業界所長久企盼。Therefore, in order to solve the above-mentioned problems, it has been long-awaited by the industry to provide a weight-reducing column and its manufacturing method.

緣是,為達上述目的,本揭露之一項態樣係關於一種製造預鑄柱的方法,包括:提供一底模;提供一基座,設置於底模的一側上,基座包含:設置在底模的複數個續接器、以及圍繞複數個續接器的箍筋;將一主螺旋箍筋及複數個副螺旋箍筋每一者的一端連接至基座;提供一中空管,並將其置於主螺旋箍筋中,中空管的一端連至基座,且其兩端與主螺旋箍筋及複數個副螺旋箍筋大致齊平,藉此中空管、主螺旋箍筋及複數個副螺旋箍筋共同形成一主體結構;提供一頂模,其設置於主體結構相對於基座的另一側;提供複數個主筋,並將其貫穿主體結構,以將每一複數個主筋的一端連接至複數個續接器的對應一者;提供一對側模,並將其設置於主體結構及基座的相對兩側,且每一對側模的相對兩端分別連接底模及頂模;以及將混凝土澆置至由底模、頂模、以及每一對側模所形成的空間中。Therefore, in order to achieve the above purpose, one aspect of the present disclosure relates to a method for manufacturing a Xuan pillar, which includes: providing a bottom mold; providing a base, disposed on one side of the bottom mold, and the base includes: A plurality of connectors arranged on the bottom mold, and stirrups surrounding the plurality of connectors; one end of each of a main spiral stirrup and a plurality of auxiliary spiral stirrups is connected to the base; a hollow tube is provided , and place it in the main spiral stirrup, one end of the hollow tube is connected to the base, and its two ends are roughly flush with the main spiral stirrup and a plurality of auxiliary spiral stirrups, so that the hollow tube, main spiral stirrup The stirrups and a plurality of auxiliary spiral stirrups together form a main structure; a top mold is provided, which is arranged on the other side of the main structure relative to the base; a plurality of main bars are provided and run through the main structure to connect each One end of the plurality of main ribs is connected to the corresponding one of the plurality of connectors; a pair of side molds is provided and arranged on opposite sides of the main structure and the base, and the opposite ends of each pair of side molds are connected respectively bottom form and top form; and pouring concrete into the space formed by the bottom form, top form, and each pair of side forms.

本揭露之另一項態樣係關於一種預鑄柱,其包括一基座、一主體結構、複數個主筋及一混凝土結構。基座包含設置在底模的複數個續接器、以及圍繞複數個續接器的箍筋。主體結構之一端連接至基座,主體結構包括一主螺旋箍筋、設置於主螺旋箍筋的周緣並與主螺旋箍筋部分重疊的複數個副螺旋箍筋、及設置於主螺旋箍筋中的一中空管。複數個主筋貫穿主體結構,且其一端連接至複數個續接器。混凝土結構包覆基座、主體結構以及複數個主筋。Another aspect of the present disclosure relates to a type of pillar, which includes a base, a main structure, a plurality of main bars and a concrete structure. The base includes a plurality of connectors provided on the bottom mold and stirrups surrounding the plurality of connectors. One end of the main structure is connected to the base. The main structure includes a main spiral stirrup, a plurality of auxiliary spiral stirrups arranged on the periphery of the main spiral stirrup and partially overlapping the main spiral stirrup, and a plurality of auxiliary spiral stirrups arranged in the main spiral stirrup. of a hollow tube. A plurality of main ribs penetrate the main structure, and one end thereof is connected to a plurality of connectors. The concrete structure covers the base, main structure and multiple main reinforcements.

下文將參照圖式詳細描述本揭露的實施方式,其包含多種實施例。應注意的是,本案實施方式的內容僅用於例示本揭露的一種具體態樣,並非限制本案所請揭露的範圍。Embodiments of the present disclosure, including various embodiments, will be described in detail below with reference to the drawings. It should be noted that the content of the implementation mode of this case is only used to illustrate a specific aspect of the disclosure and does not limit the scope of the disclosure requested in this case.

以下介紹本揭露一實施例的建築結構的預鑄柱的組裝方法。請參照圖1A,其為根據本揭露一實施例的預鑄柱的製造流程示意圖一。上述實施例之製造預鑄柱的方法包括:提供一底板90、一底模1及一基座2。底板90可以設置於一表面上,例如預鑄工廠的一施工地面上。底模1豎立並固定於底板90上。基座2設置於底模1的一側上,並沿著底板90的延伸方向延伸。The following describes the assembly method of the pillars of the building structure according to an embodiment of the present disclosure. Please refer to FIG. 1A , which is a schematic diagram 1 of the manufacturing process of an insulator pillar according to an embodiment of the present disclosure. The method of manufacturing the 鐄鄄 pillar in the above embodiment includes: providing a bottom plate 90 , a bottom mold 1 and a base 2 . The base plate 90 may be disposed on a surface, such as a construction floor in a Lixuan factory. The bottom mold 1 is erected and fixed on the base plate 90 . The base 2 is disposed on one side of the bottom mold 1 and extends along the extending direction of the bottom plate 90 .

在本實施例中,基座2包含複數個續接器11、13以及複數個箍筋14。續接器11、13彼此間隔設置在底模1的一側面上,並朝向同一方向延伸。箍筋14彼此間隔設置,並共同圍繞並固持住複數個續接器11、13。In this embodiment, the base 2 includes a plurality of connectors 11 and 13 and a plurality of stirrups 14 . The connectors 11 and 13 are spaced apart from each other on one side of the bottom mold 1 and extend in the same direction. The stirrups 14 are spaced apart from each other and collectively surround and hold a plurality of connectors 11 and 13 .

請參照圖1B,其為用於本揭露上述實施例的箍筋14的示意圖。在本實施例中,一條箍筋14可包括複數個直線段141以及連接直線段141的複數個彎折段142,直線段141自彎折段142轉向,而形成複數個四邊形,以環繞如圖1A所示不同位置的續接器11、13。箍筋14的兩端的錨定端緣143向內彎折,作為錨定之用。請先參照圖4B,其為圖4A的右側側視示意圖。箍筋14圍繞複數個續接器11、13,且其錨定端緣143分別圍繞於兩個續接器13,並向內折彎。在其他實施例中,箍筋14也可以由複數個鋼筋而組合而成,例如採用焊接的方式連接。Please refer to FIG. 1B , which is a schematic diagram of the stirrup 14 used in the above embodiment of the present disclosure. In this embodiment, a stirrup 14 may include a plurality of straight segments 141 and a plurality of bending segments 142 connecting the straight segments 141. The straight segments 141 turn from the bending segments 142 to form a plurality of quadrilaterals to surround the straight segments 141 as shown in the figure. 1A shows the connectors 11 and 13 in different positions. The anchoring edge 143 at both ends of the stirrup 14 is bent inward for anchoring purposes. Please refer to FIG. 4B first, which is a schematic diagram of the right side of FIG. 4A. The stirrup 14 surrounds a plurality of connectors 11 and 13, and its anchoring end edges 143 respectively surround two connectors 13 and are bent inward. In other embodiments, the stirrups 14 may also be composed of a plurality of steel bars, for example, connected by welding.

請參照圖2,其為根據本揭露上述實施例的預鑄柱的製造流程示意圖二,圖2展示將一主螺旋箍筋3及複數個副螺旋箍筋4每一者的一端連接至基座2。請參照圖4B,在本實施例中,主螺旋箍筋3的圓周直徑大致對應基座2一側的長度/寬度。本實施例包括四組副螺旋箍筋4,其每一者分別對應於基座2的四角落中的四個續接器11。如圖4B所示,四個續接器13設置在基座2左側及右側的中間部分,另外四個續接器13設置在基座2上側及下側的中間部分。此八個續接器13與四組副螺旋箍筋4錯開設置。在一些實施例中,使用複數個臨時架體(未繪示)臨時支撐主螺旋箍筋3及複數個副螺旋箍筋4以維持其預定之位置。Please refer to FIG. 2 , which is a schematic diagram 2 of the manufacturing process of the Xuan column according to the above embodiment of the present disclosure. FIG. 2 shows connecting one end of each of a main spiral stirrup 3 and a plurality of auxiliary spiral stirrups 4 to the base. 2. Please refer to FIG. 4B . In this embodiment, the circumferential diameter of the main spiral stirrup 3 roughly corresponds to the length/width of one side of the base 2 . This embodiment includes four sets of auxiliary spiral stirrups 4, each of which corresponds to four connectors 11 in the four corners of the base 2 respectively. As shown in FIG. 4B , four connectors 13 are disposed in the middle portions of the left and right sides of the base 2 , and the other four connectors 13 are disposed in the middle portions of the upper and lower sides of the base 2 . The eight connectors 13 are staggered with the four sets of auxiliary spiral stirrups 4 . In some embodiments, a plurality of temporary frames (not shown) are used to temporarily support the main spiral stirrups 3 and the plurality of auxiliary spiral stirrups 4 to maintain their predetermined positions.

請參照圖3,其為根據本揭露上述實施例的預鑄柱的製造流程示意圖三,圖3展示提供一中空管5,並將其置於主螺旋箍筋3中。中空管5的一端連至基座2,且其兩端與主螺旋箍筋3及複數個副螺旋箍筋4大致齊平,藉此中空管5、主螺旋箍筋3及複數個副螺旋箍筋4共同形成一主體結構120。在本實施例中,中空管5包括一管本體50及一止檔件56。管本體50具有彼此相對的第一開口52及第二開口54,第一開口52面對基座2,第二開口54向外側暴露。止檔件56覆蓋於管本體50鄰近於基座2的第一開口52。止檔件56可以是有筋擴張網,其材質包括金屬,例如不銹鋼。有筋擴張網可具有許多孔隙,但其孔徑的大小經構形而可避免混凝土或砂漿滲透到進入管本體50內。Please refer to FIG. 3 , which is a schematic diagram 3 of the manufacturing process of the Xuan column according to the above embodiment of the present disclosure. FIG. 3 shows that a hollow tube 5 is provided and placed in the main spiral stirrup 3 . One end of the hollow tube 5 is connected to the base 2, and its two ends are approximately flush with the main spiral stirrups 3 and a plurality of auxiliary spiral stirrups 4, whereby the hollow tube 5, the main spiral stirrups 3 and a plurality of auxiliary spiral stirrups The spiral stirrups 4 together form a main structure 120 . In this embodiment, the hollow tube 5 includes a tube body 50 and a stopper 56 . The tube body 50 has a first opening 52 and a second opening 54 opposite to each other. The first opening 52 faces the base 2 and the second opening 54 is exposed to the outside. The stopper 56 covers the tube body 50 adjacent to the first opening 52 of the base 2 . The stopper 56 may be a ribbed expanded mesh made of metal, such as stainless steel. The ribbed expansion mesh can have many pores, but the pore sizes are configured to prevent concrete or mortar from penetrating into the access tube body 50 .

請參照圖4A,其為根據本揭露上述實施例的預鑄柱的製造流程示意圖四。如圖4A所示,在提供中空管5的步驟後,本實施例之方法包括間隔設置複數個定位組件16於中空管5的外側,以固定中空管5的位置。Please refer to FIG. 4A , which is a schematic diagram 4 of the manufacturing process of the Xuan column according to the above embodiment of the present disclosure. As shown in FIG. 4A , after the step of providing the hollow tube 5 , the method of this embodiment includes arranging a plurality of positioning components 16 at intervals outside the hollow tube 5 to fix the position of the hollow tube 5 .

請參照圖4B,在本實施例中,每一複數個定位組件16包括四桿件17、18,上述間隔設置複數個定位組件16於中空管5的外側之步驟包括將四桿件17、18以「井」字形狀抵靠於中空管5的外側,並對應連接至主螺旋箍筋3及複數個副螺旋箍筋4。藉此,定位組件16的四桿件17、18抵靠中空管5的四側,可穩定地固持中空管5的位置。Please refer to Figure 4B. In this embodiment, each positioning component 16 includes four rods 17 and 18. The step of arranging the positioning components 16 at intervals outside the hollow tube 5 includes connecting the four rods 17, 18. 18 is in a "well" shape against the outside of the hollow tube 5 and is connected to the main spiral stirrup 3 and a plurality of auxiliary spiral stirrups 4 accordingly. Thereby, the four rods 17 and 18 of the positioning assembly 16 abut against the four sides of the hollow tube 5 to stably maintain the position of the hollow tube 5 .

請參照圖5A,其為根據本揭露上述實施例的預鑄柱的製造流程示意圖五。如圖5A所示,在提供中空管5的步驟後,本實施例之方法包括進一步包括提供一預埋件20,將其設置於主體結構120遠離於基座2的一側中,並連接至主體結構120中之主螺旋箍筋3,以加強主體結構120的勁度。Please refer to FIG. 5A , which is a schematic diagram 5 of the manufacturing process of the Xuan column according to the above embodiment of the present disclosure. As shown in Figure 5A, after the step of providing the hollow tube 5, the method of this embodiment further includes providing an embedded component 20, disposing it on a side of the main structure 120 away from the base 2, and connecting it. to the main spiral stirrups 3 in the main structure 120 to enhance the stiffness of the main structure 120.

請參照圖5B,其為圖5A的右側側視示意圖。預埋件20可包括一彼此平行設置的一第一對桿件22以及一彼此平行設置的一第二對桿件24,第一對桿件22與第二對桿件24彼此交錯並大致呈現十字形狀設置,其中第一對桿件22以及第二對桿件24之間係由複數個繫件26、28彼此固定,並連接至主體結構120中之主螺旋箍筋3,以加強主體結構120的勁度。Please refer to FIG. 5B , which is a schematic diagram of the right side of FIG. 5A . The embedded part 20 may include a first pair of rods 22 arranged parallel to each other and a second pair of rods 24 arranged parallel to each other. The first pair of rods 22 and the second pair of rods 24 are staggered with each other and generally present. It is arranged in a cross shape, in which the first pair of rods 22 and the second pair of rods 24 are fixed to each other by a plurality of ties 26 and 28, and are connected to the main spiral stirrups 3 in the main structure 120 to strengthen the main structure. 120 stiffness.

請參照圖6,其為根據本揭露上述實施例的預鑄柱的製造流程示意圖六。圖6展示提供一頂模6,其設置於主體結構120相對於基座2的另一側。在提供頂模6的步驟中,可進一步包括:提供複數個固定件29,並經由複數個固定件,將中空管5固定於頂模6。在本實施例中,固定件為一「L」形板件,其一側固定於中空管5上,其另一側固定於頂模6的內側。Please refer to FIG. 6 , which is a schematic diagram 6 of the manufacturing process of the Xuan column according to the above embodiment of the present disclosure. FIG. 6 shows that a top mold 6 is provided, which is disposed on the other side of the main structure 120 relative to the base 2 . In the step of providing the top mold 6, it may further include: providing a plurality of fixing members 29, and fixing the hollow tube 5 to the top mold 6 via the plurality of fixing members. In this embodiment, the fixing member is an "L" shaped plate member, one side of which is fixed on the hollow tube 5 and the other side of which is fixed on the inside of the top mold 6 .

請參照圖7A及圖7B,其中圖7A為根據本揭露上述實施例的預鑄柱的製造流程示意圖七,圖7B為圖7A沿線段A-A的剖切示意圖。圖7A及圖7B展示提供複數個主筋7、7a,並將其貫穿主體結構120,以將每一複數個主筋7、7a的一端連接至複數個續接器11、13的對應一者。其中,主筋7連接至複數個續接器11,而主筋7a連接至複數個續接器13。Please refer to FIGS. 7A and 7B , in which FIG. 7A is a schematic diagram 7 of the manufacturing process of the Xuan column according to the above embodiment of the present disclosure, and FIG. 7B is a schematic cross-sectional view along line segment A-A in FIG. 7A . 7A and 7B show that a plurality of main ribs 7 , 7 a are provided and penetrated through the main structure 120 to connect one end of each main rib 7 , 7 a to a corresponding one of the plurality of connectors 11 , 13 . Among them, the main rib 7 is connected to a plurality of connectors 11 , and the main rib 7 a is connected to a plurality of connectors 13 .

請參照圖7B,其展示提供一對側模8,並將其設置於主體結構120及基座2的相對兩側,且每一對側模8的相對兩端分別連接底模1及頂模6。在一些實施例中,提供於複數個支撐腳80,其一端設置於底板90上,另一端抵頂於側模8的外側,以加強側模8對於結構的支撐。Please refer to FIG. 7B , which shows a pair of side molds 8 provided and disposed on opposite sides of the main structure 120 and the base 2 , and the opposite ends of each pair of side molds 8 are connected to the bottom mold 1 and the top mold respectively. 6. In some embodiments, a plurality of supporting feet 80 are provided, one end of which is disposed on the bottom plate 90 and the other end of which abuts against the outside of the side mold 8 to enhance the support of the side mold 8 to the structure.

請參照圖8,其為根據本揭露上述實施例的預鑄柱的製造流程剖切示意圖八。如圖8所示,本實施例之方法包括將混凝土9澆置至由底模1、頂模6、以及每一對側模8所形成的空間200中。在一些實施例中,將混凝土9澆置的步驟包括將混凝土9從鄰近於側模8的其中一者處澆置。在本實施例中,混凝土9如箭頭所示,是由接近右側的側模8處澆置。Please refer to FIG. 8 , which is a schematic cross-sectional view of the manufacturing process of the Xuan column according to the above embodiment of the present disclosure. As shown in FIG. 8 , the method of this embodiment includes pouring concrete 9 into the space 200 formed by the bottom form 1 , the top form 6 , and each pair of side forms 8 . In some embodiments, the step of placing concrete 9 includes placing concrete 9 adjacent one of the side forms 8 . In this embodiment, concrete 9 is poured from the side form 8 close to the right side as shown by the arrow.

請參照圖9,其為根據本揭露上述實施例的預鑄柱的製造流程剖切示意圖九。接續圖8所示,本實施例之方法中繼續澆置混凝土9,並開始圍繞中空管5的外側。由於本實施例中混凝土9是由右側(單側)澆置,可以有效避免空氣駐留在中空管5的下緣。在其他實施例中,混凝土9由左側澆置,也可以達到排出空氣的效果。Please refer to FIG. 9 , which is a schematic cross-sectional view of the manufacturing process of the Xuan column according to the above embodiment of the present disclosure. Continuing with what is shown in FIG. 8 , in the method of this embodiment, concrete 9 is continued to be poured and begins to surround the outside of the hollow tube 5 . Since the concrete 9 is poured from the right side (one side) in this embodiment, air can be effectively prevented from remaining at the lower edge of the hollow tube 5 . In other embodiments, the concrete 9 is poured from the left side, which can also achieve the effect of exhausting air.

請參照圖10,其為根據本揭露上述實施例的預鑄柱的製造流程剖切示意圖十。接著圖9所示,本實施例之方法中繼續澆置混凝土9,直到填滿側模8之間的空間200,並靜置一段時間。從圖式中可以看出,由於中空管5的隔絕,混凝土9不會澆築到中空管5內的空間200,而形成一個長形的管狀腔室58。Please refer to FIG. 10 , which is a schematic cross-sectional view of the manufacturing process of the Xuan column according to the above embodiment of the present disclosure. Next, as shown in FIG. 9 , in the method of this embodiment, concrete 9 is continued to be poured until the space 200 between the side forms 8 is filled, and the concrete 9 is allowed to stand for a period of time. It can be seen from the figure that due to the isolation of the hollow tube 5, the concrete 9 will not be poured into the space 200 within the hollow tube 5, but a long tubular chamber 58 will be formed.

請參照圖11A,其為根據本揭露上述實施例的預鑄柱的立體示意圖。接續上述步驟,本實施例之方法包含將前述圖式的底板90、底模1,側模8及頂模6移除,並豎立靜置凝固後的預鑄柱100。從圖11A可清楚得知,中空管5遠離基座2的一側的第二開口54係對外暴露。若是相同尺寸且完全實心的情況下,預鑄柱100的重量大約是32公噸。在本實施例中,預鑄柱100的重量可以減輕至25公噸(減輕約22%的重量),並仍能維持預鑄柱100依設計所需求的支撐力。在一實施例中,預鑄柱100的高度d1可以是9.2公尺,預鑄柱100的寬度w1及寬度w2可以是1.2公尺。Please refer to FIG. 11A , which is a schematic three-dimensional view of a column according to the above embodiment of the present disclosure. Continuing the above steps, the method of this embodiment includes removing the bottom plate 90 , the bottom mold 1 , the side mold 8 and the top mold 6 as shown in the previous figures, and erecting the solidified insulator column 100 . As can be clearly seen from FIG. 11A , the second opening 54 on the side of the hollow tube 5 away from the base 2 is exposed to the outside. If it is the same size and completely solid, the weight of the Xuan Pillar 100 is approximately 32 tons. In this embodiment, the weight of the pillar 100 can be reduced to 25 metric tons (a weight reduction of about 22%), while still maintaining the supporting force required by the design of the pillar 100 . In one embodiment, the height d1 of the pillar 100 may be 9.2 meters, and the width w1 and width w2 of the pillar 100 may be 1.2 meters.

請參照圖11B,其為圖11A沿線段B-B的預鑄柱100的剖切示意圖。在一實施例中,中空管5的長度d2是8.7公尺。在一實施例中,中空管5的長度d2與預鑄柱100的長度d1的比值約為0.945比1。在一實施例中,中空管5內的直徑R1是6.5公尺。在一實施例中,中空管5內的直徑R1與預鑄柱100的寬度w1的比值約為13比24。Please refer to FIG. 11B , which is a schematic cross-sectional view of the pillar 100 along line segment B-B in FIG. 11A . In one embodiment, the length d2 of the hollow tube 5 is 8.7 meters. In one embodiment, the ratio of the length d2 of the hollow tube 5 to the length d1 of the column 100 is approximately 0.945:1. In one embodiment, the diameter R1 inside the hollow tube 5 is 6.5 meters. In one embodiment, the ratio of the diameter R1 of the hollow tube 5 to the width w1 of the column 100 is approximately 13:24.

綜合上述,本揭露的一實施例揭露一種預鑄柱及其製造方法。預鑄柱中包含一中空管,其內部為中空的長形管狀腔室,並由主螺旋箍筋所圍繞。本揭露的預鑄柱在維持一定的支撐性下,可以大幅減輕其重量,而易於運輸,進而減少運送成本,並能降低材料及生產成本。In summary, one embodiment of the present disclosure discloses an insulator pillar and a manufacturing method thereof. The Qixuan column contains a hollow tube with a long hollow tubular chamber inside and is surrounded by main spiral stirrups. While maintaining a certain level of support, the disclosed pillars can significantly reduce their weight and are easy to transport, thereby reducing transportation costs and reducing material and production costs.

本文中的用語「一」或「一種」係用以敘述本揭露的元件及成分。此術語僅為了敘述方便及給予本揭露的基本觀念。此敘述應被理解為包括一種或至少一種,且除非明顯地另有所指,表示單數時亦包括複數。於申請專利範圍中和「包含」一詞一起使用時,該用語「一」可意謂一個或超過一個。此外,本文中的用語「或」其意同「及/或」。The term "a" or "an" used herein is used to describe elements and components of the present disclosure. This terminology is used only for convenience of description and to give a basic idea of the present disclosure. This recitation should be understood to include one or at least one, and the singular also includes the plural unless it is expressly stated otherwise. When used with the word "comprising" in a patent application, the term "a" can mean one or more than one. In addition, the word "or" used in this article has the same meaning as "and/or".

除非另外規定,否則諸如「上方」、「下方」、「向上」、「左邊」、「右邊」、「向下」、「本體」、「基座」、「垂直」、「水平」、「側」、「較高」、「下部」、「上部」、「上方」、「下面」等空間描述係關於圖中所展示的方向加以指示。應理解,本文中所使用的空間描述僅出於說明的目的,且本文中所描述的結構的實際實施可以任何相對方向在空間上配置,此限制條件不會改變本揭露實施例的優點。舉例來說,在一些實施例的描述中,提供「在」另一元件「上」的一元件可涵蓋前一元件直接在後一元件上(例如,與後一元件實體接觸)的狀況以及一或複數個介入元件位於前一元件與後一元件之間的狀況。Unless otherwise specified, terms such as "above", "below", "up", "left", "right", "down", "body", "base", "vertical", "horizontal", "side" Spatial descriptions such as "higher", "lower", "upper", "above", and "below" indicate the direction shown in the figure. It should be understood that the spatial descriptions used herein are for illustrative purposes only and that actual implementations of the structures described herein may be configured spatially in any relative orientation without this limitation altering the advantages of the disclosed embodiments. For example, in the description of some embodiments, reference to an element being "on" another element may encompass situations where the former element is directly on (e.g., in physical contact with) the latter element, as well as when an element is "on" the latter element. Or a situation where multiple intervening components are located between the previous component and the following component.

如本文中所使用,術語「大致」、「實質上」、「大略」及「約」用以描述及考慮微小的變化。當與事件或情形結合使用時,該等術語可意指事件或情形明確發生的情況以及事件或情形極近似於發生的情況。As used herein, the terms "substantially," "substantially," "approximately" and "approximately" are used to describe and account for minor variations. When used in connection with an event or circumstance, these terms may mean both a definite occurrence of the event or circumstance and a close approximation of the occurrence of the event or circumstance.

本文中的用語「預鑄混凝土」結構係指一種在工廠中生產,將混凝土澆築到可重複使用的模具中,在受控環境下凝固硬化,並運送到建築工地安裝的混凝土結構。The term "Concrete" structure as used in this article refers to a concrete structure that is produced in a factory by pouring concrete into reusable molds, solidifying and hardening in a controlled environment, and transported to a construction site for installation.

本文中的用語「半預鑄混凝土」結構係指一部分結構在工廠中生產,將混凝土澆築到可重複使用的模具中,在受控環境下凝固硬化,另一部分結構則保留不預鑄,該部分於工地現場澆置混凝土,並接合前述預鑄部分,如預鑄柱、預鑄大小梁及預鑄樓板等。The term "half-concrete" structure as used in this article refers to a part of the structure that is produced in a factory by pouring concrete into reusable molds and solidifying and hardening in a controlled environment, while the other part of the structure is left unmolded. Concrete is poured on site at the construction site and the aforementioned parts of the construction are joined, such as columns, beams and floor slabs.

本揭露並不限於本文中所揭示的特定結構或設置,本揭露所屬技術領域具有通常知識者當可理解,在本揭露的精神下,本文中所揭示的此等結構及設置在一定程度上可經改變或置換。亦應瞭解本文所使用的術語及描述方向或相對位置的用語僅為描述特定實施方式及便於說明與理解而使用,並不意欲限制本揭露的範圍。The present disclosure is not limited to the specific structures or arrangements disclosed herein. It will be understood by those with ordinary knowledge in the technical field to which the present disclosure belongs. Within the spirit of the present disclosure, the structures and arrangements disclosed herein can be used to a certain extent. altered or replaced. It should also be understood that the terminology and words describing directions or relative positions used herein are only used to describe specific embodiments and facilitate explanation and understanding, and are not intended to limit the scope of the present disclosure.

1:底模1: Bottom mold

2:基座2: base

3:主螺旋箍筋3: Main spiral stirrups

4:副螺旋箍筋4: Auxiliary spiral stirrups

5:中空管5:Hollow tube

6:頂模6: Top mold

7、7a:主筋7, 7a: main tendon

8:側模8: Side mold

9:混凝土9:Concrete

11、13:續接器11, 13: Connector

14:箍筋14: stirrups

16:定位組件16: Positioning components

17、18:桿件17, 18: Rods

20:預埋件20: Embedded parts

22、24:桿件22, 24: rods

26、28:繫件26, 28: accessories

29:固定件29: Fixtures

50:管本體50:Tube body

52:第一開口52:First opening

54:第二開口54:Second opening

56:止檔件56: Stopper

58:管狀腔室58: Tubular chamber

80:支撐腳80:Supporting feet

90:底板90: base plate

100:預鑄柱100:Xuanzhu

120:主體結構120:Main structure

141:直線段141: Straight line segment

142:彎折段142: Bending section

143:錨定端緣143:Anchor edge

200:空間200:space

A、B:線段A, B: line segments

d1、d2:長度d1, d2: length

R1:直徑R1: diameter

w1、w2:寬度w1, w2: width

以下所描述的附圖僅是出於例示性目的,並非欲以任何方式限制本揭露之範疇。 圖1A為根據本揭露一實施例的預鑄柱的製造流程示意圖一。 圖1B為根據本揭露用於上述實施例的箍筋的示意圖。 圖2為根據本揭露上述實施例的預鑄柱的製造流程示意圖二。 圖3為根據本揭露上述實施例的預鑄柱的製造流程示意圖三。 圖4A為根據本揭露上述實施例的預鑄柱的製造流程示意圖四。 圖4B為圖4A的右側側視示意圖。 圖5A為根據本揭露上述實施例的預鑄柱的製造流程示意圖五。 圖5B為圖5A的右側側視示意圖。 圖6為根據本揭露上述實施例的預鑄柱的製造流程示意圖六。 圖7A為根據本揭露上述實施例的預鑄柱的製造流程示意圖七。 圖7B為圖7A沿線段A-A的剖切示意圖。 圖8為根據本揭露上述實施例的預鑄柱的製造流程剖切示意圖八。 圖9為根據本揭露上述實施例的預鑄柱的製造流程剖切示意圖九。 圖10為根據本揭露上述實施例的預鑄柱的製造流程剖切示意圖十。 圖11A為根據本揭露依照上述實施例的製造流程所完成的預鑄柱的立體示意圖。 圖11B為圖11A沿線段B-B的預鑄柱的剖切示意圖。 The drawings described below are for illustrative purposes only and are not intended to limit the scope of the present disclosure in any way. FIG. 1A is a schematic diagram 1 of the manufacturing process of the Xuan column according to an embodiment of the present disclosure. FIG. 1B is a schematic diagram of a stirrup used in the above embodiment according to the present disclosure. FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram 2 of the manufacturing process of the Xuan column according to the above embodiment of the present disclosure. FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram 3 of the manufacturing process of the Xuan column according to the above embodiment of the present disclosure. FIG. 4A is a schematic diagram 4 of the manufacturing process of the Xuan column according to the above embodiment of the present disclosure. Figure 4B is a schematic diagram of the right side of Figure 4A. FIG. 5A is a schematic diagram 5 of the manufacturing process of the Xuan column according to the above embodiment of the present disclosure. Figure 5B is a schematic diagram of the right side of Figure 5A. Figure 6 is a schematic diagram 6 of the manufacturing process of the Xuan column according to the above embodiment of the present disclosure. FIG. 7A is a schematic diagram 7 of the manufacturing process of the Xuan column according to the above embodiment of the present disclosure. FIG. 7B is a schematic cross-sectional view along line segment A-A in FIG. 7A. FIG. 8 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the manufacturing process of the Xuan column according to the above embodiment of the present disclosure. FIG. 9 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the manufacturing process of the Xuan column according to the above embodiment of the present disclosure. FIG. 10 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the manufacturing process of the Xuan column according to the above embodiment of the present disclosure. FIG. 11A is a schematic three-dimensional view of a 鐐鐥 pillar completed according to the manufacturing process of the above embodiment according to the present disclosure. FIG. 11B is a schematic cross-sectional view of the Xuan column along line segment B-B in FIG. 11A.

2:基座 2: base

5:中空管 5:Hollow tube

100:預鑄柱 100:Xuanzhu

d1、d2:長度 d1, d2: length

R1:直徑 R1: diameter

w1:寬度 w1:width

Claims (8)

一種建築結構,其包括:一基座,該基座包含:複數個續接器;及圍繞該複數個續接器的箍筋;一主體結構,其一端連接至該基座;一中空管,設置於該主體結構中,該中空管具有彼此相對的一第一開口及一第二開口,該第一開口面對該基座,該第二開口朝向相對該基座之一側暴露;複數個主筋,其貫穿該主體結構,且其一端連接至該複數個續接器;及包覆該基座、該主體結構以及該複數個主筋之一混凝土結構,且該混凝土結構位於該中空管的外側。 A building structure, which includes: a base including: a plurality of connectors; and stirrups surrounding the plurality of connectors; a main structure with one end connected to the base; a hollow tube , disposed in the main structure, the hollow tube has a first opening and a second opening opposite each other, the first opening faces the base, and the second opening is exposed toward one side opposite to the base; A plurality of main bars that penetrate the main structure and one end of which is connected to the plurality of connectors; and a concrete structure covering the base, the main structure and the plurality of main bars, and the concrete structure is located in the hollow outside of the tube. 如請求項1之建築結構,進一步包括:複數個定位組件,間隔設置於該中空管的外側,該複數個定位組件包括四桿件,以井字形狀抵靠於該中空管的外側。 The building structure of claim 1 further includes: a plurality of positioning components arranged at intervals on the outside of the hollow tube, the plurality of positioning components including four rods abutting against the outside of the hollow tube in a tic-tac-shape. 如請求項1之建築結構,進一步包括:一預埋件,設置於該主體結構相對於該基座之該側中,該預埋件包括一彼此平行設置的一第一對桿件以及一彼此平行設置的一第二對桿件,該第一對桿件與該第二對桿件彼此交錯並大致呈現十字形狀,其中該第一對桿件以及該第二對桿件之間係由複數個繫件彼此固定,並連接至該主體 結構,以加強該主體結構的勁度。 The building structure of claim 1, further comprising: an embedded component disposed on the side of the main structure relative to the base, the embedded component including a first pair of rods arranged parallel to each other and a pair of rods arranged parallel to each other. A second pair of rods arranged in parallel, the first pair of rods and the second pair of rods are interlaced with each other and generally present a cross shape, wherein the first pair of rods and the second pair of rods are connected by a plurality of The ties are secured to each other and connected to the body structure to enhance the stiffness of the main structure. 如請求項1之建築結構,其中該中空管包括一管本體及一止檔件,該止檔件覆蓋於該管本體鄰近於該基座的一側開口。 The building structure of claim 1, wherein the hollow tube includes a tube body and a stopper, and the stopper covers an opening on one side of the tube body adjacent to the base. 如請求項4之建築結構,其中該止檔件是一有筋擴張網,該有筋擴張網可具有許多孔隙,其孔徑的大小經構形而可避免混凝土或砂漿滲透到進入該中空管內。 Such as the building structure of claim 4, wherein the stopper is a ribbed expansion mesh, the ribbed expansion mesh can have many pores, and the size of the pores is configured to prevent concrete or mortar from penetrating into the hollow tube. within. 如請求項1之建築結構,其中該中空管的直徑與該建築結構的寬度的比值約為13比24,該中空管的長度與該建築結構的高度的比值約為0.945比1。 For example, in the building structure of claim 1, the ratio of the diameter of the hollow tube to the width of the building structure is approximately 13:24, and the ratio of the length of the hollow tube to the height of the building structure is approximately 0.945:1. 如請求項1之建築結構,更包括:一底模,其設置於該基座的一外側上,並經構形以固定該複數個續接器。 The building structure of claim 1 further includes: a bottom mold disposed on an outer side of the base and configured to fix the plurality of connectors. 如請求項7之建築結構,更包括:一頂模,其設置於主體結構相對於基座的該側,該頂模經構形以固定該中空管;以及一對側模,設置於該主體結構及該基座的相對兩側,且該對側模的相對兩端分別連接該底模及該頂模。 The building structure of claim 7 further includes: a top mold disposed on the side of the main structure relative to the base, the top mold configured to fix the hollow tube; and a pair of side molds disposed on the Opposite sides of the main structure and the base, and opposite ends of the pair of side molds are respectively connected to the bottom mold and the top mold.
TW112115306A 2022-09-20 2022-09-20 Construction structure TWI822635B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
TW112115306A TWI822635B (en) 2022-09-20 2022-09-20 Construction structure

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
TW112115306A TWI822635B (en) 2022-09-20 2022-09-20 Construction structure

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
TWI822635B true TWI822635B (en) 2023-11-11
TW202413779A TW202413779A (en) 2024-04-01

Family

ID=89722602

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
TW112115306A TWI822635B (en) 2022-09-20 2022-09-20 Construction structure

Country Status (1)

Country Link
TW (1) TWI822635B (en)

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
TWI770637B (en) * 2020-10-16 2022-07-11 潤弘精密工程事業股份有限公司 Beam-column structure and method of manufacturing the same

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
TWI770637B (en) * 2020-10-16 2022-07-11 潤弘精密工程事業股份有限公司 Beam-column structure and method of manufacturing the same

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
JP4823790B2 (en) Column unit and method of building building using column unit
KR101570484B1 (en) Half-PC Column using lightweight Encased Inner Form And Manufacturing Method Thereof, And Construction Method Using The Same
KR101903628B1 (en) Precast Double Wall Structure with Enhanced Seismic Performance and Construction method thereof
CN109537811B (en) Manufacturing method of prefabricated column and assembling method of column beam
KR101937680B1 (en) Prefabricated Precast Structure and Construction Method Thereof
KR101457077B1 (en) Reformed concrete filled tube column structure
KR101663132B1 (en) Self-supporting type column structure
US9487943B2 (en) Component building system
KR101809687B1 (en) Joining Members of Steel Concrete Column and Steel Beam and Construction Method Thereof
CN107090909B (en) Reinforced sleeve of concrete frame beam column node steel tube bundle and assembly method thereof
KR101355926B1 (en) Reusable waffle type slab form assembly
KR20140110490A (en) Half precast concrete column manufacturing method using prefabricated PC panels and constructing method using the same
KR101636473B1 (en) Reformed concrete filled tube column structure
JP2010261270A (en) Composite structure and method for constructing composite structure building
KR101458435B1 (en) Half precast concrete column manufacturing method using saddle-type ties and dual hoops and constructing method using the same
KR101105883B1 (en) Basic mat constructing method of high rise concrete structure
KR102197994B1 (en) Construction method using beam-reinforced deck plate
TWI822635B (en) Construction structure
KR101036177B1 (en) Method for constructing building using PRC integrating method
KR101311207B1 (en) Column of steel framed reinforced precast concrete structure, manufacturing methods for the same, and construction methods for the same
JP2017014713A (en) Existing concrete structure reinforcement structure
TWI803430B (en) Precasting column and method of manufacturing the same
CN112663788B (en) Assembled rapid construction method
KR101612637B1 (en) Hollow PC column for saving construction period, SRC column with the hollow PC, joint structure of SRC and beam and method for constructing frame of buildings
TW202413779A (en) Construction structure